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S ENATO R TILLMAN
At Manning Says the Solidarity of the State Democracy MUST BE PRESERVED IN TACT. He W~outid Iact a Pied.'e 4W Ie m3o3I)raCy 'romh All Camldidates. But Would Except Mc Laurin This Year. The following is a part of a speech delivered by Senator Tillman at Man ning last Friday: There is a matter :f deep intcrest which will come up f .r discssion :Id settlement in the coming May coin vention, and as i am the repreSenta tive of the le1mocra1cy of this state upon the natiofnal coanittee it may not U inprioer for me to express my views (in it and to inform you as to the sentiment and feeling of the Democrats in Washington on the sub ject. The Democratic party in South Carolina has occupied a peculi:ar posi tion for 25 yeas. The whites are in the minority in this State and under the reconstruction disoensation there were some :'5.o00 more negro voters than whites. The consequence was that after the overthrow of the car pet bag government in 1876 we adopted a system (if party government and the white people of the State were educated in the employment of political methods that obtianed hardiy anywhere else. We have had an "im perium in imperio" or a government within a government. Democracy has meant white supremacy. and Rtepubli canism meant negro equality. The necessity for white unity overshadowed the other considerations and the Dem ocrats of the State were taught that submission to the will of the majority and loyal support of the nominees of the party were paramount to all other considerations. The lamented Hampton taught us that an "independent was worse than a radical." Like all of his actions and utterances in those trying days that advice was the very essence of wisdom and patriotism. His clear judgment -his most distinguishing character istic-saw the danger to the State. of a Democracy split into factions and appealing to the colored vote. And I take this occasion to say that no other living South Carolinian more willing ly or gladly pays tribute to his leader ship or has a better realization of the invaluable services to his people and the State rendered by this great man in '76. HASKELL MOVEMENT. It was only after the revolution of 1890 that there was anything like free dom of poltical utterance and action. The convulsion which brought this about also brought with it an attempt on tpart of those who were in the minority to vfithstand the popular will: and some of those who had been most clamorous for party regularity and submission to the dictates of a convention . in selecting candidates bolted and ran Judge liaskell for gov ernor. The Hfaskell movement was based largely on personal opposition to me, and there was never any question in regard to the loyalty of those who supported Judge Haskell to the gen eral principles of Democracy in the na tion. Following the independent ac tion of the the Haskellites came the rebellion of those who voted against Cleveland for Weaver in '92, amount ing to some 2,000 or more white votes, mainly in Pickens and Oconee coun ties. 'Then in '94 there was another rebellion on account of the adoption of the "Colleton plan." Dr. Pope ran as an independent candidate for gover nor and received several thousand white votes. So there have been three attempts to resist the will of the organized Democracy speaking through regular channels. In each of these instances those who had broken fealty with their fellows and who failed to support the nominee of the party as they had pledged, at the pri maries to do were forgiven and ad mitted back to fellowship without any question. In each case those who resisted the will of the party of course felt jastitied in acting independently, but they were private soldiers so to speak and the desire of our people for continued fellowship and good will among the whites prevented their ex pulsion from the party. Now we are confronted with a dif ferent condition of affairs. The new constitution adopted in 1895 has eliminated for the present the negro majority. The numnber of negroes eligible to vote does not exceed 13,000. but it is constantly increasing and there may be a good many thousand who are not registered who would be eligible to registration. There have been in the recent past evidences of Republicanism cropping out in South Carolina in various directions. There is no doubt we shall soon have a white Republican party appealing to these negro voters. The action of one of your United States senators in advo cating Republican doctrines and voting with that party on all essential meas ures, contending all the while that he is a Democrat and that he has the right to define what Democracy means has brought things to a focus. The Democratic party in South Carolina, and it is well understood that the State is overwhelmingly Democratic, has a right to be honestly represented in the senate and in the house and in fact I do not believe the Democrats of the State would intentionally and willing ly elect any man to any ottice whose Democracy was unsound if they knew it. Our present danger is Republi canism in the disguise of D~emocracy. Therefore the quest ion has been raised and it is now an issue and it must be settled as to what constitutes D)emoc racy and who shall define it. It is con tended that wve should leave the pri mary just as it is and make no new rules and regulations to prevent a re currence of the election of a man or men whose Democracy does not tally with that of the national party. We are urged to permit every man to vote who will take the pledge, and not to require of the candidates any other pledge than the one now in force. To the first proposition there can he no serious objection. We need not be so licitous about the rank and tile, at least I do not think the time has yet come when we must drive (out of the party individuals who will pledge themselves to support the nominees. State and national. though they may be disloyaL. It would be manifestly unfair to permit Republicans to vote in a Democratic primary, thereby en dangering, if they were in sunicient numbers. the.2elect ion of a geuuine Democrat as against some muewuimp or traitor. I do not think, however. there are enough avowed Republicans who will take the oath to make it nec essary to trace their records back to the receding November election and see vwhether iiiev v. ted as11c% pedgU Cr I uiX.LA IAN i1)AE It may in time become necessary to use the registration lists at the legal el'ction ( purify the club lists. but we cainnOt well make the rules so ex acting that we will bar out mien Who want tLo act independently in imerely local matters. The fact that our tight is in the primary and not at the legal election and therefore hardly half (i the Democratic votes are ever polled at the legal election. would make it difficult to devise a scheme to prove who had or who had not suppirted the "nominees of the party." I will not thereforo discuss that. phase of the subject. hut it is a matter of vital ne eessity that we should make candi dates detine their attitude and give explicit pledges as to their actions while in iliice. Senator McLaurin was chared with Republicanism in his race In the primary of '97. but he de nied it bitterly and I thought he was honest. lie denies it still, but his ut terances now are all in endorsement of the Republican policy, and his votes tally with his speeches. We must have revision of the pledge given by candidates which will make it impossi ble for any honorable man not a Demo crat to secure the nomination if we are, to keep the party from being stabbed in the back and not have a repetition of the present disgraceful state of af fairs. At this time South Carolina really has no voice in shaping public matters in the senate, or if she has a voice the votes of the two senators are nearly always on opposite sides of any given proposition. This is something that does not obtain in any other I Democratic State and I know of no!' way by which we can guard against a recurrence of this condition. except to require all candidates for the senate. State ofticers. congressmen and other positions of honor and trust to pledge faith and loyalty to the doctrines and 1 principles of the party as announced i in State and national conventions. This will leave their status as far as 1 it can be devised in words absolutely known. Senator McLaurin is no longer a factor in dealing with this question. lie is simply an illustration of what might happen again under the present loose regulations. While his actions t have shown the necessity for a revis ion of the pledge to be given by candi dates, the party can act without con sidering his case at ill. It is even de- 1 sirable that he be given an opportunity. i to go before the people and let them r show him how they feel about his treachery. The revised pledge can be required of all other Democrats with out any charge of persecution or per sonal application. This is important for the future welfare of the party, let him r run if he desires to face the people and S be elected if he can get the votes. If t he can win in the primary after his r record is set before the people he can win much easier as an independent if he is denied admission.- We do not want to be unjust to him or to his fol lowers. If the Democracy of South Carolina wants to put none but Damo rats on guard it must decide the D~emocracy of each candidate by requiring a pledge 1 in writing that will defineeclearly what 1 the candidates' opinions are and a Sol- 1 emn pledge to stand by those opinions. Of course men may sign a pledge and 1 then deceive the people afterwards, but we owe it to our fellow Democrats of the country to at least safe-guardi our Democratic primaries as far as 1 possible. Two CAMPAIGN PARTIEs. L There is one other subject connected I with party policy that demands serious consideration. The large number of can-i didates who seek the various State otices and congressional and senator-1 ial honors render it impossible in one 1 day for those candidates to have eveni a respectful or decent hearing. Any] man who is fit to be governor or sen ator cannot discuss public questions in any intelligent way if his time is limited. Some plan must be devised by which those candidates, who fill 1 t~e really important offices and who will shape and control affairs, must be given sutficient opportunity to make the people understand whether or not they are competent. Many of the po sitions which are sought are largely ministerial and the duties are well de-i fined and these officers cannot changei or shape public policy in any material1 degree. There is no good excuse or 1 reason why seven or eight candidates1 for railroad commissioner and 13 or 20i for the other State offices shall be giv- 1 en time at a State campaign meeting or so little time as to merely get up: and make their bow. In the last State 1 canvass it required about five hours for the respective candidates to speak. allowing only thirty minutes for the candidates for governor and ten min utes for the others, not counting thej candidates for United States senate1 who usually came last. The limita-1 tion on the time of the candidates for the important offices if it be continued( will absolutely destroy all interest in the State campaign meetings, and fin-i ally destroy the primary system itself: and I am strongly of the opinion that it would be well, indeed necessary, to have two campaign days in each coun t say six weeks or two mouths apart at which certain specified candidates shall address the people. The sug gestion has been made that there ought1 to be a -limitation on the number of meetings to one in each congressional1 district. This will never do, because the people are entitled to see and hear the men who seek their votes and if such a system were adopted there would be few, if any citizens at such meeting other than those who live in the county where the meeting is held. The newspaper reports would have to be depended on entirely in order to get any sort oif information as to what the; cadidates were saying and what im pression they made. .and this would mean the use of the press by those who were able to obtain its support to< control elections. Money would be freely used, and this does not imply that the press is venal. But few people take daily papers, and nearly all the week-( lies have patent outsides. Somehow all of Senator McLaurin's speeches were published in these oiutsides orr sent as supplements. It was legiti mate advertising, but we do not wvant rich men who are able to pay for suchI advertising to have advantage of poor men who cani not. The only safe way is to have the candidates face the voters and let each man decide for himself. I warn tihe people againstt surrendering tile right to judge for themselves. Government by newspa pers may be a very good thing, but the people of South Carolina repudiated it in 1890 and I have no idea they are going to return to it, and I am there-. fore prepared to urge the scheme I have outlined, as the best which sg gests itself to us. The two sets oif candidates could begin on opposite 1 sides of the State and thus not in terfere with each other. The people ought to dlevote at least two days to I the selection of the b)est men and this cannot be bought aot without] 1earing them fully. If the people ose interest in their government that overnment must become lad. "Eter ial vigi lance is the price of lihrty" s as true now as when it was uttered. 1ang ed by a MOb. Ernest I )CV y. a IneL)rl I who shot :11)(1 eriouly woun11ded lIIa rry D~owell. a n0111g white milanl at (lstoi, l'y.. Was anged by a nolb at 2.:'. i'clock Thiurs lay and his b ody riddled with bullets. rhe mob arrived here early from the Iuston neighborhood and demanded Admission to the jail where Dewly was -ontined. The jailer refused to give ip the keys and the mob battered lown the doors and secured the negro. vhom they carried about a*mile and a ialf from town where they hanged im to a tree. After he had strangled o death the mob riddled his body vith bullets and then quietly dispers d. The shooting which caused the ynching took place Thursday. Dewly tad been ejected from Pickeral's sa oon at Guston and later meeting ickeral at the railroad station opened ire on him. The shots flew wild, how ver: and struck Harry Dowell, a by tander. seriously wounding him. The egro was arrested and brought here s a safeguard against lynching. ounty Judge Hagan held an inquest in the body. returning and finding that eath had resulted at the hands of a nob of persons unknown. Good Manners. Good manners are more important t home than elsewhere. As they annot be put off and assumed as a arment, we are able to form our )pinion of a person's home manners by is manners in society. As a rule that are called "company manners tre as easily distinguishable as the -ounterfeit coin from the pure gold. beautiful behaviour is better than beautiful form: it gives a higher leasure than statues or pictures: It is he finest of the fine arts. How well s it that no one class has a monopoly if this "finest of fine arts." While avorable circumstances no doubt ren ler good manners more eommon among ersons moving in the higher spheres if society, there should, nevertheless, e no positive hindrance to the poor st classes practicing good manners oward each other. For what are rood manners? They are the art of >utting our associates at their ease. Vhoever makes the finest people com ortable is the best mannered person n the room, and nowhere is there so nuch opportunity for displaying good nanners as in conversation. Well nannered people do not talk too much. ['hey are careful to bear in mind the neaning of the first syllable of the vord conversation, con (with) that it neans talking with another; they ab tain from lecturing, and are as ready o listen as to be heard. They are either impatient to interrupt others ior uneasy when interrupted them elves. Knowing that their anecdotes ir sharp replies will keep or need not nd utterance at all, they give full ttention to their companion. and do ot by their looks show that they con ider him a bore. Another rule ob erved by every good-mannered person esides that he should not be impa ient to get in his word, that a few rilliant lashes of silence should occur n conversation. Another rule is not o select one's self to talk about. It nust be borne in mind that as a rule v and our concerns are of no more mportance to others than they and heir concerns are to us. Why, then hould we go over the annals of our ives generally and our diseases in par icular to comparative strangers? Thy shtould we review the hardships e have suffered in money matters, a love, or domcstic troubles, or why hould we boast of our success? It is onecessary to state gossip or scandal earing is incompatible with good nanners. The occasion of silence, says sishop Butler, are obvious, mainly when we have nothing to say or noth ng but what is better unsaid. If we nust speak of our fellow-beings let it e good, and if we have naught but >ad to say of them, better not speak if them at all. Why Prices Are Higher. When the Demccracy contended or the free carriage of silver its object r-as to secure a large circulation of noney and there by benefit the busi less interest of the country. In 1895 he Democratic party contended that here was not a sufficient volume of >asic money, metallic money. This nsuficiency of metallic money had >een the cause of the prevailing low >rices for the previous twenty years. vents proved the truth of this con ention. We argued that this con !ition should be met by the free :oinage of silver as well as of golc.. hether from fright at the manifest trength of the party in 1896, or rom other causes, the volume of me allic money was increased wonderfully hereafter. There was coined In the vorld in 1896. in round numbers. $195 100,000 of gold, in 1897, $435,000,000, .1most twice as much as was coined he year before: in 1898 $396,000,000 vas coined. In 1899 the world's coin ge of gold aggregated $466,000,000. This increased the volume of money so .s to relieve the dearth of money and ncrease prices so that there is no urther pressing demand at this time or a further increase of coinage. The agic of events proved the correctness f the Democratic theory in 1896. The Lcessity existed for an increase in the olume of the currency, and the relief ras affected through the Increased oinage of gold just as It swould have ieen through the increased coinage of -old and silver. Increase in the vol me of business may and probably vill require a further increase in the olume of metallic money to keep pace eithit, t and in such a b'ase if there is ot a sufficient Increase in the coinage f gold to meet this necessity the de aand for the unlimited coinage of sil r may and probably will again be ome acute. Guilty of Forgery. A special from Cape Town says Prin ss adziwill. wvho has been on trial eere before the supreme court on the arge of fogery in connection with (otes purporting to have been endorsed yv the late Cecil Rthodes, was sentenc d to two years continement in the oouse o correction. The attorney enneral made a long address in which te said: "Nothing could be ntore gross nd treacherous than the princess' be aavior throughout." Hie appealed to he jury to arrive at a verdict on the vidence whticht would rid society tem (iarily. at least. "of a cruel and dan eous woman. A Pardon Granted. The governor has granted a pardon n the case oIf Mattison Jlenkins, a ne rr convicted in Pickens county of as alt and battery with a recommenda in to mercy and sentenced to three nonthts on the gang. Mr. J. P. Carey wrote the governor that this negro lad beaten a woIrthless negro who had nsulted his daughter and that a ardo wa eminently acted. PRESS ASSOCIATION. Georgetown the Place of the Coming Annual Meeting. PROGRAMME ANNOUNCED. Boat Ride and Drives, aNlO. a Banquet. Proposed E clrsioni to Boston by Water. The following completed programme of the annual meeting of the State press association at Georgetown has been issued by President Aull of the association: WEDNESDAY, 31AY 28. Association con venesat court house at 9.30 a. m. Address of welcome by Hon. W. D. Morgan, mayor of Georgetown. Address of welcome by Hon. Walter Hazard, president of board of trade. Response by E. 11. Aull, Esq., presi dent of State Press association. Miscellaneous business, appoint merit of committees, etc. Reports of officers. "Iow to Publish a Good Newspa per in a Small Town"--weekly, John Bell Towill, Ratesburg Advocate: dai I ly Hartwell M. Ayer, Florence Times. '"The Country Editor: a Business Man or a Philantiopist"-James T. Bacon, Edgefieldi Chronice. "The Typesetting Machine in a Small Ottice"-Jos. L. Stopplebein. Spartanburg Headlight. General discussion of the above sub jects. Miscellaneous business. AFTERNOON SESSION. "How to Secure and Maintain Coun try Correspondence--T. J. Drew, Darlington Messenger. "The Lights and Shadows of News paper Life"-Rev. W. P. Jacobs. D. D., Our Monthly, Clinton. General discussion of the above sub jects. Miscellaneous business. Parade and inspection of city tire department. EVENING sEsSION, 8.30. "The Tendencies of Modern Journal Ism."--H. L. Watson, Greenwood In dex. "The Newspaper as an Educator" J. F. Fooshe, News and Herald Wirns boro. General discussion of the above sub jects. Miscellaneous business. THURSDAY, 3IAY 29, 9.30 A. 3I. Excursion up the Waccamaw river. visit to rice plantations and old colo nial residences and Pawley's Island. EVENING SESsIoN, 8.30. Annual address by Col. J. H. Es ill. editor Savannah Morning News. FRIDAY, MAY 30. 9.30 A. 31. Business session. "How to Make a Country Weekly a Financial Success"-A. B. Jordan. Dil lon Herald. "The Moral Responsibility of an Edi tor-Rev. W. R1. Greever. Southern Lutheran, Columbia. Opening the Query Box and general discussion of queries and the above subjects. Miscellaneous business. Reports of committees. election of oticers. etc. FRIDAY AFTERNOON, 3.30. Drives through and around the city and visit to the largest lumber plant in the world-that of the Atlantic Coast Lumber company, and other manufac turing plants. FRIDAY EVENING, 9.00. Banquet tendered by the George town Board of Trade to the associa tion. sATURDAY, 3MAY 31. Association leaves Georgetown. All the railroads in the State have granted transportation for the mem bers of the association and one depen dent female member of our respective families. Those who desire trans portation over the Columbia, New berry and Laurens railroad should write to President Aull: and those who desire transportation over the other roads must address the secre tary. The conductors on the G. and W. railroad will honor the passes is sued to the members over the A tlantic Coast Line railroad and transport us from Lanes to Georgstown and return. The citizens of Georgetown are ar ranging a most enjoyable programme for our entertainment during our stay in their city, and it is the purpose to make this meeting a most interesting one. We hope every editor and pub lisher in the State will attend, accom panied by his wife or some female member of his family, so they can en joy the occasion with us. The editors and publishers who are not members are cordially invited to come and join the association. By order of the executive committee. C. C. Langston, Secretary. TRIP TO ]IOsTON. The Merchants and Miners Trans portation company, through their southern representative, Mr. J. W. Smith, have offered the association a most delightful trip over their line from Norfolk to loston and return. They will give us transportation but it will cost $14 for meals and state rooms going and returning. The other expenses of the trip, I should think, would not exceed $16, making the entire trip of a week cost about $30 for actual expenses. I have done nothing so far in perfecting arrange ments for this trip, as it was the un derstanding that we were tG go to Charleston from Georgetown, but- as the exposition is to close the day we adjorn, it will not be advisable to take this trip. The Boston trip will be a delight ful and restful outing and can be made at a nominal expense. 1 will not undertake it. however, unless as many as 25 signify their desire to~ take it, and I must know not later than the 10th of May in order to per fet arrangements. Those who have already written me or spoken to me. will please drop mec a card at once and others who desire to go will please do likewise, If I do not hear from 25 by the 10th of May, I will not arrange for the trip. As soon a~s I hear from the requisite number. detailed an nouncements will be publjished. I want to say, also. tihat 1 have just had a conference with the citizens of Georgetown. and I want to urge upon every editor and publisher in the State the importance of attending the annual meet. The people of George town arc noted the world over for their openhearted hopitality, and on this occasion it is their purpose to ex el all former records, and wvhat they undertake in this line they generally accomplish. If any editor fails to at end it will be his loss. I am verv' anxious to have a large attendance and I earnestly urge every editor in the State to lay aside for four the routine of daily w~ork and take a pleas ant outing. It will do you good aznd give you strength and energy for your (uties. Let no editor or publisher in the State fail to attend this meeting. I would be glad to know as early as po?sible the names of those who ex peet to attend the annual meeting. so t hat arrangements for their entertain iient can be made. Dont fail to write me at once if you desire to take the Boston trip. E. H1. Aull. President. Birds That Trap Snakes. In the southern part of California there is a strange bird called the road runner. Few birds can fly better than this one, but rarely does he ever rise from the ground, and then only when hard pressed. Ile prefers to escape from man or beast by running, and as he can easily outrun the swiftest horse his speed saves him from all his ene mies. The male bird is not larger than a common barnyard rooster, and his feathers are as gavly colored as those of the peacock. The hen is of dark brown sigebrush color. The road runner has one mortal enemy the rattesnake. This reptile is fond of devouring the road runner's eggs whenever it comes across a nest in the sageburush. But the road runners of ten have opportunities of revenging themselves. Whenever they come across a sleeping rattlesnake, sunning himself on a warm rock, they immedi ately prepare a trap for his destruc tion. Prickly pears abound in those regions. The road runners, generally a pair, at once begin picking up the spiny covered leave of this plant and piling them about the sleeping snake in a circle. When their work is com leted they give their enemy a few pecks to awaken him, and then retire to watch the result. In vain the rat tlesnake tries to escape. The ring of prickly leaves holds him a prisoner. At every move he makes the spines prick him, until at last in despair he turns, bites himself and dies. Travel ers often come across these circles of dried leaves, with the dead snake in the centre. At first no wbite man would believe the Indian tales of this strange method the road runners em ployed in killing their mortal enemy, but they have since been observed in the act by several eminent natural ists, who have coroborated the stories told by the Indians. Killed With Mortar Board. The Augusta Herald says Ilarlem's colored social circle was treated to quite a sensation Thursday night by the killing of one of the leaders. J. E. Rodgers, of Warrenton, who has been in Harlem teaching school for about a year, has for some time been at outs with a carpenter by the name of John Henry Pollard. who also figures in the colored social ring. Why the bad blood should have been again brought to the surface is not related, but Thursday afternoon the teacher went to a building where Pol lard was at work and proceeded forth with to make the atmosphere sulphur ously heavy. Pollard stood the curs ing of the teacher for a minute and then picked up a 1u5 board used by plasterers, called a "smoothing board," with which he hammered Rodgers on the head. The skull was injured, but no, one thought the difliculty would result in anything serious. Last night Rodgers went to the home of Will Saunders and before going to bed complained of his head bothering him. Still no signiticance was attacked to the fight until the negro teacher was found this morning lying dead in his bed. Pollard has been arrested and held until the coroner's jury can hold an inquest. Victim of a Pick Pocket. The Florence Times says "when Mr. W. R. Davis boarded the special train, Charleston bound, at the depot recently for the purpose of speaking with a friend, he had in his hip pocket a leather bill book containing even $100 in bills and about 75 cents in change. An hour or more afterward he stepped in the bank to deposit the money. It was gone. Mr. Davis thinks the pocket book w's stolen by parties. on the train. He remembers that whIle he was standing in the car aisle talking to Dr. Ilowle, of Darlington several men whom he did not know jostled against him more than once,at the time he thought noth ing of the incident, supposing that the men had no other purpose in view except to pass in and out of the car while the train stood waiting. It was rather a heavy loss. Mr. Davis makes it public with the hope that others may profit by his experience, and keep their hands on their pocket book when in nondescript crowds.' Thse light tingered gentry seems to be numerous in these parts now. Persons going in crowded cars should be care ful where they carry their money. Wireless Telegraphy. Prof. R. A. Fessenden, who has charge of the wireless telegraphy ex periments of the we'ather bureau along the Virginia and North Carolina coast arrived in Washington Thursday ad conferred with Secretary of Agri ulture Wilson and Willis L. Moore, chief of the weathr bureau. It has been rumored that Prof. Fessenden is about to resign from the weather bureau in order to put the results of his wvork to commercial use, but this is a question still unsettled. If the weather bureau continues to back Prof. Fessenden in his work it is pro posed to have the results insure to the interests of the government service enerally and not to the bureau alone. Prof. Fessenden announced that his system is now practically complete ad that the work for the next few months will be the perfection of de tails. Quit and d(. it without any reserva tions about next time or any period of swearing off. There is just the one way to stop gambling and that is a aard one and you will find that it will test all the manhood you have, if you have the disease badly. Some of you who do not acknowledge that you have it can hardly wait for your place to lose or to get your suppers before you are hunting the game; and you think of it all day and you dream of it all night and try to pick lucky hinches out of the street numbers. What it is Costing Us? Representative Ihay of Virginia Friday introduced a resolution direct ing the secretary of war to inform the house as to the cost of the army in the Phillippines since may 1, 1898: also the cost of maintaining the civil and military government in the isl ands, the cost incidental to the insular service of the war department and other items of cost connected with the ccupation and possession of the Philipine by the Uniterd States What I Live For. Dr. Guthrie used to say Ihat there were Moro' religion, good sense and poet ry in to e following than in all other similar erforts he had ever read: I live for those who love me. For those I know are true: For I he heaven t hat smiles above ine, And awaits my spirit. too: F-or all humnan tles that bind me. -or the task my ;God assigned me, For the bright hopes left behind me, And the good that I can do. I live to learn their story Who suffered for my sake: To emulate their glory And follow in their wake: Bards. martyrs. patriots. sages. The nobles of all ages, Whose deeds crown history's pages. And Time's great volume make. I live to hail the season. By gifted minds foretold When man shall live by reason, And not alone for gold: When man to man united, And every wrong thing righted. The whole world shall be lighted As Eden was of old. I live for those that love me, With all that is divine. To feel that there is union .Twixt Nature's heart and mine: To profit by affliction, Read truth from fields of fiction. Grow wiser from conviction. Fulfilling God's design. I live for those that love me, For those that know me true, For the heaven that smiles above me, And awaits my spirit, too: For the wrongs that need resistance, For the cause that needs assistance. For the future in the distance, And the good that I can do. -The Standard. THE WEATHER AND CROPS. The Weather Better Last Week for Farm Work. The following is the weekly bulle tin of the condition of the weather and crops, in South Carolina issued Wednesday by Director Bauer of the South Carolna section of the climate and crops service of the United State weather bureau: The temperature averaged slightly above normal over the western and central portions and slightly below along the coast, during the week end ing Monday morning, April 28th, with a mean for the week of 66 de grees, a maximum of 91 degrees at Blackville, and a minimum of 40 de grees at Santue and Conway. The sunshine averaged normal or above, and the winds were generally light un til near the close, when they were high in places. Early in the week there was an un evenly distributed rainfall and another near its close covering two dates, but over a large portion of the eastern half of the State the week was without any rain, or with insufficient amount, and cropsare in need of more moisture for the best development. Over the remainder of the State the ground contains plenty of moisture. Hail fell on the 19th and 25th, but the damage was slight on both dates. Heavy rains on the 19th washed lands somewhat. The weather conditions were ex tremely favorable for farm work, and generally so far germination of seed and growth of vegetation, except that complaint is made of the nights hav ing been too cool along the coast for truck. In the upper Savannah valley and at a few other points, clayey soils are drying too fast causing them to crust. The need of rain is indicated in the lower Savannah valley, the east central and northeastern counties, practically over the entire "low coun try."~ Drought conditions have exist ed along portions of the coast since last 20th of March. Corn planting is nearly finished over the eastern and central counties, and is well advanced westward except in the northern border counties, where but little has been planted. Early corn is up to fair stands and has re ceived its first plowing in the eastern counties; is up from fair to good stands in the central counties. Defective seed, cut worms and birds have caused much replanting to be done, but not as much as last year. Cotton planting is nearly finished over the eastern half of the State, where some is up and a little has been chopped to good stands. Over the re mainder, planting is being rushed to completion under very favorable soil conditions. Cotton seed is scarce in places. Much tobacco has been transplanted and good stands secured. Plants con tinue plentiful. The acreage devoted to tobacco will be larger than ever before. Wheat shows great improve ment in color and growth. It is in "boot" and Is heading in places. Oats have made marked improvement, and in most localities are very promising, but need raio in the Pee Dee counties. Some oats are heading. Gardens nave improved. Sweet potatoes for plant ing are scarce. Strawberries plentiful and being marketed in large quanti ties. Heavy truck shipments made. Pasturage excellent. All minor crops doing well. Fruits very promising in mort localites. The Crumpacker Bill. The whole spirit and purpose of rep resentative Crumpacker who seems to be the champion of the bill to cut down the South's representation in congress is to stir the embers of sec tional hate and to create trouble. We are glad to note that this marplot is not becoming the hero he expected to be. It is encouraging to note that even the IRepublicans having a clear majority in both houses of Congress, do not appreciate his efforts to stir sectional hate and create discord. The Outlook. which is an exponent of cur rent thought representative of tihe whole country. has a very sensible arti-f le on tis subject. The Outlook is edited by Dr. Lynman Abbott. who is one of tile foremost thinkers of this day. .and who reasons on public ques tions without prejudice. The Out look says: "It will mark a revival of the umost unstatesmanlike and dlisas trous legislation wvhichl tile country hlas ever known: it will retive sectional feeling in its worst form, deepen the race antagonism and postpone thle solut ion of the race problem. It is imossible to solve the problem by legislation; that truth the country has learned as tile result of the bitterest experience. Very muchl more is to be grained by recognizing the extreme difculites of the situation and by ap pealing to the fair-minded southern whites thlan attempting to force poli ces upon them whlich they will not ac cept, and which only confirm thleir an tagonisms." The day has passed wvhen such legislation as the Crumpacker bill can be pushed through Congress. The business interest of tile North will not stanr1 it. TERRIBLE PA' i. A Suddn Iright S.:ds TwPr t Run dred Girls VWho ATTEMPT TO RUSH TO STREET. Stairways Blocked with Screaming Uumanity. Many Killed lind I,-jured. Heart rend ine; Scenes. An unfortunate accident to a deaf and dumb boy, Isador Baccus, in Philadelphia -Wednesday was directly responsible for the death of eight girls and young women. the fatal injury f three others and the serious injury of more than two score girls employ ed in the cigar factory of Ilarburger, Homan & Co., a branch of the Ameri ean Tobacco company, located at Tenth street and Washington avenue.! The dead are: Mary Geneva. aged 15: H1elen Tolini, aged 12: Elizabeth Tartine, aged 12: Annie Rosschneider, aged 18; Louisa de Sepi, aged 16: Ida Green, aged 18; Annie Ford, aged 1:l: Unidentified woman, about 25 years of age, whose body is at the morgue. Fatally injured: Mary Mesino, in jured internally, skull fractured: Jose phine O'Ronco, injured internally. Unidentified woman, fractured skull, unconscious. The injuries of the others onsist mainly of bruises about the body and fractured limbs. The building in which the disaster occurred is a tive story brick structure and reaches an entire block. Twelve hundred persons were at work at the time, 90 per cent, of whom were girls whose ages ranged from 12 years up ward. The trouble began on the fourth floor of the structure. Baccus. who was janitor of the building, started for the fifth floor for a ball of twine. The elevator was: at the top of the shaft and Baccus palled the rope to bring it down. Ie opened the door leading to the shaft and leaned for ward to see where the carriage was. As he did so the elevator, which was descending slowly, struck him across the back of the neck, pinioning his head between the elevator and the floor. A stock boy released Baccus and cried for help. The foreman rushed from the building to call an ambulance and immediately there was a panic among the employes. Some: of the younger girls fainted while oth ers, not being able to control their feelings, cried fire. Instantly there was a mad rush for the stairway leading into Tenth street. The girls rushed down the narrow staircase until they reached a bend in the exit, between the second and third floors. In their eager ness to escape the frightened leaders fell. Others immediately following tripped over the struggling mass of humanity and in less than a minute there were hundreds of children and~ young women struggling in the pas sageway. The shrieks and screams of the terror stricken girls could be heard for a block or more. During. the excitement an alarm of fire was turned in, but before the engines could reach the scene several of the 00 cupants of the building had rushed to the windows and jumped to the street' a distance of over 50 feet. Helen: Tolini, one of those to jump, was al most instantly killed. When the firemen and policemen ar rived every effort was made to quiet the terrorized girls. The firemen rushed up the starway and begged the! girls to be calm, telling them that there was absolutely no danger, but* the sight of the fireman seemed only1 to add fuel to flame. While the policemen and tiremen were endeavor-; ing to quiet the girls on the stairway~ ladders were being run upon the out side of the building and the employes~ who had climbed out on the fire es capes and window ledges were quickly taken to the street. After a few min utes the men were enabled to check the awful crush on the stairway and! then began the work of rescuing those who had been trampled and crushedI between the second and third floors. A call for ambulances had been turned in, and as quickly as the dead and in jured were carried from the building they were hurried to hospitals. The number of ambulances was entirely inadequate and patrol wagons were brought into use to carry the victims away for treatment. While this was going on the scene about the structure was heartrending. The building is . located in a section largely inhabited by Hebrews, many of whom were caught in the terrible crush. Parents and relatives of the unfortunate girls were screaming and rushing about the streets like mad and it was almost impossible for the police Otlicials to restrain the mothers and relatives of supposed victims from en tering the building. The work of rescuIng the girls from the windows was necessarily tedious. They were so excited that they did not seem to understand the pleadings of the firemen. At nearly every win dow of the huge structure were girls screaming and crying for help. Many were so excited that it was with the greatest ditticulty that they were prevented from jumping from the building, notwithstanding that there was not a sign of fire and their rescue seemed only the work of a few mo rnents. The panic was ev-er in less than half an hour, but in this brief space thous Lnds of persons had been attracted to Ae scene by the wild screams of the relatives of the victims and the shrieks )f the girls at the windows. Terrible Cyclone In India. A special from Calcutta says A :ornado has devastated the city of Dacca and adjoining towns. Four undred and sixteen persons were kill ad. Crops were ruined throughout :he district. The tornado first struck ~osgola on the afternoon of April 23, here it wrecked the Datta Jute Works. From Posgola it moved to San Achar, where the India General 2mpanys ware houses were destroyed >y a great wave, which was whirledj ut of the river by the wind. Every-~ where in the path of the cyclone huts. :rees, the roofs of houses and people ,vere carried up into the air like1 aper. Thirty-one persons were kill d at San Achar. 110 near Dacoa. 175 tt Nagalband and 100 at Barnighat. Isaiah Rhodes, of Bailey's Gap. .lster county. N. Y., annnounced Vedesday that his daughter. Mrs. [ames McCowan, aged 28. of Tucker's orners. a hamlet in Ulster county, ecently gave birth to five children. 1I girls, and that all are doing w'ell. !rs. McCowan's other children are aji 1-m W7 TY ?.) CAUGHT. S01 1,e Fr fied a :.anniah and Then i' G..: :...t lecord of Thursday SJ. L- .~iner-;. :llegeNd owner of pecan orchards in various sections of the country. has been caught in \'icksburg. M iss.. and will be tried at Savannah on the charge of operating a fraud through the United States mails. Anders has swindled people in every city in the South, and many Columbians were caught. le adver tised in a great many newspapers and sent thousands of circulars through the mail. They stated that he was the owner of varisus expensive pecan nurseries. on which a pecan tree of ex cellence was grown. Trees of this va riety he olered to sell to an unsuspect ing public. His victims have been' almost as numerous as the sands of the sea. They are residents of almost every section of the South and very probably of other arts of the country where pecans may be successfully cultivated. Anders is the posessor of a bland and seductive address, which he has no difficulty of conveying thri ugh the medium of printer-s ink. ILt has won him many a victim anl brought many a dollar to distill. In somc c:ses Anders sent no trees at all to thlse whom be caught on his hook: to others he forwarded the trees he was engaged in gathering when he was located in Vicksburg. The swamps in that locality are fall of wild pecans, that bear the outward appearance, s. far as bark and leaves are concerned, of the culti'vated trees. If they are not exact reproductions they are sufficiently like the real thing to deceive the inexpert eye and for An ders' purpo;se they sufficed very well indeed. When he was located near Vicksburg he was down in the swamps industriously digging up wild pecan sprouts and sending them to his con iding customers. Save for ornamen tation these sprouts are practicallV worthless for every purpose whatever. C >mplaints without number have - pouAd in upon the postoffice depart ment and several fruit journals have described at length the method of his operations. All this does not seem se riously to have interfered 'with his bu siness. When he has been tried in Savah nah and his sentence has expired, pro vided he is convicted, he will be brought over here and dealt with. Schley Greeted by Thousands. A special dispatch from Jackson, Miss., says one year ago Thursday Jackson received President McKinley. as a visitor and 5,000 patriotic citi zens of Mississippi came to pay him homage. Thursday an equal number gathered in that city in honor of the arrival of Admiral Schley and his wife, and the welcome they received was one of wholesouled southern hospitality, The city was given over to the dis tingmished visitors from the moment they arrived at 10 o'closk in the morn ing from Memphis until they departed for Meridian that night, and thousands of people from many parts of the State enthusiastically greeted the admiral upon the train's arrival. A parade composed of military, civic and other organizations traversed the principal streets of the city to Smith park, where Gov. Longino extended a formal welcome to which Admiral Schley re sonded brietly and appropriately. At the conclusion of the speaking the party visited the public schools, where 2.000 children greeted them singing "Red, White and Blue" and "Schley on the Bridge." As a part of thieir programme the children answered questions, giving the record of Ad miral Schley in the war with Spain. At a meeting of the Second Baptist church congregation of Little Bock,. Ark., vWednesday night the discipline committee presented charges against Gov. Jefferson Davis, who is a mem ber of the church. Thbe allegations ac-. cuse the governor of profanity, drun kenness and gambling. It was decided by the congregation to appoint a com mittee of three to wait on the gover nor and demand of him a statement as to whether the charges are true or not. No further action was taken by the church. Gov. Davis is out of the State on a vacation tour and is not ex pected to return until about June 1. Until his return no further steps will be taken in the matter. Kitted by Doctor. Town Marshal Weaver of England, Texas. was shot and killed by Dr. Wm. E. Allen at Wednesday night. The right arm of Arthur Young, a by stander. was broken by a stray shot. Dr. Allen was seriouisly wounded in the hip by Weaver. Dr. Allen had been arrested about 10 days ago by Weaver. Witnesses state that the two men met and after some angry words. Allen pulled his pistol and shot Weaver four times. As Weaver fell he pulled his pistol and shot Allen in the hip, then expired.