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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, March 24, 1886, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063760/1886-03-24/ed-1/seq-1/

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In Advance.
Now Winter is fghting his battles
With :nany an icicle lance,
But I'm writing a "gentle spring" poem
With the editors wish "in advance."
It is full, as is usual, of violets,"
It alludes to the "robin's first peel),"
Though a blizzard's a daily occurrence
And the snow-drifts are Seven feet deep.
But the cditors-singularcreatures.
Towvbom I am bound hand and foot
Grap at Father Time's typical forelock,
Till it's nearly pulled out by the root.
For vicy get 'way ahead of the season,
In a manner most wily and arch:
So that wbile you are reading December
They fnich the number for March.
And be who would hope for acceptance
Must strife up betimes with his tune,
And sing Harvest Home in Mid-Winter
And jingle his sleigh-bells in June.
So when my spring powrm Is fnished,
No rest does my weary pen get:
I must write a review of a novel
Which isn't itself written yet'
-Bessie Chandler, in Century.
It was the week before Christmas, and
Miss Polly Pritchgrd sat alone in her
little room. dilig-ently at work.
So far it had Yeen a hard winter, with
the ground all iron-bound with cruel
frost; the river clad in steely links of
ice, the skv full of snow, and wind, and
tempest. But Miss Polly was very com
fortable in the little red farm house, of
which she occupied one wing. the other
being rented out to Farmer Gribbage
and his wife.
There was always a cheerful fire of
logs blazing- on the open hearth, always
a plant at tie window, and a cat purring
on the rug.
"To be sure, it's rather lonely," said
the little old maid to herself, "never to
have a soul to speak to. But it is what
one must expect when one outlive's
one's family and friends!"
So she sat here on this grey winter's
afternoon, singing some half-forgotten
song, and plying her busy needle, when
Mrs. Gribbage, the farmer's wife, came
"Dolls, I declare!" she exclaimed,
looking at the boxes on the table; and,
as her quick eye fell on the work in Miss
Polly's hand, she added: "And, as true
as I'live, you're a-dressin' 'em."
"Yes," said Miss Polly, coloring a
soft autumnal pink.
"For the toy-shop?" said inquisitive
Mrs. Gribbage.
'-Well-no!" acknowledged Miss Pol
lv. --They are for the little girls in the
orphan asylum. They don't have any-!
one to think of their Christmas, you
"Well, I declare!' reiterated Mrs.
Gribbage. "Why, there's eighteen of
'em. You don't mean to say that you're!
dressinc- eighteen dolls?"
"Y,' said Miss Polly in deprecating
"Humph! Well, I just came in to tell
vou that I'm goingup to Miss Georgietta
l'ullerton's to tea.
- "Are vou?" said Miss Polly.
Mrs. &ribbage nodded complacently.
"Didn't they ask vou?" said she.
Miss Polly shook her head.
'-Well, it's your own fault," said Mrs.
Gribbage, not without asperity. "Look
at that old faded turned dress of yours.
Miss Georgietta Fullerton is very p:irticu
lar about her dress. And now that she
is engaged to be married to the
Miss Polly gave the least perceptible
start at these word. and asked:
"Is she engaged to be married to
"So folks say," complacently an
swered Mrs. Gribbage. -And I'don's
suppose lhe could hake made a better
match. Miss Fullerton is an excellent
housekeeper, and has got a little money
of her ow~n. Andl it is high timne there
was someone :at the p:ar'onage to keep
those four noisv ehildre-n in order.-'
And Mrs. O;ribbage sailed away in
her rustling silk gown and red plum'ied
hat, leaving Miss Polly alone with her
The parson sat alone, also. that grey
threatening December afternoon, in his
little study', with a heap of sermon-paper
in front of him.
He had sait dlown to write his Christmas
sermon; but, someohlow. the ideas refused
to come.
There w.as a general aspect of forlorn
ness about the room. which the poor
man realized, but could not explain.
"It's all yery uncomfortable, said Mr.
Mellen to himiself, biting thoughtfully
at the feather end of his qutill-pen.
"And, somehow, 1,alway's feel it more
at Christmas time thatn at any other.
Hear those children scream! One
would think they might play without
making quite so much noise. But they
are not managed as they' were when
poor Isabel was alive. I suppose I am not
a goodl disciplinari:m, or p~erhiaps I
should have them in better training.
Really. I don't know but that the goodI
ladies in my congregation are right. and
that I ought to
"Get married again!" Robubie Mellen's
shrill little voice tuttered, just at this
moment. '-Oh. I like that! That's a'
iretty note! Our father get married
again! Nonsense. Bell; :-omeone has
been cramming you!"
"But it's true," retorted little Bell,
full of indignation. '-and yotu needn't
laugh. I heard old Miss Grampus say
so to Miss Collyer, last *eek, when they
all thonohlt I was asleep on the bed, at
Sewing Society-that papa was going to
marry again.
"Who was it?" breathlessly (lemand
ed Janie, a tatll girl of eleven. -'The
lady, I mean?"'
"They' didn't say~," Bell answered.
"Miss Georgie~ Fullerton, I bet!"
shouted Robbie. "Oh. I wouldn't like
her for a mother."
"Who would vou like?" retorted
Janie scornfully.
"Oh, ' don't~ know," answered Rob
bie. "Not her, anyhow. She scowled
at me one day when I stepped on the
train of her dress. And I heard her
say, -Clumsy boy!' to her sister."
"'And she was very right," didactic
ally observed Janie. "You are a clumsy
boy. Rob."
"Perhaps,- said JoL!n, "it's Mr's.
Bricknor. There's a stunner for you.
Ain't she always dressed like the Queen
of Sheba?"
"I can't bear Mr's. Brieknor'," said
Bell. "She latughs too loud, and her false
teeth don't lit,'and I don't think she
likes little boys and girls. She looked
real cross ai the birthday-party when
we had them funny games, and told
Mrs. Fenwick that' she didn't think
maantanoM bn haflowed to make so
maca noise.
"Pil tell von who does love children,
tugh. suddelv exelaimined Janie;
and I love her too, and I wish papa
would marry her. 31ss Pollv Pritehard."
"What, tihat Miss Polly that has the
blue 31altese eat, and the red cardinal
hird?" said liolbie. "Well. it ain't a
bad idea. She gave me somo bread
and-jam the night I got lost blackberry
ng on the hills, and told me such a nice
story about Fortunatus and his Purse
when I was resting onl her sofa."
--Yes, and what do you think?"
eterly struek in Janie. -'She's .ress
in! eighteen dolls, now, for the poor
ittle orphan girls in the aSyhnn, and
she has bought eleven jack-knives., be
:-aue site say's all chiidre'n ouglt to have
a Chr'istmas." .
*"hes a trump." dielared Ronbie,
pounding both hands down ipon the
table. "I deelare I'vt most a mind to
marry her mysel! But look here,
Jantk', ain't you goingtI to heIl a fellow
with these long-div ision smt::e. b efore
papa calls 11 in to recie?"
And then the noise of four ialking to
rether drowned the sense of what they
5aid. and Mr. Melien, smiling to him
elf. )uelCd back bj:n pen 1 anl sermon
-0Ot of the moumbs of bahes and
zueklings,' lie said mildly. 'Who
knows but that tie little ones' Ve(u's
ave been sent to guide my i :ep s
right? It wvasa sweet :mdI ( racous
idea. that of preparing a Chri.-an;a for
he little homeless ones w'h have no
)arents to take tfodk-rlthou .t lor the.
[ think I will goi OUt and <net I my
roubled meitations wtith. a
And his walk lui h~m to tiw lilu red
arm honu' in wh.e win ' :-- Polly
Britchard sat dOgemly at wor ove'r
he eischteen dolls.
The parson w:as a sensible straiiht
orward man. who comprehenih- ione
)f the sinuoust wil;-s of swiety. H1
'noeked at the door :nd w:tlkol in.
All looked cosv and c' mfortable the:e.
.rom the big geranin in the window
mnd the Maltese eat on the rug, to tle
saded lamp and the work-basket bo
-do the prim littie spinster.
And Po i hlr-welf. with hr
thicl brown hair coiled Ina inot :t the
back of her lad,:-nd a faint earnatio
li bloom onl her celewk. was not the
s:t attractive et-m'nt of the sene.
--So these are the dolls for the l:ttle
aits and strtvs of h;nant-eh?"
..id the personi king kindly at tihe
inaden lady.
-Yes." said 2tiiss Povy. "But
on't know how vou heard anythlin
:bout it, Mr. delilen. It was to be a
proound scet."
"I will keep it, iust profoundily."
aid the parson.
"You see," blu.shingly explaied 31i.
Poliv. "I anm fond of chlidren, and it's
real' pleasure to nev to do anyv ag foi r
the little :hin-s. I've often thourt I
should like to'adopt a eidd.
"Miss PollV." said the lr-son" blttuly.
"that is the 'very buiness I have come
to Vou about. What do Vou sy to
do'ting four?"
"Four?" receated M.Nss Poll.t
--Yes." said the pison. A'line And
their father thrown into the bargain.
What do you say, 'Miss Polly? Will you
marry me?"1
"I-i afraid I amt not good enough.
said Miss Polly, with a little grasp. as if
the tide of unexpected happiness was
surging up into her very throat.
,-If ever there was a good Chnistlan,
Polly, vou are one," said the parson.
"Or else," putting his haid lightly
upon the tiny heap of dolls, "you never
would have taken all this troutble for
Christ's orphaned little ones. Only say
'Yes' Polly'. Thtat is all I want."
And Polyt said "Yes.'
Mrs. Grib~bage wtas quite inetredulous
when she came home and heard the
new s.
"I thought it wvas to be Georgietta~
Fullerton, sa:-e enotugh," said sihe.
"But how ever came Mir. MIellen to
think of vou?"
"I am' sure I don't know," said Miss
Polly with humility.
So. like the old.~time fait'y stories, our
tal endls. "And they lived happily
ever after." For M1rs. Mellen was a
model stepmother, and the four young
rebels at the petrsonage loved her
fTis was Miss Polly Priteliartd's latst
Christmas in loveless o'olitutde. For
when the next Christmias e:une she war
the happy little inistress of the parsonage
How Many Hours for Steep?
There is an old saving that has
frightened a great mitany peole from
taking the rest thatt naturle dlemtanded
fot' th'emi. '-Ninte hours ar'e entotugh for a!
fool.'' TJhey may be: :tni not too nmany'
for a wise man wvho feels thatt lhe needs
them. Goethte, whten performing his
most prodi-giouis litera;'y featts, felt that
he needed nine hours: wthat is better, lie
took thema. W~e pr'esumen it is conc'eded
by all thoughtful per'isons that the brain
itti'very yotung chtildren. say' three or
four vears of age. re-inires afll of twvelve
hotr; in rest, or .,1e'p. 'lThis petriod is
shortened grtaully utl .at fout' n
years of age, the boy' is fonnd to ne
only ten hours. When full grown aond
in a-htealthy' condition, the mntz mttay
ind a ntighit of eighit hours sumeiient to
repor' the exl;utiont of the day and
new-rentle htim for the mtorrow. But if
ie discoier that he' niers me'-: .4;> he
seohl take it. There is sur'ely some
tigt wrtong about ]hn: perhaps au for
giotteni w"ate mus't be0 rted. His
seep, evid'ntly.te La i. u' m''e up;
and uit at. and-he can rgt
should setnibil c (onclude' to let his' itt
stnct 'otrol ido aindtl in i-.
3IUargare't Sir1!:ey/. Ln Go.- li.o kep
M1iss Guiinev, the' newt poet of lBoston,
is described ~as tatll and a :s iilthe :is a
wvillow wand. with a face-that has thtat
delicacy of contoutr atid relin,':nt of
feature'betokening a sensitive nattur'e,
the poetic nature ini a high degree. HeIr
mouth atnd ntose are lovely, but she mars
the expets-ion of hoer eyes by wearing
oton's ~in~'I,-le oa tomn. Miss Gui
nris. hiowever, nte'I'ar-t. and
would rthir' see what 'lheio dlohing than
to look tro v . .'eis fod of outdoeor
sports, h'~ad "ttn :.ik .m atld tar,
anti is a tremetion ;tt de triaa.
Tfhirty -two d"aily newspapet's are pub
llsad ihn New York.
.A Sinlru'ar K: -:.r:wikich is Prac
I think it w:.- hiere. write.s a clrre
soind.nt to he /llw i /etions, that I
w ''tnesl tiy i e I ever saw
1- lick bu n. - run ilto an I
ke by te |-t or hunting
leopar(d. '.yI k tn.nider this a low
Ind of sprt but I it is e;u:l to
aI partridge shooting. lies being aI
io-ttiful sig t. I .b l threfore de
sribe swe't: I e Vn w::t I saw. On
rvin' whil my friem ::, s Ie place of
leeting in tih jn1w w.! found a few
routgh-and-re I y-! 1;,n- n:tivs in
ciarce of tire.e or ratheur smll.:
two-urheeld pltie ,:'m. drawvn by iml
lockS. On ech -:ie -t, i -, an erect
attitude, a beaui:: ietopard, strongly
chlneid ad w:h 1a h'o4 over his eves,
similar to those ue-d for hawks. VWc
wer' .toonl umbra; and diingI to*-]
v. :rd the hrd of antos which could
be. seen grazin inP te distace and
vicCh h:o! bn nmarked down before
land(1. There was-. n. : y in getting
te e:rts to I t hin 1:-1 'rd.s tf the deer.
Then one of tht checa'is. a ine male,
wa n unhoodd !."d s: firee. Its depar
ture from h...ry. iits deci.ion in
c-. Tov. lin iln the
zpe i for ri: on ii-: prey were
HSoinstam1 w i ra :i t o he quite
mavloc 1 ni : '' ::naish from
th.....r ..nd.: ..-r :m.ously halt
vlar tow.rd i!:e in. ti:k 6bck it had
a'mzed out fr a :n at aOout
.h...yad..r :.t-::-picus troop
tev sudd(en 'beeln::' :are of the
dev'dly peril in. One and all
r m : &glvan c
b. nn PtiCc' (.eiect1d to Cs
e~'me teil' in~a til t:. in h hunting
c--thii. l uoe o hundred
vad, ufr th :e a i a wingless
n hmgs; : cin xn ; w Ssoon mn the
of the aIfrihted thrng. whieh
:-etuered1wik ly and *panie-stricken in
all direcon. theirt:ir-a fine1
bt :~ bc - 34sru don cn their
m T h *~ ,hi in his death
a . in t. ly. ei of IIis be:au
: a re.o d. fo- . We ran as htrd
:: :: o i :l; were soon surrounduin i 5t
Neithr an:.: mvi, for thc buck
ii b : startig eve- .
b:U an d :: -:ustiaalone gave1i
v :: !. ekl: n te0
.: spread out
nf his :itim . "
in m b: .s delicate ]
.a - th pm-ess of 1
1u i e : us with a 1
hn.Of ft~ 6n:- fiocity that be- t
: as his kepers rushed I
fi r by th hindt
l . T rone 1:m g1rowled Iiercelyi1
ad. tigh ning his eiu:ch, looke so ex
tre:nely dangerus thi I wa s far from t
envvlng those wa wre in such close t
proximity to in. ltu) they know their
tr:nie. "ith a lonig. sharp knife they
cut the deers throat anti caused the I
wvarm blood to spout in torrents into the
face of the half-wild benst, whose whole
frame now seemecd to thrill with ecstasy. f
One of thie oiperators. in the meanwhile,
caught a quantity of t-e crimson life f
stream in a wVoden e:\l. and forced
the steaming h:kd under the very nose
of the excited leopard. who, cuitting his j
hold, at one. begatn to lap with avidity. 1
While engaged in this process the leather t
1100d was swiftly chpd over his eves,
and the collar. vith two chains attach- C
ed, was adjusted re' ..,I his neck. While
this was going on a third man had cut
ofr one ot ti:- bucks hind legs. and this,
the "lion's .sare," was hieldi close to thce
bloody' chalie,. wich was no0 sooner
empl1tied thacn thce brute seied the mleat
thus prov'ided with a vice-like grip). 1
Eaceh chain was~ no0w grraseed by at
diffierent man. who. by keeping apart so.
that the tether remu:uned taut, kept
the leopard between them ini such a wayt
that neith~er was win~il reatch of his
elaws or teeth. Then the third individual,
whco had ever read his hold of the
sank-bone1 of the. leg of venlisoni, gently
dre~w the cheetahi to the little cart that
had now been brought close up. As t
soon as the beasbt felt himnself against <
the edge of his ow n failciar chariot he
sprang lightly upon it and proceded to 1
demolish his sneeulent morceatu at his
case. I now inspectd the carcass of
the deer, withm a view to ascrtaining, if
ossible, hcow the cheetahc hatd been able
SO inlstantanlleouly to s.tike dlown stuch
a powerful annl 'i'Innneduihately on1 get
ting up withl it. I at once observed a1
single long. deep gas5h in the flank,i
whlich was e'vientiv eausletd by tihe de-:
cisive blow. But I couldi not imagmne
with what weapon the leopard had been <
able to inflict this very strange-lookingi
svound, for the cheetah has a foot like a <
dog and his claws are not retractile. <
Turning then to the beast as it sat on:
the cart I insplect ed it closely and saw1
that tihe dew-claw, which in the (log ap
pears stuch a tuseless appendage, is repre- 1
snted in this brute by a terrible-looking4
talon exactil; suited to the infliction of
suca a gah
Gates o. Hanppiness.
All men and women shiould rt'Joice to
remain patrt child all throtugh life, how
ever long its course may run. The
gamnes, the dance, thce anecdlote, the as
sembly of friend-, the feast, are as much
a puart of hmnuanity as its natural power
to'latughi or to perivei' the points of wvit.
Ansemcent is (one of the forms of hut
mcan hlappinecss. This happiness, like
old Thebes, has a htindred gates for its
cmillng and g ong -thle gate of tears.
for m~ani weepis when hte is happy, amid1
muieiil or Inl revisiting? his miother's1
homne, thet gate of pensivenless, for lie is
happiy when he reads "Gray's Elegy" or
walks in the rustling autum leaves
the gate of admiration, for mnan is hap
ory amid the beauty of nat'are and of
-t: the gate of frienidship, when heart
idhs its comitpanion heart: the gate of
hope, for man is happy when the comn
inf day areiredl with these angel
igures' ofepectation. Of the~se hutndred
gates of happ4iness amus1lement makes
oe-phumlietd by the liuilder of hutmanl
life. It mlust open before us and we
may~t all pass icn andt out as. long as tihe
heart shlall remain unbroken lbv death
or grief. -Rc c. D)ai eU'ing.
Gen. Butler conlttiue to appiear in
the United States supreme court, Iis
residence is in Lowell, but he maintains:
1aw amCo in Bostonl and Washino-ton.
"As Ye Sow so Shall Ye Reap."
To rarry or not to marry. is a ques
Ion narv all must :nsw'r. To one side -
t is an unfair posit ion. for they iist
ic; 'oo from those who ask or -o
vit::.::mI the ineettaimv of future
ioramities a%,rS t) reat as to greatly
ii unce the :nswer, and so often do C
if-r events prove the mistrke thus c
liule, one cannot help wishing each
wrson was stampel with the address of
heir partners for life: this much settled'
)me factor of iistal:e would be removed,
tid whatever failt-findingr there must
w could not he aimed at either. As I
Uch a state of things cannot be. we 3
mist make the best oimatters swe find e
iemi. No doubt there is trouble on f
,oth sides, but it certainly is not iore
han half on the side of the woman.
he present rules of society are 1ost
avorable to both intentional and uin11
emional decepCtion: neither party*v can
niow mulch of the :ome life of the other C
imtil the irrvevocable step is taken. c
Coig peopl! are allowed to mingle to- c
:et her. forming associations from ]i
)ulse: taught to believe love will go
vhcre sent, and that love is blind, and
11 such nonsense, instead of knowing
or a c(rtaintv that reason should judge
lI1 things, and that matrimony means C
nore than unlimited freedom, with
omie one to constantly anticipate one's
Girls have learned that however
enible t1tey may be. unless they can
m. on 'tvle : md look hewitching. ten 1
h1 ances to one instead of ibeing honored l
or it, they will be snubbed and left to 3
anguish on the parntal bush until the s
rosts of fall have come: if young
lien cannot allord to marry it is t:eir
wn fault, for they have pt a premium
n dress and accomplishments in wo- E
nen, and its not their fault all woiuen t
re not extravagant and sellish, which t
hanks to innate good sense is not the
ase. Were men not so near stone
lind on this point they would have less
rouble in linding sens'ible wives, for in
verv town there is at least a score of C
ust a.s good, economical, sensible girls, C
s the good mother, men are so fond of f
iuoting. She probably does not excel j
a roller skating; I doubt if she knows
tow to dance, but she can and does
iel> mother, plays for home amusement,
nT:n enjoys readi'ng of the more substan- i
_l kind, but let me tell you young
nan if you are going to find her you v
vill need more of a recommendation e
han a gold-headed cane, a love of a
ustache and a rhine stone pin can
ive. or you will very likely fail to win
er for a wife. It is more than proba
dI, she can take care of herself and will
eed to see she is gaining a hclpmicet
:efore she consents to give up her liber- e
y and her name. But young men will t
tot geVt their eves open until mothers
ake the matter in hand and train their
ioys from the cradle up to be Men Fit
or Husbands. It is a lamentable fact c
at mothers seldom think of having h
his object in view. It seems to be the 11
eneral opinion, that some woman will t
10 able to live with the man, who, as a
oy, possessed such a violent temper it
ras almost impossible to live with him,
rho was coaxed, petted and spoiled a
om the cradle up, until by some fairy a
rocess he is to outgrow all these little C
ailings and develop into a Man Fit For o
Husband, just as easily as nature c
ives the downy upper lip when man- f
ood's estate is reached. The facts will r
ear me out in saying this is not always
e case-'as ye sow, so shall ye reap" I
-the ungovernied boy will make a more
r less tyrannical husband.-Amclia A. i
Vhitficdd, in Good Housekceeping. r
sfrcts of Competition in Rates of
The effect of free competition in trade S
s to bring the greatest competition to
lear on thiose things in which there is
he greatest trade. Trhus, there is the u
mallest margin of profit over the cost a
if produtction on the necessaries of life, s
le next smallest on the common Comn
orts, and the largest on the luxuries.
This effect is not caused by any design
in the part of traders nor from any t
>eneicent legislation on the part of t.
>oliticianis. It results from the opera- a
ion of natural laws of trade. The u
>perations of the same letws produce the
amie efl-eet on the rates of transporta
in. We find, as a rule, the lowest
ates on coal, wood, petroleum, iron,
tmber, etc.; the next lowest on flour, I
~rain, proviston, etc.; we then have 3
oots andl shoes, cotton and woolen f
~oods, clothing, etc.; anid then a vary- r
ng list of niore costly or perishable ar
icles and luxuries which are consumedr
n decreasing quantities. All the natur
l forces of competition which tend to C
educe the rates of transportation co-op. t
rate in producing this discrimination g
n things which are moved in the larg- r
st quantities, and which are, of course, i
onsumed in the largest amounts. The
imf of the railroad manager is to secure
rafflc. To do this he must make lower
ates on cheap commodities, with those C
lngs which comprise the necessaries -
f life. It results in distributing the c
iharges for transportation where they c
tre most easily borne. Not only do
le necessaries have the lowest rates
md the luxuries the highest, but the ne
essaries consumed in tle largest quan- C
ities have lower rates than those can- 1
umed in smaller quantities. We con- i
ume more fuel than bread, and more t
ood than clothing, while the rates a
ransportation follow the opposite order. I
This discrimination, though in favor
>f the necessaries and common comforts 1
f life, is none the less a discrimination. f
t actually results in favoring classes. I
[hose who consume but the necessaries, d
he day-laborers, are the most benefited; t
he artisans who consume, in addition a
o the necessaries, many of the comforts,
he next; and so on as higher wages ,
rovide more of the comforts, and these e
nerge into the luxuries.- Gerrit L.Lans- t
ng, in Popular Sciencc Monthly for f
Thle Indian wvife of "Warm Spring
Fonny," a white man, who since his
-hildhood hias lived with the Indians, I
lied near Albany, Ore., recently, of
img fever. Th'le 'husband, whose real
uune is unkniown, was well krnown in I
he early days of Oregon as an Indiant
icout, and' also served in the United
states airmy duringr the civil war. He
vas captured when a child by the In
lans and with them has even lost his
>wnl name. He has lived for many yearsC
vith his Indian wife in a little cabin
ac.- the Chanaoola River.
Ensilage for Stock.
We wish to urge most carefully up
n our farmer friends the importance
If putting up ensilage every year,
vith which to feed their stock. Ex
>erience has proved it to be the best
nd cheapest food that can be fed to
attle, and every farmer ought to use
t. The silos are buildings, formerly
>its, in which the green food (called
nsilage) is kept. In order that our
irmers may know how to make their
ilos we copy the following letter
ritten to the Richmond Dz-spaleh by
Ir. C. W. Garrett, of Halifax county,
sorth Carolina. He relates his own
xperience and his letter ought to be
arefully read, and every farmer
ught to build one or more silos. Tie
:llowing is Mr. Garrett's letter:
December 3, 1S85.
MY DEAR S:-I am just in receipt
f your favor of the 27th ultimo, in
uiring about my experience with en
ilage. I gladly comply:
I have been cutting up ensilage
nd my experience causes me to value
more and more highly as I learn
ow to take care of it more cheaply.
Vhen I built my first silos, in the
ummer of 1880, the idea was that
nly those built of cement or brick,
a the ground, would answer-the pur
iose, and costing at least $5 per ton
: build. Now they are built upon
be top of the ground, entirely of
rood and earth, and at a cost of 75
ents to $1 per ton. These keep the
usilage as well as those constructed
f cement or brick, and much more
onvenient, and involve less labor to
aed from. I have two wood silos,
uilt in 1881, above ground, and
olding 180 tons, both costing not
ore than $125, which are now in
.od order and full of ensilage, aud
ae been filled every year since they
,ere built. The contents, without
xception, have been fed in good con
ition. The silos I built in 1880, (of
ement below ground), held 125 tons,
nd cost me about $3 per ton. These
so have been filled every year since
-sometimes twice a year-and the
nsilage was not any better preserved
ban in those built of wood. Since I
egan to make ensilage, in the fall of
880, I haye fed iny horses, mules and
ows almost exclusively on it, and
ae yet to see any bad results from
;; on the contrary, I have been able
: keep them in much better condi
on than before I commenced its use.
a the year 1879 I had nine mules
nd horses, and about as many cattle,
nd besides the long forage I could
onveniently make on my farm, I paid
ut over $700 for hay, bought by the
ar-load in Richmond. I am now
eding fifteen head of horses and
iules and thirty head of cattle, and
ay out nothing for hay, and my
-rm is no larger than it was then.
he extra manure I now produce
ays me fully, I am persuaded, for
be cost of the ensilage. I use corn
nd cow-pea vines exclusively for en
ilage -the former I use is cheaper;
be latter makes the best ensilage.
For the past three years I have
.sed corn constantly for this pu'rpose,
fter it was sufficiently matured to
ustain no injury, when the blades
ere ripe enough for fodder. I pull
be corn, then cut the stalk down to
be ground-blades on--haul and cut
bem in three-quarter inch lengths,
ud pack in the silo; then weight as
sual. This makes a very desirable
od; the stock all like it, and I have
ever seen any bad effects from it.
)uring the three years named I have
'ut up 100 per year from this source,
I exp'erience is that land producing
ye banels of corn to the acre will
ake five tons of ensilage, or a ton to
be barrel I regard the ensilage as
iore valuable than the corn, and the
ost of putting it into the silo is less
ban seventy-five cents per ton. I
row no corn exclusively for ensilage;
1st of it made in the United States
Sfrom corn grown exprc.oly for the
urpose. I am of the opinion that at
be time I cut it it is as valuable for
nsilage as at any period of its growth
-hence a great saving in making a
rop of corn and ensilage-I see thait
thers ore Kdopting this plan to ad
E1V great plant for ensilage is the
rdiary field or cowv-pea. Of this I
ut up about 200 tons yearly, and it
greatly preferred by my stock to
bat made of corn. This pea crop I
-ow chiefly after wheat and oats. I
treak the land as soon as the wheat
Staken oft, then plant in drills three
3et apart, eight to twelve peas in a
ill, using the Eureka corn planter,
ropping every twenty inches; side
bem up once or twice, if need be and
-rass is troublesome; plant from the
:5th of June to the 10th of July,which
ives ample time for the maturity of
be plant for ensilage, producing from
ye to ten tons per acre, at a cost not
xceeding $1.50 per ton, worth 25 per
ent. more in feed value than corn at
ny stage of its growth. With this
>ant properly utilized with the sys
em of ensilage, the South can feed
.nd raise sheep, cattle, mnles and
orses as cheaply as any portion of
he United States, except the very far
Vest. This fact will be demonstrated
ome day. I have often seen publish
d a statement that corn stalks or any
>tber suitable material made good en
ilage without chopping up fine with
cuter For fear of loss I have been
afraid to try it. A neighbor wh,
built a silo three years ago had hi
silo, machinery and cutter burnt u]
last winter. The silo was rebuilt las
summer and filled with corn stalks
pea, vines, uncut. This ensilage is a
good as any I have ever seen-sweet
er than mine, which was cut fine, an<
is little more trouble to take from th
silo than that cut fine. I shall pu
tp a large portion of mine next yea
without cutting. This fact renders i
possible for every farmer who make
a one-horse crop to put up ensilag(
as the great bar of their doing so wa
the outlay of money for cutter, ma
chinery, &c. This may all be obviate<
now. The only outlay required is th
building of a silo, at a cost of not ove
$1 per ton, and which any one can dc
of mechanical *capacity, without th
hell) of a skilled mechanic. Kncwia
its great value, I earnestly hope th
Southern people will adopt this sys
tem. It is an outrage that, havin
such advantages, we should be so de
That our friends may not go wron,
in the construction of the abov
ground silo I will. here give a de
scription of it in detail: These silc
were built in 1881, and have been fill
ed four times, the ensilage being
well preserved. First, I dug a trencl
for foundation sills 43 feet long, 1
wide and 8 inches deep. Into thes
Iput the sills, of white oak, all hearl
10 inches square, framing a sill of th
same size across. the middle. Thi
makes the foundation for two silo.
inside measure 20 feet long by 12 fee
wide. I put studs of heart oak inti
these sills, ten feet long, two by si:
inches, two feet apart, intending th
silos to be 10 feet deep, then wit]
one-inch plank boarded up each sidE
studs being 10 feet highfill the space
between the studs and inner and out
er walls of plank with sand (saw-dus
will answer as well), thus making a'
air-tight wall, which is all that is nec
essary, however it may be done. Th
6 feet of studding above the walls o
body of the silo is necessary for thl
purpose of filling, tramping, weight
ing, &c. I have one door to eac]
silo at the outer end, made by havin,
the two middle studs 3 feet apart. T<
these hang two doors IS inches wide
5 feet long to the inner edge of stud,
the doors to open outward. Thei
close the doors and nail on boards to
outer edge of studs, and fill betweei
doors and boards with earth, and yoi
have the same wall as the other part
of the silo. When you wish to ope
the doors rip off the boards in front
when the earth falls and the door
open outward, exposing the ensilag
Of course, the studs are framed int<
plates above, which should be don
in a substantial manner, as the pres
sure from weighting the silo is quit
severe. My roofs extend 3 feet be
vond the sides and ends, to preven
rain from being blown in on the en
silage. After filling the silo I firs
cover the ensilage with inch-plank
placing of them down lengthwise
then cover these with pine or whea
straw to prevent earth or sand fror
getting in; then cover with earth 1
inches deep and you may rest ussure
that your ensilage is safe. I prefe
common earth for weighting, for tw.
reasons-first, it is more easily han
died; and second it excludes the ai
better than anything else. Whe2
feeding the ensilage first take out the
front doors from bottom to top
about two feet; then on each side
until the end is taken out; then pu
in good substantial props to hold the
planks and keep the weight fron
bending them down, which repeal
propping every 3 feet as the ensilag.
is taken out, until the whole is ex
hausted. Care should be taken tha
this propping be well done, otherwis
the planks above may give way an
endanger the safety of the feeders.
It has been well said that "ou:
people must learn to grow everythint
for man and beast before they car
claim to be self-sustaining ;" and more
they must learn to make it withou
running in debt. No general pros
perity can prevail until we can mnaki
what we consume before we consume
it. Easy credits will destroy an:
people; it demoralizes the thrifty an4
makes paupers of the unthrifty.
Very truly yours,
G. W. GAinrrr.
To Mr. Jons Onni, Secretary, &c.
Richmond, Va.
An Alleged Compromise.
The Senate commnittee on finance haa
voted to report faivorably upon th<
nominations of a number of interna
revenue collectors whose predecessori
were suspended, and is likely to rc
port all the nominations before it in:
few days. A mutual iinderstanding
between the commnittee and the secre
tary of the treasury has been reachet
covering all suspensions from an<
nomiationis to offices which have n<
fixed tenure. The nature of the ar
rangemenit is not made public, but
considerable number of letters havy
recently been sent by tihe secretary t<
tle conimittee in response to an equa
number of inquiries, and the corre
spondence is still in progress. Thi
arrangemenlt covers all nomination
before the committee.
-Tihe feeling in Europe is a trifi
more optimistic on the Balkan matter
The Berlin financiers lead the senti
ment by booming the new Servia1
loan at rising prices.. There is a re
crudescence of the rumor that Lor.
Rosebery intends trading Cyprus fo
Crete with the Porte and to prssen
rete to Greece.
> Wonders of the Sky.
Gen. Johnstone Jones, son of Col.
t C. Jones, of York County, recently
visited the Naval Observatory at
t Washington, and upon his return
s home wrote his father an interesting
letter descriptive of what he saw
s there. We have been permitted to
make the following extracts from the
r Remembering your suggestion as
r to looking at Saturn through the great
telescope, I procured a letter of intro
duction to Commodore Belknap from
his son-in-law Dr. Westray Battle,
who resides here, and called at the
Naval Observatory. The Commodore
received me kindly, and invited me to
look through the telescope the first
fair night. The night of February
9th was tolerably fair, and I visited
the Observatory, and in company with
the Commodore and his wife called
upon Professor Hall, who has charge
of the great instrument. I saw Sat
urn, his rings and satellites; the
nebule in Orion; Sirius; the Moon;
the Pleiades, and the star Aldebaran.
Of all these eight Saturn was the
grandest and most beautiful; but the
nebule in Orion the most sublime
and impressive.
Saturn appeared a perfectly round,
smooth ball, with well defined edges,
as yellow as gold, and without scin
tillation. The sphere was encircled
by two bright, flat rings of the same
color as the planet, separated by a
dark line, supposed to be empty space
- between them. All along the interior
t edge of the inside ring was a cloudy
or vaporous appearance. The rings
- had clear-cut edges and seemed to be
solid bodies. In the black space sur
rounding these luminoas bodies shone
r the eight satellites-each a brilliant
star-a diamond point of clear, steady,
silvery-white light-at unequal dis
tances from the rings. It appeared
to be about the size of the full moon.
The wonder of the spectacle is great
ly increased when we reflect that it is
790 millions of miles distant from the
earth, or 880 millions from the sun,
and that it is more than fifty times as
large as the earth. Compared to this
ringed-wonder of the skies our planet
is small, commonplace and insignifi
The Pleiades under the power of
s the telescope spread out into about
thirty beautiful stars. They seemed
a handful of diamonds strewn on the
sky, without order or system.
Sirius, the largest of the fxed stars,
if not the neai est, was brilliant beyond
t description. It scintillated violently,
- blindingly, flashing out a reddish,
t yellowish light.
The Moon seemed a great snow
. field, with the crater, the mountains,
' and the shadows of the mountains all
plainly visible. These shadows, made
by the distant sun, filled me with a
feeling of indescribable awe. I had
always thought the moon appeared
dark under the telescope, but the only
darke spots about it are the shadows
rof the mountains on the plains and
The most sublime spectacle is the
nebule in Orion. It is a faint, whitish
cloud, shaped like a ploughshare. In
the centre are four brilliant stars
called the Trapezium-Aiunked by two
stars that appear to be in the cloud
veiled, as it were. Whether they are
in this nebulous matter, or - on the
other side of it, seen though it as
through a veil, is an unsolved and most
puzzling question. Off below the
point, which juts out into the black,
empty space, appear. two beautiful
stars,with no nebulous matter around
,.them. This field of cloud must be
many millions of miles in extent, and
the stars each a great sun, the centre
of some mighty solar system,perhiaps.
-At this immense distance Saturn
would not be seen at all, even with
the greatest telescope; our own sun
would appear but a small point of
light-size of a star as it appears to
the naked eye. This nebuke and the
Trapezium cannot be seen with the
naked eye. When I meet you again
I will tell you more of these wonders
of the sky. The subject is one all
%amliar to my vocabulary.
3William J. Florence, the actor, was
once anxious to enter thc diplomatic
1 service, and was cordially indorsed by
men of both political parties for the
Turkish mission. President Arthur, to
whom the application was made, was
gresiy, imipressed with the strength of
the petition, but just about that time the
attention of Mr. Florence was attracted
I to a new play, and be concluded not to
>go abroad for some years,
A New York shoeblack attracts trade
by distributing cards that tell how nice
l he shines shoes in tihe following
simpe Bstoeselanguage: "Pedal tegu
Sof 5 cents. Antiquated tegminents
(pedal or surpedal) cxpurgated judic
iously and resuscitated with expedition
for nominal compensation. Of the in
numerable foretastes of heaven enjoyed
by every patron I would simply state:
-From thie eventuation of the operation
even -to its ultimate successful com
pletion the patron reclines superincumb
ent on cushions which a Sybarite miight
envy, in a superlatively luxurious atti
tud in wvhich the horizontal and, per

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