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VoL. ii. MANNIN( ( ENDON 'OLNTY. S. C., WEDNESDAY, OCTl(ER 27 1886. NO.46.
TALK IN A (F T a: W .' DATES TW11 1 E %H-, IE'%CL The Imperiance o. .44 N% 'r or!, timuent for cie%-ia,.:d - The . Weetern .Mar. WXAsm1NOrN, October 20.-ihmiu of the President and memabers of tlh Cabinet from their sumamer vacatie::s a been followed by a liOely gathedng ol Senators, Representatives, li:can$, candidates in search of patronage and pirants in searc ofone. The ci; service statutes have relieved t1e prcs sure for the 1CeS within th- r:!e o the elassiied ser-ice. The nk aind ille of the old-time oilice-seeer in sxereh o clerkships, therefore, are no longer the plague of official life. The returning officials and politicians are making quite a stir in political circles. They all have much to say concerning the plans and prospects of paities, having taken ad vantage of their recent opportunities to meet the leaders and mingling with the people. The Republicans appear to be most active in speculating upon their future movements. The number and variety of the aspirants for national honors about a year and a half hence prevented an open field for half a dozen statesmen and their friends. The Democrats have not quite so much to say, as their choice from present appearances will settle down to a renomination of the 'resi dent. There is some talk of a Carlisle flurry from the South, but that is a political chestnut which has ran through at least three quadrennial nominating conventions. A few New Yorkers throw out a hint occasionally about Governor Hill, upon the grounu of his ability to carry that pivotal State. NEW YORK'S IMPORTANCE. The importance of the Empire State in the political balance is admitted all around. With its electoral vot the Re publicans could elect their candidate and win back the control of the cxecutive branch of the government, . without the vote of Connecticut, Indiana or New Jersey, or a single State south of Mason and bixon's line and the Ohio river. They could also afford to lose California and Oregon. The loss of New York to the Democratic candidate wad eavc him eight electoral votes short after car rying Indiana, New Jersey, Conneticu. California and Oregon. The ihpubn cans could succeed wihhout New YOr '% carrying Indiana and Connecticut wicil would'give one or with Indier'a and New Jersey would give ten Teorny. The figures used as the basis of the mathe matical calculations of politicians here in computing the chances of parties shovw that of the 232 electoral votes necessary to an election of a President and Vice President the Republicans have seven teen practically certain Northern States casting 174 votes. There are five doubt ful Northern States, California, Connec ticut, Indiana, New Jersey and New York, casting seventy-four vot '. The Democrats have sixteen certain Southern States with 153 certn1 electoral votes. They perceive that the Republicans can carry the next Presidency without New York, but success there is indispensable to the Democracy. Carrying all the doubtful States named without New York would leave the Democratic ticket eleven short, or carrying New York they would still require the fifteen votes of Indiana or the combined vote of Con necticut, six, and New Jersey, nine, or Connecticut, six, and California, eight. It is observable in the conversation of these returning political prophets that Democratic sentiment throughout the country is becoming reconciled to the superior sagacity of the President in lh efforts to elevate a Democratic adiims tration above the old idea that the public offces are the rewards of political ser vices, regardless of every other consid elation. THE TALK ABOUT BLAINE. The friends of Mr. Blaine return witlh a fresh supply of enthusiasm over in prospects, especially since the election ir MIaine. They speak of his chances as almost equal to a realization, and refeci to the canvass of newspapers friendly tc his interests as conclusive evidence tc that effect. An estimate of strengtl based on the expressed preferences oi the delegates to the recent Republicar State Conventions of Ohio, Indiana iiinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa. Missouri and Texas footed up 244 fo~ Blaine, 119 Logan, 7l Sherman and 2: Allison. Nothing is said, however, o: those who did not express their views which constituted about rive-sixths o: the whole number of delegates attendin those conventions. Out of about 3,00( only 456 expressed themselves. It i clai~imed, however, that such figures shov the drift of public sentiment. An inti mate fiiend of Mr. Blaine, who has beer in conference with his managers, say: that the question ;of his. candidacy wil be determined later-that his persona campaign in Maine was more for posi tion. It is hinted that should Mr Blaine's friends, after a careful canvas of the situation, consider his electio2 doubtful he will throw his strength fo Allison, of Iowa. It was his desire t< 4'et Allison into the Garfield Cabinet but for the complications growing on of the action of the Iowa Republicans t< secure the attorney-generalship for Wii son, of that State, Allison would hay. been secretary of the treasury instead o Windlom. The friends of Senator Sherman ta of his chances with much contidenec They have been in correspondence wi: party managers mn olnst erery Stat and elaim to be receivimg "meh encom: ag-ement. As soon as Congress meet they expect toe take up his ease sytemati cally, with a view to :;ttm-' into th' fli el S. His g'eatest tro;ule seems t lie in his own State. Ex-Governor F-oi ter very recently reass rted his devotio to Blaime. If he should take an ope part against Sherrman there may be divided delegation. wieh has alread impaired Sherman's chances before tw .conventions. Shernan's visit to Pemi sylvania during the present month as participant in the oratorical feature< 4he Republicnn canva~s is expected i :av he ounttwnl .. a vigorou'S boom at th'i pro1r ilme ura Legan IS eXgneeted here early n-::Ut mott. Hi chons clim thal atri has added Tucl nthto 111 iotico ats a C.-Ididate. !1*'Zt-_,n on tlie1 raine, inA tgto 0 is e aind to have lost him friends in his p. r1v i in Oio. It is not likely, however. atl vu Ack up any delegates thee, b and Sherman cover that ground. There is inuch talk of Foraker 1S a.I posile dark ho-se in event of an irreonell .-be contest between Blaine and raan. The satus of Elmunds is a matter of senation. The chances :1 Harrson, ci 'Ina are coupled wit tie resui of hi.s lrc.';!nt Senatorial con u i the situation at ihis early p'oinut of o'servatin thC sentiment of i epublicans is very generdiv in favor of a Western mau at the head o the ticket Sith an Eastern man, some strong per son irom New York, for the second place. Jtudging from the talk of politi C'ans on both sides the meeting of Con gress will witness the laying of tth wires 'or the picking up of delegates by the difterent aspirants for nomination, so as to enter the convention with as good a! showing as possible. From present in- i dications Blaine's friends will control the convention to a greater extent than any one candidate, but whether he can I control it as against the field may be considered doubtfal, after the experience of the mismanaged interests of the can d idates in the field in 1884. RANDOLrH. N1IH1LUST DEGAIEFF8 ESCAP'E. Horrible Aceounts# of the Prisoner's Condition! in the Siberian Mines. The New York Sun's St. Petersburg correspondent telegr.phs that he learns, despite ofticial secrecy, that the police have received a full confirmation from Siberia of the reported escape of .1. Degaieff, the famous Nihilist conspirator who planned and assisted in the murder of Lieutenant Colonel Sudeikin, the cheif of police, and one of his staff, nearly three years ago. The police have traced Degaietf to Geneva, and have vainly tried to wheedle the iwiss government into extraditing him. The police are getting nervous over the frequent escapes from Siberia this year. The few who have ventured to return to St. Petersburg have been re captured, but the majority iiave made their way to Geneva and London, and the pl6tting against the government has been renewed with redoubled ferver. Since June at least twenty Siberian pris ouers have escaped, including two caval r oI icers and several students, some of em escaping by way of Cambodia. . Lhe pree,.tions which are observed throughout biberia are so stringent that the -overnnient is persuaded that the es could not have been effected :without connivance with the prison officials. So great a commotion has been caused by these repeated jail deliveries, that special comission has been sent to Siberia to inquire into their causes, and to re organize the entire system of prison government. A number of high officials, under whose charge the escaped prisoners were, have been suspended, and some officers, who viere either criminally neg-' ligent or else assisted in releasing the, prisoners, have been arrested and thrown' into prison. The reft gees report that the Siberian prisons and mines are crowded with ex iles. Disease is rampant, and scurvy is especially severe. The mortality, the say, is frightfl Theihilists ar geyt lv excited and rejoiced over the many espebt declare that they will not stik aan until they are sure of their mark. M1. Degaieff, aias Jablonski, the Ni hilist, whose escape is related above, has had an eventful and checkered career. He had been identified with Nihilism for many years, but did not come promi nentiv into notice until the murder of General Streinikoff at Odessa. For his connection with this crime he was trans ported to Siberia, but escaped and returned to St. Petersburg. There he professed to have renounced Nihilism and offered lhis services to Lieutenantt Colonel Sudeikin, the chief of police for the District of St. Petersburg, and soon became his confidential spy. On the night of December 18, 1883, De gaietf was seated in a room with Colonel Sudeiktin and his nephew, an assistant detective, when, at a' signal from Degaieff, the door was suddenly thrown open and a shot fired1 at Colontel Sudeikin, which was immedi-. ately followed by a blow on the head with a crowbar. Sudeikin seized two. heavy candlesticks and managed to se-' verely wound one of his assailants before he was finally overcome by the superi ority of numbers and stabbed to death. Meanwhile his nephew was struck down and left on the floor mortally w unded. Degaieff, with the assistance of the other Nihilists, removed their wounded accom plice, and all made their escape. Degaieff made his way to Geneva and afterward to London, where he intended to embark for America. He was de tined~ for some reason, and when next heard of had been captured on llussian soil and sentenced to Siberia for life. .The murder of Colonel Sudeikin was attributed to revenge for the arrest of Smne. WXolkenstein, who went to St. Petersburg from Kharkof for the pur ose of murdering the Czar. Her arrest was due to the energy of Colonel Sudei kin and his nephew. Don' W ~ant to. (heat the IHangman. C'auwo O)ctober 20,.-AX rumo~r was utrrent to-day that Ana rchiists Spies andl Par-'ns ow i attempted suielde in their celle. A reporter hurried to the jaiil, where n am both ofte menlC~ alive and appar eat.y L::ppy. Spies could not be aip pro tic'd durin~g the hour of exercise for - .)re Us ofwen-handsome-, stylish, - nd renabe women too-albout him. Paro"s'kent alool. and, with his little daughter ou bis knee, readi his correspond I nee at length. lie lamghed when lit last bec reporter gained his attenttioni and ir. ' rmedl hIim of the rumor. "Whjy" he -id " *u enn hear it always in mind qhat neitr~\!r. Spies nor myself will enteit tuch a niece of nonsense. As f~a as Ie p ersonally concerned I want to live to. b as old as Me:thusehih, and, furthermor'e. i .don' w-am to swindle John Harper out of ais jo. I.et me -see-ves, the hianonan gets $25. How~ver, set it downtthatl will M.\%1 RIUS IN N I .1 ili L!F E. .Soml;e N4on"e "eddhjzin- in tIhe Early Par: of the (e:-ury-Mtrimonia Connection% (or Wahi; n am and JefTer ,on. Ga~h inCi1 . t q r v nr i'residcits have poor luck with their iarriages;. Waiagton mar red his adopted iI:ightir who was L.is wife's grandchild to his own nephew, and the last I 'Ieard of them was the sale to the government of some of Washing tons old furniture 1 the posteritv. John Adams had a daughtir named Abigail, who married a young revolu-: ionar- officer named Smith. In taking care of Smith, who was but mediocre, Adamis incurred many enmities. Tne ladies may be further interested in the subject of the marriages of im portant people. Mr. Jeilerson Lad very interesting daughters, and they married Virginia politicians around him, to very little satisfaiction in at least one case. Maria, the best looking of these gials, died in 1804. Her husband had been a sporting man and horseman, and it ap- , pears that both the sons-in-law of Jefter son required endorsements, etc., which brought the old man's gray hairs down to mendicancy, in addition to his own financial errors. Aaron Burr, on the other hand, had one daughter, and she made a brilliant marriage, but it was her father who in volved her and her husband in his un scrupulous financial and political tricks, mined her husband, and when she em barked from South Carolina with her ehild to seek her father,; she met some where in this world an agonizing death. It is a legend that pirates took the vessel and made this brilliant young woman: nd her child walk the plank. No evi cence, however, exists on the subject, except hearsay; at that time there were privateers and )LratCs. The most brilliant marriage ever made in the political circles of the country in the times of Washington was that of Ann Willing to William Bingham. They married early in those (lays, especially where there was money, and Ann Will ing married at sixteen. Her husband was descended from a Qnajier black mith, but his family had for four gen rations made prosperous marriages, and :luring our revolutionary war the hus band got out of the country and held a position of half British, half American :onsul in one of the West India islands to which privateers resorted. He came home very rich, and received as well the Binghm" moneys, and he choose the iaughter of Willing, who was president f the United States Bank, and business partner of lobert Morris. The Willings were the iinest people in Philadelphia. Secretary Bayaivrd is descended from one )f them. ri - arried in her bloom, the bide and M~ t to Europe ma rea. -.......yLrs. They were introuwed :-. court of the F'rench king- 1-y ins Adius, and the young niu was -r.-atly admired as the rirst Amrica. ever sueti :eOroad. When he returned, at the commence ment of Washington's administration, they built the finest hoase ever seen in Philadelphia up to that time, and not xcelled perhaps in the present day. It was filled with the best furniture to be: bought in France and the best pictures from Italy. Along came young Baring, the English banker. and saw the daugh ter of this pair so superbly brought up, with a town house and country house, and he married her; and the larger por tion of the Bingham property, which amounted to $1,200,000 in money, went to swell the capital of the Barings. The. young mother, however, having lost herself in society, caught cold in an imi perfect dress one night, and was seized with consumption, and she died in the West Indies at an early age. She ha ' sister of whom great things was expect ed, but along came a dissolute French' nobleman, without any standing or pro priety, and he tempted this girl to go out with him one night, and he kept ne out all night, to the horror and wonde of the town, and then made a comnpro mise with her parents whereby they gave him money to send her home; she wa divorced by the Legislature, her father having become United States Senator, and so little was made of the matter by: the Baring family that she was solicited: in marriage by lier brother-in-law Bar-: ing, and after living with him until his decease she married another French! nobleman and passed out of notice. President Taylor's daughter ran away~ with Jefferson Davis. President Mon roe's daughter married her cousin, and they have left some descendants at Wahington and some in the State of Mariand. Nellie Grant is the last! President's daughter to draw attention. She saw a young, bright-faced English man on a steamship and fell in love with him without much reason or inquest,! and he turned out to be ap>parently a sort of boys' companion, hrdly ever looking up to the dignity of acquaint ance with grown men. He therefore seeks his pleasure up in London, when: he has any money to spend, and she stays at home with her baby. The marrnage of Blaine's son is a tes timony to the beauty, modesty and sweetness of Mrs. Nevins, the mother of the bride, who has been too much es teemed on all these points for her daugh ter to pass into nothingness. In this case we know what the poet means when! he says: A thing of beauty is a joy forever; Its loveliness increases; it will never Pass into nothingness, but still will keep. An Acquittal or Murder D~oes' Not atopi Trial for Mianslaughter. :IT:eo. (Otober 1'6.-The Supjre10ce (ourt1to- *ay renadered a deI5ciso in the cse of Jams W. Ih lns ('1 M\ercer cmun:. Icie ::d be chted on1 tria Cout .ve uldI : d '. icon vcted. I-et .fcl: i 'h irume Courlt reversedc andi& ..- set it aibeny . bu quentlyhe wci'as arrestedl .and tried and con' ieted'oa a charge of in:vunctary mancc slater.~ct He- was sent !!r-t to pricn, but afterwards.i .5ppealed for a scond( trial. Judg~e Pa x-on renderedL~ thie decision of the Curt- ad held that the acquittal of the ig:her grade idt not precl!ude the Co~mmion wealth from trying and convicting himn of the lesser crime, which is a misdemeanor and not a felony. Hlilands will conne quntlylheve to serve out his term. Celery and cranber-ries have come, and the gobble-gobble of the t'rk-ey h heard io TIMELY TLA F04 FAHMERS, Green Frage iv .pinz-How to Counteract (From i 1he Atizaii i The hardier small grains, such as rye and barley, -way be sown during this and the next mouth. They are vaiuable as soiling crops in early spring; barley richer and more relislied by stock, rye haraier and better adapted to poor land. Where there is more rye than can be fed in its green state, it is cut and cared as hay, provided it is cut before the heads are out. It becomes woody and hard soon after the heads form, and is then of little value. Barley may be allowed to ripen, and be harvested and ..d like oats. There is a general impression that the beard is in the way of doirg tbis, but a gentleman rocently informaed us that he has fed barlev in the sheAf to his horses for twenty years without ;njury; that sometimes the )cards colEct be tween the lips and jaws, but are easily removed by the finger, and the animal suffers no suecial inconvenience. We are also reliably informed that unthresh ed barley is quite commonly fed to horses in California. Where one has pretty good land, therefore, barley might be sown as a substitute for fall oats, in localities where the latter is very liable to be winter killed. But our special object in calling atten tion to these crops is to present their claims as means for preserving the fer tility of soils. In the first place, a very large portion of our lands are left bare through the winter, with nothing to pro tect them from being washed away by the heavy rains of that season. A grow ing crop, especially one with numerous roots, tends to hold the soi! firnily. For this reason alone, were there no other, it would pay a farmer to sow from a half bus1'el to three pecks of rye per acre in his cotton fields at the last ploughing of the crop. The rye, after havig done its work of holding the soil, might be grazed, or cut in the spring for soiling purposes, or might be plowed under to enrich the soil. But there is another very important work which a green, growing crop has to perform, which is not generally or fully appreciated. It is a great anti-leacher; it prevents the washing out of the avail ble nitrogen in the soil by rain water. I The ultimate form which nitrogen as sumes in the soil is nitric acid (aqua fortis) and is found in combinition with potash, soda, lime, tc., forming salts known as nitrates. Now all nitrates areI soluble in water, and besides a-e not held: by rocks as phosphoric acid and potash are. The nitrates are very easily washed or leached out. This is not only capable1 of demonstration in a laboratory, but bas been abundantly shown by collecting the water from underdrains (tiles) and analyzing them. It has been iound that wlvre the water came from tiles under a bare, waked piece of land, the nitrates in it exceeded by a considerable quantity that from tiles overlaid by a green, grow ing crop. The growing crop appropri ated and held the nitrates-the bare soil let it go. But this is not all. The frequent plowing and stirring of the soil encour ages the formation of nitrates-the i soluble, inert forms of nitrogen in the soil, are thereby changed into soluble nitrates. Hence in autumn the soils of our cotton fields are comparatively rich in nitrates, and continue so until the winter rain leaches them out. A cotton field is not only, therefore, most liable to washing, but most exposed also to! greatest leaching. Above other fields it needs the protection of a growing crop through the winter and early spring. it is not too late yet to give it this protec tion. Sow rye now, and continue to sow, if needs be, till the first of iDecemi ber. Sow southern raised or home; seed-that from the northwest will not give satisfactory results. Even if a field is intended for corn the next year, sow it in rye now and turn it under next* spring. Farmers think it right to sow! and plow in peas for enriching land in summer; let them try the same thing with rye in winter. It will cost no more, and probably do more good. P'eas in crase the supp~ly of availaible nitrogen in the soil; rye will hold that already: present and prevent its loss. Fields coy ered with winter grasses are neither washed nor leached-they increase in fertility. Let us bring our summer cui-! tivated lands as nearly as possible into the same condition by clothing them in winter with a carpet of green. w. n. J. A Gor;;eous Rival of senator Tabor. A young lady who has just returned from a long western trip says that the most entertaining feature of the whole excursion was Lord X, a distinguished; elderly Englishman, and his baby-blue nightgown. Lord X traveled with a valet, of course. He retired to bed on the palace car quite early, and every night withdrew to the masculine pre-1 serves at ene end of the car and had hisl valet undress him and rig him for the night. When all was done he marched down through the aisle to his section at the oth. r end of the car magnificently arrayed in a baby-blue flannel night gowin that hung to"' his feet and had a beautiful frill at the neck. Upon his head was a white knitted nightcap, and his rosy countenance and his yellow side whiskers helped, with the valet follow ing behind with his lordship's day clothes on his arm, to make up a .i'ture never to be forgotten. His lordship's bathtub came with him all the way from San Francii o to New York, but as to whether it was ever used on the sleeping-car journey the Boston lady deposeth not.-Boston Record. aim ,.-~:ij: a Maontue Ofeet. Loe IVuI1.:I. K r.. c tober 2C.-The (ramd hedge ofk Ki,:ucky. F. and A. 3L, prewa.t, audl ie iterest in~ the prioceedings~ ws're.. Grand i:i e r B. G. Wett 11dLl be aimbag-too:dr at J 0'clock. Th greater' part of :he mo'rn 'essioni was cons-utued inl hiearing comi1ttee re the growth :md poi'sperity of the fraternit: therefore. h it ...,7a. T hat the: bulsiness of s:alool keeping heieed a MIasonic oiLTnce, an pu'shilea other ofTenees contrary to th. rules of the order. A7 AVO1sTATE FO LU E. Brooklyn. Married Priest TeNs 11 y lie Left the (hurch. (F:cm the New York Star.) The Rev. Wm. J. Sherman, the priest of Red Hook Point, whose marriage with Miss Tillic McCoy a short time since created such an exeitement in Ro man Catholic circles, yesterday receiveud a reporter in the little house where he is now living with his wife, and ft'r the first time told how he was led to change his happiness hereafter for the enjoyment of matrimony in ihe present. Dr. Sherman has lost much of his priestly appearance. His hair is longer and brushed straight up from the forehead, his mobile lips are shadowed by a heavy moustache, and the suavity of thes piritu.d adviser his giver place to the lrank, hearty manner of ro bust youth. "I left the Catholic Church becausc I was in love," he said. "I had known Miss McCoy for sixteen years, and when I was a priest called on her often in a friendly way. When I found that I loved her I proposed to her. She accepted me, and we were married. I was not drugged or made drunk, but was married with my eyes wide open, and have lived happily with my wife ever since. After our mar riage we went immediately to Boston on our honeymoon, and stayed there until Jul5 6, when we came back to Brooklyn for a few days. I then took my wife to Philadelphia, where I obtained employ ment, through Councilman McCullough, of that city, as clerk in the Ohio Rail road office. We stayed there about two months, boarding in the Girard House. "At the end of the second month I received a letter from my wife's uncle, sking me to return to Brooklyn, as he thought I could do better there. We re turned on the 28th of last month, and I found that my wife's uncle wanted me to go and see a wvell-known Baptist clergy man, whom he thought would befriend me. I went to see the reverend gentle man, and, after he heard my story, he sked me if I wouldn't like to join the Baptist Church. I did not answer this guestion for some time, until, in fact, I thought it over thoroughly. In the meantime, I mingled with Baptist peo le and went to their meetings, and the :nsequence is that I am now studying for the Baptist ministry and expect to be :rdained some time in January. Of ourse my plans are not definite as yet, and I have no special church in view, but if I am accepted and ordained I will go wherever the conference decides to send me. A number of othcr people have been after me to join the Independent atholic Church, whatever that is, but I ave finished with the Catholic religion. "How do my people feel in regard to my marriage? Well, I haven't been ,ome since, but I have seen my father, mnd he is reconciled. Of course some; atholics feel bitterly toward me, but hse threats of shootng don't trouble ne in the least. I am perfectiy fearless md can defend myself. Finalv I will ay that my marriage and departure from he church were entirely my own doing, md no one le la anything to do with ;hem. I am ready alone to stand the onsequences, whatever they may be." RAPID RUNNIG BY RAIL. !lon a Train Traveled Three llund:ed Miles an Ifour. (From the San Francisco Chronicle.) When George Stevenson asserted his ibility to run passenger coaches at a pced of twelve to fifteen miles an hour, cientific and practical men deemed him It for a lunatic asylum, but time has shown that trains may be run at a much preater velocity without materially add Lg to the dangers of railway travel. The' ight of the fast express on the Penn sylvania railway is a marked example of he possibilities in the way of sustainig 1gh rates of speed. This road now runs he fastest train in America. Nine hun red and twelve miles, includmng seven. stops, are accomplished in 251 hours, md the average time is 36.30 miles an hour. A portion of the distance is run t the rate of 75 miles an hour. At a, speed of 60 miles an hour the driving wheels of the locomotive on tis traim make 2581 revolutions a minute. Win. Vanderbilt's spurt of 831 miles in 61 min ates on the New York Central is declared o be the highest rate of speed ever at ained in this country, but this speed was not a surprise to good engineers, many of whom are firm in the belief that 100 miles an hour will yet be accom plished on American roads.. Thirty-one years ago Colonel Mciggs read a paper before the New York Farm rs' Club on "Future Traveling," in which he expressed the belief that rail road cars could be safely propelled by, steam at the rate of 300 miles an hour.~ He said: "The Emperor of Russia has~ taken the first great step toward what II eem the ultimatum of railroad travel.I nstead of cutting what I call a mere rill through the country and going' around everythiag in the way for a straight line, he has cut a broad way for 500 miles from St. Petersburg te Mos eow. He has made it all the way 200 feet wide, so that the engineer sees everything on the road. This is part of the future-the railroad from point to point with a mathematical line; the rails ten times stronger than are now used, the locomotives on wheels of far greater diameter; the gauge of a relative breadth; the signals na'. times perfectly settled; the roads on oth sides durng the transit of txains having the gate of the walls all closed-then instead of' traveling 100 miles an hour, we shall more safely travel :300 miles an hour.~ One of the latest elloits at improve ment in locomotives is that of a Freuch man named Estrade, who has construct ed an engine which he calls La P'arisi enne. La Parisienne, when watered and fired, weighs 42 tons. Its driving wheel., six in number, are 8; feet in diamneter. The cylinders atre outside, with valve boxes on the. top. The di ameter of each ylinder is 18 incs and the length of stroke is 2 fect and :. inches. This en gine is built for high speed, and wiil carry a pressure of *200( ponus to the square inch above the atmosphere, or an absolute pretsure of 21~> pounds. Es trade's engine is designed to run at the average rate of 78 miles an 1or It is sail thait thet '-est notw mlllun th ong ladlies is a liui!e brush broomn. TEi bA u~e to) diue the coas of thiLr lovers where they have laid their preu-ty ptowderedI faceS. It is~ conjhectured thalt theC reticenlce of th War D~enartmuent is6 owng to 'tie fac. aU: it is waiting for Geronimos repo rt onf Gen. A '--AD COt RT SCEE. To LiUtle Rov.4 Accusern or Their Father-A Thrillin; *empc'erance Lecture. From the PhimelcphiaL Tcegaph.; "Patrick Collins." A manly little fellow of twelve years, with a roand bright face and dark eyes, and dressed in a neat Knickerbocker suit, walked erect and rapidly toward the clerk in tPe court of over and terminr in Jersey City yesterday. He had his hand on thc Bible, and promised to tell the truth. the whole truth, and nothing but tie truth. A man of forty years, plainly but neat ly attired, intently watched "the child. He had shuddered when the name was called by Prosecutor Winfield, and ner vously squeezed his black felt hat as the child-was sworn. An expression in which admiration and fear were blended came over his face as his eyes noted the bright, ready demeanor of the boy. The spectators looked on the scene with wrapt attention, for they knew that the boy was to tell how his mother was murdered, and that 'the murderer, the man, was his father. James Collins and his wife led a cat and-dog life for many years. On May 17 last-a Sunday-they quarreled. Th'e next morning the wife was found in bed dead, her nursing babe at her side. Forty wounds were counted by County Physician Converse on her body. The occurrences - f that Sunday were known in part to the two boys; fully, only to the prisoner. The prisoner's counsel offered a plea of manslaughter, which was refused. A consultation and another long conference with Judge Knapp and the prosecutor followed. The counsel for the defense evidently did not desire to assume the risk of a trial. They offered to plead guilty to murder in the second degree. The plea was reluctantly accepted by the court, and the accused faintly but gladly whispered "Yes" when asked if he re tracted his plea of not guilty. Then Collin's son gave testimony to determine if there were mitigating circumstances. Several witnesses had testified that both husband and wife were quarrelsome. Patrick did not realize that he was homeless and almost friendless, but fre quently looked affectionately at his fath er, and once smiled in return as a faint smile of pride at the intelligence of his boy stole for a moment on the face of the father. Patrick did not see the fatal assault. He left his wretched home at 10 o'clock on Sunday morning because his father and his mother had been drinking and he feared trouble. He re mained away until 8 o'clock that night. Tears moistened his cheeks and he sobbed as he described how on his re turn le went to his mamma's bed. He thought she was asleep. He was hun gry, and shook her to arouse her as he asked for a slice of bread. He could not wake her, and went into his father's room. His papa was awake and told him "mamma was dead." The child again wept when he related how, the night be fore, his mother had tried to push his father down stairs because he would not give her his wages; but the tears were chased away by smiles when he enumer ated the articles his father bought that Saturday night for him and his brothers. Martin, his brother, who is a year younger, was also called. Like his broth er, Martin has an attractive face. He is of fai complexion, and has blue eyes. He showea not the least nervousness or fear. He seemed to admire his father, md was disposed to cast the blame on his dead mother. In his testimony he told how that Sunday morning his moth er fell, and in her rage broke the stove with a hammer. She sent him for whisky. He broke down as he said "I didn't want to go." In a moment he re covered and resumed: "She said she would kill me stone dead if I didn't go." He brought her a bottle of whisky, and she drank it. He left her asleep in the rocking-chair at half-past 5 in the after noon. His father wvas sleeping in the bed at the time. When he returned home three hours later his mother was dead. He voluntarily told of several fights in which his mother was the ag gressor, and reluctantly described those mn which his father was at fault. As he eft the stand and passed his father, the father muttered: "God bless you, my son-God bless you!" County Physician Converse selected Patrick's baseball bat as the weapon with which the death blow was probably in ficted. The defendant submitted a written statement. He was remanded for sen tence. The extreme penalty is twenty years at hard labor in State prison. What disposition to make of the two boys puzzles Prosecutor Winfield, who is greatly attached to them, and is loath to have them sent to any institution. They will be detained for a few days in the hope that suitable homes may be found. A Britihh Reamler Peril. Fl'om the New~ Ud:e ms Tfimn-Democrat.) Captain Baker, on his last trip from Liverpool to New Orleans, met with an exciting expecriene'. It was on the fore nioon of September 24, as his ship, the British steamer Rled Sea, was off the' Azores. 'The mnorning was clear and bright, but the vessel began to labor heavily, and was put under storm sails. The sea became rough. while the wind blew a living gale. The barometer flue tuated by jumps; the compass was af fected. Suddenly the vessel received a terrific shoek that racked her from stem to stern. She appeared to bump the bottom and wa.s thrown on her beam ends,I but righted almost ininediiately. All hands rushed on deck to witness the ap-1 p:ling sight of a mountain of water of the port bow roiling down upo~n them. T1hie ve ssei was headed bow on at the tre menidous billow, and as she struck it ctod sternm end, rode it gallantly, uithing over it as from a precipice into the" troughi w i below. The rudder au'1 th" 'mop lier were hoisted far out of the wateir, the boats swung in the davits, the vards creaked overhead, the masts strained and twisted, and the coal on deck e . scattered from one end to the oher. She came up out of the terrible trou- h, sho anm instemut, righted herself, shipinig but. little wvater, sustaining no material damag~e, and plunged ahead on his w-r Captain Baker is positive that hstsmiden and dangerous dilemma was the resrit of an earthqiuake, and if his ship had been heavily laden he would never have ridden it out in safety. CAPITAL PUNISHMENT IN CHINA. It Depends Often on an Officer's Whim, and May Be Met by Proxy. (Ben Ton in the Columbia Jurist.) In China capital punishment often de pends upon the whim of the officer of the law. Here is an instance: Pen Ta Ren, the Rear Admiral of the Yangtze district, was passing up that district and chanced to overhear a quarrel between a boatman and a soldier over the matter of two cash-the price of ferriage across a small siream. The Admiral took in the situation. The soldier had been ferried over the stream, and then refused to pay the poor ferryman. There was a princi ple involved. A large number of sol diers were looking on and apparently enjoying the ferryman's rage at the loss of his wages. An example was needed, and the "Great Man," as his name signi fies, who was incognito, being on a tour of personal inspection, ordered the sol dier beheaded, which was done on the spot. Willful murder, piracy and confirmed thieves fall under the headsman's axe. In fanticide, however, is not included as murder. The parent, by Chinese law, has the right of life over his own child; hence the practice of female infanticide. Adultery fails under the life penalty at the will of the aggrieved party. Thus, a husband detecting his wife in adultery can go to the magistrate and demand the espital punishment of one or both par ties to the crime, or he may take the lives of the offenders himself and not be amenable if he can prove the fact. If, however, he fails to substantiate the crime alleged, he is held guilty of mur der and punished accordingly. Capital punishment can be met by proxy an, the law be satisfied. It is not uncommon, therefore, when a man of money is sentenced to death, that he can, by the use of money, secure a stay of proceedings long enough to obtain a substitute. This is done by malring an offer of one, two or more hundred "Itaels" (ounces of silver, about 1331 cents, our standard) for a substitute. Some impecunious family, often having 200 or 300 male members, as the patn archal plan of domestic economy pre vails, will agree among themselves that they will furnish a substitute for the proffered sum. Lot is then cast to de termine the victim, and the doomed man accepts hisfate with stoical indifference upon the ultra predestination theory that his time has come, else the lot would not have fallen to him individually. He ac cordingly presents himself to the court, and the convicted man dies by proxy, while the family of the deceased enjoy the proceeds of the arrangement. Specimens of War Humor. A good story is told on a young recruit who recently enlisted at Camp Hancock, near Atlanta. The young fellow joined the army while the country was threat ening war with Mexico and he intended to make a good soldier. One day he was on guard duty and was slowly steppng along when an officer approached. After the usual salute the officer said: "Let me see your gun." The raw recruit handed over his Springfield rifle and a pleased expression stole over his face. As the officer received the gun he said in a tone of deepest disgust: "You're a fine soldier! You've given up your gun, and now what are you go ing to do?" The young Atlantian turned pale and' reaching for his hip pocket drew a big six shooter and preparing for business said in a voice that could not be misun derstood: "Gimme that gun or I'll blow a hole through you in a pair 'r minutes!" The offcer instantly decided not to "monkey" any further with the raw re ruit, and the gun was promptly surren dered. This story brings to mind one that is told of a Confederate guard who was once on duty over in South Carolina. An offcer was discussing war matters and remarked: "You know your duty here, do you, sentinel?" "Yes, sir." "Well, now, suppose they should opn on you with shells and musketry, wiit would you do?" "Form a line, sir!" "What! one man form a line?" *"Yes, sir; form a bee line for camp, sir." One day Beauregard, with several les ser lights, came upon a sentinel who had taken his gun entirely to pieces and was greasing lock, stock arnd barrel. The great general looked like a thunder cloud, but neither his fashing uniform nor the scowl on his face had any effect on the sentinel, who quietly proceeded to rub a piece of his gun. "Say," remarked an offier, "that's Beauregard there; he's a sort of a gen eral." "All right," said the unabashed senti nel; "if he'll wait 'till I get this gun to gether I'll give him a sort of a salute." It w'as the Saute Girl. This world is full of queer things that one never gets on to. Now, you can come down past a big boarding house in the morning. A young fellow meets you and he's whistling about the nightingale singing of you-of you, you know-and you think how merry and free from care he is. You hear a window open. You don't put tha two things together at all, but if you look up you'll see a girl wav ing her handkerchief, and you'll notice if you look back that the man has stopped whistling andis waving his hand vigorously. Then you'll meet another fellow. He's whistling a bit of "Il Trovatore" in a careless, happy way. You happen to glance up) and you see a irl waving her handkerchief, and he stops5 whistling and takes off his hat, throwing up a smile that goes up higher than the water from a fire engine. A little later you'll meet another man. He has a had cough, a very bad cough, but he gets b etter, squints up skyward and waves his hand, and a girl drops a smile upon him. It's all the same girl, but the men don't know of one another's exist ence. and some day there will be a fight for all those men will give the signal at the same time and they'll flind it out. San Francisco Chronicle, Elephants have very goca memories; they can always remember what is in their -ra~ke. Thrnt i& more than h. eiris 'nn do,