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The herald and news. (Newberry S.C.) 1903-1937, January 11, 1916, Image 3

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to general assembly
labor, we should be in position by the
next session of the legislature to rem
edy such defects in the laws as have
ben disco, ered, and to pass new and
effective legislation to work out the
proper protection and destinies of our
* working people.
1 wish to Call your particular at-'
tention to the necessity for some legislation
in behalf of workers, especially
women, in large industries, and also
women employed in other lines of
work. Women are sometimes cruelly
, oppressed, and have to work for a
greater nufber of hours than flesh
kand blood can stand. Sometimes they
are required to work as many as sixteen
hours or more, without opporTimitv
fnr rp?t ariri with srant time
? J
WF- for meals; and with their work places
at times in an unsanitary condition.
These questions are of vital import
to the future of our race, and we must
vitalize and put into active effect the
laws now on our statute books, which
& apply to these conditions. If the present
laws are insufficient, they should
he so amended as to give the power
and means to provide for their enforcement,
so that these conditions may be
improved without delay.
Workmen's Compensatiari Act.
Damage suits for injuries received
W by employes fill our courts. An investigation
of these cases reveals many
? ? ^ J/-k/v Aff Ati o TT'T^/vn cr
|misca.rriagt?5 ui jujuwc, a. <.ivr?-.0
Is done in paying insufficient damages
to the injured; often a wrong is done
by paying damages which are not deserved;
often delays in trials?delays
on account of appeals?work a hardship
and expense to both sides to the
* dispute. It seems to me in keeping
with the spirit of progress and in simple
justice, that uncertainty and delay
; should be avoided and a plan adopted
by which regular and certain payments
for injuries should be made by employer
to employe. The machinery for
adjusting a settlement of such cases
' should be provided, and I recommend
the adoption of a workmen's compensation
act providing for the payment
for injuries received by an employe on
such a basis that the payment should
I "be certain and prompt and at t;ie same
time just and fair to both employer
and employe;
National Giurd.
The national guard of South Carolina,
by reason of the high standard of
its personnel, their patriotism and loyalty
to duty, deserves the highest commendation
and support of the entire
i citizenship of the State.
f I will communicate with you later
in a special message on this subject.
In the meantime, I refer you to the report
of the adjutant general.
tOnfederate Veterans.
South Carolina has always been
proud of the splendid service and patriotism
of her Confederate soldiers.
The assistance that she has given to
~ these veterans has not been in proportion
to her loyalty and devotion to
> them. The appropriations have in;
1^ creased, but this increase is not in
V proportion their needs. Their rapidly
thinning ranks reminds us of increased
H;: attention that is necessary to them.
It is gratifying to note the better care
and increased comforts given to those
in the Confederate infirmary. I commend
to your attention their needs,
and urge that liberal appropriations
B Tje made for them.
Instate Board of Charities and CorrecV
I desire to commend your creation
I of this, board, and ask your consideration,
in detail, of their report, which
will reveal the character of their work,
s value will be more apparent as
Rne goes on. iTheir work leads the
way to the improvement of those afflicted,
and will lead to more humane
and proper methods in dealing with
jhe problems that come under their
I u per vision.
f I urge the continuance of the appropriation
necessary for this work; and
am satisfied that their accomplishments
in these few months justify t'ne
[reation of this board. Their work is
iprp?arv for the better and enlight
Iened treatment of criminals and unfortunates.
The penitentiary, under the wise
bmidance of the superintendent and
k>ard of directors, exhibits a wonderful
record in financial success, and
khows improvement in the treatment
of prisoners. The spirit of progress
and of greater humaneness in the
treatment of prisoners is a subject
fchich can not be neglected, and which
[nust appeal to our human nature and
f South Carolina Industrial SchooL
Pistitution, at Florence, has
i the expectations of its early
5. Comfortable accommoda>rovided
there for about one
and fifty white boys. That
n is endeavoring to take care
mdred and fifty. This means
ded buildings. Its needs are
and I commend its report to
your careful thought and consideration.
I5(?.ird of Fisheries.
The work of this board during the
year has been hampered by limitations
placed upon them by legislative enact* j
i iont. I call your attention to their I
i^jort and the subsisted changes
v.iilch will enable commission to
< i r-i* nut ir?: lY-iiccinn and make the
'l.-'i and oyster industry in South Caro-:
o r.a n citai and growing one.
Vile work of the stare board of
. i caltii deserv*. s hi.uh commendation,
and I sugg.-st a careful consideration
of their report by the general assembly.
iheir budget for the coming year
qo?s not ask for an increased appro-1
priat'cn, except for an appropriation
of $4,687.50 for community work. Ifj
ilr? extra appropriation is granted, t?ie!
international health commission will'
contribute an equal amount; and with
this money the state board of
health will be anab'ed to initiate work j
and supply health officers to lead our
people to take such precautions that
will prevent the spread of typhoid fe-'
ver, hook worm, tuberculosis and oth-1
or diseases which now afflict the state,
cnr-h a hi<rh nproentasfe of
CI 11 V.I [ 1 vuv?vv kj ^ V/** VI ~ <_,
death ratts.
The death ra^e in South Carolina
from typhoid fever is 316 to the 100,000.
Some cities in this country have;
reduced the death rate to 20 to the
100,000 as a result of th.se precautionary
measures. 1 approve, therefore,
of the appropriation for this
work, and believe that its benefit will
be great in the rural districts, in our
towns and cities, and especially in im-,
proving the health conditions in our
mill villages.
Cattle Tick Eradication.
- A - *. - rN
Another important question iu ue
"onsidered in preparing to cope witli
the situation that will confront us
when tne boll weevil comes will be
the raising of cattle. The money that
is now being spent on cattle Lick eradication
is a wise investment, and is
proving effective.
This matter has been so clearly set
forth at a previous time that 1 feel
it is only necessary to say that I
earnestly urged that you make the appropriation
of $30,000 requested for
this purpose, so that the effective work
which is being done' in clearing our
territory of this hindrance to cattle
i raising, can be pushed aggressively
; and carried on to completion.
The Lever Act.
The work that is being done in the
ovtpncinn ^eDartment of
1LU lux U1 V r
Ciemson college, under the Lever act,
is so valuable that it must be manifest
to all. 1 urge the necessary appropriation
by the state, that we may continue
this work and obtain the increased
amount of money that will
come to us from the federal appropriation
under the terms of the Lever act.
Comptroller General.
I desire to bring to your attention
the report of the Comptroller general.
An examination of his report will show
that for the year 1915 the revenus of
the state, from all sources, exceeded
the expenditures by about $62,000. This
of course is conditioned on the collection
of taxes yet due to the state.
1 I regard the work of the tax commission,
and its report, of great importance,
and shall deal with this
question of assessment, taxation and
the income tax in a special message,
which T will transmit to you at a later
j date. ' i
Sinking Fund Commission.
For your information. I submit herestatement
of funds handled by the
sinking fund commission:
Assets of the cumulative
sinking fund (for reduction
and payment of S. C.
brown 4^ pet. bonds and
stocks) on hand December
31, 1915 .* $279,487.74
Assets of the Insurance.
Sinking fund for insurance
j of public property on
hand December 31, 1915. .$148,131.79
Carried in the Ordinary Sinking Fund;
Account on Hand Dec. 31, 1915.
Assets of the ordinary sinking fund,
proper $ 96;245.10
| Funds arising from escheat|
ed estates (for schools).. 1,928.18
! Bond and mortgage of C. Atkinson
and G. A. Guignard
for deferred payment on
purchase of real estate
j of late state dispensary
charge interest from Mar.
j 1, 1915, belongs to school
I fund 100,000.00 ,
State Honse Grounds.
Acting under the provision of the
act of the legislature, I appointed a
commission on state house and
grounds, consisting of Messrs. Doug"*
*" ? T i- T- ? i m TT
las MCJtsay, joun lrwin ana 1. n. jluck.
; These gentlemen have given painstak'
ing care to the work committed to
, them. fThe improvement in the appearance
of these grounds justify the
appointment of this commission. Their
efforts, which is a labor of love, result
in a beauty and attractiveness
that is pleasing and gratifying to all.
State Hospital for the Insane.
1 will transmit to you, at a later
t'me, a special message in reference
to ihe State Hospital for the Insane.
! I will merely state now, that the re,
organization of this institution ana
changes in the buildings, and in the j
trralment of patients, as provided for
in those acts which you wisely enacted
at the last session of the legislature,
'.re U.r.g effected in a most satisfac-j
tory manner; and I will ask that your j
honorable body visit that institution '
with me on hv first afternoon that you
will designate. I feel that a visit there
can better show you how your rec- j
ommendations are being carried out j
than anything that I can describe in !
Public hearings are very properly j
accorded to those interested, who may j
ha.-, e important matters to present for
the consideration of your committees,
and no doubt much valuable information
is gained in this way.
There is another side to ihis matter,
however, and it is to this other side to
which I desire to direct your attention.
I refer to what is generally
known as "lobbying."
Efforts to exert undue influence in
tiie shaping of legislation for the people
of South Carolina, should be met
with condemnation in no uncertain
You have been elected as the representatives
of the people of So.uth Car
olina because of their confidence in
your honesty and ability to care for
and protect the interests and welfare
of all the people, and it is to these !
people who have, by their ballots, expressed
this confidence in you, that you
must answer for your acts while here,
and not to the "hirelings of those who
would have you legislate special privileges
for the few at the expense of
the many.
This practice of lobbying, either in
! person or through literature sent by
! mail to the different members, is an
i insult to your intelligence and ability !
to think for yourselves on questions |
I affecting the \v?lfare^and interests of |
j the large body of people you repre-]
I sent, and with whose needs you are
I conversant.
j 1 apprehend you will not be influ!
cnred by such action, but feel it mv
I dntv to call same to your attention at !
| this time merly as a warning. ,
The work of the professional lobbyist
consumes your time, is a nuisance
and an indirect attempt to silence tlie
oice of the people who are pleading
: for action that will result in the great'
est gcod for the greatest number.
f^ntlemen, give heed to the voice
j of the people.
Special I.esril Advice.
, At the last session of the legislature
vou srenerously appropriated two thousand
dollars for special legal advice
to the governor. This acrion on your
part was warmly appreciated by me,
though it was done without my re
ouesi. i aesire 10 express iu ,vuu my
thanks for your action, and my appreciation
of the motives which prompted
you to make this appropriation. T desire,
however, to state that not one
dollar of this appropriation has been
used, and that the entire amount, two
thousand dolors. has been turned back
into the state treasury.
The financial needs of the various
j state institutions, as well as govern,
ment departments, will be presented
| for ycur consideration in connection
j with their annual reports. While these
needs are great, and some imperative,
' vpt wo must, bear in mind the fact that
j cur population being largely a farming
j people, our material prosperity must
depend upon the success of the tillers
of the soil. Let us remember that we
have recently passed through some
trying times, whicb have motor fall j &T
fectid the finances, not only of the
| farmers of our state, but also every
! other trade and profession.
The present financial condition of
cur people, and the burden of taxes unequally
distributed by reason of the
i flagrant discrimination and inequality
in assessments that has been in existence
over a long perioid of years,
j makes it of paramount importance that
all appropriations be closely scrutii
nined and every item carefully and
thoroughly investigated before being
finally passed upon.
Ti ic rmt -m-v- idpn that, the several in
stitutions and State departments be
crippled or hampered in the progressive
work they are doing, but in considering
their needs let us consider
also the source of revenue from which
these needs must be met?the pocket|
book of the taxpayer. The people demand
that their tax levy be held down
to a minimum, and I 'most earnestly
urge that you heed this call. Until as1
~~~~? f- J vrt/* <-.1-1 rail Vig rnorlo
I fill-S dliu laACO OllO-ll umuv
more equal and just, I shall oppose
' new and expensive undertakings,
j The state must progress, but it must
, be economical progress.
I In conclusion, I invoke the blessing
| of God upon your labors, and pray^
that wisdom and understanding mav,
' " J
! I
Uelievid That i>Iensure for Federal
Highway Aid Has (*oo<l
T?1- o? x ^ x _
i i.e oiaie.
Washington, Jan. 7. I he roads com-1
mitt; e of the house has agreed upon |
a bill which it instructed the chairman i
to introduce tomorrow, authorizing
him to file favorable report recommending
its passage. It is probable
that tne bill will be taken up in the
house within the next two weeks and
the chance of its passage is very good. ]
The house has twice passed a federal j
aid bill, but on each occasion it has
been killed in the senate. Tile features
objected to by the senate have been
eliminated from the bill now proposed
in the house, its provisions being practically
these contained in a bill introduced
by Representative Byrnes
two years ago, which bill at that time
met the approval of the secretary of
agriculture. It provides that the fed- j
eral government co-operate with the |
states in a sum not to exceed $23,000,- '
000, apportioned among the state according
to population and mileage of
I rural routes. In this apportionment
South Carolina would be entitled to
$15,000 a year; the roads to be constructed
would be selected by the state i
highway commission and the work
done under the laws of the state. The j
contribution of the federal government!
towards the construction of a road j
would not be greater than 50 per cent
of the total cost nor less than 30 per
cent. To participate after 1920 a state
would be required to have a highway
! commission.
Notice to Colored Teachers.
IT he Colored Teachers' association
of Xewberry county will hold its second
meeting on Saturday, January 8,
1916, at 11:30 o'clock a. m., in the
Hoge school building, Xewberry. At
this meeting arrangements for "Fair
lay" will be made. All teachers are!
expected to be present at this meeting
or report to the superintendent of education
the reason why.
Ulysses S. Gallman,
Colored Supervisor.
No. Six-Sixty-Six
This is a prescription prepared especially
I' ive or six doses will break any case, and
f taken then as a tonic the Fever will not
?furn. It acts on the liver better than
Calomel and does not gripe or sicken, 25c
"ures Old Seres, Diner Remedies Won'1 ~jfe.
.'he worst cases, ijo matter of how long: sta^JinK,
re cured by the wonderful, old reliable Dr.
'orter's Antiseptic Healing: Oil. It relieves
'aia and Heals at tb* ^am". time. 25<:. 50c. $1jX
be vouchsafed you to meet and deal
with the grave responsibilities resting
upon you.
Very respectfully,
Richd. I. Manning,
? ^ewn ^ee^ kill and
ifgir Red s
ig?|r Horse andMoleI
ji^^^Jfjill It's something the horses and
appetite?starts the saliva ri
Far superior to an all grain f
j||| mules a treat, and at the same t
Wm Our RED SHIRT (first grade) H
contains Corn, Oats, Ground Alfa
f1" and pure cane molasses, and analy
^ Protein lO^cJ Fat 3%; Fibre
* ^ l f-C?r Cnrhnhvdratea 55c/c.
5 Protein 129?; Fat 3%; Fibre 12%; Carbohy<
| grain and ground Alfalfa Meal.
^ First Grade: A balanced ration containii
^ keeps them in good condition. Increases the
jfc at a reduced cost of feeding. Contains gr
l|[i Ground Alfalfa, Pure Cane Molasses and S
^ Fibre 12%; Carbohydrates 60%.
fe manufacture also RED SHIRT Scratch
Rice. Cottonseed Meal, Cow Peas, Meal
Protein 18%; Fat 4%; Fibre 12%; Ci
As shown on the bag? in our ad. nearly
products, even to the bags and twine
m jj l^ for Oatat Corn, wneai, Aiiaua n
We also carry a full st
vV ?ar ^e (^ as "howr
/ vf \i on scientific princip
97 \^J B ^ greatest nourishm*
It JI cut your fe d bil
LJ Molony &
The Chief Executive Outlines Course
l nder Opinion Rendered by
Attorney (ieueral.
The State.
After quoting several opinions by
Thomas H. Peeples, attorney general,
bc-aring on the enforcement, of the pronibition
law, Governor Manning yesterday
in a letter to J. Elmore Martin,
sheriff of Charleston county, said:
"I desire that the constables- now on
duty in Charleston county continue the
work they have begun, with even more
vigor and vigilance. The law has been
enacted by the representatives of the
people in the general assembly. The
people have ratified that law by a tremendous
majority. It is now clearly
the duty of the officers to enforce the
law. The constables appointed by me
have, under this ruling by the attorney
general, full authority under the
code to enforce the law. The magistrate
'nas full authority under the law
to issue search wasrants for the pur
pcse of assisting the officers in the enforcement
of this law.
"I desire that there be no letup
whatever in the activity of the officers*
Our duty is plain under the law, and
the law is supreme."
in opinions rendered yesterday by
Thomas H. Peeples, attorney general,
he held that none of the provisions
providing for the enforcement of old
whiskey laws have been repealed by
the prohibition act, but have continued.
"The law remains the same," he
says, line opinions were given by the
attorney general upon request of Governor
In one opinion Mr. Feeepies said:
"In reply thereto I will say that in
my opinion the sections ^referred to
(sections 828 and 830, criminal code)
are provisions for the enforcement of
the law not inconsistent with the prohibition
act, and are thereby not repealed,
but continued by the said prohibition
Search Warrants.
"I am of the opinion, therefore, that
magistrates may continue to issue
search warrants as provided in section
830 of the code.
"The only change, as I see it, that
has been made in either of these sec
? J _ _ A AAA ^ J?
'ions is tnai in section no, in case ui
forfeited liquor which has been seized^
such liquors, in all cases, shall be destroyed
publicly by the sheriff of the
county, as the dispensary is abolished
in all of the counties."
In another opinion the attorney
general held that constables appointed
by the governor should be paid "out
of the ordinary county funds."
This opinion says:
"I am in receipt of yours of the
4fh inst whiVh wn.c; hnndp-H ttip hv
your secretary on the 5th inst., in reference
to section 840, volume 2, criminal
code of 1912, and the status of
this section by reason of the enactment
of section 7, act Xo 76, statutes
at large, 1915. You ask to he advised
' I Wrn * SHIRj p
liscMf 1
S. It cats ' ^ FffinciffiMW PRG^cTim
b up 6toc' ,'HolHnymmtHco I I
WolassesFeeT^m ,
l!lro itivpc tfipm at!
niuica jliiyv 6?.? |||=3>>Ss^
jnning and aids digestion.
eed. Give your horses and *
ime save money. j
iorse and Mule Molasses Feed <
lfa, made appetizing with salt
zes as follows: 1
12^o; Carbohydrates 57^o 1
FFFH Second Grade ? Analyzes: Pj-w- 1
JL??i: tein 91/2%; Fat 2 Fibre m
^ (
(3rd Grade) This analyzes: Protein 9#>; n< 1
, Fat 290; Fibre 129i; Carbohydrates 55<?() ^ ,
N 4
ixed) We manufacture also a dry mixed (no {
;s) Horse and Mule Feed, which analyzes: |
irates 57%. This i$ composed of straight ? 1
\ *
Molasses. Cattle are very fond of it? > 1
flow and enriches the quality of the milk i
ound Corn,' C. S. Meal, Wheat Middling, : r1
?i* inoWn! Protein 15%: Fat 3%; ? J
.naiyzes: Protein 12%; Fat 2%9o; Fibre |
ites 557c- ^ j
Digestive Tankage, Gronnd Corn, Rice ^
ittening. Keeps the hogs in good condition. ft* '
Feed and RED SHIRT Baby Chick Feed. M J
nposed of Ground, Corn, Ground IJIf | .
ts, Ground Wheat, Barley, Maize,
t Meal and Linseed Meal. Analysis: J
irbohydrates 40%.
&1I of oar feed is made from Carolina ssM/s
. We are, therefore, in the market *
[ay and any other kind of Hay- ?
^ck of GRAIN, HAY^^ ? J
is aown. r> i xi^c ^ ^
whether or not this section repeals
section S40 of the criminal code.
'"In reply 1 will say that in my opinion
section 840 of the criminal code is
not only not repealed by the act of
1915, but is expressly con inued; that
act providing that 'Nothing in tills act
costained shall be construed to repeal
any law defining the offense, and any
penalty, fine or provision for the enforcement
of law not inconsistent
herewith but such provisions, penal
ties and fines shall remain in full force
and effect.' This section not having
been repealed, I am of the opinion
that it is not necessary that consfllbles
appointed under tnat act should be reappointed.
Pay for Constables.
"The only change that has been
made in my opinion in so far as such
constables are concerned is as to the
manner of their payment. Whil dis-/
pensaries were in operation in counties
in which dispensary constables
were appointed their compensation
was paid by the county dispensary
board out of the profits of the dispen- ^
saries. Since dispensaries no longer
exist in any of the counties, the compensation
of these constables should
be paid out of the ordinary county
funds in such counties where such
constables may be appointed by the
"As to the appointment of constables
generally by the governor and as to
t'neir compensation, I would respectfully
refer you to an opinion rendered
by the assistant attorney general to
you on the 7th of April, 1915, and
opinions rendered by myself to you on
the 13th of April, \915, and 24th of
April, 191.5, which you possibly 'nave
on file. If you have not I shall be glad
to furnish you copies of same. These
opinions cover all of the questions
raised in your letter of January 4."
John D. Ovrings Passes Away After
Months of Illness?Held Office
For Seven Years.
The State.
Laurens, Jan. 6.?John D. Owings,
sheriff of Laurens county for the past
seven years, died last night at Meeker,
Col., whese he went several weeks ago
in the nope of regaining his health,
which had been wasting away for two
or three months. The news of his
death was received here this morning.
The body will be shipped to Laurens
and will probably arrive Sunday or
He was one of ihe most popular men
4n the county and was well known over
tfie state as a fearless officer and a
sheriff of first rank. Seven years ago
- ??
he assumed tne omce or snerm, succeeding
Capt. Thcs. J. Duckett. In
1912 he was re-elected, receiving a
very handsome majority over two opponents
in tfce first primary.
Shesiff Owings was about 48 years
of age and is survived by his wife,
wno was Miss D-rummond of this
county, and two small children. He
is also survived by his father, Capt.
A. C. Owings of Gray Court, and several
brother and sisters.
According to the law, th^ clerk of
court takes chas&e of the office until
the coroner can qualify or a successor
is appointed by the governor. R. 0.
Hairston is the coroner. Since the
critical illness of the sheriff ais brother,
C. B. Owings, with the assistance
the deputy sheriff, Columbus Owngs,
has been conducting the office.
Friends in Spartanburg Think They
Have Support of Most of
The State.
Spartanburg, Jan. 8.?It.^understood
here tonight that Spartanburg
.Tiends of Justice D. 'E. Hydrick of the
supreme court have assurances of support
in their efforts to have him named
3y tne president to the position of the
United States supreme court made vaJ
?ant bv the death of Justice Lamar, #
rom all members of the South Caroina
delegation with the exception of
Senator iTillman, who has not yet been
leard from. Messrs, Xicholls, Lever,
3yrnes, Ragsdale and lAdken are quoted
as expressing their interest in the
natter. Mr. Finley, it is said, is not
n Washington, but he is counted upon
:o support Judge Hydrick, and Mr.
Wnaley of Charleston is said to have
>romised his support, provided no
i . 3
Charleston man is to De presented.
Senator Smith wires that he will work
vith the delegation in support of a
South Carolinian. Mr. Nichoils of this
listrict has been most active in the
natter and is understood to have assurances
from the Wnite House that
10 appointment will be made until the
?outh Carolina delegation is heard
'rom. The attitude of Senator Till
nan is not known here yet.
Piles Cured In 6 to 14 Days
?oar druggist will refund money if PAZO
>INTMENT fails to cure any case of Jtchtag*
Jl'nd, Bleeding-or Protruding Piles in 6to 14 days
rhe first application give- Ease and Rest. 5"2c.

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