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The herald and news. (Newberry S.C.) 1903-1937, January 18, 1916, Image 7

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Governor To L
On Hosp
x- Discusses Question of Williams' Salary.
Increase >ot So Large as flight
* Be Exuected.
Governor Manning's address to the
general assembly, reviewing the condition
of the insane asylum, delivered
on Friday, follows:
Gentlemen of the General Assembly.
B In my annual -message I stated that
> I would transmit to you a special message
dealing with the State Hospital
I for the Insane. You have courteously
invited me to deliver this message in
H person. Permit me to thank you for
I this privilege.
At the outset, I wish to state clearly
that in referring to the conditions
wfcich I found there when a became
governor, it must not be regarded as
a personal criticism, but rather a
statement of facts and conditions' as j
1 found them. I would be disengenuous
if I did not make a full statement
to you of this whole situation,
and its needs.
Former Conditions Intolerable.
From personal observation I found,
lflAt vpflr th a nhvsical condition of this
I institution to be intolefable, if we are
to Consider the treatment of these unfortunates
as a solemn duty and as an
act of humaneness and charity. The
treatment of those patients was custodial,
rather than that of -giving skilled
treatment to improve their condition
of mind, as well as of body.
This condition was fully revealed to
you fin an exhaustive report made by
Dr. Herring, last year, through me to
* you. I feel that it is necessary to repeat
here what was stated in that document^
You, in a "body, at my invita\
tion, visited that ifcs'itution then, and
the condition as shown by that report,
and by what you foun-d there, convinced
you of the necessity for reorganization
of the institution, and a
change in the treatment of the inmates.
I am sure that you recall vividly the
picture of what you saw then,
v Yesterday I invited you to visit again
this institution so Chat you could see
for yourselves, in a measure at least,
what has been done, and is being done
Hk usder the acts which you so wisely
rv<Leca^ ot fho la-C+ KAJisinn fvf the leff
(Kfla-ture. The improvements in the
physical property are being carried on
in a thorough and efficient manner, and
Vben this work is completed I feel that
# it win be an enduring monument to
jour wisdom and humaneness in providing
for the comfort and the improved
treatment of these unfortunate
citizens of our ^tate.
Last year you saw the wre,t?hed condition,
the discomforts and dirt in the
ice!Is in which these people were con%
fined. I saw, and you saw, how t'xie
meals served were cold and unpalat
- - - I 5 X
able. You saw in tne woman s a-epariment,
which was then the best departi
men in that institution, the silent witnesses?that
straps that were around
the walls, that were used to restrain
violent patients.
, Mechanical Restraint
Gentlemen, the temptation to me is
to go on and enumerate tiie different
{things that were revolting, but I have
promised you not to do so. But I can
not refrain from saying that in that
-women's ward and as the ward that
was tfeen in the i>est condition, you will
irec&ll that in that ward for violent
patients, there were 92 of those violent
subjects, tfhey were confined in cells.
We found that the first proiection was
absolutely inadequate and inoperative;
we found tie fire ihose could not be attached
to the hydrant, because they
dW not fit; and it simply is appalling
k think what a terrible disaster would
liave occurred had fire broken out. If
fct3kat fire had occurred dn the night
time, wit'n two nurses only, in charge
I of the 92 patients, doe^ not require
wry description from the to tell you
-wiitat would have happened.
I want to say to you "that under the
<&anged treatment that .restraint for
violent subjects is no longer resorted
to; Jxut instead the kinder and more
elective treatment by soothing meth
ode; wiiere they are put in baths, and
treated in simple ways, we find as tfie
I result those patients shovred improvement
both in mind and in body;Gentlemen,
these changed that have
been inaugurated there-are a result of
your wisdom in enacting Jaws, "which
made the. change possible; and I
earnestly recommend the continuance
of this work as necessary, it vre
I. *? <**&cnarge our obligation; to tae&e
unfortunate citizens, wfio Sxave tise
MAefortone ia be afflicted in this way.
Changes in Penoaael*
Tbe acts which you passed looking
U> the reorganization of this inetitu
rital For Insane
I tion, and a change in the treatment'
n.c i-ino mr.rtp it necessary. I
! in my judgment, to make important
changes in t'ne personnel of the
management of that institution. I
wish to say here th^. I was confronted
with serious trouble. You will
remember, gentlemen, that this act'
was pas-sed and signed on the last j
night of your session; therefore,
when the acts were before me in their
rs+r- ,./mi no/1 orH/vnrnAH <r.nnA
CIILliCtJ', ? UU llci\A aujvuiuvu v?.av? ? ^ .
to your homes. It was not practicable
for me to call you back here to make
provision called for, for what you had
done in part.
Now, I want to say there is no
special act of the legislature which
fixes the salary of the superintendent
except that in the appropriation bill :
there is provision of $3,000 for the;
salary of the superintendent, and of
course thac fixed it. Therefore. I uni
dertook to find a man who, by his qual- '
ifioations, and by his character and at-!
tainment, and his efficiency, would be!
able to put into effect the changes j
.contemplated by you in the. acts that;
! you passed. <
1 I made an honest effort to find a <
j man for that salary?for $3,000. I j,
| tried to find him for that salary, even |
, taking into account the perquisites j
which went with that salary. The
perquisites which went .with it were as
~ "M ^ . ^"1-, ^ minsrintcn^unt Vl Q tVl?> !
j iVl ll> v\ ^ . 111C Ub v**w
1 use of a house, he was furnished lights, i
water, fuel, he was furnished vegeta- j:
, '
bles, he was furnished suc'n servants as
he needed, from the institution; he was j
furnished a carriage and pair of horses, j
and a driver, and he was furnished an 1
automobile; in addition to that, he had 11
the privilege of buying his supplies at j
1 the reduced rates that were secured in '
the purchases ot goods for the^institution.
A conservative estimate of the -value
of these perquisites places it easily between
$1,300 and $1,400 and the $3,000
I ffir T n H it llTI HAS
j 7>d 1CI1 J iuv^u ax/a . - w _ x
I sible to find a man, a physician, who
j had, in addition to his professional
knowledge, those traits and . qualifications
of administrative and executive
ability which, in my judgment, would
qualify him to carry out efficiently the
work of reorganization, change in the
treatment of patients, and generalJ
management of that large institution,!
for the salary provided.
Procuring- a Superintendent?
What was I to do under these circumstances,
when I thought of those
1,800 patients in that institution, suffering,
as they were, from lack of
| treatment which advanced and pro
gressive skill and knowledge i-n that
line of training gives? I felt that unless
I got a man as superintendent
who had those qualifications, the acts !
which you 'nad passed would be void
and of no effect, so far as those patients
were concerned. That was the
situation that confronted me. What
was I to do? We knew these patients
would continue to lack those comforts
and cares which an enlightened, advanced
and progressive knowledge administers.
There were no other funds I
available for it. I could not c'nange j
his salary?there was' no fund for it,
no Drovision to pay it, and the ques
tion then came up, at the same time,
to me, was I to let those patients continue
to suffer for the lack of that
necessary skill in this institution; or
should I make a personal contribution
in order to relieve their suffering and
improve their treatment?
I determined, gentlemen, that I could I
not endure t'ne thought of the continuance
of the condition and ,lhe environment
of those patients. Therefore, the
only thing that I saw that I could do
was to go to the bank and see whaA
I coul-d do about tbat money tnat was
needed. I was well aware of the fact
that t'ne salary of an official of the
state could not be increased during
his term of office.
Therefore, when I went to the bank
and found it would take $2,375 in order
to secure the services of a man who, .
in my judgment, would fill the position,
the money was offered to me at
the rate of 3 per cent, so that I determined
that I would make that contribution
to this institution, giving my
personal notes for $2,375, at >3 per cent
interest, so as to pay tiie additional
amount which was necessary in order
to secure Mm.
FTlhen I determined to fix the term
+ v. ^ onfdn/1ci.rit trw tiin fr/vm Mav
\J 1 ULLT7 OUp^/4 iii vvr i um a* v? y
1, 1915, to February 15, 1916, at which
time this honorable body would be in
session, and I would then put the question
fairly and squarely up to you,
whether you would make t'nis provision
for a competent and efficient superintendent,
or whether you would be willing
to let the institution lapse back
into the -condition and treatment which
prevailed there previous to his incumbency.
^ % 3
Now, gentlemen, I feel that I have
been Justified in making that contri- '
bution. I want to say to you' that theP?
is no act of my official life that has
given me more gratification. Wften 1
have seen the improved conditions in
that institution, the improved treatment,
and ihe results of that treatment
in those patients, I feel that I havo
been justified in this contribution. I
nave done it cheerfully! I have done
it gladly. I do not ask to be reim
bursed for this personal contribution j
that I made to the alleviation of the j
sufftring of these unfortunate fellow j
citizens of ours. The consciousness
of having done my duty fully repays
me. Of course you realize that that
condition can not continue. 1 could
not go oh through this next year, making
provision for the salary of a statcj.
anH that resDonsibility Willi
now rest on you.
I want to say to you that the benefits
of that work are shown in results
which you find by an investigation of
that institution.
I want to say further, gentlemen,
that the cost of maintenance of that}
institution for the year 1914 was $316,443.59;
The cost of maintenance of the
institution in 1915 was $301,S68.42-, saving
in operating expenses, $14,575.17.
"rn? - ~~ f >11.^11 (r'nf /irar f T\nm thp fl.T)- !
J. II fc? aXIiUUHL UlUUgUL uiv? li V ?i_
propria tion of last year was $17,885. J
Savins: in Expenses.
Now, I want to caM your attention |
Co the fact that saving in operating!
expenses has not been at the expense j
of the comforts of those patients. The i
' *
average daily number in that institu- j
tion through the year 1915 has been
117 patients more than in the year
previous?than in 1914. With the in
creased average attendance of 117 pa- j
tients, the cost in maintenance has j
been reduced $14,575.17. The per capita
expense in 1914 was $176.18, and in
1915, $170.92.
I want to call your attention further
to the fact chat besides this increase
in average of patients they had
added for the care of those patients 10
physicians, v.hose time is given entirely
to the care of those patients,
whereas before three regular physicians,
giving all their time, were employed,
and three for a part of their j
* " ^ A ~ 4 a lr r>I
Une or ine nrsi nemo ?>ia&t"
up in the character of savings by Dr.
Williams, after his inauguration into
that office, was in tbe matter of the
laundry. In 1914 the monthly pay roll
in the laundry was $702; in 1915 it
was reduced to $227 a month, making
a saving for the year of $5,700. That
work, instead of being done by paid
negro women, was done by the, negro
women who were in the institution, '
not by compulsion, nor by force, but
simply by persuasion, and being glad
to get the opportunity of having occupation
rather than in sitting around in
idleness all the time.
When Dr. Williams investigated
further he found that there were 15
' " V ^
colored women scruuuers, v\ iiv tVA/n i
care of the white women's ward at $10
each. per month, and six men scrubbers,
who took care of the men's ward,
at $16 each per month. These were
discharged and patients in the institu,
tion were glad to do that work. The
saving in this item was $2,952 for the
In the farm the cost of operating
for 1915 was $9,127.49;- the cost of operating
trie farm in 1915 was $4,682.66,
making a saving in the operating expenses
of the farm of $3,444.83.
The saving in these items" gentlemen,
amounted $13,296.83.
Saying in Whiskey.
There was another item, the exact
figures of which I did not remember
to take from the report of the previous
year; but I want to say that whiskey,
prior to Dr. Williams being placed in
charge, was bought at that institution
by the barrel. I want to say to you
now that the consumption of whiskey
in that institution is less than a quart
per month.
Permit me :o call your attention to j
certain phases of this work which are
simply obtained by personal interviews,
personal contact and from my
personal visits to this institution.
When' the plan was adopted of giving
occupation and diversion to these pa-i
* " 1 A- At. I
tients it was found mat pauems wi?ic
who were simply indifferent, who lay
there supinely, wiho had no occupation
or diversion, when they were approached
and asked if they did not
feel like doing some work, showed an
eagerness to accept it.
? ? * * *
Occupational Treatment
"I want to say that in the institution,
following out the plan of giving
occupation and diversion to the patients,
they have now a printing plant
where some of the inmates daily work;
they now have a laundry where in
mates do most of the worn; iney na-ve
kitchens where #the work is largely
done by the inmates. The inmates police
the grounds, they have a broom
factory and a mattress factory; they
do knitting; they have a sewing room,
making clothes for many of the inmates;
they have printers, and' they
are using many of the inmates on the
farm, and in addition to that, gentlemen,
there is established' a department
tfeere of basket mating and fancy wort.
* Six weeks before the "State fair was
held, they employed Mis? Austin in J
that department. Miss -Austin came to!,
look over the field. After seeing the I
patients, she wondered if she could do!
anything for them. They were lying i
in thc-ir beds; she could not induce |
them to gt t up fcr several weeks. She 1
finally interested them in fancy work :
and basket making. They greatly im- [
proved, and finally she interested 50 j
of those women, who had been more i
dead than alive and not interested in!
anything, and they were eag. r in tne j
morning when the hour cam*?, at which !
time they could begin their work. Gen- j
tlemen, as a result of this, three of
those inmates have been absolutely restored
to sound mind and have left tne
institution and have gone back to their |
Xow, I want to say this, that the
number of patients who are now employed
and gken occupation amounts
to 809; that was the figure given in i
the report a few days ago.
Tj. It ^ 1- ^ J ^
n may wen now oe asH-eu. anct juu
have seen what the physical improvements
have been, how that has been
carried on. You have seen there in
the wards that have not yet been
touched their conditions, those of you
who have visited them, and I do earn- j
estly urge that every member of this
kgis-lature who has not been there will
take personal interest in the work and
feel that it is part of his interest and
see ;hc benefits you are conferring on :
these people.
A Word as to f inance.
Now I wish to say that since the report
of the board of regents was made
up?it was done about the 20th of December,
at the request of the comp- ;
tuoller general?they have found that
they carried over this balance that I
have alluded to?$17,885. iT.he request
for appropriations by the board of regents
was based on their information
and the figures before them on the 20th
of December.
Having been in conversation with
some of the regents, I learn from them
that inasmuch as tbey have found that
they have carried over $17,885, they
will cut out the item of $20,000 which
tbey have asked for this year for the ,
matter of equipment. I, therefore, make
this recommendation that you will pro- i
vide for the maintenance of the institution
the $325,000 asked for, which in-'
eludes the salary of the superintendent
and all o-ther expenses of mainte-1
nance; also provide for the $150,000 re-:
quested for the purpose of continuing
the improvements.
Just a word here in reference to t'neir 1
asking for $325,000 where they used
only $301,000 last year. Last year this
work waft all new to them, and t'ney,;
knowing that their expenditures could,
not exceed the appropriation, necessarily
held down every -item. They
could not do certair things they felt
necessary, because of this fear of exceeding
the appropriation. You can
realize that the eight months in which
n-nd a cnnorin fort/tent fhftVP
UKJCLL u. <XAAU l*UV> O u w w** v? v ?? . w
been in charge have been active months
indeed. They have had to go slowly,
having nad to make these improvements
step by step, and there are many
things that they have kept down, .but
those of you who have been to -the institution
and have seen what is to be
done there realize the necessity of furnis'ning
the money necessary to carry
on this work.
As I stated to you, I feel that thej
Tx ? ~ c ~ w? ? ? ? r\f + Vl T.O 1 Tl _
results Oi llic uiauagcwcui, \jl i.'-'ij **stitution
have justified me in the -appointment
of Dr. Williams. I desire to
say in respect to Dr. Williams being
paid $500 a month, that he does not
ha-ve a single perquisite that went with
that office; he does not have the use
of the hou^e; he does not have the
water, lights, fuel, vegetables, servants,
horses, carriage and even an
automobile. He lives in his own house,
and he does not get one cent in perquisites
or anything else from that institution,
except the $250 a montn pro-'
vided in the appropriation bill, and the
money which I paid out of my cwn
pocket, so I want you to bear this in |
J Vhrt rn.riarinton H-Art f VlPTP^O
UiiiiU UiOl. I.UC ? ,
fore received $3,000 and $1,300 or I
11,400 in these perquisites, conserva-1
tively estimated, whereas Dr. Williams j
gets $500 a month and not a single j
perquisite goes with it.
Regents' Fine Work.
I want to say just a word on another
matter. I feel it is but due to the board
of regents, who have given their time,
energy and thought to the work of this j
institution, to say of them that I do I
x T 1A rn o T7^ i
LI UL UtJlICYt? LJJL<XL X vv/uiu u.tt ? v wv*vww?
a board who had more average talent
along the several lines of their training,
and that that knowledge was only
to be equaled by their efficiency and
ability which thos men have brought to
that institution.
I have endeavored to give you a
plain statement of facts connected with
this institution. In doing this I have
discharged my responsibility. The responsibility
now rests on you to carry
on efficiently and ably this great work.
Economic in this institution will not
consist in cutting off expenditures, but
rather in seeing that the maftey is
wisely spent, getting a dollar's worth <
for every dollar spent, in giving better
treatment to these patientRemember
that they come from every
I FVvr !
50 Shares SecurityLoan
pany Stock
16 Shares Mollohon Iv
Preferred Stock
6 Shares Oakland Corni
4 Shares Mollohon Com
It is better to have it ai
need it and not have it.
Don't you want some F
!/ i a* A
?*-* . *?r. * ' *
bil1 *nd
SSHr Red S
Sijjsgjpl It's something the horses anc
appetite?starts the saliva 1
Far superior to an all grain
mules a treat, and at the same
Wm Our RED SfflRT (first grade) 1
r contains Corn, Oats, Ground Alf
$5^ ar.d pure cane molasses, and anal
4x< Protein 10%; Fat 3%; Fibr
<\\ 12%; Carbohydrates 55%.
Protein 12% ; Fat 3%; Fibre 12%; Carboh;
i grain and ground Alfalfa MeaL ^
x First Grade: A balance*1, ration contain
^ keeps them in good condition. Increases tl
jfc at a reduced Cfcrt of feeding. Contains g
IjF. Ground Alfalfa, Pure Cane Molasses and
^ Fibre 12%; Carbohydrates 60%.
We manufacture also RED SHIRT Scratc!
Rice, Cottonseed Meal, Cow Peas, Me
Protein 18%; Fat 4%i Fibre 12%; <
As shown on the bag* in our ad. nearl?
products, even to the bags and twir
Mm for Oats, Corn, Wheat, Alfalfa
Wi also carry a full i
?yP^ ~ M ?
Our feeds as sho*
?3/ / V on scientific princ
37 V M \\ greatest nourishx
as IrZ^. u cost. Let us si
|| II / cut your ieea e
JL ?chSLE<
county and every seetfcn of the state,
and t'iiere are few of us who are now
representing the people of the state
who have not friends and relatives in ,
this iDStitution. Is there any work i
that can appeal to our human hearts j
to a greater degree than tie care of
these unfortunates? These inmates
are in the institution by no will or act,
of theirs, but are there by reason of j
an affliction brought about by causes '
beyond human control.
It is our solemn duty and obligation
to give these people the very best
treatment and skill that can be found.;
It is our bounden duty to make this {
institution not only better than it has
been in the past, but the best in the
land. I do not urge this work in orthof
it frinv hp nut down to the
credit of the Manning administration,
but arther that it can be put down as
the result of your painstaking, kindly
and humane thought for the welfare of
these people. You can do nothing that
will make a more enduring monument
to your wisdom and to your foresight,
to yoor -human* kindness az&f cfi&fftyi
t -ahti laavft fhto rriAMer in TOW'
hands, "wfth the confident assurance
that, -with the full understanding of
and Investment Comp
lanufacturing Company
-non Stock
imon Stock
- ^ ? t I
nd not -need it than to
ire Insurance?
' V '
?l! Ml0ml
=jl biagsgwl
est thin* |Mi S8s '
i feeding %* <S T ^ " ^ m ?
ES. It cot* . i J^rjaaanMPSootfTli^ baiM?
up the rtoek. S ,
molassesfet^b i
1 mules* like?gives them an #||&i
"unning and aids digestion. igszgjp
feed. Give your horses ana \
time save money.
florse and Mule Molasses Feed \V#?|
a!fa, made appetizing with salt ^^1
yzes as follows: sag I
e 12%; Carbohydrate* 57%
( crrn Second Grade ? Analyzes: Prv wsvl
' tein 9.%%; Fat 2ft%; Fibrt |*|
ft (3rd Grade) This analyzes: Protein 9%: SI
- Fat 2%; Fibre 12%; Carbohydrates 55%*^I
(fixed) We manufacture also a dry mixed (no 5?
es) Horse and Mule Feed, which analyzes: |B
rdrates 57%. This la composed of straight $1
inz Molasses. Cattle are very, fond of it ?. >|
ie flow and enriches the quality of the milk j|
roand Corn, C. S. Meal, Wheat Middling; ;|
Salt. Analyzes: Protein 15%; Fat 3%; |I
Analyzes: Protein 12%: Fat 2%%: Fibre SB
rates 55%.
- * " J $1
)f Digestive lanKage, Urwuiu \>v? ?v ?.?
fattening. Keeps the hogs in good condition. jfyt
h Feed and BED'SHIBT Bab? Chick Fttd. jmhrnomposed
of Ground, Corn, Ground
ats. Ground Wheat, Barley, Maize, .vojll
at Meal and Linseed Meal. Analysis: ~=3|
Carbohydrates 40%. ^=^1
r all of oar feed is made from Carolina
ie. We are, therefore, in the market
Hay and any other kind of Hayitoek
m above are mixed 1
iples to famish the s
aent at the lowest yb
lown yoa how to // \?
>ills down. Writ* fj j| ;
rices, etc. g || ft
Carter Co. \
3TON, S.
.he conditions of this institution ami
of iis imperative needs, you will discharge
that obligation in such a way
that it will be a credit to you, representing
the people of South Carolina;
that it will be a credit to the State of
South Carolina, and will sh,ow to the
world that we are Christians Jiving in
a Christian land, and recognizing the
highest purpose to discharge our duties,
both to God and to our suffering
Attention Pensioners,
I will be in the. auditor's office each
Saturday in January to. prepare peaiCi
HI anlrc Wiri/ywa whose husbands
were on the pension roll do not hare
to prove the service of their husbands,
but have to sign the application
and get the auditor's certificate as to
property owned. Do not wait until
the last day.
W. G. Peterson,
Pension CJommissionor.
1W Ottttr Tilt Mm Kit ftfftci Tto Hm*
Because of itstoiilc abd laxative effect. UIATIVB
BROMO QUININE is better than ordinary
~ nemnsiieil saf
lo^ :or thr^iimature W. C?CVBf 25c.

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