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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, December 26, 1900, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063760/1900-12-26/ed-1/seq-4/

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Divine Blessings Showered Upon
the American PeopOe.
Dr. Tam'ge D-zw' c=mparisons
Between Them. Our Duty to
Extend These Blessings
to the World.
Dr. Talmage preaches a discourse of
Christian patriotism and shows the re
souroes of our country and predicts the
time when all the world will have the
same blessings. His two texts are
Revelation xxi, 11, 'n the south
three gates;' Psalm exvii, le hath
not dealt so with any nation
Among the greatest needs of our
country is more gratitude to God for
the unparaled rrosperity bestowed upon
us. One of my texts clls us to inter
national comparison. WXhat nation on
all the planet has of late had such en
largement of comm.ercial opportunity as
is now opening before this Dation?
Cuba and Porto R co and the Philip
pine Islands brought into close conts:
with us, and through steamship subsidy
and Nicaragua catal, which will sur, l
be afforded by congress. atd the reruh
lies of South America will be brought
into most active trade with the United
States. "On the south three gates."
While our next door neighbors, the
southern republics and neighboring
colonies, imported from Eurmcan eoun
tries 3,000 mile, away $675 000 000
worth of goods ia. s year, only $126,
000,000 worth -vent from the Uwmd
Slates-$126,000.000 out of $675,000,
000, only one-fifth of the trade ours.
European nations taking the four
ingers and leaving us the -poor thumb
Now all this is to be changed. There
is nothing but a comparatively ferry be
tween the islands which have recently
come under our protection, ani only a
ferry between us and Bolivia, Peru,
Paraguay, Uruguay, Vent zuc la. Sdva
dor, Nicaragua, Colombia, Costa Rics,
Equador, B:azil, while there are raging
seas and long voyage between them and
Europe. By the mandate of the Uaitea
States all that will be changed through
new facilities of transportation. The
Hispano American congress just closed
at Madrid will fail in its attempt to
divert all the trade of South America
from us to Europe. What encouraging
symptoms that our trade wit.<Cuba and
Porto Rico has been quadrupled! But
that is only a prophecy. ' On the south
three gates"-yea, a hundred gates!
In anticipation of what is sure to
come, I nail on the front door of this
nation an advertisemont:
Wanted.-One hundred thousand
men to build railroads through South
America and the islands of the sea
under our protection.
Wanted.-A thousand telegraph oper
Wanted.-One hundred million dol
lars' worth of dry goods from the great
aities of the United States.
Wanted.-All the clocks you can
make at New H aven and all the brains
you can spare from Bos.ton and all the
bells you can mold at Troy and all the
McCormic reapers you can fashion at
Chicago and all the hams you can turn
out at Cincinnati -and all the rr~ilroad
iron you can send from Pittsburg and
all the statesmen that you can spare
from Washing'oo.
Wanted.-Riight away, wanted by
new and swifter steamers, wanted by
railtrain, lawyers to plead our causes.
Wanted.-Doctors to cure or" -
Wanted.-Mlinisters to evan.gelize
out population.
Wanted.-Professors to establish our
"On the south three gates," yea, a
thousand gates. South America and all
the islands of the sea approx mate are
rightifully our commercial domain, and
the oongre's of the United States will
see to it that we get what belongs to us.
And then tides of travel will be some
what diverted from Euarope to our is
lands at the south and to the land of
the Aztecs. Much of the $125 000,
000 yearly ex;>ended by American, in
Europe will be expended in southern
exploration, in looking at some of the
ruins of the 47 cities which 8:ephen.
found only a little way apart and in
walking through the great doorways and
over the miracles of mosaic and along
by the monumental glories of another
civilisation, ana ancient America wili
with cold lips of stone kiss the warm
lips of modern An- rica, and. to han
seen the Andes ana P. p.ecsepetl will
be deemed as 1 aport ant as to have seen
the Aipine at~d Baikan ratges, and
there will be fewer peo*ple spoiled by
foreign travel, and in our mioet less of
the poor and nauseat'ng imn:tiorn of
the French shrug and tfle i'mentiona
hesitancy of a brainless foreign s."ell
The fant is that many are made vain t3
European travel, and, thougth sensible
when they embarked, they retu:n with
a collar and cravat and a shoe and a
coat and a pronunciation and a con
tempt for American instuutions and a
bend of the elbow that mike one be
lieve in evolution bachward from man
to ape. Of the many thousands who
now cross the sea annually thousands
will, on pleasure and turiness, visi.
mouthern lands, and so toirists atu
merchants and scieniists and espitaliass
will all help in this nati i'nl devel.>p
mont. "On the s~uth three gates."
And what other nauien has sush open
ings for commercial enlargement as
Again, in this international compar
Ison notice the happy condition of our
sountry as compared with most coon
tries: Russia under the shadow of the
dreadful illness of har great and good
emperor, wno now, more than any man
inall the world represents- "peace on
earth, good will to met." and whose em
press, near the most solemn hour that
over comes to a woman's soul, is anxiou
for him to whem she has given her hand
and heart, not for political reasons, but
thoughold fashioned love such aa bless
os our humbler dwellings; India under
the a.gonies of a famine which, thaough
sombwhat lifted, has filled hundrecs of
thousands of graves and thrown mill ions
into orphanage: Austris only waiting
for her genial Francis Jeseph to die so
as to let Hungary rise in re bellion and
make the palace of Vienna quake with
insurrectiont: Spain in Carlist revolu
tion and pauperized as seldom as any
nation has been pauperized: Italy un
der the horrora of he'r kia:'s assasnina
tion: China shudders with a fear of
disemberment, her capital in po-sesio~n
of foreign rations A':er a review of
the condition in other lands can you
knd a more .ippropriate urtersnee i~ re
gard to our cunity than the ex taa
tion of the t-xt, "H hath not dealt so
with any nat~on'
Compare thc autumal re-port of iFar.
vests in Ameri. a this year and the har
vests abroad. Last summr~er I crossed
saw no such harvests as are spoken of
in this statement. Hear it, all you men
and women who want everybody to have
enough to eat and wear. I have to tell
you that the corn crop of our country
this year is one of the largest crops on
record-2,105,000,000 bushels! The
crop. though smaller than at some times,
will on that account bring bigger priccs,
and so cotton planters of the south are
prosperous. The wheatfields have pro
vided bread enough and to spare. The
potato crop, one of the five largest crops
on record- 211,000,00 bushels! Twen
ty-two miillon two hundred thousand
swine slain, And yet so many hogs left.
Arain. in this international compar
;onthere is not a land whose wages
and salaries are so large for the great
Ias cf people. In India 4 cents a day
aid find y urself in good wages; in Ire
land, in s-%me parts, 8 cents a day for
wages: in England, $1 a day, good wag
es, vast populations not getting as much
as that; in other lands, 50 cents a day
and 25 cents a day, clear on down to
sturvt ion and squalor! Look at the
great popuia-ions coming out of the
factories of other lands and accompany
them to their homes and see what pri
vations the hardworking c!asses on the
other side of the sea suffer. The labor
ing classes in America are 10 per cent
better cif than those in any other coun
try under the sun, 20 per cent 40 per
eent, 50 per cent. The toilers of band
and foot have better homes and better
furnished. "How much wages do you
act?" is a qnestion I have asked in Cal
cutta, in St. Petersburg, in B-rlin, in
Stockholm, in London, in Paris, in
Auckland, New Zealand, in Sydney, in
Aus:ralia, in Samoa, in the Sandwich
slands, so I am not talking an abstrac
tion. The stonemasona and carpenters
and plumbers and mechanics and artis
ans of all kinds in America have finer
residences than the majority of profes
onal men in Europe. You enter the
loborer's hou-e on our side of the sea
and you fnid upholstiry and pictures
and instruments of music. His chil
dr-n are educated at the best schools
His life is insured, so that in case of
sudden demise his family shall not be
homeless. Let all American workmen
know that while their wages are not as
high as they would like to have them.
America is the paralise of indas ry.
Again, there is no land on earth
where the political condition is so sat
isfactory as ours. Every two years in
the state and every four years in the na
tion we clean houie. After a vehem
ent expression of the people at the bal
lot be x in the autumnal election they
all se im satisfied, and if they are not
satisfie- at any rate they smile. An
English-uan asked me in an English
rail train this qnestion: "How do you
people stacd it in America with a rev
olution every four years? Would it
not be better, like us, to have a queen
for a lifetime and everything settled?"
But England changes government just
as certainly as we do. At some adverse
vote in parliment out goes one party
and in comes another. Administrations
change there, but not as advantageous
ly as with us, for there they may change
almost any day, while with us a party
in power continues in power at least
four years.
It is said that in our country we have
more dishonesty in the use of public
funds than in other lands. The differ
enc is that in our country almost every
official has a chance to steal, while in
-other lands a few people absorb so much
that the others have no chance at ap
propriation. The reason they do not
steal is because they cannot get their
ands on it. The governments of Eu
rope are so expensive- that after the
royal families are paid there is not much
left to misappropriate. Tne emper
i-r of Russia has a nice little salary of
$8 210,000. The emneror of Austria
ta' a yearly salary of $4,000,000 Vic
t-ria. the queen, has a salary of $2 200,
000. The royal pla e of St. James pal
ace is worth $10,000,000. There is a
host of attendants, all on salarieq. some
of them $5,000 a year, some $6 000 a
yar. Comptroller of the honsqhold,
mistress of the robes, captain of gold
.tick, lieutenant of silver suick. clerk
of the powder closet, pages of the bank
stairs, master of the horse, ehie'
eq2erry, equerries in ordinary equerry,
neditary grand falconer, vice chiam
oerlain, clerk of the kitchen, gruoms
in waiting, grooms of the court chain
bers, strgeant at arms, barge master
and waterman, eight bedchamnber wom
en, eight ladies of the bedoaiamber anl
so on andi 80 on. All this is only a type
of the fabulous expense of foreign gov
erments. All this is paid out of the
-wat and blood of the people. Are
te people satisfied? Bowever much
te Germans like William, and Austria
lkes Francis Josneph, and Eigland
akes her glorious queen, these stupen
dous govercinntal e xpenses are built on
a groan of dis-atisfaction as wide as
Euope. if it were lefL to the peop e
: End1and or Austria or Germany or
Risia whether these expensilve estab
tahments bhould be kept up d- yvu
-1ot what the vote would be? Now,
i it inoi ttetter tuat we be overtax.
ad the surplus be distributed all ov'er
tne land than, to have it buitt up and
pied up inarde of palaceb?
Couninuing~ this international corn
parion, I have to say to you that we
ave a better ciimste than is to be
ound in any other nation. We do not
suffkr from anything like the scotch
mists or the Eaglish fogs or the Rtus
iau ice blasts or the ty phus of southe-rn
Europe or the Asiatic cholera Epi
emes in America are exceptional,
very exceptional.- Plenty of wood and
coal :o make a roaring fire midwinter,
easy access to sea beachi or mountn
op when the ardors of summer come
d wn, Michigzan wheat for the bread
Long Island crai for the meal, Carolina
rice for tne q-aeen of pudding-t, Louis
ana sugar to sweeten our beverages,
Georgia cotton to keep us warm. In
ur land all products and all climates.
Are your nerves weak? Go north. Is
your throat delicate? Go south. Do
ou feel crowded and want more room?
Go west. I declare is: This is the
-iest country in the world to live in.
Hw do I know it? I have 650,000
ueff reasons for saying it. Six hun
dred and fifty thousand people in one
year came from the other side of the
Atlantic to live in America, and they
came because it is the very best coun
try to live in.
While making this international
comparison let us look forward to the
:iue which will surely come when all
nations will have as great advantages as
our own. As surely as-the Bible is
true the whole earth is to be gardenised
and set free. Even the climates will
change and the heats be cooled and the
frigidity warmed.
Many years ago in this city I gazed
upon a scene which for calamity and
grandeur one seldom sees equaled. I
mean the burning of the 8mithsonian
in~tiuion. It was the pride of our1
outry. In it art had gathered rarest
~pecimens fr'm all land and countries.
h was one of those bandings which
t:z3 you with enchantment as you in
ter, and all the rest of your life holds
oi with a charm. I happened to see
~h first glow of thbe fires which on that
cold day looked out from the windows1
of the cost ly pile. I saw the angry elc
righted workmen and the assault of
ire engines only seemed to madden the
-age of the monsters that rose up to do
;our all that came witbin reach of their
chain. Up along the walls and thromgh
he doors were pushed hands that
snatched down all they couli reach and
burled it into the abyss of flame be
neath. The windows of the tower
would light up for a minute with a
ild glare and then darken, as though
Betds with streaming locks of fire bad
Dome to gaze on in laughing mockbrv
at all human attempts and then sunk
gain into their native darkness. \t h
rsckle and roar and crash the fijcr;
tumbled. The roofs began here and
there to blossom in wreaths and vines
of flame. Up and down the pillars ran
serpents of fire. Oat from the windows
great arms and fingers of flame were ex
tended, a% though destroyed spirts were
begging for deliverance The tower
put on a coronetof flames ana staggered
and fell, sparks flying, the firemen es
caping, the terror accumulating B 'oks,
maps, rare currespondence, autographs
of kings, costly diair.,ms burned to
cinder or scattered for many a rood
upon the wild wind, to be picked up by
the excited multitude. Ot, it seemed
like some great funeral pile in which
the wealth and glory of our land bad
leaped to burn with it consuming treas
ures. The heavens were blackened
with whirlwinds of smoke, through
which shot the long red shafts of
calamity. Destruction waved its fiery
banner from the remaining towers,
and in the thunder of fabing beams and
in the roar.ng surge of billowing fire I
heard the spirits of ruin and desolation
and woe clapping their hands and shout
ing, "Ahal ahal '
I turned and looked upon the white
dome of yonder capitol, which rose
r.rouzh the frosty air as inp.)sing as
though all the white marble of the
earth had come to re-urrection and
stood before us, reminding one of 'tne
great white throne of heaven. There
it stood, unmoved by the terrors which
that day had been kindled before it
No tremor in its majestic columns,
no frown on its manifieent sculpture,no
fluah of excitement in its veins of marble.
Column and capital and dome, built to
endure until the world itself shatters in
coavulsions of the last earsi q'iake
Oh, what a contrast between the smor
ing ruin on the one hand and that gorge
ous dream of architecture ontheother!
Well, the day speeds on when the
grandest achievemcnt of man will be
nonsumed and the world will blaze
Dawn will go galleries of art and
ashes of consumed greatness and glory.
Not one tower left not one city unct.n
saumed, not one scene of grandeur to re
lieve the desolation. Forests dii
mated, seas licked up. continents sunk
hemispheres annihilated. Oh, the roar
and thundering crash of that last con
flagration! But from that ruin of a
blazing earth we shall look up to see
the temple of liberty and justice rising
through the ages, white and pure and
grand, unscarred and unshaken Found,
on the eternal rock and swelling into
domes of infinitude and glory, in which
the halleluiahs of heaven have their
reverberation. No flame of human hate
shall blacken its walls. No thunder of
infernal wrath shall rock it foundations.
By the upheld torches of burning
worlds we shall read it on column and
arhitrave and throne of eternal domin
ion, "Hleaven and earth shall pass
away, but truth and liberty and justice
shall never nas wa7
To Improve the Staple.
The Boston Journal cf Commerce is
authority for the statement that the
United States der ariment of .agri
cultre is now engaged in a series ,f
experi-ents with a view to producir g
a specie of hybrid cotton that will have
a etaple of a finer quality and greater
length. The exceriments are b' g
carried on at Unarieston, S C. Tne
oojct of the tests is to produce a cot
ton that will have a s'ap.e as long and
firm as Sea Ibland and oc e that ein be
growd in the corroI b-'lt. L'es; are a
being made with all varieties of Eg p
t an cotton. Tae d- partiment is ve y
recent in regard to tne success of the
eperiments, but it is rumored, wi~h
how much truth we cannot say, that the
tots are meecing with I'.ir suecess and
snould thsey be a, snacessful as is hoped
will be the the case, our southe n
planters will be able to produce a co -
ton that wili have a staple tule equar of
any now being grown in E.:ypt or in
any foreign count y. Fioci what we
have be--n able to learo, say s cfbe Jiur
nal of Commerce, we a-certain that the
nw variery of hy brid e atton wiil not
only have a longer and finer grads sta
ple than our uptaud co:.ton. but iha:. it
will also possess several othier advanta
ges over our pre.-eat siapie. It is r
ported that these p aits passe-s mu:h
wore vigor than co the pree-nt otnes.
Inat the bolts have much m're cot ton in
tb. m, and tast these bois are mueni
ca to pick. Alt of these advan a
e5. if correct, should make the co)tt'*n
be superior of tie pre~ent Esyptian
variees Tnie nece~sity anuh .ia,
ted to he-em xperioucats is the aii'gd
fact tr our tapisad cojtton is ef sucn
sho t staple th.&t t canno) b-- succsf
l-, used in m..kiug te finest liaes of
otton g.>ods The tendency of corron
ma accuring is towar a finer .zrades.
nid it is stated by the Journal of
Commerce that "we have not got a
single truly American~ co t in that can
be used to spin good yarus above 80 s
Sea Island cotton can be a-.ed for yarns
as fine as 400's; and .Egyptian can easily
be spun to 18S ; but when we come to
the best grade of what is classed as
true American cotton it is h ird : or the
pinner to go over 75 s to 80 s." The
Augusta Chronicle says the desire f r
fzer good4 nas made the demand for a
otton of fi .er fiore, and mrurtactur
ers it is claimed, lock to S-.a Ibland
otton or to Egyptian cotton to get the
staple that is needed. -It is in the ef
custural department is no w experiment
ig. It is very certain that the vast
buik of cotton in the world is cur
&merican cotton, and it is used not
ynly in this country, but in all cmun
:ries where cotton manufacturing is
known. Caa it be possible that it is
sot suited for t be finer ades of cloth?
Distance and Dancing
A physician witu a mind for statis
rics nas been estimating the distance
overed by a woman in dancing through
:he ordinary programme, sa s an x
cange. An average waltz the doctor
estiaas, takes one ove r thrce quarters
>a nmile. A square dance makes y. u
over haif a mite, tue same distance i,
overed by the polka, whi~e a raspiu g s!
op wili oblige you to traverse j et
ibout a mile. Say there are tw~ I e
alzes wh ch is a fair average-t bese
ione make nine miles. Three galops.
added to this nmake the distance twebee
nil< s, while from three to five dance,
it a hlf miie each, briog up tre tota?
.o rom thirteen to fifteen mit s, this,
Ao, without reckoning the promenade
indthe et:as. "As a m ans of ex
ree," says the phyrie a, 'it wilI
hus tne seen that dancing stands at che
id of the list. In g alt, for instance,
:he major part of the e(xercisc crsls
n waiog around the tinks, follo'ving
tp the ball, arnd yet even in goif not so
cuch ground is covered as in an eve
Quick Time in Getting Married and
In the cream colored city of Mil
waukee, where the best families speak
the language in which Heine once
;fgl and S:openhaucr sighed. Louis
llir-eh, one fiae July day, fixed a new
criterion on the perilous side of mairi
meny by wedding his mother-in-law,
Mri. Albertina Abrahams. It was said
that he had learned to love her cooking
before he proposed and she accepted
him. Many of the wise and learned
have married their cooks, but Hirsch,
waiving disparity in age, outdid the
old time philosophers and soived the
mother-in law problem by one bold
stroke of genius. The bridegroom was
30 aid the bride 60.
In Miinneapolis, the other day, Ed
ward Ratn shattered conventional ideas
by marrying his stepdaughter, who is
18, this proceeding having transposed
his for mer wife, from whom he was di
vorced, into his mother-in-law. The
latter is said to have been as indifferent
to the change as if she had never mat
her son in-law.
From Chicago, lopg noted for its sur
prising statistics in marriage and di
vorce, comes the record for the swiftest
courtship of the year, though not the
sptediest divorce. One cold, inhospi
table February day Charles K)rpes
stepped into a Chicago rakoe in search
of a drink to warm the innerman. Now
it happened that the owner of this par
ticular bar was a buxom widow. Korpes
bought a drink-a long one-and while
slowly si'ping it like a true connois
seui sized of the comfortable surround
ings After fifteen minutes of wooing
he proposed and was accepted. The
sc quel was told in court one month
lattr, when the erstw hue buxum widow
was ceekiug relief from her nusband s
extrav.,gance and his habit of drawing
a revoiver on her to enforce his de
More marriage licenses were issued
in Chicago in June, 1900, than in any
preYius month of Cook county's his
tory, 2,15U couples obtaiuing permits to
wed. Unicago a Gretna Green is St.
Joseph, Mich., across the lake. All
Sunday matrimonial records were brok
en there on August 12, when 78 couples
were joined together for better or for
worse-mostly worse probably.
The blue ribbon for sundering the
greatest number of tangled hymeneal
ties in a single day was proudly taken
by St. Louis. Yet people sometimes
will sneer at St. Louis as a slow town.
Poor little overworked Cupid was bat
tered and hammered and twisted out of
all recognition, on Nov. 2, when four
circuit court judges took off their coats
figuratively speaking, and after hear
iog the total of 100 aiyorce cases grant
ed 50 decrees.
San Francisco contributes the record
for the speediest divorce, and a neat
and workmanlike j.b it seems to have
been. Edwin W. Evans, a wlde-awake
commecial traveler, with the timely
aid of a swift California court got his
decree of legal separation from an in
compatible partner of the maiden name
of 0 Brien in precisely 20 minutes. At
10 o'clock on the morning of July 21
he filed his complaint; 10) minutes later
a law'yer submitted th~e wife's answer;
at 10 20 the jauge signed the decree
and the liberated husband bolted from
tile c urt room to catch a train. Bat
Mr. Evans. it is proper to add, brought
to his aid in preparing the case the
knowledge of a professional. He was
no amateur. He had every thing cut and
dried. He had been in the divorce
mill before and had carefully written
out a copy of an old decree, which the
j aago obiigirigly signed so that he
snouldn't me-s his train.
Sama North and South.
The Savaunah New thinks - it rather
remiarkatee, tnat the northern papers
~ae so litle space to the lyuening
wniahea ccurred at R ackport, 1ii., lasL
duuday. 1i. naa someI ratner dramatic
eatures. If a lssnwg like tOat nad
ocurred in the soudi, particutarly if
the~ victim ha-i been a negro, there
wouizd nave Deen eusationai neadlines
in LIIe tame papers, anid the aocouut of
the affer wousi nave beenl given in a
caiuama or more. And tocwre was an
or..OC iyncnius at tee sams piac3 onl
AJ.tday, Two iynonins in oLne town
within st o asois soiaetauu tnat rarely
ocuro il tile squen~. hue vicuims in Line
Roeapoxt aftiair were negroes. It is
douttul i1 tue alieged gur.lty parties
hau oeen white nmen there wouid nave
Deen a ?yecaitag Aua ere wa ~e
s muju race reehus, b.oa'jly mare,
sinown in enese. Itcaport innrisa as
inre ever 13 in a bunling ul a negro
cruutuali Lunte nosa. le may Ce taat
te reasou the noi Linern papers said so
indle at.,ut tae dloe&port attair is Laa
tuey are Degirnn6 to uinastanu LaaSL
a negro ano cevttS a heinouo off noe
inl Lue iiortfl'itauds ia just as maUn
anger of berns Ie noeie as a negro wao
comuulits a sniuiar uf,..nae in Like rodtik.
As imr as I., n.niug is csoucerued the yieo
-'. 01 Lt ltnrLL have no reason to trunh
incy s.aud 00 nisner grotind than Lene
peo).e vi Lt. titn. if the pereutage
01 tfne negro papuladio was as iarge in
e north as in tue rotaf there woui
ve jurst as many lyncninss teere as
nere. * We otiieVe Winat the News says
1s true, In iact, we believe ihat ten
negro on tme WnoIe is treated with more
cosderationa unaer all circumistanes in
the South thlan cc is in tne .North.
The Simple Crutli
The Besoa ider~au nas reached the
conclusion that tnlere are inferior races
and mne~t tucy amust ve or will cc treat
eas inlerior, aan actually admits teat
ii Nev Eungiand had to at~ai directly
wita the negro pro uiem, that nas cau~ed
so muon uiuu1e in tne acutn, New
dagiaud woa dountiess hannie it very
much as it has been harnled in the
duen. Speahing of the Iudian and ne
gro pro Wems it says: "I we nan 100.,
00liatuwi~a or 7Uo.000 or 800O,u00 ne
r.e:pn New Eugiand w e shuusa hold re
peetung tio mon the bame views
tat are held Dy our Western and South
ern feiio w c-ouumry uen."~ Our Nea Eng
land friends are good because they dO
not ikave to Oe Cad, Dut ii. is something
to Cave an admission Iromn one of their
iepesentatuve newspapers zcnat at bot
toni tney are just as' wicked as their fel
low-coutr.,men of the South, whom
tey have spent so much time in hoid
ig up to puibac repronation. T'he
aove from the News and Courier hits
the nail en the head.
The Wages of Sin.
After kxadiog a double life for
months, A. C .1etzger. a wealhby New
Ak manufacmnrar, anot and killed the
leading lady of the D..vidson Comedy
company at Hopewell, Ps., and then
nooting himaecf witb the same pistol,
fell dead anros her body.
A poor woman carrying a basket of
apple. met three boys. Tne first bought
haf her apples and gave back ten, the
second botuzht one third of what re
mained and give back two, the third
boght half of what he had 1-ft and
gave her back Oo which made her
welve. How m~a had she at fiest?
Remaina of Tudor Palace in Lo=dom.
Enfield post office, which is shortly
to be removed to a new site, at pres
ent occupies a building which pos
sesses some remarkable traditions. It
was Queen Elizabeth's palace. A por
tion of the center and south wing of
the Tudor structure still remains, and
within there are richly ornamented
ceilings, oak paneled wails and a mas
sive chimney piece, standing on 'ionic
and Corinthian columns; and here
are seen the letters "E. R.," with the
arms of England and France quar
tered, the rose and portcullis, the lion
and the gryphon. and the motto, "Sola
salus servire Deo, aunt alterae
fraudes." At the back is a gigantic
cedar, which is regarded as the first
of these trees ever grown in England,
as unquestionably it Is the largest.
The story runs that it was reared
from a seed brought over from Mount
Libanus.-London Telegraph.
England Venerates the Oak.
It is only too true to say that our
state forests have been neglected and
mismanaged in the near past.. Alice
Holt and the New forest are instances
in point. Then there is Windsor forest,
which has also suffered in the same
way. In many places oaks were being
grown where there was no prospect of
their ever becoming good trees. The
soil was unsuited to these trees, though
capable of growing excellent Scotch
pines. There are plenty of goods in
the south of England, the prop
erty of private individuals, where the
ground is oak-sick, yet the owners
make no attempt to permit any other
sort of tree. A tree which is now very
common throughout Surrey and other
.counties is the locust tree, or acacia.
London Express.
Klondike's Equable Climate.
An illusion in the minds of the ill
informed is that the climate of the
Klondike is such as to make life un
endurable. The fact is that the win
ter from November to March is no
harder than in the northern part of
New York, Minnesota or Wisconsin, and
better than the blizzard-stricken states
further west, on account of the small
snowfall. While it is true that the ther
mometer will go as low as 40 degrees
below zero for four or five days dur
ing the winter, the weather is uniform
ly comfortable enough to allow out
door mining operations during the en
tire winter season. The spring, sum
mer and fall are distinct, with an ideal
climate.-N. Y. Herald.
Memory of a Benefactor Toasted.
Toasting Sir Francis Drake is an
interesting ceremony. The town of
Plymouth consumes 8,000,000 gallons
of water per day, and its first reg
ular supply was given to the town
during Sir Francis Drake's mayoral
ty. Annually the town indulges in
the quaint ceremony of toasting his
memory, which is done In this way:
The pious memory of Sir Francis is
drunk in water at the head weir.
But then the company drinks in wine,
to the sentiment: "May the descend
ants of him who brought us water
never want for wine."-Pearson's
His Glorious Record.
"Let me see, colonel." she said in her
sweetest manner, "where was It you
won your spurs?"
"A t Cape May," he replied.
"Cape May?" she echoed. "Why,
there never has been a battle at Cape
"No," he admitted. "but there were
three grass widows in the house where
I stayed, there, last summer, and I got
away from the whole crowd."
Thlen, with her nose pointed in the
direction that all good people hope
some day to go, she left him alone in
the corner.-Chica~go Times-Herald.
What Baby Saw in the Woods.
A four-year-Old girl wandered away
from home near the Bonanza mine re
ently and was lost in the mountains
43 bhours. When recovered she was
quite unharmed. She told of having
seen a big black dog with two puppies,
which she tried to catch, "but they ran
away a fter their "mamma." The "dog"
was a bear, and the "puppies" were her
cubs.-Portland Oregonian.
Religion In BusIness.
A firm of cocoa manufacturers in
Birmingham, England, had declined
to bid for a contract of 30 tons of
cocoa for the British troops in South
Africa. This action was taken from
religious motives, the members of the
firm being Friends, who do not coun
tenance war.-N{. Y. Sun.
hMr. Simpkins-Give me a kiss, Bob
by, and run up and tell your sistr Jen
ny I have brought her a box of choeo
Bobby-Oh! When Dr. Dashing
calls he always gives the candy to me
and the kiss to Jenny.-N. Y. World.
Proof Against Perturbation.
"Who were the Stoics, pa?"
"Oh, the Stoics were a queer ancient
people who didn't brag of their all
ments and wouldn't stand and listen to
any brag about other folks' ailment.."
-Indianapolis JournaL
Dobson-If you marry my daughter
how long will it be before you call on
me for aid?
Hobson-That depends on how long
it is before she strikes me for cash.
Denver News.
An Anxious Inquirr.
He-Why does your father keep
that bulldog?
She-Oh, for company, I suppose.
He (anxiously)-His or-or yours?
Like a Railway SwItch.
Conscience Is like a railway switeh.
If it is carefully tended it will keep
you on the right track.-Chicago Daily
Touch of Blurnt Cork.
Endman - What am de' dif'rence
'tween er board bill an'er billboard?
3fiddleman-Dunno. W~hat am de
dif'rence tween er board bill an' er bill
bord ?
"Yo' all can't jump er billboard."
Chicago Daily News.
Sister (after reading of the ship
wreck)-Oh, my! They aay it was the
most awful disaster of recent years
Only one man survived to tell the
story. Isn't that terrible!
He-Frightful! What a horrible bore
that man will be.-Philadelphia Press.
Locating the Responsibility.
Have you any definite outline for con
versation, Clementine?"
"Yes; whier people call on me I
exert myself; when I call on them I
don't."-Indianapolis Journal.
Snre to Be Discontented.
The man who prefers other work
instead of the work allotted to him is
apt to dislike any kind of work.-Ch~i
American Students in ingland.
The number of American historical
research students who have visited the
archives of this country during the
present year ;s stated to be exception
ally large. nrd the subjects upon which
".ey have been engaged are, as usual,
senarkab'e for their originality and
Interest. Indeed, American historical
professors who cultivate the "seminar"
vstem with such admirable resultsap
pear to have a positive genius for select
ing subjects which lend themselves to
further e;ucidntion from unedited MSS.
At the present moment the subject
most in favor Is the development of
exceptional jurisdictions, such as the
palatinate of Durham and the star
chamber, together with the great eco
nomical problems connected with the
inclosure of commons, the survival of
bondage, the history of great trading
companies and the emancipation of
colonial trade. On all these and other
Important questions much good, work
has appeared or may be expected
Such exemplary labors furnish a still
further indication of the activify and
success of the new school of American
history, which bids fair to rival the
schools of France and Germany in its
scientific methods. while retaining
Anglo-Saxon individruality of its own.
Industry of Ants.
In the matter of industry, ants can
compare, and not unfavorably, with
bees of the proverbial sort. Indeed,
there seems no end to their ability,
for in South America some of these cu
rious little creatures were lately dis
covered to have burrowed a tunnel no
less than three miles long. In India
there is a red species so small that a
dozen of them have to band together
in order to carry a grain of wheat.
In spite of this, however, they will take
grains a thousand yards to their nests.
Another interesting instance of an
ant's industry was the result of a re
cent experiment. An ant was placed
in a saucer with some larvae. So anx
ious was the little creature to carry
them to the nest that it worked with
out pause from six o'clock in the morn
ing until ten at night, and as the re
sult no fewer than 180 of the larvae
were so conveyed.-London Express.
Meaning of Canard.
The word canard does not only mean
the water fowl beloved by gourmets; it
also signifies a little lump of sugar
dipped in brandy and often taken by
the fair sex with their after dinner cof
fee. Journalistically It implies a bit of
pseudo news, which owes more to the
imagination than to the sense of verac
ity of the author. The accounts of the
distortion of the original sense of the
word into it. journalistio meanings
are many. One thing is, however, cer
tain. Three etnturies and three-quar
ters ago the news criers of Flanders
shouted In the streets: "The canard
of the battle of Pavia," where Francois
I. at the head of his Frenchmen were
defeated by the Connetable de Bour
bon.-N. Y. Times.
Sunshine and Sugar.
The experiments of the French
grape growers in Algeria have shown
that too much sunshine is unfavorable
for the making of good wine. In the
more temperate climate of France
grapes possess a proper proportion of
sugar to acid for winemaking, but the
hot Algerian sunshine in.uces so ac
tive an assimilation by the vines that
the quantity of acid is reduced and
that of sugar Is Increased. In conse
quence, the winemakers of Algeria are
driven to many devices for improving
the flavor and lasting quality of their
wines.-London 3iail.
Mastodons in Death Valley.
The bones of three mastodons have
been discovered In Death valley, Cal
ifornia, and their discoverer, a miner,
has taken out a claim for the purpose
of excavating them. Another indica
tion of the popular appreciameon of the
money value of the remains of prehis
toric animals is the fact that a mining
claim has been filed in southern Cal
fornia to recover the excavation of a
fossil whale of the Pliocene epoch.
Youth's Companion.
WThere to Put His Arm.
"She's teaching me to dance," he
"And how far have you pro
gressed ?"
"I have learned where to put my
"How long has she been giving you
"Oh a little over six weeks."-Chi
cago Post.
His One Request.
Agitated Father-You have rescued
my daughter, sir, from an awful death
by drowning. Ask me anything!
Brave Young Man-Do you really
mean that?
"I do, I do."
"Then don't oompel me to marry
her."-Detroit Tree Press.
To Kill by Suffocation.
The Japanese government Is con
sidering the advisability of inflicting
capital punishment by means of suf
focation-placing the subject in an
air-tight chamber and then exhaust
ing the air from the chamber by
means of a pump.-N. Y. Sun.
Wanted-A Man.
Softleigh (after the rejection)-If I
-aw-were only a rich man you
wouldn't have wefused me.
Miss Cutting-You might have left
out the adjective without affecting
the truthfulness of your remark.
Chicago Daily News.
A Wise Preicription.
Doctor-How is your appetite?
Patient-Fine! I can eat anything.
"Well, don't for awhile and you will
get better."-Puck.
Value of Amusement.
Amusement is to the mind what sun
shine is to the flowers.-Chicago Daily
Merciful on Both Sides.
Dolly-Oh, dear! My summer can
dy bill is $45!
Polly-Goodnesal What will your
father say?
"Well, I'm going to tell it to him
five dollars at a time."--Puck.
Natural Disbelief.
McJiggr-You hear people talking
about the "fool-killer." I don't believe
there is such a person.
Thingumbob - Naturally, for, of
course, you have never met him.-Phil
adelphia Press.
Couldn't Spare Any.
First Tramp-Dat dog is hungry.
He needs a bone.
Second Tramp-Well, he can't have
none of mine!I-Puck.
Fools occasionally find opportun
ities, but wise men make them.-Chi
cago Daily News.
Cities That Grow Most itapidly.
The census bulletins confirm the
truth of the statement that the grow
ing American cities are those where
manufacturing can be carried on eco
..omly.Chlag Chroniela.
Pennsylvania........ .. ... 312
Delaware............. ....... 48
M1a yland........ 280
Distric to i>Bmbia ........ .... 24
Virginia......... ...... ...... 305
West Viri.ns.. 87
North Csrjlina ...... ... 285
Kentucky............. .. 398
Tennessee..................... 408
Alabama...................... 317
Mississippi...... ......... 358
Lnuisiana ............... 358
Texas.... .............1,021
Arkansas...................... 305
Montana... ............ 90
W yoming...................... 22
Colorado....... .......... 252
New Mexico.................... 58
Arizina....................... 43
Utah.. 57
Nevada................ ....... 39
Idaho...... .................. 27
Washington.. .............. 102
Oregon........................ 79
California ....... ..... 422
Broken Laws
H. L. Scaife has given to the
Union Progre-s thirteen laws,
which the Chester Lantern
reproduces, and to these we add
another which has been over
looked. The laws are as follows:
"The whistle or bell of a locomo
tive shall begin to sound at least
500 yards before reaching a
public crossing and continue to
ring until the same is passed.
The sale of any adulterated,
diseased, currupted, orunwhole
some meat, vegetables, fruit,
milk, or any other kind of food
or drink is unlawful.
Any person selling a minor,
under the age of 18 years, ciga
rettes, cigarette paper, or any
substitute therefor is subject to
a fine not exceeding one hun
dred dollars
It is unlawful for any person
to carry any torch, chunk or coal
of fire upon the lands of another
without permission; it is also un
lawful to set fire to any grass,
fields, brush or other combus
tible matter, whereby any
woods, fields or, fences of an
other are burned.
Any one who cruelly drives
or works, cruelly abandons,
overloads overdrives, overworks
tortures, torments, needlessly,
mutilates, cruelly kills, ill treats,
or deprives any animal of neces
sary sustenance and shelter, sub
jects himself to a fine not ex
ceeding one hundred dollars.
It is unlawful to buy or sell
any cotton seed from sundown
to sunrise.
The law requires all persons
or vehicles to travel on the right
center of the road.
It is unlawful to walk or drive
outside of the road on the cul
tivated lands of another.
Selling merchandise or resort
ing to sports or engaging in
games on the Sabbath is pro
In a limited mercantile part
nership, in addition to the sign
containing the name and style
of the firm, the law requires
that there shall be posted in its
place of business the given and
surname of each member of the
firm. The penalty is fifty dollars
for each month default is made.
Any person who shall add to his
name on a plate or signboard
the word "company" or "Co,"
when there are no other persons
in the business besides himself is
subject to the same penalty.
It is unlawful to drive across
a bridge more than twelve feet
long faster than in a walk.
.I o teacher shall be employed
by a board of trustees of .any
school district who is related to
a member of the board by con
sanguinity or affinity within the
second degree, without a writ
ten approval of the County
Board of Education, nor unless
a majority of the parents . or
guardians of the children at
tending the school request in
writing the employment of such
a teacher.
It is unlawful for any school
truste to make any contract, or
be pecuniarily interested,
directly or indirectly, in any
contract with any school district
of which he is a trustee. Any
person who shall be guilty of the
violation of this provision shall
be fined not less than $100 nor
more than $500 or shall be
imprisoned not less than three
months nor more than twelve
monthe, or both at the discre
tion of the court, and he shall
forfeit the amount of said claim
or all his interest in the same."
FORTY-THREE years .ago
George Knight was convicted at
Rockland, Mfe., of the murder
of his wife and sentenced to
prison for life. The evidence
agaist him was wholly circum
stantial. He always maintained
his innocence. The other day he
died. On his death bed he was
urged to clear his conscience by
confessing. With his minutes
numbered and his breath fleet
ing, he declared, "I never mur
dered my wife, never." They
were his words. Was the terri
ble punishment of a lifetime in
prison inflicted upon an inno
cent man?
MR. Harvie Jordan, president
of the Interstate Cotton .Grow
ers' Protective association,
charges that the government
agricultural department, mn
stead of being operated ii the
interests of farmers, is being
used as a basis for the rankest
kind of speculation, to their ser
icus injury. He further avers
that the sources from which the
government secures its informa
tion is no longer reliable, and -
declares that the fact that this
sesnscrop is short is too well
known for attempts at decep
tion on the part of speculators.
THE Chicago Times-Herald
having proclaimed the end of
the century last year stands by
it, and is no w trying to convine
somebody else that we are about
closing the first year of the 20th
century. Wonder if it would
have claimed that the first cen
tury had only 99 years in it, and
that the year 100 was the first
year of the second century in
stead of the lat earnof theafrst?
A Curious Russian Trade.
The Rostov police have just succeed
ed In arresting a woman who has
been wanted for the past two years
for having driven a lucrative trade in
artificial mutilations. After her hus
band's death the widow continued the
business, and by some want of caution
aroused the attention of the police,
but she has long managed to evade
them, while continuing to perform her
operations. By injecting under the
skin at the joints some preparation of
petroleum. she produces a very nat
ural-looking contraction of the joint
operated on. Her clients were those
among the common people who de
sired, at as small an expense as pos
sible, to escape being taken for sol
diers, and amcng less deserving and
richer people, a certain number of
clever swindlers, who defrauded ac
cident insurance companies by affect
ing the same kind of disfigurements.
The last attempt, which led to the
capture, was on a young man who had
arranged to fall out of a train, and se
account for his injuries to the insur
ance company, besides the possibil
ity of getting a sum of money from
the railway company.-London Stand
Debts Inherited in India.
It Is the universal custom all over
India for a man whose monthly income
is perhaps three dollars to spend as
much as $300 on the marriage of hi:
daughter. This sum he borrows fron
the local money lender, a veritable
blood-sucker, whose minimum rate of
interest is 24 per cent., which is only
accorded to thoroughly well-to-do peo
ple. The ordinary peasant, small shop
keeper or domestic servant pays one
anna per rupee per mensem in the way
of interest, and as 16 annas go to the
rupee it will be seen that this works
out to 75 per cent. per annum. As a
rule, it is more than the borrower can
do to pay off this interest, and so the
debt goes on growing and is handed
down from father to son, a terrible load
which is never got rid of.-N. Y.
Reflections of a Bachelor.
Love isn't quite as comfortable as
laziness, but it's a lot cheaper.
A woman's heaven would be a dead
failure without it had a little fuzzy dog
in it and a big garret.
A woman gets most of her happiness
out of remembering how miserable she
was some particular time before.
A woman is considered bright by the
other women by the number of kinds
of a fool she can make of a man in five
Every time a woman sits up half the
night acting sweet to a lot of men she
wakes up the next morning and acts
ugly to the one she is married to.-N. Y.
A Discovery.
"It's very remarkable," said Mr.
Meektown, pensively. "Very remark
able, indeed. I really think the matter
is worth bringing to the attention of
"What are you talking about?"
"Our six-year-old son, Telemachus.
Henrietta and I were discussing him,
and after ten minutes' conversation it
was conclusively demonstrated that he
inherits all his good qualities from his
mother and all his bad ones from me.'
-Washing on Star.
"Loyalty," remarked Senator Sor
ghum, "is one of my great character
"But you have been known to
change your mind once or twice."
"That is true. But my loyalty is
tremendous while it lasts. When
attach myself to a man's political ia
terests I stick to him :ike a brothei
until he gets defeated.-Washingtoi
Narrow Escape.
Yunker-Did I ever tell you about
that narrow escape I nd from a
hotel fire while I was in New York?
"It was the narrowest escape I evei
went through. The check from Uncle
John arrived while the landlord wai
talking of sending for a policeman."
Indianapolis Press.
She Hit It.
"Ma'am," said the tramp, hoping to
strike a sympathetic chord in the
woman's breast, "I was bred in old
"Bread!" snapped~ the busy house-.
wife. "And loafed, I presume, in a
good many other states."-Phlade3
phia Bulletin.
BEl Theory.
A novel exhibition of the cause of
thundershowers was once given a so
journer in a little Nova Scotia town by
one of the inhabitante. "Do you know
what makes thunder?" the Nova Seo
tian inquired of his guest. "I've got a
theory of my own, and I call it a pretty
good one." "I should like to hear it,"
was the diplomatic reply. "Well," said
the host, slowly, "my idea is this:
You know we hear about the air circu
lating and circulating all the time.
My notion is that the pure air from
above comes down here in summer and
gets foul with all the smoke and dirt
and grease; and then the heat drives it
up again into the clouds; and when it
gets up there it's pressed on all round
by the clouds coming together, and it
explodes! That's my theory; of
course," he added, with becoming mod-.
esty, "other people may have other."
Youth's Companion.
Bad Enough
A table showing the number
of murders by States has recent
ly been published in which it is
attempted to show that South
Carolina heads the list, but
there is some reason for this
condition of J.fair that has not
been explained in the editorial
article that furnished the stat
istics. We take pleasure -in
publishing the table on which
their results are based. The
Chicago Times-Herald printed
a few days ago, a table show
ing the "average "number of
murders per year" for each State
during the last decade, as fol
South Carolina.. ....... . .. . 21
Georgia.......... ..... ...... 81
Florida................... 157
0 O1................... ... 332
Indiana........ ........... 228
Illinois.................... 315
Michigan.................. 2i5
Wisconin.... ..... ..... .. 154
M Iinnesota.... ...... .... ...-- 5
Iowa................... .. 202
Misuri............ ........362
North Dakota....... .........9
Suth Dakota....... .. .......4
N'-braska.... ................ 6
Knsas .................... 235
Maine.................. ..... 18
New Hampshire...............9
trmont.. .. ..... .. .... .......6
Massachusetts........ .........6
Rode Island............... 2
New York................. 512
w.,we s........ . 120

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