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CHLD LABOR BILL
Fully Discussed in the House of Re
presentativcs and Passed.
SEVERAL GOOD SPEECHES MADE
The Bi Goes to Its T h i r t
Readina by a Vote or
The child labor bill Wri h
special order in the louse for Wednes
day. The bill that had paSed th
Senate was taken up.
Mr. Bomar moved to strike out the
ena.ting words. and then -ddressed
the house on this motion. Soutb
Carolina leads the south in cottor
manufacturing and Spartanburg leads
the State. In that county alone thi:
bill is of importance to 25,000 people
The issue was a vital one in the cam
paign last summer and the forme:
representatives who favored it wer(
left at home. Four-fifths of those it
favor of this bill are from countie
which are not deeply interested it
manufacture. Sentiment has beer
stirred up by honorable but misguide(
people and also by outsiders for rea
sons not quite so honorable. He went
on to say the bill was not wanted by
the operatives or the mills. Mr. Bo
mar made a long speech, holding thi
floor over one hour.
A MANLY SPEECh.
Mr. Towill, of Lexington. spoke in
favor of the bill. Ile was not whipped
into line by labor unions. but favored
the bill from a sense of duty. Th
children in the cotton mills shoult
have an opportunity to fit themselves
for citizenship. These children need
something in their behalf. There are
numbers of men who force their chil
after d~g- while they themselves
spend their time in debauchery. I1
is not a sickly sentiment which makes
people favor this bill, it is a noble sen
timent. The philanthropic gentlemer
mentioned by Mr. Bomar gave t<
colleges and the beneficiaries were no1
cotton mill children. Fathers and
mothers are responsible for their chil
dren, but it is a duty incumbent upor
the State to look after the moral wel
fare of the children. Mr. Towill did
not speak long, but presented a ver
manly plea for the bill. Ie is proud of
the progress of South Carolina anc
would do nothing to interfere witt
material advancement, but he fell
called upon to speak for the uplifting
of the citizenship of South C-Qarlin
0%o~,_ AOTHF SPEECH.
favored the bill and sp~oke in reply t<
Mr. Bomar. The bill is not drastic
it is not oppressive, it is mild it
tone and yet will till a long-neede<
want. Southi"arolina has not alway:
been such a manufacturing State, an<
her progress is a mattr of pride.
In reply to Mr. IBomar he said tha
perhaps some of the people .who ar
interested don't want this legislatioi
any more than some of the peopl
don't want the bill to stop treating o:
election days.: In the language of Mx
Story, "the people of the Unite<
States must be protected from th
people of the United States." Thi.
question not only affects the mu
owners and the mill operatives, bu
it affects society and ~ society mus
protect itself. He was glad. to hea
that Spartanburg county was doing s
'well. Spartanburg might not neel
this legislation, but would not be in
jured by it. So far as he knows ther
had been no objection made to thi
bill in the ccmmittee room, wheaea
in years past mill men had come her
and the journals had been filled wit!
petitions against the bill. On no ac
count would he injure the mills, bu
if these mill men thought this wouli
hurt them they would be here fight
ing it This bill has two worthy ob
jects-to force the children from th<
mills and to get them into the schools
The children will govern the affairs o
this State when we are gone. Col
Herbert declared that the very fac
that some of the mill presidents mak
this rule excluding children under 12
shows that the rule is sasisfactory. I
the other mills will not make thi:
rule, why should not the State maka
it for them. The most progressivl
nations of the world have enacte<
laws on this subject, then why shoulh
not South Carolina? There is a gener
al demand all over South Carolina fo:
just such a law as this. He ther
quoted from the messages of Gover
nors McSweeney and Heyward.
Col. Berbert went on to say tha1
State Democratic convention hac
passed resolutions recording its appro
val of this bill. The people of the
entire State are interested. The agri
cultural people are as much so as tht
factory people. The legislature mus1
look to the good of the people and it4
in duty bound to legislate for them.
IT IS NEOT AN EXPERDIENT.
The next speaker to defend the bil
was Mr. Lewis W. Haskell of Colum
bia. He declared that the pending
question had been thoroughly thresh
ed over, yet it is of paramount impor
tance and he wanted to call attentiot
to some reasons why it should pass.
In the first place, this matter of en
acting child labor legislation is nol
*empirical or tentative-we are not ex
perimenting; we are acting in thn
light of the best experience of mos1
of the manufacturing State-and ir
line with the most enlightened foreigt
cot'ntries. "I, therefore submit," he
said, "that we do not approach the
issue in the attitude of exploiters
but that we simply meet a conditior
in our State that has arisen by virtut
of our development as a manufactur
ing State. We have abundant evidenct
of the efficacy of child labor lawvs it
the northern, middle and southerr
States-we have precedents for enact
ing this law entitled to the highest
consideration-we are not seekingr
solution, but simply applying a reme
dy which has commanded itself tc
nearly all manufacturing communties.
The question is not a scholastic one,
but a practical one-a condition not r
theory confronts us.
Mr. Haskell continued: "It is trite
to say-a truism-that little children
should have fresh air and suushine
that they should romp and play in the
open air--will physicians or others
gainsay this?' It sounds trivial te
to state it. Accumulation of wealth
through our great manufacturinugin
dustries is a great desideratum-but a
greater desideratum is the balding
uip of a robust womanhood and man~
hood in this State. Therefore. Mr'.
-Speaker, let us carry out the spirit Oi
the resolution passed by the Demoera
tic convention in Nay and place th;5
ELoQUEN~T YOUNG sPEAEER.
The last speaker Wednesday was
M r. Blackwood of Spartanburg, who:
opposed the bill. This would be a
step of legislation downwards. It is
dangerous. Not that it affects capital.
not that it afeets the little child ren.
But it is a question that strikes at
South C.arolina as a State. We are
touching the freediom of heart, the
free.:o of mind. the freedom of soul.
it ji, gn to t htearthston e Of these
pee wo a.reo-.v happy and pros
. , 1 ,s going into the homes of
i-se peop whose condition legisla
Lion cannt hopt to mend. These
lare ow mn better condition
0' .. vrefoirhey have good
-w thy have plenty to eat, they
haVe lurniture in their houses ani
picture. 0n the walls. they have the
oportuity to converse with intelli
Igent people and the advantages of i
schools and churches. The bill ex
cepts so many classes of people that it
would apply vto but 20 per cent. of the
mill people any way. then why should
it be made a law. Mr. Blackwood
!spoke with much eloquence and feel
ing of the conditions in the mill com
munities of Spartanburg. When he
had concluded, the house agreed to
postpone further consideration until
Thursday night at eight (,'clock. when
the argument was resumed.
The hall of the house of representa
tives was crowded with spectators.
many of them being laides, who took
a lively interest in the debate. At
10.15 Mr. Rankin moved to adjourn
I as there were several gentlemen to
speak and a vote could hardly be
reached at UiaL session. Those who
spoke in iavjr of the bill Thursday
night wcre Messrs. Carey of Charles
ton. Ba:ron of Rock Hill, McMaster
of Columbia. and Mr. Gaston or Ches
ter. The bill was opposed by Mr.
Morgan of Greenville and Mr. Fraser
The debate was then adjourned to
Friday night. when the bill was taken
up, further discussed and passed to a
third reading by a vote of 43 to 59. .
The following is the detailed vote
on the motion to strike out the enact
ing- words of the bill:
Yeas-Bailey, Bass, Bates, Black
wood, Bomar, Brown, Bunch, Colcock,
Cooper. DeBruhl, Donald, Dorroh,
Doyle. Edwards, Hendrix, Hinton,
James, Kirby, Lancaster, Leaverett,
Little. Lyles. Mahaffey, Mauldin;
Middleton, Morgan, Pearman, Potts,
Pvatt, Rantin, Ready, Richardson,
Ruassell, Surratt, Stackhouse, Stuckey,
Traylor, Tribble, Williams, Wingard,
Nays-Aull, Baker, Barron, Beam
guard, Bennett, Black, Brooks, Calli
son, Carey, Clifton, Culler, Davis,Des
Champs, Devore. Doar, Dowling,
Ford. Gaston. Gause, Glover, Gourdin,
Haile, Ilarellson. Haskell, Herbert,
Hill, Holman, Humphrey, Irby, Jar-%
negan, Kelley, King, Laney, Iesesne
.ide,Lfton.,Logaz. cIeCanii, Magill
Moses, Moss, Nichols, Parnell, Pol
lock, Quick, Rainsford, Raw linson
Sinkler, Jeremiah Smith, W. C. Smith
Strong, Tatum, Thomas, Toole, 'low
ill. Wall, Webb, Whaley, Wise--59.
ia Life for a Lile.
In his letter printed several days
ago on the subject of the crime of
murder in South Carolina, Mr. W. D.
Woods states certain facts which ca~n
not be disputed, and which it is as
well to group together for the con
sideration of the people whom they so
deeply concern. The News and Courier
Ihas grouped some of these facts in
a co.ncise manner in the articles which
follows below, and we hope every read
er of this paper will ponder them.
SThe number of murders that have
rbeen committed in the State in the
)past twenty-five years, he remarks, is
"simply appalling," and no one. cer
-tainlyr, will deny that it is so. The
Sghastly list of victims of the crime
Swould make a booim of considerable
size. "A very large proportion" of
the murderers, it is added, "have
escaped punishment and today are at
large when they ought-had justice
been meted ont to them-to have
ended their own lives on the gallows,
or be life convicts in the Peniten
tiary." This is also true. The
"proportion" of those who have been
punished is very small and includes
very few white murderers:
"If a poor and friendless negro com
mits murder he is punished, and just
ly, but the influential white man who
commits a similar ofrence has only to
go through the form of a trial." This
cannot be gainsaid. The fact to sup
port it are within the knowledge of
every man in the State. The condi
tion is the subject of common remark.
Many negroes have been punithed for
the crime. Who can name three
white men who have been punished
for it i10 the past twenty-five years.
except in so far as the expenses of
their acquittal are to be reckoned as
"In South Carolina a man's proper
ty is just as. safe as it is in any other
State or country, but his life is prac
tically at the mercy of any armed
ruftlan who chooses to take it in re
vernge for some imaginary affront.
Things have reached such a pass in
this State that a man can. provided.
he has innluence and friends, with
much greater impunity from punish
ment take the life of his neighbor
thain to be guilty of some small misde
meanor like the violation of the dis
Is not this true? It is freely as
serted in private conversation, and
passes unchallenged for truth there.
It is as true in cold print. They only
qualitication that is required, we be
lieve. is in respect to the term "armed
rufflan." Armed gentleman will do
as weF1. Our murderers are seldom
ranked as rutlians. Possibly they
wuld not escape punishment so readi
ly if they were.
"Bu~t some one may say that, grant
all this to be true, why should we ad
vertise it to the world? Unfortu
nately it needs no advertisement, for
jit has already advertised itself very
much to the detriment of the good
name of the State." This point is also
well taken. The facts are as well
known abroad as at home. We have
nothing to gain by ignoring them.
Possibly wye may gain something by
stating them plainly and facing them
squarely. And this brings us to the
helpful suggestions in Mr. Wood's
letter. The law should not only be
just enough tr> protect the humblest
citizen, but also strong enough to
punish the most promient individual
who violates its mandates.
fact that while Senator Tillman i
wa"in adgiedand forceful and.,
iseems, effective light on the conir1
matian cf Dr. Crum as collector of theC <
Tort f C harleston, The Evening Post
of tha city seizes every opportunity1
todde and abuse the senator andj4
hold him~ up to scorn and contumely.
thus imped ng to the extent Of its
ability the work he is trying to do for
LIFE IS CHEAP.
rather and Son Shot Down in Flor-.
enee County in
RESENCE OF WIFE AND MOTHER
rhe Murderer Then Snapped t 1w
Pistol in the Face of a Defence
. less Woman, and Makes
William King shot and killed Sam
iel Rogers and mortally wouAnded
lames Rogers. father of Samuel Rog
rs. about seven miles from Florence
>n the plantation of Alonzo Ilewilt
ate Saturday evening. From the
vidence at the coroner's inquest as
ublished in The State the following
.tory of the killing is obtained: Mrs.
ewitt, who was an eye witness and
in whose yard the shooting occurred,
"I was at home when 31r. Rogers
:ame up in front of the house in the
road. 'Mrs. Rogers was with him.
Samuel Rogers his son, had just come
rom Florence and was about to turn
is mule loose in the lot. About this
ime MIr. King came up and spoke to
Nr. Rogers. Mr. King asked Mr.
Rogers about a dog. Mr. Rogers told
im that the dog was down at the
ouse and that he could get him if he
would go with him. Mr. Rogers told
Nr. King that as he was a poor man
e would appreciate it if he would
ive him a little something for ,he
re of the dog, as he had kept him
or some time, not knowing whose
og it was.
Mr. King replied: 'Yes, I will pay
ou for keeping my dog and will pay
in lead and I will give it to you now.'
Re then drew a pistol and tired at Mr.
Rogers. Just as he fired young Rogers
;aid to King: 'If you shoot papa you
will have to shoot me.' King quickly
urned and pointing his pistol at
oung Rogers, fired. Young Roge.-s
fell on his knees and then to the
round, King then turned towards
Ild man Rogers and opened tire again
n him, shooting him three more
times. I saw Mr. Rogers fall to the
;round. Mrs. Rogers then ran up and
aid to Mr. King: 'You have killed
my baby.' Mrs. Hewitt then said to
her: 'Yes, and he has killeQ your old
man.' King then turned with bis
pistol still smoking. and said to Mrs.
Rogers: 'Yes, and by God, I will kill
the whole d-d family.' As he said
o he shoved the pistol in Mrs. Rug
estface, and, pointing it at her head,
napped it once or twice. Had there
>een more cartridges in the gun he
would have wiped out the entire fami
ly, as he had stated, for there were
mnly three-father, wife and son."
The Rogers family lived several
hndred yar~ds from Alonzo Hewitt in
logcabin wvith one room. They were
oor people but hard working and hon
est. The story as told by Mrs. Rog
ers is practically the same as told by
Mr:. Hewitt. Mr. Rogers also made
statement w'hich corroborates that
f Mrs. Hewitt and Mrs. Rogers in
every particular except that Mr. Rog
ers stated that the dog in question
aad taken up at his (Rogers') house.
He did not know whose dog it was un
til in Florence Saturday when a man
asked him if he had a setter bitch at
is house. He told him that he had
one there that took up there but did
ot know whose dog it was. The man,
wno, as he afterwards found out. was
William King, who shot him and his
Mr. Rogers said further: "King
told me in Florence he would give me
a little something for caring for the
nog. That was all that was said.
ave never had any trouble or words
with King, and never knew him until
Saturday. Never had any words with
King before or during the shooting.
There was no one present but my son,
M~rs. Hewitt and my wife, but I be
ieve that Mr. Thomas Hewitt came
p with the man King and after the
flrst shot he begged King not to
shoot." Young Rogers was shot only
ne time and died within ten minutes
fter he was shot. The bullet took
effect in the stomach and ranged
downward. Old man Rogers was shot
four times, the first two shots disabl
ed both arms and the last two entered
the body, and his life blood is slowly
ebbing away. Hie was reported to be
ying late this afternoon.
It seems, too, that there is another
part of the story of the shooting. King
id leave a message for the sheriff
with his wife saying that he did not
ean to be taken and did not want to
ie in jail, so that he had left the
state. He said further that if he was
ure that the witnesses would tell the
truth that he would not mind coming
o Florence and giving himself up,
ut he would not risk it. It is also
aid that all parties had been drink
ng and that when King and Tom
Hewitt drove up the Rogers were
raising a ro~v and it is said that King
~laims that they both came on him
with knives and that he shot in self
iefense. There is also a pitchfork
;poken of, and there are witnesses for
the defense as well as for the prosecu
tion. Both sides, as nearly as can be
;athered, are presented to the reader.
It Is Enrorced.
A well known lawyer of Spartan
urg has furnished to the newspapers
)f that town the following statement:
'In 1894 an act was passed by the
egislature of South Carolina to pro
ide for the teaching of physiology
nd hygiene in the public schools of
south Carolina, with particular refer
ce to the effect of alcoholic drinks
nd narcotics ul~n- the human sys
,em. it is made the duty of the pro
er offcers in control of any school
;upported wholly or in part by public
noney to enforce the provisions of
his act. It was further provided that
.y such officer, school director, com-1
nittee, superintendent or teacher
rho should refuse or neglect to carry
)ut the provisions of the act should be:
removed from office. If I am correct-!5
y informed this act has never been:
,arried into effect and has remained a;
lead letter upon our statute books.
Jpon whom the blame rests I cannot<
ay, but it is evident that some onei
as been derelict, and if the plain
rovisions of the act were carried out
naany removals o' school officials woald
ake place. This act has never been<
~epealed so far as I can find out from
,somewat careful examination of
he statutes and of the constitution H
f South Carolina, and it remains to<
eC seen what our new superintendent
f education will do in the premises."
Yhat this lawyer says may be true as
o Spartanburg and Spartanburg1
ount, but it is not true as to Or-'
nngeburg anc Oran'geburg County,1
?hysiology and . hygiene is taught in
ur city and country schools as re
EXTENDING THE Ti1mIES
bat KilIed inu the lou-.
In the State Senziate last Tuesday
week the lirst moattcrs that came up
that provoked any discussion was M1r. T
Ilydrick's joiuit resolution to extend
.he time for the payment of taxes
without penalty until March :11. 19W3.
Mr. Brice moved to indelinitely post
pone the measure. In support of his
motion he said the treasurers and au
hitors are complying with the law and
:ollecting the overdue taxes with the
penalty attached and there is neither
necessity or excnse for this extension.
Messrs. llerndon and Ulake agreed
vith 31r. Brice. I
Mr. Ilydrick iupported his resolu-T
ion and said that the demand had h
:ome to him from the treasurers ana p
uditors all over the State ecupled cl
with the statements that it was im
possible to write up the books from
month to month and the necessity
existed for the relief olfered by his
joint resolution. X
Mr. Sheppard was the last speaker. $
Ele said that the reasons already given t(
were abundant to convince the senate e,
f the necessity for the extension, and t(
further than all the.e he believed tl
there were hundreds of people who g
had not paid taxes simply because t1
they did not have the money nor could ft
they until arrangements had been it
made for the present year. p
He had ascertained from the county ,N
treasurer at Edgetield that all those e,
who were able had paid their taxes c(
mnd only those who really did not
have the money, just now were the ft
delinquents. He did not take any C
stock in these statements that any si
iarm could come either to the State st
r the counties and believed that it wv
was the duty of the general assembly p;
o extend any kindness possibie for v;
the amelioration of the condition of
he masses of the people. He demand- u
d the yeas and nays on "Mr. Brice's a
motion to indefinitely postpone the o0
joint resolution to extend the time n
for the payment of taxes without p
penalty until March 31. 1903. fhe o
vote resulted as follows: a
Yeas-Blake, Brice, Brown, Doug- al
lass, Herndon, Hood. llough, Stack- n:
Nays-Aldrich, Butler, Carpenter, t
Davis, Dennis, Goodwin, Ilardin, Hy- u
rick, Johnson, Manning. Marshall,
McCall, McIver, McLeod, Mower, si
eurifoy, Ragsdale, G. W.. Raysor. b
Sharpe, Sheppard, Stanland, von t]
Kolnitz, Walker. Williams-24. 1
KILLED IN TIIE HOUSE. ti
When the matter came up in the u
House it was discussed and killed. u
Mr. Banks, of Newberry, saw no t
use to extend the time for paying S
axes. It is a thing that has to be ti
done and there is no reason to extend e<
the tine for paying taxes. There tl
must be an end to this thing. t
Mr. Tatum explained that the
raduated penalty bill was passed for tl
he specific reason of killing these a
anual time extensions.t
Mr. Welcome Quick opposed the t
bill. He saw no reason for the exten- a
ion of time for paying taxes.
Mr. Moses said to pass this bill will ti
e to give notice that taxes are not t
required until Maich.
Cant. .1 . H. Brooks favored the tax r
The bill was killed and the House V
refused to extend the time~ for pay
An Honest Mlan.
The Greenwood Journal says: "It i
was Pope, we believe, who said 'An ii
honest man is the noblest work of v
God.' We quite agree with him. ti
Sometimes one is led to doubt if there
are many honest men when he sees how ti
very indifferent many people are about tv
paying their just debts especially st
when it is a subscription to a newspa- g
per. They will make the finest kind ti
f promises to secure credit. and when fi
it is given them they become perfect
y callous and indifferent. We con
fess that the man who will not pay
what he owes is an abomination in a
our-sight But we started1 out to say S
hat we found an honest man in Green- S
wood one day last week. We do not p
say that there are not others but we c
found one. We have always thought ti
well of him, but every time we see t1
him from this time on we shall feel tl
1ik lifting our hat. The circum- ta
tances are these: IIe was a subscriber o
to a county newspaper before moving g
o Greedwood. and when h6 left his o
ome he neglected to notify the pub- f
usher that his address had been p
hanged, and the paper continued to s<
o on and was taken out of the onfice t<
nd read by some of his people. The p
aforesaid publisher wrote and asked n
s as a favor, to -ind out if this gen- st
tleman lived in Greenwood and if so tl
to see if he would pay the account 10
which amounted to *15 for subscrip- it
tion. As soon as we mentioned it he is
said 'Yes. I owe it and I will pay it in ti
afew days. Please write and tell c:
our friend for me that it is all right. ci
t was carelessness on my part. 1 e1
should have had the paper stopped or n
sent to me here but I failed to do so. it
e is not to blame however, and I le
will pay it.' Alas: Alas! that the al
rld was full of such men. This al
gentleman lives in Greenwood and ti
he is a subscriber to the .JournaL~ It nr
is an honor to number such a man as li
this among one's subscribers. We ,ni
ope that we have others like him on ol
ur list, but we have not put them to Iu:
the test. We think every newspa- ise
per in the State ought to note the w
[act that in Greenwood S. C., a city
famous for many good things there
ives a perfectly honest man 'The
aoblest work of God.' We doubt if s
ope ever saw his equal." We com
end the example of this honest man
to some dishonest men in this county d<
ho make it a business to beat peo
ple out of all they can. y
Sick Cattle Killed.
Dr. D. E. Salmon. chief of the W
ureau of animal industry, who su- ni
erintended the tight against the foot
nd mouth epidemic. says that about*
,00 animals have already been is
;laughtered in Massachusetts, Rhode
[sland, Vermont and New Ilampshire.
nd that the indemnity of thme govern- of
nent has paid the owners aggregateS tv
ver $100,000. Dr. Salmon said that nc
mniess new cases should develop it is
)robable that most of the quarantine
~estrictions now existing will hav'el
een removed in about sixty or ninety
lays. Not a single case of the disease
as been reported from any point out
ide of New England. although a r'
~eneral spread was feared at the in
:eptionl of the epidmie. lil
THE fact that human life in S0 uth
arolina is tooJ cheap is further em
,hasized this wveek by two murders in
*vbich three white men were killed
y two other white men. The thing
'ill never be stopped until it becomes 1th
ashionable to hang white me,.a form
me crime we hang negroes for. 0
r. Ganit is Back from Washington
anl is Encouraged At
HE PROSPECT OF ADJUSTMENT
)VeIrnme1!t Willing. to Wipe Out
All Rs Clainia on EdvenT
Babis. llut Interest is
The State says Secretary of Statt
artt returned from Washingtor
biursday afternoon, and expresse!
imself as very much gratified at th<
ospect of an early settlement of thE
aims of South Carolina against th<
nited States. growing out of thi
ar of 1812-15.
The United States government ad
its an indebte-dness to the State o
,.028,02 on July 19, 1832, with in
rest at 0 per centum thereon. How
er. they require. before allowing in
rest, that the State must show
at she either paid interest on
reater amount, or lost interest b3
ic transfer of other securities, be
re interest will be allowed her, anc
was to present to the departmen
roof of this fact that necessitate
r. Gantt's visit to the capital. Thi:
adence Mr. Gantt filed with thi
>mptroller of the treasury.
The United States holds as trustei
>r the Indian fund $325,000 of Souti
arolina 1; per cent. bonds, of the is
ic of 1859, for the erection of thi
ate house and in any settlemen
hich is effected, these bonds must b
id by the State at their full forc
Mr. Gantt says: "Owing to thi
ntiring work of Senator Tillman, an(
a result, of ceaseless personal effor
, his part, the treasury departmen
3w offers a settlement which wil
ractically square accounts, but thi
Ter Senator Tillman refuses, and i
ppealing from the decision of thi
aditor of the war department, de
anding that South Carolina be paii
pon the same basis with which a set
ement was effected with Virginia
nder like circumstances.
"This basis is the computation o
mple interest at 6 rer cent. upoi
ath accounts until the maturity o
le bonds held by the government ii
S81. and interest at 6 per cent. upoi
ie balance due the State ($52,000
ntil the day of payment. The treas
ry department proposes the compu
tion of interest on buth accounts a
mple 6 per cent. interest to an arbi
ary date at which both would b
aual. As the original principal o
2e State was smaller, a computatio
) 1899 would effect this result.
"South Carolina is thus assured .
e payment of enough of her claim
ainst the United States to sett]
ese vexatious outstanding bonds
inder the act of 1893 they were fund
be at 50 cents on the dollar, ani
-ith accrued interest to date consti
Lte over 6125,000 of valid and admit
ad bonded debts against the State
'he United States government ha
peatedly declined this settlement
nd demanded instead full face value
Senator Tillman, Mr. Gantt says
as been rendered valuable help b
rr. Baker, of Abbeville,. who is ea
loed in the senate library at Wash
g~ton, who has collected the evidene
1 the departments at Washingto:
hich was of such great importanc
>the State in making out her case.
If Senator Tillman succeeds in es
iblishing his basis of calculation c
e interest, South Carolina wouli
~cure over $100,000 in cash from thi
eneral government, in addition t
ae settlement of these Indian trus
A Good ldea'to Teach.
The Columtia Record says that wa
most excellent idea advanced b,
enator McLeod, of Lee county
aturday in his remarks on the to
istl bill. In arguing for the passag
f the bill, he declared that it wa
me to teach children that pistols ar
Lngs to be let alone, and he addel
Lat it was but a brief step from th
y pistol to the weapon more danger
us to the public at large. Therei
cod, sound philosophy at the botton
f this idea, it is-mne that has thi
uture in view, and it is full o
ssibilities. We do not despair o
reing the present generation brough
3the realization of the awful evil o
istl carrying, for already we hayi
oticed a tendency to a revolution o
mtiment on this question outside o
e newspapers. which, to their ever
Lsting credit, are, a unit in condemn
ig the pernicious practice. But if i
impossible to turn from the :vil 0
leir way those who now habituall,
irry concealed weapons, the custon
in be wholly eradicated if a genera
Tort is made to engraft into the
iinds of tihe rising generatien th<
lea that a pistol is s'omething to be
:t alone, and if kept at all. onl:
bnt one's premises as a prol~ectiot
ainst burglars or other unlawful in
-uders. Parents Out to mould thi
iinds of their children along tbi:
ne teachers in schools out to lost
Sopportunity to bring out the evil:
the practice and, above all, all o
a should practice what we preach an<
t the rising generation an exampi
hich it is hoped they will follow.
Reflections or a Bachelor.
Seeking equality with man, woma'
nks to his level.
To keep their respect, whip a curl.
g, but kick a flatterer.
A woman knows you love her wihe]
u deny that a woman whose rivalr2
i fears is goodlooking.
It is a good deal easire to make:i
oman think you love her than t<
ake her understand y~ou don't.
It takes a women to kiss a chiki
id look in a man's eyes while sht
doing it as if she were kissing him.
A twenty-five dollar night-gown it
e dollar's worth of night-gown anc
enty-four dollars' worth of fussi
Women will never lose their femi.
ne attributes as long as there is
rge supply of looking glasses in the
No woman ever loved a man enlough
>t to pretend to somebcdy that she
is not SO sure about it as she wvould
ce to be.
A man can be happy with a tooth
ush and a pipe: his unhappiness be
us when hec addrs a valet and an au
Some men have such a way withi
em that when they borrow yonur
aney they make you think -they are
Some love letters are too soft to file.
Only the sympathetic are entitled
S9hort-sigbted people are naturally
It cost more to support one vice I
than ten virtues.
A man usually blows in a lot of
mioney Onl aI blowout.
Some people are in mighty poor
company whcn alone.
The better a man gets along in the
world the hetter'oti he is.
Stir up a man's wrath if you want
his candid opinion of vou.
Marriages add either to a man's
happiness or to his misery.
When the average man tells a lie
he is in a hurry to prove it.
If a man has neither friends nor
enemies he has lived in vain.
With the exception of ballot girls.
chronie kickers are a nuisance.
ontieur photographers are willing
to uke anything except advice.
If you would retain your friends
don't rcmind them of their faults.
Crank neu.Jns are all right if they
can be tu:'ied to good advantage.
Tt is a wise woman who can smile
at a corpliment and then forget.
One enemy may do more damage
than a hundred friends can repair.
A red niose may be due to the rays
of the sun or to the raise of the glass.
In some business transactions the
middleman soon becomes the head
Many a woman bends a man's will
during life and breaks it after his
Next to having wisdom yourself is
the ability to protit by the wisdom of
Next to a good temper the most
cheerful thing in a family is a bank
No one is liable to discover that a
I rich man is a fool until after e loses
t Leave your worries at home when
I you travel. You can get a fruzh sup
s ply anywhere.
It is a mean man who will throw
up a New Year's resolution to another
at this late day.
It seems queer that so many crook
ed people find themselves in straight
f It is generally understood that a
man dislikes a slippery pavemerit
f when he is down on it.
I When a young man wants to get rid
of his best girl he should take her
skating and let her slide.
Although some people are contin
ually changing their minds they seem
unable to get a decent one.
Perhaps the worst thing about
rheumatism is the apparent necessity
of listening to everybody's cure for it.
- When two men ket together each
talks about hims-f; when two women
meet they both talk about some other
Killed by Mfistake.
-Captain George H. Colby, the Bos
iton and Maine station agent at Plym
-outh, N. H., was shot and killed by
mistake by Policeman Lewis C. Mills,
early Thursday. The station had been
5robbed during the night and Captain
Colby, with others, had started on a
locomotive in pursuit of the thieves.
Policeman Mills, who was also search
,ing for the robbers, came upon Colby
ystanding on the railroad track. Each
mistook the other for one of the
-thieves. Mills fired. Colby received
etwo bullets in his body and died
WILL INJURE THE PARTY.-The
Monroe, N. C., Enquirer of last week
fmade use of the following manly
Sutterance in its editorial columns:
e"The liquor men have raised the cry
that any temperance legislation will
injure the Democratic party. Let it
hurt, if passing laws restricting the
liquor evil in this State will hurt the
Democrtic party. It is down right
funny to hear some of the hired attor
neys of the liquor makers and dealers
,talk about the ruination of the Demo
tic party if any stingent liquor law is
passed. If the Democratic party has
stood it to have these fellows, who
are prophesying its downfall in i-: all
these years, it is thought enough to
stand anytbing. If the Democratic
-party depends upon the liquor men for
existence, then it has existed long
SSPECIAL TAX ON SODA WATER.
Further information in regard to the
new rule requiring soda fountains
to pay a special tax for selling claret
phosphate, catawba, etc.' is being
sent out by Commissioner of internal
Revenue J. W. Yerks in the form of
a letter to the various revenue collec
tors. The letter states that the pur
pose of the new ruling is only to dis
countenance and prohibit the sale of
distilled spirits, wines or compounds
thereof, in combination with soda
water, ginger ale or other like bever
ages of a similar character by drug
gists and others without the pay ment
of a special tax.
ST. VALENTiNE'S DAY.-The -cus
tom of sending letters containing pro
fession of love, or missives of senti
mental comic or burlesque character
on St. Valentine's day, which this
year occurs on Saturday, Feiruary 14,
will be profusely observed by the
fyoung people judging from the num
ber of valentines that are being handl
ed by local dealers. The origin of St.
Valentine's day is attributed to a
very old notion, alluded to by Shake
speare, that on this day birds begin
to mate. Hence, perhaps, arose the
custom of sending love tokens at this
TIlE ToWN KILLER.-The people
who send to New York for merchan
dise always do so because some New
York merchant has reached them by
advertising, says the Croney. of Cor
pus Cristi, Tex. It is not right to
abuse a purchaser for buying from any
merchant who has what he wants and
has told him about it. Such a pur
chaser is not a "town-killer." The
genuine "town-killer" is that stupid
sort of alleged business man whose
inane conceit is that, "Everybody
knows me and what I've got."
TUlE rnews that cotton to the value
of S10,000,000 wvas destroyed by the
boll weevil in a small section of Texas
last year, is alarming. It is indeed
to be hoped that the Southern repre
sentatives in congress will secure an
apprpriation of sufficient size to wipe
out this pest before it shall have
spread over the entire cotton belt of
Women are so naturally deccitful
that they can fool themselves into
thinking that they have good figures
when they arc like a sack of flour.
The man who has friends -is'~the
man who knows when not to see,
Ithough lie has eyes, and when not to
hear, though he has ears.
A TRAGEDY Ix~ COLLETON.
Henry W. Blitch Killed by Magis
trate Behlina at Meggetts.
Henry W. Blitch. a prominent truck I
farmer,of Meggett's, Colleton County, a
was shot and instantly killed by Mag- f
istrate Behiinig Friday afternoon. v
BehliDh used a shot gun. Ile tired
twice and Mr. Blitch was instantly
killed. His body was brought to the;
city Saturday morning and will be I
shipped to Mcl3eth's Sunday for inter- t
ment, the funeral services having I
been held at 15 Chapel street Satur
day afternoon. After the shooting; <
Maistrate Behling went to Walter
boro and surrendered to the sheriff.
No report of the trouble has been sent <
by the correspondents in Walterboro s
and consequently it was not known p
he e Saturday just what verdict was I
returned by the coroner's jury.
From the meagre particuiars gath
ered here it seems that Blitch and <
Behling have not been on the best of t
terms. There was a dispute abyut I
the lease of certain lands and it is <
said that this was the direct cause of 1
the shooting. According to a state- 4
ment given a Reporter for The Sun- I
day News-Saturday night by Mr. J. 1f
M. Coiey, in whose house the funeral e
services of Mr. litch were held. the
magistrate warned Mr. Bitch Friday
morning not to return to the planta
tion, where he had been working.
Blitch was there in the afternoon f
when Behliig rode up, carrying a <
shotgun on his shoulder. Mr. Coley I
said that Mr. Blitch had a gun, l.ut I
did not have a chance to use it. the h
magistrate being qu'cer with his b
weapon. Both barrels were discharg- 1
(d. the loads taking effect in Bliten -
heart. killing him almost instantly. b
Mr. Coley said that the men had dis- r
agreed about land transactions, and c
that a law. suit had kindled the bad 5
feeling between them.
Mr. Blitcii was 31 years of age. Ile
wa-; married and lef- a wife and one
child. Ile was formerly employed a.
a telegraph operator by the Atlantic
Coast Line and livei in Charl' s'on t
wl.ile serving in tnat capacity. ie
also worked for bis brother, Mr. Nor
man H. Blitch, but left him to en
gage in truck farming near Meggett's. t
Magistrate Bebling is about 40 years
of age. He has served at Meggett's
for some time as magistrate, and had
driven out about a mile and a half
from the station to his farm, which t
had beeir leased by Mr. Blitch, when
the trouble took place. The affair 1
has caused genuine regret, owing to 0
the prominence of the families con
cerned in their section.--News and b
SWEPT BY TIDAL WAVE.
The Loss of Life ig Estimated at One
News of a fearful loss of life in a a
destructive storm which swept over 3
the South Sea islands last month, f
reached San Francisco. on Sunday by i
the steamer Mariposa direct from
Tahiti. The loss of life is estimated
at 1,000 persons. On January 13 last
a huge tidal wave, accompanied by a e
terrible hurricane, attacked the 80o- 1
ciety islands and the Puanmoto group 5
with fearful force, causing deatn and i
devastation never before equalled in a
land of dreaded storms.c
The storm raged several days, a
reaching its maximum strength be
tween January 14 and January 16. f
From the meagre news received at
Tahiti up to the time of the sailing of t
the Mariposa it is estimated that E
1,000 of the islanders lost their lives.
It is feared that later advices will in- e
crease this number. The tirst news of t
the disaster reached P'apeete, Tahiti
January 26, by the scnooner Eimeo. e
The captain of the schooner placed
the fatalities at 500.
Tne steamer Excelsior arrived at
Papeete the following day with 400 e
destitute survivors. The captain of ,
the Excelsior estimated the total loss t
of life to be 800. These ligures com
prised only the deaths on the three is
lands of H~ao, ilikuera and Makokaa,
whose ordinary population is 1,800, t
On Hikuera Island, where 1,000 in- I
habitants were engaged in pearl div- c
ing, nearly _one-half were drowned. 't
On an adjacent island 100 more were C
washed out to sea: MakoItaa and [Hao s
are depopulated. Conservative esti- r
mates at Tahiti place the number of a
islands visited by the tidal wave and t
hurricane at 80. All of them were e
under the control of the Fiench gov- 8
ernor at Tahiti. The surviving in- l
habitants are left destitute of food, a
shelter and clothing, all having been a
swept away by the storm.
When faith leaves fear enters in. *
The praying Christian is never in
A smile in the home is worth two ~
at the ohlice.
By the ladder of hope men climb to g
A weak faith is a poor foundation
for a high hope.
A written word may be erased, a d
spoken word never.
The loudest prayer usually reaches
tie shortest distance.
Some men become lost by undertak
ing a short cut to duty.
No mnan-s heart is big enough to
harbor both love and greed.
When fencing evil out of the heart
be careful te fence the goo.i in.
People who mind their own busi
ness ind it an ever increasing duty.
Quite a lot of people are rude when
they think they ar Aunt and straight- ~
Attacking error with a feather is
as unsatisfactory as eating bean soup
with a fork.
A widow's tear in the scales will
outweigh any donation wrung from 'p
the people's needs.
The world judges us by what we ac
complish; God judges us by what we
strive earnestly to do-.c
A lot of people are so conscientious
that they never let their left hand
know that their right hand does noth- is
A whole lot of people love to sing
"Rock of ages cleft for me" if they el
can enjoy a softly cushioned pew o'
while doing so. 0]
If some men would put more princi- se
pe into politics they would not talk so dl
much about the small interest they at
have in it.- Will M. Maupin in Thei
TlE Savannah Press says: "The ot
Democratic party has found it uphill
work ever since it dropped Mr. Cleve
land." That is true. but it is easily ar
aounted for. The party was so bad- i
yy defeated in the middle of Cleve-|
lad's last term as President that it Ifa
was buried out of sight and it has i to
been trying to climb out of the hole|
in which he put it ever since. which|I
Df- core isti hil work. 10M
HER FRENCH A FAILUR ,
'he Trgedvy of a Dlacktac 0e0
In the Latin Qartor.
She was spending her fist month ii.
ie Latin quarter of Paris. She spoke
:nglish fluently, writh a Boston accent;
Iso she spoke German, could make a
iir stagger at Italian and knew a few
rerds of Hindoostanee, but of French
ot a syllable.
One morning she found herself in a
rrestling match with a bottle of
'rench shoe blacking. The pesky bot
le, understanding that it had to deal
rith an alien, refused to give -up its
ork. She had no corkscrew of her -
wn and did not know how to ask for
ne, even if she dared suspect that her'
ext door neighbor might be possessed
f the luxury. The tine of her pet fork
he had bent on the obstinate plug. the
oint of her best penknife she had bro
:en off short, and nothing remained
*cept to throw the bottle out of a
rindow to get at its contents. She de
ided as a last resort to try breaking
he neck off the bottle. With a "stove
id lifter" she administered several
autions taps in the region of the jugu
a.r of the obstinate neck. "'Nothin'
oin'." Then she tapped harder still,
ud the blacking came. All over her
ngers it came, all over her light wool
n skirt and over much of the floor and
She decided to have the skirt cleaned
nd. packing it into a bundle, tripped
f to an establishment where she
ound embarrassment because she
ould not understand questions. Final
e she got the drift of the cobversation.
'he cleaners wanted to know what
ad caused the spot. Fortunately a
ottle of shoe blacking was standing
ear by. and she pointed at this and
ould" and "ould" antil she left in
.eightened spirits, feeling that she: was
ot helpless and that she had made the
leaners understand. When the. skirt
ras duly returned the followin; week.
was dyed black.-New York Tribiunie.
Breton sheep are not much larger
xan a fair sized hare.
The mandarin duck Is one of the most
eautiful of aquatic birds.
The queen is always at the mercy of
de bees and is a slave instead of a-.
A beetle one-third the size of a horse
rould be able to pull against more
ban a dozen horses.
The greyhound, which can cover a
ile in a minute and twenty-eight see
nds, is the fastest of quadrupeds.
The giraffe, armadillo and porcupine
are no vocal cords and are therefore
iute. Whales and serpents are also.
The glowworm lays eggs which are
bemselves luminous. However, the
oung hatched from them are not pos
essed of those peculiar properdes until
fter the first transformatlon.
To escape from dangers which men
ce them starfishes commit suicide.
his instinct of self destruction Is
ound only in the highest and lowest
cales of animal life.
The daily talk of the Hebrideans has'
shrewd picturesqueness. "Let the
an go laughing home," they say.
'hat is. "Be careful of. whatever you
If a person were to be met coldly
n going to a friend's house, he would
"The shore is the same, but the shell.-.
sh is not the same."
The impossible is- den'oted by "black
erries in midwinter and sea gulls'
ggs in autumn."
"Better thin kneading than to be
mpty." That is, "Half a loaf is better
ban i no bread." -
"The man who is idle will put the
ats on the fire."
"He that does not look before him:
ill look behind him." -
"A house without a dog, without a -
at, without a little child, is a house
ithout pleasure and without laug
Homes In Italy.
Speaking of homes and ways of 11i'
ig, Mr. Luigi Villarl In "Italian Life
D Town and Country" reveals a cu
us state of affairs. In Italian cities
ere are no slum districts. The poor
st of the poor may be lodged in the
ie palace with people whose income
ns over $25.000 annually. The poor
re packed away in the garrets or in
2e cellars, to be sure, and their mis
ry must be rendered all the more
cute by the sight and scenfor such
vish living. High class Italians have
o objections whatever to dwelling over
shop or place of business.
Forgot Himself. -
Mrs. Henpeck-We hey bin married
wenty years today, Hiram.
Hiram (with a sigh)-Yes; fer twent3
ears we've fought
Mrs. Henpeck (scowling) - What?
ou old wretch!
Hiram (quickly)-Ife's battles to
ether, Mirandy.-Judge. -
Too Valuable to Lose.
Mr. Grogan-Sure, Moike, an' what
d yez do wit' yure dorg?
Mike-Oh, he wnz wort' SI0 an' 01
ep' t'inkin' if some wan sh'd stale
m Ol could ill afford th' loss, so Olf
are um away, b'gorra! - Chicago
Daserly-Is he so very ignorant?
Flasherly-Ignorant? Why, actually,:
e doesn't even know a cure for colds'
-Kansas. City Independent.
1 wonder why It is we are not elH
inder than we are. How easily It Is
one! -How instantaneously it acts5:
[ow infaL'ibly it is remembered!-"
THERE is considerable flippant talk
out this country and Germany go
g to wa: over the 'Venezuelan dis
te. Le', us all earnestly pray that
)such calamity befall this country.
THE Atlanta Journal expresses the
rrect opinion that it is a long way
om Cleveland to Bryan. And it
ight have .truthfully added that it
uphill all the way.
WE agree with the Augusta Chroni
that the idea of negro domination
'er white men. either in the South
anywhere else. is too absurd for.
rious contemplation. Where on the
be are white men in subjection to
No matter how ashamed of her bus- -
,d a woman is, she will imagine
her people are not.
The worst slur one woman puts on
other is when she says "anyway,
e makes a good wife."
The best thing to keep love from
llng out with you is never to get
a well acquainted with it.
To the ugliest woman on earth the
iking glass tells pretty lies. -