Newspaper Page Text
VOL. x\l4 MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 6, 1902. NO.1.
TILLMAN PUT RIGHT. He Disclaims a Wish to Meddle in Local Affairs IN THE VON KOLNITZ'S MATTER, But Says He Would Consider Von Kolnitz's Election as an Avowel that Charleston is Republican. The publication in The News and Courier of the correspondence between Senator Tillman and Mr. L. Arthur O'Neill, relating to the candidacy of Mr. George F. VonKolnitz for the State senate, puts a different phase on the matter. Senator Tillman shows in his letter that his opionion on Mr. I VonKolnitz's candidacy was solicited 1 by Mr. O'Neill. and be expressly dis claimed any intention of interfering in local poitics. and he asked that his letter should not be printed for fear of causing the public to draw the con clusion that he was making an issue with Mr. VonKolnitz and his friends. The following is the correspondence between Mr. O'Neill and Senator Till man: 0'NEILL TO TILLMAN. Charleston, S. C., June 19, 1902. Ron B. R. Tillman, United States Senator for South Carolina. Washing ton, D. C. Dear Senator: The writer, who has met you on a number of oc casions and was with you at the Na tional Democratic Convention in Kan sas City. July 4, 1900, when we nomi nated W. J. Bryan for President of the United States, and we all stopped f with Mrs. Gregory; you occupying the room with the late Congressman I Stokes, of Orangeburg; and I occupy ing the room with our present railroad I commissioner, Wilborn, perhaps will 1 bring to your mind readily the fact of our acquaintance. I am well aware of I the fact that you meet so many peo iple throughout your travels that you :are apt to forget a number of your ac- 1 .quaintances in the Palmetto State. 1 We have a matter up here and I am ,one of those that always like to go to headquarters on a question that in volves the Democratic party of South Carolina and the South. I had a talk, in Columbia last week with our mu tual friend, Col. Wilie Jones, and he suggested the idea that it would be I proper to address you a letter and geti the facts. What we want to know. and we are satisfied you can tell it to us in the plain language: What is a Democrat and what is a Republican? Can a man who has professed to be a -Democrat stump the State of New York, West Virginia and other States I and, as we undertand it, subject to 2 the dictations o the national Repub lican executive committee at so much per speech in McKinley's campaign against Bryan, and after McKinley was elected became an applicant for the district attorneyship of this State. now be permitted to enter the Demo cratic party and run for State Senator from Charleston? We are under im pression that we want no Commercial *Democracy or Republicanism in this State and at all times one must sail under his true colors; whether it be -for free silver or not, so long it is the platform of the Democratic party. We have always stood to the Demo cratic party, whether it was for Bryan or free silver. Even' the gold bugs could not claim our politics and we de sire to know from you if this party can now attempt to re-enter the D~em ocratic fold and run for State Senator. The party in question who is now attempting to run for State Senator from Charleston County, after McKin ley was elected, tiled his application and came within an ace of being ap pointed by McKinley district attorney for South Carolina. Could you not in the interest of the Democratic party look up the record in the department of justice and have a copy of his application and all papers that were tiled at the time: so that it can be properly put at this end in the hands of our local Democratic execu tive committee or referred to the State executive committee at Columbia for action, so that when the gentleman attempts to tile his pledge for office the proper steps ca'n be taken in the matter and forever cut out the ques tion of Commercial Democracy or Re publicanism. I will appreciate more than words can expiess your advice on this sub ject, what steps are necessary to take to have none but true and tried D~emo crats attempt to run for ottice in this State. 1 enclose in this letter the geni tleman's card, announcing himself a a candidate for the ottice of State Sena tor for Charleston County. This letter is written to .you person ally as a number of your friendz desire to know what steps are necessary to4 take in such a case. Your good advice will be more than appreciated and will be considered, if you so require it. strictly confidential. Perhaps it would be best for me to mention to you that Col. Wilie Jones. Governor McSweeney, Congressman Latimer, Leon J. Williams and men of this standing wvill tell you who 1 am, and that I have always stood straight and voted the Democratic ticket on the Kansas City platform. and have had the honor of attending both conventions w hich nominated W. J. Bryan. Awaiting your early favor with your .good advice. I am yours truly. L. Arthur O'Neill. TILLMAN TO O'NEILL. Trenton. S. C., .July 11, 1902. Letter written by the Hion. B. 1 Tillman, July 11, 1902: L. Arthur O'Neill. Esq., Charleston. S. C.-My Dear Sir: Your letter of June 19 ~has remained unanswered much longer than I intended, but I have been on a dead run; besides be ing away from home a good deal since it was received, and that must be my excuse. I went to the department of justice to tind out about VonKolnitz's appli cation and endorsers. I found that he had made application for the position of district attorney shortly after Mc iinley's tirst inauguration, but. after ie was turned down he has withdrawn he papers. so that there was nothing n tile. VonKolnitz undoubtedly tumped for McKinley under the diree ion of Hanna's committee in several Corthern states, ana it is the essence f cheek for him to appear in the guise f a Democrat and ask the people of .harleston to send him to the State enate. but I am beginning to lose aith in the Democracy of your people. Che action of a good many so-called )emocrats in the Harris postottice mat er is sutlicient explanation of my hav ng this view. I sincerely trust that hose who are on the lookout as real )emocrats will see to it that no such reacherous creature as Von Kolnitz as shown himself to be will be pro noted. But. with the Charleston Post act ng as an out-and-out Republican or ran, while claiming to be lDemocratic, Lnd Hemphill sawing wool a'vl sayinsg lothing, Democracy appears to be at a ow ebb in Charleston. By very hard ighting and a good deal of manoeuvr ng 1 got a large appropriation for the avy yard, but I certainly would not nake any effort again in that diree ion if your city goes Republican and onKolnitz's election would mean that' o me. 1 writ' you this privately. but you ;an take such steps as you see fit dis -reetly and let the people know how natters are. I would not like to have his letter published, for the reason it vould appear to be meddling in your ocal affairs. B. R. Tillman. O'NEILL TO TILLMAN. Charleston, S C., July 23, 1902. lion 13. R. Tillman, Trenton. S. C. )ear Sir: Your esteemed favor of July I came to hand and carefully noted nd much appreciated. It covers the ase exactly and I have followed your equest, as you stated that you wrote his letter privately, but I could take uch steps as I saw fit discreetly and et the people know how matters are. have not in any shape, manner or orm given this letter of yours for >ublication, as you stated that you ould not like to have your letter pub ished, for the reason it would appear t be meddling in our local politics. I wired you under date of the 15th o your home in Trenton, asking your )ermissionto publish your letterjointly with mine, and had a wire back the L6th of July from your son, saying hat you were in Talladega, Ala, and hat you would be there on the 17th. wired you on the 17th the following vire: "Letter received: by all means ire me authority, if necessary, to )ublish your letter jointly with mine; vill do you untold good and kill appli ant." I have never heard from you ince. The Western Union Telegraph dlice informs me that my wire was lelivered to you on the day of the 7th, at 12 noon. I have given in no hape, manner or form anything for )ublication to the papers, awaiting our authority to so do, and I am still vaiting to hear from you in answer to ny wire to yon to Talladega under late of the 17th, as I am satisfied if ou will give me premission to publish rour letter in our daily papers here ointly with the one I wrote you June 9, it will be the means of preventing Ir Von Kolnitz from going to the 3enate. I mail you per this mail a copy of ur afternoon daily Post, with write ps in it on the situation, and from rhat is I can learn this information ras casually mentioned by Mr. Huger inkler, member of our Legislature, rho met you at the meeting in Rock ill, and the paper states that you ;ave him this same information and lesired it publicly announced that it ias your opinion in the matter. 1 aave done as you directed--in a dis reet matter taken steps to let the eople know how matters are, but I 2ave in no shape, manner or form riven for publication your letter to wy newspaper, but I am very anxi us and so are a number of your riends here to do so, and trust that is quickly as possible you will either ~elegaph or write me giving me this uthority. I must say to you that [am greatly surprised and so would rou be if you only knew that some of rour strongest friends here were ad ocating the election of Von Kolnitz. [ do not desire to call any names, but some people at this end who claim ind no doubt you recognize them as some of your best friends, are advocat ing this man Von Kolnitz. I trust that you will s.ee fit to give re authority to use your letter, and I am satistied, and so seems to be the meneral opinion of the public at this end, that it will do you any amount of good in this community to allow this 3mmunication to be published, and they will not consider that you are attempting at all to interfere with local politics.* We are very anxious here to get out and have Mr T. Moultrie Mordecai run for the Senate-a bona tide straight rut and Out Demoarat-but he does not want to enter the tield, as so many of your supposed friends are actually attempting to support Von Kolnitz. We will have to act quickly to de feat Von Kolnitz. All pledges must be iled here by August 11 and the sooner we get out someone against Von Kolnitz the better it will be. I await your early reply. L. Arthur O'Neill. TILLMAN TO O'NEILL. Trenton. S. C.. July 26, 190)2. L. Arthur O'Neill, Esq, Chiarleston, S. C.--Dear Sir: I have your letter of July 23. As so much publicity has al ready been given to my attitude in the Von Kolnitz matter I will be obliged if you will publish the corespondence be tween us, so that the peopleof Charles ton and others interested will know what I have had to say and what 1 think about it. I do not wish to have the appearance o:' meddling in Charles tos local attairs, but I would rather be considered a meddler than be mis represented. We have many types of so-called Democrats in South Carolina and Charleston seems to have a special stock of her own. If the city is Re publican it behooves the rest of the State to know it. i8. Ri. Tillman. TH lI city of Columbia is soon to be at the head of navigation with a line of steamers plying between that city and Georgetown. A company has been organized for the purpose with mple capital at the back of it. WHERE IS JEFFCOAT? He is Indeed a Bird of Passage and Hard to Follow. The Augusta correspondent of The State says Charlie .Jeffcoat, the second edition of Tracey, seems to be equally as fearless as the latter. While the otticers are chasing him in one part of the swamps he turns up at anjther point and converses with workrmen as long as he likes and then wall:s off. Friday afternoon he talked to a gang of pole hands on the Port Royal road about 20 miles below A ugusta, after which he walked away into the woods in an unconcerned manner. From that time until last night noth ing was heard from him. Now, however, the infoj'rnation comes that he took dinner with some negroes at Hancock's landing, some 25 miles down the river of the Caro lina side in Barnwell county. The information was brought to the city by a river hand who says Jeffcoat gave his name and said that he would never be taken alive. Ile was armed with a brace of revolvers and a Winchester rile. During his visit to the negro house he walked about the pl.ce and talked to all the people, but never once left any of his arms where they could be gotten hold of by any one but him self. Even while eating he sat with his pistols in his pockets and his rifle across his lap. His manner held the negroes in awe and no attempt whatever was made to stop him or molest him in any way. When he left he said nothing about where he was going, but reiterated the statement that he would never be taken alive and walked og toward the woods in a. most unconcerned man ner. Wholesale Suicides. Oriental advices describe an appall ing epidemic of suicides of young women in Southern China. Tne usual method is for six or eight girls to tie hemselves together and deliberately walk into a deep river. Six hundred rirls have committed suicide in this manner. The wholesale suicides have 3aused much alarm and the authori ies are exerting strict measure to prevent them. They are most numer >us in Kwang Tung, around Canton, fnd on the Island of Hainan, in Kwang Tung. There was a dearth >f rain for months despite daily prayers. Many girls believed the gods Cad forsaken them and therefore end ed their existence. Tne famine in lainan has caused girls to be sold in bo slavery. 'Many songht death in the manner described rather than become slaves. Railroad Aooident. The interestate commerce commis ;ion has issued a bulletin on collisions Lnd derailments of trains and casula ties to persons for the three months nding March 31, 1902. According to bhis showing the number of persons killed in train accidents was 212 and f injured 2,111. Accidents of other kinds, including those sustained by employees while at work and by pas engers in getting on or off cars, rings the total number up to 813 killed and 9,958 injured. During this period there were 1,220 collisions and 338 derailments,of which 221 collisions and 84 deraliments affected passenger brains, resulting in 41 fatal accidents bo passengers and 826 injured. The lamage to cars, engines and roadways by these accidents amounted to 81, 14,258. Gave It Up. The State board of equalization has djourned. The board wrestled with ihe knotty problem of the equalization f real estate values for several days and tinally had to give it up as a bad job, and tinally left values as fixed by county boards, memorializing the leg islature, however, to pass law-s that will make it possible to carry out the purpose of the act relating to ecauali atico. Then the values of cotton mills, etc., were passed upon as ascer tained by the board, put on a 60 per ent. basis of valuation, and left at hat. The board has worked earnest ly and vigorously from the start, re lizing its important duties, but found that it could not accomplish what was desired. Uungry Indians. A special from Tueson, Arlz., says: Driven to desperation by hunger and thirst, a band of 30 Yaquis, nearly half of them women, atteked the Car men ranch niear Hlermosillo Saturday and a fierce fight followed. When a patrol of Mexican troops came to the rescue two of the women and five or the men lay dead. The Yaquis were weak from hunger and when attacked by superior numbers they were com pelled to surrender. Fifteen prison ers, including two chiefs,were marched to Hermosillo, where they will be sent by Gen. Torres. The band is supposed to be the last remnant of those who took to the warpath some time ago. Extent or the Drought. The National weather bureau's weekly summary of crop conditions says: Drought of considerable severi ty prevails generally from Virginia and the Carolinas westward over Ken. tucky, Tennessee and the northern portion of the central and east Gulf States, including eastern Arkansas, southwestern Missouri and the south ern portions of Illinois and Indiana, while heavy and damaging rains have continued in Texas, portions of the Missouri valley and the lower lake region. Blasphemy. The Columbia Record says: "'We never really appreciated so much what the real meaning of the word "sacri lege" wa~s until we read what Jim TVillman said at Chester, referring to the newspapers: They may crucify me on a cross of slander, but God in heaven k-nows it is unjustitiable as when they pinioned to the cross the lowly Nazarene.' Could blasphemy possibly go any further." Painfully Injured. Mrs. Earle, the lovely and accom plished wife of Rev. A. 1B. Earle, who is highly esteem by many people in IBeaufort sustained a painful injury Tuesday afternoon by falling down the back steps of her residence. The shock rendered her unconscious for a time. It is hoped that the injury will not rove to be hsemius. SEVERE SHOCKS Of Earthquake Almost Completely Wipes Out a Town. VALLEYS TOSSED AND ROLLED Like the Surface of the Ocean. The People Terrorized by the Destruction Wrought, and Flee. A strip of country 15 miles long by four miles wide. rent with gaping 1+ sures and dotted with hills and knolls that sprung up during the night as if by magic, a village in ruins and hun dreds of people fleeing for their lives, are the results of Wednesday night's seismic disturbance in the valley of Los Alamos, in the northern part of Santa Barbara county Cal. During the last four d a y s that section of the country has been shaken by a series of earthquakes that is not precedent in the history of tradition of the Pacific coast, and the continuance of the disturbances and the increasing severity of the shocks have so terro rized the inhabitants that they are leaving for other parts as rapidly as possible, and even now the village is almost entirely deserted. The disturbances began Sunday eve ning with a shock which caused sev eral thousand dollars damage to prop erty in the village and the sugar coun try, being more severe and more disas trous in the vicinity of Western Union Oil company's oil wells on Carriage ranch. The shock was followed by a number of disturbances less severe and less disastrous, continuing through the remainder of Sunday night and Monday. On Tuesday night, beginning at 11 o'locl, there was another series of seven shocks, all of which were light. In action these disturbances reser}bled the waves on a pond of water, The most severe shock of the entire series occured at 11.30 o'clock Wednesday morning. Hills were shaken and twisted to their .oundations and the valleys trembled and rolled like sur face of the ocean. Great fissures were run deep in the earth; hills and knolls appeared in level valleys; springs of water appeared in places that had been dry and the general topography of the valley was greatly changed in many respects. The disturbance had no general direction, but was what is known as a "twister." It was pre ceded by a rumbling like that of dis tant thunder, which increased until the earth began to rise and twist and the hills began to trarpble. With the first warning sound of the approaching disaster the terror strick en people rushed into the streets and sought places of safety in vacant lots and roads, while many fled towards the neighboring hills, The first virbra tions were similar to the preceding disturbance in direction and effect, but they were immediately followed by the most territic shock ever ex perienced in this section of the State. The earth trembled, rolled and twisted until it was impossible for peo ple to stand erect, and terror strickn inhabitants crouched together in the arkness fearful that the earth be neath them might open and swallow them. The terror Inspired by the rumb ling and trembling of the earth was increased by the sound of falling build ings which gave some idea of the ter rible destruction that was being wrought. When the most serious shocks had passed and the rumbling sounds had died away the people gath ered in groups about the ruins of their homes and places of business and when they saw the extent of the damage of them, fearful of a repetition of this experience, immediately started on foot or by any conveyance that could be had for places where the previous shocks had been less severe. In the darkness of the night it was impossible to determine the full ex tent of damage wrought, but with the dawn of day the stricken village had the appearance of the ruins of a city long deserted. A church had been lowered to the ground and not one brick of the building was left standing. Chimneys toppled over, frame build ings had been wrenched apart and thrown from their foundations, tele graph and telephone wires had been broken and there was not a building in town that had not been damaged more or less seriously. In store buildings that were totally destroyed the- merchandise was thrown from shelves and everythIng breakable was destroyed; not a pane of glass was left in any window In town and in those frame cottages and dwellings that were left standing stoves were over turned and crockery and glassware were destroyed. A conservative estimate of the loss to property in the village Is $30,000 and this amount probably will greatly be increased by the damage in the surro-.mding country. The extent of the most severe portion of the dis turbance is 11 miles long by four miles wide, but the shock was felt through out Santa Barbara and San Luis Obis po counties. A t the Western Union oil wells on the Carriage ranch, two tanks were wrecked and much other damage done Tihe disturbance continued through out the day at intervals of two hours but none of the shocks was severe. The people have deserted tile village, every conveyance has been taken and the passenger and freight trains have left here since the severe shock of last night have been loaded with peo pe fleeing for safety. Since the firs disturbance on Sunday night there have been more than 70 distinct shocks and those who have been keep ing records have now given up, as the disturbance have become almost con tinuous. A Hard Hater. A man must be overflowing with malice and vindictiveness to carry a grudge arcund fourteen years and jump on his enemy without warning, D~istrict Attorney Horton of Winston, was assaulted by Glenn Williams of Yadkin county a few day ago because Holton had Insulted him 14 years ago in a trial. They had not spoken all thseearso until the day of the fight. CAUGHT BY UNDERTOW. The Sad Circumstances ofnthe Death of Miss Ruth Burroughs. A dispatch from Conway to The State says that community is terribly shocked over the tragic drowning of Miss Ruth Burroughsat Myrtle Beach Tuesday evening. Different versions somewhat vary as to the facts leading up to this sad occurrence. It seems that quite a number were in bathing, the sea being very rough with a strong wider current pressing outward. This was detected by many who came out, and 4t the sane time they cautioned others not tio Venture too far, as the risk ww; great. Among those disre gardin; the warnings were Mr. W. A. Freeman. a Mr.\r Reid of Atlanta. (;a., and Mis Buarrouaiba. These ventured out and were caught by a huge breaker drawing them out and placing them in a washout beyond reaching bottom. A second wave took them still father, separating Mr. Freeman from the others. Mr. Freeman, see ing the danger, gave the alarm and rushed to the shore for assistance. After considerirble delay in securing oars the boat was launched and man ned for the rescue. but too late! Mr. Reid had heroically managed all this time to keep the young lady above the surface,' but just before the boat reached them, in his exhausted condi tion, a wave snatched its victim from his grasp and Miss R uti went down amid the crashing hillows within the view of scores of friends on the shore who were powerless to render any as sistance in response to her struggling appeals. Mr. Reid when rescued was unconscious and speechless. After several hours he was recusitated and is now himself again. Miss Burrough's body was recovered early Wednesday morning, being washed ashore by the flood-tide. The interment took place Thursday at the family cemetery, a large concourse of people being present. Her mother, two yognger sigers and youngest brother were in I eadersonville, N. ., spending the summer. They, with Mfrs. Dr, Egerton, another sis ter, arrived Thursday morning. The deceased is the second daughter of the late F. G. Burroughs, who at his death was president of the Burroughs & Collins company, the largest proper ty owners of the county. A mother, three sisters and three brothers sur vive her-among them Mr. Frank A. Burroughs, secretary and treasurer of the above mentioned company, and also president of the Conway Seashore Railroad company. Miss Ruth was a most lovable char acter. Beautiful and attractive, she was loved and admired by everybody. She was a gradpate of the Greens boro, N. C., female college and had many frienfds in that State as well as in South Carolina. She was the idol of the family and the pride of the com munity. The town and county are in deep mourning over the sad and tragic death of this model Chrisian young lady, WORLD'S DEBT INCEEASES. lvery Natlin Owes More Mo ney Pro portiona~tely Every Year. In 1801 the world's debt amounted to $3,000,000,000; in 1848 after the bapoleonic wars, it was $8,400,000, 00, in 1901 31,800,000,000. It in reased within the last century by $28,800,000,000; but whereas during the first part of this century, not withstanding the gigantic wars which then unsettled part of the world, it increased but at the ratio of 23 to 1, the increase during the second part was at the ration of 10 to 1. Toward this increase each nation has contributed with all it power. Day two nations preserved thier cool blood; Great Britain, which during forty years reduced its debt by $1.000, 000, and the United States which re duces its liabilitIes by over $1,400, 000,000. The Austrian debt, which in 1850 was but $600,000,000, reaches at present $1,700,000,000; the debt of ermany has grown from $116,000, 000 in 1870 to $559,000,000; that of Italy, which in 1869 was $1,400,000, 000, is now $2,583,000,000; the debt of Russia which in 1853 was $400,000, 000, exceeded In 1900 $3,000,000,000. France is easily winner in this con test; her debt, which in 1852 was lit tle over $1,000,000,000, amounts today to about $5,800,000,000, or almost six times the amount in the former years, cnstituting almost one-fifth of the total world's indebtedness. The debt of the Germanic and Slavic group of nations the last quar ter of the century have been due chiely to the purchase of construction of railways, and they possess in these "hysicial" capital which almost equal their total debt, and derive therefrom a revenue suficient for the service of this debt. Quite a different picture is presented by ahe Latin na tions, These have within the last twenty-ive years increased their debts by $5,000,000,000, Spain and Italy nearly doubling their debt. France almost trebling hers. in return they can not be said to have acquired any well defined material assets. France particularly, which perhaps spent more than any other nation has on her railways, will have to wait until 1954 to acquire ownership of them. Hie Dressed As a Woman. Mrs. John Henry Franz, residing in Alleghany, Pa., has notified the police that her husband, a soap boiler, is in the habit of masquerading in female clothing, and wants him arrested. She says he has paraded in women's dress for twenty years. Franz is 48, and is the father of six children. is wife declares he spends all his money for lingerie, and neglects to pay rent and grocery bills. Last Monday, she alleges, Franz read an advertisement of a bargain sale of women's skirts worth $6.50, marked down to $2.90. She says her husband had only $2 and demanded the extra 90 cents to purchase a skirt. This she says: she refused to give him. and he gave i'er a beating. Mrs. Franz showed the officers her husband's female outfit, consisting of dresses, corsets, under lothing and other articles 1A REIGN OF TERROR A Pitched Battle Between Coal Min. ers and the Police. A SHERIFF ASKS FOR TROOPS. A Merchant Clubbed to Death Twenty Strikers Shot; Two Policemen Seriously Injured. A reign of terror, compared witl which the scenes enacted during the riots of 1900 seem insignificant. held Shenandoah in its grasp Wednesday night. Centre street, which is one of the principal streets or the town, was for several hours in the hands of at infuriated mob. Two of the borough policemen were shot, 'ne perhaps fatally. Joseph Heddal. a leading merchant and cousi.n of Sheriff Heddal was brutally clubbed to death and upwards of a spore of strikers Whose naige at this writing could iiot be asucertined were shot by policemen and it is expected that many deaths will result. Sheriff Beddal arrived from P,tts ville at 7.44 o'clock with a posse of deputies. He has taken up headquar ters at the Ilerggons hotel. To an Associated press reporter he admitted that be has asked Goy. Stone to send the militia. The governor wired that if the citizens of the town petition for troops, he will send them and a peti tion is being circulated for that pur pose now, The trouble started about 6 o'clock Wednesday afternoon when Deputy Sheriff Thomas Beddal attempted tc escort two non-union workers through the strikers' line of pickets. The workmen were dressed in their street clothes, but one of them carried a bundle under his arm and this aroused the suspicion of the strikers. The bundle was torn from him and when it was found to contain a blouse and overalls the man was taken from the deputy and beaten almost to death. In the meantime Beddal opened fire on the mob which had gathered by this time and emptied his revolver. Two of the shots took effect, one man being shot in the leg and the other in the foot. The deputy and the strik ers were now compelled to fly for their lives and took refuge in the Philadel phia and Reading railrod depot was soon surrounded by an angry mob of 5,000 which was becoming morethreat ening and demonstrative every mo ment. A MERCHANT BEATEN TO DEATH. Jos. Beddal, a hardware merchant and brother of the deputy sheriff, was seen making his way through the crowd in an effort to reach his brothei and the mob, divining that he was carrying ammunition to those inside the depot, seized him and beat him with clubs and billies into insensibili ty. He died en route to the miners hospital. Shortly after this the entire borough police force arrived on the scene and escorted the deputy sherifi and his man to an engine which had been backed into the depot for that purpose. When the mob realized thai their prey was about to escape they surrounded the engine and the engi neer was afraid to move. A PITCHED BATTLE. In a few moments, however, the police fired a volley dispersing the crowd for a brief period and the engi neer turned on full steam and got away with his men. Stones were now thrown thick and fast about the heads of the police, whereupon Chiei Johnsey gave the order to fire. Al the first volley the mob fell back and several were seen to fall. Their re treat, however. was but momentary. They turned and with revolvers, stones and a few shot guns they charged on the little band of police man and made them fly for their lives The policemen turned in their flight at short intervals and fired volley af ter volley at their merciless pursuers. but the mob seemed thoroughly in furiated and smoking revolvers seemec to have no terrors for them. Wher> the Lehigh railroad crossing was reached a passing freight tr ain blocket thesprogress of the men, two of whomi were caught and brutally beaten. One of them, Stiney Yacopsky, will die. ONE THIOLsAND sHOTS. It is estimated that upwards of ont thousand shots were tired and the vonder is that more fatalities did not result. More thap 20 strikers, all o1 whom were foreigners, were shot and at least two of them will die, many o: the merchants and politicians are re fusing to sign the call for troops, tear ing that the miners will boycott therr after the trouble is over and as th( governor has made the sending of troops contingent on the petition 0: citizens there is some doubt as tc whether they will be sent. At 1] oclock Wednesday night the streetn are still crowded with people bil everything is quiet. Sheriff Beddal of Schuylkill county, has asked Gov Stone for troops in consequence o: Wednesday's riot at Shenandoah and the prospects are that if there it another outbreak the third brigada will be ordered to the scene of the trouble. Want a Dispensary. The people of Ft. Mlli are agitatini the question of establishing a dispen sary in that town. It is said tha from $15,000 to $20,000 worth 0 whiskey is shipped to that town year ly by Charlotte dealers, and as th establishment of a dispensary wouli take a large revenue from them, iti reported that these dealers will go t Ft Mill and take a hand in the primar2 by spending money liberally in orde secure its defeat. Citizens of the towi are divided on the question, but som of the best citizens are in favor of th dispensary. While they admit tha the dispensary will not break up blin tigers, they argue that if people wil drink whiskey the money might a well be kept at home and not dis tributed in Charlotte. If the ba keepers take a hand in the primary the contest will be a lively one an the result will be watched with a grea deal of interest. INFORMATION FOR THE VOTERS It is Hoped Unregistered Voters Wi Register this Year. The improtance of the registratioi of voter s to participate in the gen eral State elections, judging from the small number of registered person: in each community, does not seem t< be fully realized. This year thos< who are interested in the future o the South are urging qualitied voter: to register, and it is hoped that then will be a general compliance. In order that all may know when they can register and what the re quirements are a representative o The State reCently asked Assistant Attorney General Gunter to prepare the following summary of the laws ot the subject of registration: "The registration books must b4 open for the registration of elector, entitled to registration on the first Monday in each month at the Couri House, until 30 days hefQre the gener al election, wlen they ahall be closec until gfter the election, "In cities and towns of over 5u, inhabitants the Supervisors of Rtegis tration shal open the book of regis tration for ope meeting at such timE as may be designatod by the board after twq weok's notige, posted in suct rcwn ox city, at which meeting shall be registered such qualified elector: of the county as may present- them selves, "Persons becoming of age during the 30 day prior to the general elec tion, during which the books are clos ed, may be registered by applying be fore the books are closed, if otherwise qualified. The registration books are likewise closed 30 days, before any special election. "All persons registered on or before January 1, 1898, shall remain during life qualified electors, unless 'fter wards they become disqualified by the constitution for committing crime, etc. Persons moving troml one county to another may have their registra tion certificates changed to the county to which they have moved as soon as it is determined that they were duly re gistered in the county from which they moved. "Every male citisen of the State and of the United States, 21 years old and upwards, who shall have been a resident of the State for two years, in the county one year, in the polling precinct at which he offers to vote four months before any election, and shall have paid, six moths before any election, any poll tax due, and who can both read and write any section of the constitution submitted by the re gistration oficers, or can show that he owns and ha1s paid all taxes collectible during the previous year on property in the State assessed at $300, or more, shall be entitled to registration. "Of course persons convicted of certain crimes, such as burglary, arson, adultery, wife beating, breach of trust, forgery, larceny, etc., are ineligible for registration. "Persons holding a registration certificate are entitled to vote upon proof of the payment of all taxes, in cluding poll tax, assessed against him, and collectible during the previous year." In order to vote in the Democratic primaries, in doing which the major ity of the voters think they have donE their full duty as citizens, the require ments for voting are very simple. ThE constitution of the Democratic party on this subject says: "At tne election only Democratic white voters wh<( have been residents of the State 15 months and the county 60 days preced ing the next general election, anc such negroes as voted the Democrati< ticket in 1876, and as have voted thE Democratic ticket continuously since, to be shown by the certificate of ter white Democratic voters, who will pledge themselves to support the nominees of such elections, may vote: Provided. That no person shall be al~ lowed to vote exeept his name be en rolled on the particular club list at which he offers to vote at least fivE days before the first election. Eaci club shall have a seperate pollini place for primary elections. The clul rules on the party shall constitue thE registry list and shall be open to in spection by any member of the party and the election under this clause shal be held and regulated under the act 01 the General Assembly of this State approved December 22, 1888, and anl subsequent act of the Legislature o: this State." ALL WANT PENSIONS. Enormous Cla'ms from Those Wh< Did Little Fighting. The figures showing how the claim for pensions of volunteer soldiers o the Spanish war far outnumberini those regiments which saw little or n< fighting far exceed in their claim those which met actual service anc lost some of their comrades in killed and wounded, have brought to the at tention of Pension Commissioncr War< in whose bureau they were compiled He is described as astounded, saying that the figures are far more strikinj than he had imagined. An examination of the records o the volunteers shows that Western an< Southern regiments have been mudl less active than the Northern and Eas tern ones in their effort to get pen sions. The Kentuckians have file< many claims, but Texans and othe Southerners further off have though less about seeking federal aid. Th' returned Californians have made rela tively few applications; but the Eight: Ohio regiment, which landed in Cub: with 1,330 members, is responsible fo 705 pension claims on the part of sui vivors and relatives of deceased menm bers. It is said that a company whic1 served in a volunteer regiment fror another Northern State had as its cal: tain a pension attorney who utilize< his professional experience on leavini the service to secure an applicatio: for pension from nearly every membel The Ninth Massachusetts has tiled 70 claims, the exact number of th Eighth Ohio, and they head the lis1 rThe Seventh United States Infantr regular, with a record of 34 killed an 99 wounded, has filed only threi fourths as many claims as either< these two volunteer regiments. FERTILIZER CASE Remandel to the State Courts by Judge Simonton. A VICTORY FOR MR. BELLINGER. The State IIs the Right to Have the Case Brought and Tried in Her Own Courts. In the United States circuit court at Charleston on Tuesday of last week Judge Simonton handed down his de cision in the case of the State of South Carolina against the Virginia-Caro lina Chemical company, granting the motion of plaintiff for the remand of the case to the State court. The decision is a victory for Attor ney General Bellinger. It will be re called that saveral months ago Attor ney General Bellinger brought action against the Virginia-Carolina Chemi cal company, in the Richland county court, under the anti-trust act, alleg ing that the company was purchasing and acquiring a monopoly of the ferti lizer industry, contrary to law. The attorney for the company moved before Judge Buchanan for a transfer of the suit to fiifederal court, alleg ing-the act to bein t gt'n of the constitution of the United States The judge refused the motion, but the attorneys secured copies of the proceedings and filed them in the circuit court and Judge Simonton heard the arguments on the motion of Attorney General Bel linger for the remand. Judge Simonton's decision is lengths containing many law citations. The court notes that accompanying the re cords, there is no order of the State court, removing the suit. "But from admission," continues the court, "made at the bar and from the whole tenor of the arguments, it appears that the absence of the order, remov ing the cause, was not based upon the insufficiency of the bond, but upon the legal ground that the case made by the plaintiff dbes not raise the federal question on which alone this court can take jurisdiction. The question involved in this discussion is grave and beset with difficulty. The State has the right to have the case brought by her, tried in her own courts, unless the constitution of the United States has secured to the de fendant the right of protection in the federal court." Judge Simonton ruled that the fed-, eral question did not appear on the face of the record, and he was bound to go by the record and remand the case to the State courts. The decision shows that the act of the legislat'Ire contained no mention of the constitu tion of the United States, and no rights, claims, privileges and immuni ty of federal statutes which would bring the act into any relation or con flict with the federal law. The court states, however, that a federal ques tion might be raised hereafter in the State courts, and in such an event a direct appeal can be taken to the United States supreme court from the State supreme'court.--The State. The Turbulent North. The Augusta Chronicle says it must be very trying to the nerves to dwell in the northern portion of this great repuplic, and we of the South who in habit a quiet, peaceful and law-abid ing section do not realize perhaps, how much we have to be thankful for. For the past six months our telegraphic dispatches have told daily the same sad story from the northern states, and accounts of strikes, ~riots, anar chistic plottings, dynamitings and mysterious murders in the large cities, have been the constant burden of the wires. And now the unrest and dis order seem to be culminating in Shen andoah, Penn., the town having been in the hands of a mob and such a reign of terror instituted Wednesday night that the governor of the State was forced to call out two regiments of the National Guard and a battery of artil lery with the hope of reserving order Swung Him Up. Charles Craven, the supposed mur derer of William H. Wilson, farmer living near Herndon, Va., was lynch ed Thursday afternoon on the Pike, one mile east of Leesburg, Va. He was taken from the jail at Leesburg by a mob of 150 men, who .overpowered the guard, broke in the outer'door and then entered the cage, using hammers and crowbars. Little difficulty was encountered in this work. A noose was thrown around the prisoner's neck and he was led down the pike in the direc tion of the scene of the murder. The party had proceeded scarcely a mile when the rope was thrown around a tree and Craven was pulled from the ground. As soon as the body was raised in the air, the mob tired fully 500 shots at the dying man. A Fatal Fight. Augustine Alajaraz.a was fatally stabbed at an early hour Tuesday. morning by Estanislado Perez in Ciudad Portirio Diaz, Mexico. Perez in return received shots that caused his death a few hours later. Both men were enamored of the same wo man, and in a quarrel which followed a conversation about her, the shoot ing and cutting occurred. The heart of Alajaraza was severed, but he suc ceeded in inflicting fatal injury to his .adversary before he died. Alajazara was well known in musical circles here and Perez belonged to Monterey. A Ride to Death. iEngineer George Kimmerling was instantly killed and his fireman, H. M. Nicely. fatally injured in a wreck at Pack Saddle, 50 miles west of Al toona, Pa., at noon Wednesday. Their train, the fast mail, left Altoona for the west about an hour late, and was running at the rate of 70) miles an hour. A t Pack Saddle, there are two reverse curves. The locomotive left the track as soon as it reached the curve, and ploughing across the road ifbed plunged over a 50 foot embank ment to the Conemaugh river.