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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, September 13, 1899, Image 1

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A Terrible Story that Comes from
One of the.Survivors Tells of Cast
ing Lots and Sucking the
Bicod of One Com
The British steaner Woodrutl, Cap
tain Milburn. arrived at Charleston
from Hamburg Saturday, August 31.
two handred and fifty miles south of
Charleston the Woodruff picked up;
Maurice Anderson and Goodmund
Thomasen, survivors of the Norwegian
bark Drot, wrecked August 15, off the
Florida coast. The Dret was bound
from Pascagoula to Buenos Ayres. An
derson is a raving maniac and his coin
panion is shockiogly mutilated from
bites of th. crazcd man. Thomasen
tells a dreadful story. The captain of
the Drot and seven seamen were swept
overboard and lost in the recent West
Indian hurricane. The mate and seven
other men put to sea on a raft made
from decking. The raft parted soon
after, and the mate and one man were
separated from the others. The mate's
companion was landed at Philadelphia
by the German steamer Titania on Au
gust 22. He stated that the mate com
mitted suicide. Of the six men on the
other part of the raft one became craz
ed from exposure and jumped into the
sea. Two others exhausted from suffer
ing fell'overboard and were lost. An
derson, Thomasen and a German sea
man, drew lots as to which one would
be eaten, as none of them had had a
;routhful since they took to the raft.
The lot fell to the German. He was
killed and the blood was sucked from
his veins by the two survivors. Soon
after Anderson lost his reason and sav
agely attacked his only companion.
Thomasen's breast and face were bitten
in several places, chunks of good size,
being torn out. Both men are now at
the city hospital and the Norwegian
consul has taken the case in hand.
Thomasen is a native of Stevanger,
Thomasen is a mere lad. le is a Nor
wegian, 17 years of age, and this trip
out from his own country was his first.
He is a pale boy, thin and white, and
his bones yestcrday showed out from
under the sheets of his cot. He could
barely talk above a whisper, though he
nodded pleasantly when a reporter
went to his ide to talk. On .the lips
of the lad there are two thick, black
scabs, the remnants of ugly sores doubt
less made from contact with the biting
of the human flesh. There are no
bruises on hisif ace and the uleers over
his body have been covered with deep
smelling drugs. What might have been
flesh has disarp ared from the boy's
legs, and he looks no larger than a
straw. The physicians are encouraged
at his condition, and they will bring
him through.
Andersen is an older man. lie is
about 35 years old. His chin is cover
ed with a soft growth . of stubby hair,
and whiskers sprout from the sides of
his face. His eyes are deep set and
hollow and-they burn red like coals of
fire. The man appears conscious, Ile
cannot speak English, but he shook his
head knowingly as he gave his hand to
the reporter. His eyes roamed about
an he was stl so wa hth ol
barely lift his arm. His general con-.
dition, however, is good, and there is
the same encouragement at his steady
During the day many sailors called
at the hospital. Some of them could
speak the language of the sufferers and
they seemed anxious to hear from the
survivors the story of the disaster.
Andersen said Wednesday to an in
terpreter, who was assisting the repor
ter, that made straws from splinters
picked from the raft. It had been
agreed that the man who got the longer
stick should die. He was a German, or
an Austrian, and he made no objection
when he got the straw that killed, lie
seemed anxious, however, for a quick
death, and his companions were eager
for his blood. There was a heavy
piece of iron on the raft. How it gotI
there the sailors are unable to tell, but
it came in handy, accordling to the story
Wednesday, for it was used to knoek
the victim in the head. lie laid flat
on the raft. While one man stood
ready to brain him, another was stand
ing by with a huge knife to rip for his
heart the moment the iron landed on
the unfortunate's head. The German
shut his eyes. The iron was raised
high to fall with a terrible blow, and as
it landed the knife was driven deep
into the heart. Then the comrades on
the raft feil over, placed their lips close
to the wound, and sucked in the blood.
Once the men at the hospital told
Wednesday that after the blow was
landed on the head the knife was jabbed
into the victim's heart. Again they
told that the weapon went into the
throat instead. At times they said the
man was a German: again they said he
was from Austria.
While the raft was drifting about at
the will of the waves the water poured
over to add to the suffering of the crew.
Almost the entire timne the men were
waist deep and more in the water,
which surged on unceasingly and swept
with it small sharks and fish and little
demons from the sea. When the sharks
would come by they jumped fiercely for
the prey, but strange luck saved the|
creatures on the raft. When the two
companions died the bodies wecre held
on the craft fi,r a time, but they soon
began to give forth r' sickening, deadly
scent and they were ,ast over. The
shares hanging about, hungry and
wild, were there and as the forms
splashed on the waves they were lifted
up and eaten by the fighting, .strug
gling tribe.--News and Courier.
Poisoned Birds.
Tourists traveling in Italy are warn
ed against eating small birds served
with polenta or otherwise. A number
of eases of poisoning after eating such
brids led at last to investigations which
showed that the birds had been handled
carelessly by persons who took off their
feathers for milliners and used arsenic
Weekly Review of United States
Weather Bureau for this State.
The following is the weekly bulletin
of the condition of the weather and
crops of the State for the past week,
issued Wednesday by Director Bauer of
the South Carolina section of the Unit
ed States weather bureau.
The temperature, during the week
ending Septemder 4, 1899, averaged
about normal, having been cooler than
usual during the first I art and warmer
than usual during the last part of the
week. At a few places only did the
temperature rise above 90 degrees,
while the lowest minima for the nAnth
were recorded on August 30th.
The rains for the week were general.
heavy, and continuous, except over the
northeastern portion of the State,
where showers only occurred. The rain
fall for the week averaged from half an
inch at Cheraw to six and one half
inches at Charleston. The dronght was
(fceetually broken.
Cotton did not receive much, if any,
becefit from the rains. except possibly
very late cotton that will now put on a
toperop. As an t i. ce of the rain rust las
increated and open cotton has beeame
stained, and some blown to the ground,
sprouting and rotting in the bolls is al
so qjic gertral. Fairweather is need
ed f 'r gathtring cotton. Picking was
retardod by the wet weather. The yield
pess eshave not improved and con
tinue poor. Sea-island cotton is open
ing rapidly and is being picked -as it
opens. Blight and shedding continue.
The rains came in time to help late
corn, which is now veiy pron ising
where not being destroyed by army
worms which infest nearly every county
in the western portion of the State. But
little fodder could be saved during the
Early rice harvest is well under way,
and stacked rice suffered somewhat
from the heavy rains, which, however,
were very beneficial on late rice.
Peas and peavine for forage, as well
as sugar cane, sweet potatoes, sorghum,
and peanuts. were materially improved
by the wet weather. Grass for hay is
making rapid growth, but in the west
ern counties suffers from army worms.
The week afforded but little opportuni
ty for saving hay. 3uch land was
sown and resown to turnips. In the
trucking districts, cabbage and straw
berry plants were set out.
A Wife Wanted Her Husband Put Out
of the Wav.
An uglv story comes from Darlington
in which a wife is accused of trying to
poison her husband. James R Kelley.
who was pardoned out of the peniten
tiary last January. has had his wife in
dicted for trying to put him out of the
way. Kelley was sent to the peniten
tiary for shooting a detective, or dis
pensary constable, named Jenkins in
March, 189%.to serve three years. Dur
ina the incarceration his wife left his
ome to live with a man named Arthur
Atkinson. When Kelley returned
from the penitentiary he went to his
ome and has lived there with his chil
ren ever since. Last M1onday M1rs.
Kelley gave her son, Riosser Kelly who
lives -ith his father, a powder to put in
the old man's whiskey the next time he
got drunk and promised to give the boy
50 f or doing it. Atkinson also prom
ised to give the boy a new bicycle if he
would sweeten Kelley's liquor with the
powdr. Instead of doing as he was
told. Rosser gave the powder to his
father, who broug~ht it to town and gave
it to M1agistrate Dargan to have analyz
ci. The analysis proved that the pow
4r contaiaed three grains of strych
ine, and a warrant was issued for the ar
rest of Atkinson and M1rs. Lou Kelley.
The sheriff has sent for them, but as
they live in Kelleytown, the "-dark
orner" of Darlington county, and as
the Kelley family up there is a pretty
esperate one. itila likely that the con
stable will have trouble in arresting
them.-The State.
Merited Success.
Special attention is called to the
larce advertisement of the Columbia
Business College, which appears in
another column of this paper. There
is no school in the country that turns
out more successful graduates, or is
more progressive, more alive to the
demands of the times or that has a bet
ter business or shorthand course. No
young man or lady who is thinking of
attending a business college should fail
to send for one of their catalogues.
The college make; a specialty of seur
ing good positions for its graduates and
it often has more balls than it can fill.
Every graduate of the college and many
prominent business men of Columbia
endorse the school as one of the very
best. A postal addressed to Priof. W.
H. Newberry, the president will bring
full particulars.
A Queer Case.
A dispat ch from Sycamore, Ill.,- says:
Lyle Smith. son of Deputy Sheriff
Frank Smith, died here, aged 30 years,
He was born with imperfect valves of
the heart. so that the venuous and ar
terial blood were not separated. This
caused his complexion to be very sus
eepible to the changes of the weather.
In pleasant weather he was of a fair
color, but whcn a storm was approach
ing he would begin to show signs of
changing before~ it was visible, and
gradually became a blue color, the ne
vous blood predomiating. Physicians
had studied his ease aid predicted his
early death.
A Fish Story.
A V1.v r late, In 1., ian sa s that
while tishing he tied his line about his
ankle and went to sleek an the bank of
the river. A twenty-one pound carp
which seized the hook pulled the man
otf the lank into the river. He was
resc just in time and the fish land
The Smith Family.
Four thousand of the Smith family
held areunion at Peacock, N. .J.. recent
ly' All of them trace their ancestry
toa certain .John Smith who anie to
that part of the country as a boy 1630
years ago. Whether he was a relative
of John Smith of the Pocahontas love
affir is not known.
An Ohio Town Stampeded by a
False Alarm.
Two Parties cf Home Guards
Frighten Each Other. After
All Morgan Failed to Put in
an Appearance.
c had becn alarmed so often that
summer by false reports of lawless raid
ers invading Ohio that we had come to
look upon every new rumor with suspi
cion. in fact. as a huge joke, invented
for the express purpose of frightening
timid women and children. Hense,
the scare lines in the sensational dailies
announcing Morgan's movements after
he had actually invaded the State were
regarded with considerable scepticism,
people doubting the statements of his
I was teachiiig in llookstown, a little
Penns',ivania town some three miles
back from the Ohio river, at that time.
I boarded witb my aunt, and on that
never-to-be-forgotten Sunday accompa
nied the family to church as usual.
The day was warm and sultry, but
in spite of the heat and the uneasiness
fairly well filled at the opening of the
morning service. The devotional ex
ercises were over, and Parson Darwin
had just reached his "secondly," when
"Hardy" Davis, the village blacksmith,
appeared at the open door without hat or
coat, and, rushing up the long aisle.
beckoned to the minister to lean down
over the front of the high pulpit. The
parson obeyed in a dignified way, turn
in- his ear to catch the excited whisper.
le nodded confusedly, as the smith
still tarried, and then, at the big man's
impatient gesture, said:
"I am informed that the raider Mor
gan and his men are at Smith's Ferry
prisoners, I presume.
"Shades of stupidity!- shouted the
irate blacksmith. "I tell you he is
there with his army, and all who don't
want to become prisoners in his hands
had better make ready to defend their
homes. Let every man who can find a
gun, pitchfork or axe report at the
blacksmith shop immediately. Un
hitch the horses from buggies, carriages
and wgons, without . mioute's delay.
The panic-stricken congregation
rushed to the door, like a crowd of un
disciplined school children trying to
escape froa a burning building, not
halting even when the pastor raised his
voice above the din, in a most pathetic
prayer for their safety and the preser
vation of their homes,
The work of dismantling the houses
began at once. Best things were se
creted in unheard-of places, treasures
were buried, and horses, cattle, and
even poultry were driven down to rav
ines that promised them protcction
while the town was being piliaged.
Johnny was sent post-haste to the
hollow with "Brindle,- many charges
concerning her safety ringing in his
ears, while across his shoulders siung
a brace of quacking Muscovies, tbe
boy's own valued possession.
Ujnder Aunt Kate's direction, Lydia
and I packed the family heirlooms,
hiding boxe~s and bundles in queer, out
of-the-way corners, while the best sil
ver and valuable trinkets were buried
under the unionbed, our digging being
done in tunnel-fashion by aid of the
new-fangled post-digger.
"Oh. mother, don't let us begin to
take carpets up,' Lydia pleaded, as,
coming in from one of our hasty trips
to the saw mill, we encountered her
mother down on her knees.
"Do you think I'm going to have
those cut-throats tramping the roses
out of my good parlor Brussels" asked
Aunt Kate, as she gave the refractory
carpet a vicious jerk. 'No, indeed; I
wove many a web of flannel to pay for
it, and I consider it a real work of ne
essity to lift it, Sunday and all as
it is.
Just then Joe returned from his long
tramp, whistling " Yankee Doodle" at
the top of his voice.
" Joseph Addison Blake, you wicked,
wicked boy," his mother exclaimed
sternly, grasping his arm and shaking
him vigorously. 'Whistling on the
Sabbath day, and 'Yankee Doodle' at
that! What will become of you?'
"I forgot, mother; indeed I did, see
ing people rushing about worse than 1
ever saw them on week days," Joe an
swered, scarcely knowing whether to
laugh or cry.
- Pretty time to miake such a mis
take, and an army of cut-throats march
ing on the town ready to burn your
home, and maybe shoot you down in
your tracks, she added, looking at me
a if suspicious of my loyalty. " I'll
ive you a chance to work off your ex
tra spirits. Get right down there and
pull those tacks out, and be careful not
to break them oli, and do not tear the
arpet, either.'
"I can't see the difference" began
Joe rebelliously, still smarting under
what he considered his n'other's injus
tice; but she would not allow him to
talk back.
Suddenly the loud clanging of the
church bell brought us to a realization
of our utter helplessnes in the hands of
an unprincipled uob, such as 3Morgan's
band had been picturdc. Women and
children flocked into the str'-ets, ring
ing thcir hands and crying and begging
their neighbors to flee with them to the
hills or valleys or ravines-anywhere
to hide until the lawless raiders. havins
satisfied their greed by ransacking the
village, should have taken their de
pat ture.
Three horsemen, lads from the neigh
borhood, rode past at brcakneck speed,
shouting, ''-They are coming up Cam
ron's lane at full tilt. Get in and bolt
youir doors 'juickly. -
llow do you know where the troop
ers are when the lane is out of sight?'
asked some one on the sidewalk. "-It
is guessw('rk, I'll wager.'
"Not a bit of it,~' was the reply.
"The dust rising above them like a
cloud settles the point of their where
Nearer and nearer came the tramp of
horses' feet, until, through the cloud of
dust they were making, a squad of'
horsemen galloped past, and on-on
out of hearing. But they were our own
village boys- fiecing no doubt from an
overwhelming foe.
On, n, .cafm thenvaryen sweep
ing through the bared village like a
whirlwind. Far down the long street
we heard shouting, screaming, then,
above the der;fening roar of the horses'
hoofs, the firing of muskets. The next
moment the horsemen thundered past,
and even through the blinding dust we
could see it was a company of our own
men, neighbors from the Ridge district,
who like the Hookstown youths had
gone out to stop the progress of the
guerrillas. In the distance they had
mistaken the first squad for the enemy,
and had given chase. while it was quite
evident that the Hookstown boys, re
turning the compliment, were fleeing
from them. The mistake was both an
noying and ridiculous, but at that time
scarcely mirth-provoking, since in ad
dition to the duel likely to occur be
fore it could be rectified, the blunder
had left the road to the river entirely
unguarded, and the town wholly at the
mercy of the raiders.
The horsemen galloped on, deaf to
the shouts from the sidewalk, and if a
trio of laggards had not brought up the
rear far enough behind the racers to
hear what the villagers were screaming,
it is quite probable there would have
been bloodshed between the friendly
squads before they discovered their
mistake. But the laggards were not
long in overtaking the hind riders,
whose white flag soon brought the run
aways ahead of them to a standstill.
Half an hour later the would-be-troop
ers came thurdering back, looking
crestfallen. There was no halting in
the town, however, the report that the
raiders were coming up the valley leav
ing no time for the exchange of jokes.
The remainder of the afternoon
proved quite as exciting as the fore
noon, had been, as rumors of all sorts
regarding the movements of the raiders
were in circulation. Ominous reports
of a desperate battle in progress came
with the shadows of night, and a sigh
glow shining through the darkness in
the direction of the river, gave credence
to the story that Glasgow was ablaze,
having been pillaged and fired by the
It lacked but half an hour to mid
night, and we were trying to get a i:ttle
rest, watching in turns while the others
slept, when suddenly, out of the silent
darkness, the noise of horses' feet was
heard. Nearer and nearer came the
march-like tread, reasuring in its regu
larity; a few horsemen rode by in a leis
urely way, and then down in the vil
lage cheer after cheer rent the air.
4Morgan must be captured," cried
Joe, picking up his cap for another
race down town.
It was all true enough; Morgan had
surrendered to Gen. Shackelford, with
out a battle, early in the afternoon.
The capture had taken place far off in
C>lumbiana county, Ohio, fully 15
miles from our town. All our excite
ment and alarm had been groundless,
that "Glasgow fire" was only the reflec
tion of a bonfire kindled by a lot of
boys to celebrate the capture of Mor
gan. The Hookstown men had waited
hours, after the truth was known, to
catch a glimpse of the prisoners, who
were now well on their way to the mili
tary prison at Columbus.-Belle V.
Chisolm in N. Y. Evening Post.
Assassination in Lexington.
Wednesday night about 8 o'clock,
Albert Swygert, colored who lived a
few hundred yards from the residence
of Col. D. T. Barre, in Hollow Creek
township, Lexington county was shot
and instantly killed by some one-at
present unknown. He had just fin
ished eating supper and pushed his
chair back, and while attempting to
light his pipe he was shot with a shot
gun through the window of his dining
room. An alarm was raised and in a
few minutes Col. Barre and quite a
rowd assembled. The colonel would
not let the body be touched during the
ight, and Thursiay morning he sent
for the coroner to hold an inquest,
which is in progress now. There is no
:lue as to who the guilty party it.
ie killed anotner Negro a few years
ago about a mile from his home, at a
barbecue, and was tried and acquitted.
Married Five Sisters.
Bill Mercer, of Raccoon Creek, Va.,
is probably the happiest mortal in the
ounty. H~e has secured his fifth mar
riage license and wines and other deli
ucleis for the feast that is to follow.
Mr. Mercer has just passed his fiftieth
ear. and was married to his first wife
when uii zeteen. She was Miss Jennie
offat. and her four successors have
een her sisters. Ada, Catherine, Mis
ouri, and finally Anna. She is twenty
ix and good looking. There is but
ne more of the Moffat girls left, and
he is now twenty. The parents of the
irls miade no objections to their daugh
ers marrying Mercer. Consumption
arried off most of the Mrs. Mercers.
r. Merceris the father of eight chil
ren. Mercer declares that he just
imply fell in love with the Moffat
family. __________
Gave Them Beri-Beri.
The Rev. Peter Macqueen, who has
een saying things about Gen. Otis
ince his ret'trn from the Philippines,
eclares that the Eagan canned roast
eef found its way to the firing lines
t Manila. lie says: "In the Philip
ines the men can not eat it. The cans
actually explode. Filipino prisoners
f war were confined in the Spanish
ungeons, old and damp, and fed on
anned beef. It was not long until
hey began dying of beri-beri. Four
r five died eaeh day until 250 out of
500 were dead.'
The Leading Names.
British census reports of family
names give for England and Wales
258t.o0; Smiths, 242.100 Joneses and
Williams, Taylor, Davies and Brown
following in order. For Scotland,
Smith leads, followed by McDonald,
Brown, Thompson, Robertson, Stewart
nd Campbell. Murphy is ahead in
Ireland, there being (2,000 of the-n;
then come Kelley. 55,900; Sullivan,
43.600: Walsh, 41,73.0; Smith, 37,uO00;
(Brien. 33,400: Byrne, 33.000; Ryan,
2,000; Connor, 81.200; O'Neil, 29,
100. and Reilly &)000.
A Slight Mistake.
A Louisville newspaper has been
forced to offer an apology to Colonel
Phil Thompson for a freak of one of
its lynotype machines. The paper's
rprt of Colonel Thompsorn's speech
t the Lexington convention recently
made him say that "at the Louisville
onvention in 1896 we nominated a
lying devil," when the fact was that
e had said they nominated "Alvin
What a Practical Farmer Has to
Say About It.
An Article That Should be Read
by Every Farmer Who Con
templates Planting
We find the following in the Oconee
News on wheat growing, which we com
mend to the careful perusal of all our
readers, whether they plant ,wheat or
nat. It was written by a practical
Certainly the first thing to do- when
you make up your mind to sow wheat is
to select the best land for that purpose.
Red land is without a doubt the best
adapted to wheat in this part of the
State. Though any of the uplands if
properly treated will produce wheat
with the possible exception of that
which is too deep in sand. It is of
prime importance that the land to be
sown shall have been well cultivated
that year, and if it had been well
prepared for the crop that preceded the
wheat we do not advise deep plowing
for wheat, but if there is any kind of
grass or weeds to create a turf when
plowing, then we advise a thorough
breaking of the soil. Wheat will per
haps follow a well cultivated pea crop
to the best advantage of any hoed crop
and do well after peas are sowed broad
east if the pea crop covers the land suffi
ciently to keep down grass or weeds.
Next to peas we would prefer cotton
land to sow in wheat and perhaps nine
tenths of the wheat of the country will
be sown to cotton land.
After deciding upon the land to be
sown, the manner of preparing the
land will depend upon its condition as
indicated above, if it had been well plow
ed the winter or spring previous and
the present crop kept clear of weeds
and grass then you only need to furrow
out the old cotton stalks. This should
be done, thoroughly spread what ever
manure you mean to use over the land,
sow the wheat from 45 to 55 pounds to
the acre and harrow or plow it in. We
have been using the disk and cut-away
harrows for ten years and have not put
in wheat with any other implement in
that time. Cotton seed and horse
stable manure have given the best re
sults on this farm. Though any kind
of manure has proved valuable in in
creasing the yield. The main trouble
is to get manure enough to go over the
amount of land that should be sown in
wheat. This is one of the great advan
tages of cotton seed, I havc found that
in running the cotton seed through ;he
farm stables that the manure becomes
so well mixed and pulverized that it
can be spread over the land as thinly as
With the average land and the aver
age year 10 bushels of this mixture is
perhaps the most profitable quality to
be used. The great advantage in the
harrow is reducing the cost of the crop.
One good six foot cutaway harrow with
two good large mules and only a small
boy to drive will put in from three to
four acres per day. I have in ten years
tried four distinct varieties of wheat,
the purple straw, early May, learded
wheat, and what is known here as the
white wheat. The latt r giiing the
best results. This white wheat, it
makes a taller and laiger straw than
the purple straw wheat and the grain
is full and plump and makes the best
of flour. The purple straw is my next
preference, the bearded and the May
wheat I do not like at all. The years
of 96, 97 and 98 I made an average of
20 bushels to one bushel sown, this year
wheat was not so good. Our lands
would make from 1-4 or to 1 3 more per
acre if they could be sown in the latter
part of October or first of November,
hut we usually follow a cotton crop
with wheat and often finish sowing the
latter part of Decembsr.
I now give the experiences of some
ther farmers in this county. Mr. J.
J. Haley of Oakway made 212 bushels
this year from 16 bushels sown, and 25
bushels raw cotton seed to the acre.
purple straw wheat, plowed up cotton
stalks and plowed in wheat with small
plows, sowed in November. Mr. W. H.
ancock, of Westminister, has for
several years made an average of 20
bushels to the acre, app'i homemade
manure, uses white whW. .t. Mr. Wil
iam Bibb made last yes r U 13 bushels
n 40 acres, bearded eat. Mr. L.
Asbury Edwards of Oak..y made U73
bushels on 1 3 4 aere.s -i land, i320
worth of cotton seed a- d aid phosphate
Mr. A. Bearden, of Oakway, made 100
bushels on ~eight acres this year. All
these crops were sown to cotton Lnds
and had about the same mode of pre -
paring and sowing land, with the ex
eption of Mr. Bearden, who plowed in
his wheat with a Hancock three-horse
plow about 5 inches deep. We do not
think wheat will do for a money crop.
I know it pays to raise enough for homne
I shall not take time to try to prove
he profitableness of wheat sowing, it
s suflicient to say that in this part of
he State, the man who buys flour and
makes money farming is an exception
o the rule, and that the man who grows
is own wheat is a success without ex
eption. To succeedl in this line of
farmling as in any other, you have got to
work. You must rise early and. stick
o it late, you must work y ourself. If
hc wind blows or the ground is frozen,
r ice gets i nthe tub on top of the
wheat that is in soak, just go right orn
nd break the ice and face the wind and
tick to the job until you have got it
ixed exactly right. No matter if~ you
et some skin off your hands or dry dust
n your shoes or mud on your clothing.
All of the like is afttr all about the best
fertilizer and you will see the truth of
his when harvest time comes. Good
ctton land or good land after peas will
e more profitable in wheat without
manure, but is much better with it. I
o not advise the buying of commercial
fertilizers for wheat, I doubt one year
with another it would be profitalde to
o so. I soak wheat every year, one
ound of blue stone to five bushels of
heat over night.
The farmers are busy getting out
heir cotton, and have no time just now
Seven Members of a New York Party
Dies in Alaska.
A dispat.-h from Sealtle, Wash., says
Otto Thews. of Primrose, Iowa, who
has arrived there from Copper river.,
Alaska, brings news confirming the re
ported deaths of seven members of the
scientific prospecting company of New
York. The doad are: Earnhardt, Mil
ler, Allerman, Schultz, Peter Scigel,
Butner and Baumgartner.
George Hooker, another member of
the party got out alive, but is badly
cripled with scurvy, which carried away
the majority of his companions.
Baumgartner went out hunting and
was never seen again. The most af
fecting case was that of Butner, who
was driven insane by his sufferings.
His weak companions had to strap him
down but even then they could not re
strain him. One morning Thews,
whose camp was near, found Butner
sitting out in tMe snow with his clothes
-nd hat off. The thermometer 45 de
grees below zero. Butner was taken
inside, but he died in a few hours.
Thews also brings a gruesome story
in connection with the finding of the
remains of a jeweler named Smith,
who perished last November on Valdez
glacier. Every exposed portion of the
body had been eaten by ravens.
They Will All Be Abolished Novem
ber 1.
If there is one feature of the dispen
sary system which has caused more
trouble than another it has been the
beer dispensaries. Two-thirds of the
time of the monthly meetings of the
board of control are taken up with set
tling matters connected with these dis
The board has decided to abolish
them altogether and the new,"arrange
ment will go into effect November 1.
Thereafter consumers will have to get
their beer from regular dispensers. Lit
tle inconvenien cc will result as plans are
being arranged which will make the
purchase and delivery, of beer as con
venient-as it now is.
After a full discussion of the whole
matter Saturday morning, the board
adopted the following resolution, which
was introduced by Mr. L. J. Williams:
"Resolved, That all beer dispensa
ries are hereby ordered closed and the
terms of office of such dispensers are
declared to be vacant; this order to be
come effective on November 1, 1899.
"Resolved, further, That semi-ster
ilized or family beer be supplied to con
sumers through the regular county dis
pensaries, and that breweries usually
seeking business with the dispensary
are requested to submit bids to the
State board of control at the October
meeting, proposing to supply such beer
bottled and in crates and in sach quan
tities as may be necessary to be ship
ped to various county dispensaries di
rect, and at such times as it may be or
dered out by the board.
"And it is further resolved, That the
board at the October meeting designate
such dispensaries as it is deemed pra
dent to require to handle such beer,
and that they be required to handle
such beer business by November 1."
Experiment Station Work,
The eleventh bulletin on "Experi
ment Station Work" is now in press and
will soon be issued by the United States
department of agriculture as farmers'
bulletin No. 103. Twelve subjects are
discussed. The first calls attention to
the danger from excessive irrigation
and gives the remedy. The second
treats of the cross-pollination of plums,
and the third of close rott pruning of
trees. These are followed by articles
on "The Oxeye Daisy," "Poisoning by
WIld Cherry Loaves," "Preserving
Eggs in Waterglass," "The Period of
estation in Cows," "The Long Clam,"
"Silage for Horses and Hogs," "Coin
mere al Butter Cultures Used in Con
nection with Pasteurized Cream," and
the "Stave Silo." The last mentioned
article says that the stave silo is the
most practical and successful silo which
can be constructed and gives sugges
tions regarding the construction of
such silos, together with four illustra
tions showing sections of the silo and
general appearance of the completed
structure. Copies may be obtained on
application to the secretary of agricul
She Was Particular.
Miss Jennie Wyatt, about 20 years
ld, was caught in the current opposite
3 hotel at Atlantic Beach Wednesday
nd was being carried out to sea. A
~olored man, a stalwart fellow, named
3rey. and a strong swimmer, was first
:0 reach her side. However, Miss
Wyatt saw a white swimmer within a
ecw strokes of her, refused the assist
mne of Grey and waited until the other
nan reached her side. Miss Wyatt
:hrew her arms around her rescuer. and
ithin a fe~v minutes was brought
ishore. When she reached the beach
he fell to the ground from exhaustion.
'he colored man followed the white
nan with his burden, ready to lend as
istance is needed, and, upon reachhing
hore, helpcd to cairry the girl to the
Killed for One Cent.
News comies fro)m Georgetown. S. C'.,
hat on Saturday C'harley Chung. a
hinese laundryman, killed a young
Negro named .Jas. Porcher. Chunag
-aimed that a balance of one cent was
lue him for laundry, a quarrel ensued
Lrd the Chinaman fired a pistol ball
to the Negro's abdomen. If Chung
s found guilty of murder he will be the
irst C hinamuan ever hanged in S uth
A Number of Lives Lost.
An open switch caused a wreck on
he Erie railroad at Miller's station.
~a., Wednesday, in which three Mead
*ille men were killed and one injured.
~tramp was als> killed and another
njured. A westbound freight :rain
mad taken sidinig to allow train No. 5,
estibuled limited New York-Chicago
xpress, to pass. The switch was left
pen and the passenger train ran into
he rear end of the f:eight at the rate
f 60 miles an hour, ploughing through'
Yield of Last Year Greatest Recorded
but Value Decreased.
Secretary Hester's New Orleans cot
ton exchange annual report was issued
in full Wednesday. He puts the cot
crop of 1898-99 at 11,274,840 bales, an
increase of 74,S45 over 1S97-98, and
says that while Texas, including Iadian
Territory, shows an excess of 480,000
bales, and the group of Atlantic States,
consisting of Alabama, Georgia,
Florida, North Carolina, South Caro
lina, Kentucky and Virginia, increased
only 9,000 bales, the group of other
Gulf States, consisting of Arkansas,
Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee,
Oklahoma and Missouri have fallen off
Mr. Hester puts the average commer
cial value of the crop at $25.08 per
bale against $28.62 last year, $36.76
the year before, and $41.09 in 1895-96,
and the total value of the crop at $282,
773,000, against $320,553,000 last year
and $320.925,000 the year before. He
calls attention to the fact that the
money value of the cotton crop just
marketed is slightly under that of the
1893 94 crop, which was 3.725,023
bales less. The value of the 1893-94
crop had been $283.118,000.
He puts the total spindles in the
south at 4,952 092, an increase over
last year of 894,848. These included
823.354 now not complete. The net
gain in the number of southern mills.
has been 53, making the total now 550,
and the consumption has been divided
as follows: Alabama 132,763 bales, an
increase of 31,601; Arkansas 3,182
bales, an increase of 1,288; Georgia
271,807 bales, an increase of 13,190;
Kentucky 26,842 bales, an increase of
6S6; Louisiana. 18,025 bales, an in
crease of 1,976; Mississippi 19,894
bales, a decrease of 186, Missouri 3,968
bales, an increase of 233; North Caro
lina 382,4S7 bales, an increase of 49,
676; South Carolina 413,978. and in
crease of 65,824; Tennessee 34,316 bales,
a decrease of 2,335; Teyas 16,059 bales,
an increase of 1,365; Virginia 46,088
bales, an increase of 4,240. Total con
sumption of cotton in the South, 4,399,
399 bales, an increase of 170,079.
In reference to the general manufac
turing industry of the country and its
comparative progress north and south,
Mr. Hester says that the year has been
an active one for American mills. Low
prices for tie raw material and im
proved values for manufactured goods
have enabled northern spinners to re
.over from the depression of the two
previous years and the result with a
continued improvement in the south,
has been the largest consumption of
of cotton and the heaviest takings by
mills on record. He puts the consump
tion of northern mills for the year at
2,190.000 bales which together with
that of the South makes an aggreate for
the entire country of 3,589,000. In
the South, the activity within the year
in building new mills has been without
parallel. More than 300,000 spindies
have been added to mills in operation
and there are now being erected in old
and new concerns nearly 825,000 spin
ples. In addition to this there are
projected in every soufhern State cot
ton manufactories covering many thou
sands of spindles.
Great Interest in the Exhibits is De
It is now only two months before the
annual State fair is to be held, and the
peopie of the State will be crowding
into the most rapidly developing city
of the South. The fair comes a week
earlier this year, and unless the past
amounts to nothing there will be no
rain to mar the pleasures of the occa
The people in other parts of the State
have already begun to manifest an in
terest in the comisg exhibition. Sec
retary Holloway writes fromn his home
at Pomaria that twenty-five stalls for
horses from York county and four stalls
for horses from Orangeburg county have
already been engaged. He also writes
that one county-Lexington-is mo'v
ing vigorously in the matter of county
displays. This year the premiums of
fered for the best county displays are
worth striving for. and several counties
will doubtless enter the lists against
Lexington. There are three prizes
agregating 8500-first 8230, second
130, and third 8100.
So far no steps have been taken to
wards getting the Columbia Fair Asso
ciation to work on the programme of
outside attractions for the week. Last
year a late start was made and things,
had to be done in a rush. It is to be
hoped that this year no time will be
thrown away and that the association
will get to work early. having its pro
ramme fully mapped out and an
nounced some weeks in advance of the
annual gala occasion. From all parts
of the State .nmes information of peo
pe who expect -to expect this year's
fair week festivities.
A Blue Rose.
A blue rose is described by the Ger
man gardners in Slavonia, Chw'eika and
B~it z. who are cultivatting it. Reports
:ome of bluc roses th.at grow wild in
Servia and a specime~n was sent to them
two years agro, with beautiful violet-blue
Bowers. They have been experiz ent
ng to see whether the clor is retained
.iader cultivation or whether it is due
o the soil of the moors where it is
ouan. If the roses retain. their blue
he plants will be for sale in 1901.
A Fatal Mistake.
The cnre of Cicognol a, Italy. was
~onducting mass at Ceraballo, near
enoa, when immiediatelV after drink
ng some of thle consecrated wine hel
elfl to the t!aor in front cof the altar
d died almocst instintly. The cure's
sephew had. by mistake, filled the cup
romi a ve3sel containing a lhquid used<
or cleaning purposes in the church,
nd which was a deadly poison.1
A Hint to Delinquents.
An exchange published- a long obit
ary of a man who had died in the
~omunity, closing with the state
unt that "a long procession of people
ollowed the remnains to their last roast
g place." The famuily read the notice
nd discovered the supp~osed error I
nd asked the editor to make a cor
-ection in the word "roasting," but he
aid he could not do it until seven<
Story of a Bloody Fightand Many
Who Would No 'Doudt Shake'the
Faith of the New England
ers in the
The Yorkville correspondent of the
News and Courier says if a delegation
of those New Emglanders who seem to
have such implicit confidence in the
virtue, honor and humanity of the or
dinary Southern Negro had been in
Yorkville last Monday afternoon it is
very probable that their faith would
have been shaken, to say the least. It is
more than probable that they would have
admitted that there were at least three
that were brutes, pure and simple, that
is if they are as honest as they profess
to be. Thg reader may judge by the
following story whether or net the fore
going observations are justified:
Lizzie Adams, a Negro woman of
doubtful character, lives in a shanty on
the outskirts of town, where whiskey of
the blind tiger variety is supposed to be
sold, and gambling is reported as being
the favorite pastime. On Monday af
ternoon Lizzie had a visitor, Will Jones,
a Negro, when Adam McKinney, Alph
Massy and another Negro "just dropped
in." They talked pleasantly at first,
but presently became abusive.
McKinney applied an epithet to
Jones that called out the -remark:
"Adam, I ought to kill you for that."
Mckinney replied: "Do it, and then
talk about it," and he at once advanced
on Jones with a knife in his hand,
threw his other arm around Jone's neck
and stabbed him. Massy undertook to
separate them, and Mckinney got hold
of Massey and raked his knife through
Massey's shoulder. While McKinney
and Massey were struggling Jones fgot
his pistol.
In the meantime Massey had broken
away, crying: "Send for the doctor;
I am killed." He got out of the house,
and Jones fired at McKinney twice,
one ball taking effect in the left shoul
der and the other in the head. While
Jones was firing McKinney rushed up
on him, slashing him with his knife.
They clinched and fell to the floor,
where McKinney continued to haek
until satisfied. He then got up and
left, leaving Jones where he had fallen.
He went outside the house, which then
had the appearance of a slaughter pen,
swore and stormed for a time and then
went away.
The knife used was a large one, hav
ing a blade 2i to 3 inches long. Jone's
pistol was a cheap one, of 32-calibre,
not calculated to do a great deal. of ex
ecution. The wound of Af Massey,
which commenced near the point of the
left shoulder blade, extended round to
about the front of the left arm, a dis
tance of about eight inches and reached
to all bones in its course. He walked
nearly a mile down to the Court House,
where he met Dr. W. G. White, who
took him in his buggy, carried him to
his office, where he and Dr. McDowell
dressed the wound. Twenty odd stitch
es were necessary to close the gap. The
Negrero was very weak from loss of
bloon, but is reported as being on the
road to recovery.
W~ill Jone's wounds, which are more
numerous than'those of Massey, were
dressed at the house of Lizzie Adams
by Dr. M. J. Walker. One wound pen
etrated his lungs and another almost
severed his head. It is the opinion of
the doctors that his chances for recov
ery are rather slim, but so far he is get
ting along apparently about as well as
a ordinary human being would with a
aut finger.
McKinney was captured on the prem
ises of Mr. W. B. do Loach, by Police
men Love and Rose. He was lodged in
ail, where Dr. Walker cut a bullet out
>f his shoulder. He has a wound on
his head, but it has more of the appear
ance of having been made by a blud
eon than a bullet, but it is possible
hat it was made by a bullet, as one
hat was slightly flattened was found on
he floor of the house where the fight
ocurred. The prisoner is apparently
n as go.od condition as before the bat
The Atlanta Sensation.
A sensi-official agency declares that
he statement recently made by Charles
. Bentheim at Atlanta, Ga., to the
ffect that Alvin Florschuetz, when
United States vice consul at Sonneberg,
sed the seals, letter heads, etc., of the
:onsuliate for years before the Dreyfuis
ise came up for the transmission to the
erman war office of French military
ecrets is pure invention. It is also
aid that Bentheim was never employ
d in the offices of the German staff of
ermany as he has claimed.
Texas Cotton Crop.
The Galveston News published a re
ort Thursday of the cotton crop of Tex
s and the territories made up of 385
eports of an average date of Septem
er 3, covering 1:34 Texas councies, and
3 points in the Indian and Oklahoma
erritories. These reports indicate a
lecrease in the yield of Texas of 36.8
er cent and for Texas and the territo
ies of 37.5 per cent. Drouth caused
2ost of the loss.
Priest Marries His Nurse.
Father Charles Brady, a priest of the
Iatholic church, was taken sick in
uincy, Ill., three weeks ago, and was
used back to health by Miss Addie
winn, a Protestant nurse. It is an
ounced that Father Brady and the
urse were mairied in St. Louis a few
ays ago by a Protestant minister.
he marriage means the retirement of
he priest from the church. Father
rady, who is wealthy, was educated
or the priesthood at Rome.
Georgia Cotton Crop.
Commissioner of Agriculture 0. B.
tevens, who returned to Atlanta
hursday after an inspection of the
rops throughout Middle and South
~eorgia, states that cotton will be at
east half a million bales short and that
n order to realize 75 per cent of the
~rop of 1899, conditions will have to

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