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VOL. V. MANNING, CLARENDON COUNTY, S. C., WEDNESDAY; SEPTEMBER1818DNO4.
Rev. T. DeWitt Talmage Preaches
a Marine Discourse
In Portland, Oregon - Spiritual Ship.
wrecks and Their Causes-How to
be Saved - Prayers for Divine
Help Is Essential.
Rev. T. DeWitt Talmage preached recent
ly to a vast audience at Portland, Ore..
taking for his text I. Cor ix, 7: "Lest I
myself should be cast away.' Following is
In the presence of you who live on the
Pacific Coast, I who live on the Atlantic
Coast may appropriately speak on this ma
rine allusion of the text, for all who know
about the sea know about the castaway,
The text implies that ministers of religion
may help others into Heaven and yet miss
it themselves. The carpenters that built
Noah's ark did not get into it tbaelves.
Gown and surplice, and diplomas, "ad ca
nonicals are no security. Cardinal Wolsey,
after having been petted by kings, and hav
ing entertained foreign ambassadors at
Hampton Court, died in darkness. One of
the most eminent-ministers of religion that
this country has ever known, plunged into
sin and died; his heart, by post-mortem ex
amination, found to have been, not figura
tively, but literally, broken. We may have
hands of ordination on the head, and ad
dress consecrated assemblages, but that is
no reason why we shall necessarily reach
the realm celestial. The clergyman must
through the same gate of pardon as the
ayman. There have been cases of ship
wreck where all on boardescapedexcepting
the captain. Alas! if, having "preached
to others, I myself should be a castaway."
God forbid it.
I have examined some of the commen
taries to see what they thought about this
word "castaway," and I find they difer in
regard to the figure used, while the- agree
in regard to the meaning. So I shall make
my own selection, and take it in a nautical
and seafaring sense, and show you that
men may become spiritual castaways, and
how finally they drift into that calamity.
You and I live in seaboard cities. You
have all stood on the beach. Mlany of you
have crossed the oceai. Some of you have
managed vessels in great stress of weather.
There is a sea captain, and there is another,
and yonderis another, and there area goodly
number of you who, though once you did
not know the difference between a brig and
a bark, and between a diamondknot and a
sprit sheet sail knot, and. although you
could no t point out the weather cross Jack
brace, and though you could not man the
fore clew garnets, now you are as familiar
with a ship as you are with your righthand,
and if it were necessary you could take a
vessel clear across to the mouth of the Mer
sey without the loss of a single sail. Well,
there is a dark night in your memory of the
sea. The vessel became unmanageable.
You saw it was scudding toward the shore.
You heard the cry: "Breakers ahead! Land
on the lee bow!" The vesselstruck the rock
and you felt the deck breaking up under
your feet, and you were a castaway, as
when the Hercules drove on the coast of
Caffraria, as when the Portuguese brig
went staying, splitting, grinding, crashing
on the Goodwins. But whether you have
followed the sea or not, you.all understand
the figure when I tell you that there are
men, who, by their-sins and temptations,
are thrown helpless! Driven before the
gale! Wrecked for two worlds ! Castaways!
By talking with some sea captains, I have
ifund-out that there are three or four causes
for such a calamnity to a vessel. I have
been told that it sometimes comes from
creating false lights on the beach. This was
often so in olden times. It is not many
years ago, indeed, that vagabounds used to
wander up and down the beach, getting
vessels ashore in the night, throwing up
false light in their presence and deceiving
them, that they may despoil and ransack
them. All kinds oi infernal arts were used
to accomplish this. And one night, on the
Cornish coast, when the sea was coming in
fearfully, some villains took a lantern and
tied it to a horse, and led the horse up and
down the beach, the lantern swinging to
the motion of the horse, and a sea captain
in the-offing saw it and made up his mind
that he was not anywhere near the shore,
for he said: "There's a vessel--that must
be a vessel, for it has a movable light," and
he had no apprehension till he heard the
rocka grating on the ship's bottom, and it
went to pieces and the villains on shore
gathered up the packages and treasures
that were washed to the land. And I have
to tell you that there are a multitude of
souls ruined by false lights on the beach.
In the dark night of man'shdanger false re
ligion goes up and down the shore, shairing
its lantern, and men look off and take that
fiickering and expiring wick as the signal
of safety, and the cry is: "Heave the main
topsail to the mast! All is well!" when
sudden destruction cometh upon them, and
they shall not escape. So there are all
kinds of lanterns swung on the beach
philosophical lanterns, educational lan
terns, humanitarian lanterns. Men look at
them and are deceived, when there is noth
ing but God's eternal lighthouse of the
gospel that can keep them from becoming
castaways. Once, on Wolf Crag light
house, they tried to baild a copper figure of
a wolf with its mouth open, so that the
storms beating into it the wolf would howl
forth the dangers to mariners that might be
anywhere near the coast. Of course it was
a failure. And so all new inventions for
saving man's soul are unavailing. What
the human race wants is a light bursting
forth from the cross standing on the great
headlands--the light of pardon, the light of
comfort, the light of Heaven. You might
better go to-night, and -destroy all the great
lighthouses on the dangerous coasts-the
Barnegat lighthouse, the Fastnet Rock
lighthouse, the Sherryvore lighthouse, the
Longship lighthouse, the Hollyhead light
house-than to put Out God's great ocean
lamp-the Gospel. Woe to those who swing
false lanterns on the beach till men crash
into ruin. Castaways! Castaways!
By talking with sea captains I have heard
alsothatships sometimes come to this calam
ity by the sudden swoop of a tempest. For
Instance, avessel is sailing along in the East
Indies, and there is not a single clo'ud on the
sky; but suddenly the breeze freshens, and
there are swift feet on the ratlines, and the
cry is: "Way, haul away there !" butbefore
they can square the booms and tarpaulin
the hatchways, the vessel is groaning and
creaking in the grip of a tornado. and falls
-over into the trough of the sea, and broad
side it rolls on to the beach and keels over,
leaving the crew to struggle in the merci
less surf. Castaway ! Castaway ! And so
I have to tell you that there are thousands
of men destroyed through the sudden
swoop of temptations. Some great induce
meat to worldliness, or - sensuality, or to
high temper, or to some f<,rm of dissipation,
comes upon them. If they had time to ex
amine their Bible, if they had time to de.
liberate, they could stand it; but the temp
't'ation came so suddenly--an euroclydon on
the Mediterranean, a whirlwind of the Ca
ribbean. One awful surgo of temptation
and they perish. A nid so we -onen hear the
old story: "I hadn't seen mzy friend ina
great many years. We were very glad tc
meet. He said I must drink, and he tool
me by the arm and pressed me along, an
filled the cup until the bubbles ran over the
edge, and in an evil moment all my goo
resolutions wereswept away, and to theout
raging of God and my own soul, Ifell." 0
the story is:. "I had hard work to suppor
my family. Ithoughtthat by one false entry
by one deception, by one embezzlement]
mightspring out free from all my trouble;
and the temptation came upon me so Berce
ly I could not deliberate. I did wrong an
having done wrong once, I could not stop-'
O, It isathe first step that costs; the seconc
is easier; and the third; and on to the last
Once having broken loose from the anchei
.t isanot so easy to tie the parted strands
How often it is that men are ruined for the
reason that the temptation conies from some
unexpected quarter. As vessels lie in Mar
gate Roads, .safe from southwest winds;
but the wind changing to the northeast,
they are driven helpless and go down. 0
that God would-have mercy upon thoseupon
whom there comes the sudden swoop of
temptation, lest they perish, becoming cast
By talking with sea captains I have found
Out that some vessels come to this calamity
through sheer recklessness. There are
three million men who follow the sea for a
living. It is a simple fact that the average
of human life on the sea is twelve years.
This conies from the fact that men by fa
miliarity with danger sometimes become
reckless-the captain, the helmsman, the
stoker, the man on the lookout, become reck
less, and in nine out of ten shipwrecks it is
found that some one was awfully to blame.
So I have to tell you that men are morally
shipwrecked through sheer recklessness.
There are thousands who do not care where
they are in spiritual things. They do not
know which way they are sailing, and the
sea is black with liiratical hulks that would
grapple them with hook of steel and blind
fold them, and make them "waik the plank."
They do not know what the next moment
may bring forth. Drifting in their theol
ogy. Drifting in their habits. Drifting in
regard to all their future. No God, no
Christ, no settled anticipation of eternal fe
licity, but all the time coming nearer and
nearer to a dangerous coast. Some of them
are on fire with evil habit, and they shall
burn on the sea, the charred hulk tossed up
on the barren beach. Many of them with
great troubles, financial troubles, domestic
troubles, social troubles; but they never
pray for comfort. With an aggravation of
sin they pray for pardon. They do not steer
for the linhtship that dances in gladness at
the mouth of Heaven's harbor; reckless
as to where they come out, drifting
further from God, further from early relig
ious influences, further from happiness;
and what is the worst thing about it is, they
are taking their families along with them,
and the.way one goes, the probability is
they will all go. Yet no anxiety. As uncon
scious of dangeras the passengers aboard the
Arctic one moment before the Vesta crashed
into her. Wrapped up in the business of
the store, not remembering that soon they
must quit all their earthly possessions.
Absorbed in their social position, not know
ing that very soon they will have attended
the last levee and whirled in the last schot
tische. They do not deliberately choose to
be ruined; neither did the French frigate
Medusa aim for the Arguin banks, but there
It went to pieces. I wish I could wake you
up. The perils are so augmented, you will
die just as certainly as you sit there unless
you bestir yourself. Are you willing to be
come a castaway? You throw out no oar.
You take no surroundings. You watch no
compass. You are not calculating your
bearings while the wind is abaft, and yon
der is a long line of foam bounding the
horizon, and you will be pushed on toward
it, and thousands have perished there, and
you are driving in the same direc
tion. Ready about! Down helm I Hard
down! Man the life boat! Pull, my
lads, pull! "He that being often
reproved hardeneth his neck, shall be sud
denly destroyed and that without remedy."
But some of you are saying within your
selves : "What shall I do?" Doi Do? Why,
my brother, do what any ship does when in
trouble. Lift a distress signal. On the sea
there is a flash and a boom. You listen and
you look. A vessel is in trouble. The dis
tress gun is sounded, or a rocket is sent up,
or a blanket is lifted, or a bundle of rags
anything to catch the eye of passing
craft. So if you want to be taken off
the wreck of your sin, you must lift
a distress signal. The publican lifted
the distress signal when he cried: "God,
be merciful to me, a sinner!" Peter lifted
the distress signal when he said: "Lord,
save me, I perish!" The blind man lifted
the distress signal when he said: "Lord,
that my eyes may be opened." The jailer
lifted the distress signal when he said:
"What must I do to be saved !" And help
will never come to your soul until you lift
some signal. You must make some demon -
stration, give some sign; make some Heaven
piercing outcry for help, lifting the distress
signal for the church's prayer, lifting 'the
distress signal for Heaven's pardon. Pray!
Prau! The voice of the Lord now sounds in
your ears: "In Me is thy help." Too proud
to raise such a signal, too proud to be saved.
There was an old sailor thumping about
in a small boat in a tempest. The larger
vessel had gone down. He felt he must die.
The surf was breaking over the boat, and
he said: "I took off my life belt that it
udght soon be over, and I thought somewhat
indistinctly about my friends on shore, and
then I bid them good-bye like, and I was
about sinking back and giving it up when I
saw a bright star. The clouds were break
ing away, and there that blessed star shone
dorn on me, and it seemed to take right
hold of me; and some how, I can not tell how
it was, but somehow, while I was trying to
watch that star, it seemed to help me and
seemed to lift me." 0, sinking soul, see
you not the glimmer between the rifts of
the storm cloud ? That is the star of hope.
Deathstruck. I ceased the tide to stemn,
When suddenly a star arose,
i was the star of Bethlehemf.
If there are any here w~ho consider them
selves castaways, let me say God is doing
every thing to save you. Did you ever
hear of Lione. Luken iHe wvas the inventor
of the insubmergible life boat. All honor
is due to his memory by searfaring men, as
well as by landsmen. How many lives he
saved by his invention ! in after days that
invention was improved, and one day there
was a perfect life boat, the Northumber
land, ready at Ramsgate. The life boat
being ready, to test it the crew came out
and leapod on the gunwale on one side to
see if the beoat would upset; it was impos
sible to upset it. 'lhen, amid the huzzas of~
excited thousands, that boat was launched,
and it has gone and come, picking up a
great many of the shipwrecked. But I
have to tell you now of a grander launching,
and from the dry-docks of Heaven. Word
came up that a world was beating on the
rocks. Inathe presence of the potentates of
Heaven the life boat of the world's redemp
tion was Mlaunched. it shoved off the
golden sands amid angelic hosannas. The
surges of darkness beat against its bo,
bv it sailed on. and it comes in sight of us
th i hour. It comes for you, it comes for
m! Soull soul! get into it. Make one
xeap for Heaven. Let. that boat go past and
your-opportunity is gone.
I am expecting that there will be whole
families here who will get into that life
boat. In 1833 the Isabel camei ashore off
Hastings, England. The air was flied with
sounds-the hoarse sea trumpet, the crash
of the axes, and the bellowing of the tor
nado. A boat from the shore came under
the stern of the disabled vessel. There
were women and children on board that ves
el. Some of the sailors jumped into the
small boat and said: "Now give us the
children." A father who stood On
fleck took his first born and threwf
him to the boat. The sailors caught
him safely, and the next, and the
next, to the last. Still the sea rocking, the
storm howling. "Now," said the sailores,
'now the mother;" and she leaped, and was
saved. The boat went to the shore, but be
fore it got to the shore tho landsmen were
soiptetto help the suffering people that
thywddclear down into the surf with
blakets and clothing, and promises of sue
or. So there are families here who are go
Ing to be saved, and saved altogether. Give
us that child for Christ, and tihat other child,
that other. Give us the mother, give us the
father, the whole family. They must all
come in. All heaven wades in to help you. I
claim this whole audience for God. I pick
not out one man here nor one man there; I
claim you all. There are some of you who,
Ithirty years ago, were consecrated to Christ
by your parents in baptism. Certainly I am
not stepping over the right bound when I
claim you for Jesus. Then there are many
Shere who have been seeking God for a good
while, and am 1not right in claiming you
for Jesus? Then there are some here who
hav been further away, and you drink,
Lnd you swear, and you bring up your
ramifies without any God to take care of
hem when you are dead. And I claim you,
ny brother; I claim all of you. You will
nave to pray some time; why not begin now,
while all th white and purple cluster of
livine prodise bend over into your oup,
rather than postpone your prayer until
your chance is past, and the night drops,
md the sea washes you out, and the appal
iug fact shall be announced that notwith
standing all your magnificent opportunities,
you have become a castaway.
PARASITES OF SPEECH.
Bothers Should Fight Them as Energet
ically as They 11o Other Pests.
The duty each of us owes to his mother
ongue should constrain i;m to seek dili
;ently after the best ways of clothing ideas.
If there is a better fashion of speech than
yur own we should not be content until it
s ours. Slovenly language is more digrace
ul than slovenliness of apparel. The great
md grievous error in home and school edu
ation is that children are allowed to speak
is they like. The house mother who wages
,ontinual war with tlies, barricades her
windows against musquitocs and would go
nto hysterics at the suggestion of the red
Bedouin of the sleeping-room, allows her
-hildren to double negatives, contract pro
vincialisms, and enwrap their daily talk in
lang as with a garment.
She was a wise woman who insisted that
ier children should give neat and definite
,xpression to what they had in their mind
o say. If they began a sentence it must be
"What you think, you can say," was her
rule. "The sooner you learn to say it well
it goes without saying that as men and
women they were admirable talkers, never
aking refuge in -What-you may-call-'cns"
mud "I-don't-know-whats," "You-knows"
The pains given to the cultivation of the
arasitical gibberish we call "slang," if
ightly bestowed, would make charming
alkers of our boys and girls. There is lit
tle wit as euphony in willful mispronuncia
tion of words, nor does the substitution of
abalistic phrases for intelligible English
dd piquancy to sentence or paragraph. If
,he truth were known, few. slang-venders
tre on sufitiently intimate terms with
.heir mother tongue to take liberties with
Danger of False Tenderness.
The danger of false tenderness in the
raining of children was finely illustrated
it one time in this manner: A person who
vas greatly interested in entomology se
:ured, at great pains, a fine specimen of an
emperor moth in the larva state. Day by
lay he watched the little creature as he
mvove about him his cocoon, which is very
singular in shape, much resembling a flask.
Presently the time drew near for it to
merge from its wrappings, and spread its
arge wings of exceeding beauty. On reach
ng the narrow aperture of the neck of the
lask the pity of the person watching it was
to awakened, to see the struggle necessary
:o get through, that he cut the cords, thus
naking the passage easier. But alas! His
false tenderness destroyed all the brilliant
>olors for which this specie of moth is
oted. The severe pressure was the very -
thing needed to cause the fiow of fluids
which created the marvelous hues. Its
wings were small, dull in color, and the
whole development was imperfect. How
)ften we see a similar result in character,
when parents, thinking to help a child over
some hard places, rob him of strength of
>urpose and other qualities essential to the
iighest attainments in mental and spiritual
ife.-Farm and Fireside.
The Beauty of Kindness.
What-a beautiful quality is kindness!
tow soothes the careworn! How it
heers us when we are sad and despondent!
It costs very little to administer it, and yet
,t carries with it a heaven of sweetness.
Life at best p&-messes a large share of bit
Arness, and has so much need for kindly
words and kindly sympathy and aindly as
iistance. Many a sad heart on every hand
is almost breaking for want of some loving
ne to share its burden. And these aching
earts do not comprise the few of earth,
ut the many; in reality, they include
early all of mankind. The secret balm of
ealing for all these wounded hearts is
imply that loving kindness which is the re
lult of living for others, each one for-getting
self and sharing the heart-ills of others.
h! let us become dead to self and live for
yne another; then we have heaven here.
Bear ye one one anothers burdens and se
ultill the law."-Home.
Rational Attention to Dress.
Appearances should not be wholly beneath
the consideration of any man. Nature does
mot disdain them. Nothing is omitted that
:an enhance its beauty. Every thing is
trouped and arranged with the most consum
:ate skill and with the direct and manifest
bject of pleasing exterior vision. The man.
therefore, who plays the philosopher on the
trength of neglecting his attire, and who
opes that the world will rate the superior
t of his intellect in direct ratio with the
.nferiority of his hat, is no philosopher at
ill, because the true wise man thinks from
ature, through himself.-N. Y. Ledger.
-There is nothing-no, nothing-innocent
r good, that dies and is forgotten; let us
hold to that faith, or none. An infant, a
prattling child dying in the cradle will live
igain in the better thoughts of those that
loved it, and play its part through them in
redeeming actions of the world, though its
body be burned to ashes or drowned in the
-There is no fit sear-ch after truth which
does not, first or all, begin to live the truth
which is known.-H. Bushnell.
Was It a Faith Cure?
Two weeks ago an incident occurred a
fewv miles belkw Mlarion, which is ac
ee~td by many as an evidence of the
truth of the doctrine of ''faith cure,"
as held by manny pecople in our County.
Carrie Dozier, the t wel ye-year-old
(aughter of Mr. D). R. Dozier, had heen
sick two weeks with r-heumatismn, and
was confined to her lbed. She was help.
less and hand to be carefully and closely
nursed and attended. On) Sunday. Au
gust 25th, she wans visited by R-ev. Ken
neth Barnes. That day she was anppa
rently no bet ter- than she lad beein at
any time during her- sickness. One who
was ther-e and saw her says thnere can
be no shadow of dloubt as to the serious
ness of her illness thbat dlay. D)urilng his
visit a service of prayer was conducted
by Mr. Barnes, in which at special peti
tion was offered for the recovery ot the
irl. Immediately after the prayer Mfr.
Barnes left, and in a few minutes there
after the girl arose, completely restored
to health. 11er recovery has apparently
been permanent, as shne is nowv as strong
and vigorous as before she became sick.
Was it a faith eutre?-Jfarion Inder.
An Editor's Big Salary.
n-. Duinop, thne new- wanaiger- and
edditor-in-cief of then Chicago ines, is
fort-four years old. lIe was born n
the WVest Indies, but removed at anear-ly
age to Canada, and from Canada he
went to Chicago. He learned the trade
of printer, and from the ease lhe went to
the proof-reader's desk. At the age of
twenty-seven he started out at as a re
porter, made a hit at once, and was soon
after promoted to thie position of city
editor. He made a great reputation im
(Jbicago by exposing the official rings
Federal, State and munmcipal-and
nearly every man that he pointed out as
guilty was indiected and convicted. Dun
lop is to receive a salary of $25,000) and
an intere in the paper.
A TERRIBLE EXPERIENCE
BROLIE'S STORY OF HIS PLUNGE
He Prayed Hard at the Brink, Vividly
Recalled All the Sins or His Life and
Then Lapsed Into Unconsciousness.
He Will Try It Again.
NEW YORK, September 8. - Steve
Brodie sat in the little room above his
Bowry saloon to-day and received the
congratulations of his friends upon his
safe return. Steve explained the whole
situation over and over again. The
thing which impressed him more
strongly even than Niagara Falls was
the Canadian court where he was tried.
"I've been thinking about Niagara
Falls for years," said Steve, "an' if I
hadn't gone over when I did I'd died a
crazy man. You see that picture of
Niagara? It's all marked under it in
black where it has been handled so
much. Many a night I've looked at it,
and I say to me ole woman, 'I'll jump
Niagary or I'll die,' and I did jump it,
and de man dat says I didn't is a para
RUNNING THE GAUNTLET.
Steve then went on to tell about the trip
to Niagara. At Clifton a customs in
spector who was posted to watch him
was seen at one end of the train, and
Steve avoided him by getting out of the
car at the other end.
"I was rigged up so me own brother
wouldn't know me," said Steve. "I
had blue specs on, blue clothes an' a
duster.. I wasn't arpund long till I
started out to look for a place to start
from. A nigger driver took me up de
bank to a place called Cedar Island, on
de Canada shore. I took bits of wood
and flung 'em into do water an' saw by
de way de current went that it was de
best place to start from. We spent de
night at de hotel. I never slept a wink
MISTAKEN FOR CROOKS.
"De hotel proprietor was told we was
crooks from New York, pickpockets
bound fur de Toronto fair, and he kept
nien.watching us all de time we staid
with him. It was three o'clock Saturday
morning when I got up. 'I can't sleep
no longer, Bill,' says I to Harding. 'an'
I'm a goin' to have dis thing over once
an' for all.' We had about two miles to
go to Cedar Island. Harding an' Ledger
went below to fish me body out when I
went over, an' Jerrold an' McCarthy
went along wid me.
"I was tired when we got there an'
'"Are you weakening, Steve?' says
"'No,' says I. 'Give me a drink,'
an' I took a drink. Then they put dis
suit on me. First of all he wrapped me
around with cotton an inch an' a half
thick. And then they put this over me.
I got into it at 5:30 an' started out for
IN THE CURRENT.
"Me neck was bound too tight aa' I
started to come back. 'He's afeard,'
says Jerrold. Well, the word nerved
ie an' I began to paddle out. I couldn't
come back, anyhow. There was too
"How did you feel going over. the
Falls?" asked one of the crowd.
"Feel?" replied Brodie; "I can't begin
to tell you. I remembered every sin I
ever done, and me hair got cold and me
scalp felt like ice water was drippin'
own on it. I felt a kind of a plunge
when I bit the top of the Falls, then a
secondplunge when I landed on mist. I
guess it was about then I lost me senses,
for I don't remember rightly just how it
was I got out. It seemed to me I was a
month in de water before I was hauled
CONSIDERABLY sHAKEN UP.
"I was brought to de Waverly, an' !a
doctor came. I felt like all me bones
were broke. I tried to get up at 12
o'clock, but I began heav.n' up an' had
to go to bed agim. When I was arrested
de Judge says:
"1-f you'll say you didn't go over de
Falls I'll let you go.'"
'Well,' says I, 'I didn't go over
'You'll swear to dis paper,' says he,
an' he hands a big, long paper certifyin'
that me, Steve Brodie, fixed up a job on
de public an' never went near to de
Falls.' 'Ilold up your hand and swear
to de statements, so help your God,' says
"-Judge,' says I, 'I am at your
mercy. You goJt me here an' 3 OU can
do whiat you want to wid me. But, Judge.
I'd lay and rot for fifty years before I'd
swearto a lie. I went over Niagery an'
I am proud of it. Now you can hang
me if you want to.' Now, while I was
taking me lawyer never said a word.
After it was all over I found out dat all
de time he was standin' in wid de
WILL TRY AGiAIN.
"What are -you going to do now?"
some one asked.
"I am goin' over Niagerv agin," re
sponded Steve. promptly '"They have
put up $1,000 for me, an' as me bail
was only $500. I'll give this sucker $500
and~ go on about me business. Paul
Bunton, I hear, says he's goin' over
"1 will take an oath, and hope I may
drop dead and may my arms rot off me
if I didn't see Ste~e Brodie go over the
Fals." said Lewvis Ledger yesterday.
"Hek was thrown out about ten feet,
may be more. by the water, and I saw
him as plain as I see you now. I put a
200-foot rope around me and 1 swam
over to him. Harding stood on shore
and pulled us in."
Had to Speak First..
Oliver Hampton Smith was elected
Senator from indiana in 1836. When
the election was over, Smith, who was a
good lawyer and had been in Congress
eight or ten years before, took a drove
of hogs down to Cincinnati, going on
foot all the .way. On the way he
arrived at a tavern, covered with mud,
unwashed and unshaven for many days.
hc crowdl surrounded him, eager for
news of the election. "Who's elected
Senator? Hendricks?" "No." "~No
lhr~e wa~s a dead silence for a moment
and thenn some one asked: "Who are
out" A stump speech, with all the
mud clinging to his clothes, was neces
sar to convince them of his right to
the title of Senator in the Congress of
the United States.
A Singular Coincidence.
Maryv Thompson and Daniel Shelly
were both upwvards of 77 years of age,
both were members of the Methodist
church, lived within two miles of each
other for the last forty years, were highly
respected by their neighbors, and in the
decline and decrepitude of age were
well provided for by their children, and
Iboth died last Sunday within one-half
hour of eah other.-Horry herald.
The Whistle of the Postman.
The postman with his bundles and his whi-tie
shrill and clear,
Trudges gaily on his journey, while we list
as be draws bear,
He has letters, he-has papers, he has parcel-,
many a one,
Which he deals to eager watchers, from rise
to set of sun.
His whistle sounds, in echo, yet many blocks
Saying, as he comes nearer, "there's news
for you to-day;"
A note enveloped daintily, a paper loosely
A missive in deep mourning, congratulations
for a bride.
Invitations to a wedding, a lover's tedd.r
Of sentiment and sighswell mixed, of moon
livht, flowers and birds;
A mother's fervent blessing, a father's earn
With tender thoughts encouraging "to nobly
do and dare."
A photograph of loved ones from "down
East" or "out West;"
A pattern just in fashion, "the latest and the
A circular of wonders,. telling how the sick
How "the ills that flesh is heir to" need no
'longer be endured.
An imposing legal document "to be duly
signed and seakd;"
Others telling what of fortune new invest
ments sure will yield;
A flaming advertisement of great bargains
just in store,
Of life insurance figures hinting of the
A school-boy's showy penmanship of free
and flowing hand, "
Recounting excel-ior achievements and
sounding very grand;
A cramped and labored address from min
gled ink and tears,
Each pen-stroke drawn in tenderness presag
ing hopes or fears.
"We have another baby, little mother's doing
While grandma's face grows tender, aunt
Ilettie says "do tell;"
"Mother's had a second shock, father's fever
is no better,"
Then t.'ar-drop stains appear disfiguring
A loved one is departing, going out a pre
A sister or a brother, a husband or a wife;
Trembling hands unfold the missive and
open it with pain,
For aching hearts to tell the story to aching
"J,.hn is deid," "dear Sue is married," and
"Mary's very ill,"
"Robbia broke his leg while racing with Nel
lie down the hi'l;" -
"Little Neddie has tne measle.'," "Jennie's
baby has a tooth,"
"Mother's coming fora visit with Tom, Dick
'-Pete has struck it rich in mining," "Bill's
employers have failed."
A wayward son arrested-"not guilty-will
"The rain has spoiled Joe's wheat crop and
mercy only knows
How his little flock will winter in the face of
"There's man1 a slip 'twixt cup -and .lip"
and the postman brings the news,
Having sometimes welcome messages, some
times giving one the blues;
But we "watch, 'and wait-and listen" with
hope suidued by fear,
such a med'ey brings the postman with
his whistle shrill and clear.
. -Good fowekeeping.
THE NEW COTTON CROP.
September Report of the National De
partment of Agriculture.
WASHINGTON, September 10.-The cot
ton report of the statistician of the De
parttent of Agriculture for September
represents the crop as comparatively
late. Too abundant moisture is gener
ally reported, producing a rank weed
and retarding the development of the
bolls. Rust has appeared quite gener
ally on sandy uplands. The gray soils of
the Atlantic coast show the most rust.
Red lands and heavy soils have
been less effeced or entirely ex
empt. Drought has not been
reported except in the ligh t pine lands
of Mississippi, similar soils in Louisiana
and in-a considerable part of Texas. In
these districts there was abundant
moisture till June or July. There has
been a considerable dropping of forms
and of young boils in the areas most
a ffected by the extremes of moisture and
temperature. The plants are still grow
ing and blooming in most locations,
though in light soils bolls are small and
and not developing rapidly.
The general average of condition is
86.0, against 89.3 last month and 83.8
in September of last year. State avegges
are as follows: Virginia 62, North Caro
lina 79, South Carolina 87, Georgia 90,
Florida 94, Alabama 91, Mississippi 88,
Louisiana 91, Texas 81, Arkansas 90,
The presence of the caterpillar and
boll worm is reported in all the Gult
States and in Arkansas. The, first
brood of the former has webbed up, and
preparations are generally made for a
vigorous use of Paris green and
London purple, which have been very
effective with the first generation. The
damage has been slight East of the
Mississippi and not generally serious
With a few exceptions, correspond
ents recognize the large valuie in the
present crop of the factors of good an
tumn weather and late killing frosts in
determining the aggregate of production.
SOUTH CAROLINA CROPS.
The Reports to the Department of Agri
culture Indicate an Encouraging Out
look for Cotton, Corn and Eice.
The following summary of the con
dition of the crops in South Carolina
on September 1, 1889, is based on re
plies received from 246 special corres
pondents of the State Department of
Agriculture, coveringr every County in
the State. Ninety-six correspondents
report the weather favorable and 133
Excessive rainfall during the first two
weeks of the month caused the plant to
shed in a number of localities, but the
succeeding fair weather has done much
toward bringing out and improving it.
Sixty-two correspondents repiort "cater
pillar" and 167 "110 caterpillar," the
reports not indicating any damage from
this source. A tabulation of the re
rts received shows the condition for
pper Carolina to be 94; Middle Caro
lina 85 and Lower Carolina 87-average
for the State 89, against 86 on the 1st
of September, 1888.
The reports indicate a slight improve
ment in the condition of corn since the
1st of August, when it was reported at
101, and the pro0spects at tis (late are
that a fine crop) will be gathered. The
condition in Upper Carolina is 104:
Middle Carolina 103 and Lower Caro
lina 102-average for the State 103.
against 83 on the 1st of September, 1888.
Rice is generally reported in good
condition, and reports indicate an in -
creased yield and superior quality of
grain. The condition in Upper Caro
lina is' 98: Middle Carolina 92 and
Lower Carolina 96-average for the
State 95, against 84 on the 1st of
- O-rHER CROPS.
The condition of the other crops is
reported as follows: sorghum 99; sugar
ne 97 ndr pensn 9-. -
TERRIFIC ITALIAN EAILSTOR.
A Most Extraordinary Phenomenon Wit
nessed at Villafranca, Piedmont.
News has just been recei.ved here,
says a Paris dispatcb, of an extraordi
nary phenomenon which occurred a few
days ago at Villafranca, in Piedmont.
The peasants were engaged in the
fields in taking in the harvest when sud
denly h dull, rolling sound was heard,
and the sky became as black as ink.
The e was no thunder or lightning,
but a tew hailstones of enormous size
fell. some penetrating into the ground
and otbers rebounding to a distance of
This preliminary shower ceased for
some minutes, during which the peasants
crept under the carts and hayricks in
their neighborhood. Some, however,
were unable to find shelter, and when
the storm was over they were in a pitia
ble condition, with the blood flowing
from their numerous wounds.
A boy of 15 and a girl of 11 had their
skulls fractured and expired a few hours
afterward. More than a hundred per
sons were badly hurt.
The weight of some of these monster
hailstones is estimated in the reports at
two pounds. The crops have been totally
destroyed, many of the trees have been
wrecked, and the roofs of the houses and
cottages considerably damaged.
The Advancing Prosperity of the South.
The New - Orleans Times-Demoerat's
annual review of the progress of the
South makes a most encouraging exhibit
for the year ended August 81st, 1889.
There has been, it is shown, a steady
advance everywhere and in every line of
business. There has been no boom, ex
cept in a few isolated spots, but there
has been no set-back, no financial dis
tress, no business depresson to stay the
march of improvement. The extent of
the general advance since the census
year may be judged from the fact that
the assessed wealth of the South which
was $2.164,792,795 in 1880, is now
$3,759,053,367, an increase of 73.9 per
cent. The "trne valuation" of the South
to-day is estimated at $8,647,890,028, an
increase of $2,922,890,028 in the nine
years. In the same period the debts of the
Southern States have been reduced
from $124,066,897 to $89,557,730.
With a reduction of the rate of taxation
from 4.60 to 4.23 mills per dollar,
the revenues have grown Tron $13,201, -
866 to $21,128,633, an increase of 60
per cent. Railroad r-ileage has grown
in the nine years from17,808 to 36,686
miles, with 2,447 more miles under con
struction. Cotton mills have increased
from 142, with 542,148 spindles, to 830,
with 1,859,626 spindles. Cotton seed
mills show a still larger development,
the increase having been from 45 in 1880
to 214 in 1889. The valne of the oil pro
duced in 1880 was $7,690,921, to-day it
is $17,669,710. These figures do not
simply indicate progress; they point to
the transfer of an important branch of
manufacturing industry from the North
to the South. The statistics of the irou
production of the South suggest a like
movement. The admis';ion is, in fact
now general that the orth ca
produce iron as cheaply as ttf6iath,
with its exceptional advantages,
and that the future home of the
great iron industry of the country is in
Dixie. The product of pig iron in 1880
was but 212,722 tons; this year it is
1,245,595 t-ns-figures that signify a
great deal. Related to the production
of iron is the production of coal, which
is now 12.376,500 tons per annum,
against 1.963.574 tons in 1880. The
value of the annual product of minerals
ot all kinds was $3,347,445 in 1880; in
1889 it is $29,47G,432, an increase~of 780
per cent. Tne lumber product has more
than doubled in value, and tho same
may be said of the fruit product. Live
stock has increased in annual value from
$391,312,254 to $551,528,731. Agricul
tural pro;ducts show a growth in annual
value from .$611,0.79,048 to $868,979,523.
Tbe total addition to the agricultural,
industrial and mineral wealth of the
South last year was $1,631,513,686, as
against $1,089, 366,6054 in 1880, showing
a large increas~e of productive capacity.
Along with this increase of profits
there has been a gratifying in
crease of expenditure for schools. In
1860 the outlay for public schools was
$6,145,706; in 1889 it is $13,905,304, an
increase of 127.8 per cent. 1.ai every
item of the list the percentage of
growth has been in advance of the
growth of population. In 1880 the
population was 14,639,714; in 1889 it is
estimated to be 19,304,123, an increase
of 32.2 per cent. The South, it will be
seen, is better off as respects material
wealth than for many years past. Its
social, intellectual, moral and political
condition has improved, it is believed,
at an almost equal rate. The white
population, not having been affected by
immigration, is American still to the
backbone, and is animated by senti
ments of dlevotion to cons'itutional gov
ernment which renders the South the
conservative element of the Union. Its
growth in wealth, in culture, in popula
tion and political influence is, t':;re
fore, i0 the intereset of free institultions5,
to be desired by the whole country.
A Prophecy of Wendell1Phlips.
At this time, when Southern resources
are attracting so much attention and
caital, a prophecy of Wendell Philips,
the nlotedl abolitionist, is worth rep~eat
ing. In the course of a speech shortly
before his death he said: "The hand
writing is so plain on the wall that none
but a fool need mistake it. New Eng
land is doomed just as sure .as natural
laws will p~roduce fixed results. New
England has no soil worth mentioning,
and her wealth has all been derived from
her manufactures. These are gradually
leaving her, and eventually they will go;
~some to the West, the most to the South,
where the advantatges for profitable man
ufacturing are all located. The coal
and iron in the South are easily gotten
at, are inexhaustible in amnunt, and
the iron mills, the foundries andl ma
chine shons can go to them better than
they can be carriedl to the shops. Then
the cotton and woolen mills must go
there, for the raw materials are, and
are to be, p~rodutcedt there most cheaply,
uniformly and better. Then look at the
advantalge of t he extra hours of daylight
in a year's run. This, of itself, is ni
smalI inam Ier. As thec Soih grows
stronger and stronger ibe wealth, cul
ture and power- of the country will be
centered there until she will becotme,
not alone the mistress of America,Ibut
the central empire of the world."
A curious strike is in progress at
Rochester. The osterologists and taxi
demists in Ward's natural science es
tablishments, where Jumbo's skeleton
was prepared, have stopped work, and
as a result many rare birds and animals
beig -prepared for colections3 in dif
ferent parts of the country are leff
partly mounited and the loss will be
MURDER IN THE FIRST DEGREE.
W. D. Merriman Convicted in the Ches
terfield Court of the Murder of A. G.
Douglas -Both White Men.
CaEr.w, Septniber 10.-[Special to
The Register.]-In the Chestertield Court
of General Sessions to-day, after being
out only twenty minutes, the jury
brought in a verdict of guilty of mur
der in the first degree against W. IU.
Merriman for killing A. G. Douglas, a
prominent turpentine man, near here,
on the 6th of May last. The trial occu
pied live days, there being a large num
ber of witnesses, and was one of- the
most interesting cases that has ever been
tried in this County. The court house
was crowded from the beginning till the
verdict was rendered.
The killing of Douglas was brought
on by a dispute over some land which
both Douglas and Merriman claimed.
Some time after the dispute Merrimair
laid in ambush for Douglas and shot
him with a double-barrel gun loaded
The defense employed four of the most
prominent lawyers of the Cheraw and
Chesterfield bars. The Judge (Wallace)
has not yet passed sentence on Merri
man. If he is hung it will be the first
execution to take place in Chesterfield
County for over forty years.
W. D. Merriman is about 25 years
old. le is married and has one child.
There is another murder trial on the
docket-The State against Robert Moore,
colored, for stabbing and killing his
brother Alfred, on the 9th of August.
The general belief is that he, too, will
About twenty factory hands passed
through town from Rockingham, N. C.,
going to Darlington to-day. The Rock
ingham mills will not be running for
three months, on account of damage by
The collisions between the whites and
blacks in Mississippi bring into strong
relief a characteristic of mankind that
lacked explanation and rationale until
the appearance of the "Origin of Spe
cies." From that epoch-making work
we learn that race prejudice is not con
fined to man. Desperate struggles be
tween different species of the same fam
ily of animals are raging now and have
ever raged. Every acre of territory is
fought for, and wide regions are totally
depopulated of fauna of one variety by
another species differing, pefhaps, only
in color. The red squirrel looks upon
the presence of the black as an imperti
nence, and the black is made uncom
fortable hy the neighborhood of the gray
Evern plants have antipathies that a
philosopher would blush to own, and
have their Waterloos in which sap flows
like water. At any rate, there is many
an Alsace and Lorraine in the vegetable
world towards which we half fancy that
the vanquished and expelled look back
with longing eyes, amid much rattling
of stems and brandishing of thorns.
And, had the Greeks known anything of
the "survival of the fittest," no doubt
they would have linked into verse and
ashioned into legend the !aments _of
Dryaud-Jmydriad, when the syca
more drove tie oak from
watered banks ri the
pine expelled it troi e r slopes
of Olympus. But it might be thought
that, though white clover will not con
sent to dwell in peace with red, and
the red fox declines to accede to any
modus vivendi with the gray-it might
be thought that men would be wiser.
Are we not all brothers?
The truth lies in the other direction.
The animosity of animal.s arises only
pon contact, the antipathies of man
time can hardlv'blunt or distance soften.
The Celt hates the Saxon, though jibe
ocean rolls between England and
America; though more than two centu
ries lie between our day and the battle
of the Boyne. Slav, Maggar, Teuton,
by their'undying animosities, keep alive
the undying Eastern questlon-a ques
tion that blood and iron alone can
solve. German and Gaul d well side by
side in the provinces wrested from
France by Bismarck; but which of the
two is ~to be master there is a
question that will yet choke the Rhine
with corpses. The Indian is a man and
brother; yet the sentiment has been
boldly uttered and heard with the ap
plause due, to wit: that dead Indians
aone arc good; and just the other day
tbere rose amid the fluttering of flags and
the blare of trumpets-there rose in
philanthropic New England a stately
monument to a man who would have
been banded down to eternal execration
ad his prowess been exhibited against
the white race insteatd of tbe red man.
To us, accustomed to see men of every
nationality pouring into our broad
borders, the race animosities of Europe
seem hardly intelligible. But wve know
that they exist as fundamental and in
eradicable facts that no statesman can
ignore or for a moment forget without
peril. That there are troubles at the
South, therefore, no thoughtful man will
find surprising, when the t wo races, un
like those of Europe, differ by the total
width of the sk39 No nation in the tide
of time eirer'had so momentous problem
on its hands-a problem so fraught with
serious impossibilities that to make light
of it is the mark neither of a wise head
nor a patriotic heart.--New York Onn
merial Adcert iser.
A Family of Elopers.
A romantic ceremony was performed
at Jacksdn, Miss., Monday night by
Rev. Frank H-allam of St. Andrew's
Episcopal Church. The contracting par
ties were Dr. Robert Lowry of Canton,
and Miss Mary J. Foote of Oakland,
California. Miss Foote, who is the
daughter of Henry S. Foote, one of the
California State Supreme Comit com
missioners andl formierly a citizen of
Mississippi, was visiting relatives in
Canton, where she met young Lowry,
son of Governor Lowry, and a practic
ing physician of that city. An attach
ment sprang up bet ween the t wo, and it
is supposed that on account of the
youthful age of the yoiung laidy her
relatives objected to a wedding, but
love laughs at locksmiths, hence the
elopement to JTackson. Governor Lo~wry
has eleven children, nine of whom are
now married. One of his daughters
and two of his sons eloped.
Gave Him the Job.
A business man in Albauy advertised
for an office boy recently, and, its usual,
got a big bundle of answers. lHe got
fairly tired of reading the various good
things the young applicants for the place
had to say of themselves, but finally he
s.ruck a letter that really rested him. It
was written on a very much soiled and.
crumpled piece of paper that had never
been very white, anid ran as follows:
"I'm 12 years old. I haint got no father
.r muther. I'm an orfen and I've got
to hustel. It jus.t betes all how hard
times is." He rcad no more of the let
ters, but at once sent for tile writer of
ih one and save him the job.
THE CORPORAL'S RESIGNATION AC
CEPTED BY THE PRESIDENT.
An Interchange of Mutual Admiration.
Correspondence Between Tanner and
Earrison-Gossip as tp the Corporal's
Successor-Several Candidates Named.
WASHINGTON, September 12.-The fol
lowing is Commissioner Tanner's letter
of resignation and President Harri
son's reply thereto:
DEPARTMENT GF THE INTERIOR, Bu
reau of Pensions, Washington, D. C.,
September 12, 1889.-To the President:
The differences which exist between the
Secretary of the Interior and myself as
to the policy to be pursued in the ad
ministration of the Pension Bureau
have reached a stage which threatens to
embarrass you to an. extent which I feel
I should not call upon you to suffer;
and as the investigation into the affairs
of the Bureau has been completed, and
[ am assured both by yourself and by
the Secretary of the Interior that the
report contains no reflection on my in
tegrity as an individual or as an officer, I
herewith place my resignation in your
hand, to take effect at your pleasure, to
the end that you may be relieved of any
further embarrassment in the matter.
Very respectfully yours,
JAMEs TAixE, Commissiener.
EXECUTIVE MANSION, WASHINGTON,
September 12, 1889.-Hon. James Tan
ner, Commissioner of Pensions.-Dear
Sir: Your letter tendering your resig
nation of the office of Commissioner of
Pensions has been received, and your
resignation is accepted, to take effect on
the appointment and qualification of
your successor. I do not think it ne
cessary, in this correspondence, to dis
cuss the causes which have led to the
present attitude of affairs in the Pen
sion Office. You have been kindly and
fully advised of my views upon most of
these matters. It gives me pleasure to
add that, so far as I am advised, your
honesty has not at any time been called
in question, and I beg to renew the ex
pression of my personal good will.
Very truly yours,
CANDIDATES FOR THE VACANT PLACK
Gossip as to Tanner's successor is now
engaging all attention. To-day ex-Con
gressman Wm. Warner of Missouri, ex
Commander-in-Chief of the G. A. B., is
believed to be most likely to be appointed.
He is said to have left Kansas City. in
response to a. telegraphic summons to
meet the Secretary of the Interior.
Other candidates are ex-Pension Agent
Poole of Syracuse, N. Y., Gen. Charles
E. Brown of Cincinnati and Gen. Powell
The impression of yesterday that Tan
ner would be provided for in some way
by the administration still prevails, but
just where cannot be learned, if, indeed,
it has been decided. A Western paper
published a statement that he would en
ter upon the practice of law after leav
ing the ension Office, but a close friend
of Waa~s that is entare
It is laid to-da a Id
did idt telegraph to Tanner a'vwng-or
urging him not to resign. If he ex
pressed any view at all upon the matter
it was verbally and to a third party.
Governor Foraker's position is also said
to have been misrepresented by yester
day's reports. To-day's information on
the subject is to the effect that he pot
only did not advise Tanner not to
resign, but gave him advice directly to
The Haunted Czar.
"Uneasy lies the head th~wears- a
rown" is an old and often'quoted say
ing, but no ruler of modern times has -
been made more sensible of its truth
than the Czar Alexander. Who was it
that also remarked that "Russia is'a
despotisin tempered by assassinationt'"
This, also, is true, and no precauitions
taken by the Czar can relieve from the.
constant apprehension -that - some -
desperate act of some desperate
man or body of men will nli
mately bring about his death. Even in
his summer palace, surrounded as it is
by a double cordon of guards, letters
have been foud warning him of his
doom. He has been shot at and at
empts have been made to blow him
up with dynamite, and on his~ last
journey to the interior an accident oc
curred to the train in which he was,
with loss of life, and no one knows to
this day whether it rose from a defective
rail or was the work of conspirators. In
his summer palace he shifts his sleeping
place from one room to another, and
that in which he sleeps is said to be
kept secret from all until the next morn
ing. There may be exaggeration in this,
but there is no exaggeration in the pre
autions taken to protect his life. The
coaches of the new train in which he
travels are covered with iron armor
and lined with cork. It consists
of several saloons so completely
covered that no one can tell from the
outside where one saloon begins and the.
other ends, or in what compartment the
Czar may at any time be found. Every
mile of the railroad undergoes a rigor
ousi examination beforehand, and guards
are stationed at intervals to be ready
for any emergency. It would be a ques
jion with most men whether life would
be worth living nnder such circum
stances. But the Czar is compelled to
bear his heavy burden as best he may,
while with an apparently inflexible will
he continues to- exercise his desp~otic au
thority and trusts to the vigilance of the
special police of the "third section" to
protect him from the conspiracies that
are const antly being organized for his
May Murder, But Not Steal.
The Stanford (Ky.) InteriordJournial.
has an interesting story about a drum
mer's adventures in Harlan and Bell
Counties. While asleep in a moun
taineer's cabin the traveling man's pan
taloons were stolen, and the owner hav
ing but one pair, the drummer was com
pelled to drive four miles without any.
There is something strange about this,
the commission of theft in the moun
tains. This is a crime practically un
known there. A man who might shoot
you with a Winchester from behind a
tree would never think of taking your
property. If stealing is going on it has
been introduced by the fast encroach
ing railroads. If that mountaineerhad
been at home when the drummer got up
he would have loaned him his only pair
of breeches to wear away.--Louisville
No Demand for rhM Bustle.
Talors bustle manufactory at Bridge
port,'Connecticut,.*where 600 girls have -
been employed, has shut down. The
suspension is likely to be indefinite,
from the fact, it is saidthat the'bustle has
gone so largely -out of fashion that comn
~ai-cly n demand for it remains.