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The herald and news. (Newberry S.C.) 1903-1937, May 02, 1916, Image 2

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ft. If vs
Millions for Defense. tc
Peace hath her dangers no less ri
grave than those of war. Even
* ~~ though the temple of Janus be closed, p
uesirucuve age:, vies mav uc uuuci - u
mining the ve~v foundations of a gov- c
ernment. National apathy and stupid a
indifference two lurking dangers with- ci
in are the inevitable result of a long, tl
?? c
. .
^ ^ ^ i ^
unbroken era of peace. While strick- ln
en Europe, crashed beneath the pi
bloody yoke of the merciless war god,
lies slowly bleeding to death, America
faces a Serious crisis in national
k . life?a crisis which thrusts forward
^ the question, shall we or shall we not U1
V ra
be adequately prepared for defense?
lL The United States may be forced
into^war at any time . America knows
not at what moment Her sons may
be called upon to sacrifice their lives ^
on the battlefield in defense of their
country's honor. Ulcere may come a
time when only human blood will suf- r<
fice to atone for national insult, when ^
unjust humiliation and the contemptuous
trampling of a nation's ^
rights under foot will have to be
avenged with shot and shell. We
have already been dangerously near
the brink of that seething maelstrom ^
of carnage and death in Europe. We
may yet litre to see our beloved Amer- ^
lea clothed in sackcloth and* ashes as .
the result of European aggression. 10
Without adequate military protection, n<
how,are we going to help ourselves? n<
Americans differ on this subject of f1
preparedness. Many of our people in
today firmly,believe that any increase
in national armament will foster the J
dangerous spirit of militarism. But UJ
we do cot need to fear that the UI
American citizen, with his enlightened
conception of individual and na_
tional liberty, will ever submit to I
military rule. v The subjection of the | &n
law-maker's pea to the warrior's in
sword, the subordination of the sen- ai
atorial toga to the soldier's uniform, 01
the subservience of civil law to mili
tary discipline, is not only undesir- ei
able, but absolutely impossible in the
United States of America. Both the u]
historic poKcy of the (American- gov- ar
eminent and the national sentiment pi
of her people are unalterably op- TJ
posed to the militaristic spirit. The ar
American eagle will never be fettered fo
^ with the galling chains of European j ai
militarism. ! ai
The pacifists maintain that further ^
preparation for Rational defense will ze
tend to provoke war. They are
afraid to trust their government with u
greater military strength for fear ei
that such strength may ;be misused, ja*
But if it be inexpedient to develop1 m
our resources for self-preservation
lest we may some day be tempted to a]
prove our strength aggressively, thee
is the tide of American civilization h
fast running out to be swallowed up S(;
in the black waters of national ob-.
livion and eternal .night. On the con- jta
trary, efficient preparedness prevents j ~
war. J st ae the resolute policeman ^
discourages the evil intentions of the ^
criminal, Just so does adequate military
protection stay the Woody hand r~?
of the rapacious belligerent. "Wlhat 01
nation will liare wantonly insult an- a*
- - - - - J &?
other Which, is thorougmy prepa;eu j ?
to defend her honor and to maintain 'le
her position? Military preparedness
begets caution in declaring war.
Many theorists advocate "peace-atany-price."
They are averse to fight- A
ing, no matter how great the provoca- cc
tion nor how just die" cause. flHhey p*
V if
contend that total disarmament is
the 'best way to Insure permanent!**
peace. They would naive^xne unueuj^'
States government relegate her ships b<
to thef jtmk^pile, send her soldiers j as
back to their homes, and' appeal to | K
the honor and chivalry of the Dations j e(
for a guarantee of peace. We are to ! ?c
lay our own America, with the pre- to
cious Hves of her people, her bound- Is
less material resources, and her un- r(
limitw? national treasures at the feet in
of mercenary and unscrupulous na- bi
tions. Unarmed and defenseless, ire 7<
are to -flaunt our helplessness before ri
the greedy eyes of selfisk"" govern- ,/w
ments driven insane by ^e unholy
lust gar world any &
policy be more dangerous and more m
Lta.1 than that? How long will a naon's
respect l'or her own integrity
.:d honor withstand the temptation
> rob a defenseless neighbor of her
This fanciful vision of world-wide
thrnnp^ rJiRai-mament is a
oble ideal, a beautiful dream,
ouched in well-sounding phrases, it
ppeals strongly to the peace-loving
itizens; but it must be remembered
lat visionary theories cannot overome
selfish ambition in national
>uncils. It may be true that diplolacy
is the mightiest weapon in the
orld. Yet the pen without the sword
> enforce its declarations is not sufcient
guarantee that a '.nation's
Jghts will be respected. Universal
eace is as yet but a dream, a mere
mtasy of the idealist's mind; for aljady
the flames of international
:rife have burst forth and today all
urope is ablaze. Mars sits triumphct
upon his blood-stained throne
id hurls down his flashing lightning
.r more deadly than the thunderbolts
: Jove. The time is far distant when
le olive branch "will supersede the
vord. Generations yet unborn may
ve and die before there comes that
ippy millennium when the peoples
! the earth "shall beat their swords
to plowshares and their spears into
runing-hooks," when "natioa shall
at lift up sword against nation,
either shall they learn war any
Therefore, since we may be called
x>n to protect ourselves from the
Yflieinfr encroachments of some ag
essive power, it is urgent that we
) ready. .Then the question naturIy
arises, to what extent are we
>w prepared to (defend ourselves?
overnment officials say that this
untry is woefully weak in military
^sources. In the first place, our
tvy is not sufficiently strong. Owg
to our geographical position, the
ittleship must form our first and
lief bulwark of defense. Yet our
ivy is deplorably deficient in men,
. gunboats, in scout-cruisers, in subarines,
in transports, and in other
iep-sea fighting craft. Naval exerts
tesiify that American dread
yughts would stand but little show;g
with modern sea-fighters of other
itions. Tbe United States navy is
>t yet a fighting fleet worthy of the
reat nation whose sovereignty and
stitutions it must help preserve.
If the enemy shall have destroyed
ir fleet, then the next line
! protection for us will nat*ally
lie in our coast denses.
Yet at present our shore-line
rtifications are shame?ully weak,
tie chief of coast artillery reports
his branch of the service an alarm
g shortage in men, in auiULruuiLiuu
id in modern guns. To overcome
rr feeble land batteries would be
it child's play for the average forgn
If the invaders shall have landed
?on our coasts, only the mobile
my will lie between them and comete
possession of the United States/
hen the last stand for American life
id liberty will have to be made by a
rce which is hopelessly unprepared
id totally inadequate. Our regular
my is now far below even its autorized
strength. A prominent citi-?
1 - - -3 Ti-l- V^n
in recently enteriameu wuu a uaulet
the entire reserve army of the
nited States?sixteen men! The gov nment
now provides^ on an averse,
one horse for every ten cavalryen.
The war department says: "We
ive nothing like sufficient artillery
ad artillery ammunition." For the
rotection of one hundred million
Liman beings, and of three million
luare miles of territory, a laad
lessed witn a ai'vme ucnge
cf art, science, and wealth
-noble possessions with which
od has so graciously endowed us?
lere is an army little more than
vice the size of New York City's police
irce, ?T4ie United States government
Efers her citizens as protection
jainst foreign aggression (so far
> adequacy is concerned) powder ss
ammunition, gunless artillery,
useless cavalry, a *soldierles<s army.
3fenseles8 coast defenses, and a
lipless navy. And yet thdre are some
merican citizens who stubbornly
intend that we are adequately preired
against foreign invasion.
But the realization of our country's
eakness must not cause us to lose
lr heads. Excessive armament would
i as suicidal and as deadly a policy
5. total disarmament. The safe and
me program of reasonable prepar'
V? "OT11
mess auvucaLcu uj ... * ....
m is the surest means of protectg
American interests. This policy
not one of aggression, but for the
iasonable defense o?. a nation which,
l the words of our president, is "too
g and generous to be exacting, and
it courageous enough to defend its
ghts and the liberties of its people
herever assailed and inmaded."
Aside from the coldly practical
feeur of this question, tbore yet retains
to be considered the humane
| feature. Would it be right, would i!
be just, to send our gallant soldie]
boys out against a foreign invade]
of our shores without providing then
willi necessary equipment? Think o
j those thousands of brave young men
,j called to the colors by their country
willingly sacrificing their innocen
.: lives to the merciless fire of a ruth
! less foe, cut down in. the flower o
j manhood like grass before the reap
j er's scythe, writhing in the blood
' stained dust, their bodies brutall:
J mangled and fearfully torn? dyinf
with the names of loved ones on theii
.; lips, their last thoughts of those a
| home for whom they had so cheerful
ly poured out their life-blood?bu
jail in vaiu!?simply because the]
j were sent into the ranks-untrainet
' and defenseless. Would not that b<
I criminal negligence? Would not th<
opponents of reasonable preparedness
than have to answer to the charge o:
wilful murder?
But that is not the worst of this
j horrible picture. Innocent womer
| and children must pay the terrible
j penalty for our military unprepar
J edness. They cannot end their suf.
Bering's on the battlefield but grin:
war sentences them to a wretched life
of pauperism and misery. Think ol
terrified wives and mothers being
dragged from their homes and forced
j to see their loved ones ruthlessly
jshot down; of women compelled tc
j iulrnit hordes of insolent and brutal
i soldiers into their homes and submitting
to unnamed indignities; of motners
driven insane by the pitiful sufferings
of their little children! flftie
enemy passes on, but leaves in hi?
wake smoking ruins, hunger, actual
starvation, and tortures worse that
death. These things are happening
every day in Europe. The martyrdom
of helpless women and Children. i?
the bitter price that must ?b6 pale
for the maintenance of that ."miih
and water" policy of inadequate selfdefense.
The time is ripe for action. American
lives and American interests are
at stake. Fair Columbia is pleading
I with all those who worship at the
common altar of ^American institutions
to pledge themselves faithfullj
to that statesmanlike policy announc!
cd years ago "millions for defense
tut not one cent for tribute." Amer'
ideals of truth, right and justicc
must be perpetuated; a brilliant future
for young America must be inj
sirred; the sanctity of the America!
I home must be preserved; the virtue
; of American womanhood must be kepi
; unstained. iWill we not learn t th<
| lesson, which the great European wai
i is teaching us daily? Intoxicated witt
i the alluring dreams of overzealous
! pacifists, we may foolishly ignore this
I plea
for more adequate military protection,
but some day there will comc
c. most terrible awakening. Whet
our dreadnoughts shall have been senl
to the 'bottom of the oceanf when oui
ar:n\ shall have been completely annihilated
and the flower of Americar
iL.cinLood lies crushed and bleeding tc
death on the battlefield, when oui
cities shall ha/ve been reduced t(
blackened heaps of smoking ruins
when the gaunt spectres of Famin<
and Pestilence stalk abroad over thf
- i
land, when the Dattie-scarrea 'scar:
and Stripes shall have been drench
ed in the blood of innocent womer
j and children, then it will be too late
| to prepare. May the intelligent cit
izoLship of this country give diligem
beed to this warning and when, the
smoke of the present European con
flagration shall have cleared away?
when the terrifying roar of booming
cannon and the agonizing shriek o
bursting shell shall have been silenc
ed?when the bloody god of war shal
have been hurled from his royal sea
?and when -Peace shall reign su
"^rvia <\nr>p m/vrp?then there wil
J JJX V/UiV vuw AMW- ?
tower high above all others, a natior
strong enough to protect herself ant
to command universal respect for hei
rights, the grandest government ii
all the !history of the world, the grea'
and glorious United States of America!
<?> v <$
<$> <S
Greenwood Journal.
We do not use the expression, h<
is only a mill boy, as intended, ii
any way to reflec*- upon the? younj
i man who carried off the honors ii
the oratorical contest, held in Greeawood
last week, nor as a reflectior
npon any young man, or for that mat
i ter any elderly person who does hon
jest work in- a mill; for work in i
mill is as high, and respectable ai
work of any kind in any other place
It is the men and women who worl
who count for all that is best in th<
home, the family, and Id the State
People who are not industrlow
enough to work or who are ashamed
of honest toil are in no s-ense Mea!
citizens. They are the people wh<
t-are responsible for ir 06t of the trourjble
that we have in the way of luwr
j less. ess. Give us the young man
i { who tells you that he is ready an:l
f; willing to take hold of anything that
,! comes to his hand that is honorable.
,; and which will enable him to make
t'a living. For the young man who is
-1 actuated by a feeling of this kind
f j then .s always room higher up. He
- is the man who can not he held down.
- . he busine^ world is always lookt
; ing out for young men of this kind
; and it has a place for them.
r | We are informed that youcg James
t' C. Kinard who represented Newberry
-! college in the oratorical contest held
t (in this pity List Friday is a mill boy.
fj'And some one remarked, "Yes and
I ihis mother works in a mill." This is
i j no occasion, for surprise; for the
3 j people who work in the mills in our
II State are our own people, bone of our
f i bone, and flesh of our flesh. We only .
| refer to this incident to encourage!
5 ^ .coble young men, it matters not
1, where they may have occupation to
J, look up, .and strive for the very best
-inlaees. We will guarantee that this
- young man performed his tasks in
1; the mill just as faithfully and as
51 conscienciously as he does his duties
^'in the class room at Newberry col>lege.
^ We are glad that he carried off the
honors of the occasion for his ow.i
*, sake, and as an example to other
' struggling young men who may find
in this incident encouragement to do
their best in everything that they
take hold of, and that it-may cause'
them to feel that all work is honor
- * * ?n~ ?a
able and tnat tne mgaesi. camug i
^ that any maa can have is to fill the I
1 station that he occupies to the very
' i best of his ability in the fear of God
1 j and for the good of himself and the
' i welfare of his fellows. Let us not
1 forget that our Master was a carL
penter, the reputed son of a carpenter.
> *
< Judge Moore Refuses New Trial to
Lexington Man?No Appeal
Notice Yet
? News and Courier.
Lexington, April 22.?T. Frank
'jGriffith, member of prominent Lex"
ington cotinty family, who was con'
victed of murder, with recommenda1
tion to mercy, toy a jury of his peers
5! in the special term of the court of
: general sessions on Thursday atterJ
noon, was late yesterday sentenced
by Judge Ernest Moore to serve the
1 remainder of his natural life at hard
5 labor in the State penitentiary or up'
up the public works of Lexington
Sentence was pronounced after Col.
1 George Tillman Graham of St. Au'
gustine, Fla., distinguished criminal
Vinil arY) t fVl o
auuruey, w mj uau v.?v,
with- earnestness and skill throughout j
1 the trial, had argued for a .new trial
* upon two grounds: Ffrst, because
there was no proof of any malice; )
} and second, because the defendant
' established *by the preponderance of
the evidence that he was insane at
the time he fired the fatal shot.
fanning Peas.
1 Sorting. Use only fresh peas.
- These should be gathered early in the
moaning before the sun dries the
t dew. Work should be done rapidly
1 and peas should not stand. Shell and
sort putting peas of the same size
and degree of maturity together. Be
s n/\f tn nee hard rirae neas anions!
1 O U Jk liv W VV a __ ^
f tender ones.
Blanching. This is very important;
if well done makes the peas tender and
prevents cloudy liquor provided peas
have not been allowed to 6tand after
* picking. Blanching is done by plung11
ing the peas into boiling water for j
1 to 5 minutes depending upon how i
r tender they are. Put into cold salt
1 water for an instant after blanching
(1 tablespoonful salt to 1 gallon
water), this will help to keep the!
Packing. Do not use larger than
> quart jars, or No. 2 cans. Pack to
> within 1-2 inch of the top. If too full,
> some of the peas will burst and make
> the liquor cloudy. Put 11-2 level tea>
spoonful of salt and sugar mixture in
each No. 2 can. or quart jar. This mix'
ture contains 1-3 salt and 2-3
1 eugra. Fill the jar or can'
? to within 1-4 inch of the top
1 with clear cold water. The jar with
- ?la6s lid and clamp is. best for ini
termittent processi&g; In tin, cap
. ami or'hauRt for two minutes: in I
| v^auo uuu vxmtwv
- glass, place both clamps up sad prpi
cess at once.
* Process. Process in hot water in.
termittently, that is, boiling 1 hour
c on each of three successive days.
2! Then cool as rapidly as possible, be- j
. j ing careful when using glass not to
s v-?i. +Vio {?ro o1)?vv?n7 * cold I
3 Ui co-n, mo jaiw vj ?? *MD w : ? |
1 draught to strike them. Plunge tin j
1 cans Immediately into cold water af-j
> ter each processing. ^
Prosperity Items.
Prosperity, April '11 ?Misses Nannie
Wheeler and Lera Simpson of
Summerland College .are home for
ihe Easter holiciajs.
Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Hawkins spent
Wednesday in Columbia, the guests of
Mrs. A. H. Kohn.
Mesdames C. T. ivvyche and Alma
Xance are spending a few days with
Mrs. James Goggans of Columbia,
j Dr. and Mrs. E. K. Wheeler and
i>ir. and Mrs. P. B. Mitchell were in
Columbia Wednesday for the automobile
Mesdames J. H. Hucks and J. B.
Ehrhardt of Ehrhardt are guests of
Mrs. L. >.4. BlacV.
On April 11 the council of Grace
CUUiCIl met ailU duuytcu UIC iunvnm-,
reLolutio .s the resignation of Rev.
E. W. Leslie:
Rev. E. W. Leslie after having served
Grace Lutheran church as -pastor
for six years tendered iiis resignation
April 9tn, 1916, to take effect
August 1st following.
The church council of said church,
being conscious of the vital force he
was in the life of the church, wish
to express their appreciation of his
sehvice and their affection and admiration
for him both as pastor and citizen.
When Rev. E. W. Leslie came to j
serve Grace church as pastor, there i
was a church debt of several thou-'
sand dollars, through his untiring
efforts this debt has been liquidated
much to the joy of both pastor and
people. The parsonage was very
much in need of repairs when he
csme, a:'.d through untiring efforts
this has been remodeled and has become
a pride to the congregation.
When he came to us, this was a
joint pastoriatc, through his influence
we have seen the advisability and necessity
of supporting our own pastor,
oIoa mV/la irirt. V?/^rn i c?
a*ou, i*v/ixiiug v* AO ?*
marked love between the members
and pastor and a decided working together
towards oae end, also, an increased
membership making the
dwelling together in unity of the congregation
a source of great comfort
and satisfaction.
Therefore, be it resolved by council
of Grace Lutheran church,
First, That said church has lost a
faithful and efficient pastor, whoee
untiring efforts in the upbuilding of
the church spiritually, financially and.
socially will not be forgotten.
Second, That the council tender
him their appreciation, love and respect
for his well done labor.
Third, That as a mark respect to
him and admiration for him, a copy
of these resolutions be inscribed in
the minute book of council.
Fourth, That a copy of these resolutions
be sent to our pastor and also
printed in the Lutheran Church Visitor.
Thousands upon thousands of womeu
have kidney and bladder trouble
and never suspect it.
women's compiai^is oiien prove t _?
be nothing else but kidney trouble, or
the result of kidney or bladder disease.
If the kidneys are not in a healthy
condition, they may cause the other
origans to become diseased.
| You may suffer a great deal with
pain in the back, headachy loss of ambition,
nervousness ,and may ibe despondent
and irritable.
i Don't delay starting treatment. Dr.
| Kilmer's Swamp-Root, a physician's
store; restores health to the kidneys
prescription, obtained at any drug
and is just the remedy needed to over,#i,
! come such conditions.
Get a fifty cent oi- one dollar bottle
I immediately from any drug store.
However, if you wish first to test
[this great preparation send ten cents
I to Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghampton, N.
Y? for a sample bottle. When writing
be sure and mention The Herald
and News.
I _
Tincfrm X r?r?l 28.?fSnOW fall OVer
eastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island
today, the latest date for anyappreciable
fall in more than 27
years. From early morning and
through part of the forenoon unusually
large flakes fell.
The fall here wns estimated at approximately
two inches. It melted
rapidly, however, and little inconvenience
was caused.
I Snow was reported from Provi
i dence, 'K. i., anu utucx pmuw
State; from New Bedford and other
southeastern Massachusetts cities and
from Lowell, in- the northeastern section
of the State.
UHBor ?i.sa
? " J
Whereas, one-third of the resident #!?#
electors and a-like proportion of the V
resident free holders of the age of
i tn'fln?vj\Tid vMr?s in St. Pauls School
j . ,
I>istrict No. 34, of the County of Newoerry,
State of South Carolina, have *
tiled a petition with the County Board
of Education of Newberry County, ^
State of South Carolina, petitioning J
and requesting that an election be held _ 1
in said School District on the question
of levying aia additional special. tax
of two (2) mills to be collected on all
the taxable property within the said
School District.
Now, therefore, we the undersigned, 1
composing the County Board of Edu
cation for Newberry County, State of
South Carolina, do hereby order the ^
Board of Trustees of the St. Pauls i
School District No. 34, to hold an election
an. the said question of levying
an additional special tax of two (2)
mills to be collected on the property " ^
located in the said School District, 1
which said election shall be held at
the St. Pauls School House, in said
School District, No. 34, on Friday, May
5, 1916, at which said election the
polls shall be opened at 7 a. m., ?&d
closed at 4 p. m.
CTihe members of the Board of Trustees
of said School District shall act
as managers of said election. Only
I such electors1 as reside in said School ^
I District and return real or personal (
property for taxation, and who ?x- , , ,
hibit their tax receipts and registra- 1
tion certificates as required in sen- ]
erai elections shall be allowed to
i ?
vote. Electors faivoring the -levy of
such tax shall cast a ballot containing
the word "yes*'., written or printed
thereon, and each elector ipposed to
such levy shall cast a ballot contain- jf
ing the word "no" written or printed
thereon. J
Given under our hands and seala
this, the 13th day of April, 1918.
County Board of Education for Newberry
County, S. C.
Whereas, one-third of the resident
electors and a lifce proportion of the
resident freeholders - of the age ;
twenty-one years, ii Prosperity school
District No. 34, of the County of New- J
berry, Suite of South Carolina, have J
filed a petition with the County Bcfeird T
- * XT - r'Antn^v 1
of Education 01 W UCl I Jf t
State of (South Carolina, petitioning
and requesting that an election be Held
in said School District on the question
of levying aa additional special tax
of two (2) mills to be collected on all
the taxable property within the said
School District. ^
Now, therefore, we me ,
composing the County Board of Edu- *
cation for Newberry County, State of
South Carolina, do hereby order tfae
Board of Trustees of the Prosperity
School District Xo. 14, to hold an election
an the said ouestion of levying "*(
an additional special tax of two (2)
mills to be collected on the property
located in the said School District,
? i
which said election shall be held at
the Town Hall, in the said
School District, No. 14, on Friday. May
5. 1916, at which said election the
polls shall be opened at 7 a. m., and
closed at 4 p. m. M
n-he members of the Board of Tms- Ji
tees of said School District shall act
as managers of said election. Only
such electors as reside in said School
District and return real or personal
property /or taxation, and who ex- I
hibit their tax receipts aid registra- 1
tion certificates as required ia jren- .m
' "Voit ho allowed to
erai elections, ouau ? _
vote. Electors favoring the levy of ^
such tax shall cast a ballot containing
the word "yes'' written or .printed
thereon, and each elector opposed to |
such levy shall cast a ballot containing
the word "no" written or printed J
thereon. f
Given unoer our hands and seals
this, the 13th day of April, 1916.
County Board* of Education for Newberry
County, S. C. i
l CHA)S. P. HAR^E,
In order to facilitate the work of
preparing the temporary roft for the i
county convention which meets on- I
the let Monday in May at the county '
seat, the president and secretary of >
each chrb is requested to furnish im'
i?a? ^ fho jfei*. ,
| meaiaieiy a cer-uimru **?*. v*. .
gates elected to the county convent ^
tion. * '"
By order of the chairman,
Secretary County OofflflJittee/ 34-25-2t

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