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VOL. XVI. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY. MARCH 2 92 O 2
THE -CANDIDATES. Names of Some of Those that Have Been Announced AS SURE TO RUN THE RACE. A Forecast of the Next State Cam paign, Which is Now Open ing, and Which Will be Warm. The "campaign next summer" is the roseate future to which nearly every legislator looks. Some have become disgusted with public life and swear that they will not again enter the lists. Others will "go back" if their friends "urge them" to do so. But others think that this world has better things in store for them. Some of the members of the house at pres ent seek nothing higher than to be come senators. In this class may be named Messrs. Butler, of Cherokee, Richardson of Clarendon, McLeod of Lee, Ashley of Anderson and Edrd of Lexington, provided Senator Sharpe retires. There are several members of the' house who have been suggested as can didates forthe speaker's chair. Among them are Messrs. Rucker of Ander son, Morgan of Greenville. Williams of Lancaster and Smith of Kershaw. Each of them is well endowed with mental attributes, each has had ex perience, and-all are popular. The house is more prolitic of candi dates for state offices than in the sen ate. The latter is not "so warm," but the house is a regular incubator. There are fully a dozen state officers who were representatives, but none of them, except one, was ever in the sen ate. Among the candidates who will go from the noisy hall of the house to the racy debates in state campaigns is the speaker, Hon. W. F. Stevenson of Chesterfield, who is a man of marked legal ability and would add dignity to the office of attorney gen eral, to which he aspires. His elec tion is no sinecure, but Mr. Stevenson has never yet suffered defeat. The only other announced candidate is Mr. U. X. Gunter, the present assistant at torney general, who is popular in the state and a finished politician. For secretary of state nearly a quo rum of the house will offer. The avowed candidates from the house are Hon. J. Harvey Wilson of Sumter, chairman of the ways and means com mittee: Mr. J. C. Campbell of Marl boro, Capt. J. Hampden Brooks, that most gallant of Confederate soldiers, and Col. J. T. Austin of Greenville, he of the invincible handshake. Other candidates will be Mr. J. T. Gantt, Col. E. H. Aull and Mr. W. W. Brad ley of Abbeville. The.house has a trained campaigner and level-headed militiaman as a can didate for comptroller general. In the last few days of the session Capt. J. G. Richards of Kershaw announced that he had about decided to enter the race. Capt. Richards has been a supporter of the Charleston Medical college and of Winthrop in the fights in which those institutions figured. Senator Sharpe with his lusty vocifera tion will also be heard upon the stump for this offce. Capt. Black, secretary of the state penitentiary board, is a candidate for this office. Mr. D~erham may be hard to defeat for re-election. The attorney general, secretary of state and adjutant gen eral will not stand for re-election. Mr. Derham, Mr. McMahan and Capt. Jenning will be there when the cam paign opens. Now the house has an aspirant for Mr. McMahan's offce. Mr. Arthur Kibler of Newberry, one of the lead ers of the house and a champion of the common schools. Mr. Kibler is also an advocate of measures regulating the workings of insurance companies. Prof. 0. B. Martin of Greenville has announced himself as a candidate for state superintendent of education, Col. A. R. Banks of Rock Hill was suggested some time ago, but he will not be in the race. For adjutant general the house will have a Confederate veteran who will try to succeed the gallant old soldier who will retire to take up the fight for congress in the Fifth district, Capt, A. H. Dean of Spartanburg is a candidate for adjutant general. Capt. ~2Dean has been a consistent advocate of purity in our pension system. He is well known in the up country. Col. Jno. D. Frost of Columbia, the popu lar and very efficient assistant adju tant general, will be in the race to . succeed Mr. Floyd, as will Mr. Paul Ayer of Anderson and the dashing Col. Jack Boyd of Greenville, who has never quit being a soldier since the days when he was "Johnny Reb." The otiice of railroad commissioner seems to be a soft berth. At any rate there are more candidates for this of fice than for any other. Among the candidates who are so far in the race are Mr. Henry J. Kinard of Greenwood who is perhaps the leader of the econ omists of the house, although he is not narrow in his views; Mr. J. G. Wolling of Fairtield, whose success as a mer chant and farmer would augur success as a state official, is also in the race; Senator B. L. Caughman of Saluda, author of the "Jim crow" car law, is a candidate. Mr. J. C. Wilborn of York, the present chairman, will stand for re-election, having served eight years. Mr. W. Boyd Evans is a can-ldate-and there are others. No member of the house aspires to be governor-yet. There is one can didate on the othe'r side of the State capitol, Lieut. Gov. J. H. Tillman and the winner will have to defeat about half a dozen other candidates. among them Gov. McSweeney, Col. W. Jas per Talbert, Capt. D. C. Heyward of Colleton and Mr. M. F. Ansel of Green ville. The leading candidates for lieuten ant governor are Hion. Frank B. Gary of Abbeville, whose ability and fair ness as a presiding otticer are axiom atic; Senator S. G. Mayfield, who has been for eight years chairman of the senate's most inmportant committee; Senator J. Lyles Glenn of Chester. and Mr. Cole L. Blease. there have been a number of buds on the flower of congressional aspirations. In the first district it is thought that Mr. Geo. Legare of Charleston will be elected. In the second district '-he following names have been mentioned. and all will probably run-William Elliott of Beaufort: G. Duncan Bellin ger and J. 0. Patterson of Barnwell: J. W. Croft of Aiken. and J. William Thurmond of - Edgetield. Mr. Bellin ger is the fearless, aggressive and brainy leader of the anti-trust element of the State. Col. Croft agrees with Mr. Bellinger in that tight, and is an eloquent and powerful defender of the common people on the floor of the house. In the third district the candidates will be: Senator George S. Mower of Newberry. Senator Graydon, ex-Sena tor McCalla and Wyatt Aiken of Ah beville. Geo. E. Prince. of Anderson and Dr. Smith of Pickens. The let ter has not been heard of much in politics, but he is said t, be a very for midable candidate. Mr. Joe Johnson will not be re-elect ed in the fourth district without op position. le defeated Nir. Stanyarne Wilson by about 3,0o votes. It is rumored that Senator Dean of Green ville will try conclusions with Mr. Johnson. In the fifth Mr. Finley will stand for re-election and Geu. Floyd and So licitor Henry will oppose him. Dr. Strait .will run again. In the sixth no opposition to Con gressman Scarborough has developed. In the seventh Mr. Lever will be opposed by a member of the House in the person of Mr. J. B. McLauchlin. of Orangeburg. There will be other candidates no doubt in this disti.ict. The legislature is the hotbed from which many tender plants are taken and grafted into the soil of State of tices where their foliage is kept moist by the dews of emoluments and per quisites. Another Theory Attacked. Many people who realize the danger of using impure city water boil it and feel happy. Whether they succeed by this method in remedying the evil is a question which many medical men will answer in the negative. All chemists agree that the boiling of impure water, aside from the destruc tion of the life of some of the disease germs, the elimination of some of the gases and the deposit of a portion of the carbonate of lime, always makes it more inpure. Boil a gallon of water until there is but a quart left, and the qL.art will contain all the im purities of the gallon and will be near ly four times as impure as before. By continuing the boiling all the impuri ties, animal, vegetabie and mineral, except the gases thrown off, will be reduced to one solid mass. The water which is evaporated and passes off as steam is very nearly pure. In the boiling process the dangerous germs may have been killed, but their re mains fuinish excellent material for bacterial life to feed upon. Great Storms North. Dispatches from Wilkesbarre, Pa., show that more than a score of lives were lost and $5.000.000 worth of property was destroyed in Northeast en Pennsylvania by the recent storms and rains. The danger is over, but the full extent of the damage is yet to be scen-. Eighteen thousand home less persons in the Wyoming Valley are anxiously watching the backwards course of the waters. The water has receded in Paterson, N. J., so that the danger there practically is over, but there were many daring rescues of persons who had stayed in the flooded houses. So many mills were damaged that ten thousand operatives are thrown out of work for an indefinite time. In Passaic six mm are report ed to have been carried down with a bridge, which was washed away. The current was so swift that it was impos sible to rescue them. Cities and towns in almhost all sections of New York, and New England states suffered heavy damages to property, and delay ed trains were reported. A True American. Ex-Govornor Hogg, of Texas, is in Lonnon, England, on business. Ambassador Joseph Choate made ar rangements to have the Texan pre sented to King Edward at a levee, but Mr, Hogg was required to change his American dress and appear in the regulation court dress of knee breech es and sword before he could be pre sented to the King. When Mr. Hogg was told of the dress demanded, he said: "Never. If I cannot appear in the ordinary evening dress of an American citizen I will not appear at all. A pretty sight I would look rigged up in those gewgaws. I have not the faintest idea of trying to re volutionize or even criticise English customs; but blamed if I'll wear an other country's uniform: no not even for the sake of meeting the King." Ex-Governor Hogg is no hog on royal swill. For the Schools. The directors of the State dispen sary Friday set aside $25,000 to be ~paid out of the assets of'the insti tution to the school fund of the State. This was done in accordance with an act of the legislature recently adjourn ed. This act declares that the hoard must reduce to $400,000 the school fund locked up in assets. In con forming to this act, the board passed the following: Resolved, That the commissioner is hereby instructed to pay over tothe State treasurer for he purposes of the 'school fund," on the 15th day of this month, S29. 000. which shall be considered a part of the " equal semiannual" payments to be madee looking to the reduction of merchandise assets to 8400.000. .Mysterious Accident. Three miners employe d at the Stand ar ieat Mt. Pleasant, Pa.. were instane killed Wednesday evening in a mysterious manner. The men were on the cage which was convey ing them to the top when suddenly they were seen by their compani'mns to fall. A miner who was on the cage at the time said that one of the men had lost hIs holding and in an endeavor to save himself pulled the other two miners with him. Alex Stebe, 45 Iyears old. was the only name of the victims that could be obtained. A son of Stebe came to Standard Wed nesday evening from Europe and ar rived about the time of the death of his father. A MEAN THIEF. Robbed A Minister as the Crowd Went to the Altar. A PICKPOCKET IN A CHURCH. The Pastor of the Church, Took Up a Collection t4) Reini burse the Minister for His Loss. The Atlanta Journal says pickpock ets played a little joke on the Atlanta detective department Wednesday night, and are now quietly laughing while the detectives are wondering. Incensed at the pickpockets daring to appear in Atlanta, almost the entire detective department went out Wed nesday night to capture the genile men of the light tinger touch. Sa loons. pool rooms, hotel lobbies, every where that a bad or sporty man would likely be, were visited. And while the detectives were taking in these places pickpockets were quietly enjoy ing the services at the Tabernacle Baptist church, and just to keep their hand in they robbed a few preachers and worshipers. Atlanta is usually free from the pro fessional crook, but at present ,lhe seems to be holding his owr. Cases of pickpocketing and purse snatching are now daily or nightly occurrences in Atlanta. The detectives are doing some nard work to break it up, only it did not occur to them to go to church. Perhaps the detectives will go to church. If so let the people in the saloon and in the hotels beware. Fc r the pickpockets seem to be keeping an eye on the officers as well as on possible boodle. It was about 5 o'clock Wednesday afternoon that the first suspicion cf pickpockets being in the Tabernale church was aroused. Dr. Broughton, from his seat on the conference plat form, notlced some suspicious looking characters enter. There were four men and two women in the crowd. Shortly afterward he saw one of the men crowd against Dr. Campbell, of Anderson, S. C. It was only a few moments then before Dr. Campbell went forward and told Dr. Broughton he had been robbed of his purse, con taining $20. Later it was discovered that two other members of the cor ference had been robbed. Dr. J. W. Hurt, the Sixth ward physician, had an encounter with a pickpocket as he was on his way home from the conference. Dr, 71urt was on the street car. when he flt a hand enter his pocket, where he had his money. Instantly he grabbed the man and the would-be thief, to gct away, gave up his overcoat, pulling it off as the two men struggled. The overcoat and a pair of gloves found in the pocket were turned over to the detectives. They will be used as clews to trace the thieves. The over coat was a good one and would indi cate that the pickpocket was a very prosperous one. The gang now in A tlanta is getting in some good work. William IR. Rob erts was on Monday night robbed of a $150 scarf pin on the street car as he was returning from the bicycle races at Piedmont park. Frank Casey was caught by Mr. Roberts and turned over to the poli:e. Casey did not have the pin, but he is believed to have been with the man who did rob Rob erts. Wednesday night Steve Wallace was arrested at the union depot on suspicion. Against Pot-Ha nting. In 1890 the legislature passet an act prohibiting the sale of partridges or quails. This was done in order to give the birds a .chance, there being a general complaint over the country that the birds were being killed out too rapidly by "pot-hunters." For a while the law was respected, but, like the hip pocket pistol law, the game law does not seem to be obeyed as generally as it should be. The act of 1900 does not forbid the importa tion of partridges for sale, and it would be a hard matter for an officer of the law to prove that any bird found in the restaurants in the State did not come from beyond the borders of the State. The act of 1900 was amended this year so as to include deer and wild turkeys. The law as thus changed provides: "It shall not be lawful for any person, except upon his own lands, or upon the lands of another with the consent of the owner thereof, to net or trap a partridge, and it shall be unlawful for any person to sell, offer for sale, or ship or export for sale, any partridge or quail or deer or wild turkeys for the space of five years from the approval of this act: Irovided, That nothing in this act shall prevent the importation for sale of any partridge or quail. Any per sons violating this section shall be guilty of a - misdemeanor, and, upon conviction, shall be punished by a fine not exceeding $30, or by imprison ment in the county jail for a term not exceeding 30 days." Hicks on Storms. Hicks, the St. Louis editor of WXord and Works, got in his forecasts all right for the last week of February. He warned his readers against electric storms and the storm period that would go out with February into March. The reports trom Maine to Mexico and from Wisconsin to Key West show that violent an destruct ive floods with high winds prevailed. In his almanac he says that there will be unusual disturbances from the first to the fifth of March. Dangerous storms may be expected on those days. Thun"- storms in the South and sleet and snow in higher latitudes. Stormy gles and blizzards may be expected along the lakes 9 to 10. Up to the 16th storm conditions will prevail. The most stormy period will be the 21st to 26th. A Weary Job. The Buffalo Sunday News supple mnent is running a series of pictures representing historic events. In the representation of the Santiago sea light the Brooklyn and the Oregon are the only American vessels in sight. The Sampson-i n-command clique has a weary job to handle. TILLMAN'S OFFENCE. Why the Republicans Were So Anx - ious to Punish Him. The Milwaukee Daily News says: There is much of consternation in the select circles of senatorial roguery over the Tillman-McLaurin incident. while the enmity proper are much worried over the "disgrace" that has come to the country because the strenuous senator from South Carolina slapped the face of a colleague that had called him a liar. It was all so serious. If Tillman had laughed in the face of his traducer, it would have been so much more in harmony with senatorial dig nity, while it would not have violated the proprieties or have shocked that fine sense of honor, the wounds of which are healed by gilded balm. Smirk and smile, cheat, swindle and corrupt, but do not be "rude. Rude he may be. uncultured and ungentle manly when riscality is rampant, yet Tiliman's direct speech and tighting blood, while they do not make for senatorial dignity. are not without serving a good purpose. For plain talk there is much need. This winking at corruption under the assumption that courtesy demands silence when roguery is afoot is a species of "courtesy" that is valued highly in the senate. because it en ables the Hiannas, Elkinses r.nd that class of statesmen to conceal their ac tivities. However offensive Tillman's outbreaks may be to propriety, he is a constant menace t) the fellows in the senate that have bought their seats or that are serving as attorneys for in dustrial or transportation corporation. He is likely to break loose at any time diregard "courtesy" and show them up before the country in their true light. It is natural enough that these men should desire to see Tillman retired. It is to be expected that those persons that are shocked at the word damn or that faint at the sight of blood-though they may look with complacency upon corruption and cor ruptionists-will be startled at Till man's plain-spoken speech. But eli minate the rogues, the noodles and ninnies and it will be found that there are no large numbers of American cit izens worrying about Tillman. We are falling upon times when there is need for plain-s ken speech. With trust magnates deyIng the law. threatening the president of the Unit ed States and demanding of the ex ecutive that they be exempt from laws distasteful to them, there is need for men that will not stand upon cere mony or mince their words. It is time for plain speech. And If that Is denied, then beware the deluge. Little Firecrackers. When President Roosevel' comes through South Carolina, any demon strations of pleasure by the populace must be confined to lusty yells. The legislature has prohibiture the sale of big firecrackers, and the little ones would not be strenu ous enough for the occasion. But, in very great seriousness, agents of fire works manufacturing plants need not load themselves down with samples of giant crackers when they go around soliciting trade for the holidays. The legislature limits the sale of firecrakers to these little fellows not over three inches in lenth. Little firecrackers and big pistols is the record of the last legislature. The maximum length of the firecracker is to be three Inches; the minmum length of a pistol is to be 20 inches. The firecracker law says in part that "it shall be unlawful for any person whether in his own right or as agent, to sell' barter or ext change, within the limits of this State, any firecraker, 'cannona' crack er, bomb or any kind of explosive cracker exceeding 3 inches in length, or any kind of explosive cracker con taining dynamite. Any one violating the provisions of this act shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine not more than one hundred dollars, or imprisonment for not more than 30 day." _________ Shot Down Three Thieves. Three burglars, with revolvers and chloroform, were given a surprise of their lives Wednesday mo:-ning in Chicago. They had learned that Jon Sobieski, a South Chicago grocer, had drawn S3.000 from'a bank. Sobieski, who sleeps in the rear of his store, was aroused by the crash of a fruit jar, He crawled out in the darkness, and, seeing the trio, began to fire, lying on the floor. Of the three men, he shot two and the third he knocked down with the butt of his revolver. The shooting was heard at the South Chicago police station. Breaking in the front door the police found the three robbers, Edgar Mallen, shot through *the head and unconscious; Joseph G. Grengivitch, shot through :he right leg and right arm, and Philip Florg, bruised about the face and shoulder, grazed by a bullet and a cut over the head, with Sobieski sitting en him. Tillman Had to Tall:. When Senator Tillman made his first speech in the Senate after his al tercation with McLaurin he discussed. the irrigation bill. He simply want ed an excuse to say something. "I don't know anvthlng about this sub ject at all," he explained. "I just appened in here while the matter was being discussed, and .as I had een rather-well-"'Mr. Tillman paused. He did not know exactly ow to describe his positi on. He looked around the Senate as if wait ing for a suggestion. "Closed up," remarked Senator Berry. "Well, losed up," said Mr. Tillmar. laugh ing "I had been In a condion of In nocuous desuetude for a few days and I thought the Senate might like to hear from me again." As the speech was in favor of the irrigation bill, the friends of the measure listaned in tently to all that Mr. Tillmin had to say. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ A Slick Rascal. Last week a swindler, bearing the name of L. J. McKee, made a victim fE.BWetherford, a farmer living at Clearwater. S. C. He came to his house claming to be the state geologist and charging all his accounts to the state. Mr. Wetherford cashed a bo gus check drawn by him for :550. Oth ers were swindled in the same way. The governor has been notified and steps will be taken for the capture of the sharper. GREAT EXCITEMENT. A Negro Most Brutally Assaults E White Woman. THE CRIMINAL CAPTURED. The Sheriff Prevented a Lynching by Promising a Speedy Trial at a Special Term of Court. A dispiatch from Florence to The State says near Hymans, in the lowe part of Florence county late Thursda3 afternoon Mrs. K. R. Haynes, a well known and respected white woman, was ravished by a negro brute. Julius Gibbes. Evidently aware that the husband was away from home, the negro called at the house on pretencE of business. Mrs. Haynes came to the door with a baby in her arms. After a few minutes conversation Gibbes rushed up the steps and overpow ered the lady, snatching the child fron her arms and throwing it aside. Mrs. Haynes never lost consciousness, and when she was released ran to a netgh. bor's house and gave the -alarm. Ir the meantime the negro had fled. A large crowd soon gathered and Sherifl Burch reached the scene from Florence about 9 o'clock. Gibbes was found at his bome, about a mile distant from where he committed the crime. It was all that Sheriff Burch could do to prevent the angry men from seizing the negro and swinging him up, but reason -prevailed and a lynching avoid ed. Influential men in the communi ty, among whom were the husband and brother-in-law of the victim, aided the sheriff in soothing the intense ex itement. On condition that a special term of court would be convened for immediate trial the men desisted from violence and allowed the negro to be brought safely to the Florence jail. Thursday night everything seems to be perfectly quiet, and there Is no fear of a lynching. AN APPEAL TO THE GOVERNOR. The Columbia State says rather a remarkable and unusual case was called to the governor's attention Thursday. This time a mob agrees not to lynch if the State will see that a speedy trial is had. This is the first time such a ase has developed in South Carolina. The governor heard of the case Thursday morning from the sheriff of Florence county, the telegram being in orporated in the following message ent the circuit solicitor: March 6, 1902. olicitor John S. Wilson, Manning, S. C.: Have just received the following tel ,gram: "Florence, S. C. M. B. Mc weeney, Governor, Columbia, S. C.: Negro raped white woman Wednesday ower part county, large party pres ,nt when arrested and desisted from Lynch law on condition special term :ourt convene to try at once. I prom ised and have negro in jail. Make good my promise, otherwise may be trouble. Everything quiet awaiting your ac bion.--Thomas S. Burch, Sheriff." We must; not have any lynching in this State. Have wired the sheriff bhat the request for special term of :ourt under act of 1900 must come bhrough you and I will act favorably apon petition. -M. B. MlcSweeney. Governor. This. message was sent to the sheriff: March 6, 1902. M~r. Thomas S. Burch, Sheriff, Flor ence, S. C.: Under the act of 1900 providing for special term of court such application must come through solicitor, and can only come through him under the stat ute. If the matter is presented to the solicitor by your people I have no doubt that he will ask for the special term of couirt you indicate. This is a requirement of law. Personally I favor a prompt trial, but under the statute can only call the extra term upon the written request of solicitor. Have the petition sent to me and I will have the extra term of court or dered with pleasure. Have wired Solicitor Wilson fully. M. B. McSweeney, Governor. This was also wired the sheriff: March 6, 1902. Thomas S. Burch, Sheriff, Florence S. C.: I rely on you to protect the prisoner and if necessary bring him here tc penitentiary. Wire me if necessary. M. B. McSweeney, Governor. At 10 o'clock Thursday night the following telegram was received by the governaor: MannIng, March 6.-To Governor McSweeney: Will go to Florence tomorrow. Will then advsie you. Sheriff should do his4dnty. Jno. S. Wilson. P'rices Eighty Years Ago. From an old journal that was kept in 1815 by a merchant of Oswego N. Y., It would appear that it cost the citizens something to live in those days. Anthracite coal was unknown, and for illuminating purposes candles and whale Oil were used. Salt in those days was as much a necessity as now, but it cost $1.25 per bushel or 35.38 per barrel. Whiskey was worth 31 a gallon, rum, $2.75 per gallon: tea, S2 a pound; corn $1 a bushel; tobacco, 44~ cents a pound: sugar, 26 cents pei pound; loaf sugar, 31 cents a pound; cambric, $1 a yard; dimity, $1 pel yard: molasses, $1.44 per gallon; rais ins, 50 cents per pound; shirting, 3~ cents per yard; potatoes, 44 cents per bushel; rye and wheat, $1.50 peI bushel; red flannel, 88 cents per yard; oil, $2 per gallon. What It Cost. Rear Admiral O'Neill, chief of the naval bureau of ordmnance, has figured out the cost of the ammunition expen ded ina the battles of Manila Bay and Santiago. Dewey's consumption 01 powder and shot amounted to $50, 000, while the Santiago fleet used uj 84,864 worth in putting the Span iards permanently out of business. Onw hundred and thirty two tons of am munition were expended at Manila nd 16 enne at Santiago. GOVERNOR'S ADDRESS. He Urges the People to Attend the Exposition. Governor McSweeney has Issued an address to the people of the state call ing on them to give their support and patronage to the Exposition at Char leston. After reciting the resolutions passed by the legislature at its recent session, he says: "It is my duty, as well as my great pleasure, to call attention to these resolutions, unanimously adopted by your representatives, to the people of the state, and to urge every man, woman and-child in South Carolina to take heed, and make it a special point to visit Charleston on the occasion of. South Carolina Day, March 20. There can be no doubt that the Ex position is beyond question, the most elaborate. complete and successful en terprise of its kind ever undertaken in the South. and aside from the patriot ic duty that the people owe to the un dertaking, those who fail to go to Charleston and visit the Exposition will have sincere cause to regret the op portunity that they have-lost. Without an exception everyone who has visited Charleston returns singing the praise of the Exposition, and it is my pleasure to commend the undertak ing in the stroiigest terms. It is the duty of every citizen of South Carolina to attend this Exposi tion at some time during its progress. It is essentially a state enterprise, con ceived and carried into effect for the benefit of the state, and deserves the hearty support and encouragement of every citizen of the state. Here are displayed to the world the resources and advantages and the possibilities o South Carolina and the South. And not only are the resources and indus tries of South Carolina displayed, but there is hardly a section of the whole country which is not represented in the picture. Volumes written upon America's history and South Carolina's history, fail to teach In all their ful ness and simplicity, the lessons that are taught by this Exposition. I would urge upon every citizen of South Carolina his duty in this mat ter. The Exposition is worthy of your support and you should give that support by your attendance, for upon this its success depends. By all means South Carolina Day at the Charleston Exposition should be made the occasion' of the largest at tendance during its progress, and that attendance should be such as to make the people of Charleston feel that their efforts for the benefit of the people of South Carolina and the upbuilding of the state are recognized and appreciat ed." M. B. McSweeney, Governor. BURGLARS AT WORK. An Unsuccessful Attempt. to Rob the St. Matthews Bank. ?he town of St. Matthews was visit ed by a gang of robbers or burglars on Tuesday night of last week. They first entered the hardware store of Mr. Geo. W. Arthur and proaned a few chisels and other implements which they thought they might need and pro ceeded to the St. Matthews bank and blew open the outer doors of the huge safe of that institution. This was an easy enough job, and no doubt the robbers thought they had met with a soft snap, but they were mis taken. After they got the outer doors open they attempted to blow open the inner vault in which the money is kept, but did not succeed. They succeeded, however in damaging it to such an extent that the bank officials could not open it themselves Wed nesday morning. The robbers also visited the general store-of Messrs. Bates & Smoak, from which a few suits of clothes was taken. The dis pensary was visited by them and a good supply of liquor was taken from there. The rascals then stole a mule from Mr. JI. A. Raysor, on which they left the town. Before leaving the dispensary a liberal amount of whis key was imbibed by them. They on ly got twenty-eight dollars in one cent pieces and five dollars in gold from the bank, all the rest of the money and papers in the bank were locked up in the vault of the bank, which the bur glars failed to open. The dispensary was robbed of about seven dollars worth of beer and fine liquors. In trying to blow open the safe in the bank one of the robbers rmust have been badly hurt by the explosion as much blood was found on the floor of the bank building. On Wednesday two white tramps were arrested just above St. Matthews on suspicion and lodged in jail. A Funny Story. The Atlanta Journal says quite a sensation was sprung on the citizens of Athens Wednesday morning when the rumor became general that the body of a dead man was at the ware house of the Georgia railroad depot and had been there sihce last Septem ber. Early in the morning crowds were at the depot to verify the story. The box was received by the authori ties in September and was from N ew born, S. C., and consigned to W. T. Hoffman. After being In the depot all this while it was opened by depot officers Tuesday and they were aston ished to find the body of a petrified man. The box was a plain, oblong one, somewhat casket shaped. The man is five feet nine Inches and weIghs 240 pounds. It Is claimed the body was found in Saluda river, South Carolina. In the breast are two bul let holes and the man had been scalped, presumably by the Indians. The teeth are plugged with gold and tinger and toe nails are perfect. The hands are crossed across the breast just as the body was burled. It is claimed that the man had been on exhibition In Charleston and Chicago. Uses Sherman's Methods. Gen. Hughes testified before the Philippine committee on Monday that, "in cases where the natives of a vil lage were found harboring insurrectors the village was generally burned." That settles one point at any rate, which Is the Sherman method is prac tice in the Philippines. CHARLES BROADWAY ROUSS. The Blind Millionaire and Philan thropist Dies in New York. Mr. Chas. Broadway Rouss, who was a Confederate soldier, during the war between the States, died at his resi dence in New York on the 3d inst. from heart disease and dropsy. Mr. Rouss was oorn at Woodsboro, Md., in 1836. He first engaged in busi ness in Winchester, Va., served in the Confederate army and went to New York In 1865, where he has been in business continuously from that time. He erected at his own exp ense - monument to dead Confederate sol diers in Mount Hope cemetery, New York city, founded a physical labora tory at the University of Virginia and gave $100,000 for a Confederate battle abbey to be located at Richmond, Va. Some years ago Mr. Rouss became blind. He offered $1,000,000 to any one who could restore his sight, but the reward was never successfully claimed. Among the first things Mr. Rouss did when he began business in New. York was to hang up in his store a picture of Jefferson Davis, father of the Confederacy. This was, however, only one exhibition of his love for the Confederacy. The large sums which he contributed to various Confederate causes was another evidence. During the war Mr. Rouss served with "Rosy" Powell, who was at one time a policeman in Atlanta, Ga. His love for hiis comrade was shown in many gifts which he made.him from year to year. On one occasion he sent the Atlanta policeman a hand some hundred-dollar overcoat, and at other times gifts for his family. These gifts usually came at Christ mas time, but not always, as they were received at various times in the year. Powell died in Atlanta several years ago. Mr. Rouss always retained a love for the town of Winchester, in the valley of Virginia, in which he fortnerly liv ed, and contributed greatly to its up building. One of the sad features in connec tion with the life of Mr. Rouss was his futile effort to restore his sight, which he lost by degrees during his business career. His offer of sums of money, which he finally increased to $1,000, 000, brought many applicants with as many remedies. These, . of course, were more than he could use or try, and as a means of trying the remedies he had other blind men to undergo the treatment. It was said that tiere were as many as fifteen or twenty blind men trying the treatment at one time. which, if successful, he would take. None were ever success ful. A Sad Death. Dr. Richard Ferguson, Jr., died suddenly In Columbia Thursday night. He went to Columbia about two years ago, being then only 26 years old. He appeared before the State board of medical examiners and, although he bad been out of college for five years, he stood the finest examination of a very large number of applicants for certificates. He then established an offce in Columbia and devoted his at tention exclusively to the ear and eye.| Those who had visited the offce of the leading specialists in the South said that his was the best equipped office they had seen. He was easily given a first place as a specialist and did a large business, and was heartily re commended by all who patronized him. He seemed nervous, but in his profes sional work was a master. -Dr. Fer guson used opiates and his nervous system was very much disaranged, and it is stated that he could sleep only by the use of opiates. Recently he has been putting himself to sleep with chloroform. Thursday afternoon he was found dead in his Morris chair, with a bottle of chloroform on one side and a handkerchief on the other. He had evidently used too much chlo roform. All of the surroundings and all of the circumstances indicated that it was an accident. Dr.- Earle was summoned and found that there was nothing to be done. The English Language. Two-thirds of all the letters which pass through the postoffice of the world are written by and sent to peo ple who speak English, according to Bradstrect's. There are substantially 500,000,000 persons speaking colloqui ally one or another of the ten or twelve chief modern languages, and of these about 25 per cent. or 125,000,000 per sons, speak English. About 90,000, 000 speak Russian. 75,000,000 Ger man, 55,000,000 French, 45,000.000 Spanish, 35,000,000 Italian and 12, 000,000 Portuguese, and the balance Hungarian, Dutch, Polish, Flemish, Bohemian, Gaelic, Roumanian, Swed ish, Finnish, Danish and Norwegian. Thus, while only one-quarter of thoe who employ the facilities of the pos tal department of civilized Govern ments s'peak as their native tongue English, two-thirds of those who cor respond do so in the English language. A Groom Commits Suicide. Rudolph 11. Crouvatt, aged 27, a bridegroom of four days, committed suicide some time Friday night by shooting himself in a room in Balti more, Md., A note was found re questing that J. G. Crouvatt, his Jather, in Thomasville, Ga., be noti fied. Mrs. Crouvatt, who is 17 years of age, stated that she and Crouvatt, who had assumed the name of James Coleman. were married Tuesday night. Just prior to the wedding the young woman informed Crouvatt that she heard a report that he had a wife living in Alabama. He Is said to have become greatly excited and to have threatened to kill the person who started the rumor or kill himself. Wednesday night Crouvatt left the house where he and his bride were liv ing, and she heard nothing more of him until news of his death was brought to her this morning. Smothered In Gold. Joseph Micoulas. a gold refiner, was at work in a Paris laboratory recentlyi when he was seized with a fainting spell, and his head fell forward into a basin of gold dust, which penetrated his nostrils and eventually suffocated him. This is the first death of the kin ever reorded in Paris. SLAVERY IN MORO. Governor Taft Tells of One of Our New Possessions. DATOS AND SULTANS PLENTIFUL The Whole Population. Anxious to be Considered Slaves So .a to Mulct the United States Government. The extent of slavery In the Philip pines was discussed by. governor Taft Wednesday in response to questions by members. He said slavery was confined to the southein Moro Islands. The investigations made by Governor Taft and his associates had brought out that the slaves included men, wo men and children who were Slaves for debt, according to the statements made-by the datos. The slaves could buy their liberty, but until this was done the condition ran from genera tion to generation. The slaves were members of the family and the relation was comparatively mild, if It was pos sible to consider any form of slavery as mild. Governor Taft said Dago Mandi had already abolished slavery by decree. How effective this was could not be stated. "It indicates," said Governor Taft, "how willing they are to consider our desires and the possibilities of eradi cating the system." The civil authorities bad never re cognized slavery in any way he said, and the military had always released slaves, but the slaves did not under stand the advantage of liberty and Governor Taft said that If we attempt ed to end slavery by force we would probably find the slaves turning their guns against us. The Influence of the United States was, however, growing stronger and stronger for the eradica tion of slavery. Although our wishes had been made known, yet neither the eivil or military authorities -had said slavery must cease or war would be made. Representative Patterson of Tennes see, asked the number of slaves. Gov ernor Taft replied that he and hisas socates had sought to learn the num ber with the idea that we might buy bhem and avert an exercise of fore. But when the natives learned this, bhey all represented themselves as slaves. The governor estimated about me-fourth of this southern population s slaves, or from 250,000 to 300,000 n a population of 1,000,000 to 1,500, )00. When asked how many sultans ihere *ere Governor Taft answered hat sultans and datos were as numer )us as barons in Germany or justibes >f peace in the United States. In reply to a question by Mr. Pat Aerson, Governor Taft -stated that the aaves were punished by their masters. md whipping was not unknown to ihem, although there was little sever ty. The slaves were subject to sale, )ut he did not know of any separating >f mothers for their children. A Terrible Cost. Seldom has a nation miscalculated vorse than has Great Britain In esti nating the diffculties It had to face n the Boer war. When the British government undertook to conquer the oers its expectation was that less ,han 50,000 men and less than $60, 00,000would be suffcent to end the itruggle In less than six months. .The var has been going on about three rears and has cost more than $800, )00,000. The British force In South Africa at the last account was 237,000 nen and the British loss by death and permanent disabilities has amounted bove 25,000. The total number of :asualties including the wounded who ave recovered, at the last report, was 00,701 men and 5,240 offcers. Sel oion in modern timeshassuch ablOody var been waged anywhere and the >roportionate loss of.offcers bas been she greatest in all history. Unques sionably a great part of the loss both >f men and money has been due to nonpetency. Comes fr-om Good Stock. Major Micah Jenkins, who declined bo accept the sword from the people >f South Carolina after Lieutenant lovernor Tlllman withdrew his invi ation to President Roosevelt to pre sent the sword, is a son of Major Gen ral Micahi Jenkins, of the Confederate irmy, who lost his life In the same olley that wounded General Long street at Gettysburg. Major Jenkins is now commandant of one of the mill ary schools in the State of Virginia. During the Spanish-American war he was captain in one of the troops of Eough Riders organized by General eonard Wood and President Theo lore Roosevelt. In the charge up an Juan hill he outstripped all the >her riders and was the first man to Land in the Spanish trenches at the summit. President Roosevelt was greatly impressed with the daring of iajor Jenkins, who, he said, is the bravest man he ever saw, and he re :ommended his appointment as major. He Was Mistaken. The Washington Post says: "The southern editors don't take kindly to President Roosevelt's speech to the ~. A. R. assemblage, In which he told bhe members that they made war upon marchy. The southern editors are avingconsiderable diffculty in keep ing their admiration for the president >n straight." The President was bad ty off in his statement, and It is sur prising that a man of his opportuni ies should be so ignorant. All the Inarchy in this country is to be found in the section that the President'hails from. Predicts War. Dr. E. Benjamin Andrews, who Is :onsidered an eminent educator in Nebraska, declares that the United States is on the eve of war with Rus sia. Poultney Bigelow Is positive that, in spite of the Meteor and Prince Henry, this country and Germany will soon meet in deadly -conflict. And the envoys of tle Boers and the Irish Nationalists insist that we join in smiting England, in this, her hour of need. Yet, In spite of all these ru mors of wars we persist in feeling placid and peaceful. Somebody must be wrong.