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VOL. IX. K MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 24, 1894- NO. 26.
TO FIGHT IN THE WOODS THE LAST RESORT OF THE SPORTS IN FLORiDA. Final Manifesto c the Duval Athletic Club-Coibatt ard M1itcheii to Meet Under a Ttnt-Authoritics on the Alerto JACKSONVILLE, Fla., Jan. 17.-The 'fight will not take place in Duval county unless the ccurts restrain the sheriff. Sheriff Brownard declares that he will obey the Governor. There has been a good deal of guessing as to what the sheriff would do among those who did not know aim. Some say that he would see his lawyers and do what they told him to do; others said that he would not interfcre, because his law yers had already told him that he Lionld lay his bondsmen liable to a suit for damages and that he would diso bey the Governor to protect them. The sheriff does not believe that there Is any danger of a suit for damages in case he interferes, and that if time does-develop a case that it will prac tically amount to only a farce, because the club will be compelled to prove specific damages to make a case-a thing which can't be done if the fight Is prevented. In an interview this morning on the subject, the sheriff said: "I have been ordered by the Go vern or tostop this fight, and I propose to obey orders. He -told me he would Dlace at nay dispesal all the force at Ius command, if necessary, to prevent it. His instructions I am going to car ry out in all sincerity, whether they are unpleasant or not. I shall do my duty,' said the shenff, emphatically, "as it is laid down to me by the Governor." "Will you ask the Governor to de clare martial law ?' "l will not unless I see indications of such stubborn resistance as will make me unable to cope with the difficulty. I am satisfied that if the plan for the fight is persisted in, unless some inter vention is secured there will be trou ble. The people here should, in my jadgment, look squarely at the true situation, and make every effort to prefht the forcing of an unpleasant issue. I have already made my plans to prevent this meeting, and I know that- they-witl not miscarry, unless their execution be restrained by action of the courts," President Bowden, of the Athletic Club, notwithstanding -the declaration of the.Governor and the sberiff,offers to bet $20,000 tht the fight will come off at the appointed time andplace. TE CLB'S FINAL MANIFEsTO. Tonight the club furnished the Southern Associated Press correspond ent the following: Jacksonvide, Fla., January 17, 1894. The Duval Athletic Club make this their final and most positive announce ment that the Corbett-Mitchell contest will take place on January 25th, 1894. Beports have been ent out that Gov ernor H. L Mitchell has orderedtroops to Jacksorville for the sole purpose of suppressng the contest. Notwith standing these reports, the club reiter ates its past assertions, and for the past weex .has been arranging for an emeigency of. this kind. Should the troops be sent here, while the club does not believe that any violence would be participated inr-by them yet we willo subject our patrons to the slightest danger of any kind. So thorough and complete are our arrangements, that should any emergency of any kind arise on the morning of the 25tb, we are prepared to kandle 6,000 people with the greatest convenience. This will be no Richburg affair, where the people were subjected to a long, tedi ous and hot-ride, but it will be done quickly and conveniently as though it occurred in the arena, now ready for the contest. Once more we say to a'l friends and lovers of boxing: If you are in Jacksonville on t.he 24th, of Jan uary, 1894, and care to se e' C. rrts and Mitchell contest. . a i-u M. o al ter arranging for the neceai ticlkets. DUVAL ATHLETIC CLUB. A CAED PROMI CORBETT. The followin-t statement fiom Cor bett has also been given out: May port. Fla., Jan. 17. I take this opportunity of informing any friends throughout the country that 1 have received assurances from the Duval Athletic Club tcday whichi war rart me in saying that the contest be tween Charles Mitchell and myself -will positively take place in Jackson -ille, or in that city's immediate vicin fty, on January 25, provided both of the principals appear in the ring. TOFGTJnra J. CORBETT. TOFGTI THE WOODS. The above statement by the club mneans that the fight will be fought in the woods. Ever-ythiug now depends on the abil fty-of the promoters of the fight to ~keep the place selteted a secret from the authoritees, for if it becomes .known, Governor Mlitchell will un doabiedly have troops on the scene. It is understood that the club people have purchased a huge circue tent, -capable of holding 6,000 people, and will brmng the men togetner under the canvas. As to the probable location -of the contest, no point wi2 be given by the club officials. They know that if the fight is to occur, even in the woods, without interference from the -Governor, everything must be as se cret as the grave. - It was thought that the fight might occur in St. John's county, where St. Augustine is located, but dheriff Perry of that county, is as determined as ~Sheriff Brownard of this (Duval) coun ty. Today Sheriff Perry said: "I de ~sre to say that the Corbett and Mitch elI fight, will not take place in St. John's county, if the Governor orders. I will do my duty according to oath as sheriff of this county, if I have to call upon the State troops.' When Charlie Mitchell asked me aout the matter, i told him that I would have to stop the fight In this county, if crdered, and that I would pull cne man or the other -out of the ring. It takes two to make afight. I wish to emphasize my posi tion in thia3 matter publicly, that there can be no misunderstanding with re gard to my official attitude toward the affair." AUTHORITIES ON THE ALERT. The probabilhties are, therefore, that some point in Duval county will be se lected for the mill, as under the amended articles of agreement, the men must either meet in St. John's or Duval county. It goes without saying, however, that the State authorities are on the alert, and will use every effort to prevent even a secret fight. Gov ernor Mitchell is said to be thoroughly aroused, and it is asserted that he will manage to keep himself informed of the plans of the club and try to sur round whatever spot may be selected for the fight With State troops. "Snapper" Garrison, the famous jockey, who has been selected as time. keeper by the D)uval Athietic Club wlrmeancn herein the morning. AN OLD FASHIONED MOTHER. 3Mrs. Arp Starchiog for SometbiD-Taik ing About Old TImes. The old trunk was open. Away down in mysterious recesses Mrs. Arp was searching for something, and as I sat in the other corner with my little table and pen, I watched her as she laid the ancient rlics on a chair and unfolded first one and then another, and looked at them so earnestly, and then folded them up again. "What are you hunt ing for, my dear?" said I. "Oh, noth ing much," said she; "I was just look ing over these little dresses to see if there was anying that would do for th-i little grandchildren. Here is a pretty dress. This dress cost me many a care ful stitch. All these plaits were made by my band, my own hand. There is very little such work done now, for we had no sewing machines then, and it took a long, long time. This embro diery was beautiful then, and it is pret ty yet. Do you remember when the first daguerrean came to our town to take pictures? Well, Hattie wore this dress when her picture was taken. I thought she was the sweetest little thing in the world, and so did you, and so she was. Since then we have had ambrotypes, and photographs, and por celain pictures, and I don't know what all; but that little daguerreotype gave me more pleasure than anything since, and it is pretty now. Let me see-that was twenty-five years ago, and now I think this same dress will look right pretty on Hattie's child. And here is one that our first boy was christened in, and there is no machine work about it either. That was more than thirty years ago, and now there are four g'andchildren- at his house, and three more at another one's house, and I don't know what will become of the poor little things, but I reckon the Lord will provide for them. And here is a little garment that Jennie made. Poor Jennie-she had a troubled life,but ste is in heaven now, and I'll save this for Pet. She will prize it because her mother made it. And here is a piece of my wedding dress-do you remem ber it ? I Know you said then that I looked like an angel in it, but my wings have dropped off long ago, and-now I'm only a poor old woman, a faded flower, an overworked mother, ten living chil dren, and three more up yonder, and I will be there, too, I hop'e, before long, for i'm getting tired, very tired, and it seems to me I would like to be nursed, nursed by my mother, and petted like she used to pat me in the long, long ago. And here is a pair of little baby hoes, and the little darling who wore them is in the grave, but he is better off now, and I wouldn't call him back if I could. Sometimes I want to feel sad, and I rummage over these old things. There is not much here now, for every little while I have to get at something to mend with or patch or make over again. I wish you would go and see what Carl and Jessie are doing; down at the brancn I reckon, and feet all wet, and they have both got dreadful colds;.. I can't keep them away from that branch." . "Didn't you play in the branch, my dear, when you were a child?" said I. "Yes," she said mournfdUlly, "out notbing couldn't 'hurt me then; we were not raised so delicate in those days. You know, I used to ride to the plantation, twelve miles, and back again in a day, and bring a bag of fruit on the horn of the saddle; but the girl's couldn't do it now. They can go to a party in a buggy and dance half the night, but that is all the excitement, and they are not uit for anything the next day. We didn't have any dances -hardly ever-we went to the country weddings sometimes. You remember we went to James Dunlap's wedding, when he married Rebecca Sammons. That was a Dig frolic--an old-fashion ed frolic. Everybody was there from all the neighborhood, and there were turkeys, and roast pig, and cake, than I ever saw, and we played everything we could tnink of. Rebecca was pret ty then; but poor woman-she hashad a thousand ichildren, too, just like my self, and I reckon she is faded, too, and tired." -"But Jim Dunlap hasn't faded," said I. "I see him when I go to town, and he is big, and fat, and merry-looks a little like old David Davis." "Og yes, of course he does,"said Mrs. Arp. "The men don't know anything about care, and anxiety, and sleepless nights. It is a wonder to me they die at all." "But I have helped you all I could my dear," said I, "and you see it's tell ing on me Look at these silver hairs, and these wrinkles, ad crowsfeet, and my back hurts ever and anon, and this rainy, bad weather, gives me rheuma tism,-bat you haven't a gray hair, and hardly a seam on your alabaster fore head. "Why, you will outlive me, too, and naybe.there will be a rich widower stepping around here in my shoes and y ou will have a fine carriage and a pair of beautiful bay horses, and-" "William, I told you to go after Carl and Jessie." "If Vauderbilt's. wife should die and he could accidentally see you," said-I, "after I'm gone, there's no telling-" "Welt, go along now and it tne children, and when you come back I'll listen toi your foolishness; I am not go ing to let you die if I can help it, for I don't kno-W what would become of us all. Yes, you have helped me.I know, and have been a great comfort, and did the best you could--most of tue time; yes, most of the time-and I might nave done worse, and you must pet me, for I am getting childish." "End you must pet me, too," said I. "Oh, of co'urse I will," said she; "am I not always petting you? Now. go -lng alter the children before we both get to crying and have a scene; and I wish y >u would see if the buff cochin heru has hatched in the hen house." "Ste bas been setting about fourteen weeke'," said-I, "bat she is getting old, and these old mothers are slow, mighty slow." I went after the children, and sure enougb they wore fishing in the spring branch, and their shoes were wet and muddy. and they w're bareheaded, and I marchcd them up tenderly, and Mrs. Arp sent them down by the fire and dried their shoes and got them some more stockings, and they opened their little morning school. Hlow patiently these old-fashioned mothers work and worry over the little things of domest ic lite. Day after day. and night af ter night, they labor and watch and wait, while the f athers are contriving some big thing to keep up the family sup ples. Parents are very much like chickens. The old hen will set and starve, and when the brood comes will go to scratchihg for worms and bugs as hard as sue can and be always cluck ing and looking out for hawas, but the old rooster will strut around and no tice the little cnickens with a paternal pride, and when he scratches up a bug makes a big fuss over it and calls them with a flourish, and eats it himself just before they eat there. BILLT Ann. A CARELESS ENGINEER. A FREIGHT TRAIN DASHES INTO A VESTIBULE TRAIN. Serions Accilert at Chester, S.C -Six Pas sengers Irjured In the Wreck-Mlracn Ious Escipe from Death. COLU3B A, S. C., Jan. 18.--The dis obedience of instructions and the infringe ment of the State law by a railroad engi neer yesterday morniug at 12:38 o'c.ock caused a railroad wreck that was only by some miraculous intervention pre vented from crushimg the lives out of many passengers. The engineer jumped before the result of his deed was known to him, for he knew that under the cir cumstances a car load of people must be crushed to death, and the last seen of him be was making his way across a corn field and leaving for parts unknown. .1L was just at the hour named that the south bound Washinuton vestibule limited train from Charlotte to Coluta bia, running forty minutes behind her schedule, while crossing the Seaboard Air Lin track at the Chester crossing, iust north of the Chester depot, was struck at right angles by a treight train on the Seaboard road running at right angles to her, and the tail end Pullnian sleeping car, containing thirteen sleep ing people, was wrecked. The news of the acciden t was tele graphed to Columbia and Charlotte las soon as possible, and reliet trains were sent out from this point. The number of wounded and injured were exagger ated at first, but eien when, later in the day, the facts became known, it was found that six persons bad sus tained painful injuries. Fortunately, the accident occurred right at Chester, and tie Richmond and D.invlle Rail road Company's physician, Dr. Davaga, was soon on the scene, taking care of the wounded. All the passengers on the vestibule train who were awake say that the train stopped at the crossina before reaching it, as is required by law. The two roads cross in deep cuts. When the passen-, ger engineer, A. E. Williamson, started off again, to proceed across the other track, he opened his engine up and started off at a rapid rate. As his loco motive came to the cross cut, he saw the headlight of another locomotive bearing directly down uon his tran, the train evidently moving at thirty miles an hour. In order to try and save the lives of the passengers on his train, he jerked his throttle wide open and endeavored, to clear the coming train. He was literal ly flying, but he could not - clear the other track, as his train was long. The last sleeping car just had its foward rucks upon the ' cross track ;ben the freight hit it. The car was moving so fast and was so solid that the freight engine did not crash through, but was turned round ind ran up the ~ Wchmond and Danville track in the direction the vestibule was going for some distance. The PAUllman car was broken loose from the rest of the train and knocked way up on the eqbankment., .where it rested on its sides badly crushed and smashed. Hid the coach been an ordinary light day coach; the. treight engine would have gone through it, and the loss of life woul'thave been terrible. All the glass in the Pllman car was smashed, and the tumbled inmates'of tne car, all of whom were asleep when the crash came, awoke in all kinds of positions and among broken glass and splinters. The vesutbule train wasin charge of Conductor T. W. Pritchard. Mr. Thomas Cothran oi Greenville, was one of the passengers. His escape from instant death was miraculous. He was sleeping in the berth which wss located just where the freight en gine strucd the car. He awoke in a shower of splinters and glass.. The list of the injured, as obtained officially is as folto ws: Mrs. F. H. Speers, Pittsburg, Pa., slight scalp wound. J. H. Hooff man, New York, wrist burned. Mrs. M. .E. McCarty,Washington, D. C., elbows burned. G. D. 'McLarty, Washington, D. C,, slightly burned J. T. Wilson, 1'ittsburg, Pa., back hurt. Pullman Car Condnetyr Davis head slightly bruised.. The injured passengers are being cared for at Chester by the i-. & D. railroad. The track was cleared by 3 o'clock yesterday attetnoon, and the running of trains on regular schedule time has been resumed. Some of the employes of the Sea board .Air Line freight a iy that their engineer, when he saw the passener train crossing the track ahead, reversed his enanie and did all he could to stop. Then ~he jumped, as did the condutor. From all that can be ascertained, the reight mnade no effort to stop at the crossing, -as- it is -required to do. .The facts seem to be that the engineer was running behind time. Hs~ had exactly two minutes and a half to make his meet ing point at the next station, over a mile away, get into a isidetrack and let the fast passenger of thie Seaboard Air Line pass. He knew the schedule of the vestibule, and knew that she ought t-> have passed the crossing forty minutes before. Ratber than stop and lose his position by sending out a flagman to wave down the Seaboard Air Line train, he took the chances, and began to run for the meeting point without paying any attention to the requiirements in regard to stopping at crossings. Nine hundred and ninets -nine times out of a thousand he would have gotten through all right. This seems to be the o:dy expianation oft the cause of thle accident. It is the theory, based on what facts they can get, of all the railroad men at this point, and the flight of ELnlueer Gray seems to sustain it.-State. A Westesrn Horror.. SPOKANE, Wash., Jan. 16.--Au ava lanche of snow came down the moun tans at Millan, Idaho, carrying every. ting before it. Savetal miners' cabins were crushed and buried, and Cornelius McGrevv and John Bollen were killed. -It is feared that others perished, but un til spring comes it will not be known how many. The mining town of Mullan narrowly escaped. T bere were a num ber of cabins, and the slide cczurred at a time when many miners were going to and from work. All the occupants of the little cottages below rushed out, and the women ran with their children in their arms. Ooe woman ran a>ng the side of the maountain, warning everybody to fly for their lives, after all others ha gone, and it is feared that she is among the victims. Nearly a dozed persons Iare unaccounted for. The danger is not yet over, as a huge mass of snow still remains hanging about Mullan. Most of the inhabitants in the valley have New Bonds. WASHINGTON, Jan. 17.-The follow ing is the text of the circular which Socretary Carlisle lias just Issued: By virtue of the authority contained in the act entitled "An act to provide fer the redemption of specie payments," approved January 14, 1875, the Secreta ry of the Taeasury hereby offers for public subseription an issue of bonds of the United States to the amount of 6W0.000.000, in either registered or cou pon form, in denominations of $50 and upwards, redeemable in coin at the pleasure of the government after ten years from the date their issue, and Dea-.ng interest, payable quarterly in coin, at the rate of 5 per cent. per an num. Proposals for the whole or any part of these bonds will be received at the Treasury Department, office of the Secretary, until 12 o'clock, noon of the first day of February, 1834. Prqposals should state the amount of bonds. de sired, whether registered or coupon, and the premium which the subscriber proposes to pay, the place where it is desired that the bonds shall be deliver ed, and the office, ,whether that of the Treasurer of the United States or an assistant treasurer of the United States where it will be most convenient for the subscriber to deposit the amount of his subscription. Failure to specify the above particulars may cause the proposal to be rejected. As soon as practicable after the first day of February, 1894, the allotment of bonds will be made to the highest bid ders therefore, but no proposals will be considered at a lower price than 117,223 which is the equivalent of a 3 per cent. bond at par, and the right to reject any and all proposals is hereby expressly reserved. In case the bids entitled to allotment exceed the bonds to be issued, they will be alloted pro rata. Notices of the date of delivery of the bonds will be sent to th6 subscribers to whom allotments are made as soon as practicable, and with in ten days from the date of such no tice subscriptions must be paid, in United States gold coin, to the Treas urer or such assistant treasurer of the United States as the subscriber has designated; and if not so paid, the pro posal may be rejected. ' The bonds will be dated February 1, 1894, and when payment is made there after, as above, accrued interest on both principal and premium, from February 1,1894, to date of payment, at the rate of interest realized to the subscriber - on his investment, will be added. All proposals snould be ad dressed to the Secretary of the Treasu ry, Washington, D. C., and should be distinctly marked "Proposals for sub scriptions to five per cent. bonds." . J. G. CARLISLE, Secretary. Irby on the Anxious Bench. WASHINGTON, January 1.-There was a mysterious meeting this after noon in Senator Irby's committee room at the Capitol. Early in the day Sena tor Irby informed your correspondent that he was preparing a letter which he proposed to send to all of the leading South Carolina papers for publication. He said it related to the political situa tion in the State, and he was anxious that it should be sent by telegraph. Later he took luncheon with John Gary E,ans, who does not appear to be in a hurry to consult the Baltimore specialists about his "throat trouble," because he still lingers in Washington, and afterward the Senator and Mr. Ev ans went over to the House of Repre. sentatives to see Messrs. Strait, Lati mer and Talbert. When next seen the Senator. and his friends were heading for the Senator's committee room, which is in the basement of the Senate wing. It is understood that the Sena tor is somewhat worried by the stories in circulation concerning him at home, and he fears some of his political asso ciates are disposed to misrepresent him, and he feels that he must be up and doing or his "political picture may be turned toward the wall." The confer ence this afternoon was probably to' agree upon the terms to be employed in the Senator's proclamation and probably he feels that he needs the sanction of some of his Congressional associates in theundertaking. Repre sentative Shell was not invited to the conference, and it is not known wheth er Representative McLaurin was pres ent . -The latter has recently shown a disposition to act independently of Senator Ir by' so far as national and Stats matters are concerned, and he ap pears to be making. as mueh, if not more, progress than those members who are inclined to look to the junior Senator for advice and guidance on all public questions. Recently Represen tative Latimer has gained considerable, independence from the encouraging letters he has received from influential constituents and he shows an inclina tion to follow his own ideas rather than accept suggestions from those who claim the privilege of exercising pohtical authority over the "Reforrm ers" in the State. Mr. L atimner says he is confident that he can obtain a' re-el ection from his own people providing ne steers clear of "boss" or "ring" rule, and, therefore, he proposes to listen to the voices of his people rather -than heea. the dictates of the so-called lead ers.-News and Courier. Turned Into a Fort . SCnANTON7, Jan. 16.-Martin Joyce, who for t'1ie past several years has been employed as principal of' the public school of Lackrawanna township has turned the school into a fort, which he holds with two large revolvers. Fre quent complaints have been made against Principal Joyce to the school directors. It is alleged that he gave great offense to the female portion of his school. The directors 'decided to close the school Thursday, and after that day Joyce was not to be an em ploye of the township. When iDirector Morgan went to the school atter the keys, he was met at the door by Mr. Joyce, wno pointed the revolver at him and ordered him away. Joyc3 re mained in the building alt night and Friday morning opened for school at the regular hour. A few pupils came and through them Joyce got provisions and oil for his lamp. The revolvers lay on the table in sight of the pupils all day. Friday evening the school board decided to serve Mr. Joyce with a written notice by the hand of Secre tary Robert Beria-.gh to vacate. Joyce refused to go then a constable was sent. Joyce still held his fort. It is customary to hold Sunday School in public school house, but no servIces were held Sunday, aa Joyce refused to allow any one to enter. The school directors will appeal to Sheriff Fabey For L ove. RicnIxox1>, January 16.-Miss Liz zie Newhouse, a highly cultured young laly of t wenty-two, committed suicide at her home in Culpeper, Va., last night by blowing hpr brains out with a pis toL She left a note explaining the cause of her rash act. She had, she said, been engaged to Mr. A. P. Hill, of that county, a nephew of the dis tinguished Gen. A. P. Hill, of Confed erate fame. The engagement, how ever, was broken off at the lady's'own request. Her lover moved WVest, ac quired a competency and married. The act that she had destroyed her own happiness brooded upon t'.e mind of Miss Newhouse and caused her to take :- life.- e and Couir., SENATOR IRBY ANGRY. HE CLAIMS THAT A RING EXISTS IN THE STATE HOUSE, And Hurls Deti ance at it-says they Shall Not Depose Him from the Chairman ship of the State: Dem!icratlc Commit tee. COLUMBIA, S. C., Jan. 15.-The fol lowing letter was published in the daily papers yesterday: WASHINGTON, Jan. 13.-As much as I dislike to appear in print in South Carolina I feel constrained at this time in justice to myself and the Alliance men of Laurens, to speak out. I have been hounded, persecuted and misrepresented by Kohn, a representa tive of the News and Courier in Colum bia, until forbearance has ceased to be a virtae. I have had thrown into my teeth my position as chairman of the Democratic party by this man, and my failure to harmonize the faction I rep resent, until it is necessary that the people of the State shall xnow the truth. He, with a lot of enemies of mine-so called Reformers-in the State House, undertook to manufacture a sentiment against me in the Campaign of 1892 by constantly publishing in his correspon dence, the fact that the Reformers were anxious to be rid of me as their leader, untilJudge Emnest Gary, a mem ber of the committee, introduced a res olution endorsing me unanimously by the executive committee. He has started the same thing again knowingly and maliciously saying that I am to be deposed as Chairman, waen he knows that I was elected in Septem ber, 1892, to hold until September, 1891. I do not propose to surrender the Chair manship of the Democratic party until my term of office is out, for reasons which are to the interest of the Demo cratic party; and I hope that this will be thoroughly understood by all the parties interested. In the second place, I notice both anti-Reformers and Reformers in Co lumbishave been misrepresenting the objects and intentions of the Alliance of Laurens, in its meeting on last Fri day. a week ago. To begin. with, I endorse every word and sentiment of the resolution introduced by Mr. J. Andy Jones as to the lines of policy to be pursued by the Reform movement in South Carolina. The county Alli ance is composed of the best men in our county. They represent the Re form sentiment of our county. They do not intend-and it is very well for some gentlemen of the State House to take notice right now-to have a lot of men foisted upon them without their con sent, Reform movement or no Reform movment, There Uan be no objection, except by men'who propose to take advantage of the people nf South Carolina, to the postponment of the calling of the con vention, or to. the other purposes of these resolutions. I know it did not suit the convenience of the clique of the Reform m~v-mnat that met on Friday night in Columbia to name a candidate-a farmer, bat not an Ali ancemen, and opposed to the .Oala demands, who undertook to increase. the taxes of the farmers-and that this, convention be postponed, for. he is not! in -dympaLy- with-the- people and the people willnot have him for governor with a fair and square dbal. The Alliance g rAurens passed these resolutions wihout inteadTng-'-i -help orinjure anyone. They thought it 'Was for the best interests of the IJReform movement, and that the Reform fa6 tion should, at least, be allowed to choose its nominees, without ,interfer ence ol' dictation from any man, high or low. -1am sorry to see 'that these men of Laurns are to be mistreated by insinuations find innuendoes from per sons whose-political conduct heretofore has been such as to bring in question, at least, their loyalty to the Reform movement. Mr. Editor, I want you and others in South Carolina to underetand that every effort of mine has been and will be In the Interest and for the perpetu ation of this movement. I am going to stand fearles~ly by the principles or the Alliance and every plank of th e lirst March convention; Pnd if corrup tion andtreachery shall dominate this movement, then I suppose, honest men will have to take a back seat. What the people of south Carolina want is honest men, nominated in an honest way~by delegates selected in an honest mnanner. .Very reepectfully, . J. L. M. TIn"Y. - . Dr..Fope a Candidate. NEWBE1BRY, S. C., Jan. 1.-I met Dr. Sampson Pope today and 'when I said, "a representative of The State, Doctor," the- organiz-ar of the "three for~a-quarter" caucus and later Till man's co-adjutor, gave me room to pass, saying "I n'ever read The State." . But when it was found that a subscrip tion was ncg wanted, buh~ merely an in tervie s, th'e brother of the a-isociate jus tice smiled again, and to my question whether he would be a candidte for Governor to succeed Governor Tillman, he readily replied:~- "I am a candidate for the office of Governor, subject to the action of the Reform con vention, which is to be held some time during the spring or aummer. l?ermit me to say that the other gentlemen, whose names have been mentioned for Governor, are all strong personal friends of mine, and in the coieduct of the can vass nothing will be said or done by me to interiere with that friendship. The success of the Reform movement, is, in my judgment, paramount to the success of any individual; and the success ol the movement is what we are all striving for. There is too much peace and unity among the Reformers to allow the har mony or success ol the movennient to be disturbed by quarreling over any par ticular man- and the mnan-.suggesteted by the Reform conventiou will receive the mndividnal support of all Ref ormaers." , na Tangle . CHICAO, Jan. 1.-Georg e M. Bogue, one of the most prominent bus mness men of Chicago, has been accuse-d of the misappropriation of about .375,000 of the funds of the Presbyterian hospi tal, of which institution he was presi dent. Mr. Bogue admits that there is some entanglement with the hospital. Dut says any discrepancies will be made up~ immediately. Last sum mer he made an assignment and withdrew from the big real estate firm of .Lsague & Co., and it Is said tnat the misplae ing of the hospital funds was the re sult of his financial embarrassments. Herrible. EscALoN, Mex., Jan. 16.-Advices have been received here from the Sierra Mojada mining camps situated in this district, of a terrible hoiccaust. In the lower part of the town were a number of huts, located very close together. 'Shese were set on fire by a band of un known incendiaries, and before the oc cnpantsa could escape, eleven men and several women and children were burned to death. Ten others were burned so BLUFFING TO BEGGING. Governor Mitchell IRemains Uzmoved Public Fight Impossible, JACKSONVILLE, Jan I.-The D1 val Athletic Club has played its la; card in the contest it has been wagir with Governor Mitchell and has los That card consisted of a personal appei by Manager Bowden to the Governo; begging him to cease his opoosition an, allow the Club to pull oil' the Corbetl Michell mill publicly in Jacksonvill( But the Governor was obdurate, an told Bowden that the tilht should nc take place in Jacksonville or In Florida if he could prevent it. The interview between Bowden an Governor Mitchell took place in th !atter's office at Tallahassee, the Stat capital: whither Bowden went las night. Attorney General Lamar ;wa present at the interview. It is under stood that Bowden'-; attitude toward the Governor was very much that c the suppliant. He almost implored th Governor to let up, but the executive i far from being moved by Bowden's hu iility and roundly denounced the clu people for their insolent :attitude, espe cially in the matter of issuing state tnents to the public in which the Gov ernor's conduct toward the club wa characterized as "contemptible and ty ranical." When asked for a statement for tb Southern -Associated Press, Bowder replied: "You may say that the situation i unchanged. My interview with thi Governor has resulted in nothing. Th( fight, however, will take place. I ad vise all those who desire to witness it t assemble in Jacksonville on or befori January 21. When Governor Mitchell was asket fora statement, he said: "As far as ] am concernid, the situation remains un changed. I will not desist in my deter mination or my efforts to stip the 5,ht.1 Nothing is left the clu3 now but t< make a-rangements for bringing Mitc'i ell and Corbett together in the woods As was stated in these dispatches lon ago, a secret fiht has been the only .re source left the club ever since Governo: Mitchell announced his opposition Manager Bowden's advice - for "al those who desire to-witness the fight ti assemble in Jacksonville on or befor January 21" is regarded here as an in dication that the club peop".e hav thrown up the sponge, so far as a pub lic tight in Jacksonville is concerned and will now perfect plans by whic! Corbett and Mitchell can meet in secre and without danger of interfereaze from the State authorities. At a largely attended mass mestini here tonght, in whreh some of -th( most pr6minent business men in the citt took part, the following resolutions were adopteC: Whereas, it l3 currently reported o; the streets of the city of Jacksonvilli that Hon. H. L. Mitchell, Governor has instructed a number of militar companies throughout the S;a te to re! port in the city of Jacksonville on thi 24th instant for the purpose of main taning and preserving the peace; an vii.reas, there are no indications of ani breach of the peace with which the cin authorities of the city and coanty are not fully able to deal,- and whereas, wi deem the massing oi troopa in this city nnder4he~ circumstances unwarranted by law and -a serious reflection upot the character of our citizens and the se rious detrimdnt to the business interest: of the city. Therefore, the citizens of Jacksonvilli and Duval couut-y, in mass~meetin.as sembled, pursuantdto a call of a larg number of our mostN-minent busines men, do resolve as follg*ie First. That we .earnestly, protes agamnst'the massing of troops a ou city, we having ample confidence in ilk civil local authorities and their abilit: to fully preserve the peacsi and main. tain the dignity oi the city and county, Second. That we individually an< collectively, pledge ourselves to aid th4 the sheriff in all lawfal efforts to dis charge his duties and to maintain an< preserve the peace anid to fully enforc the law.- - Tihird. That wie earnestly protes against such rumored action on the par of the Governor and must respectiull, request that he deslst therefcom an< leave the conduct and guidance therec to the civil local authorities. Fourth, That a copy of these reso lutions be forwirded to-the Governor. A Marriage Fraud. WILKESBARRE, Pa., Jan. 16.--Franl Williamson, an elderly and well-tod farmer, living near Pittston, decide< not long ago to marry. Annie Waldoi was a dashing brunette and Emme iRichards was a quiet little blonde. Fo: a time Williamson paid attention t( Miss Walden, and it was geherally un derstood that they were engaged, bu1 he finally transferred his attentions t( Miss Richards. saying to his friend: thathe Walden girl was too giddy fo: him. Soon thereafter it was announcet that he and Miss Rich irds were en gaged, and the wedding day was set When Miss Walden and her friend, heard of this they were indignant claiming that Williamson had prom ised to marry her before he began pay ing attention to Miss Richards. Shi swore she would become his bride it one, way or another. The day bef ort the wedding, Wihiamson says, he wen to Pittston .and there met some of Mis: Walden's friends, who took him arount to several saloons apd got him in'.oxi cated, and then took him to some placi where somebody married them. I says that when he got sober he fount Miss Walden instaled in his house as his wile, and that he was possessed of marriage certificate in proper lega form. Williamson has begun suit foi divorce. Say they are starving. DENVER, Jan. 16.-A committee o Santa Fe railway employes from L Junta, Col., has informed Governo Waite that the engineers, conductors brakemen, switchmen and tracknien o alt grades on the. western division havy received no salary since last Octee and many of the ,ien aad their familie: ale on the verge of starvation. .Salarie: have been promised, they say, at differ ent times. The last date was Jan. 10 The d ty passe d and no pay car appeared As the railway company has stoppe< supplmg~ coal to its employes, man2 familnes are suffering from cold as wel as hunger. Convict to be Hung. JACKSONi, Miss., Jan. 17.-2Horace Smith, a life convict, was today con vcted in the circuit court ,of murder it the first degree. He cut open the heat of Isidore Sundley, another convict with an axe, inside the walls a few months ago. This makes two life con victs who have been convicted ot mnur der within the last two days, the othei beag Henry Singleton' who was con victed yesterday. Judge Chrisman wil: :entenen both tO hang in a few days. Wealth not well Dvlde, George K. Holmes, special census a agent on mortgage statistics, approach s the concentration of wealth in the cur rent number of the Political Science i- Quarterly. Instead of attempting to 5t compute the peoperty hld4ings of the g rich he strives to ascertain how much of L. the national wealth the rnasse3 of the il people possess. The census bureau , took from every family in tvcntv-two I States and Territories answers to the questions whether it owned or hired the farm or home occupied, and the extent d of the incumbrance on owned 1arms an ,t homes, if any, with the valu3 of the property. The results are believed by the Spring a feld Republ:can to be fairly representa e tive of the whole country. Assuming e this to b. so, 32 per cent of the farm t families ani 63 per cent of th home s families in Lbe country are tenants. - Among farmownog families 30 per cent s cavry mortgage debts averaging $',130 ,t on farms whose average value is $3,190; e amouZ home-owning families 29 per cent s carry incumbrances averaging $1,139 on - homes valued on the average at $3.254. The census will show the number of - farms to be about 4.500,000, leaving 8, 196,152 families occupying homes that - are not farms. Mr. Holmes confines his wealth e-timates here to properties valued at less than. $5,000. Saco farma encumbered constitute 80 per cent ii number and 52 per cent in value of all i encumbered farms, and such encumbered homes constitute 82 per cent in number i and 46 per cent in value of all encum bered homes. The census did not take the values of unencumbered farms and homes, and the percentages In the o!.her case are adopted here as probably the truth. Accor7 izh to :. 'dites tabulated I by Mr. H in 9: 3 -- -at cf the tami lies of the couau a . i m.e than about 29 per cent a. . .Q'iA V Ad Mr. Holmes believes his cstim &s do not overstate the case agaiest the poor. i These conclusions are about as du -i')us as any which have ever been reaciied in the study or .his question. Proceeding to dtvide the richer 9 per cent rf the families as between the rich and moder ately well off. Mr. Hol nes takes the New York Tribune'a list of rillionaires 1 (4,047) and gives them 4n average of about $3,000,000-tis estimate being also partly basea upon the resuits of - Thmas G. Shearman's claims in the same line. . This gives to the 4,047 very rich lam ,ies, or three-hundredths of 1 per cent of all the families., about $12,00,000,000 or 20 per cent of the nation's wealth; and leaves the remaining property of the nation (51 per cent) to 9 per cant of the faaulies, including. the compara tively few millionaires. The result seems incredible to Mr. Holmes. That 4,047 famuies should possess neatly as much wealth-3even-tenths as much at least-as 11,593,887 families is, indeed rather startling. But it is probable. he contends, that the statdeniet is approx imately- correet, Excluding the million aires, the wealth of the 1,002,218 faml - lies lying between them and the grea -dass of peopfe 4ding property val I ued af less $5,000 becomes an-aver age of $28,000.a family, which seems large for so many but whic, Mr. Holmes goes on to demonstrate.- must 5. be about the case. Excitement In Italy.. lRoXE, Jan. 16.-There is considera ble excitement today at Cararra and Svicinity. The discovery Saturday night of an anarchist plopt to loot and burn the City of Cararra led the police and milli . tary authorities to take extraordmnary Spr~.cautiouns to prevent any atteinpt to Scarry .oul the plans of the conspirators. Early today a number of anarchists from tlth adjoining districts, sought to enter Sthe city, but were prevented by the mil litary. A number of shots were ex ~changed by the rioters and troops, but sa. far as known, nobody was hurt. Finding that it was impossible for theta to get into-Ab~e city, where there is no doubt they inteidd4o join the anarch .ist residents in the city in riotintr the imob scattered in different directions. SThey are now scouring the cDtintry, car-: rying terror to the quiet peoples .livinig t there. They go to every house and de emand - of the occupants to surrender ,whatever lire arms they may havet iAbout five thousand workingmen have f struck in Massa and Cararra. Both towns are occupied by .troops. All the shops arc closed. The 'inhabitants arc frightened and many families are provisioning their house as if for a seige. Bands of revolt ers parade the roads, making requisi tions on the people for arms and toad. At 3 o'cloak'this afternoon, the people of Massa were t'trown into a state of consternation by ghearing a fussilade in the bills near by. A squadron of caval ry; had encountered a mob of 500 men at the Fassola Bridge, two kil~ometres from Masga. Atter a stubborn fight, the mob was dispersed. Many was wounded and several were k:.led. Troop; I guard the railway at all points to prevent the'tearing up of the rails. Somne soldi ers are in active pursuit of~bands in the mountains. The cabinet council has given Prernier Crispi a free hand as to the time when he shall declare the prov ince of Massa he Carrara in a .state of seige. The proclamation will probably be issued tomorrow tinless the situation improves in the meantime. ThelDynamite Bomb. FA~MIrsTox, Minn., Jan. 17.-Early yesterday morning some person placed a dynamite cartridge inside the store door of the Exchange Bank at this place. The exposition blew out the Lfront of the bank building besides do ting considerable damage inside. As the ban k had gone out of business and there were no funds were in the vault and no attempt was made to the safe, robbery was evidently not the motive. fLancaster, Pa., Jan. 17.-A great sen sation was caused here this mornling by the discovery of a dynamate bomb which had been placed against a four story building on Grant street, adjoin - ing the police station. The bomb con tained half a pound of dynamite encased in lead pipe carefully closed,with nitro had, been lighened, but for some reason -had failed to burn. There is no clue to -the dynamiters, whose object in trying ,to blow up the building is unknown. i The building is unoccupied, but was being prepared for manufacturing pur poses. salem, Ohio, Jan. 17.-When John Evans, one of the leading coal men of this section, came to his emze in this. city yesterday morning, he found a bomb lying in the cilice. A piece n~i lead pipe fully t wo iches ini dianete~r and teni inchesilong, with a chairred1 fuse running through a screw plug, wa~s loaded with ~dynamnite and blasting powder. Evans with other operators, has been having ti'ouble with the miners over the question of wages and the only explanation of the-bomb busi ness is that some miner thought by wrecking his hnuilding to intimidate WARM WORDS BY WIRE. SENATO. IRSY "SNUFF3 TREASON IN THE TAINTED GXLE Dfqa'C WAnt to See HiWs If "Assawss natCd la ths Dirk"--No Papalst Need Aprly-Plala L inguige From. the Jan or S anator. WAS11NGTON, Jan. 1.-The follow. ing reply has been made 'Ly Sen-r Irby to a Communication received by him today from the Hon. W. T. C. Bates, Treasurer of South Carolina: United States Senate. Washington, D. C., Jan. 16, 1894. Hon. W. T. C . Bates, Columbia, S.. C. My dear sir: I have yqur letter of the 14th inst., in which yout make In: quiry as to what I think should be done in reference to holding a'factlon al convention of the Reform party of South Carolina, to which I answer has tily, but frankly. I regret, as deeply as you, to see di visions in the Reform movement of our State. The purposes for wbch.it began have not been accomplished, and cannot be, without the exercise of har mony, jstice, common sense and fair dealing. . have bad but one purpose from the ver;' beginning, and that was to do my duty by-it to the very bestof my ability. Notwithstanding tbW I have been prosecuted by men, supposed to be prominent in the Reform move ment, from the very beginning, until I - nade up my mind- that I would not submit to it any longer, and appealed. to the true men among us to -protect me against such political'assassination: It is not my fault that we have these evidences of division in our State. I furnished no excuse for every Reformer who goes into Columbia from the rural districts to the State House to be taken to one side and groomed and preja dibced against "Irby's management of the party," when even the Antis them selves ack ao wledge that my conduct as :hairman. has been perfectly fair. I im unwiding that a Third party leader shall take charge of the Reform move ment in Sjuth Carolitra. and thus dic 'ate the nominees of the Democratic party. I am satisded that the people Af the &ate will not submit to it, and the sooner he, and others who expect .o reap office under him, find this out, the better for him and the movement. I answer you frankly as to what I think ought to be done, so far as I can see. There are six or seven other can lidates for gubernatorial honors. rhese men have been true and loyal, mnd are all able men. They are enti tled, at least, to a fair contest and the protection of the principles of the first Afarch convention, the most prominent f which was the right of the people to name their candidates, instead of a ring in the State House. It will be necessary, befo~re the campaign that is to be led by me as Democratic chair man, that these contests shall b' set tled within the lines of our faction, and ,hat, after the people have had time to weigh and measure them and conclude as to their choice, the successful one shall be given the colais of our faction to meet the Conservative factioa in debate on the stamp before thegeneral - primary election. Thiscannot be done with an early convention had and snap judgment taken, before the people have seen or hearl the various candidates who seek the endorsement of the Re form party. It savers too much of old ring ;ule and Haskelijte methcds, and the people will not countenance it. This is perfectly f4ir and all parties will be satisfied; but the people, who believe in the theory 'and system of primary elections, will not stand for two or three men-one a leader of the Third party and the self-constituted spokesman of the Third -party, the other a traitor to.the Reform party, who seeks, as an em!ssary from the enem~y, to ruin the Reform party, and other men who desire office-to fix up a slate now~, have it endorsed by a con vention as early as March, and rammed down their throats, I say this, because if ttheir scheme is allowed to go through under the whip and spur of the Regis ter, the movement cannot stand. Self respecting men in it would rather go to thle wall than to serve under a trai tor to his movement and to see th - selves assassinated in the dark ' en who have claimed to be tb . friends, and the people robbed 9f the benefits of the vital prin Lfiofithe first March platfornl This has been written to yon just as I thins: it and believe It. I have tried to bs true to every man in the State Rouse and subjected myself to abuse and criticisms in 1892 for leaving my - beat in the Senate to go to South Caro lina to work for them and their re-elec lion. I do not intend no w to be abused by them. As you suggest, I, being the State abairman, have no right to call a fac ;ional convention. I have never assunmed or contem plated any such action, nor could such a conclusion be drawn from anything hat I have said or written. The or ;anization last presided over by the Eion. G. W. Shell is defunct, because wvhen the crisis came in'92, we failed :o have seen or heard of any action trom him in behalf of the Reform~ mnovement, and, besides its mission was fulfilled as a political organization as soon as its object was accomplished, to wit: the capturing of the whole State government by tue people. It, being a temporary organization, could, not exist longer than after the inaugu ration of the State officers. He, there- - fore, cannot t and control a cauc~e or convention and the only way Yor to be done regularly within our party lines is, as suggested by the Laurens Alliance resolutions, -to wit: That Governor Tillman call around him the Wadiers, draft rules and call a conven tion if they see it: In conclusion, allow me to say that I will do more and- go further to heal breaches and unite our forces than per b'aps any man who has been treated as Lihave mn the house of my friends; but I will not submit to the dictation of T'hird party lealiers and traitors to our rnovexrent, les the consequences be what they may. J. L. Mf. IRBY. Rided th, Sports, CotrmBUS, Ga,, Jan. 16.-Chief of Police Williams, with nyve of his assist mnts, unceremoniously interrupted a restive game of poker here, which re suited in the capture of four of the. :ountry sports, togethier with 35 stacks >f chips, six decks of cards, gaming ta oles, etc., and about 535 in money The house raided is located in the rear f thle Centennial bar, and was most, elegantly equipped for gambling pur ooses, thiere' betug nothing whatever rom an outside view to create suspi :ol. The raid was one of the most auccessful ever made. S :raihtened Up. SoITrr BEND, Ind., Jan. 1.-Myron T. Campbell has made good the $15,000 nysteriously stoien from the South Bend National bauik Dec. 7. Camp >c11 says the robbery was due to his :arslessness, and he has turned over 37,000 in property apd given notes for :he remainder on condition that he be lept in his position - one year. This :ondition bars prosecution, and was wgrto by h the directors.