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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, May 31, 1899, Image 1

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vO0L. X v. M1ANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 31% 1899.6O.5
The Past Six Months Marked by
Marine Disasters.
It Will Be Seen that a Great
Deal of Property and
Many Lives Were
While ocean travel to-day is sur
rounded with all the safeguards that in
genuity can devise, and men of the best
judgment and experience are placed in
charge of vessels. news of great marine
disasters is constantly being reported.
Boston has been almost a storm
centre during the past winter and the
losses in marine circles reach high into
the millions, while the losses of life are
appalling large. Fishing vessels and
smaller craft are almost daily lost, and
the aggreate is large, and the losses of
steamship; and large occean liners,
while infrequent, are occurring too of
ten to be carelessly disregarded by those
who follow the sea or have friends who
are on the vasty deep.
The news of the disaster to the Paris
near Falmouth, Eng, is ancther cause
of apprehension.
The following is a list of the digas
ters among the larger vessels occurring
during the past six months. This list
may not be complete, but it includes
enough vessels to show the enormous
losses of life and property.
The November storm was the cause of
many marine losses. One of the ves
sels that was never heard from after
passing Highland light, November 29,
was the steamer Pentagoet. She was
managed by the Manhattan Company of
New York and was captained by Orris
R. Ingraham. She carried a crew of 1S
officers and men. All were lost and the
wreck has never be-en located.
The most disastrous loss of the Novem
ber storm was the steamer Portland.
She carried on board about 200 people
and everyone perished.
There were 155 or more wrecks in
the great storm of November. Many
of them were afterward reparied, but
the majority went to the battom to stay
The Londonian, one of the Furness
Line steamers, was abandoned at sea,
November 29 she was sighted by a craft
and was in a 4inking condition. All
her crew, except one escaped. The
vessel and cargo were lost.
There were several steamships lost
just previous to the big storm. The
Clyde steamship Croaton burst into
flames while on her trip from New York
to Wilmington, N. C., November 5,
and of the 27 persons who sailed in her
five were drowned. The vessel was
totally destroyed.
The British ship Atlanta, Capt.
Charles McBride, pling frc.m Tacoma
to Cape Town. was lost 16 miles south
of Yaquima Boy, Oregon, November
20. There were 23 lives lost, including
all the officers of the ship.
The Johnson Line steamer Rossmore,
loaded with salt and china clay, was
abandoned in midocan February 6.
The Dutch oil tank steamer Rotterdam
and the Brittish steamer Trojan res
cued forty-two lives. The vessel went
to the bottom.
The Dominion Line royal mail stea
mer Labrador was lost on the south
coast of Ireland March 1. The passen
gers and crew escaped safely.
The French steamer Dugueselin and
eleven of her crew were lost off Trevose
Head January 5. She collided with
the Rosshire. One man from the Ros
shirer was also drowned. The survi
vors were picked up by the Norwegian
steamer Fram and transferred to a pilot
boat, which took them to Falmnouth.
The British steamer Oswestry, Capt.
Wilson, stranded, a total wreck, March
12, near Crookheaven, Ireland. The
crew was saved by the bravery of the
people along shore.
The steamer Castilian, of the Allan
Line, was totally wrecked on Gannet
Ledge March 11. No lives were lost.
OThe steamer Caratina, which sailed
from Barcolona March S for Havana,
went ashore at Valencia March 13. Her
passengars and crew were safely landed.
January 16 the British ship An lelina,
Cart. G. W. Stailing, was lost in heavy
winds near the St. Paul and Tacoma
Lumber Company's dock, Tacoma,
A severe storm visited the English
coast October 18 and nine lives were
lost. The bark Frivold, the Augvald
and schooner Wilheim went down.
In the Orient on the same date disas
trous typhoons; sand storms and floods
casda fearful loss of life. In Japan
2,000.people were drowned and 250
towns were flooded. The American
bark Comet was abandoned by her crew
and was lost.I
T'he Merchants' and Miners Liie
steamer William Lawrence was wrecked
in a gale off Port Royal, S. C., Februa
ary 12.
The Moravia, Capt. Jorgensen, sail
ed from-Hamburg for Boston, was lost
February 1'3 on Sable Island bar. Her
passengers and part of her cargo were
saved by the steamer Aberdeen. The
second mate lost his life.
The steamer Ravenia, Cunard Line,
was totalty disabled at sea near the
Azores about two months ago, but after
a trying experience she was brought
safely to Liv~erpool witbout the loss of
any lives.
The boiler of the steamer iR >wena
Lee, plying on the Mississippi, with 31
passengers and crew, exploded opposite
Tyler, Mo., March 29. Capt. George
Carvell and one member of the crew
were the only ones saved.
The British steamer Stello was wreck
ed in the English Channel March 30.
She foundered on the dreaded Casquet
rocks near the island of Aldernay in a
fog. Passengers and crew to the nuna
ber of sixty were lost, but about 150
escaped in life boats.
The steamer Chilkat, with six pas
sengers and a crew of thirteen, capsiz
ed on tne bar April 4 in San Francisco
harbor. Nine persons escaped, but the
other ten were lost.
The steamship Norseman, of the War
ren Line, bound from Livorpool to Bas
ton, struck on the rocks off Marblehead
March 29. The vessel was b.adly dam
aged, but was taken off and repairad at
What the Department of Agriculture
Says About Them.
The United States department of ag
riculture, climate and erop bulletin of
the weather bureau, South Carolina
section, has just issued the following
weekly crop bulletin for the week end
ing Tuesday, through Director Bauer.
of the Columbia station:
The week ending May 22 averaged
nearly S degrees per day warmer than
usual, with an absolute range of tem
perature between a maximum of 90 and
a minimum of 47 degrees.
The rainfall for the week eame in the
form of scattered showers on the 18th,
with no rain over a large portion of the
State, and generally very light except
in portions of Yck County, where a
heavy shower oocurred. Showery con
ditions prevailel at the close of the
week over the entire State, with heavy
rains in some of the western counties.
that will partially relieve the existing
The dry weather was favorable for
cultivation, and crops are generally free
from grass and weeds. In places the
ground is too hard to work.
Late planted corn is coming up slow
ly, stands ar irregular and damaged in
localities by worms; bottom lands are
being planted where the soil is fit to
Cotton that is up has not been hurt
by the drought. but late planted cotton
is not coming up well; considerable re
mains to be planted as soon as the lands
can be prepared. Stands are generally
full and healthy, but small. Sea island
cottou is in very good condition.
Wheat is heading low and ripening
prematurely in places, oa account of the
drought, and in places the yield will be
but half an average crop.
Oats have been severely damaged by
the lack of moisture when heading, and
spring sown oats are reported a partial
or complete failure; fall sown oats will
also make a poor crop. Harvesting has
Tobacco needs rain both to maintain
stands and to finish transplanting; bugs
and grasshoppers have injured the
plants in a number of counties.
Rice is generally doing well, and pre
arations are well advanced for late or
June plantings.
Few sweet potato slips have been set
out. Irish potatoes need rain, and
Colorado beetles are very destructive.
Cane and relons are doing well. Past
ures and gardens are failing. Fruit
continues to drop, with indications of a
light crop except for apples. Truck
needs rain, although shipments of sea
sonable vegetables are heavy.
Information Wanted.
Gov. Ellerbe has received the follow
ing letter from Mr. Thomas S. Hast
ings, 27th west Forty-sixth street,
New York city:
Dear Sir: At the battle of Meade's
station, March 25, 1S65, G. W. Strait,
Co. A., Twelfth (or Seventeenth South
Carolina volunteers, Wallace's Bri
gade, Johnson's division, was mortally
wounded and died while I was there
preaching temporarily in the army of
the north. I did not see him, but
some one gave me a New Testament,
(the gift of his sister. S. B. Strait),
which was found in his pocket. Of
course at that time I could not send the
book to his family. All these years it
bas been hidden and forgotton, but the
other day I found it among some relics.
I feel that I ought not to keep it, but I
am utterly at a loss as to how I can
reach any survivor of his family. If
you, sir, can give the matter in charge
of some veteran of Strait's company or
reiment, I will gladly send the volume
by mail, for it might be to some one a
valued memorial. Pardon me for
troubling you with so small a matter.
My address for the summer is Oceanic,
New Jersey.
Old Age Weds Old Age.
The Rev. E. M. Merritt writing from
Bayboro in this week's issue of the
Southern Christian Advocate, tells of a
marriage that is considerably out of
the ordinary. He says: "A very inter
esting and unusual marriage occurred
in our community on Monday evening,
the 15th of May. Mr. Bethel Long of
Columbus county, N. C.. and Mrs. H-ar
riette L. Strickland of Horry county,
S. C., were united together by this
writer in the holy bonds of wedlock.
The groom is 75 years of age and the
bride is 633 years old. They had never
seen each others' faces until they met
to have the ceremony performed. Their
courtship was brief and was conducted
by the friends of both parties in differ
et States. They seem to be well
pleased with each other. Both are
well-to-do. It is hoped that this union
will enhance the happiness of both dur
ing their declining years."
Schley is the Hero.
A dispatch from Washington to the
Atlanta Journal says nothing could
better illustrate the estimate put on
Admiral Sampson than the decorations
here during the present peace jubilee.
While likenesses of the president and
Weeler, Lee and Dewey are in abund
ane, that of Admiral Schley is over
every other building on Pennsylvania
avenue. It is a noticeable fact, and
one commented on in the papers here,
that the face of Sampson is not seen
througout the length of Pennsylvania
avenue. His name is on rnone of the
banners, while those of Hobson, Wheel
er, Dewey, Otis and Schley are every
where, and cheered lustily everywhere.
This omission is especially significant
when it is remembered that most of
Sampson's life has been spent in Wash
ington. and that he calls it home.
A Lynching in Mexico.
There was great excitement at San
iolo. Mexico, on Wednesday over the
lynching of seven Negro laborers of the
Mexican Central railroad. Jose Santo
a Spanish Negro. attempted to assault
the wife of Senor Duply, a ranch owner,
and, escaping from the plantation, was
tracked by bloodhounds, and, in com
pany with nine others, was captured in
a hut on the river bank opposite Eagle
Pass. The regulators did not attempt
to prove the guilt of any of the Negroes,
but hung three of them and shot four
more who were attempting to escape.
The officials are swearing in deputies,
as race trouble is treatencd in the
Negro quarter. Pour of the Negroes
killed are Americans, and all have
served sentences in the Texas peniten
I A Great Gathering of Anti-Monop
olists in St. Louis.
Bryan Says the Fight Against
Oppression of Trusts is Hand
and Hand With Fight
for Free Silver.
A bi--,, Democratic Anti-Trust ban
quet was held at St. Louis, Mo., Thurs
day night. Promptly at 6:45 the cater
er's direction bell rang, the band struck
up "The Stars and Stripes forever," an
army of waters ladened with viands ap
peared, and the banquet was on, while
the 1,445 banqueters seated at the
tables broke into a tremendous cheer,
rising in a body and waving the small
hand flags that had been provided at
each cover. The table of honor was
placed on a raised platform at the
north side of the arena and at it were
seated Hon. W. J. Bryan, ex-Governor
John P. Altgeld, 0. H1. P. Belmont,
1. C. Whetmore, Harry B. Hawes,
president of the Jefferson club, under
whose auspices the dinner was given,
Hon. Champ Clark, lion. David A. De
Armond a number of other prominent
Democrats. The Coliseum was deco
rated throughout with flags and in the
centre of these was fixed a large silver
The dinner was concluded at 8
o'clock. It was strictly a love feast.
By the time the tables were cleared the
5.000 seats of the amphitheatre were
filled with spectators representing the
society of St. Louis and the speaking
began. The first speaker of the even
ing was Harry B. Hawes, president of
the Jefferson club, who delivered the
address of welcome. Mr. Hawes said,
in part:
"It was not intended that this din
ner should be merely the means of af
fordn entertainment, but it was be
lieved by its promoters that the serious
discussions to be held tonight will be
the crystalizing public sentiment
against the encroachment upon the lib
erties of the people of the giant monopo
lies and trusts. It is not sought or de
sired to push to the back-ground the
vital issues of 1896, nor to lessen in
any particular the fight to be made upon
the greatest of all trusts, the money
trust, which, greater than all, is more
dangerous than all, and by its existence
renders possible many combinations of
wealth, that, without it, could not sur
vive. The battle line must be drawn
sharp and clear with Democracy on one
hand and the trusts and the monopolies
on the other."
President Hawes was followed by
iHon. Champ Clark of Missouri, who
presented the State and district banners
in the name of the State committee.
Mr. Clark was greeted with a tremen
dous ovation.
"Trusts are Democracy," occupied
Col. M. C. Wetmore of St. Louis but
a few minutes. His remarks were
greeted with cheers.
He was followed by Hon. David E.
DeArmond of Missouri, who spoke upon
"trusts and its parents."
The applause which met Mr. Bryan
was of the most flattering description.
The cheers drowned the music which
struck up "Hold the Fort," as he ad
vanced to the front of the rostrum.
MIr. Bryan spoke as follows:
"An actor who visited Nebraska re
cently, upon learning from a Republi
can that confidence had been restored,
remarked that he had examined Web
ster's dictionary to learn what 'confi
dence' meant and found confidence de
fined as 'trust,' and then he understood
that confidence had been really restored.
"More trusts have been formed dur
ing the last two years than existed .at
the beginning of the present adminis
tration, and the nominal capitalization
of trusts now in existence approaches,
'if it does not equal in amount the
world's total supply of gold and silver.
"The influence of these trusts has
become so enormous that the people,
without respect to party, are asking
themselves how the evil can be reme
"The purpose of the trusts is to con
trol the product of some article of mer
chandise. and the methods employed
are, first, the union of all individual
factories under one management or in
one corporation, and, second, tne crush
ing sut of new rivals. A monopoly,
when once complete, not only dictates
terms to those who buy the product,
but it also dictates terms to those who
sell the raw material and to those who
furnish the labor. If the trusts are
peritted to continue we shall find an
industrial aristocracy growing up in the
United States which will prove as de
structive of our ideals as a landed aris
tocracy would.
"The principle of monopoly is incom
patible with our institutions. Man's
necessities compel him to become a
purchaser, and where there is but one
seller the purchaser is completely at
the mercy of the seller. Where there
is competition between producers, the
purchasers is sure to obtain what he
wants at a reasonable price. When
competion is eliminated the price is
controlled not by reason, but by the
greed of the one who possesses the
It has been said that the power to
tax is a power to destroy. A monopoly
possesses the power to tax: it can levy
such assessments as it will upon the
purchaser, and we can no more afford
to permit such a power to be exercised
by private individuals than we cou'd
afford to authorize private individuals
to use the machinery of taxation in
order to enrich himself at the expense
of his fellows.
-One of the difliculties which has
been encountered in opposing trusts is
that the trusts hides behind the federal
constitution when attacked by State
legislation. and shields itself behind
its State charter when altacked in the
federal courts. No remedy will be
complete that is not co-extensive with
Ithe federal goveinment. if the extin
guishment of the trusts is left to State
legislation the public at large will be
victimized as long as a single State will
spoils collected in other States can be
"Just now people are startled by the
principle of monopoly as it manifests
itself in the industrial trust, and well
may they be startled. The principle,
however, is the same as that which
manifebts itself in the effort of the
national bankers that eecure a monopo
ly of the issue of paper money.
"The greenback is a rival of the bank
note and its presence is a constant me
nace to the banks of issue. Some who
recognize the evils that flow from a
soap trust seen indifferent to the dan
gers that attend the formation of a pa
per money trust.
"The principle of monopoly not only
lies at the foundation of the attempt to
destroy the greenbacks, but it is the
controlling principle that underlies the
crusade against silver as a standard
money. Between 1850 and 1860, when
the production of gold was increasing
and the production of silver was small,
three nations demonetized gold and
gave to silver a monopoly of mint privi
leges. Early in the '70's the financiers
became alarmed at the increase in the
production of silver as a standard mon -
ey and cave a monopoly to gold. the
production of which at that time was
stationary. The standard money trust
is not only the parent trust. but is in
the hands of foreigners.
The Republican party is impotent to
destroy the trusts. It is controlled by
those who are interested in trusts, and
its campaign funds and si::ews of war
are supplied by the trusts. The poli
cies for which it now stands disregard
the interests of the producers of wealth
and give the money a consideration
which is denied to the individual.
"Abraham Linecln, in the very be
ginring of his presidential career,
warned the country against the threat
ened attempt to put capital above labor
in the stucture of the government.
Modern Republicanism is fulfilling the
prophecy made by Lincoln, it is putting
the dollor above the man.
"The Democratic party is opposed to
the principle of monopoly whereever it
manifests itself. It has declared war
on the trusts. Not a little trust only
but big trust as well. Not against one
kind of trust only but against all
0. IL P. Belmont of New York de
clared for Bryan for president and vig
orously attacked trusts.
Former Gov. Altgeld of Illinois con
cluded the speaking.
An overflow meeting was addressed
by Mr. Bryan and others.
Three White Men Lynched.
Three white men, James Humphreys
and his two sons, were lynched Thurs
day night near the village of Aley, in
Henderson county, Texas. Several
months ago Constable Melton of the
Aley precinct, was murdered and the
murderer esoaped, it is said. through
the assistance of the Humphreys.
Thursday night a mob of 13 masked
men appeared at the Humphreys home
stead and called the father and two sons
out. They permitted them to see the
women of the family, whom they in
formed in a spirit of charity that the
men were to be taken to Malakoff, a
few miles distant, before a justice of
the peace, and perhaps to the county
jail at Athens. The bodies of the
three men were found hanging from the
limb of aq oak tree, three miles from
the Humphreys farm.
A Sad Drowning.
Mr. Peb Hall and a Miss Radford
were drowned Wednesday in the Big
Ohoopee near Lovett, Ga. The young
couple, with many others, were picnic
ing on the banks of the stream at Snelle
Bridge and it was while they were out
boat riding that the boat suddenly be
came unbalanced, throwing both par
ties into the stream. They cried for
assistance from those who stood upon
the banks not far away, but before they
could reach the drowning couple they
had sank to the bottom of the strea m
dead. Their bodies were fished out
late Wednesday afternoon, swollen out
of shape. Both are young and well to do,
and their sudden death casts a gloom
over the neighborhood in which they
First Regiment's Flags.
The war department has granted the
request of the adjutant general of
South Carolina for the custody of the
flags of the First South Carolina regi
ment, United States volunteers in the
war with Spaiu. The two handsome
flags arrived from Washington yester
day and are at present in the adjutant
genera's office at the State capitol
along with those of the Second regi
ment. The flags will be properly cared
for and will probaby be placed in the
State library room where they can be
seen by visitors.
The adjutant general's office has got
teni the copies of the muster rolls of
both the regiments, and Ge2. Floyd
says he proposes to keep the record
from the start as it should be.
He Did Not Escape.
In a wild endeavor to escape from
patrolmen in Atlanta, after having
been arrested on a charge of larceny,
Ed Stevens, a negro, jumped into a
a well forty feet deep with about ten
feet of water in it Monday afternoon,
and as a result he is how stretched out
on the floor in the station house in a
most serious condition. The negro
came near drowning before he could be
pulled from the well, and had it not
been that he had presence of mind
enough to grasp the rope he would
have undoubtedly filled a watery grave
even before the officers could arrive on
the scene.
Swift Justice.
Charles Colquitt, the Negro who at
tempted to ravish Eugenia Dooley,
white, last Sunday night week at High
Shoals, was tried Thursday by Judge
Russell at W'atkinsville. Colquitt en
tered a plea of guilty and was sentenced
to a term of 20 years in the peniten
tiary. This is the maximum penalty
for unaccomplished attempt at criminal
assault upon a woman under the Geor
gia jaw.
Our War Casualties.
Adjutant General Corbin has pre
pared this statement of the number of
deaths which have occurred in the army
since the besinning of the war with
Spain: In Cuba, 1,399; in Porto Rico,
27; at Honolulu, 45; in the Philip
pines, 664; in trhe United States, 3,872
Seven Hundred Miles Built in the
Past Decade.
The Last Ten Years Has Wit
nessed Marked. and Wonder
ful Improvements in Road
Beds and Rolling
It has not been so many years ago
since the lumbering old "wood burn
ers" poured great clouds of smoke out
of their awkward looking, conical shap
ed smoke stacks. as the "cars" dragged
along over South Carolina's primitive
railway lines. The evolution of the
locomotive within the past decade has
been remarkable, but is merely an in
dication of the growth of railroads
and the railroad business in the State.
In this day of consolidation, of de
velopment, of construction, the public
is ready to forget that this new era has
not dawned in a day. The year 1899
has indeed begun auspiciously, and the
promise is that several hundred miles
of new railroads will be built in the
next few months.
However this is not a boom, a spur
ious growth, but is founded upon slow
and substantial and steady develop
ment during the past decade. And
can any section of the union have more
to be proud of than the south, when it
i5 considered how compitte, how wide
spread the ruin of the railr;ads in the
South during the war between the
During the ten years closing with
1898, many miles of new roads had been
constructed in this State. This asser
tion is verified by reference to the re
ports of the railroad commission for
the years 1888 and 1898 respectively.
The statistics for the former year
show the following to have been the
mileage for that year: -
Name of Road. Miles.
Asheville and Spartanburg. .24 25
Ashley River road.............. 4.
Atlanta and Charlotte .......125
Barnwell railway.. ..........9
Bishopyille railroad......... 22.5
Blackville, Alston and Newberry 24.
Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley... 14 7
Central of South Carolina.... ... 40
Three C's.. .............. 44.5
Charleston and Savannah....... 90.5
Charlotte, Columbia and Au
gusta............ .....178.8
Cheraw and Chester......... 28 6
Cheraw and Darlington....*..'..40.
Cheraw and Salisbury......... 11.
Chester and Lenoir.... ...... 37.
Columbia and Greenville ....... 199.
Eutawville railroad.. .. .. .. .. 35.
Florence railroad ........... 17.5
Georgetown and Western.. .. ... 36.
Green Pond and Walterboro.... 12.
Laurens railway........ .. ..29 9
Northeastern.. ...........102.
Palmetto railroad............. 11.2
Port Royal and Augusta.. ....108.3
Port Royal and Western Caro
lina............. .... .. ..211.2
South Carolina railway.......245.
Spartanburg, Union and Colum
bia . ........ .. .68.
Wilmington, Chadbourne and
Conway................. 25.17
Wilmington, Columbia and Au
gusta.. .... .... .... ......124.
Total........... .... ...1913.82
The following roads were in opera
tion in South Carolina last year;
Name of Road. Miles.
Asheville and Spartanburg....91,50
Atlanta *and Charlotte Air
Blue Ridge................. 34.02
Branchville and Bowman. ...11.
Carolina and Cumberland Gap.. 24 25
Carolina Midland...........5.
Carolina and Northwestern. ..37.
Central of South Carolina...41.7
Charleston and Western Carolina319.51
Charleston and Savannah...91.60
Cheraw and Darlington.. .... ..98.77
Columbia, Newberry and Lau
rens......... ........... 0
Florence railroad.. ...... .. ..45.31
Florida Central and Peninsular..103.85
Georgia, Carolina and North
Georgetown and Western...36.
Glenn Springs............... 10.
Green Pond, Walterboro and
Hampton and Branchville ...23.
Layaster and Chester.. .... ..28 60
Manchester and Augusta....1637 54
Northeastern railroad .. ... ....103.10
Ohio River & Charleston. .. 110.02
Palmettorailroad........... .11.20
South Carolina & Georgia....240.70
Southern railway.. .... .......343.68
Wilmington. Columbia & Augus
ta......... ............152.96
Wilson and Summer ton.... ...40.70
Walterboro and Western.. ....26.30
Pickens railroad.. .... .. .... 9.
Svern and Knoxville.. ..... ..17.
Total................. 2621.32
From the above it will be seen at a
glance that railroad systems had absorb
ed a number of individual roads, but
the increase in the number of miles in
use was 707.9. The increase in the
length of side tracks was 123.71 miles.
The increase noted establishes the
fact that all through the time of finan
cial depression, South Carolina was
struggling to extend the railroad sys
tems. which are prime factors and in
the opening of valuable territory and
in the marketing of splendid resources
otherwise inaccessitile. But whilc new
lines were being built, the old were be
ing improved and now no more resemn
ble the primitive tracks of a few years
ago than the city thoroughfare resem
bles the coudtry highway.
The cumbersome hand brake, the
"stemwinder," which occupied so much
room on the platform and made travel
ing more wearisome, has been replaced
by automatic air brakes. The link and
pin couplings have given way to auto
matic arrangements. The coaches com
pared with th'ose a few years back are
like the light running buggy beside the
The road beds have been constantly
graded; trestles have been made more
secure and in many places filled in with
dirt, clay and sand of former days are
replaced by rock ballast, and the light
iron rails, which splintered and crum
bled, ave been taken up and heavy
steel rails put down to permit heavy
traffic and fast schedules.
All these changes and improvements
cost something, as will be shown by the
valuations placed upon- the roads and
equipments in the year 1888 and 1898.
In the former year the amonnt invested
was represented at $41,203,730.10 Last
year the officialfigures showed that the
railroad property in the State was valu
ed at $319.34S,711.37. Truly a magni
ficent increase.
The development of the means of
conveyance has also developed the
business of the railroads to a great de
gree, as shown by the following statis
The income from passenger traffic in
188 was $1,395,055 85. In 1898 $2.
581.06 97. This indludes the income
from the United States mail which was
$318 937.55 in 1888, and $438.328.20
in 1898; and the income from express
$132,180.48 iL 1888 and $157,254.13 in
1898, showing that the great increase
in passenger receipts during the decade
was not due to the mails or express but
to actual travel.
The total income in 1888 was $7,475.
traffic in 1888 was $2,947,54S.40 and
for through freight $1,635,398.04. The
total freight income that year was $4,
683,340.17. The freight income last
year was not classified, but the total
was $5,549,035 28. The income of the
roads from freight and passenger traffic
and from all other sources last year was
$2,089,330.04, and the total expenses
for maintenance of ways and structures
salaries, taxes, etc., $5,926.612, show
ing a net income of $2,551.293.
The total income in 1888 was $7.
475,292.02 and the expenses $5,137,
981.90, showing a net income of $2,
While the railroads are evidently
prospering, they have made great ex
penditures on the grouni work of what
is to be a great fabric of connecting and
intersecting lines, for progress begets
progress and in another decade it is safe
to predict that there will be many more
fine lines of road running into and
through the State.
The Talk in Georgia About a Pardon.
No Chance of It.
A. 0. Jackson of Weat Point, Ga.,
has sent the following interesting com
munication to The Atlanta Constitution
relative to A. R. Fowler, the armless
forger and erstwhile preacher, who, ac
cording to the Georgia newspaper, is
about to be pardoned out of the South
Carolina penitentiary. It is only neces
sary to say that at the governor's of
fice nothing is known of any impend
ing pardon for Fowler, on the contra
ry, Governor Ellerbe some time ago re
fused the petition and has announced
that he will not again consider the
Editor Constitu.ion: Referring to A.
R. Fowler, the armless preacher, in
your issues of the 21st and 22d insts.,
he is refeired to as a Methodist
preacher. This, to my personal knowl
edge, is an error. He was a Presby
terian preacher, and, inthe language of
the boys, must say he is a "slick duck."
Mr. Thorn says his company paid him
$1,666.66 for loss of one hand. Then,
Fowler must i.a:e sold the-m t o h; for
the Casualty and Fidelity company
paid him $1.750 for the loss of his
right hand. I at the time represented
the conipany locally, and wrote him the
insurance. Fowler, about this time
made a transaction with G. WV. Poer
and myself. We paid him part cash
and gave him our note, without inter
est, payable in four months. A few
days before this note became due, Fow
ler visited our city on a Monday, after
having filled the Presbyterian pulpit in
LaGrange, Ga., the Sabbath before, and
requested us to cash the note, giving us
a reasonable discount. We did so.
After receiving the money, he went
through his pockets, and failing to find
said note, said: "Gentlemen, I find I
left your note at home with my wife. I
will give you a binding receipt against
the same, and immediately on my arriv
al home will send it to you."
He being a preacher and Mason, we
at the time did not question his hones
ty. But we now do, and to the tune
of $300. Gor, instead of his sending us
the note, it was sent by a bank of
Clinton, S. C., then Fowler's home,
through a bank of our city, for colke
tion. We had some correspondence
with Fowler, which amounted to
naught. Hence there was nothing left
for us to do but pay the note again and
to the bank at Clinton, S. C., they
claiming to be innocent purchasers.
Admitting the fact he is a nuisance
to the superintendent of the peniten
tia.-y, havieg to have a valet, would it
be wise to allow him to run at large?
He has committed forgeries on his
mother-in-law and brother in-law, and
sold the notes to the leading members
of his church. I hear he writes fairly
well with his artificial hand, and is
now engaged in writing a book on his
life, "From the Pulpit to the Peniten
tiary." Why not allow him to remain
in the penitentiary and make this book
his life work, although he has to be
furnished a valet?
A. 0. Jackson.
West Point, Ga., May 22, 1899.
Tillman a Vice-President.
The executive committee of the Bos
ton anti-imperialist league Wednesday
elected, among others, the following
additional vice presidents: Senator
Donelson Caffery of Louisiana, ex-Con
gressman W. Bourke Cockran of New
York, Win. HI. Fleming of Georgia, cx
Congressman Henry E. Johnson of In
diana, President iDavid Starr Jordon of
Standford university, Prof. He-man
von Hoist of Chicago university, Sena
tor B. R. Tillman of South Carolina.
It was also resolved to promulgate the
following resolution: " That the anti
imperialist league should take immedi
ate steps to establish and encourage
close relations with all associations and
individuals throughout the country who
are opposed to the imperial policy, with
a view to organizing all the elements of
opposition to this policy for the most
effective and united political action at
the proper time."
Is it the best? Taste and see. Best
in taste, best in results. No nauseat
ing dose, but so pleasant and natural in
effects that you forget you have. taken
medicine-Life for the Liver and Kid
The Monument to Them at Winches
ter, Va., to be Unveiled.
The following circular has been is
sued from the headquarters of the
South Carolina Division United Con
federate Veterans at Charleston:
June 6th next it is proposed to un
veil the monument i o South Carolina's
dead, who peacefully slumber at Win
chester Va. The noble citizens of
Winchester extend a cordial invitation
to the veterans of South Carolina to be
present, and have offered the hospital
ity of their homes to such as can at
To extend this invitation, Cl. John
J. Williams, commanding General Tur
ner Ashby camp, No. 240, United Con
federate Veterans, - came to Charleston
at our late reunion, out unfortunately
did not have an opportunity of meeting.
the South Carolina division as a whole
but he liberally extended this welcome
to all whom he met. The division
commander regrets that circumstances
were such that he could not present this
distinguished veteran to his comrades
from South Carolina. He urges all
camps, particularly those whose com
rades lie buried at Winchester, and
whom those loving hands have thus
honored, and whose devotion to their
country is marked by this beautiful
shaft, to send delegates to the un
veiling ceremonies. The hospitable
people of Winchester will welcome
them with open arms. Such delega
tions as propose visiting Winchester on
this occasion, will please report
promptly to Col. Joh-n J. Willliams, so
that suitable quarters can be assigned
By command of
C. I. Walker.
Comdg. S. C. Div., U. C. V.
James G. Holmes,
Adjt. Gen., Chief of Staff.
Punishing a Sham Suicide.
Miles Salisbury, a resident of Nor
wich, Conn., had a tiff with his wife
and determined to play a practical joke
on her. Obtaining an ounce bottle of
carbolic acid he smeared a portion of
the poison upon his heavy growth of
whiskers, staggered into the room where
his employer was sitting, said he was
tired of life, had taken carbolic acid and
asked that his wife be informed. The
employer called two doctors by tele
phone and produced a cupful of must
ard and warm water. When Salisbury
saw the matter was being taken serious
ly he weakened and declared it was all
a joke. This his employer refused to
believe and aid was called, Salisbury
being held while the mixture was poured
down his throat. Then the two doctors
arrived, and in vain did the joker sput
ter, kick and protest. Emetics were
forced down his throat while Salisbury
fought like a tiger. At last worn out
with his struggles and protestations he
succumbed, and the doctors thinking he
was sinking put a stomach pump down
his throat and worked it vigorously.
This caused the patient to nearly faint
away and he was given heroic treatment
to revive him. At last the doctors had
time to look into Salisbury'- mouth and
found he had no poison. The physi
cians left in disgust, but it.will require
some time to restore Salisbury to his
normal condition.
An Ovation to Gen. Wheeler.
Gen. Joe Wheeler was the most con
spicuous feature of the military parade
of the Washington Peace Jubilee. He
rode in one of the handsomest carriages
in Washington, and the horses drawing
the vehicle seemed to realize that the
occupant of the carriage was worthy of
their best efforts, for as they passed
the Presidential reviewing stand they
fairly danced with the music of the
band just ahead. The crowd all along
the route of the procession gave Gen.
Wheeler a continuous ovation, and the
occupants of the President's stand, in
luding the President, gave the gallant
little officer a great demonstration.
The General, not content with lifting
his hat and bowing to the Presidential
party, arose in his carriage and re
mained standing until he had passed
the reviewing stand. This unusual
style of a military salute also caught
the crowd, and the enthusiasm contin
ued until he rolled out of sight. He was
attired in the regulation uniform of a
brigadier general in the United States
army, with side arms and sash. His
companion in the carriage was the
treasurer of the jubilee fund.
Our Cotton Mills.
The Baltimore Sun prints a dispatch
from Greenville, S. C., which affords
some interesting reading for the people
of the State: "The annual meeting
of the variouis cotton 'nills in this sec
tion are about over, and they show un
precedented profits. For instance, the
American Spinning Company, capital
$125000, shows net profits of $37,000;
the Piedmont Mills, over $125,000; the
Huguenot Mills, $63.000, and others in
like proportion. Now, while these
profits seem large, the profit for the cur
rent year 'will be much larger. The
Poe Mill, which made $24,000 for
twelve months last year, is now making
6.000 per month net. This prosperity
will add many spindles to the mills of
the South. Already the stock for a
$600,000 mill at Anderson, S. C., has
been raised. A 23,000 spindle mill
will be built at Belton, S. C. Possibly
the easiest thing in the world to do
now in thi3 section is to raise half a
million dollars to build a cotton mill.
All of them have paid good dividends,
and there is all confidence in the fu
ture, certainly so far as this year is con
A Rich Beggar.
Charles Burkowitz, a blind beggar of
New York, who for a long time has fre
giented the shopping district of the
metropolis and who was arrested the
other day for insulting a woman who re
fused to give to him, is said to be the
owner of two tene?ments, each valued at
$2,000. and to have large sums of
money in several of the savings banks
of the city.
Advertising Pays
A Missouri woman advertised for a
husband. She got one at the cost of
$9. lie afterwards enlisted and was
killed at Manila. She got $3,000 life
insurance and will get a widow's pen
sion as long as she lives. Yet some
By a Notorious Negro at Came
ron, Georgia.
The Murderer Being Hunted
Down, and the People
for Miles Around Are
Greatly Excited.
A special dispatch from Oliver Ga.
to the Atlanta Journal says Mr. Fa
Evans, of Cameron, a station on the
Central, ten miles above there, was
shot and instanly killed Wednesday af
ternoon at 2 o'clock by Sam Perry, a
notorious Negro. Mr. J. B. Proctor
was also fafally shot by the same party,
and though he is alive at2 o'clock W. -
nesday afternoon, it is not-expectedhe
will survive the day. He is now rapid
ly sinking.
The tragedy was the result of theim
putance of Perry's wife, who was curs
ing and vilely abusing the children of
Mr. Proctor during the absence of their
father, their motner being dead. The
woman was abusing "white folks" -in
general, and the insult to the little
children was most revolting.
Frank Evans, who heard the woman,
stepped up to offer resentment. As he
did so Sam Perry, the woman's hus
band, rushed out of his house with a
drawn revolver and began shooting at
Evans, cursing and abusing him all the
while in the most terrific manner.
Evans fell at the first shot and died
wtbout even a groan. At this june
ture Mr. Proctor appeared on the scene
and was shot down in his tracks, two
bullets entering his body. Proctor's
son was also shot at, but not hit.
Thomas Lee, another prominent citi
zen, who was driving in his buggy,
rushed toward the Negro and was al
shot, but not seiuously the revolver by
this time being empty.
Perry began quickly to reload his
pistol, but before he could do so Brown
Evans, a brother of one of the mur
dered men, appeared at the head of a
posse of men, crying to the top of his
"He has killed my only brother and
I will kill him if it takes me a life
The Negro ran and though shot at by
the posse, escaped to the woods. The
Negro woman had already escaped dur
ing the fusilade and excitement.
All the railroad agents were immedi
ately notified of the murder and mobs
were organized at every station to search
for the criminal.
All night the search continued and
Thursday the posse are being augment
ed from every section of the communi
ty. There, are now no less than one
hundred well-armed men looking for the
murderer, and though he has thus far
evaded capture, it is considered certain
that he will be in possession of the
mob before another day.
Squads are now stationed a mite
apart on all the public roads and cross
ings. Every boat landing along the
Savannah and Ogeechee rivers for miles
each way will be guagled, so that he
maay be confined in this scope of coun
try. The county is ablaze with excite
ment, and should he be captured he will
be lynched and probably burned, as
was Sam Hose near Newnan.
Perry's wife was captured by the mob
in the swamp near Halcyondale, and it
is not improbable that she will also be
lynched. She was trying to join her
husband when captured.
Perry is described as low and chunky,
of gingercake color, moustache and side
whiskers, and is bow-legged.. He has
been sullen and impudent to the whites
since the recent lynchings in Georgia,
and is considered a desperate Negro un
der all circumstances.
Frank Evans, who was killed was a
most estimable young man. He wasa
son of Mr. Charlie Evans and grandson
of Dr. J. F. Brown. Mr. Proctor was
60 years old and a well respected far
Try Our Plan.
The Brooklyn Eagle is alarmed at
the growth of the divorce habit at the
North and demands greater regard for
the sanctity of marriage. It says:
"Most persons do not seek divorce be
cause their marriage bonds are intoler- -
able, but because they think some other
marriage bonds will be more to their
taste." That is true, and the danger
of permitting divorce from intolerab~e
marriage bonds is that it opens the flood
gates to people who seek diyerces for
no higher reason than a desire for a
new deal of husbands and wives. In
South Carolina the flood gates are ir
revocably closed. The result is good.
Marriage is a sacred sacrament in this
state, not lightly entered into, since it
is to last until death parts.-Columbia
Gov. Ellerbs'Very Sick.
The reports that come from Gover
nor Ellerbe are not so cheering as they
were a few days ago. He has again
been compelled to take to his bed.
Since he went to Sellers he has been
sitting up a good deal, and occasionally
his physicians have permitted him to
exercise his will power and take an oc
casional ride. They have ordered him,
however, to cease these exercises.
Those who have seen him in the last
day or two say that he continues in
good spirits, notwithstanding his ex
tremely weak conditon.
Dewey in Bad Health.
A dispatch from Hong Kong says the
United States eruiser Olympia, with
Admiral Dewey on board, has arrived
from Manila. She was saluted by the
ships of all nationalities. Admiral
Dewey is in bad health, being too ill to
*ttend the Queen's birthday dinner.
The Olympia is going in dock here and
will remain ten days at this port.
A Pastor's Revenge.
As the result of a misunderstanding
with his landlord, Gottlieb Burkhart,
Rev. Albert Brachlos, who recently re
signed as pastor of the German Reform
Zion church at Cumberland, Md.,
placed a large placard in the upstaiis
window labeled ''Haunted House" and
locked a ferocious bulldog in the build
ing. The afair crated asnation.

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