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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, August 01, 1900, Image 5

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063760/1900-08-01/ed-1/seq-5/

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inflamesthe Mob and the Streets
of New Orleans
A Desperate Negro Kilts Two
Police Officers and Wounds
a Third Which Causes
a B g Row
A trifling incident at New 0:Sans has
begun a series of tragedies which may
culminate in a popular upris.ing similar
to the Italian lynching somi year: ago.
Two suspicious Negrees were hang
ing around a quiet neighb rhood and
somebody took the precaution to in
form the police. Several odeiers went
to the scene and instead of making ex
planations or going to jail, the Negroes
showed fight. Pistols werc soon in play
and Officer Mora was seriously shot.
One of the Negroes was arrested, but
the Negro-R )bert Charles-who did
the shooting, since said to be a desper
ate burglar and ex convict, got away,
although wounded.
The police organized a pursuing
party and. succeeded in locating the
fugitive. Capt. John T Day, com
manding the precinct, led a posse of
police to his shanty and tried to reach
the refugee by a dark alley leading to
it. They carried lanterns and were
easily distinguished, and when they got
close enough Charles opened fire with a
Winchester, killing Capt. Day and
keeping up the fusillade until the cap
tain had five wounds in him.
A Negress opened the door of an ad
joining room and told the police to
jump in, as Charles had rifles and am
munition and an impregnable position.
They obeyed, thinking to hold Charles
in his quarters until help or daylight
came. Officer Lamb was the last of the
three survivors to attempt to reach
shelter, after emptying his revolver in
the direction of the Negro, aod Charles
reached ou and dropped him with a
bullet behind the ear.
Nearly an hour elapsed before reen
forceLments came, and these were
placed around the block to prevent es
cape. It we then discovered that
Charles had already left the room,
though a shot at the pickets told that
he was in the neighbr:nood. The two
dead policemen were removed and a
systematic search organized, but no
trace of the fugitive was found. Po
lice, armed with rifles, and citizens
similarly equipped, and a borc.owed
bloodhound kept up the quest; and had
Charles been sighted he would have been
shot to pieces.
Mayor Capdevielle off :red a reward
of $104 and Gov. Heard has added $5O
for the State Parties are out in :ll di
rections, even miles a way from the city,
and all trains and cars are being
searched. Suspects were arrested in
the suburbs but the right man wa rot
caught. In the meantime the police
had work to do and the whole force was
kept busy.
Thousands of people gathered around
the scene of the shooting and, lacking
a victim or other excitement, proposed
vengeance on the property and on the
Negroes in the hovels arouad. The
police promptly quelled the disturbers
and jailed a number, but the guard had
to be increased. A committee from the
respectable colored element called on
Chief Gaster Wednesday and offered
aid in running down the murderer, and
as some of them know the mm a by sight
their services were accepted.
The excitement has not yet died out,
and the capture ef the Negro, who is
likely hiding in th~e city, may start the
mob going.
New Orleans was in the hands of a
mob Wednesday and Wednesday night.
The murder of the two pohc: officers
caused the whole trouble. Throughout
the day attacks were made by irrespon
sible mobs of whites upon the blacks,
and the negroes before nightfall had
been effectually chased from the streets.
lhe effect of the disorders was to put
a practical stop to business in the whole
sale districts and on the levee frnt.
As this meant a serious crippling of the
trade of the port the basiness element
rallied in force a'nd huindre is of the
most prominent maen of thc city r-e
sponded to the appeal of the may or f -a
assistance in preserving order.
The police have been practically
helpless throughout the disturbances.
The force consists of some '300' men, in
cluding clerks and telegraph operators,
and this is manifestly a force inade
quate to the preservation of the peace
of a city of 310,000 people. But aside
from this the fierce indignation among
the members of tha department over
the ruthless murders of Capt. Dasy and
Policeman Lamb and the serious wound
ing of Officer Mora by the negro Robert
Charles, to some extent made the police
sympathetic with the mobs in their
pretended efforts to aveng, the murders.
The fact that there has been a strong
resentment on the part of the working
peeple against steamship agents and
contractors in the employment of negro
labor to the exclusion of whites on
public works and on the levce, also con
tributed some what, it is believed, to the
disinclination of the police to do their
fall duty.
Mayor Capdevielle was at Ocean
Springs last night when the mobs
swept over the city. When he arrived
at his office Wednesday he found await
ing him a delegation of the leading mer
chants of the city, who said the inter
ests of the community and its commer
cial welfare demanded promapt and
vigorous action. A bout the same time
Lieut. Gov. Estopinel, who had wit.
nessed a scene of outrage upon negroes
on Canal street, joined the conference
at the hotel. Hie at once advised a con
ference with Gov. Heard at Baton
Rouge. The long distance 'phone was
used and the governor said he would
Without delay he sent messages to
Col. Hodgson in the absence of Gen.
Glynn and had him immediately order
out the Washington artillery, the
Louisiana field and the First regiment.
At twilight there were 1,500 men con
gregated in the armories. At the same
time the mayor, in a proclamation, ap
pealed for 500 special police. Before -4
p. in., 400 of the representative citi
zens of tne community had been sworn
in. The mayor made revuisition on the
leading hardware and ammunition es
tablishments of the city and the spe
otals were heavily armed and sert to
various section of the cty. Hlcodlucss
prowled the streets throughtout thec
day, and wheneter they sidied a
negro, assaulted him. In some eases
citizens rallied to the police and with
their assistance beat off the attackers.
Just after daylight the remnants of one
o' the mobs gathered at the Spanisl
Fort railway station whence a lr
t~riwora~hameiThe aw ~a
crow of darkies approacnaig and
started to chase them. Louis Lapu
yard got in their way and received a
built in the leg. Later in the fore
noon a negro emptied his pistol into a
down town house and wounded a child.
At 11 o'clock a mob marched through
Lafayette square, which is opposite the
city hall, and discovering soue negroes
in the park, jamped on and beat them
until they wade their escape. An hour
afterward a white man saw a negro
named Ross at the corner of Lafayette
and Dryades streets and fired his gin
at him. Those on the street fled in
every direction and the negro made his
escape. Shortly after 1 o'clock Jose
phine Wild n child, while seated in
front of her home, caught astray bullet
in the knee.
Ose of the mast senational incidents
of the day was the discovery of two
negroes badly wouided in a bnx car on
the levee front. They were desperately
hurt and only one was conscious. He
was so frightened that he declined to
give any account of how the shooting
Mayor Oapdevielle and his assistants
made arrangements this afternoon for
transportation facilitie. which would
assist in the quick dispatch both of the
militia and of the special police from
one section of the city to another. All
the trolley lines sent representatives to
his honor to say that they w )uld place
speial cars at his disposal throughout
the niatht so that armed forces could be
moved quickly. ' Tae express com
panies also assured the mayor that
their wagons would be ready to re
pynd to any call which might be made
upon them.
Late this afternoon Mayor Capede
vielle issued a proclamation which had
an excellent effect. It called upon all
good citizens not enrolled in the spe
cial police to go to their homes or
paecs of business and remain there
They were also warned and advised
not to assemble or idle about the
str. ets. The police, general and spe
cial, were ordered and directed to dis
perse all crowds and to arrest all ob
steperous and disorderly persons
They were especially ordered, after 7
p. in., to arrest all persons found loaf
ing or idling absu: the streets. As a
result of the proclamation tonight few
people were upon the streets.
At the various exchanges this after
non the wish was expressed that The
Associated Press might mail - it public
to the world that the pr,- .nt emeute
was one sincerely deprecated, and hav
ing the support of none of the conser
vative elements of the community.
The local business bodies are much op
posed to the importation here of large
numbers of negroes by plantations to
work on the levees or the public
works, but while they are of that
opinion, they are very much opposed to
violent methods in dealing with the ne
gro population. Only the worst ele
ments have participated in the disor
After a desperate battle lasting far
severd hours in which he succeeded in
killing tergt. Gabriel Porteus, Andy
Van Kutem, keeper of the police jiil,
and Aifred J. Bioomfield, a young boy,
fatahy wounding Corporal John F.
Lilly, .John Banville, ex-Policeman
Frank H. Evans, A. S. Lociere, one of
the leading confectioners of the city,
and more er less seriously shooting sev
eral citizens, the negro desperado,
Robert Charles, who killed Capt. Day
and Patrolman Lamb and badly wound
ed Officer More, was smoked out of his
hiding place in the heart of the resi
dence section of the city and literally
shot to pieces. The tragedy was the
most remarkable in the history of the
city, and -20,000 people, soldiers. plice
men and citizens were gathered around
the square in which Cbarles was finally
put to death.
Sergt. Gabe Porteus, one of the best
known officers on the force, and Sergt.
John F. Lilly, who has a fine recojd for
bravery, were informed during the day
by a negro that Charles was in hiding
in a house en Cho,-near Saratoga street.
Determining to take him alive if pos
sible, the officers summoned a number
of patrolmen to their assistance and
went to the house where Charles was
supposed to be in concealment. The
negro informant of the policemen ac
companied the officers. They entered
the side alley of the house and were
surprised in practically the same way
as were Day and Lamb. Before the
officers were aware of their danger
Cuaries, who was hidden behind a
screen on the second fioor of the build
iag, raised his Winchester and began a
farious but accurate fire. Lally fell
with a bullet in the right ride of the ab
domen. Porteus was shot through the
head and dropped dead across the body
of Laity. The other officers and the
negro ti d from the scene. The reports
of Charles' Winchester and the fact that
two officers lay bleeding in the yard,
raised tremendous excitement. Haurry
calls were sent to the mayor, the chief
of police and Col. Wood, in c~mtnand of
the special police. and as fast as pos
sible armed help was rushed to the
scene. In a little while there was an
immense armed c:-owd encircling the
square in wai.h Charles was located.
In the meantime Father Fitzgerald of
St. John's church was summoned to ad
minister extreime uinction to the police
officers, who were lying in the alley
The priest responded promptly and he
was annointing the body of Proteus,
with Alfred J, Bloomfield, a young boy
standing by his side. when Charles
again appeared at the window. The
ladi saw him at once and begged
the desperado not to shoot him.
Charles immediately fired his Winches
ter again and Bloomfield fell dead. The
priest, unhurt, left the scene after
pluckily performing the last office for
the dead otlicer. Tfhis time the am?bu
lance arrived and two citizens volun
teered to go in the alleyway and bring
out the body of Lilly. They entered,
and while they were attempting to take
the body of the dead officer from that
of his colleague, Charles fired again.
The citizans, nevertheless, got Lally's
body out of the alley and afterward
succeeded in taking Porteus' body out
also. in the meantime an immense
throng had gathered in the vicinity and
schemes were set on foot to get Charles
out of the building. Charles, however,
did not propose to be captured without
selling his life dearly. Time after time
he came to the window and as citizens,
one by one. entered the alley, he blazed
away at them. in this manner Confec -
tioner Leclere, who was one of the
special police squad, ex-Policeman
Evans, John Banville and George HI.
Lyons, son of the head of the biggest
drug establishment in the south, were
wounded. teetaPle ea
At this ti he etaPlc ea
to !!re indiscriminately at the Negro.
W~ho shot hin. will probably never be
known, Just at the time Andy Van
Kurem, keeper of the police jail, got a
blet in the body and fell dead. Jest
aterw'ard HI. H. Batt, an old man,
aed G. working for the mutual bene
volent as-ociation, doing business in
tevieluity, was hit and mortally
wounded. About the same time, with
Grunt.tcly, ?r k Bert? zi r c1yeQ
shot in the 'eft shoulder and }
Bofil got a hot bullet in thr right band.
Ultimately it was concluded by those
who were handling the situation that
the only way tc get at Charles was to
burn the building in which he was en
trenched. There were, however, some
scruples about resorting to this method
of getting him, owing to the exertmely
thickly populated section in which the
house was situated. :.evertheless, it
was determined that the fire depart
ment should be called out, in order to
protect surrounding proparty, in case
it should be resolved to burn the build
At the moment of appareet indecision
some one went to a neighboring gro
cery, purchased a can of oil, and, pour
ing it over the rear steps of the build
ing, applied a in itch and soon had the
building in flames. So fiercely did the
fire burn that it became evident that
no human being could live in the build
ing and picked men from the police,
squards and members of the militia
stationed themseivcs about the build
ing in order to pick off the desperado,
as he attempted to leave the house.
A young soldier named Adolph Ander
son, a member of the Thirteenth cim
pany of the State militia, was one of
the first to see Charles as he ran down
the steps leading to the secnd story.
Charles ran across the yard and entered
the second room. He fired several
times at Anderson and the latt-r, who
was armed with a Winchester rlfl -. shot
the Negro in the breast and he fell and
died soon after.
As soon as the Negro fell nu nb'rs of
people armed with Winchesters and re
volvers rushed in and fired into the
body. Charles was literally shot to
pieces. Alter it was certain that he
was dead a in o entered the yard and
dragged the body into the street.
There the police and the mob emptied
their revolvers into it while a son of
one of the murdered men ru-hed up and
stamped the face beyond recognition
there were then loud howls that the
body should be taken to a vacant
square in the vicinity and publicly
burned At this instant, however, a
big squad of police dashed up in a pa
trol wagon. There were thous Inds
of people congregated in the vicinity
and it seemed as if there might be a
clash between the officers and the mob.
But the police took the body and car
ried it to police headquarters. Shortly
after the body of Charles had been
taken from the scene a report spread
that there were still some negroes in
the burning building. The square was
again quickly surrounded by picked
men and under guard of men with Win
chesters a special squad made its way
into the building. In a room which
the fire had not yet reached three ne
groes were found dressed in female at
tire. They were hustled out and im
medi itely sent to prison in a patrol
wagon. Subsequently a fourth negro,
a mulatto, was discovered in the build
ing. He made a desperate resistance
against being arrested and while in the
hands of the police was killed by a shot
fired from a pistol in the hands of one
of the disorderly mob that had congre
gated in the vicinity Just about the
time that Charles' body reached the
morgue the body of an unknown negro,
who had been shot and stabbed to
death on Gallatin str~es. was carried
in. This darkey was passing through
the French market when he was seen
by a crowd of whites. The latter were
intensely excited by the news of the
slaughter of Porteus and others up
town and they immediately mobbed
him. The unknown negro ran for his
life and the angry mob kept at his heels,
the crowd increasing in numb~ers every
minute. The negro finally sucaeeded
in entering a house in Gallatin street.
He ran up stairs and jumped from the
gallery to the ground. Before he could
arise the mo b shot and stabbed him to
August Thoma; was identified today
as the negro who had met a violent
death at the hands of hoodlums Wed
nesday night at the corner of Custom
House and Villiers streets. Louis
Taylor one of the negroes who was shot
and clubbed at the French market
Wednesday night succumbed today to
his wounds. Late this afternoon Har
ry Mabry called at the Central police
station and identified two men under
arrest, George Fianagan and Mike Fo
ley, as members of the mob who mur
dered Anna Mabry, his mother, while
she was asleep in her home on Rous
seau street this morning. The mob
broke into the house and firing reck
lessly around the room, wounded the
old woman. She died on her way tc
the hospital.
At a late hour tonight a mob which
bad evaded the militia and the citizans'
police attacked the Thomy L sfo school
house, Sixth and Rampart streets, upon
the supposition that negroes had stored
arms and ammunition in the building.
They quickly gained possession and
ired the stuuature, destroying it com
pletely. The school building was
erected a few years ago by the city, and
was devoted exclusively to the: eduxca
tion of colored children. No niur.es
were found in the school, but a numnber
who emerged from houses in the vicini
ty were pursued for quite a distance.
A strong force was dispatched to the
scene as soon as the alarm was given,
but too late to save the school. The
mob was quickly dispersed.
A Sample Placard
Inlamatory placards are posted all
over China. The following is a fair
sample of them: "We, the Chinese
children of the Sages, are faithful and
filial, as well as modest. Ihow does it
come to pass then that any of us can su
far forget himself as to become the
proselyte of a barbarian's religion.
Tens of thousands of native converts
have been killed in North China, and
their houses and possessions destroyed
Because of this all the countries of the
wold have sent soldiers to Tien Tsin
to protect the converts. This they
have failed to do. The mission the
churches, foreign ecnsuls and all the
barbarian troops have been slaughtered
just as you kill chickens and dogs.
" You converts have involved the bar
barians ia this calami:y. We look
upon you as rebels and soon your doom
will overtake you. Unhappy is your
condition, for all men hate and dispise
you. Great is your distress. Your
hands hang helpless by your sides. D)e
spair has seized your minds. I) ath
alone will relieve you. !?; fClam
the doctrines of these re oe & and
foreigners you have forfce co - ur
rights as men. We warn '.u at once
to fly to safe hiding pilaes while yet
there is opp ortunity."
Three Hundred Killed.
Another steamer with Russian troops
aboard was bombarded by Chinese from
the river bank July :4. Securing re
enforcements, the Russian comm!uander
returned to the scene and landed on
the Chinese side of Yaln River. Some
Chinese pickets were taken prison
ers. Three magazines were set on fire
and exploded. 'The Chinese lost sot
Rey, Dr. Talmage on one of the
Missions of Christ.
Oivine Po.wer in Healing the
World's Wounds and Dsforr.i
ties, Relations of Surgery
and Theolcgy.
In this discourse Dr. Talmage (who
is now traveling in E irope) pits in an
uLusal light the mission of Christ and
shows divine power will yet nmake the
illness of the world fall back; text,
Matthew xi, 5, "The blind receive
their sight, and the lame walk, the
lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear."
"Doctor," I said to a distinguished
surgeon, "do you not get worn out with
constantly seeing so many wounds and
broken bones and distortions of the hu
man body?" "Oh, no," he answered;
"all that is overcom : by my joy in cur
ing them." A sublimer and more mer
ciful art never came down from heaven
than that of surgery. Catastrophe and
disease entered the earth so early that
one of the first wants of the world was a
doctor. Our crippled and agonizd hu
man race called for surgeon and family
physician for many years before they
came. The first surgeons who answered
this call were ministers of religion
namely, the Egyptian priests. And
what a grand thing if clergymen were
also doctors, all D. D 's were M. D 's,
for there are so many cases where body
and soul need treatment at the same
time, consolation and medicine, the
ology and therapeutics. As the first
surgeons of the world were also minis
ters of religion, may these two profes
sions always be in full sympathy! But
under what disadvantages the early sur
geons worked, from the fact that the
dissection of the hunan body was for
bidden, first by the pagans and then by
the early Christians! Apes, being the
brutes most like the human race, were
dissected, but no human body might be
unfolded for physiological and anatom
cal exploration, and the surgeons had
o ss what was inside the temple by
kiag at the outside of it. If they
railed in any surgical operation, they
A:re persecuted and driven out of the
.ty, as was Archagathus because of
.ls bold but unsuccessful attempt to
s ve a patient.
Bat the world from the very begin
ing kept calling for surgeons, and
their first skill is spoken of in Genesis,
where they employed their art for the
incisions of a sacred rite, God making
urgery the predecessor of baptism, and
ses it again in 11 Kings, where
thaziah, the monarch, stepped on some
cracked latticework in the palace, and
it broke, and he fell from the upper to
the lower floor, and he was so hurt that
he sent to the village of E ron for aid,
and .E culapis, who wrought such
wonders of surgery that he was deified
and temples were built for his worship
at Pergami s; and Epidaurus and Pede
lirius introduced for the relief of the
world phlebatomy, and Damn Codes
cured the dislocated ankle of King
Darius and the cancer of his queen. and
HIppocrates put successful hand on
fractures and introduced amputation,
and Praxagoras removed obstructions,
and Herophilus began dissection, and
Erasistratus removed tumors, and
Celsus, the Roman surgeon, removed
cataract from the eye and used the
-Spanish fly; and Heliadorus arrested
disease of the throat, and Alexander of
Tralles treated the eye, and Rbazis
eauterized for the prevention of hydro
phobia, and Percival Pott came to comn
bat diseases of the spine.
But the world wanted a surgrery with
out pain. Dlrs. Parre and Hickman
and Simpson and Warner aind Jackson,
with their amazing genius, came for
ward and with their ananthteties be
numbed the patient with narcaties and
ethers as the ancients did with hasheesh
and mandrake and quieted him for
awhile, but at the return of conscioun
ness distress returned. The world has
never seen but one surgeon who could
straighten the crooked limb, cure the
blind eye or reconstruct the drum of a
soundless ear or reduce a dropsy with
out any pain at the time or any pain
after, and that surgeon was Jesus
Christ, the mightiest, grandest, gent
lest and most sympathetic surgeon the
world ever saw or ever will see, and he
deserves the confidence and love and
worship and hosanna of all the earth
and halleluiahs of all heaven. ' The
blind received their sight and the lame
walk; the lepers aret cleansed, and the
deaf hear."
I notice this surgeon had a fondness
for chionic cases. Many a surgeon,
when he has had a patient brought to
bin, has said: "Why was not this at
t-ied to five years ago? You bring
hi-nu to me after all power of recupera
at. n is gone. You have waited until
there is a conlete contraction of the
muse es, and Ie-ligatures are formed.
and os?ification has taken place. It
ought to have been attended to long
ago." Bat Christ the Surgeon seemed
to prefer inveterate cases. One was a
hemorrhage of 12 years, and he stopped
it. Another was a cnrvature of 18
ears, and he straightened it Another
was a cripple of 38 years, and he walked
out well. The 18 year patient was a
woman bent ahi'u st double. If you
could call a convention of all the sur
geons of all the centuries, their com
bined skill could not cure that body so
drawn cut of shape. Perhaps they
might stop it from getting any worse,
perhaps they, might contrive braces by
which she might be made more coim
fortable, but it is, humbly speaking, in
curable. Yet this divine surgeon put
both his hands on her, and from that
doubled up ptosture she began to rise,
and the empurpled face began to take
on a healthier hue, and the muscles be
gan to relax from their rigidity, and the
spinal column began to adjust itself,
and the cords of the neck began to be
more supple, and the eyes. that couMl
see only the ground before, no.v looked
into the face of CThrist with Lrjstitude
and up toaard br*avn in transport.
Strain ! MAf r IS weary and exhaust
in tar4, straight! The poise, the
grcefuness, the beauty of healthy wo
maruhood reinstated. The 38 years'
case was a man who lay on a mattress
near the mincral baths at Jerusalem.
There were five apartments where lame
people were brought, so that they could
get the advantage of these mineral
baths. The stone basin of the bath is
still visible, although the waters have
disappeared, probably througni some
convulion of nature. The bath, 120
feet long, 40 feet wide and S feet deep.
Ah~ poor man if you have been lame
and helpless 33 years, that mineral
bath cannot restore you Why, :38
years is more than the average of htu
man life Nothing bu: the grave will
cure you. But Christ the Surgeon
unt pasmbz by some ptict Lro haye
b n only six months disordered or a
year or five years and comesto the mat
tress of the tnan who had been nearly
four decades helpless and to this 38
years'invalid said, "Wilt thou be made
The question asked not because the
surgeon did not understand the pro
tractedness, the desperateness, of the
case, but to evoke the man's pathetic
narrative "Wilt thou be made whole?'
"Would you like to get well?" "Oh,
yes," says the man. "That is what T
came to these mineral baths for. I
have tried everything. All the surgeons
have failed, and all the prescriptions
have proved valueless. and I got worse
and worse, and I can neither move hand
nor foot nor head. Oh, if I could only
be free from this pain of 38 years!"
Christ the Surgeon could not stand
that. Rending over the man on the
mattress, and in a voice tender with all
sympathy, but strong with all omnipot
ence, he says, "Rise!" And the in
valid instantly scrambles to his knees
and then puts out his right foot, then
his left foot. and then stood upright
as though he had never been pros
trated. While he stands looking
at the doctor, with a joy too much
to hold, the doctor says: "Shoulder this
mattre0. for you are not only well
enough to walk, but well enough to
work, and start out from those mineral
baths. Take up thy bed and walk!"
Oh, what a surgeon for chronic cases
then and chronic cases now!
This is not applicable so much to
those who are only a little hurt of sin
and only for a short time, but to those
prostrated of sin 12 years, 18 years, 38
years. Here is a surreon able to give
immortal health. "Oh," you say, 'I
am so completely overthrown and tram
pled down of sin that I cannot rise."
Are you flatter down than this patient
at the mineral bath:? No. Then rise.
In the name of Jesus of Nazareth, the
surg.-on who offers you his right hand
of help, I bid thee rise. Not cases of
acute sin, but of chronic sin-those
who have not prayed for .38 years, those
who have not been to church for 38
years, those who have been gamblers,
or libertines, or thieves, or outlaws, or
blamphemers, or infilels. or atheists,
or all these together. for 38 years, A
Christ for exigencies! A Christ for a
dead lift! A surgeon who never loses
a case!
In speaking of Christ as a surgeon I
must consider him as an oculist or eye
doctor, and an aurist or ear doctor. Was
there ever such another oculist? That
he was particularly sorry for the blind
folks I take from the fact that the most
of his works were with the diseased op
tic nerves. I have not time to count up
the number of blind people mentioned
who got his cure. Two blind men in
one house; also one who was born blind;
so that it was not removal of a visual
obstruction, but the creation of the
cornea and ciliary muscle and crystal
line lens and retina and optic nerve
and tear gland; also the blind man of
Bethsaida, cured by the saliva which
the Surgeon took from the tip of his
own togue and put upon the eyelids;
also two blind men who sat by the way
In our civilized lands we have blind
ness enough, the ratio fearfully increas
ing, according to the statement of Eu
ropean and American oculists, because
of the reading of morning and evening
newspapers on the jolting cars by the
multitudes who live out of the city mnd
come in to business. But in the lands
where thi-s divine surgeon operated the
cases of blindncss were multiplied be
yond everything by the particles of
sand floating in the air, and the night
dews falling on the eyelids of those
who slept on the top of their houses,
and in some of these lands it is esti
mated that 2 out of 100 people are
totally blind. Amid all that crowd of
visionless people, what work for an cc
ulist! And I do not believe that more
than one out of a hundred of that sur
geon's cures were rejported. lie went
up and down among those people who
were feeling slowly their way by staff.
or led by the hand af man or rope of
dog. and introduzcing them to the faces
of their own household, to the sunrise
and the sunset and the evening star.
He just ran his hand over the expres
siontess face, and the shutters of both
windows were swung open, and the re
stored went home crying, "I see! I see!
Thank God, I see!'
That is the oculist we all need. Till
he touches our eyes we are blind. Yea,
we were born brind. By nature we see
things wrong, if we see them at all.
Our best eternal interests are, put be
fore us, and we cannot see them. The
glories of a loving and pardoning
Christ are projected, and we do not
behold them. Or we have a defective
sight which makes the things of this
world larger than the things of the fu
ture, time bigger than eternity. Or,
we are color blind and cannot see the
difference between the blackness of
darkness forever and the roseate morn
ing of an everlasting day. But Christ
the Surgeon comes in, and though we
shrink back afraid to have him touch
s, yet he put his fingers on the closed
eyelids of the soul and midnight be
omes midnoon, and we understand
somethinf of the joy of the young man
f the Bible who, though he had never
before been able to see his hani before
his face, now by the touch of Christ
had two headlights kindled under his
brow, cried out in language that con
founded the jeering erowd who were
eriding the Christ that had effected
the cure and wanted to make him out a
bad man. "Whether he be a sinner or
o I know not. One thing I know, that
whereas I was blind, now I see."
What a g'rand thing for our poor hu
man race whben this surgeon shall have
ompleted the treatment of the world's
wounds! The day will come when there
will be no more hospitals, for there will
be no more sick, and no more eye and
ear infirmaries, for there will be no
aore blind or deaf, and no more de
srts, for the round earth shall be
rought under arboriculture, and no
more~ blizzards or sunstrokes, for the
atmosphere will be expurgated of scorch
and chill, and no more war, for the
swords shall come out of the foundry
ent into pruning hooks, while in the
eaven e .uatry we shall see the ve
tis? of accident or malformation or
eredit ary ills on earth become the
chetes in Elysian fields. Who is that
an with such brilliant eyes close be
fore the throne? Why, that is the
an who, near Jericho, was blind and
our surgeon cured his oph:halmia!
Who is that erect and graceful and
ueenly woman before the throne?
'hat was the one whoa our surgeon
found bent almost double and could in
owise lift up herself, and he made her
straight. Who is that listening with
such rapture to the music of heaven,
sole melting into chorus, cymbal re
ponding to trumpet, and then himself
joining in the anthem? Why, that is
the man who our surgeon found deaf
and dumb on the beach of Galilee and
y two touches opened ear gate and
outh. Who is that around whom the
rowds are gathering with admiring
oks and thanksgiving and cries of
Oh, what he did for me! Oh! what
did for tha world! That is the surgeon
of all the centuries the oculist, the
aurist, the emancipation the Saviour.
No pay he took on earth. Come, now,
and let all heaven pay his with worship
that shall never end and a love that
shall never die. On his head be all the
crowns, in his bands be all the scepters
and at his feet be all the worlds!
The Whole Truth as to the Rural Mail
The Orangeburg correspondent of
the Newa and Courier says there has
been some recent comments hereabouts
upon the statement of Congressman
Norton, as reported in his Bennettville
speech to the effect that Congressman
Stokes had not worked for free rural de
livery of mail. Congressman Stokes
has just returned home after sone days'
absence and your correspondent asked
him what he had to say about this mat
ter. The people of this section have
been giving Dr. Stokes the credit for
leadership in the movement, as they
are satisfied that he deserves the honor
and in justice to him the people think
he should receive proper recognition for
his valuable searices. Mr. Stokes re
plied as follows:
"I thought my attitude and relations
to the subject of free rural delivery was
too well understood to require explana
tion anywhere in the State. I am in
clined to think that Mr. Norton was
misquoted, for I do not think he would
misrepresent me. The fact is that I
was the first to secure an adequate ap
propriation for this purpose-enough to
put it on a fair basis. As a result it
immediately went forward by leaps and
bounds. Efforts had been m de to
secure an adequate appr)priation sev
eral times before, but they had failed.
and it was only after a persistent and
protracted fight in both Senate and
Houle that I succeeded.
"In the Atlanta Journal of Ju1y 11
appeared a very comprehensive and ac
curate history of the whole movement
for rural delivery, by Congressman
Griggs, of Georgia, who stands high on
the roll of Democratic members of the
postoffice committee, and hence has
been in position to know what influ
ences wero most potential in bringing
about the service as it now exists.
"It is true, as stated by Friend Nor
ton, that I have gotten free delivery of
mail along all star routes in South Car
olina- the service beginning July 1,
but my first fight was for the rurel de
livery, as stated above and the star
route delivery is an amplification of that
"But all this is such recent history
and so generally understood that it
seems superfluous to restate it. Still
in view of this and of some very ex
travagant claims upon the same subject
recently appearing in the State papers
over the signature 'OUe Who Knows,'
it may be as well to refresh the public
mind on the facts, so as to keep before
the public correctly the work of the
Congressman from the 7th district.
Here is the paragrrph from Congress
man Grigg's history of rural delivery in
the Atlanta Journal of the 11th in
stant, which refers to Congressman
"'['he next year (1898,") says Mr.
Griggs, "Congress gave $300,000 to
continue experiments in this direction.
My recollection is that the department
asked for only $150,000, and the com
mittee recommnended that amount on
the floor of the House. The H1 ,. J.
William Stokes, of South Carolina, a
fast friend of the farmer, moved to make
it $300,000 and it passed in that shape.
So great was the pressure for these
routes from all parts of the csuntry
after this we were called upon by the
department to supply a prospective de
ficiency of $150,000.
An Offer Providing Faith to Sufferers
Eating Sores, Tumors, Ulcers, are
all curable by B. B. B. (Botanic Blood
Balm,) which is made especially to cure
all terrible Blood Diseases. Persistent
Sores, Blood and Skin Blemishes,
Scrofula, that resist other treatments,
are quickly cured by B. B. B. (Botani,
Blood Balm). Skiht Eruptions, Pim
ples, Red, Itching Eczema, Scales,
Blisters, Boils, Carbuincles, Blotches,
Catarrli, Rheumatism, ete., are all due
to bad blood, and hence easily cured
by B. B. B. Blood Poison producing
Eating Sores, Eruptions, Swollen
glands, Sore Throat etc., cured by B.
B. B. (Botanic Blood Balm), in one to
five months. B. B. B. does not con
tain vegetable or mineral poison.
One bottle will test it in an case. For
sale by druggists everywhere. Large
bottles $1, six for five $5. Write for
free samplebottle, which will be sent,
prepaid to Times readers, describe
simptoms and personal free medicaf
advice will be given. Address Blood
Balm Co., Atlanta, Ga.
Famine and Pestilence.
The following dispatch from T[he As
sociated Press correspondent at Tien
Tsin reached Washington Wednesday,
having been delayed 20 days in trans
mission: Famine and pestilence are
sure to strike the region of Tien Tein
soon. Hundreds of thousands of (China
men are leaving their homes in the dis
tricts where fighting is going on, with
out means of support.
S. P. Dhhlman confessed at Burling
ton, la., Wednesday night that he
killed his wife three years ago in St.
Louis. He surrendered himself to the
sheriff and made a volunt ary confession,
saSing that he could no louger endure
the remorse of conscience, ie says he
smothered his wire with a pillow as she
lay on her bed ill with eineumption.
He got the benetit of $500) life iesur
ance carried by his wife.
First Bale New Crop.
TIhe first bale of cotton of the new
>rop of 1900 was sold at the cjtton cx
change in Ne York Wednesday to
Fernie Wilson & Co. The price paid
was 16; 1.2 cents a pound and the bale
weighed M41 pounds. The proceeds ef
the sale, $S9. 26, the firm will give to
some non-sectarian Tharitable institu
tion in this city. The cotton was from
a plantation in Texas.
Gainesville. Ga., Dec. 8, 1899
Pitts' Antiseptic invigorator has
ben used in my family and I am pe'r
feetly satisfied that it is all, aed wvill
o all, you claim for it. Yours truly.
A. B. U. Dorseyv.
P. S.-I am using it now myself.
t's doing me good.-Sold by The Mur
ay rug Co., Columbia, S. C.. and all
iruggists tf
In Buihlo, N. Y., a church is trying
o get out of paying its organist his
alary on the ground that the work
hich he perfoi ued was done on Sun
lay, and that since Sunday labor is
~ontrary to law the organist cannot en
orce payment through the courts. One
tould hate to have to depend upon that
Makes the food more del
The Chinese Question.
Hon. Charles Denby, who was
minister to China during Presi
dent Cleveland's last term, has
given his Ni ;ws on the Chinese
question. He writes that "after
the navy was annihilated-in
the Japanese war-and the army
what there was left of it, had
taken its lances home, it was
apparent that all the world
could insult, ravage and loot
China with impunity. It was
the old story of the traveller tied
to a tree and robbed bya passer
by who had been asked to assist
him. So the merry round com
menced, and without explana
tion, argument or reason Ger
many, Russia, England and
France demanded and received
concessions of territory." It is
well, for the sake of knowledge
and justice, as well as Christi
anity, to keep these facts in
view. Col. Denby does not over
look business advantages, but
he loves truth and principal
more'than self so he adds: "Now
see the result of all the robbery
that has:.been going on. The
empress, who from 1861 to 1889
had maintained a considerable
degree of peace and order has
becomd a tigress; a great people
has been lashed into fury, and a
movement rivalling in magni
tude the taiping rebellion in
which 20,000,000 lives were lost
is afoot." Col. Denby is a stal
wart thinker and declares that
this country should have found
out initially if occupation of the
Philippines was a commercially
profitable adventure and if not
he was in favor of leaving the
Filipinos to their own devices.
He is not qualmish about "The
Yellow Terror, and race issues,
but he clearly percei v why
China, is roused to fury. He
says: "Can it reasonably be
expected that the Chinese
should love the white man while
he is plundering them? Fancy
what would happen if Russia
seized Fortress Monroe and a
slice of Virginia; Germany
Governor's Island and a part of
New York; England Mare Is
land and a half dozen counties
in California, and France New
Orleans and a hundred miles up
the ,Mississippi! Then suppose
that Italy asked for Charleston.
It is to be imagined that such
events would be taken as all be
ing for our good, and that we
ought to feel rather proud than
otherwise that the great nations
acted so handsomely toward us?
Yet this is exactly what has
happened in China, with
the addition that Japan took
for herself the island of For
mosa. And so the Chinese
people are hostile to the foreign
ers, and they show it by riotous
demonstrations." We agree
with the August a Chronicle
that "Americans should con
sider these things. It may be
inevitable that the powers must
suppress disturbance in China
get guarantees of protection of
life for their subjects in that
country, and keep the commer
cial door open; but it is plain as
noonday that, but for their
rapacity and injustice, their un
Christian greed and reversal of
the Golden Rule there would
have been no serious Chinese up
rising against foreigners. So,
when any Christian American
is disposed to clamor for ven
geance against China and bloody
reprisal, let such a man face the
facts and fix the ,responsibility
where it belongs."
The Fight on McSweeney.
The Abbeville Medium, which
is published in a town were one
of McSweeney's opponents hail
from, says "the State Campaign
is now in progress but is not
exciting much interest. The
meetings have not been largely
attended and the candidates do
not put much fire in their decla
mations. They are all after
McSweeney seeming to think
that he is the man they have to
beat. He has not said an un
kind word about any of them
but 'Tray, Blanche and Sweet
heart,' are all after him. In all
that has been said there has not
been the slightest intimationi
that the State has lost a dollar
by him nor that he is corrupt in
any respect. No one has charged
that the cause of education has
lost by any act of his own that
the public institutions have suf
fered by any of his mistakes.
N o one can say that any line of
business has suffered from any
thing that he has done or that
the laws of the State have not
been enforced with wisdom and
firmness. The only exception to
this general approval is where
the candidates for his place say
that he has not enforced the dis
pensary law as well as they
would. "Promises are like pie
crusts easily broken." We ven
ture to say that not one of these
promnisinxg candidates could do
any better. Neither one of them
has told how he: could enforce
the law any better than Me~swe- 1
ney has. Just after he became
Governor, he called upon the
Mayors of all the cities and
towns in the State to give hini
assistance.- They all promised
that they would do so and wei
presume that they were sincere.t
In fact, we know that many of
themi have done the best they
could and, no candidate has laid
any blame upon the municipal r,
authorities who are as much re- i
sponsible as Governor McSwee- r<
ney. Suppose the people i'
houl elct oe o thee l
icious and wholesome
candidates, how could he do
more? Not one has told how he
would go about fulfilling his
promise. Not one of them would .
do any better. All such prom
ises are vain and empty. If
there was any way to do better
than McSweeney has done, some
of his opponents would have ex
plained it before this time."
What Was Heard During a Most Ab
sorbing Scene.
Macauley's Theatre was-so crowded
the last night of the Julia Arthur en
gagement that there was no room for
the Fool Killer who came late. Down
in the parquet was a couple in need of
his services. They had been engaged
probably twenty hours, and within five
minutes everybody in their vicinity
knew it. Two young men who think
Miss Arthur the greatest as well as
the most beautiful English-speaking
actress were in front of the loving pair.
Trouble started with the second act,
when Miss Arthur swept on the stage
gowned in her Cleopatra costume, a
vision of perfect loveliness. The au
dience gasped its admiration and the
only male creature that had been en
gaged since Eden whispered to the cot
ton-locked damsel beside him: "That's
just as you looked last night, Evange
Then followed the scene when Jose
phine, with all the seductive power of
her voice, her beauty, her love and her
womanliness, coaxes the sulky Napo
leon from his room. The house was
scarcely breathing. The two young
worshippers were living on Miss Ar
thur's pleading. The voice of the girl,
who had bitten off more love than she
could digest secretly, rasped them to
earth again.
"Henry," she gratei, "that's just as
I begged you after we quarreled to
Again came comparative peace until
Napoleon began to urge the divorce.
Josephine sinks on a sofa overcome.
Her husband offers her water. She
shrinks from him. "That water is
poisoned, Junot. Drink!" thunders the
emperor, and Junot drains the glass.
"Would you do that, Evangeline,"
grunted Henry, turning calf's eyes on
"I'd do it if I loved him. I'd drink
poison for you, Henry," she whimper
ed, sentimentally.
That was past all patience. One of
the men whirled in his seat.
"For heaven's sake, young woman,
drink it, and drink it quick," he said.
The voice from the stage was heard
alone after that.-Louisville Courier
He Guessed Wrong.
Brown-You seem to be a hustler.
I saw that life insurance agent go into
your house this morning, and in less
than half an hour after him came the
Smith-Well, what do you gather
from that?
Brown-Merely that you were in a
great hurry to undergo the physical
examination and have it over with.
Smith-You're -wrong. The docto~r
came to examine the'insurance mans
wounds.-Philadelphia Press.
The tramp entered the private of
fiee of a South Water street cheese
"Boss." began the knight of the tin
ean tribe, "I'se a Boer,' an' I wants
yer to help me to land in South Al
"I'll help you to land on the out
side!"~ blurted the -busy cheese mer
"Den, boss, TIll be an outlander."
And the tourist vanished before the
bombardment of ripe cheese.-Chl
cago News.
Rapid Development.
"You are in business in Montana?"
asked the passenger In the skull cap.
"Yes," said the passenger in the
smoking jacket.
"Is business good out there?"
"Yes. In the last two years our -
plant has Increased in size more than
1,000 per cent."
"Great Scott! What was the size
of your plant originally?"
"It consisted of a pair of Belgian
rabbits."-Chicago Tribune.
The Farewell.
"Good-bye," said the pale, determin
ed man, as his wife flung her arms
wildly about his neck, and gave way
to a flood of weeping.
"Do not go Into unnecessary dan
ger," she cried. "I know you will be
brave and return with honors."
And he was gone. He was not off
to the war. No; he was a baseball
umpire, and he was leaving home for
the opening game. - Pliladelphia
North American.
Following Instructions.
"Young Sammie Spender Is carry
ng out his Governor's wishes faith
fully, isn't he?"
"How's that?"
"Why the old gentleman left instruc
tions in his will that after his death
bls dust was to be scattered to the
Mother, Sisters and Wife,
"Man spends twenty years of his
ife in sleep."
"You are mistaken; he spends at
east five of the twenty years in bat
ling with his women relatives who
want to make him get up."-Chicago
Connubial Caloric:.
York-I see they have a new cure
or rheumatism. They roast the pa
Towson-My wife must think I have
t.-Baltimore American.
Explanation of Her Penchant
"I notice that she has her portrait
>ainted but never has her photograph
"Yes. You see the camera is so
The Chinese Minister at Washington
ceived a dispatch Wednesday morn
ifrom Sheng. the director of rail
~adsand telegraphs at Shanghai, sta
g that thie foreign ministers are to be
nt from Pekin to Tien Tsin under es

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