Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XVI. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1904. NO.6.
ON THE RIGHT LINE. Judge Parker Makes Trust and Cor poration Corrup'ion the Issue. THE REFUBLOCXS WtiRIED Because AIl the Big Trusts Have Con tributed Liberally to Their Cam paign Fund as Charged by Parker. A dispatch from Washington says it is understood there on good authori ty to be the serious intention of Judge Parker to have the Democratic mana gers make the paramcunt and closing issue of the campaign on the questicn of trust and corporation corruption in campaigns, as evidenced by their enormcus contributions to the Re publican national committee. So many favorable comments have been made on the speech delivered recent ly by Judge Parker, in which the trusts were charged with contributing heavy sums to the Republican cam paign thit they might be binefitted by the continuation of the Republi can party in power, that Judge Par ker has come to the conclusion that the country is aroused to a high pitch aver what appeals to him as nothing more nor less than the purchase of immunity from a great political party. That speech has created consterna tion amorg Republicans in Washing ton and elsewhere, and is regarded by persons close to the president as furn shing an issue that may in the last few weeks of the election change the entire tide of affairs, as now running. The notorious fact that nearly every great trust and corporation in the country has contributed heavily to the Republican campaign has never been sd authoritatively and powerful ly emphasized as in the arguments presented by Judge Parker. At the same time his bold utterances give the lie to the recently circulated story that the Standard Oil and other big interests have lately put up much money to the Democratic national committee. It is admitted here by Republicans that what promises to be damaging to them Is rapidly spread ing information, which was not ac cepted for a long time as accurate, that all the trusts and corporations have made peace with the adminis tration and will support Roosevelt. To offset this the literary and news paper headquarters of the Republi can committee have been deliberately giving out stories that the Standard 01 people have put up money for use in the close states in the last few days. The fact that this is false is shown in the personal support of Roosevelt by President Stillman, of .the City Na tional bank, of -.New York, the insti tution owned and controlled by the Standard Oil people. President Still man is one of the men who lunched with the President durir g the summer and who came out for him. As Still man is the banker for the Standard il interests the story is regarded here as being a clumsy attempt to de -:elve~the people, as Judge Parker states the Republicans have done all *along on the trust question. -Democrats at the Democratic con gressio'nal headquarters believe that Judge Parker has put the question of the Republicans being bought up by big contributions in such a way as to demand answer and esp icit and clear answer from high sources, and there are indications here that an attempt 'will be made that way, but at the~ same time it is declared to be the purp.:se of the Democratic managers to use the issue from now on and to direct every. Democratic stump speaker to present the facts to the country. In the West the Republican masses' have been made to believe that Roosevelt was the greatest trust buster in this or any other age and somethinlg of the same impression has tbtained in -the East. The charge that the only busting he Is doing now Is that of tearing a hole in the reserve - funds of the trusts for campaign uses will have a different sound if pressed to the fiont in strong and vigorous fashion to the close of the campaign. The belief strongly prevails that Judge Parker has started on the right track at the last momsnt and that he is clearing the way for thousands of independent votes. The Immense corruption funds for campaign pur poses are coming to be regarded by fair and patriotic men of all parties as full of danger to the country, and Judge Parker clearly points out that it is too late to begin the uprcoting of this In this election. The fight must be carried on in the future, and the patriotism of the country appealed to steadily and persistently until the party using the money of great cor poration interests will be thrown out of office by tbe people. The ownership of political parties by rich men and corporations began in the states and has gradually ex tended, as Judge Parker, says, to the national ownership. The Southern Pacific r ad has long run both politi cal parties in California, but more particularly the Republicans. In Florida a few railroad and hotel magnates virtually select the majority of the important candidates for office. The Mienigan Central railway, in Michigan, commands the same obedi ence to its behests and gets what it vaants. So it is in a dozen states of the country. Saved from the Detep. The schooner Cordeda Hayos, which arrived at San Juan, P. R., Wednes day, brought to port passengers and crew of the Brithish steamer Kelvi, which was swamped and abandoned or. October ith. Those rescued num bered forty-two. *1hey left the ship Oo:ober 7, when twe days out of N~ew York bound for Montevideo. They took to open boats and spent seven teen days in awful torture at sea un tii the Hayos Friday picked them up. Japanese Cabualties. According to a dispbatch received by the Japanese legation at Washing ton Irom the foreign office at Tokio, the total casualties suffered by the Jaoan~ese army in kiiled and wounded, nc~1aiding otuicers, in engagementE around the Snakhe river up to Wed nesday amounted to 15,879. ALL ONE PEOPLE. Some Strong and Trutbful Words from a Chicago Paper. The Chicago Tribune makes this admirable saying: There are some Northerners who know more about Germany and about italy and perhaps about "the roman tic and picturesque Balkan penin sula, than they do about Georgia and South Carolina, and Texas. Conse luuntly, tney snow more sznse when Ltey are talking abu lese majesty, )r zbaut the temporal power of the Pope, or abo.t Turkish oppression than they do wht n they are talkirg about the r-g'it of the nrgro to vote. It is so easy to thiuk that just be cause you live In a country y(u must understand it. The Soutb( rner and the Northerner are fellow citiz:ns They owe al'egiarce to the same dag. Therefore the Northerner is perfectly competent to tell the Southerner how to settle the negro question. The fallacy in this logic is that be cause of the presence of the negro the social condition of Charleston, S. C., d ifers from that of Boston, Mass., more t-han that of Boston. Mass., dif fers from that of London. England. And a citiz-n of Boston gets on bet ter in L'ndon than he dces in Obarleston. The negro questicn is greater than any other question in America. And it is not only greater but more deli cate. It is a matter ef social as well as of political and industrial life. So, more than almost any other question that could be imagined, it needs per sonal experience. The occasional negro of the North is not an adequate basis for studying the negro of the South. In the South the negro in many communities outnumbering the white, and there is a possibility of negro rule. Therefore, Northerner, if you have time and money to visi4 new scenes, visit the South. Some of your fel lows have gone to the South and have lived there for a few years. They don't feel now quite as you do. See if you can find out what it was that modfied their opinions. Go South and watch the descen dants of Washington, Madison, Jack son, Marshall, Jefferson, Clay, Cal houn, Polk, and Lee while they, bone of our bone and flesh of our flesh, are working out, with errors of mind and with errors of heart, but with Ameri can pluck and hope, the greatest do mestic problem that ever ate into the heart of a civilized people. Come back, and if you still think that they are wrong. you will say so in a differ ent tone. That is said in a truly American spirit and its tone should pervade the whole land. What a pity that we have not, at this especially oppurtune' time, at the head of the nation a man with this catholic view of his coun try I Goes for Roosevelt. President Roosevelt Friday receiv ed an open letter from General James N. Tyner, former assistant attorney general for the pcst* flie department, who several months ago aas acquitted of the charge of conspiracy in connec tion with the allegen favoring of cer tain alleged get rich-quick concerns. The letter, says the writer was prompted by the recent appearance in a popular magazine of an "inspired article," which is such a deliberate tissue of falsehood and is circulated with such an evident purpose "that he could not ignore it." General Tyner bitterly arraigns President Roosevelt for his unwarranted "pro clamation of guilt," and prceeds: "Your accusations are false and have been proven l alse, but I have no fur-! ther means of establishing this ex cept by going into the courts, and I have too much respect for the high ofece which you occupy to do this. In my letter to you of December 2. 1903, protesting against 3 our unwarranted proclamation, I defied you to produce a scintilla; of evidence in support of your accusations and now, after I have gone to trial and every act of~ my private and otticial life has been laid bare and not a particle of evi dence has been produced against me, you seek to shield yourself by saying I was not tried for what you accused me of, but for something else. Tuat is false; the records show, and you know it." -Last Licks of Campaign. The work of the remaining week of the Presidential campaign will be con ducted by b th Republicans and DEm crats principally in New Yvrk, New Jersey, West Virginia, Indians and the Rocky mountain States. The Re pubican national committee in New York is claiming 317 votes, as follows: California, C'lorado, Connecticut, De'aware, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansae, Maine, Masachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Ne braska, Ne'a'ia, New Hamps;hire, New Jersey, New York, Eorth Da kota, Ohio, Oregot., Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, West Virginia, Wiscon sin and Wyoming. They concede to the Democrats the solid South, mak ing 151 electoral votes, and place Maryland in the doubtful column. The claims of the Democrats include, in addition to the solid South, Colo rado, Connecticut, Delaware, Idaho, Indiana, Maryland, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, Utah and West Virginia, which mak- s a total of Democratic claims of 259 electoral votes. Burned to Deach. Wednesday on the Padgett place about six miles from Johnston, a ten ant house cceupied by John Houllo way, colored, and his family was de stroyed with its centenits by fire and three of the children burned to decath, aged about 1lmonth, 2and 5 3e -rs. Holloway and his wife, it is said, we e In the field at the time the house was discovered in flames, which is suppcs ed to have caught in a pile of culton on the floor. The door was niot fasten d, but even the oider child failed to escape.__________ At Chicago excited by shrill cries for help coming from a burning bu: d ig, firemen fought their way t.arougn flames to save a supposed personi, and returned with a parrot than belonge to H S. Fewer, whose rooming hause SHE SEES GHOSTS. lane Toppan, Who Poisoned Thirty One Victims, Herself Haunted BY VISIONS OF GHOSTLY FORMS. She Has Gone Mad and Screams in Terror at Every Bowl of Soup or Cup of Tea Offered, Fearing Poison. Jane Toppan, the poisoner of thirty one people by her own confession, during her career as professional nurse, the most cruel woman murder er known in modern criminal history, is now suffering for her sins by a ter rible punisbment at nature's own hands or God's, in the State insane asylum at Taunton, Mass., where she is kep1. Her punishment is exquis itely more torturing and crueller than death or the grave. She imagines that the dead victims have risen from their tombs and are trying to poison her. As the nurses bring a bowl of gruel or cup of tea to her in her nar row cell she screams out: "It's poisoned!') She pushes it away and covers her face with her hands to hide the s'ght of the bony fingers of her dead patients clutching at her, and to shut out the vision of their death's heads hovering over her. It is as if the ghosts of all whom she killed had burst loose from their coffins and come forth to torture her to death. From the plump, good looking, happy woman who entered the asylum two years ago, chuckling over her own cleverness in "fooling the doc tors," as she called it, into calling her insane, she has beeome a raving ma niac, and a mere skeleton. When Jane Toppan was committed here in June, 1902, many people thought that the electric chair had been robbed of its rightful victim, declared that no form of execution known to law could be torturesome enough for this inhuman woman. Some even went so far as to call it a travesty on justice to allow such a tigress in human form to escape legal execution. But now the wisdom of the insanity experts and of the courts has its fair right to consideration. Nature, through Gcd, in its own way, is working a punishment more terrible than m-diavial torture could have devised upin this woman, who dan d to violate one of the great Ten Commandments: "Thou shalt not kill!" Day and night she is living over the crimes she committed. Sometimcs the wing in which she is jnfined is aroused at night by pierc ing shrieks and the cry of "Fire, fire." It is Jane Toppan in her cell imag ining that some one is setting fire tcI the bed on which she is sleeping. Four times she set fire to houses where she was living-at Professor Wilson's, in Cambridge, in the hope that the shock and excitement would kill weak, sickly Mrs. Wilson. But his plot failed. Again at the Dakin ottage, at Cataumet, on Cape Cod, he started a blaza in a closet to de troy aged Mr. and Mrs. Alden P. Davis. This attempt also failed, so he poisoned both of them a few weeks ater. On two other occasions she is nown to have set fires to see her vic ims roast. Now she is haunted by the fear that thers are trying by burn her alive. Week by week Jane Toppan is g-owng weaker as her crazed mind is :cked by torments. Within the last week the physicians t the asylum have c me to think she annot live the year out. Ntearly every day or night she reaks out with some new phantom of ear. One night shc alarmed the patients nd attendants in the north wing with frantic cries of "Help, help-doctor-they're poi soning me." Wnen a nurse reached her cell Jane Toppan was das'hicg round the small room with padded walls, fighting off scme Imaginary assailants. "See," she moaned to the nurse, "see how Minnie Gibbs has put mor phia into my arm," and she bared er arm to the shoulder. The blood was dripping from It where she had scratched it with her own finger nails in ner wild desire to dig out the im aginary poison. Jane Toppan killed Mianie Gibbs by injecting morphia and strophia byperdermically into her arm when her patient was too weak to swallow poison in liquid form. Dr. Stedman, the famous alienist, who still continues to study Jane Toppan's case, tells of her phlysicial clapse this year by starving herself and bec. raing reduced almost to a skeleton through fear of being pois.>n ed through her food: She had bec-: me very abusive to the nurses, defying their authority and inciting patients to do the same, go ing so far as to shout to a melancholic whm the nurse was trying to lee not to eat the food as it was poison. Her hysical condition had fallen off greatly. She had lost fifty pounds in weight in a few months in conse quence of her refusal of food because of false belief in regard to it. 0Osing to her weak condition she was remov ed to the infirmuary. By February, 1904, she was greatly emaciated, having lost over eighty pounds, or abeut balf her normal aeight, and was so weak that forcedi feeding with the tune was resorted to for several days, since which time she has eaten temporarily, but just enough to avoid being fed again. The artili cal feeding was only resorted to after persstent persuasion and every possi ble measure to induce her to eat had been tried, irncluding special articles of diet from the supermftend~ent's table. A thorong h physical examina tion revealed no evidence of bodily dase. On a recent visit she began at once on a tirade against the hospital, its tticers and all its be:o::gings. She !nsisted that every thing was "rotten,' that the meat was "embalmed" beef, etc., etc. She persisted in these com plaints after teing told that we had Ijust eaten the dimr.er provided for her whch we found nutritious and pala bole. Erveythingr was filhhy. she said, even the brick walls, which must be "saturated with the filth of years;" the water supply (which is taken from an artcsian well) was "polluted with sewerage;" the vegetables were "rank poson." She spoke rather anxiously about a general feeling of numbriesq, and asked what was the cause of it. Sbe was entirely inac cessible to explanation, argument, or even positive proof as to the impos sibility of her statements. Occasion ally she would burst out unexpectedly with peculiar and piercing shrieks of laughter which would seem impossible to one in her weak condition. ' Many of her indiscriminate and seDseless charges secmed to be rather the expression of an insane malignity toward every one than the outcome of genuine belief that they were true. But we were, at the same time, con vinced beyond a doubt that she was also sutfering from strong and genu ine delusions of persecution by poison ing, be, ause her belief in this regard so ton.,istently Influenced her con duct that her refusal of food had prac tically reduced her to a skeleton, and repeated forcible feedings had no ef fect in changing her convictions. Her persecutory ideas vary in strength from time to time, but the delusions of suspicion from which the5 spring remain unshaken. By the progress of her disease Jane Toppan has come to believe that not only every article of food that Is brought to her, every cup of tea or coffee and every glass of water, is poisoned. She can see the spectres of her vic tims hovering over her and dropping the poison into these things just as she used to do to them. One of her favorite methods was to dissolve an atropbia tablet in a glass of mineral water and hold it up smil ingly as a draught of health. This is the way she drugged pcor Mr. Alden P. Davis to death. If her patients were particularly fond of tea or coffe she dis lved morphia or atro phia tablets in their cups. When Jane Toppan was first com mitted to the asylum she was permit ed to mingle with the other mildly insene patients. But as her delusions became more frequent and she broke orth into violent tirades against the ther patients and the hospital atten ants, she was removed first to the in Irmary and later to a secluded cell in ,he north wing. The windows have zratings and it is in reality a prison. "I saw them all last night," he said one morning this week when he nurse came to her room with a ray cf crust, c.ffee and bread. "What do you mean Jane," asked he nurse, as she noticed the unnatur 1 brigntness in Jane Toppan's hollow, unken eyes. "Why, all the people I have killed," he woman said for the moment ap earing perfectly rational. "They all ;ame and gathered around my bed in ihe night. There were the Davises, Ld Mr. and Mrs. Dunham, and Myra onnors, and Mrs. Brigham, Mrs. Bannister, Mrs. Gibbs and Mrs. Harry xordon-oh, I'm sorry I killed her, he is so pretty"--and here the har lened murderess, who once seemed to mow no such thing as human sorrow, >urst into tears. Then, recovering 3erself, she went on: "But they're all after me now ~hirty- one of them-some want to oon me, and %ome come at rue with ~heir skeleton hands as if they would ~hoke me. See, they're coming for me 20w-help, murder"--and the poor, emented creature fell back upon her :ot In a paroxyibm of insane fear. Jane Toppan is paying the penalty )f her crimes by Nature's or God's >wn law In a way that is an apalling Ioral object lesson-that no one can lake human life, even if he escapes punishment of human law, without uffering the most awful trtunes to Ihe end of his or her own wretchd ex stence. Summary of Cotton Ginnued. A bulletin issued by the census bureau gives a summary of the reports >n cotton gi-med in the United States in the present year up to October 18 rhe report cover 96 counties, and shows a total of 426,883 runnIng hales, a~s against 292,669 runnIng bales re ported from the same counties for the same period last year. The counties overed are in the States of Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mis sissippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tenne see, Texas and Virginia. Georgia makes the largest showing with 34 counties and 196, 744 bales, as against 117,139 bales last year. The number of ginneries from which reports were received Is 2,4i1, as against 2,342 for 1903. A comparative statement for 1903 shows that up to October 18 of that year a total of 3,839,627 bales had been ginned. The total number of coun. ies from which ginning was reported in 1903 was 812, and the number of ginneries 27,723. Will Not Preach. Colonel James H. Tillman will not enter the ministry, right away any how. And if he did take such a step he has his text picked for his first sermon. In speaking of the report that he intended to ecter the Metho dist ministry, the colonel said. "I am amazed that so serious a matter, for the sole purpose of a newspaper sen sation, has been telegraphed all over the country. Surely I might be per mitted to attend to my own affairs. SiL ce my return to E igefield I have diligently applied myself to the prac tice of my profession and the court caleniars will show that it Is now larger than .ever." THE men whbo signed the letter re questing Gov. Heyvward to resign may be sensible men, but they did a very foolish thing when they sent that absurd letter to the Governor. If a lot of school boys had done It we might excus.e it, but it looks extreme y nonsensical in a lot of grown up men. SAY all they can the R epublican campaign orators cannot destroy the popular conviction that as ex-Senator Davis said in his letter of acceptance, "the extravagance in the conduct of the government is greater now tian at any time in the history of the THE DISPENSARY. By Invitation Senator Tillman Speaks to the People About It. STILL BBLIEVES IT A GOOD LAW, But Savs He Would be a Prohibi tionists, if He B e I i e e d Such a Law Could be Enforced. We present bllow a part of the speech delivered at Gaffney recently by Senator Tillman on the dispensary. This part of the speech may be termed a dMfmce of the D-spensary Law. Next week we will publish the other half of the Senator's speech, in which he makes some suggestions about changing and enforcng the law. Senator Tillman, after referring to his visits to Gaff ney on former oc casions said: I am here today in respense to an invitation signed by two or three hun dred of you asking me to discuss Temperence, Prohibition, Dispensary and License, as you are to pass on that at the next election. Tnere is some difference of opinion as to whether I have any business hnre. There are some people who are dispos ed to think that I am a meddler; that I am interfering with a purely local matter with which I have no cor c 3rn and that I ought not to be here. I want to say in regard to that that when you elected me Governor, you did not rob me of the right of a citi zn to discuss any question any where and though you have sent me to Washington as your representative in the United States Senate I am still % South Carolinian and still a tax payer, and more than that I am still your servant. (Cheers.) At least I feel that way and try to do my duty in the National ball and I tried to do my duty in the Governor's offlice. The question is, why d .1 you asic me to ome here? T- s a difference of opinion as to wL Who %as instru mental in inviting m% here? To give you my reason for saying some things I intend to say, I will read from the News and Courier of Thursday last a ommunication from this City or town, which is not signed. The Senator then read the article which was In effect as follows: (Tat Snator Tillman was c aming to Gaff ey to interfere in a local matter and crack the ship of a boss cver the boys and make them line up f>r the Dis pfnsary against even their conscien ous scrupies). - Now I complain of that manner of treating this meeting as far as I am :oncerned because, first, I am called Boss and you know I have no desire o attempt to crack a whip over you, nd I object to it most because of the ract that this man, who3ver he may be, has so little respect for you, so ittle comprehension of your natural apacity, of your manly self respect, that he states that-you will obey the rack of the whip and fall into line and even vote against your con clen s and your better judgment. What ort of mangey cur dgs does he take ou to be, men of Cuerokee? Where n South Carolina is there a County which has within its bounds a lot of slavish, ignorant, debased and cow ardly citizens who obey me? This is the old cry that used to come from way back; that you were a lot of fools who followed me obediently and that [ had only to get out and crack my whip and that you would follow and o my bidding. There is another little clipping, or rather editorial from one of your County papers to which I want to ask you to listen while I read it. Senator Tillman then read fromn editorial In the Gaff ney Ledger, which was to the effect that he had com plained of Senator Hampton comingr here in 1890 to in' erfere in a local state affair and that his coming to herokee now lwas very much out of place. Iit out of place? Well that is a matter of opinion. I have already said you put me in the respons ble posItion which I now occupy but y ou did not take from me every right I have in my state and-this Cjunty, and [ want to ask you, what- position would I occupy, if I was so much of a politician, so afraid of making ene mies, so cowardly that I would de cline to accept your invitation to :ome here and discuss a great public question in which we are all interest ed, when two or three hundred citizens ask me N> discums the question calmly and dispass:onat-:ly without any fear but merely to pleas ure you. I say, what sort of a cow ardly creature would I b3 if 1 had said I am too busy or the circumstances are such that I cannot accept? I would not have long retained your re spect or good will. I certainly would not deserve to retain it at all if I was so low and contemptible as . that. There is another fling here that I will mention. He speaks of Senator Haptoncoinxghere in 1890. Is there any analogy in the conditions? Sena tor Hampton ]eft his seat in the Sen ate and came to South Carolina when there was a very heated campaign on for the of~ce of Governor. He spoke from the same platform with the candidates and lent all his indluence in behalf of one man against another and there is no analogy between that case and this at all. Tnis is not a personal matter, this a matter of principle and public policy. You are to vote on a most important meas ure. As both of your papers are lined up on one side, is it not natural that I am glad to come here to let you hear the other side and Is it not my daty to come? You all know I would not presume to come here to te)b you what to do. You would ride me on a rail if 1 was to be so insolerat as to occupy the attitude of a boss. I came here to give you such ideas in regard to ths great subject as might enable you to judge of it fairly and judge In tellegently. I want to say now, that after you have heard this question debated1 by me and any other who may choose to spaak from this stand today who wishes to argue from t ae other side, I will be most h ppy tu hear from him before you take your action. I am not here to bambo::z:e or oneyfuggle any one and while tne dispensary may need changes still, it i for yon to rietermine whether yoi] want this system to continue. It I your right to kick it out. I believi in local self government, but I don' believe In two newspapers refusing ti print an article because it is not ii accord with their views. I understand an article was p'acet in the hands of one of these news papers and they refused to print it. Mr. DeCamp: They didn't send i to me. Mr. Parrot: We did not refuse tc print any article. Sea. Tillman: I will ask the mar who brought that paper to me. tc please rise. (Aman arose in the bacl of the house) (Cneers). (The man stat. ed that the papzr was placd with the paper edited by the Messrs. Farrotts and was signed G. B. Daniel). Parrott: I have the article. (Laugh. ter and cheers and much shouts for Tillmab). T:1min: Wait a moment, if I was mistaken I want to take it back. Parrott: I have the article on hand to be published as soon as we can do so. The article will appear as soon as we bava time to print it. Sen. Tillman: Will it appear before the election? Parrott: Yes sir. Sen. Tillm in: He says it will ap pear before the election. That Is all right. Parrott: My brother and I do all the work in the cffe and we do not have time to set up all the mattez that comes in at one time. Now, I will try to justify myself for coming here. I will always believe that it was my duty to come. I will always come when you call me because you have always come when I called for you. You all in the rear, there is room up here Instead cf the aisle. I want you to come up to the amen corner b cluse I am going to preac. the gospel accordirg to Tillman to day. (Oneers). There Is always room f...r taose who climb and there is plenty of ro-am here. I just want to speak something further in referenze, if I m.y use a strenger word, of my coming here to meddle in your aff sirs. Well now, I haven't the invitation, but I have a very good memory, I re member that when you were consider ing the advisability and wisdom of cutting lo-se from the counties of York, Union and Spartanburg to set up for yourselves, that there was a great difference of opinion as to how the thing would go. The town of Gaff ney was very anxious to..become a Courtbouse and discussion was going on as to whether it would add to your taxes and c ampensate yca for the ad ditional burdens by the advantagez offered, and another Invitation came to me eight years ago to come here to express my opinion and advise with my fellow citiz.ns as to the wisdom and advantages of establishing Chero kee County and I am very, very sure that there was one man who signed that petition who wrote one of these editorials calling me a meddler. (Cheer.). When I came here then, ne th'ught it was the proper thing. He did not say then as he says now that it was out of place. I'll bet if I bad the list here now I could find pos sibly one hundred names of men who. are now fly-blowing me on the side and telling others that I am coming here to whip you boys into line and that you haven't manhood enough to) resent it. It reminds me of the old story that we boys who were taught in the blue back spelling book used to read. There was a certain farmer who had a fine steer, living as a neighbor to a lawyer who had a bull, and the bull killed the steer and the farmer went to see the lawyer in reference to it and told the lawyer that a most unfortunate thing had occurred that his steer had killed the lawyer's bull and the-la wyer said. "well you are liable for kiili igof my bull and I suppose you have come to pay for it." Hold on, said the farmer, it was y our bull killed my ox, I made a mistake." Oh, said the lawyer, that makes a difference, we will s-~e about it. Vi ry easy when the farmer was to pay him but different when it was otherwise. All right when I came here to discuss other matters but decidedly out of place for me to come here and discuss temperance and tht dispeosary law. So much by way of preliminary. As I told you, I was invited here to discu-s tbe questions of Temperance, Disponsary law, Prohibition >r Li cense. I am going to :io it honestly and frankly as [ always do everything. I started to late in life to teach my tongue the trick of saying one thinag and meaning a:other. There is no one here who wants to make this a personal issue, but I want to invite any man who feels so disposed to ask me questions, and I will answer them .t I can. I am here for the truth as I see it. 1 may be in error. There is nothing in this for me in any shape, form or fashiojn except that I will fee] when 1 get through that I have done my duty and you can do as your >n sciences dictate after I get through. The question of control of whiskey and how to prevent the great evils which every thoughtful man sees re sults from it is one of the most ditl cult in government. It is a question which Is always present in some form, the evis of liquor drinking to -excess. It is an issue that will never down be cause it can never be settled accord ing t> the conflicting opinions of the pople interested. It is going on ir one form or anotherj in a thousauc commnafl1ttes t adsy rcaey hive tr iec prohibition In three states, and It hai failed signally in stopping the sale of liquor or preventing drunkenness. Tne bar rooms are run openly in th: city of Portland, Maine, so I am in formed, and it is the same In Kansas City, Kansas, and while there are many small towns in the two statei where liQuor is dimfcuit to obtain, th: number of revenue licenses to 5el liquor issued by the United State government in Maine Is more that double the licenses in South Carolina both for dispensary and the blink tigers. Maine has balf our popula tion, whf e in Kansas with a littli more population than we have, to liceinses are more than four times al many. W hen I was in the campaign fo Governor In 1892 the question of pr1 hibition became a very burning on in several sections. The prohibitioi element started out to inject that int LcoN'rIN~ED ON PAGE 4.]I A FLYING NACHINE. It Takes a Flight of Ten Miles Across the Mississippi. Propelled rart of the way by its own power and the remainder of the distance by the wind, which was blowing at 10 miles an hour, The Arrow, an airship, owned and per fected by Thomas S. Baldwin of San Francisco, in charge of A. Roy Kna benshue of Toledo, Wednesday made an unannounced flight of 10 miles from the world's fair grounds over St. Louis and across the Mississippi river to Cabokia, Ills. Tre aerial performance attracted the attention of thousands of persons who cheered almost coatinuously as the big flying machire passed over the expos:tion grounds and soared high above the high buildings of the busi ness quarter of St. Louis. Chnging to the frame work of the car, his precarious fcothold, an Iron tube that forms one side of the base of the triangular network of supports and ribs of The Arrow's body, Kna benshue dir.cted the movements of the flying machine and manoeuvred in circles and against the wind high over the great buildings of the exposition before an accident to the motor ren dEred the big fan propellers useless and curtailed command of direction, but not of su pension or descension. Wtea the motor broke Knabenshue manoeuvred the flying machine into the wind, and he was enabled to steer the arrow in a course that varied sev eral points either way from the trend of the wind and to land at a point of his own se'ecting. When within 10 feet of the earth, Knabensnue threw Put hia ,.ppIe, and one of the boiks caught In a large tree. The large ba'loon settled slowly to the grouid, resting lightly on its framework. Kn tb.nshue alighted, secured the airship to prevent injury from the wind and assured Mr. Baldwin by telephone that The Arrow was unin jured, except for the minor breakage of the motor. After landing Knabenshue said that in his opinion the trial of the airship was a distinct succ.ss. The airship was constructed under the personal sucervision- of Capt. Baldwin in California, and differs in many features from ships constructed in the past. It cirries a double cylinder, seven power gasolene engine, making 2,000 revolutions of the propellers a minute possible. The machine is arranged so that the ship is pulled instead of pushed. Wednesday's flight was not a trial for the world's fair $100,000 prize, Capt. Baldwin said, but simply a trial to convince the residents of St. Louis and the world's fair vistors that he had an airshiD that could fir. Called it Off. James H. Ferriss, "National Chair man of the People's Party," had been planning a "great convention" of "Bryan Democrats" and "Silver Re puolicans" to be held in Chicago last Monday week. He had been advertis ing the event with a great blow of trumpets and much zeal. Tne Repub lican niewspapers had been helping along. Ferriss had been using "paid matter" in Democratic newspapers. He declared that "hundreds of thous ands" -tBryan Democrats were ripe for revolt, and were getting In line for a great demonstration. But sud denly the thing has been called off, to prevent a miserable fluke, says the Au gusta Chronicle. A dispatch from Joliet, Illinois dated Oct. 23, the day before the great coevention was to be held, said: "James H. Ferriss, national chair man of the People's party, announced Fri day night tuiat the meeting of 'Bryan 'Democrats and 'Silver Republicans,' called to be held in Chicago on Octo ber 25, has been postpained until after. the coaning election. Mr. Ferriss states that if any of the 7,000 persons to whom invitations to the meeting were sent shall come to Chicago he will meet them at the Briggs House on the date originally named for the conven tion." In commenting on the failure to hold the .convention the Augusta Ciaronicle says "the truth is, they culd not afford to make a show of bands, or count of noses, and the thing had to be called off. It is a con fessioa that there is nothing in the so-called and much-flouted revolt. rhere was nothing in it. Democrats have buried their differences, and are now working together for the election of Parker. From Bryan to Cleveland --all the way-they are In line, unless we note the rather queer conduct of Mr. Hearst." Criminal Carelessness. A stray bullet from a'revolver fired by Wmn. Heffedfinger, formerly a mer chaht of Crestiline, Ohio, resulted in the death of two women Friday night. The bullet was fired to fright en two companions of Heffelfinger who were escorting him home. The bullet went wild and struck Mrs. Harry Kiimley, the wife of a Clevelhnd man, who was visiting at a Crestlne home, in the head. She died within a few minutes. Her friend Mrs. Carrie Shafer, on learning of the tragedy, fell dead from heart disease. Heffel finger was locked up. Old Mien Fight:, At Holyoke, Mass., Patrick Claug helay and William Gillawe, each 70 years old, roommates in the Bright side threw a chair at him and as he was about to pick up another Gillawe hit him over the head with a cane. A scuffle followed and some men about the place separated them. Claughe !ay did not appear to be the worse for 'he affair, but on going to bed he fell dead. Gillawe is mucri affected over the death of his old friend, but says he struck in self-defense. He Was Mlistaken. Over sixty years ago Spencer T. Hancock of Manchester, Vt., was in bad health thought he was going to die and 'named the persons be deaired to act as his pallbearers. Last Sunday 1 e celebrated his eighty-iirst birth Sday. All the original pallbearers are dead and he has now picked out a new MINING DISASTER. From Thirty to Sixty Xen Tost Their lives by Ixplosion. IN AN IRON KIXE IN COLOREDO. The Women and Children Had to be Led from the Mine to Pre vent Their Being Killed by anmes. From 33 to 60 man lost their live in a territic explosion which occured at mine No. 3 of the R >cky Mountain.- - Fuel and Iron company at Terico, 4P miles west of Trinidad, Col:, Friday. afternoon. The exact number of dead miy never b3 known, as the mine IS. burning and In all likelihood the bodies will be consamed. A large number of mine ofilials left there as soon as word of the accident was re ceived. The company dccto.s. were pickedsup all all along the line as well as all available physicians. F. ,.' Foraman, a government stock inspeo; tor, was at Terrico when the explosion occured. He returned Friday night and gave the following account of the affair: "1 was.standlng not more than 300 yards from the mouth. of the tunnel when the explosion occurred. "The explosion was preceded by* low rumbling sound, resembling an earthquake, which. made the earth tremble and startled the neighbor hood. "I looked toward the mine and out of the mouth of. the tunnel and two air shafts came a. great volume A smoke and dust which continued for nearly a minute. Out of the two air shafti, each of which is seven feet In diameter, timbers that were fully two . to three feet in diameter were sho into the air and broken into splinters. B cks were thrown over the camp for adistance of a quarter of a mile. In fact It rained rocks, broken timbers and all kinds of debris for fully a min ute and many people were injured by being struck with these missiles. "The explosion, which resembled'a volcanic eruption, caused the wildest excitement. Men, women and Ohl dfren rushed to the mouth ofthe fi nel a2d women whose husbands were in the mine had to be brought away by miners to prevent their being killed. by deadly -fumes coming from 'thie mouth of the tunnel." The mine in which the accident oc curred employes 80 men and itIs be lieved that at least 60 were In thed mine at the time. News of the e plosion brought assistance from:'he adjacent camps Friday night hundreds of men were trying to enter the mine Deadly fumes overcame the rescuers frequntly but their places immediate ly were taken by others ready to risk their lives. It was not thought poe AiLle that any one In the mine could, escape death. It was Impossible to secure mes )f the dead and injured Friday night. Nearly all the -miners employed..are Slavs. The explosion Is supposed to tave been caused by dust. But one body has b..ea recovered, that of T. Duran, a driver who was just enter ing the tunnel when the explosion >ccurred. 1rEE PRESIDENI' AND TEE MOB. eow the Violenat Have Been Eneour aged to Break the Law. :ounmtry and in all parts of iti has brought our good name and fame Into disrepute, and justly discredited our boasted American civilization. High functionaries of the Republican party, recognizing this fact, vie with each, other.in- fierce denunciations of the practice. It is too much to ask tnemn to remember that a mob has as much right to be a law unto itself sea Pres ident or Cabinet minister, or a- Cor. - gress; that, in Its ignorance arnd un disciplined passions a mob has excises for illegal violence which its superiors in station and enlightment cannot plead; and that obedience to law, un der whatever circumnstances aEdin spite of all seductions by the highest In office, as wgll as the lowliest of pri vate citizens, is patriotism -of the genuine type compared with which the exercise of the fighting instincts and pr-:pensities which we sha:e* with the brute creation Is of little .worth and small account? He who will not glovern himself by the law has no right to aspire to govern others. "Against the self-seekring, the con ceit, the Impatience of legal and con ventional restraints,the devouring am bition, which are at the bottom of such a candid Lcy, the Democratic party protests not In words merely, but by the very character of its nomi nee for the Presidt.ntial office. It not only antagonizes Republican policies. as already described-it submits to the judgment and conscience of the American people that, whatever may be the p~licies, the Republican Candi date for the Presidency has demon stratedhis unfitness to be the head and the official representative of a free, a law-abiding and peace-loving people. In its own nominee it presents a candidate who is the exact antithesis of the Republican candidate; a man of mo~es:,y and self-restraint. N~ot a glorifier of war, but a representative of the absolute supremacy of the law, which is the very climax of the triumphs of peace; not a seeker of office, but sought for by it; a man by. nature and training and experience reverential of the Constitution and laws, and sure to be governed by them himself and to insist that all others shall be; a man who can be relied upon to recognize the people as the source of all political power and himself not as their boss or overlord, but as simp ly the agent and exponent of their will; a man not compelled to repubiate his' convictions as a private citizen and public expounder of economic and political truths In order to justfy his acts as Niational Executive and lkeep nis place as a party candidate; a man, ini short, who will model himself upon Washiagton and our other great Presi dents, and not upon the Eznperors and autocrats of the present day." From Richard Onley's Great Speech in Wew York.