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VOL. XV. MA NIN ING. S. . WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 31, 90 O 0
. I aI OIU.SE.
What Has Been Done During the
NO ADDiTIONAL C!RCUITS.
S i-,s Mr County Offictrs
tns'- ad cf Fe..-s. Several
Oth-r B:'s Taken Up
in.i P s-d or Ki d
-:. ;I the dis
. r P n b ll, which Was
it:-ui t t intance of tle city
conoel o 1-iisi, loo.kiig towards
l- ese os0s o the city limits of Co
ltkiaLiP. The cardiz1al ferture of the
iu ure wa- that the election should be
4eft t. the uawit-id --lectorsof the terri
dsrc an:wn-7~ion, adi t:ot to
*ret- h-id votrs. The b.il was fical
0,U i ici coi- u- d.
*n;I of b.1 byv mag"isttrates was
- thirdi :4:in in the Iouse
Tuc'.di:y. The prvvibions of the bill
6ection 1. When any magistrate com
mits a partv to j .il fvr a bailable offence
such iagistrate :hall state on commit
meait 0hc amount of recognizance re
quired, upon entering into which the
pary !ball be released from custody,
at~d upon entering itto such recogniz
ante befre any magistrate of the coun
ty ,uch party shall be releascd from the
Custov of the jailer.
SctIon 2 Any magistrate or clerk
of 1 he Court of the county in which the
party is imprisoned, when demanded
by such pariy, hail take the recogniz
anle wItlout exra compensation.
IS AN ALDERM N AN OFFICERS?
Nr. DukAs bll, directed against
muicipal olie-s taking contracts was
given its third readiug in the House
Tuesd.v. The bill prevides:
That i;o tvuiic:pal vilieer shall take
a cot~ract to ierorm work or furnish
ue-rl or the mun-e.pal corporation
,) wLich he is an vi-cer. and no such
eieer bIi rceive aly eenipe.ns2tiOn
on any co a Nr aid purpo.e.
Section 3. That any persou violating
tle 1roiions o: ih1-s Act shall be guil
ty o. a mitdemlanor and upon convic
tion ther-of shall b- puuished by fine
or iniprisonment in the disetetion of
the Court befvre whom such conviction
SALARIES FOR COUNTY OFFICERS.
On Wedresdiay Mr. 11. K. Jenkins.
of Berkeley, called up his bill relative
to the fees and Salaries of county .ffi
ers. He urged thit his b:11 was in
crIformity NhtL the Conititution. His
bili provosed a Sc ile of prices. In
lier -ley salaries were paid in lieu of
fees : !d the plau was found to work
adi Thre is -o Ionger Any
stocking, 0, Ih jails. In 1893 he had
the -od !:uc to introduce and have
rassed t e 'l.,ry bil for Berkeley
County. Th erand jury found that
thc courn v a ca $1A000t a y ear and he
wanted tie remainder of the State to
share in the be efits of the plan. if
au o:c is mnade worth $20,000 the
holder is illing to s-p-.nd a great deal
to- get the orlie. Tzue bill en be
amended; his classi~eation is accord
ing to the. taxable property and popula
uon. His proposition to have all sal
:tried officers was intended simply to
earry out the Constitution. At the in
stance of Mr. Jenkins a committee of
lne member from eaeh delegation was
elected by the delegation to meet at
once an~d report a bidl before Tuesday
next fixing salaries for all county ofEi
oers in lieu of fees. The committee is
.nade up as follows: Abbeville, De
Lhruh!; Aiken, 1Wii; Anderson, Prince;
3a:?berg, Black; Barnawell, Patterson;
Beaufort, Lock wood; Berkeley, Jen
kin-; Chaileston, Siukler; Cherokee,
M1cGraw; Che-te.r, Niation; Chesterfield,
Stevelison; Clarend-on, Ilill; Colletun,
111; D~triington, Fio~ d; Dorchester,
Ximberly; Edgefield. J. L. Smith;
iantfield, Joh:.ton; Florence, Rags
,lale; Georgetown, Pyatte; Greenville,
Mauidii; G.recuwood., Magill; Ham
mtoo, ThomaS; Horry, Smith;
Kershaw, X\inkl r; Lancaster,
Lrxin:.ton. Sharp; Marion, Montg 'm
ry ; Natilboro, NeLauriD; Newberry,
F~a's Oceee, D).ndy; Urangeburg,
\lr;Piekens, R.,bin-on; Rlichland,
i. ins' ;Sp irt aoburg, Sanders; Saluda,
M~hat'; Sumuer, \ oung; tiono,
li; Wihiamsburg, Ga-mbrdll; York,
INsLmsCE BILL PAssED.
Mlc IIe drick's bill to make certain
in ide insurance policies was
-I .p and paaed. The bill reads as
ton 1. That any person, firm, cor
nor association doing a life in
e usine--s on the '-gal reserve''
~'itlaityr three full annlual pre
'e bA fl paid, itnsert in or at
* a Ic a writteni or priJoted
a ter cuta to the in:,ured
To pay to the insured, itn
a b. Wt hin sixty days after demand,
he-a! rea rvcecotup~uted by the~
eJ uta e of mortality and iter
in u-e by said coijpany v. ien
was- issue d, less a surrender
St t) excee1d 1 per cent ofi the
S c- To loan to the~ inSuirei oa
beingct depo'. ted with tc e onu
......t..ra seurity, at a ra e :ot
*5 per cent, ant aniount eval
ne s sucaeder value ilercinbe
, etiqL ThatO al at tal .. cf
p ( *L e .f Q cotact cin rr
.ium- 'ubject to ier ase," ac:riiag
3 Ti - ali - ie-s me t
n - a S ingluiein~ is St ate sh;am
n cfirsit page et L.'L.
* ra 4. Tat any such person,
ah rv:in e tis AIct
- i this tate, an:i Its
mer-e tc do bu.l: eCiS shall be cancelled.
see: on 5). That the provisions of
,hi bi sall at apply to fraternal or
ders organizcd and operaiug upon the
Section 6. That any person, firm,
corporations or association writing in
surance policies on the legal reserve
plan may not extend to the insured the
options required by Section 1 of this
Act: Provided, that there shall be
printed in red ink in bold and conspicu
ous letters in each application for a
policy written on that plan, or on a
separate slip of paper attached thereto,
and signed by the insured, the follow
inc waiver: "it is understood and
agreed that the policy to be issued on
this application will not c-on tain the
eC-th surrender option and the loan
ortion r, quired by the statute law of
the Srate of th. S uth Carolina, and
the insured h-c'y waives the right to
said opion -'
SC lOO. ROOKs AT COST.
The coimittee'.s substitie for Mr.
Dowling's bidl relative to supplying
school text-books at cost was takea ut'.
Mr. Dowling's bill did Dot see: t)
provoke much discussion. The bill
was ordered to its third reading and its
provisions are: "That the auount so
set aside by the county board of educa
tion shall be and remain a permanent
rund in the hauda of the county super
inteudent of education, and shall be by
him used in purchasing and keeping
on hand school text-books for sale to
pupils attending the free public schools
of his county, for cash, at actual cost
or exchange prices, and shall be used
for no other purpose and in no other
manner; and places where said school
text-books are kept for such sale shall
be deemed depositories, under the con
trol of the Stato, as provided in the
7th a-ticle, or provi.ion, in the con
tract made in 1893 with the publishers
of !.choal text-books.
Section 4 That the county superin
tendent of education in every county
in the State, except L-xington County,
be, and is hereby, required to keel) his
office open each day of the week for one
week prior to the time appointed for the
schools to open in his county, and for
one week inimediately thereaf:er, and
for at least one day in each week dur
ine the remainder of the school term.
for the convenience of those wibhing to
purchase school books." The bill ap
plies only to such counties as have
school ln-k funds.
A PROTECTION AGAINST JEAUDS.
Mr. B:ease's bill to require a disin
terested witness to chattel mortgages
came up for consideration. Mr. Blese
said ht: was asked to introduce the bill.
He had seen chattel mor:gagcs, said to
cover a clock or machines, to cover the
cow or horse or chickens. All he wanted
was to protect these p.or people who
were inposed upon. There ought to
be some protection against these scoun
drels who get all these mortgages. His
bill also required the recording of the
chattel mortgage within ten days.
Representative Bolts, the only colored
member, said he knew the wiles of these
agents. The azreement should be
taken to some disinterested party to
read He related how the agent of an
Illinois firm went out in Georgetown
County and secured mortgages Ior
clocks and included mattresses. pillows
and everything in a house. The bill
would save a great deal for his people
and begged that the bill be passed. The
bill was then ordered to its third read
ing as follows:
Section 1. That all persons who take
bills of sale and chattel mort;:gs to
secure tue pLrynent for their goods,
wares or merchandise be, and they are
erk.oy, required to have one disinter
ested witness thereto who can read and
write, and before the execution of such
bills of sale or chattel mortgages the
same shall be read to the party or par
ties signing the said bills of sale and
chattel mortg'ges; and to have the same
recorded within thirty days.
Section?2. That any such bill o~f sale
or chattel mortgage. the excestion of
which does not comply with the provis
ions of this Act, shall be null and void,
and of no effect.
NO ADDITIONAL CIRCUITS.
The Rouse of Representatives dis
posed of Mr. Moss' bill providing two
additional circuits, killing it by a vote
of 60 to 39. The bill was fully dis
cussed. The following is the vote on
the motion to indefinitely postpone the
Yeas-Speaker Gary, Ashley, Bailey,
Bell, Black, Blease, Caughman, Col
cock. De Bruhl, Dendy, Dowling, Efird,
litridge, Floyd, Gamble, Gantt, Gra
ham, Honderson. Hill, Hollis, Hopkins,
W. J. Jtohnson, Lyles. Mann, Mauning,
Marion, Laban, Mauldin, Mc-Laurin,
Means, Miley, Mobley, Moses, Nettles,
Psurifoy, E. B. Ragsdale, Riebards,
Gorge W. Richardson, Henry 13. Rich
adson, R 13. A. Robiuson, G. P.
Smith, E D). Smith, Jeremiah Smith,
J. L. Smith. Stack ho'ase, Suber, Thieus,
Threatt, Timmerman, Varn, Verdier.
Verner, West, Whisonant, Williams,
Winge, Winkler, Woods, W3 che,
Nays-B3acot, Bates, Blythe, Bolts,
Brantley, Browning. Cosgrove, Cruta,
Dean, Epps, N G. Evans, Gadsden,
ofimeyer, Hawkins, Lockwood, Lof
ton, McCoy, M craw, MeCullough,
MLaurin, \1ehrtens, Mitchell, Mont
enmery, Moss, Patterson, Patton,
Prince, Paatt, J. WV. Ragsuiale, C. E.
Robinson, C. P Sanders, E. L. Ssnd
ers, Sawyer, Seabrook, W. 11. T'omias,
Wharton, Wiubcrley, H. H. Wood
The members paired were Mr. Me
Donay, with Mr. Stevenson, aye;
Mr. Sharpe. sye, withi Mr. Smikier,
nay; Mr MeDill, aye, with Mr. Fairey,
nay; Mr Strom, aye, with Mr. Dukes,
nay. The last named in each pair was
PASSED AND KILLED.
IThis was the fate of two impertant
bills in the House of Representatives
Friday, The first was a bill to exempt
a uates of the South Carolina Medi
eai College at Charleston from examnina
tion by the State meical board. Th~e
bill as it passed was so amended that it
exeumpts the graduates of all other med
ial colleges in other States which the
Stte board tuay- consider reputable.
The second bill, which was killed,
was the anti-cigarette bilL The first
attempt to kill the bill failed, but
v, hn it was amended so as to admit the
impration of cigarettes the house
charnged its friendly attitude and killed
A kingdom for a cure :
Youa need not pay so much.
A twenty-five cent bottle of L. L. & K.
IWill drive all ills away.
I Se a and try it-nw'rr fail.
SPION KOP CAPIURED
The British Gets the Best of the Boers
The British war ofice has issued the
following dispatch from Spearman's
camp, dated Jan. 25, 12.10 a. m.:
"Gen. Warren's troops last night o,
cupied Spion kop, surprising the small
garrison, who fled. It has been held
by us all day, though we were heavily
attacked, especially by a very annoying
shell fire. "L fear our casualties are
considerable and I have to inform Sc(u
with regret that Gen. Woodgat, wai
dangerously wounded. Gen. Warren
isof the opinion that he has rendered
the enemy's position untenable. The
tmen are splendid."
Among the killed on the B-itish side
was Gen. Woodgate, Gen. Buller's
phrase, "the men are splendid," thrills
England with pride and confidence.
His taking and holding Spion kop are
considered permanent advantages. A
Lcndon dispatch says the jubilation
over Gen. Warren's accomvlishment
in capturing Spioa kop Tuesday night
is chastened by the realization that his
success is only providential, as it ap
pears clear from Gen. Batler's dispatch
that the B ers fully recognize the
strategical importance of Spion kop and
at the time his message was sent off
they had not abandoned the hope of
recapturing the position- Ntverthless
a bearty load of at.xiety has been re
moved from the nation and there i<
general expectation that, as the British
have succeeded in keeping the hil all
day long, they wili nanage to retaiE it
uutil Gen. Warren plants guns eoougn
on it to dowMinte the Boer trenches
riitt and left. Teere is the usual dis
position here to exaggerate the iipor
iaice of the point scored, but the best
informned people realtze that Butler has
a t,.k ahead of him calling for the
wo.t do!ggd persistence and untirizig
-.ttacks, and that the dificulties wilL
increase as the poiition develops.
THE BRITISH F-k L BACK.
The British war office at London
posted the following di.a'ch from Ueu.
Buller, dated Spearwan's Camp, Thurs
day, Jan. 25, noon:
'Gen. Warren s garrison, I am sorry
to say, I find this morning had in the
night abondoned Spion kop."
A dispatch from L )ndon says seven
days of fighting have left the main
Boer positious intack and Gen. Buller's
army 706 men weaker, according to the
official casaulty lists, which seemingly
do not include the Spion ko p losses; as
those last forwarded do not mention
Gea. Woodgate's wounding.
England is possessed by a depressing
scene of failure, though not a word in
ritieism of her generals and soldiers is
uttered Not much effort is wade to
place a happy zonstruction upon Gen.
Buller's bare 1S words telling of the re
tirewent from Spion kob, and there is
an uneasy impression abroad that
worse new- is yet to come.
THE SUN'S TOTAL ECLIPSE.
Professor F. H. Bigolow's Interesting
Talk of the Phenomenon.
Prof. F. H1. B.gelow has written an
interestin; statemwent of the total
eclipse of the sun May. 28, 1900. The
path of the shadow, he says, will be
gin at sunrise over the Pacific ocean .inst
to the west of MIexico, aad extend
thence north-eastward over the South
erm States from New Orleans to Norfolk,
crossing the middle portions of the
North Atlantic to Portugal and termi
nating near the northern end of the
Red Sea at surlset. The location of
track in the United States is remarka
ble for its convenient accessibility to a
multitude of people. He estimates
that more than half a million persons
will see the total eclipse of more or
less duration from their homes, and
many more will take advantage of the
opportunity to sce the event of a life
time. Educators should encourage
their students to see it, and hle suggests
it would be a popular thing for the rail
roads to arrange for excursions to the
cities and localities affjrding the most
favorable opoortunities for a sight, as
there are good hotel accomodations
through all the sections affected. The
United States Weather Bureau, which
has been conducting a cloud survey of
the region, predicts the chances for
fair weather as almost ce:'tain in G.eor
gia and Alabama. The track will pass
over Mobile. Montgomery. Macon,
Milledgeville, Augusta and Columbus,
a little south oIf Atlanta.
Loans to Counties.
The following statement of loans
wade to counties by t he State sinking
fund commission since the passage of
the act making such loans is from the
commissioner s annual report:
.\arion ....... ...... ...$ 6.000 00
Oeonce.................. 4,iii00 0J0
Newberry ................ 4000 00
Fairfield................. 7.97 01)
Dorchester. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .4,000.00
Pickenzs.. ........ ...... .. 3 714 0')
Lancaster .. ...... .. ...... 4 800 00
Anderson...............22 3)6 (6
Greenwood.............. 12 66 67
.\lrlt-oro.. .. ...... .. .... 3.01)0 00
Dariogton ............... 5 501)00
Abevule .. .... ... . ..... 25.000 00
Total ........ .........$113,081 00
These loans draw five per cent
interest, and each of the above countics
one from six to twelve months interest.
A Big Mtoonshime Plant.
A fire in the basetuent of the five
story brick house at 89 Madison street,
New York, Wednesday brought to ligtht
an illicit distillery capable of produc
ing more than 50 gallons a day. Tne
place has been under surveillance.
About ten days ago a man who gave his
namne as Samuel Freeman, rented the
basement for a paint shop, which he
used only at night. Tenants noticed a
peculiar odor, which permeated the
entire building, The fire was caused
by the extremne heat setting fire to the
unprotectea walls. Freeman tried to
extinguish it, but failing, turned in an
alarm anid disappeared, together with
two confederates. Internal revenue au
thorities have hopes of artersting all
three soon. The seizure amounted to
100 gallon copper still, one copper
cooling pan, a 20-gallon doubler, a
galvaniz.d iron condenser, 20 barrels of
sua mah and 100 gallon of spirits.
The Senate Refuse to Put State
Officials on Board.
IS IT UNCONSTI1UTIONAL?
The Graydon Bill, Which is En
dorsed by the Friends of the
Dispensary, Passes the
Senator Graydon's dispensary bill
was taken up ia the Senate on Wednes
day. When the reading was completed
Senator Sheppard offerred an amend
men. making the salary of the commis
sior.er $1,900 instead of $3,000.
Senator Graydoa called attention
to the provision requiring the commis
sioner to give bond in the sum of
$75,000 in three surety companies. He
would have to pay about $500 for these
bonds. The idea of having bonds in
surety companies was that the compa
Dies would examine his books several
times a year and detect anything wrong,
which might escap2 the State officers.
In reply to Senator Appelt, Senator
Graydon said the treasurer gives a bond
of $90,000, but it can be a personal
Senator Barnwell said he was on rec
ord in 1S90 as favoring a high salary
for the commissioner. While (pposed
to the law, he thought they ought to do
the best the y can as long as it stands,
and he favored getting as good a man
as possible. The commissioner under
this bill would be placed in the status
of the commissioner under the original
dispensary law, and be would have
charge of a million dollar business. As
for himself, he wou dn't take the place
for $25,00 or $100,000 a year. The
position was open to great temptations,
d;,d even if a mmn is puro as ice he is
liable to be suspected of dishonesty.
The salary of $3,000 is not too large for
a man who has to occupy the place with
its temptations and responsibilities.
Senator Sheppard said it was not the
question whether ths salary of the
trea!urer was too small, as several had
stated, but whether the proposed salary
of the commissioner was not too large.
If there is any virtue in a surety bond,
let the expenses be paid.out of the dis
pensay fund4. He did not see why a
personal bond should not be sufficient
fur the commissioner as well as the
treasurer. Since 1890 there had not
been lost a cent through the treasurer.
There was no reason why the c)mmis
sioner should be of highei character
than the treasurer or any other officer.
They are all supposed to be honorable
men. If this bill passes with a salary
of $1,900, when the election takes
place, you will find several candidates
for the place.
Senator Ilderton recalled the action
of the legislature in cutting the salary
of Commissioner Traxler, whereupon
Mr. Traxler resigned. A man who
would take the place at $1,90U and pay
$500 for the bond would be a man who
had never done anything or had just
made a bare living. The commissioner
was different from the other Srate offi
cers. A man not worth over $1,900 is
not fit to take the place.
Senator Archer moved to lay Senator
Sheppard's amendment on the table and
the vote on Senator Archer's motion
was 27 ayes to 10 nays, ao the senate
agreed to lay the amendment on the
table, thus leaving the salary at $3,000.
The vote was as follows:
Yeas-Aldrich, Alexander, Archer,
Barnivell, IBowen, G. W. Brown, W. A.
Brown, Connor, Crosson, Doug~lass,
Graydon, Hay, Henderson, Ilderton,
Love, Manning, Marshall, Mauldin,
Mayfield, McDermott, Mower, Stan
land, Suddath, Talbird, Wallace, Wal
Nass-Appeht, Dennis, Glenn, Grm
ber, Hlough, Ragsdale, Surratt, Shep
pard, Sullivan, Walker-10.
Senator Sheppard offered an amend
ment to section 2 striking out the
words: "A board of control is hereby
created which shall consist of the comp
troller general, the secretary of state
and the state superintendent of edtuca
tion." Senator Sheppard said he
thought it ought to be known whether
the senate proposed that these State
offcers or any others should be on the
board of control. If the bill is to be
passed, it should be perfected and the
senate should determine what it wishes.
Senator Mayfield said he agreed with
Senator Sheppard. He did not thitik
any State offies should be on the
board. They would not be removable
by the governor as outsiders would un
der his plan. Experience had proved
that the board had assumed powers
which do not nelong to it and had un
dertaken to run the whole State. Th'le
senate was agreed that the present
board should go. A plan similar to the
one proposed in the bill had been tried
and failed, it is imporsible to put am
bitious men, constitutional t.ffiers, in
these places, who would not use their
powe.rs to forward their iterests Those
who fav.,red the dispensary law at first
are not bound to suppirt the law in all
its phases. It hat been a success in
regulating the liquor traffi but it
shouid be divorced from politics. The
management of the dispensary should
be respons.ible to the legislature.
In reply to Senator May field he said
it would be impossible for these offiers
to use their power to further p.ersonal
ambitions. Tney only have to purchase
the liquor once a month. They could
not construct a political machine out of
these pwers. Their duties are hardly
more thaR clerical. The failures of
other pians cannot be used to measure
this bill. Ho opposed the Mayfield
plan of putting the governor on the
board, as he had plenty to do and the
bill gives him power to remove the
commissioner and county dispensers.
If you do not put these offcers on the
board, who wtill you put on it?
Senator Appelt said though he was
not a lawyer, it was clear to him that
the legislature has the right to abolish
the board of control and devolve the
duties on the board. He did net be
lieve the people wanted to see any
State offier on the board.
The ay es and noes were then taken
on Senator Sheppard's amendment,
which was carried by a vote of 36 ayes
to one no, which was Senator Graydon's
lone ve and the provision was there
by stricken ott, leaving the personnel
of the board undetermined. Further
discussion of the bill was then post
poned until Thursday evening.
The discussion of the dispenary bill
was resumed in the Senate Thursday
evening. Senator Mayfield moved the
adoption of his substitute, which reads
Tae governer, the chairman of the
senate committee of finance, chairman
of the house committee on ways and
means shall be known as "directors of
the dispensary." They shall meet ten
days after the approval of the bill,
elect a State dispenser to serve for two
years at a salary of $3,500. The diree
tors shall prescribe all rules and regu
lations for government of State and
county dispensers. Within 30 days
after approval the directors shall ad
vertise in two or more daily papers in
the State and one or more out of the
State for bids to furnish liquors for the
quarter. These advertisements are to
be made quarterly. Bids shall be
sealed and directed to the State treas
urer. The directors shall award the
bid to the lowest responsible bidder,
bids to be publickly opened. The com
missioners must give a bond of $75 000.
He shall appoint employes at salaries
to be fixed by the directors and may
discharge employes and report reasons
to the directors. Liquors shadl be
furnishcd county dirpensers at 10 per
cent. above purchase price. Retail
price to consumers shall not exceed 50
per cent. of the cost. The surplus
shall go to the State for public schools
and all other profits shall be made by
county oispensarics. Coanty dispen
sers shall be appointed by the Gove-rnor
or recommnendation of members of the
general asscmbiy and shall serve for
After a great deal of discussion Sen
ator Graydon moved to lay the May
field substitute on the table, but the
Senatc refused to do so by a vote of 21
Senator Sheppard then moved that
section 2 of the MayFld substitute,
which made the Governor anid ether
State officials, the board of control, be
stricken out. This was aiopted by the
Ayes-Alexander, Appelt, Barnwell,
Blakenry, Bowen, G. W. Brown,
Connor. Crosson, Dean, Dennis, Doug
lass, Glenn, Graydon, Gruber, Hay,
llender: on, flough, Ilderton. Livings
ton, Manning, Marshall. McDermott,
Mower, Surratt, Sheppard, Stanland,
Saddath, Sullivan, Walker, Waller
Nays-Aldrich, Archer, W. A.
Brown, Love. Mauldin, Mayfield, Wal
Senator Sheppard took the floor and
said the senate had shodn itself op
pesed to placing State offi-crs on the
board. The question now was simply
the composition of the board. The
merits of the dispensary itself were not
under consideration at this time. He
therefore, moved that the further con
sideration of the matter be dispensed
with until Wednesday evening.
Senator Ma field moved to lay this
on the table. but by a vote of 21 to 14
the senate refused to do so, and Sena
tor Sheppard's motion was then carried,
and the discussion ended for the eve
PAPER PRICES GOING UP.
A Few Figures Showing How They
Readers of newspaper may be inter
ested in knowing that the price of the
blank on which they are printed has
been tilted 70 per cent. Other paper
used in the printing trade has been in
it is learned from The Typothetae
and Platemaker that a meeting of the
Ty pothetae (M1aster Printers' Associa
tion) held December 18th, at St. Louis,
a discussion upon the increased cost of
printing took place, and a committee
was appointed to draw up a list of ac
tual increases in printing and binding
supplies within the past five months,
the report to be a candid statement to
be shown to the consumers of printed
matter, bianks, books stationary, ect.
The following is the list which is guaran
teed absolutely correct:
Newspaper, 70 per cent.
R. R. Manila, 40 per cent.
Card stock, average, 20) per cent.
Book papers, for all gradesof book
and pamphlet work, 50 per cent.
Fine writing papers, 4t0 per cent.
Bond papers, avcrage, 30) per cent.
Ledger papers, average. 30 per cent.
Linen papers, averarre, 30 per cent.
Envelopes, averace 40 per cent.
Binders' board, 16 per cent.
L at her. 10 to 25 per cent.
Duck, 2u p -rcnt.
Wire, 3t1 p-r cnt.
Gold leal. 11 :wr cenat.
T3 pc and foudry sundries, 35 per
Electroty ping, 25 per cent.
Glue, 15 per cent.
The market is still on the upward
Triese alvanees are authentic and
represent the actual conditions today.
Child Labor Bill.
The State Sanate killed Srenator
Maraball's child labor biil on Friday.
The obje:t of the bill was to prevett
parents fronm putting their little
children to work in the mills while they
loated about ar-d lived on the money
earned by the 'guildren. .Tue bill was
killed by the falowing vote:
Against the Bill-Alexander, Barn
well. Blakeney, Bowen, Connor, Cros
son, Dean, Dennis, Douglass, Glenn,
Graydon, Gruber, Hay, Henderson,
Hough, Love, Manning, Mauldin,
May field, MlcDerm-att, Sarratt, Shep
pard. Stanland, Suddath, Sullivan,
Walker, Wallace, Waller, Williams
For the Bill-Aldrich, Appelt,
Archer, W. A. Brown, liderton Mar
shall, Rag-dale, Tlalbird-8.
Punctured by Bryan,
Mr. Bryan says they are talking
about the Philippines being able to fur
nish homes for the surplus population
of the United States, when they already
have over there (60 people to the square
mile, while we have only 20) people tO
the square mile in the United States.
The consumption of fertilizers in the
State during the past year would seem
to have been nearly 250,000 tons, from
the privilege tax on which the State
has derived $62,123.88 for the use of
HIGHER PRICES OF FERTILIZERS.
The Maager of the Trust Makes Some
The following, credited to the Wash
ington Star of January 21, clipped from
The News and Courier of Wednesday.
It is quite likely that it was printed in
bcth these papers at the expense of the
fertilizer men, who are naturally anx
ious to have their position favorably
understood by the farmers. Whether
all the alleged facts stated in the arti
cle are true, we are unable to say. It
is our own opinion that the confidence
with which the fertilizer factories are
naming higher prices is due at least in
a measure to the trust agreement among
them. The reader will draw his own
"Now that the season for the ship
ment of fertilizers has arrived, the
guano factories are on the eve of 1he
busiest season of the year in that
branch of business. The Virginia-Car
olina Chemical company's two facto
ries here-the Navassa factory and the
Powers, Gibbes & Co., factory-are
).repared to ship an output of 55,000
tons this season, the proportion being
about two-thirds for the Navassa com
pany and one third for the Powers,
Gibbes & Co , factory.
"For rhe past month or more the
Powers. Gibbes & Co., factory has been
thoroughly overhauled and put in first
class condition, so that now it is able
to handle an increased output. The
machinery has been put in such condi
tion that the full capacity of the fac
tory can be utilizid. and the facilities
for handling the product have also been
increased. The Navassa factory is up
to its usual efficieney, and both facto
ries are in the best condition to manu
facture arid handle goods promptly.
"The feature, however. which will
doubtless most concern the agricultural
interests, is the material advance-in the
price of fertilizers this season. With
the expansion of prices generally on all
manufactures and products, the prices
of fertilizers will follow suit.
"Mr. V. H. Malloy, manager of the
Virginia. Carolina Chemical company
here, yesterday stated to a Star repre
sentative that the price of acid phos
phate has advanced from 20 to 30 per
cent. over last ycar's prices. This
means an increase of $2 25 to $3 00 per
ton. He says the increase is owing to
the scarcity of phosphate rock, and a
consequent increase of 20 to 30 per
cent. in the price of rock, and also on
account of an increase from 15 to 20
per cent on the price of pyrites and
brimstone, materials which enter into
the production of acid goods, as sul
phuric acid is manufactured from these
materials. One cause for the advance
on phosphate rock, he states, is the
unprofitableness of former prices of
rock. Owing to low prices only one
company out of five engaged in devel
oping the phosphate mines in Florida
weathered the storm. The others were
bankrupt in the business.
"As for ammoniated fertilizers, Mr.
Malloy states that there has been an
advance in price of from $2 to $2.50, or
20 to 30 per cent., due also to the ad
vance in the price of -phosphate rock.
and an increase of the price of material
from which ammonia is derived. He
remarked that generally speaking, the
advance in pr ices of fertilisers may be
due in part to the -iniversal revival of
business throughout the country.
"As a matter of interest, in this con
nection it may be stated that potash
fr.rtilizers have advanced 10 per cent ,
in price, the cost of kainit being now
$1 per ton more than last year's price.
As for cotton seed meal, the price per
ton, has increased from $2.50 to $5, ac
cording to the distance from producing
and shipping points."
Cheap Tickets to Many Places to be
sold by the Southern System.
The Southern Railway has announced
.he following excursion rates on ac
count of several events to take plaee in
various cities within the next few
On account of the annual convoca
tion of the Graud Chapter, Royal Arch
Masons, of South Carolina at Charles
ton, February 13 to 14, tickets will be
on sale February 10 to 13, limited for
return to Fe-bruary 15. Rates from
points named will be as follows: Ab
beville $9 35; Augusta. $6 20; Cam
den. *6 35; Chester, $7 9"; Anderson,
$10 40; Columbia, $5 85; Prosperity,
$7 15; Greenwood. $3.60 Oranzgebunt.
$3 85; Rbek Hill1. $8 40; Sumter, $4 45;
az-:kburg, $10; Greenville, $11;
0Oi account of the annusd spring
mee-tine of the State Agriculhural and1
a'lecha1ical Society, at Columbnia. S
C., tickets will be on sale 1". bruary 5 -o
7. with tiutal return limit Febiruary 9
From points named rat's will be as fdl
liw,.: Abbeville, $5 "5; Rock Hill,
$4 05; ilack:,burc, $5 65; Chester,
$3 25; New brry, $2 25; Sumter. $2 25;
A ugusta $4.05; Anderson, $5 85; Char
lesron, $5.85; G reenvilke, $5 65; Spar
tanburg. S1 45; Greenwood, $1.05.
On aceount of the annual State Con
vention of Young Men's Christian As
sociation, at Greentrood, S. C , tickets
will be on sale Fehruairy 7 to 11, withb
finral return limit F-hruary 13. Rate
frum Charleston $8 60.
Tickets will be on sale as followrs on
the certificate plan, which is one full
fare going and one-third of same for
For the National American Woman's
Suffrage Convention, at Washington,
D. C., February 8 to 14; rate going
On account of the National Anti
Trust Conference at Chicago, Ill., Feb
ruary 12 to 14; rate going $25.
On account of the meeting of the At
lantic States Packing Association, at
Detroit, Mich., February 12 to 17; rate
On account of Continental Songress,
Daughters of American Revolution at
Washinrt on, D. C., February 19; rate
No ill effects need follow the eating
of a big Christmas dinner if, after
same, you take "Hilton's Life for the
Liver and K id neys-" 25c a bottle. tf
This paper gives the latest news of
any other paper in this tcounty. Every
family should have a copy of it in their
home. Siaheribe at onua.
Governor McSweeney Sends in a
Special Message About It.
The fo.lowing executive message ir
regard to the proposed exposition to be
held in Charlesten in 1901 was Thur
day sent to the general assembly:
Gentlemen of the General Assembly:
I feel sure that you have an abiding in
terest in any enterprise or movement
that looks to the progress and develop
ment of our commonwealth or any part
of it. I take pleasure, therefore, in pre
senting to you the attached communi
cation from the citizens of Charleston,
asking your incouragement and en
dorsement of a plan now projected to
hold an exposition in that city in the
fall of 1901.
The purpose of the exposition is ad
mirably set forth in the communica
tion herewith submitted. That it will
be of great benefit to Charleston and to
the entire State can be no question. It
is gratifying to me to see the old city
by the sea take on new life and catch
the spirit of progress which marks the
close of this century. Charleston should
be the leading seaport on the South At
lantic coast, and with the new life that
pervades the commercial interests in
the city now it is destined soon to oc
cupy its rightfnl position. Whatever
advance is made in one part of the
State will be helpful to the entire State,
and every patriotic son of South Caro
lina should be ready and willing and
anxious to give every endeavor in the
direction of progress his well done and
That such an exposition as is pro
posed to be held will be helpful I aw
sure. It is not asked that you- appro
priate any money to the project but
simply eive it your official and personal
endorsement. This I am sure you will
readily do as the request comes from
the entire business interests of the city
of Charleston. I commend it to your
most favorable consideration.
M. B. McSweeney,
Hard on Stallings.
W. H. Stallings, Republican post
master of Augusta, has been "expelled"
from the Republican party by negroes
in control of the politics of the party
in this county. He presented him
self to register for the election of dele
gates to the State and national conven
Lions, and was denied the privilege on
the ground that he was expelledr This
action was taken because he refused to
appoint a negro named named Wim
berly as assistant postmaster. Wim
berly has since been appointed deputy
revenue collector, and has made him
self very obnoxious to business men of
this community by searching the stores
of some of the most prominent and
respected citizens in the city, com
pelling them to leave their homes at
night and open their stores.-Augusta
Congressman Roberts Expelled.
The case of Brigham H. Roberts,
the Mormon representative-elect from
Utah, which has occupied so much of
the attention of the house since the
assembling of congress, was decided
Thursday by the adoption of a resolu
tion to exclude him by a vote of 268 to
50. The exact language of the resol
tion was as follows: "That under the
facts -and circumstances of the case
Brigham H. Roberts. representative
elect from the State of Utah, ought not
to have or hold a seat in the house of
representatives, and that the seat to
which he was elected is heraby declared
vacant." The afirmative vote was di
vided as follows: Republicans, 168;
Democrats, 96; Populists, 4, and the
negative vote: Democrats, 47; Silver
Republicans, 2; Populists, 1.
Only a Rattlesnake Bite.
Prof. Howard A. Kelley, the eminent
obstetrician of the -John Hopkins Hos
pital, has a large collection of snakes,
and Thursday night he gave a lecture
on "Snakes" before thA Johns Hopkins
Medical Society, bringing on the pl t
form a large number of reptiles for pur
poses of practical demonstration. He
had exhibited a big rattler anid was re
turning it to the bag, when it 'struck
its fangs into one of his fingers. His
colleagues were horrified, but the pro
fessor coolly sucked his finger and con
tinned, his lecture, keeping on sucking
at intervals. He said he -had not the
slightest apprehension, and he is as
lively and chipper as ever. Hie says
that any evil effect would have followed
Divorce in Record Time.
A divorce in seven minutes is the
world's record and Colorada as the
scene of ithbaseclipsed the pace of all
the other States of the Uniion. The
South Dakota record is 16 minutes.
lhe fast-time divorce case here was
instituted in Ouray county. The
grounds for divocce were desertion,
uon-support and orueulty. A j'iry was
drawn, two witnesses were sworn and
examined, the jury was retired and
returned with a verdiet al i a space of
scven minutes fronm the time the case
was called for trial on the docket.
.Denver Eveninir Post.
Will Be a Model.
Rev. Charles M. Sheldon, of Tepeka,
has been offered the editorship of the
Tlor'eka Capital for one week, during
which tie paper is to be placed abso
lutely under his control. This is the
result of criticisms on the part of the
preacher of the daily press, the editor
of his home paper having promptly of.
fered him the use of the newspaper
plant to show the world how a news
paper ought to be run. Mr. Shelton
accepted, but declined to take hold
until the week beginning March 13th.
Killed by a Stone.
A negro working on the Seaboard
Congaree piers at Columbia was killed
Truesday by a heavy piece of stone fall.
ing upon him. A heavy piece of stone
was being bauled up by a derrick, when
the tongs grasping it became loosened,
the stone fell and struck the negro in
the chest. He was not instantly killed
and some time after the accident an
attempt was made to take him to his
home en Gadsden street. He died on
A special from Athens, Ala., says
John Benningfield and his grown son
were shot and fatally wounded by John
Legg at Elk River Mills Thursday af
ternoon. The dispatch said the sheot
ing resulted from an old feud. The
A BIG BUSINESS.
The Dispensary Has Made Nearly
Two Million Dollars
SINCE IT WAS ESTABLISHED.
Comparisons Made as to Each
The Figures Given
Many have been anxious to ascertain
for a long time information as to the
total net profits from the State's liquor
buainess since the establishment of the
dispensary in 1893. This information
is at last given by the present Stat.
board of control in its introductory te
its annual. report, and the amount is
$1,706,704 41. The statement eao
tained in the report referred to is as
[he Tillman-Traxler ad
a period of 19 months,
made a net proat of ..$ 1233,32 40
(he Evans-Mix n admin
istration mAde in 14
months ............ 313,974 03
rhirty-three months of
the administration of
the Scate board of ao,
trol u- to D.scember
31, 1898, netted...... 833,219 93
The past year's manage
ment of the board, as
showa in this report,
the profits were...... 414 181 81
Total net profits since
July, 1893........$1,706;704 27
The State board remarks:
"The a) ve she vs that the inereus
in net profits his bacn rapid an.1 eaa
tinuous; and besides, the basiness is
now on the best basis that.it -kas-orer
"At t'ie close of business
on Dec. 31, 1899, our lia
bilities for purchases
"Cash in State troasury... 143,121-00
"Excess in cash assets over
liabilities .............$ 21,912 82
Add to this the stock on hand paid
for and we have for the benefit of the
school fund $514,379 90.
"We have paid in cash to the school
fand the past year $75,000, and the in
dications are that we can pay into it
the ensuing yeer $200,000 or more."
The bo.rd then states that so far this
ear $100,000 has been paid to the
school fund and yet the institatio has
tfficient funds to meet all outtand
The board also states:
"We are gratided to be able to state
hat this has been the most suecessl
ear financially of the institution sine
.ts.beginning, and ask your most eare
V1 examination of its financial status
6s shown herein."
The board calls attention to the fast
hat the increase in net proits this
rear over those of 1898 was $113,
The report concludes with a stats
nent that the board courts a most ear.
al inquiry and investigation of the
if airs and management of the instita
The Confederate Eeunion.
Active work is being done in prepa
rtion at Louisville, Ky., for the an
nu~al reunion of United Confederate
veterans which is to be held there be
ginning May 30. The lower board of
the council has made an appropriation
of $20,000 for the entertainment of the
veterans and as much more is to be far
nished by publicosubscription. In con
nection with the gathering the inter
esting announcement is made that Gen.
John C. Underwood writes that he will
tave ready by May 30th the $100,
00 which it was necessary to raise is
order to secare $100,000) offered by
Charles Broadway Rouse,. of New
York, for the Confederate battle abbey.
A Lapse of Memory.
Ex-Judge L. M. Bcooks, a promi
nent laryer of Pensaoola, Fla., who
nas been missing since November 13 is
in Guthrie, Oala. How he Cos to
Odlahoma or how long he ha's been
there he does not know. He says he
left home to go to North Alabama, and
got as far as Ml bile, but remembers
othing more. His son, who is an as
torney at Pensacola, has been tele
graphed for. Judge Broor.s is now
terribly afficted with rheumatism,
evidettly due physiciaas say, so eon
A Steamer Sunk. .
The Glasg ,v steam ir Ardanhar,
apt. Duada, from Ne w London, Cons.
for Halhfax, N. S., was snk in col
lision with the Metropolitan Liner er
man Winter, fcom Boston for New
York, off Robinson's hole, Vinejard
sound, at 3:40 o'clock 'Wednesday
orning and two of the ArdanhurS
re w of 31 men were lost. ThUey were
,Jhief Eg.ine.-r Jamss of Gagov, and
Sconid 31ste Fred Dlb'e, of B iston..
I Ihs Herman Winter reached this port
Wednesday afternoon with her boW
gone and reporzed the accidenL. She
had on board the 29 men who e5MPed
from the Ardandhur.
Important to AUl-.
The ways and- means committee of
the house, in order that the effiieney
of its work may not be interfered with,
has fixed Tuesdays and-Thursdays at 4
p. in., of each week until the session
closes for the purpose of hearing those
who wish to come before the commit
tee in regard to various matters. All
speeches will be limitted to 15 minuies
each. All such sessions of the com
mittee will be held in the committee
room at the capitoL. The commnittee
has some heavy work ahead of it.
The police of Camden, N. J., are
guarding the plant of the Universal
rier and Digester company because
during Thursday night sometiody tried
to steal an engine and boiler. Patrol
men got to the plant, which is idle,
just in time to scare away the thieves,
who had already removed one of
ei fas.enings of the ania.