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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, August 29, 1900, Image 1

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X___. - -ANN ING S. C'., WEDNESDAY, UUS 9 1900. NO.2
Notif ed Thudy at T.p ka of
His N nr'a'tn
He Clea-y Demnstrates That
tmperia'ism and Trusts Are
Deadly t - Free Gov
Wm. J. Bryan recvived the second
official notification of his nomination
for the presidency at Topeka, Karsas,
on Thursday. Tie Lonincation came
from the Populist party, and Thos. M.
Patterson, of Colorado, acted as the
mouth piece of the party in making it. Mr
Bryan was at the same time informed
of the endorsement of his catdidacy
by the United States )onetary League,
this notification being given by W. A.
Rucker. The ceremonies cecu'r.i in
the spacious and beautiful grounds of
the State canial and were nutnessed by
a large number of people. ir. Br3 an
spoke as follows:
Mr. Chairman and Members of the
_Notificaitioa Ceniittee:
In accepting the prtsidentiai nomi
nation which yt a tender on behalf of
the Populist part:, I desire to give em
phatic recognition to the educational
work done by your party. The Popu
list party, as au orginizition. arLd the
farmer ailiances and the labor organiz
tions from which they sprur. have
done much to arouse the people to a
study of economic and industrial ques
tions. Believing as I do that truth
grows not in secu.ior but in the noon
field and that it thrives 'est in the sun
tight of full and free debate, I have.
confidence that the diseussions which
your patty has compelled will aid in
reaching that true solution of pending
problems toward which all honest cin
zens ain.
"I desire also to express my deep ap
preciation of the liberality of opinion
and devotion to principle which have
led the members of your party to enter
the ranks of another party in the selee
tion t a eand~date.
"And let me pause to say that when
this speech was prepan d and given to
the press I did not know that formal
announcement of the resolutions as
passed by the moneiary league wcu-d
be made at this time, and I de-ire to
here to express my gratitude to the
members of that league for the support
which they promise antd for the cordial
commendation which tie:r resolutions
speak. The monetary league has for.
four years been active in the aistricu
tion of literature connected with the
;honey qu. stion ainmed at the enlight
enment of the voters and I have on
former occasions and do now express
my commendation of the efxerts of this
league and similar ieagues, to spread
before the people information on the
money qoestion, because 1 believe the
more the question is studied and the
better it is understood the stronger wim
he the demand fur the restoration of
the double standard in the Uottt
States. (Great applause)
"While 1 am grateful for the conn
derce which the Populists have ex-1
pressed in me, Iam not vain enough to
regard as personal their extraordinary
manifestations of good will. The ties
which bind together those who believe
in the same great fundamental princi
pies are strcorger than ties of affection
-stronger even than the ties of blood;
and co-operation between the reform
forces is due to the fact that Demo
crats, Populists and Silver Repubiicans
take the side cf the people in their
contest against grad an~d egree in the
application of Jeffersonian principles
to the questiotns immediateiy before
"In 1S96 the money question was of
paramount importarnce and the allies in
that campaign united in the demand
for immnediate restoration of sieor by
the independent action of this country
at 16 to 1, the ratio which had existed
since 1834. They were defeated, but
that did not end the discussion. The
Democrats were defeated in 188S, but
that did not put an end to tariff reform.
The Republicans were defeated in 1S92
but that did not permanently over
throw the protective tariff. Defeat, at
the polls does not necessarily decide
the great problem. Expericnce and
experience alone settle questions. It
an increase in the volume of the cur
rency since 1896;, although unpromised
by the Republicans, andt unexpected,
hs brought improvement industrial
conditions, this improvement instead
of answering the arsuments put forth
in favor of bimetalism. only confirms
the contention of those who insisted
that more troney would make better
"The Republican party, however,
while claiming credit for the increase
in circulation, makes no permanent
provision for an adequate supply of
standard money. it denmes the neces
sity for mnore real n.onty while it per
mnits national banks to expand the
volume of p.aper promises to pay
mon ey. .
"I the Popust telt justified in op
posing the Retpublican party when ia
souht to conceal uts gold standara
tendenc'es ur-dr the mask of interna
tional imetalism the ,opposntion
shoud be more p'ococeca in propor
tion a.s the R~epubhiai party more
opnly a'use &od monometapismn.
..n ' de rgn forces chargea
the Republican ,arty .ih imtO r~ito
retire greenbacks. ThsCage cenica
at the time, 3~a bee ed e vyth
financi bili, w i e rs .;ret
back. when once 0e' emc~ t. d
cerifi'este, andQ e 'ends 'new ; mueges3
to banks of ssue. If a V ON'~topto
sed the Repub lcan party ac ta o
that opprion -.heald be :ea'e -o
oe f the. liepublicafl party to sut so
"It is truie that the Populists beiieve
in an irredeeible greenback, while
the De) s eieve in a greenback
redeca a sig: but the vital ques
tOio~ ta t~i n.s far as the money
is coeerned i whether the govern
~l , ti" na encuh to ciscuss the re
eeLablity of the greenbacks, when
cer b'ack itself is saved from the
hi a:ion which now threatens it.
*he [" p-lie n party is now commit
*,d t, a cu rency system which neces
:tates a prpetual debt, while the Pop
u:ist finds himself in agreement with
the Democrats who believe in paying
off th national debt as rapidly as pos
"if belief in an income tax justified
a Populist in seting with the Demo
t ratic party in 1896, what excuse can
he find for aiding the Republican party
now when even the exigencies of war
have nc been sufficient to bring that
party to the support of the income tax
"Popuists believe in arbitration
now as much as they did in 15.16 and
are as much opposed to govtrnment
by injunction and blacklist as they
were then, and upon these subjects
they have as much reason for co opera
tion with the Democratic party today
as they had four years ago.
De mocrats and Populists alike favor
the principle of direct legislation. If
any differences exist as to the extent
to which the principle should be ap
plied, tiese differences cin be recon
eiled by experiment.
"Democrats and Populists agree
that Chinese and other Oriental labor
should be excluded from the United
-Democrats and Populists desire to
so eniarge the scope of the inter state
commerce act as to enable the cotr.mis
sion to protect both persons and places
from discrimination and the public at
large from excessive railroad rates.
"The Populists approve the demand
set forth in the I)mocratic platform
for a labor bur au, with a cabinet offi
cer at its head. such an official would
keep the administration in close touch
with the wage earning portion of the
population and go far toward securing
such remedial legislation as the toilers
'tIn 1S9t the Populists united with
the Democrats in opposing the tiusts,
although the question at that time ap
pearcd like a cloud scarcely larger than
a man's hand. Today that cloud well
nigh overspreads the industrial sky.
The farmer does not participate in the
profits of any trust, but he sorely feels
the burden .f them all. He is depend
ent upon the seasons for his income.
When he plants his crop he knows not
whether it will be blessed with rain or
blighted with drought; he knows not
whether wind will blow it down, or hail
destroy it, or insc cts devour it and the
price of his crop is as uncertain as the
quantity. If a private monopoly can
suspend production and fix the price of
raw material as well as the price of the
finished product, the farmer, power
less to protect himself when he sells, is
plundered when he purchaser. Can
any farmer hesitate to throw the infu
ence of his ballot upon the side of those
who desire to protect the public at
large t rom monopolies?
"The fact that the trusts support the
Republican party ought to be sufficient
proof that they expect protection from
it. The Republican cannot be relied
upon to extinguish the trusts so long
as it draws his canmpaign contributions
from their orcidowing vaults.
"The prosperity argument which the
Republicans bring forward to answer
all complaints against the administra
tion will 1:ot deceive the farmer. He
knows that two factors come into his
income-first, the size of his crop, and,
sec~nd, the irice which he receives for
the same. He does not return thanks
to the party in power for favorable
weather and a bountiful haivest, and
he knows that the Rpublican party has
no pelicy which insures a perihanent
increase in agricultural prices. Since
he sells his surplus in a foreign market
he is not a beneficiary of the tariff, and
since he produces merchandise and not
money, he does not prcofit by the ap
preciation of the dollar. He knows
that the much vaunted prosperity, of
which he has never had his share, is on
the wane in spite of the unusual and
unnatural stimulation which it has re
eived during the last three years. He
knows that each month of 1900 shows
a larger number of failures than .the
correspcnding month of 1899, and that
there is also a marked tendency toward
a decrease in the output of the facto
ries. He knows also that discoveries
of gold, famines abroad and war on
three continents hase not been able to'
raise the price of farm products as rap
idly as trusts and combinations have
rased the price of the things which
the farmer buys.
*Our opponents have tried to make
it appear that we are inconsistent when
we desire a general rise in prices and
yet oppose an arbitrary rise mn piotect
ed manufactures or trust-made goods.
There is no conflict whatever between
these two propositions. If a general
rise in prices occurs because of a per
manent increase in the volume of
money, all things ad just themselves to
the new level, and if the volume of
money then increases in propasrtion to
the den.and for money, the pric level
remains the same and business can be
done with fairness to all. If, however,
the rise is arbitrary and only affects a
part of the products of labor, those
whose products do not participate in
the rise suffer because the purchasing
power of their income is decreased. it
a bad monetary sy stem drags down the
price of the farmer's product while
monopolies raise the price of what he
buys, he burns the candle at both ends
and must expect to suffer in compari
son with those who belong to the elass
es more favored by legislation.
"It is sometimes urged by partisan
P-opuists that four yeard mo:e of Re
.ublican misrule would so aggravate
economic conditions as to make re
forms easier. No one can afford to aid
in naking matters worse in the hope
of belreg able to make them better af
trwards, for in so doin he assunmes
repnsibilities which he may not be
able to remedy. No Populist, however
snrguine, believyes it possible to elect
a president at Lhis time, but the Pop
ulist party may be able to deterinine
whether a D)emocrat or a Republican
will be elected. Mr. Chairman, the
Populist convention, which your com
mittee represents, thought it better to
share with the Demeerats in the honor
by your party than to pear te oiiutm
of remainiog nectralin this great eria1s
or of irine open or scoret aid to the
Republican party %hie' ! op s a11 the
reforms for hih the PoulIsts ex
"Those who labor to improve lhe
conditions which surround their fel
lowmen are apt to become impatient:
but they must remember that it takes
time to work out great reforms. Let
me illustrate by calling your attention
to the slow growth of publhc opinion in
support of a proposition to which there
has been practically no open opposi
tion. President Johnson, in 1360,
recommended a constitutional amend
ment providing for the election of Uni
ted States senators by a direct vote of
the people, but his recommendation
met with no response About 12 years
later Gen. Weaver, then a member of
congress, tried to secure the passage
of a resolution submittirg such an
amendment, but his efforts were futile.
In 1S92 the resolution recommended
by President Johnson and urged by
Congressman Weaver finally passed the
house of representatives but it has not
yet reached a vote in the senate and
now, after eight years more of public
discussion the proposition for the first
time received the endorsement of the
national convention of one of the great
"If the fusion forces win a victory
this fall we shall see trtis r: form ac
complished before the n xt presiden
tial election, and with its aec )mplish
ment, the people will fitd it easier to
secure any renmedial legislation which
they may desire. iut how halting has
been the progress Holland has said:
'Heaven is not cained by a single
We build tee ladder by wlich we rise
From the lowly earth to the vaulted
And we mount to its summit round by
"And so it is with great social and
political movements.
"Great problems are solved slowly.
but struggling humanity marches on,
step by step. contentthat at each night
fall it can pitch its tent on a little higher
"I have called attention to the issues
which brought the Democrats ard Pop
ulists together at.d which justifies the
cooperation during the last four years.
Let me now invite your attention to
a qaestion which would justify co
operation at this time even though we
differed upon economic questions. it
is not our fault that these new ques
tions have been thrust into the arena
of politics; it is not curfault that the
people have been called upon to consid
er questions of ever-increa-ing mag
nitude. In 120 the tarit quction was
the principal subject of diseas~sion aca
the Democratic party contended that
the masses were carrying a burden of
unjust and unnecessary taxes. In 1S:t2
the tariff question was still the princi
pal issue between the Democratic and
Republican parties, although in the
west and south the money question was
assuminog greater and greater proper
tions and the Populists were contend
ing that our monetary systcm was
more responsible than the tarit laws
for the depression in agricuhture and
the distress existing among the wage
earners. In 1S8%t the whole question of
taxation bceame of scondary impor
tance because of the increased bold
ness of those who opposed the gold and
silver coinage of the constitution.
When the Republicans declared at St.
Louis that the restoration of bimetal
lism in this country although desirable
was impossible without the aid of the
leading commercial nations of the Old
World, the Populist and silver Repub
lieans, joined with the Democrats in
asserting the rights and duty of the
American people to shape their finan
ial system for themselves, regardless
of the action of other nations. The
failure of the Republican party to se
cure international bimetallism and it s
open espousal of the gold standard still
keep the money question in polities,
but no economic question can compare
in importrance with a question which
concerns the principle and structure of
government. Systems of taxation can
be changed with less difficulty than
financial systems and financial systems
can be altered with less danger and
less disturbance to the country than
the vital doctrines upon which free
government rests.
"In the early sixties when we were
engaged in a contest which was to de
termine whether we should have one
republic or two, questions *of finance
were lost sight of. Silver was at a
premium over gold and both gold and
silver were at a premium over green
backs and bank notes, but the people
could not afford to divide over the
money question in the presence of a
greater isue. And so today we are
engaged in a controversy which will
determine whether we are to have a
republic in which the government de
rives its just powers from the cousent
of the governed, or an empire in which
brute force is the only recognized
source of poser.
"in a government where the people
rule every wrong can be righted and
every evil remedied, but when only the
doctrine of self government is impaired
and might is substituted for right there
is no certainty that any question will
be settled correctly.
-A colonial policy wouldi se occup~y
the people with the consideration of the
nation's foreign policy that domenistic
questions would be neglected. 'Who
will haul down the flag. or 'atand by
the president' would be the promupt re
sponse to every criticism of the admin
istration and corrup-tion ani special
privilege would thrive under the' ee'er
of patriotism.
"'It is not strange that the Populists
should oppose mihitarism and in::perial
ismn for both are antagonistic to the
principles upon which Povpubst apply
to other questions. look-ing at gt
Itions from the stan-itofhep
duc.-r of wealth rather- tha rom the
standpoint of the specul> ,sekp
uist reconaizes i-n ci. u: an
stnt and fuereasirng burden Th r
my worm which ocasinally destroys a
field of wheat is rnot nearl so danger
ous an enemy to the fatmr'a alaz
standing army, which invades every
eld of industry and esaet tel fr,
every crop.
"'If 100,O000 men are withder.wr, from
Exc irg Scenes Witnessed in ihe
City of Akron.
An Angry Crowd of People Seek
to Lynch a Negro fcr At.
tempted Assault on
a Girl.
A dispatch from Akron, Ohio, says
between one and two o'clock Wedncs
day morning Officer John Duffy arrest
ed a colored man who, during the day,
confessed to Prison Keeper Warher, to
having attempted to assault Cnristina,
the six year old daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Theo. Maas, industrious and re
spectable people who live on Perkins
hill. The prisoner has given his name
as Louis Peck. He is about 4') years
old, married and recently moved here.
The story of his confession spread
like wild tire through the city and offi
cers learned that an attempt would be
nmade to lynch him In the police
court Peek pleaded guilty and was
bound over to the common pleas court.
His bail was placed at 0300
Several thou-and people were ready
to lynch Peck. A large crowd Path
ered about the city prison at 7:30
o'clock and forced in the doors The
prison was soon packed with the mob
and the officers offered no restatence,
as Peck earlier in the evening had been
quietly taken away to Cleveland.
To satisfy the mob the ofiiaers sug
gested that a committee of six be ap
pointed to search all the cells and go
through every part of the building.
This was done, and as the nenro was
not found, a yell was made, ".Now for
the county jail. Give us the nigger and
we will deai wi:h him." A mad rush
was made for the j di! and soon the jail
was in the hands of the mob. After
going through the private apartments
of the jail the crowd started to batter
down the big iron doors.
Deputy Sheriff Stone stood in front
of the prison doors and made a speech.
He informed the crowd that Peck could
not be found in there and he told the
people in the mob to select a commit
tee and he would allow the committee
to search the jail from top to bottom.
A committee was quickly selected and
the jail was searched, every cell being
examined. Satisfied that the negro
was not there the mob then rushed
across the street and forced open the
doors of the county court house. The
old court house was soon packed and all
rooms searched except the rooms in the
treasury department.
The city prison was again surrounded
and hundreds of .eople forced their
way into the prison for the stcond
time, insisting that the negro was
there. Mayor W. E. Young at this
titme appeared at one of the windows in
the upp'cr part of the building. He
addressed the mo~b 4s best Le could,
saying that Peck had been taken out of
the ;risen at 4 o'clock by Sheriff Kelly
and driven cut of the city in a closed
The people in the mob would not be
lieve the mayor and continued to yell
and demand that Peck be surrendered.
At 1:) o'clock the mob began for the
third time to attack the city prison.
Some one in the crowd began shooting
at the building. This was followed by
several more shots, The officers in the
building appeared at the windows and
began to shoot over the heads of the
people. A man with a shot gun then
fired at the officers.
It is said several cfficers were wound
ed. The crowd then began to smash
in the windows of the city building and
the firing became general. Hundreds
of shots were exchanged, and one boy,
name unknown, was carried dead from
the street It is certain that dozens of
men were wounded.
All the ambulances of the city have
been called out and the excitement has
become intense. The front of the city
building is a total wreck and the fire
bells were rung.
At 10:45 p. nm. Prison Keeper John
E. Washer came from the city building
and he was knocked down by a brick.
He was badly injured about the head
and had to receive medical attention.
It was known that two people were
instantly killed and another person is
dying at the city hospital. The dead
are: Glen Wade, aged 10, shot through
the heart; John M. Davidson's four
year. old child, shot dead in a baby car
Fred V. Orwick, age 25, is badly
wounded with buckshot. He hives at
No. 43 North street, and is now dying
at the hospital. A man named Mull
was shot in the head and also in one
Another man, whose name culd not
be learned. btit who is a driver for the
American Express company was shot
in the lez.
At 11 p. mi. the crowd began to leave
for homne, and the indications arc that
no more trouble will take place.
Shortly after midnight the mob broke
into a hardware store and stole all the
firearms and ammunition they could
and, including guns, rulies and revol
vers and proceeded to the city building
and epened fire on the defenders and
Sinaliv set fire to the Columbia hall,
which adjoins the city building. At
last accounts the flames were spreading
No Prisoners Were Made.
A dispatch from Berlin says general
attention has been attracted by an in
tsrview published in? the Frankfurter
Zeitung between that paper's corres
pdetat Tokio and Lieut. von Krohn
who was wounded i,. A,1miral Sex miou
expedition. Lieut. von FKrohn says:
"At the beginning wounded Boxers
were sent to the hospitals an Tien~ Tsin;
buat it was seen later that this was a
mis te. Hence an order was given to
kill all thinamen able to stand, not
evento are he ouinded, but partie
lal to n'ake absolutely no prisoners.
Don't beJealous
IDo:&t be jeaku1 of your neighbor or
your brother.' Don't. That is little,
too' ittle, 'ery"ittle And if you in
due that~ -p~s .g it will make ya~
in" e, andthn man and then con
temprtible, DI -e the -iria rt you.
The Mob Enraged at Escape of Would
be Ravisher.
A dispatch from Akron says when
day dawned in that city Thursday
morning it revealed a scene of desola
tion and the evi:ences of violence and
lawlessness unparallcd in the history
of this city. The rioters had done
their work and had disappeared. One
child was lying cold in death and near
ly a score of people were suffering from
the wounds of istol balls. buckshot
and missiles. The city building was a
heap of smouldering ruins and beside it
steamed the water-soaked ashes of Co
lambia hall.
At ; o'clock the crowd began to in
crease as the curious spectators harried
to the scene of the trouble. A police
man appeared and then another, timid
at first, but with increasing assurance as
no violence was offered. Then Co. C
of Canton, a detachment of the gallant
Eighth Ohio regiment, marched down
the street from the train and, halting
befote the ruins of the building, was
at once set to patroling the fire lines.
There was no evidence of ill will or dis
quiet on the part of the crowds at the
lines. There was no talked of violence,
as the turbulent element had sunk away
with the coming of daylight and order
wais once more fully restored after an
awful night of terror and anarchy.
At t;:30 o'clock Thursday morning
Co. C, E:ghth regiment, of Canton, un
der command of Capt. A Fischer, ar
rived in Akron under riot c-rders. The
soldiers were met in the Valley depot
by Mayor Young and a party of city of
ficials. They were marched immedi
ately to the scene of Wednesday night's
rioting. As the troops marched up the
main thoroughfare hisses and groans
were board. At 9.20 nine companies
of the Fourth regiment arrived in the
city and marched to the scene of Wed
nesday night's rioting.
Shortly before 10 o'clock Mayor W.
E. Young issued a proclamation clos
ing every saloon in Akron until fur
ther orders. Oze killed, one fatally
injured and 20 persons more or less in
jured is the result of the mob's work.
Glen Wade was shot and almost in
stantly killed. He was in the mob and
a bullet from the revolver of a police
man in the city hall struck him. The
lad was only 11 years of age. Another
innocent who will die is Rhoda David
son, the seven-year-old daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. J. M. Davidson. Sitting in a
carriage with her mother and father on
the outskirts cf the mob, a stray bullet
struck her in the head. No hope is
held out for her recovery.
The resistance shown by the police
otiicers and city cfficials in the city hall
only served to lash the mob into great
er frenzy. Failing in its efforts to force
an entrance into the city hall a portion
of the mob ran to the store of the Stan
dar Hardware Co.. on Main street,
about one and a half blocks from the
scene of the rioting. Revolvers, rifles,
shotguns. razors and thousands of
rounds of ammunition were taken and
with these weapons the mob returned
to the city hail, where the city officials
were haranguing the mob.
Adjoining the city hail which was
constructed almost entirely of brick,
was an immense building which for
many years past was the principal pub
lic hail of Akron. This building was
set afire. The various fire companies
responded to the alarm, but the mob
refused to permit them to work. Co
lumbia hall was soon a ruin, but the
city hall was yet standing. Flaming
embers were thrown into the different
rooms and the building was soon burn
ing. Some of the more thoughtful ones
in the mob liberated the prisoners from
the cells below the hall. A stick of
dynamite was thrown into the front of
the burning building. A terrific crash
followed and p:>rtions of the wall
crumbled away like dust before a breeze.
Another charge was exploded and the
n o k of devastation was completed.
Killed by a Masher.
J. Bascom Bobbins, a young man
from Big Sandy, Tenn., making his
first trip through northern Wisconsin for
the Chicago Crockeiy company, of
Rhinelander attempted a flirtation with
one of the women clerks in the store of
Fenelon & Co., on Saturday evening,
and after being repulsed by the woman
and chased out of the store and down
the street, he shot and instantly killed
W. W. Fenelon, head of the firm who
had resented the insult to his em
ployee. Robbins was taken to the
county jail and afterward spirited out
of the city as it was feared that public
feeling might result in violence. The
murdered man was one of the foremost
citizens of northern Wisconsin. He
was heavily interested in property, both
in this region and in the state of Wash
ington. For fifteen years he has been
at the head of one of the largest mer
cantile houses of northern Wisconsin.
He leaves a widow and two young
Thrtle Showed Fight.
John Fisher, of Romey, WV. Va.,
had an exciting experiernce with a large
turtle in the south branch of the Poto
mae a few days ago. He caught the
turtle, which weigned about 40 pounds,
on his line, but after landing it in his
boat it showti light and chased him
from one endi of the boat to t'he other.
His only weapon of defense was a
small paddle, which the turtle would
now and then grsb between its jaws
Fisher at le'-gth succeeded in be-atirg
it ov.:r into the river.
Heat Damaged Crops
A dispatch from Chattanooga. Ten n.,
says the protracted hot weather, with
almost complete absence of rain aea
temperature averaging from K7 degrees
is proving disastrous to the interests of
farmers. Reliable reports were brought
in to the cifeet that the late corn was
completely killed in some districts,
while hundreds of acres of strawberry
plants were dried up and were a com
plete loss, it. is estimated that the
da:mage to date is very great.
Good Advice
Instead of wringing your hands over
the unsaved masses, suppose you turn
your energies to the salvation of the
sinner nearest to you? You will find
that a task which will call for all Sour
strength. your energy, your powerwt
The Alies Arrived Not a Day
Too Soon
Ccmmanders, Alarmed by Sound
of Bombardment, Gave Men
no Time to Rest. Musi
cian. Titus' Laurels.
A dispatch from Pekin says the
American and Russian flags were
planted on the last walls of that city on
Tuesday morning 14th instant, at 11
o'clock. the India troops entered the
British legation.at I and the Americans
at 3. There was a joyful reception
from the wall.
The emaciated tenants could have
lasted but little longer. They had only
three days' rations. The Chinese had
been attacking furiously for two days.
Four thousand shells fell in the lega
tion during the siege. Sixty-five were
killed and 160 wounded.
The Japanese began the battle before
daylight and they are still fighting
about the north wall, where a part of
the Chinese are defending the imperial
city. The Japanese casualties have not
yet been ascertained. The Russians
had five killed and twelve wounded.
The Americans had but few wounded.
The plan was to make a general at
tack tomorrow, and the troops were ar
riving at camp, five miles cast, all
night. They were completely exhausted
and slept in the cornfields in the rain.
Generals, however, alarmed at the
sounds of a heavy attack on the lega
tions, pushed forward independently,
the British, Americans and French on
the left of the river and the Russians
and Japanese on the right. Beginning
at 2 o'clock this morning the Japanese
diverted the brunt of the resistance to
the northern city, their artillery en
gaging the Chinese heavily there. The
Americans and British met with but
little resistance until they entered the
city, where there was street fighting
Reilley's battery attempted to reach
the inner wall. The troops finally en
tered the foreign settlement through
the canal.
Company E, Fourteenth United
States infantry, planted its flag on the
outer wail, Musician Titus sealing the
wall with a rope, by means of which
the others climbed to the top.
A dispatch to The New York Herald
from Pekin, Friday, August 17, via
Shanghai says:
Contrary to the agreement of the
allied commanders the Russians ad
vanced and occupied the first doer of
the east gate early in the morning of
the 14-h (Tuesday.) but failed to force
the se.ond door.
At : o'clock on the afternoon of the
14th the British and Americans entered
the gate near the legations and met with
only slight resistance.
The Japanese met more serious op
position at the upper east gate all day.
At midnight on the 14th they blew
up the gate and entered the city.
Many Chinese were killed.
The peoplc in the legation were well,
but somewhat starved.
Minister Conger said:
"They tried to annihilate us the day
befo're you got in.
"Prince Ching, president of the
Tsung Li Yames,- sent word that his
officers had received orders to cease fir
ing on us under pain of death..
"At 7 o'clock in the evening of the
same day the Chinese opened fire and
this continued all day.
"If the relieving column had not ar
rived when it did we should probably
have succumbed.
"The Americans lost seven marines
killed and 15 wounded and one child
"The whole movement ia purely a
governmental one. The boxers are
onlyja pretense, having no guns.
"The confidential adviser of the em
peror was the leader of the imperial
"In eleven days over 2,000 shells fell
among us."
A dispatch from Hongkong says a
prominent reformer has obtained from
yamen runners a letter from Gen. Yung
Lu, commander-in-chief of the northern
armies, to Gen. Tung Fu Sian, com
manding the Kan Su troops, saying:
"It is not convenient to accomplish
my secret orders," and proceeding:
"The foreign devils, counting their
superior streught in warships and guns
have dared to exert all their power to
rob and insult us, but their popula
tions are small and entirely dependent
~on the Chinese productions. China now
possesses cannon and rifles and plenty
of well trained troops.
"I don't fear the foreners. In the
ease of San 31un, I refused Italy with
the result that nothing was taken. It
is evident the foreigners are cowards. I
and Prince Tuan recently obtained the
help of millions of Bojsers, possessing
magic boldness. I swear to miurdtr all
the foreigte~s with assistance of the~
Baoers who are supplied with arms."
Gen. Tung Fu Sian. in his reply,
which was also obtained, says he is of
the same opioion and places the Kan
Su troops at Ge-n. Yung Lu's disposal.
A Young Man's Campaign
Adlai E. S:ephenson, the Demo
eratic nominee for vice president, has
this to say to the young mcn of the
country, and it is to be hoped ther will
ponder well his words: ''Carry to, the
young men the message :bat this is
their campaign. it is their canjpaign
in a a sense that no othe.r presidential
campaign in the history of our polities
has ~been. The doors at opportunity
are closing in the face of youth. It is
the mission of Demoer iey to open them
and to plaec beoXre the young men of
ambition, intelligence ana integrity the
hopes that were theirs before the gov
ernmental favoritisml and special privi
iege politics of our opponents became
soeontrolliog in our national life. Mr.
Bryan is in a peculiar sense the young
men's candiidate and the young men's
hope, and our party is the logical one
fo- yoanz men to support."
The Effect of the Heat on Growing
The following is the weekly bulletin
of the condition of the weather and
crops of the State issued Wednesday by
Section Director Bauer, of the crop and
climate service of the United States
weather bureau.
The mean temperature for the State
was 87 degrees for the week ending 8 a.
m. August 20th, and the normal for the
same period is 78 degrees. The highes
maximum ranged. from 100 to 104 every
day; the lowest minimum was 67 at
Spartanburg on the 13th.
The drought was relieved in spots.
Nearly every county reported some
rain, but over by far the greater por
tion of the State the rainfall was in
sufficient and many points had no rain.
Where the rain was followed by bright
sunshine crops were scalded and in
jured instead of benefited. There was
more cloudiness and lighter winds gen
erally than during the previous week,
except that heavy winds accompanied
some of the thunder storms. Damaging
hail fell in Lancaster and Pickens
The weather was too hot and gener
ally tco dry for all growing vegetation,
and crop reports indicate wide-spread
deterioration, amounting in the case of
young corn to complete ruination of
such that has but recently tasselled.
Earlier plantirg, not matured, is not
filling well, and the blades and stalks
are dead. The corn crop will be short.
Fodder was pulled from early corn an'd
saved in fine condition.
The weather conditions were also un
favorable to cotton, causing continued
shedding of leaves, forms and even
young bolls, and checked all. growth.
Rust has decreased. Premature open
ing is general and picking has begun in
all sections. Sea island contidues to
blight, is dwarfed and is fruiting poor
ly. In places late planted cotton con
tinues to look well, but the prospects
for the middle and top crops are pocr.
River rice isexceptionally promising,
except at a few points, and harvest,
which has begun, will soon be actively
prosecuted. Upland rice has failed
Peas of young growth were literally
killed, while earlier' plantings have
been severely injured. Some pea-vines
have been cut for hay. Swaet potatoes
and cane, pastures and gardens, in
short, all minor crops, have shared in
the general deterioration caused by the
unprecedented period of prolonged ex
cessive heat and drought in places.
. Fighting at Pekin Over.
A dispatch from Washington says
bloody work has been going on in
Pekin, according to a dispatch received
Wednesday by the Navy Department
from Remey. The message shows the
American forces fighting along with the
allies, and that progress has been made,
which has only been accomplished af
ter military effirts of a severe charac
ter. Officials of the War Department
familiar with the physical condition of
.he defenses at Pekin say the fact that
ill but the imperial city is cleared of
Jhinese troops is evidence that severe
3ghting must have occurred.
In order for the American troops to
penetrate to the gates of the palace they
nust have stormed a wall thirty feet
high which no doubt was stubbornly
iefended. It is a source of satisfac
~ion to the military officials that the
~llied commanders succeeded in clear
og the region outside of the imperial
~ity of Chinese troops, as thereby the
ianger of attacks in lank and rear,
while invaders are storming the impe
rial city, is removed. The statement
that all but the imperial city is cleared
f Chinese soldiers left the impression
that the force of defenders is still in
trenched in that section and will have
to be routed.
All except imperial city cleared of
Chinese troops. American troops first
to enter imperial city. Have penetrat
ed to gates palace. Capt. Riely, Fifth
Artillery, killed. Morning 19th Sixth
Cavalry and about 400 English and
Japanese dispersed about 11.000 Box
ers eight miles outside Tien Tsin. One
hundred Chinese killed, five Americans
wounded: Chaffee's losses six killed,
thirty wounded, two days fighting.
Dispatches received from Taku, dated
August 19, say that according to ad
vices from a Japanese source, dated
August 17, the battle of Pekin was fin
ished. The Japanese entered the im
perial palace. The foreign ministers,
with detachments of the allied troops,
were then occupying the imperial city,
the Chinese princes and ministers hay
ing retired to Sian Pu, west of Pekin.
One Good Chinaman
Mrs. Joseph Buffiogton, wife of tne
United States district court judge of
this district, recantly received a letter
from Mrs. James B. Neal, wife of Dr.
Neal, new with United States Consul
John Fowler, telling of a thrilling in
cident, in which a Chinese war ship
floated the stars and stripes. The letter
was written from Chefoo, July 10, and
;n it Mlrs. Neal writes: "There is one
good Chinaman in the world. He is
Captain Sah, of the Chinese gunboat
Ihai Chi, on which twenty six of us
American women and children took
refuge while she was l-,ing five miles
out in 'llung Cto b arb-or. Captain
Sah gave assistance to Captain Wilde,
ef the Oregon. when the latter grounded
a~nd in recogni.ionl of his services Cap
tain Wilde gave the Chinamian a letter,
bearing an efficial seal, that for saving
and guarding Americans at Tsung
Chow Captio Sahi and his ship were
andar American protection. While
we werc still on board the Hai Chi a
Russian man of-war started in her
iirectionl. But Captain Sah ran up the
aan an stripes, as Captain Wilde had
old him to do, and the Russian ship
urned promptly away. .There weic
wenty-six American women and chil
ren of us to cheer and cry as. 'old
~lory' unfurled from the staff of a Chi
1ese warship."
Corn Crop Ruined.
Kansas has had a terrible drop in
aer hopes of a magnificent corn crop.
A. few weeks ago something like 250,
)00,000 bushels was counted on. The
subsequent and still continued .drouth
Ea made it probable that the erop
will not exceed 75.000,000. After all
there is no state where crops are as cer
tain as they are in Georgia.
Some Latter Day Chivalry Up
By Twelve Men in Middletown,
Conn., Because They Did
Not Like Her
A dispatch from Middletown, Conn.,
says a whitecap outrage of a disgraceful
nature was perpetrated in Centrebrook,
a village in the southern part of that
county, Wednesday night.
A woman was set upon by twelve
men and so seriously chastised for an
alleged infraction of the moral law that
she may die.
There are slight elews to the men who
were implicated in the cowardly assault
but there is little chance that they will
be punished, because it is likely that
they were prominent citizens of a most
laced and law-abiding community.
Concerning the provocation furnished
to the woman-beaters by Mrs. Adolph
Fritz this story has nothing to do. She
is a comely woman, the mother of three
children, and a good housewife, as far
as is known.
Previous to the shocking occurrence
of last night it had not been known in
the little town that there was any ani
mous against her on the part of the
self-constituted regulators of the town.
Mrs. Fritz took a stroll with a young
Italian of the place. While walking
along the railroad track near the Essex
depot twelve masked men sprang from
the underbrush and made a rush for
the couple.
The Italian escort of Mrs. Fritz made
a wild leap over a fence, and was out
of sight in a minute. He was not pur
The twelve chivalrous citizens of the
commonwealth of Connecticut cared
nothing for the man. It was their de
sire to chastise the woman, and chastise
her they did.
Two of the masked assailants pushed
a meal sack over the woman's headand
choked her until she could not utter an
She was then stripped of her clothing.
and tied to a tree by the roadside. The
men appeared to be frantic. They tore
up the very earth in their desire to be
in on the punishment.
When the woman had been stripped
she was whipped most cruelly.
Buggy whips, blacksnakes and limbs
of trees figured as instruments of casti
gation in the hands of the whitecap.
Under the awful punishment she en
dured, her breath cut off by the tightly
wrapped sack, the woman became un
When the regulators had glutted
their desire to reform by flaggellation
they cut the woman loose, tore her
clothes to bits and cast her body in the
dust of the road.
She made the best of her way to her
home upon her recovery, crawling on
er hands and knees.
Being strong and self-reliant she had
ade a gallant fight against her twelve
rutal assailants.
She managed to gather a mask, a
whip and a man's soft hat. These she
ragged to her home with her, and
they had been turned over to the po
No'efforts will be spared, it is pro
laimed, to bring the perpetrators of
the outrage to justice, but it is feared
that efforts will not avail when the
prominent persons back of the affair
show their influence.
The woman is in a serious condition.
Her physical injuries are most shock.
ing, but they have not had the effect
of the nervous shock.
Investigating parties who visited the
scene of the assault say that the place
resembles a battle ground. The cloth
ing of the woman was literally torn to
shreds and many blood-stained boughs
of trees lying by the roadside bear evi
dence to the vigor with which she was
He Was a Desperado.
James Wallace, a wealthy farmer,
was shot and instantly killed Wednes
ay in Platt county, Missouri, near
East Leavenworth, by a neighbor, Dr.,
Arrington, in a quarrel over a line
fence. Dr. Arrington then went to
he home of Wallace's mother-in-law
nd deliberately shot her to death. Ar
ington escaped in a wagon with his
aughter, but was pursued by the
heriff and a posse which came up with
im in the road near Farley. The
urderer opened fire, fatally wounding
Sheriff Dillingham in the breast. As
e fell Dillingham shot Arrington
hrough the heart. The murders were
ommitted in a cold blooded manner.
Wallace and Arrington were neighbors
and had been at outs for some time.
Wallace was greasing his buggy this
:orning when Arrington approached
nd without a word fired two shots,
illing Wallace almost instantly. -Ar
ington drove across the river to Leav
nworth, taking his daughter with him,
urchased 250 cartridges, returned to
he home of Wallace's mother-in-law,
ntered the woman's house and shot her
o death before she could make an out
ry. He then climbed into a ,vagon
nd drove off. Saturday night Arring
on drove his wife away from home by
hreatening to kill her. She slept in a
ornfield and is still in hiding.
Many Frogs Sold in Chicago.
South Water street merchants report
hat more than 62,000 frogs were sold
aturday in Chicago. This is much
igecr than the average Saturday sale,
wich is 55,000. More than 300,000
are sold each week. Almost all the
e partment stores sell frogs at vetail.
The frogs are shipped into Chicago
from all the nearby Western states.
hy are raised on frog farms, except
n lc w and marshy localities, where the
frogs raise themselves without cultiva
tion. The croakers are caught by small
oys and put into boxes full of wet
rass. The department stores have
heir frog tanks on the top floors. The
frogs are hardy creatures and manage
to eke out an existence in their city
bomes in the department stores for a
month without being: fed The demand
for big, fat frog legs for the table is al

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