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VrOL. VI. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 9, 1890. NO. 30.
'1 IE STATE CAMPALGN. THE CANDIDATES CONTINUE TO AD DRESS TnE PEOPLE. A Large Meeting t Winnsboro in General Bratton'S Coun. y saue Acco.nt of the Proce ding-. Abjut 1,500 people were present, including many neg.1oes. The meet ing was called to order by County Chairman H. A. Gaillard, who made an appeal1orrder and a respectful hearing for all tjhe speakers. As soon as he finished there was gen eral cheering for Bratton and Till man. The exercises were opened with prayer by the Rev. Herbert Jones. General Bratton was the first speaker of the day. He spoke very briefly, but his remarks were punctu ated all through with .vociferous ap plause. He repeated his former warn ingS and emphasized them. He also renewed his attack on the present federal administration, as oppressive to the farming interests. He begged of his people a courteous hearing for ther speakeis, saying they only main taned their self-respect by being courteous to others. Colonel Earle, who was the next speaker, was greeted withloudcheers and throughout iis speech was lis tened to with respect and attention except one or two attempted inter ruptions. His speech was very aggressive. He said the State Government had been charged with extravagance and corruption. He said the report was that Capt, Tillman only paid $43 in taxes on 1,800 acres of land and other property. Tillman said that was State taxes. Earle said the report said all. Tillman said it was a lie. Colonel Earle said the railroads in Edgefield county were returned at a low valuation and Tillman was a member of the board of equalization. The railroads were compelled to make returns under oath, though Gary said they did not. Tiliman said he didn't think the county board of equaliztion had anything to do with railroad r. turns. Earle said under the law they had. Colonel Earle defended the agri cultural bureau and cited the benefits arising from the establishment. He mentioned the Abbeville proposition, to have experts to examinethe affairs of the department. Tilman had said he believed Butler *was an hon. est man. He thanked God he had made him acknowledge the honesty of one man against whom he had made charges and if that was all he accomplished he felt his canvass of the State had not been in vain. Earle accused Tillman of slander ig the State and read from an ar ticle published in The Cottox Plant. Tillman had in this slandered every officer the State has had since '76. He went chrough the institutions of the Shell manifesto and platform and assailed the objectionable points. He asked Gary how he got on the ticket. Gary said he was tendered the nopination by Shell. Colonel. Earle spoke of the pri mary and alluded to the rejected proposition at Union. He closed amid rousing cheers. When Captain Tillman was pre sented there.was perfect pandemon ium- Tillmian said it was the most impartial crowd he had seen except in Columbia. All the candidates~had been received so warmly. He said it was the fourteenth county. he had been in and there were more Brat ton and Earle men here than all the others put together. Tillman was continually interrupted by tne noisy Wrangling of the crowd. The spirit of the anti's seemed to be to listen, but the two sides wran gled so among themselves that it was almost imoiossible to hear. Finally ~Tillman saidhe had twenty two more speeches to make and he would not be howled down by a'mob. A voice cried out, "get down." Tilman said, "all right, sir, Trl get down," and took his seat. The intensest excitement followed this incident and anything like order was impossible. One man walked up on the stand, shook hands with Tillman and said he was a Bratton man atflrst buitnow he was a -Till -manite "from hell to breakfast." A prominent Bratton man said it was ~only righteous idignation for the treatment of Bratton at Laurens. After five minutes of confusion thrice confounded Tillman again proceeded and was heard with re spectfuf attention till the close of his speech. He rehearsed the charges of the campaign and endeavored to defend the ac ion of the Miarch Convention. He said he was the head of the ticket and the only man suggested by the organization and if he was elected it would be one time the head would wag the dog. He would not allow the lawyers on his ticket to dictate his policy. He said he would carry all the counties in the State except five or six, and the people were goingto have a Governor Tillman in spite of them selves. In alluding to his prospects, he said he knew ..of only one thing which could beat him. It would be for the News and Courier to turn over and advocate him for Governor. The people would then say he had sold out. He charged many imposi tions and extravagances of the State government, naming the cost of the penitentiary, the experiment stations and agricultural bureau, and giv ing the figures of the reports of the cost of the Agricultural Depart ment Earle renewed the proposition to have an expert to examine the de partment. Tilhnan said he would make no in vestigations till he was Governor. Tilman read a letter of Senator Woodward accusing him of assaulting the State Government. Woodward denied the charge em phatially. Another episode seemed imminent. Woodward said there were Tilma'nites on the, stad with their hands on their pistd . James rrmnsnf ogesa Tillmnan, construed the remark as applying to himself and some hot words passed but all was quieted in a few moments :wd Tillman closed his speech. Pope, Gary and Crawford, Farley, Rice and rownsend followed with brief speeches. The meeting showed a decided Tillman sentiment. There were two or three fisticuffs. Beyond that and the vociferations of the crowd, gen erally the ncting tras good natured in the extrem2. C. n. S. York. (S e- )a tite Reg-ister.) YORKVILLE, July 2.-About 1,500 people were present at the campaign meeting today. General Bratton was the first speaker, and made a short but earnest plea for the unity of the Democratic party, pointing out the dangers of divisions. His speech was about the same as that delivered at other places. He was loudly cheered and made a good impression. Colonel Earle followed and was vociferously cheered. He demanded that Tillman prove his charges against the State government.. He proceeded to dissect the Till man platform, but vhea in the most interesting part the stand gave way by too many crowding upon it, and the speaking had to cease till it could be repaired. Resuming, Colonel Earle pinned Tillman to the wall on his charges, Lnterrogating him frequently, and in each instance Tillman either evasive y or indirectly replied. Colonel Earle was listened to with marked attention and concluded. his 5peech amid cheers. Colonel J. C. Haskell w as next in roduced, but it was fully half an our before he could get to speak. rhe crowd shouted and yelled that e should not speak as he was not a andidate and had no business here. Colonel Haskell boldly stood his round and vowed he would stand ;here till the sun went down but hat he would speak. Here Captain illman advanced and asked for Dolonel Haskell to have a hearing, >ut the crowd continuedto yell, when dajor Hart, the County chairman, ;aid that Colonel Haskell should peak or he would adjourn the meet ng. Finally quiet was restored and Dolonel Haskeli made a briet but hot peech, scoring Tillman and the hell manifesto. Right here let it be stated that ere was a preconcerted plan to ,owl Haskell down. But it Eignally ailed. Captain Tillman was then intro luced and made a speech, covering ,bout the same ground as in his ;peeches elsewhere. He repeated his charges of perjury, md harped on the italicized fertili .ers and the taxthe farmers had to ay. Here Colonel Earle made him eknowledge that he once said: "Put n an additional 50 cents tax, the Farmers would never know it." Referring to the charge of perjury, )olonel Earle asked him if he was nade Governor would he open the south Carolina College to blacks and hites alike. Captain Tillman replied. "No." Colonel Earle: "Would you not be ommitting perjury under the Con titution not to do it? Captain Tillmaa:, "ill stick to the onstitution as you fellows have been oing." Colonel~arle: "Then you would do ust what you are abusing others for oing." Colonel E. B. Gary n~ spoke, his emarks being directed 1o the farm rs to rise and assert their rights. General Y. J. Pope followed in the ~ame strain. Hon. E. G. Graydon made a good peech in defense of the State, and howed where every dollar of the state's money went. Hon. H. L. Farley closed the peaking with a humorous speech. As the time had arrived for the de arture of the train for Lancaster Ressrs. Crawford, Mayfield and Mar shall were deprived of speaking. The crowd seemed to be for Till an, but by a close majority. ~With the exception of Colonel Has kell's interruption the crowd was very orderly. SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS. --Col. Robert Aldrich of Barnwell contradicts the statement that ho wants to be Attorney General. -The board of visitors of the Citadel academy has :determined to omit this year' s encampment, on account the recent sickness among the cadets and the possibility of exposure. -Albert Rhett, the twelve-year old son of Col Jno. T. Phett of Co lumbia died on Tuesday, of lockjaw brought on by a woiind in the foot, given in climbing. A tree a jagged twig entered the sole. --On Monday an ox which belong .ed to J. Land Scruggs of Greenville county, which was tied up to a tree in the horse lot, was struck by light ning and killed instantly. -On Sunday night, during a very severe thunder storm, the store of A. M. & J. L. Lopex, at Coosaw, was struck by lightning and set on fire. The entire store and the stock were destroyed. -James Fortner, living near Ma rietta in Greenville county, commit ted suicide early Monday morning by cutting his throat with a razor. He had been insane for three days and killed himself a few minutes af ter his attendants left him. -A prominent member of the Co lumbia bar, who has investigated the matter, furnishes the News and Courier with the following informa tion: "The Supreme Court of South Carolina presents a most remarkable record. For thirteen years Justice Mver has not been absent a single hour from his seat upon the bench. In eleven years Justice McGowan has been absent one day by reason of personal indisposition. Chief Jus tice Simpson in ten years has been absent one-half of one day by reason of sickness in his family. Except where a case has been ordered to be Ireargued, no case has gone over an other term, but the decree has been pronounced before the next term HOW IT FEELS TO BE SHOT. An Old Soldier Tell HiM Experience with A Cofrederate Ball. A Rhode Island soldier, Lieut. Goo. B. Peek Jr., in his story of a "-Recruit Before Petcrsburg," describes the ex, poriences and observations when first under fire. Ile felt curious, he syi to see how men behaved in such circuim stances. They took all manner of po sitions, and was especially amused to observe how sonic of them -'1 their heads as the bullets flev. paz. But all at once ' 'whit" sped a billet by his own car, down went his own head, and he laughed no more at iNs com rades. The enemy proved to be too strong for them and a retreat was or dered. I had reached the foot of the hill when I felt a dull blow in the neigh borhood of my left hip. I realized that I was shot, and was at once curious as to the amount of damage. I looked down and saw that the hole was too fa.r to one side to implica'e the groin. Forgetting a possible severed artery, I threw my weight on my left leg and, finding no bones broken, began to laugh as the ludicrousness of the affair flashed upon me. "Yon're never hit till you run," was my first reflection, and my second: "Three weeks, lacking one day, and in the hospital! Such is glory." Do you want to know how it feels to be shot? Ask your brother to stop in to the vard sonic bright February day when the water is running freely in the streets, scoop a handful of snow from the top of the nearest bank, spat it once only with the hand at right angles, and hurl with ordinary force from a distance of twelve feet. The dullT spreading sensation will be suffi ciently accurate. I got across the creek, and after trudging on a spell, using my sword for a cane, I found myself directly in front of Capt. Allen's battery. At the rear of this I began to inquire for the hospital, and finally had a little farm-bouse pointed out to me. Twenty rods this side I met a couple of the am bulance corps. "Let us assist you," they said. "No, I can walk." "But let one of us take your arm." I co:isented and started; but the two men had to hold me up for the rest of the way. Near the house they laid me on the grass, and oie of then) , ent for a sur geon. "Where are you wounded?" he asked. I showed him. "Let me examine it." "What for?" "To see if a bone is broken." "Well let some one hold my hands." An attendant held them, and the surgeon explored the wound with his finger-at least he said he did; I felt nothing. "Lieutenant, you have had a very narrow escape." ^I am perfectly well aware of it." He took my silk handkerchief, rinsed It thoroughly in cold water, and laid it en the double wound. That was all the drossing it _ received for three as. The next thing I knew I didn't know much of anything. I was winking and trying to open my eyes. Soon I dis covered tree branches and men wear ing caps. I opened my eyes a little wider; hearing returned to my ears, nd the cannon's roar restored me to myself again. Thus it was I scraped aquaintance with the dogs of war. a 'raIsing Crow. The family of Mr. William Scar borough, who live at Randolph's grove, have had in their possession for some time a v'ery curious, and, it might have been, a valuable pet. It was a com mon crow, as black as any of its fel lows, and just as noisy, but it had this distinguishing feature, it could talk. The crow was captured while yet in its infancy from the nest by the Scar boroughs and raised by them. It 'was taught to sing a more civilized song than the mere cawing of~the crow and could speak several words vety dis tinctly. Its common habit was to pe rch'Itself In a tree not far from the huse and offer passers by the uncere monious salutation of "Get out, dogs," and other sayings equally startling. Its articulation was remarkably distinct, and at first notice could not be dis tinguished from the human voice. The crow was a great pet, as pet crows are, and, though it lived near the woods, never staid from its adopted home longer than a few hours at a time. It would sometimes go visiting to tho neighbors but always returned home in due season. The death of the crow happened recently, and it was remarkable as its life. It had been mi'ssed from the place two or three days and, althoug~h search was made for it, it could not be0 found. At last it was discovered in a well, where it had fallen. In its at terpt to get out it would strike the windlass, and so be forced down again. Mr. Scarborough's family mourn the loss of their net very much, as it was a very socialile companion, and, as it was very well known throughout tht vicinity, is missed by the neighbors as well.-Bloomington Pantagraph. Two Instances of Luvk. "Speaking of luck," said Senator Vest to a Washington Post writer, "I will tell you a story to whbich another man in this comnp any can bear witness. One day, while I was in Richmond as a member of the Confederate Congress, I lost a roll of money, my pay for the mont-h, somewhere in the street on my way from the War Office to the hotel. I called a few fellows together and went on what seemed to be a hopeless quest through the dimly-lighted and snow-covered streets. The chanes~ were a thousand to one against suo cess; but we hadn't been out fifteen minutes before a young Lieutenant who who was in our party stooped down and pick up the money. We all talked about our friend's good luck--but see how quickly fortune can turn another face. 1 was in high glee and wvanted to treat. The searching p)arty now went in search of a place of refresh ment, but it wns after midnight and it was a good while before we found a place open. At length, however,.w were piloted to a saloon to which, p ending some repairs, access wvas had from the street only by a ladder of about a dozen rungs. We all climbed up, considering it a lark (I was a good deal younger in those (lays), and aftei having some refreshment climbed oul again. Would you believe it? Th4 lucky fellow who had founid my mnone) missed his footing. fell. anid in that fal of ten or twel'e feet broke his nec1 and was instantly killed. Miss Pauncefote, the eldest daughte of the British Minister at Washington has done much, by her personal exam pe, to make walking a fashionabl awell as a Capital pastime among th irls f that~ iy STATE EXPENDITURES. STATEMENTS CONCERNINC THz COST OF THE GOVERNMENT. John C. IaskelI's Speech in Columbia-The F.rimers' Actual Proporti( n of the 0111ces and Legipl-tive Power, Population and Taxable 7:.ues. Ladies and my fellow-citizens: I come before you to-day asking no di6ce at your hands. I am here in a to a call made against our mother state, to tell you the upon the matters under discussion in this mementous canvass. I came here to-day thoughmy busi ness called me away, to meet face to face this man who claims to be the Moses of the farmers; to question him as to the truth of the charges he has made against this State and her people: to prove to him to his face that his charges are false, and now I find that he has gone. (Laughter and applause.) I gave him notice, for I called on him to stay here to answer and to make good his charges against the people of this State, or here, in the face of South Carolinas, to acknowledge that he had spoken falsely. But he answered that he would not stay, and in fact he has gone. (Derisive cheers.) There can be no denial about the fact tnat he has arrayed class against class,and men who have stood side by side in the war, and who lived under and redeemed themselves from the worst government the world ever saw, up to the redemption of 1876. His claim to the governorship is based solely upon the |grave char. ges agaidst men who have d-riven to support us and our State since that redemption. He has arraigned the Legislature and indicted it for ex travagance and corruption and for the suppression of the rights of the people. I propose to give him and you some figures to sustain my position and as a complete answer to his charges against our people and gov ernment. They may be tedious but they are necessary. From 1876 until the present day there has been no Legislative Assembly which had less than 12 majority of farmers over all other classes of representatives from the State. The largest majority of farmers was 28 in 1878 and the small est was 12 in 1884. Now, I challenge any man in his senses to answer me how could the farmers have been wronged or ruled by rings when they had a clear majority in every Assem bly since f876? vpw, as to the oppression by law ve . Of the Governors elected since '76 but a single one was a lawyer. There were Hampton, Hagood, Jeter, Richardson and Thompson, and not one of them a lawyer. Of the State offices a majority of them were filled outside of the profession of the law, there being no lawyers except in the Attorney General's office. Now then, what does the charge amount to if it does not amount to this-that the Legislature being in the hands of the farmers since 1876, that they have been false to their trust, and that the white people, the white farmers, have proven themselves unfit for self government? .(Great applause and cheering.) That is the .charge, my friends, that he has made against the good name and fair fame of this State, and that is the charge that you must rebuke by your verdict at the polls. (Tremendous applause and cheering.) There has been a very common clamor that the farmers have never had a fair share of therepresentation, and although he is not here it has been repeated by menuponhis ticket, but, by the way, let us first look at the ticket and see how it represents the farmers. Who are they? There is the candidate for Attorney Gen eral, Y. J. Pope. He is a lawyer. There is the candidate for Lieuten ant Governor, Mr*. Gary, and he is a lawyer, and there is the candidate for Superintendent of Education, M'. Mayfield, and he is a lawyer, and I believe the rest of the ticket has not yet been filled out, and there is Mr. J. E. Tindall, who is a farmer and whom I believe to be a good soldier, for we stood together for three years, and I know him to be a brave and true man.* Let me call your attention now to the other claims made by this refor mer. If we look at the tenth census we will find, on page 785, that there are in this State farmers and planters 89000; members of other professions 60,000, or in other words four-sev enths of the white voting population are farmers and the three-sevenths belong to other professions. The farmers, however, pay $319,000 of the taxes. The figures cannot be doubted, they are from the records of the tax books of the State. Now, gentlemen, if you have only four sevenths of the white voting popula tion and pay only three-sevenths of the taxes, how can the farmers com p1in when they have five-sevenths of the' representation? If a ring has done this. thien they are the ring, for they have done it to themselves. But I say there is no ring and the charge that there is, is false. But some pco pl can never be satisfied. There is a gentleman in this State, my friend, Mi-. Hemphill, of Abbe v-ille, who is a most vociferous sup porter of Tillmian. He was continu ally making the charge of extrava gance against the State government, and I tried an experiment with him. I gave him a blank bill and asked him to fill it out in the most economical way, and to put down what he thought should be the State's expenses. He did so, and when we footed it up the total was one hundred thousand dol lars more than the appropriation bill. (Laughter and applause.) I intended to ask this new Moses, self-appointed tnd self-called, to tell us wr~hat he proposed to do if hie should be elect' ed Gov ernor, and where he iended to ut oil the expenses. but he hias one. We ll, the heaviest appropria tio n made in this State were nmade lat yeair and by a Legislature over; whangly elected in the fim-rg itrest. They claimed thaft thes were pledged to give the peCople the Ceaxson College. They appropriated 8 $0,00(and this was done by men pledged to Tillman's cause, ard: 'Ias I said, it was the heaviest Iexpenditure ev 'r made in Souti Since the judicial and election and executive and other depart ments were the same, and the inter est on the public debt of 8383,000 must be paid every year, how could it be done other wise unless we had repudiated our public debt and made no appropriation to meet it? Here are some of the items: 8106,000 was approrilated for the Lunatic Asylum, and I do not believe there is a man in the State who would begrudge this assistance and more to those poor afilicted. God-smitten creatures. So far as this item is concerned, we sim ply appropriated the aaount neces sary to conduct that institution. The increase came because of the pension bill, which called for .50,000, and was introduced by Mr. Sampson Pope. The Clemson Agricultural College took $43,000, and the Stite House $60,000, which, by the way, was re commended by a committee, three fom ths of whose members were farm ers, and I voted against it. But that is a sufficient answer to the charge of extravagance. I had trusted that Tillman would have been here so that I could make him admit, item by item, that he could not take off a single dollar withoutrepudiating the State's honest debt, or striking at the noHe charities of our State. He has elected to leave this meeting, but let him answer me when he will, and when he does he must admit his error. But, gentlemen,in addition to this, what has this Legislature done? When did it ever fail to pass an act called for by the farmers? They demanded the lien law and it was en acted. They demanded the seed cot ton law, and it was enacted. They demanded the creditors' preference law, and it was enacted. They de manded an agricultural depaitment in the College. Some of us objected to it, but they said "stand aside," and they got it, because they had a majority, and it is even now a subject of attack by this self-appointed can didate for Governor. He has charged directly, if not by inuendo, a high official in that department with cor ruption, but brought face to face with him he retracted his charge. He al leged that he could not understand the accounts of the department. I don't know how that may be, but only ten days ago Governor Hagood said that there was not an old butter and egg woman in the State who could not understand that expense account, and he denounced as false any charge of the misappro pri4tion cf a single dollar of the agri cultural fund. Captain Tillman has been reduced at last to one charge which he has not withdrawn, and that is the retailing of the slander of the half idiot who charged Governor Thompson with taking the State's property from the Governor's Man sion. Tillman has retailed the story of this half-witted creature, which any man would blush to repeat. He has attacked the Legislature about the reapportionment matter. Let me give you the history of it. In 1884 the bill was passed to take the census, but the farmers' vote was heavily against an appropriation to pay for it. Failing in this the Con stitution was amended by the reso lution brought in by Senator Mun-o to adopt the census of 1880. It was a crying injustice, against which all exclaimed and the best lawyers de elared it unconstitutional, and this was done by men who had not sought political offce, and among them was one who is now on the bench. He, too, has been assailed, and for the first time in the history of South Carolina we find the judiciary of the State attacked by more than innuendo. (Interruption of "Hurrah for Izlar," applause and cheers.) Well, that is a sufficient answer. Gentlemen, is there one of you who believed Tillman when he got up today and made his labored effort to show that leprosy meant greed of office? Neither you nor I have ever heard greed and the desire for offce described before as leprosy. But that is not what he meant. He intended to charge and did charge depravity, moral depravity just as he meant it when he said there was something rotten in Den mark. (Cheers.) But, whatever he said he has come out of it all himself as the chief of lepers. (Applause and cheering.) Ah, gentlemen, this constant making of charges behind a man's back, and retracting them face to face, is sickening and dishearten mg. ___ ANOTHER CONFERENCE CALLED Men Who Oppose Tiinman Invited to Cath er at Columbia. The following circular has been re ceived with permission for publica tion: COtUMB1A, S. C., June 30th, 1890. Dear Sir:-I have been instructed by the Executive Committee of the Democratic Campaign Club, of this county, and have been requested by representative men from different sections of the State, to invite a con ference to assemble in the State House at Columbia, at eight p. m. on 10th July prox. The conference is to be composed of Democrats opposed to the "Tillmnan" party and methods, and it is suggested, as largely as practicable of farmers and mechan ics to represent the class whose in terests, it is alleged, have been disre arded by our State government since 187G. Similar letters have been addressed to several persons in each cuty of the State, with the earnest request that each shall lay down all other work for the short time that is before us, and gather together all patriotic men, who recognizing the peril now pending over our State, will apply their faithful and devoted energy, and by organization, save her. There is no restriction of number. The larger the representation the better we will be able to ascertain what is for the common good. You ar urged to attend the confer enco in person and to secure the at tendance of other true men. It is requested that. as soon as possible, you indlicate wvhat will be the repre renati nfo your co'unty. IPresident Democra.tic Campaign Club Richland County. 1-Three earthquake shocks -r Ifelt at Santa Rosa. Calif oin, 0)o WASHWOMEN OF MADRID. Ten Thousand Who Daly Ply Their Trade on the flanks of the Manzanares. Madrid's river of high-sounding name, the Mazanares, is a spatter of wet from the Guadarrama Mountains in winter, a muddy torrent in spring a sand-blown ditch in the summer, and hardly a capable sewer at any time of the year. It comes down from the cold, gray heights to the north of Madrid, and winds half way around the city from the northwest to the southeast. What water flows through it breaks in sandy shallows, forming innumerable little" islands and curiously bounded strips of land, all accessible by any bare foot boy or girl. Ten thousand woAnen soak and splash and souse and beat the linen of Madrid within its scant waters every day. Not an article of clothing is elsewhere washed. No otherthan these Mazanares lavanderas are pgnitted to labor as laundresses; and fo three miles up and down the stream, from opposite the in fantry and artillery barracks, upon the heights of Montana del Prin.cipe, past the windows of the Queen Regent's apartments in the royal palace, and circling around away beyond Toledo Gate, the moving dots of red and blue, yellow and gray, comprise this great army of Amazons, with arms and legs on them like tree trunks; with voluptu ous breasts and shapely necks; hard muscled and bronzed as Turks;the most arduous toilers, the wickedest black guards, and withal the sunniest tem pered sculs in Spain. There are three grades in this labor. They are the mistresses, or amas, the overseers or ayudantas, and the lavan deras themselves. All are women. The first are the agents who receive the work from the ketels, great houses, and the city anencies, in huge lots, and are responsib'fe for its safe return. The ayudantas or overseers are really the forewomen of from a dozen to a score of lavanderas oach; and they are re sponsible for work placed in their hands by the amas. At 5 in the morn ing, winter and summer, the lavanderas will be seen, many of them with chil dren trundling beside them, creeping along from the barrios abajos or lower qua:-ters of the city toward the Man zanares. Near the river is an asilo or asylum, a refuge for their children. 13y 6 o'clock you might count from 5,000 to 8,000 of the strange creatures at work. The entire sloping, sandy banks are covered with drying poles. At this time of the year the water from the mountains is of icy temperature. But it seems to make no difference with their labors. Here and there huge cauldrons contain b5oilin 7 water. From time to time a trifle of tais is poured in the little hollow where each one toils in the sand and water; but this seems tG be done more from habit than necessi ty. Each lavendera brings her own huge roll of bread, perhaps a bit of cheese, a claspknife to prevent undue liberties from the straggling soldiery near as well as to use in cutting bread, and, just before noon, they breakiast in huge wooden sheds on sal fish, pota toes, and coffee, with a measure of red wine.provided by the ama, duplicat ing this meal at a dinner at 4 in the afternoon. They eat like animals, and the mo ment their food is disposed of the tinkle of the guitar is heard, and you or any kindly disposed passer may dance with them as I did, until the thirty minutes allowed them for food and refresco have expired. On these occasions every one dances, girls of 18 and women of 80, and the scenes along the Manzan arcs are very picturesque and interest ing. But when I tell you that one of these iron-framed wenches must wash and dry ready for the "starching," which is done by the criadas in the city,pieces of linen equallingthe cleans ing of seventy sheets, in order to earn 25 cents per day, the poetical sense in it all is with the interested onlooker rather than with the drudg-ing- lavan deras of the Manzonars-P'ittsburg Dispatch. Murdered in Masailand. The Revue Franeaise of Paris had a letter from Zanzibar which says that over a year ago a caravan .of 300 Arabs left the east coast to go into the interior to trade. They have now re turned,and one of the chiefs relates their adventures. Arriving at Kavirondo, on the northest shores of Victoria Nynza. the Arabs saw that the natives hd a good deal of ivory and that they had no guns. They attacked the tribe, and before the shooting had gone on long the natives were willing to do any thing to make peace. After a long palaver with the chiefs the Arabs agreed to leave the country upon the payment to them of 200 tusks of ivory and 200 young women. The natives were glad to get rid of the enemy even on these hard conditions. As soon as they received the ivory and the women the Arabs started for the coast. They had a terrible time in the Masia country. There was a drought, and they almost perished from thirst. Then provisions became scarcer and scarcer, and the whole p arty was in danger of starvation. Finally the Arab chiefs decided that in order to save themselves and their ivory it would be necessary to sacrifice their female slaves, who were very weak from their deprivations and could march no further. '"atA night all of these 200 young women were shot to death. and their bodies were left in the camp for beasts of prey. The victims happily had not a monment's warning of their impend ing fate. Each murderer selected his vicim, and the horrible crime was ac complished so speedily that few of the women made any outcry. With their forces thus reduced the Arabs were able to pull through the desert region. obtaining little more food than barely enough to sustain life. The chief who related these facts in Zanzibar showed no compunctions whatever for the terrible crime in which he had assisted, but mentioned the massacre only to give an idea of the great loss they had sustained by the necessary sacritice of theii- 200 slaves. It is a curious fact that some of the murderers were greatly troubled in mind because their necessities had compelled them to eat rats and other unclean food, which is prohibited to Mohvnmedans. on the march. Cured After Being Given Up. At Ansonla, Conn., some old women got together and cured a child of mem raous croup after the doctors had ven it up. The patient was thor Bughly wyayped up in flannels, and his head anid throat were rubbed with goose grease. A dose of the stuif,uuxed with/vinegar, was with with difliculty Ifor ed down the child's throat. In a Jjir time he vomited up a large por ~n of mucus, and broke up the clog agj~ matter in the throat. Being ~led in bed he soon went to sleep, Ilthe next day was playin aboul It house, ad appearedtobcir fr9s THE SOUTH GROWING. FIGURES OF THREE MONTHS' MARVEL OUS PROGRESS. Nearly 1,->00 New Enterprises Organized Against 600 for the Same Time Last Year, and Brighter Prospects Ahead. The Chattanooga Tradesman re ports for the second quartc- of 1890 the organization of 1,493 e, erprises in the Southern states, against, 690 in the corresponding quarter of 1889 and 719 in the corresponding quarter of 1888. These reports are compiled from carefully prepared statistical reports sent the Tradesman from ac curate sources from every point in the Southern States. During the quarter just ended three agricultural implements fac tories were established, five barrel factories and five breweries. Forty one brick works were commenced against eighteen in the same quarter last year, and one new bridge works was established in Kentucky. Six boot and shoe factories were estab lished, and ten car works, five in Ala bama, three in Georgia and two in South Carolina. UTILIZING S"3ALL FRUITS. The disposition of the South to utilize small fruits is evidenced by the establishment of fifty-six canning factories, thirteen in Georgia, ten in Florida, nine in South Carolina and the balance equally distributed in the South. Nine new cigar and to bacco factories were started. The textile industries received their share of attention, a totalof sixty-six having been organized during three months, twenty of which were organized in Georgia, nine in Alabama, nine in Texas, seven in Louisiana and six in South Carolina. Twelve new cotton compress com panies were formed and six new dis tilleries organized, four in the State of North Carolina,Forty-nine electric light works were formed, and fifty one flour and grist mills. Seventy foundries were organized, Alabama leading with twenty. 3IANY NEW BLAST FURNACES. An evidence that the South 's in creasing its product of raw metals is furnished by the fact that twenty new blast furnace companies were organized in three months, against seventeen in the corresponding quar ter of last year. Eleven were organ ized in Alabama, three in Virginia, three each in Texas, Tennessee, North Cai olina and Georgia, and one each in Arkansas, Kentucky,West Virginia. Forty-four ice factories were estab lished. One Luqdred and seven min ing companies were formed. Forty seven new oil mills were established, against sixteen in the corresponding quarter last year, twelve of which were in Georgia, eleven in South Carolina, nine in Texas, and five in West-Virgirii;. - GREAT ACTIVITY IN RAILROADS. One hundred and seventy-eight new railroad corporations organiz d. All of these of course will not b built, but the fact that the companies' were formed is a substantial proof of the interest in that direction. Nink rolling mills were established in the South, and twelve stamp) mills, and smelters. Fifty-five new street rail way companies were formed in the quarter and and fifty-two new woirks, and in addition 225 wood working establishments and 225 miscellaneous establishments. The Tradesman says there is greater activity in the formation of new En terprises to-day than ever before and .the prospects for the coming year were never more favorable. Death of Dr. Meynrrdie. Rev. E. J. Maynardie, D. D., died in this city yesterday of apoplexy. He was well known in South Caroli na as an able minister of the M. E. Church, South, having filled most of the prominent charges in the State At the time of his death he was pas tor of the Methodiat Church in Cam den. Dr. Meynardie was a native of the city of Charleston. The news of his death will cause sadness in many hearts. He was a consecrated preach er of the gospel and a patriotic citi zen.-Columbia Register The Lodge Bill Passed. WAsHINONo, July 2.--At 8:20 the reading of the engrossed copy of the Lodge bill was concluded, two hours and five minutes having been con sumed thereby. The question was then put on the passage of the bill, the vote resulting yeas 153; nays 149. Messrs. Lehlback, of New Jersey, and Coleman, of Louisana, voted against the bill with the Democrats. With this exception it was a strict party vote. A few years ago the Democrats of the Sixth Kentucky District grew in different and supposed that there was no need for exertion. The re sult was a still hunt by the opposi tion, and though Mr. Carlisle defeat ed his opponent by ovor 1,500 ma jority, the contest was carried into the House and the Republicans'voted almost solidly to unseat him. For tunately the Democrats of that dis trict are attending to business'now. They have just elected Ron. W. Dickerson as Mr. Carlisle's successor by 9,800 majority. Democratic or' ganization should be kept strong and active in every district in the United States. It must be regretted on all sides that there has been so much disordei at the Democratic campaign meetings. Surely there ought to be some way to stop this. If no other device will accomplish the result, it might be well for all the candidates to enter into an agreement to quit speaking as soon as there should be any bad be havior-such conduct, for examples, as was seen at Laurens, Aiken. Edge field. Columbia and Winnsboro Judging from the doings at these places, we apprehend that the rough or elements rather took posession of the mneetinigs. The sober people on both sides ought to take charge of things-the sooner the better. Corns, warts and bunions removed quickly and surely by using Abott's I a Tndian Corn Paint. BATTLING ON 'BROADWAY Striking and Working Cloak Makers Strike Sure Enough-An Exci ng Scene in New York's Chief Thorough are. NEW YorK, July 3.-A crowd of about 200 striking cloak makers gathered on Broadway between Teonard and White streets this morning at the hour when the hands in the Meyer & Jannassen shops at 3:34 and the Mercantile Cloak Com pany's place at I394 Broadway were going to work. These firms are two of the largest in the trade and are battling in the front row of the Em ployers' Association against the strik ers' demands. When their employ ees tried to enter the shops they were surrounded by strikers who forbade them with vehement gesticu lations to enter. Some were fright ened away by the crowd and escaped while those who persisted in the effort to enter the shops were seized and hustled away by force. In a few minutes Broadway for two blocks was the scene of a dozen running fights. For a short time the strikers had it their own way but soon the assailed men pluokily fought back. As a consequence damaged heads among the strikers were plentiful. The working cloak makers, however, generally got the worst of it. Around Meyer & Janassen's shops the war raged the most fiercely. A dlozen strikers caught Charles Butler, stock clerk, and dragged him backward off the steps and maltreated him. Jos. Lerberger, buyer for the house, was beaten. An old operator named Quincy was set upon and so badly beaten that he had to be driven home in a cab. William Wisner, another operator, received several scalp wounds. He was taken to the Chambers Street hospital for treatment.' Neither pis tols nor knives were used in the melee, the only weapons being firsts and clubbed umbrellas. When the police arrived in force. they had no difficulty in dispersing the mob. They used their clubs freely. Mr. Moorcroft, of the cloak firm, said he had no idea that violence would be used. He had supplied the places of the strikers, he said, and. work was progressing as usual. THE NEW ~ORCE BILL How the Extraordinary Measure is Re ceived by Southern Republicans. Mr. John R. Lynch, the colored ex-Representative from Mississippi, and nDov fourth auditor of the treas ury, writes an exceedingly lengthy communication to the Post in favor of the proposed federal election law. Mr. Lynch is one of the ablest of the colored politicians of the South, or rather he was, for practically Wash ington has been his abiding place for a number of years, and the only in heappears to take inhiracei&Vhe he writes an occasional letter or makes an occasional speech on South ern affairs. He is a thorough politi cian, and a professional colored poli tician can not be expected to give good advice to his people. There are no strong points in his artment in favor of another force bill. It p eed-on the old assumption that the colored v'tena of the South are never to have any libe oypnion, but are to be forever chainedI A.tejp wheel of the Republican party. In opposition to Mr. Lynch the voice of a great many of the real representa tives of his race have been raised men who have not come to Washing ton to look for offce, but have stayed at home and cast their lot with their own people. But the most signifi cant circumstance about this whole matter of new federal election machinery is to be foundin the strong obections raised by many of the prominent white Republicans of the Southern States. The most sagacious and the most respectable of these questions very seriously the wisdom and the expediency of the measure. Mr. Thomas B. Keogh, of South Caro lina, for many years the most influen tial Republican of that State,whlL in the office of the Sun Bureau today, expressed decided dissent to the policy of any more legislation to regulate elections in the South. He said the caucus bill now pending in the House was needless, that it was plainly unconstitutional, and if en acted would entirely fail to accom plish the purposes for which in tended. Its only effect would be to disturb harmony and promote ill-will. He said there was a time years ago when the Republican party in Con gress, if it had had the courage, could have settled the negro question, and settled it permanently. That time was passed, and no legislation which the Republican party. may ever be able to enact can suffice to repair the errors which it has com mnitted.-Baltimaore Sun. -The Sans Souci Driving Park Association of Greenville are making great preparations for the races to begin there on the 30th and to last three days. Crack horses from all over the State and other States have been entered. -The following statement shows the salaries of the Presidential post offices in South Carolina as they are arranged under the present adjust ment for the fiscal year beginning on the 1st of July: Aiken,8$1,500, Beau fort, $1,500, Camden, $1,300, Chester 81,500, 'Darlington C. H., $1,300, Georgetown, $1,200, Laurens C. H.-, $,300, Newberry C. H., $1,500, Rock Hill, $1,400, Sumter C. H., $1,700, Winnsboro, $1,100, Anderson C. H. $1,600, Bennettsville, 81,200. Charles ton, S3,200, Columbia, $2,600, Flor ence, $1,500, Greenville C. H., $2,500, Marion, $1,100, Orangeburg C. H. $1,500, Spartanburg, $1.800, Uniion, $1,200, Yorkville, $1,200. -At the recent unveiling of Lee's statue in Richmond the veterisrse the Stuart horse artillery held a meet ing and effected an organization for the purpose of preserving the record and history of the gallant old com mand. Col. R. P. Chew, of Virginia, was elected president and ColD. Card Iwell, of Columbia, secretary. .Hart's battery was attached to this com mand, and those of its members who desire to aid in this work and enter their names upon the roll are requese4 ted to write to Col. D). Cardwell (of M,.ego-untte-v) at Columbia.