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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, March 21, 1900, Image 4

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Dr Talmage Speaks Encouraging
Words to Them.
in God Aford Comfoit for Those
Who Are Oppressed and
Struggling for a Live
This di.:',urse of Dr. Talmage is an
a ppeal for met -y in behalf of opprcssed
womenhood, and Cfters encouragement
to those struggling for a livelihood;
text, Ecclesiastes, iv, 1, "Behold the
tears ot such as were oppressed, and
they had no comforter."
Very long ago the neeale was busy.
It was considered honorable for women
to toil in olden times. Alexander the
Great stood in his.place showing gar
ments made by his own nioiher. The
finest tapestries at Bayeux were made
by the queen of William the Corqneror.
Augustus the emperor would not wear
any garments except those that were
fashioned by some member of his royal
family. So let the toiler everywhere
be respected!
The needle has slain more than the
sword. When the sewing machine was
invented, some thought that invention
would alleviate woman's toil and put
an end to the despotism of the -needle.
-But no; while the sewing machine has
been a great blessing to well to do
families in many cases, it has added to
the stsb of the needle the crush of the
wheel, and multitudes of women, Not
withstanding the re-enforcement of the
sewing machine, can only make, work
hard as they will, between $2 and $3 a
The greatest blessing that could have
happened to our first parents was being
turned out of Eden after they had done
wrong. Adam and Eve in their perfect
state might have got along without
work or only such slight employment
as a perfect garden with no weeds in it
demanded, but as soon as they had
sinned the best thing for them was to
be turned out where they would have
to work. We know what a withering
thing it is for a man to have nothing to
do. Of the 1,000 prosperous and hon
orable men that you know 999 had to
work vigorously at the beginning. But
I am now to tell you that industry is
just as important for a woman's safety
and happiness. The most unhappy
women in our communities today are
those who have no engagement to call
them up in the morning. who once hav
ing risen and breakfa!cd lounge
through the dull forenoon in slipper,
down at the heel and with disheveled
hair, reading the last novel, and who,
having dragged through a wretched fore
noon and taken their afternoon sleep
and having passed an hour and a half
at their toilet, pick u;> their cardease
and go out to make calls, and who pass
their evenings waiting for somebody to
come in and break up the monotony.
Arabelle Stuart never was imprisoned
in so darka dungeon as that.
f Therecis nohay piness in an idle woman.
It may be with hand or brain bat work
she must or be wretched forever. The lit
tle girls of our families must be started
'with that idea. The curse of Ameri
can society is that our young women
are taught that the first, second, third,
fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, tenth,
fitieth, thousandth thing in their life is
to get somebody to take care of them.
Instead of that the first lesson should
be how under God they may take care
of themselves. The simple fact is that
a majority of theua do have to take care
of themselves and that, too af ter hav
ing through the false notions, of
their parents wasted the years in which
they ought to have learned how suc
cessfully to maintain themselves. We
now and here declare the inhumanity,
cruelty and outrage of that father and
mother who pass their daughters into
womanhood having giveD them no
facility for earning their livelihood.
Mmne. de Stael said, "It is not these
writings that jI am proud of, but the
fact-that I have facility in ten ceupa
tions in any one of which I could make
a livelihood." You say you have a
fortune to leave them. O) man and
woman! Have you not learned that,
like vultures, like !.awk k. eo aee
riches have wings and tiy away?~
Though you should be sucesal i
leaving a competeneyibehiind you, tl6
trickery of executors may swamp it in
a night, or some cfileials in our
churches may get up a mining company
and induce your orphans to put their
money into a hole in Colorado and if
by the most skillful machinery the
sunken money cannot-.be brought up
again prove to them that it was eter
nally decreed that that was the way
they were to lose it and that it went
in the most orthodox and heavenly
style. Oh, the da unable schemes that
professed Christians will engage in
until God puts his fingers into the col
lar of the hypocrite's rope and strsips it
clear down to the bottom! You have
no right because you are well off to con
clude that your children are going to
be well off. A man died leaving a
large fortune. His son fell dead in a
Philadelphia grogshop. His old com
rades same in and said as they bent
over his corpse, "What is the matter
with you, Boggsey?" The surgeon
standing over him said: "Hush, ye!
He is dead!" "Oh, he is dead!" they
said. "Come, boys, let us go and take
a drink in memory of poor Boggsey !"
Have you nothing better than money
to leave your children? If you have
not, but send your daughters into the
world with empty brain and unskilled
hand, you are guilty of assassination,
homicide, infanticide.
There are women toiling in our cities
for $2 or $3 a week who were the
daughters of merchant princes. These
suffering nnes now would be glad to
have the crumbs that once fell from
their father table. That wornout broken
shoe that she wears is the lineal de
scendant of the $12 gaiter in which her
mother walked, and that toina and faded
calico had ancestry of magnificent
brocade that swept Pennsylvania ave
nue and Broadway cleal without any ex
pense to the street commissioners.
Though you live in an elegant resi
dence and fare sumptuously every day,
let your daughters feel it is a disgrace
for them not to know how to work. I
denounce the idea prevalent in society
that, though our young women may
embroider slippers and crochet and
make mats for lamps to stand on with
out disgrace, the ideaof doing anything
for a livelhhood is dishonorable. It is
a shame for a young woman belonging
to a large family to be inefficient when
her father toils his life away for her
support. It is a shame for a daughter
to be idle while her mother toils in the
washtub, it is as honorable to sweep
house, make beds or trim hats as it is
to twist a watch chain.
So far as I can understand. the line 1
of respectability lIcs bet ween that which
is use;'ul and th at which i5 useless. If
women do that which is of no value, I
their work is honorable. If they do
practical work, it is dishonorable. That
our young women may escape the cen
sure of doing dishonorable work, I shall
narticularize. You may knit a tidy for
the back of an armchair. but by no
means make the money wherewith to
buy the chair. You may with a deli
eate brush beautify a mantel urniment,
but die rather than earn enough to buy
a warble mantel. You way learn arti -
tic nmusic until you can squall Italian,
but never sing ' Ortouvile" or.
Hundred." Do nothing praetical if
you w suli, in the eyes of reti;.ed socie
ty, preserve your respectabilitv. I
scout these finical notions. I tell you
a woman, to more ti an a man, has a
right to occury a place in this world
ujless lhe pas s a rent for it.
A vast majority of those who would
have wou in industrious shut her up to
a few kinds of work. My judgment in
this watter is that a woman has a right
to do anything she can do well. There
should be no department of merchan
dise, mechanism, -&rt or seience barred
against her. If Miss H>stner has gen
ius for sculpture, give her a chisel. if
Rosa Bonheur has a fonduess for de
lineatine animals, let her make "The
Horse Fair." If MIiss Mitchell will
study astronomy, let her mount the
starry ladder. If Lydia will be a n:er
chant, let her sell purple. If Lucretia
Mott will preach the gospel, let her
thrill with her womanly eloquence the
Quaker meeting house.
It is said if woman is given such op
portunities she will occupy places that
might be taken by men I say if she
have more skill and adaptedness fur
any position than a man has, let her
have it! She has as much right to her
bread, to her apparel and to her home
as men have. But it is said that her
nature is so delicate that she is unfitted
for evhausting toil. I ask in the name
of al' past history what toil en earth is
more severe, exhausting and tremen
dous than that toil of the needle to
which for ages she has been subjected?
The battering ram, the sword, the oar
bine, the battleax, have made no such
havoc as the needle. I would that
these living sepulchers in which wo
men have for ages been buried might
be opened and that some resurrection
trumpet might bring up these living
corpser to the trish air and sunlight
We talk about women as though we had
resigned to her all the light work and
ourselves had shouldered the heavier
But the day of judgment, which will
reveal the sufferings of the stake and
inquisition, will marshal before the
throne isf God and the hierarchs of
heaven the martyrs of washtub and
needle. No i, I say if there be any
preference in occupation, let woman
have it. God knows her trials are the
severest. By her aauter sensitiveness
to misfortu-e, by her hour of anguish.
I demand that no one hedge up her
pathway to a livelihood. Oh, the
meanness, the despicability of men who
begrudge a woman the right to work
anywhere in any honorabie calling!
I hear from all this land the wail of
womanhood. Man has nothing to an
swer to that wail but latteries. He
says she is an angel. She is
not. She knows she is not. She is a
human being who gets hungry when
she has no food and cold when she has
no fire. Give her no more flatteries.
Give her justice. Oh, the thousands
of sewing girls! Across the sunlight
comes their death groan. It is not
such a cry as come from those who are
suddenly hurried out of life, but a slow,
grinding, horrible wasting away.
Gather them before you and iook into
their faces, pinched, ghastly, hunger
struck. Look at their fingers, needle
pricked arnd blood tipped. See that
premature stoop in the shoulders. Hear
that dry, hacking, merciless cough.
Stand at the corner of a street in
some great city 6 or 7 o'clock in the
morning as the women go to work.
Many of them had no breakfast cxcept
the crumbs that were left over from the
night before or the crumbs they chew
on their way throug~h the street. Here
they come! TJht working girls of the
cities. There engaged in bead work,
these in flower making, in millinery,
in paper box making; but, miost over
worked of all and least compensated,
the sewing women. Why do they not
take the city ears on their way up?
They cannot afford the 5 cents. If,
concluding to deny herself something
else, she gets into the car, give her a
sea You want to see how Latimer
and Ridley appeared in the fire. Look
at that woman and behold a more horri
ble martyrdom, a hotter fire, a more
agonising death. Ask that woman
how much she gets for her work, and
she will tell you 6 cents for making
coarse shirts and finds her own thread.
Years ago, one Sabbath night in the
vestibule of our church, after service,
a woman fell in convulsions. The doe
tor said she needed medicine not so
much as somethine to eat. As she be
gan to revive in her delirium she said
grasp~gly: "Eight cents! Eight
cents! I wish I could. get it done. I
am so tired: I wish I could get some
sleep, but [ must get it done. Eight
cents! Eid t cents!" We found after
ward that she was making garz'ents for
cents apiece and that she could make
but three of them in a day. Hear it!
Three times eight are 24. Hear it,.
men and women who have comfortable
homes! Some of the worst villains of
our cities are the employers of these
women. They beat them down to the
last penny and try to cheat them out of
that. The woman must deposit a dol
lar or two before she gets the garments
to w'ork on. When the work is done,
it is sharply inspected, the most insig
nificant flaws picked out and the wages
refused and sometimes the dollar de
posited not given back. Hlow are t bese
evils to be eradicated? Some say,
"Give woman the ballot." What effect
such ballot might have on other ques
tions I am not here to discuss, but
what would be the effect of female suf
frage on women's wages? I do not be
lieve that woman will ever get justice
by woman's ballot. Indeed women op
press women as much as men do. Do
not women, as much as me~n, beat down
to the lowest figure the woman who
sews for them? Are not women as
sharp as men on washerwomen and mil
liners an-i mantus makers. If a wo
man asks $1 for her work, does not her
female employer ask her if she will not
take 90 cents? You say, "Only 10
cents difference." But that is some
times the difference between heaven
and hell. Women often have less com
miseration for wcmen thani men. If
a woman steps aside from the path of~
rectitude, man may forgive; woman
never! Woman will never get justice
done her from woman's ballot. Neither
will she get it from man's ballot. Hlow
then? God will rise up for her. God
has more resources than we know ol.
The flhming sword that hung at Eden's
gate when woman was driven out will
cleave with its terrible edge of her op
But there is something for women to
do. Let young people prepare to excel
in spheres of wrl, -a the --ill, be .
bis after awmilc. to get largr '-vze3
3n-,killed and incompetent labor mus~t
ake what is gicn; ikilled and com
)Ctent labor will eventually mas.e its
)wn standard. Admitting that the
aw of supply and demand regulates
hese things, L contend that the de
Land for ;kiiled labor is very great and
he supply very small. Start with the
dea that work is honorable and that
you can do so:ne one thing better than
any body else. llbsolve that, God help
ivz, you will take care of yourscl;. If
ou are after ashile called into another
relation, you will be all the better qual
ified for it by your spirit of self reliance
:r if you are cilled to stay as you are
you can be happy and self supporting.
Poets are fond of talking about man
as an oak and woman the vine that
climbs it, but I have seen wminy a tree
fall that not only went down itsclf, but
took all the viLces with it. I can tell
you of something stronger than an oak
for an ivy to eliwb on. and that is the
throne of the great Jehovah. Single
or affiineed, that woman is strong who
leans on God aud does ner best. Many
of you will go siogle handed through
life, and you will have to choose be
tween two chaacters. Younv. woman
I am sure you will turn your back upon
the useless, giggling. irresponsible non
entity which society ignouiiniously ac
kaowledges to be be a woman and ask
God to make you a hu:nble, active,
earnest Christiau. What will become
of that womanly disciple of the world?
She is more thoughtful of the attitude
she strikes upon the carpet than how
she will look in the jaidgient; more
worried about her freckles than her
sins; more interested in h, r apparel
than in her redemption. The dying
actress whose life had been viciou-,
said: "The ecene closes. Draw the
cur-sin." Generally the tragedy comes
first and the farce afterward, but in
her life it was first the farce of a use
less life and then the tragedy of a
wretched eternity.
Cowpare the life and death of such a
one with that of some Christian aunt
that was once a blessing to your house
hold. I do not know that she was ever
asked to hive her hand in marriage.
She lived single, that, untrammeled,
she might be everybody's blessing.
Whenever the sick were to be visited
or the poor to be provided with bread
she went with a bles-ing. She could
pray or sing "Rock of Ages" for any
sick pauper who asked her. As she
got older there were days when she
was a little sharp, but for the most
part auntie was a sunbeam, just the
one for Christmas eve. She knew bet
ter than any one else how to fix things.
Ht r every prayer, as God heard it, was
ful of everybody who had trouble.
The brightest things in all the house
dropped from her fingers. She had pe
culiar notions, but the grandest notion
she ever had was to make you happy.
She dressed well-auntie always dress
ed well-but her highest adornment
was that of a met k and quiet spirit,
which, in-the sight of God, is of great
price. When she died, you all gither
ed lovingly about her, and as you ear
ried her out ;o rest the Sunday school
class almost covered her coffia with
aionicas, and the poor people stood at
the end ofthe alley, with t0eir aprons
to their eyes, sobbing bitterly, and the
man of the world sa:d, with Solomon,
"Her price was above rubies," and
Jesus. as unto the maiden in Jude~a,
commanded, "I say unto thee, arise!'
The Son of Montana's Millionaire
Senator a Gay Sport.
The Washington correspondent of the
Augusta Chroniele says: Nothing
could more clearly illustrate certain
phases of Washington life as it goes on
in the in side circles than a little inci
dent which occurred the other night
and is now the subject of discussion in
quiet qiarters. I:. will be readily re
mebered, of course, that the one sub
ject which has engaged the greatest
amount of ateta ion here during the
past. few weeks-with the exception of
the Puerto Rican tariff bill-is the con
test of Senatois Clark, of Montana to
retain his seat in the upper house in
defiance of all the machinations which
his old rival Marcus Daley, can bring
to bear. Clark's income is fabulous,
and he has a son who is doing every
thing in his power to reduce it witnin
reasonable limits. The othcr night
yout.g Clark steered up against Repre
sentative DeGraffenreid, of the lone
star State, and the Texan suggested
that a quiet little game of poker would
be the proper caper. Clark was game
and in for t he game. It was a matter
of only a feA' moments to stir up a few
friendly and co-:genial spirits. About
the handiest was harry Vansendecn, who
used to be the pirivate secretar'iof lion
John G. Carlisle, of Kentucky. Van
senden is now one of the "men about
town" and a very dashing fellow whose
means of support are more or less in
in and before long the littlequiet noeu
was progressing with a spe.d nic
made the hair of even the atfih--a '-Ir
Clark curl with more than oteiua ry
crimpiness. It secexd to be somaewh at
inexplicable that every time the deal
went round the sci'n of' the Montana
senator caught, not a bad hand by any
means, but one which his associates
could just cover after having made the
betting exceedingly lively. Charley,
of the house of Clark, wanted to ne a
sport, and he was game to the last,
but when th.. game burke up alter sit
ing of over five hours the said Charley
found out that he was just S10.000O to
the bad,-the Associated Press didn'tsend
out the story. The local papers didn't
print the story, but it is a fact, just the
same, that the son of the muebly sil
vered senator from Montana was not
only fleeced of a fortune, but was re
strained from squealing because he re
alized that it would jeopardize the
chances of his distinguiahed father in
his bttle for a scat in the most august
deberative body on earth. Such are
the inside chapters of Washington life,
af which the outside world rarely ever
Rhode Island Democrats
The Rhode Island Democratic State
ioaventoa met at Providece Thurs
:lay for the nomnination of State officers
ad the selection of delegntes to the
Democratic nationmal conveantiou. Na
than W. Littlefield was nomiisated for
overnor. 'rho platf'orm. ade1pted say
in part:
"No people should be annexed by
the United States against their will
nd however willing to come no people
should bo admitted except to equal
'ights. A republic cannot afford to
bave a tubject populatio)n. The con
stitution must always follow the flbg
-a government of law and not of men.
"When a corporation possesses the
power to arbitrarily raise prices or do
press wages it is in effect a trust Every
such trust existing in the United States
should be controlled by national legis
ation and wvhen based upon a monopo
ly its special privilege should be abul
The Chicago platform is endorsed
'the Porto Ricans Will Get Their
Money Back.
He Advocates the Quick Passage
of the Relief Measure and Jabs
Republicans. Compli
ments McKiniey.
The Porto Rican appropriation bill
was passed by the United States Sen
ate F iday. The bill provides that the
sum of $2,095,455, being the amount
of customs revenue received on impor
tations by the United States from
Puerto Rico since the evacuation of
Puerto Rico by the Spanish forces on
the 18h of Oe:ober, 1S98, to the 1st
of Januarv. 1900, shall be placed at the
disposal of the president, to be used for
the government now existing and which
may hereafter be establiehed in Puorto
Rico, and for public education, public
works, and other governmental and
publi- purposes therein. In discussing
the bill Senator Tillman made a giol
Mr. Tillman said there was evidently
so much divisieu among the Republi
cans that it appeared doubtful to him
whether they would be able to enact
any Puerto Rican legislation at all. Ile
said it looked as if the Republican par
ty had reached the end of the rope and
that its last hope now was to cont-nd
that congiess was without limitations
in the government of, or in legislating
for acquired territory. Referring to
the difference between the govern
ment's treatment of Hawaii and Puerto
Rica as to the admission of their re
Epective products Mr. Tillman said:
"Senators owed it to themselves not to
show such discrimination on the one
hand and such outrage on the other."
He was going to vote for the pending
bill, he said, because the enactment of
the measure into law was the only way
to restore to the people of Puerto Rico
taxes taken from them wrongfully and
unconstitutionally. "The United
States has not given the people of Puer
to Rico a cent and it is high time,"
.Z1d he, "that we give back to them the
; ney we have stolen from them."
Ir. Tiulna-i declartd that the govern
iient establihed now in Puerto Rico
was worse than that forced upon the
people by Spain. particularly as to the
sland's fiscal affairs. as, under Spanish
rule the Puerto Ricans had at least a
free market in Spain for their goods.
This assertion Mr. Gallinger dis
pited, calling Mr. Tillman's attention
to the fact that Spain levied a duty
upon Puerto Rican products, especially
'Iffee, which constituted four fifths of
he export product of the island. Mr.
l'illman read extracts from Gen. Davis'
teport stopping in themidstof theread
ing to exelaim, "let's cast this legisla
tion like honest white men; let's not
have any namby pambyism and hypo
critical p' lanthropy about it. That is
all I am trying to get senators to agree
to now. There will be no trouble about
the main question. That will either be
adjusted by congress before aojourn
ment or it will be adjusted by the peo
pe next November and don't you forget
[Ie thought the way to help the peo
ple of Puerto Rico to get on their feet
was to give them a market through
the means of free trade with the
United States. If a public soup house
was started men who might earn their
living with a hoe, or an axe, would sit
down and wait for the soup to be
handed around. 'rhe result would be
to cut off the very labor necessary to
rehabilitate the island as it should be
rehabditated. Mir Ttllman favored a
civil government for the island, and
criticited the expenditures under the
present military sy stem as expensive.
"The re is no sense, no justice and no
honesty," he said, "in having those
poor devils robbed simply because they
have come under our dominion." He
thought the Republican party was in a
dilemma, but thought it would come
out all right. "You are the best or
ganized party I ever saw," he said,
"and no matter how you talk, I've no
doubt you'il all round up on the vote."
M1r. Tillman referred to what he said
would be the monumental salaries of
the officials of the insular possessions,
particularly noting the members of the
Philippine commission. Mr. Foraker
itformed Mlr. Tilbonan that he had been
told that the highest salary of any mem
ber of the commission would be $10,000)
a year. "That may be disapp'ointirne
to the senator," suggested Mr. FEr.,k- r
"No," replied Mr. Tillman. --'m
gratified. l'mn always willing to trust
Williamr McKinley, but it's his bad a',d
wicked partners that I'm afraid of. le
is a patriotic ar~d aoble man, although
jait now he may be carried off his feet
a the dream of appearing in history
a!'ne sde of Jefferson and others who
4. weely to our territory." In con
elusioi bie besought congress to take its
hards ! r= throat of the Puerto
Ricanis aud give th;ro a chance to gov'
ern themselves even if we had to guide
them a little at first.
Mr. Allison then asked for a vote
upon the bill and amendments anid the
request was acceded to. Mr. T:llman
urged Mr. Jones and Mr. Peuus to
withdraw amendments which they had
offered in order that the measure might
be pas-ed witlhout delay and just as i
came from the senate committee. Mr.
Jones 1%i-ud'rew his amendment, but
Mr. Pet tus insisted upon a vote on his
anendments, which, in effect, were
the making of a direct appropriation
for the relief of the Puerto Ricans
without anty reference to the tarliff or
customs dues collected. The amend
ments were def.-ated. The bill as re
ported by the senate committee was
then passed witbout division, only a
few scattering "noes" being heard
auanst it
A Tolbert in a New Role
A d icpatch from Seneca to the Green
ville News says the negroes there are
angry after hearing the tecimony in
the trial of George W. T'olbert, post
master, for tres---z to ,'ay Jimes Wat
son, o'eredl. f .r accosting him about
te re. tiaum of mail 1t is claimed
by some eye witnesses that Tolbert
ame out of the postoffice with a large
lub, followed Watson into the street,
hased him and beat him with the club
ntil he had fallen exhausted, and
with an oath said: "Get up, d-n you."
'olbert claims that he has more money
o spend on beating "Niggers.', The
egroes are plainning an early date to
bold an indignation meeting, claiming
:hat many Democratic postmasters
would have treated them with -nore
:nsideration. The Republican county
yonvention at Walhalla also denounced
sim in bitter terms as being incompe
:nt and unfit for the position, and will
isk the government to give them a man
a ho will treat all citizens alike. Mr.
11bme is from Abhbeville county.
New York Physician Finds a Way to
Induce Sleep.
A well known New York physician
who suffered from insomnia for many
years. has found out a brand new
nethod whereby sleep can be instantly
-obtained The doctor has tried It on
himself and on his patients, and has
never known it to fail. It is essential
ly self-asphyxiation, and yet there is no
possibility of danger.
A long breath is first taken and the
air is kept in until positive discomfort
is felt, which is slowly exhaled. This
is repeated a second and a third time,
and in a minute or so the patient will
be asleep.
The theory of sleep that finds the
widest acceptance is that sleep Is oc
casioned by exhaustion of the nutrition
of the brain, due to its functional ac
tivity when awake. During sleep ther
is a flow of nuitrition to the brain, con
seruently an increase of blood to sup
ply its deficiencies. By holding the
breath the head and brain become in
tensely congested with venous blood
loaded with carbonic acid. The car
bonic acid and the other chemical prod
nezts which venous blood conta:ns act on
the nerve tissues, producing sleep, and
the same as ether and chloroform pro
duce artiticial sleep.
If you are truly brain weary do not
try to repl.ace the thoughts with others,
but make the mind a blank as far as
possible. If the brain is excited turn
it to monotonous thoughts, recite
poems or verses, or go over a journey
which you very much enjoyed, recall
ing even the most trifling incidents.
Physicians are more and more arriving
at the conclusion that the way of treat
ing insomnia is not by means of drugs.
There is always the danger of forming
the drug habit, and in most cases drugs
are not necessary. If noises inside the
house or outside distrrb one, putting
cotton in the cars will oe found to give
relief. Those who are troubled with
sleeplessness should retire at a regular
hour each night. If there Is a fear
of not being able to sleep that keeps
one awake one should feign not to
want it, and one will be surprised to
find how (luickly sleep comes. Always
take a sli giht meal before retiring to
rest. A vast number of cases of in
somnia are caused by empty stomachs.
Wasn't Certain That the Prisoner Was
Her Daughter and the Reason.
Two days go there was at the police
matinee an old negro woman who was
a leading witness against a younger
woman, who was said to be her daugh
ter. The old woman had sworn that
"Ter de best ob her b'lief the girl was
not her daughter." This puzzled the
Recorder no little, and It being neces
sary to get more witnesses, the case
was postponed until yesterday.
Yesterday aftwrnoon Miranda John
son was again arraigned for acting in
a disorderly manner and the old woman
Was present. Several witnesses swore
positively that the prisoner was the
-old woman's child, and the Recorder
turned to the old woman and said:
"Old woman, why did you appear to
be in doubt about Miranda being your
daughter the other day?"
"Lawd bless yer, honey, Ise still in
doubt 'bout dat matter," was the re
"Why?" asked the Recorder who
(It that he had a great mystery be
fore him.
"Bekase," replied the old woman,
"dar wus er misshur ob two babies er
long time ago and de matter hain't
cl'ar till this day. You see my little
baby was born on de same day dat
annrdder nigger 'oman's baby was er
born ad jest to play a joke on Ike
dat's my ole man-dey put do two
babies wid me and tole him dat he war
de fadder oh twins. Dey got de babies
kinder mixed, and dey jest gib me one
oh dem and gibbed de udder 'oman de
udder baby. And I doan know till dis
day whedder dey gibbed me de right
baby er not. Dat am de r'ason dat I
hain't gwine ter sw'ar reckless like
'bout dis gal in de cote."
"I am going to fine Miranda $10.75."
announced the recorder "and, old
woman, if you think she Is your daugh
ter you can pay the fine, and if you
think she Is not, you can let her work
in the stockade for three weeks."
The old woman gave herself the
benefit of the doubt and Miranda Is
working three weeks In the stockade.
-Atlanta Constitution.
Pockets in Stockings.
Stocking pockets are the latest fad,
a New York dry goods man said the
other day They are made to hold a
roll of bills, jewelry and valuables
that can be stored away In a small
space. The pockets are worked Into
the top of the hose, above the knee.
and are made with a fastening, so
that there is no danger of their con
tents falling out. There are so many
sneak thieves who steal from bed
rooms while the family Is at dinner,
from carriages and from other places
where women are obliged to leave
their money and jewelry when they
are not In use, that the safe receptacle
about the clothing of the owner Is an
absoute necessity. Pockets are not
generally found in women's dresses,
and the stocking pocket has suggested
Itself to some Inventive genius. It
looks as If these new pockets would
be as safe as any that could be de
His Heart Displaced.
.Dr. J. Sheldon Wright, who attend
ed Martin Welge, 19 years old, after
he was knocked down by a Brooklyn
trolley car, was a witness for the boy
the other day in his suit against the
company to recover $25,000 in the Su
preme Court, Brooklyn. The physician
testified that when he was called to
attend Welge he found his heart dis
placed. It was suspended by a fibre
and vibrated like a pendulum, swing
ing fully two Inches to and fro. When
Dr. Sheldon was called in he had little
hope of his patient's recovery. Since
then he has somewhat Improved.
Mushroom Vaccination.
A French scientist has found that
some kinds of mushroom afford a vac
cine against the venom of snakes. The
juice of the mushroom renders a per
son Immune against the poison for a
month or two.
Proportion of Students.
In Germany one man In 213 goes to
college; In Scotland, one In 520; In
the United States, one In 2,000, and in
England, one In 5.000.
An Offer Providing Faith to Sufferers
Eating Sorcs, Tumors, Ulcers, are
all curable by B. B. B. (Botanic Blood
Balm.) which is made especially to cure
all teirribie Blood Diseases. Persistent
S'rcs, Biood and Skin Blemishes,
Scrofula, that resist other treatments,
are quickly cured by B. B. B. (Botanic
Blood Balm). Skihi Eruptions, Pim
ples, Red, Itching Eczema, Scales,
Blisters, Boils, Carbuncles, Blotches,
Catarrn, Rheumatism, etc., are all due
to bad blood, and hence easily cured
by B. B. B. Blood Poison producing
Eating Sores, Eruptions, Swollen
glands, Sore Throat etc., cured by B.
B. B. (Botanic Blood Balm), in one to
five months. B. B. B. does not con
tain vegetable or mineral poison.
One bottle will test it in an case. For
sale by druggists everywhere. Large
bottles $1, six for five $5. Write for
free samiplebottle, which will be sent,
prepaid to Times readers, describe
simptoms and personal free medicaf
advice will be given. Address Blood
Balm Co. Alnta, a.
Democrats and Republicans Says
McKinley Has Lost Ground
Senators Beveridge, Hanna and
Davis of the Republican
Party Sounds Warning
to Their Party.
The New York Herald pub!ishes in
terviews with senators and representa
tives on the Porto Rican bill as fol
low s:
Senator Spooner, Lepublican of Wis
consin, said:
""Whatever is done with tle 'jeIstion
will not serve to alter the result next
November. Mr. McKinley will be re
nominated and re-ele:td "
Representative Richardson, ).:mo
crat of Tennessee, said:
"The great change of rolitical senti
ment that has swept over the country
within the last few nonths is largely
due to the vacillating p~licy of the
president; and to the action of t he Re
publicans in congress. It is, in my
opinion, a practically sure indicati.n of
Democratic victory nrxt fail. That a
change has taken p'ace there is no
doubt. The attitude of that party
toward Porto Rico has been severely
rebuked by men of every political be
lief. Ln a word, the Republicans hiave
lost ground and the Democrats have
gained ground."
Representative Clayton, Deu.oerat of
Alabama, said:
"I think the American people have
treated the Porto Ricans shamefully in
dealing with them. I think that the
sugar trusts have influenced the Repub
lican party. I believe now that no
matter what the Republican party may
do its past action will go strdngl
against it in the coming elections."
Senator Clay, Democratof Georgia,
-I think that the majority of the
people of 1he United States are in favor
f treating Porto Rico as a part of the
United States; that thcy are in favor of
free trade between the Unitcd States
and that island. I think that whatever
action may be taken it will now count
against the Republicans and aid the
Democrats. It will certainly help the
Democratic party at the poLs."
Representative Brundidge, DLumocrat
of Arkansas:
"In my judgement the Demecrats
will win a most signal victory in the
next presidental election and the recent
backdown of President McKinley on
the Porto Rican question will ver)
greatly aid in bringing about thii
result. It seems that the time has
arrived when the administration can
not trust the people and the people wili
not trust the administration."
Senator Shoupe, Republican of
"Thc president's attitude on the
Porto Rican question will not lessen
his chances of eleetion. Hie will be re
Representative Pierce, Republican,
of Missouri:
"The Porto Rican question will not
act as the bomb that many Democrats
think it will. The constitution did
not follow the flag when slavery was
the issue and'it does not now."
Representative Bull, Republican of
Rhode Island:
"The Porto Rican question, nor any
phtase of it, will have any effect to
reduce the majority the Republican
ticket will have in the coming election."
Representativye Capron, l hpublican
of Rhode Island:
"I believo that a complete under
st anding by the people will justify the
president and the house and will serve
to add and not detract from the popular
vote next election."
Representative McCulloch, Democrat
of Aikansas:
"The Porto Rican legislation thus far
carried out is a blot on the administra
tion that cannot be wiped away. M~r
McKinley's policy ought to and will de
feat tiue party that supports it."
Representative Robb, Republican of
"I don't think the Porto Rican legis
lation will lessen Mr. McKinley's vote."
Senator Beveridge, Repbulican of
"If we do not give free trade to Porto
Rico, Indiana and other states of the
west will be lost to the Republican par
ty in the coming presidential cam
Senator Hanna, Republican of Ohio:
"If we establish absolute free trade
between the United States and Porto
Riec', we will lose every vote of organ
ized labor."
Senator Davis, Republican of Min
"Unless we treat the Port o Ricans
as citizens and give them free trade,
[ must say here and now that Me
Kinley will lose Minnesota and the
northwest. The Republican sentiment
is running that way."
The Keeley Cure Inventor.
Dr. Leslie E. Kecley, the inventor
of the Keeley cure for drunkenness,
who died in Calif rnia the other day,
was a native of New York State. His
youth was spent in Michigan, whence
he came to Chicago to attend Rush
Medical College. He graduated in
1861 and then enlisted in the United
States army as surgeon during the civil
war. Late in 1866 he moved to Dwight,
Il., where for thirteen years he pur
sued a lucrative medical practice.
Early in his career as physician he con
ceived the idea that inebriety was a
disease of nervous origin and was cura
ble. For several years he worked on
this theory, and eventually began a
system of treatment on patients at
Dwight with the "double chloride of
gold and sodium." At his institute he
treated people suffering from the drink,
cocaine, cigarette and other habits.
Of his patients some 17,000 were phy
sicians. It is estim-ted that about 4
per cent. return to drink. The system
consists of four week's treatment of
hypodermic injections of the gold cure
given four times daily, together with a
tonic which is taken from time to time.
A Keeley League was formed of the
"graduates" of the cure, of which there
were more than 30,000 members. The
Keeley treatment is administered at the
Keeley Institute, Columbia, S. C.
The Cuban Way,
Evidently Cuba has not been en tire
[y Americanized. Here is the way
secretary of War Root spent Sunday in
lavana: The merning was devoted to
-eceiving the heads of various depart
nents of the government and confer.
ing with them, and at General Lud
ow's residence at night there was a
eception with dancing. Evidently the
Makes the food more d(
Illurnination of a Car That Has Been
paity iayed a queer prank on a
N 4 Xrntral car tbe other night.
T. X: -oti at a saft distance It was
a rmarkable display ,the like
h!-i :!s never tEfore seen in St.
Li. ~'T" those on the car it had many
a-men' of tragedy.
()nq: ii;ln narrowly (scaped death by
fire ail (others of th passengers may
have b,.ri injured in the panic that fol
lowed. Even the officials of the United
:ailways Coinpany have not yet ar
ri-:ed at he exact extent of the damage
Thl cars on the Northern Central line
arr the oldest in the fervice. Their fus
es burn out freuently. but that night's
o(!currene: was the raost serious acci
(lent of the kind that has yet occurred.
At 5:'9 o'clock a car was rounding the
sharp down-grade curve at Thomas
stre-t and Loffingwell avernle. It was
half fiflte(l with passengers.
Suddenly there was a grinding noise,
vhich dreafen,-d those in the car and
awakenr-d residlents in the neighbor
hood. The car came to a sudden stop.
Wh:at fol!owr-d Is told by an eye-n it
n'-ss. who was attracted to his winelow
by tho unuFual sound.
"When I looked out," he said, "the
street was lit up for several blocks as
If a powerful searchlight had boen
turned into it. The brilliancy all radla
ted from the car, which I at first
thought was on fire. I coud see tht
car distinctly. It seemed a shadowy
ferm, seen through a halo of light. The
outer edge of this light was a brilliant,
dazzling white, but the Inner portion,
the nucleus, as it were, nearest the car,
was the deep red of a consuming blaze.
"With the first play of the flames I
heard passengers in the car cry out
in alarm. Two young men jumr.ed
through a window and the other pas
sengers rushed for the back door. I
saw a man leap from the rear platform
with his coat smoking. He pulled the
garment off as he left the car.
"The illimination could be seen at a
great distance, apparently for people
come flocking from blocks around to
see the illuminated car. Most of them
walked home. Another car pushed the
disabled one to the sheds."
Investigation Saturday morning
showed that the accident was one of a
number of electrical freaks caused by
the recent damp weather. At .the power
house of the Northern Central line it
was said that the current had become
short-circuited. This meant that the
current on coming from the wires, in
stead of going through the controller
on the front platform operated by the
motorman, went through the one on
the rear platform. Unable to get into
the motors by that route It passed out
again and sought the nearest route to
the rails. This was by way of the met
al work about the sides and roof of
the car.
On its Journey around the car a por
tion of the current escaped Into the
moist atmosphere, causing the appear
ance of a halo. Enough of the current
went through the controller and the
motors to burn them out, which caused
the red light of consuming flames. It
was the burning out of the controller
that ignited the coat of the man who
stood near It on the rear platform.
Street railway men agreed that the ac
cident was a most unusual one-St.
Lonis Post Dispatch.
Removed From a Man's Backbone and
He Still Lives.
Minus three joints of his backbone,
John Kaller, of No. 50 Willoughby
street, Brooklyn, N. Y., lies on a cot
In St. John's Hospital, Long Island
City, making a brave fight against
death. The missing pieces of his spinal
column were removed on Thursday
last by five surgeons. It was an opera
tion almost unparalleied in surgery,
but it was his only chance for life.
Kaller has been a telephone lineman.
Recently he was sent to repair wires
along the Shore Road, in Astoria.
About noon he was working i.t the top
of a pole near the Woolsey estate. Just
how it happened neither Kaller nor any
one else knows, but suddenly the line
man found himself In the clutches of
an electric current. He had grasped a
live wire, his body was twisted in tor
ture and puffs of smoke arose from his
burning hands.
The man kept his senses. Hanging
there, burning and in terrible pain, hie
realized that to remain in contact with
the wire for but a few seconds more
meant death to him.
With strength born of that knowl
edge Kaller tore himself free from the
live wire on which he had fallen and
deliberately threw himself to the road
way. He fell 25 feet and struck upon
his head and back. He was taken to
St. John's Hospital. and doctors worked
over him for eight hours before the
dangers from the electric shock were
removed. Then they performed the
In falling Kaller had broken his back.
The seventh, eighth and ninth verte
brae were badly fractured, and splin
ters of the broken bone pressed on the
spinal cord. The pressure had produced
paralysis, and would have caused death
if not removed.
Dr. John Francis Burns was in
charge of the operation. Assisting him
were Dr. H. A. McGronen. Dr. J. 3.
Mulcahey, Dr. Thomas Cassidy and Dr.
John F. Farwell. Technically, the doc
tors took out the spinous prosesses and
transverse sections of the seventh,
eighth and ninth vertebrae. The oper
ation was successful.
"I do not know of an exactly similar
case," said Dr. Burns, last night.
-'Three vertebrae were badly fractured,
and had to be removed, leaving archets
to protect the spinal cord. But Kal
ler's other Injuries make his recovery
doubtful, and at my suggestion his rel
atives have telegraphed to his mother,
asking her to come to his bedside. She
lives in Illinois."
Kaller's condition is very grave. He
has remained conscious from the first,
and has taken a keen interest In the~
remarkable operation performed upoa
Following closely upon the rumor of
the retirement of John Burns, of Eng
land, from all active participation in
the great movement of organized labor,
in Great Britain is the loss of another
famous leader In the person of Joseph
Arch, the well-known agricultural la
borer and member of Parliament. Mr.
Arch confirms the rumor that he will
retire from all active work In the la
bor field at the next general election.
An Evangelist Killed.
Rev. F. M. Anderson, State evange
ist for Virginia of the Church of the
isciples, was knocked from a trestle
n the Norfork and Western road by a
rain near Chilowie Wednesday morn
ing and instantly killed. His head
uarters were in Richmond
Gainesville, Ga., D)ec. 8, 1899.
Pitts' Antiseptic Invigorator in my
family and am perfectly that it is all,
nd will do all, you claim for it.
Yours truly,
A. B. C. Dorsey.
P. S.-I am using it now myself.
t's doing roe good. Sold by The Mur
ay Drug Co., Columbia, S. C., and all
Aicious and wholesome
Why the Old-Fashioned Brown Va
riety Is Seldom Seen.
*When I was running a boarding
house for gangs at work on new rail
roads in the West a few years ago."
said the tall man. "brown sugar cost
5 cents a pound when I bought it by the
hogshead, and granulated sugar cost
12 cents a pound when purchased in .
equally large amcunts. Now, if you
had 200 men to board, all of whom used
sugar in their coffee, what kind of su
gar would you buy?"
"I suppose I'd make a mistake, but -
as far as I know now, I would buy
brown sugar, for that would be the
cheapest," was the reply.
"And that's where you've made a
mistake," said the tall man. "I'l prove
it to you in a minute. When you go
home to-night, you take a teaspoon
and experiment with both kinds of su
gar. You'll see that with granulated su
gar you can pick up only as much as
the bowl of the spoon will hold. But
It's different with brown sugar. If
you dig your spoon deep into it, when
you lift the spoon, you bring nearly
three spoonfuls of sugar along with it,
as it packs closely. That is what house
wives call a 'heaping teaspoonful.' Now
the average railroader is used to put
ting three to four spoonfuls of sugar
in his coffee and he never looks to see
whether they are heaping ones or not.
Therefore, the brown sugar is the more
expensive. I tried both ways, and I
found that using granulated sugar
saved me over :15 a month over what
it cost to serve brown sugar. There's
ev;en more difference now than then,
too. The big sugar concerns have beat
en dIown the price of granulated sugar -
until It costs but a penny a pound more
than brown sugar. "That's why you
see granulated sugar in all the .cheap
boarding-houses to-day."-New \York
They Went Ashore and Found Canni
bals Devouring a Human Body.
The crew of the British steamer Kur
distan, Captain Littlehales, now taking -
on a cargo of coal at Lambert's Point,
tell of an experience at once strange
and horrifying. The vessel is from
Iquique, Chile, and when off the Pata
gonian Coast. near Tera del Fuego, was
caught in a storm and fog and came
to anchor. A boat's crew went ashore,
and hearing a strange noise proceeding
from a cavern near their hiding place
Inspected it. A party of savages were
In the cave, engaged in eating what
seemed to be the dismembered body of
a human being. The savages attacked
them, the seamen say, whereupon they
fired upon them, killing one savage.
His companions carried the dead body
away, and, the sailors believe, devoured
It. In the cavern was a Danish flag and
much wreckage. On the shore near the
cavern lay the wreck of a wooden brig.
-Norfolk, Va., Cor. Baltimore Sun.
New President of the Senate.
By the death of Vice President Ho
bart, the presidency of the senate will
(Senator Win. P. Frye.)
fall upon Senator Wmn. P. Frye, of
Maine. Senator Frye is '70 years old, but
looks younger. His term as senator will
expire in 1901.
Threw Away Fifty Thousand Dollars
There died in the City Hospital at
Philadelphia last week a woman, prac
tically a pauper, who by inscribing a
few lines upon a paper would have
been put In possession of $50,000.
For many years Dr. Isabel Mitchell
was a physician of some prominence in
the Quaker City. While practicing her
profession she, became interested in the,
pure food movement, and spent much
of her time in perfecting a process for
the preservation of meats and vegeta
bles where Ice was not obtainable. Her'
experiments resulted in a formula
which was declared practically perfect .
by chemists and physicians of Philad41
phia and vicinity. It was a preparation
which answgd the purposes desired
and was at tne same time harmless to
health, being the forcing of medicated
ozone into the articles to be perserved.
Dr. Mitchell received many offers for
her process, but none of the terms was
satisfactory to her, though one of them
was for $50,000. While working on her
food preservative, she neglected her
practice, and gradually lost it all.
From a comfortable home she went by
gradual changes to a garret, where
she was taken Ill with a lingering di
sease, and finally removed to the hos
pital. She persistently refused to re
eal her secret to the few friends who
had stood by her, and with her death
the formula is lost to science.
Enoch Arden in Real Life.
After an absence of thirty years
.ames Edwards, whose home is now In
Denver, Col., returned to Philadelphia,
and found that his wife had been di
vorced irom him and married to an
other man. Thirty-five years ago Ed
wards married Miss Belle Hickman
whose parents were wealthy. Edwards
was in poor circumstances and his
wife's mother opposed the marriage.
The couple lived together for five
years, but at the end of that time Mrs.
Hickman is alleged to have brought
about a separation. Edwards went
West and became wealthy.
Edwar-ds says he repeatedly wrote to
his wife, but she failed to get the let
ters. Not hearing from her husband
for fifteen years Mrs. Edwards adver
tised and received a letter from Den
ver informing her that a man answer
ing her husband's description had been
killed. Mrs. Edwards, not certain that
her husband was dead, obtained a di
vorce and remarried.
Edwards succeeded in meeting his
former wife upon his return. There
were explanatis all around and he
bade her farewell and went back to
A Sad Suicide.
A letter from Etta Jane to the
partanburg Herald says: "Willie T.
'ostr committed suicide near this
lace last Saturday about 3:30 o'clock
y shooting himself thrcu~zh the head
'ith a breech loading shot gun. For
one time he had been in ill health,
oth in body and mind, but it was not
*houht that he was con temnplating self
lestruction until the fatal deed was
ccomplished. lHe was about twent'y
ive or twenty-six years of are and of
quiet disppsition and well thought of

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