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VOL. III. MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 23,
THE STATE CONVENTI0.
A LARGE, BUf FAST MOVING BODY
Delegates Elected to the National Conven
tion-Several Important Matters Con
sIdered-The State Primary Rej. cted by
a Heavy Vote-A Full Account of the
Pursuant to the call of the State Ex
eeutive Committe, the Convention of the
Democratic party in South Carolina as
sembled in the hall of the House of
Representatives, Columbia, or 'hursday
the 17th inst.
Precisely at three minutes of t3) o'clock,
Gen. J. W. Moore, Chairman of the State
Executive Committee, called the meeting
to order. Secretary Wilie Jones then read
the call of the Convention.
Chairman Moore proposed the Hon. Y.
J. Pope, of Newberry, as temporary chair
man of the Convention. It had been gen
erally expected that ex-Governor Sheppard
would be presented for the temporary chair
manship, but for reasons best known to
the Executive Committee, it was decided
otherwise. Mr. Pope was unanimously
elected, and addressed the Convention as
MR. POPE'S REMARKS.
Gentlemen of the Convention: I have not
words at my command to express my
thanks for this unexpected distinction at
your bands. As I take it, the Democratic
Party in South Carolina has made up its
mind as to the work cut out for the Con
vention, and no words at my hands are
needed to bring your minds to a thorough
apprehension of the work before you.
Again thanking you for your kindness. I
declare the Convention ready for business.
Messrs. C. E. Sawyer, of Aiken. and
W. L. Glaze, of Orangeburg, were
elected secretaries of the Convention by
The credentials of the delegates from
the different counties were prest. nted. This
was followed by the roll call, finding 306
The Chairman accordingly declared that
the temporary organization had been per
fected. On motion, the temporary organi
zation was declared the permanent organi
zation of the Convention.
Chairman Pope again addressed the Con
vention and thanked it in graceful terms
for this additional exhibition of its kind
ness. The duty of the Democratic party
of South Carolina was so plain that he felt
he would be trenching upon the time of
the Convention by referring thereto.
The proceedings of the Convention were
opened with prayer by the Rev. W. R.
Richardson, of Columbia.
The Chairman announced that in order
to complete the organization it. would be
nedessary to elect one Vice-President of
the Convention from each Congressional
District. The following were elected by
Henry A. Meetze, C. J. C. Hutson, S.
M. Orr, T. W. Woodward, R. T. Mockbee,
C. S. McCall and J. P. Blanding.
Captain Wilie Jones, of Columbia, was
unanimously elected Treasurer of the Con
DELEGATES AT LARGE.
In nominating the delegates from the
State at large to the National Convention
at St. Louis, no speeches were allowed.
The following were elected by acclamation:
Hon. James F. Hart, York; Capt. F. W.
Dawson, Charleston; Capt. Wilie Jones,
Columbia; Hon. C. A. Wood, Marion.
Alternates-T. M. Raysor, Orangeburg;
A. M. Ruth, Hampton; S. P. McCravy,
Spartanburg; J. F. Rhame, Clarendon.
COMMITTEE ON RESOLUTIONS.
The following Committee on Resolutions
was appointed, one from each county:
W. 0. Bradley, E. B. Murray, Johnson
Hagood, H. A. M. Smith,'G. L. Buist, W.
A. sunders, W. J. Hanna, H. D. Elliott,
C. S. Land, C. C. Tracy, E. E. Evans, B.
R. Tillman, .John Bratton, J. H. Read.
W. H. Perry, M1. B. McSweeney, T. W.
Daggett, W. M1. Shannon, C. T. Connors,
John R. Smith, G. Leaphart, S. A. Dur
ham, W. D. Evans, George Johnstone, J.
C. Cary, J. F. Izlar, W. A. Clyde, John
C. Haskell, D. R. Duncan, R. D. Lee, D.
P. Duncan, J. F. Hart, T. M1. Gaillard.
A number of resolutions were offered
and at 2 o'clock the Convention took a re
cess for 30 minutes, to enable the commit
tee to consider and report upon the resolu
tions, and for the Congressional delegations
to present nominations for district dele
On re-assembling the following gentle
men were presented by the respective Con
gressional delegations as distxict delegates
to St. Louis:*
First District-F. W. Wagener, of Char
leston, and G. T. Graham,.of Lexington.
.Alternates: L. Arthur O'Neill, Charleston,
and Dr. A. S. Hydrick, Orangeburg.
Second-M. B. McSweeney, of 11amp
ton, and A. S. Seigler, of Aiken. Alter
nates: W. R. Kelly, Barnwell, and W. L.
Third-J. K. P. Goggans, of Newberry,
and Dr. 0. M. Doyle, of Oconee. Alter
nates: J. C. Cary, Oconee, and J. D. Max
Fourth-Col. John T. Sloan, Jr., of Co
lumbia, and N. B. Dial, of Laurens. Al
ternate: L J. Browning.
Fifth-Leroy Springs, Lancaster, and
W. L. T. Prince, Chesterfield. Alternates:
B. D. Springs. York, and J. D. Means,
Sixth--B. W. Edwards, Darlington. and
H. L. Buck, Horry. Alternates: A. E.
Bristow, Marlboro, and J. E. Jarnegan,
Seventh-Win. Elliott, Beaufort, and
Altamont Moses. Sumter. Alkernates:
Josiah Doar, Georgetown, and James P.
At seven'-minutes to 3 o'clock the C~on
vention adjourned until 5 o'clock.
The Evening Session.
Major Buist, as chairman of the com
mittee on resolutions, reported unfavor
ably on the following resolutton:
Resolved, that the State constitution
of the Democratic party be so amended
as that all nominations for State oflimes
-can be made by primary election.
The committee on resoltitions recom
mended that this resolution should not
On motion of Col. John C. Haskell it,
was voted that in the discussion of reso
lutions no member should be allowed to
speak more than twice. A proposition
to limit the speeches as to time was made
-The primary system was urgea b~y
Mr. Gaof Laurens, Capt. Tillman,
of EdgeilMr. Cannon, of Laureus.
-Col. J. C. Haskell, of Richland, Major
E. B. Murray, of Anderson, and Mr.
- ~Ernt Gary, of Edgefield, opposed it.
Term maog: enimated hianssiora was be
twen Cpt.B.R. Tillman and Col.
John C. Haskell.
Capt. Tillman said: "I shall not tres
pass upon your patience, gentlemen,
but a very few moments. This question
of a primary election, in my opinion, is
the most important one surrounding the
Democracy of South Carolina to-day.
We in this State occupy an abnormal
position. We are in possession of this
Government because we are a unit. We
are standing over a volcano, gentlemen,
that may any moment sweep everything
before it. I stand here representing the
people of South Carolina, who cry out
for reform. You say we don't need any
reform. That is the eternal cry of the
demagogue and politician. If I had time I
would show why we should have a differ
ent system of nominations in the State.
We in South Carolina, in other words
the Democracy of South Carolina, have
differences as to policies, and those poli
cies must have exponents. This demand
for a primary election is a demand from
the people to the politicians to give
them their rights. This Convention
represents South Carolina. I suppose
that it may be said hat this is a body of
representative Carolinians, and yet these
men are elected by clubs of ten or a
dozen men who in nine cases out of ten
elect themselves to the Convention.
What we need is practical discussion be
fore the people by the candidates. Pub
lic discussion is the great educator of the
masses. Our people for twenty years
have been tied hand and foot by one
circumstance or another, first by the
Radical government and next by the
necessity for unity, and this sravery has
lasted so long that in many places the
people are absolutely helpless and un
able to assert their rights. They have
fallen into the apathy of death. There
is even putrefaction in some sections,
they have been dead so long.
",Talk about no need for reform.
When I think of the outrages which have
been committed in this hall I shudder
to enumerate. I want to call the atten
tion of the Convention to one fact, that
in *1S79, when Johnson Hagood was
comptroller general, the expenditures of
the State Government were $750,000 a
year, and yet with all the pledges of re
form they are now nearly $1,000,000 a
year. The people know these things
and they ought to know them, and they
demand that the candidates for public
office shall come before them and see
them face to face, and explain to them
why reform has gone the wrong way. I
will not say anything about the injustice
which has been done to a certain class
of the people in their educational col
lege. I will not say a word upon that
subject. The politicians may succeed
now in voting down the right of the peo
ple, but they are only damming back
the waters. Two years from now, when
there is a full head on, you will be swept
before the flood." [Applause.]
Mr. John C. Haskell was next recog
nized by the chairman. Col. Haskell
"There are, Mr. Chairman, in this
hall nearly three hundred men who are
in every sense of the word as true rep
resentatives of the people as the gentle
man from Edgefield, who threatens us
with floods and volcanoes." [Laughter.]
Mr. Tillman: "I have not threatened
anybody with a volcano, I only said we
were standing on one."
Mr. Haskell, continuing: "I have
heard what he has said, Mr. President.
You have heard what he has said. You
have just heard him say in substance: 'I
warn you that I represent the people of
South Carolina. The people that I rep
bent will hurl you politicians out of
!aeunless you give us our way. Those
that I represent are harboring their
wrongs that they may break forth and
overwhelm you." [Laughter.]
Mr. Tiflman: "1 said I did not repre
sent anybody but myself."
Mr. Haskell: "I once told thie gentle
man that his party was in liis hat, and I
am glad to hear him admit that he has
come to my way of thinking. [Laughter
and applause.] The people who come
here year after year are representatives
of South Carolira. The eighteen men
of Richland, sitting here, represent the
people of Richland, and every man in
the, county had a voice in their selection.
I say the same of York, and of Ander
son, and of every county in the State.
That the people select their delegates
and select them as they will, and I say
that these men here to-day are as true
representatives of the people of South
Carolina as the gentleman from Eidge
field is. He says that he has left his data
at home, and it is good for him that he
has. He says that there has been an in
crease of a quarter of a million dollars of
expenses since 1879. Let him get his
data and it will give him an answer as
positive as I do-that it is not so." [ Ap
Mr. Tilhinan: "Do you dare say, sir,
that the expenditure of this government
in 1887 was not $247,000 more than in
1879? I dare you to deny it." [Ap
Mr. Haskell: "I do deny it most posi
tively. [Applause.j What the gentle
man is driving at is very easily explained.
In 1879 there was a fund of money in the
treasury and the Legislature did make
appropriations largely less than in 1887,
because that surplus in the treasury was
used in addition to the appropriations
made. The - a difference between a
levy and an propriation. The levy is
what you collect, and the reason why we
collected less in 1879 than in 1887 was
because we had in the treasury a surplus
which had been previously collected. It
is a fact, sir, that the expenditures have
not increased materially, and that they
have been pretty much the same. The
appropriation bills upon our statates are
things which cannot make mistakes, and
they are better proofs than the data
which the gentlemian has left at home.
These books are here, and my friend can
satisfy himself. I say right here that
there has been no such increase in the
expenditures of the government as he
charges, and I say that the people are
heard here as fairly as they are heard in
any primary election. I say that a pri
Mayelection will be subversive of en'ry
opportunity for the whole State to se
cre a fair representation. If we have a
plurality system, the choice of the peo
ple will rarely get into positions of
honor and trust. If we have a majority
system, the people will be so worn out
with repeated elections that they will not
enjoy the chance of securing their choice
that they now do. [Applause.] It will
not do, Mr. Chairman, in an intelligent
body of men like this, who come here as
he repreantativan nf the people with as
much right to speak as the gentlemaI
from Edgefield; men who dare to do a:
much, to suffer as much and are as traw
to the State as he or his ever have been,
to taunt them with being politician
while he and his are the true Democracy
of the State. [Applause.] Tell us of
real wrongs, tell us of evils that the peo
ple are really suffering, and we will try
and help the gentleman to relieve them;
but it won't do to make vague accusa
tions, to charge all the sufferings of the
people resulting from the war and the
period which followed upon the mere
system of making nominations. It will
not do to charge the people of the State
who have done so much to bring up the
State to a higher condition of prosperity,
and who will be ever mindful of her in
terests, with the responsibility of every
misfortune suflered by the people. it
will not do to indulge in such glittering
generalities. Come down to the proofs.
They are here. Let him produce them."
.At the close of Mr. Gary's remarks
Capt, Tillman again rose to speak, and
there were cries of "Question! ques
Mr. Tillman thereupon called out at
the top of his voice: "You may gag me
here, but I will meet you before the
Several delegates then moved that Mr.
Tillman be heard again, and cries of
Tillman were heard from different parts
of the hall. After some hesitation Mr.
Tillman walked into the middle of the
aisle and spoke as follows:
"Gentlemen of the Convention, I
thank you for this courtesy, and I will
try and not impose on your good nature.
I want merely to answer some of the
points made by some of the speakers.
The gentleman from Anderson is anxious
to save the dear people trouble. That
has been the cry of all tyrants. The
Czar of Russia saves his people all trou
ble, except the trouble of paying taxes
and stopping ballets. There have been
such outrages perpetrated in this hall I
hesitate to name them, and must speak
of them with bated breath. Charleston
stands here to-day with ten representa
tives, which she is not entitled to if the
Constitution had not been tramoled
under foot, and Richland has two more
than she is entitled to, while the men
who did the brunt of the fighting in
1876 are disfranchised by the enormities
perpetrated by the Legislature. They
came here and took an oath at this desk
to support the Constitution; but after
they got here they were bamboozled or
affected in some way by Columbia water
or whiskey or by Charleston-what shall
I call it-brain? Charleston always
catches on her feet. If she is tripped in
the House, she catches on her feet in the
Senate; and if tripped in the Senate,
she turns up all right in the House.
[Laughter.] While we poor farmers are
carried around by the dozen under the
arms of such men as my friend from
Charleston, (Buist,) [Laughter.] If we
have a bright boy and send him here
to this College he gets switched off.
None but the fools come home. That is
why we want an agricultural college to
give us brain on the farm. The majority
of you here. don't represent the people
of South Carolina. You represent po
titical cliques and rings in your different
counties. 1 won't attempt to go into
many details that I would like to if I had
Mr. Haskell here produced the Stat
utes and showed that in round numbers
the expenditures in 1879 had been $908,
000 and in 1886 $750,000, to which should
be added about $70,000 to balance a di
rect appropriation to the Penitentiary of
of that amount in 1879, still leaving ex
penditures for 1886 about $7,500 less
than 1879. Amid the applause that fol
lowed Mr. Haskells remarks, Mr. Till
man was heard lo say: "I will prove the
falseness of those figures before the
On the question of adopting Mr.
Gray's motion to reject the committee's
report and prescribe the primary system
for State nominations, the vote was taken
by yeas and nays, and resulted as fol
lows: Yeas 88, nays 207. So the prima
ry system was rejecte:1.
-A PRELIMINARY CANvAsS.
Major Buist presented the following
resolution, offered by Senator Murray,
with the favorable report of the commit
Resolved,. That it is the sense of this
convention that the candidates for Gov
ernor and Lieutenant Governor should
be afforded an opportunity formally to
address the people of the State before
the election of delegates to the nominat
ing convention in each election year, to
the end that their views upon public
questions may be known in advance of
the nominations, and to that end the
constitutign of the Democratic party of
South Carolina be and the same is here
by amended by adding thereto the fol
lowing section, to wit:
-'The State Executive Committee shall
in each year in which an election for
Governor and Lieutenant Governor oc
curs appoint at least one public meeting
in each Congressional District, which
shall be publicly announced one month
before the day for holding the same,
shall be not more than three months
nor less than one month before the
meeting of the State no-.ninating con
vention, at which all of the candidates
for Governor or Lieutenant Governor
shall be expected to address the people,
and the State Executive Com.mittee shall
make such arrangements for these meet
ings as they may deem proper."
The committee recommended the
adoption of the resolution and that the
constitution of the party be amended as
provided for. The convention adopted
the report of the committee and passed
The following resolution was rejected
on the unfavorable report of the com
Resolved, That all persons whose
names are oflered for nomination in the
Democratic State Convention will be ex
pected to address said convention and
answer questions asked by the memibers
thereof,-before a vote is taken on said
An unfavorable report was made on
the resolution offered by Mr. Gary of
Abbeville providing for the election of
members of the State Executive Com
mittee at the present State Convention,
and the convention adopted the unfavor
able report; so the resolution was lost.
CONGRESsIONAL AND JUDICIAn.
The following resolutions, presented
by Mr. Ellis G. Graydon of Abbeville,
wa reported on favorably hy the con-.
mittee and adopted by the convention,
after some discussion and an attempt to
fix the date at issue at August 1st:
Resolved by this convention, That the
constitution of the "Democrat party of
South Carolina be amended by striking
out the second proviso of the last para
graph of the thirteenth article thereof,
which is in these words: Provided
father, that no election, either for dele
gates to a convention or under a primary
plan, shall be hereafter held prior to the
first day of September in every year.
ENDOBSnIG OLEVELAND AND TARIFF REFORM
The following resolutions, offered by
Major Buist of Charleston, were unani
mously adopted on the recommendation
of the committee appointed:
Resolved 1st, Tiat ,he Democratic
party of the State of South Carolina in
State Convention assembled do hereby
express their unqualified approbation of
the administration of President Cleve
land and their desire for his renomina
tion and re-election.
Resolved 2nd, That in President Cleve
land the Denocracy of South Carolina
recognize an exalted type of American
manhood. inasmuch as he is mindful of
official responsibilities, fearless in official
action and steadfast in the face of im
Resolved 3d, That President Cleveland,
in his'public life, exemplifies the simp
licity without parsimony, the dignity
without exclusiveness, which should
mark the character and conduct of one
who is higher than all other rulers, in
being the embodiment of the sovereign
majesty of more than 60,000,000 people.
Resolved, 4th, That the enormous ex
c-ss of public revenue over the necessary
and proper public expenditure -is in
itself a startling evidence of needless and
therefore unjust taxation. The millions
so withdrawn from trade and industry
are barren of legitimate fruit, and are in
themselves a menace to the business of
the whole country.
Resolved, 5th, That the message of
President Cleveland, advocating a re
duction in the revenue, by lowering the
taxation on the necessaries of life, and
the raw material of manufacture, meets
with our hearty and thorough approval
as a statesmanlike and practical way in
which the overburdened people can be
relieved without injury to labor or dan
ger to capital.
The sixth resolution was rejected upon
the unfavorable report of the committee.
It is as follows:
Resolved, 6th. That, recognizing the
necessity for concession in order to se
cure a liberal measure of tariff reform,
we give to the tariff bill, reported by the
Committee on Ways and Means and 1
known as the Mills bill, our cordial ap
proval, and urge the Democracy of the
country to accept it as a measure which
will make life easier to the people at
large, increase the opportunities of
manufacturers, and maintain the present
high position of enlightened American
On motion, Major G. L. Buist, of
Charleston, was called to the chair. A
resolution of thanks to the President for
his courteous and efficient discharge of
his duties was unanimously adopted.
Col. Pope responded in a brief but earn
est speech, which was loudly applauded.
The Convention then adjourned sine
MORRISON IN THE FIELD.
He Is Willing to be Cleveland's Running Mate
Qcixcv, Ill., May 15.-The following
letter has been received by prominent
Democrats of this city:
WASHINGTON, May 3.-I assume that
you haye seen some newspaper guesses as 4
to who would like to be on the ticket with
Cleyeland. A reported interview with meC
in the Chicago Times of March 16, whichj
y ou may have seen, to the effect that I f
would like to have the place, but think1
there is slight probability of any one from
our State getting it, is substantially correct.
The same reasons which gave it to Indi
ana three times are likely to take it there
the fourth. 3Much is said of divisions, etc.,
in that State, but the same is true of every
State. At least I expect Indiana to claim
the place, and-she will hardly be refused.
It is said the tariff measures will hurt us
i-1 Connecticut and New Jersey, if any
where. If so, Indiana is more than ever
necessary to our success, and the request 1
of 'the delegation from that State is likely I
to control the Convention. True, it can
be otherwise, and some one from our State2
may have a chance. However slight this I
chance many be, I do not want to be cut off I
from it, as I would be if the State instruct- I
ed for some one else. So I would be glad
if our friend! would co-operate and send
an uninstructed delegation. This cuts out I
nobody, and leaves other States free to se
lect from our State, while with instructions
for any one, all not instructed for would
The reduction of taxes being uppermost,
the situation is favorable to a man with my.
relations to the question, unless our party's
necessities require an Indiana man, as they
Please act on these suggestions as far as
you think right and practicable.
W. IR. iontasoN. I
A Very Tough Boy.
About two weeks ago, Charles Angle, i
of Eagle Mills, North Carolina, a boy i
about seven years old, was leading a i
cow, having the rope tied by a slip knot i
to his arm, when the cow ran away with
him. He was dragged headlong over
rocks and stumps, his body dislodging i
large rocks from the ground and some
times not striking the earth for a dis
tance of ten feet, The cow ran until
she got into a wheat field, where she 4
got the rope around a stump, the boy's
head against the stump, when she pulledI
until she broke the rope and freed her
self of her barden. The boy was bruised
from head to heels and his face and head)
were gashed all over, but no bones were
broken and in a few days' time he was
in as good shape as ever.
ElectrIcity as a Motive Power.
With 130 miles of electric railroad in
operation in the cotuntry and 150 more in
process of construdtion, the problem of
the economical application of electricity as
a motive power is far from settled. The
chief question lies between the conduit
system and the running of cars by power
from stored batteries. The latter method
is criticised as expensive and ineffective,
while the adoption of the former is delayed
by the necessity of radical changes in ex
isting lines. The general use of electricity
as a motive pougr is probably near at hand.
But much yet remains to be done before
confidence cnn be placed in its operations
n important lines.
ATHEISM AS A TRAGEDY.
TALMAGE PICTURES THE EXTIRPA.
TION OF CHRISTIANITY.
Woman's Condition Under the Sway of
Atheism and Infidelity--Where and
What Examples May be Found--Horror
of the Old World-The Awful End.
The Rev. Dr. Talmage preached Sun
day morning upon "Obscuration" taking
the text from Acts ii., 20: "He shall be
turned into darkness." He said:
"What the destruction of -the sun in
the natural heavens would be to on
physical earth, the destruction of Chris
tianity would be to the moral world.
The sun turned Into darkness. Infidelity
in our time is considered a great joke.
There are people who rejoice to heal
hristianity caricatured. and to hear
hrist assailed with a quibble and quirk
md misrepresentation and badinage
"I propose this morning to take in
fdelity and atheism- out of the realm of
jocularity into one of tradedy, and show
you what they propose and what, if
they are successful, they will accomplish.
There are those in all our communities
who would like to see the Christian re
igion overthrown, and who say the
world would be better without it. I want
o show you what is the end of this
.oad, and what is the terminus of this
rusade, and what this world will be
when atheism and infidelity have tri
imphed over it, if they can.
"In the first place, it will be the com
3lete and unutterable degradation of
womanhood. I will prove it by facts
md arguments which no honest man
will dispute. In all communities and
:ities and States and nations where the
Jhristian religion has been dominant,
woman's condition has been ameliorated
mud improved, and'she is deferred to
mud honored in a thousand things, and
very gentl.man takes off his hat before
"Now compare this with woman's
sondition in lands where Christianity
ias made little or no advance-in China,
n Barbary, in Borneo, in Tartary, in
gypt, in Hindoostan. The Burmese
ell their wives and daughters like so
nany sheep. The Hindoo Bible makes
t disgracefid and an outrage for a wo
nan to listen to music, or to look out of
he window in the absence of her hus
)aud, and gives as a lawful ground for
iivorce a woman's beginning to eat be
ore her husband has finished his meal.
What mean those white bundles on the
>onds and rivers in China in the morn
g? Infanticide following infanticide.
?emale children destroyed becauso they
re female. Woman harnessed to a
)low as an ox. Woman veiled and bar
icaded, and in all styles of cruel seclu
ion. Her birth a misfortune. Her life
.turture. Her death a horror.
"The missionary of the cross to-day
n heathen lands preaches generally to
wo groups-a group of men do as they
ease and sit where they please; the
>ther group, women, hidden and care
y secluded in a side apartment, where
y may hear the voice of tie preacher,
>ut may not be seen. No refinement.
To liberty. No hope for this life. No
Lope for the life to come. Ringed nose.
)ramped foot. Disfigured face. Em
>rted soul. - Now compare those two
onditions. How far toward this latter
ondition that I speak of would woman
o if Christian infiuence were withdrawn
nd Christianity were destroyed. It is
nly a question of dynamics. If an ob
et be lifted to a certain point and not
astened there, and the lifting power be
rithdrawn, how long before that object
rill fall down to the point from which it
tarted? It will down, and it will go
till further than the point from which
astarted. Christianity has lifted woman
p from the very depths of degradation
,Imost to the skies. If that lifting pow
ibe withdrawn she falls clear back to
he depth from which she was resur
"If infidelity triumph and Christianity
se overthrown, it means the demoraliza
ion of society. The one idea in the
ible that atheists and infidels moat hate
the idea of retribution. Take away
he idea of retribution and punishment
rom society and it will begin very so'on
o disintegrate, and take away from the
inds of men the fear of hell and there
.e a great many of them who would
erv~ scon turn this world into a hell.
Lhe miajority of those who are indignant
gainst the Bible because of punishment
re men whose lives are bad or whose
earts are impure, and who hate the
3ible because cf the idea of future pun
sment for the same reasou that crimi
als hate the penitentiary. Oh, I have
teard this brave talk about people fear
ng nothing of the consequences of sin
n the next world, and I have made up
ny mind it is merely a coward's whist
ing to keep his courage up. Ihave seen
nen flaunt their immoralities in the
ace of the community, and I have heard
hem defy the judgment day and scoff at
he idea of any future consequence of
heir sin; but when they came to die
hey shrieked until you could hear them
'or nearly two lblocks, and in the sum
ner night the neighbors got up to put
he windows down because they could
iot endure the horros.
"I would not want to see a railway train
with 500 Christian people on board go
town through a drawbridge into a
atery grave. I would not want to see
500 Christian people go into such a dis
ster, but I tell you plainly that I could
nore easily see that than Ircould for any
>rotracted time stand and see an infidel
lie, though his pillow were of eider
town and under a canopy of vermillion.
have never been able to brace up my
ierves for such a spectacle.
"The mightiest restraints to-day
gainst theft, againstimmorality, against
ibertinism, against crime of all sorts
the mightiest restraints are the retribu
;ions of eternity. Men know that they
an escape the law, but down in the
,fender's soul there is the realizati n of
the fact that they cannot escape God.
"Forward, march! ye great army of
infidels and atheists. And first of all
you will attack the churches. Away
with those houses of worship! They
have been standing there so long de
uding the people with consolation in
their bereavements and sorrows. All
thos chnrches ought to be extirpated;
they have done so much to relieve the
lost and bring home the wandering, and
they have so long held up the idea of
eternal rest after the paroxyism of this
life is over. Turn the St. Peters and
St. Pauls and the temples and taberna
cles into clubhouses. Away with those
"?Forward, march! ye great army of
infidels and atheists, and next of all they
scatter the Sabbath schools, the Sabbath
schools filled with bright-eyed, bright
cheeked little ones who are singing songs
on Sunday afternoon and getting in
struction when they ought to be on the
street corners playing marbles or swear
ing on the commons. Away with them!
"But on, ye great army of infidels a.id
atheists, on! They will attempt to scale
heaven. There are heights to be taken.
Pile hill on hill and Pelion upon Ossa,
and then they hoist the ladders against
the wails of heaven. On and on until
they blow up the foundations of jasper
and the gates of pearl. They charge up
the steep. Now they aim for the throne
of Him who liveth forever and ever.
They would take down from their high
place the Father, the Son, the Holy
Ghost. 'Down with them!' they say.
'Down with Him from the throne!' they
say. 'Down forever! Down out of
sight! He is not God. He hass no right
to sit there. Down with Him! Down
"A world without a head, a universe
without a king. Orphan constellations.
Fatherless galaxies. Anarchy supreme.
A dethroned Jehovah. An assassinated
God. Patricide, regicide, sieicide. That
is what they mean. That is what they
will have, if they can, if they can, if
they can. Civilization hurled back into
semi-barbarism, and semi-barbarism
driven back into Hottentot savagery.
The wheel of progress turned the other
way, and turned toward the dark ages.
The clock of the centuries put back two
"Oh,'my friends, there has never been
such a nefarious plot on earth as that
ch infidelity and atheism have
planned. We were shocked a few years
ago because of the attempt to blow up
the Parliament Houses in London; but
if infidelity and atheism succeed in their
attempt, they will dynamite a world.
Let them have their fall way and this
world will be a habitation of three
rooms-a habitation with jnst three
rooms: the one a madhouse, another a
lazaretto, the other a pandemonium.
These infidel bands of music have -only
just begun their concert-yea, they have
only been stringing their instruments.
I to-day put before you their whole
programme from beginning unto close.
In the theatre the tragedy comes first
and the farce afterward; but in this in
fidel drama of death, the farce comes
first and the tragedy afterward. And
in the former the atheists and infidels
laugh and mock, but in the latter God
Himself will laugh and mock. He says
so: 'I will laugh at their calamity and
mock when their fear cometh.'
"From such a chasm of individual,
national, world-wide ruin stand back.
Oh, young men, stand back from that
chasm! You see the practical drift of
my sermon. I want you to know where
that road leads. Stand back from that
chasm of ruin."
SOLID FOR CLEVELAND.
Some Sound Sense from One of the Ablest
Democrats of New York.
(From the San Diego Daily Sun)
Hon. Smith M. Weed, of New York,
is registered at the Hotel del Coronado.
He is accompanied by his daughter and
her young lady friend. Mr. Weed is a
rominent New York politician and a
eader of the Empire State Democracy.
He was Governor Tilden's right hand
an, and has been f r many years a
arm personal friend of Grover Cleve
A Sun reporter was pleasantly, re
eived by the New Yorker this morning,
and found no difficulty in obtaining a
ery desirable interview.
"I suppose Cleveland will be renomi
ated by your party ?".
"Undoubtedly. What niominated
rover Cleveland in 1884 was the fact
hat he carried New York State by near
y 200,000. It was a foregone conclu
sion in 1884 that he would be nomi
"How is Cleveland's strength in New
"I think the President's chances on<
lection day this year for carrying New
ork State will be even better than onI
lection day in 1884. He will lose somei
otes, it is true, but he will gain many
"How about the Irish vote?"
"There is not so much dissatisfaction
in the Irish vote this year as there ex
sted in 1884." -
-'What about Blaine's strength in New
"Blaine has some elements of strength
n New York State, and some elements
f weakness, which other candidates do
not possess. There are few Republi
ans, however, who could poll a larger]
ote in New York. Such a ticket as
resham and Miller (meaning Warner
iller) would probably bring out the
strongest vote in New York State."
BLAINE AND DEPEw.
"What about Chauncey M. Depew?"
"Depew is going to have the delega
tion from New York State after Blaine.
You will find the delegation divided be
tween Blaine and Depew. My own
judgment is that Blaine did not want to
run, and unless he signifies himself as
not wanting the nomination in stronger
terms than in his recent letter, and if he
is on the sea when the Republican Con
vention meets, it will be taken by his
friends that he will consent to run. In
fact, everything points to Blaine's nomi
"Would John Sherman be a strong
andidate in New Yorkz"
"No. I don't think that John Sher
man would poll as large a vote in New
York as the other so-called candidates."
"What do you New Yorkers know of
General Alger, of Michigan?"
"Alger is an unknown quantity in
New York State. He is a very nice man,
but not of the timLer from which Presi
dents are made."
CLEvELANE AND HILL.
"Will there be any opposition to
"None whatever. He will be renomi
nated on the first ballot without dissent."
"Will the South be solid for Cleve
"Yes, solid as a rock. There will not
be a vote in the Convention against
"Then you do not regard Governor
Hill as a candidate?"
"No; Governor Hill has never been a
candidate. Some of his friends and a
few of Cleveland's enemies have tried
very hard to bring out a boom for Hill,
but there is nothing in it."
"What abon't the investigation of
charges against Governor Hill?"
"It amounts to nothing. Hill raised
some money for campaign purposes, but
there was no wrong committed."
THE CLEVELAND BOOM.
"How about the independent vote?"
"In 1884 there were many shrewd,
careful, quiet men, who were not politi
cians in any sense of the word, who
voted for Blaine. Among this class
there existed a decided feeling whether
it was proper and safe to elect a Demo
crat to the Presiden-ial chair on account
of the financial and business outlook.
Many of this class who did not like
Blaine voted for him. Now they see
that the country is safe, and this fact
will largely increase Cleveland's vote
among what old Governor Tilden used
to call the independent votes. On the
other hand, Cleveland will lose some
votes in the Eastern States owing to the
tariff question. It will be a close fight
in Connecticut, but I think we will win.
As to Indiana, I am in doubt, as I know
ve-y little about that State."
RANDALL AND THE GERMANS.
"How about Sam Randall and his
"Randall is all right. He and Scott
are having a personal fight in their own
State. However, Randall is as good a
Democrat as lives in the Republic, and a
sound, sensible man."
"What party will get the German vote
this year in New York?"
"The liquor question in my State will
give 20,000 votes to the democratic ticket.
Those Germans who have always voted
the Republican ticket are now with our
party. They think that drinking a glass
of beer, even on Sonday, is not a crime,
although the Republican party thinks
A OO) Iwono Eo amE. CLEVELArD. '
"You believe in Cleveland?"
"Most assuredly. He is a wonderful
man. I know him as well as I did
Govenor Tilden. He is one of the few
men in this world who would not do
what he thought to be wrong Lobe elected
President. Throughout the length and
breadth of the land the - people admire
his pluck and independence, and think
well of him. If there was not the hurrah
md hurly burly of a campaign, if there
were no brass bands nor speeches, he
would receive an unprecedented vote
from the common people. It is true he
makes mistakaes. Everybody does that,
but the wonder is that he has not made
more mistakes than he has."
THE NEW YORK PRESS.
"What New York newspapers * will
"The World, the Times, the Star, the
sews, the Post, the Herald, andprobaly
the Sun. Brother Dana may mourn for
i month or so, but he will come around
ill right. The newspapers of New York
ire a great, power, and then again they
ire not. Look at the .recent Fellows
ight. I tell you there is no element so
langerous as to get the crowd enraged."
"Will the New York societies fall in
ine for Cleveland?"
"Yes, all the halls will stand straight
n the coming fight. There will be no
rouble, and New York State will give
rover Cleveland a big vote. Blaine
ad Cleveland will be the two opposing
~andidates. and in my opinion the man
rom Maine will be defeated the second
Mr. Weed leaves for the East on Wed
Died for is Family.
Henry W. Ford, of No. 120 Wythe ave
ue, Williamsburg. who cut his throat.
ith a razor Saturday, died yesterday. The
icide was employed until a few weeks
go in the docperage of Lowell M. Palmer
t North Fourth street and Kent avenue.
Since bis discharge he found it Impossi
)le to secure employment, and in order to
urchase bread for his family was com
elled to sell his little householdi effects.
)n Saturday the family parted with the
ast of their furniture and they are now in
listressed circumstances. This so preyed
ipon Ford's mind that he determined to
~nd his life in order that his family might
eceive the small insurance upon his life to
eep them from starvation. Before coin
nitting his rash act he wrote this letter to
ais wife in a small account book:
"BRooKLYN, May 12.
DEAR AND BELOYED WIFr-I must take
uy~ life in order that you can get the in
urance on it. I lost my health in the
lizzard when I went to ,Jersey City for
.Ir. Palmer's interest, and he paid me well
or my services. True to his interest, I
sked for $13 to tide over my misfortune,
d he refused to help me, knowing that I
vs a temperate and steady man and would
ay the last cent that I owed anybody. If
me had given me the money I would be a
appy man, struggling to make my family
Lappy, but he chose to do otherwise, and I
nust die that you and my children may
ive. Bury me with my little daughter in
very cheap coffin, and may God bless
ou. You were the best woman I ever saw.
loved you unto death.
"HENRY W. FonD.
"P. S.-Loved by your husband unto
leath, lived for you and my children, but
~an't stand the agony of my soul at seeing
ou suffer. Kiss my chitdren, and may
od comfort them. Yours in death,
"HENRY W. FoRD."
It is not known whether the widow will
eceive the iusurance money.-New York
A Greai Endorsement.
Roscoe Conkling expressed himself in
private conversation to a friend thus con
erning the political situation, which re
nins unchanged: "To judge of the cali
re (of the men now leading the Republican
arty, you need only to read John Sher
nan's speech attacking the President's mes
age. In the first place, the message is
criticised by these Republican orators on
ie ground that it is free trade, a ridiculous
nd fallacious and deceptive criticism.
Eery disinterested Citizen knows only too
well that of all the statesmanlike utterances
f the past six months the President's mes
sage takes the first place. The pronuncia
nento that followed it from a wonderful
American statesman in Paris was buncombe
and Mr. Sherman's effort was no better.
n the second place, Mr. Slierman can find
only one other ground on which to abuse
the message-the President recommends
conomy !"-Buffalo Courier.