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The herald and news. (Newberry S.C.) 1903-1937, December 01, 1922, SECTION TWO, PAGES NINE TO SIXTEEN, Image 9

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063758/1922-12-01/ed-1/seq-9/

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M!ii*? p%,...gfe, ^isjipw < &!?'&% H fi'K'. ?$&i4jbs&> am SviMNfi5^
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An E
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Bv Rion McKissiek i
% \
What is the purpose of the observance
of American Education week in
South Carolina this year?
It is, first, to inform the people of
the state as 10 their most imperative
educational need, namely, the upbuilding
of their country schools, and
seconu, ro create a gen^iui puwa-iai
public sentiment that will secure ihe
development and bettern.cn1. of tbossc
By every consideration of justice
and democracy the country school
child is entitled to as good educational
opportunities as the city child has,
yet how far the country child falls
short of getting that square deal is a
matter of common knowledge.
The average annual expenditure
for the city child ittenlirg school is
nearly twice that for tac country1
child, according to John J. 7is;c-:t,j
United States Commissioner of Edu-;
All tho~e who have n4 heart the;
welfare of the state and nation have '
united with political economists in j
holding that the dr:ft cr n^nu^tr^n j
away from the rural d'stric'.s to the:
towns and cities must he checked in 1
the interest of national stability ar. \ \
prosperity, but Power W. Bethea, one)
of our srofp supervisors of jural!
school, declared i" v*- 1~!? ?!
"According to the figures of the 1920
census there has been a gradual exodus
from the country to the town
within the nast decade. This morns
that a number of our best, families
have loft the rural districts and h ive
Fettled in the more populous centers.
The reason is clear. Their children
> can secure better educational advantages
in the rich and congestei districts.
But such should net be the
case, for the stare should provide the
same educational advantages for the
children of Hcrrv, Pickens. Chesterfield,
Jasner and Oconee counties
with their sparsely settled communities
as it does for the boys and girls
of the weilthv centers. ir.c-Lioin?;
Charleston, 'rrtlumb:~ ~ "*" ?bur:*,
Greenville and Anderson. The areas
of the districts and the number of nupil?
to the school rr.av vary, but the
quality of scrviee should be the
oo \?> A TV?n U A A 4* Am* o i /]/t
i iiv. iM/j/vr \jx uux uv
pends upon the rural schools."
What are some of the out-standing:
needs of the rural school- of South
Carolina, the satisfaction of which
would more nearly equalize the educational
advantages of the country
pupils with those in the towns and
First., the country school.; must
have longer terms. The average
term for city schools is now 171 days
as compared with 181 days for the
country rrhools. This means that the
average country child eac-h year geis
forty days less schooling tk..n the average
city child. Pe.-nite the fact
thn str.te financial aid is avail.:i.ie to
schools desiring to extend their
terms, many of them do r.o: seek it.
The average country school ie:*r?i i>
now a little more than four months.
State Superintendent of Education
John E. Swearingen declares thai the
rninirrum t^rni in every while school
now should be - months and nine
soon as possible.
Second. I'bcut -10 per cent of the
mral schools employ o::'.y one teacher.
In ih'--e schools ji?)pr:>xi:r.:itely
'.0,000 pupils are taught. "Her? is
the weakest I'nk in our educational
ch?.in." says the state superintendent
of education. After extended observation
of numerous country schools
jr jf* '
rcai ibd
qual Opporti
A square de
1m ?
oi terms for i
throughout South Carolina. Slate Sa- j
pc:-visor of Rural Schools I). L. Lew-;
i is asserts:
| "Where the one teacher si-hool
' predominates, ti e teaching, general;lv
sneaking, :"s poor. Where the one
' * ' :
;teacher type of schools })reva:ls, j
j buildings have usually been con-;
' struc.ed without regard to lighting. 1
ventilation, and those other essen- !
tials to the comfort and well-being t
of pupils and teachers. The furni
. U: V wi tv.i VU \? i. i wvir.iii.-j
with no facilities for writii:.?; and no i
. . 1
cup port for the pupils' books, while !
I the stove frequently sets the bud example
of being a chronic smoker,;
J pouring more smoke into the room '
; than it sends up tiie pipe, with effects
;on the eyes of pupils and touchers :
| that can better be Imagined than dei
scribed. Is it anv th.it teach'
. " . , - . i
! c:r, can not ao me:r best v. ^nt m sucn
schools, with such equipment?
"The majority of the .jne-teaehor
schools exist because the people and
their educational leade.v have n ;t
had the proper conception of the adequate
education of the children.
>vTo r* v '> ??*t* rrsv 1
v-vyv/.? ^ vx. i. v"w ,
Confederate war were deprived 01 an
opportunity ic: an education, nnd be- 1
ing thus uneducated, have no vision :
as to the education of their children,
believing that what was good enough ;
for them is good enough for th:ir j
children. These picple need to be
informed by educational leaders with
vision. Community pr ejudice duj to
! ignorance, prejudice in favor of one's
own community ami against a nei^h>
*" '
: boring community is another reason .
; for the cxistenee'ef many .>n; -ter.ehc
r schools.
! "The lack of visbn on the part of
the people ar.ri their leader*, which
1 creates the one-teaclu-:* school. ahro
i leads to the inadequacy >f buildings
[and equipment mentioned above.;
(They and their leaders, not appre!
ciating the \'alue of a iro ?:i
J dated school, likewise c-> n .t app*c-!
1 ciate the value to the children iir.d'
i tcachers of complete appointments as :
| to building and equipment This
isame ignorance and h k of vision and
'leadership also load to th? eirplov
ment in many case: :>f the cheap
: teacher instead of tne c impotent'
(teacher, to the short t-nv. absolute
indifference as to t*l:ii ic.svkir at-,
[tendance of the cii'hhvn m the
j school, and to insistence that .1
teacher trv to c-irvv eisrht. nine. some
(times ten grades; a!*o. that a leather
i promote from a ffrade to ;! n? xt
j ' ~ ,1
; higher, ever, though the !u:>! h:?\v
ja session of only s;.\ months.
j "The attempt t < educate the eh:!'dren
in such schools woild be force.
' were it not a. near-trasredv. I: is imI
t ?
possible for a teat lie:* :.o "diic.itv cbil- ;
i dren under the limitations and nii!
drances mentioned above. t> >< v-.
' er so good a iv?r.c his task is impossible.
i "Only in exceptional cases, with.
: exceptional pupils under e\:i ntionai i
i * 1
i teachers, have c..e-:ea -la schools!
i ..... . . i
jusi:?:ed :r>. :/ ex!<urrv.* a a means i
iof'educating our boys and jiiris. The.
! worst feature is, that it make? people
j think they h.ive something in th<* way
^4* ...U ...U. .1. . .. U I-- -
Ki .- v. ziw. : v. :.c.i Hit', f il?;.
Refovneo war- mad? sKiw *o :h?'
fact that the ic-achir^ in t'v o::ofceaeher
school is. norally sn a!;ir.*r,
poor. This does not n:ea:; " h. : :heieachcr
is always or ovci in a m
.ferity of ease.-, hico upc 7<>pt. h :n -an;
I hat '.he uachiT, has ::?*n an'
' impossible
Third, ^radically no v.-rsi* 'hor 1 :
: have .:\v:h:r.f.? !:ki* i: > ji
for thr use of -heir pun;S .ivc
i have a few ho: ks is 1) cas<.?. Mil
lit would be extrr-rp. <?:%rirvrnti :i
, term t!K*!Vi libiarie.-. In 192 L st ;ie
aid was available to ;eh >)" ; l-siiii:?:
even these small ecllect'viis of b'loks,
I jf ?
r. ii 4? -cc %:J
mity for Eve
>ai for the co
the rural salh
\^w. "
yet only twenty count'es a'\iii.d!
themselves of such aI.i
1021 the stats gave us aid for ihi.purpose
th( pitiful ram of > i >
and in 1922 withurt v? ::!! : : 'i"-> .
rural school without :: \v:-li-c!iO.-?-a ii- i
brary of at least r. h^utre.i \ '
does not render to Its pupils ; service
of enlightenment to w.i!:'1 Vvy'
are rightfully entitled, f >r. jr. the eiage
case, they can o: t.;.i bo r.
where else, and they, ought t.r U
denied the pleasure ;;nd mo..: ? cv.i-j
side leading, of having open ;j
some of the world's best liter-itviv.
soilic v/i tut: d.1. v iuuiu. ,
learning of the age -. cental." ;i I::
great books. The city chi-d has access
to t he pabi ie 1 ibra' ;.. 7h "> ,1 n try
child rarely has the of any
rih?re arc- lumbers o.* o;'. : th tV<
of the rural si-h.>:>h. r > v.n ik attendance.
po< / sanitation. u.>t.
buildings, ir.co.npc-ten -.^i.-r-. l/.ck
of high school gradvs anil the like,
but discussion of th<-m 'j 1 oj *jpv
too much .-pr.ee here.
The foregoing o'-si-rva'^.m up. >?:
the defect-; of cour.try schools are ?>f
a general nature. *f? ih: <v ..re r.anv ;
rural school.- which v. /.hi . v.*:?nt |
years h .ve a -coRipIi he i -?r-?g a>
remarkable it is g. a:Tfv;...r. fhey
hiivj secured r^.odvrn new h.iildln^s.
well-equipped Headers* aivi :>thor
splendid in:or v< n - .1 . ' \io*
have been r?; * con >.<s <>'"
schools, resulting ni i. sc.! cfi!ciency
and in y 0 t'-.v edu
tiona! opportunities * pup:"
.- rvee. tlow, the e pro^rc
11 ... .
schools stn: 1 >n<t:;uu not !'>!;? ' ;
tioii- niv.or.u t?>.- "I ?i:ral sidv ? :'
S? jl'i i'n-.?!!:;: . V'ou ! tha: ... .*
were the rule ins: :-;i!
How a:v \'u" n- d.-' ' ' i'. !
school.- to be '.nod'.' K.>\; < .
they be so up' .i'M? d :? ala--:
their pupil-' t ;u;.i ic. 5 ! adva >
tnjjes with civ child v .' ' . \. can.
,| 1 1 * ; i . 1 '
they r> * e-iuan/. = o :. ..m- /e 1.
Where and !: ).?; ,-1:1 . :.;i -d -i.'-O'i-!
wh! *h 'in- ' * : vt of
. iu 'lion -v^ist " * ; ' ' ' *?|
ov. ' 1 t< *v. . .
: n;i Y. .
standards?*' How are v.*e fc *' <! *
:: and where are v - . . r> ' :!:
money t o (!< '* v. ' ?
These problems adir-si
?i r
8 & a W && ?
SL w t vf
IT*^. -f
:| v !>?>> til bit i
r)S tr*
,r jf
.? /; f 1 V }f '>*" 2 ) ' ) ?/ ? *, H ?
SvU. ? & 3/ > J *
do/s and belt
-""" - ;rv-.r:: . \ MjfiC' *?.
. . wts f'i / " >.
/' *?. s^V~ V.'-A V J X?'
' ^ \ -^v
**S\ J& ? r\ :x' >/?
~ - \ \ fcjsft / ';?<? --
fS/ . ...... V t /y^K;
^ j ^ ^ 11 jjjj
r&lher to our c.'l ;cn: an.instates-!
.ilOi! tha ~ :.) the people :.t !ui. but
they c?p. be solved if the conscience]
if ihe eiiiix-n.-.hin oi' the s-ate is
< ;' .iiCi.'l! 1 ) i'.'ct. Of." tfiO
. t! r-f - ^ .?.)
. V ?? .. * V V * I * * - t.*'v C vy C4 J S V I Jr 2*5 V .1 J J .
:i c.iji bo ai'aseu tu- ta>. t m-!
,u of demanding th:?v. of!
.Kl!?:i>r b::- :.\vavc\th Ca-v.Iiaa!
;rail ?..a: !: faster 1 Yir?var:i, r,;?t cua
*'? r.t 11 nIli cvol' " t.uatry stnr;oi '< >\
:-h^l! h?ve the xtnie i it\ ati.iaa.
nortanities they would e:.j.?y if tla /
' , >
V. CIV !: '-fie l.tV >'i*:10yi3.
U ha: say t.ii? peopleixa.r i
any alternative? In o::: hun ::*e-i
a ail tv.-ei::} -scvo.j ea'.* it-.-- iij/.'.;
soil of this ftati- la in: \V..r w^Yae
Revolution Sou Li-: ( a.? ilnluns wit : all
t:.clr n:i< eft n v.-'t;: lite-.
ird live . made ssed thc'Deciara-i a
W? lade;.e ana a;:.!- ; ibl.
l ie e-j'..tut: 'ii v.!: -h
that Me.;.!-'.;:war:: li:e v'.y.:' < . : :i
v.jjij.. .j'f M.'iU i ..it* i.;. . .
free nm . ::i : h c?:
IIi/vv n'.n South ( aroiinn
class of citizenship to be jr'/.v.: a iicod
education and another r.v culrer p v,<"
0;:jc : lc:i whi <! ' is *a.- July
. 1 I.." . ' ' l Lc!.\ 1
. ju.? .... ' ? ail
* T T ) - n * *
The /;-h- y c:
j! h ('a. .i - . : ..
Lhe c... .. '.i.; -.v:.:*: 1
7-.< !>>.:. ; I..- ; : .v ..
.* vie \v!?! v.*?: !: . . : ' .
Stat? superintendent ; t I J cation his
d-.'t ih pr . .. :..
a. ' a: tivtiy. ' i * \v .
. th l
:< >: t.?r> ? V." ...
: > '
v : So-.:'
>. :
:j ! : ?? . ..
r ;'i ; ? . \I' : <: : "> :
K-. 1 .
cho .
b -' th'iv i . . . " .
? ?'. : .... - * i . ..."
J i 1' St i</f ' <!
. ' i v ! ? ?<: !* our f::' ir
w wr%
9 ?9 | I
f**J c ? e ft f
f $rs /w
;wL-? 4' e fe> k> u i? A J \?s '^tJ-^J
S c V f>
\a mrl tor a
er eauipmi
Zu 0
-T- ^ /
.. .^,t' . ' y?
k ^ V / / *>''
/ ->. -V ? .?. . *J?? / .' I
r?- - itR-*? { >
3 - ^ ' $
5 JlSSk .-"'J
- ' ' -i : . 'vt r:
. ' %
- < f * * . ?
. 'MPr,A*' v.""* *;p crtip-:* ^
?: ir.iv/ v ::\u j. ?i..,i;\ j..O
Q:vs of : . iorcc:*- for the fc
termer/ ruia! >oi.s ia Soath (
Ycl'.i'.ii i; Lie Scaoo; ImproveaK ' ! ;
n. .1 \lCiC I.ICTJI?- " '; )
1 :n fc.': v.. '2j eour.i: ? t
i v )il *. '.u Iv Wij ov?J" t
]>:. v: /:-= y w . ; !oc;: associa.i.
lart year rai^e'I and [X'sitc.v; \v
the*!* x frc :-\\v : > the ivraai
>.rr. of i-. '.iuO. All ihi.- mor.
va.? u?f't .*; irv'iwairo' ? o>' I
-ohocIs ::: the* communities whi
ra ' ! )L c'.'.'i 6Xp!' !.;{ (.
various . V*;o associ:.i'.:n i:v.i"
ii:? .!e;-artm-''::: of oi
ami . i; Mauie 7
tin- ciV. \ a ' aevct' a > . "nr,.;:
. .*? : t u*hed 1?? t'-m. v/
able branch ?? the slats goverr-me:
I rizc> arc ciiered for th2 attuinnn:
of cciiain .'tanfiards of hvpi'cvotve:
I: ys?;? fl'oaid pre: a ^liaipse of t
I j'-hi::.- .-r ! ins > *v r ?;: !. ??f r>:
of t :f .? " l C'a--.-:r:M co;"::viu::r:;
r * * ?i r" 1\>; r'.2 up! i;:: x of J:
cch :< '. , read toe foil-whig typical :
llolV.' < ..,KC? 0'" :-v.- :i-.- ' .]
'"! (I Twc:.iy .) ; v
t; "\V? !;:-ve ( . n y,
;i <? roll \ . v. \
' 'vc. !t has !wn In the ;
:i;'.vnCiiy. i:;i v. ;:a\ >\
to !".--iUii'y :! ; r :j is l..y .
. i<i< ;k'i 1" . - ... ! ?r
.. IV a king: : o^ :<beds
tcnr:s art! i sfcetbali court?, a
in jjiin t-ic foilotvinjr ccjti]
. - \" * .t - j ?t \I
J A' . ', .! i . . ' ?J * i '. '. .
: ?! ::: :>A ! ...
' '' :: !a: < *: r * -it
. . c .. . .
'> c . ' :> - i I- i
' f: \ ' ' i' 1 . !. I ::
i.v th \> . . ..
ijicir (i'aul .ju.-.. i'. "in ii'i(
berry Rural S
n education
mt m an ur&e
r> 1
" ;
" tion to the school work our associa*
i'.on ;s working: on roads leading to
* -.ciiool to get them ready for*
ine coming session. E-ih man in the'
community was asked to give a day '
or furnish a worker instead. Every
et-; man responded and much good- was ;
? , '
- jt.ee c:r.pii>nea.
;'s" i \orth Edi;to (Lexington county):
?^V"Ti;e association was trying so hard
~ j to make another payment on the pia
>e* no which was purchased a year ago j
he that the indie sent chickens and eggs
to the >: hooihouse for the teacher ro
it'; in order to raise the amount."
Salem <Sumter county): "This
ey y. ar the ^sociation made nearly two
!k brdos o:' cottor. on about an acre of
ch ground. The school children usually
in help pick ihe cotton. Next year we
- - - - -? " - % *!.* % 4- 'HIaa.' *' 1
ti L.vWi'vv tW illiitli, imiaiuc^.
;'.t- Sh:!ch (Surr.'er county): "Our as-'
rotation jcrowinjr rc al fast and our
:tv tr-achc:*:;* horae. for which the assoI_
ciatioa has Leon working .<0 hard, will
:-t. scon be finished." . j
r Dvai'.iort (Beaufort county): "This"
ni. ;>? .;* :;izai:on sponsored an ader.oid.
L .r: -:i c-Ii ::ic that successfully operatne
< :! or* ? "> chiidren."
u." Hoc!: S;>rh:_; (Abbeville county)*
: ir "Our community is thinly settled,*
:v- 1?UJ <>ur p:-o;>Ie are willing to do. if;
thry know what to do. At a recent
..... < >i -- " .
. * . 1 v' l : ..i '..K V. V : w y ? A . ? .
i';. i*>.:i:pV (Newberry county):
!; - association had planned to add
a;- i> 'ho liliary this year, but will be
i:: t.> <!.i so as we are helnin.'*
.wirh the Iq? of the teachers. Our
< ; . -ol t: vw.'ii be -shortened if wo do
; \v.- . .,;n these reports and
of .other.? like them and read be-;
n\- .... :' line.- ??f (he poverty and deni
':! ; ;> irany of the commufti;
en::not dnant these worthy
>' :i ilnn.; from doing1 wha?
, . '.i ' : '< ': ];> .heir schools, we
'eel ! ! :' ' :;x and cheering ;.l the,
. n .. Tha. snirit ef loyalty nr.l
? _? ' u s' ; 1 that haon led t:i</.
1 l.aelto st.'t'e throujr/i every cr:o.ist,
that will make it tri
i?\iT a!: . "es^I: ;;*:<! future
; *? :cV. .
:: 'he who':1 peo;;o of South '
-t. i'i ..he eiiie> as well as i:i
< try f'o about bettr-rinp: the
, olth^PO folk hn%'<? 'lone, ;
i i.io late will make nu.rve!-^
ii-iouj t'-iucai-ioriiil-progress. J
j '
nt necessity
. > ?
<?> <$>
.. x ..>
? ?' V# ^
By G. R. Pettigrew
The story of the Chappells school,
i.-: a story of pluck and progress. It
; is a chronicle of small beginnings,
1 pate in t struggle, and nnal triumph.
Jui-i when the scnool was founded
! this chronicler c^n not state. Neither
lean, the "oldest inhabitant." Back in
' the ea. ly seventies we lind it dispensing
knowledge from a log cabin
just across Lark Branch l'rom Mr.
J. J.. Watkins' place. Miss Eila Watts
was the teacher, and she was succeeded
l>y Mi-.: "Babe-" Andrews, a sifter
of Mr. W. L. Andrews, aoout 1873.
For ma;:y years the school had no
j?c: ...ancnt abiding place, it migrat-^
t cl to a point on the western side of
the Chappeiis Ferry road about oppo- V
.;ite the 5 ite of the "frime" school
house later erected on ihe Boazman
property. h next journeyed to the
woods i;> :e:r c: the site of Saluda
thu.'ch. The!!,- m 1888' or 1889 it
emerged from its s'yvan retreat and
occupied the "dii" of th" m6re pretentious
building that stili stands on
the site donated by the late J. B.
Boazman. The main section of ihis
building was not built until about
1901 an,! it parted with the "ell"
several years ago. The late,John R.
Scurry was chairman of the board of
trustees when it was crecled and it
was then considered a model district
school hoa.se. But in a few years the
growing needs and advancing educational
standards of the community
rendered it obsolete and trustees ana ,
patrons oegan planning for a better
In 1913 the present commodious
structure of brick, in Greek-Colonial
stvle, was completed 2nd occupied.
It is modern and in every essential
particular up to date. There are
four spar-icuy class rooms with cloak
rooms on first floor, two class rooms
and a chapel or auditorium suitable
for community assemblies on the second
floor, nil lighted by acetyline.
The cornerstone contains the name4/
of A. P. Colemar. J. L. Watkins and
W. 0. Holloway as trustees and E.
H. Aull and G. D. Brown, Jr., as superintendents
of education.
With the now building; provided, a
second teacher was employed, tr.d
thn dav of the one teacher school was
pasl. h; 1010. thanks to state aid
and a special tax of 10 milis, a third
teacher was id.led to the staff, and
the fourth is in prospect, let us say!
Many teachers have come and
gone, leaving their impress up:>n the
e n:*.unity liic. Along in the 'SOc the
late W. 0. Hc'loway, Sr.. taught. Followed
at intervals Mr. Harry Jennings,
iater an attorney of Columbia,
Mr. Townsend and Prof. C. W. Mr)ore
now of Vaughnville. It would seem
tin;' male teachers were preferred in
:hos? days. Mr. J. L. Dennis was the
la. r. of the line, presiding as principal
in 1919-JO. with Misses Louise
VtG'.v and Leila Culberth as assistv
L:ist vear Miss Jeanie Srmlcin<?
was principal with Misses Anabel
Saun-.icrand Clarice Fore as assistant-.
The present staff consist of
Mir5 Saunders, principal and high
school grades. Mrs. Woodie Morrisette.
intermediate work, Miss Fore,
and mu.-ic. There are now
only ten grades, 'out the progressive
ti i;r tc<Dr. W .(). Kollcway, A. P.
Cole.nan ar.I .Jno. B. Scurry, and the
p:ibli?* hT)iriu'd patrons are beginning
to dream of an accredited high
school. When that dream becomes
:i reality Cnappells will have entered
into its own.

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