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The Suldier's Dream.
I dreamed a dream last night, wife: I thought they'd called the roll, And I saw the soldiers "fall in line," As they used to do of old: It was a solemn sight. wife Their locks were w% hite as snow, W lie an angel gave out badges hnd a shining cross you know. The badges were for passports, dear, To cross a sullen stream That wound just like a serpent 'Round our 'eampment in my dream: I heard the angel calling, "Ye vet'rans fall in line:' And I saw our colums moving Like they did in olden tinie. Far out within the gloaming. Upon the bloody plain. I could see the whitened tombstones Of the men who had been slain: The smoke it seemed had cleared away From the tield, neath cloudless skies, And I heard the angel calling To the dead to now arise. Deep trouble came upon me, For the angel from on high. In giving out the badges. It seemed had passed me by: Mv eyes were sore with weeping, or I saw death's waters gleam, And I knew 1 had no passport To bear me o'er the stream' And others, too, were weeping One had a precious wife, A son and other children, He loved more than his life: And others carried bags of gold, Their forms all bending low, Thus weighed with life's treasures. That they could not cross you know. But I ran and called the angel: "Please help me o'er the stream. For I heard the waves now lashing. And could see death's water gleaming Then flew the angel backward: "Why linger thou I pray? Did'st thou not hear the order To fall in line today? Then gave he my passport. And my joy now did seem . So very great-unutterable That it waked me from my dream, I've been thinkg- o'er this matter, wife, - Since the dawning of the day; You see our forms are bending And our locks have done turned gray. Our feet are sore and heavy, dear, And our eyes are getting dim, But, as we totter down life's pathway We will put our trust in him: We'll not falter at death's waters, We'll not trouble at their gleam, For God will send an angel, To bear us o'er the stream! INSTITUTES FOR FOR FA R S. The Program for Summer Announc ed by Clemson College. President Mell, of Clemscn college, has issued the following in regard to Parmers' Institutes to be held in South Carolina this year: Local Institutes will be held by members of the Clemson college fac ulty on the invitation of not less than fifteen farmers, each of whom shall sign his own name to the invita tion or petition. Those desiring institutes must have their petitions in the hands of the president. on or before the 10th day of June, 1904. These petitions must designate a suitable place for holding the insti tute and will be expEcted to provide either a suitable building or seats in some grove for the comfortable ac commodation of those who attend the institute. Prof. J. S. Newman, the Director of Farmers:Institutes, will appoint the dates-at'which the institues will ha-Jbeid and give due notice to the pe titioners in each locality. They will be place of the meeting throughout the territory from which attendance is ex By authority of the board of trus tees, institutes will be held during -one of the winter months in the fol lowing named counsties: Marion, Horry, Florence, Williams burg, Georgetown, Clarendon, Berke 1ey, Charleston, Dorchester, Orange burg Bamberg, Colleton, Beaufort, Trampton and Barnwell. Inthe remaining counties, they will be held in July, beginning on the irgt Tuesday (5th). There will be a farmers' institute held at the college, from August 9th to August 12th. Distinguished speak ers have been engaged to discuss sub jects on animal husbandry--Such as how to raise dairy and beef cattle, how to make butter and properly handle'milk; subjects on general agri cultural interest-such as how to re claimi wornout soil, growing of fruits and vegetables, insects and diseases of plants and animals, how to make and apply fertilizers, the importance of labor-saving implements, and a num ber of other like subjects, important and interesting to the farmers of South Carolina. The indications point now to a ver * arge gathering of people on the occa slon of the Institute, and in order that the college may provide quarters for those who are interested in the work of the institute, it will be nece sary to apply to the president of the college for accommodation, otherwise the parties arriving at the college without this application having been *made, may be unable to secure quar ters during- the progress of the in stitute. A Big Organ. * The immense organ which was re cently installed at the St. Louis Ex - position in Convention Hall, besides being the largest organ in the world, embodies one of the greatest musical instruments ever constructed. Its total weight is 250,000 pounds and cost 867,000. The pipes range in size all the way from thirty-seven feet six inches to three-quarters of and inch in length, numbering 10,0565 in all. The organ contains 140 musical stops and ninety-nine mechanical stops. It has 1,115 miles of wire and has five bellows, which. are operated by a 20 horse power electric motor. The or gan really combines six organs; respec tirely, the great organ, swell organ. solo organ, echo organ and pedal or gan. It is said that unless an org-an ist takes a special course of instrue *tion with it he will find himself help less before the monster. Killed Herself:. A special to the Augusta, Ga., Chronicle says Mrs. Stephen Jones committed suicidle Tuesday afternoon at her home three miles in the cgun-, try by shooting herself through the head with a pistol. H1er husband had come to Jackson to bring their two little daughters to take music lessons and while the,' were away the deed was committed. It was caused from insanity, Mrs. Jones' mother now be ing in the asylum. She leaves a hus band and four children. *I 'Killed a Child. A spike thrown at an A tlantic Coast Line train at 2Naylor, Ga., by ai boy, crashed through the window and i struck a child lying in it mother's lap. The child died from t-he wound. The Identity of the child's parents have ot been learned. SOME WAR STORiES. Bloodiest Records Made by South Car olina and Pennsylvania Troops DURING THE CONFEDERATE WAR South Carolina Lost Twenty-three Per Cent. and Pennsylvania Seven Per Cent. of Her Soldiers. Mr. J. Colton Lynes, of Company "1," First South Carolina Volunteers, Maxcy Gregg's Regiment, contributes the following interesting article tc The News and Courier, from whict paper we clip it: The bloody records of the civil wai show some interesting parallels be tween tUe record of regiments on the opposing sides. Pennsylvania championed the North in the contest for first place on the roll of honor, and a trirle over 7 pei cent of her quota of soldiers met deatt on the battletield. South Carolina led the Southern States and sacrificed over 23 per cent. of her military popu lation as it stood in 1861. South Carolina furnished the regi ment that lost the highest numbei killed in battle during the war "Orr's S. C. Ritles"-which piled up a death roll of 334. Maxcy Gregg's Ist S. C. \ols. scores 281, thus taking the second place. Orr's Rifles was, however, a much larger organizatior at the start. The first place on the Union side was taken by the 5th New Hampshire with a score of 295 and the second place fell to the 83d Pennsylvania regiment, which has a score of 282. The 83d Pennsylvania's score of killed and wounded was 957, while the Ist S. C. Vols. has rolled up a score o 950 killed and wounded. The 83d Pennsylvania came into be ing as a reorganization of a regiment composed of volunteer and militia companies that responded to president Lincoln's first call and served three months. The colonel, John W. Mc Lane, had served as volunteer officez in the Mexican war and distinguished himself as a master in organizatiou and drill. The 1st South Carolina Volunteers had a similar history, for it was form ed out of the disbanded 1st South Carolina, of the provisional army called into being by the ConventioE when the State seceded. The regi ment was made up of the old militia companies and volunteers enlisted tc serve the State six months. This provisional regiment and the one formed out of it were both of them created and led by the same colonel, Maxcy Gregg, who had been a volun teer officer in the war with Mexico, and had acquitted himself as an able disciplinarian and master of military tactics. And it happened that at the very time, to a month, and almost tc a day, when Col. Gregg was getting his Palmetto men out of. the old har. ness into the new and touching their up with his Mexican war reminiscen ces, Col. McLane was doing the same thing with his Keystone boys. The 83d was ready for orders in the fall 0: 1861 and the 1st South Carolina also. AT GAINES MILL. Each went to its respective stationi for assignment to place in line anc both began their fighting careers or the same day and od the same field, within long-range rifle shot of eaci other. The Pennsylvanians number ed about 550 men, the Carolinians a trifle less. They were not directly opposed upon that field, Gaines's Mill, June 27, 1862, but were engaged fo] the whole three years in the opposing armies of Northern Virginia and the Potomac, often on the same battle ground. No fanciful comparison could heighten the parallel. The regiment! started fairly equal, and both were it the thickest of the fight, with vary ing numbers engaged and varying loss es in different battles against metaJ tempered by the same heat. They emerged with a neat result almost equal. The South Carolinians struck "hard lines" in that first tight at Gaines's Mill. They were brigaded with four other regiments from the same State, and Col. Gregg, as brigadier general, led the whole colamn. The color guard went down to a man, and Col. D. H. Hamilton took the flag and called on his men to stand. Gen Gregg, seeing the slaughter and the uselessness of trying to ad vance, ordered the regiment to retire by filing through the interval of the second line. The lieutenaflt colonel, one captain- and three lieutenants were killed and five lieutenants were wounded, twenty men were killed and 125 wounded-154 in all. The following four days the 1st re giment fared better at Seven Pines, Savage Station, Fraser's Farm and lalvern Hill, in which last the 1st was not actually engaged, but its Un ion double was terribly punished. RAILROAD CoUT AT 2D XANASsAS. The 1st South Carolina was not en gaged again until the second Manas sas, August 29th, where the Caro ina brigade was ordered to defend the famous railroad cut, which was Stone wall Jackson's key in that desperate ontest. The 1st was sent across the cut as skirmishers to meet an attack ing column. Retiring step by step under fire it rejoined its line behind the cut and helped repulse the Union charge, at times fighting the enemy at ten paces. Ecited men often rushed ahead of their ranks and, grappled in deadly ombat; officers used their pistols and fought man to man. In the last hours r moments, perhaps, of the hand to hand struggle the 1st lost its quota for the day and came out minus 24 killed and 119 wounded, a total of 143 out of 238 taken into the fight. Its ommanding otticer, Major Edward McCrady, was among the wounded. Te next afternoon the 83d Penn sylvania charged upon the railroad, then defended by other troops and lost two commanding officers, wounded in quick succession, and 29 men out of In the Marvland compaign follow ing 2nd Manassas the 1st South Caro lina regiment shared in the blcodless victory at Harper's Ferry, and later on, the bloody 17th September. dou ble-quicked to Sharpsburg, just in time to mingle their dead with the fallen around Dunker Church. The 1st lost 34 men out of its roster of AT FR2EDERICKS5BURG. At Fredericksburg, in December fol lowing, it again found a warm corne-r by one of those accidents of battle. Gregg's brigade occupied the second ine in front of a position charged by Union troops. Owing to a misplace ent there was a gap in the front lne, and a Union charging column burst through and struck the 1st's res, so suddenly as to throw it lito cou rusion. The 1st stood uext to the ridies and its commander immediately swuig it, around at right angles with Uie old line so as to buttet the enery's ad vance. Again the fight ragtd at arM'S length, or a few paces at most. and the regiment stood its ground uutil support reached the spot. This inci dent of war cost the regiment five officers and tifteen men killed and four officers and liftveight men wounded -eighty-two in all. Gen. Gregg was killed in the gap trying to right things, and another colonel of the brigade. Samuel McGowan, took com mand, giving his name to the or ganization. The 1st would have been wiped out at Fredricksburg but for the return of its wounded to duty and the Con federate system of conscription. By the time "Stonewall Jackson," who was its corps leader, was once more on the war path the regiment had picked up a tighting strength of 300 and started out on Sunday morn ing, May 3, to drive Jackson's wedge to the heart of Hooker's citadel at Cbancellorsville. It was not as plain sailing as was expected, for Sickles's 3d army corps was moving in the same direction just ahead of the Southern er and would not be hurried even to suit Lee's "Invincibles." The 1st regiment passed In splendid line over a bare knoll, at the base of which Sickles's men lay under cover. The Carolinians stood it as long as man could and then retired to a line of breastworks, and the pursuers took a turn at punishment, and then at a test cf speed in running away. The 1st held ulhe grouna with a loss of twelve killed and eighty-eight wound ed-one hundred in all, with seven officers among the fallen. ITS FLAG THE FIkCZT IN GETTYSBURG. The Carolina brigade marched to the field of Gettysburg in July, with well filled ranks. Gen. A. P. Hill was their corps leader in place of the dead but immortal Jackson. With him they assaulted Reynolds's corps, in McPherson's Wood, on July 3. As at Gaines's Mill, a battery confronted their advance, and rained shell and canister into the brigade, chiefly upon the 1st regiment. The battery was doomed. One piece was the prize of the 1st, and they dashed forward without a halt until their banner was floating in the town, the first Confed erate flag in Gettysburg. One day later, almost to an hour, at the other flank of the same field, the 83d Pennsylvania fought gallantry to defend Round Top with a success equal to the Carolinians in tbeir charge. The 1st lost one officer and nineteen men killed, ;ix officers and 94 men wounded-one hundred and twenty in all, which was more than one-half of its membership.. In the Wilderness battle on May 5, 1864, the 1st led it brigade and di vision in' an attack on the Confede rate left along the Orange turnpike, a couple of miles distant. Both regi ments suffered in the ensuing three days. the 1st with a loss of s'xteen killed and fourteen wounded, besides six officers killed. THE BLOODY ANGLE. At Spottsylvania, a week later, the 1st, reduced to a handful, entered the "Bloody Angle" with its brigade in the forlorn attempt to hold its assail ants'at arm's length. Its commander and five others were wounded, the sec ond in command killed and the ranks lost nineteen killed and fifty-one wounded. At the end of another week, after almost two years of this eccentric duelling, the two regiments met fairly at Jericho Ford, North Anna River, on the road to Richmond Th.e 1st charged at the head of Mc Gowan's brigade and ran into the bat tery supported by the Pennsylvanians. The regiments grappled for an in stant, the leader of the 1st was killed in the melee and twenty-five men were 'lost as prisoners. Bloody Cold Harbor next following, both escaped, and throughout the siege of Petersburg their lines ran separate again, thbugh with propor tionate losses. Almost at the close of the war the brigades to which each belonged were used as supporters to companion bri gades that fought at White Oak road, March 31, 1865, one week before Ap pomatox. The affair ended abruptly, and neither regiment was severely en gaged, but the colonel of the 1st was shot dead by a stray bullet. This was the last death in the regiment and the score stood 281. The record of wounded closed April 2 when the iajor commanding and one captain were shot down, making 950 in all. On March 31 also, the 83d scored 281 deaths and on April 1 added 1, making 282, closing its record of wounded at the same time. So the duelists stood, at Appomattox, 950, against 973, casualties on the battle field, almost the maximum war strength of a regiment. Guessing Contest a Lottery. Nathan Frank, former congress man from the Twelth Missouri dis trict and president of the Star Pub lishing company, August Frank, vice president and treasurer of the same company, and M. J. Lowenstein. for merly business manager of tbe St. Louis Star, were indicted on Saturday by the grand jury on charges of ad vertising and maintaining a lottery. Four indictments were returned in Judge McDonald's division of the Circuit court against ~each. The lottery charge grows out of a guessing contest conducted by the company, in whic.h prizes aggregating $25,000 were ofered to persons guessing the num ber of admissions to the world's fair on the opening day and to others com ing nearest to the correct number. Nathan and August Frank surrender ed went into Judge Taylor's court, to which the cases have been assigned. A few minutes later they were j ined by Mr. Lowenstein and all three gave bond in the sum of $1,000 each. It is said on what is considered reliable authority that the Star collected $100,000 as a result of its guessing contest. This fact was brought to the attention of the grand jury and indictments followed. Conviction means a two year sentence in the penitentiary. i h ae A dispatch from Atlanta says a black chiffon hat, identified as that worn by Miss Sophie Kloeckler, who disappeared from her home on Grant street Tuesday morning, was found n the bank of the lake at Lakewood. The lake will be dragged. It is be ieved she was murdered and her body hrown in the lake. She was seen with a young man near Lakewood. The mystery of her disappearance has been deepened by the finding of a pair f man's cuff buttons near the spot where the body was pulled out, marked "A. F. B." A watch chain was also found near the same place. It is be ieved that further developments will speedily follow the discoveries. THE BOLL WEEVIL. On Account of the the Ravages of the Little Pest MEXICAN COT ION IS BOOMED. The Crop of that Country Can Never Compete With that Grown in the Untited States, Says Dz. L. 0. Howard. Dr. L. 0. Howard, chief entomolo gist of the dE partment of agricqulture has returned from a tour of investi gation of the doll weevil and yellow fever mosquito problems in Mexico. As a result of his investigation he says it is possible for yellow fever epi demics to occur at higher elevations in Mexico than so far has been the case and that such epidemics will oc cur at the higher elevations if noth ing is done to them. Dr. Howard says, however, that the superior board of health of Mexico is working ener getically and trying to improve on the Havana methods. Dr. Howard made a thorough study of the boll weevils situation in Mexi co, but failed to find the boll weevil parasite. le discovered, however, that the boll weevil has reached an elevation of 6,000 feet, which is much higher than it was expected the pest would go. Owing to. the climate, Mexico cannot adopt the remedial measures which are used in this coun try and on account of the great rav ages of the weevil Dr., Howard ex presses the belief that Mexico could never compete with the United States. Dr. Howard also visited Louisiana and examined the precautions adopted in the effort to keep the weevil out of that state. Dr. J. H. Stubbs, direc tor of the Louisiana experiment sta tions says he feels confident that it can be kept out for some years. The Louisiana shore of the Sabine river Is the most langerous means of spread ing the pest into L'>uisiana from Texas. The rc st of the state boun dary is heavily timbered, and it is pa trolled by men for whose service the state is reimbursed by the federal au thorities. Even the negro laborers who cross the boundary are rigidly in spected and in two places in the state where the weevil appeared last year the crops are not being cultivated at all this season. * KNOCKED DOWN AND ROBBED. Received Brutal Treatment at the Hands of Some Thugs A special to The State from Wil liamston says dne of the most daring and * dastardly .attempts at . robbery that has ever been reported in this section was committed right in the heart of that town Saturday night. It seems that Mr. M. H. Reeves, a popular citizen and druggist, left his store about 10 o'clock and stepped across the street to the offce of the Southern railway agent with whom he had~ business, but Mr. Willis, the sgeht, had closed his offce for the night and had gone home. As Mr. Reeves took hold of the door knob and attempted to turn it to enter the of fice he was struck from behind and fell to the floor of the platform and knocked senseless. Mr. Reeves knew nothing until perhaps an hour later when he was found lying in a semi conscious condition upon the platform where he had fallen, yoliceman Nelson, who heard his gr Mr. Reeves' body bears the ~rks of more than 25 bruises where he1 was beaten and kicked. His pockets twere rifled, but only a small amoudit of money was missing from one of his pockets, while the other, which con tained his pocket book, was undis turbed. The whole case is wrapped in mys tery. The theory is advanced by some that his assailants thought they were victimizing Mr. Wills, the railway agent, with a view to robbing the de pot or obtaining a considerable sum of money perbaps, which they hoped to find upon the person of the agent, as it is generally known that he has no safe in his offce. Ho wever, what the object of the attack was, can only be conjectured. It is a well known fact that' Mr. Reeves has no personal enemies and he is popular among all classes and is a member of town council. No pains will be spared on the part of those In authornty to hunt down the guilty ones and bring them to justice. * 'RAILWAY ACCIDENT. British Roads Have Few Accidents and American Roads Many. The number of persons killed in traini accidents during the last three months of 1903 was 446, and of ir ed 3,178. Accidents of other kinds, including those sustained by employees while at work and by passengers in getting on or off of the cars, etc., bring the total number of casualties up to 14,485-1,166 killed and 13,319 injured. There was a -total of 147 passengers killed andl 1,148 injured, all of whom, with the exception of fif teen injured, suffered in collisions or derailments. The figures are discour aging, indeed, and comparing the re cord of the three monhs in question with that of any other previous three months since the beginning of the bulletins, we find an increase of about 150 per cent over the highest previous figures. In order to get some basis of comn parison, we must refer to the figures given by the British board of trade, which exhibit but twenty-five passen gers killed during the whole year of 1903. It will be remembered that during the year 1901 no passenger was killed in a collision or derailment on the railways of Great Britain, and that in the year 1902 six passengers only were killed from this cause. In the great increase which took place in 1903, however, alm st all of it was due to a collision of unusual sort at Glasgow, where seventeen passengers were killed; and yet, with even such a tremendous proportionate increase, the British mortality for one year is but one-sixth of the mortality in this country for three months. * No Negroes Wanted. At Portsmouth, Ohio., Virginia negroes imported to till the places of striking employees at the Hanging Rock, Ohio, Iron Company were fired upon Thursday night. The strikers stormed their camp houses firing' several hundred shots. The terror stricken negroes barricaded them selves in the main plant and the1 rotes withdrew without renewing the attack. There were no fatalities, but another outbreak may occur at any time as auth: ities seem indifferent o the sitnation. OUR STATE'S GREAT RECORD. South Carolina First to Enter Cotton Manufacturing. -South Carolina's great development in the cotton manufacturing industry is shown in splendid shape in the bulletin which is being prepared by J. L. Watkins. cotton expert, for the Agricultural Year Book for 1904. The bulletin shows the development of the entire South. The bulletin shows that although Beverly, Mass., is credited with the distinction of building the first cot ton mill in the United States, in 1787, the historical records show that dur ing the same 3 ear a small mill, run by horsepower, was erected on James Island, near Charleston, by Mrs. Ram age, the widow of a Carolina planter. The consump on of cotton in this country has steadily increased since 1800, 1810 most all of the cotton goods were manufactured in private families. In lower Virginia, the Carolinas and Georgia, almo .t every article of cloth ing was the manufacture of pri iate families. Statistics shiow that in 1810 Virginia, North and South Carolina and Georgia manufactured more house hold goods than the combined output of the New England States with all its manufacturing establishments. In 1808 the South Carolina Homespun Company was organized i Charleston with a capital of 830,000. The object of this corporation was to develop home manu facture of domestic fabrics South~ Carolina is entitled not only to the distinction of ranking among the Southern States in the manufac ture of cotton, but as being the tirst to undertake its manufacture. As already stated, the lirst mill was erected in 1787. The increase in the number of mills was very slow. Be tween 1800 and 1820, it is said that but three mills were constructed in the State, -two of which being es tablished in the upper part of the State, one in Greenville county and one in Spartanburg. Thus it will be seen that these two counties have been rivals in the cotton manufactur ing business since the first part of the last century. It was not until 1829 that a mill was built which was run by other than horse power. This was erected at Pendleton. In 1846 a mill was built at Graniteville, which was at that time the largest in the State, containing 300 looms and 8,400 spin dles. From this time to 1851 about eight new mills were built in differ ent parts of the State. The records do not show any,.new nii:ls from 1851 to the beginning of the Civil war. However, it was not until 1884 85 that the cotton mill industry of the State began its remarkable develop ment. The census of 1890 was a sur prising revelation. In ten years the number of mills had ,been more than doubled the number of spindles more than quadrupled, and the amount of cotton consumed was nearly five times as great. Even more wonderful is the progress of the development since 1890. The number of mills increased from 34 to 136, the totail number of spindles from 332,784 to 2,579,531, or 340 per cent. In 1890 the number of bales of cotton produied in South Carolina was 747,190. Of this amount, the cotton mills consuiimd 133,342 bales, or 17.8 per cent. I'. 1903 the number of bales produced was 925, 490, and the cotton mifls of the State consumed 586,876 bales, or 63.4 per cent. The increase is something re markable. In 1905 a greater percent age than this was consumed, 72.1 be. ing the percentage for that year. North Carolina, has 100 more mills than South Carolina, but the latter has 683,131 more spindles than the former. Virginia also began the manufac ture of cotton at an early date, re ports showing tha~t a mill was in ope ration at Petersburg in 1809. In 1840 there was 22 mills in the State, consuming -17,700 bales of cotton. Now there are 17 mills, 191,546 spin des. The number of bals produced is 15,614, and the numbel consumed is 43,341, over 25,000 more than the State produces. The average number of bales pro duced per mill in South Carolina is 4,315, the greatest in the South; in North Carolina it is 3,246, and in Vir ginia the average is 2,548, over 300 greater than that of South Carolicaf For the whole South the statistics show the total number of mills to be 639, with a total number of spindles aggregating 7,100,202. In the last year the South produced 10,630,495 bales of cotton; and her mills con sumed 1,923,481 bales, or 18.1 per cent. of the entire crop. Over one fourth of the number of bales con sumed are credited to the mills of South Carolina. The Elks Organize. A South Carolina 'Association of Elks was formed Thursday mhorning in the club room in Columbia, there be ing a large attendance of the members of the order from the brother state lodges. It was decided at the meet ing to simply form a preliminary or ganization here which after being sub mitted to the various lodges will be permanently organized at a meeting to be held In Charleston on June 28. Temporary officers were elected as fol lows: E. B. Clark, of Columbia, presi dent; Dr. C. Bunting Colston, of Char leston, first vice president; Dr. J. M. Oliver, of Orangeburg, second vice president; P. T. Hayne, of Greenville, third vice President; W. D. M'cGut hen, of Sumter, secretary; Elliott Ests, Jr., of Spartanburg, treasurer; W. L. Daivis, of Georgetown, mashal, and Dr. P. DL. Brooker of Columbia, :loorkeeper. All of the lodges were rep resented. these being Columbia, Char leston, Ot-angeburg, Sumter, Green ille, Spartanburg and Georgetown. Mascular Religion. Two Mormon elders went t Win ate, six miles east of there last Fri lay, says the Monroe Enciuirer, and efore they left that village ran up gainst Rev. J. W. Little, a Baptist ninister who is well known through )ut this section for his unique way of oing for those men and measures whih are so obnoxious to him. Mr. Little and the elders engaged in con ersation and the subject of polygamy, L practiced by the Mormons, was prung. One or the elders said that ae had no argument againt polygamy, >ut the mother of Christ practiced it. 'hat assertion was too much for Mr. ittle and we learn that he told the ~lder that he could say what he pleased tout Jimmy Little, but that be had one too far in slandering that wo nan, and with that declaration he anded a fist on the elder's mouth, ud the elder, not being a man of war, urned to flee and as he did so Mr. ~ittle kicked him, and also kicked the ~ther elder, and threw a valise which e had left them, and told them Lever to come to Wingate again. aither of the elders shnwa'd fig-ht. PENSION INCREASE. Table Sbowing the Number of Pen sioners in Eaeb County. An interesting table hns been com pilted. shwing the increase in pensions this ear over the year before. As A % ilI be seen from the following list, show ng the number by counties, th T increase is very slight: 1904 1903 Abbeville ..............142 148 Aiken............... ....271 258 Anders......... .....463 443 Bamberg.. .............73 66 Barnwell..............145 137 ri Beaufort., ..............40 35 is Berkeley ...............127 j1i Cnarleston........ ........139 118 ai Cherokee....... ......209 202 t Chester. .............134 135 ft Chesterfield........... 252 228 t( Clarendon.............138 132 3 Colleton...... ............372 353 Darlington............211 215 e Dorchester.. ............85 89 ti Edgefield.. .. .......... .124 117 0 Fairfield........... ......124 121 s1 Florence............ .100 191 I. Georgetown...........442 418 s1 Greenville ...... ......442 418 s Greenwood............ 12L 130 b Hampton.............396 191 t Horry....... ...... ..238 233 o Kershaw.............129 135 a Lancaster.................242 257 b Laurens........... .......259 258 f! Lee..................127 -129 s Lexington....-........221 211 p Marion...............251 244 s4 Marlboro..............164 158 1 Newberry.............161 159 d Oconee...... .........302 306 s! Oratigeburg...............204 183 si Pickens.. ...... ......224 226 a Richland.. ...........235 214 a Saluda........... ....162 159 s4 Spartanburg.. ............710 691 s] Sumter................139 131 a Union.................197 170 t Williamsburg.. .. ......174 174 a York...... ..........314 315 v a * . 8,520 8,250 p AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS. d t p Cotton Contributed Thirty-six Per i Cent of the Total. V The department of agriculture has ' issued a report on "Tbe Nation's Farit Surplus," prepared by George K. c Holmes, chief of fore!gn markets. 'It gives $4,500,000,000 as a conservative estimate of the value of the farm pro 'ucts of this country not - fed to live stock in 1903, on the basis of the cen sus valuation. The value of the ex ported farm products of this country in 1903 - was $778.479,451 and the highest value reach ad during' the last eleven years was $951,628,331 in 1901, due chiefly to cot-on. t The value of ths exported farm pro ducts of this counry is c.>ncentrated mostly in a few irincipal 'products. Of it in 1903 eottn . constituted 36 per cent, grain and :rain products 25 per cent, meat and mdit p coducts ano live animals 25 per cent these pro ducts equaling over 85 pe -cent of theC exports of farm products last year. A dding tobacco, whose exports wM reI valued at over 535.000,000; oil cake. and oil cake meal, $19,839,279; fruit and nuts, over $18,000,000, and vege table oils, over $16,000,000, gives a to-e tal of eight classes of products, each with an export value of over $10,000, 000, that comprise almost 96 per'centa of the entire farm exports of 1903. Within recent years, ending with 1903; the cotton exportshave been be tween 3,000,000,000 and 4,000,000,000 of pounds. and the exported fraction a of the crop has been. between 63 anda 71 per cent. for a long series of years. The fractio-. of the wheat crop ex ported in the last dozen years has been about 31 to 41 per cent., and the ex ported wheat and whieat flour have d yearly averaged somewhat more thane 200,000,000 bushels since 1897, before which period for many years the quan it tity was usually 50,000,000 to 100 000.000 bushels less. . 'g Only a small portion of the corn or maize crop is exported as corn, the a highest per centage, 11 per cent:, be- b ing for 1898. Notwithstanding the small per centage, ,the exported bush els reach 100,000,000 to 200,000,000.n The beef exports weighed 385.000,000,a pork-exports 551,000,000, lard exnqrts 490,000,000, oleo oil exports 126,O' 000 pounds, and tobacco 368,000,003. Butter and cheese exports have deci dediy declined within two or three years.__________a A WREATH SENT. From Charleston to Chicago to Dec-a orate Union Soldiers Graves. b When the cornerstone of the Con federate dead in Oakwood cemetery, b Chicago, was laid about six years ago, Col. Henry L. Turner, commanding v~ the First regiment Illinois Statev troops, fired a salute over the gravese of the Confederate soldiers, much against the will of many Grand Army men. Turner is himself a veteran of the Army of the Potomac and a member of the Grand Army of the Republic; l but he fired the salute and will everl be held in the kindest remembrance by the susvivors of the Confederate v armies and the patriotie women of the south. T Mrs. James Connor, widow of Brig. yames Connor of Gen. -Lee's army, and president of the Charleston chap-L tr of the Daughters of the Cjnfed eracy, has sent a wreath to Cbicago ~ bearing the following inscription: ai "To Col. Henry L. Turner froni the fa Carleston, S. C., Chapter, Daughters w of the Confederacy, with the request that this palmetto wreath shall be placed by him on the grave of a rep resentative federal soldier in apprecia tion and acknowledgment of Col. Tur-B ner's fearless, soldierly courage amidstw circumstances in giving military hon- m ors to the Confederate dead in Oak- h land cemetery, Chicago. He honored ma our dead. South Carolina would wish f to bold this tribute from federal tos Confederate in perpetual, grateful lo memory. He was a Mfiser. An extraordinary affair-is reported from Zurich. The police, on examin- Je ing the room of an old man who had vil ied from starvation found a veritable qu old mine. In every nook money, G3 ntes and bonds were discovered, and th n an inventory being made It was W ound that the miser had left nearly fr< $200,000. Nobody was ever seen to ju. visit the old man, and as there was wi no will the authorities are greatly ne puzzled as to how to dispose of the pa ortune. to Burned in a Barn- re] A special from Seacy, Ark., says of hat Dr. R. G. Lightte, a leading phy- ini sician of that place, has been burued his o death in his barn, which was de- bis stoyed by the explosion of a lamp. - fn BATTLE FOR LIFE. de Pla et Mars Is Said to Be Short on Water ND IS SLOWLY DRYING UP. he People Up There Have Dug Huge Canals and Ditches for Con veying Waterto Their Parched Fields. The following article, which is coDy ghted by the New York American, copied from that journal: There has been a great to-do lately nong some of the astronomers over ie 'canals" of Mars. As a 'subject ir speculation and dispute these mys .rious objects refuse as obstinately as anquo's ghost to-be put down. Mr. alter Maunder, the English observ r, insists that instead of being con nuous, independent lines they are aly rows of spots and edges of dark jaded regions. But Mr. Percival ,well, at his Arizona observatory, ;outly defends his theory that they ,em to be, unbroken lines, and be ecomes every day more ,convinced aat the inhabitants of Mars have not ly produced them, but are at work pon them at the present time. He as lately discovered as he thinks, -esh efforts of the Martiars to keep nal portions of their almost driedup lanet still green and productive. -It ems to be a struggle like that of th :assians at Port Arthur, inspired by esperation and the grimmest neces ty. Cold, empty, .unpitying space irrounds the Mertians on every side s relentlessly as the Japanese fleets ad armies surround General Stoes, 0's garrison. They have po rains, prings or rivers to supply them with iisture. Their only source -of wa .r supply come from: the annual ielting of the polar snows. This rater, says Mr. Lowell, they train off ross the temperate zopes of the lanet through thousands of irrigation itches. Since the general slope of he planet's surface is uphill from the oles toward the equator, these tire ss engineers. battling for the life of world, are compelled to pump the rater up from. level-to level, and al aough his telescope is unable to show e great locks that must exist in the anals in order to render sich a sys em practicable. Mr. Lowell is confi ent, .rom the general appearance of ings, that such locks and such a accession-of levels exist. He even believes that he has detect d evidence of organized co-operation mong the inhabitants of neighboring istricts on Mars, whereby the supply f water is husbandedand shared turn nd turn about between two. such dis ricts, one taking the ,water one sea )n and the other the next season. This extraordinary conclusion is ased on the alternate appearanceand isappearance of adjoining dark band nd expanses, in certain localities on be planet. Having utilized the water 3r cne season to grow and ripen thzeir rops, the ' inhabitants of.. a district ay store up supplies sufficient tc arry tieem through, the next season, rble 'their neighbors .are in turn en yying the presence of the precious rater in their irrigation ditches. Perhaps the strongest argumnent cployed in support of Mr. Lowell's beory is the tact which, if his obser ations are correct, seems indisputr ble-that the shaded bands supposed trepresent .vegetation only make eir appearance af ter the melting of be polar snows .is well under. way, nd as the melting. proceeds the darik ands extend further and furthur ross the temperate zines.. The strong element of imagination itis hypothesis does nor destroy Ii iterest or serve to put it entirely out. de the bourids of possibility. Un. oubtedly in ,the later stages- of its olution a world may dry up, -and it ich a world continues to be iphab ed after the desiccation of its su'rface 2ng on before our eyes in the sky is iffcient to hold the attention chain 1; What is a besieged city containing few thpousand soldiers to a death. eleaguered world crowded with mil ons of inhabitants anxiously watch g the slow, irresistible encroach. ents of lifeless deserts that spread L about the narrow tracts and oases here a littre vegetation can yet be aintained? At the very worst such a speculation irnishes as good focd for the imagina on as any novel can do, but it has in ldition the attraction of being pos bly true: "With the moon all dried p and airless, though it has not Lways been~ thus; with Mars almost iits death throes; with Jupiter ursting with energies not yet concen -ated into the forms of an animated orld; and with the countless stars ayond, each perhaps possessing a no sa variegated system of worlds re >iving in its light--surely the uni rars around us can save us from inui whenever we get a trifle weary grinding our noses on this gritty ttle ball. Fire Near A12gneta.. The Augusta Chronicle says the rge batn of Mr. C. A., Wylds, seven ies from the :ity, on'the Milledge lle road, was destroyed by fire this orning, along with the entire con nts, entailing a loss of about $2.500. be origin of the fire is not known, though Mr. Wylds is confident that was the work of an incendiary. te Wednesday night when the mily retired the barn was intact id there was no evidence of fire. So r as could be learned there had been tire near the structure in several ~eks. When awakened by the glare the flames the fire had completely ept the building and nothing could saved, not even the live stock. sides the building, two 2-horse egons, two 1-horse wagons, a new awing machine, two sets of new rness, six heads of horses and ues, a large quantity of forage and rm imaplements were completely de royed. Mr. Wylds places his total s at $2,500. There was no insurance ther on the building or contents. Killed on the Rail. Tie mangled remains of young rry Sheehan were brought to Black Je Thursday afternoon and an In est was held by Magistrate W. A. les. Young Sheehan was killed by e Southern passenger train near alkers Station, about three miles >m Blackville on Thursday morning it before day. Sheehan's father, to is manager of the transfer bust s in Augusta, came down on the senger Friday night and took him Augusta for burial. The young a was 17 years old and his father orts was a high toned young man strictly temperate habits, but was iuenced by evil associates to take first hobo trip and consequently untimely end. The magistrate md $5.15 in his pockets. THE 0MYCROPM The Weather Has Been Good,, Some Farm Work. Section Director Biuer's report weather and crops for the week end Ing 8 a. m., May 23d, is as follows. The week bad a mean temperaturef 71 degrees; the normal for the l-Sam2 period Is 74 degrees. The day tem peratures were normal, or abovethbi nights were unseasonably cool, w. light frosts In Union county on the; 15th and 16th and in-Greenville coUnI -: ty on the 18th, dding no damage. The lowest temperature was-44, the highest was-87 degrees. The relative humidity was unusually low and the sunshbe excessive. The winds were generally light westerly. Showers occurred on the 17th and 18th, with amounts ranging fronl. 1-0 inches at Florence and Lugoff downq to trace. In general, the northestV ern counties had beneficial rainfall; t was light, insufficient, or none fell, in the north central, northwestern, west ern, central, s3utheastern counties and throughout the Savannah valley. in which districts the drought is be coming severe. The weather was favorable for farm work, which is well advanced, and cultivation keeps pace with the neds and growth of field cropi that are ree, from grass and weeds.', There is wid&-i spread comp?aint of the scarclty f laborers and their unsatisfactor-r vices. A general, though slow, Moe ment In corn Is indicated for al - tions except on bottoi landswherZ worms continue to destroy statis Is c'lor continues yellow in the dIyd tricts. Some corn is yet to..lan' and some that was replanted is "in germinating. Improvement in stanids, coo d' growti of cotton is noted in __ tions where the rainfall wa.mfost. pious. In other sections standJ X tinue brokeizand Irregular, withii' not up, particularly on stiff,cy red lands, and replantings. nights are.detrimental to te ard vitality of cotton; sobe P port plants dying from thiscanseind the drought. Lice ha'saipe e Bamberg, Hampton Marlboro-Conn, ties. Cnopping made slow o s cultivation Is .thorough. Sea cotton is dwarfed, has poor and is suffering for rain. 4 Tobacco suffers from cool.4 remains small. Rice needs water for flooding, although t ral condition is fairly good4 continues. Oats improvedz eastern counties and are sections, with spring oats a failure. Harvest Is andser Wheatlcoks well and Its indicates an average 'ciop.' are 'ripening and ship Minor- crops and' trickar poor, except where the rai been fairly constant and since planting time. Looks-l~ke Paa e.''' The Washingtonoorsodn>~ the Atlanta Constitution men most closely idnetiedwt *f candidacy of Judge rk e~ figuring on the o a t W nomination on the secondba1V St. Louls. The riumber ofsaei4 ventions which. have electe' ~~ structed delegations seelna to' cate that~ there isno likeUhoogf noination'~on the first bIo i~~ the Parker managers arei'ednfi the New Yorker will lead inthatfr& test of strength., Of course) hK hope that by the time- the oke tion assembles all delegate er~ senting the conservativeeemn i1t have been converted'to the d iJ Judge Parker Is thie beht' nominee, but the fact tater figuring on the second balo wsj they do not countupon hi-itbl lot hopes' being realized.T eFd, however, claim, a total of 44 the convention on the frt1a~t tributed as follows: Arkansa..... . Connecticut...& Georgia......... Indiana.;s....... Michigan..... ... Minnesota........ Mississippi....... New Hampshire. - New York... .... Ne'w Jersey..-,..24 North Carolina..... ... Pennsylvania.. South Carolina......... Tennessee.... Texas.........3 Vermont............... Total.... .. .. Further than this, they count 'pon'' the following support on the second ballot: .. STATE VOTK Colorado............. Delaware.............. Tllinois . . . .' . . . .. 54 Louisiana.................. .8 Massachusetts.............. ..32 Missouri.................... 36 Montana..........'.....W Oregon.................. ...S8 Wincorsin.............28 Total..... ............69 This would give Parker a total t 690 votes on the second ballot, or 235 more than two-thirds of the conven tion. Blown Into Atomsu. With terrific detonation the bollers of tow boat Fred Wilson exploded ab 3.20 Thursday morning at Louisville, Ky., killing twelve or fifteen men and" seriously.lnjuring ten others and comn pletely wrecking the boat. The crew *ad just finished .making a tow of coal, which was to be taken South this morning and was preparing to . tie up to the bank when the explo sion occurred. It came without warning and so great was the pressure and so large the boiler that the steam er was-battered to small bits while - the crew were blown Into the air, some falling into the river, and othme landing on the embankment. Others were caught in the wreckage and in stantly killed. Charleston NRought Serious. The drought is getting to be a mat ter of serious concern In Charlestan. Since March 1ithere has neen a fall of not 2.50 inches of rain and the de fciency of rain for the period is 7 1-2 inches.: The cisterns are dry all over the city, the wells are running low and here Is great inconvenience sIn the ouseholds on account of the drought The month of April was the dryest on record, the fall In the month amount log to .17 of an inch. Fortunately he weather has not been very warm, which fact has modified the effect of the drought somewhat.