Newspaper Page Text
VOL. V. MANNING, CLALRENDON COUNTY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 12, 1889.
IT TOOK TIME AND PATIENCE, BUT
HE HAD PLENTY OF BOTH.
Amasa Macomber Wanted to See What a
Wildcat's Kittens Looked Like--He Set
a Trap and Caught the Mother, and the
Boy Discovered the Young Ones.
Amasa Macomber got a glimpse of a big
she wildcat in the woods on the south side of
Shiny mountain, in Spring Brook township.
He saw she was going to give birth to kittens
before long, and ho resolved to locate her hid
ing place and rind her litter of young ones if
it were possible. Macomber is an old Spring
Brook woodsman, but he had never seen a
wildcat under the size of a half grown one.
and he desired to find out how a wildcat's
kittens looked when they were real small. A
few days after that Macomber went to the
dark ravine again, secreted himself in a
clump of bushes near a little stream, kept
perfectly still and watched for the wildcat to
make her appearance.
PATIENCE ON A LOG.
Macomber is an inveterate snioker, but he
put out his pipe before he got to the woods,
and for four long hours he sat there weatch
mg for the wildcat to show herself, not dar
ing to light up for fear of attracting the ani
When he had about made up his mind to
fill his pipe and start for home he- had the
good luck to get sight of the object of his
search. She was creeping stealthily from the
"-' hillside toward the rivulet, only a few yards
from where Macomber was concealed, and
her movements showed that she was bent on
catching something. Within a few feet of
the brook the wildcat stopped, and for five or
six minutes she sat perfectly still. Then she
made a spring, and when she turned lacom
ber saw that she had a mole and several
spears of dry grass in her mouth. As she
ceutered up the hillside with her prey Ma
conlssr took note of the direction she went:,
ani he also noticed that she hadn't had her
A week afterward Macomber watched for
a.gain in the same spot. He sat in the clump
of bushes for three or four hours without get
ting sight of her, but on the following day he
saw her mousing near the brook. She caught
something and bounded away with it, and
Macomber saw that she went in the same
direction. By that time the wildcat had a
nest of kittens somewhere in the woods, and
Macomber began to lay his plans to find out
how those kittens looked. He might have
killed their mother when he saw her mousing
there, but he said he didn't want to do it, be
cause her little ones would starve to death in
case he couldn't find the nest' after he had
killed tleld wildcat.
Sa Macomber said he concluded to try to
catch her in a box trap. It wouldn't hurt
.aier any to be caught in that way, and if he
'caught her he could hunt around in the woods
for her nest without fearing to be tackled by
her. If he found her kittens he was going to
take them home with him and her, too; but
if he didn't succeed in hunting up her nest,
he was going to let the old cat loose, and be
prepared to slay her if she pitched on him.
THE SOY WAS A "]scoT."
Sn the following day Macomber and his
oldest son, Archer, took a box trap into the
woods, baited it with a piece of chicken and a
'house mouse, and set it near the spot where
the wildcat had caught the mole. Both- of
them went to the ravine the next morning'to
look at the trap. Before they had got in
sight of it they heard a wildcat yowling and
screaming further up the ravine, and t
hurt-" tipa Iat Jh.St. er
:.iet h - o etrito thetrap durum;
,the night. Macomber said .he was a little
taken back and a bit provoked when he
Looked through the iron rods oi- top of the
Strap, for, instead of finding the she cat inside,
big buck wildcat had his back humped up
against the rods, and was snarling and spit,
' ga and scratching to get out. Maconiber
*d he knocked the male wildcat ini the head,
hauled him out, rand reset the trap with the
samne bait, as the back wildcat had not dis
Each morning Maember and his son went
up to the ravine, but they didn't find the trap
sprung until the fourth day. It then had a
,sraing she wildcat in it, and Macember
nd Archer let her scream and began to
~erh for her nest. They looked into every
ollow log around there, as well as into every
cozy spot that was shielded from the weather,
and slowly wvorked their way up the hillside
toward the spot wvhere Macember had seen
khe wildcat disappear in the bushes with the
nmole. For two hours the father and son
serhed, the trapped wildcat keeping up ai
o sntyelling all the time. Then they sat
own on a fallen tree to rest, and Macember
pvas telling his son that he guessed they would
plave to give up, when the sharp ears of the
~boy heard a faint noise near the roots of the
rebcer went to passing around without
saying anything to his father about what he
rad heard, and underneath the butt of the
log he soon uncovered four baby wildcats,
two of which he held up for his father to
lock at. Their eyes were just open, and Ma
comber said the hungry little things mewed
Sgood deal like domestic kittens when the
~byhandled them. They were spotted gray
nd white, with nearly white bellies. Archer
tok the four wild kittens away in his hat,
and when they reached the trap the fierce old
'mot.her wildcat tried her best to break out
jd made a terrible fuss when she heard her
. ittle ones mew. Then they poked the kittens
into thre trap, and the old cat quieted down.
She got them into a corner with as much
care as a tame car, Macember said, and then
~curled up and tried to hide them.
They lugged tire trap home from the center
of a pole, and .iacomber made a strong cage
for his savage captives.-Scrantoni tPa.) Cor.
N~ew York Sun.
* A Serpentine Problem.
An astronomer from Harvard Observatory
some tinme ago propounded this problem to
a number of fellow savants: Suppose that
three snakes, each 2 feet in length, should
catch ch other by the tip of thle tail, thus
making a circle 0 feet in ciretmnference.
poethat each snake should begin tc
~wallow the one in front of him. In what
1way wouild the resultant figure, after each
snake had swallowed the one in front of
him, differ from the original circlef There
were ny diverse opinions upon the sub
jcsonie of them entering the consideration
of the fourth dimension of space, because
any one of the snakes would have swallowed
the two in front of him and yet have been
swallowed by the two in back of him, and,
therefore, would be both inside and outside
of his two fellows.-Notes and Qeries.
A Little Monarch.
What monarch so absolute as a spoiled
baby, and who would not rather live in gar'
risons in Siberia tharr under the rule of one
. 'f these little despots? Mature tyrants some
times relent, doff their boots and spurs arid
give the oppressed a rece:.s. But under the
coral scepter of the nursery autocrat there
are no intermfi-ions5 for rest and refreshe
rnenmt. Retsi-:ance to tyVrants is, ol'?diece' to
hemven; there~f-.r*,. Chrth narents:~. dto not
Bad Loans and Milsmanagement.
OMAHA, June 6;.-The Bank of Omaha,
wvhich was incorporated last fail with a
catitatl of $100,000, very lhttle of which
was paid in. closed its doors yesterday.
Liabilities be'tween $60,000 and $70,000;
assets nominal. The failure is due to
bad loans and mismanagement.
Hon. Roger Q. Mills, the great tariff
reformer, makes the pubiic announce
ment that he is not and will not be a
candidate for the Democratic nomination
for Governor of Texas. Mr. Mills is a
member-elect to the next Congress, and
says he pr'oposes to) continiue the fight
Reminisoenoes of His Early Struggles and
When Mr. Disraeli first appeared in the
political arena he made up his mind that the
preliminary step to success was to create a
sensation. Hence hit wild radical speeches,
his challenge to O'Cnnell and his outbursts
on the platform and elsewhere, which made
him the butt of all the wags in London. It
may, indeed, be said with truth that he never
ceasod to be an object of ridicule with a large
part of the press and his own party until just
before his death. The "Jew," the "adven
turer," the "mountebank," these were about
the mildest epithets which were flung at him.
Whether he cared for them or not must
always remain a matter of conjecture. Some
of his friends have told me that he was indif
ferent alike to praise or blame. I have known
many men of whom that has been said, but
never one of whom it could be said with
truth. Disraeli, no doubt, had the usual
human feelings, although he was much more
skillful in disguising them than nine men out
of ten. I always regarded him as the most
accomplished orator on any stage, and very
few persons ever saw him without his stage
make up. This may be said without any dis
paragement to his great penetration, fore
sight and courage as a statesman.
Everything he did was done with an eye to
effect, and before ho was sure of receiving
public attention in the legitimate way he
beat the big drum to attract their notice.
His velvet coats, his gorgeous vests, his rings
on every finger, his wondrous watch chain
ard his flaming cravats were as much a part
of the theatrical business as his bold attacks
or individuals or his dashing statemetits
which were not intended to bear a strict ex
When his position was secure these acces
sories were discarded. He always retained
his partiality for garishness and finery, but
when he threw away his rings he began to
weigh his words. The sensational part of the
performance had done its duty, and the actor
remembered that the English are essentially
a humdrum race and that they always dis
trust a man who is too clever.
When Benjamin Disraeli tried to get into
the house everybody was opposed to him,
including his own relations, one of whom
condemned it as the maddest of all mad acts,
as Disraeli wrote and told his sister at the
time. It is not very often, perhaps, that
help or encouragement comes from ones own
relations when it is most needed. Disraeli's
sister believed in him, but we ha've no record
of the opinions of his father or brother. He
got into parliament in spite of all obstacles,
and on his first day he took up his seat im
mediately behind Sir Robert Peel on the
second bench, the place which is usually
occupied by some old and well tried friend of
the party, if not of the minister.
"Ton jours audace" was the motto of Benja
min Disraeli. People laughed at first, but
they soon began to see that they-had a for
midable power to reckon with. "Next to
undoubted success," wrote Disraeli to his
sister, "the best thing is to make a groat
noise, and many articles that are daily writ
ten to announce my failure only prove that
I have not failed."-London Cor. Philadelphia
Their "Burnt Cork" Days.
In 1S50, when Mr. Edwin Booth was 17,
and a year after his debut as Tressel at the
Boston museum, he gave an entertainment
with Mr. John S. Clarke, a youth of the same
age. at the court house in Belair, Md. They
read selections from "Richelieu," "The
Stranger," and the quarrel scene from "Julius
Cesar," singing during the evening with
blackened faces a number of negro melodies,
"using aptiropriate dialogue," as Mrs. Asia
Botcer&eceeds in the memoirotber
brother, "and accomptying their vocal at
tempts with the somewhat inharmonious
banjo and bones."
Mrs. Clarke reprints the programme of this
performance, and pictures the distress of the
young tragedians when they discovered, on
arriving in the town, that the simon pure
negro they had employed asanadvance agent
had in every instance postal their bills upside
Mr. Joseph Jefferson, the third and present
bearer of that honored name, was unques
tionably the youngest actor who ever made
his mark with a .piece of burnt cork. The
story of his first appearance is told by Mr.
William Winter in his volume entitled "The
Jeffersons." Coming from afamily of actors,
the boy, as was natural, was reared amidst
theatrical surroundings, and when only 4
years of age-ia 1833-he was brought upon
the stage by Thomas D. Rice himself, on a
benefit occasion at the Washington theatre.
The little Joe, blackened and arrayed pre
cisely like his senior, was carried on to the
stage in a bag upon the shoulders of the
shambling Ethiopian and emptied from it
with the appropriate couplet:
Ladies and gentlemen, rd have you for to know
I's got a little darky here to jump Jim Crow.
Mrs. John Drew, who was pr-esent, says
that the boy instantly assumed the exact at
titude of Jim Crow Rice, and sang and
danced in imitation of his sable companion,
a perfect miniature likeness of that long, un
gainly, grotesque and exceedin'gly droll
comedian.-Laurenlce Hutton in Harper's
Hard to Beat.
- aTe were pretty good fish stories pub
lished the other d-ay," remarked a Nashville
gntleman yesterday to a reporter, "but
there is a moderately young man in the real
estate business in this city whose experience
can discount any I ever heard of. Here last
week he was fishing down in the Big Harpeth
river and had just settled down to business
when a fish came along and ran off with
his hook and line while .he was killing
bait. He looked into the watter and saw his
disappearing tackle, and saw msyriads of fine
fish sportinfamid the waters. He had to re
turn to Nashville at the close of that day and
it wouldn't do to come without something to
show for his skill.
Though his line was gone, he had plenty of
hooks and bait remaining, and a desperate.
expedient flashed through his mind. Direst
ing himself of all his wearing apparel except
the shirt, he carefully tore the rear of that
usful garment into strips, and upon each ho
placed a baited hook.
"Thus equipped, he plunged in the stream
and boldly made for the opposite shore. It
seemed that he never had so hard a swim in
his life, but he finally reached the bank and
unloaded dozens of the finest fish that you
ever saw. When he swam back for his clothes
he took off the hooks lest the accumulating
weight of fish might drown him. Those who
are not in the secret regard his luck as phe
Feathers Growiug Gray.
Mr. M. W. Hollis had a pgilr of geese
hatched in the spring of 1841. The goose was
killed by a mink about ten days ago. The
gander is now living. Mr. Hols showed us
a piece of home made hard soap that was
made in the spring of 1841 by his mother.
M.r. R.A. Mizzell reports that he has a hen
iteen years old, and she lays every day.
That hen has borne much fruit.
Mr. William Adams, the old bachelor, has
a jcock thirty-fly3 years old that has mated
with a turkey hen.-Talbotton (Ga.) New
Internal1Revenue Collectors Appointed.
WAsHINGTON, J une 6.--The Preside nt
to dlay appointed to be collectors of In
teal Revenue: John B. Eaves of North
Carolina. for the Fifth District of North
Carolina: William A. Allen of Tennessee,
for the Second District of Tennessee,
rice Nathan Gregg removed; David A.
Nun of Tennessee, for the Fifth Dis
trict or Tennessee.
General Jubal &. Early.
WINCHEsTER, Va., June 5.-General
Jubal A. Early arrived here to-day, it
being his first visit since the war. Num
bers of old soldie-rs. and many c-itizenis
Wheeled Palaces for the First Rorn.
Papa's Extravagant Purchase.
An order for 5,00') tons of steel rails may
be written in six li s on an office letterhead
sheet, or if given orally the transaction is
over in three minutes.
An iron manufacturer picks out a $3,000
i diamond without ceremony and hands the
jeweler his check without comment.
The club swell considers it a bore to be
measured for his new full dress suit, and sub
mits to the operat .n silently and impatiently.
Even a fashionable woman selects the ma
terial for her priucely trousseau with an off
handed air of business altogether foreign to
But let the purchase be a baby's carriage for
$12 or $15, and the purchaser a papa for the
first time, and the importance of the trans
action, the lordly manner of the buyer, his
pompous request to be shown the whole stock,
his disposition to point out a single scratch
on the little vehicle, and the ultimate pride
with which he sets aside the carriage as his
why, it becomes a business event of vastly
more consequence than steel rails, diamonds
and costly apparel all put together in one
"It's the most trying thing we have got to
pass through in the course of a day," said the
clerk of a variety store, in speaking of the
patience necessary to make a sale of a baby
buggy. "I would sooner stand all day at the
glove counter of a dry goods store than sell a
single baby carriage. If the purchaser is a
man I can tell before he has spoken three
words whether he has a family of children,
or if he is here on behalf of his first born.
Nine cases out of ten it is the latter. Next
time a new baby buggy is needed in that
family the wife has to come for it; the novel
ty of making such a purchase has by that
time worn off for the father.
"Of all idiotic questions we have to an
swer the young father buying his first baby
carriage, no other article of conunerce, trade
or manufaeture would suggest. 'Will Toot
sic not fail out of so big a bed 9 'Won't red
sunshades hurt Winnie's eyes?' 'Can't you
put a mirror attachment in front so 1 can
see what the Bobby is while I push behind,'
'I'm afraid the tiny red headed angel will
push his big feet through that thin flooring
board and get them caught in the wheels.'
"In the last instance," said the clerk, "I
felt like telling the doting papa that for fear
the blessed seraph's whole body should slip
through the same hole we would supply a
strap fastened to the roof of the buggy, a
loop in which would nicely fit the baby's
neck, thus saving a precious life in case the
big feet should bore their way through the
"I like to wait on a man who has a family
of eight or nine children. He has bought
buggies before, and as they eventually be
come kindling wood he merely asks for at
extra good quality of inflanunable wood in
the buggy, pays for it and departs in a few
"Oh, yes, the world Is the same all over.
Even that affectionate mother could have
foreseen her shadow in the dim, distant fu
ture, were she to come back, as some fat,
practical matron in the most matter-of-fact
way leaves this order: 'Send to my residence
a new baby buggy, not quite so gorgeous as
the last, a little heavier in axles, and just
about the same size as the one before the last,
which my husband purchased. I am not par
ticular about trimmings.' "-Pittsburg Dis
Bables of the World.
It has been computed that between 30,000,
000 and 37,000,000 of babies are born into the
,vorld each year. And it will probably
startle a good many persons to find o. e
ituthnrity - ' writ t~~l
- falft a year .aiigeu in a
line in cradles seven deep they would go
round the abbe. We have the ingenious con
clusion also that supposing the little ones to
grow up and the sexes to be about equally
divided, we should have an army a hundred
times as large as the forces of the British
empire, with a wife in addition to every sol
dier. The same writer looks at the matter
in a still more picturesque light, Hie imagines
the babies being carried past a given point in
their mothers' charge, one by one, and the
procession being kept up continuously night
and day, until the last comner in the twelve
month has passed by.
A sufficiently liberal rate of speed is al
lowed, but even with these babies in arms
going past twenty a minute, the reviewing
officer would only have seen a sixth part of
the infantine host file onward by the time he
had been a year at his post. In other words,
the babe that had to be carried when the
work began would be able to waddle onward
itself when a mere fraction of its comrades
had reached the saluting post; and when the
year's supply of babies was tapering to a
close there would be a rear guard, not of in
fants, but of romping boys and girls. They
would have passed, in fact, out of the mater
nal arms into the hands of the school teacher.
Every moment of nearly seven years would
be required to complete this grand parade of
those Little ones that in the course of a
twelvenmonth beg-in to play their part in the
first age of man.-Leeds Mercury.
The Evolution of Tall Men.
In a lecture delivered at the Royal institute
by Professor Flower on the "Pigmy Races of
Men," he referred to the curious fact that the
"tallest and shortest races in Europe are re
spectively the Norwegians and the Lapps,
living In almost the same region. In Africa,
also, the diminutive Bushmen and the tallest
race of the country, the Kaffirs, are close
neighbors." These facts indicate that climate,
soil and other physical conditions have but
small influence on human stature, and suggest
the question whether it is due to social or
moral agency. The comparative history of
the Lapps and Norwegians indicates that it
may iso. The Vikings were always a fight
ing race; the Lapps certainly are, and so far as
we know, alwvays have been, an exceptionally
peaceful people, and~he Esquinaux, with
wecn they ain so neareenectedlrae-iie
same. The Lapps live on the snowfields of
Norway, and the Esquimaux on the bitterest
parts of the arctic regions, just the places to
which the weakest would be driven by con
querers who haive appropriated the more fer
tile regions. The consequent hardship and
semi-starvation would probably stunt the
growth of the weaker people, while, on the
ther hand, the conquering warlike race in
the day's of hand to hand fighting with out
siders, and struggling for chieftainship would
be continually killing off the feeblm, and mul
tiplying the big men by the "survival of the
fittest" for such conditions of mutual murder
strivin.-Gentleman's Magazir e
Got Even with Her Husband.
The other day a Portland lady or-dered
spring chicken for dinner, without inquli-ing
the price. It proved to be sixty cents a
pound, and her husband sarcastically ex
pressed his discontent. The next day an or
der was left with the family grocer for some
cucunbers to be sent to the same house. The
grocer telephoned to the lady that cucum
bers were small and sixty cents apiece, in
quring if she wanted them at that price.
"Yes," was the reply. "Send them up: I
don't care if they are a dollar apiece. My
huband ordered themn."-Portland loe.i Ad
CUIARLEsTON. June 7.-- Special to The
Reister-.]--The Rev. J. E. Wilson of
Centenary Methodist Cnurch will pub
lish a card to-morrow declining the
challenge of the Rev. J. L. Dart, Bap
tist, to meet him in a joint discussion of
he merits of immllersion and sprinkling
as the method of baptism. Brother Wil
son says bluntly that lie does not believe
that Brother Dart himself believes all
that lie preaches. lHe cordially invites
Brother Dart, however, to come to Cen
naryv Church and listen to his sermons
nd b'e .onverte1 to the true faith.
APPALLING SCENES OF DESOLATION IN
THE IL-FATED CITY.
Pathetic Stories of Noble Self-Sacrifice
on the Part cf Mothers-Deeds of Dar
ing and Bravery-The Work of Finding
the Bodies of Victims of Flood and Fire.
Removing and Burning the Debris.
JOHNSTOWN, Pa., June 4.-For 36
hours without intermission the fire en
gines have played on the smoking ruins
about the bridge, but the flames that
broke out afresh at frequent intervals
in this floating field of ruin seem to
defy the subduing force of water.
Nearly 2,000 men are employed in dif
ferent parts of the valley clearing up
the ruins and prosecuting diligent search
for undiscovered dead. Their investi
gations are not without fruitful results,
for bodies of dead and charred victims
of flood and fire are discovered with
It becomes hourly more and more ap
parent that not a single vestige will
ever be. recognized of hundreds that
were roasted in the flames above the
bridge. Since the last sentence was
penned a party of searchers uneartned
a charred and unsightly mass from the
smouldering debris, within thirty
yards in front of the Associated Press
headquarters. Unused to such fright
ful discoveries, the leader of the
gang pronounced the remains to
be a blackened log, and it required the
authoritative verdict of a physician to
demonstrate that the ghastly discovery
was the charred remains of a human
being. Only the trunk remained, and
that was roasted beyond all semblance
toy flesh. Five minutes' search revealed
fragments of a skull, that at once disin
tegrated of its own weight when exposed
to the air, no single piece being larger
than half a dollar, and the whole resem
bling the remnants of shattered char
Within the last hour half a dozen dis
coveries, in no way less horrifying than
this, have been made by searchers as
they rake with sticks and hooks in the
smoking.ruins. So difficult is it at times
to determine whether the remains are
those of human beings that it is appar
ent that hundreds must be fairly burned
to ashes. Thus the number that have
found a last resting place beneath these
ruins can at best never be more than ap
BRAVE, TIRELESS WORKERS.
Moxham, the iron manufacturer,
Mayor pro ten. of Johnstown to-day. He
is probably the busiest man in the
United States. Although for days
without sleep, he sticks nobly to his
task. Hundreds of others are like him.
Men fall to the earth from sheer fatigue.
There are many who have not closed an
eye in sleep since they awoke Friday
morning. They are a hollow-eyed,
pitiable looking lot. Many have lost
near relatives and all friends.
H EARTLEss EXTRTIOS E .
-Ten and ho s most needed
to-day. Some of the unfortunates who
conld not go to the relief trains en
deavored to obtain flour from wrecked
store in Johnstown. One dealer was
charged $5 a sack for flour, and was
getting it in one or two cases. Suddenly
the crowd heard of the occurrence, and
several desperate men went to the store
andI doled flour out gratuitously to the
homeless and stricken army.
Another dealer was selling flour at
$1.50 a sack. He refused to give any
away, hut would sell it to any one who
had'the money. Otherwise he would
not allow any one to go near it, guarding
his store with a shotgun.
WORK OF GHOULs.
Bodies arc recovered in Johnstown to
day that have been robbed by the ghouls
that flock to the scene. It was known
that one lady had several hundred dol
lars in her ~possession just before the
disaster, but when the lady was recov
ered there was not a cent in her pocket.
Hungarians attacked a supply wagon be
tween Morrellville and Cambria City to
lay. The drivers of the wagon repulsed
them, hnt they again returned. A second
izht ensued, but after lively scrambling
the Huns were again driven away. After
that the drivers and guards of supply
wagons were permitted to go armed.
Registers are being opened in Johns
town, and all survivors are requested to
regter their names, in order to give
information of their safety to inquiring
friends. Postoffices were opened in
Kerville and the fourth ward of Johns
town to-day. The first mail got in at
9:30 this morning, and was enormous
for such a small town.
THF. AWFUL DEsoLATION
of the scene has been described often
enough already to render a repetition of
the attempt here unnecessary. These
descriptions have been as truthful and
graphic as it is possible for man to mak
them; but none have been
none could be. W
unbroken I " squares
an- ements and sub
c ars. t erc is now a level plain, as
free from obstruction or excava
tion as the fair fields of
Arcadia after they had been swept by the
British flames. The major and pret
tier portion of the- beautiful city has
literally been blotted from the face of
Crowds of strangers are cautiously
watching the wreck this morning from
the railroad bridge, and as far up the
river on both sides as the eye can reach.
At Johnstown proper the rescuers con
tinue to bring in bodies by hundreds
THE DEATH LIST GROWS.
Frot 12,000 to 15,000 Persons Per
ished in the Johnstown Disaster.
JoussTowN, Pa., June 5.-In the
midst of this scene of death and desola
tion, a relenting Providence seems to be
exerting a subduing influence. Six days
h~ave elapsed since the great disaster,
and the temperature still remains lowv
and chilly in the C'onemnaughi Valley.
When it is remnembered that in ordinary
June weather of this locality from two
to three clays are sufficient to bring an
unattended body to a degree of decay
and putrefaction that would render it
almost impossible to prevent the spread
f disease throughout the valley, the in
estimable benefits of this cool weather
are almost beyond appreciation. The
emanations from the half-mile debris
above the bridge are but little more
offensive than yesterday, and should this
ool weather continue a few days longer
it is possible that hundreds of bodies
m aye be recovered from the wreck in
ue'h a stale of preservation as to render
idetiicaio posii Many hundreds,
of victims, however, will be roasted and
charred into such shapeless masses as to
preclude the hope of recognition by
their nearest relative:.
CLEARING UP TIE DEBRIS.
The work of clearing up the wreck
and recovering the bedies is now being
conducted more systematically. Over
six thousand men are at work at various
portions of the valley, and each little
gang of twenty men is directed by a
foreman, who is under orders from gen
eral headquarters. As the rubbish is
gone over and bodies and scattered arti
cles of value recovered, the debris is
piled up in one high mass and the torch
applied. In this way the valley is as
suming a less devastated condition. In
twenty-four hours more every m2ass of
rubbish will prohably have been searched.
and investigations will be confined to
the smoking wreck above Johnstown
3ILITARY ON GUARD.
Pittsburgers are now in sole charge
of everything at this place. The Four
teenth Regiment has not yet been as
signed to any duty by Adjutant General
Hastings. In an interview this morn
ing he said: "The regiment was ordered
here to do guard work and take charge
of the place. We will not declare mar
tial law, for the reason that there is no
necessity for it. The local police and
the citizens, who have been doing yeo
man service, are abont tired out, and I
will assign the regiment to guard work
this afternoon and relieve the police."
General Hastings sent the following
telegram to Governor Beaver this morn
ing: "The Chief of Police of Johns
town informs me that there were no de
predations last night, and everything is
quiet this morning. Stories about riots
and lynchings are untrue, and are sent
out by people who are desirous of making
FEEDING THE HUNGRY.
At Johnstown station, on the East
side of the river, everything was quiet,
vet considerable work is being done.
This is the chief commissary station, and
this morning by 2 o'clock 15,000 people
were fed, and about 00 families fur
nished with provisions. Five carloads
of clothing were distributed, awl now al
most every one is provided with clothing.
At the different registration places
18,000 residents of the devastated dis
trict had registered as alive and well.
The total population of this district was
between 40.000 and 50,000. There were
hundreds of people waiting around the
offices to have their names placed on the
list of saved. It is thought that by night
at least 85 per cent. of the survivors
will be registered.
Roger O'Meara, Superintendent of the
Police of Pittsburg, who has been here
for two days looking for crooks and
piclpockets, said that the reports about
robberies and thieving were very greatly
THE LOSS OF LIFE.
Conservative men are of opinion that
the number of people destroyed will
reach from 12,000 to 15,000. This view
of it is based on many fragments of evi
dence obtained from over one hundred
citizens carefully selected from as in
telligent men and women as could be
different occupat ;is possible, and
from as many soc. _ Asses.
They were asked fi.'estimate the per
centage of loss to total population, to
tell how many people of their acquaint
ance have disappeared, how gatherings
of residents on the streets and in public
places compare with the same in former
times. Their statements of fact and es
timates were proved as fair as could be,
and the calculation shows a list of from
12,000 to 15,000. It must be remembered
that a very large proportion of this loss
is made up of children. How strikingly
frenuent is reference made in the death
list to "Mrs. Jones and six children,"
'Mrs. Smith and five children." In the
LITTrLE ONEs LIE IN DOZENS
where adults are in half dozens. There
is and has beent great difficulty in recov
ering the bodies of children. Being
lighter and smaller. they have often
been swept into out-of-the-way recesses
that are almost inaccessible, and are
more easily carried away. A very great
proportion of children have been swept
down the river, and their bodies driven
n under the overhanging banks, under
thickets and in other places where there
is only a sparse population and where
search is not carried on in a careful and
organized manner. As an illustration
of this, just above New Florence some
fragments of clothing were in full view
of a party on the river bank. Hundreds
of people passed the place for three
days, looking for bodies, but thought it
was only shreds of worthless clothing
they were looking at. Finially some
body poked at the rags with a stick and
the swi-l in the current brought a two
ear-old babe to the surface.
The drift of opinion among intelligent
men. physicians., engineers and railroad
men, is that from 1,000 to 1,500 of the
bodies will never be found.
.Recovering the Dead.
,. Pa., June 6.-The work
th-r & s Mii-vitflun
~imis~ vigor, and as the workmen
ecome accustomed to their ghastly
finds, and the horrors of the scene be
ome commonplace, they apply
hemselves more diligently to their duty
nd labor with a system that produces
rapid restults. The Altoona delegation
has been one of the busiest and most
useful on the ground. They took charge
of the two leading hospitals-the Cam
bria Hospital and that under Dr. Robin
son in Johnstown-and ran them up to
himorning, when they were relieved
y the Philadelphia branch of the Red
Cross Society, under Clara Bar-ton. They
ae also be'en in charge of the wreck
age above the bridge. B. M. Bunker of
froota has had sixty men at work,
aided by Dave Kirk, who is doing the
ynamiting. Altoona pays all bills for
this work. This party of workmen have
(lone so well that a big bhaat of twenty
five dynamite cartridges at 10 o'clock
loosenied up the debr's, and made it pos
sible to open the mouth of the old chan
RUINs OF A LOST PAssENGER TRAIN rOUND.
This gang of workmen have located
the day express, which was swept away
at Coemauith. The ruins of the tr'aiin
ie about 100 feet from the fourth but
tress fromt the Western end~ of the stone
bridge Parts of the parlor cars have
to-day been found, as well as traces of
the passe~ngers. About 9 o'clock the
baggage of Miss Annie Chism of Nash
ville. Tenn., was found. She was a nns
sionary, on her way to Brazil. for the
omen's Foreign Missionary Society of'
the Methodist Church. Among her ef
fects was a Bible, and in it was a mes
sage to be filed at Altoona, and
addressed to the Methodist Book Con
ern at No 20 East 10th street, Newv
York, announcing that she wvas on the
train; her watch, some money. and a
Greek Testament. It is evident that
manv lives were lost on this train-more
affair is still a mystery. Ar least the
passengers have not so far been found
and located. The body of a nicely
dressed lady was found yesterday, which
was so much decomposed as to be un
recognizable. The effects of Miss Chism
were sent to Altoona.
There was a small-sized riot at the
labor camp this morning on account of
there not being food enough for the
men or utensils to cook it with. Mr.
Flynn, who is at the head of the labor
bureau, made a speech to the men. and
stated that it was impossible to get
things down from the railroad, but that
they would be down as soon as possible.
He also stated that they (id not want
men who expected to live on the fat of
the land, and that this was principally a
work of charity, even though the men
did get paid for their work. A. few
minutes after this. as Mr. Flynn was
drinking some black coffee and eating!
some hard crackers and cheese, two
workmen came up to him and com
menced to complain because they did
not have soup and meat. This enraged
MIr. Flynn, and after telling them that
he thought he was as used to good eat
ing as they were, he ordered the guards
to take the men out of town and not per
mit them to come back again. This
seemed to have the desired etle t, and
there was no more trouble.
TEN THOUSAND MEN AT WORK.
This morning twenty time-keepers
from Pittshurg arrived, and they are
now hard at work getting the names of
the men employed. This morning it
was stated that five thousand men are at
work, and it is expected by to-morrow
at least .10.000 men will be employed:
but even this large force of men will not
be able to remove the debris in less than
several weeks. Last night about five
hundred of the laborers had no tents to
sleep in, but word has been received
from Washington that tents are on their
way. and it is expected they will arrive
UNDER MARTIAL LAW.
At noon to-day the boroughs of Jolis
towr. and the adjoining boroughs, or
what is left of them, practically passed
under martial law. Adjutant General
Hastings says he has not declared mar
tial law yet. The soldiers are on guard,
and no one is permitted between the
lines unless they have an order from the
Adjutant General. . Sight-seers are de
barrea altogether, and the town is inac
cessible, except to newspaper men and
other people who have business there.
Every point is guarded and soldiers pa
trol the dividing lines. They are very
active and deport themselve like old vet
erans. They guard approaches religiously
and have orders to stop any one
who crosses the line. It is probable that
the Eighteenth Regiment will be ordered
out, from the fact that it takes so many
soldiers to cover the ground. A special
guard will have to be put at Kernville,
Mllvale, Cambria City and other points,
and this alone will take a regiment of
soldiers. The Adjutant General was
at first backward at ordering out any
troops, from the fact that it would
naturally create the impression that
for calling cut the troops is to relieve
the Pittsburg and Johnstown police,
who have had little or no sleep for
several days past.
THE LIVING AND THE DEAD.
The real work of ascertaining who the
living and the dead of Johnstown are
was started this morning, A corps of
clerks, under the direction of a relief
committee,started Out this morning, and
they will go to every house in the vicin
ity and secure the names of the living.
Another corps of men will endeaver to
tind out who the missing are, and in
this manner it can be nearly definitely
known just bow many were lost in the
flood. A revision of the registration
books show that only 13,000 people had
registered up to one o'clock this after
noon at the different registration sta
tions, and by this list it is apparent that
a large number of the survivors will not
take the trouble togo and register. A t
one of the stations, consequently the
plan of hav-ing registers mak~e theC can
vas was adoptad.
The Situation at Williamsport.
WILLIAMsPORT, Pa., June 6.-The
people breathe little easier, now that all
apprehensions as to further suffering
with hunger have been dissipated.
Seven cars of supplies were brought up
yesterday evening by the Secretary of
the Commonwealth and are ready to be
unloaded, and work will begin some
time to-day. The track is not repaired
far enough to bring the ears opposite
the centre of the eity, and boats cannot
get down to were they arc. Before
evening they will be reached. The
Mayor this morning telegraphed the
Governor that enough provisions are on
the way to last our people for several
days. The relief committees have been
exceedingly busy and are constantlvy
finding cases of suffering. Th.. .-ai
very large class who e not applying
for relief but -'o have lost all their
hond'AV goods and all their clothing.
These include good classes of people,
many of whom lived on the principal
streets. Nearly every lawyer who occu
pid a first floor office has lost all his
Knights of Honor to the Rescue.
PHILADELPHIA, June .--The Sapreme
Ditator of the Knights of Honor. Hon.
A. R. Savage of Auburn, N. Y., thasi
sued an official d.stress call tor aid of
the flood sufferers in Pennsylvania
Lodges are directed to forwart contri
butions to J. W. Branch, Supreme Trea
surer, St. Louis.
A Wicked Couple.
ToccoA, Ga., June 4. -A man named
Clay, traveling agent for the sale of
pianos and organs for a house in Chatta
nooga, has eloped with the widow iof Dr.
Borders, the former leaving a wife and
children in Chattanooga, and the latter
leaving six children at and near the oldI
homestead-the youngest being only
about 4 years old. The last act oft
mother to'child was to spank her babe
and throwv it from the buggy when she
started. because the little fellow cried to
go with " mothr.'' The eloping parties
have been heard from as having lantded
at some pointi ini Canada. The' widow
owed very good proery. co'nsist ing of
~eal and personal estate. IHer farm lies
on Cosawattee River.
Bishop Keane's Successor.
NEW YoRK, June 3.-The following
cablegram has been received by the
ROME, June 3.-The Very Rev. A.
Van DeVyver, Vicar General and Ad
mimstrator of the Diocese of Richmond,
has been elected to the Bishopric of that
See. He succeeds the Right Rev. John
J. Keane, who was translated to the
See of Ajasso and made rector of the
New Catholic University at Was hingtou
in ugust, 1SS%
SOUTH CAROLINA CROPS.
The Unfavorable Effect of the Drought.
Cotton Stands Inferior-Condition of
Corn Fair-Small Grain Poor.
The State Department of Agriculture
furnishes the following information re
garding the weather and the crops
for the month of May, derived from the
reports of the special County and town
ship correspondents of the department
and the reports of the volunteer observ
ers of the State Weather Service:
There lias been a marked deficiency
in rainfall during the month. For the
month of May last year the rainfall was
excessive--7.51 inches -while for the
past month. estimated from reports
received to date, the rainfall has
been only 2.18 inches, nearly all of
which fell on the last two days of the
month. Some sections of the State
have been without rain for six weeks.
The effect of this protracted drought has
been unfavorahl to growing crops.
From the foot of the mountains to the
coast the reports, with but few excep
tions, show that the "stands" of cotton
are inferior. Some corresponderlts esti
mate that not over 50 per cent. of the
crop is yet above ground. The dry and
cool weather has checked the growth of
the plants and prevented the germina
tion of seed. High winds have pre
vailed during the month, crusting the
ground and injuring young cotton.
Insects have been active and have done
some damage to the crop. The bene
licial effects of the rains on the 28th.
29th, :0th and 31st were somewhat
neutralized by the succeeding cool
weather. The crop is clean and well
worked and in good condition to be
benefited by seasonable showers in
June. If these shall come early in the
month there is yet time for 4 decidedly
favoraole change in crop conditions.
The general condition of cotton on the
1st of June was for Upper Carolina, 80;
Middle Carolina, 71: Lower Carolina,
78: average for the State, 76, against 86
at the same time last year. There has
been very little change in the area. The
average of the reports for the State is
the same as last year, but the variatiors
in the different Counties will probably
show a slight increase when the final
estimate is made.
Corn has suffered less than cotton
fro-d the effects of the long drought. On
uplands the crop is reported in good
condition. The plants are small but
healthy. Recent rains have been very
beneficial to upland corn. On bottom
lands rain is needed. Bud and cut worms
have damaged the crop to a consider
able extent in some sections. The condi
tion is reported at in Upper Carolina,
92; Middle Carolina, 79; Lower Carolina,
72; average for the State, 81, against S0
last year. It is estimated that 27 per
cent. of the crop is planted on bottom
Wheat straw is very short. and the
heads smaller than usual, but the berry
is full, sound and plump, and a good
averago yield is expected. Han'
i n r.:bout t tof T e
of fall oats so. reu ,
the unfavorable weather, but an aver
age yield will probably be obtained.
Spring oats will be almost a total failure.
The condition of wheat was 83 on the
1st of June, against 80 on the 1st of
June last year. The condition of
oats was 68 against 86 on the 1st of June
last year. .
A slight decrease is reported in the
acreage of both sweet and Irish potatoes.
The condition, compared to an average.
is sweet potatoes 80, agaiinst 98 last
year; Irish potatoes 73, against 95 last
The rice crop has apparently not been
hurt by the drought. The correspond
ents generally report that the crop has
been thoroughly worked and put in
good order, so that it will receive the
fulbenefits of June rains. The condition
is reported at 89, against 85 last year.
SU'GAR CANE AND SORGHUM.
The condition of sugar cane is re
ported at 87, and sorghum at S9.
Tho peach crop will be more abund
ant than for several years. The trees
in many sections of the State are filled
with tinle fruit. Apples and pears are
much less promising. The area in wa
ter melons has been increased, but the
vines need rain to produce a more vig
The amount of farm supplies purchased
will exceed last year's purchase by about
per cent. This increase is due to the
loss of corn crops in 1888 on river bottoms
ad to the increased use of commercial
fertilizers. The tinancial condition of land
wners is reported "better"~ than last
ear by 42 correspondents, the .same"
2-?ud "w - by 47. Of tenants
- . ~ - br 72 and
worse" by 31. Of farm laborr
:r~ by 19, asame" by 97, "-worse" by
. The estimated consumption of com
erial fertilizers in the State for the
year is 130.000 tons, as follows: Com
plete fertilizers, 5:3,500; acid phosphates.
460,800 tons, and kainit, cotton seed meal
afd~ chemicals 29.900 tons. About 35
per cent. of all fertilizers purchased was
usedl in composting. One-fourth less
kainit was used than last year.
OI WOOLFOLX'S FOURTH TRIAL
For the Mur'der of His Family of Nine
MACON. Ga.. June 4.-A special from
Perry. Houston County. Ga., says:
'om' Woolfolk. who is charged with the
murder of his entire family. consisting
of nine person~s, was placed on trial here
yesterday. The murder was committed
n Bibb County, near Macon. in 1886,
nd the case goes to Houston County on
change of venue The case has been
famous from the fact that. technically.
this is Woolfolk's fourth trial. The first
took place in Macon, lastmng several
as. 1ie was convicted~and sentenced
oeathi. The Supreme Court reversed
this decision,. giving him a new trial.
rwo attempts 'weie mlade (luring the
~reseit rear to try th ecase in Macon,
hut each timie the :attempts failed. owinig
o the dimeiulty in securin.; a ,iuty. So
a <-iangec of venue was granted to
Death From Red Roses.
CARTHAGE, Tenn., June 5.-Two little
atghters of Lotu Ruissell, near here.
were poisoned yesterday in a remarkable
manner. They were playing around the
yard and ate some red roses. Both were
taken violently ill in a short time, and
the elder girl died last night. The
younger lingered in great agony until
this morning, and then died. Inve-sti
ation shows that the roses were full of
ittle green insects, and these are sup
posel by the physicians to have been
oion The girls were seven and six
AN INTERESTINtG EXPERIMENT IN THE
CIONIN RIUDI)ER INVESTIGATION.
Dinan's White Horse, Without Guidance,
Trots to the Carlson Cottage-In Doing
S;, t* Beast Takes a Roundabout
Route, ibat Stops at~the House of His
CHIcAGO, June $.-The sagacity of a
horse has been resorted to in the Cronin
case. One of Lieutenant Horace Elliott's
detectives, who is taking more than or
dinary interest in the case, last evening
thought that it would be a good idea to
learn how much Dinau's white horse
knew about the mystery.
It was about 7:10 o'clock in the even
ing that the celebrated white-horse rig
drove up to the .Conklin residence, and
when the doctor was induced to enter
the buggy the horse was driven North
on Clark street. To reach the Carlson
cottage, where the physician was so
cruelly slain, the man must have driven
the doctor down Lincoln avenue to Ash
land, and from this corner to Roscoe
street, where the cottage is situated.
This was the easiest route by which the
cottage could be reached, and the detec
tive, thinking that the horse would not
forget the way the assassin drove, hired
the rig from Liveryman Dinan and
started out to ionvinee himself whether
the white horse used by Cougn'
friend was the animal that eairTied Cro
nin to his death or not.
He first drove to the Conklin resi
dence, and the antnal stopped directly
in front of the do' or's rooms. This was
not strange, as the horse has been
diven to the Conklin house on several
occasions since the murder, and he natu
rally would stop there. The detective
jumped out of the buggy, took a drink,
and then prepared to drive North. The
animal, however, attempted to turn
around and return toward the .livery
stable, but he was started at a lively rate
in the opposite direction. The driver
allowed the reins to hang loosely, but he
urged the animal on at a lively rate to
ward Lincoln avenue. The detective
was delighted when the horse, without
the least pressure on the lines, darted
from Clark street around Center street
to Lincoln avenue. Down the street the
horse went, urged at a lively rate by the
detective, and the man hoped that e
animal would go direct to Ashland ave-t
nue and turn up that street to the cot
tage-the shortest way. But the animal
did nothing of the kind:
When driving rapidly along the
car track the brute turned.
suddenly out of the rails and started
down Sheffield avenue, through the mud.
The man was disappointed. He thought
he had found something that would at
least satisfy himself that the white
horse hired at Dinan's livery stable on the
night of the murder was the one that
drove the doctor to the place where he
was assassinated. The horse was not
going the shortest way-in fact he was
going out of his way, and the detective
was on the point of returning the rig to
the stables when the animal turned up.
den avenue and went as far as Bos
which Sullivan's house is situated. Then
the brute turned up this street to Roscoe
and trotted to Ashland avenue, turning
the corner, and without the least effort
on the part of the detective the white
horse stopped directly in front of the lit
tle house where the doctor was killed.
This proved almost conclusively that the
rig o Yned by Dinan was the one used to
convey the doctor to the place where he
was murdered, and the police intend to
work up this theory.
The white mare found in the posses
sion of Woodruff when he was arrested
was obtained at Dean's livery stable and
driven to the place where the trunk was
found and to the catch-basin where the
body was discovered. This animal did
not~ display as much ingenuity as the
one owned by Dinan. When she neared
the place whiere the trunk was picked
out of the ditch she passed right by.
Two detectives-one being Palmer+
were in the bnggy that was obtained at
Dean's, and when the animal did not
attempt to stop at the place which is
marked by the police, they made no
effort to stop her. They let ber-go out
along the Evanston road to the pce
where the decomposing remains we?
found, expecting that she would stop
there if she was familiar with the place.
But the mare fooled them again and
would have carried the two detectives
to Evanston had they not turned the
animal's head toward the city.
The police are nor at the end of their
tether in the Cronin case, as many peo
ple have been led to suppose. At least
Lieutenant Eiliott says so. The o~f
after examining the private papest o
Dr. Cronin has, it is understood, got
some new clews, which are being
thoroughly followed up.
"We have not dropped the case by any
means," said the chief of detectives,
"and we find lots of work to do."
"There may be. but I cannot say.
When the arrests commence, look out.
lhere will be lots of them."
From what could be learned from the
etective's remarks it is understood that
the police are endeavoring to learn the~
ames of all the conspirators and then
ake wholesale arrests.
Tne chief said this afternoon that he
had something that would startle the
public, but he would not give it ouf.
"You will hear it at the ingaest,
hough," was all the chief would say.
AN INCENDIARY FIRE.
Wipes Out the Entire Business Portion.
of a Mississippi Town.
MOBILE, Ala., June U.-A special
from Bilexi. a thriving town of Harri-.U
son County, Miss., on the Gulf coast,
as that the town suffered a severe loss
by~ fire this morning, all the business
ouses being wiped out. The loss is
100,000: insurance $:20.000. The fire
was incendiary. Citizens held an indig
nation meeting this morning and ap
ointed a vigilance committee to detect_
the incendiary anid punish the plunder
ers who were at work during the fire.
There was no fire apparatus there, but a
hook and ladder of Mobile was tele
raphed to for help, and sent an engine
md hose truck on a special train ar
- ving, however, after the fire was gottu'
A Train Runs Into a Burning Trestle.
MONoxvroom Ala.. June 7.-The
south bound lightning express train of
he Alabama Great Southern, due here
about :2 o'clock this morning, met with a
ecrious accident about one and a hl~
nies North of Cart bage, Ala., on the
restle known as the Cairthage Gravel
it Trestle. The trestle was on fire, and
efore the engineer discovered it and
onld stop his train he ran into it. The
ireman jumped from the engine.
~eveny feet of the trestle was con
umed: also the engine, mail car arid
aggage e'ar. Most of the mail was