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I REMEMBER, I REMEMBER.
iBY THOCMAS ROOD. I remembevr, _ "ememer The house where I was born, The little window where the sun Came peeping in at morn: Ie never came a wink too soon. Nor brought too long a day: But now. 1 often wish the :iiht Had borne my breath away. I remember, I remember The roses, red and white: The violets and the Ky-cups. Those f hwers made of light The lilacs where the robin built. And where my brother set The laburnum on his birthday The tree is living yet. I remember. I remember Where I was used to swing: And thought the air must rush as fresh To swallows on the wing: My spirit flew in feathers then. That is so heavy now, And summer pools could hardly cool The fever on my brow. I remember. I remember The nr trees dark and high: I used to think their slender tops Were close against the sky: It was a childish ignorance, But now 'tis little joy To know I'm farther off from heaven Than when I was a boy. Tije Two Orpljels. CHAPTER XV. THE STREET BEGGAR'S LIFE. The angelic voice of Louise. which sounded to Pierre as the harbinger of love and peace, drew a sigh of relief from Jacques. He had deferred his carousal at the cabaret because he had no money: therefor he had waited until he could take from his mother the scanty amount earned by the blind girl. who was so cruelly forced to ber "Here they are at last," said Jac ques, joyfully, adding, in a tone of un disputed proprietorship: "That voice ought to be worth a louis a day, at least." Mother Frochard's shrill cry of "Charity, good people. Pity a poor unhappy child. Charity, if you please." was heard before the two came in sight, and the shrill tones of that harsh voice sounded doubly hard in the cold, frosty air. "How the poor child must suffer:" exclaimed Pierre, sympathetically. "Good!" was Jacques' unfeeling re joinder, "that's part of the business. Look out, Master Cupid, no getting soft, I tell you." At this moment the two came into the square, and as soon as the old wo mansaw that it was unoccupied, save by her two sons, she. dropped her cry of "Charity," and exclaimed, in an angry voice: "Ah there's nothing to be got from those miserable common people! They will stop and listen quick enough; but when you ask them for a son, they clear out." "It will be bitter when the church is out," said Jacques patronizingly, as he lighted his pipe, and went toward his mother. "We'li go back, then," said the old woman, as she grasped the thinly-clad arm of Louise in her hard~rough hand. "Come-come, let us be moving:" "I am tired, madame," said the poor girl, in tones of deepest distress, and her looks and actions bore evidence of the truth of her words. Although the day was bitterly cold, and the snow falling fast, the young girl was clad only in thin cotton gar ments, and the wretched shoes that were upon her feet afforded very little protection. During all of that Sab bath day, which was intended as a day of rest for man and beast, she had walked the streets. singing as well as she was able, and forced alIong by the old hag at her side, until now she reeled with fatigue as she walked. and many times would she have fallen had it not been for the relentless grasp of the wicked woman wbo was thus forcing this lhfe of misery upon her. When, worn out by fatigue and suf fering, Louise ventured to say that she was tired, Mother Frochard looked at her with as much astonishment in .her face as though Pierre's wheel had "Wlyou can sleep tonight," she said, roughly. "Oh, madame! I am so tired I can scarcely stand, we have walked so much today," said Louise, in a pite ous tone. "Well, didn't you want to walk?" asked La Frochard, angrily- "Didn't you say that you wanted to look for your sister?" "Yes; but you always walk in the same part of the city," was the low answer of the blind girl. "Bah"' interrupted the old woman. *"How do you know? You can't see." -"I know that, madame, when you found me you promised-" "I promised you to find your sister. Ain't I doing it?" and the old hag's voice took a tone of injured innocence. "I ain't rich, and you must earn your bread. You must sing, and I'll do the 1Il sing, madame," said Louise. in a voice full of resignation, "if you wish it." "Yes; but how do you sing?" asked the old woman, brutally. "Like a mourner at a funeral." "I sing as well as I can," pleaded the blind girl, piteously. "Ii cannot, indeed I cannot. When I think of what I am-of what I am doing-I-I -I am so unhappy--so miserably un And no longer able to restrain her feelings, she sunk down upon the cold, wet snow, and gave herself up to an agony of grief that plainly told how near the poor heart was to breaking. During this affecting scene the two brothers stood looking on, but with .entirely different feelings. To Jacques it was a scene which af forded himn great enjoyment, and noth ing ever gave him half the pleasure that the sight of grief or suffering did. But Pierre was different, Hie could never look upon another's sorrow un moved; but when it was Louise's grief that he was a witness of. his heart was deeply touched, and despite his efforts to restrain them, the tears rolled down his cheeks, and involuntarily he stretched his hands out toward her, a'.hd in a voice which expressed the sympathy he felt, he called: "Louise!" He would have gone toward her, but Jacques caught him roughly by the shoulder, an& hurled him some dis tance away. "Well what are you up to, Master Cupid?" he asked, as he sav'agely sur veyed his fallen brother. "Nothing-nothing," said Pierre, as he slowly rose from the ground, and then, as shame came over him at his own helpless condition. he muttered: "I am so helpless:" Jacques went toward the weeping girl, and after gazing at her admiring ly for a few moments, he said: "She is pretty when she cries." "Come-com'e." said M1other Froch ard. seizing Louise brutaliy by the arm, and dragging her to her feet, "enough of this, let us be moving.' "Very well. Imadame. I will." said the poor girl, striving to repress her tears, and holding on by. tihe old wo man's arm in order to stand. wile at the same time she wiped away the tears which were streamimg down her cheeks.. , "Don't do that:" exclaimed La Frochard. catching Louise's hands. "What: would you wipe away. real tears? Why. that is the very thing to cath m'ur sotha rt ed fools." At ti- I- l sad Iruhn . Then giigt ' \ ' o n cry ing ." I L IN* ' 'B U ' i I ~ t A'I d1Thell O"*sI pJor I i i '. *O -,-c' she said. .\sshe saw others approaching -h raisediherionotonous ery: "Charity. good people. if you 'ea' Among the people who con toward the church was i h good-n tured do0tor o1 t h hop ai f Louis and La,:i t rare. and 'k o hi: for ea 'ir v. "I'ase'W. my 1 od . said the 01, wo::n. ~ g toward hin:. and iokc inge- &c irtyhandi. irand i Ja'110 1c,1es had Iloved kawa, a soon a,; the church-goers came u and OW lot her Frochard. her chargi and the doctor. were the only ones tlhe square. The physician paid no attention 1 the old woman's entreaty. and wa walking away. but La Frochard wia not to be shaken off so easily. Sb stepped in front of him. and cried. in whining tone: "Charity.if you please. "Oh, clear out:' exclaimed ti l doc tor, whose pat ietce was exhaust ed. "Pity for a poor lnd chi ld. if yol please, charity:" persisted the old wc mall. As the old woman spoke of the nis fortune of Louise. I he doctor's profeS sional feeling"s. if not his clarhabl Were aroUseti. and le twr.id quicki around. asking: iind: Who?"' and seem.g' Louis for tie - irst t ine. pointed to itwr as i asked: "Is this young Irirl blind?'' ".\las: yes, my good sir. have pit, on her." whineId Motlher Frochard, 1 her professional voice, as she carefuli, kept Louise behind her. ''Poor. unhappy child" said the goo< doctor. sy mpat hetically. " Let ine loo at your eyes.'' and as he spoke he wen toward the poor orphan. It was charity that La Frochar< wanted, and not sympathy or profes sional services, therefore she did no wish the doctor to see the poor girl fo fear that she might be taken to th< hospital. and thereby deprive the wor thy Frochards of the amount she couli earn by begging. The old woman sprung toward Lou ise. and roughly pushed her away, a the same time confronting the physi cian with the question: "What do you want to see her for?' she uttered in an angry tone. "Come here, my child." continue( the doctor, not heedintg the woman' interference or question: '-Let me se your eyes. I am a doctor." "A doctor:" exclaimed Louise joyful lv, as she started to go toward th kind man who had thus intereste< himself in her fate. But Mother Frochard caught th poor girl by the arm, and with a vic ious thump with her elbow at Louise side, and a cruel pinch of her arm, pre vented her from speaking. "Come along." she said. in a loi voice of rage. so low as not to be hear< by the doctor; and then, in a shril voice which she tried to make souni resigned, she said to the physiciari "They can't be cured: it is no use. and clutching Louise more tirmly b the arm. and almost shaking heri her wrath, she said: "Come along. m dear." "But 1 insist." said the doctor. Irn v. "You are impostors. and I wi hand you over to tile police." Theold hag's eyes glared fiercely fo a moment. but she saw that it wt useless for her to -resist. for shoul Louise once get under the protectio of the police, she would never go bac to the old boat-house on the banksc the Seine. "Well, then." she said as she rudel pushed Louise toward him. "see fc yourself if she is not blind." and the unable to rest rain her angel'. she nmo tered to herself. "Curse him: I kno him. he is that whining doctor at th hospital:" And as soon as she had thus give vent to some of her anger, she stOo by the side of Louise to prev'ent he from telling the doctor anything tha might reflect on her tormentor's -noth erly care. "Ah, sir, if you are a doctor," bega Louise. eagerly, but before she ha concluded the sentence Mother Fr< chard gave her such a cruel pinch c the arm that she did not dare to sa anything more. "Well, do you see," asked the ol woman, shrilly, after the doctor ha examined the poor girl's eyes for a m< ment. "She's blind, isn't she?" "You have not always been blinc my e~hild, have vou?" asked the doctol nt heeding the old woman's questioi "No, monsieur." said Louise. timic ly, as she inv'oluntarily shrunk froi the blow, or Dinch, which she expeci ed to receive.~ "I was fourteen yea1 old when this misfortune befell me." "Fourteen:" exclaimed the doctori astonishment. "and you have had n treatment'?" "Monsieur--" began Louise, eageril forgetting for the moment the ol wretch that stood beside ner. Moth?er Frochard saw in a momer that Louise was about to speak of he past life, and she adroitly administei ed a blowv in the poor girl's side. tn perceived by the doctor. that prevent ed ner from speaking, and before th: interruption could be noticed, she sai quickly: "We are so poor, good doctoi'. w have not the money to' "Oh, monsieur:'' interrupted Lou isc who would not thus be deprived of on chance to regain her sight, and whi resolved to speak, regardless of what the old woman might say or do. "Fc mercy's sake, if you have any pit) speak to me, tell me is there any hop for me?* Oh. if you knewv from wha misery your words might save me!" Again did the old woman give thi poor orphan a cruel blow, and haster ed to speak, lest Louise should tr Ito say more. 'Yes-yes, indeed." she said. in he whining voice, as she tried to pus Louise away. "there can't be an worse misery than to be blind. if sh colid see. she could work. and wvoul not have to beg. Isn't that so. ni dear?" and again the cruel hand ri minded Louise how~ she must speak. "Yes-yes." said the noor girl. eag" lv "I would work-I would-i would She was about to say that she woul then find her sister: but Mother Frc chard. ever on the alert. understoo what the poor orphan would say. an a wicked grasp of tile arm caused he to change her words. "Calm yourself, my child. calir Iyourself." said the good doctoi', deepi moved by the suffering which wa' evident from the young girl's words IThen becoming to the old woman. h moved a few steps away from Lou is< and said: "Come heire." Te old woman pushed Louise som distance from her, so that she col not, by any means. hear what was sal and thlea. in a servie. asked as sh: wvent towarid the phlysic'ian: "W\Xhat is it. (1Octo1?" "'Listen.'' said the medical man. Ia low tone. "Youi must not excite bei and you nmust not tell Iher~i sudden i what I hope: but I rinig he~'r to me a' the Hospital St. Louis."' "Yes--vyes.'' said thle old womtar1 juickly,. but a? tihe samle Ime' wit h a igy seowle upon tier hard lace. kno.. I have bieen t here often." ''1 thoought I r'ecogn izd yiu."''a the doc.t or. regard ing hI t' hu-.Kit !. "Let me sue. y'ou are cal led .'I MA "Widow~ I'tochard. monlsieurn' sar the 01(d womfan. dirawinig lherse'lf u Iv imn tel. -saidi th. doct it", a smie u"on his face at the old bacs assumption of dignity. Weli. xenl she is calmer, vou can - nti' that I think tere is! iope fr her, and then. when she is m 'onre accustoeit!d to tle idea. bring lier to 1i.i Yes ve,. ] vil!.' replied the old w-h(Il, with a Ikl siile upon her . 'll el i r e ly. Trust ine. e dev: ui u1. YoU can depend oil Ui ti *goo ii a known how gent olO ~e oki woan would have told the 11' ,rifirI of Ihe good news. he would nt hiave left her as he did: but lie be li 'v.ed Louise to be Frochard's daugh S1cr. and like many others, was deceiv - edi b the old lag's whining voice. "Here, w poor child." said the doctor, going toward Louise. giving 'er sone money. while to the poor girl the words which followed were of more value than all the money he col hav-e gi ven her. "Courage," he added. inl a pleasant voice, "courage, my lear. I will see you again." These words carried hope with them to the almieted girls heart. and in the excess of ler joy she was unable to Spekk, but stoo( trembling with cx itement s. the doctor walked away, Mother Frochard called after him in her shrill, cracked voice: May Ieaven bless you. good doctor. Ieaven bless you:" Aind as the physician turned the corir, and was out of hearing, her hessings turned to curses, and in a voice flill of hate and anger, she ex elime d: urses on you for a meddling old -fool:" What did he tell you, madame?" aiskeel Louise. eagerly, as she went tos Nard the old woman. expecting to hear the words of encouragement which the doctor's kind words assured hier she would hear. "le said it was not worth the trou ble." said the old hag, in a hard voice. "There is no hope for you." These cruel words struck Louise L with harder force than a blow would have done, and she staggered against I one of the buildings for support. "Alas-alas: what can I do?" she waiiled, and there was a depth of des I pair in her cry, such as seldom comes from the human lips. "What will be come of me?'' The encounter with the doctor was in the higrhest degreec dangerous to the old woman's plans, and she resolv ed that it should not occur again. "If I bring her here every day, he will see her again," she said to herself. " No-no: that will not do." i For a few moments she remained in i deep thought, and then a smiel of triumph came over her face which was tiendish, and she said to Louise: - "Look here, child, I am a good wo man. You have been complaining that I aiways take you to the same places. Now, to-morrow, we will look for your sister in some other part of the city." "Ah, madame," said Louise, great fully, "I thank you. I have but one hope left, to find my dear sister, my dear Henriette." I Now that all hope of ever recovering i her sight, which had been so suddenly raised was taken from her, her soul cried out more anxiously than ever, if y such a thing could be be possible, for i the sister who had been so cruelly ytaken from her. To be continued. SHE OUTLIVED THEM ALL. ni Ho. B. F. Crayton's Experience with 4 a Life Insurance Company. yHon. B. F. Crayton was talking with some friends Wednesday when in some way the question of life insur ance came up. "Life insurance is a good thing," said Mr. Crayton, "and 'n every man ought to have his life in . sured, but I have always thought t there was a good deal of humbuggery - and haphazard work in the life insur n ance business. di "The insurance companies seem to Smake it a rule to reject a certain v percentage of those who apply to them for insurance, and it seems to me that d they make these rejections without d rhyme or reason, just so they reject a certain number out of every batch of .applications sent in. Here is a case in point. Many .years ago a life insurance agent came - to Anderson. Hie was an indefatig n able worker and succeeded in writing - policies for about twenty citizens in - A nde rson, myself among the number. nWell, they were sent in to the home o otflce of the company, and out of the whol~e number two were rejected. -These were the late Captain J. W. d Daniels and myself. They wrote back to us that we had consumption t and heart disease, and several other 'ailments. Captain Daniels died only a few years ago, and I am still living . a nd in good health, while the men who e were insured have all died long ago. d This convinced me that there was a lot of humbuggery and haphazard e work in the life insurance business. "And I'll tell you something else too,"' concluded MIr. Crayton, with a etwinkle in his eye, "that life insur ance company that turned down my r application has died long ago, too. .I've outlived them all.''- -Anderson e M1ail. The Mliance Funds. SThe Alliance Exchange has formally y gone out of business. It has practical ly been in that condition for several r years though its corporate existence Shas been kept up. The Alliance had S,000 on hand and there has been a great deal of controversy over what disposition should be made of it. The -executive committee, having the mat ter in charge, met in Columbia and inally concluded to divide up the money on hand among the contribu tors so far as possible. There are 817, 000 in hbank and the task of returning thi money to the~original owners d w'il be a most ditticult one. It is r proposed to return the money to the s .ub-alliance contributing and it will be left to them to dispose of it any Sway they may see fit. Some may at Stempt to return it to individual con trbutors, while others propose to deote the amount to charitable and schoolm purposes. Some of the individ ual subscribers are dead and some of the suballian(es have long since been d out of business, and the difficulty of d of the- jo) can the appreciated. The 'rmne ha' s been on deposit in the Farmers' and MIechanics Bank in Co lu1mimbia whIiich has since been merged into the Palmetto Bank and Trust Company. Somne of this money was c' cotributed by alliances and individ ual fr om this county. Genf. Green's BonlEr. Tihe dreiterment of the bones of en. Nahmiel G reen of llevolution arv fame at Savannah took place on Friday under the auspices of the asso Sciat ion of pat rim t ic societies of Savan nah. A promilnent place in the exer cises was occupied by the D~aughters - f tem American R evolut-ion. HOW TO PLANT WHEAT. .Mr. Bean a Government Expert Gives Some Good Advice. Mr. J. .1. Bean. who had charge of the Government grass exhibit at the Exposition grounds. having received his appointment from the agricultural department at Washington. is prob ably the best informed man on meth ods of cultivating grasses and fora(e plants in South Carolina. 'Mr. Bean is not an agricultnral theorist. he is a practical farmer, who does not deem it folly to reject some of the ideas bearing on sowing and reaping which were fostered twenty-five years ago. Mr. Bean is. in a sense. an experi mentalist. le does not concede that the farmer of today knows all there is to know about his business. le is ver willing to learn and a ver'y apt pupil in the school of experience he has proved himself to be. So when the agricultural department desired to mploy a man to take charge of its grass exhibit at the Exposition, a man who could be relied on to make the most of the resources at hand and ecure the most satisfactory results, Mr. Bean was selected and given the ppointment. His work was com mended most highly by the depart ment. le planted and cultivated 127 different kinds of grasses and for ge plants, and agriculturists from from every section of the country ,ame to Charleston to see this splendid xhibit. Mr. Bean doesn't think the farmers in South Carolina know how to culti vate wheat. "Why," he said Satur :ay to a Reporter for The Sunday News, who had climbed three barbed wire fences to get to his house on the Ashley River. "the South Carolina rarmer plants wheat the same way his grandfather did. le ploughs his land, harrows it a little and then prinkles his wheat over it. A tiny palegreen plant soon peeps from the arth, with nothing to nourish it but i slenner air root. It is just growing )n the surface of the land. And. naturally, the harvest is meagre. I may. say at the outset that it is a waste of time and labor to sow wheat )n sandy land. You must have land with a good clay bottom. If South Darolina farmers will take good clay land, cultivate it thoroughly and :over their wheat to a depth of from hree to three and a half inches I will ssure them. if the soil is properly manured, it will yield from thirty-five to forty bushels of wheat per acre. In planting wheat it is necessary to plough deep and harrow the land un il it is perfectly level. Then sow from one and a half to two bushels of wheaL per acre-never less than that. This is what fifty years of experience has taught me. I have cultivated wheat in England, Ireland and Scot land, where it is the chief product of the soil, and I have watched its growth In various sections of this country. "Wheat in this State is frequently attacked by a peculiarly destructive agent which is called fungus. It de stroys the plant. Now if farmers would render their wheat immune from the attacks of fungus I would advise them to scatter air-slack lime over their land-from six to eight hundred pounds of this lime to the acre. They should also mix about two quarts of this lime with every two bushels of seed wheat. That will keep off this fungus growth. "Experimentation has convinced me that the kind of seed wheat best suited to the vagaries of this cli~mate are the 'Dallas rust-proof.' the 'Valay wheat,' the 'Little Club wheat' and the 'Purple top stem wheat.' But it is well for farmers to keep in mind that scattering wheat over the surface of the earth is absolute folly. The harvest will be scanty indeed unless they sow the seed to a depth of from three to three and a half inches." News and Courier. A Word for Teachers. An essential element In the pros perity of any institution of learning is the cordial support it receives from Its patrons and the people by whom it is surrounded. Without this, the schools of whatever grade may get along in a hum-drum kind of way and do good work, Its teachers faithfully but dearily performing their duties and the scholars going wearily through with their tasks; but where there is lack of. inspiration, approval and en couragement from without, the ac tors are thrown back on the sole re serve of conscientious discharge of duty, the strongest, the most stable, the most trustworthy of all correct in centives to action indeed, and yet which, when alone, often leaves the soul in disconsolation and doubt. Eeven strong men, engaged in arduous work, need the sympathy and express ed regard of theIr fellows for their comfort and support and full efliciency. How much more men of sensitive or ganism and tender women, employed in the onerous task of developing the intellectual faculties of the young, of placing before them the mental pabulum by feeding on which they will acquire growth and strength ahid stimulus for higher endeavor and of influencing them by wholesome in struction and example to avoid the evil and choose the right and good in life. Surely the teacher of all men deserves the sympathy and encourage ment of right-thinking and virtuous people and every community ought to keep alive, and on proper occasion to express its sincere interest in its schools, in their work. in their teach ers, in their pupils. No community can afford to leave its schools alone witho at countenance, sympathy and assistance. Every man, woman and child, be he patron or pupil or with out any direct connection therewith ought to feel himself under obligation to do all in his power to speed the good work and to cheer on those im mediatelly engaged In It. By all means do what you can to promote the welfare of the excellent Institu tions within your gates. and. so far as in you lies, influence your neighbors in this and the adjoining counties to do the same. In blessing others, you will also be blessed. Swallowed a Watch. The advertising Ingenuity of the theatrical star is a perpetual cause for admiring wonder. The laitest is the exploit of the prima donna of the 'Sultan of Sulu" company, who, it is said, while asleep at Keokuk. Ia., Friday afternoon, swallowed a Swiss watch about the size of a silver dime and did not know it. A fter the Keo kuk performance a search was made for the missing timepiece. but It could not be found. The next day the lady felt a pain, which the phvsicans were unable to diagnose without the assist ance of an X-ray apparatus. The watch has been recovered but it is hardly probable this method of ad ver tising will become popular among the rrtliht faites. HISTORY OF COTTON U Origin and the Development of Its C c< Product ion in the South. el The following short history of the t origin and development of the produc- cl tioi of cotton in the South is taken sl from the "Movements and Fluctua- c tions"* of Latham, Alexander & Co., of New York. will prove interesting t to our readers: t 1(21. The cotton plant had been a found growing in a wild state by the P first settlers of the southwestern por- 1 tion of our country, but the year 1621 0 is generally regarded as the first year s( of cotton culture in the United States. t Seed, probably from the Levant or 11 the East Indies, was planted as an C experiment, and its plentiful coming s up was at that early day a subject of r interest in America and England. t Its cultivation was for a long time 1 limited to small patches for domestic n use. Among a list of articles grow- f, ing or to be had in the Virginia Col- b ony in 1621 cotton wool is mentioned; t value, 8d per pound, flax 3d. S But cotton planting in Virginia n never reached large proportions. To- ti bacco growing was found to be more t profitable. Labor was scarce and ' dear, so that the cost of handclean- t] ing. or separating the fibre from the seed by hand, before a gin was in- d vented, exceeded the market value of c the cotton so cleaned. b rom Virginia h the culture extended northward to c( Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania r, and even New Jersey, down to the c time of the Revolutionary war. 1733. Cotton seed was brought into u Carolina by Peter Purry, who settled - a colony of Swiss near Purrysville; g but, from previous mention made, It u is evident that some kind of cotton b preceded his planting. t 1734. About this time cotton was r( planted In Georgia from seed sent to fi the trustees from England. In a de- t] position taken in London in 1739 for t the use of the trustees of the Georgia ir grant it is stated "that the climate of c Georgia is very healthy, and the cli- c mate and soil very fit for raising silk, cl wine and cotton, all of which produces a may be raised by white persons with- d out the aid of Negroes." a 1741. A sample of Georgia cotton a was taken to England. b 1742. In Louisiana cotton culture d must have already become quite ex- it tensive, for we find that in this year a t planter of that state, Mr. Dubreuil, invented a machine for separating the seed from the fibre; probably only an adjustment of rollers. It greatly d stimulated planting In that colony. 1747. During this year several bags of Carolina cotton were exported $ from Charleston. u 1753. We find the first cotton pre mium recorded. A liberal citizen of Delaware offers "X4 for the most and t] best cotton off an acre." t 1770. Shipments to Liverpool, ten a bales from Charleston, three bales t] from New York, four bags from Vir- ti ginia and three barrels full from North Carolina. About this year southern planters began turning their attention to the cultivation of cotton as a staple ~ crop-.r 1775. The first'manufactory for b cotton, tlax and wool was establishedt in Philadelphia. Througnout thet Revolution this factory was supplied 1 with native cotton at two shillings a per pound. The state of the Colonies during that period was very similar to that of the south during our late war; j that they were almost entirely depen- g dent on foreign manufacturers wass shown by the destitution of the people ~ and the armies. The ragged conditiont of the American soldiers and otlicers a is well-known. Even when Washing- r ton's army was partially clothed, It was in English cloth brought to America by way of Holland. ( 1784. A bout 14 bales of American c cotton were shipped to England, of r which eight bales were seized in Liver- - pool as improperly entered, on the c ground that so much cotton could not i' have been produced in the United| c States, and this was more than 150 !s years after the first importation Into j England of cotton grown in this coun-| try. if 1787. The first regular cotton fac- a tory in the United States was built in i this year .at Beverly, Mass., "for t carding, roving and spinning cotton t by machinery." The legisiature made a grant of ?500 to assist the new d enterprise. In 1789, General Washing- t ton visited this factory. t 1791. The average value of the cot- 14 ton exported this year was 26 cents a per pound; the crop of the United r States was about four thousand five a hundred -of present sized bales. of t which three-fourths were growna in t South Carolina and one-fourth in a Georgia. About one-tenth of the s crop was exported. t 1793. This is a memorable year in o the cotton trade, made so by Eli d Whitney's invention of the saw-gin. o lie was then living In Georgia, had i no mechanical assistance and only the t rudest of tools. He even had to make t his own wire by hand. Before this, o the old-fashioned roller gins were the , best machines for cleaning cotton, b previous to them, the bowstring had been used for beating up and cleaning, s while earlier still the only method b of detaching the fibre from the seed t; was by the tedious process of picking a with the fingers, that being the even- a ing .task of many members of a plant- fj er's household in the olden time. ri Whitney's gin was patented In 1794. i The word gin Is an abbreviation of u engine. t 1795. The second cotton mill in n, in the United States erected in Rhode o Island. Georgia cotton of good qual ity offered in New York at one shill ing sixpence per pound. 1812. War with England. The price of cotton goods such as had pre- C viously been imported from England ' ran at from 17 to 20 cents per yard ad- ai ced to 75 cents by the case. C 1813. Price of cotton In this coun- I try 12 cents, In England 16d to 26d. A Considerable cotton was exported dur- C: ing the war in neutral vessels to the C continent, whence doubtless much of 'n it found its way to England. 1815. The rise in the price of J goods during the war had given great t' impetus to' the erection of mills. In b this year the importation of goods S from England recommenced prices of si course declined, and many mills that h had been built at extravagant rates a became almost worthless. d 1$25. After the opening of this h year prices of cotton advanced from t 15 to 25 cents in this country, and i from 8d to lied in Liverpool, on al prospective short supply: consumption i was checked. There was no killing frost in the cotton states. and somee plants " rottoned" (sprouted from old a roots) the next spring. Herbert Marble was convicted of v manslaughter at New Haven, Conn., t on Thursday for killing a man by run- Ii ning over him with his automobile s a mvse ntenced to one year in jail. 'I For Farming ludependence. At a meeting in Ma% nn 'ast mornth nrder the auspices of the Inte i1t te utton Grower, Association -! 0u0 )tton-groweis resolutions were adpt I endorsing the work of the Nationl gricultural Department in its etir's > exterminate the boll weevil and to )llect and publish mo1nthlv statistics lowing the condition of the groiw' ing coips, asking all cotton-inners to take prompt and correct rtiirns tC ie Department of Agriculture of all ie cotton ginned each season. and LI cottonseed-oil mills likewise to re rt the correct number of bales ol nters ginned and picked. and urging >tton-zrowers to make their farms f-sustaining, so that they can con ol the future saleof their cotton and itroduce a system of marketing tl op solely through ten months in ead a through four months. Tlis solution touched a point made by le secretary of the meeting. V. T. ammock of Coleman. Ga.. who an )unced that he intended to make his rm selfsustaing by raising meat and read, so that he would be in a posi on to sell his cotton when he pleases. ach a policy is about the quickesi teans to enable farmers to contro' ie sale of their cotton. It rests witl: ie individual larmer, whether h ises 100 bales (,r one bale, to mak ie plan effective. le must disregard what his next >or neighbor does or what lightning lculators predict about a crop. If e is among the thousands who ar( nstantly adding to their debts. car ring on their operations with mer iants holding liens upon their crops, ith the probability of their propert3 der foreclosure of mortgage, he ust bend his energies, first of all. t( Atting out of debt. le must gel pon a cash basis -V quickly as possi e. even if for a time he may havc forego what he is accustomed to gard as necessities. It is to his owr iture and the future of his children iat he must look. The happiness of iat may be assured in gradually free ig himself from the shackles of thE untry store, with its two prices, tsh and credit, with its loss for the -edit farmer, both in buying supplies id in selling products. This he may ) by raising his own hog and hominy id, if necessary, limiting himself tc diet of hog and hominy. It would 3 a hard discipline for some, but a (scipline full of immense potential ies for the individual farmer and foi ie agricultural South. A Bold Robbery. About half past 12 oclock on Fri iy night the store of Messrs. Tayloi Bull, at Cameron, was entered b3 te blowers and between $800 anc 1,000 was secured. The robbers sed dynamite and the explosior roused some people in the vicinity, ith guns and pistols they -went t ie rear of the store while the robber ;caped from the front, having hac mple time to secure the contents 01 ie safe. Several shots were fired a1 2em, but without effect. The Penitentiary bloodhounds werE mt to Cameron on Satnrday morn ig but failed to accomplish anything 1the way of tracing or locoating th< )bbers. The satfe was said to have een large and up-to-date, and wat lought to be the most secure one it aat part of the State. MIr. Cul r had gotten money from Or ngeburg to buy cotton' and had de osited it in the safe. His loss is 500. The postoflice lost $100 and ull & Taylor are not positive hiov iuch they lost, but with the tw( ims the total was about $1,000. Tht oise made by the blowing open o: be safe is said to have been consider ble, attracting attention, but in thi iin the burglars made their escapl rith their booty. The thieves came from Sumter t< ameron. boarding the train on thi utskirts of Sumter. The conducto; sported that one of the men was ressed in a hunting coat and th< ther was dressed in blue overalls. hey asked the fare to Cameron. Th< onductor told them it was only mall place. They said it did no1 aake any difference. One of the mer ulled out a roll of bills to pay thn tres, 21 cents each. The conductoi sked him for smaller money and pull g out a bag of silver, the man paic he fares. At Cameron they left th< rain. The Augusta Chronicle says " escription of the men was wired tE he Augusta police and Saturday nigh1 he men were told to keep a shari okout. It was not long before Lieu nant Hopkins received a t~elephon< 1essage to the effect that two mer nswering the description arrived ir e city during the night and thal bey were putting up at a certain up >wn boarding house. One of thi spected men had on overalls anc be other had a tan hunting coat ove1 veralls This exactly tallied with tin ress of the two men, and a detail 0: ficrs were at once sent to the board 1g house to bring the two men tc de barracks. The orlicers found thE wo men in a room~ along~ with tw( fhers. All said they 'oelonged to thE Line party and were brought to tin arracks. ut it was a water haul. The me-r 2owed conclusively that they art ridge hands employed on the .\ugus i Southern road, that their t'Ol: -ere at the Union shed. and that aey came in on the late train. comir; -oi Wrens. They were promnptll leased and returned to their b);ard ghouse. Hlowever. the muistakt 'as an excusable (lne on the part 01 e otlicers, for the dress of t wo of I hi ien accurately filled the descriptior 1the wanted safe blowers. Fire Bugs. Several towns of this State has re rntly heen visi ted b~y riisa~st rouis Iirs, iiih were undoubtedly of i nci nrdi ryvismn. In the town of Ni- ge tield nitons became so alarmning' that iass meeting was held and M!ayni dams was authorized to appoint t ' tizens to patrol the town each iiht, ne night last week in some way it as expected that another ii. e would set. and MIajor iI. S. A.inderson. >hn Weir and C. 11. .Anderson sc-re d themselves near the MIeColiongl ilding. now belonging to Governti heppard. and after beingz there iort while heard some one en ter' thE ouse ind at once strike a mat ch an. pplied the to rch. Mlajr .\ Anderson iscovered a party cominig out of the ouse and halted him: the man failing >respond 3Major Anderson tired and illicted a wound upon the culprit ichard Bostick, who proves to be tm icendiary. or at least one of them. as lodged in jail desperately wound I. lie made a confession implicating other negro as the principal. los* ek was taken to Columbia for saft eeping. as it was feared that ln -ould be lynched. All the towns i se State should keep a lookout f.s re bugs, and when c-aug'ht thie2 'ould be speedily tried and punished PATH OF OCEAN CABLES. Submarine Tnblelands That Stretch Across the A1iantile. Thore seems to be no logieal reason wihy cables Cannot be laid across any s ction of the oe:ins of the world. no miatter how great the depth. Some por tionls of the At!Intic c;:lei's are three mils blow the surfaee. ad! this is not necoss arily the extreme ilhpth. for the cable may and p1robl):'ly does pass frol the top of one submlarine hili to another without droopin- mnaterially into the deep valleys between. says I Lippincott's Magazine. The greatiest known depth 4f the sen is 40.021; feet, or 7 3-5 miles. found in the south .t lantie midway betweeni the islaind of Tristan da (Cunha and the mouth of the Rio de la I'lata. Stundings have been made to the depth of 27.-6i) feet in the north Atlantic south of Now foundland. and about 31,00 feet, rr ncarly 6' nies. is reprted south of the Berimu<!is. Even such enornm us depths as these need nit hinder eable laying so far as the theory is con cerned, but in practice. for reasors of economy in man in tenanec and other wise, it is fot'nd best to take adran tage of favoring conditions in the ocean's bed. To illustrate. atl of the cables between the United States and Europe run uip along our -oast until they reach the ieighborho.l of New foundland Lefore starting across to their destination in Ireland or France. The reason for tis is found in the range of submnriei t:rhllands. form ing an ideal cable bed. which lies be tween the three latter couniries. The Sea Trout. The gamest of salt wa'er fich. after the striped bass, is the weas:sh, or sea trout. The sport of an iring for tiem is generally enhanced becatse. feeding as they generally do near the surface, it is possible to fish for themi with light tackle. The best places to find them in the vicinity of New York are Ja maica bay, the southwestern shore of Staten Island and the mouth of the Shrewsbury river. While they have been caught weighing upward of twen ty pounds, a six or ten pounder is a good size, and the average will cnly run from one to two and a half. There is never any doubt when a weakfish bites. He does not nibble around the hook, but takes the bait at one fair swoop and then starts off with it like a limited express with time to make up. He is a shy fish, and the man who uses a small line, light leaders and snells to his hook and keeps quiet while fishing is the one who is apt to have the best luck.-Country Life In America. When Jackson Dinedt While the dinnr hour still clings to the noontime among country people it has advanced in the cities until now it occurs at any time between noon and midnight. And that reminds. us, says the Montgomery (Ala.) Advertiser, of one of the many stories about Colonel Davy Crockett. While he was a mem ber of congress and was at his home in Tennessee some one asked him about the dinner hour in Washington. He said the common people ate dinner at 12, the next above them at 1, the mer chants at 2, the representatives at 3, the senators at 4, members of the cabi net at 5 and' the vice presiden't at O. 'But when does the president dine?" "What! Old Hickory':" said Crockett, anxious to fix a time that would suit his idea of Jackson's greatness. "Well, he don't eat till next day!" Wo-nen In Paris Streets. It is quite a feature of Paris to see streams of open carriages, private and hired, taking folks for an after dinner drive along the grand boulevards, which are thronged with promenaders and groups of people sitting outside cafes talking. Now and again a car riage will stop to deposit its burden in front of a cafe and return later, either to this or another to which its occu pants have migrated. With her husband a Frenchwoman may go anywhere, and it is quite cus tomary for the very nicest French women to take coffee in the open air outside a cafe and make this a pleas ant meeting place for friends.-Ex change. Hie Would a't Sp1it. The tram'p in the green goggles stood before the door. "Yes," said the housewife kindly; "you can have a good meal if you split that wood." '"Madam." said the tramp in a pre cise grammatical mianner-, "I was born and raised in Boston- But stop, shall 1 tell you the sad, sad story of my life?" "Yes, yes." "When a youth in Boston, I was dis inherited for splitting an infinitive, and since then (his voice broke) I have vowed never to split anything, not even the wood!" "Sick 'im. Tige!"-Ealtimnore Herald. No Consolation For Crac!eo Cxlna. Ifow many housekeepers there are that can sympathize with the old Vir ginia lady who said to her friend on finding a treasmi:ed old cup cracked by a careless maid, "I know of nothing to compare with the affliction of losing a handsome piece of old china." "Sure ly," said the friend, "it is not so bad as losing one's children." "Yes, it is, for when your children die you do have the consolation of religion, you know." Her Observation. "Do you believe that monkeys can talk like human 1:eings?" "No." answered Miss Cayenne, "but I have known human beings who could chatter like monkeys." -- Washington Star. _ _ _ _ Tact. "What do you suppose is the secret of Miss Bland's social sue(ss?" "Shre arlways remembiiers exactly what Ito forget."-Indainpolis News. A Gang orFire Bugs. Tihe Coitlubia Stnate says "rm what can bei learned it appears tK' there is -an organization of firebugs in crtain~ portions of the State. and its membersti will doubtless tind out that ithese times it will not do to resort to such methods under any cincum sttncs. The State has already pub lish~ed c onsiderable about the efforts 1 the rgang operating in the town of Edgetiel. arid of the shooting of thel negro who wats detected in the act of tirng a house. There are mainy jintr esting details which show. to whatex tet feeling over the matter is run ning in Edgetield, recalling the dark~ days of the reconstruction periodli that countyv when e ';en child ren 1had to be' used as sentrnies to gua rd wome )nr and h abies. That the orga ulzatin seems to be' of a mfore' extensive char ater is indiencted by the fact thart th o vrnor' Fridayc reeioved a requtl~1 for the ierng ou'f t wo rewards. (One* nam- Ifromi Sherilr Tranth ion at Crun den who in his letter states that Camden has had severa incendiary fires iutely and only a few pights ago -n attempt was made '2 btirn the LANGUAGE OF CIGARS THE TERMS USED IN THE TRADE ARE GREEK TO MOST ,SMOKERS. Some Refer to Size, Some to Shape and Others to Color-rew Tobacco Usern Know Them Apart, and They Are 'Much 3Hxused. Whenever the average untutored to bacco lover wishes to indicate to his envious friers that he is in possession of a cigar of the first quality, he usual ly satys that he has a perfecto. By perfecto be means the best cigar ob tainable, and as a rule he applies the name to all products of the Havana factories. But in truth, declares an intelligent writer in the Kansas City . Journal, a good many cigars that never saw Havana are genuine per fectos, and a good many made in the most famous factories of the Cuban capital are not. The word, as a mat ter of fact, does not refer to the quality of a cigar at all. It Is simply a term used to describe the shape. A. perfecto may cost $1, and It may cost 2% cents. Thcre are half a dozen cigar terms thus misused by the average smoker, and there are several times as many words of the same sort whose mean ing he Is utterly unable to fathom. What native. corn fed smoker, for In stance, knows the difference between a panetela and a Reina Victoria? And bow many know whether there Is a real difference between a maduro and an oscuro? Yet all of these terms are the common property of cigar *akers all over the world. Like many cigar brand names, they are of Spanish orl gin, but the wanderings of Havana tobacco and Cuban cigars have taken them into all countries and' all lan guages. The great majority of cigars are put ap fifty in a box, with thirteen on the top row, twelve on the row next to the top, thirteen on the next and twelve Dn the bottom row. When a londres cigar is packed 100 in a box in two bundles tied with a ribbon, it becomes , Reina Victoria, which Is Spanish for Queen Victoria. Early In the late queen's reign a Cuban manufacturer invented this method of packing and called the resultant bundle after Great Britain's sovereign. The name has re mained ever since. The word perfecto is a term Indicat ing a certain shape in cigars. A per fecto is a smoke having what Is gen erally called the "cigar shape"-that is to say, It is swelled near the end which is lighted and tapers gradualy down ti, the point or head. The end of a cigar which a smoker puts In his mouth Is known among cigar makers as the bead. The other end, that which is lighted, is called the tack.-. When, as often happens In a perfec the tuck is very small, It is called a needle tuck or feather tuck. All others follow these lines more or less closely. A thin, straight cigar, with little more thickness in the middle than at the tuck, is called a panetela. The, average panetela is slightly longer than a perfecto, though the matter of size has nothing to do with the shape. Panetelas are esteemed because they - burn more regularly and are usually better because more. easily made. The virtue of the perfecto Is that its small er tuck lights more readily, and Its more artistic curves give. It greater beauty. A londres Is a sort of cross between the perfecto and the panetela. It Is a perfecto from the head to the thick est part, and from there on to the tuck It is betwixt and between. Usually the slope from the thickest part to the tuck has a gradual curve. The tuck as a rule is as large as that of a pane tela. A partegas Is a cigar shaped muela like a londres, except that the slope from the thickest part to the head Is usually not so rounded. It Is a shape not now as fashionable as It used to - be, and even when cigars are genuIne partegas the box Is seldom stampei - with the name. A couchas is a small blunt cigar. As a rule it is a very satisfactory smoke, and usually It lasts as long as a per feeto. This is because that thin tuck of the latter burns downi rapidly. The opera Is a very small cigar of any standard shape. It derives its name from the fart that It is designed for a short smooke' between the acts, and. very of ten it is called on entr-acte. The brevas is a large, clumsy cigar, good for an hour's puffing. The largest size of all is the Napoleon. Sometimes Ha vana Na poleous are six or seven Inches in length. The blacker ones are posi tively terrifyinc. The better grades of cigars are usu ally made in secveral shapes and sizes. There may be, for instance, the La For de Ilabana pierf'c'tos. the La Flor de Habatna panetelas, the La Flor de Habana operas, the La Flor de Ha b'n' partegas and the La Flor de Ha.-. bana~ conehas 'The label Is the same - on all of tbe sizes and shapes, but on the front of the box the name of the shape is stamped. On one end of each box of cigars wfll be noted another word. Sometimes Itt is colorado. sometimes It is claro and.. at other times it is maduro. This indi cats the color of the cigars within, or,. am uninformed smokers say, the. "strength." The lightest of all cigars are a yellowish brown. They are called claros. Next in order come the colora do claros, which are a darker brown, and then come the colorados, which are about midway betweeln black and yellow. After the colorados come the colorado muaduros, which are sa dark brown. and then the maduros, which nre well ni;;b black. Formerly another color was in vogue. This was the os euro, and it w s a shiny black. Bet ot late the fashion has been for light cigars, and the word oscuro has almost dropped out of use. hat the (thler serious fires Camden: ias had we'e thus caused. The goy rear promptly oifered a reward of' ~100 for the apprehension and convic ion of the parties. The other request o the governor came fromi a point in Lexington counfty. Lorena, where the' :Ottonl and buggy house? of M1r. L. J. Langford were tired b~y an incendiary.. he reward offered was $100 also." NE yx lDEA WOMAN's M1AGAZTNE. - fe Christmas number of the New [td'n Woman's M1agalzine w!!! offer nany features that will prove of prac :eal and timely value duringf tihe com ig holiday season. The second in stalment of "'The .Journal of a Lon Jon Xoman:" "Christmas Presents. for M1en:" "Ilow to Entertain a Christ mas House IYtrty:' "inexpensive. ifts for a Christmas Tree:" "A Chil :lren's Party for Chbristmas," will each and ll1 add their ~nota to the general in~terest of the book. The contents wi h.' brifliantly illustrated, both in r'olor' lates andl in black and white, and loe regular utilitarian portions will far exceed the same presented by mny ithier magazine of the price.