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The herald and news. (Newberry S.C.) 1903-1937, February 01, 1916, Image 6

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Wilson Opens 1
For De
Says People Demand Action Which
Make for Safety of America and
Maintenance of Principles. 1
New York, Jan. 27.?President Wilson
tonight began his personal appeal
to the country for preparedness for
national defense. He gave warning
that plans for the readjustment of the
army must be carried out without delay
and solemnly declared he could
not predict that the outlook for the
United States would be as brigiit tomorrow
as today. Speaking at banqueets
of the Railway Business association
and the Motion Picture Board of
Trade, he sounded the keynote of addresses
that he will deliver during tile
next ten days in the Middle West.
LYir. Wilson was in a fighting mood,
in a speech early in the day he declared
he always accepted an invitation
to fisfat. Toni2i.it he told the rail
road men he was an advocate of peace
and had struggled to keep the United
States at peace, but he considered the
liberty and honor of the nation even
more than peace.
>Voe to the Seifish"Woe
to any man who plays marplot
or- who seeks to make party polirvAY?r?/\w
o r>i KHl A.n f oL'ii
HViS Ui pel aiauiuuu muiv y*. v?
* cedence over can-dor, honor and unselfish,
unpartisan service!" said the
president in speaking of his defense
plan before the railroad men. He
declared that the country expects action;
this is a year of accounting, and
the accounting must be definite on
the part of parties and on the part of
n-^h n Tl'ichftc tn ATI 1AV
C VCI J luuiuuuai " UV - ?? vv
the public confidence.
"For my part, I nope every man in
. l\ic life will get what is coming to
fcim," said Mr. Wilson amid laughter
The president at both banquets and
all during his day's visit to New York
was greeted with enthusiasm. On his
ride between the hotels where the banquets
were held tonight he was es
cortd by a Dana ana ine .mulu company
of coast artillery of the New
York National Guard. Thousands of
persons packed l.he streets and cheered
him as he went by.
In his speech before nearly 1,5001
business men at the railway banquet I
he cast aside almost entirely the text j
of ine address that he had prenousiv |
lVas Wrong Then.
The president admitted that in a j
message to the last congress he had
said the need for preparedness was
not pressing. He declared that he had j
learned something in the mean time.j
He cited his recent support of a tariff j
commission as another instance of a
change on his part. J
Mr. Wilson spoke of men of high
character who were clouding the preparedness
issue. He declared they
were provincial. He vigorously defended
his Mexican policy. He asserted
that to invade liiiexico would I
mean the losing of the confidence of
the rest of the Western hemisphere.
Wq /-MtaH tnp of Cuba as an in
stance of good done by the United
States. |
"If we are drawn into the maelstrom
which now surges in Europe/'
the president declared, "we shall not
he permitted to do the high things
?e would prefer."
Xust Hare an Army.
'The president defended the continental
army p'an drawn up by Secrerary
Garrison and said that he did.
not care about t'ne details of any plan
as long as 500,000 trained men were
piovided as reserves under the federai
government. He advocated strengthening
the National Guard, but said the
constitution its-elf put the guard under
the states. He added that tiie tnuea
States will not turn in the direction
of militarism.
Outlining why the United States
should be prepared, Mr. Wilson said:
"We must protect our.rights as a
i i don and the rights of our citizens
in America and outside of it, as tne
consensus of civilized people has defined
them; must endure the unem
barrassed realization of our political
* development within our own borders
and must protect the peace and political
autonomy of the Americas.'' He
added that a national defense means
the protection of the country from invasion
and also the prevention of flank
assault upon "the thing's which we be
lieve to underlie our nie.
Industrial preparedness, with the
military training of students in industrial
schools, was proposed by the
president. He left consideration of
navy plans for later addresses.
Business men who formerly relied
on protective measures in their deal
fense of Nation
I inn/, Ti-i + Vi fnraiorn rvAU'Prs WAfO fTlti
/VI til J. \J A V Iq iA JL? V ?? V* V w? V/ ? ? ?
'j:sed by Mr. Wilson. He said American
business men should be able to
held their own against the world.
In his address before the Railway
Business association banquet President
Wilson said he considered it a privilege
"to be permitted to lay before
you some t'nings to which we ought to j
give our most careful and deliberate1
IL-i.'iioiuci a uuii.
The Paramount Question.
i "The questions, it seems to me," he'
: said, "wwhich most medands clarification
just now is the question to which
jour toastmaster has referred?the
question of preparation for national
"I say that it stands in need of clar-1
! ification because, singularly enough, j
| it has been deeply clouded by passion j
-* ? I
ana prejudice, it is very biug'uiai iuai
a question t'ne elements <5f which are
so simple and so obvious should have
been so beclouded by the discussion of
men of high motive, men of purpose
as handsome as any of us may claim,
and yet apparency incapable of divest-!
iLg themselves of that sort of provin;
cialism whica consists in thinking the
j contents Df iheir own minds to be the
I * *? f o rviin,-? th a WOTl d
j Cl/Illt'iltd JL tllO U iuu Vi. ?.
I For, gentlemen, while'America is a very
j great nation, while America contains
all the elements of fine force and accomplishment,
America does not consiitute
the major part of the world.
*We live in n world which we did \
| not make, which we can not alter.' * * j
j It would be a hopeless piece of pro|
vincialism to suppose that because we
I think differently from the rest of the
| world we are at liberty to assume that
the rest of the world will permit us
to enjoy that though without disturbance.
"It is a surprising circumstance also
that men should allow partisan feeling!
or personal ambition to creep into t'ne
discussion of this fundamental thing.
Hew can Americans differ about the i
safety of America?
Old Nations United.
"And I, for my part, am ambitious |
j that America should do a greater and !
i more difficult thing than the great na-j
tions on the other side of the water,
have done. In all the belligerent I
countries men, without distinction of j
party, have drawn together to accomplish
a successful prosecution of trie
war. It is not a more difficult and a
more desirable thing that all Americans
should put partisan preposession
aside? * * *
"Only the other day the leader ofj
the Renublican minority in the house j
I "" ~ .
j of representatives delivered a speech 1
i chat showed that he was ready, and |
! I take it for granted that the men
| behind him were ready to forget party
I lines in order that all men may act
I with a common mind and pulse for
| tbe service of the country. And I
want upon this first public occasion j
to pay my tribute of respect and obli-1
gation to him
"I find it hard indeed to approach
this subject without deep emotion, gentlemen,
because, when we speak of
America and the things that are to be
conserved in her, does it not call a
wonderful picture into your mind?
i v/niricr Think of the
1HC1 1\,CL i O JVUMQ WW---. _ __
great treasures of yout'n and energy
and ideal purposes still to be drawn
from the deep resources from which
this nation has always drawn its
light. * * *
Duties of America.
"Think of the position into which
America has been drawn almost in
spite of herself, by the circumstances
of the present day. S'ae is forced,
whether she will or not, in the days
i?rmAdiatplv ahead of us, to furnish
the world with its chief economic guidance
and assistance.
"It is ver\* fine to remember what
I ideals will be back of that assistance.
i Economic assistance in itseir is 1101
necessarily handsome. It is a legiti-j
mate thing to make money. Money!
brings with it power which may be J
well or ill employed. And it should I
be the pride of America always to |
employ her money to the highest purpose.
And yet, if we are drawn into
moaicfmni that now surees across
L 11 C XiiOrVlUWl Viu V?WW- ?? .. w
the water and swirls even in the Western
region of the world we shall not
be permitted to keep a free hand td
do the high things that we intend to
do. And it is necessary that we should
examine ourselves and so order our
selves that we can make certain mat
the tasks imposed upon us will be performed,
and well performed.
"America has been reluctant to
matcn Iier wits WICU me rest yj. tut;
world. When I face a body of men
like this, it is almost incredible to remember
that only yesterday they were
afraid to put their wits into free com-1
petition with the world. The best
1 ? +a I
Drains ill Lilt; WVliU ai.iaiu w muvv/u
brains with the rest of- the world.
We have preferred to stand behind
protecting devices. And now, we are
thrust out to do, on a scale never
dreamed of in recent generations in
America, the business of the world.
We can not longer be a provincial
>ot That Question.
"Let no man dare to say if he
would speak the truth that the question
of preparation for national defense
is a question of war or peace, j
If there is one passion more deep/
seated in the hearts of our fellow j
countrymen than another it is the j
passion for peace. ' ' ' There is j
no desire on the part of any thought- j
fill and conscientious American to take i
one foot of territory from another na-j
tion in the world. And I myself share |
to the bottom of my heart that pro- J
found love for peace. I have sought j
to maintain peace against very great. |
and sometimes <\ery unfair odds, and j
I am ready, at any time, to use every
IT- ^in in 111 rt * r\ CllrtVl I
pu v> Ci tuat in iiiTr cvy tvcin ou^u.
a catastrophe as war coming upon
this country.
"So that it is not permissible for anv j
man to say with anxiety that the de-'
fense of the nation has the least tinge j
in it of desire for power which can be
used to bring on war. But, gentle- j
men, there is something that the Americans
love better than they love peace.!
Thpv 1 av.a tha nrinr.inles unon which.1
their political life is founded.
"They are ready at any time to fight;
for the vindication of their character j
and their honor. (T.hey will at no
time seek a contest, but they will at!
no time cravenly avoid it. Because if!
there is one thing that the country!
ought to fight for and that every na-i
tion ought to fight for it is the in-j
tegrity of its own convictions. iWe can |
not surrender our convictions, i wouia
rather surrender territory than sur-!
render ideals. And because we hold'
certain ideals we have thought it was j
right we snould hold them for others!
as well as for ourselves.
One Purpose ProTed.
"America had been willing to fight1
fnr +V10 lihprtv of othPTS ?S Well as !
for its own liberty. The world sneered I
when we set out for the liberation of I
Cuba, but the World does not sneer
any longer. * * *
"And, whether by one process or!
another, we have made ourselves in j
some sort the champions of free gov- j
ernment and national sovereignty in
both continents of this hemisphere.1
So that there are certain obligations,
which every 'American knows, that we |
have undertaken. The first and pri- j
mary obligation is trie maintenance!
of the integrity of our own sovereigD- j
ty * * * xhere is also the maintenance
of our liberty to develop -our j
political institutions without hindrance1
and last of all, there is the determina-!
tion and the obligation to stand asj
the strong brother of all those in this'
hemisphere who will maintain the
same principles.
"May I venture to insert here a pa- (
renthesis? Have- any of you thought;
of this? We have slowly, very slowly!
indeed, begun to win the confidence of,
tho <5tntAs. of th^ American hem- I
isphere. If we should go into Mexico'
do you know what would happen? All!
the sympathy of the rest of America
would look across the water and not!
northward to the great republic which
we profess to represent.
The Real Danger.
"And do you not see the consequences
that would ensue in every international
relation snip? Have the
gentlemen who have rushed down to,
" ? ' a ? 1 U
Washington to insist tnat we suuuiu
go into Mexico reflected upon the pol-1
itics of the world? Nobody seriously,
supposes, gentlemen, that the United i
States needs to fear any invasion of \
its own territory. What America has j
to fear, if she has anything to fear,'
are flank movements upon her reg-;
nant position in the Western hemisphere.
Are we going to open the gates:
or are we going to close them? For'
they are the gates to the hearts of:
our American friends to me souui on
us and tne gates to the ports within'
their spirits and you ha\e won the
only sort of friendship and the only;
sort of safety that America covets. * * ,
But, gentlemen, we must find means:
to-do the things which are suitable to '
the time and suitable to our own |
ideals. Perhaps when you learned thatj
I was expecting to address you on cne :
subject of preparedness you recalled
the address which I made congress
. I
something more than a year ago, in j
which I said that this question of mil-!
itary preparedness was not a pressing
question. But more than a year has j
gone by since then, and I would be'
ashamed if I had not learned some-1
thing in 14 months. The minute I i
stop changing my mind, with the'
change of all the circumstances in the
world I will he a back number.
Another Change. I
"There iisi another tiling about
which I have changed my mind. A:
year ago I was not in favor of a tariff i
board and I will tell you why. Bej
cause then the only purpose of a tariff
j "But the circumstances of the pres
ent time are tnese: i uere is guiug vu.
in the world, under our eyes, an ecoI
; nomic revolution. No man understands
I that revolution. * * * And members
i of congress are too busy, their duties
\ are too distracting to make it possible
within a sufficiently short space of
time for them to master t'ne change
that is coming. * * *
"But that is another parenthesis.
: What I am trying to impress upon
| yo.u now is that I can not tell you what
' Lhe international relations of this J
| country will be tomorrow, and I use J
| the word literally.
"America will never be the aggressor;
America will always seek, to the
last point at wmcn ner nonor is in-;
-. olved, to avoid the things which dis- ;
turb the peace of the world. But!
America does not control the circum- j
stances of the world and we must be j
sure that we are faithful servants of,'
those things which we love and are!
ready to defend them against every j
contingency. * * * It goes without
saying that one thing this country j
never will endure is a system that can j
be called militarism. But militarism!
consists in preparing a great machine'
whose only use is for war. * * * And j
I do not believe that the creation of,
rin innf Jr? rt *> iv* rtA A f 1
sum au IUSU U-UICUL <ui urauiauie ui
"America is always going to use
her army in two ways. -She is going
to use it for the purpose of peace and
rI-p i<; o-nincr tr> iisp it as n mnnlpiifli
WW ~ ? WW
for expansion into tiiose things which
she does believe in, namely the preparation
of he:* citizens to take care of (
The Other Side.
'tt.here are two sides to the question
of preparation. There is not merely
the military side, there is the industrial
side. We ought to have in t'nis
country a great system of industrial
and vocational educational training
under the guidance of and with federal
aid, in which a very large percent
age oi me youiii oi mis cuumiy wni
be given training in the skillful use
and application of the principles of
science in manufacture and 'business.
* * *
"But, gentlemen, you can not create
such a system rapidly. It has got to
be built up. And there is something
to be done in the meantime. We must
sp.p. to it that a sufficient body of citi
izens is given the kind of training
which will make them efficient'for call
into the field in case of necessity. * * *
(Thin of asking men, who can be easily
drawn, to come into the field, crude,
ignorant, inexperienced, and merely
furnish the stuff for camp fever and
bullets. * * * And so it seems to me
that it is our manifest duty to 'nave a
proper citizens reserve.
"I am not forgetting our National
Gnard. * * * As governor of New
Jersey I was brought into association
with what I am too glad to believe
was one of the most efficient portions
of the National Guard of the Uni'ed
States. I learned to admire the men,
to respect the officers, and to believe
in the National Guard. And I believe
that arm of the our national defense
should be built up and encouraged to
the utmost. But you know that under
the constitution of the United States
it is -under the direction of more than
two score states and that it is ndt
permitted for the national government
? J! /3 m A?+ /?n^ Aftroni
IU <lireCL its UCVCiwp.uvui. aiiu Vigauization,
and that only upon occasion of
ap:ual invasion has the president of
the United States the right to ask
those men to leave their respective
states. I for my part am afraid that
there is no way in which that force
can be made a direct resource as a
national reserve under national au
Need Trained Reserve.
"What we need is a body of men
trailed in association with units of the
army, a body of men organized under
the direction of t'ne national authorities,
subject to the immediate call to
arms of the national authority and yet
not drawn from the peaceful pursuits
which have made 'America gTeat and
must keep her great.
ti T ? VN f ? r- o rvP O n TT Ar?D
i am IIUL a, yai mscm \jl cwj wuv
plan. * * * But what I am for, and
what every American ought to insist
upon, is a body of at least a half million
trained citizens who will serve
under conditions of danger as an im
mediately available national reserve.
"I am not saying anything about the
navy because I don't want to go to sea.
I want to stick to the one theme tonight
because for some reason there
is not the same controversy about fhe
navy there is about the army. The
~ " ---- " - nKn'mio nri/? QOoil V 11 Tl P T* Q f fYTwl
ll<XV<y lO Ul/I'lUUO ?t"U. I.UU1'; uuuw.u..,.-.
The army apparently is very difficult
to comprehend and understand. We.
have a traditional 'prejudice against
armies which makes us stop thinking
the minute we begin talking about
them and we suppose that there can
not be an American system in this
instance, but that it must be the European
system and that is what I, for
| one, am trying to divest my own mind
of. The navy is so obvious an instru,
ment of national defense that I believe
i that with, the differences of opinion
j about detail it is not going to be diffi- j
j cult to carry out a proper and reason- j
1 able program for the increase of the t
j navy.
"But that is another story and you
(know I ha/ve to give a good many ^
speeches in the near future, and r
must save something for subsequent
days. My theme tonight is national
defense on land. I do not want to
leave upon your minds the impression
that I have any fnxiety as to the outcome,
for I have not the slightest.
Must Do Right Thing.
"There is only one way that parties
and individuals win the confidence of
this nation and that is to do the chings
that ought to be done. The facts are
going to speak for themselves, and
speak louder than anybody who controverts
"No political party, no group of men,
can e'.er disappoint America. iThis is
a. vpsr of nnlitioal aroountins: and the
Americans in politics are rather expert
"So man is going to "hide behind any
excuses. The goods must be delivered
or the confidence will not be enjoyed;
and for my part I hope every man
in public life will get what is coming
to him.
"But if this is true, genetlemen, it
is because of the things that lie down
at the very roots of our life. America
refuses to be deceived about the things
which most concern her. national i
honor, national safety. All have confidence
in everything that she represents.
"It is a solemn time when men moist
examine not only their purposes but
their hearts, when men must purge
themselves of individual ambition,
when men must see to it that they are
ready for the utmost self-sacrifice in j
the interest of the common welfare, j
Let no man dare be a marplot. Let
no man bring partican passion into
these great things. Let men honestly
debate the facts and courageously act!
upon them and then there will come a J
day when the world will say: 'This
American that we thought was full of
a multitude of contrary ideas, now
speaks with the great volume of the
heart's accords and that great heart j
~ T%A"V? ^ ?+ +T-> /I TYiArol
U1 AIXltM lCct lias UCTLL1I1U 11/ Cll?5 U1VIU1
force of righteousness and the hope
and the liberty o? mankind/"
President Wilson was busy from the
time he arrived early this morning
until he left at midnight for a brief
period in Washington before departing
for the Middle West to speak for preparedness.
In addition to attending
two banquets tonight, the president
shook hands with a group of suffragists
and took two automobile rides.
Insistence that the American people j
love peace, but must be treated justly
and must harmonize international racial
and religious differences marked
his address at noon before a conference
of 1,500 New York clergymen
of all denominations. He declared
that peace is inconsistent with the violation
of principle and the loss of respect.
The president did not repeat
his now famous phrase "too proud to
fight," but asserted belligerently that
"I alwavs accent, nerhaos by some im
pulse of my native blood, the invitation
to a fight/' He added that he hoped
he always fought in "knightly fastion"
that he did not "traduce 'nis antagonists,"
and that he fought witft the
intention of converting them.
During the morning the president
repeated his oppositions to action by
the federal government on the woman
suffrage question when speaking to a
delegation of 200 members of the Congressional
Union for Woman Suffrage
who called at his hotel and would not
leave until he saw them. He reiterated
his position that he would help
the cause in individual states whenever
he could.
As ' heirs-at-law of ' Mrs. Carolina
Cook, we will sell at public outcry at
Newberry court house on salesday in
February, 1916, immediately following
sales by the master:
One acre lor in the town or .prosperity,
fronting on Main street and adjoining
lands of Mrs. Delia Snealy on
the south, the Baptist church lot on
the west and land of H. J. Rawl on the
north. Terms of sale cj.=h.
Mrs. Sallie Wicker,
D. B. Cook,
Mrs. Texanna Wicker,
E. M. Cook,
Mrs. Namy Wicker.
Change of Schednle.
Columbia, Jan. 13.?Columbia, Newberry
& Laurens railroad, announces
the following changes- in schedules, effective
January 17, 1916, for trains
Nos. 13, 54, 51, and 55:
Train No. 13 will leave Laurens at
3:25 p. m., arriving Columbia, Gervaia
street, 7:38 p. m.. The following stations
will be -discontinued at flag stops:
Brand, Gary, Jalapa, Slighs, Hilton,
"White Rock, Ballentine, Leapharts.
? ? " 1
Tram i\o. 04 win wiu-llluio,
Gervais street, 5:05 p. m., arriving
iiaurens at 8:18 p. m.
Train No. 55 will leave Laurens at
8:38 a. m., arriving at Columbia, Gervais
street, 11:32 a. nr.
Train No. 51, operated Sunday only,
will leave Laurens at 4j30 p. <m. arriving
Columbia, Gervais street, 7:38 p. m.
(TiJie following stations will be made
flag stops for train No. 53, due to leave
Laurens at 2:00 p. in.: Slighs, Hilton,
Leapharts. \
rn ? lO ttr "11 An of oil C.ho
jl ram inu, jlo w 1u stup ac gii kjkanvuu
to discharge passengers from points J
beyond Laurens and Clinton, S. .
The following stations will be discontinued
as flag stops for mixed train
Xo. 12, due to leave Columbia at 3
a. m.: Leaphart, Irmo, Ballentine,
White Rock, Hilton. Chapin, Slighs, Jalapa,
Gary, Brand.
If not sold before at private sale, ^we '
will offer for sale, to the highest bidder,
for cash, before the court nouse
dcor, at Newberry, S. C., on the first
Monday in February, 1916, just after
the Master's sales, five shares of the
capital stock of the Oakland Mills, of
the par value of $100.00 per share.
Attorneys. jjj
Vinla "YfrLpfln Plaintiff.
B. W. Crouch, Bettie Havird, B. B.
Hair and the Bank of Prosperity,
Under order of the court herein, I
will sell at public auction at Newberry,
S. C.; during the legal hours of sg,le,to
the highest bidder therefor, on Mon
day, being salesday, February 7, 1916,
All that tract or parcel of land lying
and being situate in the town of Prosperity,
county of Newberry and State ' *
of South Carolina, containing twentyfive
acres, more or less, exclusive of
one acre of said tract, heretofore purchased
by B. B. Hair, and lying on
the east side of the Southern railway,
and adjoining lands of Samuel Bowers,
L. C. Kibler and others; said tract of
land being the same upon which for i
years B. B. Hair resided, and known as
the Clarissa Bridges land.
Terms of sale: One-third of the pur- 9
chase money to be paid in cash, the
balance in two equal annual installments,
upon a credit of one and two 4
years, with interest from daiy of sale
at the rate of eight per centum per
annum, payable annually, the credit
portion to be secured by bond of the
purchaser and a mortgage of the prem-/
ises sold, with leave to the y.irchaser
to anticipate payments in whole or in
The bonds and mortgages for the
credit portion must provide for a ten
per cent attorney's fee in case said
bonds and mortgages are collected by
suit or placed in the hands of an attorney
for collection.
The purchaser, upon the acceptance
of his bid, must deposit with the master
in cash or by a certified checfc
the sum of two hundred dollars, and
comply fully with the terms of sal?
within ten days from day of sale, or
the premises will be resold upon the >
first convenient salesday thereafter at ^
the risk of the former purchaser. * w
The purchaser, upon complying with
fhA fprm.s of must insure the
buildings upon said premises and assign
the policy of insurance to the
master as additional security. j
The purchaser must pay for papers,
recording and revenue stami>s.
Jan. 17, 1916. Master.
Elijali Irvin, Lizzie Wright, Cora Fant,
Corrie Sanders, Timothy Irvin, HatITjImiiTiHc
GoroVi Trvin -artA
11^. UiiUU, IfWAMU, wv^v. _ ww
ert Irvin, Luther Irvin, Johnie Adger,
by B. V. Chapman, their duly
appointed Guardian ad litem, Plain- . i
Jos. H. W. Morris, Defendant.
Under orders of the court herein !
TA'ill sell at public auction before the
court house at Newberry, S. C., during
the legal hours of sale to the highest <
bidder therefor, on Monday, February A
7, same being salesday in February,
All that certain piece, parcel or lot
of land lying, being and situate in the
town of Helena, county of 'Newberry, <
State of South Carolina, containing y
one acre, more or less; bounded on the
northwest by a street dividing said lot
from lands of James Ray; on northeasi
by lands of D. S. Greenwood; southeast
by lands of Fayette Penny, and
on the south and southwest by a street
dividing said lands from the lands of
Fielding Wright. j
Terms of sale. All of purohase money
to be paid in cask, the purchaser, upon
the acceptance of his bid, must deposit
with the master, in cash or by certified
check, the sum of one hundred
dollars, an-d comply ruuy wnn cue
terms of sale within ten days from
day of sale, and in case <he fail to do
so then the premises will be resold
upon the first convenient saleeday
thereafter at the risk of the former
Purchaser must pay for papers, recording
and revenue stamps.
January 17, 1913. Master.

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