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VOL ViTO MIANNIN'G., S. CU WEDESDAY, APR'.IL 1 89.NO 5
AN OLD HERO GONE. GEN. JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON DIES SUD DENLY IN WASHINTON. Reoord of His Dstinguhxhed Services An Honored and Able Commander Commissioner of Rlalroads Uutl Ie moved by Harr!son. WASHINGTON, March 2l.-G en. Joseph E. Johnson died shortly after 11 o'ciock to-night at his residence on Connecticut Avenue. The General has been suffer ing for the past three weeks with an af fection of the heart, aggravated by cold caught soon after Sherman's funeral at New York. His physician has been trying to keep up his strength for some days, but his advanced age has given little hope for his recovery from the be ginning of his illness. The General did not seem to suffer in the least and was conscious to the last. At his bedside were ex-Governor MIc Lain, of Maryland, the (eneral's broth er-in-law, and the nurse. The imme diate cause of death was heart failure, the result of fatty degeneration of the heart, due in a measure to a cold con tracted some weeks ago, but more par ticularly due to extreme old age. At times for about two years,General John ston has shown uumistakable signs of a general breaking down. His mind often became bewildered so that he could not tell where he was or how he caine there. Some days after Sherman's tun eral the General one night got up out of the bed, wnile in a state of profuse perspiration, which greatly aggravated the slight cold with which he was then suffering. This brought on a severe at tack of his old heart trouble, which com pletely prostrated him. His physician, Dr. Lincoln, succeeded, horever, with much difliculty, in arresting the disease for a time, and for a day or two prior to a week ago yesterday he seemed to be reallyimproving. On that day, however, he went down stairs without assistance, ashe had done before, but it proved too much -for his strength, and only with the aid of Governor McLain could he again reach his bed or even rise from the sofa wl'ere he was sitting. From that time he continued to grow worse until about 6 o'clock this evening, when Dr. Lincoln found him perfectly comfortable and apparently a little better. While his friends and attendants knew that he might pass away at any time, yet they had had no warning that the end was so near. Governor McLain entered the room at a little after 11 o'clock, and as he approached the General's bedside, he heard an almost inaudible sigh, and the General was dead. General Johnson's nearest living relative is a sister, Mrs. Mitchell, who lives in this city. The funeral services will be held in this city, although the day has not been fixed up on. The interment will be made at Green Mount cemetery, Baltimo-e. Gen. Johnston was the last, save Beau regard of the six full Generals of the Confeleracy. He was born at Cherry Grove. Va., in 1807, and was graduated from West Point in 1829, in the same class with General Robert E. Lee. He was appointed Second Lieutenant of the Fourth Artiliery, and first saw active service in the field in 1832 in the BlacK Hawk Indian expedition. He was pro moted in 1836, and was an aide-de-camp o General Winfield Scott's staff in the Seminole war. He participated in all the important battles connected with General Scott's campaign in Mexico, from the taking of Vera Cruz to the capture of the city of Mexico. He was thrice brevetted for gallantry during this war, and in 1848 was mustered out of service as Lieutenant Colonel of volun ters only to be reinstated by Congress with his original rank of Captain of Typographical Engineers. lBe was commissioned Quartermaster General of the U~nited States Army in June, 1860, but resigned the following April to enter the Confederate service in which, as Major General of Volunteers, he assisted General Lee in the work of organizing, the men pouring into Rich mond. Subsequently he was commis sioned Brigadier General in the regular Confederate service and was placed in command at Harper's Ferry. He joined forces with Beauregard and remaimed in eommand of the consolidated troops until 1862. At the battle of Seven Pines he was wounded and incapitated for duty for about six months. His next service was as commander of t.he army of Tennessee and he employed the Win ter of 1863 in reorganizing his-commar d, which had become demoralized by the defeat at Missionary Ridge. He was relieved of this command in July, 184* by order of the authorities at Rich mond General Hood succeeding him. Early in 1805 General Lee agaln as sige him to the command from which he had been relieved and ordered him to drive back Sherman. General John ston urged Lee to abandon Richmond, join forces with him and tight Sherman before Grant could come up, but Lee replied that it was impossible for him to leave Virginia.- As his force wvas small General Johnson declined a deci sive engagement and hung on Sherman's ilanks, annoying the latter and impe ding his march from Atlanta towards Richmond as much as possible. Lee surrendered at Appomattox and John ston obtaining the consent of President Jefferson Davis that the war should not be further prolonged entered into nego tiations with Sherman. The first agree ment framed was disapproved by the Federal Government, and on April 261 the second agreement was concluded. General Johnson, after the war, became successively president of a railroad company in Arkansas, of an express company in Varginia andl an insurance agent in Georgia. He was elected to Congress from the Richmond District in 1877, and next saw public life as Commissioner of Railroads, which of fice he held under President Cleveland's administration, lHe had lived in this city since he lost his ollice under the present administration. In person Geuf eral Johntor~ was a nman of slender build,ot not mare z?aa me:a in height and with a kindly, pleasant ..ee. lie was unobtrusive in mannier and invari bly courteous to all persons with whom he was brought in contact. Gen. Johnston's F'unerai. WAsBNDGTON, Miarch 24.-Puntieral services were held at 11 o'clock Tlues day morning over the remains of the late Confederate general, Joseph E. Johnston, at St. JTohn's Episcopal church. The services were of the sim plest character, no attempt at decorat ing the church was made, and no 1iow ers save a wreoth of immnortelles on the coftin,were visible. Tflough the church was tilled with battle-scarred veterans there was not a uniform visible to announce the fact. The last great soldier ol' the civil con flict was buried as a civilian, not as a soldier. Rev. Dr. Douglas, rector of St. .John's church, assisted by Rev. Dr. MIeKim., the confederaite chaplain of Johnston's command, during the war conducted the services. He read the less >n from St. Paul to the Corinthians, sfter which the choir sang the beautiful hvymn: ".Just as I am." Dr. Douglas then recited the Episcopal Lurial service. "Rock of Ages" was then rendered by the choir, and the congregation jined with fervor with the rector in reciting the Apostle's creed and the Lord's prayer, with which the services closed. There were few dry eyes among the aged, bowed veterans as the remains of Gen. Johnston were borne from the church to the hearse by members of the Confederate association of Washing ton, who followed tne old veteran throughout the war. The procession to the hearse passed through open tile of Lee camp of Con federate Veterans, of Alexander, Va. M1rs. Mitchell, sister of Gen. Johntson, was t oo old to attend the funeral. The immediate family present was ex-Gov ernor McLeon of Maryland. and his son; Dr. George B. Johnston, of Rich mor'd. and Mrs. Susan Taliaterro. Then came representatives of the Confederate association of Baltimore. The remains were conveyed to Balti moge on the 1.30 p. m. train. ITALIAN IN rERFERENCE. A Topic of Gissip in Diplomatic Circles in Washinaton. VAsMINGTON, March 25.-In diplo matic circles speculation is going on as to what will be the outcome of the re cent massacre in New Orleans so far as the United States and the Italian Gov ernments are concerned. Several eve nings ago a party of gentlemen, com posed of two foreign representatives to this country, a prominent oflicial of the State department, and two naval offi cers were discussing the subject of re paration by this Government. Opin ions differed widely as to the means to be employed in bringing about a settle ment satisfactory to both Govern ments. The State department official appeared to take a m-re serious view of the situation than any of his com panions.and he predicted that "we have not heard the last of this matter yet." After explaining that Italy has the third largest and most formidable navy in the world. he astonished his hearers by offering. to wager a supper at the club for the party that within three weeks one or more Italian war ships will be at the mouth of the Mississippi River. His language had a semi-offli cial flavor, with just enough mystery about it to create the impression upon his hearers that he knew considerably more on the subject than he cared to talk about. The inference is that Italy is greatly incensed at the "slaughter" of her people in New Orleans, and will demand heavy indemnity or know the reason why. There is a conservative elF-ment among the Italians who take a less warlike view of the situation and pre fer that nothing should be done hastily calculated to disturb the friendly rela tions between the two Governments and they will go to any reasonaule length to avoid a conflict. This feeling is said to be due to the interest Italy takes in the coming World's Fair, in honor of the memory of "Christofo Columbo." so dear to every Italian heart. If an amicable settlement is reached the World's Fair will probably play an important part in the negotia tions. The foreigners present maintained a diznilled silence during the discussion, only joining in when it was necessary to correct the Americar idea of certain European customs. The naval officers, while admitting that Italy has a for midable navy, were not willing to con eede that she could come over to our shores and frighten us intp any conces sion she might suggest. New Orleans would naturally be the point of attack should Italy assume a warlike attitude, for it was there the alleged outrage upon her citizens occurred. Consider ing the peculiarities of the Misissippi River at that point, it is said the Ital ian cruisers would encounter great dif ficulty in overcoming such obstruc tions as the United States army and navy could set up. So long as this war talk is confined to the club rooms and similar retreats ther e is but little dan ger of the t wo Governments coming to gether in battle array. LyncM Law in Indiana. SHIELBYVILLE, Ind., Mfarch 25.-Tes terday a tramp named Phil Doughterty entered a number of houses wnere the men happened to be away, demanding that hot coffee and dinner be furnished him. He abused the women whenever they refused to comply. R. D. Flaitz he.ird his wife cry for help, and getting a revolver started after Dougherty. lie laced Dougherty under. arrest just as he had kicked down the door of MIr. Ensminger's house. Last night a mob of over five hundred men surrounded the jail where he was locked up and demanded the prisoner. The sheriff refused, but as the officer was taking the prisoner through the back alley he was seized by a mob, who took him to a bridge, when a rope was placed around the tramp's neck. Some members of the mob begged that his life be spared, and the lash be substituted. About thirty persons were provided with cowhides, and each one plied the lash across the man's almost bare back. He begged for life, and every stroke seemed to bring fresh blood until his shoes were filled. Finally lie was cut down, exhausted, but with strength enough to get off. The Billion-Dollar Congress. WAsHINGTON, March 25.-The Na tiona! Association of Democratic Clubs has issued a circular letter addressed to the Democratic clubs throughont the United States, inving them to appro priately celebrate the anniversary of the birthday of Thomas Jefferson on "Thurs day. the 2d day of A pril. In the circu lar the simplicity which characterized the life of Jefferson is pomnted out and con trasted with the "eentralization prodi alty, faivoritisim and corruption of the last Congress." "They could to no further," says the circular." "-for they have exhausted the surplus in the treas my, and in the McKinley bill have raised taxes anti prices to the last points of en durance. The~ time is especially appro prat-wvhile celebirating the birth of the arcat apostle of liberty-to rejoice at imee over th., popular repudiation and inal adjournment of ihe odious billion dolar Congress. whose existence was a menace alhke to the f'reedom, prosper'L ty and business of the country." An Army of Italian Aveugers. Cmcaco, March 21.-A special to the Inter-Ocean from Ottava, Out., says: The Inter- Ocean correspondent met Antonio Scarpelli, a contra ito.: and leading ligiht among Italian , in his dis:rict, in the ri'lwav ticket office here today, inqjuit ingth~e fa r to New Orleans. le made no secret of the fact that me hal last nighut i'eceived a letter fro a prominent Italian residingt in the State of Pennslvania, asking if lie would en deavor to secure all the Italians possible Ito join in a moremneut w hich is being organized t o avenge the recent murder f their countrimen at New Orlean., nxt month. The name of this corres pondent, or the city in which i:e resites, he refuses to disclose. The letter .n formed Scarpelli that it wa- proposed to ral- e an army of 14.000 italians, prote ises ha, ing been received from I -aly that 14000 stand of arms would be sent to them a that number of men were raised in the Unmted sta es and Canada to marcoh asainst the Cresent City. THE PHOSPHATE WA R11. LATEST MOVE IN'THE FIGHT FOR COOSAW'S TREASURES. Mr U. R. Brooks Appointed Temporary Receiver-The Efrects of the Appoint ment on the In.junction of the United States Court. CoLU1BIA, MIarch 21.-The Coosaw business has taken a rather interesting turn. Governor Tillman received this atternoon the following dispatch, dated at Aiken: U. R. Brooks has been appointed temporary receiver. He must come down on the South Carolina Railway this afternoon and we will all meet him at Branchyille. Telegraph your reply to me. Y. J. Pope, Attorney General. Governor Tillman answered that Mr Brooks would go. and he went. Due notice will, of course, be given when the motion to make the receivership perma nent will be heard. It is understood that the present receiver will take pos session as receiver and after advertise ment for bids to go to work will let the successful companies in. It was not explicitly so stated, but there is a notion that the United States Court injunction will be ignored, "as it cannot apply in the new case." The State's receiver is a dif'erent person from any of the phos uhate commissioners, considered as B. R. Tillman, W. 11. Ellerbe, Y. J. Pope, J. D. Montgomery, or W. II. Walter as they are named in the bill of injunc tion. As all persons are enjoned from en tering Coosaw it will be interesting to note whether. when the receiver goes, into the forbidden land, he will be ar rested by the United States marshal o: whether he will arrest the United States marshal. It ought to be very easy to understand now that Attorney General Pope did not go to Newberry yesterday. A GENERAL SURPRISE. The Coosaw question is daily growing more complicated. The case presents some new phase almost daily. Even the lawyers interested in the case are not surprised at the frequent changes in the question. Injunctions and orders are getting to be of frequent oc:urence. and no one will be astonished to hear of another order in a few days. The new feature of the Co, saw drama was added yesterday at Aiken In the Court of Chambt rs, when Judge Ald rich appointed a temporary receiver to take possession of the bed of the Coosaw River opposite to south of Chisolin's Is land. Attorney General Pope and Ir Gco. S. Mower, who represent the phosphate commissioner, were in Aiken yesterday, and made the application for the receiv ership. The Coosaw people were entirely un aware of the movements of the repre sentatives of the commission. They had no idea as to the next move, al though they expected something would be done. Mr Augustine T. Smythe, counsel for the Coosaw Company, was in Greenville yesterday, and the other counsel of the company were surprised when informed of the appointment of a receiver. The true inwardness of the last move on the Coosaw chess board is not fully understood yet. Tue temporary receiver is Mr U. It. Brooks, of the Secretary of State's office at Columbia. The following is a copy of the officiad order : "On hearing the complaint herein and on motion 01 the Hlor Y. J. Pope At torney General of the State of South Carolina, it is ordered: "1. That the defendants, the Coosaw Mining Company, show cause, if atny they can, before me at Aiken, South Carolina, at Chambers, on Tuesday, 7th April, 1891, at 12 mid-day, why they and all persons claiming under them and their servants, agents, officers and em ployees should not be enjoined and res trained until the hearing of this cause from in any way digging, mining or re moving the phosphate rock and phos pate deposits in the bed of the -Coosaw River and every part thereof and from attempting to dig, mine or remove the same or any part thereof, and from in terfering with, obstructing, hindering or preventing or attemipting to interfere with, hinder, obstruct or prevent any agent of the plaintiff or p~ersoni thereto by the plaintiff or said board of phos phate commissioners authorized. from diging, mining and remioving the same. And why a fit and proper person should not be appointed as receiver to take pos session of the bed of the Coosawv River opposite to and south of Chisolm's is land with the usual powers of receivers in such cases, pending the final dtermi: nation of these proceedings. 2. That in the meantime and until the hearing hereby ordered the said die fendents, the Coosaw .Mining Compatnvy and their servrnts, agents otlicers and employees, be and they are hereby en joined from in any way d igging. mining or removing the phosphate rock and phosphatic deposits in the bed of the Coosaw River as aforesaid and from dig ging, mining or removing~ and attemptogr to dig. mine or remove the same or aniy part thereol, and from inter eri wi h, obstructing, hmndering or preventin:; or attempting to mnterfere with obstruct hinder or prevent any agent ofth plaintifi or person thereto by the ilaint ill or the saiL board of Ilhosphi ite coim missioners authorized from dip ing.,1mn ing and removing the same. 3. It is further ordered that U. R. Brooks be and lie is hereby applinted temporary re eiver of a'l the Coosaw. River phosphate territory lyjig opposite to and south of Cuisolm's Islandl whhl the usual power of receivers in such cases to take possession of, hold and oe eupy the same su iect to the order:of this Coirt. andI that be make a report to tis Court of al' his actings and openings t hereunder. 4. It is ordered further that a copy oi tisi order be forthwith served upon thes president, or chief manager. or othet principal officer of sa id Coosa.v Mining Company. Coosaw matters are -o very comiphea t ed that those who arc n it intere tedl in the case do not venture an opinion. A Reporter saw Mr. Bacot. o1tc hei!m of McCrady Sons & Ba~cot, who are en aged in the case. Hie was very muc surprised at tue proceedmig. At tiat time it was thought the receiver was foi the co upany. Mr. JDaeot s id : "OUne thing is certain, we had inothiug to (10 withthe ppontmet0o a receiver. 1t must be whlyo h part of the phois pht cmissioners amnd i:s licensees. I ca ayms positively that the move was not in behalf of Whe Coosaw Com pany. I exp~ect yon will find it was based upon some action of the phosphate com missioners. Nothing that is now done surprises me. The Coosaw Comipany iz in no financ'al trouble, as the appoint ment of a receiver raight possible indi ,.te. At+ the proper time and plae the matter of the receiversmip will be througlily tested." Receiver Brooks arived in the city last, night at 11 o'clock from Columbii. le' nositivcly declined to be interviewed or to -live -inv information regarding his appointment. le said that he would be in the city for several days on personal buisness. Receiver Brooks would not answer any questions whatever about the matter. Attorney G;encral Pope was expe::ted in the city last ni1_it, but he did not ar riv e. HOW IT IS PROPOSE!) TO WORI. It is said that under the new situation in Coosa v River if the privileges to mine under Receiver Brooks are accept ed tie arrangements will be somethingr like this: The parties mining for the State or otherwise will pay all expenses out of the sale of rock a id deposit the forfeit in bank to await the legal determination of the suit between Coo saw and the State. If Coosaw wins Coosaw will get the money in bank; If t he State wins the proceeds will be turned oved to those entitled to it. but for all the ro k mined the State will, as usual. ;ets its 1 of royalty just as it would if there was no suit. TWO STRICKEN CITIES. Pittsburz and Alleghamy Suffering From an Epidemic of La Grippe. PITrsmIuI, Pa., SMareh 24.-From a street joke grippe has become generally a dangerous disease. The death rate has increased to a great extent, and this month will break the record by the alarminug increase of 50 per cent. Clos ing at noon, 723 deaths have occurred in Pittsburg and Alleghany in twenty-four days of this month. Thirty-eight deaths have been reported within the last twenty-four hours, and many, no doubt, have not been reporte d. The direct causes given on the certificates are grip, iniluenza. pneumonia, typhoid fever and diphtheria. From the last named diseases, one death per day has occurred within the past three weeks at the Home of the Friendless alone. In the two cities there were fifty-one fan erals last Sunday, and there was not one-half enough hea-ses to go around. Respeetably covered wagons are used, and carriages are daily at a premium. In one large clothing house twenty three clerks are laid- off with influenza, which is daily growing more severe, and now numbers victims nearing the 5,000 mark in the city and suburbs. Physi cians are overworked, and some have as high as forty and sixty cases of grip alone. It is estimated that over 1,000 are suffering with grippe in the towns along the Fort Wayne road. At Belle vue and Western Bellevue over 200 cases are reported, some of which are of a very serious nature. At Emsworth and laysville there are over 100 cases. There are also many cases in Sewickly and it is estimated that fully 500 peo are confined to their homes. Reports from all other towns result in somewhat similar though none are so aillicted as this city. Special from Canton, Ohio, says Miss Kate Detweller. a handsome young lady of 24 years, hung herself last night. She had been suffering from a severe attack of grippe and while delirious from fever suicided. Perrin Escapes. DETRoIT, March 24 -Mr. Joseph Perrin returned home about 8:30 o'clock in the evening sale and well, but some what unnerved% by his e'perience. He says that upon entering the coupe the night before, his suspicions were not ar used u' til he noticed the vehicle turn mino an opposite direction to his friend's house, IIe then threw open the door and attempted to jump out. He was met b~y two masked men, who held re-1 volvers to his head and forced him back into the cal), they following. They then bound, gagged and blindfolded him, the ab keeping on what seemed its inter ninable course the while, under which ircumstances Perrin was unable to keep any idea of the locality in his mind. Finaliv hie was removedl from thie cab t to a room, where his captors released] him from his bonds, and covering him< with revolvers, forced him to write the check, promissory note and letters. The 1 latter were dictated from type written copies in the hands of his captor. who I remained miasked and disguised. Perrin 1 was not futhier disturbed tdll late in the1 afternoon, when his captors informed him that "thieir game was up,'' but that -they woulid zet him the next time."' ie was thien rebound, gagged andj blindolded. atnd conducted from the oom. ITheir course seemed to lie over a pughed iild after passin~s which ther enIteredl a cab and another long. riul~ti abut 'rive was commeni~fced. 1 A. 1-lat l'errin was unloosed and thrust fromi the cab in a dozed condition, and efore he recovered himself the cab had; disappearied, lle finally located himsclf 1 as bein-t at the corner of 31virtle street and T1hirteenth street. Ie boarded a 31rtle street cart andl was shortly home, < where he recitcd the above story. IIis peso was not harmed in any way, the valuables he had with hin not beiii4 touched. ie was iurnished with +tod f-;od and 1treated with considera ton doun his captivity. Ihis story is accetedl as absohutely reliable, and the polier arc- making every ei'ort to locate N.eedy Kanio1 r'armners. To:iA, P'isaisiarch 24.-The rail road comissioners haive made their iirst tour of exaination in ten of the Knsis courti-s, for wh ich money wats applropri'id to purchas is seed graim, and havex ret uriied to tiuls city. it is es-j timat ed thiat :10.;00 bushels of spring whea .t wd! .:up'piy seed to those who stanud in nmust arent need. There were ;o a pplic ats for aid to J1udge llumph rey at ivaes City. ,in Ellis County. Ater exmumaition .1 udge .lumiphrey foied only~ twenty who were in actual nee f rom' the State. Grahiam, Seward anid 3Ieade counties yet remain to be visited. The commissioners declire that the pecople are in much better codditioni tham I her. were reported to be. Ex-Gecv ernor Anthan e stated that in the cona ties wvhiich lie visited wheat hiad got into hantds5 of tile money lenders. who were deiandinog their pound of lesh. TheseI men funiish~ farmers with seed wheat uunder a (con1ract which obligates the farm;ers to give une-third of teir crops it paineniCt. A Terrible Tumble. L YoxS. Kan~sas, MIarch 25.-A horri ble accident occurred at the Lyon's iock Salt company's mills at this place, at 1 o'clock this morninlg. Four men wee diecending the shaft in a bucketI when the traveler became loosened aiid fell io the cage, about 500) feet down the shaft. Th'le tour men in the bucket were i:st antly killed. Two of the men had t~e backs of their heads cut ofT complete hy, from their eyes to the base of their siull: two wvere dlisemboweled; one was so badly iianghed as to be almost unrec ogiizible. Thle inames of the men werei hos. Buck, Nelson Van Brooklyn, Th ir Mndler amrd Fred. A . Miller. CAPTURE OF IQUIQUE. A TERRIBLE CONFLAGRATION AND BLOODY STRUGGLE FOLLOWS. Over 8a,ooo,o0o Worth of Property De stroyed-The City Heavily Bombarded and Abandoned--Revolutlen Threatens Serious International Confilicts. PANAMA, March .25-The English ironclad Warspite arrived at Callao. March 1st, from Chillian ports. From those on board some details have been obtained of the events which folloived the capture of Iquique by the rebels and the first fire which caused the de struction of property valued at $2,000, 000. It appears that when the rebels captured the port the government troops took up positions at some dis tance from it and held themselves in readiness to attack the city. The re bels returned to the vessels, leaving only-some fifty men in charge. The troops soon heard of this and marched on the place some 200 strong, under Colonel Soto. They reached the vicin ity at about 6 o'clock in the morning and fell in with a guard of sailors. Firing commenced and the fusilade on shore led the ships to p:omptly open tire. The Blanca, Encalada, Esieralda and Iluascar used their heavy guns, whilo the transports kept their mitrail lenses busily employed. A tremend oUs ntistruction followed and at 10 a. m. afire broke out in a nitrate warehouse, which was extinguished by the fire brigade. At 3.30 p. m. another fire broke out and this time the efforts of the firemen proved useless, and the 1ames spread until the whole central part of Iquique, where the best stores and buildings were situated, was in ruins. Up to the 16th, when the War pite left Iquique the ruins were yet burning. The fight which resulted in the fire was a bloody tragedy, and it would have been more prolonged had it not been for an arrangement having been reached by the chiefs of the two parties and.under which the opposition leaders ngaged to pay Colonel Soto $10,000 to :istribute among his men who were then to join the rebels. Under this irrangement the government troops bandoned their arms and soon dis persed. Subsequently Colonel Soto was irrested and sent on board the Amazo as, accused of having distributed only 31,000 among his men and having re :ained the remaining $9,000. Those on board the Warspite had also een informed that Colonel Robels had L.000 of Balmaceda's troops on the pam as, and that it was possible they would igain attack Iquique, in which port and ts vicinity the revolutionists stated hey had 3,000 men. They were, how er, short of ammunition, but were ex lecting some by a steamer by way of .Qagellan Strait. Iquique is completely abandoned and ill the inhabitants have taken refuge )n an island where they had previously >een stationed. Pisagua has been tbandoned by the populace. The In endent of Iquique sought refuge on ;he Warspite, and subsequently left in ;he cable steamer Silvertown for Val araiso. The report is conflrmed of a ight at San Francisco in which Gener i Vidagran was killed, and the rebels rere defeated. In the fight at Iquique on the 19th, bout 200 persons were killed. Some ot he number lost their lives through heir own imprudence. The ollice oL he daily newspo er, Vos DeChete, hich supported th3 governmeht, was I acked and burned. The Warspite 1 ave passage to Callao to 115 persons f different natioaalities. The French ~teamship Ville de Belfast, which ar -ived at Iquique, reports that8S00 killed nd wounded were the outcome of the ight on tl'e Tarapaca pampas. The Lima Drairo said on February 5th: "The present revolution i.n Chili hreatens to result in serious imterna onal conflicts. Peruvian territory has lready been violated by the Chilian ovrnment troops, and no w w e learn hat government troops with provis ons and ammunition have occupied po itions inside the Argentine limits and r the road to MIondosa. A report eached .Panama Miarch 7th, that w ben ne forces of Valparaiso fired on the 3ancoencalada, killing several of her rew, the commanding otlieer solicited ermission from the shore authorities o bury them and that the answer he eceived was: "That he might bury hem in the sea." The commander of he Blancoencalada thereupon referred o the captain of her Majesty's ship hampion, and the latter significantly eplied: "Request me to bury them and shall do so." The request was accord ngly formally made. Whereupon the 3ritish commander had the Chihian lead on the steamer taken ashore umn ler the protection of the .liritish flagi Lnd buried with due military honors in raves he had ordered prepared for hem. To save Hecr Own Life. DEKALB, Dowie County, Texas, Iarch 24.-Wmn. Watts, a farm hand on he plantation of J. 31. Wemsemn, liv g fifteen miles from this place, told iis wife on arising from his bed yester lay morning, that she had only a short ,ime to live, and recommended that she nake peace with the Almighty. lle lelared that he had made up his mind . kill her, and that as soon as he was iressed he would carry out his mur lerous intention. Thie poor woman, :nowing the desperate character of her insand, decided that her onmly hope for ie lay ini adopting desperate means eself. She accordingly went to the ood pile, and ar-.iing herself with the ixe, stole casiously into the hounse, m while her husband was engrage: in :ying his shoe, she crept up behind him md split his head in twain. killing him nstantly. She was arrested and held n bonds for trial. A Gernmn Fiend. ALoxA. Pa., Narch 24.-Sat urday ast Christian Leiberg, a mi idle-aged rman. went to the house of Jlohn amidthuber, on Fourth avenue, this :ty, and after playing with the cliil .iren a while. caught up a tive-year-olu on andi seated him on the top of a red ot stove. The child's screams brought he brother to its rescue, but it was andly burned, a piece orf lesh sticking o the stove. Leiberg escaped, and was 2t seen again until this morning, when te slipped into the house and again ~aught the child and attempted to re peat the cruel act of Saturdaty. A eighbor camne to the rescue and Let ;erg was captured. Threatening MafIas. Sr. Louis, March 20.-A dispatch 'rom Texas says that the New Orleans Ialias are seniding thireating letters to persons who have expressed a disap roval ol their methods. As a result of as free expression of the conviction that the New Orleans kilhmug of the Matia menmbers was right. John JLong a wealthy and prommecnt citizen or Ions :ou, is in receipt of a letter purporting ;o have been siuned by the Mafia author ties, wvarning hint to keel) his mouth thut or he will be done for. It is writ en in red ink with the customary skull, md cross bones as the intent of the! THE SONG OF THE SOUTH. The Report of the Tradesman for tho First Quarter of 1891. CHATTANOOGA, Mlarch 25.-The Tradesman's report of new industries established in the Southern States dur ing the first three months of 1891 shows a total of 853, against 837 for the cor responding period of 1890 and 612 in the corresponding period of 1889. The figures for the quarter show a healthful and steady growth in the South's ma terial development. During the three months there were established in the South six agricul tural implement works, six barrel fac tories, twelve boot and shoe factories, (comparatively a new industry in the South, only two having been established in the first quarter of 1890, and one in the first quarter of 1889.) three brew eries, one bridge vorks, two car works, ten carriage factories, forty-five cotton and woollen mills, (which is somewhat below the number in the corresponding quarter of 1890, but the distribution is general, Georgia leading with twelve, South Carolina eight, Texas seven, and nearly every other Southern State be ing represented;) fifty-eight large devel opment and improvements companies, Texas leading with twelve, Alabama ten; thirty-one electric light companies organized, twenty-two flour and grist mills, forty-seven foundery and ma chine shops, against forty-three in 1890 and forty-five in 1889, Texas leading with ten, Virginia nine and the balance equally distributed; nine blast furnace companies organized, against twenty two in the same peried of 1890 and seventeen in 1889; seven gas works or ganized, twenty-eight ice manufactur ing plants, fifty-three mining and quar rying companies incorporated, four nail works, eight oil mills, against twenty one for the corresponding period of 18Q0; five potteries, one rolling inill company, fifty-three street railroad lines incorporated, twelve tanneries, thirty-two water-works chartered, 141 wood-working plants and seventy-nine miscellaneous industries. The phosphate excitement in the South is shown by the fact that thirty two new companies were organized uring the quarter, nineof which were formed in Florida. The extraordinary activity in rail road builoing in the South is showing the fact that during the three months, riinety-three new railroad companies were incorporated, of which thirteen were in Virginia, thirteen in North Carolina, twelve in Georgia, ten in Alabama, seven each in West Virginia, Texas and South Carolina and eleven in Tennessee. The Tradesman says that present in lications point to continued activity in the South in all industrial branches, md the ensuing year gives more flat :ering promise of substantial develop ent in manufacturing growth than y previous year, the most gratifying feature of this being the diversified :haracter of the new industries. Italians Insult the Flag. NEW OlRLEANS, March 25.-The re ;ert of the insult ofered -be American lag on the day the Ilennessey verdict vas rendered, has created much indigna ion throughout the country, judging by he numerous letters received by the nayor from Grand Army posts and )thers respecting it. Mr. Shakspeare, everal days ago, ordered an official in restigation, and the police have made a eport which can be substantiated by nany reputable witnesses. It shows he 1afia regarded the action of the jury Ls a signal victory over the law of this :ountry. IHere is the report: 'About 4 o'clock Friday evening, farch 13, a crowd of Italians, number ng from forty to llft men, congregated the leyee at the head of Ursuline treet. Three cif them, named Guis epe Lefere, A, Sencetta and Romana 3orchitone, the latter a brother-in-law f James Caruso, indicted as one of the issasins of Chief Hennessey, entered a hanty at that place, which is owned by taian stevedores, and used by them as warehonse for baskets, flags. etc., for rnit ships and tuzgers. and. took there rom a number of flags, among them an American 1lag. Peter Gorales, the eeper of the shanty, made no eflort to revent the men from taking the ilag. a a ilagstaff attached to this shanty he three'men hoisted the flags, the Ital an at the top and the American turned ipside down below it. The all'air creat d considerable excitement and a crowd oon gathered." Signor Corte, the Italian consul here, mas received instructions from the Ital an minister at Washington to report ~very detail of the investigation into the yuching of the Italians. The coonsul ias asked to be summoned as a witness, tnd lie will tell his story the first thing a the morning. Signor Corte believes le call for the meetinig ought to be con iiered prima facie evidence against the ~entlemen whose names were appended A Terribie Adventure. 1) AInLt. Connl., March 19.-T wo oung flunters, Charles W.B7arnett and Andrew Delbel. both of them living in Slasebac, ttarted early yesterday morn og to hunt ini the swanmps about three ies from ther home. In crossing one >f manny deep stre-ams in thme swamp, Debei diropped hdiuun, which struck on .he lo' on which the men were walking. ihe cha~ree enmered LDarnett's hip. ren 1eiu nghii helpless. Debel, in attemnpting to grasp the fallen! un lost hi's balance and ieil in the t earn Hec was unable to grasP thie og and co'uld not climb the bank. Bar let' in his dlisabled condition, could ren-I -e no a.istance. Theli water was cold, mad Deibel told his corn -anion that uin [ess aid was summoned he would have -o let go his hold. ariett then started for the nearest armu house, hiobbing along on improvised nutches. The nearest house to the iwamp was nearly two miles away, but he in ured man managed to reach it and uforni the inmates of -th predicamenit >f his :ompan ion. Barnett then fain ted. It w-as iully two hours from the time hat Barnett started when help- arrived. Deibel was found clinging to the bank, viti his b~ody in the cold stream. I~e as almost exhausted. IHe wvas removed o his home, where lie now, lies, (dli ~us with fever. lie is very weak from xposure. and his recovery is doubtful. Barnett cannot live, owing to m.reat oss of blood. Less from a Brokeni Creyausc. N w Oi.LNt s, Mlarch 18.- Ileports receive-d at nn to-day from the cre risse on S. 31. Ame's White liouseI plantation are to the effect that the revasse is now 200 feet wide and 15 f eet deep. The water is going through with irresistible force. A portion ot Jeerson Parish wvill be inundated and le loss will be very great. Already the two great trunk lines, the Southern Pacific and the Texas P'acitic lloamds, have been chiopped in two by the ere vasse. These roads are transferring; their passengers by boats to points ahve the break. THE MASSACRE OF THE MAFIA. Governor Nicholls, of Louisiana, Replies to Secretary Blaine. WASHINGTON, March 24.-Secretary Blaine received a letter from Governor Nicholls. of Louisiana, this -iorn'nz, in regard to the recent killing o. eleven Italians in jail at New Orleans, of whi-:h the following is a copy: EXECUTIV E D EPAITMENT, STATE OF LoUrsIAwA. BATON RoUGE, March 21, 1891.-IIon James G Blaine, Secre tary of rtate. Washington. D. C.-Sir: At a late hour oa the 15th instant I re :eived a dispatch from you having refer ence to dhe forcible breakirg on the 14th of this month of the jail in this city and the killing of eleven persons confined therein under indictments found in the criminal district Court f -r the Parish of New Orleans. You stated to me that it had been represented t the President, by the minister of Italy. accredited to the Government of the United States, that among the killed oil that occaeion were three or four subjects of the King of Italy. The telegram disclosed an apprehen sion on the part of the minister. evident ly shared in by the President, that the disturb-nce was a continuous and swel ling disturbance which might involve Italian subjects in New Orleans. I have reasons to believe that the hope ex pressed by the President that I would co-operate with him in maintaining the obligations of the United States toward Italian suh'jects, who might be within the perils of the excitement, and that further violence and bloodshed might be prevented, was based upon that belief. He further expressed the hope that all offenders might be promptly brought to justice. On the 10th I telegraphed you that there wgs no excitement in the city at that time and that I saw no reason to anticipate further trouble. I also stated that the action taken was directed against particular individuals and that the race or nationality of the parties did not enter as a factor in the disturbance. A week his passed since the date of my dispatch and the opinion then enter tained as to the termination of the trouble has pro red to haye been well founded. The men killed, as I have stated, were confined in prison under indictments found in the Criminal District Court for the parish of New Orleans. The sheriff has made his return of the facts to the Court, the Judge thereof has charged the g-rand jury now in session in regard to the matter and the whole subject is, I assume, now under investigation by that body. I am satisfied that most of the persons killed were American citizens, but pro bably that two or three were Italians subjects. I have the honor to be, very respect fully. - Francis T. Nicholls. Secretary Blaine has sent a copy of the letter to Bawn Fava Italian minis ter. ITALY WILL WAIT ON THE LOUISIANA COURTS. The department of State will not take fur'.her action in the matter of the New OrIeans tragedy until the Italian minis ter makes some further communicatior. on the subject. Wanted to be H1anged. COLUMBIA, S. C., March 19.-By an act of clemency on the part of Govern or Tillman the sentence of death which Fred Brown was under for murder has been changed to a life sentence of hard labor in the State penitentiary. This commutation is due to the efforts of Browns attornays, Messrs. Meetze & Muller, ani of his good friend Maj. J. H. Adams who hav'e had in circulation for the past ten days a petition to be resented to the Governor asking his umane consideration, &c. The crime for which Fred Brown was expected to be hanged to-mor:ow was committed n the night of the 15th of July, 1889, about four miles from Lexington vil lage. Fred Brown suspected Lem Jackson of being too int imate with his wife and he undertook most effectu ally to stop the, sensation by shooting and killing Jackson. When the Sheriff ommnicated to Fred this morning the news of his commutation, the pris oner replied that he was indifferent about the matter, that he had made uip his mind that he was to be hanged to morrow and wais not glad that lie wa~s to be disappointed in taking the journ y to IHeaven. The news of his new and probably long lease of life was told to him before breakfast, and almost any one would think that it would have braced him up for a hearty meal. It took his apetite frorn him and he re fused to eat. Ills expectation of din ing with the angels on better fare to. morrow doubtless destroyed all relish for Sheriff Drafts' food.-Colunmbia Re cord. _______ Preparing for 189 2. W AShi Na ToN. March 22.-'"The Na tional Democratic Executive Committee will meet in Washington in A pril," said a member of that body to-day, "and some important business may be trains acted. Thbe committee has headquarters still in New York, the lease of which expires in May next, and it is presumed that the question of established a head quarters in Washiingtion will be con sidered. I think we should have a per manent headquarters in Waslimgton, or at the least froml now on to the seating of the next Democratic President, March 41S89." - -What about the national association of Democratie clubs?" "Weil, you keowv that is an organi zaton indlependent of the committee. It is capable of doing splendid work, however, andl the executive committee w~ill undoubtely indlorse it when the committee meets We are going~ to have a hard light im 1$92, and it is necessary to begin the work of preparation for the campaign at once. We should do all we can to help the party in the several State elections, and to that end mlust know what is going onl in each of them, anh to do that we must have a head quarters and. at least. a bureau ot in tormation. This work can be best done at Washiuton, for the present at least, and the eo-operation of the clubs will be of great benetit." Devilish Doings. BUmLNGTON, N. J., March 25.-A drunken mob assaulted an aged Russian coule named Lebowsky at their cottage at Riverdale last Sunday night. The couple were roughly handle3 and their household goods were dlemolishied by the rutlians. Not satistied with t :is the mob01 started upstairs foi the sleeping apartient of Lebowsky 's pretty daughi ter. She was draggedfrom her bed, and the drtuken men attempted to assault her. She fought desperately, however, aid av a supreme etfortnmanaued to free herself. Clothed only in a thin night robe. she junmped from the winldow and ran to the hiome of a neighbor. where she fell 1aintin. from fright andl exhaus tio. The neinhbors then went to the assistance of thie old couple and succeed ed n capturing several of the loafers. TIIE RACE PROBLEM. STATISTICS WHICH SHOW THAT IT IS SOLVING ITSELF. The Colored Race Has Not Held Its Own in the Last Decade-The Whites Have Increased More Rapidly Since 1830 No Perceptible Northward Movenent. WAsIIIXGTOX, March 25.-Superin tendent Porter of the Census Bureau has in preparation an important bulle tin giving the population of the South. Atlantic and South Central States, Mis souri and Kansas by races. . The total population embaced in this count is given as 23,875 259, of which 16,868;206 were white, 6,996,166 colored and 10,888 Chinese, Japanese and Indians. In the States included were found in 1890 fif teen-sixteenths of the entire colored population of the United States, so that for the purpose of immediately ascer taining the percentage of increase of the colored population the returns of these States are adequate and not likely to be materially affected by the returns of other States and Territories where the colored population is small. The abnormal increase of the colored population in what is known as the "black belt." during the decade ending 1880, led to the popular belief that the negroes were increasing at a much greater rate than the white population. This error was a natural one, and arose from the difficulty of ascertaining how much of the increase shown by the tenth census was real and how much was due to the omission of the census of 1870. The facts as ascertainedsus tain the theory that the high rate of increase in the growth of colored popu lation as shown in 1880, was apparent, not real, and that it was due to imper fect enumeration in the Southern States in 1870. During the past decade. the colored race has not held its own against the whites in the region where the climate and conditions are, of all those which the country affords, the be.st suited to its development. In. only three decades, that from 1800 to 1830, during a part of which time the slave trade was in progress, has the colored race increased more rapidly than the whites. Since 1830 the whites have steadily increased at a more rapid rate tban the colored people. This increase has not been effected by th aid of im migration, for, with tne eeption of Kansas and Missouri, these States have received comparatively few emigrants, either froni foreign countries or from Northern States. Similarly the pro portion of colored inhabitants to the white increased somewhat between 1800 and 1830, but since that time it has steadily diminished. In 1830 when the proportion was at its marimum there was nearly six colored inhabit ants to ten white, but this proportion has been reduced to a trifle more than four at the present date or by nearly one-third of its amount. The deficien cies of the ninth censns, says Porter, are so apparent in this table that any extended reference to them is wholly unnecesary. The following table gives the present white and colored popula tion of the several States under consid ation: White. Colored. Alabama..........8.....30,796 681,431 Arkansas......................816,517 311,227 Delaware..........139,429 29,022 District of Columbia.......154,352 75,927 Florida................. ........224,461 166,678 Georgia................. ........973,462 863,716 Kansas .......................1,374,882 51,251 Kentucky...................1,585,526 272,981 Louisiana..........554,712 562,893 Maryland.......................824.149- 218,004 ississippi .............. ......539,703 747,720 Missouri.............2,524,468 154,131 North Cakolir a.......1,049,191 567,170 South Carolina........458,454 692,503 Tennessee ..............1,332,971 434,300 Texas................1,741,190 492,837 Virginia.............1,014,680 640,867 West Virgiria.........729,262 33,508 Totals..............1,858.205 6,m9,166 To get the local population of these States 2,581 Chinese, 100 Japanese and 8,207 Indians should be added to the sums of the white and colored popula tion. Several tables are given which show the movement of the colored elemnent of the population during the last half century. An inspection of the tables. makes it evident, says the bulletin,that there has been no extended Northward movement of this element since .the time of the civil wvar. Indeed, with the exception of the District of Colum bia, the border States appear to have lost rather than gained, and during the, last decade there becomes a percep tible South ward movement of the col ored element from the border States into those bordering the gulf, particu larly into Mississippi and Arkansas where they have increased proportion ately to the whites. Let the States under consider'ation be divided into t wo groups, the first cymprising Dela ware, Maryland, District of Columbia,. Virginia, West Virginia, North Caro lina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri and Kansas, and the second, South Car olina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mis sissippi, Louisiana, Texas and Araan sas. Now, the increase of whitesin the first of these groups from 1880 to 1890, was at therate of 22 per cent, while that of the colored element was but 5.5 per cent. In the second of these groups the rate of increase of whites was 31.8 per cent., while that of the colored was 19.1 per cent. In the first group the number of colored to 1,000,000 whites diminished between 1880 aind 1890 from 26.701 to 23,088, or 13.5 per cent., while in the second -group it diminished from 81,456 to 73,611, or only 9.6 per cent. There is, therefore, a perceptible tendency Southward of the colored people, which, by no means powerful, has resulted in drawing a notable proportion of that element from the border States and in produc ing in two of the far Southern States a more rapid increase' of the colored ele ment than of the white. No More Runaway Horses. CHICAGo, March 21.-The many sided utility of electricity to modern necessities was imprei sed upon a large crowd to-day in an exhibition of its ap plication to stopping runaway horses. It is a common -vou touch the button" contrivance and was invented by a liv ery man. Beneath the driver's box a two volt aattery .s lcated, arc a which s transmittedl a currer.; amoi.g the lines to the horse's nose and can be operated asily by the driver or any one in the arriage. In the test to-day a runaway team were thrown upon their haunches instantly. In addition to this device for stopping runaway teams the ien tor has made an electric stimulator for starting lazy or balky horses and gir ing them "style." This is opperated. throgzh the lines also, the current being applied to tb~c horse's sides by copper plates in the back band. Robbed by a Lone H ighwayman. NEW ORLEANS, March 26-A Picay une San Antonio special says news ihas reached here that the stage carrying the United States mail was robbed be tween Comfort and Fredericksburg by : lone highwayman, Hie received less than $4 from the stage driver and the passengers. There was no registered mail.