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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, October 11, 1899, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063760/1899-10-11/ed-1/seq-4/

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Dr Talmage'sSermon on Dewey ij
Han'm e Coming.
Naval Heroes Deserve Fuli Meas
ure of Praise. Useful Lessons I
Drawn From Their Bravery
and' Devotion. Heroic
Deeds Lauded.
At a time when the whole nation is
stired with vatriotie emotion at the re
turn of Admiral George Dewey and his
gallant men on the cruiser Olympia and
the magnificent reception accord2d to
them, the Rev. Dr. T. DeWitt Talmage
in his sermon. preaching to a vast audi
ence, appropriately recalls for devout
and patriotic purposes some of the great
naval deeds of olden and more recent
times. Text, James iii, 4, "Behold
also the ships."
If this exclamation was appropriate
about 1872 years ago, -.hen it was writ
ten concerning the crude fishing smacks
that sailed Lake Galilee. how much
more appropriate in an age which has
launched from the drydocks for pur- t
poses of pence the Oceanic of the
White Star line, the Luc:nia of the
Cunard line, the Sr. Louis of the Amer
ican line. the Kaiser Wilhelm der
Grosse of the North German Lloyd line,
Augusta Victoria of the Hamburg
American line; and in an age which for
purposes of war has launched the screw
sloops like the Idaho, the Shenandoah, v
the Ossipee, and our ironclads like the
Kalamazoo, the Roanoke and the Dun
derberg, and those which have already
been buried in the deep, like the Moni
tor, the Housatonic and the Weehaw
ken. the tempests ever since sounding
a volley over their watery sepulchers,
and the Oregon, and the Brooklyn. and
the Texas, and the Olympia, the Iowa,
the Massacnusetts, the Indiana, the
New York, the Marietta of the last war,
and the scarred veterans of war ship
ping, like.the Constitution or the Alli
ance or the Constellation. that have -
swung into the naval yards to spend
their last days, their decks now all si
lent of the feet that trod them, their
rigging all silent of the hands that
clung to them, their portholes silent of
the brazen throats that once thundered
out of them.
If in the first century, when war ves
sels were dependent on the oars that
paddled at the side of them for propul
sion, my text was suggestive, with how t
much more emphasia and meaning and
overwhelming reminiscence we can cry
out as we see the Keaesarge lay across
the bows of the Alabama and sink it,
teaching foreign nations they had better
keeptheir hands off our American fight, t
or as we see the ram Albemarle of the
Confederates running out and in the
Roanoke and up and down the coast,
throwing everything into confusion as
no other craft ever did, pursued by the
Miami, the Ceres, the Southfield, the
Sassocus, the Mattabesett, the White
head, the Commodore Hull. the Louisi
ana, the M'nnesota and other armed
vessels, all trying in van to catch her,
until Captain Cushing, 21 years of age,
and hismen blew her up, himself and
enly one other escaping, and as I see
the flagship Hartford, and the Rich
mond, and the Moncngahela. with e
other gunboats, sweep past the batteries t
of Port Hudson, and the Mississippi a
flows forever free to all northern and
southernecraft, and under the fire of
Dewey and his men the Spanish ships
at Manila burn or sink, and the fleet
rushing out of Santiago harbor are de- r
molished by our guns, and the brave e
Cervera surrenders, I cry out with a pa- ~
triotic emotion that I cannot suppress ~
if I would, and would not if I could, t
"Behold also the ships."
Full justice has been done to the men e
who at different times fought on the
land, but not enough has been said of
those who on ship's deck dared and suf
fered all things. Lord God of the
rivers and the-sea. help me in this ser-.
mon! So, ye admirals, commanders, y
captains, pilots, gunners, boatswains.
sailmakcrs, surgeons, stokers, mess
mates and-seamen of all names, to use r
your own parlance, we might as well get
under way and stand ->ut to sea. La e
alllandlubbers go ashore. Full e reed a
now? Four bells!1
Never since the sea fight at Ler -nto,
where 300 royal-galleys manned by 50, r
000 warriors, at sunrise, Sept. 63, 1571,2
met 250 royal galleys, manned by 120,
000 men,-.and in the four hours of battle
8,000 fell on one side and 25,000 on thet
other; yea, never since the day when at 1
Actium, 31 years before Christ, Augus- ?
tus with 260 ships scattered the 220 k
ships of Mark Antony and rained uni- a
versal dominion as the prize: yea, since
the day when at Salamis the 1,200 gal- d
leys of the Persians, manned by 500,
000 men, were crushed by Greeks with
less than a third of that force: yea.
never since the time of Noah, the first ~
ship captain, has the world seen such a L
miraculous creation as that of the ~
American navy in 18631.
In the cemeteries for Federal and ~
Confederate dead are the bodies of j,
most of those who fell on the land. j
But where those are who went down in n
the war vessels will not be known untii
the sea gives up its dead. The Jack b
Tars knew that while loving arms might t
carry the men who fell on the land and
bury them with solemn liturgy and the
honors of war, for the bodies of those
who dropped from the ratlines into the l
sea er went down with all on board un- a
der the stroke of a gunboat there re- d
mained the shark and the whale and the 1.
endless tossing of the sea which cannot n
rest. Once a year, in the decoration of ()
the graves, those who fell in the land f,
were remembered. But how about the h
rves of those who went down at sea? ,
i othing but the archangel's trumpett
shall reach their lowly bed. A few of i
them were gathered into naval cemeter- g
ies of the land, and we every year gar- n
land the sod that cover them. But ,
who will put flowers on the fallen crew a
of the exploded Westfield and Shaw- a
sheen and the sunken Southfield and Iti
the Winfield Scott? Bullets threaten
ing in front, bombs threatening from
above, torpedoes threatening from be- sa
neath, and the ocean, with its reputa- l,
tion of 6,000 years for shipwreek, lying f,
all around, am I not right in saving it
equired a special courage for the navy a
in 1863 as it required special courage in
It looks picturesque and beautiful to e
see a war vessel going out through the t
Narrows, sailors in new rig singing, a
A lifes on the ocean ware. a
A home en the roflin.: deep, C
the colors gracefully dipping to passing d
ships, the decks immaculately clean and
the guns at quarantine firing a parting
salute. But the poetry is all gone out I
of that ship as it comes out of tht -m- 'I
gagement, its decks red with huuan : p
is r~r ;mod desti v*C. :
nitur rin- whee bro hn. smoke
ck erushdt hundred pound Whit
orth rifle ,1ot having left its mark
om por: to st: -uoard. the shrouds rent
sav. ladders splintered and d:eks
lowed up and smoke blackened and
ralded corpses lying among those who
re gasping their last gasp far away
-on home and kindred, whom they love
s much as we love wife and parents
nd children.
Oh. men of the American navy re
arned from Manila and Santiago and
lavana, as well as those who are sur
ivors of the naval conflicts of 1863 and
S;4, men of the western gulf squadron,
f the eastern gulf squadron, of the
outh Atlantie squadron, of the north
ktlantic squadron. of the Mississippi
quadron, of the Pacific squadron, of
he West India squadron and of the
>otomae flotilla, hear our thanks! Take
he benediction of our churches. Ac
ept the hospitaliti s of the nation.
f we bad our way, we would get you
lot only a pension. but a home and a
rincely wardrobe and an equipage and
banquet while you live and after your
leparture a catafaijue and a mausolum
f sculptured marble, with a model of
he ship in which you won the day. It
s consid rd a valiant thing when in a
ival fight the flagship with its blue
n goes abead up a river or into a
>ay, its admiral standing in the shrouds
catching and giving orders. But I
Lave to tell you, 0 veterans of the Am
rican navy, if you are as loyal to
'hrist as you were to the government
here is a fiagship sailing ahead of you
f which Christ is the admiral, and he
catches from the shrouds, and the hea
ens are the blue ensign, and he leads
ou toward the harbor, and all the
roadsides of earth and hell cannot
amage you. and ye whose garments
rere once red with your own blood
hail have a robe washed and made
,hite in the blood of the Lamb. Then
trike eight bells! High noon in hea
Sometimes oft the coast of England
he royal family have inspected the
3ritish navy, maneuvered before them
or that purpose. In the Baltic sea the
zar and czarina have reviewed the
tusiau navy. To bring before the
merican people the debt they owe to
avy I go out with you on the Atlan
ic ocean, where there is plenty of
oom, and in imagination review the
rar shipping of our four great conflicts
-1776, 1S12, 1835 and 1898. Swing
nto line all ye frigates, ironclads, fire
afts, gunboats and men-of-war! There
hey come, all sail set and furnaces in
ull blast, sheaves of crystal tossing
rom their cutting prows. That is the
)elaware, an old Revolutionary craft,
ommanded by Cow modore Decatur.
onder goes the Constitution, Com
aodore Hull commanding. There is
he Chesapeake, commanded by Cap
ain Lawrence, whose dying words
rere, 'Don't give up the ship," and the
iagara of 1S12, commanded by Com
odore Perry, who wrote on the back
f an old letter, resting on his navy
ap, "We have met the enemy, and
hey are ours." Yonder is the flagship
Vabash, Admiral Dupont commanding;
onder, the flagship Minnesota, Admir
Goldsborough commanding; yonder,
he flagship Philadelphit, Admiral
)ahlren commanding; yonder, the
agship San Jacinto, Admiral Bailey
ommanding; yonder, the flagship
lack Hawk, Admiral Porter command
ag;yonder, the flag steamer Benton,
tdmiral Foote commanding: yonder,
he flagship Hartford, David G. Farra
ut commanding; y onder, the Brooklyn,
tear Admiral Schley commanding;
onder, the Olympia, Admiral Dewey
ommanding; yonder, the Oregon, Cap
uin Clark commanding; yonder, the
'exas, Captain Philip commanding:
onder, the New York, Rear Admiral
ampson commanding; yonder the Iowa,
aptain Robley D. Evans commanding.
According to his own statement, Far
gut was very loose in his morals in
ay manhood and practiced all kinds
f sin. One day he was called into the
abin of his father, who was a shipmas
ar. His father said, "David, what are
ou going to be anyhowT' He answer
i, "I am going to follow the sea."
Fllow the sea,"said the father, "and
e kicked about the world and die in a
reign hospitalY" "No," said David:
I am going to command like you."
No," said the father: 'a boy of your
abits will never commania anything."
and his father burst into tears and left
e cabin..- From that day David Far
gut started on a new life.
Captain Pennington, an honored
der of my Brooklyn church, was with
im in most of his battles and had his
timate friendship, and he confirmed,
hat I had heard elsewhere, that Far
ugut was good and Christian. In every
reat crisis of life he asked and obtained
ae Divine direction. When in Moble
ay the monitor 'leeumseh sank from a
>rpedo and the great warship Brook.
in, that was to lead the squadron,
irned back, he said he was at a loss to
now whether to advance or retreat,
nd he says: "I prayed. 'O God,
'ho created man and gave him reason,
irect me what to do. Shall I ge on?'
Ld a voice commanded me, 'to on,'
nd I went on." Was there ever a
.ore tou.ching Christian letter than
1at which he wrote to his wife from
is flagship Hartford?' "My dearest
ife, 1 write and leave this letter for
ou. I am going intc Mobile bay in
1e morning if God is my leader, and I
ope he is, and in him I place my trust.
Ehe thinks it is the proper place for
e to die, I am ready to sul mit to his
ill in that as all other things. God
less and preserve you, my darling, and
y dear 'boy, if anything should hap.
en to mc. May his blessings rest upon
a and your dear mother."
Cheerful to the end, he said on
ard the Tailapoosa in the last voy
;e he ever took, "I would be well if I
ied now in harness." .Jsh T. blime
piscopal service for the dead was
ever more appropriately rendered than
ger his casket, and well did all the
,rts of New York harbor thunder as
is bod'y was brought to the wharf, and
ll did the minute guns sound and
e bells toll as in a procession having
lits ranks the president of the United
tates and his cabinet and the mighty
Len of land and sea the old admiral
as carried, amid hundreds of thous
as of uncovered heads on Broadway,
d laid on his pillow of dust in beau
ful Woodlawn, Sept. 8'), amid the
>mp of our autumnal forests.
But just as much am I stirred at the
:ene on warship's deck before Santiago
.st summer, when the yictory gained
r our American flag over Spanish op
ression the captain took off his hat
ad all the sailors and soldiers did the
ime and silently they offered thanks
Almighty God for what had been ae
mplished, and when on another ship
1e soldiers and sailors were cheering
:a Spanish vessel sank and its officers
ad crews were struggling in the wat
rs and the captain of our warship cried
at, -Don't cheer; the poor fellows are
rowning.' Prayers on deck! Pray
es in the forecastle! Prayers in the
ibin! Prayers in the hammocks!
ryers on the lookout at midnight!
he battles of that war opened with
reyer, were pushed on with prayer
American nation recalls them with
We hail with thanks the new genera
tion of naval heroes, those of the year
189S. We are too near their marvel
ous deeds to fully appreciate them. A
century from now poetry and sculpture
and painting and history will do them
better justice than we can do them
now. A defeat at Manila would have
been an infinite disaster. Foreign
nations not overfond of our American
institutions would have joined the ot'ier
side, and the war so many months :ast
would have been raging still, and per
haps a hundred thousand graves would
have opened to take down our slain sol
diers and sailors. It took this coun
try three years to get over the disaster
at Bull Run at the opening of the civil
war. How many years it would have
required to recover from a defeat at
Manila in the opening of the Spanish
war I cannot say. God averted the
calamity by giving triumph to our navy
under Admiral Dawey, whose coming
up through the Narrows of New York
harbor day before yesterday was greeted
by the nation whose welcoming cheers
will not cease to resound until tomor
row, and next day in the capital of the
nation the jeweled sword voted by con
gress shall be presented amid boom
ing cannonade and embannered hosts,
and our autumnal nights shall become
a conflagration of splendor, but the
tramp of these processions and the
flash of that sword and the huzza of
that greeting and the roar of those
guns and the illumination of those
nights will be seen and heard as long
as a page of American history remains
Especially let the country boys of
America join in these greetings to the
returned heroes of Manila. It is their
work. The chief character in all the
scene is the once country lad, George
Dewey. Let the Vermonters come down
and find him order, but the same mod
est, unassumine, almost bashful per
son that they went to school with and
with whom they sported on the play
ground. the honors of all the world
cannot spoil him. A few weeks ago at
a banquet in England some of the titled
noblemen were affronted because our
American minister plenipotentiary as
sociated the name of Dewey with that
of Lord Nelson. As well might we be
affronted because the name of Nelson is
associated with that of our most re
nowed admiral. The one man in all
the coming ages will stand as high as
the other. So this day, sympathiz'i g
with all the festivities and celebrations
of the past week and with all the fes
tivities and celebrations to come this
week, let us anew thank God and tho e
heroes of the American navy who have
done such great things for our beloved
land. Come aboard the old ship, Zion,
ye sailors and soldiers, whether still in
the active service or honorably dis
charged and at home having resumed
citizenship. And ye men of the past,
your last battle on the seas fought, take
from me, in God's name, salutation and
good ctieer. For the few remaining
fights with sin and death and hell make
ready. Strip your vessel for the fray.
Hang the sheet chains ever the side.
Send down the topgallant masts. Bar
riscade the wheel. Rig in the flying
jib boom. Steer straight for the shin
ing shore, and hear the shout of the
great Commander of earth and heaven
as he cries from the shrouds, "To him
that overcometh will I give to eat of the
tree of life which is in the midst of the
paradise of God." Hosanna! Hosanna!
A Bride and Groom Shot by a Reject
ed Suitor.
A special to the St. Louis Post-Dis
patch from Montgomery, Mo., says:
Frank Walker and his bride were mur
dered today by Charles Rankin, a dis
appointed lover, who then killed him
self. A child was seriously wounded
by the shots that killed the couple.
All concerned in the tragedy were
prominent residents of Montgomery
county. The murder occurred at the
home of James Cook, nine miles east of
here, where the couple and their friends
had gone to eat the wedding supper.
Walker, who had no relatives, work
ed around the farm. Tuesday after
icon he and Miss Maud Goshorn drove
to Montgomery and were married.
They then drove out to the Cook home,
where a supper was prepared. A com
pany of well-wishers gathered. The
bride and groom sat side by side at the
head of the table in front of an uncur
taned window, when Rankin shot the
couple. firing with a shotgun through
the window. Both were instantly kill
ed, their heads being riddled with shot.
A child, a member of the Cook family,
was badly wounded.
No one saw the murderer and his
identity was unknown until his dead
body was stumbled over outside the
house. A letter left by Rankin reveal
ed the fact that he was a rejected suitor
6f Miss Goshorn's and that he comrmitt
ed the murder because she married an
Praiies a Southern Boy.
The incident of Dewey's praise for
the Charleston boy is reported in the
New York World of Friday by Lavinia
Hart, a young woman reporter who in
terviewed the admiral. Miss Hart had
just referred to Dewey as a hero:
"'You really must not call me a
hero," he said modestly, "after all
"Was scared to death all through
the battle,' I said timidly.
'Exactiy,' said the admiral, re
lieved. 'Now,' he continued, 'here
comes one of the real heroes of Manila.'
"A lanky youth in uniform hove in
'That boy,' said the admiral, 'has
worke.d himself up out of the ranks.
Now he's chief quartermaster. He'll
be heard from some day. His name's
Mehrtens and he steered the Olympia
through the battle of Manila. Of
" Mehrtens,' as the lad saluted, and
was passing, "where do you come from?'
"'Charleston, South Carolina, sir.'
"'What, another,' cried the admiral.
Charleston may be proud of lier con
tributions to this war.' "
Parachute Didn't Open.
Marza Townsend of Decorah, Ia , about
20 years old, was killed on the C'arnjival
circus grounds at Des Moines Wednes
'lay evening while attemptine a par
hute leap. While up 1 000il feet in
the air the parachute faiied to open and
e fell to the earth like a st'ne and was
picked up dead and terribly mangled.
A large crowd saw the accident.
Don't Want Them.
There has been some talk of estab
fishing a colony for Negro farmers in
ew Jersey. The scheme does not re
eive much encouragement from the
2ewspa;'crs of the section in which the
olony is proposed to be plarnted. The
ew Jersey newspapers are always
ready to give a word of advice respect
ing the Negro in the South; but they do
ot desire to have the Negro in New
An Effort to Publish Dickert's History
of Kershaw's Brigade.
Mr. E H. Aull sends the State the
"I will greatly thank The State if it
will take enough interest to publish the
circular below and make 'he statement
contained therein. If there should be
anyone whose picture comes in the list
enumerated who is not willing to help
the work by paying $3 I would be glad
to have him send the photograph do
sired and maybe some one else will help
bear the expense so that the list will be
"The publisher would be glad to
have the papers in Darlington, Marion,
Marlboro, Fairfield, Kershaw, Chester
field, Spartanburg, Union, Greenville,
Anderson, Abbeville, Edgefield, Saluda,
Lexington. Orangeburg, Newberry,
Charleston and Richland copy the cir
cular as it was largely from these coun
ties that the men who made the brigade
came. I do not know to whom to write,
but I hope those officers who are liv
ing will heed the request-and those
who are dead I know have left some
descendants who have enough inter
est in their own to help in this mat
To the Friends, Relatives, and Surviv
ors of the Old First Brigade:
The publisher of "Dickert's History
of Kershaw's Brigade" takes pleasure
in announcing that this work has pass
ed beyond its doubtfnl stage, and is
now a reality. The work of printing is
now well under way, and will soon be
ready for the binder. It is the wish of
those who have undertaken the publi.
cation of the history to make it as
home-like, realistic, and attractive as
possible, and nothing will add more to
this purpose than having it embellished
with cuts and engravings of those who
led and commanded, for so long a time
and under such trying ordeals, this no
ble band of immortals. They would
even like to have the cuts of all were
it possible or practical, but this not be
ing the case, they will have to content
themselves with only the illustrations
of the captains (or company command
ers), colonels, and brigadiers, and their
field and staff officers.
As we have said at the outset of this
undertaking, the history is not written
nor published for gain or profit, but
more as a memorial volume, and the
publisher does not feel warranted from
inancial point of view, in making this
outlay of ready cash to meet these re
quirements. As the author has spent
so much of his time, to say nothing of
the expense, in getting up this memo
rial to the worth and valor of his old
comrades, without compensation; it is
the hope of the publisher that the
friends and survivors will come to his
aid; and he makes this proposition:
Any of the friends of the above named
officers, who will send the publisher a
photo or picture of the officers named,
enclosing five dollars-three dollars for
the cut and two dollars for one volume
of the history-he will have a nice pic
ture or cut of such officer inserted in
the book, and one volume delivered
without additional expense to the per
son furnishing the photograph and pay
ing five dollars. This will about cover
the actual expense of the engraving
and publication.
Capt. iDickert has written a valua
ble history, and as a record of the
events, a description of battles and
camp life, sketches of officers, and the
life of a soldier as seen from the ranks
and the battle line, it stands unrivaled
as a history from the Confederate
standpoint, and it is now a duty the
friends and survivors of the Old First
Brigade owe to their children and to
posterity to furnish these illustrations
as a fitting tribute to the brave officers,
dead and alive, who so often led their
troops to victory. Pictures of photos
taken during the war, or just after and
in uniform, are prefeired. They will
be carefully handled and as carefully
returned. No uneasiness need be felt as
to theirbeing damaged or lost, as the pub
lisher is well aware how these priceless
relics of the past are treasured an no
pains will be spared in having them
safely returned.
We wish photos of all captains (and
lieutenacits commanding companies),
adjutants, (quartermasters, commissa
ries, and chaplains, majors, lieutenant
colonels, and colonels, brigadier gener
als and their staffs. Write (if living)
the name and rank of officer, in his
own handwriting, under the picture, or
paste on back the na-ne on slip of pa
per; and, to avoid delays and miscar
riages in return, write the name of post
office to which it is to be returned.
Please gi'e this request prompt at
tention. as photograph, must be receiv
ed within the next thirty days to insure
having them inserted in the book.
Send the three dollars along with pho
tograph and the books can be paid for
on delivery. Address
Elbert H. Aull,
Newberry, S. C.
Killed by Boiler Explosion.
By the explosion of a boiler at Bruce's
saw mill near Trevilions, in Louisa
county, A. Campbell, a well known far
mer. airl a Negro were instantly killed.
Another Nesra was fatally injured, andl
the owner of the mill, Mr. Robert
Bruce, so badly scilded that he may
She Deserves It.
The sailors of Dewey' Bagl~ship are
going to make Miss Hleleu Gould a
present that she will appeciate highly.
It is in the form of two 4 7-inch shells
from the wreck of the Reina Christina,
Admiral Montojo's flagship, mounted in
Leghorn marble. Upon each shell is
a statuette of Liberty in ivory. The
mounting and carving were done at
Fifteen Hundred KilleQ..
It is estimated that fifteen hundred
persons perished in the earthquakes in
Asia Minor around Aidin. The first
shock occurred at 4 o'clock on the
morning of September 20th and lasted
forty seconds. The effects were ap
palling. Whole villages were com
p'etely destroyed. The earthquake
was felt as far as Scio, Mityleme and
He Was Disgustc1
"No," s.i l the~ convicted saloon
teper, "I wou't ii~ve you to defend
mothL!er ease for me." "But," his law
rer protested, "you knowv you were
ruilty and you know, too, that the evi
lence against you was overwhelming."
Oh, I don't deny that, but after hay
ng the case postponed four times you
~un out of excuses. A lawyer what
int got no more resources than that
~an't git fees from me."
Xilledthe Ring in
As a result of a prize fight held at
~alley Grass, Cal., Thursday night be
ween Jim Pendergast of Sacramento
md Chas. Hloskins of that place, the
atter is d.ead. Hoskins was knocked
>ut in the 10th round and although
hysicians worked upon the prostrate
man all night they could not save his
ife. The referee, Pendergast and all
Makes the food more del
ROYAL woNes ma
What a Prominent Republican Say
About It.
In The Review of Reviews for Octo
ber the Hon. Thomas L. James, form
erly postmaster-general and now presi
dent of a New York national bank, es
says an explanation of the causes which
have led to the present prosperous con
dition of business. A Republican and
a gold man, Mr. James does not, like
many of his fellows, undertake to claim
for Republicanism and the gold stand
ard the sole credit for existing condi
tions, but, with an obvious purpose to
tell the story fairly and explain it ra
tionally, he shows the real influences
which have been making for better
times. We quote freely.
"In order clearly to understand the
rise and development of influences that
produced the depressing conditions cub
minating between 1S93 and 1896, it is
necessary to go back to the time of the
resumption of specie payments in 1879.
This 'ountry immediately after the
government resumed payment of its ob
ligations in coin entered an era of pros
perity which has been compared with
the one Chat now prevails, and yet the
conditions characterizing it were en
tirely different. We had then, in com
parison with our possessions today, little
capital, and vet we undertook to open
up the wheat belts of the west, to com
plete the Northern Pacific railway, to
construct thousands of miles of new
railroad in unsettled regions, so that in
the course of three or four years we ex
pended at least $500,000,000 in build
ing new railroads. Much of this money
was borrowed in Europe, and the rail
roads when built did not at first begin
to earn their interest charges, and some
of them with difficulty paid their run
ning expenses. They were kept in op- 1
eration in many cases by borrowing i
more money to pay the interest upon 1
bonds and at last became heavily bur- 1
dened with mortgages and underlying 1
mortgages, ultimately involving reor- i
ganization and heavy loss. All of this
money we had to pay back, and the
effect of those enormous payments was <
severely felt between 1885 and 1894. t
These new railroads, however, did a i
great service for the country, since they i
opened up the agricultural lands to the
farmer and made possible the amazing
crops which were grown in 1801 andi
1892. For about ten years, or say from
the spring of 1884 until near the close
of Mr. Cleveland's administration, the i
people of this country, both in their (
corporate and their indiviCual relations,
were engaged in paying debts. The t
farmers did that and were thereby<
compelled to practice the utmost
economy, many of them finding1
even the most stringent self-denial1
inadequate, so that they were forced1
to submit to foreclosure. But stock i
holders in the railroad corpora
tions were also Dsuffering,. and there<
came f.r many of them the same exper-1
ience that the farmers met .with. The
owners of the bonds exacted their inter
est or took possession of the property
just as the owners cf the farm mortga
ges exacted theirs or foreclosed. We
lived in a time of forced and great econ-t
omy. Many men esteemed very rich
were compelled to draw upon their prin
cipal in order to maintain in some meas
ure their customary manner of life, and
the wage-earners were either drawing
upon their savings or else were compell
ed to live upon half pay so to speak
some of them upon cred it. Daring Mr.
Cleveland's second administration we1
were really getting into a heathful con
dition. We were paying our debts, re-t
organizing our bankrupt railroads ent
sound and economical bases, livingr
with rigid economy, liquidating obliga-]
tions long past due, and were at last ini
a condition that required only some
tonic or stimulus in order to regaini
prosperity and industrial activity."
He goes on to show how a check to
this wholesome progress was caused byt
the financial collapse of the Argentine1
republic and the resulting failure of
Baring Brothers. The Bank of Eng
land interposed its resources. "One of
the ablest of the financiers of New York,
when he read that report, said: 'The
Bank of England. has prevented a
panic; but a failure like this will shrivel
credits, benumb business everywhere,
and its disastrous influence will be felt
in every nation of the world for the
next two or three years.' The predic
tion was justified in every respect."
Mr. James recognizes the bad effect of
the suspension of the free coinage of
silver in India which followed. "Itt
was everywhere recognized as a remedy
for certain evils from which Great
Britain and her colonies were suffering,e
but it was a remedy so heroic that itsa
immediate effect was harmful, at least
to some lines of trade." Other reasonsp
for the depressioc and the panic of
189:3 are given, but it is the revival which r,
is our theme. As to the causes of the a
revival Mr. James barely mentions the e
efeat of free silver and the passage of n
the Dingley tariff law. lie then pro
:eeds: i
'iBat there is another influence which S
ay be esteemed among the greatest q
f any that have caused these last li
ears of the century to give industrial n
>rosperity, content, happiness, and a a
wide distribution of wealth to our peo- e
>!e. That influence was created by the s
ecent~ amazing development of the gold al
ines of the world. Undoubtedly the w~
ction of congress in repealing the 1]
Sherman law induced capital to turn its al
ttention to the American gold mines. et
But the same impulse existed all over pa
he world. The discovery of cheap pl
hmial methods of abstracting gold S
fromn low-grade ore was as momentous h<
amost as that of Bessemer, to which pl
nueh of the industrial activity of the
ast half of the nineteenth century can b;
e traced. That process made it pos- S1
ible to utilize with commercial profit c<
he low-grade ores in South Africa, and gi
oly a year after the Sherman law was it
epealed the highest expert authority d
redicted that the South African mines n
would be adding yearly to the gold of
he world from $75,0i0.000 to $100,000, - v<
00, a prediction that has been almost it
ustified already. Then Australia cc
mazed the world with discoveries of b1
nsuspected gold deposits and Colorado ta
nd Idaho and southern California si
bgan to report profitable mining opera
ions, until at last it was reported by ar
he director of the mint that the United al
States was producing nearly $60,000,000 fil
ol' gold a year, the estimate for 1899 tl
eing about $5, 000, 000 a month. Then. bi
oo, just as these inspiring influences S
ere beginning to have their legitimate or
efec upon bunes, there came from li
icious and wholesome
moo.. vows.
the wilds of Alaska romantic tales of
rich discoveries of gold, and since that
news was first brought to this country
the estimated output of that once deso
late territory has been about $40,000,
000 gold, almost all of which
has come to the United States and re
mained here.
The director of the mint estimates
that today there is in the United States
almost a billion of gold, in coin and
bullion, and whereas in Mr. Cleveland's
administration the gold in the treasury
had been drained so low that it seemed
at one time as though the government
would be compelled to suspend gold
payments, now the treasury possesses
nearly $250,000,000 of gold and the
banks of New York nearly $175,000,
In addition to the gold that came
from the mines, there came many mil
lions of it in the year 1S98 to the United
States from Europe in liquidation of
trade balances, and with the exception
of $20,000,000 sent to Europe to pay
the Spanish indemnity, almost every
dollar of the gold brought here from
mines and the payment of debts has re
mained here."
This is an admission of the accuracy
of the quantitative theory of money,
held by the Democratic party and so
rigorously pressed in the campaign of
1896. If the world's supply of gold
had not increased so marvellously and
if our exports had not, through a re
markable concurrence of circumstances,
run beyond all expectation and hope,
in what condition would we now have
"If, now, we turn to another report
we shall be able to discover in it per
saps the most impressive of all the sto
ies that tell of our revival and increase
>f prosperity. In 1892 we exported of
agricultural products in the fiscal year
.nding June 30 $799,000,000 in round
numbers. We did not export as much
:n value as that again, although in 1899
we exported $785,000,000 in round num
)ers. In the intervening years the ex
Dort ranged from $650,000,000 is
-ound numbers in 1898 down to $553,
)00,000 in 1895. But if we turn to the
igures that tell the story of the export
)f the products of our manufactories in
he same years, we discover, set forth
n the most emphatic manner the amaz
ng story of our industrial expansion.
[n 1892, fiscal year, we exported of
nanufactured products $158,000,000;
n 1893, approximately the same
amount; in 1894, $183,000,000; in
1895. approximately the same amount;
n 1896, $228,000,000; in 1897, $277,
)00.000; in 1898, $290,000,000; and in
899, $338,000,000, with every indica
ion that the export for this fiscal year
>f manufactured products will be as
~reat as $375,000,000. Therefore
vhile we have gained in export of ag
-icultural products not at all siece 1892,
we have gained more than 100 per cent.
n our export of manufactured products,
howing how vastly our industries hare
xpanded, and that while we are com
nanding our own domestic markets. we
re surely reachia~g out in successful
ompetition with other nations for the
ontrol of the markets of the world."
We agree with the Columbia .State,
rom which paper the above article is
aken, that "these are explanations that
~xplain. There is nothing in them
vhich disproves, and everything which
~on firms, the Democratic convention of
8S96 that the great need of the couni-ry
vas an increase in the supply of stand
rd money. At that time it seemed im
>ossible to secure this without the free
oinage of silver; but Providence has
>en kind to the American people and
aved them from the worst effect of one of
heir vreatest blunders."' The State adds
o Mr. James's catalogue this further
eason for the suddenness of the change;
Sigteen months ago, while the signs of
mprovement were of the faintest, the
var with Spain began. Instead of prov
ng financially destruztive as was pre
icted by most of the spoktsmen for
old and "business," it had precisely
he opposite effect. As a smart blow
ipon a watch that is clogged and
topped may set it going again, so the
ar to the country from the shock of
rar set the wheels of business in fuli
notion once more, and the revival was
stant and complete.
lids for Star Route Contracts Must
Include Free Delivery of Mail.
The Postoffice Department has issued
he revised instructions governing bids
or Star Route mail contracts. It is
ot perhaps generally known that these
ontracts are given out for four years at
time and that this year is the time
or new contracts. This service touches
erhaps two-thi'ds of the people of this
tate: and it behooves them to see that
esponsible bids are put in from the
eighborhood of each route at the low.
st practicable figures before Nov. 30th
These instruction contain a new and
nportant paragraph in so far as bids in
outh Carolina are concerned. It re
uires all bids to include the free de
.very of mail to persons living on or
ear the route. This is a practical
loption, so far as South Carolina is
meerned, of Congressman Stokes
heme which attracted such favorable
:tention last winter, and which was
armily advocated by The Times and
e moerat. It was not generally known
the time that the one vote lacking in
nference committee to fix the Stokes
cposition as a "nrder" on the appro
riation bill, was lacking by reason of
anator Qtuay's absence on trial for
alping to wreck a bank in Philadel
Having failed to get what he sought
i special bill and by a "rider" on the
apply Bill, through an unfortunate
>mbination of circumstances, Con
essman Stokes went to work to scure
through the department. under the
sretionary power given for experi
ental purposes.
General Shallenberger was very fa
rably disposed and was anxious to
torporate the requirements in the
>ntracts as suggested by Mr. Stokes,
it at first hesitated, as congress had
ken the matter in hand but had fallen
iort of authorizing it.
Finally his scruples were overcome,
2d the recent order secures substanti
ly all that Mr. Stokes strove to obtain
at through a special act and then
troug.h a "rider" on the appropriation
.1. At least it is secured so far as
>th Carolina is concerned; for the
-der applies specifically to South Caro
Naturally Mr. Stokes feels muc
gratified at the result, and has no doul
as to the piarmanency of the feature n<
only in the postal system of this Stat
but of the whole United States. H
also credits the press of the State an
of the country at large. with a larg
share of the influence 'which brough
about the result. Below is the reguls
tion referred to which will be seen t
follow closely the terms of the bill it
troduced by Mr. Stokes:
"In addition to proposals for carry
ing the mails on the routes and subjec
to the conditions hereinbeforesetlort:
proposals will also be received for cai
rying the mails on the same routes i
the State of South Carolina, subject t<
the same conditions, and also subjec
to the further requirements, as follows
Any person living on or near an
Star Route herein described who de
sires his mail deposited in a box o
the line of the route by the carrier o:
said route may provide and erect a suit
able box on the roadside, located i:
such manner as to be reached as con
veniently as practicable by the carrier
and such person shall file with th
postmaster at the postoffice to which hi
mail is addressed (which shall be on
of the two postoffices on the route of
either side of and next to the box)
request in writirg fnr the delivPry n!
his noi to th.: arrier us the rsu'e f,
deposit in sai ust.ii hex at ti.e rid :
the add: ss e
It s'ho .1i ke he wty o' the p<.st
ma-ter at '"-r -y u -h I t i'c. w; e .
urtten order fr',u, any pcr'on living 01
or near the Star Route, to 'li:rt ti
the proper Ina.il ca.rrier f..r that rin:
any mail rn.ttr.:r, e-acept r-gissert(
mail. withm -i*"Tre ions a;to toh pro
per mail box at whieh said mW! :hit
shall be deposisrd; bu' o tn-ul mat tee
s) de'ivfred to a carrier for dep)-it
shall be cr:ied past noth- r p tfi:
on the route bfore bbii, deposited i
a muil bx.
The cap ri. r on the Star R:u' i!
be rcqirn d to icee ive from any poc
mast- r on the route any mail watte:
th:t m ;y be intrusted to lim, outsid<
the usual mail ba2. and shall carry suel
n:nil maltir to Knad deposit it in th<
proper boxes placed on the line of th<
route for this purpose: such service b
the ;.irri r t> b-: wi:.hou: charge to the
addrese "
G o.SaHacker &So
o l ..,
Doors, Sash, Blinds,
Moulding and Building
Sash Weights anid Cords and
Builders' Hardware.
l Ii lil t | n f UIll Ui M uagN sanuil
similating tioodandRegula
ing theSiomandBwlsf
ness andlest.Contains neither
Opmuni,Morphine jorlllneral.
Aperfect Remedy for Constipa
tion, Sour Stomach.Diarrhdea,
ness and Loss or SLEEP.
YacSimile Signature of
nxw Yomc.
t~xAcT copy OF WEAPP.B.
159 East Bay -
209 ]Ea
-- DE.RI~
Paints, Qils, Glass, Varnis
Ta~r Paper and
Headquarters for the Celebratedi
ftill and Engine Oils and Grases.
Baok of Manoing,
Transacts a general banking busi
t Prompt and special attei:i i<.n given
to depositors residing out -f town.
Deposits solicited.
All collections have proipt atten
t tion.
Business hours from 9' a. n,. to 2
- p. m.
A. LEVI, Cashier.
v E. BROWN, S. M. NEasEN,
To Consumers 01 Lager Beer
The Germania Brewing Company, of
Charleston, S. C., have made arrangements
with the South Carolina State authorities
by which they are enabled to fill orders
from consumers for shipments of beer in
any quantity at the following prices :
Pints, patent stopper, 60c. per dozen.
Four dozen pints in crate, $2.80 per crate.
Eighth-keg, $1.25.
Quarter-keg, $2.25.
Half-barrel, $4.50.
Exports, pints, ten dozen in barrel, $9.
It will be necessary for consumers or
parties ordering,to state that the beer is for
private consumption. We offer special
rates for these shipments. This beer is
guaranteed pure, made of the choicesthops
and malt, and is recommended by the
medical fraternity. Send to us for a trial
Brewing Company,
Charleston. S. C.
Which is fitted up with an
eye to the comfort of his
customers. . . . .
Done with neatness and
, dispatch.-.-.-.-.-.
A cordial invitation
is extended. .
J. L. WELL6.
The-Kind You Have
Always Bought
Bears the
- lKind
You Have
Always Bought.
-SON, President.
-,Charleston, S. C
lines & Co.,.
at Bay.
TorN, s. C.,
h and Bruashes, Lanterns,
Building Paper.

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