Newspaper Page Text
The Confederates First Proved Thei
Value in Modern Warfare.
.AVE BEEN GREATLY IMPROVE]
They Were Invented by Captain Ar
thur F. Maury, oi' Virnia
an O1uicer in the C o u
1 erate :A : y.
Te trp co, who se c:Yeets has bcei
ampydenmostrated by the JapalneCs
in their engagements with the Rus
sians in the harbor of Port Arthur
first came into use in the civil war
and was the invention of Capt. Ar
thur F. Maury. of Fredericksburg
Va.. unu ctlicer in the Confederati
army. There was at first much pre
judice against the use of the torpedo
but after a time the idea was acopte<
and the report of the United State,
Secretary of the Navy. made in 1865
showed that the Union cause los
more ships from that source that
from all others combined, the tota
number being fifty-eight.
Capt. Maury evolved the torpedo a
a means of defence of the navigabl
rivers of the Southern States. ;any
especially those of Virginia. Ther
was little means for experimenting
and at tirst his tests were all carries
on with minute charges of powdei
submerged and exploded in a wast
tub of water in a chamber in the
house of a cousin. It was early in
the first year of the war that the first
working experiment was made. It
occurred in the James River at Rich
mond, where the torpedo, a barrel
tilled with ordinary powder, was care
fuily lowered to the bottom. The
contrivance was fired by means of
a trigger, whicia was pulled from a
distance with a lanyard. The hammer
was much like the hammer of the old
army musket, and of course it had te
be raised before the torpedo was
placed in position. The success of
the invention was immediately seen.
A column of water was thrown into
the air twenty feet and it was but a
minute or so before many fish came
to the surface dead. The test was
conducted in the presence of a number
of otficials of the Confederate Govern
ment who, though beforehand they
had been free to express their doubts
as to the success of the invention im
mediately gave it their warmest ap
proval and the mining of the river
was at once begun. These torpedoes
were made to explode by contact.
Floating torpedoes were made in
pairs, connected with a rope 500 feet
long. This rope-or span, as it was
-called-had its purpcse. It was toat
ed on the surface by means of corks,
and the 'torpedoes themselves hung
suspended from it at a depth of twenty
feet. They were kept at that depth
by empty barrels painted a dull color
so as not to be easily discernible.
The idea was to set the ..orpedoes
afloat at the approach of a hostile ves
sel and trust to the span becoming
entangle~d with the hull in such a
way that the torpedoes would be
drawn against the side of the vessel,
where they were to be fired by the
mere tightness of the rope which con
nected them. Several attempts were
made to get these to work, but with
In the natural, development of the
torpedo idea it soon became evident
that submerged powder could not ai
ways be trusted to explode, especially
where there was a chance of contact
with water through triggers and such
contrivances. The electric wire then
was suggested. For some time it was
impossible to get any insulated wire
as there was no factory for its manu
facture except in the North, but at
last an abandoned cable which the
Unionists had endeavored to lay
across the Chesapeake Bay to Fortress
Monroe fell into the hands of the in
ventor. From this standpoint the find
was a providential one. By its aid he
was enabled to mine the mouth of the
James River with electric torpedoes,
and for some time every Federal
vessel that tried to pass was destroy
ed and the entire fleet kept at bay.
The torpedo idea spread to all parts
of the South and it was not long ere
every Southern harbor was mined. In
all waters where Union vesse~s ap
peared beer kegs full of powder were
set afloat having percussion attach
ments supposed to explode on co atact.
Not many of these did the work hoped
for them. Then a Confederate officei
thought out the spar torpedo-i. e., a
torpedo set at the end of a long spax
to be rigged at the bow of a small
boat to be exploded by impact against
a vessel's side. Soon a submarine
boat with' a torpedo attachment was
evolved, but its first attack brught
death to its entire crew, though they
took the Federal steamship Housato
nic to the bottom with them.
When it was seen that the torpedc
was capable of doing great damage.
Capt. Maury was sent to England tc
develop the idea and to keep the Con
federacy posted upon his researches.
Advancement was rapid, and it was
not long ere the Unionists, who at
first denounced the torpedo as a bar
barous engine of war, were fairly
driven to use the same means in theii
own defence The close of the war
found Capt. Maury the acknowledged
head of torpedoilearning of the world,
and by requset of the several Govern
ments he instructed naval otticers of
-Engiand, France, Russia, Holland
and Germany in the use of the new
weanon. All of these countries im
mediately adopted the idea and it has
formed a large part of their defence,
with our own, over since.
The modern torpedo is as unlike
the old affair as can be imagined.
Nowaday we shoot torpedoes into the
water where, by the prcpulsion 01
their own inside mechanism, they
dart through the water toward the
ship attacked. Ingenious attchments
make the torpedo almost sure to gC
in a straight line, and it is not at al:
a difficult matter to hit the object
aimed at. A description of the in
ternal arrangements of a torpedc
would be understood only by the
initiater. so it will not be attempted.
The t.:i edo itself is divided into five
compartment~ s.. At the nose-t he
front of the thing, which would come
trst into c'ntact with the side of s
vsse--is the eharge of 2o0 pounds o1
gun cotton. which is exploded by
impact. Just behind this chamber iu
the air chamber then the buoyance
chamber: and then the engine room.
The propellers are operated with com
nressed air and the radius of eliective
ness is said to be about !.000 yards:
that is to say, the torpeco can be
driven in a straight line that distance
before the compressed air gives out
and the propeller stops.
On somue of the bi; battle ships anc
cruisers thjere are submergea torpedi
tubes fr- ;jf which tis terribie deatL:
engine can be sent out without expos
ureto the enemy. The torpedo boat!
have their tubes on deck and the O r
pedo takes a leap over the side before
striking the water. On some vessels
there is a chain protection that can
be lowered all about the ship and
which catches and holds torpedoes
without exploding them. This chain
is hung from booms at a sutlicient
distance from the ship's side to insure
complete safety. In the hands of 1
ignorant or careless persons the tor
pedo is extremely dangerous, but if
rightly handled there are rearly 1
ever accident.-Talbot Stanley in
CAN E GROWERS' CONVENTION.
Delegates from this State to Attend
the Meeting in Jacksonville.
The State says there has been a
growing interest in the production of ]
sugar cane in this State. Indeed there
is on foot a movement among the i
farmers of South Carolina, Georgia
and Florida to plant cane enough to !
guarantee the operation of a big
refinery at some central point. r
There will be a convention of cane r
growers at Jacksonville on the 6th and J
7th of Nay, and on account of the in
terest in this crop Gov. Heyward has
appointed the following delegates
from South Carolina: t
Abbeville-J. E. Brownlee, Brown
lee: R. Sonly, Abbeville.
Anderson-A. M. Carpenter, Ander- r
son; Prof. J. S. Newman, Clemson e
Aiken-Maj. Harry Hammond,
Beech Island; D. W. Crosland, Ellen- c
Barnwell-L. H. Ulme, Fairfax; S. s
B. Moseley, Barnwell.
Beaufort-Thcs. G. White, Beau
fort; S. C. Cunningham, Beaufort. t
Berkeley-R. R. Lindsay, Pinopolis;
Jno. C. Porcher, Oakley. g
Bamberg-E. T. LaFitte, Denmark; s
F. H. McCrae, Denmark. a
Charleston-Dr. C. U. Shepard 1]
Summerville; E. M. Seabrook, Edisto I
Clarendon-J. E. Tindal, Packs
ville Henry B. Richardson; Marning.
Chester-T. J. Cunn i n g Li a m,
Clowney; J. B. Wylie, Richburg.
Chesterfield-R. M. P e g u e a,
Cheraw; W. A. Evans, Hornsboro.
Cherokee-R. O. Bellinger, Gaffney;
E. H. DeCamp, Gaffney.
Colleton-Campbell Sanders, Rit- e
ters; Norman Blitch, Meggetts.
I)arlington-E. Fuller Howle, Dar
lington, R. F. D.; E. Mclve Williams
Dorchester-W. C. Pearcy, Harley
Ville; J. M. Gavin, St. Georges.
Edgefield-Wm. P. Calhoun, Edge- d
field; Mark Toney, Johnston.
Fairfield-J. G. Mobley, Winnsboro; e
J. G. Wolling; Wolling.
Florence-W. L. Gibson; Winona;
Hartwell M. Ayer, Florence.
Greenville-M. L. Donal d s o n,
Greenville; T. B. Goldsmith, Simpson
Greenwood-J. H. Brooks, Ninety
Six; W. Fraser, Ninety-Six.
Georgetown-S. T. Donald s o *,
Georgetown; Win. C. White, Waverlezy
Hampton--Capt. Jno. Law t o n,
Scotia; A. M. Ruth, Hampton.
Horry-- A. Spivey, Conway; J.
H. Rice, Jr., Conway.
Kershaw-B. H. Boykin, Camden; J
J. Pope Sanders, Boykin. . c
Lancaster-T. K. Cunningha m, o
Lancaster; W. S. Heath, Kershaw. t
Lexington--D. F. Efird, Lexington;f
D. S. Griffith, Columbia.3
Laurens-J. D. W. Watts, Laurens; r
J. H. Wharton, Walterlon.
Marion-R. P. Hamer, Jr., Hamers; t
A. T. Harlee, Hamers.~ I
Marlboro-W. D. Evans, Bennetts- 3
ville; C. F. Moore, Bennettsville.
Newberry -T. C. Poole, Newberry; s
H. C. Moseley, Prosperity.r
Oconee-W. M. Brown, Jocasse; t
IB. R. Moss, Walhalla. s
Orangeburg-J. A. Peterkin, Fort'! a
Motte: J. A. Banks, St. Matthews.
Pckens--D. F. Brantley, Pickens;:
R. F. Smith, Easley.a
Richland-Thos. Taylor, Jr., Co- i
lumbia; Richard Singleton, Acton. v
Spartanburg-T. J. Moore, Moore's; c
. D. Leonard, Spartanburg.t
Saluda-B. L. Caughman, Column- s
bia; R. B. Watson, Ridge Spring. t
Sumter-E. E. Aycock, Wedgefield; t
W. S. Wheelee, Mayesville.
Union-J. T. Douglass, Union, J. t
L. Browning, Sedalia.
Williamsburg--J. Davis Cart e r, t
Leo; F Rhame, Rhames.a
York-S. B. White, Fort Mill: Geo.a
T. Schorb, Yorkville.
Finds His Daughter.
After a search of more than f ortyc
years, J. S. Box, a citizen of Union'E
county, has succeeded in finding hist
long lost daughter, from whom he
was separated when the civil wart
broke out. Mr. Box is a native oft
northwest Alabama, and when the 1
civil strife was declared he came tot
Mississippi and enlisted in the twen. e
ty-sixth infantry of this state, leaving
behind him in the Alabama mountains l
a wife and bright little girl 4 years t
old. While the war was in progresst
the wife died and the child was taken
in charge by a kind-hearted familyt
and cared for. Before the war closed d
the family moved away from the old t
neighborhood, taking the child with
them. Mr. Box searched vainly for 1
some clew as to their whereabouts,
and year after year he continued the i
search without receiving the slightest I
tangible clew. With patience and r
persistence he wrote letters, made
personal inquiries, traveled through t
the counties of north Alabama, and a
few days since he found his daughter,.
now grown to be a mature, micdle- v
aged woman, and happily married. I
living in Cullman county, Alabama.!5
Mr. Box identified his daughter by a
tiny scar on her forehead. Hundredst
of neighbors were called in to partici
pate in the joyous reunion, and the
celebrration was a Lappy event, last-r
ing an entire day.
The Cat Came Back.
A letter from Salt Lake City, Utah,
to the Chicago Tribune says: A cat
belonging to John M. WVest three .I
weeks ago stole a flounder from the
kthntable. West put the animal I
inabgand concealed it under the
seat in a day coach on the San Pedro,
Lcs Angeles and Salt Lake road. The
cat was taken to Calients, Nevada,'
before it was discovered and turned
loose. Friday, week all emaciated.
after a journey of 3:37 miles it appear
ed at the West house and begged for I
'food. .it got it.
The house on Wednesday refused to '
provide for a committee to in vestigate
the charge that Bourke Cockran had 'C
accepted pay for advocating the elec-s
tion of McKinley in 18%t-Cockran 1
having asked for such a committee.
Wild dogs are becomning a nuisance
end danger in the jungles of India.
Even the tiger and panther slink away I
OME HOT FIGHTING
ixteen Hu dred Japanese and Rus
sian Soldiers Killed in Five Days.
.USSIANS FALL BACK IN ORDE]
'o Entrenched Position Which th
J apan&esC Cannot Carry With
out Hard Fighting and
H avy Loss.
A dispatch from Tokio, Japar
inder date of May 1, says: After fly
says of tighting. largely with artillery
he Japanese army under Genera
Euroki. has forced a crossing of the
alu river and Sunday with a gallan
ofantry charge covering a frontag
)f four miles, it drove the Russian
rom Chiutiencheng and the height
n the right bank of the Iho or Aid
iver. which enters the Yalu from th
forth almost opposite Wiju. Th
apanese turned the left fank of tb
tussian position and in the battle c
unday they swept away the new fron
nterpcsed by the Russians to checl
heir onward movement.
The present position of the Japanes
s a dominating one, and they ma:
orce the abandon ment of the defense
rected by the Russians at Antun
.nd other point s lower down the river
eneral Kuroki began the movemen
a Tuesday by ordering a detachmen
f the imperial guards division ti
ize the island of Kurito, which is ii
he Yalu above Wiju and a detach
ent of the Second division to seizi
le island of Kinteito, which is helov
iju. The detachment of the imperia
uards met some resistance, but i
ucceeded in clearing the enemy ul
nd occupied Kurito island. Th
ussians abandoned the island o
Cinteito when attacked by the de
achment of the Second division.
LOSES ON BOTH SIDES.
Another dispatch from Tokio unde
ate of May 2 says: The Japanes
>sses on the Yaiu Sunday were abou
00 killed and wounded. The Rus
ians lost over 28 quick-firing guns
0 officers and $00 men. The Japan
se captured many men. The Rus
ias made two stands. A supple
ental report from General Kuroki
overing Sunday's fighting says: "Th
ussians made two stands. The ene
i's strength included all of the Thin
ivision, two regiment of the Sixtl
ivision, one cavalry brigade, abou
rty quick-firing guns and eight ma
hine guns. We have taken twenty
ight quick-diring guns, many rifles
ouch ammunition, more than twent:
f cers and many non-commissioner
ficers and men as prisoners. I an
aformed that Major Kashtalinsky
ommander of the Third East Siber
tn riules brigade and Lieutenant Gen
ral Zassalltch, commander of the
econd Siberian army corps, wer
-ounded. Our casualties number 701
.nd the Russian loss is more than 80i
WHAT THE RUSSIANS SAY.
A dispatch from St. Petersburi
nder date of May 2, says: The firs
apanese army, under General Kuroki
nsisting of the guards and the Sec
d arid Twelfth divisions, according
oticial and private advices from thi
ont, crossed the Yalu Sunday abou
0 miles, above the mouth of the
iver near Kiulientse, where the rive:
ends abruptly to the eastward. Fo:
ree days less than five thousant
ussians under Generals Sassulitch
isthenko and Kashtalinsky havy
een strung along the Manchurial
ide of the river and have been - har
ssing and impeding the crossing o
e Japanese very successfully, de
pite their hopeless inferiority in mel
On Friday the Japanese who hat
cupiedi the heights near Litzavei
d Khussan, above Antung, were dis
dged and driven back to the rivger
ith considerable loss. They werf
mpelled to dismount their pontoor
ridge in order to 'save it from de
ruction. Saturday a gunboat fio
ila at the mouth of the river and al
e field guns posted on the Coreai
ank opened a bombardment and scat
eed the Russian positions on th4
anchuian border. In two days
ghting the Russians lost two ottieer:
nd five men killed and six officer
nd thirty-six men wounded.
SUFFERED GREAT LOsS.
On the morning of May 1, it be
ame apparent that the bombard
aent of Satuday was preliminary t<
e crossing on Sunday, when thi
apanese opened again with thei:
atteries pouring an intense fire int<
e Russian lines, which caused grea
sses. The Russians had no inten
ion of trying to prevent the Japanesi
rossing, their sole object being to re
ard and emabarass as much as possi
le the crossing. With a compara
ively insignificant force, this having
een accomplished, General Sassulitct
aenaced by the overwhelming force o
e Japanese, retired in perfect or
er to his second position a short dis
ce away, which the Japanese im
aediatey attacked and where fight
ng is now in progress.
The Russians believe that it will re
ire another week to get Genera
~uroki's army completely across ant
eady to advance on the Pekin road.
The fact that the Russians have re
reated to positions back of Turenchen
here there is more fighting, show;
aat they bave built entrenchment:
hich the Japanese are under th<
ecessity of taking before they car
ush on. Consequently continuou!
.ghting and skirmishing will occur
e plan of the Russians being tn
ang on the flanks of the enemy an<
naoy and worry them to the utter
nost. .Nothing really decisive, how
ver, is expected until the Japanesc
,dvance shall encounter the Rtussiai
osition ini the mountain passes o
It is even cot:sidJered possible tha1
he Japanese may be able to turn the
tussian position -there, but all this is
rovided for in General Kuropatkin':
M1a:,y People Hurt.
Charles Schumacher, a candy sales
on of Lancaster, 0., was killed an<
ve other passengers injured in
reck on the Norfolk and Westeri
ear IHayesville Wednesday. Thi
orst. injured are: Mrs. Saran Jessui
f Dkytonl, 0., who sustaincd con
ssion of the brain and will probabl:
le, J. W. Wright, Hutitington, W
a., who was rupturned internall:
ud seiu' injured. The woman's
ach and day coach ran oif into
iding while the train was passin;
ver a switch and they overturned.
Heard Umieruround Noises.
A t llatesburg. S. C.. on Friday sub
erraaru noises like the r~ ar of a dis
at tr-ain were heard by many relia.
le people. There was no shaking ol
HE IS A HERO.
A Colored Man Saves a Little Boa
- from Drowning.
But for the presence of mind of a
negro, Allen Young, the 12-year-ok
son of Mr. and Mrs. C. Young, of 114i
L Campbell street, would have lost hi:
life in the canal back of the Davidsor
Grammar school Friday afternoon.
Allen is a scholar of the Davidsor
Grammar school, and, after school bad
turned out, started home by a narrow
path on the canal bank, in the rear o1
the school. He was trotting aiong
when the wind blew his hat in the
water and he learned forward to pick
a it up. The path is only two or three
feet wide and slants towards the canal
i and as Allen, reached out for hi:
hat slipped and fell in and was born(
t by the swift current to the gates just
a below the point where he fell in.
s John Benyan, a negro nearby, wh(
s was bitching a horse belonging to Mr
. Pierce, saw the lad fall in the wate]
e and at once plunged in after him
e Benyan is a good swimer and in
short while laid Allan on the bani
f unconscious and apparently lifeless
L The negro, with great presence o:
c mind, rolled the boy on the ground
and in that way got part of the water
a out of his body. He then rubbed somt
r camphor on his chest.
Mr. Pierce came up at that time
and carried the boy home to his par
ents, and Dr. C. I. Bryans was sum
moned. Dr. Bryans worked ove
& Allan for about twenty minutes befor
he showed signs of returning c )nsci
i ousness, and he was soon all right
with the exception of the shock and
the quantity of water that he nac
swallowed. His leg was badly bruis
L ed and scratched when he fell in th
If the boy had reached the gates
before being rescued he would un
doubtedly have drowned as he was al
ready. unconscious and could have
made no effort to save himself. Ever
if he had been in full possession of hi:
senses he could hardly have saves
himself for he would not have beer
strong enough to resist the swift cur
rent, tired as he would have been be
fore the gates were reached.
Benyan certainly did a noble deed,
one which deserves unstinted praise
for at the risk of his own life he res
cued that of another. Mr. and Mrs
Young are very grateful to the negr<
and their thanks took a substantia
form, as he was handsomely reward
RROKE OPEN HER LETTERS.
A Too Eager Lover Will Have to ge
In the United States court E. H.
Holland, a young white man living
near Spartanburg, was tried and con
victed on an indictment charging hit:
with breaking open a letter addressed
to another party. Holland did no1
appear in court, the trial being con
ducted in his absence. His accusei
was Miss Shehan, a fair young wo
man, who is said to be an employe o:
one of the cotton mills near Sapar
It seems that Hollaand ws greatly
interested in her love affairs and dic
not like the idea of Miss Shehan re
ceiving letters from an unknown
-source in a bold and masculine hand
writing. He determined to find out
- from whom these missives came and
-their contents. One. day, when hE
calculated that one of these letters
must be due, he called at the post
office for gliss Shehan's mail and one
of the letters he so longed to read was
. handed him by the postmaster. lHe
Sis alleged to have broken the seal and
. gazed upon the contents, which must
have turned his countenance green
with jealous rage. It was a red-hot
love letter, pure and simple, and it
showed very plainly that the writei
-was the favored suitor.
While Miss Shehan was testifying,
Judge Brawley, in order to fmnd a
motive for the alleged crime, asked
the witness whether or not Holland
. was an admirer of hers, and she an
swerd that she did not know. The
judge then asked if they had ever
gone out walking together and if he
had ever said those little meaningless
things young people call love-making.
Here the witness answered, "Yes,
sir." "The other fellow," the man
who wrote the letter, was also present
in the court room and testified that
be had written the letter and duly
stamped and posted it. Sentence will
not be pronounced against Holland
until he is brought into court.
)Why His Marriage was a Failure.
He regarded children as a nuisance.
He did all his courting before mar
He never owned a home of his own.
He never talked over his affairs with
He never had time to go anywhere
with his wife.
Hie doled out money to his wife as
if to a beggar.
He looked down upon his wife as
an inferior being.
He thought of his wife only for
what she could bring to him.
He never dreamed that there were
two sides to marriage.
lie never dreamed that a wife needs
praise or compliments.
lHe had one set of manners for home
and another for society.
Hie paid no attention to his persona]
appearance after marriage.
He married an ideal and was dis
appointed to find is had flaws.
Hie thought his wife should spend
all her time doing housework.
He treated his wife as he would not
have dared to treat another woman.
lHe never dreamed that his wife
needed a vacation, recreation or
He never made concessions to his
wife's judgment, even in unimpor
He thought the marriage vow had
made him his wife's master, instead
of her partner.
lHe took all the little attentions
lavished on him by his wife as his by
"divine right," and not as favors.
lie always carried his business
trobles home with him, instead of
locking them in his store or office
when he closed.
> George Lee Warren and Frank
Warren were sentenced at Yorkville
on Tuesday to ten and five years re
spetively for shooting into a train
last Ja'nuary and wounding Conductor
Ross. George died the first night he
was on the chaingang and Frank
came neary dying. It is suspected
they took poison.
The Virginia Navigation Company's
steamer Pocahontas, plying between
Richmond and Norfolk. was burned
up at Richmond Saturday night. She
BOARD OF EDUCATIO
Appointed by Gov. Heyward on Re,
ommendation of Supt. Martin.
ONE OLD MEMBER RETAINEI
The New Board Is Composed of Wel
Known Educators. Most of
Those Appointed Are
The new members of the Stal
board of education were appointe
last week by Gov. Heyward. TI
State says announcing the above al
pointments Gov. Heyward stated the
in making the selections of membe:
of the board he had given careful cot
sideration to the wishes of Superib
tendent O. B. Martin, the head <
the department of education, in tt
matter of its personnel, with due re
erence to the best interests of ti
public school system of the State.
have deemed this not a matter fC
personal consideration," he said to
reporter, "but a matter of person;
development of the school systen
and for this reason have thought :
wise to give regard to the recommei
dations of the superintendent of edi
cation, 'as I believe that the superi
tendent and the board should work i
perfect harmony with no antagonise
The members of the new board art
Prof. W. K. Tate, of Charleston; Pro
J. E. Boland of Langley; Prof. D. V
Daniel of Clemson college; Prof. A. (
Rembert, Wofford college; Prof. .
R. Banks of Lancaster; Prof. B.
Wells, of Conway; Prof. A. J. Thacl
ston of Orangeburg. Sketches of tI
appointees as given out are as follow
First district, W. K. Tate,
Charleston. Prof. W. K. Tate is
graduate of the Peabody Normal co
lege of Nashville, Tenn.: he has ha
several years' experience as a teach'
in this and other southern State
For several years he has- been princ
pal of the Memminger Normal scho
of Charleston. About 300 young h
dies are in regular attendance upo
this school and many improvemeni
have been made upon the buildir
and in the school during Mr. Tate
administration of its affairs. M
Tate has done successful work i
the State and county summer school
and is held in very high esteem t
the teachers of the State. He is c
the faculty of the Summer School <
the South at Knoxville, Tenn., fi
the coming summer.
Second district, J. E. Boland, Lank
ley. Mr. J. E. Boland is a gradual
of Newberry college and is one of tt
rising young schocl men of the Stat
He has had experience as a teacher <
country schools and is now principi
of the school at Langley, which schoi
is now larger than it has ever bee
before; he increased the attendant
by a house-to-house canvass amon
the mill people. He has made
special study of the peculiar problen
of the schools of the mill distric1
and will make ,a valuable member
the board. His address before th
city superintendents, at their meetin
in Columbia last winter, receive
very favorable comment from those i
attendance because he showed a ver
accurate knowledge of his special cot
ditions and work.
Third district, D. W. Daniel, Clen
son college. Prof D. W. Daniel is af
sociate professor of English in Clen
son college. His experience covers
considerable amount of vauluabl
work in the public schools in bo~t
city and town districts. He 'was prit
cipal of the school at Batesburg hi
tore he was elected at Clemsan; b
has done successful work in the farn
ers' institutes and was much in de
mand in the educational campaig
work during the past summer. Bi
lectures upon "Industrial Education
was one of the principal featureC
the large farmers' institute at Clen
son college last summer.
Fourth district, A. G. Remberi
Prof. A. G. Rembert is one of tb
most useful members of the Wo:
ford faculty. He, too, has been muc
in demand for educational speeche
and summer school work. He is or
of the most active members of th
State Teachers' association and is a
present a member of its executiv
committee. He has worked his wa
up to his present position throug:
successful experience in schools ali
mentary and secondary grades and b~
will also make a very strong and use
ful member of the State board of edt
Fifth district, A. R. Banks, Lat
caster. Mr. A. R. Banks is a vetera:
school man and is at present superir
tendent of the city schools of Lancas
ter. He is a graduate and trustee (
Davidson college and has been engas
ed in public and private school wor:
in the fifth district for several yearn
Col. Banks has had experience as;
member of the State board of educa
tion and is thoroughly identified witi
the school interests, both in this towi
Sixth district, B. J. Wells, Conway
Mr. B. J. Wells is a recent graduat
of the South Carolina college, andi
one of the younger generation of edt
cators who are making themselves fel
in the development of the educationa
system of the State. Mr. Wellsi
superintendent of the Burrcugh
Graded school in the town of Conway
He has been there several years an
has made his impress upon the tow3
and county. His town had alread
voted a special tax and last week the
voted unanimously to issue bonds an
build a new school house. There is
great deal of new life in school wor]
as well as in industrial developmen
in the "Independent Republic c
Horry;" and Mr. Wells will use his ir
1uence as a member of the Stat
board of education to advance thi
Seventh district, A. J. Thackston
Orangeburg. Mr. Thackston has bee1
the superintendent of tbe city school
of Orangeburg for ten years, and be
fore he became superintendent he hai
various experience in school work, be
ginning with public schools in tb
country. He is a graduate of Furmai
university, through which institutio1
he worked his way by teaching coun
try schools. He has made the Or
angeburg schools one of the best sys
tems in the State and is held in th
highest esteem by the Orangeburi
people. He is. a member of the OI
angeburng ccunty board and is thor
oughly identified with the publi
The old board -consisted of W. A
Brown, Marion; H. P. Archer, Char
leston; A. R. Banks, Lancaster; J.]I
McC.iin, Due West; H. T. Cooki
Greenville. G. L. Knight, Granite
ville; J. B. O'Neal Holloway, Elloree
Eskimos Killed Out
All the Eskimos in the Mackenzi
Basin except ten families have beel
killed by measles. Before the epidemi
there were forty or fifty families witl
a total population of nearly two hut
THE REVOLUTIOARY ROLLS. 4
Names of Heroes Who Served Under D
Marion, Sumter and Pickens. I
Names of some of the heroes who
fought under Marion, Sumter and
Pickens as published by the State:
Alex Dove, Capt. Anderson Thomas'
William Downes, Capt. Walters' ]
Hugh Donaldson, Col. Brandon's
d Daniel Donaho.
e John Donaho.
. John Dominck, Col. Waters' regi
s Thomas Dolton.
- Jacob Dominick, Col. Waters regi
)f William Doeby, sergeant.
e John Dods, with Williamson's bri
f- gade near Augusta, 1779; later Col.
e Brandon's regiment.
I James Dodds.
r William Dodd, Brandon's regiment.
a Hugh Dods.
.i James Dobbins, Waters' regiment;
1, Capt. Rosamond's company.
it Fortunatus Dobbs.
- John Dobbs.
1- William Dobey, sergeant, Pickens.
1- Thomas Dalton, Pickens.
n Matthew Dalton, Pickens.
n Jacob Dominick, Col. Waters' regi
: David Donaho.
t. John Donaho.
T. Matthew Donaldson, Capt. Jos.
. Pickens' company.
L. Peter Doney.
f. Allen Dondle.
;- Alexander Donald (and sons).
e James Dondle.
s: Hugh Dondleson. before fall of Char
)f leston under Col. Brandon.
a James Donald, "drayer," Col. Ia
1- ham's legion.
d James Donald, Marion.
r John Donald, Col. Maham.
. Moses Donald, Marion.
i- James Donnam.
1 Matthews Dolson (?)
,- James Doogan.
n Robert Doogan lieutenant.
s Thomas Doogan, captain.
g Peter Dorst, Pickens.
's John Dorch, Sumter.
r. Nathan Dorth, Capt. 1obertson,
n Capt. Craig and Lieut.-Mitchell of
;. Taylor's regimeut.
y William Dorch.
n James Desmond, on ship "Iago de
r Joel Doss.
Jack Doss under Capt. Jos. Pickens
- and Capt. William Strain.
e Jeremiah Dolton, Roebnck's regi
. James Dougherty, Waters regiment.
)f John Dougherty, Capt James Gore.
.l William Dougherty, Pickens.
)l Alex Douglass.
n Hugh Douglass, Capt. John Irwin.
e Jesse Douglass.
g ' John Douglass.
a Joshua Douglass.
s Caleb Doud, waganer.
s William Doud.
f Jacob Dove, Capt. Anderson
g Robert Dowie, porbably Capt. Kirk
d patrick; later quartermaster sergeant
n under Maj. Ross, Bratton's regiment.
y Josiah Downen, Capt. John Wilson;
- was in detachment of Pickens' brigade
under Col. Hayes, was overtaken by
- enemy and struck down.
- Joshua Downer, 001. Leroy Ham
- mond, Pickens.
aJohn Dozer, lost blooded mare in ac
ii John Drafts.
-William Drake, IPickens; probably
- killed; widow, Martha.
e James Draper, Col Brandon.
- Thomas Drayton, lieutenant, 001.
- Maham's cavalry; killed.
ri John Dreenen, ,Capt. Jos. Pickens.
s John Dreenen, captain, Maj. Craw
'ford's regiment of horse.
f Thomas Dreenen.
- William Dreenen, commissary of is-'
sues, detachment of Col. Reed of
, "Pearch Island"; later Capt. Joseph
e Pickens' company.
- De'brix Driggers, South Carolina
1 continental line.
5 Julius Driggers.
e William Driggers, Lieut. Allen,
t Johan Drury, Capt. Benjamin Xil
y Andrew DuBose, captain.
i Daniel DuBose.
e Isaac DuBose, lieutenant, Maham's
- Isaiah DuBose, captian, 0 o 1 .]
- Peter DuBose, captain.1
a Samuel DuBose, adjutant, Col. Mc- 1
- Donald's regiment.
-Jacob Duicket, Pickens.
f Joseph Ducket.
-Jean Baptist DuCoin, armorer, frig
E ate South Carolina.<
.Thomas Dudley, in Granville donn
a ty malitia.
a William Duff, 0ol. Brandon's regi-1
a ment, Capt. Daniel McKay's com
. Jesse Duesto, Capt. John Cressett's
company, Marion's brigade.
5 Anthony Duffield, continental.
-Samuel Duffleld, surgeon mate, c
frigate South Carolina.t
.1 Richard Duggens.
s Thomas Durgan, captain; paid for
service of his brothers, James and
.Robert, deceased; in command of com
i pany stationed on Reedy river in i
177$; was in Pickens' brigade.f
r Major Dukes, Col. Brandon.
r Benjamin Dukes, saddler for Co!- t
i Peter Horry's cavalry..
.Edmund Dukes. -
tRobert Duke, Capt. Goodwin's com- a
fpany, Taylor's regiment.
- Poll Tax Payment.
SAssistant Attorney General Town
send Friday gave the comptroller gen
eral an important opinion on the col
lection of poll taxes and isdisposi- ~
tion in the school fund. The opinion
which explains itself is as follows:
S1. That where a person is prose-r
cuted before a magistrate for non- C
payment of poll tax; the fine collected ~
by the magistrate is paid over by
him with other fines to the county
treasurer and reported to the clerk of
court as a fine.
2. The money so collected by the
magistrate goes into the fines belong
ing to the county, and is not a part of
the poll tax belonging to the school
S3. The county treasurer is not en-b
titled to any costs for swearing out s
the warrant against the defaulting ~
tax payer, nor are any costs to be ,
paid him out of the moneys collected
by the magistrate as fines. He is nots
entitled to be paid fifty cents for is- a
suing execution against the default
ing tax payer, unless the taxes ;andd
such costs are collected and execution c
issued by the treasurer to the sheriff,t
and not through the magistrate.b
a A fight between Greeks and Bul- c
- garians occurred April 25. Twenty /i
iNERALS FROM THIS STATE
Ir. Garlington Will publish Theil
.ikeness on the Confederate Roiji
The State says Mr. J. C. Garlingto
>f Spartanburg, who has charge a
ompilling the Confederate rolls to b
>rinted by the job office of The Stat
ompany, appeared before the Wad
lampton chapter of the Daughters c
he Confederacy Wednesday to con
uilt with them in reference to,. L
ublication and to secure their aid i
vetting photographs of all of the get
rals from South Carolina who fougt
n the Confederate service.
There seems to be considerable cot
roversy as to the men from th
state who actually attained the ran
>f general in the Confederate wa
ome being commissioned who did nc
o into actual command. It is pr
,osed to print the pictures of the gel
rals, from brigadiers up, on the
polls of the regiments. The Daughte
f the Confederacy heartily comment
d the work and promised the loan (
she pictures in the relic room at tb
State house that may be needet
Photographs of nearly all-of the get
rals and colonels have been placed i
:his relic room, but many are poi
ictures and some have faded. It
,roposed to make half-tone cuts c
;hose available, to be used in adore
ng the regimental rolls, scon to b
The list of photographs desired
1s follows: R. H. Anderson, Stephe
D. Lee, Wade Hampton, Benjami
Huger, James B. Kershaw, M. C
Butler, James W. Connor, N. (
Evans, Stephen Elliott; S. R. Gis
Eartin W. Gary. Johnston Hagooc
L. M. Manigault, John S. Preston
as. H. Trapier, C. H. Steven
Kaxcy Gregg, Micah Jenkins, Abae
errin. J. F. Gilmer, Barnard I
Bee, Ellison Capers, Thomas, I
Drayton, John Dunavant, Roswell R
Ripley, Wmn. P. Shingler, J. 1
lillepigue, M. L. Bonham, John Bra
on, John D. Kennedy, T. M. Logai
W. H. Wallace.
It is hoped that if any of tI
riends or relatives of these gallar
eroes have photographs that the
will be sent in. Also that correction
is to rank will be made before th
olls are finally priented. The photo
graphs will be carefully preserved at
returned within 10 days and will b
ised merely to make plates fro
which engravings may be had.
The Wade Hampton chapter a
pointed a committee to cooperate wil
A r. Garlington in getting up the.
pictures and it is hoped that a cop
Af the regiment roll can be made :
rime for the coming reunion in Cha
From time immemorial the que
tion of how late a young man mig]
with propriety and safety stay at ti
house of his sweetheart when callii
n her has been relegated to.the pa
ties in interest, the suitor, the gi
and the parent, with occasional pa
bicipation in the case by the fami
watch dog. The law, however, h
ever until now ventured to take
and In the settlement of such ni,
ssues of social relationship. It ha
f course,- recognized that a man
bouse is his castle, and it has consen
ad from time to time to bear light
2pon the conduct of an irate parez
soward one whom pie regarded as
;respasser. But it has remained fi
1. St. Louis judge- to lay'down a ru
if conduct for all lovelorn callers.
ertain young woman of the mor
sity took umbrage at the manner:j
which her father behaved toward hi
wooer. The young man had in~son
way, not detailed, incurred ti
~nmity of the parent, a by no meai
mcommon happening in the course 4
,rue love, and on one occasion at leai
ae had been ejected by force In a wi
o' wound his physical feelings and 1
fiict great mental suffering upon h
ady love. Whereupon this aggressi'
oung woman haled her father 1
ourt of a complaint of assault, at
he case was heard in all its fullnes
wd at the ckcse the presiding justii
uled that "eleven o'clock at night
ong enough for any bean to stay wit
as sweetheart." Reports of the cal
ius far in hand are deplorably de:
~ient. It does not appear whethi
he St. Louis gallant is by his rulir
riven license to call until 11 o'cloc)
)r is still subject to the despotic ru:
)f the father, who 'retains the vel
,ower. Presumably the court bok
his issue in reserve, and the assum]
ion is that every man calls on hi
,eloved at his own risk, and has abst
utely no rights in the premises afte
.. Of course, the St. Louis court
lecision does not of Itself affect th
,uitors of other cities. But the pre
edent laid down by it will undoub1
dly have an effect upon parents ever3
here the news is carried. It woul
iot be surprising to find a concerte
novement in progress, at the instanc
f the Amalgamated FathersC
retty Girls, to secure the enactmer
if curfew laws covering this partiet
ar point. Nor would it be wonde3
ul if some genius, inspired by thi
ecision, were to mnvent an automs
ic ejector on the alarm clock princ
A writer in the Chicago Tribun
as compiled some very interestin
gues upon the subject of suicidt
e shows that during the last thiu
een years 77,617 people have cost
itted suicide In this country. I
902 fifty cities furnished 2,500 case
f self-destruction, out of a total c
,132 for the entire country. Of th
7,637 suicides in the thirteen-yea
eriod, 57,317 were males and 20,40
males. The greatest ratio of in
rease is among young women unde
wentyfive years of age. There ha
lso been a large irncrease in the nurn
er of children who killed themselves
Ir. Upton's figures are undoubtedl;
liable for the purpose of study an'
mparison, but they are probabl;
duort by many thousands of the acttua
umber of deaths induced by self-in
icted violence or other means. Be
>re the year 1894, says the Tribune
ae method of committing suicid
lost in vogue was by shooting. I:
e later years the poison route to th
ereafter has become the favorite
arbolic acid is the favorite brand o
oison used. Carbolic acid is cheap
ut it produces an extremely painfu
>rt of a death. It is very dif~icul
account for the preference for car
olic, except on the grounds that
urge proportion of those who comnmi'
uicide are "dead broke" and canno1
lord the less painful sorts of poison
'he number of people who hang anc
rown themselves is also on the in
rease, as is the number who throm
emselves before locomotives. NC
ss than 800 have committed suicide
y this latter method in the timc
>vered by the Tribune's statistics,
.nother popular method is that furn
hedl by the gast jet.
The Speaker Was Complimented by
the Minority for Impartiality.
WAS RECEIVED WITH C
e Mr. Wiliams Presents the
tions to the Speaker in a Sleech
Full of Humor and 'm
3 mon Sen
Q The closin ay of the second
session' of the house of thefifty-eighth
congress was made notable by the
. demonstration which was evoked by a -
is resolution offered by Mr. Williams,
k the minority leader, testifying to. the
courtesy and fair and impartial man
ner in which Speaker Cannon had
1 presided over the house. -
e The resolution was not of the per
rs functory kind but was expressive of
t- the kindly feeling which men in the
>f house of all parties entertained to:
ie ward him. In a graceful speech the
lt speaker declared his appreciation of
i the resolution. Many conference re
n ports were agreed to on bills which
>r had been in dispute between the two.
is houses including that on- the bill for
)f the government of the canal zone.
i- The only debate of any importance
e was on the bill providing for the res
toration to the naval academy of'
is three cadets who had been dismissedT
n for hazing, the house voting over
n whelmingly against it.
. When the resolution for adjourn
. ment was presented, Mr. Williams,
, the minority leader, remarked that.:
, wh'le the Democrats personally would
, feel very glad to get back to their.
;, homes they would regret for a long
r time "the non-action of the majority;
. of the house that seems anxious to
. leave the pcst of duty and leave a
. situation bristling with. legislation
. that ought to be considered." " r
- Mr. Payne said that he felt assured
, "that after seven years of uniuter
rupted Republican rule this country.
e will say that every important inter=
it est'has been carefully guarded by the
y Republican party by the legislation f
s those seven years."
5 RESOLUTIONS PRESENTED.
The time was within five' minutes
d of the hour set for adjournment when
i Mr. Williams, amid impressive silence,
was recognized.to present a resolution
expressive of the appreciation of the
} house for the fair and impartial manW
h ner in which the speaker had presid
e ed over that body. The resolution
y refers to the sturdy common sense
in and genial good humor which have
r- been displayed by the speaker
which have induced the membersf,
the-house itself in a degreealmostuu
precedented, in- imitation of him, to ;
it display the same sterling Ameria
characteristIis in their deliberatio s
ie and mvtual dealings."
Mr. Williams said that it waa,.
great thing to be a speaker of the'
house of commons of the American
rrepublic, but that it was a rae~~
Sthing "not to permit the fact of pre.
a motion to that place, one of themoV
aexalted in the world, to turne
head In the slightest degree or de.c
one from the course hitherto pursued,.$
of being ,a plain American citizen
wy~ith extraordinary common sense an
a remarkable fund of that mostchr'
acteristic of all American qulte'4
Sgenial good humor."
>r This ,utterance provokedvoeru<
e applause from both sides of thehos
and the galleries. -Mr. Wilmsa e
nconvulsed the house by rbfering to6a
conversation he once had with the
rspeaker, in the course of .which he
e sad: 'Mr. Speaker, Iwill always
think that you are as fair as I-be~eve<
~you will be." xi
The speaker, he said, reied
S"John, I amgoing to be as fair-asi
can consistently with the exigencies
Sof American politics."
e -FEANNEss HIs CHAltA oTEBISTIC.
0 Mr. Williams declared that ti"
d speaker did himself Injustice we
, he put that limitation upon his stae
e ment, "but" Mr. Williams said,-it
is was characteristic of the -frakes
I and candor of the man to putinth
e limitation." The resolution was a ~
i- animously adopted on a rising eot&'
ir and the speaker was escorted toth
g rostrum amid frantic applause. He
E, was visibly affected when he thanked
e the house for the resoultion, saylg,
that it touclied him more thans h
a could express. He said among other >
s "In the nature of things the con
-tests'on the hustings and in the ha4l
r of the house are spirited and earnesto~
s I would be less than h-irna did Io.
e say that while for the timie b~g
-cooperate with the majority, r
- all the minority has a function to"
- perform almost equal in importance:
to the function of the- majority, and -
it is a matter of gratification no~
e only to me, but as I recolect it at
if the clese of the various congresses of *
t which I have been a member,.that
.when the heat of contest has died -
-away there ever remains respect upon
each side for the other, for the efforts
-of intelligent, patriotic, brave men
-who represent their constituents an- -
cording - to their .respective judg- ,
The speaker at 2:10 adjourned the
e house and' was given one of the grea
et demonstrations oif regard eve r
witnessed in the house of representa
- As to aman the members rose and
i sang "America," the occupants of -tte
s galleries .joining in. Speaker Cannon
f took a position near the lobby door on
the Republican side and the members ...
r filed past and bade him "good-bye"'
) all the while singing, "He's a jiolly
-Good FKellow," with a refrain "So say -
r we all of us," to the tune of
"America;" closing. with "God Be
-With You Till We Meet Again."
-A Little Girl Drowned
The Charleston correspondent. -of
The State says little Katie Belle'
N eeley, the 10-year-old daughter -of
Mr. Nick N'eeley, who lives on the
Hampton place, lost her life by drown
ing in Hampton pond Wednesday
night. She and her father were fish
ing at the time. Before her father
knew it she was struggling- in the
water and before he could get her out
she had drowned. Mr. Neeley recov
ered the body promptly, but all efforts
[to resusciate her failed. The informa
tion that reached the city aboutth
affair is to the effect that the gir
who was of an extremely nervous t
perament, jumped into toe pondo
being startled in some unaccouab
way. She was a handsome child and
a great favorite among her neighbors,'
and her tragic death has caused great
sorrow in that community...
They Are Coming.
State Immigration Commissioner
Watson has placed three German im
migrants. They are farmers and wil
go to the Pee Dee section of the state.