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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, May 16, 1900, Image 1

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Against the State for Arms Taken
During the War.
Matter Involving a Considerable
Sum cf Money Which
the State Wili Have
to Consider.
Governor McSweeney has received
from Washington another claim against
the State government by the Federal
government resulting from the War of
Secessions. The following letter re
ceived yesterday explains the claim:
Washington, May S, 1900.
To the Governor of the State of South
Carolina, Columbia, S. C.
Sir: Oa Dec. 10 1S97 the second audi
tor stated an account with the State of
South Carolina and certified a balance
due the Uaited States of $240,479.-9.
This balance arose from the following
charge made in the account:
"1879, Nov. 28. To Frederick C.
Humphries. military storckeeper: For
the value of ordnance, ordnance stores,
clothing, camp and garrison equipage
taken from him by force by Col. Cun
ningham. Seventeenth infantry, S. C.
militia, Dec. 30, 1860, acting under the
order of Gov Pickens of South Caro
lina, $340,479,89."
It appears that a charge was raised
against said Humphrevs, in settlement
No. 1082, dated June 11, 1861, of this
amount by reason of the loss of the
stores, etc., described and that upon
the recommendation of the secretary of
war, dated Nov. 15. 1879, under section
1304, revised statutes, this charge was
removed by crediting him with the same
amount in settlement. No. 9249,
dated Nov. 24, 1879. The same amount
was thereupon charged by the auditor
to the State of South Carolina in the
account referred to above. That bal
ance. however, was not admitted and
certified by the second comptroller, but
under date of March 16, 1880, the ac
count was returned by him to the see
ond auditor, with the following endorse
ment thereon:
"It being doubtful whether the State
of South Carolina can properly be
charged with the value of the ordnance,
etc., within mentioned, and it not ap
pearing to be necessary to decide the
question in adjusting the accounts of
Capt. Humphreys, this report is
respectfully returned unconfirmed."
In a letter from the second comp
troller to the second auditor, dated
Dec. 17, 1S79, referring to this account
he said: "Doubts exist whether the act
of the governor of that State in connec
tion with taking stores from the custody
of F. C. Humphreys, military store
keeper, U. S. A., was an act of the
State in its sovereign capacity."
This would appear to be the reason,
although not expressly .-o stated, upon
which the second com-,rolier declined
to confirm the report of the seeend
The evidence upon which this ac
count with the State of South Carolina
was stated appears to be in part as fol
In the settlement of the property ac
counts of the said Humnphreys a defi
ciency in the quantity of stores for
which he was occountable was ascer
tained, the money value of whieh was
determined in making settlement No.
1082, and the amount thereof charged
to him. It was also ascertained that
the deficiency was caused by the loss
of the stores seized by the State of
South Carolina on Dec. 30, 1860.
On June 18, 1378, in response to a
request by the secona auditor, the adjui
tant general transmitted copies of cer
tain orders, and reports on file in the
war department, among which are the
Teigram from F. C. Humphrevs to
the ordnance bureau, dated Charleston,
S. C., Dec. 30,1860: "This arsenal has
today been taken by force of arms.
What disposition am I to make of my
Order for surrender of arsenal:
Charleston, Dec. 29, 1860.
Sir: I herewith demand an immediate
surrender of the tUnited States arsenal
at this place and under your charge,
and a delivery to me of the keys and
contents of the arsenal's magazines,
etc. I am already proceeding to oc
cupy it with a strong armed detach
ment of troops. I make the demand in
the name of the State of South Caro
lina and by virtue of order from its
governor, a copy of which is enclosed.
Very respectfully,
John Cunningham,
Col. 17th Reg. Infantry, S. C. V.
Order from the Governor of South
Headquarters, Charleston. S. C.
Dec. 29, 1860.
Col. John Cunningham, Charleston,
S. C.
Sir: in the morning, after reporting
yourself to Ms.jor Gen. Sehneile and in
forming him of this order, you are di
rected to get from him a detachment of
select men, and in the most discreet
and forbearing manner, you will pro
ceed to the United States arsenal in
Charleston and there demand, in my
name, its entire possession and state
distinctly that you do this with a view
to prevent any destruction of public
property that may occur in the present
excited state of the public mind, and
also as due to the public safety.
You will then proceed to take in the
most manner a correct inventory of
everything in said arsenal and the ex
act state of all arms. You will read
this order to Capt. Humphreys, who is
the United States officer at the arsenal.
I do not apprehend any difficulty in
giving up the same, but if refused, then
you are to take it, using no more force
than may be absolutely neccessary, and
with the greatest discretion and liber
ality to Capt. Bumphreys, who is at
perfect liberty to remain in his present
quarters as long as it may be agrceable
for himself, and he is requested to do
Report as soon as possible to me.
(Signed) F. W. Pickens.
Surrender of the Arsenal.
Charleston Arsenal, Dee. 30, 1860.
Col. John Cunningham, Seventeenth
Reg. Inft. S. C. MI.
Sir: T am con.+~ra int comply
with your request for the surrender of
this arsenal from the fact that I have
no force for its defense. I do so, how
ever, solemnly protesting against the
illegality of this measure in the name
of my government.
(Signed) F. C. Humphrecs,
Military Storekeeper Ordnarco U. S. A.
Report of the surrender made by F.
C. Humphreys to the ordnance bureau
under the date of Jan. 3, 1SG1:
"I will now proceed to make a de
tailed report of the facts relative to the
surrender cf this arsenal.
'On Sunday morning last Col. Cun
nicaham marched a strong detachment
of armed men into this arsenal and de
manded the suretiderin the name of
South Carolina and by order of Gov.
Pickens. Having no force to make a
defense,.I surretLdered under a protest
and demanded the privilece of saluting
my fia; before lowering it and of tak
ing it with me and that the command
should occupy the quarters until in
struct:.ons could be received from the
war department, which was granted.
"Soon after the arsenal and maga
zine were both opened and the arms,
ammunition, accoutrements, etc , have
'een constantly issued since."
This account has been brought to
the attention of the comptroller of the
treasury for his action in pursuance of
Sec. 21 of the act of July 31, 1891 (28
Statutes), which is as follows:
"All accounts stated by the auditor
before the 1st day of Oct., 1994, and
then pending for settlementin the of
fices of the first and second comptroller
of the co:nmissioner of customs shall
be reviewed by the comptroller of the
treasury in the manner provided by ex
isting law, and the balances arising
thereon shall be certified the division
of the bookkeeping and warrants."
Befote taking the action required by
the statutes these facts are submitted
for you to furnish couter evidence.
P. J. Traswell
A Man Who Wants to Work on the
Christian Sabbath.
Gov. 'YeSweeney recently received
the following letter:
Autun, S. C , May 7, 1900.
To His Highness, Governor, S. C.
Please excuse me for interrupting
you, but as a law abiding citizen I be
lieve that I have a right under the con
stitution of the State and of the United
States to "petition the government for
redress of grievances." Does not the
constitution prohibit congress from
"making an establishment of religion,
or to prohibit the free exercise thereof."
And are not we endowed by our Creator
with certain unalienable rights; that
among these are life, liberty and the
pursuit of happiness?" Is not the
liberty of the conscience the greatest
of all liberties-the liberty to worship
God according to the dictates of one's
own conscience? Is not government
in tituted among men for the purpose
of protecting the people in the enjoy
ment of these rights? And yet there
is a law in our beloved State making
the establishment of the Sunday Sab
bath. thus showirg favor to ono class
(Sunday religionists) and persecuting
another class (those who believe that
the seventh instead of the first day of
the week is the Sabbatb). Much scrip
ture can be cited in support of the
seventh day Sabbath, but we do not
think it necesssary just now. A poor
man's time and his labor is his property
but the government is robbing some of
its citizens of one-sixth of that con
stantly, for after they have conscien
tiously observed the seventh day ac
cording to the commandment they are
made to be idle also the first day. There
are a number of such Christian men
who love their Saviour and His com
mandments under your jurisdietion
who are thus made to suffer. Their
families are needing the other sixth of
their time and labor. Now in the
name of liberty and justice what is to
be done? Believe me for I am sincere
in this matter.
Hoping that this may have your seri
ous consideration and support immedi
ately, I remain yours very humbly.
A Notable Trial Recalled.
Thomas Dudley died recently of bu.
bonic plague at Sydney, New South
Wales. in 1884 he was a defendant in
a celebrated leading case on murder.
Ddley undertook to sail the yacht
Mignonette from England to Australia
with a crew of three persons, one a boy.
The yacht was swamped in a storm soon
after crossing the equator and the crew
escped in a small boat with no water
and two pounds of turnips for their only
provisions, but they caught a small tur
te. After twelve days that food gave
out and eight days later Dudley killed
the boy, who was dying of weakness,
ud they lived on his flesh four days.
They were rescued, brought to England
where they were tried for murder and
put in a plea of 'homicide by necessi
ty." The full court of Queen's Bench
decided that it was murder and sen
tenced the men to death, a sentence
commuted at once by the Home Secre
tary to a few months' imprisonment.
A Counterfeit Bill.
The Treasury Department has given
notice to the banks of a new $20 coun
terfeit legal-tender note that is being
circulated. The counterfeit is of series
of 1880; check letter A; plate number
7; J. Fount Tillman, Register; D. N.
Morgan, Treasurer; portrait of Hamil
ton; small carmine seal. This note is
printed from engraved plates, and the
work upon the face and back is of a
high order of excellence. The charac
ter of this note was suspected by Ben
jamin F. Chatham, paying teller of
Penn National Bank, of Philadelphia,
who submitted it to the Sub treasury in
Philadelphia for examination, where
the spurious character of the note was
finally determined. This is the most
dangerous counterfeit that has appeared
since the one hundred dollar Monroe
head silver certificate in January, 1998.
Murder Wifll Out.
It looks as if the coils of an outraged
law were gracually tightening around
some of the defendants accused of the
foul crime of assassination in Kentucky.
It would be indeed singular of such an
assassination as that of Gov. Goebel,
committed in broad day light upon the
grounds of a State capitol, should re
main such a mystery that its perpetra
trs could for any considerable time go
Prohibitory Liquor Law as It Is
Enforced in Maine.
By Committee of Good Citizens.
Ascertained Facts Which
May be News to
Some People.
A correspondent of the Daily Eastern
Argus, of Portland, Maine, writing
from Auburn, Maine, says:
November last, at a meeting of citi
zens of Auburn, Maine, and Lewiston
a committeewas appointed to investi
gate the methods employed by the offi
cials in enforcing the prohibitory liquor
law in the two cities and in Androscog
gin county. This committee was as
follows: Ara Cushman, one of the
wealthiest shoe manufacturers of Au
burn and well known throughout New
England; the Rev. 0. A. Koickerbock
er, pastor of the Elm Street Universal
ist church of Auburn, formerly of
Dorchester, Mass ; W. A. Robinson, a
prominent business man of Auburn;
Rev. J. S. Darkee, pastor of the Court
Street Free Baptist clhurch of Auburn,
Rev. Geo. M. Howe, pastor of the Pine
Street Congregational chureb of Lewis
ton, and S. B. Hayes, a prominent
business man and a deacon in the Pine
Street Congregational church of Lewis
The committee has made a thorough
investigation of the methods employed
in the enforcement of the prohibitory
law and at a meeting held in Auburn
Hall May 2 the result of the investiga
tions of the committee was presented
by the Rev. Mr. Knickerboceer in a
report which he wrote.
To say that the reading of the report
created a sensation is expressing the
fact mildly. That the prohibitory law
is not enforced has been well known,
but that there is such a wholesale nul
lification of the law was a surprise to
many of the prominent people present.
The character of the men who compose
the investigating committee removes
from it all suspicion that the report is
from a partisan standpoint or designed
for a personal attack upon the officials
whose duty it is to enforce the law.
After the reading of the report re
marks were made by a number of the
prominent men present, among whom
were Prof. Thos. L. Angell of Bates
ollege, who presided, Prof. H. R. Pu
rinton of Bates College, Ara Cushman
and Rey. J. S. Durkee of Auburn and
Rev. Geo. M. Howe of Lewiston. The
speakers voiced the sentiment that the
prohibitory law while designed for the
total suppression of the liquor traffic is
now by the county and city officiais and
the courts made simply a regulation.
The report of the committee follows:
Your committee begs leave to submit
the following report as embodying in
outline the main results of the work
which has been done since the commit
tee was appointed. We should have
been glad to report earlier; but the
field which we have tried to cover has
been a large one and the thoroughness
with which we have covered it will we
trust, alone in your minds for the de
Thz, resolution adopted at the first
meeting in this hall under which this
committee was appointed was stated in
these words: "It is the sense of this
meeting that a committee be appointed
to confer with the citizens of the county
for the purpose of perfecting an organi
zation whose purpose shall be to secure
the better enforcement of the laws of
Maine against crime and particularly of
the prohibitory-liquor-law." This res
olution, you will notice, assumes that
the prohibitory liquor law is not being
enforced as well as it might be. Under
this resolution your committee has
acted and to-night we are ready to show
just how much truth there is in the
assumption that the prohibitory liquor
law is not being enforced so well as it
might be.
We have conferred with the offcials
whose duty it is to see that the law is
enforced and we have been assured that
it is being enforced as thoroughly as
possible. We have found that the
sheriff and his deputies are tender.
hearted and have no desire to persecute
anyone; that they do not want to make
any liquor seller feel that he has been
singled out for the law's assaults, but
that it is their fixed policy to treit all
about alike; to raid them at irregular
intervels and secure evidence against
them where possible so that a largei
number of them shall be presented for
trial at such term of court. Then the
court deals with them in as tender and
considerate a way as the officers and
meantime and all the time, with almost
no exception, the business of liquor
selling goes on. While the liquor deal
er is facing the judge in court, to re
eive his sentence f r violating the law
of the State, his place of business is
open and his barkeepers are as busy as
The officers claim that the method
they pursue is restricting the business
and closing some places. All the evi
dence your committee has been able to
gather, after me::! pains.taking investi
gation, goes to show that the business
of liquor selling is not being restricted
in Androscogginl eventy; that number
of places where liquor is sold is being
diminished and that with the past year
new places have been opened.
Still further it is plain that the busi
ness is not being iriven into the dark.
Liquor selling is done openly and bars
with their furnishings of glasses anid
bottles may be seen from the street.
The court in pursuance, presumably,
of a policy of harmony with the mild
and inocuous method which the officers
follow, seems inclined to keep within a
certain restriated area of penalty, fol
lowing it would seem, not the pro
visions of the statutes in such cases
made and provided; but the purely
negative method of not hurting any
body's feelings excepting the temper
ane people, and asking the offenders
against the liquor law to contribute a
small amount toward the finances of the
county. For instance, I have taken
the names of fifty of the liquor sellers
of Lewiston, nearly all of whom have
been in business a number of years. Of
ese 50 th names of 30 appear on the
court docket at least once, many of
them more than once, for the four
terms of court beginning Jan. 1899.
Against these 39 law-breakers there
were during the four terms of court, 182
complaints and indictments, 83 of these
were nol-prossed, 17 were assigned to
the special docket and 13 continues for
sentence, which means to all intents and
purposes, that 113 of these complaints
and indictments were brushed aside.
This leaves 69 cases against the 39 men
during the four terms of court, or an
average of somewhat less than two
counts against each individual for that
length of time.
The average total fine imposed upon
these 39 men under these 69 cases dur
ing these four terms of court was $324,
and every one of the 39, with one ex
ception, he is in jail, is in business to
day, and so far as we can learn has
never been out of business for a day dur
ing the time covered by these calcula
tions, it would seem therefore that the
policy of the court and of the officers, is
not one of repression; not one of en
forcement of law; but simply one where
by a certain amount of revenue may be
secured to the county. That this policy
is general throughout the State is
proved by the fact that in some counties
no raids are made either by the local of
ficers, but that every year the liquor
dealers are rounded up and made to pay
a fine, which in one county to which my
attention has been directed, amounts
on the average to $180 a year. This
method is surely more economical than
the one which is persued in Androscog
gin county, and seems to secure the
desired end without friction. That it
should be without friction, it is well to
note, may not be wholly to the credit
either to the officials, the courts or-the
temperance peole. but is surely no re
flection upon the liquor sellers.
My attention has been repeatedly call
ed to the fact that local officers, after
making raids and securing in some
cases large quantities of liquor, have
found the grand jury under some cir
cumstances unwilling to grant an in
dictment; and the ease, after passing
through the municipal court, has been
dropped and the liquors returned.
Equally suggestive is the fact that
business men, men of inflnence in the
county politically, socially and in some
I am lead to believe, religiously, stand
in the way of the law's enforcement;
stand in the way even of the attempts
which are made to enforce it. ane not
infrequently by personal solicitation
seek to turn the officers from the plain
path of their official duties-because,
forsooth-interference with certain
liquor dealers would be detrimental to
Can we blame the officers for regard
ing such advice as an indication of a
prevailing sentiment sufficiently strong
to warrant them in regulating their of
icial conduct by it?
And is it not in accordance with the
dictates of a similar sentiment that the
courts consent to persae what can be
regarded as nothing more than an easy
routine which blessed the liquor deal
ers while it curses the law?
It is this addition of a little legal
sugar to Maine's Illegal whiskey that
is bringing our grand old State into
contempt abroad and into civil paralysis
at home, from which rescue is possi
ble only as a quickened publio consci
ence and enlightened seal cleanse this
law in its enforcement, or, in the Dame
of outraged decency and a forgotten
God, wipe it off the statute books.
It will be impossible for me to give
you in detail the result of the commit
tee's investigatins. It would require
hours of your time to do so. A few
cases, as typical of a great many which
we have classified I do wish to present
both as giving you some idea of the
kind of work your committee has been
doing, the trustworthyness of its deduc
tions; and as revealing more complete
ly the methods of the court.
Then followed a number of cases of
Lewiston liquor dealers showing how
many cases had been brought against
them and how they are disposed of.
None of them differed in any essential
particulars. The report is signed by
Rev. C. A. Knickerbocker for the com
Picked Up at Sea.
The steamer El Palso from New
York to New Orleans arrived at the
latter port Wednesday with the Second
Mate Willoughby M. Moore and 14 of
the crew of the wrecked British steamer
Virginia. This vessel, Capt. Charle~s
Samuel, from Daiquiri, Cuba, or Balti
more, 'with a cargo of iron ore and a
crew of 25 men stranded on Diamond
Shoals, about t o'clock on the evening
of last Wed nesdasy week about 12 miles
off Cape Hatteras. Mate Moore and
the crew, as soon as they arrived in
New Orleans went to the o iae of
British Consul Van Sittart. They re
lated a tale of great suffering and hard
ship. Moore and the 14 men with him
managed to get into a boat after the
stranding of the vessel but were unable
to make shcore on account of high wind
from the land and were driven out
into the open sea. El Palso sighted
the forlorn crew of the wrecked Vir
ginia and they were soon taken aboard.
The British consul will send the men
to Baltimore. Mate Moore stated that
when left the Virginia Capt. Samuels
and the first mate and the other mem
bers of the crew were crowded upon the
bridge. Five men were drowned before
they left.
The Cotton Crop.
Hester's analysis of the cotton move
ment for the eight months of the sea
son, September 1 to the close of April,
inclusive, shiows as compared with the
crop movemernt of last year that Texas,
including the Indian Territory, brought
into sight in round figures 907,000
bales less, while other gulf States, in
cluding Arkansas, Louisiana, Missis
sippi, Tennessee, Missouri and Okla
homa, marketed 508,000 less, and the
group Atlantic States which includes
North and South Carolina, Georgia,
Florila, Alabama and Virginia show a
decrease of 541,000 bales. making a
decrease in the total crop marketed of
1,956,000. The total crop in sight at
the close .* A pril is 8,550,883.
An Old Roman Camp.
In excavating the old Roman camp
of Carnuntum near Haimburg on the
Danube, between Vienna and Prees
burg, the explorers have come upon an
armory and provision house containing
1,037 weapons and pieces of armor and
stores of barely, peas, etc. A great
many inscriptions were found as well,
and the means by which the camp was
suplied with water
Such Was the Action of the
Populist Convention.
The Man in Whom Populists
Have Greatest Confidence.
Towne Nominated for
Vice. President.
The Populist Convention, which met
at Sioux Fall, S. D., on Wednesday and
adjourned Thursday, nominated Bryan
for President and Towne for Vice-Presi
dent. Bryan was nominated by accla
mation, but there was a long discussion
about nominating a vice-presidential
Chairman Patterson made a bitter
argument against "repeating the fatal
mistake of four years ago." Senator
Marion Butler strongly advocated a
nomination as essential to the welfare
of the party. A compromise proposi
tion was submitted by George F. Wash
burn of Massachusetts, who advocated
the naming of several men to be pre
sented to the Democratic national con
vention, any of whom would be accept
able to the Populists.
There was considerable talk about a
compromise, which it was hoped will
be acceptable both to the friends of Mr.
Towne and to those who are opposed to
making a nomination. This compro
mise is to nominate Mr. Towne and to
appoint a committee to submit his name
to the Democratic national convention,
Mr. Towne to withdraw in case the
Demociats do not accept.
Before the matter was disposed of the
platform committee report arrived and
it was read by Committeeman Gillette
of Iowa. The long financial plank, in
cluding the denunciation of the recent
banking law and especially the demand
for free silver at 16 to 1, was received
with wild cheering. When that portion
of the plank extending sympathy to the
South African republics, denouncing
any alliance with foreign powers was
read, the convention broke into wild
applause and the direct election of
United Senators demand also evoked
considerable applause.
Jerry Simpson moved the adoption
of the platform and was seconded by
half a dozen delegates. A delegate
from Michigan objected as the platform
arried no pledge of support to the
candidate to be nominated. He made a
motion to that effect. A standing vote
was taken and every delegate in the
tent arose amid great cheering.
Speaker Patterson announced the
platform unanimously adopted and said
the next in order was the presentation
of candidates for the presidential nomi
nation. Then he immediately intro
duced Senator Allen of Nebraska. This
could mean but one man and that was
Bryan, and instantly the convention
was on its feet cheering frantically,
waving flags, hats and handkerchiefs.
enator Allen spoke as follows:
"He embodies in his political con
ictions, in his life, all that is good in
an American citizen, all that is pure
and loyal, all that the most exacting
ould desire; a stateman of ripe experi
nce, a philosopher, a patriot without
a peer on this or any other continent.
Peerless, bold, determined, thoroughly
united to the interests of the great mass
of his countrymen, he would make and
will make an ideal candidate for the
exalted office of president of these
United States. Since the result of the
election in 1896 was known to the
American people, among the fusion
forces of the United States there has
been but one name connected with the
office and with the nomination at this
He is the embodiment of all that
opposes plutocraeg, that opposes greed,
that opposes the exercises of criminal
power in public life. He is in my judg
ment the most perfect American citi
en of the age. I think he is an orator,
a statesman, the equal of Webster and
Clay if not their superior. He was a
Nebraskan, but belongs now to the
world. Without further discussion,
without further description of this
magnificent man, I present to this con
vention, this hero, statesman and ora
tor, William Jennings Bryan.
"'I don't want to see the folly of 1896
repeated. It was an anomaly in the
history of this country. Let us con
sult, not our emotions, not our desires,
not our impulses, but our judgment and
do that which the fature will approve."
The announcement of Mr. Bryan's
name was the signal for more enthu
iastic outhursts.
Gen. James B. Weaver of Iowa was
introduced. Another -round of cheers
rang out as the veteran from Iowa came
forward to second the nomination of
Mr. Bryan. He made an eloquent
Jerry Simpson declared Bryan repre
sented the struggle for human rights.
Q. F. Washington of Massachusetts see
ondIs Bryan as the hope of the nation
and Cyclone Davis of Texas seconded
him as the only man who can "tIirottle
the oppressors of the people." Loud
calls for "Butler." Briefly Senator
Btler seconded the nomination. He
said every Populist in the United
States will put into this fight all that
,is in .his power.
"Mr. Chairman," interrupted Senator
Albn, amid perfect silence, "I move
tat the rules of this conventxi be
suspended and William Jennings Bry
an be nominated by acclamation for
president of the United States."
As one man the convention arose.
Hats, canes, umbrellas and flags were
waved in the air amid deafening cheers
while the band played "Old Hundred."
A Bryan picture was hoisted to the
desk while the convention applauded
frantically. Chairman Patterson an
nounced the nomination unanimous.
Then the delegates settled for the
fight on the vice presidential nomina
tion which was next on the programme.
Gen. Weaver pleaded for a conference
with the Democratic party. "Nomi-,
nate any one here." he said, "and you
won't get him at Kansas City." Gerry
Brown of Massachusetts opposed the
conference plan. After some further
discussion, C. A. Towne was nominated
as candidate for vice-president. The
envntinni than nadonneda sin, die.
Expectations More Than Realized.
Everybody Delighted.
Columbia, May 5.-Special: The
Festival of Music and Art, recently
mentioned in this correspondence, was
altogether a great success. Being the
first of its kind that has been given in
the past few years, it was perhaps
natural to expect that the attendance
might be somewhat smaller than the
Musical Association and friends could
wish. But there was a large audience
at each of the three concerts. The
hall of the House of Representatives
was well filled at the two night enter
tainments every seat on the floor was
The music was throughout of a very
high order-each of the performers ex
hibiting the qualities of an artist.
The quartet-soprano, contralto,
tenor and baritone-was strikingly well
trained, each voice showing to advant
age, yet all uniting to make a most
harmonious and effective chorus.
Mme. Cleanora Meredith has a so
prano that may be said to have few
superiors, whatever qualities may be
considered as essential. Her training
is of the very highest order, her com
pass extraordinary and her execution
(especially in the highest tones) really
wonderful. At the first hearing there
is some impression of the mechanical.
But this soon gives place to apprecia
tion of the power of her voice and her
admirable enunciation. She made a
fine impression throughout.
Miss Mray Louise Clary is the pos
sessor of a genuine contialto voice of
rare compass and still more rare pow
er. Some of her notes, from their
strength and depth, might be account
ed masculine but for that extraordinary
sweetness which makes them as those
of a woman who, artist as she is, feels
all that she sings. Miss Clary was en
cored after each of her solos, and she
was manifestly the favorite from first
to last. .
Mr. William H. Reiger, the tenor,
sings beautifully. His training has
evidently been of a most thorough
character, but it has not affected that
love of music which makes Mr. Rieger's
own music delightful throughout. His
voice is natural-altogether free from
that straining observable in so many
tenors. His enunciation is most excel
lent, and his general style "taking'I in
the extreme. He left a fine impres
Mr. Heinrich Meyn has a baritone
notable less for.power than for smooth
ness, expressiveness, and what might
be termed tunefulness. His enuncia
tion is excellent, and he sings always
in good taste.
Miss Celia Schiller, the pianiste, has
perfect command of the instrument and
plays always in excellent taste. She
was a favorite with the audience, whose
appreciation of each of her solos was
enthusiastically shown.
An expert performer on the harp is
rarely heard. Such, indeed, is Mr.
John Cheshire. No sweeter music
ever charmed an audience than what he
gave during the Festival. He has mar
velous command of the instrument, his
softest notes (sometimes barely audible)
being as clear, as expressive, as his
strongest. His renditions were a fea
ure at each entertainment.
None of all the music was more ap
preciated than was the chorus from
Waner's "Flytng Dutchman," given
by sixty young ladies of the Presby
terian College for Women, ude: the
direction of Mr. H. J. F. Mayser with
MiPs Ida Missildino as accompanist.
There was evidence of admirable train
ing, whilst the naturalness of the sing
ing was one os its chief attractions.
The "May Queen," a cantata by Sir
W. Sterndale Bennett, was given by a
mixed chorus of 40 voices, under the
direction ~of Mr. Mayser, with Miss
Missiline as accompanist, the quartet
of professionals also taking part. In
every part the music was most excellent.
Taken as a whole, the Festival may
be accounted a decided success. That
success rcieets especial credit upon Mr.
H. J. F. Mayser, director of the depart
ment of music in the Presbyterian Col
lege for Women. The really arduous
work of planning and preparation fell
chiefy.upon him. How well he met
expectation and responsibility alike is
sufficietly attested by the high-class
yet, really enjoyable entertainments
which were the outcome of his plans.
Nor must it be forgotten that an ele
ment in the success of the Festival-es
sential to its inception and to its con
summation-is the musical taste of
Columbia, to the culture and the eleva
tion of which no one influence has con
tributed more than the Presbyterian
College for Women.
The art exhibit was no less appre
ciated than the concerts. Large crowds
of people interested in art took advan
tage of this opportunity to Eee some of
its finest productions.
Already people are talking of next
year's Festival-for it is to be of annual
An Old Relie.
The stone house at Tappan, N. Y.,
where Major Andre was imprisoned un
til his execution, at the time of the
revolutionary war, is just entering a
new phase in its checkered history.
For two years past it was run as a hotel,
but recently the license of the proprie
tor, Charles A. Pike, was revoked, and
now the historic house and grounds
have been leased to parties from New
York city, who will turn the place into
a soap factory. The building stands
within sight of the spot where Andre
was executed, and for more than half
a century no visitor was permitted to
enter it. A few years ago a part of the
house was blown down by a severe gale,
and the property was then purchased
by Mr. Pike, who restored it to its
former condition.
Made Big Koney.
The report of the year ended Dec. 31,
submitted at the annual meeting of the
American Tobacco company at New
York Wednesday shows: Net earnings
$5.202,384, increase $244,580; surplus
$23,575,430, increase $1,017,741; de
dut scrip dividend $21,000,000; leaves
available surplus $2,575,430, decrease
A Hot Time.
A riot in a debating society near
Mountain Grove, Mo., resulted in one
of the three judges suffering the loss of
three teeth, another a broken rib and
the third a broken nose, while two of
the debaters emerged from the argu
ment with henn bnes.
C. A. Town Named by the Populists for
31r. J. W. Bowles, of St. Paul, who
nominated Charles A. Town for the
vice-prcsidency, spoke of him as fol
lows: "In my judgment it would have
been wiser and better for us all to have
held this conventi-n at the same time
and place fixed upon by our allies. We
must make no mistake in the choosing
of a oreditable candidate for the office
of vice-president. No ordinary offer
ing will likely be acceptable to them.
He must be a man of recognized hon
esty, ability and courage. If we offer
such a candidate we can rely upon the
party who gave us Wm. J. Bryan and
the Chicago platform in 1896 to heartily
endorse him. If we do this we will
crystalize the voters who are opposed
to the policy and methods of the Re
publican party into a grand, invincible
phalanx, which will move on to victory
at the polls. I am proud of the privi
lege to name, in behalf of my State, one
of her citizens, whom we offer as a can
didate-a man preeminently qualified in
all respects to stand beside the match
less Bryan as his running mate in this
great race for liberty and human rights.
The man whom I have in minc was born
and reared in the State of Michigan.
In 1894 he ran as an anti-machine can
didate for congress on the Republican
ticket and was elected by 10,000 ma
jority, overcoming an opposition ma
jority of 500 votes. He was then, as
now, a pronounced advocate of bimet
talism. He had the honesty and cour
age to adhere to his convictions and
when his party in convention at Sc.
Louis in '96 turned its back upon bi
mettalism he, with other great leaders,
walked out of the convention and sup
ported the allied ticket and cause in
that ever memorable contest. In 1896
and again in 1898 he was the fusion
candidate for member of congress in
the Sixth Minnesota district and in
both contests came within a few hun
dred votes of being elected, although
he was made a special target of Mark
Hanna and his well known methods.
Such courage as he displayed in turn
ing his back on preferment and reward
at the hands of a rich and powerful
party and following his honest convic
tion, to meet defeat, has proved his
title to our confidence. Such courage
as he has displayed may well stand be
side that of him who, on that morning
of 1898, stood on the bridge of his flag
ship and piloted his ship over death
dealing mines to fierce battle and tri
umph over the Spanish navy at Manila
The Telegraphers Are Left Holding
the Empty Bag,
A dipatch from Atlanta, Ga., says
President W. V. Powell of the Order of
Railway Telegraphers issued an order
effective at 11 a. m., Tuesday, formal
ly discontinuing the strike of the
Southern railway telegraphers, de
clared April 12, 1900.
In his statement President Powell
announces the decision of the officers
of the order regarding the strike. He
states that the telegraphers can now
apply to the Southern for employipent
without being considered by the order
as scabs but advises them not to do so.
He says:
"It is to be regretted that some of
the purposes for which the strike was
inaugurated are not entirely success
ful. Had all of the members of the or
ganization and those who agreed to
support it in this struggle remained
loyal to the cause, it would have been
possible to give to you the notice of a
complete victory."
President Powell asserts that while
the strike controversy is ended the boy
cott feature on the Southern will be
continued by the order and concludes
his statement as follows: "The fight
against the Southern railway will never
be stopped by the organization until
such time as it concedes the things de
manded by its telegraphers. The re
fusal of which led to the inauguration
of a strike on the Southern's lines at
11 a. mn., April 12th, 1900."
It is stated from the strikers' head
quarters that many of the telegraphers
formerly employed by the Sauthern
are seeking positions on western roads
and some are entering other employ
ment. The daily strike edition of The
Journal of Labor, through the coia-nns
of which the fight has been vigorously
waged, annonneed its discontinuance in
Tuesday's issue.
Two Tramns Collide.
A head end collision occurred on the
Charleston and Savannah road at half
past one o'clock Wednesday morning.
Near Hardeeville. Beaufoart county,
train 23 of the Plant System south
bound, and the north bound passenger
of the Southern No, 36, came together.
The colored fireman on the Southern's
train was instantly killed, and the
engineer was seriously injured. Three
mail clerks on train 23 were badly in
jared. A number of passengers were
hurt, but none received fatal injuries.
The Plant system train was late and it
is understood, was trying to make the
siding when the wreck occurred. Both
engines were. wrecked. Some of the
passenger coaches were damaged to con
siderable extent. The wreck caused
great confusion. The three mail clerks
were brought to Charleston, and placed
in the hospital. They are receiving the
most skillful attention. The others
injured were taken to Savannah and
Waycross. A number of surgeons and
physicians were taken to the scene of
the wreck from Charleston. Traffic
was delayed for some hours, but
through hard woik, the track is now
clear. Train 78 for the north was made
up in Charleston.
Demons of Destruction.
Half a dozen distinct tornadoes oc
curred in central Kansas Wednesday
afternoon following a day of exceed
ingly high temperature. Two people
are known to have been killed and three
injured. Many houses were blown
down, and much damage done to crops.
The Difference.
William J. Bryan gives the following
difference between an agniculturalists
and a farmer: "The agriculturist
makes his money in town and spends it
on the farm; the farmer makes his
money on the farm and spends it in
Invented by an Officer of the
United States Navy.
Why Information Called for by
Senate as to Tests at Indian
Head Were Not Given.
Some facts almost startling in their
importance were laid before the senate
Tuesday in executive session. They
related, it is understood, to the inven
tion of a shell by a prominent officer of
United States navy-a shell superior in
every essential quality to any now in -
use this or by any other government.
The quality of penetration possessed by
the shell is said to be so great that no
armor now manufactured in the United
States or abroad has sufficient resist
anae to withstand it.
The facts which were in possession of
only a few senators, were deemed so
important that the senate decided to
consider them in secret session. After
the naval 'bill had been laid aside for
the day. Mr. Tillman asked for a
secret session in order that he might ex
plain to the senate why he desired the
armor plate matter to be discussed in
When the doors were closed he ex
plained that several days ago he had
offered a resolution calling upon the
secretary of the navy to send to the
senate for its information the details of
tests made by the department's officials
of armor plate at Indian Head. No
answer to that inquiry has been received
and in all human probability none will
be received.
It seems that Mr. Tillman called at
the navy department and was informed
that it was unwise at this time to make
public the details of the tests he had
asked for, as it would place in the
hands, not only for the senate, but of
representatives of foreign governments,
what properly belonged exclusively to
the United States. He was informed
that AdmiralO Neil, chief of the bureau
of ordnance, had been conducting for
several months a series of armor tests
at Indian Head, the results of which
were very remarkable. A prominent
official of the navy department said, it
is understood, that the tests of all sorts
of armor, including the Krupp armor,
had been made with a view of ascer
taining their effectiveness against a new
shell that had been invented by an of
ficer of the navy. No piece of armor
submitted to the test, it is understood,
was able to withstand the test. The
shell, fired from high power guns, pene
trated the armor almost as bullets fired
from a Krag Jorgensen rifle would pene
trate green wood, the difference being
that the armor plates-split from the
point of impact. It is said that this
was true of the Krupp armor, as well
as of other armor tested.
The shell which was so effective was
not described; indeed, the navy depart
mint is guarding jealously all details
concerning its construction. The argu
ment of Mr. Tillman is that with such a
projectile in the possession of the gov
ernment the sooner or later will be
come known to other governments, it
would not be the part of wisdom for the
congress to enter into contracts to pur
chase the high priced armor, unless it
could be so improved so as to resist pro
jectiles of the kind used at Indian
Head. Feeling that more or less of the
matter concerning the tests recently
made by the government would be used
in the debate upon the armo~r question,
Mr. Tillman suggested that it would be
desirable to consider the subject in
The senate agreed with him, and the
armor plate matter will be discussed be
hind closed doors.
Requested to Resign.
Mayor James G. Woodward, of At
lanta, is in trouble again and the city
council has called upon him to resign
his offies. The resolution was the cul
mination of a sensational sermon San
day night by the Rev. L. G. Broughton,
in which the minister made a violent
attack upon the Mayor's personal hab
its. The resolution calls upon the
Mayor to resign before the next meet
ing of council, two weeks from Wednes
day. The leader of the opposition to
Mr. Woodward says he is in honor
bound, under the terms of a statement
made last summer, to resign. The
Mayor declined to say what his action
would be. His term expires on Janu
ary 1 next.
Three of a Kind.
At a dinner in London a few days
ago Mark Twain gravely arose and an
nounced that he was about todepart for
the United States to run-for the presi
dency, in view of the fact that there
were not enough presidential candi
dates in the field. When the ballots
huve been counted in November it will
be found that Mr. Barker, of Philadel
phia, the middle-of-the-road Populist
candidate, and Dr. S. C. Swallow, of
Harrisburg, the United Christian can
didate, are in the category with Mark.
-Savannah News.
Indians at the Reunion.
It sounds a little singular to read
that a company of Cherokee Indians
will attend the Confederate Veterans'
reunion at Louisville, but there were
Cherokees, Choctaws and Creeks all in
the Confederate army, and they doubt
less feel an equal interest with the
whites in the cause.--Waycross Herald.
It Will Go On,
The Atlanta Journal says "General
Otis declared just before he sailed from
Manila a few days ago that the war was
over. Now Aguinaldo bobs up with a
new army and the call for more troops
comes from our far-away officers. It
will be many a year before the..Phiilip
pine war is over."
Prices of Public Pap.
Secretary Gage Wednesday submitted
the first estimates of appropriations for
the new officers of the government of
Hawaii, including $5,000 for the gover
nor, $3,000 for the secretary. $5,500
for the chief justice and $10,000 for two

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