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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, July 19, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063760/1899-07-19/ed-1/seq-4/

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Dr. Talmage Preaches on a
Question of Domestic Interest.
Points Out the Disadvantages
of a Life Spent in Ho
tel sand Boarding
Home life versus hotel life is the
theme of Dr. Talmage's sermon for to
day, the disadvantages of a life spent at
more or less temporary stopping places
being sharply contrasted with the
blessings that are found in the real
home, however humble. The text is
Luke x, 34,45: "And brought him to
an inn and took care of him. An on
the morrow when he departed he took
out two pence and gave them to the
host and said unto him, Take care of
him, and whatever thou spendest more
when I come again I will repay thee.
This is the good Samaritan paying
the hotel bill of a man who had been
robbed and almost killed by bandits.
The good Samaritan had found the un
fortunate on a lonely, rocky road, where
to this very day depredations are some
times committed upon travelers, and
had put the injured man into the sad
dle, while this merciful and well to do
man had walked till they got to the
hotel, and the wounded man was put to
bed and cared for. It must have been
a very superior hotel in its accommoda
tions, for, though in the country, the
landlord was paid at the rate of what
in our country would be $4 or $5 a day.
a penny being then a day's wages. and
the two pennies paid in this case about
two days' wages. Moreover it was one
of those kind hearted landlords who are
wrapped up in the happiness of their
guests, because the good Samaritan
leaves the poor wounded fellow to his
entire care, promising that when he
came that way again he would pay all
the bills until the invalid got well.
Hotel and boarding houses are neces
sities. In very ancient times they
were urknown, because the world had
comparatively few inhabitants, and
those were not -much given to travel,
and private hospitality met all the
wants of sojourners, as when Abraham
rushed out at Mamre to invite the three
men to sit down to a dinner of real; as
when the people were positively com
manded tobe given to hospitality; as in
many of the places in the east these
ancient customs are practiced today.
But we have now hotels presided over
by good landlords, and boarding houses
presided over by excellent host or hos
tess in all neghborhoods, villages and
cities, and it is our congratulation that
those of our land surpass all other
lands. They rightly become the per
mant residence of many people, such as
those who are without families, such as
those whose business keeps them migra
tory, such as those who ought not for
various reasons of health or peculiarity
of circumstances, to take upon them
selves the cares of hosekeeping.
Many a man falling sick in one of
these boarding houses or hotels has
been kindly watched and nursed; and by
the memory of her own sufferings and
losses the lady at the head of such a
house has done all that a mother could
do for a sick child, and the slumberless
eye of God sees and appreciates her
sacrifices in behalf of the '-stranger.
Among the most marvelous cases of
patience and Christian fidelity are many
of those 'who keep boarding houses,
enduring 'without resentment the un
reasonable demands of their guests for
expensive food and attentions for which
they are not willing to pay an equival
ent-a lot of cranky men and women
who are not worth to tie the shoe of
their queenly caterer. The outrageous
way in which boarders sometimes act
to their landlords and laniladies shows
that these critical guests had bad early
rearing and that in the making up of
their natures all that consti'tutes the
gentleman and lady was left out. Some
of the most princely men and some of
the most elegant women that I know of
today keep hotels and boarding houses.
But one of the great evils of this day
is found in the fact that a large popula
tion of our towns and cities are giving
up and have' give up their homes and
taken apartments, that they may have
more freedom from domestic duties and
more time for social life and becaise
they like the whirl of publicity beuter
than the quiet and privacy of a resi
dence they can call their own. The
lawful use of these hotels and~ boarding
houses is for most people while they are
in transitu, but as jterminus they- are
many cases demoralizations, utter
and complete. That is the point at
which families innumerable have begun
to disintegrate. There never has been
a time when so many families, healthy
and abundantly able to support and
direct homes of their own, have struck
tent and taken permanent abode in
these public establishments. It is an
evil wide as Christendom, and by voice
and through the newspaper press I ut
ter warning and burning protest and
ask Almighty God to bless the word,
whether in the hearing or reading.
In these public earavansaries the de
mon of gossip is apt to get full sway.
All the boarders run daily the gantlet
of general inspection-how they look
when they come down in the morning
and when they get it at night, and
what they do for a living, and who they
receive as guests in their rooms, and
what they wear and what they do not
wear, and how they eat, and what they
eat, and how much they eat, and how
sittle they eat. If a man proposes in
such a place to be isolated and reticent
and alone, they will begin to guess
about him: Who is he? Where did he
come from? How long is he going to
stay? Has he paid his board? How
much does he pay? Perhaps he has
committed some crime and does not
want to be known. There must be
something wrong about him, or he
would speak. The whole house goes
into the detective business. They must
find out about him. They must find
out about him right away. If he leaves
his door unlocked by accident he will
find that his rooms have been inspect
ed, his trunk explored, his letters fold
ed differently from the way they were
folded when he put them away. Who
is he? is the question asked with in
tenser interest until the subject has
beome a monomania. The simple fact
is that he is nobody in particular, but
-minds his own business.
The best landlords and landladies
cannot sometimes hinder their places
from becoming a pandemonium of whis
perers, and reputations are torn to tat
ters, and evil suspicions are aroused,
and scandals started and the parliament
of the family is blown to atoms by some
Guy Fawkes who was .not caught in
time, as was his English predecessor of
eunpowdery reputation. The reason is
that while in private homes families
hav so mc to keep them busy in
z bese prmiscuous and multitudinou
residence- there are so m:-ny who have
nothin z to do, and that always makes
mischicf. They gather in each other's
rooms and spend hours in consultation
about others. If they had to walk a
half" mile before they got to willing ear
Of solic listener to detraction, they
would be out of breath before reaching
there and not feel in full glow of ani
mosity or slander, or might, because of
the distance. not go at all. But rooms
20. 21, 22. 2,3. 24 and 25 are on the
sanie corridor, and when one carrion
er w goes "Caw! Caw! all the other
crows hear it and flock together over
the same carcass. "Oh, I have beard
something rich! Sit down and let me
tell vou all about it." And the first
guffaw increases the gathering, and it
has to be told all over again. and as
they separate each carries a spark from
the altar of Cab to some other circle
until, from the coal heaver in the cellar
to the maid in the top room of the gar
ret, all are aware of the defamation and
that eveaing all who leave the house
will bear it to other houses until au
tumnal fires sweeping across Illinois
praries are less raging and swift than
that flame of consuming reputation
blazing across the village or city.
Those of us who were brought up in
the country know that the old fashion
ed hatching of eggs in the haymow re
quired four or five weeks of brooding,
but there are new modes of hatching by
I machinery, which take less time and do
the work by wholesale. So. while the
private home may brood into life an oc
casional falsity, and take a long time to
do it, many of the boarding houses and
family hotels afford a swifter and more
multitudinous style of moral incubation
and one old gossip will get off the nest
after one hour's brooding, clucking a
flock of 30 lies after her, each one pick
ing up its little worm of juicy regale
ment. It is no advantage to hear too
much about your neighbors, for your
time will be so much occupied in taking
care of their faults that you will have
no time to look after your own. And
while you are pulling the chickweed out
of their garden, yours will get all over
grown with horse sorrel and mullen
One of the ,orst damages that come
from the herding of so many people into
boarding houses and family hotels is in
flicted upon children. It is only anoth
er way of bringing them up on the com
mons. While you have your own pri
vate house you can, for the most part,
control their companionship and their
whereabouts, but by 12 years of age in
these public resorts they will have
picked up all the bad things that can
be furnished by the prurient minds of
dozens of people. They will overhear
blasphemies and see quarrels and get
precocious in sin, and what the barten
der does not tell them the porter or host
ler or bell boy will.
Besides that, the children will go out
into this world without the restraining,
anchoring, steadying and all controlling
memory of a home. From that none of
us who have been blessed of such mem
ory have escaped. It grips a man for SO
years, if he lives so long. It -pulls him
back from doors into which he other
wise would enter. It smites him with
contrition in the very midst of his dissi
pations. As the fish already surround
ed by the long wide net swim out to sea,
thinking they can go as far as they
pleas'e, and with gay toss of silvery
scale they defy the sportsman on the
beach, and after awhile the fishermen
begin to draw in the net hand over
hand and hand over hand, and it is a
long while before the captured fins be
gn to f e the net, and then they dart
this way and that, hoping to get out,
but find themselves approaching the
shore and arab,rought up to the very
feet of the captors, so the memory of
an early home sometimes seems to relax
and let men out farther and farther
from God and farther and farther from
shore-5 years, 10 years, 20 years, 30
years-but some day they find an irre
sistible mesh drawing them back, and
they are compelled to retreat from their
prodigality and wandering, and, though
they make desperate effort to escape
the impression and try to dive deeper
down in sin, after awhile are brought
clear back and held upon the Rock of
If it be possible, oh father and moth
er! let your sons and daughters go out
into the world under the semiomnipo
tent memory of a good, pure home.
About your two or three rooms in' a
boarding hovse or a family hotel you
can cast no such glorious sanctity.
They will think of these public caravan
saries as an early stopping place, mala
dorous with old victuals, coffees perpet
ually steaming and meats in everlasting
stew or broil, the air surcharged with
carbonic acid and corridors along which
drunken boarders come staggering at 1
o'clock in the morning, rapping at the
door till the affrighted wife lets them
in. Do not be guilty of the sacrilege
or blasphemy of calling such a place a
A home is four walls inclosing one
family with identity- of interest and a
privacy from outside inspection so com
plete that it is a world in itself, no one
entering except by permission-bolted
and barred and chained against all out
side inquisitiveness. The phrase so
often used in law books and legal circles
is mightily suggestive--every man's
house is his castle. As much so as
though it had drawbridge, portcullis,
redoubt, bastion and armed turret.
Even the offcer of the law may not en
ter to serve a writ except the door be
voluntarily opened unto him, Burglary
or the invasion of it a crime so offen
sive that the law clashes its iron jaws
on any one who attempts it. Unless it
be necessary to stay for longer or short
er time in family hotel or boarding
house-and there are thousands of in
stances in which it is necessary, as I
showed you at the beginning-unless
this exceptional case, let neither wife
nor husband consent to such permanent
The probability is that the wife will
have to divide her husband's time with
public smoking or reading room or with
some coquettish spider in. search of un
wary flies, and if you do not entirely
lose your husband it will be because he
is divinely protected from the disasters
that have whelmed thousands of hus
bands with as good intentions as yours.
Neither should the husband without
imperative reason consent to such a life
unless he is sure his wife can withstand
the temptation of social dissipation
which sweeps across such places with
the force of the Atlantic ocean when
driven by a Septewnber exuinox. Many
wives give up their homes for these
public residences so that they may give
their entire time to operas, theaters,
balls, receptions and levees, and they
ar ina perpetual whirl, like a whiptop
spinning round and round and round
very prettily, until it loses its its equi
poise and shoots oil into a tangent.
But the difference is, in one case it is a
top and in the other a soul.
Besides this there is an assiduous ac
cumulation of little things around the
private home, which in the aggregate
make a great attraction: while the den
izen of one of these public residences
is apt to say: "What is the use? I
have no place to keep them if I should
curiosotiec, quaint chair or cozy lounge
upholsteric3, pictures and a thousand
things that accrete in a home are dis
carded or neglected because there is no
homestead in which to arrange them.
And yet they are the case in which the
pearl of domestic happiness is set. You
can never become as attached to the ap
pointments of a boarding house or fam
ily hotel as to those things that you
can call your own and are associated
with the different members of your
household or with scenes of thrilling
import in your domestic history. Bless
ed is that home in which for a whole
lifetime they have been gathering until
every figure in the carpet and every
panel of the door and every casement of
the window has a chirography of its
own, speaking out something about
father or mothei or son or daughter or
friend that was with us awhile. What
a sacced place it becomes when one can
say: "In that room such a one was
born: in that bed such a one died; in
that chair I sat on the night I heard
such a one had received a great public
honor; by that stool my child knelt for
her last evening prayer; here I sat to
greet my son as he came back from sea
voyage: that was father's cane: that was
mother's rocking chair." What a joy
ful and pathetic congress of reminis
The public residence of hotel and
boarding house abolishes the grace of
hospitality. Your guest does not want
to come to such a table. No one wants
to run such a gantlet of acute aad mer
ciless hyperciticism. Unless you have
a home of your own you will not be able
to exercise the best rewarded of all the
graces. For exercise of this grace what
blessing came to the Shunammite in
the restoration of her son to life because
she entertained Elisha, and to the -vid
ow of Zarephath in the perpetual oil
well of the miraculous cruse because
she fed a hungry prophet, and to Ra
hab in the preservation of her life at
the demolition of Jericho because she
entertained the spies, and to Laban in
the formation of an interesting family
relation because of his entertainment
of Jacob, and to Lot in his rescue from
the destroyed city because of his enter
tainment of the angels, and to Mary and
Martha and Zaccheus in spiritual
blessing because they entertained Christ
and to Publius in the island of Melita
in the healing of his father because of
the entertainment of Paul, drenched
from the shipwreck, and of innumer
able houses throughout Christendo a
upon which have come blessings fr
generation to generation because th. ir
doors swung easily open in the enla -
ing, ennobling, irradiating and diviie
grace of hospitality. I do not know
what your experience has been, but I
have had men and women visiting at
my house who left a benediction on
every room-in the blessing they asked
at the table, in the prayer they offered
at the family altar, in the good advice
they gave the children, in the gospeli
zation that looked out from every line
ament of their countenances, and their
departure was the sword of bereave
ment. The queen of Norway, Sweden
and Denmark had a royal cup of
ten curves, or lips, ea.h one having
on it the name of the distinguished
person who had drunk from it. And
that cup which we offer to others in
Christian hospitality, though it be of
the plainest earthenware, is a royal cup,
and God can read on all sides the
names of those who have taken from it
ref reshment, but all this is impossible
unless you have a home of your own.
It is the delusion as to what is ne
cessary for a home that hinders se
many from establishing one. Thirty
rooms are not necessary, nor 20, nor 15,
nor 10, nor 5, nor 3. In the right way
plant a table, and couch, and knife,
and fork, and a chair, and you can
raise a young paradise. Just start a
home on however small a scale, and it
will grow. When Kiaig Cyrus was in
vited to dine with a humble friend, the
king made the one condition of his
coming that the only dish be one loal
of bread, and the most imperial satis
factions have sometimes banqueted on
the plainest fare. Do not be caught it
the delusion of many thousands it
postponing a home until they can have
an expensive one. That idea is the
devil's trap that catches men and wo
men innumerable who will never have
any home at all. Capitalists of Ameri
ca, build plain homes for the people.
Let this tenement house system, in
which hundreds of thousands of the
people of our cities are wallowing it
the mire, be broken up by small homes,
where people can have their own fire'
sides and their own altars. In this
great continent there is room enough
for every man and woman to havea
home. Morals and civilization and re
ligion demand it. We want done all
over this land what George iPeabody
and Lady Burdett-Coutts did in Eng.
land and some of the large manufactur
es of this country have done for the
villages and cities in building sinal
houses at low rents, so that the middle
classes can have separate homes. They
are the only class not provided for. The
rich have their palaces. and the poor
have their poorhouses, and crimninals
have t ieir jails, but what about the
honest middle classes, who are able
and willing to work and yet have sina]
income? Let the capitalists. inspired
of God and pure patriotism, rise and
build whole streets of small residences.
The laborer may have at the close td
the day to walk or ride farther than is
desirable to reach it, but when he gets
to his destination in the eventide he
will find something worthy of being
called by that glorious and impassioned
and heaven descended word-"home.'
Young married man, as soon as you
can buy such a place, even if you have
to put on it a mortgage reaching from
base to capstone. The much abused
mortgage, which is ruin to a reckless
man, to one prudent and provident is
the beginning of a competoney and a
fortune for the reason he will not be
satisied until he has paid it off, and all
the household are put on stringent eco
nomics until then. Deny yourself all
superfluities and all luxuries until you
can say, "Everything in this house is
mine, thank God!-every timber, every
brick, every foot of plumbing, every
doorsill." Do not have your children
born in a boarding house, and do not
yourself be buried from one. Have a
place where your children can shout
and sing and romp without being over
hauled for the racket. Have a kitcben
where you can do something toward the
ref ormation of evil cookery and the les
sening of this nation of dyspeptics. As
Napoleon lost one of his great battles
by an attack of indigestion, so many
men have such a daily wrestle with the
food swallowed that they have no
strength left for the battle of life; and
though your wife may know how to play
on all musical instruments and rival a
prima dona, she is not well educaten
unless she can boil an Irish potato ana
broil a mutton chop, since the die
sometimes decides the fate of familie
and nations.
Have a sitting room with at least one
easy chair even though you have to take
turns at sitting in it, and books out of
the public library or of your own pur
chase for the making of your family in
ing matches, with an occasional blind
man's buff-which is of all games my
favorite. Rouse up your home with all
styles of innocent mirth, and gather up
in your children's nature a reservoir of
exuberance that will pour down refresh
ing streams when life gets parched, and
the dark days come, and the lights go
out, and the laughter is smothered into
a sob.
First, last and all the time have
Christ in your home. Julius Caesar
calmed the fears of an affrighted boat
man who was rowing him in a stream
by saying, "So long as Caesar is with
you in the same boat no harm can
happen." And whatever storm of
adversity or bereavement or poverty
may strike your home all is well as
long as you have Christ the king on
board. Make your home so farreach
ing in its influence that down to the
last moment of your children's life
you may hold them with a heavenly
charm. At 76 years of age the Demos
thenes of the American senate lay dy
ing at Washington-I mean Henry Clay
of Kentucky. His pastor sat at his
bedside, and "the old man eloquent,"
after a long and exciting public life,
transatlantic and cisatlantic, was back
again in the scenes of his boyhood, and
he kept saying in his dream over and
again, ",My mother, mother, mother!"
May the parental influence we exert be
not only potential, but holy, and so the
home on earth be the vestibule of our
home in heaven, in which place may we
all meet-father, mother, son, daugh
ter, brother, sister, grandfather, grand
mother and grandchild and the entire
group of precious ones, of whom we
must say in the words of transporting
Charles Wesley:
One family we dwell in him,
One church above, beneath;
Though now divided by the stream
The narrow stream of death;
One army of the living God,
To his command we bow;
Part of the host have crossed the flood
And part are crossing now.
Arrested and Sent to Serve Sentence
After Thirty Year's Freedom.
Sent back to serve out a sentence af
ter having escaped from the State pri
son 31 years ago. Such was the fate
of Hope Frazier, an agea Negro who
vts sent' to the-penitentiary from Col
leton county two weeks ago. But the
governor has pardoned him, and the old
ex- slave can go back to his children and
his grand-children, born since he es
caped from prison over 30 years ago.
The members of the jury of 12 ignorant
Negroes who convicted him are all dead.
All others interested in the case are
dead, and the governor pardoned the
poor old fellow upan the petition of
those who in latter years have found
him an humble but good citizen.
In January, 1867, the Negro was con
victed of larceny of live stock and sen
tenced by Judge Platt to two years in
the State prison. The convict was
brought to Columbia. For 11 months
he served his sentence. There were no
great, forbidding walls; there were no
massive stone prison buildings; there
was no great army of convicts there.
The State prison was a wooden affair
and the wails offered little security.
One day Hope found an "easy"
place on the wall and quietly took his
departure from a servitude quite differ
ent from that to which he had before
been accustomed; for it was but two
years after the close of the war, and
Hope had been a slave. Back to Col
leton county 'ae went. As if nothing
had happened he resumed his work on
the Middleton and Burnett plantations.
For 31 years he has followed the even
tenor of his way until two week ago
Thursday, when he was arrested as an
escaped convict. "It was an old grudge
somebody had against me, marster,"
the poor old fellow said. "Fez131 years
1 have gone right there to that cote
house and paid my taxes without any
one bothering me, and after this long
time they arrested me. I didn't done
go to tief dat hoss, and I didn't know it
was wrong to leave the penitentiary."
Poor old ex-slave, with his warped
ideas of morality!
With the weight of 72 years on his
shoulders the prison life ill became
him. Friends interested themselves in
his behalf and the go"ernor Thursday
made him a free man.-The State.
Dairy Rules.
The Iowa Agricultural College cream
ery has promulgated the following rules,
which could be profitably observed by
1. Nothing but tin pails should be
used in the milkyard, as it is impossi
ble to keep wooden pails sweet.
2. The cows' udders should be care
fully washed before any milk is drawn.
3. Milk should be aired immediately
by pouring or dripping from pail to
pail before cooling, and then be cooled
as quickly as possible to at least 60 de
4. Milk should be kept where the
surrounding air is pure and free from
stable odors or taint of any kind.
3. MK-r.ines milk should 'be cooled
before miixing with the evening's milk.
6. Cows should not be permitted to
drink stagnant or impure water, but
should have an abundance of good
7. Cows should be driven quietly to
and from pasture.
8. Cans and pails should be washed
carefully with warm water, but not
hot, and care should be taken to clean
the seams of the receptacles: then they
should be scalded thoroughly with hot
water and be aired.
A Good:Showing.
Reliable poultry statistics that are of
practical value are difficult to get, for
the reason that not one poultry raiser
out of a hundred in this section even
pretends to keep a record. Mr. Brooks
Inman. of Yorkville, however, gave the
reporter of the Enquirer recently some
fgres that are quite interesting.
"Since January last up to today," said
Mr. Inman, "I have had 26 Brown
Leghorn hens, and in the time mention
ed they have laid 223 do:zen eggs. A
great many of these eggs, I have sold at
a dollar a settig. but at 124 cents per
dozen the gross incousc would have
amounted to $28.121. During this
time, the hens have cost on account of
feed and other expenses $11.80. leav
ing a net profit of $16.32, and the hens
practically of the same value as at the
beginning of the year." According to
these figures it would seem that chick
en raising is a pretty good business, es
pecially if the chickens are leoked after
properly, and accorded intelligent at
tention. The Enquirer says there are
several other poultry raisers in York
ville who are in the business as exten
sively as Mr. Inman, and perhaps some
of them may he able to report results
even more satisfactory.
The Atlanta Journal says forty per
sons were killed and several hundred
wounded this year by our barbarous
methods of celebrating independence
Legislation That Would Seem Queer
Enough These Days.
In 1649 "irreligion" was made an of
fense against the law in Massachusetts.
Absence from church was punished by
fine. Denial of truth or inspiration of
any book of the Bible was punished by
fine, stripes, exile and death.
In 1651 the Massachusetts legislature
prohibited persons whose estate did not
ex(e.d X200 ($1,000) from wearing lace
costing over two shillings (48 cents) a
In 1657 Quakers who came to Aieri
ca as a refuge from Puritan persecution.
in England found a rude welcome.
They were fined, whipped and banished.
On first conviction of the heinious
crime of being a Qaaker one ear was
lopped off; on the third the tongne was
bored with a redhot iron. Any one en
tering "the accursed sect" was fined.
A London woman, lately over, rebuked
a magistrate for imposing the penalty,
and was whipped with 20 stripes. In
1659 two Quakers were hanged in the
Massachusetts colony for returning
there after benig punished. And Mary
Dyer missed a like fate by the narrow
est of margins. She was equally guil
ty, and- the rope was around her neck,
but she was reprieved. But the follow
ing June she was hanged at Boston,
the charge of being a Quaker having
been found sustained-and sufficient.
Charles II was about all the friend in
authority those plain people had. He
ordered the persecutions in New Eng
land to cease, and was but indifferently
obeyed. In Virginia John Burgess was
expelled from the assembly for "being
well affected toward the Quakers."
A committee of the English house of
commons reported in 1708 that "the
slave trade was important and ought to
be free." And another committee,
three years later, reported that "the
plantations ought to be supplied with
negroes at reasonable rates," and re
commended an increase in the trade.
In 1712 the Pennsylvania assembly
replied to a petition to emancipate the
negroes that "it was neither just nor
convenient to set them at liberty."
South Carolina solemnly declared that
baptism was "not inconsisent with
slavery;" so that even negroes might be
converted. Virginia had, however,
set the example for that broad charity
in 1667.
Theatrical representations were pro
hibited in Massachusetts and Connecti
cut in 1749.
Poultry Items.
Give lime for growth of bone and for
egg shell material.
A laying hen should have her food
and drink at regular intervals.
A little cayenne pepper in the food
will-generilly stimulate laying
If the hens show an inclination to
pull feathers, feed them salt pork.
Young ducks can be marketed at
about five pouuds weight and should
attain this weight in four weeks.
The eggs of the White Leghorn,
Black Minorca and Houdan arc about
of the same weight as those of the
Light Brahmna.
One dollar a year is the average cost
for keeping each fowl. If the fowls
are of good strain each should give that
much profit.
tn the selection of eggs for hatch
ing purposes choose these from the
hens that are the best layers, most
vigorous and best in form.
Ten dozen eggs is the average esti
mate given as the production of the
hen. Ducks are said to average about
ten dozen and turkeys four dozen.
Eggs intended for hatching should
not be kept over four weeks. They
should be turned every day or two.
Thirteen eggs are generally considered
enough for a sitting, though many
breeders now place under the hen as
many as fifteen.
Introduce new blood into your poul
try once a year, but do not change the
breed by cross breeding. If dissatis
fied with the breed you have don't try
to cross it out by breeding. Sell it out
and start with pure-brcds, or a pure
bred cock and good, strong, healthy
A Heavy Load.
Some of the Republican newspapers
are beginning to realize that their party
will find the administration's foreign
policy a heavy load to carry next year.
They are begging the president to call
a halt in his imperialism and some of
them predict that if he does not do sd
he will be rebuked by the people at the
first opportunity. We quoted recently
the comments of the Washington Post
on the Philippine situation. While
The Post claims to be an independent
newsper it has been a staunch support
er of the administration and yet it prac
tically admits that the president has
made a mess of the Philippine war.
The Minneapolis Tribune, the leading
Republican newspaper of the northwest,
frankly tells the president that if the
Philippine problem is not solved a year
hence his re-election will be very doubt
ful. There are many independent and
Republican newspapers who talk like
the Washington Post and the Minne
apolis Tribune. The Democratic press
is almost solidly opposed to the impe
rialistic tendencies of the administra
tion and in favor of making them as
prominent an issue as possible in the
campaign of next year.
Nearly Wiped Out.
All but one of the seven members of
the family of Win. Reinhard of Colum
bus Ohio, were killed and the remain
ing one was badly injured by a passen
ger train Sunday afternoon.
The dead are:
William Reinhard, aged 41.
Rach ael Reinhard, aged 40.
William Reinhard, Jr, aged 14.
Arthur Reinhard, aged 9.
Karl Reinhard, aged 7.
Edward Reinhard, aged 5.
Clarence Reinhard, aged 14, collar
bone broken.
Mr. and Mrs. Rleinhiard and their five
children were out for an afternoon
drive in a surrey. They were crosiing
the tracks just as the westbound pas
senger train, due at Columbus at 3:15 p.
i., came along. The vehicle was
knocked into splinters and Mrs. Rein
hard and Arthur and Karl were killed
outright. Edward and William were
so badly injured that they died after
being removed to a hospital. Clarence
sustained a fractured collar bone and
other lesser injuries, but it is believed
he will recover. The horse which was
attached to the surrey was literally
grouud to pieces. The crossing has
long been regarded as a dangerous one,
the view of incoming trains being ob
suebya high fence around the fair
grounds. The train was running at a
He Tells How They Found a Place in
Which to Bury the Great Giant.
"I never told you the exact height
of the great giant-what's the use?"
said the old circusman. "You wouldn't
believe It if I did; as I've said before
it would only make you dis-believe
what I do tell you about him, and
what's the use? But you can form.
some sort of an idea about it if from
these things that I've told you and
from what I'm going to tell you now
about his death and burial, because in
the course of time he died.
"We were under canvas then, show
ing three times a day, and moving
ourselves, and we were tolerable busy,
and we really hadn't time to give at
tention as we ought to the burying of
what had been, after the great giraffe,
our very greatest attraction. The dig
ging of a grave for him would have
been like digging the foundations for
several houses in a row and would
have taken .lots of time, and the mere
cost of the land would be considerable.
"Well, as usual, the old man's horse
sense came to the rescue. In looking
around for forage when he struck the
town be had discovered the bed of an
abandoned canal, that they'd stopped
using when the railroad was built.
This old canal ran through the edge of
a man's farm there, and the land was
no use to anybody. It didn t pay to
plough it becanse it wasn't worth the
time and trouble it would take to get
horses and plougns up and down the
bank, and it wasn't any good for any
thing; and the old man bought a strip
of that land along there. a few acres
of it, enough for a cemetery lot for the
giant, for next to nothing. So you see
there we were, with the land bought
and the grave dug at very small ex
pense and practically In a minute.
"We laid the giant down in the sec
tion of the canal we had bought, and
hauled earth from the rest of the piece
to cover him up-the old man was wise
enough of course to buy land enough
to provide for that. When the mound
was rounded up in proper shape and
due proportions it made quite a ridge:
it was a flat country round there, and
you could see this ridge for quite a
"Of course the old man put up a
headstone, and it was much the biggest
I ever saw, and quite different from
any I ever saw-it was built of brick.
The old man hired all the men that
could work on It, and they put in a
foundation ana built the headstone in
half a day. It was something like the
side of a brick house for general di
mensions, only it was very much thick
er and tombstone-like In shape, and at
a little distance in the level country
the ridge with the great stone at one
end of it looked like what it was, the
grave of a mighty giant.
"And so we left him secure in mem
ory, as we thought with the inscrip
tion we had put on the headstone, but
a great storm came up before the mor
tar had set and blew the headstone
down, and there it lay simply a scat
tering pile of brick. But the mound
remained, as it still does; I saw It there
only a year ago when I passed through
that country. But with nothing to
mark it, exact knowledge of It gradual
ly faded, and even tradition had grown
indistinct, and the great mound had
come finally to be known simply as the
giant's hill."
The CUmate of Cape Colony.
The climate of the Cape Colony, and
indeed of South Africa, may be com
pared to that of the south of Europe
and the north of Africa, with frost
and snow on the highest lands and
subtropical belts on the lowest lying
parts, as in Natal, Zululand and Mas
honaland. It may be roughly said that
any part of South Africa Is better for
those suffering from chest complaint
than is the climate of our home coun
try, at the most trying time of the year.
But those who come to South Africa
hoping to escape from this disease
should not as a general rule delay on
the coast
The Cape peninsula is delightful for
most people, but It Is not by any means
best for those who are constitutionally
Inclined to consumption.' They must
leave the coast, no matter how many
inducements there may be for them
to stay. and climb the tableland which
faces them at whatever port they may
land. At irregular distances from the
sea we have probably nowhere more
than a hundred miles of low-lying
coast lands before we ascend.Once on
the tableland, so far as climate. goes,
it matters not in what direction health
seekers proceed, the climate is equally
Lived in Cages.
Capt. Dreyfus is not the only man so
unfortunate as to be shut up in a cage.
At the Castle of Plessis lex Tours one
is shown a dark and gloomy place un
der a stairway, where they tell us
Cardinal La Blaue spent twelve years
In an iron cage so constructed that
he could neither stand nor lie In It
He had the singular good fortune-ne
probably would question the adjective
-of undergoing a punishment unique
in history.
In Copenhagen about 1740 there was
living an Englishman who had spent
eleven years in a cage. He was a gen
tleman of Lancashire .ln the service of
Charles XII. of Sweden, and was ar
rested for some alleged act of treason.
He escaped from prison, took refuge in
Hamburg, where he was safe, but Im
prudently ventured back, was again
arrested and this time, for greater safe
ty, was put in an iron cage and stayed
there eleven years, when he was re
moved to a prison room. He had not
been ill any of the time, was quite
cleerful, wrote a volume of anecdotes.
tamed a mouse for amu2sement and
never lost his hope of ultimate relcas".
A Paper House.
A large paper house with sixteen
rooms has been erected by a Russian
gentleman upon his country estate at
Savinowka, in Podolla. The house was
coustructed in New York by an Am
erican engineer, and cost $SO,000 roni
bles. Its architect declares that it
will last longer than a stone building.
To make the triumph of paper still
more emphatic, the proprietor has re
solved that the whole of the furniture
shall be made of the same material.
An Unhealthy City.
St. Petersburg is built on what was
formerly a swamp. To the present
day a strong west wind, combined
with high water in the' river. forces
water into the re-itars.
The Prince of Wales is the third
member of the :' ::: family who has
received an inJa::. ahe knee. The
Queen slipped aboum liteen years ago
and hurt her kr e-an occurr:ence
which has caused her to refrain from
annecessary walking '::'r'te ever
since. The late Dukb .. :v~ also
[eli and injured his a:: .: w ln
which greatly tried w:,a:e:sa
Economy in italy.
Marvelous aconomy is practiced by
the poor of Italy in looking after the
wants of the inner man. Coffee
grounds from the wealthy man's kitch
en are dried and resold to the poor. In
a similar way oil is twice and some
times three times used, the drippings
after each successive frying being
gathered from the pan and sold to the
The Cashew Kernel.
A highly flavored nut, known as the
cashew kernel, is being Imported into
Canada 'for dessert and ccafectionery
uses. It is produced in India only, and
its season is from May to November,
but the production is not large, and im
porters must place their orders in ad
AtO Many Lends Told in Our Folk
Nearly all legends, traditions and
myths, wherever they exist, have their
counterparts in other countries. Stu
dents of folk lore will have it that such
coincidences prove a common source.
Similar to the Rip Van Winkle legend
in America are many European myths.
There is an old Danish tradition of a
wedding from which the bride strayed
off to an elf-mound, where the elves
thronged about her and offered her
wine, of which she drank. The result of
this indiscretion on her part was a
slumber, which lasted for a century.
On awakening she found her way back
to the house which she had left, as
she supposod, but a little while before,
but there was only one old woman
there, who at last recollected that in
her father's time his brother's bride
had disappeared upon her wedding day.
With the change of sex and place
this is the story of the Kaatskill hunt
There is a Danish legend resembling
part of Longfellow's Hiawatha. That
the two poems should be alike in form
does not bear upon this discussion,
though it did lay Mr. Longfellow open
to a charge of imitation, but the matter
of Hiawatha was taken from legends
which Schoolcraft gathered among the
The story of Great Claus and Little
Claus as told by Hans Christian Ander
sen differs from the Irish Hudden and
Dudden In a few minor details only.
The scholars bespeak for both a com
mon Scandinavian origin. The list
might be prolonged almost indefinitely.
Bees From the Philippines.
Ther a is one race inhabiting the Phil
Ippines which will be a welcome addi
tion to American citizenship, and will
be afforded every facility and induce
ment to immigrate to the United States
and engage in the skilled labor in
which it has no peer. This is the giant
East Indian honey bee, and investiga
tion of its work and immense capaci'y
for making honey and wax has inter
ested the Department of Agriculture in
the consideration of an early effort to
introduce it into the United States.
Secretary Wilson said In connection
with the proposed importation of these
bees to the United States that a special
appropriation would be asked in his
coming report to Congress for the in
vestigation of the bees of the world,
and a swarm of the big Philippine
honeymakers would be brought to
America as soon as the question of
their value and the possibility of their
acclimation have been fully determin
ed. There will also be an appropriation
requested for the study of the agricul
tural and kindred products of the new
ly acquired territory of the United
States, and even under this head the
great honey bees of the east could be
introduced by the department to this
Why We Yawn.
There can be little doubt that one
of the objects of yawning is the exer
cise of muscles which have been for a
long time quiescent, and the accelera
tion of the blood and lymph flow
which has in consequence of this qui
escence become sluggish. Hence its
frequency after one has remained for
some time in the same position-for
example, when waking in the morn
Co-operating with this cause Is
sleepiness and the shallow breathing
which it entails. This factor, as well
as muscle quiescence, is apt to attend
the sense of boredom which one expe
riences in listening to a dull sermon.
Hence it is that the bored individual Is..
apt to yawn. As in the case of sigh
Ing, the deep breath which accompa
nies the act of yawning compensates
for the shallow breathing which Is so
apt to excite it.
Meaning of Chiecamauga.
Thomas Foster, an authority on such
matters, writes In protest against the
Chickamauga Creek being referred to
as "the river of death," as if that was
the meaning of the Indian name. He
says the Indian word Chickamauga
means a boiling pot, and was the name
given the place because of a whirlpool
that once existed where the Chicka
mauga Creek emptied Into the Tennes
see river. The rocks which caused
the whirlpool were removed by the
government some years ago.
London, Ex-Watering Place.
Time was when London was a water
ing place, whose wells, If not rivalling
Bath or Harrogate, were widely famed
and frequented by people from all quar
ters. In South London there was
quite a number of spas-Lambeth
Wells, which sold water for a penny a
quart, and gave it to the poor for noth
ing; St. George's Wells, Sydenham
Wells, and Dulwich Wells being the
best known.
Ancient Clay Pipe.
The British museum contains a very
full collection of clay pipes, dating
back as far as the 16th century. The
:ustom of waxing the pipe end to pre
rent it sticking to the lips was Intro
uced by the Dutch about the year
Crowded Out by Machinery.
When girls of old swift needles plied
Fond swains could murmur at their
But now typewriting keys they pound
When man would woo his voice Is
Canary Seed Farms.
Many acres of canary seed are annu
ally grown inKent, many persons there
being s,,lely canary-seed farmers. The
traw of the canary-seed plant is high
v valued as fodder for horses.
an exchange gets off the following:
i want to be a farmer and till the virgin
oil, and labor in the sunshine to sweat
and stew and boil: I want to earn large
acres, whereupon the rye to sow, and
watch the cornstalk waving, and hear
the mortgage grow; I want to be a
farmer, and grow a Ifubbard squash,
the pumpkin and pomioes, and other
stuff, by zos I: I want to be a farmer,
I do, up,.n :r.1m. but I haven't got
he money to bu:y a gupher hole.
9Jn the Tirai of nl i'ens~IO"
A somewhat pathetic letter comes
from an old colored citizen. It is as
"De rain has done beat down my cot
ton, an' most er my co'n is done ruint.
My son wuz a sojer in dei war wid de
Spaniels. He lost two legs in it. Do
you reckon de guy-ment will give him
$2 a leg fer 'em?"
Level Sea Bottom.
The bottom of the Pacific between
Hawaii and California is said -to be so
level that a railroad could be laid for
500 miles without grading anywhere.
This fact was discovered by the United
States surveying vessel engaged in
making soundings with a view of lay
nz embla.
A Vigcrcus.Protest.
Mr. M. L. Swift. of Nordhef, Cal..
is not in agreement with Generals Mi
C. Butler. Joseph Wheeler and C. R.
L. Bern(r. apparertly. TIhe Baltimore
Sun has received an open lettcr from
Mr. Skift, addressed to the president
ard his as!ociated sovereign empire and
army itakers, in which he says: "It
seems to lare become, vithin the past
few mouths, a firmly grounded princi
pie of J< publicain in,' iruti i.s that one
,A .o doe, nort agree w.ith 3our auguAt
authority in th-ematters o-f conqUI(t
at.(,d exp:mi!:ion savors of the traitor, and
:het ojLP ; ho fully speaks his disag
pv co is a traitor. If you are alios ed
to establish this abominable doctrine
we shall sen be, all of us, in ebain.;
our right to discuss, our very ight to
decide national po'ices for ourselves
and by ourselvts. unawed and aundice
tated to h. elrcetd masters, will-e torn
away. Y u na) be very confident that
the luster which two tiDy wars have
given you will enabel you to coe~rin
that doctrine, but you ehall at lesi
hear our ver:.ion of the m)steris of
treason. No doctrine could be more
imnoral or daag.rons than that we
must supp:rt our 'rulers' in every gross
ness of exterual policy or war for
ajpeara- ce of national unity to 'ard
outer world. There is no stoppi
place for -ueh a creed shot tof ciplete
mental and moral surrender of te
wlole people to the tyranny of one wil,'.
and the ouly aintidote for such madness
is to stop in the biginning. -If all rh
who are pained and enraged atour vi
cnt criminal aggression were to pu
this enlig htened resistance toward y
even you would soon be so enlightei
as to acknowlkdge the horror of og
performances and to graciously di
tinue :hem It is now annoutced
you will soon make new levies of sl?
ers to contitue the assimilating
sacre of our beloved Oriental god
dren. This is audacity incouce'
Was it not enough, having -ob
volunteers under the fahl.e preten
merely liberating Caba, to cun
dispatch these men, who never
have enlisted to crush and destroyC
ans, to do that very thing to a
people in every respect similar to
Cubans? This is the quintseneie
treaceery and I marvel beyond
that an intelligent people has boi6
at your hands."
The Devi Dancers of Ceyled and 1Iid v
Mysterious Ways'
The real Singhalese devl
Ceylon are ferocious and, savge
lows. Their dances are ievolting
,orrble. But their profession-s .
ar and affords a royal living f
'men who go into It There F
'stition among the Sighaleskthatl
when a man falls sick he is suppduedt
to be affmlcted by a devl. Inorderto
rid him of the disease the devil danc
ers are called in to propitiate thie de
,men. Two or more of them go by
hight to the sick man's house, In front
of which a small, square inelosure
about six feet high, has been made
of grasses and palm leaves. This7
answers the purpose of the green room
at a theatre. The men appear at
without -masks and with long. y w
grass streamers hanging f .their
head and waists. The light cast
on the se rehes, made'of '
s o which pleces of cloth are~
wrapped, dipped In oil. To the music
of a tam-tam, kept up on one note-,the A t
dancers sing a peculiar, wild funeral
dirge, In which the spectators offen
join. -t
The dancers begin by slowly moving
about, stretching the right foot and -..
bringing the left up to it, and appear
as If they were searching for some
thing, during which the singing sounds
like crying. They are then asking the
devil to appear. There are twenty
four different sorts of devils, and aft'er
the first part, the dancers are con-i."
stantly changing their clothes to repre-~
sent the entire species; some wear
masks, some don jaws and terribZA
teeth reaching to their ears. The jaw
open and close in a very realistic man
A dancelasts over two nights, as the
whole twenty-four devils have all to
be personated before the particular de
mon who is afflicting the man is pitch
ed on. When he gives signs of his
presence the dancers go into a sort of
frenzy, which increases as he takes
possession of them; thle tam-tam Deats
faster and faster, the enanting grows ..
into yells, the men whirl and stamp
and the bells on their ankles jingle *~
and clash.
At this stage the dancers appear'to
be looking for some object to give the
devil in sacrifice, and into which he
may pass. A chicken is usually offered
by the friend of the sick man, and the
unfortunate bird Is seized upon, twist'
ed and tormeited and bitten between
the false teeth, until the dancers,
worn out, move slower and slower,
and the chicken sinks into a sort of
trance, which Is a sign that the devil
has accepted the sacrifice, and Is will
ing to pass from the man into the bird.
speed of an Earthquake.
T he course which an earthquake
runs is usually very rapid. From the --
instant when the first shock was felt
at Lisbon to the period when all was -,
over, and many thousands of people --
killed, not more than two minutes had
elapsed. Usually from ten to thirty
seconds elapsed between the first and
last shocks of severe earthquake. But
this lightning speed is not always the
earthquake's mode of traveling. While '
Caracas, in Venezuela, was almost
totally destroyed and 12,000 people
were killed in less than twenty seconds
by the great shock there many years
back, there are bases in which con
stantly recurring shocks have lasted
for weeks. No matter how brief the
span, the most frightful havoc can
be wrought and the wave of destruct
ion propagated from the most distant
regions. The rumbling earth-sound
travels at the rate of about 10,000 to
11,000 feet per second, and the earth
wave, on an average, about 1,200 feet
in the same space of time.
Salaries of Presidents.
Very few persons would suspect how
small the salaries of presidents of re
publics are, when the enormous sumis
crowvned heads receive are taken into
consideration. '1 he foreigner often
thinks the $50,000 salary of the Presi
dent of the United States is merely
a joke, and that he receives ten times
as much in reality, but the same for
eigner may not know that the Frenich
President, in a country where the
wealthiest nmonachs once reigned, re
ceives only $120,000 a year. The
President of the little Andorra Re
public contents himself with a salary
of $15 a year, and the President of
the Swiss Republic must be satisfied
with $3,000
The goia contameo in wne meaas,
vessel, chains and other objects pre
served in the Vatican \would make
more gold coin than the whole of the
preen Erean circulation.

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