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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, July 26, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063760/1899-07-26/ed-1/seq-4/

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Dr. Talmage Preaches on Human
Epigram to Illustrate the Folly of
Mankind. Prone to Mag
nify Small Things
Heedless of the
In this discourse. foundeud on an an
cient epigram repeated by Christ. Dr.
Talmage illustrates the folly of being
very particular about insignificant
things while neglectiul of vast concerns
The text is Matthew xxiii, 24, -Ye
blind guides., which strain at a guat
and swallow a camel."
A proverb is compact wisdom, knowl
edge in chunks, a library in a sentence,
the electricity of many clouds dis
charged in one bolt, a river put through
a mill race. When Christ quotes the
proverb of the text, he means to set
forth the ludierouz behavior of those
who make a great bluster about small
sins and have no appreciation of great
ones. In my text a small insect and a
largi quadruped are brought into com
parison--a gnat and a camel. You
have in museum or on the desert seen
the latter, a great awkward, sprawling
creature, with back two stories high
and stomach having a collection of res
ervoirs for desert travel, an animal for
bidden to the Jews as food and in many
literatures entitled "the ship of the
desert." The gnat spoken of in the
text is in the grub form It is born in
pool or pond, after a few weeks be
comes a chrysalis and then after a few
days becomes the gnat as we recognize
it. But the insect spoken of in the
text is in its very smallest shape, and
it yet inhabits the water, for my text is
a misprint and ought to read "strain
out a gnat."
My text shows you the prince of in
consistencies. A ian after long ob
servation has formed the suspicion that
in a cup of water he is about to drink,
there is a grub or the grandparent of a
gat. He zoes and gets a sieve or
strainer. he takes the water and pours
it tbrough the sieve in the broad light.
He says, "I would rather do anything
almost than drink this water until this
larva be extirpated." This water is
brouirht under inquisition. The ex
periment is successful. The water
rushes through the sieve and leaves
against the side of the sieve the grub or
gnat. Then the man carefully removes
the insect and drinks the water in pla
cidity. But going out one day, and
hungry, he devours a "ship of the des
ert," the camel, which the Jews were
forbidden to eat. The gastronomer has
no compunctions of conscience. He suf
fers from no indigestion. He puts the
lower jaw under the camel's forefoot,
and his upper jaw over the hump of the
camel's back, and gives one swallow
and the dromedary disappears forever.
He strained out a gnat, he swallowed a
'While Christ's audience was yet
smiling at the appositeness and wit of
his illustration-for smile they did, un
less they were too stupid to understand
the hyperbole-Christ practically said
to them, "That is you." Punctilious
about small things: reckless about af
fairs of great magnitude. No subject
ever winced under a surgeon's knife
more bitterly than did the Pharisees
under Christ's scalpel of truth. As an
anatomist will take a human body to
pieces and put the pieces under a mi
croscope for the examination, so Christ
finds his way to the heart otf the dead
Pharisee and cuts it out and puts it
under the glass of inspection for all
generations to examine. Those Phari
sees thought that Christ would flatter
them and compliment them, and how
they must have writhed under the red
hot words as he said, "Ye fools, ye
whited sepulchers, ye blind guides,
which strain out a gnat and swallow a
There are in our day a great many
gnats strained out and a great many
camels swallowed, and it is the object
cf this sermon to 'sketch a few persons
who are extensively engaged in that
First, I remark that all those mini+
ters of the gospel who are very scrupu
lous about the convevitionalities d :e
ligion, but put no particular st o:Ss
upon matters of v'ast importance, are
photographed in the text- Church ser
vices ought to be grave and solemn.
rThere is no room for frivolity inrelig
ious convocation, but there are illustra
tions, and there are hyperboles like
that of Christ in the text that will ir
radiate with smiles any intelligent au
dience. There are men like those
blind guides of the text who advocate
only those things in religious service
which draw the corners of the mouth
down and denounce all those things
which have a tendency to draw the cor
ners of the month up, and these men
will go to installations, and to presby
teries, and to conferences, and to as
sociations, their pockets full of line
sieves to strain out the gnats, while in
their own churches at home every Sun
day there are 50 people sound asleep.
They make their churches a great dor
mitory, and their somniferous sermons
are a cradle and the drawled out hymns
a lullaby, while some wakeful soul in a
pew, with her fan, keeps the flies off
unconscious persons approximate.
Now, I say it is worse to sleep in church
than to smile in church, for the latter
implies at least attention, while the
former implies the indifference of the
hearers and the stupidi:y of the speak
In old age, or from physical infirmi
ty, or from long watching with the
sick, drowsiness will sometimes over
power one, but when a minister of the
gospel looks off upon an audience and
finds healthy and intelligent people
struggling with drowsiness it is time
for him to give out the doxology or pro
nounce the benediction. The great
fault of church services today is not
too much vivacity, but too much som
nolence. The one is an irritating gnat
that may be easily strained out, the
othe~r is a great, sprawling and sleepy
eyed camel of the dry desert. in all
our Sabbath schools, in all our Bible
classes, in all our pulpits, we need to
brighten up our religious message with
such Christlike vivacity as we find in
the text.
I take down from my library the
biographies of ministers and writers of
the past ages, inspired and uanpired,
who have done the most to bring souls
te Jesus Christ, and I find that, with
out a single exception, they consecra
ted their wit and their humor to C hrsit.
Elijah used it when he adised the
Baalites, as they could not make thieir
god respond, to call louder, as their
god might be sound asleep or grone
a-hunting. Job used it when he
Nisde; wil d ieto. Chi
o only -t-ed it in the text. b:t vhcn
ironically, conplimented the corrupt
l'haris. =3ying. -The whole need not
aL dvSician." and when, by one word,
ie described the cunning of Herod,
savin,, "Go ye. and tell that fox."
Matthew leiry's commentaries from
the first page to the last corruseated
with humor as summer clouds with heat
John 'Bunyan's writings are as full of
humor as they are of saying truth, and
thwre is not an atced man here who has
ever read "P1ilgrims Progress," who
does not remlember that while reading
it he smiled as ofte as he wept. Chry
sostel, George Herbert, Robert South,
George -Whiteield. Jeremy Taylor,
lowlandl lill, Ashnel Nettleton,Charles
G. Finner and all the men of the past
who greatly advanced the kingdomn of
God! consecrated thir wit and their
humor to the cause of Christ. So it has
been in all the ages, ard I say to all our
young theological students, Sharpen
your wits until they are as keen as
scimiters and then take them into this
holy war. It is a very short bridge be
tween a smile and a tear, a suspension
brideo from eye to lip, and it is soon
CrOsSed over, and a smile is sometimes
iust a, sacred as a tear. There is as
nueh religion, and, I think, a little
more in a spring morning than in a star
less midnight. ieligious work without
any humor or wit in it is a banquet
with a side of beef, and that raw, and
no condiments and no dessert succeed
ing. People will not sit down to such
a banquet. By all means remove all
frivolity and all pathos and all lightness
and vulgarity. Strain them out through
the sieVe of holy discriminuation, but,
on the other hand. beware of that wons
ter which overshadows the Christian
church todav--conventionally-conming
up from the great Sahara desert of ec
clesiasticism.' having on its back a
humn 0f sanetimonius gloom, and
vehenently refuse to swollow that
)h. how particular a great many pen
ple are about the infinitesiials while
they are quite rockless about the mag
nitudes! What did Christ say? Did
lie not excoriate the people in his time
who were so careful to wash their hands
before a meal, but did not wash their
hearts? It is a bad thing to have un
clean hands. It is a worse thing to
have an unclean heart. How many
people there are in our time who are
very anxious that after their death they
shall be buried with their faces toward
the east and not at all anxious that dur
ing their whole life they should face in
the right direction, so that they shall
come up in the resurrection of the just,
whichever way they are buried! How
many there are chiefly anxious that a
minister of the gospel shall come in the
line of apostolic succession, not caring
so much whether he comes from Apos
tles Paul or Apostle Judas! They have
a way of measuring a gnat until it is
larger than a camel.
Again, my subject photographs all
those who are abhorrant of small sins
while they are reckless in regard to
magnificent thefts. You will find many
a merchant who, while he is so careful
that he would not take a yard of cloth
or a spool of cotton from the counter
without paying for it, and who, if a
bank cashier should make a mistake and
send in a roll of bills $5 too much,
would dispatch a messenger in hot haste
to return the surplus, yet who will go
into a stock company, in which after
awhile he gets control of the stock, and
th en waters the stock and makes $100,
000 appear like $200,000. He only
stole $100,000 by the operation. Many
of the men of fortune made their wealth
in that way.
One of those men engaged in such
unrighteous acts that evening, the even
ing 'of the day when he watered the
stock, will find a wharf rat stealing a
daily paper from the basement door
way and' will go out and catch the
urchin by the collar and twist the col
lar so tightly the poor fellow has no
power to say that it was thirst for know
ledge that led him to the dishonest act,
but grip the collar tighter and tighter.
saying: "I have been looking for you
a long while. You stole my paper four
or five time.s, haven't you, you miser
able wroteh?" And then the old stock
gambier, with a voice they can hear
three blocks, will cry out, "Police, po
lice!" That same man the evening of
the day in which he watered the stock
will kneel with his family in prayers
and thank God for the propsperity of
the day, then kiss his childien good
night with an air which seems to say,
"I hope you all will grow up to be as
good as your father." Prisons for sins
insectile in size, but palaces for crimes
dromedarian. No mercy for sins ani
malcule in propoition but great leniency
for mastodon iniquity. A poor boy sly
ly takes from the bosket of a market
woman a choke pear-saving sonme one
else from the cholera-and you smother
him in the horrible atmdosphiere of Ray
mond Street jail or New York Tombs,
while his cousin, who has been skillful
enough to steal 8'50.000) trom the city,
you make a candiate for the state leg
There is a good deal of uneasiness and
nervousness now among some people in
our time who' have not got unrighteous
fortune,- a great deal of uneasiness
about dynamite. I tell them that God
will put unler their unrighteous for
tunes something more explosive than
dynamite-the earthquake of his omni
potent indignation. It is time that we
learn in America that sin is not escusa
be in proportion as it declares large
dividends and has outriders in equip
ae. Mlany a man is riding to perdi
doo, postilion ahead and lackey be
ind. To steal one copy of a. newspa
per is a gnat to steal many thousands
of dollars is a camel. There is many a
fruit dealer who would not consent to
steal a basket of peaches from a neigh
bors stall, but who would not scruple to
depress the fruit market, and as long as
I can remember we have heard every
summer the peach crop of Maryland is
a failure, and by the time the crop
comes in the misrepresentation makes a
diference of millions of dollars. A
man who would not steal one basket of
peaches steals 5O.0,00 baskets of peaches.
Go down into the public library, in
the reading rooms, and see the newspa
per reports of the crops from all parts of
the country, anc their phraseology is
very nmuch the same, and the same men
wrote them, methedically and infam
ously carrying out the huge lying about
the grain crop from year to year and for
a score of years. After awhile there
will be a "corner" in the wheat market,
and men who had a contempt for petty
Itheft will burglarize the wheat bin of a
nation and commit larceny upon the
American corn crib. And some o
the men will sit in churches and in
reformatory institutions trying to
strain out the small gnats of
scoundrelisnm while in their grain eleva
tors and in their storehouses they arc
fattening huge camels which they ex
pet after awhile to swallow. Society
has to be entirely reconstructed on this
subject. We arc to find that a sin is
Iinexusable in proportion as it is great.
I know in our time the tendency is to
charge religious frauds upon good men.
They say, "O)h, what a host of frauds
day" And bne kmrf 01 a uren.
ora dacon. or a minister of thc gospel,
or a superintendent of a Sabbath school
turns out a defaulter, what display
heads there are ii many of the newspa
pers! Great primer type. Five line
pica. "Another Saint Absconded,"
"Clerical Scoundrelism," "Religion at
a Discount," while there are a thous
and scoundrels outside the church to
one inside the church, and the misbe
havior of those who never see the in
side of a church is so great that it is
enough to tempt a man to become a
Christian to get out of their company.
But in all circles, religious and irreli
gious, the tendency is to excuse sin in
proportion as it is mammoth. Even
John Milton in his "Paradise Lost,"
while he condemns satan, gives such a
grand description of him you have hard
work to withhold your admiration. Oh,
this straining out of small sins like
gnats and this gulping down great iniq
uities like camels!
This subject does not give the pic
ture of one or two persons. but is a gal
lery in which thousands of people may
see their likenesses. For instance, all
those people who, while they would not
rob their neighbors of a farthing, appro
priate the money and the treasure of
the public. A man has a house to sell,
and he tells his customer it is worth
$20,000. Next day the assessor comes
around and the owner says it is worth
-15,000. The government of the
United States took off the tax from per
sonal income, among other reasons be
cause so few people would tell the
truth, and many a man with an income
of hundreds of dollars a day made state
ments which seemed to imply he was
about to be handed over to the over
seer of the voor. Careful to pay their
passage frotu Liverpool to New York,
yet smuggling in their Saratoga trunk
ten silk dresses from Paris and a half
dozen watches from Geneva, Switzer
land, telling the custom house officer on
the wharf, there is nothing in that
trunk but wearing apparel," and putting
a five dollar gold piece in his hand to
punctuate the statement.
Described in the text are all those
who are particular never to break the
law of grammar and who want all their
language an elegant specimen of syn
tax, str'aining out all the inaccuracies
of speech with a fine sieve of literary
criticism, while through their conversa
tion go slander and innuendo and pro
fanity and falsehood larger than a whole
caravan of camels, when they might
better fracture every law of the ls
uage and shock their intellectual ta.
and better let every verb seek in o.
for its nominative, and every noun . r
its government, and let every prop 'i.
tion lose its way in the sentence, a.,d
adjectives and participles and pronoins
get into a grand riot worthy of 1he
Fourth ward vf New York on elect:ion
day, than to commit a moral inaccurac'y.
Better swallow a thousand gnats than
one camel.
Such persons are also described in
the text who are very much alarmed
about the small faults of others and
have no alarm about their own great
transgressions. There are in every
community and in every church watch
dogs who ftel called upon to keep their
eyes on others and growl. They are
full of suspicions. They wonder if this
man is not dishonest, if that man is not
unclean, if there is not something
wrong about the other man. They are
always the first to hear of anything
wrong. Vultures are always the first
to smell carrion. They are self ap
pointed detectives. I lay this down as
a rule without any exception, tha't
those people who have the most faults
themselves are most merciless in their
watching of others. From scalp of
head to sole of foot they are full of
jealousies and hypercriticisms. They
spend their life in hunting for muskrats
and mud turtles instead of hunting for
Rocizy mountain eagles, always for some
thing mean instead of something grand.
They look at their neighbors' imperfec
tions through a microscope and look at
their own imperfections through a tele
scope upside down. Twenty faults of
their own do not hurt them so much as
one fault of somebody else. Their
neighbors' imperfections are like gnats,
and they strain t'hem out; their own im
perfections are like camels, and they
swallow them.
But lest too many might think they
escape the scrutiny of the text, I have
to tell you that we all come under the
divine satire when we make the ques
tions of time more prominent than the
questions of eternity. Come now, let
us all go into the confessional. Are
not all tempted to make the question,
Where shall I live now? greater than
the question, Where shall I live forev
er? Ilow shall I get more dollars here?
greater than the question, How shall I
lay up treasures in heaven? the ques
tion, How shall I pay my debts to man?
greater than the question, Ihow shall I
meet my obligations to God? the qlues
tion, How shall I gain the world?
greater than the question, What if I
lose my soul? the question, Why did
God let sin come into the world? great
er than the question, How shall [ get
it extirpated from my nature? then si -
tion, What shall I do with the: 2' uir l
or 70 years of my sublunar existemec?
greater than the question, What shall
do with the millions of' cycles of my
past terrestrial existence? Time-how
small it is! Eternity-how vast it is!
The former more insignificant in com
parison with the latter than a gnat is
insignificant when compared with a
camel. We dodged the text. We said.
"That does not mean me,. and that does
not meaLn me," and with a ruinous be
nevolence we are giving the whole ser
mon away.
But let us all surrender to the charge.
What an ado about things here! What
poor preparation for a great eternity!
As though a minnow were larger than
a behemoth, as though a swallow took
wider circuit than an albatross, as
though a nettle were taller than a Leba
non cedar, as though a gnat were great
er than a camel, as though a minute
were longer than a century, as though
time were higher deeper and broader
than eternity. So the text which
flashed with lightning of wit as Christ
uttered it is followed by the crashing
thunders of awful catastrophe to those
who make the questions of time greater
than the (questions of the future, the
oncoming, overshadowing future. Oh!
Eternity! Eternity! Eternity!
Killed by a Wall.
A dispatch to The State from Pied
mont, S. C., says: "G. W. Shidtoni
was killed here this morning. Joseph
Austin and WV. B. Bryant w're proba
bly fatally injured. RI. A. Ponetr had
his leg broken. R~obt. Freeman had
his shoulder dislocated and arm broken.
Calaway Smith, N. P. Fleming and
Jack West were painfulhy injured.
They were all at work on a warehouse
being built for the Piedmont M1anufac
turing company when at about 11
o'clock the centre brick wall, which
was fully 30 feet high, suddenly caved
in, burying Shelton, wh, was instantly
killed, and inflicting ig.uries on the
the others as above stated. All that
medical skill can do is being done for
the injured. The verdict of the coro
ner's jury was that G. W. Shelton camne
to his death by the accidental falling
of the fieait"
What the Department of Agriculture
Says About Them.
At the beginning of the week end
ing July 17th the temperature was
lower than usual, but with steadily in
ci asing heat up to Saturday (15th) on
which date it rose to from 96 to 105
degrees except on the imiicdiate coast.
The extreme maximum of 105 is the
highest ever recorded r;t Columbia.
The tropic heat coninued to the close
of the week.
With the exception of quite general
but light showers throughout the State
on the 8th. and in t few places on the
11h, there has been no rain of any
consequence in two weeks, and over
the greater portion of the State the
need of moisture is urgent to maintain
the condition of the various crops; in
deed, over the central r.nd western
counties, crops are fast failing under
the combined influence of pr.longed
torrid heat and extreme dryness Water
courses are very low, and stock water
is becoming scarce. Desicating winds,
too, aided in drying the soil and vege
tation, but made the beat more endura
ble for animals.
For the first time this season, the
majority of the reports are unfavor
able on cotton, relating that growth
has practically stopped, that the plants
are losing their prr.vioas healthy color,
and are shedding leaves and squares,
and are blooming to the very top. Gen
erally they are well fruited with bolls.
In Marion, Marlboro and Cherokee
coanties the crop is unimpaired. Sea
island cotton continues to do well, but
in places is blighting.
Old corn is suffering severely from
the dryn;ss, and much is injured be
yond recuperation even shoiuld it rain
soon. At a few points only is corn up
to au average condition. Young corn
has not reached its critical stage of
growth and generally maintains its
color, but ii not making seasonable
Tobacco has improved. Gathering
aad curing has made rapid progress.
The crop is yielding well, and some
fields excellently.
Nearly all but the very latest plart
ings of rice have been laid by, and as
eiterpillars am no loruger trouble:ome,
crop is in fine shape. Upland rice
is, however, suffering for rain.
I Melon vines are failing. Peas dying,
a'd a:reage reduced. Pastures and gar
dens are Lurning up. Pears, apples,
grapes and figs are plentiful in Char
lerton, but the commercial crop of
fruit throughout the State is szxall.
Grapes are ripening over the eastern
The Value of Cornstalks.
The farmers have reason to regard
with aversion our numerous tariff-pro
teoted trusts, but the farmers on the
prairie lands of the West at least will
probably view with favor the fifty-mil
lion-dollar cornstalk trust whi.h is be
in; organized, it is stated, to make a
market for the 250,000,000 tons of corn
stalks that go to waste every year. The
cornstalk is to be developed by the new
trust into a commercial commodity, as
cotton seed were a few years ago, and
it is believed that "there are millions
in it." According to the New York
Commercial our farmers have hitherto
been throwing away $900,000,000 a year
in stalks. The yield of stalks aver
ages three tons to the acre, the acreage
averaging 80,000,000, and but a frac
tion of this is utilized as fodder. iDur
ing the last twenty years our farmers
have destroyed, it is estimated by the
'Commercial,' $18,000,000,000 worth
of their product-a value equal to the
sum total of their mortgages plus the
public debt. This sum the new trust
proposes to enable the farmers to put
in their pockets during the nest score
of years. Six different commodities
are now being manufactured from corn
stalks-namely, cellulose, worth $400 a
ton, used by the Government as an au
tomatic hole-stopper for battleships,
excellent cardboard, a fine grade of pa
per, an unequalled foundation for dy
namite, a patent cattle food, and a su
perior glue. The value of the cellulose
lining for warships is well known.
When a leak develops the cellulose
swells in such a manner as to automat
ically close it. With fifteen tons of
stalks, worth $90, one ton of such eel
lulose is made, for which, as already
stated, the Government is now paying
at the rate of $400 a ton. Two facto
ries-one in Riockfort, Ill., and another
in Owensboro. Ky.-are now making
coi nstalk cellulose, together with~ other
products of less value. As respects the
cornstalk cattle food, it is stated that
the stalks, when ground to a coarse
meal, cooked, sweetened with molasses,
and pressed into cakes, form one of the
most nutritive and valuable foods yet
placed on the market. The absorptive
power of cellulose dust fits it admiira
box for the manufacture of dynamite by
upsi with~ nitroglycerine, such dust
rbnie s nror even to gun cotton.
Five icurie, says the Commercial.
are to be at once erected. in addition
to those already in operation. The
more the better It is the good for
tr~e of the proposed comzbine that it
will, if successful, have for its object to
enlarge. or, in fact, crente. an industry,
not to stifle it.
Street Car Strike.
New York and Brooklyn are now hay
ing to contend with a strike of conside
rable magnitude from the operatives of
the rapid transit lines of the city, and
hundreds of policea.n are constantly
called into service to quell alleged dis
turbances from the strikers. It seems
the strikers have mucli sy mpathy from
the puibic.
TrIIE Grand Army pest at SprinE
ill, Kas , is getting blasphemous.
Recently it adopted a resolution that
"it is just and proper to invoke a just
God to remove a president that retains
H. Clay Evans as pension commission
er" When God 'removes" a ma lhe
is dead. This Kanoas pot. therefore.
wants the rithi of the president. But
it shou:ild. h I me specific. Harrison
and To ir died during office from nat
ural causes, Lincoln and Garfield by as
sassinat ion. Does the post want the
president promptly murdered or does it
merely want some mortal disease to
smite him?
The first honor man of the South
Carolina College this year is J. E.
Swearingen, a blind man and a nephew
of Senator Tillman. Mr. Swearingen
is totally blind and studied his lessons
by getting his college mates to read to
him. Hie is said to be posssessed of a
wonderful mind, and he proposes to
become a lawyer.
-'Marvelous, indeed, is the age in
which cowless milk is sold from horse
less wagons, exclaims the Chattanooga
What a Northern Visitor Has to Say
About It.
Paul Standish writes as follows to the
Boston Transcript regarding the dispen
sary system:
South Carolina's legislation in two
particulars stands out in bold con
trast to that of all other states of the
First. It has no divorce laws, and
no divorce has ever been granted in the
history of the state. Second. Its liquor
law is utterly unlike that of any other
in Christendom. The writet recently
spent five months in the city of Aiken
and had abundant opportunity to study
the character and working of the dis
pensary law. Ile came away an unhe
sitating convert to its wisdom and
practicabiLity. Aiken has a resident
population of 3.500, with 1,000 North
ern visitors in the winter. More than
half the residents are Negroes, and the
average Negro is far from being a teeto
taller, and yet in five months of con
tinued observation I did not see five in
toxicated person.
Stand with me a half hour in the
Aiken dispensary and see what tran
spires. The establishment is on the
main street, and is a single room 100
feet long by perhaps thirty wide. A
small space opposite the door, shaped
like the letter V with its apex cut off
is for the public; all the rest is for the
dispenser and his goods. The s: ace for
customers is not more than ten feet
long by six at its widest end; a high
fence encloses it, save at its apex, where
the customer makes his purchase. No
seats of any sort welcome the visitor.
There is no counter to lounge upon
the fence prevents.
No glasses wait to be filled-no pic
tures hang on the wall-no crackers and
cheese speak the pleasant language of
hospitality-no tempting odors salute
the nostrils. Oaly bottles (sealed ones)
adorn the shelves. There is no para
phernalia for mixing drinks. There is
no disnlay of goods in the windows. All
is plain, unattractive, inhospitable.
Wait-here comes a customer. Watch
him! Ile walks to the hole in the
fence, says to the dispenser, "I want a
pint of whiskey," names the grade he
wishes and signs a blank form put be
fore him.
The dispenser passes him a sealed
h-.tle which the purchaser puts in his
pocket aud immediately walks away.
Two men come in together. Each
makes his purchase and pays for it and
they go out together. How striking
the contrast between this matter-of-fact
commercial transaction and the way
things go on in a typical Boston saloon!
No treating here; no longing; no click
ing of glasses and drinking of health;
no clubroom this for the young men of
the village; no insidious attractions to
tempt the boys. It is the use of alco
holic liquors as a beverage rid of all the
gilded trappings that are responsible
for at least a half of all the intemper
ance of the land. It is said that no
man ever pays for his first drink.
Somebody always gives it to him.
Abolish the abominable treating cus
tom and you immediately reduce drink
ing enormously. Abolish the saloon,
that is, its social attractions, and you
reduce drinking as much more. The
dispensary does both. What are the
fundamental principles of this unique
law? They are only three, viz., these:
First, the sale of pure liquor only by
the state alone; second, payment of
fixed salaries to the men who sell; third,
no drinking on the premises. Remote
either of these and the whole structure
falls to the ground. Retain all, and
there is only one more step to take, and
that is the absolute destruction of the
Selling liquor on a salary and selling
for a profit are as unlike as light and
darkness. Into the last comes the
mighty factor of avarice, only equalled
in its strength by that other resistless
impulse, appetite. License brings into
working contact these two forces, and
the result is inevitable and dire disas
ter. Under the dispensary system avar
ice ceases to act. There is no induce
ment whatever to the dispenser to in
crease his sales. Should he do so he
would simply work harder for the same
money. Appetite, alone and hamper
ed is thus the main factor in the prob
lem. Is it not plain upon the face of
it that such a system must greatly re
duce the sale of liquor? Do the varied
and seductive attractions of the saloon
count for nothing--the tempting win
dow displays, the brilliant lights, the
free lunch, the comiradleship?
Is it any wonder the arrests for
drunkenness in 18 cities and towns of
South Carolina were 576 during the last
si-. months under license, and only 283
during the first six months under the
dispensary? Who can doubt that sim
ilar effects would follow similar causes
in this and other states? The regula
tions imposed upon the dispensers are
most salutary. No sales are permitted
to minors, intoxicated persons 'r hab
itual drunkards, or between sunset and
sunrise, or on Sundays or holidays, and
no loafing is permitted.
If the dispenser is warned by one
member of a family and does so, his
bodsman can be muleted $200 fur
each offence. The dispensary law has
suffered attacks more bitter and more
powerful perhaps than any legislation
in the history of our country, but has
triumphantly withstood them all, and
practically silenced all,
Ridicule and argument-the shot
zu'is an d the courts (all but the highest)
have struc-k it blow after blow. A
year ago it looked as though it had re
ceived its death blow in the repeated
decisions of Judge Simonton, United
States Circuit Judge, who emasculated
the law by his injunctions and opin
ions, thereby flooding the state with
".'P.., (original package) shops, run
by "agents" from other states, and
making ridiculous the state dispensa
ries. But the final appeal to the high
est authority, the United States su
preme court, resulted in a magnificen
victory for the dispensary. The de.
ision uphld the law; closed every 0.
IP thi; in 24 hours: routed the ene
uis of the dispensary in tumultuous
fgrht, and established the right of a
sovereign state to regulate, as it pleases,
the liquor traffic-yes, even to monopo
lize it for the public good.
A fair specimen of the style >f criti
cism which the dispensary has been
made the subject of may be found in
the September, 1893, number of the
North American Review, where Mayo
Chaffee, of Aiken, bitterly attacks the
law, characterizing it as paternalism
run mad; as an abominable injustice to
the liquor sellers, who were entitled to
compensation when thus driven out of a
business in which, naturally, they ex
pected to remain for life: as a serious
blow to the prosperity of the state
since merchants (especially wholesale
and retail liquor dealers) had moved to
other states. But his sense of justice
compelled him to say at the end of his
letter: "The new system, however, is
not totally bad. There has been a
marked decrease of drunkenness since
pality of' which the kritcr is th chie
executive officer the police haxc not
made an arrest for drunkenness since
July 1st."
Adjutant General Floyd Issues a Very
Important Order.
The Columbia State says: A great
many difficulties have been encountered
in the effort to bring the State militia
up to a creditab-le standard and much
time has been consumed in getting the
various organizations to understand
what would be expected of them under
the reorganization. The following gen
eral order issued Wednesday, however,
shows that the time has arrived to
shape things and that Gen. Floyd pro
poses to have a militia force that will
be a credit to the State or none at all.
The last two paragraphs of the order
make such provisions:
Columbia, July 20, 1899.
General Order No. 4.
Par. 1. The mustering of the State
volunteer troops and national guard
that have not been mustered into ser
vice, and the annual inspection of com
panies that have complied with general
orders Nos. 2 and 3, will commence
Aug. 10, 1899, and continue until com
Par. 2. Companies will be inspected
at their respective places of meeting
and timely nntice of the arrival of the
inspecting officer will be duly forward
ed to all companies enrolled.
Par. ". The comanding officer of com
panies are hereby ordered to have all
State property, funds, books, etc., on
hand ready for inspection together with
a complete inventory of same in order
that delay mry be avoided.
Par. 4. In conducting the approach
ing inspection companies are hereby
warned that unless a creditable knowl
edge of the manual of arms, evolutions,
etc., is clearly demonstrated at the in
spection, and a mark of 60 attained dis
bandment of companies failing will be
Par. 5. While geographical condi
tions and the distribution of companies
according to the statutes of the State
must and will be duly considered, nev
ertheless the report of the inspector as
per paragraph four will be strictly ad
hered to, and assignment of companies
to the active or reserve branches of the
service thereby determined.
By order. Gen. Floyd.
John D. Frost, A. A. and I. Gen.
The Coroner of Richland Had an Ex
citing Fight With Them.
William Ric':.ardson, a colored man,
was fo'und dead Wednesday evening a
few miles below the city. He was
al out 55 years old and has been very
feeble. Notwithstanding the prote:;ts
of his wife he went out in the morning
to shoot a young rabbit as a relish for
dinner. The old single barrel gun he
carried ha. been patched up by having
tin twisted and nailed about the barrel
and stock. Even with the smallest
charge of powder and shot it was a dan
gerous weapon to fire. Probably if he
had come across s. young rabbit the
coroner woul' have had to hold an in
quest anyway and the rabbit would
have been safely ensconced in its ned.
But he hadn't gone far when his physi
cal nature naturally gave way and the
old man naturally fell to the ground on
his Yace, his gun being under him- He
had two dogs of dogs of m can lineage
with him, one being a half setter, and
the other a common cur 'yellow dog."
But they both kept vigil over the body
of their master. The first man to dis
cover the body gas a Negro who ap
proached it, but the two dogs attacked
hirn ravagely and he ran. They did
not foilow but went back to guard the
body. Coroner Green was notified and
with Dr. C. C. Johnson he went to
where the body lay. A man named
Will'ams was with them. Mr. Green
jumped from his buggy and started to
the body, when the two dogs made a
vicious onslaught on him. He defen
ed himself with his whip and notwith
standing the lashes he gave them, the
dogs still advanced and the coroner -was
retreating. It looked for i moment as
if the dogs would tear him to ;'ieces,
and he called for assistance. Neither
of those with him coming to his aid, he
took the butt of his whip and after a
fight with the dogs, lasting full fifteen
minutes, the coroner succeeded in beat
ing them off. H~e now has great re
spect for the much maligned "yaller
dog" and believes a man has no better
friend, when they once-become attach
ed to ene. TJ.hc body of i~he deal was
bro'.ghit to the colored hospital last
night and, after a post mortem exami
nation, the jury returned a verdict
that the deceased came to his death
fromi heart disease.-Columnbia Record.
A Good.Showing.
Reliable poultry statistics that are of
practical value are difficult to get, for
the reason that not one poultry raiser
out of a hundred in this section even
pretends to keep a record. Mr. H.-.1b
Inman. of Yorkville, however, gavc the
reporter of the Enjuirer recently sonme
figures that are quite interestingr.
"Since January last up to today," said
Mr. Inman, "I have had 263 Brown
Leghorn hens, and in the time mention
ed they have laid 225 dozen egg:s. A
great many of these eggs, I have sold at
a dollar a setting, but at 123 cents per
dozen the gross inc-ome would ha~ve
amounted to $28.12l. During this
time, the hens have cost on account of
feed and other expenses $11.80, leav
ing a net profit of $16. 32, and the hens
practically of the same value as at the
beginning of the year." Accordinig to
these figures it would seem that chick
en raising is a pretty good business, es
pecially if the chickens arc leoked after
properly, and accorded intelligent at
tention. The Enquirer' says there are
several other poultry raisers in York
ville who are in the business as exten
sively as Mr. Inma-n, and perhaps some
of them may be able to report results
even more satisfactory.
THlE Lexington IDispatch meets the
proposition of The State to consolidate
Richland and Lexington counties with
ridicule. The Dispatch will find that
ridicule will not do in this case. Look
at the State's proposition from any
standpoint you please and there is
merit in it. WXe would therefore ad
vise The Dispatch to treat the matter
more seriously, andhu nt up some facts
to off-set the ones presented by The
State. The proposition cannot be
rediculed out of existerce. It will take
stubborn facts, and plenty of them, to
kill it. Can the Dispatch array them?
The latest wonder to have been dis
covered by Kansas is the "raspberry,
stawberry,' grown by one P. Hi. Hart
man. "'It is a beautiful red berry,"
says the Kansas City .Journal, "looks
very much like a stawberry. It has
flavor resembling a mixture of straw
berry and rastberry. It is easy of cul
tivation and is a very handsome frii
Makes the food more deli
Many stories Prove That Rats Will Leave
an Unseaworthy Vessel.
The old superstition, which has
grown into an adage, that rats desert
a ship which is no longer seaworthy,
is still an article of faith with the
fresh water sailors of the great lakes.
Sundry well-authenticated instances
seem to justify this belief. The Ver
non was a three-master, which did a
tramp business. Built in Buffalo in
1850, she was for many years regard
ed as one of the best craft on the lakes.
Late in the fall, about fifteen years
ago, she unloaded a cargo of grain in
Buffalo, and reloaded with package
freight for Chicago. She was about to
sail one rough November night Just
before the lines were let off, one of
the seamen saw a rat run over the
hawsers to the wharf. In a moment
another was seen. The seaman called
others of the crew to see the unusual
sight. Between fifty and seventy-five
rats poured out of the ship and took
refuge along the wharf. The crew re
fused to sail, but the captain was ob
stinate, shipped a. fresh crew, and sail
ed forthwith. The ship was lost with
all hands. The Idaho, a fine passenger
steamer, foundered in Lake Erie in
November, 1897. Out of her crew of
twenty-one men nineteen were drown
ed. Just bfore the vessel left her moor
ings a swarm of rats crawled over the
hawsers to the wharf. This was known
to part of the crew, and four men de
serted at the last moment. Similar
stories are told of other wrecked ves
sels, and an old lakeman says: "It
has been proved a hundred times.
There are a whole lot of things in this
world that we don't know arything
about. Rats live in the very filcrs of
a ship. They see what we can't see.
When the timbers are hollowed and
the seams open, these little animals
know that the ship is unsafe, and they
desert it"
Music In the Sierras.
Travelers In the Sierra forests usu
ally complain of their want of life, es
pecially of birds. "The trees," they
say, "are fine, but the emp':y stillness
is deadly; there are no animals to be
seen, no birds. We have not heard a
so'g In all the woods." And no won
der, going in large parties with mules
and horses, making so much noise,
dressed in outlandish, unnatural col
ors, every animal shuns them. Even
the frightened pines would run away
if they could. But nature lovers, de
vout, silent, open-eyed, alert, looking
and listening with love, sitting still
here and there for hours or days, as
their genius directs, find no lack of
inhabitants in these mountain man
sions, and they come to them gladly.
Not to mention the large animals or
the small insect people every waterfall
has its ouzel, and every tree its squir
rel or tamias, or bird-tiny nuthatch
threading the furrows of the bark,
cheerily whispering to itself as it deft
ly pries off loose scales and examines
the curled edges of lichens, or Clarke
crow, or jay, examining the cones, or
some singer-oriole, tanager, warbler,
resting, feeding, attending to domestic
affairs. Hawks and eagles sail over
head, and grouse walk in happy fiocks
below, and the song sparrow sings in
every bed of chaparral. There is no
crowding, to be sure. Unlike the low
Eastern trees, those of the Sierra in
the main forest belt average nearly
200 feet in height, and of course many
birds are required to, make much of a
show in them, and many voices to fill
them. Nevertheless, the whole range
from foothills to snowy summits is
shaken Into song every summer; and
though low and tin in winter, the
music never ceases.
Prompt Mr. scott.
A certain Mr. Scott, of Exeter, Eng.,
whose business required him to travel
constantly, was one of the most fa
mous characters for punctuality in the
kingdom. By his methodical habits,
combined with unwearied industry, he
accumulated a large fortune. For a
great many years the landlord of every
inn in Cornwall and Devon that he
visited knew the exact day and hour
he would arrive. A short time before
he died, at the advanced age of eighty,
a gentleman who was making a jour
ney through Cornwall put up at a
small inn at Port Isaac for his dinner.
He looked over the bill of fare, and
found nothing to his liking, Hie had,
however, seen a fine duck roasting on
the fire.
"I'll have that," said he.
"You cannot, sir," replied the land
lord, "it is for Mr. Scott, of Exeter."
"I know Mr. Scott very well," re
plied the traveller. "He is not in your
"Very sorry," said the landlord, "but
six months ago, when he was last here.
ie ordered the duck to be ready for
him this day, exactly at 2 o'clock."
And to the amazement of the travel
er, who chanced to look from the win
dow, the old gentleman was at that
moment entering thle inn yard, about.
five minutes before the appointed
A Curious Collection.
One of the most remarkable collec
tions or souvenirs ever made is a col
lection of male opera hats by one of
the actresses of a London company.
She owns no fewer than 216 of these
articles, for it was her whim to make
every young man who was introduced
to her give her his opera hat as a
souvenir. She not only keeps them in
their pristine condition, but converts
them into all sorts of other things,
such as photograph frames, work
baskets, and some are even used for
the purpose of holding flower pots.
The Chinese are said to remove the
pulp from oranges and substitute vari
ous jellies. The closest examination
fails to reveal any openiing or incision
in the skin of the t rit.
Very few persons would suspect how
small the salaries of presidents of re
publics are, when the enormious sums
crowned heads receive are taken into
consideratIon. '1 he foreigner often
thinks the $50.000 salary of the Presi
dent of the United States is merely
a joke, and that he receives ten times
as much in reality, but the same for
eigner may not know that the French
President, in a country where the
wealthiest monachs once reigned, re
ceives only $120,000 a year. T he
President of the little Andorra Re
public contents himself with a salary
of $15 a year, and the President of
the Swiss Republic must be satisfied
cious and wholesome
Unexplored Space More Interesting ThSa
the North Pole.
Above there extends a vast unex
plored space far more interesting from
a scientific point of view than the icy
regions around the north pole. No one
can reach the limit of the upper re
gions of the air and live, unless he car
ries with him air to breathe and fuel
to warm him, for at the paltry distance
of ten miles above the earth the air
is too thin to support respiration, and
the thermometer would register far '-".q
below zero. It would be a region of
perpetual snow on a peak of the earth
if it should rise to such a height. A
person in a balloon could not hear a
friend in a neighboring balloon, even
if they were near enough to shake
hands. There would be no medium
for the propagation of sound waves.
There would, however, still be a me
dium for the conduction of electricity
-a medium in fact of great conducti
bility-almost as good as a metal, and
it is this medium at even a less height
which Tesla proposes to use in his
methods of transmitting power hun
dreds of miles through the air without
We live under a blanket of air which
protects us from the extreme cold of
outer space. This low temperature be
comes evident fourteen or fifteen
thousand feet above the surface of the
earth, and would, as I have said, reach
a point far below zero at a height of
ten miles. At this height we should
no longer observe the twinkling of
the stars, for this scintillation is due
to the movements of our atmosphere,
which at the height I have mentioned
would be extremely rarified. If one
could photograph the sun's spectrum -
at this altitude we could greatly ex
tend our -knowledge of the shortest
wave lengths of light; for the atmos
phere completely absorbs such wave
lengths as are concerned in the X-ray
phenomena. That this absorption
really takes place can be proved in a
The heat and light which we receive
from the sun are greatly modified by
this blanketing layer of air. The long
waves of the energy from the sun are
called heat waves. The Intermediate
waves are termed light waves, and we
receive these in full measure. The very
short waves, however, are stopped by
our atmosphere and are transformed
The Worth of a Match.
How much may depend on a seeming
trifle is shown in the incident on the
lumber schooner, Johanna Swan,
which was abandoned in a gale off
Hatteras. The cabins were flooded
and the water supply had given out
In four days the sailors had not tasted
water. To drink the brine of the sea
was to Induce tortures and endure a
2nore deadly thirst than ever. There
was a tank holding three gallons that
could be fashioned into a condenser
and the mate and a sailor so convert
ed it. A piece of the schooner's rail, ,i
dry and full of resin, was chopped off 7
for fuel, and now all that was neces
sary was a match. A search revealed
just one match, that the captain bad
stowed in a dry pocket If that went
out, woe be to them. But after sput
tering for a moment, it blazed up, the
shavings caught, the- fire was set, the
water boiled and the drip from the
steam was enough to provide a drink
for every man-pretty smoky water,
but as welcome as cocktails, under the
circumstances. A German bark heard
their bell and took off the crew before
its perils and sufferings became more
serious. A condensing apparatus of a
simple sort would not be a bad thing
to take on all craft, considering the
possibilities of ill fortune that follow
the toilers of the sea.
Ears Beat Eyes.
Most people would no doubt be in
clined to fancy that the eye was the
gateway of quite the most delicate of
all our senses. But this is not so. The
sense of hearing has been proved to be
far the most delicate of all the senses.
And the sense of .touch appears- to be
perhaps the keenest of all. The tests
are very simple.
For testing sight a disc half black,
half white is revolved quickly before
the eyes. When it reaches a speed of
twenty-four revolutions a second the
colors cease to appear distinctly any
longer to the eye, and the result is
gray. For sound a revolving toothed
wheel makes a series of clicks, and
these to the average man appear dis
tinct sounds up to sixty a second. Al
ter that they cannot be - distinguished
apart. The sense of touch Is tried by
rapid blows of a tiny electric hammer
on the skin. Up to 1,000 a second
these blows have been felt separate
and distinct.
How a Gol d Field Was Discovered.
A novel way of discovering a gold
field was recounted by the agent gen
eral for western Australia. In 1888
the Mallina gold field was discovered
by a lad in this wise: The boy, In
picking up a stone to throw at a crow,
observed a speck of gold In It, and re
ported it to the nearest resident magis
trate. The magistrate was so excited
a-t the news that he telegraphed to the
then governor, and stated that a lad
picked up a stone to throw at a crow,
in his excitement omitting to say "and
saw gold in it." So the governor wired
back these words, "What happened to
the crow?"
Odorless Flowers.
Most people will be surprised to learn
that the majority of flowers have no
perfume whatever. An Austrian chem
ist, who has been making researches
into the subject, declared that out of
;,110 varieties known and cultivated
in Europe, scarcely 400 have any odor:
and of these nearly fifty have an odor
which is, if anything, disagreeable.
Queer cus'tona of Quito.
It Is customary in the town of Quito,.
when a visitor takes off his hat upon
entering a room, to beg him to put It
on again, and, in the absence of per
mission, leave is generally requested. -
This, it is said, arises from apprehen
sion that cold will be taken by re
maining uncovered.
The PocketbookC Register.
A useful attachment for pocket.. -
books consists of a register by which
the amount of money on hand can be
indicated at a glance, a series of dIals
being placed inside the cover to be
turned until the figures show the right

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