Newspaper Page Text
YI MANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY, JULY 31, 1901 NO.20
By the Demo'cratic State Ex'cu
IN THE SEVENTH DISTRICT
To Fill Out the Une, x.3 red Terrn I
in Cengrsss of tht Late C'n
gressman J Wm St k fe. jn
The Dmocrs -ic State Executive a
Committee met in Columbia last Thurs- p
day. Wre-i the committee was called
to order Col. Jones stated the cjbct E
of the meeting to be the arrangenent of
a primary to rominate some one to fill b
the unexpired term of the late Dr. t]
Stokes. The following member3 of the p
committee were present, the counties
of Charleston, Cherokee, Chesterfield,
Colletoc, Dariir gton. Do, chester, Edge- r
field, Georgetown, Greenville, H--mp- s
ton, Kershsw, OcInee, Sa'u'a, Spar
tanburg, Union and. Williamsburg hav- t
Abbeville-A W. Jones.
Aiken-W. W. Williams. a
Anderson-J. Perry Glenn.
Bamberg-E T. LaFitte.
Barnwell-G. Duncan Billinger.
Cheeter-T. J. Cunningham.
Darlington-A. L A. Perrit.
Faizfield-T H Kitchens.
Ficrenoe-1) H. Traxler.
Greenwood-D H. Magill.
Horry-J. A. McDermott..
Kersha c- J. C. Richards.
Lancaster-J Y Williams.
Laurans-N. B. Dial I
Lexington-D. J. Griffith.
Marion-S. G Miles.
Marlboro-W. D. Evans.
Newberry-Cole L B'esse.
Orangeburg-W. 0. Tatum.
Pickens-R. F. Smith.
Richland-Willie Jones. G
Sumter-B D. Lee.
York-J. C. Wilborn.
B. R. Tillman, Trenton, national ex
Willie Jones, chairman, Columbia. T
U. X Gunter, secretary, Columbia. f<
Mr. R. D. Lee of Sumter then offered of
the following resolutions:
Resolved, That the date of the Dem
ocratic primary election in the seventh I
congressional district be fixed for the u
last Tuesday in August, being the 27th E
of the month. -
Resolved, That the Democratic c m
paign in said district be opened on the
first day of August and continue to the -
24th day of August. C
Resolved, That the dates and places (
of the campaign meeting be as follows:
(To be inerted by committee.) p
He also cff red the following: B
Resolved, That the Democratic coun- e
ty chairme n in the counties and parts t]
of ecunties of the seventh congressional
district are hereby instructed and re
quested to make all necessary arrange- t
ments for the primary election and for t
Resolved, That the candidates be as
sessed $50 each, as in the regular pri- a
maries pay able on the day that cam
M2r. Tatum thought the date named
rathez earls; -that the last of Septem
-ber would suit better. He moved to
amend by changing to make it the
middle f September.
On motion-of Mr. Magill the whole I
matter was referred to a committee con- e
sisting of the members from the several t
congressional edistricts. This commit
tee returned reporting that the resolu
- tions be ad ,pted as presented, however,
changing the date for the primary to
Sept. 10, and for the campaign to open a
on August 6 anid conclude on Sept. 4.
Sumter C. H.-August 6.
Biehopv lie-August, 7.
Broaklard (night)-August 10.
Hilton (Lexington county)-August
Orangebnrg C. H -Aunst 20.
Orange burg county (slaces to bet
designate d) August 21, 22 anid 23.
St. George's-August 26.
Holly Hill-August 27
Moneck's Corner-August 29.
Walterboro- S ptemnber 3
Colleton county (places to be desig- t
The report of the ecmmittee was(
The committee agreed to leave to the
members of the committee from the
Seventh district the work of canvassing I
the returns and declaring the results.
There was consideraole discussion
over a proposition by Attorney Generali
Bellinger not to assess the candidates
anything so far as the ounty commis
aioners are concerned. He held that<
the assessments by both this commit
tee and the cour ty commissioners was
tantamcunt to zuling a poor man out
of the race- The counties put on cther1
-assessments, and the re were contest ex
penses, newspaper advertisements, etc.
He told something of the way the thing
worked in 1his own experience. Be
warned the committee that this was1
leading to debarring any man who was
not wealthy from every race for con
gress. He was opposed to leavy an
unnece ssary assessment.
Mr. Tatum .agreed somewhat with
Mr. Bellinger and Mr. Martin thought
that the commissioners should make
Mr. Appelt thought that several
counties would need money.
Mr. T. Y. Williams favored Mr. Bel
linger's motion. He said this power of
county commissionlers was abused mn
Mr. Lee suggested that the success
ful candidate be required to pay $500
Let the man who gets the honors and
emoluments of the party pay the ix
Mr. Appelt wanted to amead so that
no county could assess a candidate
over $50) each.
Mr. Beliinger said that tle commit
tee must d<.cide not to make any as
sessments itself leaving it to the coun
ties, or vice versa. Somec counties did
not pay say election expenses. The
counties 'nimical to a candidate could
- assess him out< of the race. If the coun
ties were allowed to assess he would
B move to reconsider the $50 State com
Mr. W. D. Evans wanted to allow the f
ounty chairmen to draw on the State
hairman fcr an amount not exceeding
Mr. Tatum wished the limit in the 1
cueties fixed at 10I each for the can
Mr. Dial moved to table the Belinger
Senator 'illman then s'ow'y rose and
aid: "We livO in - commerjial age
ry've heard someibiog of that braid of
Mmcracy recently." Dd the can- 'I
tease go to congrecss to represent the
eople or himsdlf. Were they going to
ut up ofecs here for sale? When ycu
take it a ma' ter of purchase and rule
oor mce out, you F us the cffi,:es up at
p-ice. This thing diould be put on a
lane of honor and duty. We are
commercial D,:mocrats" in ptying
arselves th- cost of our expense- h . T
L didn't believe that this committee ti
aght to pay itself even though it had L
een done all alone. It was unfair for s
lem as Democrats to make candidates
sy for the cffices. ti
The committee declined to table Mr. kc
ellioger's motion and it was adopted,
fusing permission to counties to as- tl
Mr. Tatum offered a set of resolu: d:
ons of respect in regard to the late o
:. J. Wm. Stokes. These resolutions at
ere thoroughly eulogistic. They were P
opted by a rising vote. el
Mr. D. H. Magill was about to drop ti
is loaded resolutions which is pub- E
shed in tb next column, when Mr. b;
ellinger cff~red resolutions of respect
the memory of the late Hons. W. H. d:
[auldin and G. J. Redfern, members P
F the committee, who had died since
3e last meeting. The resolutions were 0
iopted by a rising vote. See next two e
olumns for further proceedings. r
DR. KILGO IN A FIGHT. t
[e and R. B. Crawford Engage in a it
Perscnal Encounter. d
The Durham correspondence of the a
harlotte Obseiver says: Passengers L
-ho came in on the morning train from
reensboro Thursday brought the news
a "scrap" that occured on the train.
he parties implicated in the fight a
ere Dr. John C. Kilgo, president of t
rinity College, and Mr. B. R. Craw- c
,rd, a well known hardware merchant r,
Winston-Salem. Mr. Crawford was t
ten at the residence of his father-in
w, Rev. Alexander Walker, Thursday
orning and asked about the matter.
[e said that during the meeting of col- o
ge men in Greensbor> some weeks 0
o Dr. Kilgo, in a speech, grossly in- nx
slted the good name of his father, Rev. n
W. Crawford, editor of the North
arolina Christian AdvocatA, and be ii
3. B. Crawfordy wrote Dr. Klgo, ask- >r
ig if his speech had been correctly re- al
orted in the Raleigh Post, to which n
Algo replied by referring him to sov
mal persons in Greensboro who heard g1
ie speech. This, Mr. Crawford 'said, r
as far from satibfactory to him and 0
hursday morning as he came down on a
1e train from Greensboro he happened
go into the second class car where Dr. 0
igo was seated and appi'oached him p
2 a courteous manner, as he was not
ngry and had no idea of having a per- i
anal encounter, and stated to Dr.
ilgo that his lesiter was very unsatis- 1'
etory. Dr. Kilgo said that his v
rawford's) letter was also unsatisfac- i1
ry to him. Mr. Crawford then said ;
>Dr. Kilgo that his attack on his
ither in the aforesaid speech was uin- E!
arranted and cowarfdly. Kilgo retort- 1!
&: "You are the biggest coward in
e State," whereup:>n Mr. Crawford "
track Dr. Kilgo and several blows were
assed before they could be separated A
y the passengers. They did not hurt 1;
ach other beyond a few slight bruses, b
d Mr. Crawford expressed sincere re- 'a
ret over the occuranoc, but felt that to
e called a coward was an insult which tl
houid be resented then and there. Dr. 5
Eigo was asked for a s!;atement ..but '
eclined to have ana thing to say about b
he matter. Mr. Crawforl is a graduate 1
f Trinity College and is well known I
~ere. Be is a prominent busiaess man 1
n Wineton Salem where he has resid- t
d for several years. He also is promi- f
ent in Churca circles, holding several i
ificial positions in .Grace Methodist
hurch, of his town.
Who Is He?
The State received information of
he accidental drowning at Pawley's Is
and on Sunday week of a Mr. Dan Mc
~unis, a machinist employed by the v
tlantic Coast Lumber company, andi
he people of Georgetown are anxious
o acersain whether he had any rela
ives. Every effort has been made tot
cate the young man's people or hist
ame, but thus far without avail. It
generally thovght that he came origi-r
ally from Boston. He ha I no papers
~hat lead to his identity. The fatal ac
~ident occurred on Sunday afternoon I
ast about 3 o'clock. At that hour Mc-t
3ainis attempted to watk across a nar-t
row inlet between Pawley's Island and I
;he next one where the current is alwayse
ery strong. The tide was too strong
for him and he was swept under andc
irowned before anything could be donee
by his companions to save him. The
body was taken to Georgetown.e
Will Be There.
The New York State e mmission to
the South Carolina Exposition has de
rided to erect a splendid building on
one of the most favorable sites in the
Exposition grounds. The plans ac
epted cail for a strutture 200 feet1
Long by 60 feet wide and averaging 65
feet in height. The main entrar-ce
will face upon the rive.r and the huge
pooih wdll ex'end out over the water.
The architecture is in keeping with the
general design of the Exposition, the
plans for the new State building being1
designed by Braaford Gilbert, the su
pervising architect. The style is old
An explosion Wednesday of petro
leum on board the American Echaooner
L~uise Adelaide, Capt Orr, whi.3h left
Prtland. Me., Jane 24 fir Stockholm,
in the harbor here retulted in the death
of Capt. Orr,ten memnbtrs of -the schoon
er's crew and four Sweedish customs
ffiials. Two of the crew were saved.
The explosion set t~he schooner afire
and the blazing petroleum enveloped]
th vessenl and those on board.
IE IS CONDE NED.
he State Democratic Committee
TO RESIGN HIS SEAT.
hose Wno Stood by the Jugncr
Senator Could Not Help
Him a Great
At its meeting in Columbia last
hurday the State Democratie Exeu
ve Committee requested Senator Me
aurin to resign his seat in the United
tate Senate. The matter was brought
p by Mr. Magill who ciferod the fol
R3Eolved, That in addition to taking
ie regularly prescribed oath to abide
1e result of the primary, that all can
idates for congress in the special pri
Lary pledge themselves to tup ort and
vocato, as members of congresp, t' e
inciples and doctrines of the Demo
-atic party as promulgated in the na
onal and Sate pitaforms; notil th'
Lme shall have been regularly changed
7 the convention of the party.
Resolved, furthe-, That the osadi
ates shalt pledge themselves to sup
)rt the action of the party cauous.
Mr. Appalt said he had no special
bjeotions to these resolutions, but he
,'d See no necessity for this. The
les set forth the pledge There was
o need now for additional pledges. He
>ld of the action of the last State con
ention. Senator Tillman had told him
ien that there was no necessity to put
t the national Democracy. While he
iff red with some friends he was not
ing out of the party. He would sup
ort any platform the State or national
emocratia party might make, but he
ou'd until then urge his own ideas.
'here was no necessity for an additional
Mr. Magill said this was a day of
dvanement. There was nothing in
ese resolutions in conflict with the
>nstitution or rules of the party. He
noted the constitution. The man who
afused to take this oath had no right
iun in the Democratic party; any
an holding doctrines not in accord
ith the Democratic party should not
e allowed to run in the party.
Mr. Appelt said no resolution of this
Cmittee could amend and add to the
nstitution of the party. The com
tittee could add nothing to it or take
othing from it.
Mr. D.al was opposed to the resilu
ons because they tied one oongress
tan down to policies agreed on long
zo and that may be changed. Again
o man should be tic d by caucus.
Mr. Smith said there were six con
ressmen there now who had taken the
glar oath; it was no use to requ'r3
a man filling an unexpired term an
Capt. Williams said that no man who
muld not stand for the Kansas City
latform should be allo;,ed to run.
That was the only badge of Damo
Mr. Appelt said suppose a Democrat
anted to go before the people and con
ine them that the Kansas City plat
>rm is wror-g; would they in this free
auntry rule such a Democrat out?
Mr. W. D. Evans said that the man
'ho was elected to succeed D:. Stokes
ouli succeed a true man. If a man
uld not take this oath he ought to go
'here he belongs. He was sick and
red of the talk about what constitutes
4miocracy. If any man wanted to go
congress to succeed Stokes he must
e a Democrat-oe about whose Dem,
racy there could be no qu :stion.
Mr. LaFitte said there were true and
ried Democra's in this S:ate who would
tand here and proclaim that they
rould not swallow 16 to 1. All should
e allowed to go beforeo the peop'e and
t them jadge. We are all white pao
le. If he had the congressman's job
his pocket he wou:4 take it out,
hrow it down and stamp upon it be
ore he himself would swallow 16 to 1,
She was a gold standard .D-mocrat.
Mr. Tatum said he was from the
eventh district and favorod the reto
ation. Any man oppeseci to 16 to 1
ould never see the inside of the halls
i congress from that district.
Mr. Appelt wanted to know why not
ut voters on the same czelision basir.
Mr. Tatum said if a man wvanted to
'ote the Republicaa ticket he culd d>
t, but there was a way to do it.
Mr. R ohards said that while he ina
ended to vote for the resolution hel
hought the resolution indircot andi
hereore offered the following: I
Whereas the Hon. Joh2 L. McLlul
in junior United States senator elected
o represent the State of South Carolica
n the national cingress, has by his al
iliations and votes in that body, igrnored
he national Democratic platform and
hereby misrepressnted his State and
is Democratic constituency who elect
d him. Therefore, te it
Resolved, That it is the sense and
onvictions of the S'ate Democratic ex
cutive o~mmittee that Senater J. L
decLurin, from the standpoint of bon
sty and self respect should tender his1
Lnqualified resignation imnmediate'y.
Mr. Richards said he was aware that
he legislature had failed to pass such a
esolution, unwisely in'roduc~d. He
hought that action was a rdiection
ipon the distinguirhed senior senator
rm Srzu~h Caiolina. Hie said he and
s people felt that McL.arin was
railing the Democratic I ug in the dust
bnd he was man enough to say so.
Mr. Appelt moved to lay both reso
utions upon the table without debate.
Senator hilman said he hoped no one
vould attempt "to gag us here."
Mr. Appelt disclaimed any such in
S:nator Tillman then rose Ghis eyes
lshing and his lips quivering with
uporesed feeling. He said that in
lebate a short time ago a circumstance
iad arisen that led to the tender of the
resignations of McLiuria and himself,
d all knew what followed. "Now
e here in this room are either Damo
srats or we are not. We are t' e repre
enaives of the Democracy. Had Mc
au-in, had this man, cast his vote in
he Uaited Sta:cs senate in accordanc3
with the will and desire of the paople
f this State? Who will dare stand up
Liere and say that he has done so? But
r kno something about it He has
voted on important matters with the k
Republican pa-ty, since the treaty With J
Spain was ratified by his vote. Is this G
what you call Democracy? And is that I
what 3 ou call a Democrat? I have re- I
maiz d quietly in my seat and seen him
confer umo and again with Republi
cans. Nov we are the engineers and
we are is charge of the Democratie train
snd we must guide it safely into the
D2 moeraeic station. The emergency
has arisen and we must act here and
now and ere the train safely through.
We must protect the par:y interest from r,
Senator A.ppelt interrupted to ask e
S 'nator Tillman if he thought the com il
mittee had any right to amend the ii
pledge provided in the party constitu- t
Senator Tillman sail: "I am not die- o
ussing that pledgi resolution. I am t1
discussing the important substitute c
whicL has just been offered and which F
carries the discussion into a wider a
tied. I want to say here and now that t!
Mcuaurin's friends have two means of v
reress. This year when things start- ii
ed out we were told that we were go d
ing to have peace and harmony for u
one summer at least. But "peace sad 2
harmony" won't come when there are a
sneaks and thieves and traitors going u
around and hiring Hessians and dis- a
tributin, go'd and buying up newspa p
pers. I am fully aware of what I am c
saying, and I know whereof I speak."
Mr. Appelt: "Senator Tillman, I
can't understand what you mean. I G
know nothing cf all this. I am a friend
of Senator McLsurin and I am here to
say so." r
Senator Tilman (turning upon Mr. t<
Appelt)-I knew that you belonged to to
him heart and soul. t]
Mr. Appelt very plainly declared that t<
he had always been a very warm per p
sonal friend and supporter of Mr. Me 0
Laurin and that he had been equally as t1
warm a Supporter of Senator Tillman fi
and had bupported his as loyally as w
anyone else, and he did not care to a
impugn Tliman's motives or have the
senator impugn his. v
Senator Trman remarked that Mr. g:
A.ppelt must have thought that the si
:ap fit him, for he had said nothi ng ti
concerning him. Referring again to fi
KeLaurin's proprietorship of Mr. Ap- E
pelt, Senator Tillman said: "Oh, it is a
nderstood that you have been "My e
Dear Appelt" to him for many years. a
Mr. Appelt-Yes, to you as well as gl
to McLaurin. e
There was a bit more of cross-firing h
between Tillman and Appelt and Till fi
man continued: n
"But the issue is not as to men: in.- re
stead it is one of Republicanism. and
Republicanism of the most damnable a
kind. He said that if MoLaurin had ei
coma squarely out he would have had c,
some respect for him, even now claim- e
ing to be a Democrat, he goes to Char- t<
lotte and abuses Democracy by the ei
very name. Even the Republican pa- tl
pers of the country said that the doe- b:
trines that he advocated were pure i
R publican doctrines. His friends are n
ping up and down the State crying p
these doctrines. MaLaarin is bound to
the Democratic party by his pledge; is
bound to 16 to 1 or bust and all that :Lf a
you will. What I want now is for you i
to pass th. s resolution and let all Demo- d
orats go forth labeled, so that they may
be known to. all." Senator Tillman
here referred indirectly to remarks
made earlier by Mr. LaFstte, having
understood him to say that he had re
pudiated the 16 to 1 plank.
Mr, La~'itte explained that he had
misunderstood and explained himself.
Eully on the point and disclaimed that:
he repudiated Bryan Democracy an~d 2!
ssezed that what he had said was ec
preceded by a statement that "if he tl
were a sound money Democrat" he 5:
would do so and so. ec
Senator Tillman. then said that a C'
man seat to cjngress by the Demo- b
ra:ic party should represent and not si
misrpeonlt tne party. Another ra- .V.
dress that McLaurin had would be for
nim and all his friends to use all their e3
effrs, legitimate and illegitimate, to
seure the eieoti )n of commereial Demn
oras to the next State convention, [i
was for the people to be heard, and he
ied his faith to she people. If the con
vention, perchance, could not be kept s'
true to Democracy, then the people a
themselves could spesk at the poils n
in November and rectify the wrong.
Dr. D.al said that this committee, he a
thought, had no right to pass the reso- ~
lation and Senator McIaurin would n
pay no attention to it, so what was
the use to waste time.
Senator Tilim an-Certainly, we 'io
not expj.c: Liurto do so.
Mr. Blase said he favored one-half
of the resolution, but the other half he d
Mr. Gnnter-Let's see, is that reto0
lutiea cut in half? (Laughter.) r
Mr. Blease said that he was willing
to condemn the course of Senator M~e
Laurin in the senate, but was not wil
ling to vote for the resolution reques~t- ~
ing his resignation, as the committee
had. no right to do so, as he viewed it.
He moved to strike out the words ask
ing for McLaurin's resignation.
Mr. Cunniegham moved to table this
proposition and this was done. Only
three seemed to vote for the division of
Mr. Appelt renewed his motion to
table the whole Richards resolu'.in
and Dr. Smith seconded the resolution.
Senator Tillman demanded the aye
and nay vote upon the question and c
wanted to settle the whole thing here y
ad now. b
As the vote was being taken Mr. a
Glenn arose when his name was called si
and gave the following as his reason g
fcr not voting: "I did not vote for thais o
committee to ask Senator McL aurin to 'I
resign his seat in the United States d
senate for the re'son that the consti- t
tutin of the party was fixed by the r
people and the people will decide the a
matter in the next primary."
When Mr. LaFitte's name was cal.:ed a
he did not vote. When the roll had t
been concluded he rose and said: "Re- b
ord me as voting no; I did not know a
The Richardls resolution condemning
Senator McLaurin, and asking for his p
resignation, was passe d byi the following C
vote: - ,
To kill the resolution: Louis Appelt, 8
A. J. A. Perritt, N. B. Dial, A. G, C
Miles, Dr. IR. F. Smith--5.g
For the resolutions calling for Mc- I
Laurin's resignation: Senator Tillman, ;
Chairman Wilie Jones, A. W. Jones,
W. W. Williams E. F. Laffitte G. Dan-.
can Bllinger, Thomas Martin, A. S.
. Mcoy, T .T. Cnningham, T. H. s
etchens, D. H. Trayler, D. H Magill
A McDermott, J. G. Richards, T.
. Williams, D. J. Griffith, W. D.
.vans, Cole L. Blease, W. 0 Tatum,
1. D. Lee, J. C. Wilborn--21. V
tear Admiral Schley AiKS for An
Secreary Long Thursday morning N
eceived a letter from Rear Admiral
ebley calling attention to the criti
*sms asainst him which are contained
i Maclay's history of the navy and the
2nuendos which have appeared in the
he press for several days, and stating
hat, in nis opinion, the time had now
ome to take such action as would bring
be entire matter under the "clear and c
aim review of his brothers in arms." al
?e a-ked that the department take such w
etion as was deemed best to accomplish
his turpose. He also rcquested that p
hatever action be taken snould occur
a Waehingtcn where his papers and P
ata are stored. The secretary im- t
ediately decided to comply with t
dmiral Schley's request and dictated p
letter to the rear admiral saying that V
nder the circumstances he heartily 0
pproved of his action and that the de- 8
artment would proceed at once in ac- e
ordance with b'i rrgest.
THE ADMIRALS LETTER.
Admiral Schley's letter is as follows; g
reat Naek, Long Island, N. Y., July W
Sir: Within the past few days, a se- P
ies of press comments have been sent 0
) me from various parts of the ecuu- C
ey of a book entiled "The History of n
be Navy," written by one Edgar Stan- i
)n Maclay. From these reviws it ap- G
ears that this edition is a third volume
f the said history extended to include C0
e late war with Spain, which the
rat two volumes did not coutain, a-id a
ere in use as text books at the naval
'2 From excerpts quoted in some re
Jews, in which the page and para- W
raph are given, there is such perver
on of facts, misconstruction of inten
on, such intemperate abuse and de- d
imation of myslf, which subjects Mr. 0
[aclay to action in civic law, While I t
Imit the right of fair criticism of h
very public officer, I must protest
gainst the low flings and abusive lan
age of this violent, partisan oppon
at, who has infused into the pages of 4
is book so much of the malice of un- a
irness as to make it unworthy the I
ame of history, or of use in any
,putable institution of the country.
"3. I have refrained heretofore from ft
LI comment upon the innuendoes of a
aemies muttered or murmured in se- P
-et and therefore with safety to them- al
,lvs. I think the time has now come @
take such action as may bring this p
mtire matt- r under discussion under t
ie clearer and calmer review of my
rothers in arms, and to this end I ark P
ich action at the hands of the depart
ent, as it may deem best to aocom
lish this purpose.
"4. But I would express the request
this connection that whataver the '
tion may be that it occur in Wash
igton where most of my papers and i
ata are stored. t
"Very respcctfully, 0
(Signed) "W. S. Sehley, P
"Rear Admiral U. S. N. ii
To the Secretary of the Navy, Wash- t
ington, D C."
LONG'B QUICK ASSENT.d
Navy Department, Washington, D. C., 0
July 24 1901. 0
"Sir: I'am in receipt of yours of the i
a d instant, with reference to the 0
riticisms upon you in connection with g
ie Spanish-American war, and hear- 0
ly approve of your action under the .
roumstances in asking at the hands i
this department euch 'action as will ~
ring this entire matter under discus- G
on under the clearer and calmer re
ew of my brothers in arms.'
"The department ill at once proa P
~ed in aecordance with your request. s
"John D. Long."
Rear A-imiral W. S. Sihley, U S. N."g
AOTED WITHOUT CONSULTATION.
Secretary Long acted without con- P
altation with any one and without d
ommunicting the request of the ad- ~
iiral to the president. He called into P
is office Rear Admiral Crowninshield P
ad Capt. Cowles, chief and assistant U
ief, respectively, of the bureau of "I
avigation, and also Judge Advocate n
'eneral Lemly, who has charge of for- t
alities of naval courts He also sent V
>r Admiral Dewey. Althouglh Rear '
Ldmiral Schley did not ask specially a
ra court of inquiry, but left the ac 0
ien to be taken to the judgment of the a
epartment, the secretary decided that a
ah a court would be the best means
f making the investigation which the ~
sar admiral had requested and the 0
bree bureau officers were called in for e
be purpose of discussing the mode oI d
rocedura in such cases. After his 8
orfrnce with Admiral Dawey, who I
ad responded immediately to the ai
sretary's request for an interview, ~
e secretary said that te had not had b
Eme to decide upon the composition of td
be court, but in response to a ques- 0
on as to whether Admiral Dewey P
ould serve upon such a court, if re- v
ested to do so, the secretary said: b
Admiral De wey will do his duty."
Gen. Hampton Leaves. s
On Wednesday morning at 11:30 E
'lock over the Southern railway Gen. tl
ade Hampton left for the mountains, P
eing bound for the famous Sapphire P
ountry. He was accompanied by his fi
iters, his daughter and his niece. The it
eneral though feebile is holding his y
wn remarkable well for one of his afe.
'he Southern railway offie.als acci- d'
entally heard that Gen. ':lampton was n
go mountainward and at once the ai
aad tendered him the use of a private b,
ar for hiti self and party. Saperin- C
ndent Welle'sa car was used and sent h
round to the depot on the train. Thus a
he trip up was made very comforta- 0l
le. It was a compliment that the E
ged warrior appreciated.g
Hans Jensen,'a Dane, recently ap- ii
eared before the judge of the district a
ourt held in Garnett, Kan., to be nat- t.
ralized. At the close of the usual ex- si
mination the judge asked the appli- p
ant: "Hans, are you satisfied with the
eneral conditions in this country? si
oes this government suit you entire- t:
r?' "Yas, yas," answered Hans; a
'only I would like to see more rain." t]
You may be sworn," said the judge, a
I perceivo you already have the Kan- a
'RUTH ABOUT CUBA.
chat Gen. W.od Thinks of the
Island and Its Per pie.
OME INTERESTING FACTS.
le Says the Cubans Are Like
Most Oth.r People, No
Bitter, Nor Any Worse
The current number of The Outlook
)ntains an interview with Gen. Leon
d Wood, governor general of Cuba,
hich is very interesting. It was re
)rted for that journal by Elward
[arshall, the American war corres
ondent who was so badly wounded in
e battle of Las Guasimas, and was
anscribed for Gen. Wood and ap
roved by him before publication. Gen.
Tood begins by declaring that "Ameri
in writers have written as if we plant
I brains in virgin soil when we enter
s into Cuba, as if the first bright
icker of honesty had lighted up the is
nd when our flag went up, as if intelli
mnoe had been unknown there before
e bought it with us. All this is
rong." Please observe that it is the
resident's very close friend, the head
the American administration in
nba, who says this. Surely he has
) incentive to make a statement min
n:zing the influence of his own labors.
en. Wood continues:
After the war was over Cuba was of
>rse practically in a state ' of chaos.
. man may be ill without being an idiot
id when he is ill he requires the ser
ices of a physician, and perhaps of
arses; he may even become helpless
in a time without reflecting on his
ermal ability to care for himself and
ork for others. So it was with Cuba.
orn and racked by war, disorganized,
ismayed, disheartened by years of
nflit-she was ill when by the at of
te American occupation we came to
alp her. It would be folly to say that
te is wholly recovered. There are many
agering effects of the trouble through
hich she had passed, but with her in
eas ing health she will throw them off
easily as we threw off those which fol
wed our War of the Rebellion.
I feel no more concern about the fu
re of this island than I feel about the
ture of my native State. Its resources
e so vast and splendid that pros
rity is sure to come. Its merchants
id planters are intelligent and ener
tie, and under the conditions of
sace and industry which have come
them since the close of the war they
ill hasten the advance of that pros
This is well said, and it is true. Cuba
as crippled because of the wounds,
)t the vices, of her people.
Gen. Wood declined to discuss the
litics of Cuba, saying that there was
good and bad in Cuban politics" as
sere was "good and bad in the poli
es of any country. When people cry
at that there are dishonest men in
lities in Cuba," he added, "I wonder
they ever recall to mind the fact
tt there have been dishonest men in
litics at home." A home thrut, in
sed, but it has been made before with
at closing the mouths of Cuba's eager
tnsors. Gen. Wood gave this attrac
e summary of the natural resources
ECuba, resources certain to induce a
rest immigration, a great investment
capital and a great prosperity:
No house will stand without founda
bs, no countay can be prosperous
ness that prosperity is built upon the
.d given resources of fertility and
cness in the actual earth which
>rms it. Take Cuba, province by
rovince. What State in our own land
ows a greater variety or a greater
ealth of possibilities.
Santiago prevince perhaps offers the
restest opportunity of development in,
lines, in coffee, in cacao. In this one
rovinee alone there are immense un
eveloped areas of the finest sugar.
sd and enongh magnificent land un
anted to equal the present total out
t of the island. Fine forests of val
able timber, consisting largely of
lendid native hard woods, including
inch mahogany, have never known
1e ax and are only waiting for de
elopment to become a great source of
ealh. But Santiago's greatest riches
ce mineral; its vast deposits of cxide
Smangancese and high-grade iron-ore
re as rich as any in the world. There
ce mountains almost made of iron
hich will run 60 per cent. to the ton
hen semelted. Less is known about
pper in the province, but I known
sugh sto freely state that enormous
eposits exist there. Besides this,
antiago pro'dnce in general is good
irming land 'and offers magnificent
ricultural opportunities to settlers,
ecannot he said that any part of Cuba
as been throughly developed; indeed
ie island may be called a brand-new
untry. Of all the provinces Santiago
obably holds the most of the unde
sloped wealth, its greatest resources
Puerto Principe is a good cattle c->un
y. Taere is also much fine timber
nding in its soutbern part, and
uch entirely undeveloped wealth in
e way of copper and iron ores. As
ialt is another source of riches in this
rovince. Much of- this asphalt is so
ce that it is used not for paying but
r the manufacture of varnishes. The
iphalt has not yet been tried for pay
ig, but will be in Habana. Tremen
ius deposits of asphalt, indeed, exist
Smany parts of the island, and there
e probably many which have not
sen discovered. There are parts of
nba, small as the island is, which
ave not even been prospected. As
matter of facts there is actually room
this -island for the explorer, and
tany surprises lie in wait for coming
The eastern end of Santa Clara prov
te is made up of rich tobacco, coffee.
ad grazing country. The middle of
ie province and its western end con
st of fine sugar lands. Much of this
revince is entirely undeveloped.
Matanzas and Habana vovinces are
agar lands with splendid ti.&aco plan
tions in western Habana. I need
Lake no comment on the saiality of
iee tobacco lands. Habana cigars
nd Cubau tobacco are known and
orshipped from one end of the smok
int the other. Habana comes
nearer to being fully developed than
any other province.
The province of Pinar del Rio is very
largely undeveloped. Its riches consist
principally at present of fine tobacco
sand, and probably much of the unde
veloped country many in the future be
successfully used for sugar aulture.
Even the little Isle of Pines holds
millions of dollars of undeveloped
wealth in the way of marble and iron.
Its timber has been pretty well out.
merely because its small size and the
fact that vessels could easily reach it
made transportion comparatively
easy. Between the Isle of Pines and
the mainland are famous spong fish
eries, and on the island in many peaces
are fine mineral springs, which when
investigated will doubtless prove to be
of great medicinal value. This makes
it possible that the island will some
day become an important health re
sort, although that of course is still
a long way off.
When asked whether he would ad
vise y mug Americans to look for op
portunities in Cuba, Gen. Wood an
swered: "Of course. Where else in so
comparatively small an area within
such easy acoess of of the markets of
the world can any such range of un
developed wealth be found? I have
the most unbounded faith in Cuba. If
I were a millionaire looking for invest
ment I certainly should bring my.money
hers, knowing what I know of Cuba's
dormant wealth," -
Interrogated about the people of
Cuba, Gen. Wood replied:
I am glad to have a chance to say that
with every day I have been in Cuba my
admiration for the Cubans has increas
ed. The Cubans have their faults, but
they have no more than the average
run of plain humanity, and it must be
rememberel that they have labored un
der many disadvantages. The Spani
ards on the island are as fine a class of
people as I ever knew. They are hon
est, industrious, and as faithfulin their
devotion to the island as if no war with
Spain had ever happened. The word
of the average Spanish merchant is as
good as his bond. I have heard almost
no complaint about sharp dealing
among.Spanish merchants. The native
Cuban is a good farmer, whether as the
owner and manager of a plantation oras
worker on it. Most of the professional
men in Cuba also are native Cubans,
and many of them are of great ability.
The Cuban physicians and lawyers are,
as a rule, good men; these are the great
elements of strength in the population.
The element of weakness is the drift
ing population of the towns. This ele
ment-which offers a serious problem
is a direct and natural outcome of the
long war with Spain; it will gradually
eliminate itself, howover in all prob
ability. So far as morale go, the pop
ulation here will average up about as
other populations average, I suppose.
I will say this emphatically; the aver
age of crimes against property and
against person is much smaller than
we have any right to expect in the cir
cumstances. After the war there were
many bandits in the country; they have
disappeared. There were bandits in
our own country after our Civil War "
The correspondent here diverges to
note the outcome of a sensational let
ter from the head of the Cuban cigar
trust indicating that the tobacco region
was overrun with bandits. Inquiry
by the American officials proved that
this alarmist letter was based on a
sheer invention; that there were no
banditti whatever. On this point Gen.
Wood said: "There is no more need
for the traveler in Cuba to fear violence
than there is need for a man to expect
assassination on the most quiet and
peaceful street of the calmest village in
the United States. I should not hesi
tate"--this with emphasis-"to put my
wife and baby into a volante (a two
wheeled carriage peculiar to the coun-'
try districes) with only the driver, and
he unarmed, and send them over any
road in Cuba. They might drive from
here to Santiago in this way without
giving me one qualm of fear that they
wculd be molested by robbers or other
lawless persons." Could there be
stronger testimony than this?
Gen. Wood expressed himself as sur
prised to see in American papers con
stant reports of Cuban hostility toward
the United Staterand pronounced them
"certainly not true." "Wehave done,"
said, "all that we could do to meet any
juset and reasonable demands of the
Cuban people, and they have certainly
done a great deal to show their appre
ciation of what we have done."
It was predioted by the governor gen
eral that if the commercial and agri
cultural elements of Cuba would enter
the struggle of politics and accept office
a good government could be formed.
He believed in and had advised, he
said, the reduction of duties by the
United States on Cuban sugar and to
bacco, and the-Cubans would be more
than willing to give corresponding and
compensating reductions on American
produts, affording to the United States
"a magnificent market for almost all
manufactured goods, and for the sugar
It was pointed out by Gen. Wood
that the Cuban municipalities were be
ing assisted, but assisted out of Cuban
funds drawn from customs and inter
nal revenue taxes. "All of the expenses
of the [United States troops, as to the
building of c imps and barracks and
the cost of sanitary york of the whole
island has also been paid from the
Cuban funds." This is a fact that is
hard to get into the heads of some of
our imperialists; thi y cherish the the
ory that the United States is paying
out money for Cuba's rehabilitation.
No Negroes Wanted.
The 300 negroes imported from Ala
bama for work in the Latrobe Steel and
Coupler works at Belleville, Ill., and
whose arrival in that suburb has created
serious alarm and threats of trouble,
after spending the night on the train
within a few miles of their destination
were switched to LaGrange early
Thursday and the train held to await
developments. A mob of white strik
ers was waiting for them to land. The
negroes were finally sent back south.
If there is anything which can be
considered as preeminently important
to the farmer it is good roads. The cost
of bad ones, in the loss of time, the in
juring of stock, the wear and tear on ve
hiles and harness is something enor
mous, not to speak of the worry occa
sioned by hauling light loads with groat
dimuln hougnh deep mud.
Meet In Annual Session In the
City of Columbia
THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS
A Full Discussion of the Plan
:Proposed for the Reorgani
zatlon of the State
The State Alliance met in Columbia
last Wednesday night. The attendance
was considerably larger than was ex
pected and all seemed to take a lively
interest in the proceedings. When the
roll was called the following delegates
from county alliances were present:
Dorchester-W. M. Shieder.
Florence-W. C. Kelly.
GreenwoodP. S. Dew.
Lancaster-B. F. Miller.
Lexington-James B. Addy.
Newberry-J. L. Keitt
Ooonee-J. B. Pickett.
Orangeburg-J. H. Claffy.
Union-A. C. Lyles.
York-W, N. Elder.
The following additional delegates
from subordinate alliances were
Fishdam-W. T. Jeter.
Ford-F. A. Hagman.
' -twell-M. K. Prick.
SL aerville-J. H. Aargle.
The following officers wore elected
for the ensuing year: D. F. Efird, of
Lexington, president; W. N. Folder, of
York, vice president and State -
turer; J. W. Reid, Reidville, secretary
and treasurer; J. F. Nosbitt, Lanoas
ter, delegate to National alliance;- A. M
0. Lyles, Carlisle, member executive
committee to serve three years. Pres' .=
dent J. 0. Alexander of Oconee de.
livered his annual address to the State.E
alliance as follows:
Brethren of the State Alliance: As
usual, it is with much pleasure tlt,
as a member and a brother in this or
der, am spared by a figher Being to
meet you here once more. in my
humble way, have tried to preside .over
this alliance for two years, and I ind,
brethren, that while I have beenlion
ored by. the order, and have been
taeated with the greatest respect b
every member, I feel that I have been .
unequal to the emergency. Our organ
ization has, I fear deteriorated under
my administration, instead of building
up. The cause of this I don't know, us
less it is neglect on my part and yours
to do our whole duty in enco
our neighbors to join our ranks
help us fight the battles of life. You
can remember, brethren, when our or
der was full to overflowing with mem
berE; they then saw the good works _
of the alliance and they see it today.
The object of the organisation was to
help the poor, to assist those who were
unable to stand alone, purely a char
itable thing, yet how many have with
drawn from our rolls; some by death,
but a large majority from causes
known but to themselves. In the death
of Brother J.W. Stokes one of our
brightest lights has gone out; hi. at
in our order and in the nationaloedi A
gress hall will be ard tohfll. He was
a true man in every sense of the woid
True to his country, true to his een
stituents, true to the alliance and tru~
to his -God. Let us ever cherish his '
memory. Now, brethren, let me thank
you for having placed the mantle of hen
or on my shoulders as your president,
and on retiring from this seatlIwanto to
assist you in electintg some brother who
can and will I hope far aurpass all that &
your humble servant has done.
The allianes devoted its time Wedne
day evening to perfecting its organiss- -i-z
tion, electing offiers, etc., and to a
general discussion of the best plan for
the reorganisation and rejuvenation of
the order throughout the State. Lock
ing to the revival of the alliance Mr.
Crosland proposed that the directors
set aside a part of the interest derived
from the alliance fund, now safely in
vested, and pay an organizer to work up
sub-alliances. This plan met with op
position on the ground that the fund
and interest was a trust fund and could
not be used for organizing work. It
was contended on the other hand that
it would be for the good of the order
and the fund. The matter was freely -
discussed pro and con and the general
disposition was to put an active worker
in the field and organiza the Stat. al
liance to take active hold of certain
business propositions. At this point
the Alliance objourned over to Thurs
A Narrow ascape.
The firing of a sheli from the battle
ship Kearsarge into Newport, B. I,
Wednesday indicates culpable careless
ness somewhere. It is most fortunate
that the shot did no further damage
than to break a few of the stones in the
new city hall. It might have caused
the loss of several lives and the destrue
tion of much property. How the gun
which sent this shell came to be loaded
and how it happened to be fired are
mysteries to the public which will
probably be cleared up very soon.
Heat of the Sun.
Fred H. Hicks, a farmer who raises
high grade poultry at his place on the
banks of the Millstone river, near Wes
ton, N. J., came to the village store
recently late in the afternoon, and told
how the hot sun had acted as an incu
bator, driving one of the hens off her
nest and then hatehing nine little
chicks out of a dozen of eggs he had
placed in the nest some days before.
When Hicks told his story he was
laughed at, but he stuck to it and said
that he could bring two of his farm
hands to prove the truth of his words.
Short on Men.
The girls of Georgia have been call
ed upon to face an alarming andastart
ling condition of society. Recent cen
sus figures reveal the fact that there
are not enough men in the state to go
around, and that in round figures there
are nearly 11,000 more women than
men. If Georgia girls' chances are
limited to Georgia men the thing looks
serious, really meaning that a girl has
less than an even chance of getting a