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The herald and news. (Newberry S.C.) 1903-1937, April 21, 1916, Image 1

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Wilson Tells Cong
Why Break ,
Germany's Long Course of War fa
Vessels and Repeated Violation o
Cited by Piesident as Reasons
timatum to Germ
Washington, April in.?Standing b^- marine
lore the two houses in joint assembly. 01 its a<
President Wilson today explained u> e t<red
congress the long course of e.ents governn
which had elicited from the American pretest
government a virtual ultimatum to manders
Gernia y. The president cited the have a:
suuojbarine policy of Germany and the greater
pledges given the United states that u^on th
the rules of international law would Britain
he observed a d stated his frank con- could ei
elusion that unless the German gov-,;,as urn
eriiimeut immediately declares and ei- more ar
t'ects "an abandonment of it ? present months
methods of warfare a^a'.nst pa.-senger servant
and freight carrying vessels this so v. i^vo lo
einment can have no choice but t*? orrup;v <
sever diplomatic relations with the national
government of the German empire al- c emir
together." He concluded with an ex- j "Vessi
pression of confidence in the support j vessels
of congress and a hope that the Ger- : from e
man- governme. t might see fit to meet been de
the American demands "in the spinL: bfllis:er<
in which they are made." increasi
The president said: ! ""Som
"Gentlemen of Congress: 'tacked I
"A situation has arisen in the for- ed to si
eign relations of the country of which I or torpe
1* is my plain duty to inform you very or crew
frankly. ' 9 jxror sec
"It will be recalled that in February, i to the
1916, the imperial German govern-1 sent to
o-ti/MmofH it? infpntion to treat j again n
(v;.iiv/uuwv? xvw
the water surrounding Great Britain i escape
and Ireland as embraced within the iowed t(
seat of war and to destroy all mer- >
chant ships owned by its enemies that 1 "W'liai
misSit be found withi i any part ot : must lis
that portion of the high seas, and that j has foil
it warned all vessels, of neutral as j such fas
%vell as belligerent ownership, to keep j cumstan
out of the waters it had thus prescribe ; seas an
ed or else enter them at their peril, i warfare
The I'nited States Protests. j without
'IThe government of the United of the d
States earnestly protested. -manity.
"It took the position that such a ! "Whai
policy could not be pursued without | tc. tion
the practical certainty of gross and j ernment
palipable violations of the law of na-, possible
tions, particularly if submarine craft o; attac
were to 'be employed as its instru- | enemies
inasmuch as the rules pres- , er tne
r-^rved by !r\v. rules founded upon j k;nd.
x>riT?<'iples of humanity and establish-! ..jn p
ed for the protection of the lives of (^jie jmp
non-combatants at sea, could not in j formed '
-the nature of the case be observed by n(?l;^ra|
sn<ft. vessels. j it had r
"It based its protest on the ground j eminent
that persons of neutral nationality and j dn mer<
vessels of noirtra! ownership would be jership a
expcsed to extreme and intolerable ; dens to
risks, and that no right to close any J enemy t
pari of the high seas against their J seas ar
use or to expose them to such risks j ment fel
could lawfully be asserted by any bel-; j? treati
ligerent government. The law or na-' belligen
tions in these matters, upon which the j sels. of
government of the United States based right to
* ra^fltit Orison or! "Tllo J
its protests, js uw v^i. ?c--- -.- ,
founded upon merely arbitrav prtncl-; nized tl
pies set up by convention. It is based, o.irry &i
on r'ae contrary, upon manifest and im- | them to
p^rative principles of humanity and j them in
<hc-s long been established with the , own ris
approval and by the express assent of governn
all civilized nations. 1 these \r
Carried Out Threats. | stances
"Notwithstanding the earnest pro-jTary.
test of our government, the imperial "Kven
German government at once proceed- i nounced
ed to carry out the policy it had an- j j() relax
i -nounced. It expressed the hope that \y profc
the dangers involved, at any rate this ; .jre to 1
danger to neutral vessels, would be re- tion tha
d iced to a minimum by the instruc- j submari
tions which it had issued to its sub- tion tha
marine warfare against the commerce not arm
government of the United States that destruct
It would take every possible precau- | personal
tion both to respect thf> rights of neu- their pa
trals and to safeguard the lr.es of non ticable t
combatants. ! tuted in
What ha? acmlly happened in the sir -tici
.-ear which lias since elapsed ha-hewn
that those hopes were net justi- "Asrar
those assurances insusceptible o? man go
:n<r fulfilled. -rnwi
p'uvvrjr. :4 ?v' ' Pr> : P:'
Jiu.-> dealt with, and yet it
r ress and again permitted its
* commanders to disregard tl:
kr a ances with entire impirndty
ItTflTYllTlCTlt -Qreat liners like the Liu
Arabic and mere ferry boai
_ L Sus.-ex have been attacked
ire Against Merchant moment
's warning, some tii
f Solemn Assurances t:,e-v i,ad even become awa
were i: the presence of an ;
for Sending Ul- all of the enemy, and the In
/-.r> 111 Kr? T -j n f < i\?> < cfMi and
' been -sacrificed wholesale
tier which the go.er me
warfare against he commerce rniterl States can nor but
I versaries, thus announced and V:anton and without the slig
upon by the imperial German ()1- :nc*ation
iei:t in -ute of the solemn -Xo limit of pny kill(1 h
of this government, the com- >0!, set f() []]0 ;mii<orimii
? of German nndcrsea vessels ! *,,, (le.tr,,,t;on of n,er(.ha?i
tarkc.i merchant ships with ; ,;;n!ls aa(I -at:onalit!es with
and greater activity, not only j tcr? oitonding
e high seas surronnding Great, >v!u>rc ,hese opcratfon<1 hav(
and Ireland, hut wherever they !ri,, . ]he ro? of
H'oniitcr them, in a way ">a"-j ,v]l0 havc los, ,heir lives on
w" more a d more ruthless. | ,nJ <lestrove(1 ,,
id more indiscriminate, as the | ]i!0nt? bv mo ,1)0 0,
have -one hy. less and less oh-, |)as mmmte(, ,,le )n?u
of restraints of any kind: and , ?0np of |)l(, ,at(>s| ani, m
li.ered their attacks withont ,..5 ,.)stances of meth(
a gainst vessels of every I ^ |ftm of ;]K, <l0!!lnK.
ity and honndnpon every son jFrenrtl crogJ( cha.,neI Pte
I sex. It must stand forth, a
e!* of mivtral ?*nerrt?ip. evca!jr? of ,he I_?s?tania as
of neutral ownership bound ,?rh. tr^ir .?.(1 u?1ns,ifl?
utral porr. to neutral port, have constitute ., tn||v tcrHble (
stroved alone: with vessels of . ,
v the mhinnanitv ot suDmarii
ent ownership, ift constantly as thg commanders of Gern:
ng numbers. ! jlave for t]le pas^ 12 m0nths
etimes the merchantman at-j tluct!ug it_ If th,s instance s
1 as heei. warned and summon 1 ,
some explanation some dis
irrender before beinsr fired op. i .. ~
! the German government,
doed; sometimes passengers! , r x ,
1 v dence of criminal mistake
s have been vouchsafed the 4l , .
disobedience on the part oi
mritv of being allowed to take , - ,
- ? inlander of the vessel t
ship's boats before she was . . . ,
1 the torpedo, might be sou?
the bottom But again aud . . . , . . , ..
| tertained; but unhappily ll
0 warni. g has been given, no . . . ? ^ *
? , | stand alone. Recent e\ents
even to the ship's boats al- j , .. ., ,,
1 conclusion inevitable that
) those on board. e instance, even though il
Gross and Palpable. i (jle most extreme and dist
L this government foresaw . ... . .. ,
& ; stances, of the spirit and
ippen has happesed. Tragedy i .. , . , ., . _ .
1 1 1 warfare which the imperii
o-ned traced) on the sea& In g0vernmen^ }ias mistaking]
iWon. with such attendant cir- an(, wMch from th(j first
ces. as to make it grossly evi- governmen( (o the reproacll
,d that the imperial govern- . ? a? neutra, riehts aside
it be. can not be carried on f ,tg immediate objects
tilG most paipuuit; v iwicinviio |
- . . t . . "The government of t
iictates alike of rrglit and hu- ^
states has been very pal
, . every stage of this distress!
tever the disposition and in- ?
, , . . , _ ence of tragedy after tr
of the imperial German gov
.. ? . which its own citizens wer
. it has manifestly proved 1m- . ,
. , it has sought to be restra
for it to keep sucn methods
, . .. a- -v extreme course of ac
k upon the commerce of its
protest by a thoughtful coi
within the bounds set bv elth,
. of the extraordinary circun
reason or the heart ot man-1
this unprecedented war an
in all that it said or did by
'ebruary or the present yeai 4 . . . . . , .
ment of genuine friendship
erial .Germa-: government in- , . i o- *
people of the I nited State
- -1 4.1. ^
tins government aim uiu ouai . . , ,
wavs entertained and contr
governments of the world that . . , A ~
tertain towards the German
eason to beliee tiiat the gov. . ? , , ,
has. of course, accepted t
of Great Britain had armed . , ,
sive explanations and ass?u:
;hant vessels of British own ~
the imperial German gove
d had given them secret or- .
given m e tire sincerity ;
attack any submarine of the ... . . . ,
J faith and has hoped ev<
hey mrght encounter upon the , .. . .. .,
J ? hope, that it would prove
id tha the imperial govern- ... . A. ^
sible for the German gove
t justified in the circumstances . . J . , ..
to order -and control the ?
g all armed merchantmen of
naval commanders as to
mt ownership as auxiliary ves- .. ,x, .. . ,
policy with the .principles oi
war, which it would have a *. , . , ,
as embodied m the law of n
destrov without warning. . ....
has beei willing to wait uni
aw of nations has long recog- ... . ? . ,
nificance of the facts bee
le right of merchantmen to . x t , ., .
lutelv unmistakable and sus
mis for protection f d i:stj . * . , , ,.
but one interpretation.
repel attack, though to use;
such circumstances at their 1 an Ke Legaliz*
i-- a. n^T-mnn ..ru, ;?t <|,o;! ,1AXV
K , UUl LlltJ idl VIV-'4 4l4IA** j I licit jjw>TAi?c iiu>j uv ?? N% ?
lent claimed the right to set reached. The facts are sus
derstandings aside in circum- but one interpretation. ITh
which it deemed extraordi- German government ha? b(
to put a y limits or restric
the terms in which it an its warfare against either
its purpose thus i-.till furrhei passenger ships. It has th<
the restraints it. had previous- come painfully evident that
ssed its willingness and de- tion which this go\ernmei
;ut upon the operations of its the very outset is inevitabl
t at lea sevtsyWulorpavetHTA that the use of submarine
nes. carry the plai i implica- destruction of an enemy's cc
t at least \essels which were ot neecssity. because the ve
ed would still be exempt from ter of the vessels employe
ion without warning and that very methods of attack wt
I safety would be accorded employment of course invol'
ssengers and crews, but prac- compatible with the princir
0 observe, has in fact co sti- m-rritv. the lorz e^tublishe
r> check at all upon the de- cc trovertible rights of ne:
) of sJr'j)? of every >orf. the sacred immunities of
Promised to Reform. J batants.
1 ; !;d vzi'lw rlie imperial (ler- -j ]iavf? honied it TOy
ve:"nn;"".t h::~ given this gov- fore. to :iy to the iniper;
:?s so.emu asr-u"auces inat .it. government rlvtt if "is sfi
-sengor s >i. w<?u?d i*"/t bo j t < *re'e lie
lias again discriminate warfare against \essels grc
underseas of commerce by the use of submarines, sea
icse assur- notwithstanding the now demonstrated 0,
impossiblitv of conducting that war
I ?n'
>itania and fare in accordance with what the gov- . ,
I iia ^
ts like the ernme t of the United States must
without a consider the sacred ami indisputable *
nes before rules of international la wand the u<:i- ('u(
I ?
5 that tiiev versa! Iy recognized dictates of liu-j 1
armed ves- manity, the government of the United
res of non- States is at last forced to the conclu
s t r
crew liavfs I sion t.hat there is but one course itj
in a man-; can pursue; and thai u less the iinnt
of the perial German government should now mm
regard as immediately declare and effect a;i _
litest color abandonment of its present methods of j
warfare a?a:nst passenger and frolglu j
as in fact carrying vessels, this government can J
. ..4^ ~e ?ll . . . , . A /l:
lai.e ui nave 110 choice mu u> uiiuu-j
men of all relate s with the government J
in the wa- of t.he German empire altogether. !
1 ,? ! at
in are* "This decision I have arrived a- j
> been car- ]ie keenest regret: the possfbilAmericans
ot- t]le action contemplated I am
ships thus sure all thought fill -Americans will
as grown look forward to with unaffected re-1
ninous toll iU(tance. p,ut we can < ot forget tliat j
Ireds. some sort and by the force
ost. shock- wf circulTlstances the responsible
)d of war- sp),j<0.;nu;n 0f the rights of humanity
tion of the th.u we can no* remain sile.it |
amer S-us- v.1aije tjiese rights seem in process of j
s the slnkbeiu^
swept utterlv awav in the muelso
, stroin of this terrible war We owe it
ib'e as to
i to a due regard for our own rights as
JAallipJO or
le warfare a li:aion- t(> our ?r dut>' as a
tan vessels representative of the rigths of u-eubeen
eon- traIs the wor'(l ()Ver anfl t0 a Jllst co;i;too<I
ale- e oeI'ti()11 ot the rights of mankind, to
avowal bv ra'":o ^-s st>ind now with the utmost
some evi- solemnity and firmness.
or wilfui have taken it. a d taken it in the
the com- confidence that it will meet with your
hat fired approval and support. All sober- i
jht or nn- niinded men must unite in hoping that
t does not the imperial German government
; make the which as i.: other circumstances stood
it Is only fts the champion of all that we ar?.
: be one 01 now contending for in the interest of
ressing in- humanity, may recognize the justice oi
method of our demands and meet them in the
il German spirit i.i which thev are made.'"
y adopted,!
posed that KYKIa*H0I)Y BOOST NOW
of thrust-j FOJR THE ( HAriAUQI'A
in pursuit !
: The liig Tent Will be Spread in tbe
he United j Park?Only Six Days?Secure
tient. At j Yonr Season Tieets.
!ng experi- i
agedy, in j The guarantors of the Chautauqua
e involved, j held a meeti- g Friday afternoon
lined from j v.Lien was well attended a.'d much,
tion or of interest and enthusiasm manifested,
isideration [ This is a laudible undertaking o.i the
istanees of part of a number of Newberry's most
d actuated public spirited citizenr and the poothe
senti-'rle generally should show their ap
- - l ? -- " niioral natron- I
which the preclusion ? ?tI<? t.
s have ai- ng<\
nue to en- A largo tent will be erected on the
nation, ft South end uf the park on College
he succes- sh'oet which will be ample to accomrances
of modate comfortazble every one who
rnment as ; ttends the lectures, concerts, etc.
and good This is a well chosen location as it j
en against easily accesible from all parts of
to be pos- thc city. There will be changes in
rnment so hours of sessions to suit local condiicts
of its tions as follows:
square its 11:00 A. M.?Monday, one hour j
: humanity !ecture. |
ations. It M-?Jfuaw.
til the sig- 4:fK) p. M?Lecture.
oiiie abso-. ":30 P. M. Children work.
ceptible of 8:00 p- M.?Music.
8:4f? p. M.?Entertainment.
j Julia Claussen Program, S p. m.,
m!- ! sharp.
ppily been The following information about I
ceptiblfc of : season tickets is given to avoid mise
imperial understanding and confusio.:: Adult
'en unable j season tickets will cost $L\oi)> which
t:<ons upon i U good for all the sessions of the j
freight or v/6ek: child's season tickets will cost !
before be-; an(1 admits to all sessions: stuthe
posi- (lent's season tickets, $1.25. good for
it took at students of high school and Newberry
?fs<?ions A
e nameTv ; college ana ctumus ?n ~ .
)S for the t,c^et is non-transferable except in
mmerce is i owner's Htiuily. family consisting of
rv charac parents .children, ai.d dependents. A
' , | chi d mav attend sessions o i an
d and the .
, . adult ticket but adult cannot use chil11
eh their
, | dren's tickets, nor two children; use
res are In- '
? , 1 in chi'dren's work or entering for
ties of liu- ' ,. , . , A
, , ; the pageant on bird masque night
? and In- i , _ . .., ,
must have a $1.2.) children s
utra's and . , _ . x
season ticket?a pare, t ticket will not ,
non-ram- . . , x . .
admit a child to these leatures.
Single admissions range from 2r>c. ,
ty. e* 3.-(. aiHi rl(-)c. to a;i grand opera
1 *': :'n"iriI nighi. V!'o buy your tickets for each:
' 1 i ; M M >*
i (.- soss-on v.'onl.i make a total expense
s and 0f ;i'>o;:t SS. lience it is seen that r.
a? >avi. is effected by buying a t
son ticket which will admit to all
the sessions and even if you attend
y a few of them it is cheaper to y
."e a season ticket. t
Jet season tickets because they are
;apcr and more valuable to your j
nily and help the guarantors to
ke good tlie guarantee. Let the I
rid now that there is no yellow 1
f>ak in Newberry blood and that '
old town is not on'y on the map j (
dewberry Com
No. 6, Kn
Will hold a public service in the O
3:30 o'clock. The public is cordi;
it- following program will be rende
X 1 tiuut.
( Ail standing;
All hail the power of Je.<
Let angels prostrate fal
J'.rinpf forth the royal dia
To crown Him Lord of
Crown Him, ye martyr.-;
Who from His altar cal
Extol the stem of Jesse':
And crown Him Lord c
Let every kindred, ever)
On this terrestrial ball,
To Him all majesty asc
And crown Him Lord ot
rnvnrnfion?1 nrrlPravpr
The Palms (I.cs Rameaux)Responsive
Scripture Rea<lin
Matt. 28:
M rxistkr?in the end of the S
toward the first day of the \vt
( (JNCUKCATION?Came .Mary M?
to see the sepulchre.
Minister?Ann behold, there w;
angel of the Lord descended
Conc.regation?And came and r
door, and sat upon it.
Mi nister?I lis countt nance was
white as snow:
Congregation?And for fear o
and became as dead men.
Minister?And the angel answe
Fear not ye: for I know tl
Congregation?He is not here:
Come, see the place where t
Minister?And go quickly, anc
risen from the dead.
\.,.1 u ^
^U.Mrl\r-U.Vl 1U.\ -\IIU. IA'UUIUi 1JC
there shall ye sec him ; lo, I
Minister?And they departed qu
fear and great joy;
Congregation*?And did run to
Minister?And as they went to (
met them, saving. All hail.
Congregation?And they came ;
worshiped him.
' ! inister?Then said Jesus unto
Congregation?Be not afraid: f
?0 into Galilee, and there sh
Anthem. "Lest We Forget"
Reading, "Through Death to
Sermon?Sir John Henry H
(All standing).
Onward. Christian soldiers,
With the cross of Jesus,
Christ, the Royal Master, lea
Forward into battle, see His
Onward. Christian soldi
With the cross of Jesus.
Like a mighty army, moves t
Brothers, we are treading wl
W e are not divided, all one
("hie in hope and doctrine, or
At the name of Jesus. Satan
On. then. Christian soldiers,
(Tell'^ foundations quiver at
r?rothcr?f lift your voices: lo
Mrs. S. J. DerrickMiss
Carolyn Caldwell
Miss Margaret Bu
Miss Carolvn (
Sir 1). L. I
Mr. I.
S'lloist?Miss Pauline (iildet
\ iolini-;?Mr. Larle fhpp.
Pianist?Mi-s Mazie Domini
rut all over the map. This is a big
mdertaking by well meaning citizens
ind should have a.:d must have the
mstinted support of every loyal New
terrian. Open your mouth and boost
he Chautauqua.
Easter Cantata.
The beautiful cantata, "Victory," by
'eaoe, the story of Easter in song was
endered by a large choir at Centarl
Methodist church last night, (Thurslay).
iigms i enifjiui
pera House 011 Sunday afternoon
ill) invited to attend these services,
-us" name!
; of vour God,
5 rod,
>f all.
r tribe,
ril>c, ,
t* A J t ? i
-raure.. .miss rauiine unaer.
abbath, as it began to dawn
ick. ^ %
igdalene and the other Mary
is a great earthquake; for the
from heaven.
oiled back the stone from the
like lightning, and his raiment
f him the keepers did shake.
red and said unto the women,
lat ve seek Tesus, which was
r t 7
: for he is risen, as he said,
he Lord lav.
1 tell his disciples that he is
gfoeth before you into Galilee;
have told you.
ickly from the sepulchre with
bring" his disciples word.
:ell his disciples, behold, Jesus
ind held him by the feet, and
^o tell my brethren that they
all they see me.
"?Kiplin g- De Ko ve n?C hoi t.
Life"?Mrs. T. P. Johnson,
arms, D. D., Prelate.
marching as tu war,
going 011 before.
ids against the foe:
banners go.
ers, niarcnmg" as to war,
going" on before.
he Church of God;
lerc the saint? have trod;
body we,
ic in charity.
\s host cloth flee;
. 4
on to victory: ,
the shout of praise:
ucl your anthems raise.
T > .
IV .
,ander Whitaker
r. T. P.. Setzler
Mr. Otis I louseal.

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