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XVI. M~ANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY, ATUGUST . 10O2
THEY STICK TO IT
The Exicutive Con-mittee Do
Not Regr t Askirg
M'LAURIN TO RESIGN.
They Were Not Misk d atd Th
Consider the Suggestion
as a Refiection on
The following correspondence
On the 9th of August I issued a
sent to each member of the State De
ceratie executive committee who vot
for the resolution condemning Sensi
MoLaurin the following circular leti
referring to an interview with W.
Mayfield, published in the State:
"It is charged in the public prii
that twelve of the executive commits
who voted for the resolutions conden:
ing Senator McLaurin had been hea
to express regret for their part in t
performance the day after the meeti
and claimed as an excuse for their c
duct that they had been misled.'
"Will you be pleased to inform n
by return mail, if you have express
any such regret?
"Have you ever stated that you we
misled in the matter?"
To this letter I have received t
following answers from the members
JOHN G RICHARDS, OF KERSHAW.
"I have your communication of A
gust 9, in which you call my attenti
to the charge in the public prints tI
twelve of the State Democratic exec
tive committee, who voted for the re:
lution condemning McLaurin, "h
been heard to express reg.et for the
part in the p,:rformance the day afi
the meeting, and slaimed as an exet
for their conc net that they had be
misled." And in which you also a
me the questions: 'Will you be pleas
to -inform me by return mail if y
have expressed any such regret
"Have you ever stated that you we
misled in the matter?'
"In reply I will say that I have nei
regretted my 'part in the performano
and was not 'misled,' nor have I e
made such a statement to any one.
"I int oduced the resolution af
mature deliberation and went to Coiu
bia to attend the meeting of the o0
mittee with the firm determination
take ench action. There was no i
tempt on the part of any one to m
lead. [ submitted the resolution
several members of the committee a
to other prominent Democrats w
were not memters before the meoti
and it was with the practically unar
mous endorsement of these South C,
olina Democrats that the resoluti
"It was not thought for a mome
that Senator McLaurin wou:d resis
for we know that the same lack
self- respect has caused him to retain I
seat in the United States Senate wits
full knowledge of the fact that he a
not in sympathy and accord with t:
National Demoqracy and with the peoi
who gave him his commission, wet
cause him to diacegard any action ti
the committee might take.
"The purpose of the resolution a
to stamp condemnation upon his fo:
head with the oacial seal of the pai
that the world might know how Son
Carolinians regard aid deal with the
who betray a sacred trust.
"Allow me to say in this connecti
that the charge that the commiti
transserdzd its autho:ity and attem;
ed to usurp the rights of the people
simply ridiculcus. Any private citiz
has the right to ask the resignation
an official whenever, in his judgmei
the conduct of the official warrants au
action. it is a self-evident propositi
then, that the executive committee
the party have a much greater right.
"And if Senator Mr.cLaurin had tt
dered his resiignation in compliar
with the request of the committee
expressed in the resolution and ente2
the Irimary that would have been
dered immediately, the rights of t
people would have remained inviola
and the opportunity 'given them to
cord their will a year earlier uni
present conditions. So we see that
charge is untrue and made with
evident attempt to deceive. Respe
fully, J. G. RIcHARDs, Ja
THOMAS H. KETCEINS, OF FAIRFIELJ
"Have been away from home:
several days and on my return fi
yours of the 9th.
"in reply would say I have rnever I
or expressed any regret for the way
votec on the "MrcL aurin resolutiox
and under the same clrcumstan
would vote the same way now.
"I have never stated that I was m
led in the matter, because I was n
Furthermore, I was not 'coerced
tricked' in the matter. I voted del:
era-ely and with my eyes open.
"I1 said then that I did not think
was the right time to take action
the matter, but if brought equarely
would certainly vote for thze retoluti<
Yours very respectfully,
"Thomas H. Ketchins.
W. W. WILLIAMS, OF AIKEN.
"Your circular letter of August
' From my knowledge of the pers o
of the State committee I am surpri:
that such reports abould attract att
tion nevertheless, I will answer y
inquiries in inverted order. As I
ann have been for a long time thorou
ly convinced of MdcLaurin's disioya
to the Democratic party, I simply
my duty as I saw it; the only regre'
have is that he did not see fit to ace
the advice of the committee and vaci
"Thanking you for your acitivity
behalf of the committee, yours resp<
fully, "W. W. Williams.
W. D.. EVANS, OF MAELBO0.
"In reply to your circular letter
9th mnst. say that I was not misled
voting for the resolution of censure
Senator McLaurin, and feel and hi
expressed no repet at my part in
performance. Yours respectfully,
W. D. Evars.
W. 0. TATUM, OF QRANGEBURG.
"Yours of 9th to hand, in which;
ask if 1 had been heard to express
gret at my part of the perioimance
the State executive meeting on the 2
of July in respect to the rosolui
condemning the Hon John.L McLa'i
I crta ny madce o such sts"nment; to
- the contrary. ; inva always held that
we were simply doirg our duty to the
party tI't had rlr d us an tLe watch
es tower to look out ;or dtwer.
Resp. c =uiy. "W. 0. Tatum."
J. A M DEIuIOTT, OF [HORRY.
"Yours of August 9, sta:i:g it was
charged in the 1 ubie prints that twelve
of the members of the S:ste Democrat
ic executive ccmmittee had expressed
regret at casting their vote on Mc
sY Laurin reeolu-ion. I am not one of
that number, I will also state I was
not misled and don't see how any mem
ber of the committee could have been
misled, as the resolution was read
twice. Yours respectfully,
J. A. McDermott."
- D. J. GRIFFITH OF LEXINGTON.
"No, I have rot,
"D. J. Griffith."
. B. R TILI.MAN, NATIONAL EXECUTIVE
or "No. B. R. Tallman."
:er THOS MARTIN, OF BEAUFORT.
"Your circular favor of the 9th inst
ee "I am not one of the members of the
n- committee claiming to have been 'mis
he "It is a sorry thirg in a mattcr of this
og kind for a committeeman to be either
n- 'led' or 'misled.'
"I would not allow, either. I did not
Le, believe in fu'l ection of executive com
ed mittee, although sustaining the resolu
tion, because a change had been re
ire fused. I condemned Senator McLarin's
actions in the Uaited States Senate, but
he have nothing against the man nor do I
of believe the committee had a right to ask
his resignation, but eer:aitly had the
right to cord-ma his actions, which I
.u- fully sustained I have never said I have
3n been 'misled' nor will I allow one to so
at state. My actions have always been, and
u- will always be, independent. Yours
o- very truly, "Thos. Martin."
ad T. Y. WILLIAMS, OF LANCASTER
sir "I am in receipt of your inquiry of
er the 9th inst. I have neither experi
.se enced nor expressed regret for having
en voted for the resolution adopted by the
sk executive committee condemning the
ed course of Senator McLaurin and ex
? pressing the opinion that he should re
* sign, nor was I in any way misled by
re the resolution. I lost the little faith I
had in the Senator when he voted for
er the Paris treaty, and was one of those
, who favored and voted for the resolu
'r tion, condemning his course, in the Sen
ate intrduce d in the House by Mr Mo
er Master, of Richland, at the last session
n- of the Legislature. No. I am not one of
n- the twelve who expressed regrets to Mr
to Mayfield. Yours very truely,
t T. Y. Williams."
to D. H. TRAILER, OFFLORENCE.
id "Your circular letter received, asking
ho if I had expressed myself as being mial
ng ed and regretted voting for the resolu
Li- tido against Mr McLaurin. Ibeg to say
r- I do not regret voting for the resolu
on tion, neither have I expressed myself
in such a manner. But I did say on
nt several occasions that I saw no good to
n, come out Qf resolutions at this particu
of lar time. As the executive commitee,
is if I understand it correctly, was called
a only to arrange a primary in the 7th
as distri-. But as wiser heads thought
ie different and introduced it I ceuld not
de do otherwise than vote for them. Very
at "D. H. Traxler."
as T. J. CVNNINGHAM, OF CHESTER.
e- "Your favor of the 9th received. I
ty have to say in reply that I gave my
h hear.y endoisement of the resolutions
se before they were presented, and have
hal no regrets for voting for them. I
on was not mieled and would have given
ee my endorsement to stronger resoluticuns
yt- condemning M-Laurin's political course.
is Very respectfully,
en T. J. Cunni::gham."
of A. W. JONES, OF ABBEVILLE.
"eyigto your circular letter of
chte at nt, to both of your questions
SI answer no. Yours very truly.
of "A. W. Jones."
WILIE JONES, OF RICHLAND.
e "No, indeed. Wilie Jones."
as R.D. LEE, oh SUMITER.
ed "I beg to acknowledge the receipt of
yr- a copy of your circular letter addressed
he to the State Democratic executive comn
re, mittee. In reply I have to say that in
re my opinion Senator McLaurin by his
ler course in Congress has not been faith
he ful to the trust reposed in him by the
an Democratic party of South Carolina.
it- Accordingiy, long before the meeting
of the committee, I had freely express
>. ed the opinion that he ought to resign.
tor The ret olutions introduced at the meet
d ing, whilist unexpected to me were
voted for without hesitation. I thought
ad then I was right and am of the same
I opinien still. Having no regrets for
" my action, I have expressed none.
ea Yours respectfully, R. D. Lee."
I have received r o answers from the
is- following named members of the comn
yt. mittee: G. Dancan Bellinger, El. T. La
or fitte, S. G. Miles, Cole L. Biease and
*b- J. C. Wilborn...
My answer to my own question is
it that I have neither entertained nor ex
in pressed any regret for my vote on the
up resolution. To say that I was misled in
n. voting for the resolution would be tanta
..mount to an admission that I was a aim
pleton. D. H. Magill
Greenwood S. 0. August 9, 1901.
Col. Neal Pardoned.
iThe State says Col. Win. A. Neal,
n- the former saperintendent of the State
u penitentiary who was convicted in June
am in the court of general eessions for
h.Richland ceunty, of failure to turn over
ity withisa 30 days to bia successor public
iid funds in his hands and was sentenlced
i to serve four months in the county jail
pt ar~d pay a fine of *1,0030, has been par
te. doned. The pardon was not a surprise
in to the general public in view of the re
et markably surong petitions and letters
that the governor has been receiving
for the pat week. When Col. Neal
was informed of the action of the gov
ofernor he wept like a child. Soon atfter
in wards, the man whose case has attracted
of the attentIon of the people of the State
ave so much during the past few mnonths,
the took the train fo.r Anderson and went
to his family circle, declaring that he
has now to start out upon life anew and
show the vworld that te could yet be a
ou man, though he had gone through
re- enough to kill an ordinary mortal.
at Thus ends a case that has excited uni
5th versal comment, and one which has
ion commanded the attention of the courts
:-in. a considerable degree.
INOT ONE CAN STAY,
Fifteen HMu s of Riot, Arscn anc
THE AWFUL VENGEANCE
Wrecked or Negroes Because ci
the Terr bia CrIma of One
of them In Kling a
A dispatch from Pierce City, Mo.
says for nearly fifteen hcurs, ending
about noon Tuesday, Aug. 20, that
town of 3,000 people has been in the
hands of a mob of armed whites, deter
mined to drive every ncgro from its
In addition to the lynching of Wil
liam Gcdiey, accused of the want'on
murder of Miss Gazelle'Wild, and the
shooting to death of his grandfather,
French Godley, the mob cremated
Peter Hampton., an aged negro, in his
home, set the torch to the houses of
five blacks an-i with the aid of state
militia rifles, stolen from the local
company's arsenal, drove dozsns of ne
groes from town.
Afternoon the excitement died down,
the mob gradually dispersing, more
from lack of negroes upon whom tc
wreak their hatred than for any other
cause. Many of the negroes who fl-d
from the city are hiding in the sur
rounding woods, while others have
gone greater distances in seeking aafe
Every negro has left the town ex
cept a few railway porters known to
bo respectable, but these must alec
leave. The citizens of Pierce City say
that as negroes have committed sev
eral crimes in the last ten years none
shall live there in the future, the same
feeling already existing at Monnett,
four milen east of PLerce City, and of
the Frisco passenger division. It may
be necessary for the road to change all
porters in Springfied hereafter.
It is now believed that the man, Wil
liam God.ey, lynched, was not the real
culprit. & negro named Starks, under
arrest at Tulsa, I. T.. across the border
from here, tallies exactly with the de
scription of the assailant. He is held
there awaiting identification. Unless
the man is brought back here, it is be
lieved there will be no further trouble.
If returned here he will surely be
lynched. Another suspect, Joe Lark
is under arrest in Springfield, Mo.
Eugene Barrett, also, known as Car
ter, in a confession while a rope was
aroand his neck, accused Joe Lark, a
Frisco railroad porter, of being impl.
cated in the crime, and Lark was ar
rested today at Springfield. This af
ternoon Lark gave a detailed state
ment as to his whereabouts Sunday
and he is not baiievei to be guilty.
It is not likely that either suspect will
be taken to Pierce City while the ex
citement runs high. Some persons
here think Barrett told any story in
order to save his life. The funeral of
Miss Wild took place today, anel was
witnessed by several thousand people.
BENT ON BLOODSHED.
Pierce City is near the junction of
four railroads and trains from all di
rections brought in large numbers of
armed men bent on bloodshed if neces
sary. When the mob went to the sece
tion of the city occupied by the ne
groes, some one in the cabins opened
fire, but no one was hurt.
The mob then destroyed the five
houses, but the financial loss is small.
Reckless firing broke several plate
glass windows and a train was fired
into. None of the passengers were
O UN STORES SOLD our.
The rifles taken from the Pierce City
military company, it is expeted, will
all be returned. Members of the com
pany themselves were out hun ting foi
the escaping negroes with rifles and
this suggested the idea of taking all
the guns. The local hardware stores
sold out their arms early, but several
applications fror. regroes were refused.
The mob was car posed of a thousand 01
more and no m~isks; were worn. Thirty
negro families were driven from theia
(UT HER THROAT.
New eletaents in the killing on Sun
day afterncon of Miss Wild developed
today. It appears she statr:ed home
from church alone., her brother linger
ing behind. About one mile from
town the brother found her with hex
throat cut lying lifeless near a cul
vert, under which her assailant had
attempted to drag her. Evidence c-f s
terrible struggle was shown. A cop.
percolored negro was seen sitting~ on
he bridge a short distance away,e
short time before the tragedy occurred.
It is supposed that the negro spirang
upon her when she was passing and
ut her throat.
Monday bloodhounds were taken to
the scene iand the gil's bloody hand
kerchief was laid before themn. They
immediately caught the trail and rar
at full speed to the home of Joe Lark,
where, on being admitted, they rushed
into his bedroom and sprang upon the
bed. It is believed the man under ar
rest at Tulsa who bearded with Lark,
the Springlield suspect, slept upon thi~
A Dreadful Crime.
The governor has been notified of
murder near Dawkins or Blair's, it
'aifield ecunty, or. the Asheville divis
ion of the Southern, and has been aske
to offer a reward for the e apture of thi
slayer. The ltrter to himisc from Mag.
istrate Jno. D. Blair and he says
negro named Sa-n Farrow shot an<
killed his wife this week, then shot hi~
father and another woman. The tw(
latter are badly wounded. A posse o
cnstables chased the murderer al
night, but the fellow meade his escap~
in a beat on the Broad river. Farrov
is a black negro, about 5 feet 10 ioche!
high and weighs 150 pounds. H1e i
slightly crippled in right leg and .hi
right foot is turned ovar on t be rign
side so that he walks on the sicie of hi
foot-- He has been acting as a fiagmax
for the Southern railway hero, and eni~
came home on Tuesday. He brough
a Winchester rifle along with him fo
the purpose he accomplished, and fic<
as .soon a hi crime was committed.
WHEN THE ERTH .RCCKED.
Thousands 'locked to the Altar for
"Tbtre is romething uncanny about
an earthquake shook," said a gentle
man who had experienced seismic dis
turb nccs and the terror caused by
them. "The sensation" he centinued,
"caused by the quivering and rocking
o:f the earth fills every fibre of a person
with awe. I saw this forcibly illustrat
ed at the time Charleston was wrecked.
That earthquake shock was preceptible
throughou t Georgia, being especially
noticeabic in the middle part of the
"The n;ght of the earthquake there
was a Me;;hodist carpmeetanf in pro
gress at Eiuff Spriegs, near Zebuion.
There wss a great c:cwd at tie meet
ing, and the people didn't seem to be
in a very religios frame of mind. The
prosher dolivered an eloquent ser
mon on death and the judgment, and at
its close converts were invited to the
altar. But the people didut take kind
ly to the invitation, and only three or
four went up to be prayed for. The
minister begged the people to come for
ward, but his app eals fell on deaf ears.
Back some distance from the s -and the
young people were chatting as uncon
cernedly ats if the issues of time and
eternity had not been presented them.
"The minister seemed to be discour
aged by the coldness of his hearers,
and was on the point of closing the
service. Bat just as he was about
to say 'Let us pray,' stie first
slight shock was felt. In an instant
everybody under the stand became
as still as death itself. Faces
blanched and eyes were opened wide in
terror. No one at first seemed to realiz 3
what had caused the earth to rook as if
in a spasm. With the coming of the
next shock, however, some realized
what it meant, and the cry of 'earth
quake' was heard.
"Hardly had the dread word been
uttered when there was a rush to the
mourners bench. I never saw such a
stampede in my life. In less time
shan it takes to write the altar was our
:rounded by hundreds who were dazed
withe terror and crying on the Lord for
mercy. A third shock came while
those frightened were at the altar, and
it came near throwing some of them
"The minister was the only one who
seemed not to be frightened, and he
began praying in tones that had a
quieting effect upon the people. But
it was hours before calm was restored
and fear banished. The quivering of
the earth had something so uncanny
about it that the people were ready to
believe that the end of time was at
"I shall never forget that scene of
1,000 persons, who had been deaf to
the appeals of the preacher, fleeing in
terror to the altar when they felt the
earth begin to reck."
The census bureau Thursday made
pudic the mortality statistics for the
year 19J0. W. A King, chief of the
vital statistics aivision, says: "The
most important feature of the result
presentea. is found in the decrease in
the general death rate in the registra
tio:n area of 1.8 per 1,000 population,
a d screase of nearly 10 per cent. and
the decrease in die rates from the par
ticular diseases to which the general
decrease is due.
"The effect of the advances made in
medical science and sanitation and in.
the preventive and restrictive measures
enforced by the health authorities is
stil more s;.rikingly shown in the com
parauive rate for the registration citi's
of tae couintry taken together. In
1890 the death rate in' 271 registration
cinies of 5,000 or more population was
21 per 1,000J; in 1900 the rate was 18.6
per 1,000 in 341 cities of 8,000 popula
tion and upward, a reduction of 2.4 per
The decrease in the general death
rste, arnd in the rates due to diseases
most frequent in the early years of life,
on one hand, and the increase in the
rates to those diseases occuring
generally at advanced ages, on the
other, mean also inoreased longevity.
--The average age at death in 1890
was 31.1 yeara, in 1900 it was 35 2
years. The total naumcer of deaths re
ported in 1900 was 1,039,094; in 1890
it was 841,410."
The total deaths in the southern
States for 1900 are as follows: Ala
bema 25,69i9; Florida 6,482; Georgia
26,341; Kentucky 27,031, Louisiana
20.955; Marylana 20,422; Mississippi
20,251; Missouri 38,084; North Caro
lina 21,068; South Carolina 17,166;
Tennessee 3Q,572; Texas 34,160; Vir
Portland, Ore., with a death rate of
9.5 rner 1,000, shows the lowest mor
tality, and 8hreveport, La , with 45 5,
A terrible tragedy was enacted at
Cherokee Falls Wednesday, by which
Ed. Walker, Bud L-pscomb and King
Lindsay, all negroes, lost their iives.
They were working in a rock quarry
operated by a Mr. Fortune for the
Cherokee Falls Mianufacturing com
pany and were drilling a hole in the
solid granite when a terriace explosion
occurred, causing their death. The
cause of the explosion is unaccounted
for. The jury characterized it as "of
some unknown substance." Coroner
Vincent made a rigid examination into
the case. No one is blamed.
Ruin and Suicide.
A man whose identity is shrouded in
mystery shot himself in the head at
the Presbyterian hospital at New York
Friday morning and dropped aead
across the corpse of Anna Boesick who
died last night from a criminal opera
tion. The stranger identified the re
mains of the wcman and intimated that
he was the cause of her ruin. Last
night the doctor was arrested in con
nection with the affair. The midwi~te
is being sought.
Work of a Fool.
The drowning of a young lady in
Lake Royer, Maryland, on Sunday last,
through the criminal carelessness of
her beating companion has called forth
a storm of indignation and a demand
for some legal restraint, which shall
make even a fool hesitate from indulg
ig in the deadly pastime of "rocking
FILLED WITH LEAD.
A H..-rrowing Crime Committed
TR:ED TO MURDER VICTIM.
One of the Most Estimable Young
Ladies of McFarkrn, North
Carolin?, Lies at
A dispatch from Wadesborro, N. C.,
to The State says a horrid crime met a
terrible and swift punishment near Mo
Farlan, about 12 miles from that place
Wednesday. Miss Lena Keith, a
highly respected and prominent young
woman of the community was assaulted
and probably fatally injured by a r:egro
named Luke Hough. The latter was
captured soon after his crime, dragged
to the scene and swung to a limb, after
which the body was literally shot to
Miss Kieth, who'is about 20 years of
aga lives with her brother on a farm
about one mile from McFarlan Shortly
after dinner Wednesday Mr. Keith left
home, going to town, leaving his sister
at the house. He had Dot been gone
long before a negro walked into the
house and asked where he was. Miss
Keith was frightened at his appearance
and tried to deceive him by saying that
her brother was at the barn, and would
The negro said he knew Mr. Keith
was not at the barn and seizing a chair,
he struck-the young woman a terrible
blow over the head shattering the chair
and rendering her unctnsoious. After
he had accomplished his purpose, the
negro tried to cut her throat, evidently
sirg a dull knife, as he only made a
long scar. After regaining conscious
ness, Miss Keith managed to make her
way to the home of a neighbor, about
400 yards distant. Just as she reached
the house she again lost consciousness,
falling in a faint in the yard, and it was
some minutes before she was able to
tell what had happened. She finally
recovered sufficiently to give a fair de
scription of her assailant.
By this time a large crowd had gath
ered from the surrounding country.
Bloodhounds had been telegraphed for
aind money was quickly raised to charter
a special train to carry them to the
scene. The knife which the negro tried
to use on Miss Keith's throat was left
on the premises, and was recognized by
one of those present as belonging to
a negro named Luke Hough, who
worked on a nearby farm. The crowd
immediately set out in search of him,
a:ad when found he was trying to wash
blood off his clothes.
He was immediately seized, and ad
mitted his guilt. Pending a decision as
to what mode of punishment should be
meted out to him, he was taken to Me
Farlan and looked in the guard house,
while a mob of more than 250 sur
r-unded the building. The ringleaders
held a consultation and decided that
Rough should be hanged. The door of
the prison was burst open, a rope
thrown around the negro's neck and he
was dragged and kicked to the scene of
his crime, about a mile distant. There
the rope was thrown over a limb, and as
the body cleared the ground volley after
volley was fired into it, the negro being
literally shot to pieces. The victim of
the assault is one of the most highly
cateemed young ladies in her section.
She is so badly injured that it is not
thought poasible that she can recover.
The wounds on hear head and chest are
thought to be mortal.
A Dearth of Children.
A remarkably outspoken letter on
the lack of children in New England
families is printed from the Hon.
David Mills, minister of justice of
Canada at Ottawa. Writing so a friend
Mr. Mills says: "The New England
people are upon the soil, but not of it.
They obviously dislike farming as
much as their women do having chil
dren, and were it not for the incapable
among them, and the foreigners who
have taken up their residence among
them, there, would be neitcer children
born nor fields cultivated If left to
themselves, the existence of a descen
dant of the Pilgrim Fathers would be
as rare as the great auk, and the race
is sure to share the fate of the dodo.
There must ba a very serious problem
for the United States statesmen. Stop
the foreign immigration and the United
States would not increase in population
and after a time their numbers would
begin to diminish. There is obviously
something wrong with a people who,
under conditions so favorable, have
such small families. The United
States woman does not realizs her du
ties to God and her country, and thinks
more of her own pleasure than she does
of the responsibilities which the Crea
tor has imposed upon her."
Death in Court Room.
A desperate shooting affray occured a'
Reynolds. Miss., Wednesday afternoon
in which four mon were wounded, three
of them fatally. It is thought that
circumstances leading up to the diffi
culty as related by Senator Earl Brewer
and Hon. J. G. McGowan, lawyers
from Water Valley, who were retained
in the case, are as follows: Otto John
son ns being tried before Justices
Shelby and Warner on a charge of
seduction. The evidence was all in and
the justices lhad retired to make up
their verdiot. More than 100 men were
present in the room at this time when
suddenly a shot was fired, supposedly
b: Otto Johnson. Intantly other shots
were fired,. fully half a hundred in all
and when the smoke cleared away Otto
Johnson had three bullets through the
body, Len Smith, who testified against
Johnson, one through the breast and
the father of L an Smith one through
the arm. Otto Johnson, Len Smith
and J. W. Dawson are probably fatally
wounded. Eight or ten had narrow
escapes. All tne parties to the diffi
culty are farmers.
He Went to Sleep.
At Rapidan Landing, La., Friday
night the boiler of a pump boat owned
by Loisel & Israel exploded, killing
two negroes and injuring 14. The
pupma, a negro, fell asleep and the
boler i wetdrresulnting in the explo
THE COTTON CROP.
Nearly Every State Has Marketed
its First Bale.
The week was charaterized by ex
cessive rainfall over the central portion
of the belt that did some physical in
jury to cotton, and by a continuation
of the drought over Texas, but this area
has been materially reduced in extent
by recent heavy rainfall over the south
eastern and central portions of the
State. Cotton is opening over the en
tire belt, and nearly every State has
marketed a "first" kale, but in Texas
only is picking general. There is an in
creased area affected by rust, and shed
ding has been noted throughout the
belt, nevertheless there has been more
than the seasonal improvement in con
dition and the general prospects indi
cate average yields or better, with a
total crop of 11,000,000 bales or more,
rather than fewer, with fairly favor
able weather conditions during the re
mainder of the sesson.
In North Carolina the past week was
remarkable for heavy rains from the
12th to the 14th, and consequently light
showers until the clcse. Cotton in some
places improved somewhat, and in
very favorable localities, with a good
autumn, nearly a full crop may be
made, but throughout the Jarger por
tion of the State the crop has not made
much progres'; cotton plants are very
weedy and long jointed on stiff lands,
small on sandy land, and generally are
not forming bolls well on either; blooms
are still reported; shedding of squares
and bolls is increasing.
In South Carolina on sandy lands,
cotton has taken on rust extensively, is
shedding freely, and is losing color, but
on clay lands a further improvement is
indicated during the week, especially
for early cotton, which is heavily
fruited. Young cotton is growing too
much weed and is not fruiting esatis
factorily. Early cotton is beginning to
open over practically the whole State,
although picking will not be general
for some time. The first bale of the
season was marketed at Charleston on
the 17i1. First bales were marketed
usually in August, in previous years, as
follows: 1900, on the 6th; 1899, on the
4th; 1898, on the 9th;1897, on the 2nd;
1896, on July 28h; 1893, on August
20th; 1894, on 15th. Bea island cotton
continues to improve and is fruiting,
but remains undersized.
In Georgia the excessive rainfall of
the latter portion cf the week, with
high winds, damaged corn and cotton
in nearly all sections. Complaints are
numerous of injury by rust, shedding
and rotting of bolls in cotton in middle
and south sections; in the north section
the crop is progebsing well as a rule.
Picking is being done in a few coun
In Florida the week was noted for
heavy rains and high winds over the
western district and portions of the
northern district. Cotton and corn
crops were quite seriously damaged in
western counties and over the western
portion of northern counties. Precivi
tation was heavy over other sec:ions of
the State, except the lower portion of
the extreme southern district, where
rain was deficient. Cotton picking has
fn Alabama the first few days were
rather favorable for all crops, but the
gaf storm, which moved northward
over eastern Mississippi during Thurs
day and Friday, caused heavy to exces
sive rains and high winds over the
greater portion of Alabama, the rain
rail being particularly excessive in
western and northern counties, where
much low land was overflowed. Cotton,
wieh, prior to this storm was in very
promising condition, was much beaten
down and the stalks twisted by the
wind, in many fids bolls being shaken
off; it is difsealt to estimate the dam
age as yet; however, while considerable,
it was much mitigated by the backward
stage of the crop; despite this damage,
cotton continues well fruited, and,
with favorabie conditions from now on,
should give a fairly good yield, though
it is sheading freely, and rust is spread
ing; it is beginning to open rapidly,
ano, in a few fields, prematurely; sev
eral "first bales" were marketed in
southern and middle counties, but
vry lhttle picking has bean done.
In Mississippi the amount of damage
to crops caused by the shifting high
winds and heavy rains during the
week, csanot yet be fully estimated.
Crops on bottom lands have been badly
damaged by ovafiow, aside from being
blowu to the ground. However, as a
rule, cotton continues promising over
the southern portion of the State; the
sunshine and winds have dried out the
open cotton and picking has com
mened- Complaint of rust and shed
ding is general, although not serious.
In many northern counties the rains
came too late to be of material bene
fit to either cotton or corn.
in Louisiana heavey rains over the
southeastern portion of the State and
in some localities along the Mississippi
river have been unfavorable for the
cotton crop, especially in places where
the ground was full of moisture from
previous rains. In such places grass
and weeds are making rapid growth.
Dry weather continues over the west
ern portion of the State, except in scat
tered loc'alities; early planted cotton in
this part of the State is too far ad
vanced to be benmaftted, but late cotton
would be greatly improved by rain.
Ru st and shedding are reported from
many localities over the centeral and
northern portions of the State. Lie
are danuaging the crop in afew places
Early planted cotton is opening to a
greater or less extent in all parts of
the State, and picking has commenced
in a few scattered localities. Some pre
mature opening is reported. Boils are
rotting in Madison parish. The out
look ,while favorable in some sections,
is for a yield below the avarage.
in Tennessee cotton stood the drought
remarkably well, and the rains have
given it a new impetus of growth, but
it is still shedding its fruit, altogether,
however, the prospects are more flat
In Arkansas the temperature was
about normal during the week. Heavy
rains fell over the eastern portion of
the State, while scattered sho wers oc
curred throughout the central and west
portions. Cotton is generally in fair
to good condition, although some com
plaint is made of shedding and some
damage by rust. Late corn has im
proved in most sections and fair yields
ITa there were scattered light
showers early in the week followed by
heavy rains over limited areas towards
its close. The drought remains un
broken over the central, southern and
southeastern portions, Cotton needs
rain throughout the State, and where
drought prevails is failing fast. Pick
iag has become general. Young cotten
is suffering from rust, and there is
more or les shedding over the whole
State. The present outlook is for a
yield much below last year.
In Oklahoma ard Indian Territory
dry weather prevailed. but this was
beneficial to cotton, which is doing
well generally, except that the plants
are shedding slightly and boll worms
have done some damago. Early cotton
has begun to open and picking is not
A TURRIBLE DISASTER.
Sixty People Drowned by the Sinking
of a Steamer,
The steamer Queen has just arrived
from the north, bringing news of one
of the most appailing marine disastera
on the Pacific coast. The steamer Is
lander, sailing from Shagway on August
14, when nearing the southwest end of
Douglass Island, at 2 A. M., August
15, and running at full speed, struck a
floating iceberg, and in less than
twenty minutes went to the bottom of
the deep channel, carrying men,
women and children to watery graves.
The Islander had 108 passengers and
all were in bed when the vessel struck.
The shock was so severe that many
were thrown from their berths and the
wildest excitement prevailed. Word
was soon passed that the vessel was
doomed and a general scramble for the
life boasts ensued, many jumping over
board and attempteing to swim to the
shore, the distance being short.
In the scramble to get into the boats
many were hurled headlong into the
chilly waters, which according to pas
sengers arriving from the scene, seemed
alive with human beings. Before all
the passengers had left the vessel she
gave a lunge and went down, bow first.
It is known that sixty-seven lives were
lost. It will be some time before their
names can be definitely learned, as the
purser lost his passenger list.
Passengers and orow of the vessel
who have arrived at Port Townsend
agree that the loss of life by Thursday's
disaster in Lynn Channel will amount
to sixty-five, but they admit that there
were probably five or more stowaways
on the steamer and that the five chil
dren known to have been on board the
steamer were either drowned or died of
exposure. So it is possible that the
loss of life will reach over 70.
The death of Capt Foote was very
pathetic. He remained on the bridge
until the steamer was foundering. When
the vessel commenced to sink, and it
was seen that no expedient could avail.
the captain jumped into the life raft,
which was already taxed. Realizing
that his weight would work havoc there
he exclaimed: "I see there are too
many here, so good bye, boys," and
swam away. He was shortly after wards
seen to sink.
Glenn Springs Leased.
A dispatch from Glenn Springs to
The State says news of interest to the
whole State, especially the invalids and
summer pleasure seekers, is that an
agreement has been reached for the
lease of the Glenn Springs hotel and
water property to men who will develop
both to the fullest. The contract has
not yet been signed but will soon be
and the lease will take effect Jan. 1st,
next. The lessees are John K. Gar
nett of Hampton county and T. D.
Darlington of Laurens, the former a
shrewd and most successful business
man of large means, and the latter a
huatler well known on the road, and in
business at Laurens. Great improve
menta will be made in the hotel for the
next' season and the sale of mineral
water will be pushed all over the coun
try. The Glenn Springs by Messrs.
Garnett & Darlington is a guarantee
that it wul be put where it bejongs-at
the head of tne southern mineral
A Slick Swindler.
Earnesto Sapelli, steward on -board
the French line steamer La Gasedane,
was arraigned before Commissioner
Alexander as New York Wednesday
on the charge of attempting to bribe a
United States officer, and was held in
$2,53i0 bail for examination Thursday.
The steward of tae steamship last
Sunday, it is alleged, offered Boarding~
Ispector Junker $5 for the admission
without first passing through the
barge office of each unmarried immi
grant, and $6 for families. The stew
ard, it is asserted, said that he had
been in the habit of paying these
prices. It is alleged that the frauds
date back six years and that 10,000
immigrants have in this way entered
Serum, Then Moquitoes.
A d&spatoh from Havana says Sur
geon Major Harvard says that though
he will not conduct furtner yellow fever
experiments with infected mosquitoes
on non-immunes, he has offered to allow
infected mos q itoes to bite a man prev
iously inoculated with Dr. Calda's
serum. If the disease does not develop,
the moequitoes will be allowed to bite
other men similarly protected. The
moquitoes to be used are those which
recently bit two men, from the effects
of whiich the men died. Dr. Harvard
says that Dr. Caldas has two men whom
he has already inoculated who are will
ing to be bitten by the mosquitoes. The
matter was fully explained to them, but
the explanatan did not cause them to
withdraw their consent to being bitten.
A Horrible Affair.
A dispatch from Whitesboro, Texas,
is tas the effect that the negro, Abe
Wileer, charged with the murder of
Mrs. Caldwell, the wife of a Grayson
caunty farmer, at her home on Satur
day last, was captured by a mob and
burned at Nelson's ranch, two and a
half miles east of Red ranch, The
negro was taken to a tree and swung
up in the air. Wood was piled beneath
his body and a hot fire made. Then it
was suggested that the man ought not
to be permitted to die too quickly and
he was let down to the ground while a
party went to Dexter, about two miles
distant, to procure coal oil. This was
thrown on the flames and the work com
SALE OF CHILDREN.
Dravs Quastlons Wh!ch Confronts
Officers In Philippines.
SLAVERY IN THE ISLANDS.
The Pract'ce Will b3 Stopped.
L-beration of Many Slaves
is Bang Forced on
The War Department officials are de
ermined to interfere with the traffic in
children which has been going on in
sertain parts of the Philippines, con
stituting one of the gravest problems
with which army ceficers in that section
have to deal.
Reports received at the War Depart
ment state that the traffic is confined
to the natives in the Department- of
Mindanao and Jolo. The traffic comes
as a result of the improvidence of the
people, and families who have been
stricken by famine do not hesitate to
eek relief by the sale of their children.
Major J. S. Petit, First Infantry, for
merly colonel of the Thirty.first Volun
teer Infantry, the commander of the
Second district in that department,
says, however, that he hasabout broken
ap the traffic which has been going on
in children of the Tirenarya, a degener
ate race south of Cattabado.
Kindred questions whicheonfront the
military authorities in that section of
the Philippine archipelago is the state
)f slavery existing under the Morns,
with whom our pacific relationship can
anly be maintained by the most adroit
and diplomatic negotiations. Major
Petit says that slavery can only be
abolished in one of two ways-by war
or by purchase, and he adds that the -
latter process would be futile. In the
Third district of the department,
where Major 0. J. Sweet is in com
mand, the slavery question is a eon
stant source of trouble on account of
slaves escaping from one master to
another. That officer says:
"Whenever a quasion relating to
slaves comes before me I simply make
the owners prove their slaves beyond
doubt, in which case I have nothing to
to with them, but in case I can pick a
faw in their title I give the alleged
slaves freedom papers. Thousands of
oros are held as slaves who are by
right free persons."
Adopting Sherman's Policy.
Mr. Chamberlin in his speech in the
house of commons last Thursday com-.
pletely vanquished the American critics
who have assailed the British for the
cruel methods adopted to exoerminate
the boors in South Africa. He pointed
)t that he was merely calling the ef
fective policy and devastation which
Sherman used in South Carolina and
eorgia during the civil war. Taking
this Chamberlain speech and its effect
the Baltimore San says that Mr. Cham
berlain made pertinently reply to his
ritics. "Americans are the last peo
ple who ought to object to tactics of
that kind. We never knew how to
wage war in the most effiient way un-.
til the United States showed the world
how it could be done in the civil war.
We have simply adopted your own tan
tis, and you ought to be proud that
the 'mother country' is willing to learn
from your republic. Imitation is the
sincerest form of .lattery, and to the
best of our ability we are practicing in
South Afries the -eame 'humanity'
which your generals displayed in their
house-burning, cattle-stealing, crop
destroying expeditions in the soutn.
We may not be quite as effiient as you
proved, but in tame we hope to show
ourselves masters of the game "
More Rural Deliveries.
The following letter from the general
superintendent of the free delivery de
partment of the United States postal
service, to Senator Tillman, shows that
qute soon a number of new rural de
lnery routes will be established in
South Carolina: Sir: I Eotnowledge
receipt of yours of recent date urging the
early establishment of the proposed
rural free deliverj district and note your
statement that your constituents are
very anxious about the deliveries, and
that you would appreciate any action on
the part of the department which would
gratfy the natural expectations of the
people. In reply, I have the honor to
inform you that, in accordance with
your request, the services from Cottage
vile anod Getsinger have been ordered
into operation from October 1st, 1901,
and that the other deliveries will be put
into operation on November 1st. These
are the earliest dates ist which the de
partmeut is now establishing rural free
Hard on Sampson.
1t is quite freely intimated today
that General Shafter will be called, to
testify before the Sahley court of in
quiry, because of the publication in the
Cbicago News, of August 10th. Mal
colm McDaweil, who was at the front
with Shafter at Santiago, on that date,
published over his signature here an
article setting forth that on July 2,
198, while with Shafter, he learnen
from Major Noble, of General Shafter's
staff, that the French consul at San
tiago had sent word to Shafter's head
quarters that the Spanish fleet, on the
tollowing day at 9 a. m , would make
a dash out of Santiago harbor. Shafter,
so Noble said, had caused the informa
tion to be wig-wagged at once to Ad
miral Sampeon, on board the New York.
Notwithstanding this information Sam
son withdre*v with the New York on
the following morning, ten minutestbe
fore the time set for the appearance of
the Spanish fleet.
A Close Call.
Benjamin J1. Benjamin, an aeronaut,
fell from his balloon while making an
asenion at Hoboken Scheutzsn park.
Failure of the parachute caused the as
sident. Benjamin foil probably 300
feet into the Hackensack meadows and
this probably saved his life, as he
landed in mud and water, sinking up to
his neck. A boatman rescued him.
His injuries arose not only from shock
of the fall, but from the onslaught of
myriads of mosquitoes, which attacked
him as he was stack in the mud and
whose stings made his features unrecog