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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, July 16, 1890, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063760/1890-07-16/ed-1/seq-4/

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How the Ncgroilrobicm in the South 'Aould
be Met and Settled.
Senaor Wade Hampton has an ar
ticle on the race problem in the July
He declares the conferring ihe
right of suffinge on the negro was a
violation of the constitution, and he
quotes General Grant's message as
follows to sustain that position:
"A measure which mtkes at once
four millions of people voters who
were heretofore declaredby the high
est tribunal in the land, no citizens of
the United States, not eligibIe to be
come so, is indeed a measure of
grander importance than any one
other act of the kind from the foun
dation of our fr.ee government to the
present day."
He also says the Republicans admit
that giving the negroes suffrage was
a mistake, though they cannot afford
to say so in public, because they
would lose the negro vote. He also
says an overwhelming majority of the
people of the country would vote for
the abrogation of the negros right of
suffrage if it was submitted to them,
but as it will never be submitted, he
thinks the next best thing i. deporta
tion of the negroes by their own con
sent, and with lavish appropriations
by the federal aovernment for their
help. rrage
He asks why the right of suff
should be given the negro when it is
denied the Indian and te Chinese.
"The former," says he, "was cer-,
tainly a citizen of this country until
it was wrested from his hands, and
the latter can boast a much higher
civilization than a negro has ever or
will ever attain. and yet in his case
the most brutal laws have been en
acted, not only to exclude him from
citizenship, but to drive him from the
country, in violatibn of solemn treaty
stipulation. Such has been the in
consistency of the Republican party.
In their senseless advocacy of uni
versal suffrage, they have not only
thrown wide open the doors leading
to American citixenship, admitting
thus the anarchist, the communist,
the nihilist and all other, scum of
European nations, but they have in
Ajected into our body politic millions
of ignorant, uneducated blacks, who
have no more comprehension of our
system of government than their
A-rican forefathers had. And all the
evil resulting from this frightful
crime falls on that portion of the
country where, but a few years ago,
these newly enfranchised voters were
salves. The crusade made against
slavery was on the ground that the
condition of servitude brought men
to the level of beasts, unfitting them
to discharge any of the datieso
manhood. But when the direful e
igencies of the war forced the North
to call the crdored brother to its aid,
to escapse aefeat, as a reward for his
eminent services, he was clothed with
the attributes of American citizen
p, thus giving him the power to
take possession of those States in
4which he had been for centuries a
slave. Now, if slavery had debased
himto the condition of a beast, he
was scarcely fitted to assume rule of
~great, free andproudcommonwealths;
Sif he was fitted todo so, then slavery
had done more for his race than all
the missonaries who had labored for
igenerations in Africa to rescue him
Rfrom barbarism and savagery. Our
friends whose chief poclcapital
isathe negro, may choose which'ever
h ornof this dilemmapromistp-gog
~ hemleist.~ But we tmust meet ihe
fact that thenegro, whether rightfully
ior, wrongfully, is a citizen and a
~;voter, and this fact gives a right and
buignifiance tothe racepro~imwhich
" threatenssuchdisaster to the countrny,
Sd 'to all of its most cherished in
K "One solution of the question has
vbeen alluded to, that of revoking
Snegro citizenship, but it has been dis
,missed as impracticable, because our
people have not the courage to face
~ this issue which would rectify the
greatest 'wrong ever inflicted on a
free people.
"As this remedy cannot be'applied,
we must turn to the 'next bestthing,'
and in my judgment that would be
'the deportation of the negroes, of
-ecurse by their consent, to some
ttlace where they could work out
their own destiny, free from contact
~ with the white race, and where they
could prove their capacity for self
government,if they possess it Thous
ands of them, and many of the best,
Jiave expressed a wish to try this ex
periment, and our government should
aid them, not only with a liboeral, but
a lavish hand. Let us help them to
establish a nationality for themselves,
when they can show to the world that
the lessons they have learned here
have borne good fruit, and that the
savage who was brought from Africa
is now a civilized, law-abiding, self
'sntaining man, fit to take his place
~among the nations of the earth, and
to berecognized in the great family
of ci'azed peoples. Africa, the na
tive home of the negro, still sends
forth her 'Macedonian cry' for relig
ion and civilization, and here the
negro of America could find ample
field to redeem a continent from bar
A Gruesome Hour.
The law of Minnesota, which re
quires that the execution of a mur
"derer shall take place between mid
night and dawn, has just been en
forced for the first time in the case of
Wiliam Beodker, who was hanged
shortly after midnight at Pine City.
The Minnesota lawgivers seem to
have desired toaddgloom and solem
nity to a ceremony most gruesome at
best, but the hour must be a very in
convenient and untimely one for the
murderer himself. Every attentive
reader of the accounts of execution
ers knows that a baby never enjoys
balmier and sweeter slumber than a
condemned murderer the night be
fhre he is to be hanged. He also
knows that he takes a very excellent
and hearty breakfast in the morning
The refreshing sleep and the hearty
breakfast are always the features of
the few hours that precede an execu
tion. But under the new law there
will be no such enjoyment for the
murderer in Minnesota. He will go
to bed after supper, be called up in
the middle of his sleep, and be hang
ed on an empty stomach.-Chicago
* -The other day a North Carolina
woman started for the haymow to
see how a& hen was getting along that
wa's sittng on some eggs. On en
tering the barn the woman was s'.
prised to see the old hen taking her
chicks down herself. She would p)ick
up one in her mouth, fly down with
it, lay it down, and continue the pro
cess until she carried them all down.
thirteen in number.
--Davis Dalton, an American, wui
attempt to swim across the English
channel from Folkestone to Boulogne
next month.
rIepublicans May R ush Through an A ppor
tionment Bascd on a False Cemus.
WASmNrGTo. D. C. Jly 10.-There
is a revival of th- scheme mentioned
in the Star some time ago of crowd
ing an appointment bill through the
present Congress while the Republi
cans have a safe majority in both
Houses. The results of the census
just cmpleted, or alleged to be com
pleted. will control the basis of reprg
sentation in the lower house of Con
gress for the next ten years. . A pre
liminary summary of the results, in
formally submitted to the Republi
can bosses, it is said, shows large
gains received in the Republican
States of the Northwest, while in the
Democratic Southern States there is
made to appear a falling off in popu
lation *hich will materially reduce
the basis of representation. Some of
the Republioan leaders in the Senate
are quietly urging upon their col
leagues that by the prompt tabula
tion of the returns of the eleventh
census and the speedy passage of an
apportionment bill based thereon, a
continuation of the power of the
Republican party in the lower House
can be more effectually assured than
by the passage of the Lodge Election
law. They argue that the provisions
of the force bill are so repugnant to
the general sentiment of the com
munities in which it is proposed to
put them in operation that the exe
cution of the law, even if it can be
passed by the Senate, it is believed,
will be practically impossible. A new
apportionment, on the other hand,
passed by a Republican House and
Senate, and approved by a Republi
can President, striking off fifteen or
twenty representatives from districts
now represedted by Democrats, and
adding thirty or forty new members
to States deemed reliably Republican,
it is hoped, will give a steady work
ing majority in the House for ten
years to come.
The trouble is with the next elec
tion. Even the most reckless parti
san hardly dare to suggest that the
new apportionment bill should be
made to apply to the elections to take
place next November, and for which
a large number of nominations have
already been made on the present
recognized lines. A tentative sug
gestion, timely advanced, is that un
til the Legislatures of the different
States have had time to adjust their
Congressional districts to the new ap
portionment, Congress might enact a
law maintaining the districts as exist
ing in the present Congress. This, it is
thoxght, might avert threatened los
%es in Ohio and Iudiana and answer
the purpose .contemplated by the
McComas national gerrymander bill.
But this proposition is not supported
with sufficient strength to insure its
passage by the House and it would
surely fail in the Senate. So the plan
reverts to the original idea of crowd
ing the new apportionment bill
through before the expiration of the
fifty-first Congress, whiie all three
branches of the government are in
the hands of the same party, without
waiting to take any risks off the next
November elections.
superintendent Porter can, of
course, be relied upon to facilitate
this scheme in every way by hasten
ig the final tabulation a2nd report.
On all previous occasions the new ap
portionment based on the completed
enus has been made in a leisurely
and orerly-mriner by the Congress
succeeding the 'one which controlled
the taking of the census. The pro
priety of this course would seem ap
parent to any party less bent on per
petuating its own power, regardless
of the means employed.--New York
A 3Ieeting in colombiatoniscuss the situa
- Commna, S. C., July 7.--In re
sponse to some understanding appar
ently reached by private communica
tion, a number of the leaders of the
Tillman movement assembled in this
city to-day for a conference.
Among those present were Capt.
G. W. Shell, Laurens, another of the
famous manifesto-or of that part of
it which Capt. Tillmon does not
cim-Col. J. L.M.i Irby, of Laurens;
T. W. Standland, of Berkeley; Octa
vus Cohen, of the Charleston World;
J. T. Murphy, of Charleston; H. R.
Thomas, of Edgefield, and others.
Capt. Tillman by reason of the de
lay of the Augusta train, did not
reach here until 7:30 and took the 8:15
train to Camden without coming up
town. The number of conferees was
increased by the arrival of J. A. Slioh
and W. D. Hardy, Newberry; A. V.
Jones, Abbeville; Dr. W. B. Rice,
Barwell: 0. W. Buchanan, Fair
fele: W. H. Timmerman, Edgefield;
. E. Tindal, Clarendon, and H.
A. Meetze arid J. H. Counts, Lexing
The conference first assembled to
night at the Agricultural building'
but hastily adjourned on the dis
covery by a late arriving delegate that
a reporter hadelimbed a tree within a
few feet of an open window where
the meeting was held. The confer
ence resumed its session at the Grand
Central in a room on the second floor
with guards posted to keep at a dis
tance representatives of the press.
Capt. Shell presided and the situa
tion was thoogl~dsusd The
sense of the majority present, it is
learned, was in favor of making no
nominations at the August conven
tion, but to vote down the proposi
tion of a State primary, and to also
elect a new State executive committee
of known Tillman tendency.
It was also proposed by some to
have the convention take action for
the reapportionment of the State at
the September convention, taking the
population of the counties by the
census of 1880 as the basis, instead of
The members of the conference
talked with express the greatest con
fidence in being able to control both
the August and September conven
tions for the farmers' movement.
Augusta Chronicle.
A Shocking Accident.
A dreadful accident occurred near
Chpells Depot,in Newberry county
las. Tuesday afternoon. Mrs. Dan
Hollnd and a negro woman were
driving in a sulky. They were en
doring to get ahead of a rain
storm which was coming up, and in
crossing a small stream the sulky was
thrown off the bridge, turning it over.
Mrs. Holland's foot caught in the
siirrup of the upturned sulky, and the
hrse, becon.ing frightened, ran away,
killing Mrs. Holland and seriously
hurting the negro woman. _Mrs.
Holland was only 16 years ola. and
had only been married about two
-Mr. Blaine favors sole govern
menit coitrol of Mississippi River
-A Hungarian paper announces
the death of a veteran of Waterloo.
ag-ed 105 ye-ars. in his native villaae.
Hatszeg, in Transylvania.
-Colored citizens of Birmingham
Ala., propose to start a bank there.
owned1. officered .,nd patronized by
their own race. with a capital of $50,
-The newly appointed woman
deputy factory inspectors for the
State of New York will receive a sal
ary of $1,010 a year and their ex
-Dr. Meredith, a Brooklyn preacher,
has established a second reading
room for workingnen, where no re
striction is placed on smoking cigars
and pipes.
-A huge tower, eleven stories high,
is to be erected at South Kingston,
B. I., and dedicated to the advent of
modern spiritualism, .by Joseph P.
Hazzard, a wealthy spiritualist of
that place.
-George Eliot made S75,000 by
her great novel "Middlemarch." That
is much more than Gen. Lew Wal
lace has yet realized from his very
popular "Ben Hur." George Eliot
also made $35,000 by her "Romale."
-A St. Petersburg doctor is stopped
late at night by a policeman, who
asks why he is out so lat e. "To at
tend Mr. Popoff, who was taken ill."
"Did he have a permit to be taken
suddenly ill?" "No." "Then you
will have to go to prison."--Detroit
Free Press.
-Dr. W. Gilmore Thompson, of
New York, has made several success
ful experiments in transplanting brain
tissue from the head of one dog to
that of another, and from cats to
dog's heads. He is now considering
the practicability of transplanting
human brains in the same way.
-Augusta is having a warm fight
over the confirmation of Postmaster
Denning. He is opp6sed on several
grounds, including physical disability
and a charge that he once "raised"
and approved a bill against tne city
and collected on it several hundred
drollars more than was due him.
-In the Louisiana parishes so far
heard from the censas shows the
white increase of population to have
been greatei since 1880 than the
colored increase, and to such an ex
tent that if the parishes yet to be
heard from turn out as expected Lou
isiaa will be "white" by 16,651 ma
-During the fiscal year just closed,
the pension office issued 151,651 cer
tificates. The number issued during
the preceding year was 145,292. Of
the number issued during the past
year, 66,637 were original pensions,
which is an increase of nearly 15,000
as compared with the number issued
during the preceding year.
-A special to the Chattanooga
Times says it has been found that the
collapse of the Briscoe building in
Knoxville was caused by a cave under
the building. The centre support
dropped into a 6ave of unknown
depth, not yet explored, but a stone
dropped into it can be heard to hit
the bottom "away down."
-A curious fashion has come into
vogue in Paris. In all the cemeteries
metal boxes with a slit in the lid are
placed on the tombstones to receive
the cards of visitors. The relatives
of the deceased are thus enabled to
see who among the living still cherish
the memory of their departed
--It is stated that a German artill
ery officer has succeeded in making
a new explosive from carbolic acid
that a shell filled with this material
possesses a power hitherto unobtain
ed. Experiments made with these
shells throtn from mortars have all,
it is stated, proved highly success
--During a dispute over a calf at
Camas Prairie, Oregon, recently Ed
Rinehardt hit Helm McConnell on
the head with a heavy plug of to
bacco. In order to prevent a suit
charging him with assault with ra
deadly weapon, Rinehardt paid $10,
besides giving over the calf and the
plugof tobacco.
-There are only five States in the
Union in which a schoolmaster can
now legally flog a pupil. In all other
States a pupil menaced with corporal
punishment can arm himself with any
secret weapon and use it as he best
can. Massachusetts- teachers flog an
average of two boys per day per
-The guests in an up-town res
taurant were considerably shocked
and then amused the other night to
see a well-dressed woman pour water
from a tumbler into a napkin and
deliberately washi her face andhands.
She didn't seem at all disturbed by
the snickering, and paid her bill as
indifferently as if it had been for a
Turkish bath.-New York World
-During the eleven months ending
May 31st, the European immigrants
arriving in the United States num
bered a fr-action over 400,000-more
than equal to the number of inhabi
tants of any one of the twelve States
of the Uniori. Nearly one-half came
from Great Britain and Ireland, the
others from the continent-Italy,
Hungary, Poland, Germany, Hol
land, etc.
Sam Jones on Public Men.
Rev. Sam Jones addressed an im
mense audience at the prohibition
camp grounds near Mounmdsville, West
Virginia, on Sunday, touching up
quite a number of nan onal characters
in the course of hi remarks. Of
United States Senator Matthew
Quay, of Pennslyvania,he said: "Talk
about wickedness. Look at Matt.
Quay. There you find it personified.
Unless he repents he'll go where the
fire dieth not.''
Turning his attention to President
Harrison, Mr.Jones said: "He's small.
I saw a picture of him under his
grandfather's hat a few days ago.
They might have put the whole Har
rison family under the hat and still
have had lots of room."
The Rev. Mr. Jones eulogized ex
President -Grover Cleveland in pic
turesque language, saying at one
time: "There's a man with a back
bone as big as that pillar there. If
he hadn't so much spine he might
have been President still."
-Two girls of the same age and
nearly the same name were placed in
a French institution for the care of
friendless children ten years ago.
Some time ago one of them was
taken out by her supposed mother,
given a handsome dowry and married.
The other gir'l now comes forward
with offers of proof that she is the
real daughter, and she claims the
dowry, if not the husband, of her
Pen Pictures of the Leaders in the Elec
tions U iul Comt est.
There Is a striking contiast be
tween .31!r. Lodg,. the leader of tI:e
Rfephblican forces ill the ontest over
the federal electionL bill. mai;l Mr.
Heuph-ill. who by virtue of his posi
tion on the committeeou the eleetion
of President and "Viev-Presidetu. is
at the head of the oppo:ition. Mr.
Lodge has more contradictory traits
of character than any man I know of
in the House. Hc is a curious coin
bination of liberal reformer and dema
gogue; of broad intelligence and bit
ter partisanship. In his character as
partisan lie is admired by his col
leagues and has a considerable fol
lowing. As a reformerhe has scarcely
any following in the House and is
sneered at by those who are his as
sociates and admirers in his other
character. His associates are of two
classes. Those who follow hi-, lead
on the federal election question call
him a political dude when he talks
civil service reform. When he ap
pears as a reformer of politicad meth
ods he is superb but ineffective, but
in party intrigue he will go further
than some of his less intellectual and
less enlightened associates. He is
clever however, in the assumption of
high motive in his partisan action,
and is too shrewd to use denunciation
instead of argument. The best pre
sentation of his side of the Federal
election question that has been made,
and the best that can be made. was
that which was made in his opening
argument. He is not an orator ana
never rises to the point of eloquence.
His speeches are finished literary pro
ductions, and he delivery them with
an appearance of earnestness. He is
a fair representative of the intelligent
but bigoted young Republicans of
New England. still retaiidng the
strain of Puritan blood.
Mi. Hemphill is a good represen
tative of the progressive young men
of the South. If Mr. Reed, in a
spirit of magnanimity, had so de
signed it, he could not have done bet
ter for the Democrats than he did in
the appointment of Mr. Hemphill to
the head of the minority committee
which was to consider this bill. He
is not a fire eater. He is calm, dis
passionate, logical and a goodlawyer.
It would be much easier to throw
Mr. Reed, Mri. Lodge or any other
cold-blooded New Englander into a
passion than to provoke an indiscre
tion on the part of this young South
Carolinian. He is fair and frank.
His speech is slow and somewhat
halting at first. There is never any
thing in his manner to provoke an
tagonism; he never forgets to be
courteous to his opponent, however
bitter that oppenent may be. He is
not as graceful a writer as is Mr.
Lodge, his periods may not be quite
as well rounded, he does not attempt
as much effect with his voice, but as
he advances with his argument, feel
ing what he says, as he did on open
ing theecase for the South in this dis
cussion, he becomes eloquent without
effort and without knowing it. There
is a frank earnestness inwhat he says
which impressess his hearers. His
voice, his manner and his speech ap
peal for fair play, and give promise of
fair play in return. His speeches are
the work of a lawyer rather than a
litterary man, but he is a scholarly
and as able as is the young statesman
from Massachusetts. The contrast
between the two men is such as to
make them suitable antagonists.
1\either side could have been repre
sented by any one who could present
the case at opening better than the
men selected
An expression of arrogance is
stamped on Mr. Lodge's face, and
one naturally expects some bitterness
in his speech. But he is never dis
courteous either in language or man
ner. He maintains an air of superi
ority, however, which is sometimes
offensive. Mr. Hemphill is extremely
modest and is one of the most amiable
men in the House. During the eight
or ten year's I have known him I have
never seen him lose his temper in
What Gov.Nicholls Predicts as the Result of
the Passage of the Bill,
Governor Nicholls,iof Louisina,
in his recent veto of the lottery bill,
I say to this general assembly in
all earnestness that should this meas
ure be passed we will enter upon a
period of strife such as has never
been seen before in Louisiana, and
should this contemplated corpora
ton ever be formed, we shall enter
npon an era of corruption and degra
dation,beside which the era of Recon
struction will appear as one of honor
and happiness.
And let me say that should this
measure be adopted and carried out,
in my opinion no good will ever come
of the money which we will receive
as the price of your honor and our
liberty. Extravagance, profligacy
and corruption will assuredly follow
the receipt as night follows day. I
feel thoroughly satisfied that the fact
of the adoption of the measure will
be that while the six-mill taxes will
be kept thero will be an immediate
falling off in the Legislative appro
priations for charitable and other
purposes for which this money will
have been directed to be applied, and
a wondrous corresponding increase
of the application of the generalfund
to the payment of the interest bear
ing debt.
At the end of twenty-five years
there will be;the same claim of pover
ty in Louisiana and the same claim
on its behalf for the continued exist
ence of the lottery. So far as a claim
for necessity of the present mteas
ure is sough to be predicated upon
the assumed condition of the poverty
of Louisiana, I, as its governor, pro
nounce it totally without justification
or warrant. Some other motive for
this measure must be found than
that her people are unable honorably
to carry out the duties of State
hood. Knowing this measure as I
do, as one dishonoring and degrad
ing Louisiana, it has met, as it will
continue to meet, my most determined
A Man's Simple Rights.
Miss Parkwood: "Do you know
sir, I could sue y on f r breach of
Findly Place: "Oh. I guess not.
"Why, sir, did you not ask me to
marry you?"
"And I co'nsented?"
"Well, sii?'
"Well, I didn't promise. did If
ou were the one that did that. I
presume I have the right to ask you
a civil question, have I not, without
running the risk of being dragged
No 3usic Iair S- Sweet as the Memory ol
Those Tender Lines.
"The mothers of to-day do not sing
as the mothers did in laun: syne." said
a man whose business cares have never
oveIcome aLd -rowded out the soul of
)oetry and the memory of a happy boy.
hood. --You seldom hear a woman
singing about the house now."
"So it is. The modern mother does
not sing as our (ear uld-fashioned
mothers uSed to sing. She has little
time to herself. and if she didn't have
the advantages of a musical education
sihe says she cannot sing.
Thea, too, the songs of to-day are
not like and never will be like those
old songs. They do not touch the
heart and give the heart's feeling utter
ance through the lips. There are
beautiful songs set to music, of course,
and wonderful voices sin,- them on the
stage and in the drawinmg-room, but
how seldom it is we hear a song that
thrills and charms us and brings the
,pearls of feeling" to our eyes. A
voice pleases us and we bear home the
satisfaction of having heard an artist of
artists, but we will forget the singer
and the song long before we forget one
word or note of the one who sang
"Bonnie Doon" and "Annie Laurie."
There are those of us who will nevex
forget the summer evenings, the ripple
of the brook in the distance, the stir of
the woodbine leaves around the win
dow, the sweet fragrance of the "birk"
from the neighborin- wood, when- the
mother sang "Afton Water" and rocked
her baby to sleep.
And then there were other songs that
stirred our childish hearts, "The
Soldier's Dream":
Our bugles sung truce, for the night cloud had
And the sentinel stars set their watch In the
When thousands had sunk to the ground over
The weary to sleep and the wounded to die.
Deposing that night on my pallet of straw.
By the wolf-scaring faggot that guarded the
In the dead of the night a swoot vision I saw.
And thrice ere the morning I dreamed it
Our childish imagination could
picture the soldier, always handsome,
in his uniform lying down on the field
of battle to sleep under the stars, the
pine knots' blaze scaring away the
prowling wolves, and he dreaming of
hearing his "own mountain goats
bleating aloof," and of hearing "the
sweet song that the corn reapers sung."
There was another song, old, very
old: "On the Lake WhereeDrooped the
Willow," the story of a oirl who died
in autumn. And: "rll hIng My Harp
on the Willow Tree," which later-day
Bacon-Shakspeareans tell us was dedi
cated to her Majesty, Victoria. There
was "Jeannette and Jeanot" -Old
Kentucky Home," and "Suwanee
River," and to-day we cannot listen to
0. take me to my kind old mother.
There let me live and die,
whether sung in soft, weird tones of a
jubilee singer, the pathetic ones of
little Kavanagh or the every-day street
Arab, without a rush of tender feeling.
There was another song, a regular
bed-time song in its wooin- sweetness.
It was "The Cuckoo": 0
When winter comes the woods is my home,
In summer I sing in the meadows.
How we liked to hear about the little
bird that hid itself away in the brush in
the winter, and in the springtime its
plaintiff -cuckoo." "cuckoo," was the
sure harbinger of south winds and warm
And last and best of allwas that song
of "Clari, the Maid of Milan":
'Mid pleasures and palaces though we may
Be it ever so humble, there's no place like
No. there is no place like home. and
there are no songs like those of the old
time, and there is no music b'alf so
sweet as the memory of those tender
A High-Priced Artist.
In an elegantly appointed studio, not
a hundred miles from Hartford, sat one
of our noted artists in thought. He
was earnestly contemplating a design
for a cathedral window, and a look of
annoyance flashed across his face as
the door suddenly flung open to admit
the figure of a lady. The look vanished
instantly, however, as the artist ad
vance to meet his visitor.
'Are you Mr. --?" asked the lady
shortly, yet casting a furtive glance at
her muddy boots, buried deep in the
pile of t~ie beautiful Persian rug.
"I am, madam."
"Well," continued the lady, with an
air of importance, "I have brought
you a commission. I want you to de
sign the toe of this slipper for me. The
design itself is to be embroidered in the
shape of a slipper. It is for the City
Mission fair and I must have it im
mediately. Can't you do it while 3
"Pardon me, madam," courteously
replied the artist, "your kindness in
giving me the commission is fully ap
preciated, but as I have not the honor
of knowing you I must ask you to pay
me in advance."
"Oh, certainly." responded the lady,
with a-rent readiness, drawing out a
well-filed purse. "How much will it
"Four hundred and seventy-five dol
lars. madam."
" What!" screamed his visitor.
'"Four hundred and seventy-five dol
lars," calmly responded the gentle
" What do you mean?" demanded
the lady, growmng more and more as
"-Just what I say, madam." quietly
answvered the artist. "I think yet:
have made some mistake. The com
mission von have pleased to bring me
is entirely out of my line. If you will
visit one of the places for fancy stamp
ing, in Pratt or Trumble street yor
will succeed in getting your work done
to your entire satisfaction, I have no
The lady gave a final glance around
the studlio, filled with European curios
of every description and adorned with
artistic works, from the magnificent
picture in oils, covering half the wall,
to a dainty, delicious little landscape,
which in its very delicacy was a marvel,
and, with another look at her muddy
shoe and a paxrtina. "Well, I don't be
lieve you are the Tind of artist I am
looking for," (to which the gentleman
courteously replied: "I am afraid not,
madam") she sailed Out of the room,
remarking to herself-as she savagely
punched the elevator annunciator, and
glared at twvo conflicting shades of red,
which were mentally swearing at each
other about her dress-"I thought
artists were always ready for work,
and glad to get it, too."-Hartford
Tennyson N. Twiggas-"Woula it
make any difference if Ishould read this
poem to you, or leave it here for you to
read?" The Editor-"Yes, I think it
would. If you leave it you'll go out
of the door; but if you read it you may
go out of the window."- -Lippincott's
Mag azine.
Father-'"My son, you must not dis
pute with your mother in that way."
Bo-"But she's in the wrong."
Faher- "That makes no difference,
and you might as well learn, my child,
once for all, that when a lady says a
thing is so it is so, even if It isn't so."
A Sunday-school teacher was giving
a lesson in Ruth. She wanted to bring
out the kindness of Boaz in command
ing the reapers to drop large handfuls
of wheat. "Now, children,"' she said,
"Boaz did another nice thing for Ruth;
an you tell me what it was?"
"Married her," said one of the boys.
Homicide in Lane.Ister County.
On Wednesday afternoon last as
Mr. J. E. Kennington and Mr. H. B.
M1assey o Flat Cr: ( T o1:)ALiip't V'r
returning to tleir' homes fro:n Ker
--haw they levamin dinn- a f ii
culty. in which the lat:k'r wl sr- -
by the forimr in tbe mouth. T'
matter ended there.:md on1 the fol
lowing day Mr. Kennington went into
Mr. Massey's yard and hallooed. Mr.
Massey, who was at the' dianer table.
went out to where h. was. and soon
the two vwere heard passirg loud
words. by inmates of the house. Mr.
W. J. Blakeney. who was at the din
ner table. jumped up and ran to the
door just as Kennington said: "If
are not satisfied, I can salisfy you:"
at which Massey drew his pistol and
fired twice at Kennington. one ball
taking effect in his body about two
and a half inches to the left of his
naval. At this ifr. Kennington ran
off and Mr. Massey walked b.ck into
his house.
Mr. Kennington was a stout, io
bust man, about 35 years old, and
leaves a wife and five er six small
Mr. Massey is about the same age
and has a wife and four small chil
dren. He came to towi and surren
dered to the Shcriff on Monday.-Iaa
caster Ledger.
Anot her Convention Called.
The tenants, hirelings and laborers
of every vocation, -also those that
sympathize with them and desire the
betterment of their condition, and
who look upon "Tillmanism" as the
synonym of a landed aristocracy or
ganized to opp-ess and deprive them
of their rights as freemen, are hereby
called to meet at their various county
seats on Monday, August 4th, 1890,
and to elect delegates to double the
number of the members they have in
the General Assembly of the State to
a convention of laborers and freemen,
to.be held in tho city of Columbia, S.
C., on August 27th, 1890, for the pur
pose df taking iito co-.sideration the
betterment of their condition, and, if
found practicable, to nominate a State
ticket, from Governor down, subject
to the Democratic State Convention.
M V oTRs.
Born With Teeth.
Yesterday morning Mrs. Carl Kim
ble, J No. 44 Kindel avenue, gave
birth to twins. Tne doctors. who
were in attendance at the birth of
the babes noticed that they were
exceptionally large and well develop
ed. Greatly to their surprise upon
examining one of the twins it was
discovered that it posessedtwo large
lower front teeth, which are at least
an eighth of an inch in length and
perfectly formed. The teeth are of
a pearly whiteness and look as natu
ral as those of a child six or eight
years old. This is a rare occurrence,
and a similar one has never been re
corded before. There have been
cases where there was one tooth
when a single child was born but
never before when there were twins.
-Cincinnati Enquirer.
Drinks for Warm Weather.
"Lemonade and butter milk are as
good as anything drinkable that you
can find for this weather," said a
- "They both are great things tc
quench thirst. They both act as a
pleasant tonic ::o the stomach and
they have a stiomulating quality. But
they should not be drunk ice-cold
That is, bits of ice should not be in
the goblet. Let them be as cold as
the ice chest or refrigerator can
make them, but not more than that.
When you pour down your throat a
pint or so of fluid that is fresh from
the ice temporary paralysis of the
stomach follows. If a man happens
to be very hot, such a thing not in
frequently is as fatal as lightning."
The Color of It ater.
What is the color of pure water!
Almost any person who has no special
knowledge of the subject will reply at
once "It has no color." Yet every
body knows, either through hearsay or
by evidence of his own eyes, that the
ocean looks blue. Why the ocean
looks blue is a question that few
who have crossed it have ever sought
to solve, says Nature, and there are
probable many travelers who, though
they have seen most of the famous
rivers and lakes in the world, have
failed to notice the remarkable differ
ence in color which their waters pre
sent. Even the ocean is not uniform
in color; in some places its waters are
green, or even yellowish. Some lakes
are distinctly blue; others present var
ious shades of green. so that in some
cases they are hardly distinguishable
from their level, grass-covered banks;
a few are almost black. The lake of
Geneva is azure-hued; the lake' of Con
stance and the lake of Lucerne are
green; the color of the Mediterranean
has been called indigo. The lake of
Brienz is greenish yellow, and its
neighbor, Lake Thun, is blue. New
York has both green and blue lakes.
The colors of rivers differ yet more
widely. The Rhone is blue, and so is
the Danube, while the Rhine is green.
Anybody who has traversed the won
derful Adirondack region and fished in
its waters must have noticed the re
markable difference in the c'lor of its
rivers and smaller streams w"hich radi
ate in every direction from the central
group of mountains. The waters of
the Sacondaga are yellowish, while
those of the Canada creeks and of the
Mohawk -are clear, with perhaps a
bluish tint in deep poles. Fish creek
is black or deep brown; and its neigh
bor, Salmon river, is colorless. Next
comes the Black river, whose color is
indicated by its name, but between it
and the Grasse, which is also black or
brown, is the Oswegatchie, with clear,
white waters. The St. Regis, again, is
black, but the Raquette is white. The
St. Lawrence is blue. These various
hues are not caused by mud or any
apaque sediment, such as that which
makes the Mississippi coffee-colored,
but belong' to the waters, like the
golden color of tea, without greatly
impairing their transparency.
The cause of the difference in the
color of lakes and rivers has engaged
the attention of many celebrated in
vestigators of nature, such as Tyndali,
Bunsen, Arago, Sainte-Claire D~eville,
and others. Recently Prof. Spring of
the University of Liege has carefully
investigated the question of the color
of water, and has reached some inter
esting conclusions. According to him,
absolute pure water, when seen in
masses of sufficient thickness, is blue,
and all the varieties of color exhibited
il lakes and streams arise from the
presence in the water of mineral salts
of different degress of solubility and in
varying quantities. Water containing
carbonate of lime in a state of almost
complete solution remains blue, but if
the solution is less complete the water
will have a tinge of green, which will
grow stronger as the po' of peii
tation is approached. Prof. Spring
concludes that if lime is added to blue
water in which so much carbonate of
ime is already dissolved that the point~
of saturatiani is app1roached the water'
will become green. In proof of this he
cites the fact that the water near the
shores of lakes and seas, where it
comes in contact with limestone. 'a
generally of a greener hue than ,lse
Some of the Peeuiiarities of PeoPle Who
Cherish Odd Souvenirs.
The cherished preservation of odd or
particular coins as pocket-pieces is an
Old andl harmiess sort of idolatry fre
quently indulged in by a large percent
age of humanity. Such souvenirs often
possess intrinsic value as well as le
gendarv importance, but whether rep
resentei by a broad piece of gold or a
battered copper-token, all have asso
ciations or little histories of peculiar
interest to their owners. When these
treasures are under inspection in a
social way. remarks of the following
tenor are frequently heard:
'-This is the first bit of silver 1 earn
ed wheni I left home."
"I found this half-penny near Shaks
peare's tomb."
-Daniel Webster gave that Spanish
quarter to my father when a boy for
holding his horse."
--Here," said a man, noted for his
unthrift, "is the only money I ever
saved, and I wouldn't have saved that
were it not made of German silver."
It is a custom for many kind old per
sons to say, while tendering a bright
piece of silver or gold to an emigrating
lad or lass: "-Keep this in your pocket
and you'll always have money."
Thc present and injunction are, per
haps, intended for a practical sugges
tion of thrift, although in most cases
the lesson is likely to be disregarded.
Few people possess the quality of
economy to an extent that will allow
them to join Shylock in his boast of
ability to make coins breed.
A large number of these mementoes
fall into the hands of New York money
changers, whose locations give them
daily opportunity of dealinL with emi
grant arrivals. While spe:ling of this
incident in the business, one broker
said: "It used to give me a pang when
some poor fellow or woman would un
wrap a time-smothered piece of foreign
money or remove a perforated one
from a chain or faded strip of ribbon,
and tearfully offer it for sale or ex
change. But one soon losses senti
ment in this business, and in a matter
of-fact way. I simply pay for the weight
of most of such odds and ends as you
see heaped in that tray. rve had cases
wherein persons who had struck pros
perity have returned after a long time
to see if their keepsakes could be iden
tiied and recovered, but the crucible
of the Assay Office had' generally put
them beyond hope."
Sometimes a special piece of money
is kept sight of with almost religious
interest. Instances are known where
pawnbrokers have made advances
often enough on a reverend coin to
make the interest exceed its nominal
value many times over. It is a case of
Indescribable horror when the owner
of a metallic "mascot" or prize talis
man had paid it away in some un
guarded moment. Hallowed heirlooms
thus have been ruthlessly swept into
the coffers of an unsentimental rail
road or more profane till. This risk
is always likely to prevail, regardless
of the ways of safely storing such pre
cious things. ine out of ten of the
devotees of these little gods would de
cline the use of safe-deposit boxes or
bank vaults, believing as they do that
the luck or charm chances of the ob.
ject only become , potent by personal
contact.-. Y. Tribune.
4, Pretty Romance Connected With the
Great General's Engagement.
A striking incident in the life of Gen.
Grant was mentioned by an intimate
friend. It related to the delicate sub
ject of how the General popped the
question. Those who knew Genera]
Grant intimately can imagine how he
could storm a rampart, charge a bat
tery of artillery, or lead a forlorn hope
in battle easier than he could ask for
the hand of the woman he loved. The
occasion when the young Lieutenant
in the army and Julia Dent plighted
their troth was not one of those ideal
moonlight nights nor were the stare
twinkling over lovers' sighs, but on a
dark, stormy night in the woods ,of
Missouri. The Lieutenant was visiting
his army comrade and former class
mate, Fred Dent. He had driven into
town in a buggy- with his comrade'u
sister. The young people were on
their way home. The darkness had
overtaken them. The rain had fallen
in torrents and the roads were axle
deep with mud. The lightning flashed
and the thunder pealed out of the
blackness of night which followed. A
swollen stream and a frail bridge stood~
in their way. .As they reached the
danoerous spot a sudden flash of elec
tricifight revealed the terrors of the
flood, and the dang~ers of the bridge.
In an instant, avaiing himself of this
moment of light, the brave young offi
cer urged the good steed upon the
quivering floorway. A dreadful burst
of thunder shook the very foundations
of the earth. The young maiden, who
had thus far bravely faced the terrors
of the situation, stunned by the tre
mendous crash, grasp'ed the unmoved
Lieutenant by her side with affrighted
force. The bridge now began to yield
to the undermining action of the rag
ing torrent. As it seemed to sink away
the maid exclaimed in her fears, "O,
we are lost." "No, Julia-," came a
tender reply from the heart full of
emotion which beat in that brave
young breast. "Nothing shall happen
to you. I shall take care of, you."
Another flash in timely succession re
ealed the terrible situation, but one
judicious stimulation of the powerful
steed brought the Lieutenant and his
heart's treasure once more upor. the
solid ground of the other side as the
plankway of the bridge moved away in
the surging flood. Rescued from a sit
uation so nerilous was the occasion
for a thoughtful silence. The storm
beaten lover's pushed on their trying
way through mud and rain and wind.
Soon out of the darkness came a
voice, "Julia, were you frightened?"
"What a terrible night it is!" said the
maiden in reply. --I would always
like to care for you and protect .you.
May I do so?" --Yes," in the simple
innocence of her girlish heart was the
answer.-Philadelphia Inquirer.
Beauty Only Skin Deep.
A few days ago a young girl, beauti
ful in form, feature and dress, sat in a
Madison avenue car, says the N. Y.
Evening Sun. Directly opposite sat a
poor child of about the same age, shaly
bilv clothed, with a shambling body.
slightly deformed as to the shoulders,
and ani exceedingly plain face which
bore the lines of suffering and want.
Her eager eyes were fixed on the face
and figure opposite her wvith a devour
ing, pathetic look that showed how
keenly alive she was to the exceeding
beauty of a beautiful body. The object
of the gaze began to grow uneasy un
der its intentness and fixity, and finally,
looking the girl coldly in the face, she
leaned partly across the aisle and said:
"Well. Miss Impertinence, if you have
looked at me long enough, will you be
kind enough to look somewhere else.
'm tired of it."
The poor child grew first red and
then white. A look of keen pain came
into her eyes, and then tears, and as
she turnedl away she said softly: "I
was o'ily thinking how beautiful you
Taxation in a Brazilian City.
There is no taxation upon either real
r personal property at Para, Brazil.
but when a piece of real estate is sold
the purchaser is required to pay a fee
to the- government of 5 per cent on the
Gatheroole is the name of one of
ennsylvania's coal barons.
T. Johnson, of Englewood.Humboldt
Dounty, California, owns a calf with
1hree horns. The animal has two more l
Captain Charles King, the writer of
military stories,is a retired army officer.
is portraits show him wearing eye
New beds of guano have been dis
covered on the coast of Peru which,it is
estimated, will yield 1,500,000 tons of
xcellent quality.
There is a girl in Caldwell who can
put a whole egg in her mouth and close
er mouth over it,and she is not a bad.
looking girl, either.
A statistician calculates that the total
tonnage of the world, steam and sail, is
in round numbers 21,000,000, of which
50 per cent is British.
Ex-Gov. English, who died recently,
is said to have been the richest man in
Connecticul. His estate is estimated
at $1,500,000 to $2,000,000.
Princess Beatrice has been photo
graphed as Mary, Queen of Scots, to
whom she bears about as much resemb
lance as a hat does to a butterfly.
Mr. Richardson, of the Maryland
lower house, says he can get 26,000
signatures in Baltimore to have any
member of the legislature hanged.
The French newspapers declare that
the dance as a social joy is doomed, go
ing out of fashion at the command of
the women who lead Parisian society.
King Humkert of Italy has adopted
the hot-water cure for dyspepsia. Lost
European royalties feel inclined to
avoid hot water as much as possible. : ;
A doctor of Cremona, with a large
band of peasants from its neighbor
hood, has just started for Uruguay,
where he proposes to establish them as
an exclusively socialist colony.
John Ruskin spent much time in'ad
vertising the painter, Millais. In- re
turn for this priceless service Millai
married Ruskin's divorced wife and is
now a millionaire, living in princely
Mrs. Frances Hodgson Burnett is
said to be writing a book of which her
younger son,Lionel, is the hero. Lionel
is as much a wonder as an enfant ter
rible as is his brother in the opposite
George W. Childs states that since
the introduction of foreign and native
mineral waters as table beve.ages the
use of wine has decreased nearly one
half at dinner parties and entertain
A Blue Springs (Ky.) paper says that
in a recent lawsuit in that town,Colonel
Colby, in addressing the jury, brought
down the house by singing a comie
song as an illustration in making a
point in the case.
The postmaster of Owosso, Mich.,has
been so pestered by local dudes gossip.
ing with his pretty clerks that he has
placed over each window a printed card
which reads: -This window for P. 0.
business onky; not for visiting."
Due de Montpensier left $40,000,000.
to be divided between his wife and his
son and daughter. It is said. however,
that the Duchess intends to go in a
convent and leave the whole fortune to
be enjoyed by the two children.
It is sai. the first cost of building a
feet oA Atlantic liners is a trifle com
ared to the cost running them. In
ess than thiree years it will exceed the.
cost of construction, so enormous is the
expenditure in wages, port duties and
The emperor of China visits the em
press dloiager at the Nanbai palace
every five (lays to inquire after her
majesty's health. The visits are al
ways niade early in the morning. at
tended by a vast retinue of personig.
General Sherman conkesses that he
likes the bands to pla7 "Marchi g'
Through Georgia" in his honor..H
was surprised by hearine the tune as a
erenade when he visitea Ireland, and
was su rised to learn th-.t it was an
ancienr'sh air.
The postage on a letter -from Ve
United States through England to n
dia is 5 cents. The postage on a letter
mailed in England for India is 10 cents.
'On account of this the English business
public is making' a big kick against the
English postal d'epartment.
Mgr. O'Connell, rector of the A&meri.
'can College at Rome, denies that an
American woman has ever received the
Koes golden rose. Miss Gwendoline
Cdwel1 was debarred from receiving
it, despite the rumors to the contrary,
because she was not of noble birth.
Hall Caine, the dramatist, is .a~j
yethouhtfl-lokig, and sli
graefu. e has logauburn
and a pointed chin-beard; is quiet of
manner, and the proud possessor of a
-erious old lantern, wlhich was' carried
by Eugene Aram on the night of the
Seats for Mr. Jefferson's recent peo.
orman'ce at Atlanta, Ga., were sold at
auction without his knowledge or con
sent. When he learned it he said that
he did not feel honorably entitled to
the premium money and he thereuo
gave it-some $600-to variousloa
The famous old mountain fortress of
.Asirgarh, which was formerly regarded
as one of the principal defenses of cena
tral India, is about to be dismantledl.
It stands on the summit of an almost
inaccessible mountain, and has many
*interesting and romantic historical as
Uncle Joe Haddon, who is still living
in South Carolina, was sent out to
SAmerica in 1833 by an English comn
pany to take charge of the first locomo
tive on the old South Carolina Railroad.
He is now eighty-six years old~and still
does a hard day's work as a miller . and
machinist on a Carolina plantation.
In Italy, it is asserted, the opera has
become simply a fashionable gathering
place for society, and social calls and
:similar enjoyments implying the free
I -use of the tongue render the house so
noisy that the music is spoiled. This
fact is alleo'ed to account for what is
called the aedline of opera in Italy of
late years.
A Curious Episode of the War.
A veteran of the - Connecticut
eiment of Volunteers keeps at home
a handsome uniform of a Confederate
officer w~hich was never worn but by
himself, and to which he owes some
months or years of liberty, if not life
H was a tailor before the civil war,
and w~hen hie was captured on a South
er battle-field this fact reached the
ears of the commander of the prison
ers' barracks.
"Egad! I'll have the Yankee goose
*pusher make me a new suit," said the
ofiicer, gazing at his dingy uniform.
The line gray cloth, gold-lace, and
bright buttons were brouwht to the
tailor prisoner, who workerY cheerfully
away at the welcome employment. On
the evening the suit was to be deliver
ed, however, a bright idea occurred to
him, and soon what was to all appear.
ances a spruce Confederate olicer
walked past the guards, and was seen
no more in that part of Dixie. History
kindly draws the veil over the ex
letivs vented on the --nutmxegz Yan
kee" for not enly gaining his libert
.he crned that-butt for taking that
precious suit, which cost so many hun
dred dollars of good Confederate

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