Newspaper Page Text
LTURAL DEPARTMK T.
The Culture of Red Oats. - the time is already here for farm to commence sowing small grain, ink it will be beneficial to those of who follow that method of obtain .ig our subsistence, to have an ex change of views upon this important subject. I know there are farmers who are well versed in this branch and I would like to get their ideas as a matter of improvement for myself. My experience has been limited, but I have made some observations and perhaps some of your readers might like to hear them. There was a period of time when we were not dependent on the oat crop for stock !.eed, but that has long since passed away, and we now con sider the oat crop our- only hope, as corn raisingr in this country has come to be but one ot things of the past, a part of the agricultural history of the anti ellut regimne. Juszt after tle war closed and cotton was selling all the way tip as high as 40 cents per poundt, when everything was in am abnormal -ondition, when the com mnerce, the tinances, and the agricul ture of the whole country was on a hoomit, the basis of which was an in lated currency, when money flowed like water, we could afford high stock feed, but in a few years when every thing settled down to a nornal condi tion, the farmer began to look about for cheap food for the mules that worked the cotton crop and the result was a general introduction of the famous red rust proof oat. Some claimed that it was a God-seud to this country, the only hope of the cotton planter, while I have always been undecided whether it was a bless ing or a curse, for this reason, if the cottontlanter had been unable to ge' this oat some twelve oi fou.rteen %ears ago, he would have been forced tc adopt a different system of agricnl ture and he would have been unable to raise cotton at the low price he re ceived for it, without this cheap stocI food, consequently he would have given more of his time and attention to production of food crops, the rear ing of cattle, hogs, sheep, poultry, etc., together with sowing the various grasses and making fine pastures. Again he would never have known and suffered the evils of that vampire, the lien law, which, while it is grad ually sucking his life blood, cools him with the tlap of its wing in the form of hope. The red oat, like whiskey, is good in its 14ace, but is and has been harmful as a basis for a cotton crop. As a leader there is no better crop for our farmers, and we should give to it that intelligent study that it deserves; there is one serious draw-back, how ever, to our oat crop and only one which I have carefully studied to rem edy so far as my own crop is concern ed and that is the freezihg out process which has proyen so disastrous of late years. Last season I planted one hundred acres in oats, and planted in several ways to satisfy myself which was the surest way to get a good stand, and the safest way of protection from freezes. The first safe-gaurd is early sowing always, as 'late sowing is seventy-fite per cent. more liable to freezeout than early sowing. I sowed my crop in various ways to find out the best mothod of putting in a crop. Thelargest part, I prepared it nicely, cotton seeded it well, then sowed the seed and harrowed in the whole thing, and such a stand I never saw on ground. I next 'plowed in some very shallow and then harrowed the grotund, get ting as fine a stand as the first. Next, I plowidsin some as deep as mules could pull the plows, (1 mean one horse plows), and harrowed the ground, also got a finte stand. All of this done in due season, not later than 20th October.- I then sowed some in latter part of November and Decem ber, all of which I plowed in about an average depth. Some I harrowed and some I left rough iih order to find out if harrowing the ground had any efiect on the stand; but being sowed late, and the freezes commencing, not more thtan three per cent. of them ever camne up at all, being killed in the pi-ocess of germination. Ninety acr-es out of the hundred were killed out, .while the remainium $en acres were far'from having a f iz stand. Now the best stand of the ten acres were those that I plowed in d'eepest, and the next best were those that I plowed in shal low, while the poorest stand were those I harrowed in.. IT ook occasion to notice .th different ~ ing-adoptld by nearest neighbors, and found about the same results with them as in my own fields.! I claim if we will plow in the eatsfdeep and then harrow the ground oper that the freezes will not effect Jhe stand more thani ten per pleGit which is a reasonable allowarce ~'for bad seed and weakly plants, where if we put them in shallow, the stand will be injured fully fifty per cent. I give as my reasons the following: My actual experiment for that purpose. It is potent to all that where hats have been sown on cotton land, you can stand and tra'ce the original water fur-rows between the old cotton beds, by- the regular stand oif oats looking as if thecy had been sown in drnills .Again I can tell where the laps of two lands is by the oats being more regular along this ridge, leecause in plowing along this lap the oat seed get twice as much dirt throwvn over them, by reason ofith- lapping process, as any other part of the land. Yet again, I can trace out every water furr-ow between the lands wherec the oat crop simply been harrowved in and am tun able to account for it in any other' way than by more of the soil being drnag ged ';this furrow by the har-row. Another reason why I believe deep plowing inl of oats will save the stanld is, that our freezes are seldom more than t wo inches deep, and if the r~oot of the oat is down deep in thme war-m earth below whgre the cold penetrates. it certainly will live although the top may be bitten off by cold. All vege tiaron has a tendency to come out '7again when the top is taken off fromi any cause whatever but the r-ed ont has a wvonderful tenacity in this dircc tion, even coming out and making two distinct iseed' s. My attention was calledja fgact last year when I w ye my mules some grecen half an acmre of oats cut rec in the milk state, and and made another crop so good as the first, yet igood oats. I came to that any plant that and mature after being stage of deve lop~ment, ' o m---ufer from any cause, so is the roots remnained intact, and itv will plowt the oat deep tM roots will be tion of so mav harrows in stnte we never heaid so much complain of freezing out, and I regard the 9ommon use of barrows for putting iv, the oat crop as the main cause of so mnuch trouble with bad stands. Of course there are othir causes, but I regard harrowing in is the chief cause. There is one more theory upon which 1 am undecided, simply because I have not had an opportunity of testing it. I beliere it has some bearing, but dc nt know to what extent, and that theory is, that our oats having become dimnat ized, they have become more tender from the eifects of so much warm weather in the fall and spring, striking the young plant first and then comiig again on them nearer inaturity. If some farmer will procure seed froni a colder latitude and publish his expe rience, he will cont'er a great tavor on the generally. No one need fear punt ting the oat seed too deepi in the -ioutid, as I have fully tested that and find I can get. a good [stand -it eight inr deep. I would Iike to hear froni sonn tt the older headz on this -ubiject. men who have been long inl the bilsinle!C-, and who have made it a study. All we need in this cotntry to make our agricultural interests a success, is to give it its dues in the way of brain work, get out of the old channels, stop planting cotton only as a surplus and inaking every plantation self-stistin ing, and last but not least, stop the nezro from killing miiles by starvation and other equally as barbarous meth ods. If we could and would devoec all our time and attention to our farming interests, it would bring about that grand .igriculzural revolution which I claim must come cre we will have any substantial progress or solid improvement in this country; then and not until then, will we have that "New South" they are writing so much about. Let us not leave the whole rgricul tural department in the the hands of the old men, but let cur yotung men lav hold and make it an honorable calling instead of a disgrace as many of us consider it now. S. it. n. Tobacco Culture. The following interesting letter, re ceived from Commissioner Butler, will also appear in the regort of the State agricultural department on the 1.5th instant: LANDSFORD CHESTER CO., S. C., ( September 21, 1is5. 5 Col. A. P. Butler, Commissioner of Agriculture, Columbia, S. C.-Dear Sir: Realizing, after eight years' ex perience, both in planting and renting out land for the cultivation of cotton in this section, the necessity of finding another or rather additional money crop, I began two years ago to inves tigate and study the cultivation and curing of tobacco. I soon became convinced that a portion of my land was adapted to the growth of "bright yellow" tobacco, the production of which has done so much of late years to enrich certain sections of North Carolina and Virginia. Whether our clinate would prove equally suitable could be proven only by actual exper iment. This experiment I decided to make. In November last I employed in Vance county, N. C., a young man versed in tobacco culture and curing, and on the first day of January, 1865, began work to prepare for mny first crop. Desirous of giving it a fair trial I ceared out and prepared for culti vation seven acres of original for-est land of good quality and of the pr-oper kind for the growth of bright tobacco, viz., of gray satndy top soil with po0 rous yellow sandy subsoil. I also selected about ten acres in different lots of old lan~ds, part in small pines of second growth, part in broom sedge, and about two act-es in a fine state of cultivation, all of same chat-acter aa new ground already described. All of this, by repeated plowings and harrow ing, Ii-educed to the finest tilth during the months of March,'April and May, and in the latter month prepared thetm all for the reception of my plants-first manuring them-the new gi-ound with 200 pounds of blood ammoniated sup erphosphates, (manufactured by the "Domestic Fet-tilizer Company of Co lumbia,") and the old land with a com post of stable manure, cotton seed, kaitnit and acid phosphate at the i-ate of a little more thau 1,000 pounds per scre, both applied in the drill and bed ded in as for cotton, and afterwards "hilled" by checking with a stritight shovel and drawing up with hand hoes and "patting" to r-etain the mnoistur-e tid tiidcate the place for settinig the 'plant. ~~.this wvork I sound easy, and by the 10- of May had all my tobacco land ready with two hor-ses and three extra hoe ha '1a-two of them boys tunder 15 year-s. n , di tion I had planted twelve acres in cot ton, about the same in corn, besides garden and patches. My plant beds wet-e pr-epared in Jantuary and Febr-u ary, part on uptlatnd anid part On br-anh bottoms, the object being to pr-ovide for- the extr-e~me of wet or dry, and with the hope of securing plants for ea-ty settitng from the warm upland beds. The seed, all of best varieties frotm yellow tobacco virguns of Notht Caroitna, caine well amid proved ver-y hardy, some eveni standing the severe tast of thi-ee or four inches of snow without hurt in the middle of Matrch. Fom this date (Mar-ch 17) to about the 10th of June, however-, we had p)ositivelv no raitn, not even a shower ini Apt-il, pr-ober-bial for- her smiles atnd teats. In the latter' par-t of May we had two small showers, but not enough to wet the gr-ound halt an inch, so miy uplatnd beds did prtactically no0 good, tme dry cold did pr-actically nto good, the dr-y cold wind "blowinig the platts of the bed," as the saying goes, and the ''flea beetle" and "fly's liter-ally eating upl what recmainded. My bot tom beds, hiowevetr, did thieii full dty and furniishied ime all the piantts I nteed ed or had time and seasonm to set. The fit-st shower ini May (about the 20th) 1 set 15,000 ltants, of whieb, pehaps 10,000 lived. The secottd shower, abotut the 28tht, I set 24,000 , savitg not tnote thtant 12,000, the hot sun atnd dr-y gr-ounid killintg the hailt. I thent set about 10,000 with water-, (a sow, tediotus anmd costly process:) two-thir-ds of these lived atnd did well. About the middle of June I succeetded ini getting' all my lan once see, and pehaps, had 40,000 plants then ;ivitng, but the terrible dry hot weathlur im mediately ther-eatter killed 10 or~ 12, 000 of them, amid it was ntot until thme 4th of July that we had a seasoni suiffi cient to wet the'gt-outd, antd, late as it was, I r-eset etnough land to big moy living platnts uy to 50,000, or enough scatteed over- 17 act-es of latnd to piatt 10 acres fully. Frmt thme 4th of July to 2th Auguist we had tnot a drnop of raii, and, of cour-se the tobacco gr-ew slowly, but the grounid hav-itng beeni oice wet it did tnt die, anid I cotn Stined to woi-k it, pltoughinig eachm way one htarrtow to the i-ow, with 20 inch sweep,) followin I hand hoes, drawing dirt to tW >lant each time. I found the cultivaui-ai very easy; rap idly done, and well suited to negro labor. Up to the 20th July I had no trouble with the horn worm, butabout I that tiue they appeared in vast and increasin'g qnantities, and before I I could get iny raw negro hands "'edu cated"~up to the point of catching all of them, big and little as they went, thle ones left behiind, ail growing rap idly to enormous size, had done me great injurv. As soon as the worms appeard i also took measures to reduce their numbers by poisoning the moth, whose egg laid on the unier side of I tihe tohalco leaf, prodtuces the worm. To this end, in the cnltivation (if the I crop, I lml inrn.d- ttd myli hoe hands< to -pare all plintt- o1 ihe . Jimpon (./wes/wru) weed bond growing in the tobacco bill-, the seed goingr to the tiehd with i V4it clinpost, I sippos'e, antd the continience wa : that in each lot I had a few very tiouri!-Ihing stalks of .1 impuhan just 'cominilg into bloom. Within these bloom, which are the 'avorite food of the '"hawk moth," and which are open at night and closed in daylight, or, at least, sunlight, I each eveninz injected a few drops of swett ened water, pretty well colored with coball, 1,uig a small machine oil can4 with spring bottom as an injector. I S0on begani to find the dead rloths, and in less thai a week's t~ime had the sat iste ionl to note, tirst a decrease in the eggs and young worins, and in two weeks' timte a total disappearance of all excelpt th - old worms neglected inl previous wormling; nor have I been bot hered with them since, excespt once, when iy Jimapson weeds being nearly killed bv the continued doses of cobalt I discontinued the use of it a few days, when I found the worms again ap pearilg and voung moths growing nu nieroms in the miehls. A few, two or three, does a we-' has kept them under ever since; and right here I will say that I believe if I had commenced the use of the cobalt as soon as the first Jinipson bloom appeared 1 siould have csc:aped the worms almost alto gether. My tobacco showing seed-buds first abotit 15th July-the first planting-I topbed cnongfi for one barn about July 20. This tobacco was cut and put in barn A ugust 25; cured out August 29, and the specimens I send you are from it. After the rain, 29th August, it all grew rapidly, and for the first time )v e some trouble with the suck er-s, which have been or should be re ntoved each week until ready for the knife. I find the additional difficulty, resulting from the rain of that date, that all my bottom leaves on the older tobacco i-e ripe and all the tips or top leaves are green and growing. As, however, I must get through by frost, curing two barns a week, and having barely time to do that, I am compelled to cut, and the result is that while I have a fair show of bright tobacco, suitable for wrappers, I have a very unreasonable amount of green tips which no skill and care will make any thing else of. For this the season is rcs:.on&iblc. If we had had raiins, even an average amount. of it in the spring and summer, all the tobacco would have been ripe to the top and ready for the knife by this time. I built me two curing barns of most approved style: fitted then with dou ble return flues, costing barns com piete, about $95 each, and find them to act perfectly. I have already cut and cured eight barns of from 400 to 500 pounds weight of cured leaf, and expect to cure six or, perhaps, seven more. I have also built a most sub stantial packing house, 40 by 20, two flootrs, giving me capacity for storing aboumt .'35 boxes, besides room for strip ping and handling. I will prepare my tobacco ~r market during the warm -et spel h in the winter months; will pack it ini hogsheads and ship to some market in North Carolina or- Virginia, and whem I get returns will tell you more about it a~s a money crop. Thus far I have dcmonstrated to my own satisfaction: 1st. That our soil and climate are best adapted to the production of fine ellow tobacco. '2d. That the kind and abundance of labor we have is (with good manage-I ment, a good stock of patience, due al lowance for ignorance and consequent inefficiency, until taught,) peculiarly favrable to its production as an auxil-< iary cr01).4 3d. That 1 shall enlarge my facilities 1 for curing and storing, and next year shall extend the productioni on my own I place by inducements held out to my tenants to plant two to four acres to the family, to be worked by them, (ini which operation women and children] can be most profitably employed dur ing the idle season of August and to th Septemnber,) and aftewards, when ra cure, to be sold on hill or cured on s .as agreipon.. 4th. That you have not heard tTe last of tobacco growing as an industry i this section.t I send you a few hands of "bright," running fromt first grade leaf to bright "lug," wvhichl you cant place with other 1 South Carolina ptrodiucts in Agricul tural llall, remembering that bright ellow tobacco will stand neither hndliug nor li'ght, (excessive) and that it should not be subjected to the extremes of wet and dry. These spec imens have never yet been bulked, and arc not at their best, but may at least rank as curiosities, coming, ats they dto fromn the lrst buirn of flue cured obacco ecer cured in the ~State, I (Ag ust :29, 1885,) so far as I k now, andi certainly the tirst cured in whatt will one dar be the celebrated vellowC tobacco region of Chester countyv. t I am very respectfully, your-s .to commiandl, W. It Davius. Counterfeiting a Valuable Article. ; The publisher of the Mladis.in County j Reica writes from Iluntsville, Am-k.,| t as to the ell'ect of Birownm's Ir-on Bitters ' on his wife. M1r. Daugherty says, y "M1v wife has been usingr the Bitters t for sonme mnoths; the cefi'et in her case is remarkable". Hie also writes that owing to couniterfeits and imitations,t it was difficult to get the g!nuine at-ti ele. That ditiienity is now -cieedied: inittors htatie been exposed anid putt a r flight. T1her-e, as elsewhiere Bi-own's r Iron Bit ters cani be had of all the re spect able dIrtmgists at a dollar a bottle. ~ -James 1B. Clary, whlo lives seven miles fi-om Newbetrry, while in a fit of deiium trements imagined that he ,Tas o being attaicked by a crowd of negroes. p In tiriing at his imnaginar-y enemies, one tI of the balls from his pistol str-uck hts y little son, aged six, making a very is serious wound. At this time it is al thought the little fellow will recover. ti ADvIcE T' MIOTiIElis. - Ms. wissi.>w's sOTlx~a Ssat- should at ways be used r'.r chIldrern tee-thing. It soothes~ D the child. softens~ th' guins, anars~ altl) pain.1 urs whll c0oI. aatd Is the hIst relu.-dr for ttlarrhe .. Twe-nty-t~ive cents a bottle. 0 Julyl1yi GENERAL NEWS ITEMS. 'acts of Interest, Gathered from Various Quarters. -The trial of Ferdinand Ward con tenced ot Molnday. -Iullior. in the BInk of England ncreased EXS,216 during I lie past week. -New York city is to speid S1,000 or water lillies to be placed in it parks. -There were reported throughout pain on Thursday 167 new c ses of holera and 56 deaths. -"Libtiy Enlilitenig the World" Vants $40,000 tmore for chainso and 1 =Chors to keep her steadfast. -The Porte has issucd a circular to he Powers stating that the ariamenits >f Greece are a nienace to peace. -Jar Goubl's family have an intcome it '1,100,000 a year from their invest. Itet in Missour i Pacitic Railroad stock. -The I)emtocrars of Dakota have leterminied to take no part in the elec ion lox' a Coxtit ittiol lox Soull Da rota. -It is undertood that the sentence >f death of the leader of the hall-breed ebellion in Canada will be conuuted ,o life-loxn servitude. -The Archbishop of Canterbury has Irawn Itp special prayers for use int his lioce.,e with relerentce to the approach ng g-eneral election itn En'tglantd. -('apitalists froml Dunllap, Iowa, inve fortied a coipanty with $150,000 aid up capital for a private savings )antk at Chattanooga. -The Swedish bark Zacharias, ,apt. Etndresen, which left Wi!mitg otl, N. C., otn April 21, for Hull, is miss ir, ,nd it is feared that she is lost. -The President has appointed C. Ueyer Ziltick, of Arizona. to be Gov nror of Arizona, rice Frederick A. -A. W. Shaw, bettor known as 'Josh Billings," died at Monterey, _al , otn the 14th inst., of apoplexy. rhe body was embalmed and seit East. -lIaulan and Lee won the Pleasure [sland boat race near Albany, N. Y , >v three lengths in 18 iniutes and 24i ;econds, defeating Conley and Court iev. -In St. Louis all the street car lines re running nearly if not quite a full omplentit of' cars without nolesta ion, and the police guard has beenx edneed one-half. -The iarine hospital bureau is in otmed that cholera is incieasing in ataliy in Palermo, and that. yellow .ever is onl the increase in Guiaymap, qexico. -The Court of Akibarna Claims has efused to reinstate J. F. Manning, the ttortey whose denunciation of the ourt led to the recent otlicial investi ation of its expenses. -There are at least twenty cases of ;mallpox in Marinette, Wis , the dis, ase havixig been brought there by a Ioutreal citizen. Four deaths have dready occurred. -Thirtv counties in Kansas have ominatei Prohibition tickets, and it s expected that at least axn equal num er of Prohibition tickets will be hosen in additiottal countier. -There were forty-one deatls from mallpox in Montreal on Tuesday, ight in St. Cunegonde, five in St. enri, five in St. Jean Baptiste, one in t. Gabriel and two in Hachelaga., -George E. Gill, aged scvcnxty-ve. vIo recettiv removed to 'Chattanooga| 'rom Wihninton, Del., was killed by b tfreight traili at the outskirts of the ity last week while taking a walk. -The Harvar'd College antnex, so :alled, opened its seventht year On ionday with sixty-five y'ountg womenl mrolled1. It niow, for thie first timne ias a house of its own, and its enidow nentt amounts to $85,000. --Bids wex'e opented at the Treasu-r eparttmetxt last week fox' the Brick an toxie work ott the new Federal bail ng at Lynchburg, Va. A. M. M iowaxn, of Washington, was the lo st bidder at $26,700. --The lanid office at Washington I -eceived a communicationi stating )r. Pow~ers, who was a Goverxum vitness it the prtosecution of' a fr't ent land case in Califorxnia, has lain by J. F. Pruitt, onec of t endants. -The Georgia Legislature adjoxt m Thursday, after' a summer' s. if otne httundred days. The mo. >ortant hill passed was the g ocal optiont law, untder which) emper'ance elections will be I rarious coutnties. ) -The Wayne county, Michi., ast week, decreed that the l:) ibitixg the manufacture anid dcholic liquor' is uncontstitutiK echtnical r'easons, and becaus rented men front enigagingi nate busintess. if Pittsburg, Pa., have decided to sta heir Elizabeth mine at the three-ce ate. This is one of the lar'gest mitn m the river', and the coticessioxi of ate demanded is ani important vict or the strikers. -An effort is soon to be mnade to luce the State departmettt to take s ctioni itn the nmatter of the cont ~eeral at Par'is. Thxis is otne of nost sought of the cotnsulates, her'e ax'e said to be fouir hutndred licantis upont file for' it. -The New Yor'k gutbe iaignt brintgs ont .ttetiotn to mnattet o do with thxe issues. fGovernxor Jlill's brot le outside points which lisession. -A gtreat sensationt has beexn ai Qitncy, Ill., by the publica be details of the defalcatiotn of t. Conley, secr'etary atnd ttreas he Qiincy Gaslightt anid Cok any. His pectnlations coy eriod oi eleven year's atid aix >from $22,000 toi $30,000. -Pr'esidext Lincoln wenit eater often to for'get his cares ot so frequenitly. Hayes rthurx wenit ever'y time the tyting woxrth seeinig. IHe ospitable to actor's anid actr'e residenit Cleveland does ntot mch for the theater, but lie sionally. -Letters froxm Biexnville P ,st week give particulars of Sterror which has exist rish for some time. The x trouble was a tneighbor'h :embers of sever'al families ken fromi their' homies an id otherwise mtaltreated. s were shot anxd, it is t ouded. Goverxnor 3 vestigationt of the mat isti.t Judge, hats o tilty parties be arrtes 1. Severald have be L Virg who lege. Wmll. )f Stan' 1n the r nnrd,er mbdu(Iled e(arded en an1 nen. Ker u1tended to net inl the el rounlds, Br. >nie arin andt iand. :earce Kierner placed Brown's body eigtwo inae Kern Ir was at 4) ried to jail. li Ihe opein4 air whel We nintes. 'I wvildfire thrloughI 11 Il tweity liillie:Cs rellt ill threat.- < mayor ordered :L 11 Ihe jail. Brown Prosperous younl arally liked. Ker? prominent and w at college some y fellow-Student in [onl trial he Iriends claim 1tha Inced, and insani bis defence. THE WO Union Worknen seIge a IBoardil Mlen' At an early large force of Marinette, WVi. a thouzand strt body across and surrounde peliter Coln) beforC the iel not allowing This act is th held there by at which it Carpenter noll-mniol in refusekd o si other mil allowing th dav's work the balance claimsi, that pany was men in th work at th fore the la, and right ten-hour force: tha of luen a from thi Thursda made or mills wi pany is be run uniol, man 10W in .. but si hev Many a Lady is beautiful, all but her skin; and nobody has ever told her how easy it is to put beauty on the skin. Beauty on the skin is Magnolia Balm. NEW AI)VERTI&ME RNTS. A BIG OFFER. To introduce them we will ,ive awav 1000 seif operatin Washing Machines. If you want one seLl us your naime, P. 0. and express oflice at onve. THE NAI IONAL CO., 2! Dey St.. N. Y. Agents Wanted X OS(QCIT OE to sell the5 .lagc MOSQUITO BITE CURE, gives !nstant reller. aild dilvos them away. Address UALI..ADE & CO., 8 East 18th St., New York. - AFNEF4 its CAIUESand CURE. by one who was deaf twenty-eight years. Treated by most of noted specialists of Ii10 day with no benetit. Cared hinuelf In three mionths, and since then hundreds of oth-rs hrimme process. A plain. simple and successmui line treatment. Address T S. PAGE. 1:s 1..-t 26th St., New York City, Established FAY'S 1866. Manilla Roofing! Resembles line leather. For Roofs, Outside Walls. ad inside in place of Plaster. Very stro.n :mii dur'ble. Carpets and Rugs of same matm*riai. Catalo'.ue with testlinonials and saniples FlIEE. W. u. FA Y & CO. Cam den. N. J. Nrkor's TolleO If you have Dyspepsia, Rheumati!m, Kilney or Urinary Complaints, or If you are troubled with any disorder o; the lungs, stomach, bow els, blood or nerves you can be cured by PARxa's Tosic. HISCOX & Co., 163 William Street, New York. BURNHAM'S IMPROVED STANDARD TUBDINH Is the BEST coinstreuted and tlnishd TurbIne in the world It gives better peresntzge wit part or :ull garr. anid is iold for LESS MONEY r Horse Power than any o iier rurbine. Pamohler FREE by BURNHAM BROS., YORK, PA. Sept24L4w THE Columbia Xusic House WILL SAVE YOU T WENTY-FIVE PER CENT. BY BUY ING Piojbs md rnls EVERY INSTRtUMENT WAR RANTED DELIVERED AT ANY DEPOT OR STEAMBOAT LANDING IN THlE STATE. WRITE FOR TERMS AND PRICES O 0 SPECIA L TERMS FOR SHORT TIME SALES. Respecifully, COLUMBIA MUSIC HOUSE, N. W. TRUMP, Manager, 128 MAIN STREET, COLUMBIA, S. C. FOUND. FOR L ADIES ONLY. A REMEDY endorsed by the best Physi Cians and Drnggists at its home. A REMED)Y that Mr. C. W. O'Neill, Good water, Ala., says raised his wife from an invalid's bed, and he believes saved her A EMEDY of which a prominent Atlanta merchanh aid: "I would have given $500 as soon as I would a nickel for what two bottles of your medicine did for my daughter." A REMEDY in regard to which S. J. Cas. sell's,[j , Drtuggist, Thonmasville, Ga., says: ~~i-recall instances in which it afor< &rif after all the usual remedies A REMEDY about which Dr. Rt. B. Fer rell, LaGrange, Ga., writes: "I have used for the last twenty years the medicine you are putting up) and consider it- the best combination ever gotten together for tile disease for which it is -com-. daiended. , REMEDY about wi"' tlanta, said: " . Joel Braham, - anid have' , e earamined rk. iesitation in advis g ts .. , .:nd confidently reconmmend IEDY which the Rev. UI. B. John , near Marietta, Ga., says lie has used da faniily with the "utmost satifac "and r& en~iitided it to three fami S"who founlid it to be just what it is Alimeunded."~ :MED )Y of whieh Peimberton. Iverson eiinison say: "~We nave beent selling or many years, with coiistantly in asing sales. The article is a staple -ithi us, and one of ab.el1ate merit."' IEMED)Y of which Lamar, Rankin & ,~amar say: "We sold 5o gross in four onthis, aiid never sold it in any~ place w.hat it was wanitedl again.'' EMEDY by which Dr. Baugh, of La ange, Ga., .::ys: "I cured one of the >st obstinatCecases of VicARlious MEN acLAvioN that ever camne within my owiedge, with a few bottles."' EMEDY of which IDr. J1. C. IBuss, of itisuiba, Ala., says: "I anm fully, con nieedt that it is unrivaled for that class disease.s which it claims to cure.'' EMED)Y about which MEijor Jolin C. hitner, of Atlanta, well andl favorably own all over the United States as a .neral Insurance Ageiit, says: "I usedl is remedyl before the war, on a large mntation oni a great number of cases, EMIEDY about whlich Mr. J. W. ranige, of Cartersv'ille, Ga., ceritifies at onet bottle cured two i'ii membes of his milyof enstua!irregutlarity of liany This Great lRemnedy is dfield's FEMALTE Regulator, ,md for TIreatise on the Health and piness of Womnani, mailed free. BRtADFIELD REoULATOR Co., Box 28, Atlanta, Ga.