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STORY OF JOHN BROWN
Career of Man Who Tried to Fre?
Southern SI ave; Is Recalled
The school kids sing about "They
Hung John Brown on a Sour Apple
Tree." But how many know the details
of the trial, conviction and hanging
of John Brown in Charles Town?
Sixty-three years ago the nation
was rent with discussion over slavery.1
It had become the greatest issue since
the Revolution. While Horace Gree-,
ley wrote stirring editorials to free
the slaves, John Brown took an even
more violent course. He tried to
free the slaves by force. It was a
Gecrge D. Moore, a former prosecuting
attorney in Charles Town, W.;
Va., writing 'n a local piper, says in.
''During the early funmv?r of 1859
a party of strangers arrived near
Harper's ferry, then part of Virginia.
With them \va: an old man of vener-;
ablf appearance who called himself!
Isaac Smith. They represented them-1
selves as prospecting for minerals,;
and took long and frequent rambles;
over various parts of the Blue Ridge.
mountains near by. After a few J
weeks they removed to what is known j
as the Kennedy farm, aoout live m'iesi
from Harpers Ferry, and established!
headquarters. They were amiable!
people and soon made a number of j
fiends. In the meantime a largequantity
of arms and ammunition,
was smuggled in co them.
. Excitement Prevailed
''Twenty men descended upon)
Harper's Ferry on the night of Sunday,'
October 16, 1859. They shot
men in the streets and took possession
of the town. Nobody seeme.i to:
know what it wss all a!>out. Later;
one of the attackers declared that!
they had come to free the Virginia j
slaves. They said they h:id ail the;
means to accomplish this plan.
"News of the attack on Harper's;
Perry was flashed across the nation. >
The Virginia militia came, and Gov-;
ernor Wise of Virginia took personal j
charge. After a three-day light the
little army was captured. Its leader i
"was recognized as John Brown.
"Brown and h:s followers werej
taken to Charles Town, where the!
v grand jury was* in .session. Virginia ;
and what is now know as West Vir-j
ginia were then one state. ;
"The old Vrginia law required five!
days' lapse between the preliminary j
examination and the submission of
the case to the grind jury.
- "A whole nation was wrought up;
to the tensest pitch during those five
days of suspense. It was rumored
everywhere and particularly through
the South, that John Brown's little
army of twenty men was but th? forerunner
of a mighty army from the!
North to come down and free the'
i slaves and that a powerful secret or-1
ganization was planning revolt by j
riot and murder and the Brown gangj
w?c to be released from jail.
Rumors Traveled Fast
"These rumors grew; they traveled
fast. It was'argued that John Brown I
would not have dared attempt such j
a bold thing as the capture of Har-j
pers Ferry unless he knew he had;
"On October 26 the preliminary
hearing opened, with the courthouse
heavily guarded by militia troofte.
Everywhere the town was jammed
with strangers. There was a little army
of newspaper men.
"Brown, it is believed, fully reiliz- j
ed what was to come. The courthouse
was across the street from the |
jail. Brown was marched out from
the front door of the jail, grim and
determined. A double file of soldiers
guarded him. He presented a re-|
"Whether he was legally right or
not, he believed his cause just. He
was six feet tall, stoop-shouldered,
old, bareheaded and wore a long,
shaggy grey beard. But his piercing
old eyes showed no signs of fear. His
condition is d^sribed as feeble, and
bystanders gasped in silence as he
moved slowly along, manacled.
"The court room was jammed with
five or six hundred people. Eight
* justices of the peace conducted the
preliminary hearing. They constituted
the court of first resort; upon their
say would depend whether John
Brown, avowed Abolitionist, should
be set free with his comrades or
whether they should be held for the
: grand jury.
Great Lawyers Prosecuted
"Charles Harding was the district
attorney. Governor Wise of Virginia
appointed Andrew Hunter as assistant
prosecutor. Hunter was a great
lawyer, a wonderful pleader and a
man of imposing appeaarnce.
"Prosecutor Harding demanded to j
knew whether the prisoners were represented
by counsel or whether they
wished the court to assign counsel.
"Then came one of the great dramatic
episodes of legal history.
"Old shaggy-haired John Brown,
feeble and stooped, apparently ready
| to tetter upon the floor, did not like
| the tone in \vh:ch the question was
asked. He might be old, he might be
feeble, but he was a man withal. And
the haggard oid man slowly and fee-'
b?y arose from h;s chair. His steely
eyes swept the breathless crowd with
scorn as he exclaimed:
4' 'Virginians! I did not ask for ,
quarter at the time I was taken. (He
was badly wounded). 1 do not ask
for quarter now. I do not ask to
have my life spared. If you iseek my
blood you may have it at any mom-.
em without the mockery of a trial.
I have no counsel. we are to be .
forced into a mere tfcrm of trial?a:
trial for execution?you might spar* j
yourselves that trouble. I am ready ,
for my fate. I ;>eg no insult, nothing ;
bat that which conscience gives or
cowardice drives you to practice. I j
again ask to be excused from the'
mockery of a trial!''
'"Then John Brown sat down. He.;
in that short speech, not only address-!
ed the court, but he flung a challenge;
at the pride of old Virginia.
"His auditors were thrilled and j
amazed. They even respected ?h( j
daring old man.
"When the second day's court
opened an attorney for Brown in- j
formed the court that he had received
a telegram from an Akron, Ohio, man '
i 1 -- J XT ~ ? ,1 i
WilO aeciareu iriiii uieie was a guwi
deal of insanity in Brown's family, i
and he desired to investigate the J
"While the defense counsel was1
making ite plea, John Brown inter-j
rupted him. The old man struggled j
forward, his eyes blazing with wrath j
and his voice shaking with emotion, i
In unmistakable language he repudi- j
ated his attorney's plea and denied :
there was any insanity in his father's j
family, though some of his mother's j
oeople had been mentally afflicted, j
He refused any such subterfuge of j
defense in his.behalf. He wss out in
the open, he had nothing to hide, nothing
to excuse and no apologies to
make. The court ruled that there
was no testimony supporting this evidence,1
and the insanity end would
be disregarded and the trial pivyteed.
"Several witnesses described how
the armed band came across the
bridge at midnight and took possession
of the United States arsenal at
Harpers Ferry. They .described in
detail the stirring events of October
16, 17 and 18.
The raiders took possession of one
of the nearby plantations and made
t*e slaves and plantation owners all
pr.?oners 01 war. ine mgn~ express
train was held up cn the bridge and
the porter shot.. Men were shot down
'n the street, witnesses said, and the
mayor killed. Militia companies were
ha?tilyv summoned from Martinsburg,
Shepherdstown and Charles Town.
Fort Is Established
"Finally the remnants of the Brown
party barricaded themselves in the
municipal fire engine house of Harpers
Ferry. It was later known as
John Brown's fort.
" There they were surrounded by
troops and escape shut off. Efforts to
negotiate were futile. Flag of truce
bearers from Brown's barricade were
shot down or captured. On the night
of the second day after he entered
the town a company of U. S. Marines
from Washington arrived. They were
under command of Colonel Robert E.
Lee, and Lieutenant J. E. B. Stuart,
who later became the two great generals
of the Confederacy.
"Brown refused to surrender and
the next morning the tort was carried
by storm. Brown and his surviving
companions were captured.
Brown was badly wounded in several
j places. So were some of his comj
''Among the town's citizens who
were taken prisoner by Brown was
Colenel Lewis W. Washington, grandnephew
of George Washington.
"The casualties of John Brown's
Harpers Ferry raid were twelve kill!ed,
two wounded, one escaped. Two
of Brown's sons were killed. Of the
; attackers five were killed and nine
"So-called damaging literature in|
troduced as evidence at the Brown
j trial were copies of the Constitution
land ordinances drawn up by Brown
| for the reconstruction of the constitution
of the United States through
j amendment and repeal. Letters from
i Joshua R. Giddings, member of conI
grcss from Oh;o and Abolitionist,
were a part of the evidence.
<40n the sixth day of the trial argument
was begun; the court delivered
its charge; and the jury retired.
Soon a verdict of guilty was returned.
There was no demonstration in the
"The next day Brown was brought
into court for sentence. He was asked
if he had anything to say as to why
sentence should not be imposed. His
reply to the court was another landmark
of this country's history. He
" 'I have, may it please the court, a
few words to -ay. In the first place
1 dc-r.y everything but what I have
alveady admitted?i.he design on my 1
part was to free the sLves. That '
was all I intended. Xow, if it is
necessary that I forfeit my lif<*. for ,
the furtherance of the ends of justice (
and mingle my blood with the mil- i
lions of slaves in this slave country
whose rights are disregarded by wick- j
ed. cruel and unjust enactments, I j
submit; let it be done! Let me say j
one word further. 1 feel entirely sat- ^
iefied with the treatment I have re- j
celved on my trial. Considering all j
the circumstances it has been more j
generous than I expected. Bui I feel ;
no consciousness of guiit. Now I
"Then the court imposed the sentence,
which was that he should be j
taken to a place of execution on Da-;
cember 2, 1859. and there be hanged :
by the neck by the sheriff until dead.
"Then on December 2 John Brown \
was taken five blocks away to a field j
where a scaffold had been erected.;
He was unperturbed and looked with j
**4- >> w 4-1^/-. W n M C r\l /I 1 AVO
iiiLrifist upun tut- man v ru.viicio
about. He walked upon the gallows.;
The black cap was adjusted and soon j
he began the great adventure.
"On December 16 four Brown fol-!
lowers, named Cooke, Greene, Coppee !
and Copeland, were executed in
But what of Charles Town? It has j
figured in history eince colonial days.
It was the scene of hot fighting in
early Indian warfare and in the Civ*
il war. It knew well the activities of
General Stonewall Jackson of the ;
Confederacy aVid "Phil" Sheridan of !
the United States army. The town
was named in honor of Charles Wash
ington. brother of George Washington.
Many descendants erf the Wash- (
ington family still live there.
Miss Era Kibler of Newberry and j
George Baxter of Elloree were mar-1
ried Wednesday at three o'clock at
the residence of the bride'G parents, I
by Dr. C. A. Freed. #Miss Kibler has j
taught in the city schools for several
years, resigning at the close of the :
Mr. and Mrs. Baxter left immedi-!
+ nftar tVip curpmnr.u fnr thpir ;
heme at Elloree. j
James Fitz James Caldwell Chapter ;
The meeting of the James Fitz I.
James Caldwell chapter will be held j
Thursday morning, June Sth, at j
five o'clock at the home oi Miss Inez'
Green. Attention is called to the:
change of the hour of the meeting to
five o'clock. Major. Caldwell is ex-1
pected to be with us on that occasion.
Ida Mae Hayes,
and at hut
Friends in Newberry have received
invliv ions t*J a marriage 0:1 liie 1 -Ith
instant at York, the announcement oi'
which w:!! be read with interest, as
Mrs. Withers Adk-k.s
requests the honor of your presence
at the marriage of her daughter
Mr. William Sadler Moore
on Thursday evening-, the (iiteentli
at half after eight o'clock
First Presbyterian Church
York, South Carolina
Dr. B. H. Maynard
Pelzer, .June 2.?Dr. B. H. Maynard
of Florence died this morning: at
^he age of 62 at the home of his
daughter, Mrs. J. Ligon Simpson,
here, with whom he had made his
home since the death of his wif^ in
December. He was twice married,
ri.'?3 first wife being Miss Henrietta
Matthews of Williston. Of this union
four children survive: William May- ]
nard, attorney of Baltimore, Md.; B. j
H. Maynard, Jr., of Florence and '
Mesdames J. Ligon Simpson of Pel-;
zer and G. W. Sadler, who is now
Viof lrn nr? r>n tli.i niviifinnrv
fields of Africa. One child by the I
last union survives, Nannie, a daugh- j
ter of 14. His second wife was Miss !
Bright Clary of Saluda.
Funeral services will he held Sunday
morning: at Pine Pleasant Baptist
church in Saluda county, of which
he was a member ror many years.
BILLIONS OF ItOCUSTS
Destroying Fields and Gardens Near
Naples, May 30.?Billions of locusts
arc destroying fields and gar-J
dens in the farming district six miles
from the city. Within the past four
days many acres of wheat, hops, clover
and corn have been wiped out and
it is estimated that the pests are
ocinc-'i-irr 500 HHO elr> r>i o rra rlaiK* T o ct
V4UiWUhV V4V* ? A J A-'MWV
year a few locusts appeared and their
egg.? are now producing a scourge of :
insects which is covering the land in ;
Swine places in masses a foot deep.
The distracted population has implored
the help of the government
and measures are being taken to prevent
the spread of the plague. The
war stocks of asphyxiating gas and
flame throwers have been hurried to
the stricken locality.
While millions are starving along
the Volga river in Russia, inhabitants
of great areas of that country not
remote from the Volga are malting
and distilling their surplus grain and
indulging in'drunkenness after a long
period of abstinence, according to
the Moscow Isvestiya. , \ ^ [
derfully efficient sprir
i gives the good Max
riding comfort rarely
in cars of its size and \
non-skid front and rear; disc steel wheels, demounta
b; drum type lamps; Alemite lubrication; motor dri
long springs; Prices F. O. B. Detroit, revenue to b
/ar, ttoaaster, 3>?5:r, v^oupe, dijcv, oeaa;
ia Auto Cor
FORD TURNS OUT f"
SIX MILLIONTH MOTOR
Next One Comes Through 5 1-3
Ford motor number (1.000,000 was
lifted from the assembly line in thef
Highland Park Ford plant at 9:14 a.;
m., May 18th. Just 5 l-o seconds!
later number (5,000,001 was finished.
The unusually heavy demand for:
Ford cars and trucks at the present;
time has necessitated the building of;
5-100 motors daily. These are shipped
in carload lots to the various Ford!
assembly plants throughout the United
The first model "T" Ford motor
was completed on October 1st, 1908;;
number 1,000,000 left the assembly
line Decembr 10th, 1915; and numbr
5.000,000 came through May
Although the Ford Motor company
turned out a number of different
models prior to 1908, the present;
numbering system begins with the
first Model "T."
VIOLA DANA AS A
To Appear in Novel Role i in "The.i
Another of Viola Dana's delightful
photodramas will be presented at the
opera house Thursday, June 8, when
"The Match Breaker," adapted from
the story of Meta White, is shown.
This Dallas M. Fitzgerald produc
tion for Metro presents the vivacious
star as a sort of a female Sherlock
Holmes who finding she is only fitted
to steal other girls' sweethearts}
makes a professional occupation of
it with the idea of rescuing susceptible
males from the schemes of designing
females. Among her first
customers are a father and son and
it is the exciting episodes connected
with vamping the recalcitrants that
gives the popular little star plenty of
opportunity to show her peppy personality
in her newest production.
In the cast supporting Miss Dana
are Jack Perrin, Edward Jobson, Julia
Calhoun, Wedgevvood Nowell,
Kale Tonerav, Lenore Lynard, Fred
Kelsey and Arthur Milette, soiyie of;
whmo have been seen in previous Dana
John Arnold, who has photographed
Miss Dana's previous pictures han ? ?
i ji ... * _ __
aiea ir.e camera lor 1 ne ;vxa^cii |
Breaker." ' The continuity was writ- ten
by Arthur J. Zellner, A. F.
Mantz was art director.
A -horse, 51 years old, is livnig at
Catawissa, Pennsylvania. He is the
property of a minister who has owned
him for 35 year?3. The horse is be1
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1ICYCU LU UC tUC UlUvOt in CAlOtCIltW,
"V""".~ Mil IMK *
ble at rim
The Bugs and
Before they Kill
Arcana fa I oa
Climax Flower, J
in time of sickn<
get well again, I
depend upon ti
the medicine the
Bring your doci
tion here, and yc
what his order c
up of the purest
drugs, with cons
and skill, yet ch;
Member Newberry Chat
111 I III" *1 III I !! ! '
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;ss. Doses of
be taken to
>ut a lot will
be quality of
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:or's prescrip 11
>u win get jusi
alls for, made
: and freshest
arged for most
nber of Commerce