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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, April 04, 1900, Image 1

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Senator Tdirnan Uscs His Pitch
foik cn Republicars
Euirgises and Defends the South
in Her Treatment of the
Recently &nator Tilman in the
United States Senaie had a running do
bate with Senator Foraker, of Ohio,
upon ti c ai-itude of the P;csiient and
the Seuator from Olo in regard to free
trade in Plor:o Rico, quoting the
Chic3ge Times Herald at length in its
criticism of the atninistration. le
asked Mr. Foraker to say whether he
was for free trade or not, and prodded
him with changirg his attitude because
the Chicago Tiames Iherald was advocat
ing free -ide in Porto Rico. Senator
Tilman alld d to the relations exist
ing betwcen Foraker and Koisaat. the
edItor of the Times Herald, which have
been atbticg else than cordii.1 and
)ir Tillman. The cdi-oria- which I
have re d h-re harpn! to Ie frot the
Ciicago T!imes-Lr.d. and . mr body
k now the brotherly Dazuon ani Py thia,
:ke relations v hneh exist bet -- en My
fr.nd from Viio arnd Mr Khlsaat.
acd I fe-lt constrsi,< d to believe, kniw
ing the Kreat love that these penth mei
h.vc for each othir. and knOwir- that
they are bo I loyal to Mr. )e1Koley
ata the R ;iilican party, that the
Senator from Ohio sitirly got on- of the
free-tra'ie boat b cause Nir. Kehisaat
got if.to it; thmt he could rot live in an
atmo-tphere contaminated by the pres
ence of that person.
Mr. Inrker. In answer to the Sena
tor's rewark, I will frank!y cLt.fe-s, in
the pretcuee ot the Senate. tIhat I have
felt i, enis of .\r K-hiaat's
attitt.de a gr. at deal more conticence in
my tre.ent position (Laughter 1
Mr. Tillwan. Mr. Presiuent, I have
been rig.t aol g that read my zelf. 1
have it- career cowe across tuttorials in
papers thot had ft-ught and lied on '%e
for years io which my action was eow
meLdtd. ai d immediately I set about
to invetk.,itee in order to find out
when 1 got the approval of such patets
and ui-dersiad why the Senator from
Ohio shou! desErt his own principits
atd his own calmiy selected position
becaue Kobhlaat took a position along
side of him. But at the same time it
does not ex;lain why the President,
who was a warm friend and to whom
Mr. Kohlsaat is a trubtcd adviser, has
changed front, if he did charge front.
Nobody can tell us whether Le did or
Uot. I want some gentiemaa here to
explain to me the prestnt attitude of
the President. I have been trying to
stand by him. I bore teatimony the
other day to what I said was his patriot
ism and n-bility of ebaracter. I do not
hcsitate any time to say that I think
'N imiiim .icKiujey is ete of the most
lovable men we have had in public life
in America, but the trouble is Mr.
McKinley will 1.ot stand up and have
backbone sometimes. R~epublicatns
wonu have been in a Leap better fix
politically if he had stood by his free
trade proposition and let you gentlemien
go on and fight it out among a ourselves
and pass a free-tradie measure or not.
*But whom the gods would destroy they
firat made mad," and confuaion of Coun
set is the beginning of madness. ~That
is my interpretation of the present
We had testimony the other day that
God Almighty lad given us the Philip
pines; that the honored President pro
tempore of the Sanate and his cola
borers on the Paris commission had very
little or nothing to do with it; that it
had come directly from the Almighty;
that lie had held us in the hollow ol
Ilia hand, that the glory of our future
hinstory was to came from the fact that
we were to rea'.h out and grab up that
islariu and this idland; that we were to
treat the colortd races of those jslande,
not like we treat the co~ured people inz
the South, or uot like yen gentleman
once tried to treat them, but as we of
the South have t econst raiuted to treat
them; that you gentlemin have ebangtd
front on tha: subject. and that we were
to have a eou, tunure. with so miuent
mot'Ley and tnm-lunmeits and wealth
fl..w a g into our e.-ders in cusequieuce
(f thts uew pey that we eou u not
descend so low as to give the cedit to
the Senator triti Mlinnesoia and the
Senator frow Maine anti their brethren
on t he coa?t-aO, who had giue over
to Pdris and demnandd thte cession of
these islaznds in toe Paeio and had
erf orced that deniand to t he point tatt
we got them, or got what title Spain
Nobody will tell us, as I said a me
nint ago whether the President is for
fre trade or inot. I wish I knew. I
wan tea to have the p!easure ot support
itig some nsasure that he had bent
here andi that I could indorse honestly
as Aumerican anthout regard to being a
houth Carolinian or a De mocrat, andi
now I atu robbed of that pleasure. You
gentemtan are cruel to us. hy. do
',ut not let us GO suiet ring some time
as An er:cans atnd not force us alway s
back to the narrow rut of Dumocracy;
an wh byGo you not do somnethlng some
time as Amuei icans and not be suelt
narrow, bitter partisans here?
3M. IPkits. Qr course I am not
aut to.z: t o spe.ak for tihe President;
ut I am ineined to thit~k that his
vi. ws--imay have imtitate~d them. in
that respest-weCre i tiue nced by what
was zecentd to b5 LLs intend, the Sena
tr fiotn South Ca vhta, that great
usts were being bor.aued in Puerto
'too for tibe puri os of contral.ing the
s aar tra.ne. Tlie Rh pubtiean p-arty 1n'
opj'i o5d to tru-ts a.nd combina-l.Dn,
anti knows that the only .oluu on of that
probem is the establshment of l'xal
beet ser Ia.:tories, such as there are
Ia Nedra-ka and in Utah and in Iowa
andi in Micl'gau and in Calhfornia
which has somxe ten or twelve, indepen
dent bet-sugar factories. They buy
the raw prouuct fromi the faraner, re
fine it in their own factories, an-d send
irto , 'te mertis' table. That is the
antidote for trusts.
r. mu.an. You nit an the sugar
Mr. Perkins. For the sugar trust.
eer ee.t-a faetories are buying
neeessary in order to prevent future
Democratie successes. At that day no
one dared to prophesy that the old
Democratic party of the war times
would live very much longer; no one
foresaw its wonderful vitality.
The Republican party enacted that
legislation, wisely or unwisely, because
there had been enacted in the South.
era States what were called "black
codeF," which almost restored the col
ored man to slavery. The Republican
party enacted that legislation in order
to give the Negro a weapon of defense
against such legislation; and they en
acted it, Mr. Persident, in order to
maintain in the sight of God and be
fore all the world in good faith, in letter
and in spirit, the proclamation of
emancipation which had been signed
by Abraham Lincoln; God bless his
memory forever!
Mr. Tillman. In the first place,
Mr. President, let it not be forgotten
that in dcaling with the race question
in the South those of the Southern
people who were engaged in the civil
war, the Confederate war, had inherit
ed those slaves. They had been taught
from childhood that the existence of
slavery was not wrong, morally or
legally. The author of the Declartion
of ldependence was a slaveholder; the
co-stitution rtcognised slavery; and
after the strife was over and the issue
had been s.ttled by the sword, the
question as to the disposition of the
emancipa:ed slaves was, of course, a
very perplexing one.
The Senator says that but for the
enactmeUt by the Southern legislatures
of the "black codes," in which there
was to be a practical restoration of
!lavery under the guise of liberty,
there would have been no enfranchi
went of the ex-slaves; that they would
not have been given the ballot. [listory
does not state that, and the condition
of politics at the time does not war
rant it. Those who voted for it, or
sone of themr, were no doubt honest in
the beli-f that it was nece.sary, but
there is no earthly doubt but that
ulterior and baser motivet were at the
root of it. There was first a deire of
revenge by putting the ex-slaves in
control of the Southern States and put
ting white necks under black heels.
There was next a desire to perpetuate
t he domination of the Republican party
in the United States.
Then when it -:omes to a comparison
of the action of the two parties, I say
to the Senator that there are a great
many wrongs that the Negroes have to
suffer in the South, and there will con
tinue to be many. Neithcr he nor any
body else can help it; and no legisla
tion which can be enacted can help it.
It can only cure itself in a better at
mosphere, and be solved by the people
concerned, because outside influence
and outside interference would only
aggravate the trouble and more em
broil the fray.
But I want to call the attention of
the Senate to the fact that we have in
the past month had introduced bere
from a Repulican committee a pro
vision upon the Hawaiian bill by which
contract slaves in that iland were to
be governed under a similar black
code to that which we enacted in South
Carolina and in other Southern States.
You sought to perpetuate that condi
tion in your own bill, for the benefit of
the sugar planters, unttlit was stricken
out by a motion on the part of the
Senator from 31assachusetts.
Will Support Bryan.
The Washington corroepondent of
the New and Courier says: "Among the
latest converts to Bryanisma are former
President Grover Cleveland and hi.
ecetary of State, John 0. Carlisle.
'his information comes direct from a
well known gentleman who is on inti
mate terms with alr. ~Dieveland and 31r.
Larhtsle. At a recent informal gather
ing in New York Mir. Cleveland and
3Mr. Carlisle were both present. The
subject of Bryanism came up for dis
usion, whs reupon M1r. Cleveland an
nounced his intention to vote for M1r.
Bryan at the next election. M1r. Car
lisle echoed the sentiment of his
former chief and added that not only
did he intend to vote for Mlr. Bryan,
but he was astonished to find so many
[esorats, who previously opposed M1r.
Br) an, now d e aring their intention to
ote the regular Democratic ticket next
al. This information comies in such
a cirect form that it can not be chal
lenged and, in addition, it is said on
he same authority, that the rank and
ile of the gild Democra's in New York
prol o-eto vote for Mir Bryan, or who
ever way be nomioated by the Detmo
eratic party at the Kansas City conven
Will Be Held.
At a mass meeting of the representa
tive bustness men and tuerchants of
Charleston held at the Thomson audi
oriumn Thursday night it was unani
mously decided to hold the proposed
South Carolina Interstate and We-t
ldian exposition here during the au
tma of 1901i. Prominent men fromt
all parts of the State were present, atnd
the big entrprise was launched aulid
the greatent enthusiam. It was an
ounceed that over a thttd of the capital
-tok of the expoeition had already
been subsc-ribed by a few enterp.rising
men of the city, and assurances wete
given that the full amount would be
forthcoming as soon as~ the publie was
ci'en a chance to take the shares. The
project has the ht arty endorsement of
the people of the whole State of South
Carolina, as well as those of Charlkston.
The g~ neral assembly has a'ready given
its sanction. A-surareces were received
f rom s-ators arnd congressmen that
every effort would be used to scure a
large government exhibit.
A Fatal Miistake
Dasniel Broughton, of Lyor.s, Ga , is
dead and John 31eEtcheru, his friend,
is at the point of death fram drinkingz
wood alcohol by mistake. Both are
prominent men in the cmmnunity. M1r.
Broughton was having his store painted
ad at the request of the painter order
ed some wooli alcohol for mixing.
Sone of it was put into bottles labeled
"root beer" and one of these bottles the
painter left on a shelf. Sup'posingt the
bottle to contain root beer, 31r. Brough
ton asked 31eEachern to have a drink
and both drank. Twelve hours after
wards 31r. Broughton was dead and
r. M~cEachern was at the point of
death, notwithstanding the best efforts
f physicians.
o oih Carolina the coton cloth
tLa: is IUar uracturcd from the cotton
grown in their filds. We are buy
it:g those sias iU which to put the
-urar that we may senad it out to our
nmchanic ard our workinemcn. We
are paying f rom $1.50 to $- a day for
labor in thne factories. and each farmer
who is cultivating the soil and raisingr
-us ar beets is an independent sovereign
in this fair land cf ours. We are pav
ing $0lo, t0,00 annually for sugar in
this couttry. We want to manufacture
it at homC, from our beet sugar, raised
by American farmers. We do not
want the cheap pron contract labor,
receiving 10, 15 or 20 cents a day, to
come nto competition with the labor
ot South Carolina and California. I
think, pe.rhap, that is one of the. rea
'ons which iltuenced our good Presi
dent, because his ahole life has been
devoted to protection to American in
dustries and the elevation atd dignity
of labor.
Mr Tillman. I have read some
where that in the Koran there is a de
scription of Moihamanend's bridge over
hell by which those entering heaven
must pass, ard I think he describes it
as being so attenuated that it is about
the breadth of a single hair on a wo
man's head. That is about the size of
the br:dge my friend, the Senator frou
Califoruia, has given the Pred dent to
crawl out of te hole in which he was
put %hen he sent the free-trade mes
,age here and then backed water .nd
charg- d front on it.
Mr. Pc-kins H.>x about the tobcao
industry of South Carohna?
Mr. Tillan. Speaking about the
allusion which my friend has wade, 1
will say to lui. a. to the purchase by
the suear producers of the eotton hags
in which to put tie sugar of the few
factories in the United States, that we
are very xlae to furnish the cotton
cloth. if it comes from my S:ate. but
the manufactu ing itdu.iry tf South
Carolina-tie manufje ure of cotton
I; rincipali -wLich we will S1 in 1890
Showed that tht re were only 400.0oU
, pindles. has doubled and trebled since.
until they have now eighteen hundred
thousand spiedles at d a proportionate
number of looms. Since the 1st <f
Jar.utry we have organized new mill.
or given charters to new enterprises
to build mills to the au.ount of $4 000 -
010 and we are reacbing out hand over
tst to overtake .Masaebusetts. Ve
are already the sceiud State in the
manufacture of cotton. We do not
a hit of protection from the Ding
icy tariff. be cause we ex,ort all of that
cloth to China; and we have to clm
pete with England; and we do it. and
we whip them, and make 20 to 40 per
ctnt. diicerds on our cotton factories.
Senator Spooner, f Wiscorsin, ex
press-d the opinion that Siuth Caro
lina was the lart place on earth to orig
iniate any impeachtrent of the Repub
ican party as to the principle of (qual
ity atong men. and said he based the
observation partly upon the testimony
of Senator Tillman, who stated the
other d xy that they had made aL great
effort in South Carolina to disfranchise
the "nigger;" that they had srufftd the
ballot boxes, and that they had used
the shot-gun again.t them. That is
why I say that from South Carolina
thcre ought not to come critieism upon
the Republican party as being opposed
to equality among men.
Mr. Tillman. Mr. President, in
rising here to explain my language,
and to justify it, I have not the doen
ments at hand to sustain all the charges
I niake, but 1 will, briefly and in the
best way I can, recapitulate the condi
tions which brought about the neces
ity for stuffing ballot boxes, for shoot
ing Negroes, and for using violenee and
fraud in taking charges of our State
government in South Carolina. The
Senator, 1 suppose, did not understand
me to say that fruch conditi> exist
there now, because I have never made
any such acknowledgment.
I proclaim~ed the t act that in 1876,
when we had stood eight ye ars of car
pet bag govern men: arid there was noth
ing left us of our civilization unless we
rose in our might and took the govern
ment back from the carpetbag horde
of thieves arid scoundrels and their
scalawag alhes. the native-born rap
scalions, who had been foisted upon
u at the point of the bay onet-when
governnment c'asi d to yield protection,
when there was semri-anarchy. wh n
800 armed Negro tmilitia were parad
ing up and down the roads, threaten
ing our aiives arid our children and our
houes. when at night burning hou-cs
wre lighting up the hor:z,>n in almnost
every county, whe-n the conditions
were so appal;i-.g that ary kind of
g .verrnrnt, any mnihutry desp tisai.
was ;rf rable to that, we made up our
tind- th4 the fouteenth andi fifteenth
atenduments to the Constitution were
themselives null and voi I; that the acrs
of Congre~s usd--r thetm placing our
State under caribag rule were nutl
ard va-d; that oaths ri quired by such
laws were riull and void, we resolved
that the irntelbge-ne, the wealth, arid
the patriotism of the S ate, belonging
only to the white people, should seize
the goveruim.-at from the horde~ of ig
norance and vice; t hat we would not
longer tolerate bribe-takers ou the
neneh and thieves in our bish placei-;
that life was not worth having on the
erwa and under the conditious forced
on us.
We swore by the memories of revolui
tinary sires that we would redeemn our
Sate fromn the gras-p of aliens atnd
. groes, and we did ii; arid I have rio
apoloies to make for it. If you con
tend that no indict ment of Rcpublicans
an come from South Carolbna, 1 will
tell y ou that the R-epui-lican psrty wie
responsible for :hat cond ition ef t hings;
I wil tell 'ou that Grant, whto ws
th n Pre~idenit, sent the army there to
hold do-wn the whiites an-d perpetuate
the condition cf misrule' arnd anarchy
and robbery w hieh prev.siled, and w hrere
the troops were the white majorities.
the Democratic mijoriis, we-re the
greatet-not by reason of the troops.
but because the whites did not hesitate
to vote eariy and often and to carry
the elections in any way that was found
neesary. The Rapublican party did
all that wrong blindly, but it does not
now treat the colored races that have
come to us as it treated the Southern
Negroes, and that is reason why 1 charge
Iit with hypocrisy.
Mr. Spooner. Mr. President. the
R epublican party was not responsible
true, after the war had ended. gave to
the colored man the right to vote. The
Republiean party did not enact that
.egisatin upon the theoy that it was
The Charleston Custom House
Stores Contraband Liquor,
Special Agents of The United
States Treasury Department
Will Investigate the
It is charged by State constables that
contraband liquor was being stored in
the United States StatesCustom House
at Charleston, and the matter is te be
investigated by special.agents of the
United States treasury department.
The Columbia State says Thursday tele
grams were fl ing back and forth be
tween Charleston, Celumbia and Wash
ington. The liquor constables are to
keep a close watch on the custom house
pending the investigation by the Federal
authorities. Thursday Gov. N1c
Sweeney made public all the telegraohic
and other corre-pondence over the
thoroughly intere-ting matter. On
Weduesday the governor received the
following letter:
Charleston. S. C., March 27th, 1900.
Governor Miles B. MeS seeney, Colum
Dia, S. C.
Dear Sir: I Blink has liquor stored
in the United States cu-tom house here
on the ground floor. Messrs. Dudley
and Nunnatnaker saw Bark's wagon
go out fron the custom house loaded
with whiskey early this morning; the
driver ran the horse and made his es
cape. I have known for some time that
Blauk was keeping his liquor there. I
know that he has a qiantity there now.
I went at onec to Judge Simonton's of
flee and stated the facts to him. He
said that the government did not allow
such tr~fie on their premises. le told
me to go at once to the collector at the
custom hou-e and state to him the facts.
I told Judge Simouton that, from my
information, one would judge that the
collector was friendly with Blank and
would not allow me to go through the
department. Ile said that if the col
lecton refused, to state thE facts to So
licitor Jervey. I then went to the col
lector. He got mad, refused to allow
me to go through the departments and
deLied that there was any whiskey
stored there. I then went to the solici
tor and reported the facts to him. He
referred me to the ULited States mar
sha', who, with Judge Simonton, could
make arrangetents abuut it. I saw the
marshal, who said to have the building
guardtd and to make a full report to
you at once and ask 3 ou to wire the
secretary of the treasury at once. We
wi:1 guard the building, and hope that
you will wire at once. Since I have
been on this matter I have learned that
this is a general stoting place for blind
tiger and wholesale liquor dealers, and
that there is a quantity of whiskey
stored there. I know this to be true
and can furnish proof if necessary.
S. TI. Hlowie,
Chief Constable.
This was sent to Blowie:
Columbia, S. C., March 28.
S. T. Hlowie, Charleston, S. C:
Continue to carefully watch building.
Will give matter attention at once.
M. B McSweeney,
Governor of South Carolina.
Then the following same from
Charleston. S. C., March 28.
Gov. McSweeney, Columbia, S. C.:
In addition to thbe iettermailed liquor,
is not imported. Bank gets it from
Savannah, has been storing there six
years. Marshal says to wire secretary
of the treasury. S. T. Howie.
This message was sent to the secre
tary of the treasury:
Coltumbi, S. C., March 28.
Honorable Secretary of the Treasury,
Washington, D. L.:
Have inforamation that contraband
liquors are stored for illicit sale in cus
tom house at Charleston. Upon the
sggestion of Jugde Siwonton and the
United States marshal. I ri q est that
you direct the marshal to investigate
the case and pierwit the Sia'e dispen
sary constables to accompany him.
M. B .\eS.weeney,
G..vernor of South Carolina
Testertiay this reached the governor
from Washington:
Wahingtn, D C., March 28.
Goy. M B McS.weeney, Columbia S. C:
Your telesrami of this date was sub
mitted to the United States attorney
general for such action as he may deem
proper. O L Spaulain,
Assiant Secretary.
The reply was as follows:
To 0. L. Spaulding, Assistant Secre
tary of the Treasury, Washington,
Have ascertained that contraband
whiskey from Savannah. Ga., has been
stored itn customn house for several
.tars. lease direct attorney general
to coaniuuicate with this office by wire
at once. M. B. MeSweeney,
Senator Tillmnan was in the city and
he took a hand in the mater, wiring as
To' lIon: Lyman Gaze. Secretary of the
Treasury, Wa.,hington, D C.:
Governor McS.vceney wired you yes
trday about contrabaud biq.r stored
in the custom house at Charleston. I
learn that it has been the custom of
ilhii sel~ers to u-e that as a place of
storage for sonme time. I urge prompt
aetion on your patt to assist State aua
thorities to seize the liquor and to get
all the facts. Please instruct marshal o:
go with constable, as governor desired
to avoidelash with Untit ed States govern
uent. Anuswer. I. R. Tillmnan,
Untited States Senator.
Thursday evening the following set
ting forth the action of the federal
Officials was received:
Washington. D C., March 29.
His Eclleney M B~ MeSweeney, Gov
ernor of South Carolina;
You ttlegram of today was also re-I
ferred to the attorney general for sucht
action as he may deem proper, and an
invetigation has been decided upon by
special agents of this department.
L. J. Gage.
Thunersdaywerenn the Charlesn
magistrate made the following report
by wire:
Governor M. B. McSweeney, Columbia
S. C.
Sir: Subject to your instructions, I
beg to submit the following report con
cerning the status of the case:
A search warrent was issued yester
day against the custom house for son
traband goods consigned to Vincent
Chicco, and ask further instructions.
The right of search under the warrant
on the custom house seems clear, under
express reservation by the State in ced
ing the property to the government.
My present information is that it is in
no way discriminated from any other
depot where contraband goods may be
stored. At first there was considerable
opposition made by the collector to
the search and seizure, but on my offer
ing to submit the question to the legal
advisers of the coliector an interview
was held between Deputy Collector
Ostendorf, B. A. Hagood. assistant dis
trict attorney, and myself. Mr. Hagood
advised the collector that it was proper
to submit to process in order to protect
the collector's bond from any possible
loss. However, he suggested a com
promise this morning by the collector
giving receitut for the goods, viz: 25
eases Burke's Scorch malt, 10 cases
Burke's Ttiree Star Irish whi.key, 10
ca-es Nonpariel O.d Tem gin, 5 oases
finest dry gin, two. barrels sherry wine,
which he pledges him-elf to held in
tact, subject to directions which he
may receive from the secretary of the
treasury upon submi-sion of the mat
ter to him. The re.eipt as finally made
out was not in accordance with the
terms which I underatood had boen
agreed on, namely, that the goods
would be held subject to proper legal
process. Oa further advice and inquiry
the receipt, however, maintains the
status, and protects the State tempo
My view of the matter is that the
process is entirely valid, and it is per
tectly competent to carry it out by force
if necessary. But I do not conceive
that it is your excellency's wish that
this be done if it can be avoided, and
submit it to your better judgment and
await further instructions. A brief
hbtory of the facts may give you light:
The goods were shipped in bond by the
Clyde line to the collector, subject to
consignee's call. They were received
on March 8, and after three days grace
were put in the warehouse as unclaimed
goods, without entry having ever been
perfected by the consigee, Vincent
Chicco, either for immediate consump
tion or for warehouse. There was no
bond given by Chicco. Deputy Collec
tor Ostendorf informed me that it was
the practice to hold goods thus stored
subject to the duties and warehouse
charges for one year and a day, after
which they would be sold at public auc
tion as unclaimed. The consignee,
however, was at liberty at any time
during that period to take them out by
piece meal by five or any other number
of packages at the time on paying the
pro rata of duties and - warehouse
chaiges. It is, of course, unnecessary
for me to suggest how excellent an ar
angsment this"is for the purDoses of
illicit dealers if the contraband can be
held at their convenience under the
custody and protection of the govern
ment, in defiance of the State's process.
Awaiting your further instructions,
J1. H. Moore,
Suicide or Murder.
A remarkable case is reported from
Townville in Anderson County. A
Negro, Sam Jackson, was the victim.
The scant clothing having been satur
ted with kerosene oil and then ignited,
the poor Negro, enveloped in flames
that lieked savagely as they ate their
way into the flesh, with shrieks that
told of his horrible agonies, ran from
his little cabin, until charred and
burned, he fell exhausted by the road
side and soon expired. From informa
tion it is learned that there had been
some friction in Sam's connubial lire;
that on the day of the deed his father
in law had taken Sam's wife from him.
This, it is supposed, is the cause of the
Negro resorting to the determination of
his life. Further developments may
show that this dusky spon~e returned
to ihe scene of ihe unplea-antness and
decided upon this method of dispatch
ing her disecable contemporary,
which would seem more credible and
probable than the suicidlal theory.
A Republican Row.
Senator Hanna's indignant denial of
the statement creditedI in the Wash
ington Star to a liepublican congress
man, who said the Puerto Rico tariff
was the re-ult of a trale for campaign
cntribution's, is met by this from Trhe
Star: "I'ha interview was had. as re
ported in The Star Friday, with a Re
iublican membier of the house who
sup'ported the Puerto Rican tariff bill
with his, vote. It was written a very
shorr. time after conversation between
the re presentative and The Star reporter
losed. This fact can be suj ported by
the oath of the man who wrote the in
terview, who is perfectly willieg to take
oath to it." Inasmuch as The Star is
the acknowledged ad-.ninistration or
gan, through which the presidIent's
ilans and views are often made public,
the situition affords some interest.
Columbia State.
Was He Murdered.
A dispatch from Nev York s-&ys after
n autopsy on the body of William
lenderson, the wealthy Brookl~n min
eral water manufacturer, who was found
ead at the Riverview hotel, Merritt is
land, Indian river, Florida, Coroner's
Physician Hlarting r p rted that death
was due to cerebral hemorrhage orig
inating from violence either directly or
indirectly or by a fall. The top of his
skull had a cress-shaped cut and
another cut ran towar ds the forehead.
'he left temple and left cheek were
iscolored and there were abrasions of
the fingers
A Wrecked Steamer.
The Morgan line steamer El Sud.,
Capt. Higgins which arrived at New
Orleans from New York Thursday even
ing, reports that on March 27 about 32
miles north of Cape Fioridas he passed
a loaded steamer on shore. She had
four short masts, no topmast and a
black smokestack. There were ro
wreckers in sight. The cargo was be
ing jettisoned and ;oundings made
from a boat on the outside of the steam
er. The weather was thick and raining,
with fresh southerly winds but not
snah sea
Some Startling Deyelopments in the
Goebel Assassination Case.
There were some startling de
veln--ents in the Goebel assassination
case at Frankfort, Ky., on Tuesday.
That afternoon W. H. Culton, who
waived examination and was h# Id over
to the circuit court, went to the Capi
tol hotel, where he was in conference
with the attorneys for the prosecution
for over two hours. He was ac,:om
panied by his brother-in-law, E. E.
Hogg, who is also his attorney. Cul
ton was reported to have made a cou
fession, but later it developed that the
information gained was not as sweeping
as thought. His friends admit that he
gave the prosecution such information
as he had and which had heretcfore
not come nut.
Henry E Youtsey, Republican Audi.
tor Sweeney's clerk, was arrested at
noon and locked up in jail, charged
with being an accessory to the assas
sination. He is a half brother of Hon.
L. J. Crawford, a prominent Republi
can of Newport, and deteotives arrest
ed him as the man witb the black
moustache whom Golden mentioned as
being given the key to Caleb Powers'
office. Youtsey complained that the
prosecution had broken faith in arrost
ing him, and it is stated he is ready to
make a public statement for which the
prosecution is not anxious at this time.
At the examining trial of the Repub
lican Secretary of State Caleb Powers,
the court room was cleared of all per
sons except attorneys, newspaper rep
resentatives and court officers. The de
fense announced they would introduce
no testimony and tendering Governor
Ta)lor's pardon of powers, asked the
defendant be dismissed upon the evi
dence. The commonwealth disputed
Taylor's right and the court overruled
the motion. Bail was asked for. Judge
Moore said:
"It is not my belief that Powers fired
the shot which killed Gov. Gobel, but
from the evidence it is my opinion that
he was connected with the conspiracy
to kill him. I shall therefore order
that he be held over without bail to-the
Franklin county grand jury that the
case may be further investigated."
Culton's counsel announced that Cul
ton would waive his examining trial and
by agreement of the attorneys he will
remain at home with his sick wife, un
der private guard Capt. John Davis also
waived examination and was admitted
to bail in the sum of $5,000. He was
locked up for the night. The Demo
cratic milita will be retained here till
after April term of the circuit court
which begins Monday and at which
Secretary Powers and others are to be
Two Young Ladies Wedded by Their
Sister's Corpse.
The Rev. Charles P. Grover, of
Penns Manor, N. J., married two of
his daughters in the parsonage while
another daughter lay dead in the next
room. The unusual ceremony took
place a few days ago and the facts have
just come to light.
Invitations were sent out some time
since for a double wedding at the home
of the Rev. Mr. Grover. His elest
daughter, Helen, was announced to
marry Dr. Davenport, of Newark, and
the other contracting parties were An
nie Grover and William Proudfoot, of
Dobbs Ferry, N. Y. At the .time the
invitations were issued the youngest
daughter of the family was ailing, but
her condition was not considered se
Complitations set in and the young
woman grew rapidly worse. A few
days before the date of the wedding
the invitations were revoked, but the
family was adverse to postponing the
ceremony. The young men came on to
Per. Manor from their homes, arriv
ing on the night that the young girl
There was a consultation in the fam
ily, at the conclusion of which the an
nouncement was made that the double
wedding bhould go on as originally
planned, save that there would be no
guests. In the ordor of flowers about
thtir sister's coffin, only a few feet
away, Helen Grover became Mrs. Dav
enport and Annie Grover became Alrs.
Proudfoot. Dr Grover performed the
ceremony, which was held at 2 o'clock
in the afternoon.
Toe quartette of newly married did
not go on a bridal tour- Theny attend
ed the funeral of the dead girl the next
day, and at this the father officiated
also. The interment to<,k pulace at
Mt Airy Maryland, and besides the
parents the chief mourners were Mr.
and Mrs. D.aven port and Mr. and Mrs.
A Duty to the State.
Editor Aull, of the Newberry Herald
and News, who is also private secretary
to Governor MeS weeney and presiden t
of the State Press Association, writes
to his paper: "I noticed in the pa
pers the other day that Mr. C. A.
Woods, of Darlington, had been sug
ested as the man to succed Dr. Car
lisle as president of Wofford College,
and that Mr. Woods promptly came out
in a card and said he hoped there would
be no necessity for a successor to Dr.
Carlisle for many years yet. I most
heartily concur. Though I see very
little of Dr. Carlisle, yet I know of his
work and of the great influence he is
exerting for good over the lives of the
young men of the State, and I hope to
see him remain in his present position
ntil the summons comes from above
for him to lay down his armor and pass
his mantle to other saoulders and ,ioin
the hosts who have gone before. It
will be time enough then to discuss his
successor. The truly great men in this
State, like Dr. Carlisle, should remain
where their influence will be grca est
in shaping the lives and characters of
he young."
KIled Himself.
Col. Win. F. Wickman. who in some
way unknown shot himself several days
ago, died at his home in Powhattan
ounty, Va., Thursday night. He was
a son of the late Gen. Wickman, the
onfederate cavalry general, and for
many years president of the Chesa
peake and Ohio railroad, and had been
prominent in Republica politics in
Man and Woman Follow the Country
Pair Circuits With Profit.
"I am afraid that this is a very
wicked world," said the Rev. Charles
W. Sutherland, of Detroit, recently.
"MY congregation was kind enough
to offer me a vacation last fall, and I
seized upon the opportunity to visit
the little towns in the state where I
was formerly located, and rene q old ac
"At one of the towns that 1 visited
a country fair was being held, and I re
ceived an invitation to visit the
grounds and perform a wedding that
had been put forward as one of the
leading attractions of the week. The
business men of the place had contrib
uted liberally towards the wedding
presents which were to go to the first
couple who would come forward and
agree to be married on the grounds.
. 'A pair having volunteered I was
asked and married them in the midst of
a cheering crowd.
"A week later I was in another
small town, and it so happened that a
fair was in progress there, too, and a
wedding was the star attraction. I
chancec to visit the grounds during the
day, and the minister who had been
engaged to perform the ceremony fail
ing to appear, I was called upon to act
in his place.
"When I faced the pair I was thun
derstruck to find that they were the
same people that I had married the
week before. I vas so surprised that
I married them again without having
time to think whether I was doing
right or wrong.
"After the ceremony the groom got
me to one side and asked me as a favor
not to give him away, using his lan
guage. He said they made a business
of going around country fairs getting
married, and a word from me would
spoil it all. He said farther that they
were going up in a balooa to be mar
ried the following week, and he would
get me the 'job' if I wanted it. But I
had to decline as politely as I could. I
really think he was disappointed when
I refused."
No Comparison.
The absurdity of comparing Cronje's
capture with Mtjaba is well disclosed
by the celebrated London journalist,
W. T. Stead, as follows: "Nineteen
years ago 551 Britishtroops established
on the top of a mountain were -ittacked
in front by 200 Boers, who swarmed
up the sides of the mountain and de
feated them in a straight. stand-up
fight. The B.>ers lost 8 killed and 9
wounded, while we lost 221 killed and
wounded and 59 prisoners. It was an
honest, straightforward, stand-up
fieht, in which we outnumbered the
Boers by three to one, and where we
also einj yed all the advantages of po
bition. That was the defeat, the some
thing on the slate, the stain of which
after 19 years this Christian nation ex
ulis that it has now wiped off with a
bloody sponge. Four thousand Boers,
with six nine-pounder cannon and two
Maxim;, held at bay for eight days
40,0O0 British troops, supported by a
park of powerful artilery, field pieces,
naval guns and howitzeis, which
pumped lyddite shells upon-an impro
vised laager in a river bed, from dis
tances which were practically out of
range of the Beer rifies. After stand
ing it for eight days the Beers capit
ulated to an overwhelmning force. And
this was the avenging of Majuba! Be
cause they licked us when we only
outnumbered them by three to one, we
derive satisfaction because we have
defeated them when we outnumbered
them by ten to one."~
Postal Money Orders.
First Assistant Postmaster General
Perry J. Heath has just sent out an im
portant order having reference to the
cashing of money orders by postoffices
of the first and second-.:lass. The gist
of this order, which Major Smyth has
received is to caah all money orders
irrespective of the place of payment
named therin. For instance, if a man
in Atlanta has a money order drawn on
Augusta he can get it cashed at the
Atlanta postofflce, provided he is pro
perly identified and the order is perfect
ly regular. in the same way money
orders can be cashed at any first or sec
ond-class postoffiees, although drawn
upon offiees at other points. Further,
by the order many orders can be caahed
at fir.t and second class postoffises
wihout the corresponding advice hav
ing been received of their issuance. A
maa here, for example, who has a
money order from Nishville can get it
cahed before the "advice" has been re
ceived at this office, provided he is
properly identified and the order is regu
lar. Heretofore the rule was that all
money orders must be paid at the post
office on which they are drawn, and
money orders could not be cashed at all
unless the corresponding advices had
been received from the points where is
Straigt 'Talk.
The Washington Post, which is one
of the fairest and most infiuential inde.
pendent newspapers in the United
St ates, has been exceedingly kind to the
administration of late, but cannot ap
prove the action taken in Porto Rico.
Tfhe Post say: "If Porto Rico is to be
sacriiced to the sordid uses of a politi
cal contest, if these innocent and trust
ful people, who welcomed us with open
arms and confided their destinies to our
honor and generosity, are to be immo
lated on the altar of a detestable and
mean party emergency, if it be true that
the Re- publican congr4ss, backed by the
Re publican ad uinistration, deliberately
intend to tread upon the misery and the
helplessness of a people who have
thrown themselves upon our mercy,
then we say-and we believe-that the
country will make haste to denounce
and to condemn and to rebuke an in
famy so monstrous and so i ndefensible."
Two at a Shot.
A dispatch from Greensboro. N. C.,
says three men who were serving out
their sentences on the county roads
about nine miles from there, made a
break for liberty Wednesday afternoon.
The guard fired and two of the convicts
being in line the bullet passed entirely
through one of them, killhng him in
stantly, and wounding the other mor
tality. The third, a white man named
Enna., escaned.
Their Greatest General Dies of
Disease at Pretoria.
Press of England and France Pay
Tribute to the Patriot
and Gallant Gen
A dispatch from Pretoria says Gen.
Joubert, the abiest Boer commander,
lied at that place on Wednesday from
a stomach trouble. The dispatch also
says the town is plunged into mourning
for the true patriot, gallant general and
upright and honorable gentleman. The
Pretoria correspondent of the London
Daily Mail telegraphed Wednesday as
"Gen. Joubert died of peritonitis.
The funeral will take place Thursday.
The government is pleading with Lhe
widow to allow a temporary interment
here, with a state funeral. Joubert
always expressed a desire to be buried
in a mausolem built on his fa-m. His
successor in the chief command will
probably be Gen. Lewis Botha, now
commanding in Natad."
The London newspapers publishlong
biographies of Gen. Joubert, referring
to him in a kindly tone. The P411
Mali Gazette says: "Piet Joubert was
the one contemporary Transvaal Baer,
except ex Justice Kcnze, whose death
could call forth a sincere tribute of re
spect from E iglishmen of all parties.
Ile was the antiphodes in the Trans
vaal world of Leyds, and personally,
was honest, straight and clean handed."
A dispatch from Paris says the press
of that city is unanimous in ealogizing
the late Gea. Joubert, whose death is
considered a serious loss to the feder
als. All the papers agree in thinking
that a change in the chief command is
bound to have grave consequences f ar
the Boer operations. Many think,
however, that President Kruger is ful
ly equal to the task, and that, consid
ering his military reputation the resist
ance of the Baers is likely to beomes
more stubborn than ever.
L't, L t : - I . r .
The recent marriage of Albert 3.
Talbott, of Paris Ky., to Miss Lucy
Biggstaff, of Batn county, brings to
light some very romantic features, as
told by one of the chi'ef actors in the
drama. A bout a year ago, Martin Tal
bott, a middle aged farmer, residing
near this city, while on a visit in Bath
county, became acquainted with Miss
Lucy Biggstaff, a pretty young women
of Oingsville, and they became be
trothed. 0 ie day Talbott took his
younger brother, Albert Talbott, the
horseman, to Miss Biggstaffs home.
Albert, in turn, fell a victim to her
charms. On the day set for the mar!
riage Martin Talbott, accompanied by
Albert-who was to be the best man
proceeded to Owingsville, where he
secured a license to marry Miss Bigg
staff. Albert remarked to Martin:
"Look here, Martin, you are too old to
marry that girl. Let me have her."
Martin would not consent, but pro
posed to lay the matter before the
young woman and abide her decision.
When the case was laid before Miss
Biggstaff, to Martin's great surprise, she
said that she loved Albert best. Mar
tin relinquished all claims, the license
was destroyed, a new one authorisiag
the marriage of Albert R. Talbott and
Lucy Biggstaff secured, and they were
married. Martin took the matter
philosophically and acted as beat man
at the ceremony.
Some Good. Advice.
We all know how some women after
a year or two of married life, get care
less about their dress," says a laly
novelist. "They seem to think that
their fortune is made, and it isa't
necessary to arrang, the hair beco:ning
ly, and put on a pretty gona, jast for
their husbands. This is an error that
arises from laz'.ness. Men like to see
their wives look pretty, just as they
did when they were sweethearts. Taste
a womn a's advice, aai if yoa can have
but one attractive goava, let thrt be the
one yin wear indoors. laE i vor to
have datatily arraapi. ht aila a neat
and simple costa~n: fir bre ukfast. 'Go
in largely for laes. A mia is very
fond of frials; bits of white an3us the
neck and wrists allays appual strangly
to him. Have well fitting boots, or
slippers, as the case miy be, san, is
fact, stuiy to make yourself just as
winsome after the fish is hanled as
when you were nt so sure of him."
Declares for McKinley.
As between McKinley and Brysn
The Greenville News is distictly for
31cKinley. We rerard him as reper
senting not our puitieal principles, but
the progress and commiercial prosperity
of the country. Oa the o:her hand
Colonel Bryan is in our vies, as far
from democratic priaciples as McKin
ley is, and represents stagnation and
commercial disaster. Between a Res
publican representing prosperity and
sanity and a populist representing
disaster, lunacy and irresponsibility,
we are for the Republican. This
because we are interested in the good
of the contry more th'an in the sue
cess of any special crowd of politicians.
-Greenville News.
- A Queer Postoffice.
The smallest, simplest, and best
protected postoffce in the world, says
an exchange, is in the Straits of Magel
Ian, and has been there for many years.
It consists of a small painted keg or
cask, and is chained to the rocks of the
extreme cape in such a manner that it
fi ats free, opposite Terra del Fuego.
Each pasaing ship sends a boat to take
letters out and put others in.
This curious postoffice is uprovided
with a postmaster, and is, therefore,
under the protection of all the navies
of the world. Never in the history of
this unique "office" have its privileges
been abused.
Senators have passed a resolution
calling upon Secretary Root to explain
his action in granting an exclusive con
cession to G. W. F.&terly, deputy au
ditor in the state department, to mine
the gold hed of the sea of Uane NIomeb

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