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VOL. XV. M1ANNING. S. C,~ WEDNESDAY, JULY 19.4 1899. O 2
THE SIDDIE R S-100L
For Teachers Closes Its Succssfu!
and Valuable Work.
IT WAS A MARKED SUCCESS.
The Final Day Devoted to Exam
inations in the Several De
partments. A Clos
The State summer school at Rock
Hill for teachers closed Wednesday
night. The last day was a very busy
one and a very iuteresting one; it was
the day of examinations. Written ex
aminations were held in all the class
except political ethics and primary
methods. It was not considered advis
able to hold examinations in these sub
jects. The examination in Victorian
poetry was held Tuesday. There were
enrolled in all the classes 379 students;
all save a half dozen or so were teach
ers. Of these not more than ten or fif
teen dropped out, so that about 360
stood the examinations Tuesday and
Wednesday. The results of these ex
aminations will be published later.
At dinner the last day Mr. J. Frank
Fooshe called the large body to order
and offered fur consideration the fol
Whereas we, the teachers in atten
dance at the State summer school at
Winthrop, feel that the great pleasure
and profit received by us during the
past month calls for a pullic expression,
be it resolved, that our thanks are here
First. To the general assembly of
South Carolina for its liberal appropri
ation for the improvement of the teach
ers of the State.
Second. To the State board of educa
tion for its judicious management of
Third. To the Hon. Jno J. Mc~a
han, State superintendent of educa
tion, for his enthusiastic and success
ful efforts in arousing a deeper inter
est in the cause of education through
out the State, for his efficiency in all
the duties devolving upon him, and for
his devoted and faithful attentions to
all our interests.
Fourth. To the authorities of Win
throp.college for their financial aid and
to President D. B. Johnson for his
most hearty cooperation in organizing
the selcol and for his faithful supervi
sion of &il interests entrusted to his
care; and also to all his assistants for
their valuable services.
Fifth. To the members of the faculty
for their very efficient labors in our
behalf, -for their uniformly kind and
courteous attention, and for their
great interest in the success of our
work, and also to the lecturers who
:9tributed so largely to our pleasure
Sixth. To t iscitizens of Rock Hill
for-the. -coutinued interest they have
manifested in our work, and for tbeir
many kind and thoughtfui contribu
tions to our enjoyment.
I Seventh. To the press of the State
for its aid in bringing the meeting
prominently before the people, thereby
adding largely to the possibilities of its
Eighth. T' the railroads of the State
for reduce-1 rates to and from Rock
The resolutions were seconded by Mr.
D-eher of Columbia and passed by a
O. ednesday evening there was a
grand concert given under the diree
tion of P"-of. Wade R, Brown, the pro
fessor of vocal music of the school.
This was in every respect a brilliant
success, delighting the audience of be
tween 700 an:d 800 people. It was an
unusually appreciative audience, bemng
-.omposed of the very exponents of ed
ucation and culture.
The following was the programme
Chorus-Gloria, from "Twelfth
Vocal quartette--"O, For the Winp's
of a Dove" (Knight ) Miss Ida M.
Cronan, Miss Sallie S. Bailey, W. Z.
McGhee, Hugh C. Haynsworth; Mr.
Brown at the piano.
Soprano solo-Sancta Maria. (Faure.)
Mrs. Wade R. Brown.
Chorus-"O, Hush Thee, My Babie.
Piano solo- Valse de Concert.
(Wieniawski ) Miss Margaret Hope
Vocal trio-Forget Me Not. (Rotoli.)
Miss Cronan, Mrs. Brown, Miss Zula
Chorus-Under Blossoming Branch
es. Serenade. (Meyer- Helmund.)
Baritone solo-Lochiel's Song, from
"Rob Roy." (De Koven.) W. M.
Part song-Good Night, Good Night.
Beloved! (Pinsuti.) Mr. Brown,
Miss Brock, G. B. Tocle, Fred A. Cum
Choral ballad-The Millers Wooing.
(Faning.) The State summer school
IMrs. F. N. K. Bailey presided at the
At the conclusion of the programme
President Johnson arose and made a
few very cordial and appropriate re
marks concerning the marked success
of the school, congratulating the teach
ers assembled on their excellent and
faithful work. He assured them of
welcome to Winthrop, and hoped that
it would be his pleasure to have there
After President Johnson, Superin
tendent McMahan arose, and. mounting
the rostrnrd, said:
"I do not come forward to present
you with diplomas. You deserve
them, it is true. But you deserve
mo-e. A diploma does not always rep
resent what it should. The true rewarc
of effort is achievement, and you have
what you deserve. A public testimo
nial is not the prize for which you put
forth intellectual effort; the true prize
is the added mental power the increased
capacity that results from honest effort
-the real benefit whether .or not it re
ceives the world's recgnition.
"The past four weeks impress upon
us the truth that life is measured not
by the lapse of years but by the variety
and extent of our activities As you
look back upon this month and co)m
pare it with the many months that have
gone before and become indistinguish
much you have lived during these 2S
days, which shall stand out in your
lives forever. You have more than you
can tell at home for months to come.
You have much that you will remem
bcr with pleasure for years. Your lives
have been enriched.
"When on the morning of the 15th
of June, but a little while ago, we gath
cred on our first day, you felt that you
were about to enter upon a doubtful
and adventurous voyage. I am sure
that, with me. 3 ou now feel like return
ing thanks that we have come to so
pleasant a haven, so worthy a goal
though not the final goal.
-And now we have reacbed the end.
Yet it is not the end. Every end is but
a new beginning, and the end of our
summer school is the beginning of a
greater professional spirit and ambition
among our teachers, of a higher stand
ard of the intellectual and moral at
ta nments for which the teacher must
strive, and of better teaching and bet
ter schools in our State. You go forth
from here as apostles of light for South
Carolina. This ending will be the be
gi iniug of an educational awakening
of the people throughout the State and
of better educational conditions. And
it is the beginninr of weet memories,
bringiug back to us the scenes of a
month of delight; memories that, as
time passes, grow stronger and zweeter,
brightening our lives and binding us
together in'the strongest bonds through
the years to come. We will close by
singing '(;d be With You Till We
Me.z Again '
'I ne audience then arose and all
joi-J in the song. "God be With You
TIll We Meet Azain." After this the
summer school was at an end.
A few teachers left on the 11 o'clock
train that night, but the most of them
remained till yesterday, when there
was a grand dispersion. The ticket
and baggage agents had been up one
day and part of another sching tickets
and checking baggage, so as to avoid
the rush and confusion at the station.
ADDRESS TO THE SONS.
Division Commander Weston Makes
Announcements About Reunion.
The folloving has been issued to the
South Carolina camps, Sons of Veter
ans, from the headquarters of Mr. F.
H. Weston, commanding South Caro
Columbia, S. C., July 12, 1S99.
It is needless to urge upon the sons
of South Carolina Confederates the
great work before the orgrcization of
United Sons of Confederate Veterans.
Nowhere else is the Confederate soldier
more loved and honored than in the
Palmetto State. The sons of South Car
rolina's brave soldiers can never do
enough to perpetuate the glorious bis
tory of that memorable struggle for
which their State was so largely re
sponsible and in which their fathers
bore such a worthy part.
The annual convention of the South
Carolina division, Sons of Confederate
Veterans, is to be held in Chester, July
26. At that time and place the veter
ans will hold their reunion, and the oc
casion will be one of thorough enjoy
ment and valuable instruction. Every
camp of Sons should be fully repre
sented, and to that end attention is
called to special order No. 1, recently
issued. Camps are again urged to elect
delegates and send their names at once
to the division commander at Columbia
and to Arthur L. Gaston, adjutant of
Camp J no. R. Culp. at Chester. This
is very important and should be attend
ed to at once.
Eich camp is also entitled to one
sponsor and as many maids of honor as
may be desired. The names of these
should also be sent to Comrade Gaston
at Chester. Preparation for their en
tertainment in fitting style is being
made and a grand ball in their honor is
prop'osed. It is very important that
the Chester comrades know how many
are to be provided for, and the camps
are earnestly reqluested to aid our hosts
in this way.
Let us all unite our efforts with those
of the Chester e*)mrades so that the
convention may be a success and the
deeds of our faihers be appropriately
honored in the eyes of the world.
Francis II. Weston.
Jas. A. Hoyt, Jr.,
Some Figures that Dazzle.
A biblical student in the city, says
the Washington correspondent of the
Chicago Record, declares that if the
descriptions of Solomon's temple are
accurately given in the Bible and by
secular authorities, the total values of
that edifice and its contents must have
exceeded $->0.000,000,000. In the
first place, the value of the materials in
the rough is estimated at $12,500.000.
000 and the labor at $3,000.000,000.
According to Villalpandis, 10,000 men
were engaged in cutting cedar lumber,
80.000 were engaged in cutting stone
and 60.000 in bearing burdens, for a
period of seven years, who, in addition
to their wages, received 50 cents a day
for food. According to the same au
thority. which is corroborated by Jose
phus, the vessels of gold were valued at
140,000 talents, which reduced to
American money, is equal to $2,326, -
481,015. The vessels of silver are cal
ulated at $3.231.715.000, the vestments
of the piiests and the robes of the sing
ers $10,050.000), and the value of the
trumpets of gold was $1,000,000.
Right Then, Wrong Now.
Gen. Wheeler's eagerness to join in
the conquest of the Filipinos does not
command much applause in South Caro
lina. The reason is given in the follow
ing extract from the Anderson People's
Advocate: "Hie is going there to fight
a people who arc fighting for the very
same principle that he gave four of the
best years of his life to maintain, and
he must fcel when he :jts there that he
is occupying a very anomalous position.
it is impossible to reconcile the two.
If what he fought for in l 635 was
right, then what he is fighting for now
is wrong. These people only claim the
right to govern their own country in
their own way, just what we claimed
the right to do 38 years aro. If Gen.
Wheeler keeps on it might have been
fortunate for his history if he had
stoppe a ser bullet at IEl Caney."
STICKS TO BRYAN.
Ex-Senator Pugh, of Alabama, Dis
agrees with Senator Morgan,
WANTS SILVER DROPPED.
Must Renew the Fight of 1896.
Party Cannot be Harmon
ized by Dodging the
While in Washington Thursday Ex
Senator Pugh, of Alabama, was asked
if be had read the interview of his old
:olleague, Senator John T. Morgan, on
the question of what sort of man the
Democratic convention should nomi
nate and what sort of platform it should
adopt next year to increase the strength
of the Democratic party in the election
of a president.
"I have read the interview and was
greatly surprised and mortified," said
the ex scnator. 'Senator Morgan says
no man cau question his fidelity to the
free coinage of silver, or deny the ne.
cessity for its restoration in -ur money
"The question he asks and answers
is: 'Iiow is thi- most important result
to be accomplished?' He answers that
the first and indispensable thing to be
done is to unite-bring together and
solidify the divided and antagonistic
elements of the Democratic party now
existing in the East, South and West
on the money question-and, secondly,
that such union can best be effected by
nominating a man who has no 'ex
treme' views and has expressed no 'ex
treme' opiLions on the coinage ques
"I do not question the sincerity or
honesty of Senator Mergan's convic
tions, but I feel constrained by my
ense of duty to the Democratic party,
and the country to enter my earnest
protest against and condemnation of
"What are we to understand by an
extreme position na the money or
coinage question?" Is that part of the
Chicago platform extreme? Does an
indorsement of the Chicago platform
put a Democrat in an extreme position?
What shall the next Democratic con
vention do after it shelves Bryan? To
be consistent the convention should
amend the platform of 1896 so as to get
the party out of its so-called present
extreme' position on the coinage ques
tion and place it in harmony with the
onflicting elements, and especially so
as to accommodate itself to the elastic
and broad gauge position of the new
nominee on the coinage question.
How is such a feat to be accomplish
"My conviction is," said ex-Senator
Pugh, "that if the conflicting elements
of the Democratic party can be united
and brought into harmonious action on
the coinage question, which is a mani
fest impossibility, by shelving Bryan
and- making a new platform, broad
enough te take on and satisfy all gold
standard advocates, and be endorsed by
any nominee who may have to renounce
his life-long opinions against free coin
ge and pledge himself to approve any
bill on that subject the Democrats
ight pass through both houses of con
ress, the party cannot be very much
ivided, and can certainly be very
easily united, as it would show itself
without any fixed principles on any
--f the Democratic party would se
ure more strength by trusuing a nomi
e who had been a lifelong enemy of
free silver coinage on his pledge to
waive the veto power and approve such
bill if passed by the party that elected
him, it would be a spectacle unprece
ented in history, but it would prove
here would never be any free coinage
f silver if such a president were
" What influence would a Democratic
president with gold standard convic
tions that he had waived to insure his
election exercise in his great office?
Would he be silent pending a free coin
age bill in congress? Hoav would he
distribute his appointments? How
many Democrats who had urged Bryans
nmination and favored the Chicago
platform would receive appointment?
"No, si;r it is a grave mistake of my
old colleague. I have had much polit
ical experience. I have watched parties
nd know their history. M1y political
career has ended, but I am as much as
ever devoted to 'the Democratic party
and itr principles as declared in the
"I believe that William J. Bryan is
the best organized anel wisest and most
reliable Democratic statesman now liv
ing, and he is now better established in
h confidence of the American people
as such a statesman, and is now strong
er than he ever was. and can be elected
when nominated, as he will surely by
the next Demoerotic national conven
" As to the next Democratic plat
form, with additional declarations
against the manifolfi trusts growing out
of the existence of the gold standard
nd prohibitory tariff duties: also in
favor of a vigorous prosecution of the
existing war in the Philippine Islands
until peace and order is established and
the governing power and jurisdiction
of the U'nited States is fully recognized
throughout the archipelago, also that
peace and order and the governing
power of the U'nited States is to be es
tablished, not for territorial expansion
or dominion of the United States, but
for the sole purpose of securing to the
people of those islands better and_ more
stable government, with all the rights,
liberty and privileges they show them
selves by trial to be capable of exercis
ing and ~enjoying in a condition of inde
pendent self etn'rnmt-lft
Thle Columbia Record say's: "There
will be a session ot congress before the
next national tplatfornms are made by
the great parties. The Republicans
will have a clear working majority in
that session. If the Republicans are
in earnest in their anti-trust protesta
tions, they need not wait until the time
of their convention to inaugurate an
anti truist crusade; they can start the
bal a-rolling in congress." The trusts
need not fear. Thcre is no danger of
COUNTRYS CROP CONDITIONS.
The Weather Bureau's Week1 Sum
mary. Texas Cotton.
The weather bureau has issued the
following summary of ciop conditions
for last week:
The weather conditions of the week
ending 8 a. m., July 10, 1899, were for
the most part favorable for farming
operations and crop growth in the dis
tricts east of the Rocky Mountains, be
ing especially i o in the States of the
upper Mississippi and Missouri.valleys
and in the Atlantic coast districts. The
week has been marked by the absence
of high temperatures east of the Rocky
Mountains. Excessive rains of the
past week have caused some damage to
grain in shock in Kansas, and similar
damage is reported from Texas as a re
sult of the unprecedented rainfall of
the previous week.
Drought continues in the central
Gulf States, Tennessee, portions of the
Ohio valley and southern Michigan, be
ing very severe in central Tennessee;
rains are also needed generally through
out the Rocky Mountain districts, but
on the Pacific coast the conditions have
While rainfalls amounting to one
half or three-fourths of an inch are re
ported over a considerable portion of
drainage basin of the Brazos river in
Texas. the conditions of the whole have
been favorable to the subsidence of wa
ters in the inundated digtricts.
This has been another favorable week
for corn in the principal corn States,
and the corn has generally made rapid
growth. Heavy rains and high winds
have blown down corn over a consider
able area in Iowa. slight damage from
chinch bugs is reported from Missouri
and drought has checked growth in
portions >f Ohio and Kentucky, and
caused serious damage in central Ten
nessee. Cultivation has been delayed
by rains in portions of Michigan and
Wisconsin; but on the whole the crop
is clean and is largely laid by in the
States of the central valleys.
Winter wheat harvest is finished, ex
cept in the extreme northerly sections,
where it is well advanced, although de
layed by rains in portions of Wiscon
sin and Michigan. In Kansas and
Texas some damage has resulted from
sprouting in shock. In California
harvesting is nearly finished and wheat
is ripening in Oregon. N) unfavorable
reports respecting spring wheat have
been received from the spring wheat
region, except from the central and
eastern portions of South Dakota.
A good crop of oats is being harvest
ed in Indiana and Illinois, and the out
look in Michigan, Ohio and Pennsylva
nia is promising. Lodging is reported
from rust in Missouri and drought in
In the central and eastern portions of
the cotton belt cotton has made good
progress, although injured to some ex
tent by insects in portions of Mississip
pi and Georgia. In the Caroiinas it
is reported as small but healthy. In
South Carolina the Sea Island crop was
never better. Outside the flooded re
gion in Texas cotton is doing well and
fruiting nicely, except in scattered lo
ealities, where too rank growth and
some complaints of insects are report
ed. It will be two weeks yet before
the damage to cotton in the flooded dis
trict of Texas can be determined, or to
the extent which cotton wil' be re
planted. In 13 counties in .the south
erm half of the Brazos drainage basin
the loss resulting from the flood is esti
mated at from one-third to one-half the
Osving to drought, the tobiceo acre
age in Tennessee is much reduced, and
the prospects for this crop in that State
are poor. In portions of Kentucky and
Ohio the growth of tobacco has also
been checked by dronght, butgenerally
the crop is doing well in that section.
In the Carolinas, middle Atlantic States
and Ne v England the general outlook
for tobacco is improved, the crop being
in fine condition in Maryland.
Wont Retire Under Fire.
Secretary Alger Wednesday made to
a representative of the Associated Press
his first personal statement concerning
the reports that he is about to resign
from the cabinet. When asked as to
the truth of the rumors, the secretary
said: "What do you mean, exactly?"
"I mean to ask whether or not the
stories that you are to retire from the
cabinet in the near future are true.
There is nothing in these reports but
air," replied the secretary. "I shall
not retire this year certainly, and can
not say as to the future. My private
business and the state of my health
will govern my future course. These
constant assaults and repeated baseless
reports nre, of course, very annoying
to me and extremely distressing to my
family, but I have never yet retired un
der fire and do not propose to do so
now. Nothing that I have ever heard
or know of has been so cruel as these
attacks upon me. If my critics can
point to one thing in my official career
I have done that I ought not to have
done, or I have not done that I should
have done, I shall be very glad to sur
render my official duties..
To Honor Dewey.
It is proposed to erect in New Or
leans a monument commemorative of
the valor and achievmnents of Admiral
Dewey, and a committee consisting of
Associate Justice Monroe of the Louis
iana supreme court, and ot -er civil and
military officials of the state has beeD
formed to carry out the design. Popu
ar collections of 25 cents arc request
ed. In their request for subscriptions
the citizens having the matter in charge
say: "In thus honoring the son of Ver
mont in Louisiana, the sentiment of
rich and poor from all parts of the
country may be concentrated in the
Who Was He?
In The State Thursday morning there
is a telegram telling of the doings of a
"leading" state officer in Charleston,
who had to be put out of a street car
on account of drunkenness. State
house officials would like to know who
was referred to. Those at home and
otherwise accounted for are naturally
somewhat indignant, as most any state
ofiial may be denominated "leading,"
and innocent ones don't desire any sus
picion to be cast upon their behavior
or conduct at home or abroad, unless
there is justification for it. State
house officials are very much interested
Iin this matter.-Columnbia Record.
Very Few Have Been Accepted
in This State So Far.
ALL FOR THE REGULARS.
Some of the Qualifications for
Becoming a Soldier. The
Composition of a Reg
The recruiting station in the Kendall
building is not packed and crowded
with young men eager to offer their
services to their country. Perhaps the
would-be volunteers are waiting for the
late First regiment to volunteer as a
whole. There have been nine recruits
accepted within the past ten days, all
for the regular army. All but two of
these were colored.
Under the new call for volunteers
there are to be ten regiments. Re
cruiting offices have been established
all over the country, and when a volun
teer passes the medical examination
and is accepted, he is sent to the near
est regular army post, headquarters for
the regiment being organized. South
Carolina is in the department of the
Gulf, with headquarters at Atlanta, or
Fort McPherson. Ga. When a recruit
is accepted here, he is sent to Fort Mc
Pherson to join his regiment, the
Twenty-ninth. North Carolinians are
sent to Camp Meade, Pennsylvania,
Georgians, Alabamians, South Caroli
nians, etc., will compose the Twenty
While Uncle Sam wants men, and
wants them bad, still he affects a lordly
air and demands that the men to be
sacrificed in the Philippines must not
be yagabonds. When a youth applies
for admission to the army, the first
question put to him is "Are you a
minor?" If the young man is not 21
years old his parents or guardian are re
quired to make certificate that they do
not object to his enlistment. The cer
tificate reads in part, "I do hereby fully
give my consent to his enlistment as a
soldier in the volunteer army of the
United States for the period June 30,
1901." This permission having been
obtained, the boy is free to enlist.
The next-step is to get a recommen
dation of character. Uncle Sam claims
that he doesn't want dissolute and
worthless characters in his army. The
character gauntlet having been run, the
relentless physician gets in his work,
and the physical examination is not as
"easy" as one might imagine. Except
in special cases none but unmarried
men will be enlisted for this service.
Each of these regiments will consist
of 1,359 men, of whom 50 will he com
missioned officers. The following is
the make-up of an infantry regiment:
One colonel, one lieutenant colonel,
three majors, one surgeon with the
rank of major, two assistant surgeons,
one of whom shall have the rank of
captain and one that of first lieutenant,
fourteen captains, two of whom shall
be available for detail as adjutant and
quartermaster, sixteen first lieutenants,
of whom one shall be available for de
tail as commissary and three for detail
as battalion adjutants, twelve second
lieutenants, one sergeant major,.one
quarter master sergeant, one commissa
ry sergeant, who shall have the ranR,
pay and allowances of a regimental
quartermaster sergeant of infantry,
three hospital stewards. three battalion
sergeant majors, who shall be senior to
and have the pay and allowances of a
first sergeant, one baud, and twelye
companies, organized into three battal
ions of four companies each.
Each infantry band shall consist of
one chief musician, one principal mu
sician, one drum major, who shall
have the rank, pay and allowances of
a first sergeant, four sergeants, eight
corporals, one cook, and twelve pri
QUALIFICATIONS FOR RECRUITS.
The term of service will be for the
period ending Tune 30, 1901, and, as
provided in section 12 of the act of
March 2, 1899, these enlistments may
be made "without restrictions as to
citizenship or educational qualifica
Applicants for origina enlistment
must be bdtween the ages of 18 and 35
years, of good character and habits,
able-bodied, free from disease, and
must be able to speak the English lan
No person under 18 years of ago will
be enlisted or re-enlisted, and minors
between the ages of 18 and 21 must not
be enlisted or reenlisted without the
written consent of father, only surviv
ing parent, or legally appointed guar
Married men will not be enlisted or
reenlisted without special authority
from a regimental commander or from
the adjutant general of tae army. in
the absence of a regimental organmza
Applicants will be required to satisfy
the recruiting offier regarding age and
character. They must defray their own
expenses to the place of enlistment;
their fitness for the military service can
determined only upon an examination
at a recruiting station.
For infantry the height should be
not less than five feet four inches, and
weight not less than one hundred and
twenty pounds and not more than one
hundred and ninety pounds.
Recruiting offcers are however, au
thorized in their discretion to accept
desirable applicants who are ten pounds
or less averweight or underweight, or
who vary not more than a fraction of an
inch from the required height or chest
measures, if they meet all other re
quirements, and their enlistment is
recommended by the medical examiner.
In every such case the variation from
the normal standard should be carefully
noted on the enlistments papcr.-The
Goes to Manila
Miss Annie Wheeler has been ap
pointed a nurse by the war department
and assigned to duty in the Philippines.
She will accompany her father, Gen.
Joseph Wheeler, to Manila. Miss
Wheeler accompanied her father
through the Santiago campaign and
rendered valuable services to the sick
THE TEXAS DISASTER.
An Earnest Appeal to the People
Representative R. B. Hawley of
Texas, who is now in Washington,
Wednesday made public the following
statement with reference to the flood
situation in that State: "The disaster
which has overtaken the. communities
in Southern Texas is without parallel
in our country. At some points the
precipitation was three and a half feet
in 60 hours, resulting in a flood of enor
mous proportions, covering an area of
many square miles to a depth of from 5
to 20 feet, and a loss of from $25,000,
000 to $40,000,000.
"No less than 20 populous towns have
been inundated as well as thousands
of well established and well ordered
farms, which today are in a complete
state of desolation. Practically every
work animal-every milk cow, together
with all stock cattle and every vestige
of vegetation have been swept away,
leaving the country completely devas
tated. Withid the influence of this aw
ful disaster resided over 100,000 people,
almost half of whom are in a state of
helplessness tcday, except as they may
be provided for by those who are gen
erous and able to assist them.
"The State of Texas is doing its
utmost to relieve the suffering. It is,
however, impossible for the State alone,
within the time necessary, to succor
these people and come to their relief.
"When the great Johnstown flood oc
curred Pennsylvania could have easily
taken care of their own if given time,
but as time was, as it is now, the es
sential factor, they were obliged to ap
peal to a generous public in every part
of the Union, and at every quarter the
relief was immediate on a scale com
mensurate with the disaster.
"To the public the flood district of
Texas appeals today to supply
the necessities of life until the horrors
of the flood shall have passed, and the
people shall be in position to again ad
dress themselves to the task of reestab
lishing their homes.
"For this purpose it is urged through
the press, the different commercial au
thorities of every city of the Union
that this appeal be answered.
"For the distribution of this relief a
system is being organized throughout
the flooded district immediately under
the dire tion of the governor of Texas,
to whom all contributions should be
addressed at Austin, Tex., and under
whose care every dollar will be judi
eiously and effectively expended."
HAY FOR THE SOUTH.
Beggar Weed a Fine Crep In South
Atlantic and Gulf States.
The south buys $100,000,000 worth
of products each year from the north
that could be produced at home. Hay
is no small item of this $100,000,000,
and we wish to see every reader cease
paying triubte to the north this year,
so far as hay or foraze is concerned at
least, says'The Southern Ruralist.
We stated some eight years ago that
we believed beggar weed to be the best
hay crop for Florida. We believe it
more firmly today than ever, not only
for Florida, but for all the south At
lantic and gulf states, wherever there is
a considerable percentage of sand in the
In nutritive value it is not excelled
by any of the northern hay plants, and
all animals are eager for it. either green
or cured. It is easily grown, in most
parts of the gulf states giving two crops
and at tbe same time leaves your soil
more fertile and in better mechanical
condition than before. It has suc
ceeded as a hay crop as far north as the
northern line of Arkansas and a num
er of our correspondents are increasinz
their acreage every year in that section,
convinced by experience of its value.
Most failures wth beggar weed come
from attempting to sow it too early.
For a good stand it requires heat and
moisture. The summer rainy season of
Florida furnishes the best conditions
for successful germination. In the
states north of us we should advise
sowing in May or June. Use only
cleaned seed, sow broadcast at rate of
eight to tea pounds per acre, harrow in
to a depth of two inches and let nature
do the rest. The soil) especially if it
has clods, should be well broken up and
worked down fine with a harrow before
seed is sown,
A ton of beggar weed hay can be
made at one-third the cost of a ton of
corn fodder, and your stock will relish
it far better. If you do not want hay,
it is well worth your while to plant it
for soil improvement. This is especial
ly true of orange groves where the owvn
ers do not wish to run the risk of rav
ages of the pumpkin bug and danger
from fire which comes with velvet bean
planting in orange groves. It is hardly
worth while to say a word to Florida
people as to its value. They know it.
It is the readers of The Ruralist in
other states that we wish to impress
with its value.
A Big Damage Suit.
The only business transacted in the
court of common pleas Thursday was
the conclusion of the damage suit of
McCabe, the brakeman, against the
Southern railway, for $25,000, on ac
count of injuries received in an acci
dent. The jury found a verdict for the
plaintiff for $12,500. Mr. John P.
Thomas, Jr., counsel for defendant,
gave notice of appeal. An act of the
legislature denies the right of domesti
cated corporations to transfer such
cases from the State to the United
States courts. Judge Simonton of the
federal court has held that corporations
possess such right, and that cases can
be transferred. The supreme court of
South Carolina. per contra. has affirm
ed the act of the legislature in question
and decided that cases cannot be so
trasferred. In accordance with the
decision of the State supreme court
Judge Buchanan denied the motion of
the Southern railway to have the Mc
Cabe case transferred to the Federal
court. H~ence the appeal. -The State.
According to history Alger began
running some time in the sixties, which
reminds the World that he who fights
an ...n, awa will live to run another
THE CROPS AND WEATHER.
What the Department of Agriculture
Says About Them.
There were a few very hot days dur
ing the week ending July 10th, but the
average temperature was slightly below
the normal. The range of termperature
was between 53 and 100 degrees.
There were frequent showers during
the week, especially over the central
and eastern counties, where in places
the ground is too wet. Over the north
central and western counties the show
ers were very few, light and local, and
many places are suffering for rain.
Rain which began falling after most of
the reports were mailed, may have af
forded relief. Over the greater portion
of the State the moisture conditions
are now very favorable.
Some damage was caused by hail and
high winds, but it was confined to
Reports on cotton, while not wholly
favorable, are very promising. The
crop is small, healthy, clean and bloom
ing freely; lice continue to infect it, in
places, but are doing no serious injury.
A few report the plant growing too
much to weed, others as not growing at
all, especially on red land in the west
ern counties. Sea island cotton never
The corn crop continues to suffer
from bud worms and the larger corn
stalk-borer. Drought has also affected
the crop seriously over large areas, but
on the contrary, in places the crop is
very fine. Old corn is practically all
Tobacco improved somewhat during
the week, although in places more rain
is needed to develop the upper leaves.
Cutting and curing has become quite
general. In Marion county the crop is
turning out very well.
Rice is doing well, although cater
pillars still infest it at a few points.
The early rice is receiving its last flood
ing. On some plantations water for
flooding is not yet available.
Sweet potato slips continue to be set
out, peas to be sown and the second
crop of Irish potatoes to be planted.
Sugar cane and sorghum vary in con
dition, but generally look promising.
Haying continues on the coast mead
ows. Little or no fruit, save a few
apples, anywhere in the State, except
grapes, which are plentiful in the west
ern counties, but are rotting badly.
Melons are being shipped in large quan
tities to the northern markets.
J. W. Bauer,
It Was Everywhere.
Georgia and North Carolina have
been holding up their hands in horror
because of a case or two of -smallpox
said to have been introdueedf4ro South
Carolina into those States. It is a well
known fact that the first case of small
pox in South Carolina in the recent epi
demic was brought from Georgia into
this State in December, 1897. The
"Puolie Health Reports" issued June
23d by the treasury department,
United States marine hospital service,
show that South Carolina has had few
er cases of smallpox than some of her
sister States. During the period De
emeer 31, 1898, to June 23, 1899.
there were in Alabama 140 cases and 2
deaths reported; in Florida 225 cases
and no deaths; in Georgia 360 cases
and no deaths; in Kansas 213 cases and
22 deaths; in Kentucky 513 cases and
deaths; in Louisiana 243 cases and
de tths; in Mississippi 23 cases and 3
daths; in North Carolina 174 cases and
1 death; in South Carolina 140 cases
and 10 deaths; in Virginia 2,179 cases
and 33 deaths. The States above men
tioned are in the southern group, but
the statistics show that the disease is
in every Stat e in the Union. In Maine
there were 165 cases; in California 98
eases and 17 deaths; in Ohio 1,018
cases and 21 deaths; in Pennsylvania
660 cases and 17 deaths. So South
Carolina is not such a pest hole after
A Novel Question.
Quaite a novel question was submit
ted to the attorney general this morning
from the governor's office. It appears
that a Negro in Anderson county was
convicted and fined for not working the
roads. The fine was paid and the Ne
gr asks pardon in order that he may
have the fine refunded, giving as his
reason why pardon should be granted
that it has since been established be
yond doubt that he is above the age by
several years which exempts citizens
from road duty. His statement of the
fact is admitted to be true, but there is
no precedent to show that a pardon
will act to return the line 'to him. As
sistant Attorney General Gunter is to
file the opinion, but he has already
come to the conclusion that there is no
law whereby the fine can be returned,
even though it is proven that the Negro
had paid it wrongfully. It seems hard
but law is law and the Negro can't get
his money back.-Columbia Record.
Killed by a Wall.
A dispatch to The State from Pied
mont, S. C., says: "G. W. Shelton
was killed here this morning. Joseph
Austin and WV. B. Bryant were proba
bly fatally in jured. R. A. Porter had
his leg broken. Robt. Freeman had
his shoulder dislocated and arm broken.
Calaway Smith, N. P. Fleming and
Jack West -were painfulhy injured.
They were all at work on a warehouse
being built for the Piedmont Manufac
turing company when at about 11
o'clock the centre brick wall, which
was fully 30 fees high, suddenly caved
in. buring Shelton, who was instantly
killed, and inflicting injuries on the
the others as above stated. All that
medical skill can do is being done for
the injured. The verdict of the coro
ner's jury was that G. WV. Shelton came
to his death by the accidental falling
of the fire wall.
Blown Over a Fence.
A cyclone struck New York State
near Glens Falls Wednesday afternoon.
Large trees were up-rooted and other
damage was done. James Nesbitt, a
farmer living east of Lake George was
driving, was blown, with his horse
and buggy from the road over a fence
and into a field. He was injured so
severel that he died.
TRIED TO KILL HI.
A Greenville Farmer Shot and
VOICE SAID, "SHOOT HIM"
Followed by the Report of a Gun.
Shot Was Fired Through a
Window. He May Lose
The Greenville News, of July 13,
says: G. B. Van Patton, a farmer and
storekeeper living two miles southeast
of this city on the Augusta road, was
fired upon by unknown Negroes at 1
o'clock -yesterday morning in his home
and wounded in the right hand and-,
right forearm and right hip. Twelve
No. 7 shot entered the hp, but it is the
opinion of Dr. J. B. Earle who at
tended Mr. Van Patton, that these
wounds are not at all serious. About
fifty of the same number of shot en
tered the hand and forearm. Some
passed out but many of them lodged'.
among the small bones of the hand and
wrist, and not being able io get them
out otherwise Dr. Earle considered it
best not to cut open the hand. He
strongly suspects that the arm will
have to be amputated between the wrist
and the elbow.
Some four months ago Mr. Van Pat 2
ton had a difficulty in his store with a.
Negro named Silas Wilson, who got be
hind Mr. Van Patton's counter and -
drew a revolver upon him. Wilson is
known as a worthless loafer in that -
section, but he says he works on the
Birnie place near there. Several burg
laries have been committed in that see
tion lately. Wilson was arrested yes
terday, and at his relative's, where he
was found, there was a shot gan, but it
evidently had not been recently fired.
He was released on a $200 bond, which
was signed by a Negro by the name of
B. T. Harris. The charge against him
was assault with a deadly weapon, this
being based on the affair happening
four months ago, when he threatened
the life of Mr. Van Patton at the tim&
he drew a revolver upon him and told
him on leaving that he "would git
About 10 o'clock Tuesday night Mr.
Van Patton says he heard some one
"fooling about" in front of his store,
which fronts on the road. He went
out and saw Wilson move off rapidly.
Wilson says he was just passing the
place. At 1 o'clock yesterday Mr. Van
Patton was aroused by the breaking of
a pane of glass in his kitchen window.
He arose, went into the kitchen with
his pistol and fired through the window.
Then he went back into his bedroom,
slipped on his shoes, obtained a light
and started out for the kitchen door,
with the light in the left hand and the
revolver in his right. As he got to the
centre of the room heard a voice just
outside the window through which he
had shot say "Shoot him; damn it,
shoot him." Ne was in the act of rrs
ing his revolver to shoot through the
window again, but was not quick
enough. There was a terrible report,
the glass was shivered~ and Mr. Van
Patton's revolver dropped upon the
floor. Mr. Van Patton yelled for help,
which came to him quickly from his
neighbors. By this time the assailants -,
had made good their escape.
The Negroes had evidently made up
a plot to murder Mr. Van Patton, who
was alone in the house at the time; his
wife and only child were visiting in the
city. The assailants had made no at
tempt to enter the store, and from this
it is surmised that they did not intend
steal but murder. They broke into a
bedroom, but this was locked off from
the one Mr. Van Patton was occupying.
The kitchen window where they broke
the pane could easily have been raised,
so it is thought that the breaking of the
pane was for no other purpose than to
attract Mr. Van Patton into the room so
as to get a fair cannce to shoot at him.
The assailants could hardly hope to com
mit robbery after shooting Mr. Van Pat
ton, because there are several houses in
the immediate neighborhood and the re
port could not fail to be heard.
Several barefoot tracks were found in
the yard, but they were not distinct
enough to give a clue of any value
The escape of the Negroes again ill
ustrates the great need the county has
of a pair of good blood hounds.
Money Can't Buy Them.
An offer from a prominent firm of
ship brokers, doing a large foreign busi
ness, to purchase the Reina Mercedes
and any and all of the other war craft
captured during the late war, has
aroused a suspicion that Spain is trying
this indirect manner to obtain posses
sin of the vessels and thus remove the
ofense to Spanish pride caused by the
floating of the American flag over her
ships. The navy department will not
sell any of these vessels and that an
swer will be returned to the writer of
the letter. Secretary Long has decided
that it will not pay to attempt to reno
vate the Mercedes anda use her as a
warship. She will be left as a show
ship, like the old Constitution, to grat
ify the patriotism of the American peo
The Hampton Home.
The central committee which has had
in charge the erection of a house for
Gen. Hampton has for that purpose
purchased a lot at the cornor of .Barn
well and Pendleton streets containing
one-third of an acre. The lot was
bought for $1,500. The plans for the
house have not been adopted, nor is it
known when work will commence, but,
there will be no more delay than is ab
soutely necessary. The site purchased
is near the home of Mr. John P.
Thomas, Jr., in the extreme eastern
part of the city.-The State.
At a church meeting in one of the
suburbs of Chicago, the inquiry was
made whether a certain member of the
congregation, whose financial affairs
were somewhat involved, had "got re
ligion." To which a lawyer present re
sponded: "No, I think not, unless it's
in his wife' s name." We fear that