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Forget te cae uir :+wn neart Flo'.( S
I;y easing tL;ers' pain: Fo.g'et your hungering for weahn liy seeking others' gain: And make your life much bricer 4 n By brightening the ears For tears dry quicker t he eyc That look for the'rs' tears. V Heartache fales iickst frim thle s heart That ees s ai: The greed lor weal h dies sonet'r if a we see .anther gain: Life. sands run lightly if we till With kindness all the years-- v And tears dry quicker in the eyes That look for others tears. T4~ 4T wo of ui es By T 1107 f'1lA!'TlE!1 \1I. The Iarquis de Presles h,,; told Lafleur to carry lenriette to Lel-Air, - and we will visit those gardens on the same evening that the beautiful or phan was abducted. The scene there was a brilliant one. well illustrating the pleasures of the nobles of France about the beginning of the present century. A small garden had been made in the midst of a natural grove. which was shut out from the curious gae of the world by several small cottages or chalets, decorated in the highest style of art: and which served the Marquis de Presles as a retreat. where. free a from intrusion. that profligate noble man could enjoy the society of boon companions, who. like himself. lived only for the present and its pleasures. On this particular evening~ t he gar dens were illuminated, and a large party of so-called ladies and ;gentle men were assembled to do full honor to the entertainments for which the marquis was celebrated. As we attempt to pass within the enclosure, we are stopped by a numer- t ous crowd of lackeys. who demand to S see our card of admission, and failing to produce such a passport. we are told we are not allowed even near the gardens: while all efforts to induce I any of them to present our cards to the master of this retreat are equally unayailing, as they declare that their orders are most positive. and we must go quietly away or be forced to f go. Thus jealously coes the marquis guard his retreat from importunate creditor or unw"elcome friend. Inasmuch as we only visit Bel-Air in fancy, we can bid defiance to the marquis's orders, and enter without his permission. Around the tables which are placed in the garden, a number of ladies and gentlemen are seated, drinking wine while they discuss the latest court news, or the most interesting scandal. "Well, what do you think of my re treat from the whirl and bustle of Paris?"' asked the marquis of his vis-a vis, who was a dashing sort of beauty. "My dears Marquis," replied that I lady, "I am delighted. It is a satis- r faction to find a gentleman who main- e tains the customs of his rank." "And yet there are fools who want to change them:" exclaimed a young r nobleman from the opposite table. "You are right-fools-fools." an- I swered De Presles, as he motioned toa the servants for more wine. "By the way," asked the lady whoc had first spoken, "you~ have heard the news?" As no one had heard anything parti-c cularly new for the past two hours, sne continued by saying: "They say that the new minister of police is as hard as a stone, and cold asr a tish. He is going to put a stop to all our amusements, and, marquis, this l may be the last entertaimment von give at Bel-Air." "Nonsense:" exclaimed the host. 1 "I'd like to see the minister of polices who would dare to interfere with the pleasures of a French nobleman. Who a and what is he?" "He is from Tourains: is called the I Count de Linieres, and is the uncle of the Chev'alier Maurice de Vaudrev." a "Where is the chevalier?" sudclenly asked one of the ladies, as she was thus reminded of one whom report had des cribed as rather eccentric, and on whom lI she wished to exercise her charms. "You promised me I should see him. 1 Marquis." t "So I did. and I expect him as well ~ as another guest. I warn you, ladies, that she will be a rival to you all." ' "Who is the other guest?" was the question which assailed him from all quartersir "A young lady," answered the mar-P *qmis, as if enraptured at the thought. "Sweet sixteen, beautiful as a rose. and innocent as an angel." "Where did you find such a pearl?" asked one of the ladies. banteringly' "In Normandy." This announcement was followed by0 a general laugh "Yes. I know these Normandy beau ties with caps six feet high." laughed ' one of the ladies betraying in spite ofa herself, a tinge of jealousy in her voice. "In wooden shoes." added another of l the fair ones, "and hair plaited down her back." "La ugh away, ladies." said De Pres-n les, gayly. "X ou shall see a Norman beauty in a high cap, wooden shoesa and all, and then see how jealous yo t will all become at sight of her " At this moment a voice was heardb from the outside. and in the midst of some confusion, a rather singular voice was heard saying: "I tell you I must go in, and I will. I must speak to your master." On hearing this the marquis went t toward the entrance, and demanded of the servants who tins was, who was C so importunate. "Picard," answer I the owner of le the singular voice "2icard. valet to the Chevalier d Vaudrey." 1' Thle marquis immnediately gave or- la ders that he be admit ted. and a sharp. wiry-looking fellow. wearing the De v Vaudry livery, stood before the gay ti party.- t "lost excellent Marquis. and most g beautiful ladies," said he. in an af- '" fectionate tone, and with a low bow. r< which was received with laughter. "I am very sorry, but my master asks 0: - you to excuse him." "Excuse him?" echoed one of the t< ladies. "why he promised -' 11 "I did t'he promising." answered 0 Picard, with another of his sweeping s bows . '"He said he did not know whether he could come or not. but t) thinkinr I could persuade him. 1I h promises for hlim.i "Then you took a great liberty." t said De Pi-esles. "and lhe ought to pun- c ish you for it." "Certainly he ought ." answered PiI ardi, blandly: "I wish lie would: but t alas! my master is not like other mas- p ter at all."i Seeing looks of incredulity at this statement, Pieard corn imued. in most solemn mannier. . "I is so. gent le men. lie spends~ lis h nights in pleasure. as a young nio'le man should: but his days-how do you suppose he spends his days" -'Sleeps. of course." said the mar- a quis, in a posit ive tonew. "Gentlumiw. allow me to tl you contidentially:' said the valet, mys- 11 teriously, as the g'entiemnen gaithered ii around him. fuily expectung to' wari (o some treason. "H works: ac' ually U works: Ile sits dlown md0 rok"'. writes as though he wxere a lawyer s 1 clerk." "Bah:" exelaiimed one a \u ain ti d expect us to believe that?" .' "Yes, and mo.re 0oo. awered I 'e- \ ard, who e'njoyed immensely benii able to nimpart someI informauon to hi'e superior's. "Why. hiow no yui suppose nl he.aci., to th common 'neople wxho I 'Wv. if they are liportunate, he 'aLtm, I suppose." answered De a rris. with whon this method of n t lig his }bills was a common occur- d Ye . he beats them." sneered Pic- a rii:ie pays them: Yes. gentlemen, t pays his tradespeople." And the alet surv eyed the group, enjoying the .rprise he had given them. N "Oh, the poor fellow is lost:" e- e laiLmed one of the party. who at I ne e ge of twenty had spent a large forte une ud was now living on his wits. "Completely." a rnmed l'ieari. "and e 11 owing to the e)ompany keeps. lie J on't beC gUded by me. "Perla he Is right in that." an wered i ie i'resles " But where is the t ract jun elsewhere to-night?" I will tell you. gentlemen." said a 0 een voice near the entrance to the arolns, and looking up. all saw thel !wvalier de Vaudrey himself. lie was a noble-looking man with c one of the fopperies and evident at- r empt at display which characterized omne of his companions, and a careful C hserver would instantly have said s hat he was. in mental endowments, ar above the average. "" What is all this that Picard has a >een telling us. that you were not com n?" asked I)e Presles, in surprise. "1 did not expect to come, so sent t ti with my regrets," answered the t hevalier, as he accepted a glass of ine which was handed to him. "And nlow he brings them himself." aid Picard, in a low voice, as he !eft he garden hastily, lest his master 1 hould hear of the disclosures he had een making. The conversation became general, nd before long the orgy was at its eight, when a noise was heard at the utrance. and Lafleur appeared. After whispering a few words to the 0 trquis. he received the order: "Let her be brought in here." Latleur immediately retired, and re urned in a few minutes, followed by >ur men who bore a sort of litter, on hich was the inanimate form of lenriette. 1 She lay like one dead; without mo ion or color, and.save for the sound of tertocous breathing, she was to all ppearances dead. into the midst of some of the most issolute Parisian society, had the oor. innocent, unprotected girl been rought: with no one to aid her, and ven those of her own sex who were by could enjoy her suffering rather than .o anything to save her from the fear ul doom that was so near. What a terrible change for the two I rphans, who, scarcely twenty-four lours previous, were light-hearted taidens. setting out from their child rood's home to visit the beautiful city bout which they had heard so much. Now, one was in the power of low, 'ile, wretches; and the other in the s iands of those who called themselves I entle people, but who had no more nercy, in fact, not as much as the rochards. CHAPTER VIII. SAVED FRIOM DISHONOR. Like a lily half broken from its stem ay Henriette upon the litter, sur ounded by the revelers who had gath red to see the Norman beauty. Under the influence of the drug 1 rhich had been administered, she re nained unconscious of the rude jests vhich were uttered, and the coarse augh of triumph which greeted her .rrival. Only one of the gay party was with ut curiosity respecting her appear That one was thle Chevalier Maurice l Vaudrey. He passed by her as she was brougrht n, and seeing what it was that liav ipon the litter, contented himself by emarking "A young girl: The sport has been ood." Then resuming his seat he waited ist lessly until some disposit ion should e made of the game which had been o bravely captured. "Ah, is this our threatened rival?' sked one of the females~after looking, tot without a feelhng of envy, at the e ele features of the abducted girl. "Why, she has fainted." remarked nother, in a sarcastic voice-. "Sleeping, my dear," said the first, it's much more becoming." At this lively sally of wit, a general luoh went around the company. "'lwager that her eyes are but e alf closed, and that she is laughing r o herself at all the trouble you are aking," said the cynical De Vaudrey, j ho had, years before, lost faith in roman-kind. And it is little wonder that in that issolute age an honest, noble-minded1 an should have believed womanly urity to be a fable of the patst. "What do you think of my treas- s re?" asked De Presles, who had been d oating his sensual eyes upon the >rm of the fair girl who was thus in c is power-. "She has a very ordinary face," saidr ie of the ladies (?), who prided her- 1 lf upon her beauty.t "A n exceedingly common person, as x can tell by her feet,"said another, s she tried to display her own dainty t gt, which she took the greatest de- t gt in showing. "Her arms and hands are like at -asherwoman's," was the kindly re iark of a bold-looking 'blonde, who ad exposed as much of her own arms '" Spossible. y "Cevalier, your opinion?" -asked 0 bankrupt nobleman, who liked a el it of sarcasm, and not being able to si v it himself, knew that it would be ~ ire to come from the ec -entric De audrey. "It's ~a lovely face: distinguished air: i.th the hands and feet of a duchess," 1 ~plied the chevalier, without taking g e trouble to look at the object of his fi ~iticism. b "But you have not seen-" D~e Pres *s eagerly began to say. n "No," answered De Vaucrrey, cool . But I have heard those young n .dies." h The young nobleman who. had pro :ked this remark was delighted; but le ladies who had thus freely given r eir opinions, favored him with at lance which lacked not the will to iu 'it her and blast the instigator of tis n tlection upon their remarks. a "Isn't she going to wake up?" asked a e, in order to cover her confusion. "Oh, yes," said the marquis. as he >k a small, delicately chased silveri ask from his pocket. "A few drops 1 [this on the handkerchief will be s tticient to revive hler." S. The marquiis poured a few drops of a e liquid upon the priceless lace andkerchief which he held in his and. and was about to apply it. when le desire to heighten the effect t liused him to stop.I "What will she say when she comess >her senses?" he asked, much as* v sough he were speculating upon the robable actions of some strange ai- n al, rathler than a weak, defenseless The young bankrupt nobleman look- *A i at the chlevalier, as if hoping that e wuldl answver that qluest ion. and he a -as not disappointed, a "What will she say whenl she comeOs her senses?" repeated D~e Vaudrey. ji a though it was a useless question, a a answer of which every one knew. As though we did not know by hearta I everlast ing phrases 0f these will-a agly abducted maidens. Wh'len t he oper mlomfenlt arrives she will wake ) p and go t birough it all.'' iursting into a flood of imnaginary e ars. the chevalier proceeded to give a oi i m itation of thle kind of cries in- u lged in by maidens who, as lie said. iseis. "Where am lY" he conltinued. in a -ing v ice. "Why have yomu brought e here Wh 'lat is it you wish? Great hi reur restuiiihC his nattua' . 11c ided: "Then lby Slow degrtees IIh i.t p.1 founi ad virtuous despair. wie b1 c oi ienced in a torrent of t ms. ill rowned in- a lucd of :utl. A11ll prsen.t jloined in a hea';rly laugh t I)e \a tiryt iat i1 on what !1'\n i ;:' i\O -' it;;+i . 10 ,t101 tL) 1(". ii suchI. anl ardietOi wish to see the ihral.\ Iicr. "Le t te wake her. )Iar Ut is." 1)e 'resles gave her the handker hief wIiclh he had saturated wit h the quid. and she procceded to t ry its Mfeets upon the uncontse'ios llen ette. All present. except De \audrey. atlhered around to enjoy the cuntusiol f the Nor:man beauty, when she hould awake to tind herself in t lie iidst oft he gay part y. and the young idv who nad received the handker hief from tihe marquis applied the estorative. Ilenriette had inhaled the pungent dor but a moment, when she showed igns of ret urning consciuUsnCss. "Look: her eyes open.'' exclaimed he one who was thus bringing her to sense of misery. Henriette opened her eys in a dazed Drt of way, like one who. accustomed o the darkness, is suddenly exposed to lie blinding gaslight. She rose to sitting posture mechani ally, and surveyed those around her. 'or some moments she did not seem to nderstand where she was. or what Lad happened. "Am I madi" she asked in amaze ent, at the view which met her gare. Do 1 dream?" and clasping her hands o her head, she endeavored to recall he events which had passed. "Chevalier, that is not exactly the Id way." said the young lady who had wakened Ilenriette. to De Vaudrey. "No, that is singular." said the hevalier with his habitual sneer. "It a rather an improvement." By degrees the abducted girl remeni pered what had happened. and ahiriost n a flash she understood where she as. Springing suddenly to her feet. she onfronted the marquis. "Monsieur," she said. "has this out age been committed by your orders: s this your house?" With a thin smile upon his simper ng lips. the marquis approached the tow thoroublly enraged girl. "Ah, magemoiselle. I see you do me he honor to recognize me." he said. owing low, and as it seemed to the oor girl, in mockery; "it was I vho "Not another word, sir," said pen iette, firmly, and at the same time as hough she believed her wishes would e obeyed. "I wish to return this ery instant to the place where my ister awaits me. Come. sir, at once ive your servants orders to take me ack." De Presles made no movement to card giving the necessary orders, and lenriette continued, in a tone of com aand: "You must--do you hear me, sir? -ou shall:" and from tones of command er voice unconsciously sunk into a >laint. that was at once thrilling and >itiful. It would require something more han the tone of the voice, touching as t was, to move the marquis from his urpor.': and with his courtly grace. hich sgemed in the present case a nockery, he said to Henriette: "Mademo.=selle, after all the trouble ye have taken to bring you here, you carcely suppose we will let you go so oon:" For a moment Henriette regarded im earnestly, Mile the tears, unbid len, came intc her eyes. "I see the 1i;rrible trap you have aid for me: but vile as you are. you an scarcely urderstand the extent of 'our own villainy," said she. in a voice vhich she vainly tried to render $M. 'You have separated me from hild, whose only help in vhose misfortune comman:. pect of criminals, even w rme than ourself. She is dependent on me ,lone: without me she can niot take a ingle step, for she is blind:' and the ail of utter desolation which accom anied these words would have touched he heart of a savage. "Blind:'' they exclaimed, as the rords arrested the merry laugh and road jest. Wthile the females express d in their faces the compassion they ow began to feel for the poor girl. "Yes, blind and alone!" continued lenriette, now so carried away by the atensity of her feelings that her oice resembled more the wail of a >st soul than anything human. Alone in Paris, without money, rithout help, wandering through the breets, sightless, homeless. wildl with espair!" The picture which her mind had njured up was too much for Hien ette: she could control herself no mger, and she burst into a flood of sars. "What will become of her?" she >bbed, to heiself, and with the ques on came again the maddening 1ught that she was powerless to as St to her, and she turned again to e almost stupetied revelers. "She is blind:" repeated Hlenriette, ith vehemence. "Gentlemen, do >u hear me? She is blind:" "Oh. this is too horrible:" exclaim I the Chevalier de Vaudrey. who, ill seated by the table, was greatly oved by Henriette's words of de air and entreaty. The marquis read from the faces of is guests that their sympathies were ing out toward his victim, and as er as his small soul would permit he came generous. "Oh. well, compose yourself, made oiselle," he said, in a studied voice. I will give orders to have search ade for her. My people will find er and bring her here." "Bring her here!" exclaimed Hien ette, while all the anger of her gen e nature was aroused by' the insult rg proposal. 'She in this house? ever" Then clasping he hands. she ;ked, piteously: "Is this the only swer you have to my prayery" The poor girl saw no signs of re nting on the cold. hard face before er, and with all the dignity and pas on of a pure womw1 who is insulted. e turned for a last appeal to those round her. "Is there no one here," she asked. who dares to r'aise a voice against as man:-" "You are mistaken. mademoiselle," tid De Presles. in a voice which he inly endeavored to make digniified. We are all noblemen and gentle ien." The utter hollowness of these terms. used by the marnuis. in compari in with his present mode of action. roused all of the chevalier's scorn nd contempt. He dashed his glass, which lhe was st raising to his lips, to the groundl. ad arose to Ihis feet. "Then among all these noblemen ad gentlemen." once more arppearled [enriette, ''is there not onec man of nor?" 'There is. mademoiselle.'' exc'laim l~e \audrey, going~ towvai'd he:' withI n angry flush upon Iris face. caused I )e P'resles' br'utal c'Anducit. ''Take i hand: we will leave this place." '"Ohl. thank you--thank you. mon ur, a thousand thanks:" exclaimed [enriette. as she took the proll'ered aid and grasped it fervently, as a Tie marquis was so astonished b; De Vaudrey's interference. that for: imloment he was unable to offer an, objection to this answer to his viet im's craver. and the chevalier hat conducted Ilenriette nearly to th garden entrance before 1)c Presles re covered from his stupor. Ile rushed in front of the two. an' barred their exit. 'Excuse me. Chevalier, this is in, house." he said.in a voice hoarse witi rage. "I do not permit -" "Give e me room. sir," said De Vaud e\. in i h aughty voice. ''I will nit allow this insult. 1) you hear'.-" he exclaimed. as the lout chimes of a clock proclaimed the hou of midnight. 'After twelve o'clock no one ever leaves this house." 'Then we shall be the first to d< so." answered De Vaudrey. in a coc tone. "Stand aside. sir." ''Do you know. Chevalier." said the marquis. white and trembling with rage. 'that you speak to me as thougl I were your lackey." "I would not speak to a lackey whi acted as you do." replied the cheva lier.in a contemptuous tone, ''I wouli cane him." "Enough. monsieur: you are mor than insolent:" exclaimed )e Presle I drawing his sword and standing of the defensive. "Attempt to pas me "1 certainly shall." interrupted D \'audrey. ''and this young lady wit] me." Ienriette clung to the arm of he protector in afTright, while the othe occupants of the garden gatherer around the two men, and vainly at tempted to quell the impending duel "Stand back. gentlemen." commar dgdi the marquis, in a rough voict ''After such an insult. there is bu (ine course:" and stepping into a cleat ed space at the back of the garden. h awaited the chevalier. Pale with terror, Henriette sax these preparations: but she could onl clasp her hands. and with a whispere 'prayer to Him wno said, "Thou shal not kill." breathlessly awaited the r suit of the duel. Both men were experienced sword: men: but from the first De Vaudre had the advantage, owing to his coo: ness. and he contented himself wit' parrying the wild thrusts of the mal quis. At length a lunge more careles than the others gave the chevalier th opportunity he awaited, and with quick, rapid thrust, he ran his swor through the body of his antagonist. The marquis reeled for a momen as the sword was withdrawn. and the with a low groan sunk into the arm that were outstretched to receiv him. Without deigning to cast a look ut on his fallen foe. De Vaudrey raise his hat with courtly grace, and offer ed his hand to Henriette, who was a most bewildered by the rapidity wit which the combat had been finished Never before had she seen a huma being stricken down by a violen death. and she could not refrain fror casting a comnpassionate look upon th body of the young man who hads lately been her worst enemy. bu whose life blood was now slowly wel ing out from the narrow wound in th chest, and dropping upon the grax'e ed walks. De Vaudrey took the girl's han kindly in his own. and saying, 'Comr mademoiselle. we are now free to go, led her out of the vile place f rot which she had been released only the interposition of death. To be continued. QUICK JUSTICE. A Triple Murderer Hanged Tw Hours After Being Sentenced. Jim Buchanan, colored, the murder er of the Hicks family, was tried a Nacogdoches, Texas, and a plea o guilty was accepted by the judge an< the negro was legally hanged withil two hours after sentence had bee1 passed. Ten days ago the dead bodie of Farmer H icks. his wife and daugh ter were found in the Hicks home ani Sheriff Spradley immediately began ti search for the perpetrator of tht crime. A week latei Jim Buchanat was arrested and finally confessed ti the triple murder. The ~news of the negro's confessioi spread rapidly and a mob of severa hundred people marched upon th< sheritf and his deputies with th< avowed purpose of securing possessiot of the negro and burning him at tht stake. Sheriff Spradley and his depu ties refused to give over his prisonel and later he was joined by Sherif Bowe:s of San Augustine county. Th< two oticers through a ruse finally sue ceeded in spiriting the negro away t< the parish jail at Shreveport. Buchanan was afterwards taken t( the jail at Ihenderson and a company of militia was ordered out to protect the negro from violence. A mob form ed and it was feared an encounte1 with the troops would result in seriou. bloodshed. Two more companies o3 militia was dispatched to Hiendersor and today Buchanan was brought t< Nacogdohes under the protection o0 five companies of militia. Upon hi. arrival at Nacogdoches the negro wa: immediately turned over to Sherit Spradley, who told the people hi would be given a special trial. Thi town began to fill up rapidly and th< excitement was intense. The telegraph wires were cut. th< railroad tracks were torn up for i short distance and it was announc that an attempt would be made to gel possession of Buc'hanan. Distric1 court was at once convened, a jury was empaneled without delay and thi negro's plea of guilty was accepted b: the court. The judge ordered tha1 the death sentence be executed Nov 1. but many people announced tha1 they would not allow delay. Buchanar then waived the 30 days allowed hirn by law and preparations were begun to erect a cr'ude scaffold in the jai yard. When the task was complete< Buchanan was hanged by Sherif Spradley in the presence of a largi At the Citadel. Capt. Geo. 11. Mce3aste'r has beei assigned to duty as commandant o the South Carolina 31ilitary academy the Citadel. The duties of this otliec have been discharged most acceptabi: )y Lieut. .J. Wills Cantey.. a Citade graduate, who is not an ollicer of the regular army. Capt. MIe~aster is nativxe of Columbia. Arter Thir'ty Years. In the circuit court at Evergreen Ala.. Thursday morningAlbert Urzowv colred. was sentenced to life imprison met for killing Levy Brown in thi: town in 18-1. Tihe accused is a gray ui- National IThbt. Au interesting series of articles has been appearing in The North Amei can Review on "National Debts of the - World." The latest one of these in I teresting and instructive articles is devoted to The Public Debt of the United States." and is contributed by Mr. 0. P. Austin. chief of the bureau I of statistics of the treasury depart ment. The national debt of the Uni ted States amounted-on .J ly 1. 1902, to $1.328,0:31,356. Of this sum $931.070. 340 is "interest-bearing debt." $395. - 680.156 "debt bearing no interest. and $1.250.60 "debt on which inter est has ceased since maturity." The 1 interest-bearing debt. speaking in r round millions. consists of 819.000.000 > in 5 per cent bonds. redeemable in 1904: 8233,000,000 at 4 per cent. re. deemable in 1907: $135.000.000 at 4 1 per cent. redeemable in 1925: $97.000. 000 at : per cent. redeemable in 1905: and $446.000.000 at 2 per cent, re i deemable in 1930. , The debt bearing no interest con sists of $346,000.000 of United States notes. commonly known as "green backs," for which no date of redemp I tion is fixed: $42.000.000 of funds de posited by nationai banks going out of e business, with which the government s is to redeem their notes whenever pre 3 sented at the treasury for redemption s and $6,000.000 of fractional currency issued during the civil war. of whicl: e probably less than $1,000,000 will eves i be presented for redemption. and the debt on which interest has cease( since maturity amounts to about $1. r 000.000 of bonds overdue but not yet presented for redemption. Against this debt there stands in the treasury 8150.000,000 in gold. set aside as a re serve fund for redemption of the Uni ted States notes when presented, anc an "available cash balance" on Tuly 1. of $208.000.000. or an available debt. e paying balance of $358.000,000, thui bringing the "debt less cash in th( treasury" to $969,457,241. The Atlanta Journal says a causal d examination of the debt statement d might give a widely erroneous impres sion of the situation. The annual statement published in the reports of the treasury shows in one columr "the outstanding principal of the pub y lic debt" as $2,158,610,445. This 1- enormous figure is produced by bring [ ing into the total account allthe gold and silver certificates for which there is deposited in the treasury a sum ex Sactly equal to the values of the certiti e cate;s.. a Therefore, this apparent indebted d ness which is classified as "certificates and notes issued on deposit of coir t and silver bullion," and whicl n amounts to $346,000,000 of gold certiti s cates, $454,000,000 of silver certifi e cates and $30,000,000 of treasury note. issued for the purchase of silver bul lion, is, in fact, not to be considerec in a statement of the real debt, since d the entire sum necessary for their re demption is on deposit in the treas ury. The simplest form in which the deb1 of the United States can be stated i that the interest-bearing debt is $931. t 070.340, the debt bearing no interest n $395.680.156, and the total debt, lesi e cash in the treasury, 5696,457.241 0 This makes an annual interest charg tof $27.542,945 and brings the per'cap ita debt. less cash in tihe treasury. t( e $12.27, and the annual per capita in terest rate to 35s cents. dThe Samre Old Mixture. .* Capt. John G. Capers, United States district attorney for this State I and supposed to be the administra b tion's referee in party affairs dowr here, has given to the press his views upon the elimination of the negrc from the Republican party, a proposi tion which has caused more discussior among the Democrats than it has gained support among tihe Rtepubli o cans. It~is not at all surprising thal Capt. Capers' views agree pretty wel with the expressions made a few day: ago by the president to a delegatior of darkey divines who called at the Stemporary White Hodse but did nlot dine there. Capt. Capers is quoted al Thea~ organization and operation o1 2 political parties upon purely racial I classification is, to my mind, wholly s inconsistent with the spirit of our gov - emnent, requiring, as our government jdoes, well defined duties and responsi jbilities from all its citizens. In the exercise of citizenship when the ne gro asserts a right and demonstrates > that it rests upon intelligence and character rather than upon race pre 1judice,or fancied and unearned distinc. 1 tion, his rights should be respected as San American citizen, regardiess of his Scolor. In politics the negro's troutie Sin the south comes in a large measure Sfrom the advice he receives from his -northern colored brother, vwho ruins ethe effect of a protest against a white Sman's party in the south by a practi cal demand for a black man's party. -There is no good reason why tile Re publican party in the south should be all white, and there is every reason why it should not be all black. The Columbia State, in comment ing on the above says that some white men want to hold federal otlices under 7Republican ad minstrations is doubtless reason enough why tile Republican party in the south "should not be all black" And judging from recent )events these white men do not desire to make tile party "all white" so long as the blacks consent to let them run tile machine. The only negroes they would eliminate from the organiza, tion are those ambitious darkeys who do not subnmit to being supplanted by recent converts and thleir new all ies among the old-timers. If it were no: plain before, it is now since Capt. Capers' pronouncement, following so closely upon that of President Roost' velt, that the new regime in southern Republican circles is not to difier greatly from the old. The negro is still to be anasset, if not a factor. His "rights" as an American citizen and the " injustice of race discrimination" .are to be dI welt upon as of old. All of this has been the oratorical stock in trade of northern tireeaters. Republi - an leaders and southern scalawags ifor .nany a-day. Put the fact remains I as a cause for gr-atitication that the southlern white men oif respectable birth and respected parentage who Shave descended to consort with the negro have been few. Nor do we he live tile number wvill increase, even if thlere appears an occasional re trogresson which is most conspi'uous because of tile hlonor that hlas attachl ed to the names borne by tile new champions and colleagues of " the brothler in black;.' That there is to ie no effort to reorganize the Repiibli ca at in the southern States up the character of its leadership. mem brship, aims arnd purposes is to be re getted. A star-t seemed to have been maein A~il labama and North Car-olina and there weire hopes thlat it mighlt . e clone in South Caiolina, but it is plain now thlat this is not to be. To succeed even so far as to obtain for thr. tateorgwaniationns recognition romi the niatioijal orgain'/at ioi tLe ap proval and assistance of the president, the party's titular leader. would be ndispensable. In the Alabama case President Roosevelt, who entertained Booker Washington at dinner with his family, has announced that he has no sympathy with the movement which seeks to elimenate the negro. That presidential dechiration is fatal to the attempt in Alabama. as else where. It is evident that the party leaders have taken the cue and we shall not for a long time to comic hear anything practical about a "white Republican party" in the south. And with this goes also all talk of 'a de cent Rlepublican party" in these States. For while a purely black party might conceivably be respectable, a I mixed white and black organization cannot possibly lay claim to that des ignation. And it is the mixture that we are still to have' SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY. The New Zealand government is /ailing the wages of its railway em ployes to the extent of $100.000. What is said to be the first factory for the manufacture of oxalic acid is being built near Cheboygan, Mich. In the year 620 the mulberry tree was first cultivated in Greece and the Levant for the benefit of the silk worms. The nest of the wasp shows a de gree of engineering skill and adapta tion of means to end which rival the same talents of the bee. * Exports of steel rails for the first eight months of 1901, though less by 6,995 tons than in 1900, was 90,244 tons greater than for the period in 1S99. Irrigation has converted the South American desert valleys near the city of Mendoza into some of the most productive vineyards in the world. The broom must go! A French hygienic journal states that in Tunis the mortality from tuberculosis is 11.3 per 1,000 among the Arabs, and only 0.75 per 1,000 among the Jews, who lead pretty much the same life as the Arabs, except that they daily clean all their furniture with moist cloths, ard never stir up the germinfected dust with brooms. The skunk first appears in history in the year 1636, when he was de scribed in Theodat's History of Can ada. He had been a long time on the earth before that time, however, for there are species of fossil skunks. The skunks of the genus Chinca range over the greater part of North Amer ica and as far south as Mexico. Oth er skunks are found in Central and South America. PRAYERS FOR A STIPEND. Freueh Abbe Who Has Made a Town Prosperous by a 1ovel Tram, There is a small village in the de partment of the Sarthe, In France, that has arisen from poverty to af tluence by means of prayer furnished on demand for a consideration. The cure of the village, a certain Abbe Buguet, was as poor as his flock. But he wvas not content to stay that way arnd, being a man of imagipation, he looked around for some means by wich he could better the condition of his people and incident-aly his own. He fina:iy hit upon an idea, says a Lon don e~ch inge. He learned to set type, bought a secondhand hand press -and set up. printed arnd published a leellet in which he discoursed upon the effi car-y cf prayer. Then he madie a busi nes- proposition to his flock, lie would pray for them, for their children and for their dead for an annual subscrip tion of one sou. In other words, he would take charge of all their prayers for one sou a year. The idea appea led to his parishionero and all of them subseribed. With the little sums thus acquired he printed more leaflets and distributed them throughout the net'ghb)rinlg country and ttrry leaflet seet d to bring in a new subscriber. To-day he harv many thousands of subscri'uers who live in all parts of the world, and Montligeon, which was once little more than a collection of hotels, is a prosperous town. It has a church that is a cathedral. It has wide streets lighted by electric lights, a post of fice, waterworks and cab service. And in the center of the town is . large Iwhite building~ where Abbe ID'guet, with eight aimoners, 15 interpreters, 20 secretaries and a, crowd of cierks, proceeds with his work of supplying pra ye-s. More than L.500 letters come each day, each of them conta2ring at least the required sou. and most of them having a n'ueh larg~r sum. A part of these lette'rs ask for prayers and these are divided amongz various needy priests in the neighborhood, who thus are able to add considerable to their meager incomes. All the vol untary offerings go into the penxeral treasury and are used for the benefit of the town and the valley in which it is situated. The mayor of the town is the cas-hier and the principal coun cilors are the secretaries or chief ac countants and Abbe Puguet is man ager of all. It is the most profitable prayer factory in the world. / - Hit by the Recoil. Lawyer (examining Accused pick pocket, testifying in his own behalf) -You deny this special charge, and yet adnilt that you have committed similar offenses. Perhaps you'll be good enough to tell the court just how long you've been in this busi ness? P.ickpocket (nonchalantly)-Oh, not more than tw'o or thr-ee mo'nths. LI-.vyer-Only two or !!.ree months, eh?ilion do y ou expect the court to believe that statement in view of the fact tht It ':as had i;oiie t' timoiny .o the effect that you are ant expert? Piekpeecket (s.mil>ngl)-Oh. well, von must remember that I had the eniefit of a three y'ears' previous practice in your profession.-Rich mond Dispatch. Buiding in Stockholm, Sweden. Only two-thirds of the area of the lot can be covered in Stockholm, Sweden, except on street corners, where three-?ourths is allowed. The remainder of the lot must be reserved for courts, for light and ventilation. All chimney flues must be 12 or 15 inches and must he swept once a month from OetchLer to April by of ficial chimaney sweepers.-Chicago In ter Ocean. Woctaan-Like. Tess--She says she can't under stand why people call him a flatterer. Jess-She does. eh? "Yes: I guess it's because he never said anything flattering to her." "More likely he did say something flattering and she's trying to make herself believe he was in earnet." [Philadelphia Press. \tuuors reasons have been given for the action of the Southern lle publicans in trying to iliminate the negro as a factor in polities, but tile real reason is that the white men in the party want the ollices. and they think the best way to secure them is Ito tic the black brother. IGN OF THE TIMES. Big English Shipbuilder Comes to America to Get Points. Sir Christopher Furness Says That European Manufacturers Are Awakening to Fact That Their Prestige In Threatened. A sign of the times was the arrival at Ne York the other day't of Sir Chr .topher urrat-:s, m:. < te im lortant rh:pouil::erS at: : ite . anui In 0.~r t. of (rc.., t r..:. 1. a) of;_. p2:~ and st ti pints here to ! .: tions. for the improven:t t of his pl:n. in, Egland. He ;idt he had not comeIr to analganiat-e or to buty or ,ell any v. S:r thrstophe.r Furness is chairman of th ::irds of the Furnes.5-Withy Shpio:i:*:: company, the Twiag Sh : IJLom;a, the < r:iiam be r:z :.: - . .ci:;" c".i:.i.v, the Sweniti..- S:el c mp.ny and the Sout: : :: :-. i com; -Iry. In re piy to t q u:eu ion regartig the Eng lish labor p:robknm he sa': : "Labg : n i- ::.r. -el:. e ' y :k!!lled labor. is r::!zi::: that it is f,;r its best in:e--st :o give up : :!ea of !!miting the n:t cr man and that it has much to ft--ir from (: rman and American c"m! ' i::. ;.r ...ily .\n:rican. While 'n Amerxia ::r price of labor is higher, yet th. pro dt:ct per man is so much greater that labor re ally cet s: . "Are a'. these stories about the scare a:"- Fnalish manufacturers over th r- vit iln of the progress of the Uni:e. 'tes true?" "Yts. ! -.ti-t st created a panic at first. b::- w' are awake to the fact that our backs are against the wall and we must do soneting." LABORERS IN GERMANY. Consul General Hughes Sends Report That Many Are Unable to Secure Eimployment. There Is a continuous scarcity of work in Germany, Consul General Hughes has sent reports to the state department showing that in the main in:. districts and in the centers of the iron working and machine miak in'r regions short hours. dismissal of hands, and cutting down of wages are general. In the month of July, 1!O. when the depression of business in ur-ner::i was fel. for the firsr time on the !ihior market, the decrea-e of employed :aborers amounted to only three pir cent., while in July of this y":zr their already much reduoced number has decreased by a further five per cent. There is a marked increase in the namier of nrn applying for work at the p'ublite labor ofices. In JTly, 1E0t. icr evi-ry 100 open places 122.2 applian ts were counted; this year the:- number has run up to 160.9. i he labor offices report an in creased rush for places, particularly h- meta worlers and those em ployed in the building trades. The latter may hope for an improvement, at least in stmie ;-laces. at the begin ning of the autumnal building sea son. but for the iron workers the outlook is gloomy indeed. ROOSEVELT CHILDREN BUSY. IKermit and Ethel Enjoy.Their New Rome at the White House Have Mluch to See. The Roosevelt children, Kermit and Ethel, are thoroughly enjoying their new home at the white house. The first morning after their arrival they were out of bed a -long time before the family was ready for breakfast, and~ inunzediateliy began an inspection of their new home, visiting all the apartments and admiring the view from the windows, which overlook the white lot and the site of the Washington mnonument. After break fast they went out with Pinckney. Mr. Rhoosevelt's colored man servant, and under his supervision purchased two bicveles at a store on Fourteenth street. They rode the bicycles back to the white house and showed them to their father and mother. In the afternoon they took a long ride on their wheels, going down Pennsyl vania avenue, over into the Smith sonian grournds and through the ex tenzsivc mail between the national museum and the capitol. Pinckney rode with them on his own bicycle to take care of them. Automobile Against a Bull. The PDiarritz, France, correspond ent of the Newv York Herald says: Next Sun/ay there is to be a bull fight such as has never been seen before. It will be a fight of an au ttmoble n1:inst a bull. Mr. lleury Deutsch, whose name is connected. with the prize for aerial rnvir ation, wvill preside. Mr. Dleutsch when inuterviewed 'oncerning this la test niovel plan for dcnmonstrating the merits of the automobile said: "My opinion is that an auztomnobi~le can be used instead of a mounted picador andl if the picador is placed on a swiftly revolving automobile the sport might he immense. "I hold that with a enable chaf feur the automobile conhi avoid the charges of t he bull. My idea in all this is that as the revoltinz feature of bull fighting is the mutilation of the horse, this could be avoided by the use of an automobile." An Easy Job for Canada. Surveyors rep)ort that a Canadian railway to the Yukon could be con structed at reasonnlble cost. Cost of Bank of Enmgland Notes. It oosts almost exactly a halfpenny apiece to print Bank of England notes. Considerable excitemecnt has been created in the eastern part of Knox ville. Tenn.. by parties digging in an isolated yard for several nights of late. It is stated that years ago a man died in the house on this proper ty. and that before he died he had bried in the yard a small fortune in gold. lie failed to disclose to any one tile identity of the spot where the treasure was located. The recent mid night diggers are reported to be searching for the old man's gold. A horse belonging to George Gath ers, colored, of Wedgetield~was fright ened by the Atlantic Coast Line train Saturday evening. and in pulling back the hitch rein broke and the horses hadl struck tile ground hard enough to rupture a blood vessel which caused the animal's death. Too Sensitive. The mayor of the little town of St. Emiland, in France, has hanged him self with his scarf of ollice, leaving a note behind to state that he was driv en to commit suicide by tihe cares of oie and the utter impossibility of psing evrybhnel in his decisions. PARMINS ON A LAI E NcAIE4 some F:ts' nTegardiuz Agrieulture as Ca.-ic d On tn th Paceite Coast Region. The department of agriculture has issue d :, r rt on the general agri e ra. s :ions in. the Pacific coast r.; . ay. that alhhuugh the'ten d.. ~for :1 he ast :'"i y ears has been t t...: . :- dual redcitiofn in the ar .. dual farms and ranches t:, ... ,- '" of a size much larger h :a-rge farm of the east or et :. :-tiddle west. It is par :i C:iife:-nla. Another . . atuire. .s;teciallv in the S: .. .rea of California, is the - ua .' .. eery of great capacity, w: an econo-my of human laho . en also means a waste of - r: ry effort-is made tocom bi :1 operatirons into one. Tr.-:::- on of the enormous quan ti:" of Pacifie coast wheat has been reduc d :o a science. A Mrge saving s m:e Tyv invling ships directly from th- :r, rains being run from the w;:.a: fields to tidewrter at a very few ir s' notice. In Washington and Ore:n: h<.wever. the wheat is run thre-a *to-. wh'e it is re c'.,... :, : ; , -: wC-h cther grades h::: to the required t:r - -r:... af.: which it is re i. - 1r - the vessels or car= f-r final shipment. About 27,450, 00") bh ! of wheat are exported an na:V f:- :he Pacific coast. with a to: r.' --.-.-t,:f ab::ut $20 000 003. Of the c (:O.rn0 barrels of flour annually r:paed frem the Pacific coast ports .... :- Inst ten yeers. nearly one half e:. artd at San Francisco. The rr --- -h ~ "'--en about 36.000,- - 000 b ', of wMi-r to supply the for ein r ::er w ti: -acific coast wheat aml flour. Of this amount California port furnished more than 20,000,000 bushels. ODD SUBSTiTUI E FOR STAMPS. Ofeials at Post Offee at New York City Hold Letters Bearing Old "Ihiaplasters." Officials at the general post.office in New York city are interested in letters which were "dropped" there onTues day and t hich art zing held for post age, because instead of stamps "shin plasters" of 35 years ago were gummed to them. The name of the person who post: d the letters is known. He has commin ed no offense against the law, but has failed in some scheme to have the shinplasters stamped with a can celing stamp as are regular postage stamps. "There were," said an official, "half a dozen letters dropped here. -Where two-cent stamps shoud -have been used were five-cent, ten-cent, twenty ave-cent and fifty-cent war shinplas ters. They were carefully gummed to the right hand top corner of the en velol-es. where the postage stamps shoud have been. All the letters were held for postage. "The man has not been identified as '16 a practica! joker or a philatelist. His aim in ailixiug shinplasters to envel opesis obeaure. As it stands, it looks to me as if the mailer of the letters warnted the shinpasters canceled. - "Suc'h authentications are often se cured by phiatelists. It makes their specimens a:1 the more valugble. In one instance that I remember a five dollar Columbia stamp had the place -- of a two-cent stamp. It, of course, went through." BOY FINTDS RICH MINE. lInamea.e. and Valuable Copper' De posits Located by a Little Mexican Lad. - What is believed to be one of the richest copper deposits in the world was recently discovered through a boy's selling pretty rocks .to an assay office at San Diego, Col. Severi-aweeks ago a small boy came into the-office of Col. IRobbins, an assayer -of San Diego, with some "pretty"' rocks which he wanted to selL. The assayer gave him a few. nickels and took the rock. Examination showed the ore to be almost pure copper streaked with silver. The boy had disappeared, but the assayer kept a standing advertisement in three papers for several weeks and finally - located the boy and also his father. It was fotnd that the ore came . from about 25 miles below- the Mex ican line, and the boy's father, -An toni~o Feliz, Col. Robbins and J. Wade McDonald have located the -land un der the Mexican law. Developfment work has begun. Content with Title "Wife." La dy Sy bil Cutting. af ter abrief stay in democratic America, has decided to- - a bandon her title. Bereafter she will be known simply as Mrs..William B. Cutting, Jr. . Her decision may have been influ- . ence d by t he fact that, under her urg - ing. her husband has decided ,to go into the sugar refining business s-nd will begin at the bo-ttora of the ladder This winter the young coup-e wiH ga to Oxnard. Cal., where Cut ting is prom ised employment in a refinery owned by the Oxnards, of Brooklyn. They will occupy a plain workingman's ept tage there. Mrs. Cutting will do her husba-nd's cookin.. Mrs. Cutting was Lady Sybil Cuffe, daughter of Earl and Countess Desap. Must speak Jndian Language. Banks in Indian territory have to keep cashiers who can speak the In dian languiage. Morrnon Converts in Gersny. Mormon miissionaries report that they are making many converts in Germany. Tea of Cabbage Leaves. The people of Siberia. when reduced to hard straits, make a tea of cabbage leaves.____________ Stepped (off the Train. A very unusual railway accident occurred a half mile west of Pelzer station Thursday night. It appears that when nearing that point the por ter of train No. 16. south bound, came through the first class coach, as is the custom and called out the sta tion when Miss Minnie Hollingsworth, a young lady passenger, deliberately arose from her seat, walked to the platform of the coach and stepped off to the ground while the train was dashing along at the ratc of perhaps 30 miles an hour. It so happened that one of the train crew saw the lady as she stpped off and Conductor Battle was immediately notitied, who backed the train in search of the -lady,. fully expecting to find her lifeless body by the roadside. but the strangest part of the story is that she picked herself up after the fall and walked some distance to her home in Pelzer, with only a few slight bruises about her person. The strange conduct on the part of this lady has not yet been explained, whether she was asleep or did not know the train was in motion is not 1:nown.