Newspaper Page Text
VO A'I MANNING, S. O.- WEDNESDAY, JAN-UAY11O2N.2 DISPNSXY LAW. What ..Vo E en S: A b u i ia M gz r e. A COMPARA4VE ANAL YsI. FHe .C im.. h ys,( m a Great r) u in as Wl s a w. k - ing 1ucc-Ii. Sera'or Til im:n c .r7t. s the foi irtg ar Ce e tor the- c u rz rn i- to Fratk La3s P pnr Month'y on the ipena S-stem in So.uth Curclina The ru-- di of Mrs. N&Qion ans saloone ic. K-.neS r Un in n,7; or leis Cpen v:o3;1on f 1sW, hes z:trCted a gcCd eAli of at enton dunrit.gti : year to the si'jc-t -:i wh siAy ;<iiA tion. After Ms. Ntion _.s troern 2nto prison her new mothod of thting whisky by "La-chetation" appears to, have fallen into dhiuse, Lnd he- ppeSr ance in Chicago, New Y rk nd other o.ties has been as a lecturer who mere ly weilded the hatch. t on the p'Stform and not in mashing ixtures. givipg !he impression hat she was still fired with holy zeal 10 Wije out the ior tr:lz, tut murelv nsed the -a:chcc _. an adi ver~i-ezat-nt. g he agitation r,-gAant ESa loons in Kansas i3 a striking prooi of the failue f prohibition in that Stare, vwhere the sae of hisay, exeert for medicintl, pharmaceuicr.1 and sacra mental purposes" is strctly icridisen and it wili b profitable, perhaps to the readers of L-Fiio's Mouthiy to learn ju-t whast ia .en done and is noT " ing done in Soutmh Car.Iina in bebalf of tempcunce by the dispe ary law. In Maine probit 'on has 1een the rule fer cv.r fiftY 3us. I wer a oPt ed is Katas &ce e n YeC-s: = r ago ana thrc:C A: -.:.z :so sts.es ha }ad the0 f-e,;:!.r-t ril T a Son~ta Casoia av r'~'m of'J under Stat' : cntrol went into efzec' in Jaly, 1693, -rd -an trr r e vefy properly mike cmran of recu.bs in the three S atcs. Here 13 a t CeM piled from the last :e'crt of the co~* missioner (f internal reverne ar3i census of 3900: No. Rt Pop'n No. of t'iers per in7 1900. L'cenpes Capi. Kanis... 147,495 2,727 1 to 595 Maine ... 694 456 1,191 1 to 5S5 So. Ca ...1,340,316 446 1 to 3,U05 The permit to sell, issuc-d by the United Sta:es intens: revenue cepart ment, is not a "li;ers5" in the proper eese of thst te!m, bee use the Uoit S.as government dLx: Lot authorize the sale of wAsky contrary to the Szato law. It is evidence that the trx re ,quired by the government of retailers has been pail ad will serve to protect the scilers of liquor against prosecution by the Unized Stateraukhorities. It is evidence thougb, that no one would pay -for this pr7Iege wiihtut interdirg to make use uf it, and it is therefore a le gitimate deduction to claim that in iho three States u-der comrariso c the .num ber of persorns retailing 1;quer is ap '. proximately the :um'r of pereons p v 2ng taxes o-f the Umited S:atts for the privilege of sali ng. The ecorpari..on is stror gb in favor of' th South Cairo lina systeW, at d if the accesibili'y to places where liqur 5s Bold cuts any fig ure in tcmpting men to uze it, it can be readily seen that South Carolina is far ahead cf Maine and Kansas as a temperatce State. I will remark, in pa-sing, that it is anomalous chat tha United government should appear to encurage violation of State lawa by is suing lioezse or permits to sell to per sons in a State wher:: ihe rale is pre hibited or is avowed only to bor.d State offcers. One would sr~'ppose the national governnent wculd aia in cve:y way possiole in the enf ores ment ofStatt! laws, but instead the opposite poles obtains as far as whisky is corcerned. In all thrce States ligaor can be itn p>orted2 from outside "Ler personal u-e" .and the .citizens of the th:ee States are~ Therefore on a par in that respect. Of the .446 persor s who have pai the United States revenue tax for re tailers in South Carolina, 94 are the dispeneers, selling accoiding to law. The other 352 are the illict asalers, and majoraty of these are in the one city of Charleston. 'Thereara rg number of counties of SouthUCroin. where the dispensary law is ov-zerv ~d stroctly. What then is the ciffbrence between the South Caroli na etem which has wrought such premisng re sults and the pichibition wich obtaics in Kansas and Maine? I will brit fly outline the system in vocgue in the Pai metto State. To quote from L~e ist. itself: "The ma~rufseture. rale, '-te er exchange, receipt er asetwar' cetr n lawful usc; delivery, stor:ng . ' *eep ing in posestsien within ;he taa brewedi, or other ligqas and si -n or mixture thereoi, by whateve-r name called or known, t his contain aseco and are used as a neve-zge, except as hereinaizer prvAdd is pr-hibited." The iiquor purchned i" S -"h Caro lina or izporte d it ..i. . t frsl lawfully, is beun: by :h -re beard of dueoters, y~h en'i:, of thre men "o0? god moral i::cter nt ati dicted 0o the Le ' i~xca'g .glors as a Leverr-' hy e-m~ est~ 'by the legi.tu re. "In bo:d DO.ust I. vertise two, or moe dai lewpa lished Without the State fr bids to be hiduor to the dispr.t.n5 Bids -i be placed ir an en dps sarey Cea ed with the CSa of the comp-.n fr or corporatiorcnd having tent sealed shall ce 1Jlaced in th-. express deii . drected to the S te -res-u'er," th hoqnor shall! be sdject to -- c'r in sualysis cr ether sa:. eor c et the State chemi-tali fu sted or to containv s~ *bsnee i1 r . aus to health3, it is a c e , i*e 002 tracts for delivery naving zbesrx , the whiskey is oreer:e.. as neenes- D r the S:ate e ammissioucr, wa 'i unde-r a bond of $5U00 arnd it is shi-ed L~C Columbia to tha S-a' ei* .sary. Tnis :s the ctntral depot; ecqpe atw ing, etc. Tre r&stgn D1:M p u is four gllonsl, a::.die sen one half pinc, at te :-,. a of ne ' gnr is put in pius and qu a '.ihcs are sealed in a way to umt ci tampering ~withi the packages. m erytaing is e ock for which there is a de the fnest French brandy d ci-ampao to le r. Tero are : Z'eitrands of hisky sold in t. in'Jes put up ty the mxnfLo>. re. A.- of 9 the q LOrs are labeled 1hv' already 12-entioned thre Sdpnstis ho are aPp-oi n:1' -y tnc c:sty bcards of contrv, three r se. c:c' in taan conyaua'on the acamera ;t. of the :e:air of the *gitmur. Te couat-% d1pen vrs are a placda u : bd 1s1-d arc ntnende b ina "h;Znuago of t' law, "not - au f intox.csing hqu as bevere "Th a L lecd a dipnser, s,?eCts a - s Di)spnzsazies ci p inrcorpjorated towcs pslsas pa.EinAi 3 for the C z3ns of LJ tenZ#r-p in which a0y ca c t ortowr is locattd to oetain s e e b :.mjr.ty v)1o. if the os e ot gives consenit. Th~ere are ,- courai in the State whtrc no dis p .is Lave ever becn opencd, as the nrc- ,s.ry vote was not obtained at the lction. IL one instsnce a dispensary was Cosed by a vote of the people. In these "dry" counties drunkenness is as often seen as in the other counties. The. local dispenser having given bona and been provided wi..h - vlace ot .u -ioEs, sends an order to the S at"; ecmT.issioner. seoifying the kind3 and q-r~ity of liquor that iwa-ted. From :oog experiesCe, however, the Statc e u ct-ually sh's a stck such z.s in bis judmert is adapted to the Lts of t.e cimmunity. Tihe goods thua shipped ara opead in the pres ence of one of tho rembere of the local -om* of earntro1, so as to guard against disho:;Cst ulaims for breakage. A p.ice list is kept in a conspicuous j2 ca, usually the front wirdow, show :ug the cost to the cutcmer of each p:ciSage kept in stceh. A few feez m the frnt doer there is a cross caster. which f-bu.s cff the rett of the rhe aid cuio-ners never go further eean this. A uipensary look; vrr; mch lie a dng store, wUith the botties .:gd on ste'vs. When one wishes to m. e putecase i a diu pensary a 'permit"' book is handed him in which 0 vri:e his ra-ne, plac:e of residetce, (anlity and kina or iiqaor wanted on a olank, asfllws FoRM No 8. il-quest to Parc hase Ir.toxitating Li qiors. No. 4...... ............190 To the Uounty Dispcrscr: The underwgred, age. ...., residing It Na..............8:.......... . esires to parchase the following in .oxcau g qu. re. ... ................ . ..... .... .. ..... .... .. . ... .. ..... Dispenser. These permit books are bound in pkages of . hundred and are usei o, the settlement which the county dispenuer masL make with the audi tor,-as welias for the information of :L'c inspectors, and they are, also al ws op~en to the public. The idea is tv Lave every packaie of liquor 8hipftd 1o:a the StSte dispensary accounted it Ris farther a check on the dis peser and prevents the sale ilioitly of whisky on his own account. The purche~se havir g been complet ed, and money paid, the purchaser must leave the store without break ng the seal or opening the package. No at etions are askeG, and the only lmation on the sale is: The dis pn~erz must not sell to a minor or to a person "who is known to habitually et drunk." There is no creiit and no bookkeeping, except to sum up the ameunt of the day's saie3, with the list f the various kinds of packages dis posed of, which are charged against the stock. The pr:fit made by the local disea~ry, aftir dadructirg expenas, oes half to tne couty and the other half to the town. The State receives its profit in the price charged to the locaidiapenser, addio'g to the fis cost the expense of bottling, freight, etc. The not profi:3 for State, town arnd :ointy, for eleven month-s, ending De :ember 1, 1900, is $522 343. The Sttes profit goes to the fiee school lund. What is there shout this method of selling liquor which makes it superior to arohibition or to the license system? First:-Liquor is the only article of com.merce in general use that is con sumed at the time and pisce of its pur hase. it is safe to s.+y that three iourths of it is thus disposed of. The d1ispnsary law 'enforcas a different :th:.d by rtquiiring the purchaser to tcks it away as he would a packsge of shoes or a sck of flour. He must go esmehrre else than to the acs where he uyis it to consume it. Secod:-ThIe element of personal ofie wh~ch lies at the root of the sa oon ev:lis destroyd. The dispensers receive fixed saiarics proportionate to the amiount of work they do. They m et a commissicn on sales and m o incentive to push tncm. n.i:-'Treatingo is destroyed and t dass more for s-jbriety than posei "M aty ot er feature of the system. .Eeeso has bought a bottle at e ispensary may treat one or a half dezes cf h i riends, to one drink and ..at wirl: be all. The inducement and -I.ai' i to reciprocate which are so FouL :-At sun down the dispen o .It opens at 8 o'cck in t.he -e.in. icgitim-'te demzs.C a~-(t~.O he asenser havi a c.oe u Us ec of buin hs ' entive to enitto mnake a sale. Ueder no frm of licenre is this possible. B:,sides it is a misdemeanor tomeales in any ay or ar. anty time except as thelaw p' ovides. Thus far the camparisoa h~as bzen wih the sloon, or l'ornse system, rater than %n2 proh~iitio. .With h ater there is resly no comparisonl nibemad xce;p to poinlt to results. O). cour it le wel understood where . jisia Ess been tried, that the r. a-e of a physioian that liquer is ned o edicne ha been an Qa5y 'ieg~ to ob~in. Hypocricy and per juIy were bth increased. That men win rin 13so sei! uoderstood that priic pr'bis i-. K'acsas and m~ite meCaenecesey : sow that te dspe .ry a2 uprloA to t:s; ss a.of 1. : arcontroi. The testimnony ? -f'. uicitjdne -is that in Scjut: Car.ima dirungene s has decreaud? to a t cad degree-from 59i to 75 per . d- incr his law went into ct. In most of the ccunties l:quor is sold only at the caurt 1o30s town and mn eihe-r taii their sqqp; y h,-re or it h ipped in from ousiCe f..r eonal use. dirrct to the irKhvidua! Dispnsrs etd Eeil on written or UeMs and send goods by h or ex .ess. xhre is ao aemt LU prevent she uEe of liqucr. vWe "ght the devil i vth fire." We combat the r buse o! whiLkzy with the use of whisky, supply icg the d ansnd in ,h3 least harmful way. It w ,Ud be rasy to ri y the ar gaM-nis a!d go muh More into do 'Is, all Of which wCul1d be interest irg ad irtructiv', but in the limita %f : -gzzine arzicle this is imp*)sib.e. 1 aili :-ly add that the law has been subj ozed. to a series of bitter cnatest-, and h'i been 1rae dc:cI the on'iy :tsuJ in Sa5.o tities _ece ic was ensecec.. I: has aiways tianphed ae.d in the la;t election against a ooiination -r prohibitionists, high ilic.nse aivoesten. and the old whisky sellin eie xont, it won by &n increased majority for gover nor, and has thg support of two-thirdls of both branches of the g meral anem bly. it is s,-fe to say th;t it is a fixture in South C:rolina. A Curious Find. ?he Cincinnati Esquirer'e Galliopolis speci6l says the delivery of a mann script in a seoret drawcr of an od clock in the cit r .veaas a zeoret of tho Fz..rci Ocurt and shows :he reason of the visi' to tbat city in 1789 0f the Dake of Or leans, afterwald Louis Phillipe o; Fcance. The asseovery was =ado by CXAude M. Wall wiio tik-ng apsrt an old French lock that had lkrg ben s Qanding in' the storage room of his st-Ire. Eo found a secret draaer in the clock which cntaired an old parch ment manuecript :.tcn in FRerh *nd which wts wrspped in a elhid's flaur.l skirt richly embroidered and kearing a monogram. A piece of fit lace wes also with the mriscrizpt. Umn'r trass lation teo mstuctrit purgored to b: "a true history of Adee de aicnglo. It bore the s*ature of Lui d qaon an was date4 Ontober 15, 1789. It was sadrecned to Adele, apparer-.y to be given her when she grew to ma turity. The substance of it was a Adele was the darghter of the Dake o Orleans. The mctLer died at the child's birtih, ig':orant of the rank of its father. The wrvcr was then placed in charge of the child and sent with it to Gaili polis, where there was a French colony. The stc;:y ran that he became her pro eepter and finally, after a visit of the Dake of Orleans to Gallipolis, it was determi: d to tend Adele to a Catholic s:Lioci in Fra:co. The motherof Adele not being o royal blood the marriage was kept secret. Mxr. Wall has tert the matuscripL to the Frere: ambaseador at Washingtcn. So'e portions of the paper giving nsmcs and lineage have not beern made pu'oic Adopted by the Navy. The ravy department has taken tho initial steps toward the adptiA ci of wirelees telegraphy as a mearns of ignaling between warships at sea. To this ena Admiral Badierd of th do partment of equipmrent has adhed tha the armored cruisiri of the Pannsyi vania class have their masts ana rigg ing so arranged that the wireless system can be introcused. This will necessitate the lengthening of the mis-s of the ships and she insulatic. of the mectai rigg by the ube o? hemp covering for haiyards. It is intended to get test sets of instruments of the variouts wirless systems now bairng op.rated. .hese includ.e the Mrarconi system. Thus far, however, the navy depart men has not adopted definit-!yv any eetem, but the construction of the nw ships is regarded as a preliminary to the adoption of a systtm whenever its practicability is fully established. he Britiba navy atreray h as a number o: its ships equipped wreh the wireless s stemn, but this is the first move on the part of the Amarican navy to make use of the wirelcss plan. A Common Governor. The K'rusas City Journal says that some of the young women composing an orchestra visited the Kansas state house the other day. They were wan dering aimlessly about when a gentle man, observing that they were strang ers, took them into the fce of the governor and introduced them to that ignitary. Governor Stanley is aa adept at making people feel at ease, and he soon had the young women laughir.g and joking at a great rate, but the most amusing thing of all did not occur untIl the party had passed from he governor's ffica into the corrlaor. There da of the girls ecmmenced to jup up and down and said excitedl5: "iory, glor5 ! Now I can go home and tell papa that at last .t have seen a Eve governor. But," she continued mre soberly, '1 did rot expect to fiund a governor so common that he would meet people wiiiont his uiorm on.' A Tale of the Sea. Amn hepsenesontestcamar Antli, hic hs iriedatNcw York recently were Pa:.no Mitchell and the su:vivors oi the er~s cf th'e wrecked thre-mas.ed saLo'ner E. L Whi of Harringon, Maine. Tie White~ war o.ud fromn Piibdelphia icr Cardenas with a oergo cf coal andi tr:eded on Ginger ihead shoeal en Dec '7. Soon after grcunding the s:.se! iDe.:an to. roll on the rocs e~nd she shc;o. signs of brki' no. T':c of the cre'w . ered t'o trust their lives to thesc a be~t which was lauseCe alogside. TheI re~t of the crew remixned on~ to-. d. During the night fcllowing, th~ e J. ospsiicd th: boat god t; woo to e ea men were drmnd. Tno next day I apt. Mitheli and the remrainder of. t~ I :eg' proceede-1 in thre host to BE-miar iand, and thence were ansiated to A Costly Joke. The Charler~on Pest tays -'the ex poson co a cannon eracker in the parier of thz~ Iciae ot :fit. F'reddck Muir au 314 M'.eing stree yeraay wre-:e .very pane oft gls ?a the win. des and did censiderstle dr~mige to the pictes and t3ucy one'3 in the roomn. Mr. u'Kau~ . was tr taning a naber ot frier e rla afernon and a memb-r c f i- 53' iighted a big fire er:.eke~r to fr.e she rssembled guests. The exposinz was terrifie and tue concusL o VI W* . grat that every windao: panc was broen, plasi.oing sii-Merod frcm --ho walls and muca bric-a-brac destrof ed. Tr.t was a anatiy -inke." A10HaISTMAS SIRM~ON One That Should be Read and Pondered by All. It is a pity that so many persons caizmirg to be Christians celebrate this feetival mrZo in a pagan or Chinese f ahion than ;n hing else. We do not refer to the innrent frolic of youth or the gastronom!: indOigence of children of a larger groWdE; but to the drunke ness, ribs:y and .ther ciimes shook ing to c4n:em;at: at any time, but FpCeCl.'y so en this day. Men End wo men wlo prof ane the festival either do not recogiz2 is stuperdoua solemnity, its t 'V cus significance, its unspeak able rAtsia for all the world and more epeeialiy to men of good will. F or on this day nearl; 1,902 years ago was born the Son of Gd, the Rodeemer of man kind, who came to Eave His people from satan and from their own default. He was the expected of all a ges and when He came, His advent marked an epoch whieh has no rival, in the dim mest degree, in the tide of times. How ali who call themselves Christians should woicome Him with jyand virtu ous exp etation and not with riot and indiffereoe. If we reject Him now, He will reject us when He comes to finally jadge the world, in great power and maj ssy. If we worthily, gratefully aceept klim now, He will givi u!, who are faith ful, a share in the Kingdom Eural of His Father. It is consoling to know that i millions do not have the good-will and the paca that comas of it, as the aegies sang over the crib at Bethleiom, other rAlion hail Him ighteously and make the anniverso:y of His birth profita ble fcr the salva tion of their souU. L.At us love Him i the riore because otiers do not love Rim -. p:ay that He may bring all mna to reogr5in Eim as their God anc their L:d. He wes the King of all 6,ing. glorious and yet He chose to be orn poor and in a stable, because even in the in th-ere was no room for Hi Vrgin Mother ard His foster father. He was pleased to acespt the simple gifts of -:ho shepherds who were led Ao is birthplace by seraphic melody, and He did not disdain the costly presents of the kings who journeyed from afar, led by a miraculous star He oamo to save rich and poor, humble and great, in all oonditicrs and of all races, aid but for Bis caming the universe would be desolate indecd. He opened Lbe gates of heaven to all who would heark n unto Him and keep His command mnts and all who would loyally take ap the cross and follow Him. And, on this day, He ecmes as a little babe, smiling and wiLL ad embracting ara. he 5arncet man is sofftened at the sight of human infancy. H.,w mach tor tendr sh-a.d we become when eL-oldirg the Beo of Be:hllehem, the vr of :he world. How should we strive to be worthy of His coming and not draw dwn upon ourselves a mnIediction by dishonoring the nime we fear. L-t us, with holy j abiission echo the song of the angels: . "Glory b. to God on high, and on earth, peace to men of good-wilil"-Aagusta Chron cle. Worse Than the Spaniards. The Atlanta Constitution's special emmissioner to the Philippines, Jo eph Ohl, paints an appalling picture or the horrors now being perpetrated by he Americrans in this alieged time of acification. According to Mr. Otl the lody methods which made Weyler r emos while ho was in command in Cba nave been adopted by the Ameri earns. Towns throughout the archipe rgo have been burned, and the natives are being gaazrd . into reconcentrado amps. "l'his letter," as the Spartan bu-g Heralid saye, "written by an un iased America, wnc is not connected ith the army a4 the government, but ho is sent merely to record facts, is a aluable contribt tie to current his ory. Mr. Ohl quoses from intelligent Fiipinos, and shiows that the condi tions are iifinitely worse since Ameri an occupation than they were even oder Spanish rule. Surely such a evelation is enough to cause every an who has a spark of humanity in his make up to desire an end io such a candal." Adjutant General Crane of eneral Hughes' staff, is quoted as sal ing that "the best thing to do with the FNipinom would be to kill off the peo ple and then put a bomb under each island and blow it off the face of the arh" The Filipines, according to r. OnI, hate the Americans bitterly, heir bate having been intersified by the fact that the native women, who ave been noted for their chastity, are eing corrupted by wholesale by the Amtican soldiery. Yet some people Claim that God opened the Philippine biands to the Unted States in order that tncy might be evangelized, but all acCums the~i come to us from unbi ned sources shows that jnist the re verse ;s being done. Instead of the eople being elevated in their morals t.ey are taught alio:.t everything that me debasing. The charge that Mr. OYal naes is not new. Hie only confirma Wat others have ass:rAe. Killed Thirteen Children. Before the tetanus court of irqiry hurcsy it. St. Louis, Henry R. Tay or. jeitor for the e aemieal and bace oogial divisions of the health doI panmnt, aemittd under oath that he issue for public ueo the toxic anti tipthernic semumn, w hich caused the ro et death of thirteen childsen from~ etus. He distriduted the vials, properly labeled, he stated, because thQ supply of diptheria santi toxin had beer. xated early in October ar~d he did not believe the sorumn Swas bad enongh. o kill children." Taylor is a negro, ho has held city positions for may ears. Cnytor admited that his formerr :esimony la whion he swore that co rum of Sapt. 2'j hed not been distdiba e, was false. Fight With Filipinos. The War Deparnment Thursday was advied by Gen. (Craffee, at Manila, that Cozapany F, Twenty ~:-Infantry ada ha nd to Land er counter in a gorge eiz miles south Cf San Jose, BSatangs, on December 23. Twenty wo of the enemy were killed. aPt :lck A Connelly received sn ugly slio wnu-:. in the left cheek, a~nd rivate Carney received six bolo outs in the neck and shculders HE WAS KICKED OUT By the President for S n I ring Admiral Schl y. ROOSEVELT HAD THE POWER To Di;cha!ge Him for Cocd and Suffacent Reasons Well Kne wei to Himself and the Pubic. Secretary Long has discharged Edgar Stanton Maclay from his position as a skilled laborer in the Brookland navy yard, Maalay having refused to res'gn upon request. Maclay is author of a naval history and in its last volume sharply criticised Admiral Schley and denounced him as a enitiff, poltroon and coward. .Secretary Lngs' action was taken by direction of the president and followed a conference between the president and the secretary, who took to the White House with him a letter from Maclay in response to the request for his resignation sent by the secretary !act Saturday. In this letter Maclay submitted that he culd not be removed or be compelled to resign without defi nite charges being made against him and without having an opportunity to answer those charges. Aithough the civil aervica rules give employes of the Puolio service the opportunity of answ cring charges that may be preferred a.tinst them the president exercised hi prerogative in the present instance and demanded Maclay a removal it be ing held that the latter that aware un offcsily if rot cfeialiy of the reason which acnuated the mo~utive in taking the course determined on. Secretary lang said the action taken today would dispose of the case finally. Mr. Mec'ay's letter to Secretary Long replying to the r quest for his resigna tion is as followi: Navy Yard, New, Dac 23. To Rsar Admiral A-bert S. Barker, U. S. N., Commandant Navy Yard, New York. bir: I have the honor of acknowledg ing the receipt of your communication of this date, in wh e'i you forwarded the following communication of this date from the honorable secretary of the nav3: "I am directed by the president to ask E Igar 8. Maclay, special laborer, enerai storekeepers' office, navy ard ,New York, to send in his -esigna fien." I respe cfully submit that I was reg ilarly appointed to my prerent position 11er having duly passed a clerk's ex mination in accordance with all the ,qairements of the civil service reg riadons and, therefore cannot be re noved or be compeiled to resin with >ut definite charges being made agins'. ne and without hrving an opportunity o answer thoc charges. I Lave.,been a this t-ffie fifteen months, have been promoted for effiiency and, so far as I new my work -has been satisfactory to t ny superiorM. 1 l ave violated no rules r regulations of this office or of the na- t y yard, so far as I am aware. Such - eing the case. I feel that it would not nly be an injustice to myself to recign nder such ctreumstances, but it would eo establishing a precedent that vitally tonerns thousands of civil service cm loyes, both national and State. Very respectfully yours, Edgar S. Maclay. Secretary Lang's dispatch to Rear Ldmiral Barker directing Maclay's re noval was as followe: Rea AmialWashington, Dcc. 24 laarAdmralA. 8. Barker, U. 8. N.. By direction of presiie:.nt, E-igar S. aelay is discharged. Notify him. L ng. APPEALED IN VAIN. The civil service commission Thurs ay notified Edgar S. Maclay, the his orian, recently employed at the Brook yn navy yard, that his remcval from is position was not in violation of the ivil service act. This notifieation was ~ontaned in a letter written to Maclay ~y President Proctor of the emmis ~ion, and is in reply to an inquiry from im. The following is the reply of the ~ommission to Mac~ay's letter: Washington, Dec. 26, 1901. Ulgar S. Maclay, Office Storekeeper, Navy Yard, Ne w York: Sir-The commission is in receipt of rouir letter of the 24th, asking its opin-1 ~on upon the following questions: "Has the President of the United States any authority under the laws ;overning a civil service emplosee in he classified list? "Has tile President authority or ower to cause the dismissal of any ivil service employee without prefer. ing charges in writing and giving said ;mployee opportunity in which to make In response, you are informed that it as ciontrary to the practice of the com nietion to undertake to decide hypo hdeal questions. Your separation rem the service, according to the facts a your case, as appear in t'he public p.ss, was made on the crder of the ~eertary of the Navy. The demand fr you~r resignation, followed by your etnoval, upon direction of the Picsi ent, through tho Secretary of the Nsvy, is not in violation of the civil servce acts and rules in view of the wal known facts in your case. Tue >oj~ct of ;.hc ru!k re quiring notice and earing was to prevent pclitical re acvals or removals upon seere a chargee. No issue of this kind is involved in~ our case, Very respectfully, John 8. Proetor, President. TOLD TO Go. Edgar S. Maclay, who refused to re signa as a special laborer ic the office of st general storekeeper at the Brock lyn navy yard, was summarily discharg ed Thursday. Maclay went to the nvy yard as usual Thuirsday and pre pared to resame his duties. Pay Diree tor Putnam went to Mzcln's desk, read him the telegram of dismissal re eived from Wamhington Thursdayv, and told him he was dismissed. Maclay loft the yard immediately. Hoe sid he. would retu'n at the usuai time Friday prepared to go to work. T. M. .Examn, a farmer living near Centreville, Tenn., went homie and when his wife oijeted to his shooting into the fior about her feest, shot her dead. H.e carefully laid her on the bed with the assistance of his children arnd then blew out his own brains. BODY FOUND AT LAST. A North Carolina Sensation Being Cleared Up. Five weeks cf mystery at d specula tion as to the fate (f Miss Nellie Crop sey of E izibeth City, N. C., terminat ed Friday vhen the body of the miss ing girl was found in the river opposite her father's home. The body was dis covercd by J. D. Stillman, a fisherman, who was returning from his night's lish ing trip. Upon discovering that the floating oj ect was the body of a young girl he immediately notified thb com miltee and Coroner Fearing had the body broti3ht to the shore. When found the body was fk-ating face downward. All the wearing apparel was intact with the exceptiin of the rubber which Nell wore on th. nigat of her disappearance, ad that was missing. With the excep ,iin of some sligit ciscoloration of the face the body was in a state of good preservation and little decomposed. The body was easily identified as that of Nell Cropsey by ali who had known her in life. The spot where the body was found had been dragged several times since her disappearance, but with no result. Great crowds are assembled in front of the academy of music building where the jury is in session and groups can be seen on almost every street corner discussing the affair but making no manifestations simply waiting for the verdict of the jary as to whether the girl met with foul play or committed suicide. Anticipation that trouble may be brewing for young Wilcox, who is suspected of murdering the girl, the naval reserves have been ordered out to maintain order and peace and to see that no violence is offered Wilcox. By :rder of the mayor ail the barrooms in the city have Dean closed. Wilcox has been removed from the mayor's office, where he has been since his arrest Fri lay afternoon, to the county jail for lis own protection, and a strong guard ?as been placed around the jail. Wil. )ox was engaged to the girl and was the aat person seen with her beiore her dis .ppearance. Af cr being out several hours the !orontr's jury having been duly sum noned and sworn by Dr. I. Fearing to nquire what cauced the death of Eia A. Cropsey, do hereby report that from he invesatgation made by three physi ians of E azabeth City, and from their pinion and also from our personal ob ervation, that said Eila M. Cropsey lame to her death by being stricken a low on the left temple and by being rowned in the Pasquotank river. We iave not yet investigated nor heard any estimony toueing as to who irdlicted he blow ana did tae drowning. We nformea that one, James WiLex, is narged with same and is no-7 in custo y. We recommena hat investiatdon s to Lis or L.sy one els'ea probable ,uiit be had by one or mure magistraws n Eizabeta Guy toenship and that aid Wiicox be helia o awaii said invs igation. Taxpaying Behind. Under the law L?un foir ihe paying of axes expires on the 51, ins;. From I! uver the state cmt repcrts that the ax callections are further behind than hey have been in sevoral years, and riany are anxiously inquiring if there il be an extension of time. The au hority to extendi tests with the gover or and the comptroller general. Neither f these officials have expressed their iews on thle matter and in fact have eclined to say what they will do. as~t year they positively refused to xtend the time, but the legislature ame along later and did so. It is im ossible at present to predict what will e done. One thing is certain and that s that the complaint of hard times omes from the country this year far nore loiudly than it did last year, and t is quite probable that the time will ,gain be e-xtendsd. Eighty Men Poisoned. Eighty members of Company F. Eighteenth infantry, were poisoned uhile eating breakfast Christmas morn ng and for a tim., fuliy half of them vere in danger of death. Before break ast was over every man in the company had to leave the table and soon all were rostrated and in great agony. The yost surgeon was summoned and ad ninistered an antidote. Forty of the nen who sat down first, were in very >ad snaps and vomited vigorously. The ntidote administered relieved all of hem and this evening most of them vero ablo to be about. One old man, iowever, whose name was not ascertain d, is erlioraily itl. The surgeon ex mined the food served at breakfast nfd is of the opinion that the posion vas in the beef. Tihe men were station a near Cheyenne, Wyo. The Ohio Way. Six men were wounded in a general ight at a smnali country church at Pee >ost.flce, Ohio, Thursday night and a >anic took p~ace among the worshippers. i. series of religious meetings was in >iogress ar d the church was fitied, when jaaries ana Orrin Day appeared, slight y intoxicatea, and sanounced that they -come to clean ouu the Laggs family," ith which the Days have had frequent tuarreis. A gen.eal fi3ht resuiltd in ,a church andl around is. Women and :hildren shrieked and sought safety rm revolvers and knives by jumping at cf the windows. Only the minister, hv. Mr. Ro ne, remained. *At the :jcse six mmn lay fatally huct. The Cherry Tree Swindle. A dispa.oa irom Henrietts, N, C., lays the Unerry free Company con inues to be the chief topic of converaa ion there. The very fact of it having wind ied poor women and children >ut of from $60,000 to $100,000 is sonishing. However, it is true. The rial before Cle- k of the Court Dickinson came up today and will con nue for a day cr two. Some interest 2g facts are being discosoed. "NEITHER 1amacy nor Enham," ays the. Uhico Crconicle, "ever sommanded a flat-class ship in action, ~o say nothing of commanding a squad ~on or a iset. Neith'er of thaem ever saw a modecrn battle ship in' rzclion. &s judges of the diffi:>ulties of operat zag a powe:-ful squadron of modern ships far from ther: b~se in the pres ance of an enemy of nearly eqal trength they wrao no better quahified to -pass upon the questions which came before them than so many or~ets from the Navl Academy w.,ld have bean.' HAS GONE TOO FAR What a Friendly Paper Says Abou Senator XcLaurin. The troutle with Senator MoLaurii appears to be that he lost his purpos and permitted himself to be swervei from the path which he had marked ou for himself. So soon as he made knowr that he had thrown off tne yoke of Till manism and would not take the Bryar medicine offered him unless he liked it there began a s~stematio fifort to driv( him out of the Democratic party. The fire was strong ard continuous, ani meantime he was the object of Repub. liean flattery and made the dispensei at Washington of a Rapublican patron. age in South Carolina. Lured by on( party in the same direction in which h( was being driven by the other, hi strength failed and he cverstepped the bounds he had set for himself. ,Evar at the beginning of his political devia tion-this word doesn't convey the ez, act shade of meaning but is employed for lack of a better-he stood for poli cies which were at variance with the Democratic creed; we do not mean thii new hybrid concern which masqucradee under the name of Democracy oefore il became diseased; but hcehas gone i bow-shot beyond his original purposei and has committed the fatal mistake of accepting Republican committee assign ments and, if recent reports be true, of attending Senate Republican caucuses, his friends and sympathizers outside of South Carolina had hoped that he would declare his doctrines-with some of which they did not agree-and chance his fortunes inside his party, anxious, as they were, to see what de Fee of tolerance there is in that State for a healthy Democratic independence. 'hey are accordingly disappointed that he has gone so far Rspublicanward, it having been hoped by them that if, as was foreseen, he was denied committee assignments by the Democrats he would decline those offered by the Republi. ans and be content to take a position of dignified isolation. We thoroughly believe that Senator McLaurin was en tirely patriotic and conscientious in the positions adverse to those of his party which he assumed a year ago, for no bad or selfish motives animating him can be divined. He could not hope to rise to higher rank than that of Sena tor, and Seastor he was and could con tinue to be so long as he remained in line with the "dominant element" in his State. He delibeistely chose to get ou; of line, certainly with no hope of promotion for he can not aspire to anything higher than ta.e Senatorship; but he has gotton too far out of line and we fear that the good work which he had inaugurated in South Carolina will suffer a back-ses in counsquenc. lharlotre Ooaerver. A Fiend at Large. Joseph Finchier, a prominent mer hant and planter, was shot to death t Crawford, Ala., Thursday night. Jriah Poirter, a neighbor, is charged with the killing. It is said that Porter had openly threatened to kill Fincher and a widow named Beloher, and also a negro man who was a tenant on Mrs. 3loher's plsea. It is alleged that Por er went to the home of Mrs. Beloher Wednesday and abused her. She ap ealed to a negro tenant to remove him from-the premises, and also sent for incher, who, later, with the negro, ook Porter to the road. At 6 p. m. a hot was heard at the Pincher store nd Mrs. Pincher says she saw Porter ::aving with his gun, and that when Porter saw her he fired at her also, but without effeot. When Mrs. Pincher found her husband dead she says sne was alarmed en account of threats Per Lr is alleged to have made and she im ediately fled to the woods with her ittle children and sought refuge in the ouse of a negro tenant until Friday norning. During the night some one ired through the window of Mrs. Baloher's house, but hurt no one. Porter is at large. A Giant Ghost. A personage, whether man or womsn no one can tell, but described by the superstitous as a ghost, has frightened the residents of Cazenovia, N. Y., for a weak. Some of the women and chil ren have gene into hysterics by the ere recital of the antics of the sup posed ghost. The apparition, so called, is thought by the mere conservative to be some demented person of huge height and girth. It was pursued a few nignts ago through a vacant lot by three men when it suddenly and mysteriously dis. appeared. It is said to diplay a long usty knife and a revolver.. Its favor ite haunt is the railway stetion and the old skating rink. The object hides be tween buildinge and under lofo elms for which Casenevia is noted. Its head is esribed as inclosed in a white hoed, wienc terminates in a point which sways back and forth as the ghost glides ver the ground. All plans to catch it have failed and there is no peace in town. A Court's Interference. The law says that a young man in Westend must cease paying his atten tions to a certain young lady. The oung manis under a$50 bond to not speak to her, to not write her notes, to not stand beneath her window in the estly hours of morn and sing sweet songs of love to her. In other words, the law has stepaed in and said to this oung man: 'You must seal up the walls of your heart, and for the next fur month.i keep every sentiment of your love stowed away in your bosom. t may pain you to chain your affec tions, to pass some one by and not smile;- but is must be done, under pain f forfeiting a $50 bond." The case was before Judge Conner a few days ago. The young man is now under the bond mentioned al. because they said that she was too young.-Augusta Trib une. A Sad Accident. Four boys who went skadng in Le pave river in Nova Saotia on Thursday, broke througih the ice and were drowned together. They were Ferry and Mer ville Rhodear~uaer, brothers. 14 and 12 years; Curry Hu'oley, aged 12, whose birthday anniversary it was, and Gecrge ahmank aged 10. PAYING TAXES. The Auditor of Orangeburg Coun ty Opposes Extension of Time. HIS REASON CLEARLY..GIVEN, Yet the People Expuet it, and Shall Prebably Demand it. Through Their Rep resentatives. To the Editor of The State. At the coming session of the general assembly the usual joint resolution will doubtless be offered to extend the time I for the payment of taxes. The cry is made every year, whether times are good as they were last year, or bad as they are now, that the extension must be made for the benefit of the poor people who cannot get the money to pay their taxes in full. I submit that the fall is the best time in an agricul tural community for the poor people to pay their obligations, and my position is strengthened by the fact that nearly all obligations voluntarily assumed are made payable at that season. Prior to 1876 taxes were made pay. able in the spring and the people justly complained that that was the most un suitable time for them to pay. In e-mpliance with the popular desire, the Hampton government made taxes pay able in the fall; and it has been so ever since, but the policy of extension tends to spring time colleotions again. My purpose in writing this article is to show tnat the custom of extending the time for tax collection is benefiia to a very few only, and is hurtful to the public interest generally; and, further more, to show wherein the real hard ship to the delinquent taxpayer lies, and to suggest an effective remedy, I read with interest the recent article by Treasurer Campbell of Richland county in regard to the evil of tax extension, and 1 concur heartily in what he said, as will every one who has had any ex perience in the work of the tax depart ment. But his argument showed maninly the hardships that tax extension - brought to -the tax officials; an argument that "cuts little ice" with the average legislator, because the average voter, like Galio, cares for none of these things. I pro pose to go turther and show that tax extension is hurtful to the entire peo ple and thus arouse the voter and in fluences the legislator. The extension of taxes is hurtful to the public interest because; first (as has already been suggested) it co= phicattes aai coaxues tne work of 1e court house officiai and causes many errors to De macte which uitmately Dring to the taxpayer much vexanon ana csi ,L Lime and money. Again, the custom of extending saxes causes people to withhoid their money from the government, thus crippling its finances, and impairing the efficenoy of the public service, and increasing its expensiveness. '11ird the exten sion of taxes delays the treasnurer in making his report of school funds to the county superintendent of educa tion. The county superintendent, not knowing how much money is available, cannot make the proper appcrtronment of the fund among the various school districts and is between the horns of a dilemma-either to run his district into -debt, or to close the shools before their money is expended. This result of tax extension hurts more people than any other, for tnere arc few people in South Carolina who are not closely interested in the publie schools, and when this matter is fully understood by the peo pie, they wiil serve notice on the legis lature, &hat tax extension must stop. Now, as to the remedy. The legisator when speechifying for tax extension, pleads thme cause of the small taxpayer. "'The rich man and the big corporation can take care of themselves," he says, "but oh! the small farmer and the poor widow!" The truth of the business of ten is that the legislator hasn't paid his own taxes and wants extension on that soccunt. Now, with all sympathy for the small taxpayer, I1 wish to say that the hardship to him does not lie in the emal penalty (10 per cent.) imposed by thle State on a deuinquent tax; but in the costs and fees incident to issuing and serving a tax execution. These costs and fees of ten run a small tax up to three or four times the original en try, and that is where the hardship comes in. A slight change in the present law would remedy this and tax extensions would trouble us no more. The last legislature reduced the penal ty imposed by the State from 15 per cent. to 10 per cant. Then after 15 days the treasurer's cost ($1) attaches, and when the executions are put into the shernff' hands, his coass and mile age atiLacn also. Now, I suggest that instead of giving the delingueint taxpayer only 15 days before the costs attach, give him 60 days in which he can pay his tax with the addition of only 10 per cent., after which if the taxes still remain unpaid, let tax exeeutions be issued and costs attached. Theis will meet all objections. Those who are able to pay will do so before the time expires in order to save the 10 per cent. Thosa who are so un fortunate as not to bo able to pay in time will be allowed 60 days in which they msy pay with a very small pen alty ana tii more costly werkings of thle lay will be used only as a last re sort. These views are proffered to the thinking pacp~e of the State in the hope that they will be saccepted and urged upon our legislators. T. M. MoMichael, Ormt burg, S. C., Dec. 26, 1901. Hidden Treasurer Found. Word ass been received from Holmes county, Miss., to the effect that some unknown persons have sueeded in finding the buried treasure of the frir rell gang of br~ndits, which terrorised that sectica many years ago, with a so ries of murders and robberies. The treasure, it i3 elaiimed, was dug out of the hil!,de on Tunnogusha creek about ton miva torthwest of Lexington. An old pot, rusted and corroded, was found several days ago and is supposed to have been dus up by some former memher of thehband.