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The Manning times. [volume] (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, January 31, 1894, Image 1

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vn4. d, AN IG . ,N
1T~TTV MANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY. -JANUALY 31, 19.___N.7
A RIOT 01 CUIRLESIUN.
THE STATE CONSTABLES SAVED BY
T HE POLICE
From a Body of Anay Cizns, Who
Wanted to LTnch Them-One Man
Wcanded-A Lawyer Sent to the Station
Honsw.
CHARLESTON, S. C.. Jan. 25.-The
predicukon that the enforcement of the
amended Dispersary Act would result
in bloodshea was very nt-arly veritied
yesterday af. roon, whe. Vander
herst street r. .s packed with a crowd
of cinzens angF e. at a fivng rumor
that one of the constables, while raid
ing the grocery store of H. Nolte, at
26 Vandorhorst street, had struck me
wife of tbe propietor. The charge asi
one whtch never fails to excite tue
righteous indignation of men to tc
higbest pitch, and when to it is added
the animosity which is directed to
wards the law and tne bitter hatred
with whic the constables are regarded
by many people, there is ri~le wonder
that the passion of the cr'wd rose al
most to frenzy and maoae the people
wild iv their desire to see the alleged
perpetrator of such a dastardly deed
brought to swift justice.
It seems that the raid on Mr. Nolte's
place was not a premeditated one, and
few people knew it was in progress un
til there was coupled witti the an
nouncement the rumor that the pro
prietor's wife had been struck by the
constable. .Then the crowd began to
gather. People pourpd into Vandor
horst street from every neighboring
thoroughfare, and in less time almost
than it takes to tell it the space, side
walk and roadway, between King and
Coming streets, was a mass of haman
ity. Tue windows of the houses were
open and hundreds of beads of women
and children inoked down on the scene
Mr. Nolte himself was away from
home when the raid was made, and re
turned with the gathering crowd. He
rushed for the entrance of his store,
aking for the man who had struck ais
wife. Chief of Police Martin and
Lient. J. H. Fordham rode up in the
beat of the excitement. As Chief Mar
tin reached the front of the premises
Constable Elliott was pointed out as
the man against whom the charges
were preferred. Mr. Nolte started to
ward the constable and Chief Martin
interposed, with a request to know
what was occasioning the disturbance.
He was told that Mr. Noite's wife had
een struck by a constable. He turne:
to Mr. Nolte and asked did he prefer
such a charge, and then he ordered the
people, who by this time were crowded
around, to move off while he attended
to the matter. He was then told by
Mr. Nolte that Constable Elliott was
the accused man, and the chief arrest
ed the constable himself.
I In the meantime the crowd was get
- ting larger and more excited. The de
monstrations which were at first con
fined to mutterings of v.ngeance
against aman who would do such a
deed as that of which the constable was
charged, began to be nore openly and
loudly expressed. The bitterest lan
age was begun now to be heard.
ere was an excited crowding of the
people towards the door of the grocery
where the chief of police and his pris
oner were.
'At this time the-fire squed of the po
lice -department was ordered out to
clear the street and the sidewalks, and
subsequently ;hey were reinforced by
half a dozen other policemen. The
crowd was in a very excited condition
and held their ground or only gave
way temporarily before the officers
long after Constable Elliott had been
conducted to the Guard House by
Chief Martin. At the Guard House
Constable Elliott remained for some
hours until Thi Justice Milan could
be sent for. The casa will probably
come up in that Court to-day.
A reporter called upon Mr. Nolte
and asked for a statement regarding
the incidents of the raid. Mr. Nolte
said: "I was not at home when the
raid took place. When I got there I
fonnd Elliott and six cr more spi's
around my place. My wife pointed
'ut Elliott as the man who had struck
her. I would have shot him, but I did
not have my pistol with me. As soon
asaIheard the epies were at my place I
sent for Mr. Legare, who is my lawyer,
for advice. ?le got the-re just as Chief
Martin and Lieut. Fordham arrived
and demanded that Elliott and the oth
er spies be arrested~, Nearly two hun
dred of my friends were present, but
we did not see ft to use force. is tois
a law to compel us to stand idly by andc
see our ho~mes raided and our families
assauheed?"
A rei orter .saw Constable Elliott at
the Station House and asked him how
the disturbance had arise-n. He said
he was passir~g Mr. Nolte's place and a
negro said to him he had ttter raid it.
Be said he would and %ent in. Mrs.
Noite met him and told him there was
no liquor in there, and that he could
not go in. He replied that he was an
officer in the discharge of his duty, and
pasaed by her. He said that he never
dreamed of such a thing as striking a
woman, and be believed that anyone
who' knew him would acquit him of
such a charge.
1t was impossible~ to see Mrs. .Nolte
SpErsonall), but a ge-neral outhuec t-r
staten ent in regard to the raid w~as ob
taned tzom what she is re-ported to
have said when cha'ges were lodged
agatost Constable Elliott. After he
was taken to the Station Mirs. Nolte
and her husband came to prefer char
ges against him. It is reported that
Mrs. N. said that Constable Ellhott
came into the grocery and wanted to
search the place. She told him that no
lquor was kept or concealed on the
premise-a and objected to. his going any
further, anid that it was then that the
constable struck her and passed on to
complete the raid. The raid took place
at about 3 o'clock in the af ternoon, but
it was several hours befcre the last oi
the crowd dispersed.
No liquor was found on the Nolte
premists, and it is generally believed
that the raid was an impromptu affair.
The fact. that there were no policemen
on the around when it begun looks as
though the chief of police had no: Deen
notified of the constable's intentions.
It has heretofore been the custom for
Chief Constable Gaillard to notify
Cief of Police Martin of a raid and ask
for an escort of two or more policemen.
Mrs. Nolte and Constable .Elliott seem
to have been the only eyewitnesses. It
does not a ppear from any of the state
ments made so far that the other con
stables who were on the ground later
were in the building at the time that
the provocation for the disturbance
was given.
The case .has created the most wide
spread excitement and inf'erest
throughout the city, and when it comet
up before Tril Justice Milan, as it wil]
probably do to-day, it wilt be hearc
by a crowded Court room.
LAWYER LEGARE JUGGED.
A raid made on the place of IF. Jor
dan, at No. 38 King strer , yesterda)
morning, was the occasion of an inci
dent which caused much comment, ant
one which will probably be prolif
ic of interesting legal conseq2uences.
While the constables were raidi
M. Joran's place he sent for Mr. Gec
s. Legare, his lawyer. Mr. Lgare hast
mad to the scene of action, and was re
-sed entrance to the premises. He
mubsequently went into the house, and
while in there was arrested and taken
:o the police headquarters. Trial Jus
,ice Milan was sent for, and the pris
mer turned over to him. Later in the
Jay Mr. Legare zave bond and was re
eased to appear before the Court.
-Mr. Legare was seen by a reporter
for the News and Courier, after his re
ease f rom custody, and asked for a
statement of the facts iu. the case.
He said that Mr. Jordon's son came
to his ofice and told him that his fath
r uianted him around at his place of
business. He hastened to comply witb
the request. When he reached Mr.
Jordon's place he tound Cnief Consta
ble Gaillard outside of the door, which
was being guarded by two policemen.
He requezt'-d permission to enter and
wis rei used. He explained to Consta
ble Galllarj that he hasd been sent for
y bis client, and he conceived it his
duty to compl. with his request. Con
stable Gaillard still refused him en
trance and ordered the officers at the
door to keep him out. Shortly after
Constable Gaillard had entered - the
house he went into the room. The
consrtable;, headed by Chief Gaillard,
hastened towards him. Chief Consta
ble Gaillard ordered him out and he
declined to go. The chief constable
then requested Lieut. J. H. Fordham,
f the police force. to arrest him. The
officer rewinded Chief Constable Gail
lard that the premises were in his (Gail
lard's) possession, and that he was the
one to perform the office. Chief Con
stable Galliard then laid his hand on
Mr. L-gare and told him to consider
himsrlf ander arrest. Ee replied cer
tainly he would, and was turned over
to Lieut. Fordham. Outside the build
ing the police wagon was rung for and
Mr. Legare was put in it and taken to
the Guara House.
When Chief Constable Gaillard was
asked for a statement regarding the
raid and the arrest Incident thereto bo
said: "I entered F. Jordan's place; 58
King street, at 10:30 o'clock yesterday
morning. I found Mr. Jordan near the
door on the inside sitting on a stool. I
told him my busisess. As soon as I
did so he said: "Have you a search
warrant?" I told him I had. Mr. El
liott', who held the warrant, presented
it to him a moment or two afterwards,
and the search began. I closed the
front door and stood outside of it. Twe
police officers were stationed at the
door and Irequested them not to allow
anyone to enter. I observed Mr. Le
gare approaching very rapidly. He de
sired admittance. I refused to allow
him to enter, and after a few words of
explanation he demanded his right to
enter, suggesting legal reasons to me
for keeping him out. He then with
drew from the door after a little objec
tion. I went inside and closed the door.
A few-minutes afterwards Mr. Legare
opened the door and forced himself in.
-I stopped him immediately aid asked
him to withdraw. He declined to do
so, saying he desired to make a ques
tion of it. I called in Lieut. Fordham
and requested him to arrest -Mr. Le
gare and take him out of the store, so
that my search could proceed without
interference or disturbance." It is
probable that this is the beginning of
another big lawsuit for the State of
South Carolina. No contraband goods
wre found on Mr. Jordan's place.
ONE OF THE MOB SHOT.
The first blood which has flowed in
Charleston in consequence of the dis
peneary law was spilled last night, and
as far as can be known, It was spilled
by a representative of the. State con
stabulary.
The excitement caused by the inci
dent in Vanderhorst street grew as the
day wore -bn, and by nightfall the feel
ing of indignation was intense. Scores
of men visited both depots at the time
for the arrival of the evening trains,
expecting that the constables would. be
present but instead the depots were
provided with extra police.
About 9 o'clock a meeting of citizens
was held and afterbrief debate those
present adjonrned. Shortky after this
a crowd of men, about five hundred in
number, was seen marching up King
street in the direction of Spring street,
where it is known that there is a board
ing house ait which the constables lodge
The place is kept by Mrs. Charles Mc
Cants and :s designated as No. 803.
When the crowd reached Spring street
it numbered over five hundred. They
were determin eU men and seemed in
tent on avenging the insult which they
said had been' heaped upon a Charles
ton woman. No other motive inspired
'them, ard had the constable been
founa who was charged wiih that out
rage inere is no way to say what his
fate might have been.
But such was not to be. The meet
ing bad adjourned at 10.15 o'clock and
a few minutes later information was
given to the police that trouble would
ensue.
A squad of tw' elve men was quickly
sent out and they waited in Spring
street around the corner from the
scene of action. As the crowd ap
proached Kmng street from Meeting the
sergeant in'char ge blew his whistle -mnd
the squad of police was quickly sta
tionedi in front of the door of the house
As the crowd reached the place a pis
ol shot was tired f rom the direction of
he house ano Washington Betancourt
fell as parently dead.
Tis was the signal for a great hur
rah. arnd shots were heard on all siues.
Mst of the men' in the crowd thought
the shot wvhich struca Betancourt was
lted by one of their friends, and scores
of revolvers were flred in the air.
The confusion thus created was
great, but meanwhile the policemen
stood equare iagainst the do'or, not one
of the crowd was able to pass the barrn
c-ade. In a few n~inutes two more
wagon loads of policemen arrived, and
the crowd grad'iallt dispersed.
Nothing was seen of any of the con
stables, and it is safe to say that not
many of them 'aere near about when
the tumult ceased. Who shot Mr. Bet
ancourt ? was the all absorbing ques
tion. It was asked a thousand times
and answered In a dozen different ways
The ball entered the right side of h-is
neck and ranged backward, showing
that it came from the west side of the
street. Then no one saw the flash, this
proving that the man who fired the
shot was not in the street. But who
fired the shot is a question which will
never be satisfactorily answered.
Mr. Betaneourt was takean to a resi
dence near by and treated by a physi.
clan. It is not thought that his Inju
ries will prove very serious.
Eight Die in O ae Family.
COLLsrIA, S. C., Jan. 23.-The peo
pie of Coiumbia have read with sorrow
the news at different times of the deaths
in the Cartledge fatnily, of Edgefield
County. The mortality in the family
has continued, as the following in the
Edgelield correspondence of the News
and Courier of yesterday wili show:
'Eight persons have died of the grij
i the Cartledge famlily in four or five
weeks, Messrs. Jerry and Sam CartledgE
and their wives, Dr. Cartledge, Mr. Ber
Ouzs, father of Mrs. Jerry Cartledge
and Mrs. May. a cousin, who assisted
t in nursing the sick, and at last a::counts
. Mrs. Outzs lies dongerously ill; if she
should die only a little five-year-old gir
wol b.e1 h left of this nce happy fami
TILE REFORM LEADE"S,
THEY HOLD A MEETING IN WASHING
TON IN THE INTEREST OF PEACE.
A rdjority of Them Belue Unable to D:
cide Between a Eiarly or LTe Corvan
tVon, D.,cide t- Hohl -N.-e-Diln-rentl
Views of tbe M -eing.
COLUMBIA, S. ,., Jan. 24.-There is
considerable gossip floating around
concerning the recent meetirig of some
of the Reform leaders in the city of I
Washington to heal the division in the
ranks of their faction caused by 6he re
cent attack of Senator Irby on Con
gressman Shell and other prominent
Reformers. As a matter of news I will,
give your readers some extracts from
the many disp-tches that have been
sent from Washington about the mat
ter.
Editor Hoyt,of the Greenville Moun
taineer. telegraphs his paper from
Washington, where he is on a visit, as
follows:
"A great deal of interest is manifest
ed among the South Carolina colony as
to the political situation in the State.
The recent fulminations of Senator Irby
portend to most minds a serious and
disastrous breach in the ranks of the
Reformers. Ie is regarded as making
a desperate fight to retain control and
direction of the faction, but it is freely
predicted that failure on his part is in
evitable, unless Governor Tillman
comes to the rescue. It is very doubt
ful where the Governor is going to
land in this fight. He is always ready
to take position but in this instance
he is flghing shy of the belligerents.
He is to- be in Washington this maorn
ing, ostensibly to argue the railroad
question before a Congressional com
mittee, but in reality to patch up a
trace between the warring elements in
his faction. The editors of the Coldtm
oa Register and the Cotton Plant have
been on a visit of a political nature al
so, and several conferences are said to
be tie outcome of their visit, but the
participants are not revealing the na
tare and purpose of these conferences.
So far as can be judged from the out
side, the trend of opinion among the
Reformers is against Senator Irby, and
in a short time there will be a positive
and aggressive movement along that
line. Congressman Shell is waiting to
learn what the people want before he
brings his committee together for the
purpose of calling a convention of the
Reformers, but it is certain that such a
convention is to be held, and under the
auspices of Capt. Shell's executive
committee of the Farmers' Association.
Itis very galling to Senator Irby that
the leading position is yet occupied by
Capt. Shell but many-think it is the
poetry of retribution for this -state of
affairs to exist, even though Irby does
not enjoy it.
The visit of Governor Tillman will
attract much attention. The Post this
morning has an article on South Caro
lina politics, which has a decidedly Ir
byish flavor, in which it is clearly in
timated that the movement for an eac
ly convention advocated by the Cotton
.Plant and Columbia Register is intend
ed-tocarry the buik of the Reformers
into the third party. This intimation
coincideswith what a -prominent Re
former told me a few days ago. He
asserted positively that such was the
purpose of Editor -Bowden,who is lead
ig the movement, and that the rest of
his crowd would fall into line. I sug
gested that Mr. Bowden might be seek
ing an early opportunity to get back
into the Democratic fold, but he scout
ed the idea. and said that others want
ed to get outsid--, and- would avail
themselves of the first chance to do so.
The Post also intimates that Gover
nor Tillman would maintain a coali
tion with Senator Irby, but this does
not agree with the opinion given by
the aforesaid Reformer, who declared
that the Governor is trying to play
neutral, and would make a most egreg
ions failure. I am inclined to be~eve
this statement, which is shared by
many others with whom ir have con
versed in Washington. The general
opinion seems to be that Mr. Ellerbee
is the forthcoming candidate for Gov
ernor under the movement for an ear
ly convention. His friends are work
ing or the nomination, and no other
ma bas such active adherents in the
fel( is yet. Senator John Gary Evans
has ceen generally regarded as the ad
ministration candidate, but this is
another mistake, and he will no'; be an
aspirant for Governor in the coming
camaign."
Editor Hoyt continues in another
dispatch as follows:
"Chairn-an Iroy says tonight that all
differences in the Reform faction will
be narmonized through a preliminary
campaign, and that the people will be
called upon to decide who shall be the
standard-bearers of the Reformers u.:
tne Democratic prithary. That there
is no danger of the third party element
getting control of the machiner y of
the Democratic party by any manipu
lation of the preliminary fight and that
the faction will be solid in favor of the
nominees chosen in th-tt fight. Senator
Irby also says tnat he and Gove-rnor
Tilman are in thorough accord, and
that all re-ports to the contrarv are
wholly with-out foundation. They
ed a lengthy conference this after
noon and they are determitzed to act
together for the preservation of Demo
craic unity in South Car'lina. Unair
man Irby says further that his deter
mintion is -to keep the R.eformers in
complete harmony with the national
organization of Democrats, and that
he would be recreant to his trust if he
allowed any other course to oe pur
sued without protesting against 1t. As
the preliminary skirmish is to begin
soon, c-andidates for Governor will en
ter the field at once, and it is under
stood that John Gary Evans widi ac
tively engage in the fray. He has been
cnsulted in the premises, and is ready
to go before the people at any time.
Ellerbe, W. D. Evans and Tindal are
also expected to enter the raea for
Governor."
The following special dispatch frorm
Washington appeared in the Re~gister,
of this city, today:
"A portion of the South Carolina
delegation had a very stormy meeting
today. There were present Governor
Tilman, Senator Irby, Congressmen
McLaurn, Latimer, Strait, Talbert and
Colonel Neal. The question of holding
a spring conveution came up. in the
course of his remarks. Senator Irby an
imadverted very seriously upon Mr.
Bowden as a third partyite, and said
he would no sooner afliliate with him
than he would with J. IL.-ndrix Mc
Lane or with any black Republican,
Mr. McLauun resented this -and said
that he w'as Bowden's friend arnd
would not submit to his being spoke~n
of in this wav; that Ilowden was as
good a Democrat as Irby, and that it he
had been called to conference to heari
his frieids abused he wouid withdraw.
Senator Irby repeated his offensive re
marks and McLaurin withdrew. Sev
eral conferences were held before from
which Mc-Laurin and Shell were
excluded, and it was reported that all
I had been fixed before McLaurin was
- sent for. Senator J. G. Evans. guber
naora candidate wa in Senator Ir
by's room in conference, but ieft when
McLaurin came in."
Editor Williams, of the Greenville
News, who is also in Washington, tele
graps as follows to his paper:
"The split in the South Carolina re
form party seems to be widening
There have been two caucuses or con
ferences in the last two days-the last
one this morning which ended in an
unpleasant scene between McLaurin
and Irby. McLaurin was present as
representative of the Bowden or Eller
h -:ing and resentedibitterly the sena
tor's,vigorous denunciations of Shell
ard Bowden, declaring that he would
not submit to having them slandered.
His wing is in open rebellion against
Tillman, who seems disposed to side
with Irby and John Gary Evans al
though he has not openly declared him
self. The sides as represented here
seems to be Bowden of the Cotton
Plant, Koester of the Register. Mc
Laurin and Sheli against Irby, EvanE
and Strait, with Latimer doubtful, out
leaning toward the alliance side. Tal
bert is doubtful, and Tillman is doubt,
ful but leaning towards Irby.
"1 am told that an agreement is tak
ing shape to form a reform convention
to be called between March and May
and that a proposition is to be made tU
have two men, one representing each
taction, to be chosen in each county tc
act as managing committee to securf
f air play. The alliance wing met
here boldly declare to make it wara
for Tillman if he undertakes to dis
criminate against them in any way
The feeling between the two elementi
is becoming steadily more bitter
Governor Tillman and Senator Irby de
cide tonight that there shall be no re
form convention, but that all candi
dates shall go before the people anc
submit their claims to an open prima
ry of all Democrats. This decision it
announced through the Aosociated
Press and is said to have been decided
on without much consultation witt
other leaders. It is not known yel
whether the Ellerbe faction will ac
cept this, but they will probably do so.'
The following is the Associated Presi
dispatch -alluded to above, and may be
accepted as the true version of thE
meeting and the conclusions reachec
by it. it was sent out from Washing
ton under date of January 23 and read.
as follows:
"Governor Tillman of South Carolin
arrived in the city yesterday for the
purpose uf transacting some business
in connection with the dispensary o1
his State. Incidental to that business
there was held in the committee root
of Senator Irby at the capitol a con
ference attended by Governor Tillman
Senator Irby, Representatives Strait
Talbert, Latimer and McLaurin. anc
Col. Neal, Superintendent of the State
penitentiary. This conference was
for the purpose of considering whal
was the best policy for the Democrat.
to pursue in the coming election u
South Carolina and resulted, Governor
Tillman said, in a practically unani.
mous agreement. Senater Irby is chair
man of the State Democratic commit
tee, and Governor Tiltman is the lead
er-of what is known as Reform Demo,
crats, and the representatives preseni
represent districts that were carried b3
the same wing of the party. There ar(
two factions in the State advocating
different policies, the one favoring
coavention in the spring for the pur
pose of nominating candidates to go
before the primaries, and the other fa
voring a free-for-all race by the prima.
ries to be held during the month o1
August. The members of the caucui
agreed that it would be better not tc
hold the convention, for the reason thal
it woul-l look as if tbe attempt was be
ing made to forestall the people in theii
choice, and~the primary form of select
lg candidates will be recommended.
It is ::nderstood that this result wat
not reached without a heated discus
sin, and it was said that Representa
tive McLaurin, because of an allusior
to one of his friends, who belonged t<
the Third party, withdrew from th'
conference before any conclusion wat
reached, not, however, until he had re
plied to the statements made by Mr
Irtiy, who is credited with having
made the speech at which Mr. McLau
rin took offense."
-The conclusion reached by the can
cus is a most sensible one, and wil
put an end to the war In the Reforn
ranks. It will give satisfactionrto al
Democrats in the S~ate, as it co mple te
ly shuts out the ?alrd Partyites anc
does away with a factional Democruti'
convention. Under the plan adoptei
every Demociat in the State will havy
an opportunity to vote for the man ke
wants for Governor without any sug
gesions from a March or July conven
tion.
* lie-d Up By Highwayvmen.
KINGsTRcEE, Jan- 24.-News nas jus
reaned this placeot a daring robber:
in the Indian Town section of thi
county. While Mir. Z. T. Eaddy was oi
his way home from this town on ye!
terday he was accosted by three maskel
men at [Praisley Swamp and told t
"suck out." Mr. Eaddy was ridini
along without the least suspicion o
foul play and when he saw the mel
standing on one of the bridges of th
swamp with their backs towards hit
he paid no attention as he could no
see Lhe masks. Just as the horse go
ven with the men they turned aroun
and one of them seized the bridle whil
toe others covered Mr. Eaddy wit
guns and proceeded to "go throug
him," after the most approved styl4
air. lkddy is administrator of a wea
thy estate and it was pretty generall
known in this section of the count
that he carried large sums on his pei
son when he lef t home, as an "ounce o
prevention" in case his house should b
robbed during his absence. Mr. E add
dos not know who the robbers are by
says they are white men. The robbei
secured about $1,400.
The Cott-,n Crop.
NEW ORLEA~s, La., Jan. 2-2-M
Ieury M. Neill furnished the Souther
Assoiated Press with the followiL
statement concerning his estimates c
the cotton cron: "Telegrams and ciu
culars sent out from New York las
week by p'ar ies whose names are we
known announced that Neill has re
dued bis estimate to 74. Some sa:
Neill London others simply Neili. -1
either form there is no truth in th
statement; on the contrary, in myalette
of the 16th, and in the London. circuli
of he 18th, the estimate of 77, minimu:
was strongly affirmed. As one of or
Lodon friends say in a cable receive
ths morning. It was bull indentiol
I leave it to others to characterize th
coduct of these New York writei
and to judge how weak must be the:
position when they find it-necessaryt
reort to auch desperate expedients.
Co-mmits suicide.
NEW ORLEANS, Jan. 22.-Simon I
Marx, a prominent cotton broker, wet
to Audubon park this afternoon, an
plciog the muzzle of-a revolver in h
mouth, blew the top of his head 01
e had several large notes to meet, -as
ucemg unanle to raise the cash, gre
despondent, and left his home ear]
this morning with the avowed intei
tion of killing himself. His family hi
came alarmed, had informed the pollc
who hunated for him in vain until tt
Isensational manner of his suicide wi
teiehned to headquarters.
A VERY IMPORTANT ACT.
Any Sc -o.l DhtrIct Can Ltvy ai Special
School Tax.
At the last session of the Legislature
an Act was passed giving any school
district in the State the right to levy
and collect an extra schooi tax, to run
the schools a longer period than that
allowed by the regular tax collected for
the purpose. This is an import,-nt tax,
as it puts in the hand3 of the people
the cpportunity of extending the terms
of thei: schools at a coauparatively
small coLt. The Act is to be printea,
and thousands of 'opies sent out to
school trustees, teachers and others in
terestEd, b7 the Superintendent ot Ed
ucation. The following is the Act as
passed, and it will be interesting read
ing:
Sec. 1. Bu it enacted by the Senate
and House of Representatives of the
State of South Carolina, now met and
sitting in General Assernbly,and by the
authority of the same; That for the
purpose of Establishing and maint-;in
ing graded or other pubile schools in
any city, incorporated town or village
in this Srate, such city, incorporatei
town or village desiring to establish
and maintain the same, and to receive
the benetits of this Act, are hereby con
stituted and declared to be separate
school.listricts.
Sec. 2. That the voters of said school
districts, who return real or personal
property of the value of $100 for taxa
tion are authorized to levy and collect
an annual tax to supplement any con
stitutional or other tax for like pur
poses, and for said purposes the trus
tees of said school-districts, upon a ma
jority of resident freeholders of the age
of twenty-one years and over,sball call
a public meeting of said taxpayers at
any time before the first day of June of
any fiscal year, which meeting must be
advertised in a newspaper published in
such city, incorporated town or village,
once a week for two weeks, or osted
in three conspicuous places in such
school district for said length of time;
and when assembled,said meeting shall
have the power to elect a chairman and
secretary;to adjourn frora time to time,
to levy such special tax not exceeding
four mills, and to appropriate the same
to such school purposes as a majority
shall see fit;that the tax so. levied shall
be repealed at any subsequent meeting;
that within ten days after said meet
ing, the chairman thereof shall furnish
the Board of Trustees of such school
district and the Cointy 4uditor with
the amount so levied, and the Auditor
shall enter the same in his tax dupli
cate, and he shall annualy, each year
thereafter,enter said amount in his tax
duplicate until the same is increased,
decreased or repealed by said tax pay
ers, at a meeting called for that pur
pose, and he is notified that the same
has been increased, decreased or re
pealed, and if increased or decreased,
he shall annually enter it as before;
which meeting shall be called and no
tice given in the same way and man
ner as hereia provided tor the calling
of meetings to make the levy and the
giving of the notice that it has been
made, and the County Treasurer shall
collect the same as other County and
State taxes; such levy shall be a lien
on the property in such school district
whIch sbl11 be -subject thereto, in case
collected shall be paid out by the
County Treasurer upon warrants drawn
by the Board of Trustees, countersign
ed by the School Commissioner: Pro
vided, that any surplus of such levy re
maining in the hands of the County
Treasurer at the expiration of any fis
cal year shall be paid as herein provi
ded, and to be used for like purposes.
Sec. 3. That the voters of any school
district now formed, or that may here
after be tormed by the County Bcard
of Examiners, whose territory includes
and extends beyond the limits of any
city, incorporated town or village in
this State,or of any school district now
formed or that may hereafter be form
ed by the County Board of Examiners
outside of. cities, incorporated towns or
villages in this State, who return -real
or personal property for taxation of the
value of $100, desiring to levy a tax not
exceeding four mills for the uses~ anid
purposes hereinbefore mentiontd in
this Act,are hecreby authorized and e~u
powered to levy, collect and disburse
such tax in the same manner and upon
the sanme conditions prescribed in Sec.
2 of this Act, for the levy, collection
and disbursement of taxes for separate
school districts in cities, incorporate~d
towns, or villages in this State: Provi
ded, That this Act shall not interfere
with any school district which huis
heretofore been~ created Dy special act.
Sec. 4. Each taxpayer, wh'-n he pays
any tax for school purposes voted un
der provisions of this Act, -shall have
the right to designate for which school
m i said school district he wishes the
intoney piid by them to go, arid the
Treasurer shall keep a note of such
.designation, and the money be applied
as thus designated. WLere no desig
nation is mrade by the taxpayer at the
time of such payment, the money shall
be expended as other school funds in
such district.
aSec. 5. That it shall be the duty of
the County Board of Examiners, as
soon as the written request provided
for in Sec. 2, shall have been made, to
appoint th ee freeholders mn sail sc:hool
district or districts to act as truete-S
athereof: Provided, said district or (:s
tricts be without trustees.
Sec. 6. That whenever peiition shall
be made by a majority of the voters in
v' ny section not included in any sepa
rate school district to the County
fBoard of Examiners, from any county
praying that the section designated by
'them be established as a separate school
district, the said County Board of Ex
aminers are hereby authorized and re
quired to establish suchsection as a sep
arate school district, and said Board is
heret~y empowered to make such regula
tion for the government of same, as
may be conformable to law.
gSec. 7. That whenever it shall happen
that by reason of the location of spec
-ial school districts, portion of two ad
jacent counties should for convenence
e included in one school district, the
County Board of Examiners of such
counties are hereby authorized and di
rected in joint conterenceto make such
rgulations5 as will enable such sectit'u
j.to be established into a separate school
district.
SSec. 8. That all Acts and parts of
Acts inconsistent with any of the pro
vsions of this Act be, and the same is
hereby repealed.
A staamer Lost.
.ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., Ja. 22.
The stetamer Audes, Capt~ain Willams,
which went ashore at 1:30 o'clock this
mornin;; off Little Beachi, will probably
be a total loss, as The uo-v lies in hut
about fiteen iee' ol vatr wisi the sea
poundlig her heavity. Ta:- elaus's to
dher getting off are decidecy poo mc. The~
vesel is laden with a valucb> cueo ot
coffee, bananas and (:adg~. and was
bound from Costa Rica to New York.
A crew of forty men iu addoison to the
catain and otli.ers arc on b:ad, an~d
will cemain until nil chances ior her be
i g saved are exhausteJ. The to pas
e 5iaers who were on board, wcre this
smorning taken cif by the life saving
FAVORS . BIG PRIMARY
GOVERNOR TILLMAN ON THE POLITI
CAL SITUATION.
Ho Sanit Let All the Gobernatorial Candf
'tates Go Before the People-Thinks a
C.anvontton lt-Timed-The Purpose of
lf V:slt to Washington.
COLMMA,S. C., January 25.-Gov
ernor Tiliman returned to the city yes
terday from Washington and, in view
of the fact that all eyes in the State
have been turned in that direction of
late by reas-n of the dispatches and
letters from Senator Irby and others,
which have been sent from there, there
is a deep interest felt in the State as to
the otject and result of his visit.
The reporters swarmed around the
Executive Mansion as soon as they
learned that Governor Tillman had
reached the city, and his Excellency
submitted to an interview with as
good grace as possible.
"In. the first place," said he, "I de3ire
to state that my visit to Washington
bad nothing to do with the prevalent
discussion on the subject of a conven
tion. I had intended to go to that city
before the Legislature met and have
been arranging my business with a
view to that visia. I desire, and took
occasion while there, to investigate the
delay in refunding the interest and
penalties on the direct tax because I
telt that now, if ever, when our peo
ple along the coast are so destitute,
they should have the beneft of this
pittance in their distress.
"Another purpose of my visit was to
appear before the Judiciary Commit
tee of the House in support of legisla
tion looking to relist from the usurpa
tion of the United States Judges in
the matter of receiverships, taxes on
railroads, &c. I also had a pleasant
conference with the Commissioner of
Internal Revenue, Mr. Miller, with a
view to explaining the situation ia the
State among the small distillers and
I made an effort to enlist the support
of -the Commissioner in a project I
have for establishing a bonded ware
house at Columbia where all of the
small distillers could store their liquor
after purchase by the State so that we
could age it before entering into con
sumption and before paying the tax on
it. I directed the attention ot the Com
missioner to this matter with the hope
of having him Riven authdrity by Con
gress to do this, (for he does not pos
sess it now as I am informed) and he
took very ki,ndly to the idea, especial
ly when I assured him that if we could
dnd steady and quick sale for all the
liquor that is made in the State, it
would largely increase the revenue of
the National government."
"But, Governor, what about South
Carolina politics?"
"Well, as the impression has gone
abroad from our enemies that- I went
there solely with a view to have a con
ference with Senator Irby and our
members on this all absorbing topic, I
will be very frank with you. In the
first place, speaking for myself and for
all of those who represent us in Wash
ington and who participated in the
conference, we desire it to be distinctly
understood that we do not assume to
dc more than give expression to our
views and offer advice to the people
whom we represent as to the best
course to pursue. I found that there
has been a desperate effort by our ene
mines to sow seeds of discord among the
leaders of the Reform Movement both
here and in Washington. Those of us
who were present- in the conference
that was held, after a full discussion of
existing conditions and consideration
of the question in all Its bearings, ar
rived at the conclusion that the agita
tion for an early convention and the
calling of one are unwise."
"But, Governor, I thought it was un
derstood that you favored a conven
tion?"
"No; there you are mistaken. I have
given the matter serious thought and
have always doubted the propriety and
wisdom of a convention. There are
strong arguments in its favor looking
from a certain standpoint, but there
are stronaer arguments against it when
we consider the situation as a whole.
I dislike to discuss this question in any
spirit other than from a disinterested
and impartial standpoint, and my on
ly excuse to the people for obtruding
my opinion upon them (and I will say
here that it is the opinion, after delib
eration among all of our friends in
Washington) is that I, as the acknow
ledged leader and exponent of the Re
frni Movement, could with more pro
prity assume to advise the people than
any other one man. It the first place,
it must be remembered that the funda
mental princinle underlying the Farm
ers' Move ment in South.-Carolina and
the issue I made more prominent than
any other in the campaign of 1890, was
the demand for a primary election at
which each and every voter would
have the opportunity of voicing his
own wishes as to those who should be
put in olfl:e; and we went so far in that
direction as to incorporate in the
March platform the demand for such
primary and a joint canvass by those
who sought the suifrages of the people.
I consider that that issue alone was
prmount in the minds of the people
i the anmmity with which they ral
lied to my support and that all others
were of minor importance.
"Now this demand for a convention
among Reformers arises from a desire
-an honest one, I am ready to admit
on the part of many, to prevent wrang
l1g in our own ranks and to concen*
rate our forces in support of some
one candidate. But what then becomes
of the grand principles of a free, fair,
open fight before the people and dis
cussion by the candidates if such con
vention be held? inl 1890, after being
defeated in the campaigns of '86 and
'8 by reason of our disorganized con
aition, the Reform Democrats decided
to meet in convention, in order to pit
organization against organization and
to force a discussion of the issues be'
cause nearly all the newspapers werE
against us. The ring at that time had
fuli possession of allthe party machim
ery. They were entrenched in thE
State House, and it was felt necessary
to formulate a platform and put fortt
exponents of the principles declared is
that platform to canvass the State and
to arouse the people to carry those
principles to victory. The conditionE
re entirely changed now. The Reform
ers are in absolute possession of the
go vernment, both in State and county
except in half a dozen counties. WE
have the entire party machinery in om
l'ssession and'if we hold a conventlos
without a campaign in which all thE
anidates shall have a hearing, wt
stultify ourselves, forestall the will ol
te people, assume to dictate who shall
e the candidates for the offices and, it
truth, such a convention would be it
the lhght of facts a convention of Re
formrs against IReformers. The ma
chame which we fought in 18903 is dead
it no longer exists."
"Well, Governor, what about the ar
gument in favor of a convention ?"
"There is only one argument, and
that is this: With say half a dozer
men, prominent in the Reform Move
ment, and allied with it, all runninng
.possible for our opponents to give
their strength to some one of those
who would be 'least objectionable and
most inclined to trade with them or
make concessions if elected; and there
by the Conservatives in some of the
counties, and possibly in the State con
vention, might hold the .jalance of
power. This is the only argument that
has ever presented itself to me, and I
think it is the only one to any one; but
I think the people are sufficlently edu
cated and can be relied upon to watch
the words and remember the records
of the various candidates so as to
choose wisely who shall be Governor
and who shall fill the other offices."
"On the other hand, if we hold a
convention the trouble is that a large
consingent of our people, a majority
probably, would take no hand in it, for
it is'very early, and there are no signs
of any perturbation among the masses,
although there is a vast deal of effer
vescing in the minds of those who want
to get office. In due time, atter the
crops are laid by or at least after they
are well under way, the issues of the
coming campaign, which I take to be
the Dispensary law and the holding of
a constitutional convention, will be
thoroughly discussed by Reformers
and antis; and the people will no doubt
elect such men as will carry out their
wishes."
"If after four years discussion and
agitation and another canvass our peo
ple shall not have bacome sufficiently
educated to make a wise selection and
see that only good men are put on guard
I fail to see how the holding of a con
vention and forestalling their action
will better our condition. The danger
of some weak men, who are lacking in
backbone and nerve to continue and
perfect the reforms which have been
inaugurated during my incumbency,
being elected is as nothing compared
to the danger of the people feeling that
they have been betrayed and that office
is the paramount object rather than
the welfare of the commonwealth."
1To return to the convention system
after proclaiming our belief in the abil
ty and right of the people to govern
themselves, is-like a dog returning to
his vomit, and I would be ashamed to
go on the stump as the nominee of
such a convention. Let the men who
desire to rule South Carolina win their
spurs, as I won mine, by open discus
sion and a fair fight, and all will be
well. Let any self-constituted leaders
undertake to call a convention and
nominate a ticket and the order to the
army of Reformers to advance will on
ly be obeyed by a small contingent.
Demoralization and recrimination will
surely follow and, while the30,000 Con
servatives are ranged in serried. pha
laux, moving as one man, the Reform
forces. will be scattered and divided.
If we cannot trust the people, they
should not trust us; and, if my advice
has any weight, they will absolutely
refuse to countenance any attempt to
cheat them of the right of seeing the
aspirants for office face to fac3 and
judging them on their merits.
"Ido not wish to say more and in
justice to myself and those who have
trusted me I cannot say less. Of course
if the people want to hold a convention
it is their right and they will do so any
way. No one can object, least of all
the candidates."
Tillman and Irby.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22.-Elitor Wil
liams of the Greenville News, who,
this afternoon, had a conversation
with Senator Irby on a personal matter,
is authority for the statement that the
Senator declares positiiely that he and
Governor Tillman today had-a confer
ence of four hours, came to a full un
derstanding, and will work together in
the coming campaign. Senator Irby
says he will do all he can to defeat
Bowden's attempt to prostitute the
Reformers' organization to the uses of
the Third party. Editor Williams says
that the Senator declared emphatically
that he believes there is a plot to com
mit the Reformers to the Third party
by resolution if a March convention
shall be-held. This differs much'from
the story of others of the Reform fac
tion, who were jabilant this morning
in their evident belief that Tillman is
with them and will force Irby into line
or throw him overboard. They claim,
however, to have told Tillman that he
must come in or stand back. So fir
as can be gathered here, the arrival of
the Governor, instead of pacificating
or solidifying the warring factions, has
divided them, and they seem to be
farther apart than ever.-State.
Janl Delivery.
AUGUsTA, Ga., Jan. 24.-A special
to the Chronicle from Thomson, Gi.,
says: Sheriff Hawes was knocked
senseless while feeding the prisoners
this evening, and six negroes made
their escape. The weapon used by his
assailant was a two by four inch scant
ling. The blow was a powerful one
and cut a gash in the sheriff's head
some five inches long and knocked him
down a stairway about ten feet. -He
was apparently dead, and the prison
ers tooIk his pistol and keys and all
walked out, shutting the jail door but
falling to lock it. The crime was dis
covered very shortly afterwards and
the .whole town is wild with excite
menit. The sheriff's skvll is badly
fractured and his condition is critical.
A posse was immediately organized
and three of the negroes were caug'it.
It Is probable that the other three will
also be captured. Sheriff Hawes says
Jim Kendrick struck him the blow,
but Wash Kendrick and George Green
say Bob Harris did the work. These
are the three negroes captured. If thE
sheriff dies, there is probability of a
lynching.________
Excellent R easons f or a Veto.
WAsHmNGTON, Jun. 20.-The J:'resi
dent today sent to the House his veto
of the bill recently passed authorizing
the erection of a bridge over Hudson
river at the upper part of iew York
city. The reasons assigned are that
the bill does not prohibit the construc
tion of piers in the river; that the comn
merce of the river should not be inter
fered with by the erection ot bridges;
that expert engineer opinion agrees
that the river at the point fixed for the
crossing of the bridge can be spanned
by a single span;'that in the bill of the
New York Legislature chartering the
company the erection of piers is pro
hibited; that the bill permits the bridgE
company to charge an undue amount
for the transportation of mai-ls, andc
that a charter for a similar straurtu:
has already been granted by Congress
to another company by an act whict
requires tne construetion of a singl
span bridge.
-Important Explanation.
WAsmUYGTox. Jan. 20.-"There is
misconception regarding the incoma
tax," said Tarsney (Dem.) of Missour
this morning. "The bill exempts a]
incomes of $4,000 and less. In othe:
words, a man who has an annual in
come of $4,000 pays no tax. A mai
with an annual income of $4,100 psys
2 per cent. tax on $100, whicn is the ex
cess above $4,000. A mnember of Con
gress fer example is taxed 2 per cent
on $1,000, the other $4,000 of his incomt
being exemoted by the law. It is wel
that the public should understand this
for the impression seems to be genera
that where one's income exceeds $1,00(
one is taxed on the full amount whict
X FORECASr.
THIS THE LAST WEEK OF DEBATE ON
THE TARIFF Bi.L.
The Fina. Vote Next Monday-Democrats
and Popallats WiLn Support it Solidl:-.
The Sugar and Coal Discussion.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 21.-The same
topics which were before Congress last
week will continue to engage its atten.
tion during all of this week-in the
House the tariff bill and in the Senate
the bill to repeal the federal election
lar is.
There is one person, at least, who
hails with delight the approach o the
end of the tanff debate in the House
and who enters upon this
week's 'work with renewed zest for
the reason that it is the last to be de
voted to the pending measure. That
person is Representative W. L. Wilson,
chairman of the committee on ways and
means, and therefore responsible for the
progress of the bill through the HoUse
His has been a most prodigious labor.
Not only has the burden of the parlia
mentary struggle on the fdoor been borne
by him in the largest measure, buitthe
demands made by anxious representa
tives of this or that interest for changee
in the schedules of. the bill have en
grossed his time and attention in and out
of the committee room, both before and
since the measure was reported to the
House, so that by neither day nor night
has he had an hour for months that he
could call his own.
The drafts upon Mr. Wilson's mental
and physical powers have been such
that many a man of more ragged phy
sique would have succumbed to the
strain. Taus far however, he has b3aen
able to respond to every call, save in a
lew Instances last week, when he was
unable to meet his committee associates
at their night sessions, being completely
exhausted. One night he suffered from
a slight hemorrhage, out Its ill effects
were speedily overcome. At the con
clusion of the debate, and when the bill
has passed the House, Mr. Wilson will
doubtless seek needed rest and recupera
tijn.
There is every indication that when
the bill comes to a vote on the 29th inst.
it will receiva the support of every
Democratic and populist member, with
possibly, at the outside, half a dozen ex
ceptions.
In i he Senate there will ba a slight
relaxation of the programme in order
to permit of the delivery of a speech on
the subject of our Hawaiian relations'
by Senator Cullom of Illinois. He is
expected to talk Monday or Tuesday.
The discussion-of this subject may take
an interesting turn and trench even
more upon the time set apart - for the
consideration of tleelec'ion law repeal,
if some of the Republican Senators re
alize their expectation that the Turpie
resolution, declaring against foreign in
tervention in Hawaii or a concurrent
resolution recognizing by legislative act
the provisional government of Hawaii,
'will be pressed to the front. Except
by unanimous consent, however, the
discussion of Hawaiian affairs must be
confined to thu morning hour of the
week and the regular topic for debate
will be the elections bill. Speeches on
this bill will be niade by Senators Hig
gins of Delaware, Hawley of Coariecti
cut, Lodge of Massachusetts, Frye of
Maine, while Senators Hoar and Chand
ler stand ready to participate in the de
bate at.any. mo-nent, if nessary. A vote
is not expected this week.
A Faal Fight.
LAURENS, S. C., Jan. 22.-At Mad
dens Station, on the Port Royal and .
Western Carolina Railroad, just after
sunrise this morning, two white farm
ers, Matthew Cunningham and Wilson -
Boyd, fought, and Boyd was fatally.
wounded. The affair occurred in the
engine room of a gin hrouse and only
the two men were present. The quarrel
is said to have arisen because Canning
ham refused to allow a negro in -his
employ to shoe some horsas for Boyd.
Persons outside say that the men were
heard talking, that Cunningham said,
"Go away, I don't want to have any dif
ficulty with you," and later,. "I am not
bluffing you." Then they heard a blow
and going into the room found Boyd
down and bleeding at the nose and
mouth. A piece of a hoe handle was
lying by with blood and hair on It, and
it is presumed that the blow was struck
with it. Cunningham left the scene of
the trouble at once. Boyd was about
fifty years old and Cunningham is
about ten years his senior. Boyd died
at 4 o'clock p. m. The sher iff has gone
to arrest Cunningham, who it is sup
posed will surrender.--State
Elli's Boom.
CmeCAGO, Jan. 20.-A call will be
published to-day for a meeting at
wbich will be organized the Senatpr
Hill1Democratic Association of Chica
go. In the organization of thie associa
tion there will commence, it is claimed,
a mighty movement to secure for Dav
id B. Hill the Presidential nomination
as Grover Cleveland's successor. It is
said by persons interested that already
over 1,000 Chicago DemocrL , more or
less prominent, have agreed to~ assist in
the movement. S. D.KXeough, a local
politician is greatly interested In the
Hill boom. "The movement has been
quietly agitated since the last Presi
aential election," said Mr. Keough.'
"We intend to run Mr. Hill for the -
Presidency on the broad platform that
he is a Democrat. The movement will
also be an offset to the work the Re
publicans are doing in the WVest in Mr.
Harrison's behali. The matter has
been taken vup in the East and graat in
terest has been manifested there. In
the West wie intend to push it until
there is a thorough organization to
pusti Mr. Hill's candidacy for the Pres
idency."
Eeeist Arrest.
MARION, S. C., Jan:.21.-W. G. Davis
chief of police of this town, was shot
in the breast last night by one of two
negroes, Wess Green and Jack Evans
pwho were evading arrest for cotton
stealing. The two negroes were spotted
insa vacant house four miles from town
and the sheriff, with his posse, of whom
IMr. Davis was one, surrounded the
house and ordered the negroes to sur
rend~er, whereupon the negroes began
tiring through the crevices in the door.
The posse returned the fire, but so far
as known without effect. 'The negroes
escaped. Mr. Davis' wound is not dan
gerous.-State.
Drowned,
CH A RLSTON, S. C., Jan. 24.-A boat
eomtaining six white men left Sullivan's
Island on Monday last *for the life
navinEs station on Morris Island. To
day the bodies Of two of them were
found on the shore of Morris Island.
One of themi, H. R. Camipson, is a mem
ier of the lhfe saying crew of Morris
Island. The other, named Fred Mille,
.vas a resident of Suluvan Island. The
otner f our men are missing and are sup
posedi to be drowned. Nothing is known

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