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- 6~? vi - -__----.---~-~- - - Kj;4jj~y, ip~i~I~ iO2 - N.m5 A BUGLE CALL To The Democracy of the Country to Get Together AND SAVE THE NATION FROM Being Mexicanized by the Man On Horseback in the White House and the Dollar Worship ping Republicans. There was a notable gathering of Democrats in Washington last week. They were there at the biennial ban quet of the Virginia Democratic as sociation held in the banquet room of the Metropolitan hotel. They in cluo I)emocrats of national promi nence. Those who spoke included the following: T. W. Bullock, second vice president of the association: Col. Henry Watterson, of Kentucky: Sena tor Carmack, of Tennessee: Ron. Lewis Nixon. the leader of Tammany Hall: Representative W. W. Kitchen. -of North Carolina: Representative DeArmond, of Missouri and members of congress from Virginia. Col. Wal terson spoke as follow: "There is no drop of blood in my veins which is not Virginia blood. Al though for purposes of my own, hav ing a deep design beneath them, I choose this capital of the nation for my birthplace, my earliest vision of paradise-the very dawn of all my conceptions of honor and duty an: glory-nestled among yonder hills, across the Potomac: and, when I go hence, my ashes shall repose upon the bosom of Kentucky-Virginia's first born and fairest daughter. There seems, therefore, some fitness in my sitting among you. "Anyhow, being a Kentuckien and a Democrat, I am glad to be here and you will not, I hope, think me assum ing any consequential airs and graces, if I add that I feel very much at home. "WE ARE DE310CARTS." "We are Democrats. We love our country. Our hearts beat true to its institutions. We would rescue the government from the hands of those who are converting it into a govern ment of the trusts, for the trusts and by the trusts, and restore it to the hands of those who will have somie regard for the rights of the people. "The Republican party is a syndi cated party. Arbitrary power is its motor, the almighty dollar its trade mark. If it be not checked in the gait it is going, it will in the end surely 31exicanize the republic. THE 'IAN ON HORSEBACK. "Once again in the white house we bhave the man on horseback. Affect ing the simplicity of the cowboy, he conceal beneath the self-confidence and -queer manners of the broncho buster, the sentiments and ambitions, if not the talents, of a Diaz. To him, a lit tle thing like treating an admiral of the navy, wearing the laurel leaves of imperishable renown, as if he were a baby in arms, now to be dawdled and now to be spanked. is merely an un dress affair begun and ended during off-moments between breakfast an' luncheon. To him the reprimanding *of the lieutenant-general of the army, :grown gray in the fighting of the bat ties of his country, becomes an am us ing horse play, meant to relax his muscles and illustrate his high-mighiti ness, whilst warning lesser otlicers of the army to obey orders and say noth .ing. A 3IILITARY DICTATOR. "As these things go forward, par Muking somewhat of the character of fea:!s to divert and blinds to hoodwink pt~iic opinion, a bill of army reorgan ization is prepared and urged upon congress, which, if it becomes a law, will make the -power of the president absolute, and which it is not too much to say ought to be entitled 'An act tofmake the president of the Uni ted States a military dictator.' Be cause the reprimanded lieutenant general, answering the summons of a committee of congress-as was his duty--expresses an opinion adverse to this bill, it is proposed to retire him from the service. Taken in cor nec tion with some other matters of more or less sinister suggestion. these are menaces of most ominous import. WHITE HOIsE TO THlE CAPITOL. "But, turn from the white house to 'the capitol, and look at the Republi cans in congress. The trail of the trade mark is over them all. OldI high tariff dances the cancan in the house. whilst old ship subsidy does the regu lation cake w alk in the senate. Every thing for the syndicates. Nothing for the people. And, not content with their arbitrary power in the white Ihouse and their mereenary power in congress, the leaders of this party of federalism and false preten~sion wouid -rip open Pandora's box to filch thence 'the black, piratical Hag of negro dom ination-the equally disreputa ble anid bloody shirt of sectional agitation :and, in order to make sure of the next bouse they are proposing to bring for ward another force bill to smite the :south, to blight the north, and to con vert a land teeming with love and peace into a land reeking with hate and strife. Such is the banquet to which the exit of McKinley. the statesman. and the advent of Roose velt, the Rough Rider, has invited us. A sL.P FOR FUNsTON. "I am something of a jingo myself I believe in the expanding greatness and glory of my country. I never see the flag iloating above the dome on yonder capitol that my heart does not throb with the proud, glad thoughlt - - that my eyes do not till with happy exultant tears-that I. too. am ani American citizen. "God bless the flag, and God bless the boys that fight beneath it. 1 would carry it inviolate, I would keep them spotless. A nd with this in view. I want to know what is going on away out younder across the multitud inous, the mysterious waves of the Pacitic sea. I want other witnesses than self-seeeing politicians and self exploiting soldiers to~ comec here and tell me. I refuse to hold my tongue. T refuce to rest cnontt A nr1 if T ai told by a whippersnapper in snoul der st raps that, unless I do. I a!m a traitor to my country. my reply to him shall be a slap in the face. TH1E TRUMPET CALL. 'Friends. brothers, Democrats. let us have done with dissension. Let us turn our backs on the past. our eyes to the future. calling against these things is my comrade. no matter what he thinks or ever thought about silver or gold. le who would deny ine a place by his side to tight them, must be either very perverse or very blind. Let us cross no bridges till we come to them. But already we can see far enough ahead to take our reckoning. TOE THE LINE. "There will be but one test of a Democrat in 19404-toe the line-toe the line, saving to arbitrary power and absolutism, thou shalt go no fur ther: we, too. are in the expansion business: but our expansion is for the religion of the constitution no loss than for the religion of Christ an! Ilim crucitied: our expansion means peace, not war; the honor. not the de gradation of the flag: and just as sure ly as Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence and Jackson fought the battle of New Orleans-t. resis. l despotism-shall we make a fnew Fourth of July and celebrate another eighth of January, in resisting this unrighteous scheme to abolish the constitution and Mexicanize the gov ernment." A SENSATIONAL CHARGE. Agent of Denmark Says He Bribed Members of Congress. A genuine sensation was caused in the house Thursday by the presenta tion by Mr. Richardson of Tennessee. the Democratic leader, of charges al leging the corrupt use of a fund of $500.000 in connection with the sale of the Danish West Indies. The charges were contained in an alleged secret report of Capt. Walter Christ-! mas to the Danish government which declared that he had employed corrupt means to bring about the negotiations for the sale of the islands to a con summation. The report, extracts from which Mr. Richardson read, mentioned the names of Abner McKinley and his partner, Col. Brown. C. W. Knox, who was described as "an intimate friend of Senator Hanna." Richard P. Evans who was said to represent "Mr. Gard ner and his friends in the house," and' two press associations, the names of which were not given. as having been interested in the matter. The charges against members of con gress were not specified. Upon the basis of this report, Mr. Richard son asked the adoption of a resolution for the appointment of an investigat ing committee of seven. The speaker ruled that the matter was priviledged after Mr. Richardson had amended his resolution so as to specifically in elude members of the house. Great excitement attended the whole proceeding. Mr. Cannon of Illinois insisted that Mr. Richardson's pre sentation was fragmentary and that the whole matter should go over until Friday in order that members might read the documents presented. which included newspaper extracts, atlidavits etc., in the Record. Christmas, he declared, on his own statement, was a briber and worse. But the house voted down the motion to postpone and the resolution after being amend ed in minor particulars. was adopted.: The speaker immediately appointed the following committee to make the investigation: Messrs. Dalzell (Rep.) of Pennsylvania, Hitt (Rep.) of Illi nois, Cousins (Rep.) of Iowa, McCall (Rep.) of Massachusett's. Richardson (Dem.) of Tennessee, Dinsmnore (Dem.) of Arkansas. and Cowherd (D~em.) of Missouri. A Democrat Unseated. The Republicans in the Ihouse last Wednesday unseated Mr. Rthea of Kentucky, a Democrat, and seated in his place Mr. J. Mackenzie Moss, who was formerly a Democrat but who, according to his brief, is in accord with Republicans on the dominant issues. The Republican majority in the house is 43.-While only two Rie publicans. Hanbury and Treeland of New York, voted with the Democrats. enough Republicans remained away or declined to vote to reduce the minori to 10. The conclusion of the debate upon the case was rather spirited, Mr. Rhea making an eloquent defense of his right to the seat. Mr. Rhea made a severe arraignment of Mr. 31oss. the contestant, charging that although he now called himself a Republican that two weeks before the election he had registered as a Democrat and had pledged himself if elected to go int' the Democratic caucus. With im passioned words he challenged the contestant or his friends to dleny this statement. "If it is denied." said he. " willprove him to be the poor. miser able creature I know him to be." Jutmped From a Train. The Blackville correspondient of The. State says the passengers on the early morning train from Augusta to Char leston witnessed a surprising incident just before the train reached Wark ville Thursday morning. A young lady. Miss May Folk. wvho li ves nea Williston. boarded the train at that station en route to Columbia. puin nearing the place the p"jrt er as usual called, "Blackville.' Miss Folk im mediately rose from her seat. iuntily ran to the door and leaped fromo t~h train which was theni running at s nme 30 o'r 40 n-iles an hour. When the train stopped it returned and found the young lady unconscious. She wa brought to the hotel and found to bi severly injured. sutreringc from cone's sion of the brain, shoulder dislo-itel and badly bruised. She is now in a very critical condition. Gen. Hampton's Birthday. Fridac was Gen. Hlampton's Sith brthda: and the State says the gene ral was in tine spirits. It was celebra. e very quietly at his home. ie had been very unwell Thursday'U nigt, hut Friay he was feeling (uite .strong anu wvas ot for a ride during thec forenio'n and early after'nooui. .\ niube of friends called tocongrrat ulate him upon his birthday. The g'ceera's healthi has been bad during the past year. but lhe has continued cheerful and has 1aken .a nivn- interest in current e'.ents. A SA.'.,UDA TlYSTIERY. A Bad Negro. Wfho Had Been Miss ing, lt'nd ead. A dispatch from S-duda to The State says the rinding of the dead body of John Chamnan. a negro in the employ of Mr. S. 1. Corley. in Mr. Corlevs pasture has created (julte a sensation. Chapman. a negro of had reputation. had been missing for two weeks. On Sunday. the Mh inst., soon after Chapman >fi N L. Corley's house to go to his fish basket i Little Saluda river. three gtan shots were heard by several pes.S( in the direction Chap man had gone. Chapman's wife, fear ing a (iihculty. as she says, wvent in search of her husband but failed to tind him. Searching parties were or ganiYed. and Coroner (Gibson under took an investigation. but on being assured Iy and est i inable lady t iat she had seen Chapman pass her house after the tiring of the guns.he abandon ed it. It was then thought by some that Chapman had run ott to avoid arrest for rubbing Riley's store at Mt. Willing. Your correspond. nt went to the scene and attended the inquest. It was found that the negro had been shot tv ice. cne loai 'f shot entering his lie:rt and the.. .ier back of his heel. An emptyv shell was found near cs boy. Juia ohapani the dead ian's wi ,. was e mined by the cor ner and estitd h her husband told her on S afternoon previ OUs to the i ime e , i )uiposed to have been killed that Bce Corley. Mr. S. B. .!ev's son had warned iiiin to leave. . 'b Corlev and.i others would kill him if he remained there, as he (Cli :nan) had been telling that Bob Corley and Bee Corley had helped him to rob iley's store. Bee Corley was seen and denied this in toto. Bob Corley was not present. Both are young men of good reputatiun. The only other evidence of any in terest broght out before this corre sponrient left was the statement of Dace Perry that Chapman had sold h:m a number of small articles pre sumed to have been stoleo from Riley's store. The coroner's jury is composed of good men and thoy s&m determin ed to solve .ne mystery if possible. Mr. S. B. Corley and the members of his family, it is understood. say that Bee Corley was at home at the time of the firing of the sh ;ts. Mr. L. J. Merchant. an honorable man. states that Bob Corley was at his house when the shots were ired. (Onc theory is that Chapman. who was a gambler. was killed by other negro gamberlers. It is said that the bottoms of Little Saluda river are a resort for negro gamblers on Sundays Chapman was a negro of had reputation and has ligur ed in court quite often. COAST LiE AND SOUTHERN. Said to Be Uniting to Buy the Plant System. The Florence Times is authority for the statemert that a veteraa rail road man who is in a position. to get the "inside" of a good many goings on in railroad circles says that the report that the Pennsylvania was about to buy up the Coast Line was not true. lie gives it as coming from a re liable source that the true explanation of the rise in the Coast Line stock i due to the fact that the Coast Lin'e and the Southern are to join together and buy up the Plant system. The road is the Florida and West Indian connection of The two lines and the Seaboard. The opposition line al ready has entrance into the promised land'of the South through the F. C. & The Plant system is the old road and ramities through the state n has extensive Gecorgia connections and into Alabama. a very rich terri tory. and the road is regarded as a fine piece of property. Since Mr. Plan's death it does not seem to have had the successful management that it had before. and the two great sys tems which are dlepenidenlt on it for southern connections have joined tgether in securing it bet ween them. which will prevent any war or rates or business bet ween the Coast Line and the Southern. The Coast Line con nects with the Plant at Carleston and the Southern connects near Savan nah. There are promninent men in all* of those roads wvho own stock and large boks of it inth other lines, and there is no lc If hrimony among them. Tlhis is believed to be the nest. piausl" est'mion of the re cat senasat l.a in .alred eireles. Better Lte Than u Nev'er. Tihe Columbia Stt says5 Henry W.tt ersn is ahvays racy. always in .;.s*ve, and~ lie made gaioid use of his genius for phrase-makiing in the speech hie deliverod in Washington on Monday. We hop'e it will have its ef feet uipon thotse pre.sent oir former But' Mr. Wt ter~.4> ini urgling the. TIn.e VraCy to aute (in a plat frm ofl oppositi. n~ to i'nper'iai.sm and abis otsis dos not blaze Out a new pathi f.rte ry Thbe nat iona! Item rti o vn .1 i 10" dist inell d - elred that oppsii.nt the :tlminis rat in' , Tic: ''f i'mpaism~Y5 was 't heit 'LaraV mon is - of the camlpa icn and. le a ee i hav ction was od eiu taken by t p at a large ma jr'ity of I~ c tie Iraipers had conunlfit Tee th'''esee to the same p opoti on. The tribi Cwith WVat tror, is tihat he. hsnt alwayvs been Ion on i '' iss.ue I himself. Now that i., v iews\ar amende'~ I and improvedI we e t gl: 1ut we prottst that our nee: rit if e' I mewhat audlacious in sig::lia~mg m co ing tm by a hl a t id run~v wck. near Wii m inN.-. u ivre2 a ske't'rn sllr ki'd unin .- beoreo the rev be of brass~''' miiar b '1nso EngtiLlish manufacture duin the Ii severtIenth cel Onmilv' TH E RACE PROBLEM In The South as Seen by a New England Republican. ENFRANCHISING THE NEGRO. Was a Fundamental Mistake, Says Mr. Littlefield, a Congress man from the State of Maine. The Washington correspondent of The News and Courier says Charleston will hear with interest (f a speech made in Washington Wednesday night by Representative Littletield. of Maine upon the "lRace Problem of tbe South.' Mr. Littlefield was a member of the Co-gressional party that visited the Charleston Exposition 'week before! last. Ile returned to Washington Sun da:. week and has been generous in his good words about "The Ivory City" ani- "The Old City by the Sea." His speech at the annual meeting of the Waishington Congregational Club last night is but in line with a number of other views held by the distinguished gentlemen from Maine, whom Demo crats and Republicans recognize as one of the broadest-minded men in Con grass to-day. Mr. Littlefield gained considerable pr:innence several years ago by a speech he made in defence of Brigham IT. Roberts. the Mormon member from Uah, whom -the Republicans refused to seat because of his religion. Mr. Littlefield ranged himself with the D2mocrats on that question, claiming tlat there was no legal reason why R)berts was not entitled to a seat in tte House. In the debate upon the Porto Rican tariff bill Mr. Littlefield again showed himself broad enough to cut away from party fetters and op pose that measure. His latest utter ance on the negro problem is in strik ir c contrast to the Crumpacker resolu tion which an element in the 11epubli can party is endeavoring to get into the House, with a view to cutting doi*n the South's representation on account of educational and qualifica tion suffrage laws here. The speech a so gains in significance, delivered, as it was, immediately after Mr. Lit tietield's vizit to the most Southern c.ty in the South. It was the first trip of the "Man from Maine" to that section of the South and, while de s .rous of seeing the Exposition, it is understood that the main object of his trip was to see for himself the ex act conditions in the South. Mr. Littlefield, in taking up the ne ro problem. said that the black slaves was a vital factor in the development (f the country when cotton became the staple production of the South. A t the close of the war the United S;tates was left with four millions of blacks on its hands. This was the rost serious problem left hy the war. These negroes had been freed from Ilavery and were occupying a position of peril to the Government. The civ ilization of the white people, said Mr. Littletield, had been accomplished after years of struggle and association with the greatest races of mankind. Thle negro had been brought direct from his home in Africa and no efforts had been made toward his education or civilization. "By what right,"' asked - the man from Maine, the man from Blaine's wn State, "does an Act of Congress seek to place an inferior race on an equal footing with men who have liv ed through two thousand years of Christianity? The nation sought to create in the negro race the ability not only to govern themselves, but to assist in the government of others. What was the result? This race was in the midst of a people developed in the highest state of civilization known to man. A people who have been overwhelmed -by one of their own kind and whose wounds, physical and mor al. were smarting under the blow of dlefeat. "The Kuklux Klan was the out come, with its civilization behind it, trying to suppress the newly-created citizens. Then came the "grandfath er clause ," which virtually disfran chises every negro in the South where it is in existence. If the elective fran chise had been given only to those who had the intelligence to use it the tendency in the South would have been to increase its representation by legitimate means. To-day the tenden cy is to keep Southern men in igno rance and to keep the negro out of con trol. To increase the representation properly under such conditions requires the utmost intelligence. "Few men to-day know what is to be done. The negro is with us. lie has the right of citizenship* and we cannot adopt th6 measure so often suggested to deport him. There is no authority under which we can de oort a citizen from the United States. lht namesake of the Father of his Country. who is working down In Ala oama. is doing the most practical work. We must look to the practical education of the negro as the only so lution of the problem. Fundamental mistake was in enfranchising the race, placing in tne hands of those people powers they were unqualified to exer cise, giving them power over a civiliz d race overpowered by war. It takes more than a generation or two, or three, even. to civilize any people. For tunate will be the generation that will see a true solution of this problem. In closing Mr. Littlefleld touched upon the Philippine problem as anoth er one which the country wa called upon to solve. "It is not possible,"~ he said. "by any legislative act or by. education to create in any race the power of self-government. It may be latent Dower in some races that only need thie touch of the higher civilized bdes of men to develop. I am pre pared to say it is not in the power of the negrro to govern himself, as some ~eople have said. What we know of the 1Fiiipin)o -what Gen. Chaffee says ii his report-is that this race excelsl ii duplicity, treachery and the arts of savagery the American Indian. There are ten millions of people dependent upon us. Only a few of them can readi and write. I do not know what wllb acmplished. T do not think it is giving away a State secre, to say that there is not a man in the -louse of Representatives on eitber side who sees the proper solution of this prob lem ahead. I believe that. the Ameri can people now face a serious situation: that it will require all the shrewdness and Christianity of our people to solve this most difficult question. But I have faith in the future of the Repub lic, despite that international vermi forn appendix known as the Philippine Archipelago" Mr. Littlefield's speech has been hailed with delight by the Democrats especially. and should the Crumpacker resolution ever reach the House from committee it is thought not unlikely that the man from Maine may take the floor in opposition to the mnasure. Certain it is that. Mr. Littlefield has shown that he is not afraid to say what he believes. be it Republican in sentiment or not. A:1i iditor's Lament. Trhe Knoxville Sentinel says it is astonishing how the public looks upon the newspaper as a free horse to be ridden to death. People will pay money for a band. for lights. janitor. to go to a job printing office and buy thousan's of dodgers, pay boys to de liver them. pay performers in the en tertainment. if they are professionals, or pay some manager to get up the af rair and give him a large percentage of the receipts. pay all their bill-in fact. pay for everything except that Which is most valuable to them--to %vit, -newspaper advertising. And if the new ;paper is unwilling to deavote nore notice to sue:i entertainment than Ih-ral news notices it comes in for much abuse. And yet why houl I not the newspaper charge for its a Ivertising sp tee just as the wner of the hall charges for its rent, the bilibjard man charges for the use of his bilboards. the lithographers charge for furnishing posters, the job printing office charges for the odgers, and the outside parties charge for their services? The newspaper has nly two souras of revenue. One is ubscription, the other advertising. The subscriptions to newspapers are o cheap that they little more than pay the cost of the white paper. A Cruel Husband. J. B. Post, a farmer 35 years old, living on the Worth road, four miles ;outh of Tanawanda, N. Y., bound his wife Amanda to a stake in the bull pen of his stable Thursday morning, She wore a red calico apron, which troused a confined bull to frenzy and in its rage the animal attacked the woman and gored her to death. It is aid that Post's act. was caused by jealousy of Hiram Coates, a Free Methodist preacher who lives at Ken more, half a mile south of the Post farm. Coates has been a frequent aller at the Post farm and had often one out driving with Mrs. Post. Thursday night he met Mrs. Post at a prayer meeting at Kenmore, and as the pair were attentiveto each other Post quarreled with his wife on re turning home.. A Horrible Fate. As a result of an accident at the 3rr Mill at Anderson one day last week Hugh H. Scott, a machinest and egineer, lost his life. Scott was sent here several weeks ago by the West nghouse-Church-Kerr company to uperintend the erection of the new ,000 horse power engine. Steam was urned on the engine for the first ime and Scott was standing by watch ng its movements. He stepped upon he base to oil a bearing when his oot slipped and he fell into the rapid y moving fly-wheel. He was whirled round and hurled to the opposite side f the engine. He was horribly rushed and mangled, both legs being roken and the lower part of his body as crushed. Notwithstanding the njuries he was conscious when assist mce reached him and wrote the name f a relative in. Michigan to whom he vished a telegram sent. Corpse Held for Board. A funny case is reported from St. ouis. Until a few minutes before he hour set for the funeral of Mrs. arrie Schlosinoger, Friday afternoon, here was doubt as to whether the ervices would take place; the body be ing held for a board bill alleged to be ue Levi Silverman and wife of 2816 )live stredt, where Mrs. Schlesinger led. Henry Schlesinger, the woman's on. who is a traveling salesman, was otified by wire of his mother's death, nd came to St. Louis to arrange for he funeral. The Silvermans presented o him a bill of $S0 for his mother's oard and their care for her. Schles nger declined to pay and was told hat the body would be held. Schles nger employed Attorney Howard idener and was about to enter suit in eplevin when the matter was compro nised. Has Thirteen Wives. Christian C. Nelson. railroad con tractor and horseman. alleged to have 3 wives is in jail at St. Joseph, Mo., in the charge of bigamy, having just een brought in from San Antonio. ex., where he was arrested a few* 'lays ago. NeIkon will be tried in t. Joseph because one of the women nost active in his prosecution was mar ied to him in that city last Septem er. This bride was Mrs. Mary A. arker of Plattsburg, Mo. Nelson dmits having three .wives, but says he other 10 are miyts. He is said O be wanted for bigamy in Chicago. an F'rancisco. D~es Moines. New York. t. Paul, Sumter. S. C.. and Conway. Ark. His preliminary trial will be aeld before the same justice of the peace who solemnized his marriage with Mrs. Parker in September. Hard1 on Funston. Senator Pattersons. of Colorado in the United States Senate Trhursday sharply criticised the methods by which Gen. Funston captured Aguinaldo and sought to show that' le. Funston's statement published to today that he had not violated the rticles of civilized warfare was not accurate. The senator said that all! tuthorities upon international law nd the articles of civilized warfare declared that the use of the enemy's niform was not warranted and that a man in an enemy's uniform wh o killed another man was guilty of' assasination and outside the pale of potetin. DID A GOOD BUSINESS. The Insurance Made a Handsome Profit Last Year. The official figures were received Friday from Mr. A. W. J"nes, who is in charge of the insurance department of the Comptroller General's office. showing the. income and losses paid by the foreign insurance companies on their business in this State. The cor rected and official figures are today given for the foreign companies hav ing agencies in this State. The state ment shows that the foreign com panies, which do about half of the fire insurance business in this State, have not come out at all badly and that they have a safe and liberal allowance on which to do business and, that after agents' commissions have been paid and an allowanc' is made for adjusting and the like, there is still a pretty good margin of profits in the S.-uth Carolina business. If the in su rance companies have, as they clai m. lost three millions of dollars on their busines east of the R'ckies they cer tainly have not lost any part of it in tnis State, if their aggregate reports, made np by the companies themselves, are to be relied upon, and these re ports are made under oath and are the basis for the taxation of the various companies in this State. The American companies have al reported, but their figures have not been verified: but the figures, which are practically correct and mostly verified, show that the total receipts from premiums for fire insurance for the year 1901 are $941,746 and out of this sum $534.712 was paid in losses, which gave the companies 44 per cent out of their gross receipts in this State on which to do business, and it looks rather reasonable that insurance business ought to be done on 44 per cent after losses have been paid provid ed the salaries are not too great a per entage of the earnings of the iarious companies. As will be seen, ofcourse, some individual companies did not take in as much in premiums as they paid out in losses, but the figures that are given are for the business of all the ompanies doing business in South Carolina and, parenthetically, it may be mentioned that those companies that made money last year on their business In this, as weli as other States, have all joined in the general increase of 25 per cent on the rates on erchandise and stores. The follow ing Is the official shoying made by the foreign insurance companies doing business in this State for the year end ing December 31, 1901: Name of Company. Risks written. Baloise......... .. ..$-- * ** Br.-Amer. Assu. Co...... 421,862 00 Caledonian.................. 237,312 00 ommer. Union Assu....... 1,957,509 00 Ramburg-Bremen......... 497,066 00 Helvetia Swiss Fire.... *** Imperial Insurance Co..... 466,745 00 *Lancashire Fire......... * * Lin....................111,906 00 Liverpool, London, Globe. 5,463,049 00 London Assurance........... 329,394 00 London & Lancashire.... 1,151,543 00 Madgeburg Fire......... * * Manchester Fire ........ ..356,682 00 ketherlands Fire.............*** North Br. Mercantile....... 1,632,606 00 Northern Assurance.... 1,160,781 00 Norwich Union.......... 1458,849 00 Palatine .......... .. ... 599,310 00 Peoenix Assurance......1,452,683 00 Royal Insurance ......... 3,142.353 00 Royal Exchange Assu. 315,231 00 Scottish U. &N.. . .... 455.562 00 sun Ins, offie........... 613,879 00 Svea Fire and Life....... *** hames & Mersey Marine 1,078,529 00 nion Assu. Society...... 752,479 00 Western Assu...........1,139,550 00 Total................824,884,882 93 *Withdrawn from the State. **No report. Premiums Losses Received. Paid. Balose....... 2.88626 ** Br.-Am. A. Co 7,544 99 2,437 56 aledonian...7.134 36 4,711 28 oin. U As..20,645 36 15.682 62 'burg.Bremen. 10,740 15 14,116 35 ~Helve'a S'iss F. 3,746 04 * ** mpe rial Ins. Go 8,263 21 16,401 91 ~Lancashire F.087 98 * ** Lion........... 1,677 27 2.2.53 97 ierpool L & G 72,174 48 29,476 07 ondon Ass.. 4.528 95 5,415 18 ~Madgeb'g Fire. 7.915 75 10,954 78 ancnester Fire 533 87 *** etherland F. 7,460 68 7.12~8 63 orth Br. Mer 21,422 37 7,925 68 orthern Assu..- 15,397 49 3,140 23 Norwich Union 21,068 52 5,763 30 Palatine........ 6,0158.3 7300 Phoenix Assu. 20,800 42 11,598 09 Royal Ins........25,954 84 25,262" 68 Royal Ex. A ssu 4,069 94 -658 04 Scottish U & N 8.416 12 10,046 18 Sun ins, office. 10.730 45 4,2 97 ESveaF &L ....1,879 26 * Thames & M. M. 2.444 80 330 .35 nion Assu So 6,194 46 7,746 11 Western Assu ..13.264 99 12,902 49 Tot al........316117 80 8$198,826 47 Gave His Life for Others. To the Editor of The State: Seeing an inquiry in your paper as to the whereabouts of Dir. J. W. Powell, urgeon in the Confederate States rmy. I will say Dr. Powell went to ississippi during the yellow fever pidemic several years ago and died of the fever. He went there to help the fever sufferers and lost his life. Dr. Powell was a native of Fairfield coun y and has quite a number of relatives in that county now. J1. S. GUNNELL. New Brookland, March 26. A Dangerous Tool. The best of bank safes are no longer urglar proof for Julius E. Ilaschke, a Chicago electrician, who has bought m invention which will enable the nan applying it to cut through the ardest steel plate as a boy with a mnife would cut St. Lawrence county heese. Armor plate such as is used n the United States battleships, can e perforated as an auger would bite ts way tnrough a plank of Northern pine. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Justice at Last. Neely, Rathbone and Reeves, the merican carpetbag offeials who loot d the Cuban postoffce department, ave received tardy justice ini senten es of ten years' imprisonment accom panied by fines ranging from 8$35. 10 to 856.000. The cases agains them were begun two years ago, md the slowness of the American dministration in Cuba in pressing a.h proecinn s has been scandal MASONS ON A LARK Shriners do Not Represent Serious Side of Grand Lodge. . Grand Master Walter M. Whitehead, of the South Carolina Grand lodge, contributes a card to the Charleston Evening Post Thursday, called "Draw ing the distinction between Ancient Free Masonry and the order of the Mystic Shrine" with the end in view that the public should not confuse the serious order with the amusement branch of Masonry, about which so much is being written and talked- now in connection with the coming celebra tion of "Shriners' day" at the exposi tion. Grand Master Whitehead ex plains that the Mystic Shrine with all its amusements and attractions is not Masonry, although the only prerequis ite for n-embership in the Mystic Shrine is that the applicant must be either a Knight Templar or a Mason of the 32nd degree of the Scottish Rite. Among other things Grand Master Whitehead states: It is to be expected that the "pro fane," the uninitiated who has never learned the beautiful system of mor ality that Masonry inculcates, may con clude from the absurd, farcical parade and the reference to hot sands," "hot air." "sober camels," "astute astrolo gers," "rope ends." and other fantas tic and nonsensical terms, that Mason ry is unworthy the attention of seri ous and dignified men. Such, however, Is not the case. The Shrine should not be confounded with the Masonic system, as it is neither Masonry nor a branch of Masonry. While it diverts its members and amuses the gaping crowd the grand old order of the Masonic fraternity, which has survived the criticism of centuries of inquiring thought, sur vived. the hostility of crowned and mitered heads, grown grander as It has grown older, which has secured the fealty of sages, philanthropists and patriots, which has dried the tears of orphanage, hushed the wail of widowhood, helped the stranger to friends and the poor to benefactors will continue to move forward down the centuries undisturbed and undis mayed by the silly pranks and foolish antics of the Mystic Shrine. TILLMAN'S CHARGES. Senator McLaurin's Friends Insists on an Investigation. Senator Pritchard, of North Caro lina, is making an effort at the meet ing of the committee on privileges and elections to secure action on the resolution he introduced some time ago calling for an investigation of the charges made by Senator Tillman against John L. McLaurin, that the latter was influenced by promises of control of federal patronage In casting his vote for the ratification of the Paris peace treaty. There Is a feeling among certain Republicans in the senate that this subject should be allowed to drop, but Senator McLaurin's friends insist that the investigation be made, and Mr. Pritchard, who is a member of the committee before which the resolu tion is pending, will urge that a favor able report be adopted. Sentiment in the senate seems to favor the adop tion of this resolution. Mr. Tillman's friends say he can prove the charges he has made, while Mr. McLaurin's friends insist that he can not. Both sides, -therefore, are ready to support the proposition for an investigation. It is said that Senator J. 0. Bur rows, of Michigan, chairman of the committee, does not favor the Pritch ard resolution, and will strive to have it suppressed. Among the warmest advocates of the resolution Is Senator M. A. Hanna, who says he believes the Tillman charge reflect on the late President McKinley, and he will lend his efforts to a favorable report upon the ground that the memory of the assassinated President should be purged of all aspersions. Tired of Life. Wednesday evening a porter of the Scriven House, Savannah, Ga., de tected an odor of gas. It came from roorn63. He tried the door and found that it was locked on the inside. He got on a table and pushed open the' transom over the door. It was dark inside and the porter struch a match and held it up. Instantly there was an explosion. Room 63 and a number adjoining were wrecked, and windows shattered in other parts of the house. A fire alarm was turned in. Firemen entered room 63 and found on the bed the dead body of W P. Hankinson, aged 24, of Ellenton. S. 0. He had taken morphine, unscrewed the tip from the gas burner and turned on the gas. Letters found on his body ex plained that he was despondent and determined to die. Republicans in a Hole. Speaking of the Crumpacker resolu tion, Representative D. Linn Gooch, of Kentucky, who is one of the most conservative men in the house, said last week that "for once the Republi canls have placed themselves in a hole." He said further: "We remember what followed the force bill legislation of the fifty-irst congress-the election of a Democratic house and two years later the election of Mr. Cleveland. I do not hesitate to say that in my humble :pinion we will elect aDemocratic house this fail and thus pave the way to car ry the presidential election in 1904, nd the Crumpacker resolution will prove to be worth thousands of votes to us next November." Who Can Answer? Governor McSweeney has received a letter from Edwin D. Newton. A. M., M. D)., asking for the whereabouts of Dr. J. W. Powell who was medical irector of the 3d army corps of the Army of Northern Virginia. Mr. Nwton was a member of the immedi ate statf of Chief Surgeon Guild, A. SOME PLAIN TALK From General Miles on the Proposed Army Bill. IT MXAJS CENTRATIPAT'ION. "Throwing the Door Wide Open for a Future Autocrat Or a Military Despot," Says the General. The statement of Gen. Miles before the senate committee on Military af fairs as it will appear in the official records, has been made public. The features which caused something of a sensation when published the day the statement was made do not appear and the following colloquy at the close of the hearing explains it: Mr. Pettus-Mr. Chairman, I think there ought to be some mode of hav ing these notes revised. The Chairman-That will be done. Mr. Pettus-The report of the pro ceedings should be submitted to Gen. Miles, with permission to strike out such portions as ought not to be pub lished. Mr. Proctor-That is it. Gen. Miles-I do not know that there is anything to be stricken out. The Chairman-We have. been in the habit of submitting to the witness before the committee, whoever he was, the stenographer's report of his re marks for correction, of course. Mr. Pettus-I wanted to go further than that. The stenographer has no doubt taken down correctly what the general has said, but there are some things that he said which he may de sire to strike out, and I think he should be allowed that privilege. The Chairman-He must be the judge of that. Mr. Pettus-He should be allowed the liberty of striking out anything which ought not to be published, even if it is stated correctly In the report. The stenographer's report was sub mitted to Gen. Miles and theofficial report indicates that he followed closely the written statement he had prepared and read to the committee. The main facts of the generals opposl tion to the war department staf bill were given at the time. Sbme of the features of the statement, however, not reported at the time' are of In terest. Gen. Miles said of the bill: "It is centralization of the most pronounced type, augments the power of the staff and in effect.removes It further from touch with the fighting force of the army. The scheme is rev olutionary, casts to the winds the les sons of experienee, and abandons methods which successfully carried us through the most memorable war epochs of our history. *** The pro posed plan is but an effort to adopt and foster, in a republican ;formof government -such as ours,. a system peculiarly, adopted to m6narchies hav ing immense standing armies. It would seem to Germanize and Rus slanize the small army of the United States." In addition to that .portioni of the statements heretofore published show ing how the president could by-promo tions makesa captain chief of staff with the grade of lieutenant general, Gen. Miles said: "It seems to me you are throwing the door wideopenfora future autocrat or a military despot. It Is not, in my judgment, in accordance with the principle and theory of democratic government and for the best .interests. of the army, which has existed more than a hundred years and fulfilled all your requirments, to adopt -such a scheme " In commenting on the above The State says this is stroung language, certainly, and quite eneugh to make. It plain why President Bossevelt on hearing of It was seized by and almost Irresistible desire to retire Gen. Miles from his position at the head of the army-a method of restoring har mony In the military establishment which he was only kept from adopting by the urgent advice of his friends In the senate. This indictment of the measure by Gen. Miles corresponds. with that pre seated several days ago by this newspaper on the strength of Secretary Root's admisson that the purpose of the army bill was to let the ranking officer of $he army "come in with the president and go out with president." We obsereve that Henry Watterson took the same 'view In his speech on Monday night, Then he de clared that this army recorgnzationu bill, if it shall become a law, "wil~. make the power of the president abso lute" and that it ought to be entitled "an act to make the president of the United States a military dictator." Cotton Warehouses. The stockholders of the Trust Com pany of the Republic met last week in New York and elected D. Leroy Dresser, president; Alexander Grieg, vice president; F. F. Robertson, sec ond vice president; and James L. Liv ingston, third vice president. Thomas Clarke will be the secretary and tireas urer. The company was organied prin eipally to develop, in conjunction with the Security Warehousing company, a system of warehouses through the cot ton belt and to finance issues of in vestment certificates basedbon guaran teed warehouse certificates. To carry out this plan the Security Warehouse company will enlarge capital and build about. 150 fireproof wareh~ouses tarough the South. Connections will also be established with a .large number of southern bankse and t is intended to reduce the rates the of insurance and interest to producers. The company plans also to extend this system eventgially to other industries, such as mining, umbering and grain growing. A Blind Architect. D). E. Rearden, a Boston architect, s totally blind. Nevertheless he has lesigned may building in that city, and has just completed the plans -for a six-story apartment house to. be erected by the Perkins Institute for he Blind.