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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, January 02, 1901, Image 1

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VOL. ~*MANNING, . C., WE N SA ,JANUARY 2, 190._____________ ___
A Splendid Record Made by This
State Last Year.
Nearly Fifteen Million Dollars
Put Into Cotton Mills In
the Last Two Years
Fine Showing.
No State in the union will be able
to keep up with South Carolina's record
last year in the matter of building cot
ton mills. Including the increases and
the charters grantei last year covering
of course, actual subscriptions of stook
ur:d organizations the total is $7,795,000
To this for the year must be added the
4cmpanies commissioned, but which
have not managed (n ale their returns
and get their charters in time for the
anrual report. This adds $1,495,000,
which makes the bandsome total for
1 he year of 1900 $9,290 000. There
-vas 31 cotton mills actually chartered
last year, while 14 have made increases
and enlargements. With, charters
granted in 1899 this makes the magnifi
cent showing of $13 499,000 actually
subscribed and invested in cotton mills
in a period of only two years. Then
there are the mills commissioned this
year which have not sent in their re
turns yet, but will doubtless do so ag
gregating in capital $1,495,900, making
a grand total of capital trajected in
new cotton mills in South Carolina in
two years of $14,994,000. The figures
speak volumes for the smallest of the
southern States.
Here are the names, location and
capitalization of each of the new mills
for the year 1900:
Charters were krsnted to the follow
Ttte Clear Water Bleachery
and Mfg. Co., Aiken... .$ 300,000
Anderson Yarn and Knit
ting Mills, Anderson.... 200,000
Cox Manufacturing Com
pany, Anderson .... .... 50,000
Williamson Mills, Anderson 100,000
tosemary Knitting Mills,
Barnwell ............. .30,000
Blacksburg Spinning and
Knitting Mill, Cherokee. 15 000
Limestone Mills, Cherokee. 200,000
Wylie Mills, Chester...... 100,000
Hartsville Cotton Mill, Dar
lington .............. . 250,000
Fork Shoals Cotton Mill,
Greenville ............. 25 000
The Carolina Mills, Green
ville .. .. .. ..... .. 50 000
Franklin Mills, Greenville. 45,000
Monaghan Mills, Greenville 500.000
DeKalb Cotton Mills, Ker
shaw .. .. .......... .. 200,000
Goldville Manufacturing Co.
Laurens................ 150,000
Dillon Cotton Mills, Marion 150.000
loeman Mills, Marlboro... 200,000
Octoraro Mills, Marlboro . . 30,000
-lenn-Lowery Mfg. Co.,
Newberry............... 30,000
~Newberry Knitting Mills,
Newberry-..-....-..--..-.. 25,000
Or&ngeburg Mfg. Co., Or
Orangeburg Knitting Mills,
Easley Cotton Mills, Pickens 200,00C
Liberty Cotton Mills, Piok
ens-......-.. .......... 100,000
Capital City Mills, Richland 100)000
WoodrufE Cotton Mills, Spar
Saxon Mills, Spartanburg.. 200,000
Monarch Cotton Mills,
Alpha Cotton Mills, UToion. 100.000
Buffalo Cotton Mills, Union.- 600,000
Sutro Cotton Mill., York..- 50,000~
Total (31) ... .... . ...4 50,000
The following sho ;s the net incresse
of capital stock in cotton mills:
Anderson Cotton Mills, An
derson........ ........ 100,000
Cox Mfg. Co., Anderson. . 150,000
Riverside Mfg. Co., Ander
son.......... ......... 1 0,000
Beaumont Mfg. Co., Spar
tanburg-.........-..-.... 70,000
The Courteney Mfg. Co.,
F. W. Poe Mfg. Co., Green
The Greenwood cotton Mill,
Greenwood.... .. ...... 300,000
Manchester Cotton Mill,
York......... 50,000
Williamston Mills, Ander
son........ ........... 100,000
rairfield Cotton Mills, Fair
fild......-... ..-...... 135,000
Olymphia Cotton Mills,
Richland-.......-...... 250,000
Lancaster Cotton Mills, Lan
caster-....-... ......... 8 0,000
Gl~enn-Lowery Cotton Mills,
Newberry..-..-..-....-.. 200,000
Eureka Cotton Mills, Ches
ter-....--------- ---.--90,000
Total (14).... .. -.. ... $2,945,000
Charters as above........ 4,850,000
Total. .. --------...... $7,795,000
Number. Stock.
189(including Olm- 1,0
phia)..... 11 3,275,000
1900.... ... 31 4,850,000
This refers only to new charters
granted'and loes not take into consid
eration corporations commissioned or
increases of capital stock.
During 1900 commissions were issued
to corporators of the following projected
mills, which have not as yet nled their
returns and secured charters:
The Crof t Mfg. Co., Aiken $ 200,000
The Winona Mills, Aiken. 100,003
Wilmont Mills, Anderson 200,000
Barnwell County Cotton 1000
Mill, Bsarnwell...-.-.-.-100,00
Cheraw Cotton Mills, Ches- 10,0
terfield .. ....-.-.-.-.- -0-0
Blacksburg Cotton Mill Co, 10,0
Cherokee .....-.-.- - - - 1000
Johnston Cetton Mills, .
Edgefield ............ 0,000
Verdery Cotton Mills Green
wood-..-..... ....-.-.. 100,000
Kershaw Cotton Mill, Lan
.shby Cotton Mimls Ma,.ion 100,000
St Matthews Cotton 3il,
Orangeburg ...... ...... 00,000
Inman Mills, Spartanburg.. 200,000
Totalhi2) .. .. .. .. $1.495.000
Reported above. . . . . 7,795,000
Total .. ........ . . $9,290,000
Atd among these mills could be in
cPuded two others which are assured.
11.e is the mill at Carlisle for which
the money has been raised, and the
other ii a Union mill now under con
struotion; yet neither have been asked
for commissions.-The S-ate.
A Foul Murder
A dispatch from Winnsboro to the
C'lumbia State says the night before
Christmas about nine o'clock while the
noise of cannon crackers was deafening
all over the town, Win Rosbsrouch,
colored, was fcully assassinated. The
homicide occurred withia 100 yards
of the colored Baptist church where
Rosborough had been attending a busi
ness meeting of the deacons. While in
the church a person came to the door
and told Win. Smith, the sexton, to
inform Rsborough that some one want
ed to see him across the street. Ros
borough went out, and while crossing
the street the assassin fired at him the
fatal shot with a shot gun heavily cbarg
ed with squirrel shot. The load penet
rated to Rosborough's heart. Ros
borough was a highly respected and
prominent colored citizen of the town.
He was the leading butcher and also
kept a restaurant, and was making
money. It was known that he bad about
$100 on his person before he went to
the church. As he did not return it was
thought he had gone home. Search was
begun for him and his body was found
in a cornfield near the church about
three o'clock Christmas morning. The
corpse was terribly lacerated-his watch
and money gone and all his pockets
turned inside out. White and colored
people here are much worked up over the
homicide. Several negroes have been
arrested charged with the crime.
Big Fire in Marion.
A fire occurred on Main street in the
business part of Marion not long after
the middle of Christmas night, and des
troyed four stores with all theircontents
except in the case of Mr. W. S. Fox
worth, who saved his b oks and papers.
The origin of the fire is not known, but
is attributed to the careless discharge
of fireworks by late Christmas revelers.
It was dicovered between 2 and 3 o'clock
in the building owned by Joseph Harrell
All of the structures were of wood and
very combustible, and the flames made
rapid and for a time irresistible head
way. Our town is not provided with an
engine or any organization for combat
ting fire; but thanks to the usual good
fortune that seems to befriend the town
in such an emergency, the wind was
moderate and blew from a favorable
quarter. The buildings teat lay in the
path of the conflagration were com
paratively isolated, and there was
enough space between Foxworth's and
J. E. Middleton's stores to enable the
citizens, by dint of strenuous and untir
ing exertions, to save the Middleton
building and check the progress of the
devouring element.
Prevalence of Leprosy.
An appended report to Gen. Mac
Arthur's review of the civil affairs of
the Philippines for the past fiscal year,
gives somas rather startling facts regard
ing the instruction and prevalence of
leprosy in the islands. According to the
estimation of the Franciscan fathers,
says Major Guy L. Edie, the writer of
the report," there are no less than 30,
000 lepers in the archipelago, the major
portion of these being in the Visoayas.
Leprosy was introduced in 1633 when
the emperor of Japan sent a ship with
150 lepers on board to the Philippines,
a present to be cared for by the Cath
olc priests. Thus the seed was plant
ed, and as no practical methods were
ever adopted to eradicate the disease
or prevent its spread, it has taken firm
root, and spread into its present for
midable phase. A house to house in
spection inaugurated last January
found more than a hundred lepers con
ealed in dwellings. These were sent
to San Lazaro hospital in Manila, but
many others escaped into the surround
ing country. A commission is now
engaged in the work of selecting a
suitable island or islands for the pur
pose of isolating all the lepers in the
Spending Money on a Dream.
The Standard Oil Company is spend
ing $1,000 to s,3certaiii what stuff the
dream of Thomas Clevenger, a farmer,
who lives near Nottingham, Wells
county, Indiana, is made of. Two weeks
ago Clevenger dreamed that on a cer
tain spot on his farm there was a rich
pool of oil. Around Nottingham there
is much good oil territory that the
Standard and other companies have de
veloped, but Clevenger's place is off the
line, but he went to the Standard and
told them of his vis.iin and invited
them to erect rig thereoe ud verify
his, dream. Clevenger went away dis
appointed at the indifference of trhe
boses, but two nights more in succes
sion he had the same dream and he
once more went to the Standard men
and mad~e such a strong appeal that
they ordered a dri~ll trted on the spot
pointed out by the farmer. Clevenger
is closely watchiaig the downward pro
gress of the tools and the latter part of
the week will tell the story.
That Car Service Matter.
The Columbia State says Thursday
Mr. Haskell, of the oar service associ..
tion, was in the city. He called on t de
railroad commissioners, and, it is said,
assured them that practically all of the
new demurrege rules were satisfactory
to the railroads. There are a few, how
ever, upon which the roads desire a
hearing. The cmmnission, it in under
stood, will decline to approve the as
sociation's rule as to storage of paekages
and stand to any refusing to pay such
Aged Couple Assaulted.
Abraham Johnston and wife, both
over 80) years old were bound, tortured
and robned about midnight at their
home a short distance below Marietta,
O, on the West Virginia side. Their as
sailant, a giganiic negro, gained en
trance to the house to steal. After se
cring all valuables he left the victims
still bound- Mrs. Johnston is almost
totally paralyzed from the shock and
he husband is badly injured.
That We Shall Ultimately Win
the Fight.
He Declares That Destiny Alone
Can Tell Whether He Will
Offer for Public Po
The annual banquet of the Jeffer
sonian club of Lincoln, Neb , Wednes
nesday night at the Lincoln hotel
brought together nearly three hundred
representative men of the Democratic
and Populist parties of Nebraska, to
gether with a number of leaders from
other States.
Wm. J. Bryan made his first ap
pearance at a public gathering since
the election and the greeting accorded
him in his home city was never more
hearty and spontaneous.
The speech of John W. Kern, de
feated Demycratio candidate for gover
nor of Indiana, arcu ed the banqueters
to a high pitch of enthusiasm by his
laudation of Bryan and his outspoken
criticism of those Democrats whom he
accused of contributing to his (Bry
an's) defeat. His denunciation of
Democrats who offered "gratuitous
counsel to Democracy," though he
mentioned no names, was accepted by
the crowd as a reference to farmer
President Cleveland
Mr. Bryan, whose subject was "prin
iples live," said in part: "At this
banquet, surrounded by neighbors who
have been my friends for 10 years, I
may be pardoned for saying a word of
personal na'ure. Five times you have
voted for me for public cffi-e-twice for
congress, once far the Uaited States
Senate and twice for the presidercy
and no candidate ever received more
loyal support than you have given.
"Whether I shall ever be a candi
date for office again is a question which
must be determined by events. One's
destiny is not known until his life's
work is complete I shall be content
if it is my lot to aid in the triumph of
the principles while others enjoy the
honors and bear the responsibility of
"The holding of public office should
be an incident and not the extreme aim
of the citizen. It should not be an
end, but the means for the accomplish
ment of a purpose.
"Tae presidency seemed -desirable be
cause it would have enabled me to give
effective aid to certain reforms which
I believe to be necsssary to the public
welfare, but defeat-even a second de
feat-does not lessen my interest in
this reform, and time may prove that
my work is to advocate rather than to
"I'he Commoner will give me an op
portunity to participate in public dis
cussions, and I am sure that an edi
torial pursuit will furnish as much in
tellectual enjoyment as I could have
found in the White House and in ad
dition thereto will give me more time
for home pleasures.
"I'he principles for which we con
tended in the last campaign still live
-md we who believe in them must con
tinue to fight for them. An election
does not change principles; it only de
termines what principles shall be for
the time being applied.
"The believers in tariff reform did
not abandon their faith when the high
tariff doctrine was endorsed at the
polls, neither did protectionists when
their cause suffered loss. The advo
cates of the gold standard continued
the fight for monomentalism for 25
years in spite of the platform declara
tions of all parties in iavor of a double
standard. Sall we who believe in bi
mealism lose courage because our op
ponents have profited by an increased
volume cf money, thus admitting the
economic prino~ivie for which we have
been centending?
"Defenders of trusts did not lose
heart when all parties denounced com
binations in restraint of trade. Shall
we give up the fight because monopoly
has triumphed by stealth? Must we
now advocate an imperial policy be
cuse our opponents have won a victory
by aenying they are imperialists?
"A coljnial system involves a sur
render of our theory of government
and the people will understand this as
Boon as the system is put into corpora
tion. If we were to consult our imme
diate convenience and comfort we
wold never oppose wrong ef any kind,
for all warfare involves a temporary
sacrifice, but this is our government
and must be transmitted unimpaired to
posterity. We have no choice, there
fore, but to stand steadfast, come what
"If we are successful in diverting
present tendencies and in carrying the
government to its old fanndations we
shall rejoice in the victory and profit
by the reforms secured. I am cotfi
dent that we shall ultimately win.
But if the trend toward plutocracy can
not be checked, it is stili. better that we
should be defeated in a righteous un
dertaking than that we should j in
hands with those who are ignoring the
inalienable rights of man."
Chinese Burn Christians.
A dispatch from Pekin says the Rev.
Mr. Kelly, the Pres byterian missionary,
has reported to Minister Conger the
burning by Boxers of 19 Catholic Chris
tians, and now says he has received
further confirmation of the burning of
native Christians. He says the number
burned is 2i and that thousands of arm
ed Chinese have been seen in the San
ho country. Mr. Kelly in firet rer orting
the occurrence aditted his information
was from Chinese sources and said that
the Japanese, who have jurisdiction
over the territory 30J miles north in
which, it is alleged, the outrage occur
ed, would investigate the report.
Terrilble Accident.
A dispatch from .Les Moines, Iowa,
says telephone messages from What
Cheer via Ottumwa confirm the report
ed drowning of forty-nine school chil
dren. They were skating on the ice
when it gave way. .The accident occur
dat 9 in the evening.
Many Were Slain by Cranks and Anar
chist During the Last Century
During the century now coming to
a close no less than 17 heads of states
and one empress died by a violent
death, says the New York Tribune.
The first victim was Czar Paul I, of
Russia, strangled by nobles at St.
Petersburg in the night of March 23-24,
1801. He was followed by Sultan Selim
I11., who, after being deposed, was
thrown in prison, and by order of Mus
tapha IV. also strangled on May 8, 1808.
in 1831 Count Capo d'Istria, president
of Greece, was assassinated, and in 1854
Dike Charles of Parma was murdered.
Danilo I., first prince of Montenegro,
had occupied the throne only a week
when he fell a victim to blood ven
geance' on August 13, 1860 O April
14, 1865, Abraham Lincoln, the six
teenth president of the United States,
was shot by the actor, John Wilkes
Booth at Ford's theater, Washington,
and died the fil hwing day. Three
years later, in 1868, Micbael Obreno
vitch. prince of Servia, was murdered
near Belgrade. The year 1870 record
ed the assassination of the president of
Hayti, Salnave, and the year 1878 that
of the president of Ecuador, Dr. Gar
cia Moreno The thirty-second sultan,
Abdul Aziz Chan, after being forced to
abdicate in favor of his nephew, Maho
mot Murad, died in prison on June 4,
1876, presumably a natural death, but
an investigation instituted in 1831
against several of the highest officials
rroved, by the hands of assassins. Gar
fiold, the twentieth president of the
United States, was shot by Guitean at
Washington on July 2, 1881, and died
from his wcunds at Elberon. N. J., on
September 19 of the sime year. Alex
ander II. of Russia, after many at
tempts against his life, was finally
killed by the explosion of a bomb
ttiro en by a nihilist, who himself was
killed at St Petersburg on March 13,
1831. In 1890 President Merendez, of
San Salvador, was murdered, and en
July 24, 1894, President Carnot was
stabbed raortally by the Italian anar
chist Caserio Santo. The anarchist
Lucoheni stabbed Empress Elizibeth
of Austria at Geneva on September 10,
189S President Heureaux, of San D -
mingo was assassinated on July 26,
1S9, and this year recorded the assas
siation of King Humbert of Italy by
Anarchist Bresei, which is still in every
one's memory. Altogether nine presi
dents, two emperors, one king, two
princes, two sultans and one empress
perished by the hands of assassins.
Soldiers Sick of It.
Gen. MacArthur is confronted by the
fact that the term of enlistment for
most of the soldiers in the Philippines
will cxpire on June 30th next, and they
are nearly all eager to q lit the service.
It is true the war ended a year or so
ago, according to Gen. Otis, but then
a general doesn't like to be that far
away from home without an army, and
Gen. MacArthur knows that the 60,
000 men under his command have no
idea of continuing in the service beyond
the time of their enlistment. Hence
it is that he has reconnmnded the of
fering of a bonus of $250 to each man
who will re-enlist. As the Augusta
Chronicle says "how could there be a
severer commentary on the wars that
are being waged in the Philippines and
South Africa? In the latter case the
British are offering $1.23 a day for
volunteers to subjugate the Boers,
nearly four times the regular pay, and
Gen. Mac Arthur is proposing a bouncy
eq'ial to nearly two years' pay to in
duce American soldiers to re-enlist.
We cannot doubt that the men i
South Africa are as loyal to Great
B:itain as her average subjects, or
that the men in the Philippines pos
sess courage and the love of country.
Their first enlistment establishes this
Then why are they about to lay down
their arms and retire from the war
when their services are still needed?
In our ju-igment the answer is to be
found in the fact that they are dis
gusted with the war they are waging
It does not have the approval of their
consciences or enlist their patriotism;
but must have the appearance of cross
ing the ocean to subjugate a people
with whom we have nothing in com
mon, and who are bravely battling in
defense of their native land to the best
of their ability and equipment. It is
natural ihat the gorge of the Ameri
can soldier should rise against such
warfare, and that having unwittingly
gotten into it, he shoull hail with sat
isfaction the expiration of his enlist
ment, and the chance to get out."
Fire Proof Eggs
According to a statement in the New
York Herald hens fed by a Pennsyl
vania fancier on asbestos siftings laid
eggs that were unaffected by fire and
hence would not cook satisfactorily.
The shell, it appears, is asbestos and
fireproof, though the contents are nor
mal. Chickens hatched from these
eggs are said to have no feathers but a
dwny covering resembling asbestos.
The chickens are much lhked, but there
is no market for the fireproof eggs. The
asbestos enrs recalls tbo India-rubber
fish described some time since in the
New York Sun. An angler, having
aught two sucke:s of one size, put a
rubber band about the two to see
whether they c aul I swim Siamesetwins
fashion. They swam off all right and
were lost to view. IlAurniog two years
later to fish at the same place the vera
clos agle caghteevralfish each of
which had two hesds and two tails
with onc body. When they were cut
open for cooking two backbones were
found, but they were bound close to
gether by a ligament, and a disagree
able rubber fh~vor rendered the fihsh
unpaatable. Shoes smeared with the
blod were waterprodr. These two yarns
entide the spinners to the head of the
cl ass
Marriage by Force.
Magistrate Strokteeker, of Red Top,
a notorious negro settlement, near Char:
leston, gave orders Wednesday that all
negroes living there would have to mar
ry. Since the notice was made several
days ago that such orders would beissu
ed magistrate, seventy- five ocuples, it is
said, have been married. Magistrate
Stroheeker maintains that a man will
fight quicker for his paramour than for
his wi:e, and to stop the run of crime
in that locality has directed the negroes
to become legally man and wife.
About the R ,bbery of the Kings
tree Dispensary.
By Four Masked Men and Robbed
of Eighteen Hundred Dol
lars. He Had No
The Kingstree cerrespondent of The
State says early Thursday morning, as
business people were entering upon
their duties for the day, it was whisper
ed around that the dispensary had
again been robbed and that Dispenser
F. M Player had been "held up" and
relieved of over $1,800 in cash jist be
fore daylight. Mr. Piayer, it appears,
had related full partinulars to Mr. R.
R. Stutts, town marshal. Mr. Stutts
says he and Mr. Lemon were in the dis
pensary Wednesday night with Mr.
Player until nearly midnight, counting
up Monday's sales of liquor; that he
went to bed about midnight, and was
aroused by Mr. Player about 5 o'clock
the morning, who stated that he had
been robbed, and gave the following
particulars: Player stated that he
heard some one calling him from the
outside, at the back door of the dispen
sary; that he opened the door and was
immediately covered by two guns, in
hands of masked men, who demanded
his money or his life, and, being un
armed and unprepared for any such
emergency, he was powerless, and offer
ed no resistance, simply saying: "Gen
tlemens, I is in your power." Two
others, making four men in all, then
came forward and entered the dispen
sary, and took all the contents of the
safe and two bags of liquors, and de
liberately walked off, telling Mr.
Player to be careful and not give any
alarm for at least 30 minutes, or his
life would be in danger. As soon as
Player thought they had left he ran to
Stutts' house, which is directly in front
of the dispensary.
Mr. Stutts says that after being
aroused he distinctly heard the buggies
going across Black river bridge, which
is on the west side of Kingstree, nearly
half a mile distant from the dispen
sary. Mr. Stutts says he went on to
awake Mr. H. 0. Britton, the county
jailer and also clerk of the board of
control of this county. Stutts recited
everything to him, and then went on
to arouse Mr. Lemon, whom he found
drunk in bed, and being unable to
arouse him, he then went back home,
and he and Mr. Player stayed there
until daylight, when Mr. Britton came
and ordered dispensary locked up.
Mr. Player has always been looked
upoa as a straight man, and the busi
ness people all seem to have confidence
in him. He had not deposited any
money for about two weeks, and up to
a short time ggo he had been deposit
ing his money in the safe of Messrs.
Heller & Co., which made it perfectly
safe. The county treasurer states that
Mr. Player's bond expired about the
15th of December, and he promptly
notified H. 0. Britton, clerk of the
board, and Mr. Britton states that he
promptly notified the State board of
control, that Mr. Player was without
bond, and they paid no attention. The
county board, knowing Mr. Player to
be without bond, quietly let him go on
acting dispenser, in the full discharge
of his duties. To say the least of this,
is amounts to almost criminal careless
ness, and the sentiment of the people
demand at lest the prompt removal
of the board, as by this act alone they
have shown their unfitness for filling
any such important business position.
Mr. Stutta says that he is confident
that he knows the four men who robbed
the dispensary; that he has no proof,
but that one of the men wore a peculiar
kind of mackintosh coat that gave him
dead away. If this wholesale robbery
is allowed to pass unnoticed as'as been
done in the case of every other robbery
connected with the dispensary here, the
people will vote to put it out of town.
The graded school is almost wholly run
by the profits of the dispensary at this
place, and if the town were to lose this
money it would cause the school to be
closed one year or longer.
Capt. W. H. Kennedy, mayor of
Kingstree, has tried time after time to
get Mr. Player to deposit the dispen
sary money, as the law requires, once
a week, with the county treasury, but
without avail, as it seems that he de
posited when he pleased. Mayor Ken
nedy further states that he appealed to
Mr. Britton, who is manager for the
board, to help him to get Player to de
posit the money, but was given no sat
isfaction. The county treasurer, R D.
Rollins states that he also advised Mr.
Piaver to be more reguiar in deposit
ing money. Mr. Player had deposited
only $285 during the month of Decem
ber. It is not known how much -the
shortage will aggregate, probably $1,800
or may be as much as $3,000. Piayer
has been dispenser about a year and in
that time has had three robberies, the
last time being a complete cleaning up.
Every dispenser who has been connect
ed with it here has been robbed.
In the Financial Soup.
The Dallas Texas Times-Herald re
marks that the people in the south who
gamble in cotton are now in the finan
ial soup for several million dollars,
unless they are able to margin up and
hold futures later than January. The
farmer who raised the cotton and is able
to hold it will not he hurt, as he will
get the high spring prices. It is easy
for eastern financial centers to shake
out the weak southern gamblers in
futures. This lost money in home in
dustry stocks and bonds would do bet
ter. ___________
Our Turn Will Come.
United States Consul Albert, station
ed &t Brunswick, Germany, officially
reports great business depression in
that empire. Compared with the sum
mer of 1899 building ente:prises have
fallen away by 37 per ent, railroad
projects 53 per cent, and electrical and
street railway enterprises 63 per
cent. Projected electric lighting and
gas plants are a third less; while in such.
spheres of activity as mining, smelting,
metal manufacture, stone work, and the
production of chemicals and textiles,
th decline is some 27 per cent.
Men Wanted to fill up Regiments in
the Philippine Service.
Do you want to go to the Philippines
to fight? Uncle Sam needs more sol
diers to take the place of those who
have been killed, died of disease, gone
crazy or whose time expries next June,
and already the recruiting offieers are
looking out for new men. The Colum
bia Record says Sergeant Banner, from
one of Charleston ports, and several
privates were in Columbia Wednesday,
but whether to es j >y Columbia's Christ
mas festivities they did not say. At
any rate the sergeant exhibited a copy
of an order, which is as follows:
To All Recruiting Officers: Make
active canvases at your station and
surrounding towns for white men,
especially those fitted for the Philip
pine service. Endeavor to largely in
crease enlistment of desirable men,
and where necessary send members of
party to surrounding towns, to canvass
and distribute circulars, posters, and
hand bills."
The order is signed by Col. Hodge,
in charge of this territory.
In speaking of the order S rgeant
Benner said: "That this would prove
an unusally desirable service, as a
large number of entirely new regiments
will be organised, and young men can
join these and remain with comrades
and friends, much as in the organiza
tion of volunteer regiments. It is un
derstood that about 35,000 men are to
be enlisted. As many as possible will
be accepted at all recruiting offices; and
they will be forwarded to some point
designated as a rendezvous, probably
San Francisco, whence, after some
preliminary drlling, they will be sent
on transports to the Philippines. An
order to establish a recruiting office in
Columbia will probably be the result of
this visit.
A Good Road Law.
The Philadelphia Times has been
invcstigating the effects and defects
of the New Jersey good roads law and
that paper is so well pleased with its
operations and so well assured that its
good effects outnumber its defects it
does not hesitate to advise the Legis
lature of Pennsylvania to adopt the
New Jersey law. As we gather from
the Times the Legislature of New
Jersey passed a permanent road law
which went into effact in 1893. The
law permitted the State to aid in the
building of a limited mileage of per
manent roads each year the State to
pay one-third and the county and the
municipality in which the road should
be located two-thirds. The cost of con
structing such roads per mile has va
ried from $4,000 to $5,384, the cost for
The total number of miles of stone
and gravel roads constructed since the
law went into effect is 588, the in
crease for the past year being 148 miles.
The total State outlay for the entire
periods wa. $950,000. The cost to the
localities has been twice that amount.
The local communities are so well
pleased with the operation of the law
that demand for State aid always out
runs the appropriations made by the
Legislature for this purpose. In other
words, there are more communities
willing to spend two dollars for per
manent roads in order to get the adan
tages of good roads at reduced cost than
were expected. This plan to get good
roads is a most admirable one, it seems
to us, and we believe it would work
well in South Carolina. It would be
well for the Legislature to envesigate
this law with a view of adapting it or a
similar one.
Smallpox in the state.
The State says Dr. James Evans has
made a preliminary report to Gov. Mc
Sweeney in regard to the condition of
smallpox in this State, which gives a
omplete review of the situation and
the conditions existing at both the
pening and close of the year. The re
port shows that there is not as much
smallpox now prevailing as would be
generally supposed. There is more or
less of the disease in the counties of
Fairfield, Union, Spartanburg, Barn
well, Beaufrt and Orangeburg. For a
while during the summer it was confined
almost entirely to Union county, which
had not been free from it during the
year, and which county has baen the
focus from which the ad joining counties
have been infected with one or two ex
eptions, where it came from North
Carolina. There are at present a few
cses on certain sea islands, the origin
of which has not yet been traced. The
lack of power to enforce general vacci
nation is one of the greatest drawbacks
to the work of the State board of health.
The dasease now prevailing is of a more
virulent type than heretofore.
A Timely Rebuke.
Commenting on the Colorado lynch
ing the Springeld Mass., Republican
says: "We shall not hear anything said
by the north against the south on this
score for some time to come. Indeed,
the nerthern mouth has been closed
ever since the anti-outbreaks in New
York lass summer and the 'kill-any
gr' riot at Akron. We have hers given
some little detail of the Colerado affair,
in the hope that it may disturb a trifie,
the complacency of current church con
gressses and conferences with their snug
talk of our superior Christian civiliza
tion and its missions of armad conquest
and benevolent assimilation of inferior
peoples througout the world.'
The Chicken Crop.
Here is an estimate of the chicken
crop: There are about 350,000,300
chickens in the United Btates. They
produce each year about 14,000.000
eggs, which represents $175,000,000.
Besides, $130,000,000 worth of poultry
is eaten in the country during the year,
and the value of the living hens, at 30'
cents apiece, is' figured at $150,000.000.
Thus, the hen stands for about $4aa,
000,000 in the yearly economics of the
United States.
A White Partridge.
The Columbia State says Thursday
afternoon Cadet Bernie Kennedy, of
the Citadel, passed through the city en
route to Charleston. He had with him
something of an unusual character-a,
white partridge killed by him while on
a hunt during the holidays near Jones
ville. It was the first bird of the kind
ever seen in tis part of the country so
r a known.
Record of Building for the Past Year a
Splendid One.
South Carolina has made a splendid
record during the past year in the mat
ter of railroad building though last
year's record was thought to be an ex
cellent one. She is keeping up in this
as in other lines of industrial improve
ment. Here is what the annual report
of the State railroad commission on
this line will say this year on the sub
ject of new roads:
"Daring the fiscal year the following
new roads have been completed:
"The Seaboard Air Line from Cheraw
to Cayce, a distance of 91 miles, which
links the South Bound railroad with
the Palmetto and gives the Seaboard
Air Line a through line from Rich
mond to Tampa and other Florida
points. Besides it opens up a vast ter
ritory between Cheraw and Columbia
hitherto isolated from the markets of
the State. This new line also material
ly reduces passenger and freight rates
between Columbia and territory about
the city of Camden and Cheraw.
"The Northwestern railroad from
Sumter to Camden, distance of 27
miles, constructed and own by its presi
dent and manager, Col. Thomas Wil
son. This- road materially reduces
rates between Sumter and Camden,
and consequently between Camden and
"The Lockhart railroad from Lock
hart Mills on the B3ard river, a dis
tance of 13 81 miles. This road was
built to accomodate the extensive cot
ton milling interests on the Broad river
and will doubtless facilitate the fur
ther use and development of the un
surpassed water power at that point on
the river.
"The Conway and Seashore railroad
from Conway, S. C., to the seashore, a
distance of 15 miles, giving the country
through which it passes direct com
munication with the Atlantic Coast
Line system of railroads and the Wac
camaw Line of steamers. Mr. D. T.
McNeill is the general manager, and
the management of the road is active
in further development of the com
munity through which this road passes.
"A new road in under construction
from Union to Glenn Springs, called
the Union and Glr. wir"s, railroad.
It has been completed a distance of
four miles from the city of Union to
the Baffalo Cotton mills, and is under
the management of the Hon. T. C.
"The Southern railway extension
from Allendale to Hardeeville, a dis
tance of 52 miles, connects the South
ern railway with the Plant railroads
over which it makes through connec
tion from Washington to Florida points.
"All these new roads are carefully in
spected by the commission before au
thority was given for passenger traffic,
except the Conway and Seashore, which
has since been inspected and pronunced
absolutely bafe. The Southern and
Seaboard Air Line links are marvels of
sound railroad construction, being es
pecially designed and built for heavy
through traffi3.
"The total new mileage constructed
since the last annual report amounts to
203.81 miles.
While Administering to Others "He
Got it in the Neck."
Serious as the present smallpox out
break has appeared at various times,
it has not been without its humerous
features, though some of the episodes
which have caused many smiles have
seemed anything but funny te the
principal actors in them.
One physician in this city hid a*
slight scratch on his right thumb, and
while he was vaccinating a number of
his patients just a little of the virus
touched it unnoticed. He knew about
it 48 hours later, when it "took." If he
has beon out of practice for a week or
two, he has at least the satisfaction of
knowing that according to accepted
theories he is immune from smallpox.
His experience, however, is as noth
ing to that of one of the vaccinators on
the staff of Dr. Alonso Blauvelt, chief
inspector of the bureau of contagious
diseases. This doctor had a slight
pimple on his nose, and while he was at
work with needles and tooth-picks it
itched and ho absentmindedly scratch
ed it. This "took," too, and in a few
days the unhappy man was in seclusion
nursing the huge red, purle, sad blue
probosics which would cause to fade
into insignificance the greatest effects
of the wildest western "nose-paint" if
brought near it. It is a trying situa
tion for a model of sobriety. .
In striking contrast of these cases is
an old story in connection with them
to show that the infection is not
always so easily passed along from one
to the other.
It was in the height of the great bhiz
zard that a man walked into the de
partment offices, then in the police
headquarters building, with a severe
case right in the slougthing stage, when
contagion is supposed to be almost un
avoidable for all unvaccinated who
come in contact with the patient. The
stranger said ho had been refused ad
mission to an up town hospital, where
his trouble was recognized, and that
as cabs could not get around he had
come down town on the Sixth avenue
elevated road, only to be stalled for
three hours in a car so crowded that
the passengers were standing on the
sats and it was necessary from time
to time to open the windows to let out
some of the heat from their wet and
steaming forms. This, too, was a con
dition most favorable for the spread of
the disease.
The man was sent to the pesthouse as
quickly as he could be got there, with
out resorting to any other public con
veyance, and the ofiiials had every
thing in readiness when the prescrined
two weeks had gone by to receive the
majority, if not all of his fellow pas
sengers, none of whom, however, came
under their care. Still, the doctors
conclude every story of these days with
the remark: "The only way to be safe
is to be vaccinated."-Ne w York Times.
Peace Maker Killed.
Louis Moore shot killed his brother
Af Moore and John Williams Wednes
day in the Mountain Hill district of
Harris county, Georgia. Louis Moore
and Williams were fighting and Alf
Moore tried to separate them. All the
patia re negroes.
Of the South Carolina Inter-State
and West
To The Members of the Ceneral
Assembly of South Car
olina for an Appro
To The General Assembly of-the State
of South Carolina:
The Memorial of the South Carolina
Inter. State and West Indian Exposi
tion Company, a corporation duly
Chartered under the laws of the
State of South Carolina, respectfully
That heretofore the General Assembly
of this State by a concurrent resolution
adopted on the 9th January, 1900, Re
solved, "that the projected Exposition
in the fall of 1901, at the State's Metro
polis, of all the industries and resources
of the whole State, material and other
wise, demands and deserves the en
couragement and endorsement, and also
the active co-operation of each and
every citizen of the State who has the
welfare of the Commonwealth at heart."
Your memorialist farther shows, that
this encouraging declaration made as
above stated by the Legislative Depart
ment of our State Government, gave an
immense impetus to the project of hold
ing, within the limits of South Caro
lina, an Inter-State Exposition, and
the important enterprise was soon
thereafter inaugurated under most aus
picious circumstances. From eyery
portion of the State came cheering .*
words of endorsement and the promise
of co-operation and substantial aid.
The enterprise was heralded at home
and abroad as a supreme effort of our
people to place the State upon the high
est industrial plane and develop its im
mense dormant resources.
The Exposition Company was char
tered with an authorized Capital Stock
of two hundred and fifty thousand dol
lars of which amount nearly two hun
dreg thousand dollars have already
been subscribd. - Strong assurances
have been given that thi Udtd. te -
Government will appropriate in aid of
the enterprise the sum of two hundred
and Ifty thousand dollars, and that
the City Council of Charleston will add
fifty thousand dollars to that amount;
and now, in this Memorial, your Honor
able Body is respectfully asked, to ap
propriate the sum of fifty thousand dol
lars for the construction of a State
building on the Exposition site. and to
aid in a proper exhibit of the Agricul
tural and Mechanical Industries and the
Material Resources of the State.
It is quite unnecessary to do more
than allude to the great benefits which
will be derived by every portion of our
State from such a display of our re
sources as will be made. Visitors are
expected not only from every State in
the American Union, but from the
West Indies, from South America and
from elsewhere abroad. Capital will
be induced to invest with us and im
portant accessions will be made to our
Your memorialist further shows that
the project has been successfully
brought to the point of active construe
tion, and requires at this juncture the
fostering care and substantial help of
the State Government. Its full work
annot be accomplished nor can the
best results be attained without such
help. The necessity for State aid in
such undertakings has been recognized
in every State in which Expositions
have been held. In the South we find
among other instances that in 1885,
the Sr~ate of Louisiana appropriated
one hundred thousand dollars, for the
New Orleans Exposition, and that in
1897 the State of Tennessee appropriated
fifty thousand dollars, for the Nashville
Exposition and for the purpose of
erecting a building and displaying
therein the resources of that State. So
great has been the appreciation of such
opportunities by South Carolina in the
past that her Legislature in 1883 cheer
fully voted ten thousand dollars, for
the purpose of making an exhibit at the
Nw Orleans Exposition, and again in
1896 the sum of six thousand dollars, for
the purpose of meeting the cost, of a
State exhibit at the Atlanta Exposition.
The knowledge of this commendable
action in behalf of our Sister State,
gives assurance that your Honorable
Body will now extend its beneficent aid
to our own State enterprise.
Wherefore. Your memorialist re
spectfully prays that your Honorable
Body will appropriate in aid of the pro
posed Exposition the sum of fifty thou
sand dollars, to be expended under such
supervision as may be regarded proper
and expedient.
And your Memorialist will ever pray
and so forth.
The Southi Carolina inter-State and
West Indian Exposition Company,
Found Dead in Bed.
J. I. Braswell of Everett, Fla., was
found dead in his bed at a boarding
house in Charleston Wednesday morn
ing. Braswell has been in the city
for some days. He was found drunk
in the streets and sent to the city hos
pital to be treated for alcoholism. He
left a letter to his wife, Mrs. N. E.
Braswell, and another to the hospital
authorities, giving his right name and
asking them to send his body home.
Braswell had been a dealer in turpen
tine at Tampa, Fia. He lay down
aross the bed with his head leaning
over a vessel, and fired a bullet into his
brain. _________
Value of Cottonseed.
It has been decided by the Memphis
Cotton Exchange that hereafter the
dealing and prices affecting cotton seed
and cotton seed products shall receive
more attention than has been the rule
in the past. Complete quotations re
epeting the product are to be given.
The New Orleans Cotton Exchange has
appointed a committee on cotton seed
and the probabilities are that arrange
ments will be made shortly for quota
tion regularly of that product. Grad
ually the exchanges are coming to
recognize the real value of this com
modity, which for years was regarded
a. a hindance amd a waste product.

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