OCR Interpretation

The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, October 07, 1885, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063760/1885-10-07/ed-1/seq-4/

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The Culture of Red Oats.
- the time is already here for farm
to commence sowing small grain,
ink it will be beneficial to those of
who follow that method of obtain
.ig our subsistence, to have an ex
change of views upon this important
subject. I know there are farmers
who are well versed in this branch and
I would like to get their ideas as a
matter of improvement for myself.
My experience has been limited, but
I have made some observations and
perhaps some of your readers might
like to hear them.
There was a period of time when
we were not dependent on the oat
crop for stock !.eed, but that has long
since passed away, and we now con
sider the oat crop our- only hope, as
corn raisingr in this country has come
to be but one ot things of the past, a
part of the agricultural history of the
anti ellut regimne. Juszt after tle
war closed and cotton was selling all
the way tip as high as 40 cents per
poundt, when everything was in am
abnormal -ondition, when the com
mnerce, the tinances, and the agricul
ture of the whole country was on a
hoomit, the basis of which was an in
lated currency, when money flowed
like water, we could afford high stock
feed, but in a few years when every
thing settled down to a nornal condi
tion, the farmer began to look about
for cheap food for the mules that
worked the cotton crop and the result
was a general introduction of the
famous red rust proof oat.
Some claimed that it was a God-seud
to this country, the only hope of the
cotton planter, while I have always
been undecided whether it was a bless
ing or a curse, for this reason, if the
cottontlanter had been unable to ge'
this oat some twelve oi fou.rteen %ears
ago, he would have been forced tc
adopt a different system of agricnl
ture and he would have been unable
to raise cotton at the low price he re
ceived for it, without this cheap stocI
food, consequently he would have
given more of his time and attention
to production of food crops, the rear
ing of cattle, hogs, sheep, poultry, etc.,
together with sowing the various
grasses and making fine pastures.
Again he would never have known
and suffered the evils of that vampire,
the lien law, which, while it is grad
ually sucking his life blood, cools him
with the tlap of its wing in the form of
hope. The red oat, like whiskey, is
good in its 14ace, but is and has been
harmful as a basis for a cotton crop.
As a leader there is no better crop for
our farmers, and we should give to it
that intelligent study that it deserves;
there is one serious draw-back, how
ever, to our oat crop and only one
which I have carefully studied to rem
edy so far as my own crop is concern
ed and that is the freezihg out process
which has proyen so disastrous of late
Last season I planted one hundred
acres in oats, and planted in several
ways to satisfy myself which was the
surest way to get a good stand, and
the safest way of protection from
freezes. The first safe-gaurd is early
sowing always, as 'late sowing is
seventy-fite per cent. more liable to
freezeout than early sowing. I sowed
my crop in various ways to find out
the best mothod of putting in a crop.
Thelargest part, I prepared it nicely,
cotton seeded it well, then sowed the
seed and harrowed in the whole thing,
and such a stand I never saw on ground.
I next 'plowed in some very shallow
and then harrowed the grotund, get
ting as fine a stand as the first. Next,
I plowidsin some as deep as mules
could pull the plows, (1 mean one
horse plows), and harrowed the
ground, also got a finte stand. All of
this done in due season, not later than
20th October.- I then sowed some in
latter part of November and Decem
ber, all of which I plowed in about an
average depth. Some I harrowed and
some I left rough iih order to find out
if harrowing the ground had any efiect
on the stand; but being sowed late,
and the freezes commencing, not more
thtan three per cent. of them ever camne
up at all, being killed in the pi-ocess
of germination. Ninety acr-es out of
the hundred were killed out, .while
the remainium $en acres were far'from
having a f iz stand. Now the best
stand of the ten acres were those that
I plowed in d'eepest, and the next
best were those that I plowed in shal
low, while the poorest stand were
those I harrowed in..
IT ook occasion to notice .th
different ~ ing-adoptld by
nearest neighbors, and found about
the same results with them as in my
own fields.! I claim if we will plow
in the eatsfdeep and then harrow the
ground oper that the freezes will not
effect Jhe stand more thani ten per
pleGit which is a reasonable allowarce
~'for bad seed and weakly plants, where
if we put them in shallow, the stand
will be injured fully fifty per cent. I
give as my reasons the following: My
actual experiment for that purpose.
It is potent to all that where hats have
been sown on cotton land, you can
stand and tra'ce the original water
fur-rows between the old cotton beds,
by- the regular stand oif oats looking as
if thecy had been sown in drnills .Again
I can tell where the laps of two lands
is by the oats being more regular
along this ridge, leecause in plowing
along this lap the oat seed get twice as
much dirt throwvn over them, by
reason ofith- lapping process, as any
other part of the land. Yet again, I
can trace out every water furr-ow
between the lands wherec the oat crop
simply been harrowved in and am tun
able to account for it in any other' way
than by more of the soil being drnag
ged ';this furrow by the har-row.
Another reason why I believe deep
plowing inl of oats will save the stanld
is, that our freezes are seldom more
than t wo inches deep, and if the r~oot
of the oat is down deep in thme war-m
earth below whgre the cold penetrates.
it certainly will live although the top
may be bitten off by cold. All vege
tiaron has a tendency to come out
'7again when the top is taken off fromi
any cause whatever but the r-ed ont
has a wvonderful tenacity in this dircc
tion, even coming out and making two
distinct iseed' s. My attention was
calledja fgact last year when I
w ye my mules some grecen
half an acmre of oats cut
rec in the milk state, and
and made another crop
so good as the first, yet
igood oats. I came to
that any plant that
and mature after being
stage of deve lop~ment,
' o m---ufer from any cause, so
is the roots remnained intact, and
itv will plowt the oat deep
tM roots will be
tion of so mav harrows in stnte
we never heaid so much complain of
freezing out, and I regard the 9ommon
use of barrows for putting iv, the oat
crop as the main cause of so mnuch
trouble with bad stands. Of course
there are othir causes, but I regard
harrowing in is the chief cause. There
is one more theory upon which 1 am
undecided, simply because I have not
had an opportunity of testing it. I
beliere it has some bearing, but dc nt
know to what extent, and that theory
is, that our oats having become dimnat
ized, they have become more tender
from the eifects of so much warm
weather in the fall and spring, striking
the young plant first and then comiig
again on them nearer inaturity. If
some farmer will procure seed froni a
colder latitude and publish his expe
rience, he will cont'er a great tavor on
the generally. No one need fear punt
ting the oat seed too deepi in the -ioutid,
as I have fully tested that and find I
can get. a good [stand -it eight inr
I would Iike to hear froni sonn tt
the older headz on this -ubiject. men
who have been long inl the bilsinle!C-,
and who have made it a study.
All we need in this cotntry to make
our agricultural interests a success, is
to give it its dues in the way of brain
work, get out of the old channels, stop
planting cotton only as a surplus and
inaking every plantation self-stistin
ing, and last but not least, stop the
nezro from killing miiles by starvation
and other equally as barbarous meth
ods. If we could and would devoec
all our time and attention to our
farming interests, it would bring about
that grand .igriculzural revolution
which I claim must come cre we will
have any substantial progress or solid
improvement in this country; then
and not until then, will we have that
"New South" they are writing so much
Let us not leave the whole rgricul
tural department in the the hands of
the old men, but let cur yotung men
lav hold and make it an honorable
calling instead of a disgrace as many
of us consider it now. S. it. n.
Tobacco Culture.
The following interesting letter, re
ceived from Commissioner Butler, will
also appear in the regort of the State
agricultural department on the 1.5th
September 21, 1is5. 5
Col. A. P. Butler, Commissioner of
Agriculture, Columbia, S. C.-Dear
Sir: Realizing, after eight years' ex
perience, both in planting and renting
out land for the cultivation of cotton
in this section, the necessity of finding
another or rather additional money
crop, I began two years ago to inves
tigate and study the cultivation and
curing of tobacco. I soon became
convinced that a portion of my land
was adapted to the growth of "bright
yellow" tobacco, the production of
which has done so much of late years
to enrich certain sections of North
Carolina and Virginia. Whether our
clinate would prove equally suitable
could be proven only by actual exper
iment. This experiment I decided to
In November last I employed in
Vance county, N. C., a young man
versed in tobacco culture and curing,
and on the first day of January, 1865,
began work to prepare for mny first
crop. Desirous of giving it a fair trial
I ceared out and prepared for culti
vation seven acres of original for-est
land of good quality and of the pr-oper
kind for the growth of bright tobacco,
viz., of gray satndy top soil with po0
rous yellow sandy subsoil. I also
selected about ten acres in different
lots of old lan~ds, part in small pines of
second growth, part in broom sedge,
and about two act-es in a fine state of
cultivation, all of same chat-acter aa
new ground already described. All of
this, by repeated plowings and harrow
ing, Ii-educed to the finest tilth during
the months of March,'April and May,
and in the latter month prepared thetm
all for the reception of my plants-first
manuring them-the new gi-ound with
200 pounds of blood ammoniated sup
erphosphates, (manufactured by the
"Domestic Fet-tilizer Company of Co
lumbia,") and the old land with a com
post of stable manure, cotton seed,
kaitnit and acid phosphate at the i-ate
of a little more thau 1,000 pounds per
scre, both applied in the drill and bed
ded in as for cotton, and afterwards
"hilled" by checking with a stritight
shovel and drawing up with hand hoes
and "patting" to r-etain the mnoistur-e
tid tiidcate the place for settinig the
'plant. ~~.this wvork I sound easy,
and by the 10- of May had all my
tobacco land ready with two hor-ses
and three extra hoe ha '1a-two of
them boys tunder 15 year-s. n , di
tion I had planted twelve acres in cot
ton, about the same in corn, besides
garden and patches. My plant beds
wet-e pr-epared in Jantuary and Febr-u
ary, part on uptlatnd anid part On br-anh
bottoms, the object being to pr-ovide
for- the extr-e~me of wet or dry, and
with the hope of securing plants for
ea-ty settitng from the warm upland
beds. The seed, all of best varieties
frotm yellow tobacco virguns of Notht
Caroitna, caine well amid proved ver-y
hardy, some eveni standing the severe
tast of thi-ee or four inches of snow
without hurt in the middle of Matrch.
Fom this date (Mar-ch 17) to about
the 10th of June, however-, we had
p)ositivelv no raitn, not even a shower
ini Apt-il, pr-ober-bial for- her smiles atnd
teats. In the latter' par-t of May we
had two small showers, but not enough
to wet the gr-ound halt an inch, so miy
uplatnd beds did prtactically no0 good,
tme dry cold did pr-actically nto good,
the dr-y cold wind "blowinig the platts
of the bed," as the saying goes, and
the ''flea beetle" and "fly's liter-ally
eating upl what recmainded. My bot
tom beds, hiowevetr, did thieii full dty
and furniishied ime all the piantts I nteed
ed or had time and seasonm to set.
The fit-st shower ini May (about the
20th) 1 set 15,000 ltants, of whieb,
pehaps 10,000 lived. The secottd
shower, abotut the 28tht, I set 24,000 ,
savitg not tnote thtant 12,000, the hot
sun atnd dr-y gr-ounid killintg the hailt.
I thent set about 10,000 with water-, (a
sow, tediotus anmd costly process:)
two-thir-ds of these lived atnd did well.
About the middle of June I succeetded
ini getting' all my lan once see, and
pehaps, had 40,000 plants then ;ivitng,
but the terrible dry hot weathlur im
mediately ther-eatter killed 10 or~ 12,
000 of them, amid it was ntot until thme
4th of July that we had a seasoni suiffi
cient to wet the'gt-outd, antd, late as it
was, I r-eset etnough land to big moy
living platnts uy to 50,000, or enough
scatteed over- 17 act-es of latnd to piatt
10 acres fully. Frmt thme 4th of July
to 2th Auguist we had tnot a drnop of
raii, and, of cour-se the tobacco gr-ew
slowly, but the grounid hav-itng beeni
oice wet it did tnt die, anid I cotn
Stined to woi-k it, pltoughinig eachm way
one htarrtow to the i-ow, with 20 inch
sweep,) followin I hand hoes,
drawing dirt to tW >lant each time.
I found the cultivaui-ai very easy; rap
idly done, and well suited to negro
labor. Up to the 20th July I had no
trouble with the horn worm, butabout I
that tiue they appeared in vast and
increasin'g qnantities, and before I
I could get iny raw negro hands "'edu
cated"~up to the point of catching all
of them, big and little as they went,
thle ones left behiind, ail growing rap
idly to enormous size, had done me
great injurv. As soon as the worms
appeard i also took measures to reduce
their numbers by poisoning the moth,
whose egg laid on the unier side of I
tihe tohalco leaf, prodtuces the worm.
To this end, in the cnltivation (if the I
crop, I lml inrn.d- ttd myli hoe hands<
to -pare all plintt- o1 ihe . Jimpon
(./wes/wru) weed bond growing in
the tobacco bill-, the seed goingr to the
tiehd with i V4it clinpost, I sippos'e, antd
the continience wa : that in each lot
I had a few very tiouri!-Ihing stalks of
.1 impuhan just 'cominilg into bloom.
Within these bloom, which are the
'avorite food of the '"hawk moth," and
which are open at night and closed in
daylight, or, at least, sunlight, I each
eveninz injected a few drops of swett
ened water, pretty well colored with
coball, 1,uig a small machine oil can4
with spring bottom as an injector. I
S0on begani to find the dead rloths,
and in less thai a week's t~ime had the
sat iste ionl to note, tirst a decrease in
the eggs and young worins, and in
two weeks' timte a total disappearance
of all excelpt th - old worms neglected
inl previous wormling; nor have I been
bot hered with them since, excespt once,
when iy Jimapson weeds being nearly
killed bv the continued doses of cobalt
I discontinued the use of it a few days,
when I found the worms again ap
pearilg and voung moths growing nu
nieroms in the miehls. A few, two or
three, does a we-' has kept them under
ever since; and right here I will say
that I believe if I had commenced the
use of the cobalt as soon as the first
Jinipson bloom appeared 1 siould
have csc:aped the worms almost alto
My tobacco showing seed-buds first
abotit 15th July-the first planting-I
topbed cnongfi for one barn about
July 20. This tobacco was cut and
put in barn A ugust 25; cured out
August 29, and the specimens I send
you are from it.
After the rain, 29th August, it all
grew rapidly, and for the first time
)v e some trouble with the suck
er-s, which have been or should be re
ntoved each week until ready for the
knife. I find the additional difficulty,
resulting from the rain of that date,
that all my bottom leaves on the older
tobacco i-e ripe and all the tips or top
leaves are green and growing. As,
however, I must get through by frost,
curing two barns a week, and having
barely time to do that, I am compelled
to cut, and the result is that while I
have a fair show of bright tobacco,
suitable for wrappers, I have a very
unreasonable amount of green tips
which no skill and care will make any
thing else of. For this the season is
rcs:.on&iblc. If we had had raiins,
even an average amount. of it in the
spring and summer, all the tobacco
would have been ripe to the top and
ready for the knife by this time.
I built me two curing barns of most
approved style: fitted then with dou
ble return flues, costing barns com
piete, about $95 each, and find them
to act perfectly. I have already cut
and cured eight barns of from 400 to
500 pounds weight of cured leaf, and
expect to cure six or, perhaps, seven
more. I have also built a most sub
stantial packing house, 40 by 20, two
flootrs, giving me capacity for storing
aboumt .'35 boxes, besides room for strip
ping and handling. I will prepare my
tobacco ~r market during the warm
-et spel h in the winter months; will
pack it ini hogsheads and ship to some
market in North Carolina or- Virginia,
and whem I get returns will tell you
more about it a~s a money crop. Thus
far I have dcmonstrated to my own
1st. That our soil and climate are
best adapted to the production of fine
ellow tobacco.
'2d. That the kind and abundance of
labor we have is (with good manage-I
ment, a good stock of patience, due al
lowance for ignorance and consequent
inefficiency, until taught,) peculiarly
favrable to its production as an auxil-<
iary cr01).4
3d. That 1 shall enlarge my facilities 1
for curing and storing, and next year
shall extend the productioni on my own I
place by inducements held out to my
tenants to plant two to four acres to
the family, to be worked by them, (ini
which operation women and children]
can be most profitably employed dur
ing the idle season of August and to
th Septemnber,) and aftewards, when
ra cure, to be sold on hill or
cured on s .as agreipon..
4th. That you have not heard tTe
last of tobacco growing as an industry
i this section.t
I send you a few hands of "bright,"
running fromt first grade leaf to bright
"lug," wvhichl you cant place with other 1
South Carolina ptrodiucts in Agricul
tural llall, remembering that bright
ellow tobacco will stand neither
hndliug nor li'ght, (excessive) and
that it should not be subjected to the
extremes of wet and dry. These spec
imens have never yet been bulked, and
arc not at their best, but may at least
rank as curiosities, coming, ats they dto
fromn the lrst buirn of flue cured
obacco ecer cured in the ~State, I
(Ag ust :29, 1885,) so far as I k now,
andi certainly the tirst cured in whatt
will one dar be the celebrated vellowC
tobacco region of Chester countyv. t
I am very respectfully, your-s .to
commiandl, W. It Davius.
Counterfeiting a Valuable Article. ;
The publisher of the Mladis.in County j
Reica writes from Iluntsville, Am-k.,| t
as to the ell'ect of Birownm's Ir-on Bitters '
on his wife. M1r. Daugherty says, y
"M1v wife has been usingr the Bitters t
for sonme mnoths; the cefi'et in her case
is remarkable". Hie also writes that
owing to couniterfeits and imitations,t
it was difficult to get the g!nuine at-ti
ele. That ditiienity is now -cieedied:
inittors htatie been exposed anid putt a
r flight. T1her-e, as elsewhiere Bi-own's r
Iron Bit ters cani be had of all the re
spect able dIrtmgists at a dollar a bottle. ~
-James 1B. Clary, whlo lives seven
miles fi-om Newbetrry, while in a fit of
deiium trements imagined that he ,Tas o
being attaicked by a crowd of negroes. p
In tiriing at his imnaginar-y enemies, one tI
of the balls from his pistol str-uck hts y
little son, aged six, making a very is
serious wound. At this time it is al
thought the little fellow will recover. ti
ADvIcE T' MIOTiIElis. -
Ms. wissi.>w's sOTlx~a Ssat- should at
ways be used r'.r chIldrern tee-thing. It soothes~ D
the child. softens~ th' guins, anars~ altl) pain.1
urs whll c0oI. aatd Is the hIst relu.-dr for
ttlarrhe .. Twe-nty-t~ive cents a bottle. 0
'acts of Interest, Gathered from Various
-The trial of Ferdinand Ward con
tenced ot Molnday.
-Iullior. in the BInk of England
ncreased EXS,216 during I lie past week.
-New York city is to speid S1,000
or water lillies to be placed in it parks.
-There were reported throughout
pain on Thursday 167 new c ses of
holera and 56 deaths.
-"Libtiy Enlilitenig the World"
Vants $40,000 tmore for chainso and 1
=Chors to keep her steadfast.
-The Porte has issucd a circular to
he Powers stating that the ariamenits
>f Greece are a nienace to peace.
-Jar Goubl's family have an intcome
it '1,100,000 a year from their invest.
Itet in Missour i Pacitic Railroad stock.
-The I)emtocrars of Dakota have
leterminied to take no part in the elec
ion lox' a Coxtit ittiol lox Soull Da
-It is undertood that the sentence
>f death of the leader of the hall-breed
ebellion in Canada will be conuuted
,o life-loxn servitude.
-The Archbishop of Canterbury has
Irawn Itp special prayers for use int his
lioce.,e with relerentce to the approach
ng g-eneral election itn En'tglantd.
-('apitalists froml Dunllap, Iowa,
inve fortied a coipanty with $150,000
aid up capital for a private savings
)antk at Chattanooga.
-The Swedish bark Zacharias,
,apt. Etndresen, which left Wi!mitg
otl, N. C., otn April 21, for Hull, is miss
ir, ,nd it is feared that she is lost.
-The President has appointed C.
Ueyer Ziltick, of Arizona. to be Gov
nror of Arizona, rice Frederick A.
-A. W. Shaw, bettor known as
'Josh Billings," died at Monterey,
_al , otn the 14th inst., of apoplexy.
rhe body was embalmed and seit East.
-lIaulan and Lee won the Pleasure
[sland boat race near Albany, N. Y ,
>v three lengths in 18 iniutes and 24i
;econds, defeating Conley and Court
-In St. Louis all the street car lines
re running nearly if not quite a full
omplentit of' cars without nolesta
ion, and the police guard has beenx
edneed one-half.
-The iarine hospital bureau is in
otmed that cholera is incieasing in
ataliy in Palermo, and that. yellow
.ever is onl the increase in Guiaymap,
-The Court of Akibarna Claims has
efused to reinstate J. F. Manning, the
ttortey whose denunciation of the
ourt led to the recent otlicial investi
ation of its expenses.
-There are at least twenty cases of
;mallpox in Marinette, Wis , the dis,
ase havixig been brought there by a
Ioutreal citizen. Four deaths have
dready occurred.
-Thirtv counties in Kansas have
ominatei Prohibition tickets, and it
s expected that at least axn equal num
er of Prohibition tickets will be
hosen in additiottal countier.
-There were forty-one deatls from
mallpox in Montreal on Tuesday,
ight in St. Cunegonde, five in St.
enri, five in St. Jean Baptiste, one in
t. Gabriel and two in Hachelaga.,
-George E. Gill, aged scvcnxty-ve.
vIo recettiv removed to 'Chattanooga|
'rom Wihninton, Del., was killed by b
tfreight traili at the outskirts of the
ity last week while taking a walk.
-The Harvar'd College antnex, so
:alled, opened its seventht year On
ionday with sixty-five y'ountg womenl
mrolled1. It niow, for thie first timne
ias a house of its own, and its enidow
nentt amounts to $85,000.
--Bids wex'e opented at the Treasu-r
eparttmetxt last week fox' the Brick an
toxie work ott the new Federal bail
ng at Lynchburg, Va. A. M. M
iowaxn, of Washington, was the lo
st bidder at $26,700.
--The lanid office at Washington I
-eceived a communicationi stating
)r. Pow~ers, who was a Goverxum
vitness it the prtosecution of' a fr't
ent land case in Califorxnia, has
lain by J. F. Pruitt, onec of t
-The Georgia Legislature adjoxt
m Thursday, after' a summer' s.
if otne httundred days. The mo.
>ortant hill passed was the g
ocal optiont law, untder which)
emper'ance elections will be I
rarious coutnties. )
-The Wayne county, Michi.,
ast week, decreed that the l:)
ibitixg the manufacture anid
dcholic liquor' is uncontstitutiK
echtnical r'easons, and becaus
rented men front enigagingi
nate busintess.
if Pittsburg, Pa., have decided to sta
heir Elizabeth mine at the three-ce
ate. This is one of the lar'gest mitn
m the river', and the coticessioxi of
ate demanded is ani important vict
or the strikers.
-An effort is soon to be mnade to
luce the State departmettt to take s
ctioni itn the nmatter of the cont
~eeral at Par'is. Thxis is otne of
nost sought of the cotnsulates,
her'e ax'e said to be fouir hutndred
licantis upont file for' it.
-The New Yor'k gutbe
iaignt brintgs ont
.ttetiotn to mnattet
o do with thxe issues.
fGovernxor Jlill's brot
le outside points which
-A gtreat sensationt has beexn
ai Qitncy, Ill., by the publica
be details of the defalcatiotn of
t. Conley, secr'etary atnd ttreas
he Qiincy Gaslightt anid Cok
any. His pectnlations coy
eriod oi eleven year's atid aix
>from $22,000 toi $30,000.
-Pr'esidext Lincoln wenit
eater often to for'get his cares
ot so frequenitly. Hayes
rthurx wenit ever'y time the
tyting woxrth seeinig. IHe
ospitable to actor's anid actr'e
residenit Cleveland does ntot
mch for the theater, but lie
-Letters froxm Biexnville P
,st week give particulars of
Sterror which has exist
rish for some time. The
x trouble was a tneighbor'h
:embers of sever'al families
ken fromi their' homies an
id otherwise mtaltreated.
s were shot anxd, it is t
ouded. Goverxnor 3
vestigationt of the mat
isti.t Judge, hats o
tilty parties be arrtes
1. Severald have be
L Virg
)f Stan'
1n the r
en an1
nen. Ker
u1tended to
net inl the el
rounlds, Br.
>nie arin andt
iand. :earce
Kierner placed
Brown's body
eigtwo inae
Kern Ir was at 4)
ried to jail. li
Ihe opein4 air whel
We nintes. 'I
wvildfire thrloughI 11
Il tweity liillie:Cs
rellt ill threat.- <
mayor ordered :L 11
Ihe jail. Brown
Prosperous younl
arally liked. Ker?
prominent and w
at college some y
fellow-Student in
[onl trial he
Iriends claim 1tha
Inced, and insani
bis defence.
Union Worknen
seIge a IBoardil
At an early
large force of
Marinette, WVi.
a thouzand strt
body across
and surrounde
peliter Coln)
beforC the iel
not allowing
This act is th
held there by
at which it
noll-mniol in
refusekd o si
other mil
allowing th
dav's work
the balance
claimsi, that
pany was
men in th
work at th
fore the la,
and right
force: tha
of luen a
from thi
made or
mills wi
pany is
be run
in ..
but si
Many a Lady
is beautiful, all but her skin;
and nobody has ever told
her how easy it is to put
beauty on the skin. Beauty
on the skin is Magnolia
A BIG OFFER. To introduce
them we will ,ive awav 1000 seif
operatin Washing Machines. If you
want one seLl us your naime, P. 0. and
express oflice at onve.
THE NAI IONAL CO., 2! Dey St.. N. Y.
Agents Wanted
X OS(QCIT OE to sell the5 .lagc
MOSQUITO BITE CURE, gives !nstant
reller. aild dilvos them away. Address
UALI..ADE & CO., 8 East 18th St., New York.
by one who was deaf twenty-eight years.
Treated by most of noted specialists of
Ii10 day with no benetit. Cared hinuelf
In three mionths, and since then hundreds of
oth-rs hrimme process. A plain. simple and
successmui line treatment. Address T S.
PAGE. 1:s 1..-t 26th St., New York City,
Established FAY'S 1866.
Manilla Roofing!
Resembles line leather. For Roofs, Outside
Walls. ad inside in place of Plaster. Very
stro.n :mii dur'ble. Carpets and Rugs of same
matm*riai. Catalo'.ue with testlinonials and
saniples FlIEE. W. u. FA Y & CO. Cam
den. N. J.
Nrkor's TolleO
If you have Dyspepsia, Rheumati!m, Kilney
or Urinary Complaints, or If you are troubled
with any disorder o; the lungs, stomach, bow
els, blood or nerves you can be cured by
PARxa's Tosic.
163 William Street, New York.
Is the BEST coinstreuted and
tlnishd TurbIne in the world
It gives better peresntzge
wit part or :ull garr. anid is
iold for LESS MONEY r
Horse Power than any o iier
Pamohler FREE by
Columbia Xusic House
Piojbs md rnls
O 0
N. W. TRUMP, Manager,
A REMEDY endorsed by the best Physi
Cians and Drnggists at its home.
A REMED)Y that Mr. C. W. O'Neill, Good
water, Ala., says raised his wife from an
invalid's bed, and he believes saved her
A EMEDY of which a prominent Atlanta
merchanh aid: "I would have given $500
as soon as I would a nickel for what two
bottles of your medicine did for my
A REMEDY in regard to which S. J. Cas.
sell's,[j , Drtuggist, Thonmasville, Ga.,
says: ~~i-recall instances in which it
afor< &rif after all the usual remedies
A REMEDY about which Dr. Rt. B. Fer
rell, LaGrange, Ga., writes: "I have used
for the last twenty years the medicine
you are putting up) and consider it- the
best combination ever gotten together
for tile disease for which it is -com-.
, REMEDY about wi"'
tlanta, said: " . Joel Braham, -
anid have' , e earamined rk.
iesitation in advis
g ts .. , .:nd confidently reconmmend
IEDY which the Rev. UI. B. John
, near Marietta, Ga., says lie has used
da faniily with the "utmost satifac
"and r& en~iitided it to three fami
S"who founlid it to be just what it is
:MED )Y of whieh Peimberton. Iverson
eiinison say: "~We nave beent selling
or many years, with coiistantly in
asing sales. The article is a staple
-ithi us, and one of ab.el1ate merit."'
IEMED)Y of which Lamar, Rankin &
,~amar say: "We sold 5o gross in four
onthis, aiid never sold it in any~ place
w.hat it was wanitedl again.''
EMEDY by which Dr. Baugh, of La
ange, Ga., .::ys: "I cured one of the
>st obstinatCecases of VicARlious MEN
acLAvioN that ever camne within my
owiedge, with a few bottles."'
EMEDY of which IDr. J1. C. IBuss, of
itisuiba, Ala., says: "I anm fully, con
nieedt that it is unrivaled for that class
disease.s which it claims to cure.''
EMED)Y about which MEijor Jolin C.
hitner, of Atlanta, well andl favorably
own all over the United States as a
.neral Insurance Ageiit, says: "I usedl
is remedyl before the war, on a large
mntation oni a great number of cases,
EMIEDY about whlich Mr. J. W.
ranige, of Cartersv'ille, Ga., ceritifies
at onet bottle cured two i'ii membes of his
milyof enstua!irregutlarity of liany
This Great lRemnedy is
dfield's FEMALTE Regulator,
,md for TIreatise on the Health and
piness of Womnani, mailed free.
Box 28, Atlanta, Ga.

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