Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XIV. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 15, 1905. NO, 2.
THE OIL TRUST. Kansas and Other States Are Fighting the Standard. CAUSE OF THE FIGHT. An Interesting Account of the Trouble as Told by a Correspondent of the Omaha World-Herald, Who Makes Out a Bad Case Against Them. The fight against the Standard Oil Trust by the people of Kansas is at tracting woild-wide attention and people in all sections of the country are showing their sympathy for Kau sas. On February 21, the Illinois legislature adopted a resolution offer ing to lend the State of Kansas the sum of $100,000 without interest, for a period of six years to aid in estab lishing a state oil refinery. This res olution referred to the Standard Oil trust as "that merciless octopus whose tentacles now encircle every state in the union." Another resolu tion provided fcr the appointment of a jcint commission to confer with the state cfficials of Kansas and to ngree on steps to be taken for pipe lines to aid common carriers. Indiana oil producerd have organized to fight the oil trust and they will urge the erec tion of a state refinery. The bill has been introduced in the Texas legisla ture, making the pipe lines of that state available to independent pro ducers and it is preposed by some that the state erect a refinery. Oklahoma Is likewise considering the erection of a state refinery, together with the proposition to make oil producers pre serve a uniform price thrughout the state. An Interesting description of the troubles between Kansas and the oh trust is given by Frank P. Gallagher, the staff correspondent for the Omaha World-Herald, in a dispatch to that newspaper, under date of Topeka, Feb 21. Mr. Gallagher says: 'It was a bitter experience with the sinister in fluences of Standard Oil that led the people of Kansas, but as late as two years ago the oil industry amounted to little. Twelve years ago Standard Oil wriggled into Kansas under the deceptive title of the Forest Oil com pany. Departing from its historic policy, the Standard Oil management determined to develop the fields with out waiting for the people to catch the oil fever. Near Neodesha in Wil son county many wells were sunk, but the ol refused to gush and the bor ings were abandoned. Standard Oil relinquished its leases to hundreds of acres and surrendered the task of de velopment to the prospectors and pro moters." The first Important strike was made by Charles Knapp, six years ago, at Chanute, near one of the abandoned properties of the Forest Oil company. A little later it 'was found that Peru, Kansas, was iccated on a vast oil die posit. Soon nearly every town lot had its oil well, and the Forest Oni company returned to the field with renewed vigor. As the business de veloped the Forest 01 company under went several changes. Its small cap itallztion disappeared, and on .Janu ary 7, 1901, it took the name of the Prairie Oil and Gas company and in creased Its capitalstock to 82,500,000. The company then built pipe lirzes to Neodesha from Chanute and at the latter point a refinery was establish-| ed. In 1902 the supply of oil was still unsatisfactory to the Standard Oil folk, and in order to create a boom it suddenly raised the. piice of crude onlfrom 90 cents to $1.10 a barrel The effect was magical. In twelve months the output grew from 322, 000 barrels with a value of 8289,000 to 1,018,000 wIth a value of $1,120. 018. A greater part of the output was taken by the Standard Cal comn pany, but each .day E. J. Webster, who has nuilt an Independent refinery at Humboldt, Kan., took 200 barrels. In the meantime, Standard Oil, ac cording to Mr. Gallagher, had been whetting Its cimitar aith the inten tion of striking down the entire inde. pendent oil industry of Kansas. Th. capacity of its plant at 19eodesba was adoed to until it had reached 300,000 barrels of crude oil a day. The jige lines were extentced until the tamr conduit ran from Tulsa in the Osage nation south of the Kansas state :ie through Kansas to Kansas City, Mo At Chaney, Neodesha, Altoona and Humboldt, the Prairie Oil and Gas -company built giant tanks, and began to store oil. By January 1, 1905, it had a total stcck on hand of 5,448,034 barrels. Untiliast August, when the Standard finished its system of pipe lines through the state, oil had been bringing prices ranging, frem $1.20 to $1.40 a barrel, according to its s.pectfii gravity. It was at this juncture tha Standard Oil sprung i s trap, in which the oil producers and consumers of Kansas and the single indej.endent oil refiner, E. J. Wetster, are still squir ming,, but with a show of life that astonishes the captor. The price of crude oil began to fall. In four re ductions the prices were cut to 72 cts. for a barrel of the best oil. Anotnet smash of 2 cents was made on Janu ary 31, 1905. To what a low levej prices for crude oil had sunk Is illus trated in the following comuparativi table: Western crude oil prict s-3: degree and above, 70c; 311 to 32, 65. 31 to 31k, 60c; 3C 0 to 3], 55c; 30 tt 30k, 50c; 29& to 30, 45 -; 29 to 29k, 40c: 28b to 29, 350; 28 to 28i, 30c; 22 tt 28 heavy, 29c per barrel. Bartiesville. 1. T., 82c per barrel. Eastern crud oil price: Pennsylvana, S1.40; Tiona $1.55; ;Corning, $1.67; Nw Castle 81.31; North Lima, 93c; South loma 88c per barrel- Indiana, 88c; Somer set, 81c; Ragland, 53c; Petrolia, Ont. 1.33 per barrel. The Prairie Oil and Gas Compana then made such rules relative to test that the owner of a high quality oil received no more than one whos output was of an inferior quality moreover, the Standard Oil's inspec tar did aRthe grading. In some il stances they graded the oil high and when the time camo to buy they re graded the same oil in a lower classifi cation. There were other injustices that aroused intense indignation tion among the produceis, but th worst blow was yet to fall. As s -on as the Standard had 3cmpleted its conduits it could transport its oil without shipping by rail. This the independent dealer could not do. It was then that the railways advancl-d the rates from 10 cents to 17 cents per 100 pounds. In addition to this, the railways arbitrarily ruled that a gal lon should be he ld to 7b instead of 4 pounds. The effect was to raisi the cost of sbipping a car of oil to Kansas City and o her river markets from $45 to $98. The further effect was to prevent the producers from shipl ing their oil and they were compelled to accept Standard Ol prices at the wells. The mest remarkable fact in this coonectin is that the four rail ways involved, the Santa Fe, the Mis souri Pacific, the 'Frisco and the Missouri, Kansas & Texas, absolutrly went out of the lucrative business of transporting oil and they did this simply because the Standard had so cn manded. Speaking to this correspondent, J. M. Parker, secretary of the State Oil Producers' asscciatien, said: "If the railways would give us the original rate of 10 cents per 100 pounds, or $45 a car, we could ship all of our oil to Kansas City and other points and it wculd give us $1 per barrel at the weli. It would give the railways 100 carloads of freight every day. But the Standard Oil company tells the railroads to desist from hauling any tii whatever, and by an exorbitant rate forcing us to sell to the Stand ard, the only market in the fields, at a price of 47 cents a barrel. which, under the compulsory rates demanded from the railways by the trust, nets the producer 7 cents more than if he had used the railways." Mr. Gallagher adds: "While the men who are attackirg Standard Oil realize the great pewer of this corpo ration they express confidence that Kansas will yet be able to gain the mastery. A BLIND TIGEBR MAN killed by Train While Transporting Contraband Whiskey. The Columbia Record says at half past one o'clock Friday morning Chief Constable Osborne was informed that a man transporting contraband liquor had been run over and killed at Bian ey's by the Seaboard train. That station Is in Kershaw county, twenty one miles from Coulumbia, and it is has been a favorite station for blind tiger dealers to bold their shipments of liquor, afterwards transporting it by wagons to Columbia. Chief Os borne immediately detailed Con stables Pegues, Harley and Boland to go to Blaney's by buggy, and early Friday morning he had a conversation with them over the 'phone. Chief Osborne says that he learned that the man's name is Charles Thompson and that he was originally from Lexington county. He was a white man who was an employe of W. H. Sellers, the so-called "blind tiger king," of Columbia. A car con taining the shipment of liquor had been side tracked, according to Mr. Osborne's Information, and Thomp son had loaded a two-horse wagen with the booze. T be wagon contained five barrels of half pints of a brand alleged to be dealt in by Sellers and known by his customers as ''King's Cnoice." In all there were about 200 battles in the barrels and besides them there were six kegs of liquor. Thompson in his j urney Columbia ward had occasion to cross the Sea board track. The hour, so far as can be learned, about 11 o'ch ck Friday night, and the Seaboard vestibuled traiin, which was late, was thundering its way northward. According to Mr. 03 borne's information received Friday morning, Thompson, who is said to have been drunk, either drove over an embankment on the railroad, or in eneavoring to cross it his team some how got "stuck." From persons in the -neighborhood the constables learned that immediateiv af ter the wagon got on the track the train run ning at a rapid pace hove in sigait and but a short distance away. It, is said that Thompson, though drunk, made a frantic effort to wave the train down, but his wagon getting on the* track and the approach of toe dyieg rain were events too closa cegetter for the one to get off or the other to stop. It is n- t known why Tnump son did not save himself by getting ~ffhe track, but he didn't. Tue tra~u struck Lhim and the wagon, killing him and two mule-s, and scattering the vehicle and bocze to the winds. Wodrful to relate, however, little of the whiskey was destroyed. One barrel with Its bottle contents was broken, but the rest was Intact and was confiscated by the constables. S&nator Bace~ Dead. A dispaten from Washington says Senator Bat.e of Tennessee died at o'cock Thursday morning at tht E bitt House, of pneumonia and de fctive heart. He was seventy-eight years old- He attended the inaugura tion ceremonies and death is believec to be due to expcsure oa that oca. sin. He suffered a slight chill tha1 day. He occupied his seat in the Sen ate Tuesday week. He became sud dely ill that evening at the dinne: table and steadily grew worse. His lungs improved, but weakness of tni heart centinued. He was entirely con soeus arid asked to be burned at Nash ville. He served in the Confederata army, from private to mapr general A businese, woman. Mr. E. S. McKinzie died at Grove Grenville county, on Monday nigh of last week aged 60. Since her hus bands death ten years ago she ha< run successfully a large farm and th largest dairy in the Piedmont section her herd consisting of 110 cows. Shooting Scrape. In a fight between Robert Whit ~-lock and two negroes near Spartan Sburg on Tuesday of last week the ne fgroes fired several shots from a breacd loading shotgun, missing Whitloc: ;but hitting his aunt and her litt] -girl. Whitlock responded with a Si] hotra but mised.i WHAT IT MEANS. What the Southern Cotton Asso ciation Proposes to Do. WHAT IT STANDS FOIL President Harvie Jordan Makes a Suc cinct Statement of What the Move ment Hopes to Accomolish and How it Proposes to .Accomplish It. As many people throughout the south are not thoroughly familiar with the purposes of the Southern Cotton association, President Harvie Jordan has written an article which fully sets forth the scope of the work wn-ich has been undertaken and ex plains in detail what is to b aczom plished. Mr. Jordan calls attention to the fact that the movement is by no means confined exclusively to the farmers of the south, but states that it is a movement for the whole south in which every line of business is in erested. Mr. Jordan's arti.le is as follows: WHAT WE STAND FOR. There are thcusinds of people who do not yet understand what the South ernCotton associntion stands for, who created the association or what the association is now undertaking to per. form. People in all lnes of business, farmers, merchants, bankers, editors of newspapers and others still have a vague and indisunct idea of the scope of this movement. Many people in all waliks of life appear to think that the Soutnern Cotton association is distir tively a farmers' movement to be op erated along the line of the old Farm ers' Alliance, and in which the inter est of other lines of business is only in cidental to the immediate carrying out and perfection of the resoiutions intro duced and passed at the New Orleans cotton convention January 24 to 26, 1905. The mind of every man who en tertains such opinions, which are only partial outlines of this great move ment, should better inform himself and begin to fully understand that the Southern Cotton association stands for no particular class, that it stanus for tne solid south and all classes in the south that are interested in ad vancing and promoting the future prosperity of this immediate section of our great union. The original idea and intention of the Farmers' Alli ance was good as far as it went, but unfortunately it did not go far enough, was not sufficiently broad and liberal in its scope among its tenets taught antagonism and prejudice between the farmers and those with whom they had to deal. The result was disaster even before that great movement be came finaliy straeded on the barren rocks or a political upheaval. The Southern Cotton association will avoid the dangers and pitfalls which wreck ed and rumned the efforts of the farm ers in the past and which failed to en list the active cooperation and sup port of the business interests of the country. Tne int~erest of the farmer, mexcnant, banker, and southern spin ner are all joined together and the success or failure of one is interdepen uent upon the other. We, therefojre, musbt rise or fall together and no smngle ciass can expect to succeed thaL undertakes to monopol:ze and jeopara IZC the interests of the Others. We starld for toe supremacy of the south agriculturally, commercially ana nuancially. To succeed we must al join hiands together to work in a com mon cause for the attainment of a commtn end. Tne cardmnal principle of the asso ciauion is to safeguard and pr otect the vaine of the great mo'ey crop 0! the south-cotton. Upon the price of raw catton paid to the farmer aepends not only tne prosperity of the grow ers, but the prosp~rnty of every legi Lim-tLe business andi pr~fession in toe sotn. By the price of cotton is segu iste-a real estate values, increasad or c?ceasea school faciaties, the im provemients or retarament of toe pub Lc znigh wa3 s, incri aseu or d.mmnisning manufucturing industries and nanking cap.tal. Indeed tue price of cotton ag t.laes tue pulse of wne south's in uunaril advat~cement when it sells at a profit to the producer, and locks the wneelb uf trade and creates financial depression when sold at prices below the cost of prcoduction. To bring the whole sourn together in an earnest aci active effort to assist the growers in regulatirg the supply of raw cotton to meet the legutimate demands of the world for cor-sumption andi to main tain the price a. a ssable figure, proc itable alike t> toth the producer and the spinner, is the primary purpose of the Southern Cotton association. NO KNOWLEDGE OF CONSUMPTION. Tne southern people are only in formed as to the proauction of cotton. IThey know tiut little or nothing about the distribution of raw cotton among the spindles of the world and the con sumption of the finished fabrics among tue civilized nations of the globe whose peoples buy ar~d wear cotter goods. The southern people are not in -formed as to the cost of manufactur ung raw cotton into cloth, althougi the spiar~er is well informed as to tuE cost of botb the production of raw cot ton by the grower and the cost or man ufacture. The south is not Informec as to the price at which manufactur -ed good1s are sold or the actual amoun1 of American cotton required for con sumption in 12 month by the spindle< of toe world, while the manufactur ers are always posted as to the prici of raw cotton and the amount of thi crop produced each year. Yet the -south, controlling a complete and per - nent monopoly of the most valu able and useful agricultural produc1 -grown, has sat supinely down an-a Sseemed to be content in only making ethe effort to produce, taking no inter est in the matter of controlling thi ing the necessary information wnch would enable southern people to even approximately reach an inteigent idea of the true value of this great raw material to the natiors of the world who are absolutt ly depenlent upon It for clothirg. The efforts of the Southern Cotton association will be studiously directed along these lines and in the further endeavor to secure safe and accurate statistics of the cotton crop, from planting to final delivery to the con sumer each year, and distribute this information in tabulated form throughout each Stal e, county and civil subdivisions of its members, so that the entire people will have a full and thorough knowledge of everythirg pertainirg to the production, distribu tion, manufacture and sale of this great and valuable agricultural staple. The object of the association will be to regulate the marketing of cotton in such manner as t maintain the price at the stable figure of 10 cents per pourd to the grower and the united cooperation of the entire people of the south is to be enlisted in tuccessfully putting this feature into practice and permanent operation. COMPET.TION SHUT OFF. At ten cents per pound to the grow ers of American cotton there is no fear of other materials used in the pro duction of cloth entering the markets )f the world as a competitor. Ameri can cotton has but four competitors, these are wool, flax, silk and foreign grown cotton, neither of which can be used in the manufacture of cloth and sold against our cotton so long as the price of our cotton does not cost the manufacturer more than 10 to 12 cents per pound. The only competitors which active ly enter into the depression of the price of American cctton below 10 cents per pound are the overproduc tion of American cotton and the bad system of marketing cotton by the producers which has for so many years allowed the price to be fixed in foreign markets. Tnese are the real, true causes operating in the markets against us today, either of which can be easily overcome by intelligent ac tion and united effort. The Southern Cotton association stands for the immediate proper solu tion of these simple problems and will bend its efforts to secure the emanci pation of the southern farmer and its people from the yoke of foreign domi nation. BROADEN OUR MARAETs. The Southern Cotton association undertake to solve the fear cf over production in future years by broad ening the markets for our cotton and cotton goods. To induce the rapid building of cotton mills in the south, to develop southern ports and prepare for the immense trade that will spring into existence between this country and the Asiatic nations of the far east through the opening of the Panama canal; to bring about better and more direct trade relations between this section and the CenLral and South American republics; to teach diversi fication in agriculture; to better per fect the educational systems of the south; to bring about a better under standing and closer relationship among the growers and the southern business men with whom they have to deal; in order that by mutual co operation a tidal wave of prosperity may sweep over this southland from the farm to the bank, to the mill, and to every line of business and profession in this country. These are some of the principles of reforms inaugurated at the great New Orleans cotton convention and whicn are to be put into practical operation and expernence, through the Soutuern Cotton association, the greatest move ment ever conceived by the brain of man. To say that this wura will fail is a reflection upon trne intelligence and manhlood of the south. To say taat it will succeed but emphas:-zes the fact that every man wrno gives. ut terance to such a statement realiz-t that he Is a factor in this great move ment and has faith in Lhe ability of the south to execute as well as to res olute and he wno doubts, or oenis S taaL success cannot be attained, nazs no faith in nmmaelf and none in is country. BARVIE JORDAN, President Southern Cotton associa tion. Caught Up Wit.. Rev. BeniAmin W. Ashley, a minis ter of the Christian church, residing near Newport, Te-nn., was given a sentence of fift een months in tue peui tentiary in the fecerai court We.dn~ s aay, for violating the pension laws. In investigat:ng nis case, a pension examiner oiscovered ta he was a oigamist. After Ashley had been piaced on the pension xoils, a ljurtb Carolina woman claIming to be his vife, made application~ for a division of the pension. Ashley swore she was not his legal wife, but tu:at his wife was a Tennessee woman. In vestigation proved that Ashley mar ried his first wife In 1865 and had never obtained a divorce, but bad abandoned her thirty years ago, mar rying a second time af ter coming to Tennessee sto reside. He pleaded guilty of perjury and may be prose cuted for bigamy wlten he has served his federal sentence. Fearful Death Rate. A dispatch from Calcutta says the deaths from the plague last week~ numbered 34,000. Statistics show that the deattus from bubonic plague in India withi- a few years reached nearly 3,000,000 In 1903 the mor tality in India from the plague alone was 850. The number of deaths re corded last whek while extraordinari is not unprecedented. The infectlor recently spread to Burmsh where it is making rapid strides. This sea son of the year always favors its spread. A Brute Hung. Charles Hammons, a white man was hanged at Morrilton, Arkansas on Wednestay for a criminal assaull upon his 11 year-old ste p-daughte: last O.:tober at Plumervi le. Ham mons enlisted In the army during thi Spanish-American war and later wen1 to the Pnilippines. Upon his returr he married Mrs. Alice Thomas an( shortly afterwards the assault on thi child was committed. The supreme court refused to reverse the veroict o a lower court and Governor D.svi: positively refused to interfere with the execution of the sentence THE JAPS WIN. The Russians, After Fighting Hard Several Days, Retreat IN VERY GOOD ORDER, Saving Their Guns, Stores and Amuni tion. The Losses on Both Sides Were Very Heavy, but the Japs Seemed to Have suffered Most. The battle which has been raging in the vicinity of Mukden between the Russians and Japanese for the last two weeks came to a close last Friday by the retreat of the Russians. A dispatch from St. Petersburg says the dispatch announcing the with drawal of the Russians from their positiors on the Shakhe river and that they were in full retreat, was the first definite news received here to the effect that the battle was ended and that General Kuropatkin was making the best of his way north ward. It does not come unexpectedly The defeat of General Kuropatkin has been expected since Field Marshal Oyama made his brilliant stroke against the Russian right. CONFLICTING REPORTS. The Associated Press says advices from the Manchurian battlefield leave little doubt that General Kuropatkin has suffered another reverse, but whether his defeat is a rout or whether he has repeated his strategy of Liao Yang and succeeded in with drawing his army and the bulk of his supplies is not clear. Dispatebes from General Kuroki's headquarters say that the Russians evacuated the whole line along the Shakhe river and are in full retreat northward with the Japanese in close pursuit. Admitting the coriectness of this, dispatch, the fall of Mukden seems imminent, and its probability is in a measure confirred by the report that the Japanese have taken Man chiatun, a villiage some ten miles southeast of Mukden. St. Petersburg insists that no disas ter has occured, but admits that Kur opatkin's left is in a critical position, Kuroki having driven a wedge in be tween Linovitch's main army an Rn nenkampf's corps. The report that Kuropatkin's communications have been cut is denied at the western cap ital, where it is state d that a report from * the commander was recei ed Thursday Contents are not known, however, beyond the statement that Mukden is still in possession of the Russians. The dispatch from Mukden makes the significant statement that the Japanese are extending their great turning muovement still further north in the direction of the immensely im portants trategic point of the Tie Pass. iDispatches received give details of the blow which turned the Russian right and says tnat the Russian losses in this figh~dit were very heavy. WHAT THE JABs CLAI. The Japs claim that the tirst four days' fighting on the flank has ended as successfully as the Japanese could wish. Ii has resulted in the c'rmplete turning of the Russian right and p: om. .es the certaiin defeat of the en ire Russian army. It is hard to see ho. tue Russians can pom.sbly hope for otner results Tne left Japanese arm es have swung north to a point on the main highway, five miles norta of the Mukden line, the two left armie, which are ex- cuting the turning move ment are now parallel to and four miles westward of the railro-id Tne two armtes swung arou.:d with C ian Lan as a pivot until they re: c . d a position at right angles with the orn ginal line and are now advancing di rectly east. RUiSSIANs IN REVOLT. The Russians made a strong fight at the start, but later their re-siance was slight, their men retreating in disorder before the ortward rusa of tht Japanese who have advanced over 2o miles in four days constantly in toi.c : wite the Russians. The Russiaus nac many strona defenses in sevreral jines. but did not defend them .as strongly as expected. The soldiers every where were disheartened ny tne fail of Port Artbur, and it is besieved they ar almost in open revolt. A number of strong positions were given up with out a show of resistance and the bat lefields show evidence of hasty re treat, being covered with clatning, heavy felt boots arnd thousands of whips thrown away probanly because they impeded the Russian hasty tiight. Many rifles and thousands of cups of rifle cartridges were also thrown away, the Russi1ans retiring east and norto in confusing. It was evident that all their plans for retreat were discon certed by the rapid rushes of the Jap anese. COSSACKS DIsoRtGAIZW. The entire Russisun rigat seems al together disorgardzed. The renorts show the Russian troops are almost in a panic striken condition, one army corps opposed to tihe Japanles extreme left armies retiring rapidly and prac tically making no attempt to stop the Japanese movement. The Japants: victory was even greater, morally than physicalJly. It is estimated that the Russian losses were over ten thousand. The prisoners' statements give evidence of even greater loss. The Japanese loss with the lef t armies dur ing the four days does not exceed four thousand. The Russian centers near the railroad when last heard from re taned its former position, but it may since then have retired. The entire command, it is believed, will be sur rounded and cut off. RUSSIANS ADMIT DEFEAT. IA d:spatch from St. Petersburg sa3 s the atmosphere of the war rmce i:1 intensely gloomy. The offcias ad mit that Gen. Kuropatkin has suffered a bloody defeat, but they insist that it is not a decisive disaster. Theij exnlanation of the dis _atehes of Gen. Kuropatkin and Gen. Sakharff. re porting fighting on the "north front," is that they refer to Japanese at tempts to break through the Russian line screening the communications with Tie pass, but the public regards it as an acknowledgment that Gen. Nowi has already severed the Russian line of communications and enclosed at least a portion of Gen. Biderling's army which was bringing up the rear. TLue dispatches of the Associated Press show beyond doubt that Gen. Nogi has actually suczeeded in reach i:-g the railroad, although it was specifically atflrmed that the line was repaired and reopened. It is possible ubat this temporary interruption may have caused the Tokio report. The mcst important known develop ment of the aay is the report that a fi . ing Japanese c-)lumn has appeared n..rtheast of Mukden and 13 heading rapidle west. This probably is part of Gen. Xuroki's army which is making a de, our by forced marches and swing irg around to effect a juncture with Gen. Nogi. If the manoeuvre suc ceeds the net will be closed. It J1s said there that Gen. Europatkin with headquarters staff is now at Faukia Lung station on the railroad, 10 miles helow Tie pass. The general staff ad mits that the carnage in the battle will probably exceed anything In mod ern wariare, although the staff effi cers insi t that the Japanese must have sus:ained the heaviest les3es. The Ruisians believe they surely will reach 50,000. SAVED HIS ARaY. Omcial inform ltion Saturday from the Russian headquarters in the field, supplemented by d.spatches trom the Associated Press correspondents with the army of the Russians emperor, show that Gen. Kuropatkin, after suf fering by far the most severe defeat of the war, has suczeeded as he did after the battle of Liao Yang in ex tricating the remnants of his army from a position which military experts 24 hours before believed would result in its annihilation or surrender. The re treat from Liao Yang has been con sidered the most masterly ever execu ted, but it is far overshadowed by this latest feat of the Russian general who has taken personal command of the troops. After figbting for nearly three weeks, losing m killed, wounded and missing probably a third of his army or nearly 100,000 men and a fourth of his artillery. Europatkin gathered what was left together north of Muk den and. is taking them toward Tie passithrough a rain of sharpnel which is being thrown on them from both right and left. This he seems to have been able to accomplish by resorting to the same tactics which saved his army at Liao Yang. RUSSIAN RETREAT CONTINUEs. G n. Kur' packin has telegraphed to E-nperor Nicholas as follows, under date of March 11, 10.40 p. m.: "Today the enemy's attack was confined to the rear of the Siberian corps. "The First army, echelonged In front of the other armies continues to retreat towards positions indicated for all the other armies. "According to a report from the commander of the Taird army, re ceived today, his rear guird occupied a position on the Mandaiin road 16 miles from Tie pass. Only a smna. det achment of the .Tapanese, mainly cavalry, confronted tthis rear guard. "From February 28 to March 11, Inclusive, 1,190 officers and 46,391,. men are missing from ' oll call." TROPHIES OF THE ,TAPANEsE. Fi.-ld Marshal Oyamna reporting Sunday says: ''Prisoners, spoils and the enemy's estmatid casualties against all our forces in the Shakhe direction follow ing; but the prisonerS, guns and spoils tre increasir~g momentarily: The pris ..ers nu-ober over 40,000, including G-n. Nachmons. The killed and woun1ad a-e estimated at 90,000. T; e enems 's dead left on the field number 26.500. The spoils include r w' flags, about 60 guns, 60,030 rifles, 150 am-nunition wagons. 1,000 carts, 2,u0,000 s tells, 25.000.000 rounds of so all arms ammu'itioes, 75,000 nu .hele of cereals, 275 000 bundels of f. d-lr, 45 milhs or ligcht railway out fi, 2 000 torses, 23 cart loads of maps, 1000 cart loads of clcthmng and ac cotrements, 1,000,000 ratins of brad:75,000tonsuof fuel and 60 tons o hay, and besides tools, tents, bul 1 seks. telegraph wire and poles, tim br, bed-, stoves and numerous other proprty. "No report from the Sinking direc tion has been received." The battle has been cfficially named the battle of Mukden. No Jin-Jitsu For West Poiint. C angress expressed its lack of faith- in jau-jiran by striking out in cnference on the military academy appropration bill a provision for an anu.-1 salary for an instructor to each that Japanese art to the cadets. Te original item appropriated $4, 500 for inscructors in "fencing, broad sword and jiu-jitsu." The provision was cut down to $3,000, providing for cny two instructors. The manner in which some of tne West Point foot oanl squaA threw a jlu-jitsil instructor recently was discuesed by the commit tee and seemed to have considerable effect. Ore of the conferees told the story of the instructor easily throw ing some of the cadets by his skill, but added that the result of his en counter with a member of the football quad had put him in the hospital with a broken shoulder. The con feres promptly cut out the appropria tion. Don't Like It. The president Wednesday sent to the senate the nomination of Charles W. Anderson, the colored Demosthe nes, to be collector of Internal revenue for the second district of New York. The republican politicians of that state do not at all like the appoint ment of a negro to this fat job, but they will have to stand it. The resident did not consult Senators iiatt and Depew until after he he d d~etermined upon the appointment-, and then it was to tell them he pro posed to take this appointment as personal to himself. Kiled by Train. Baltimore and Ohio. train No. 12. which lef t Cumberland, Md., Tuesday night, struck four Wabash employees three-quarters of a mile east of Evitts creek, instantly killing three and slightly Injurmng the other. FLOATING PALACE. The Biggest Ship Ever Built Arrives at New Yo-k. The Monster Vt ssel Marks an Ad vance in Science or Marine Architecture. The Cunarder Caronia arrived at New York from L'verpool Wednesday on her maiden voyage after a passage of seven days and nine hours from the latter port, made at an average speed of 16.33 knots. The Caronia brought 155 saloon, 258 second cabin and 1,286 sterage passengers, making, with her crew of 440, a total of 2,138 persons on board. One death occurred on the passage, on March 3. The steamer was not urged on her passage, owing to tne engines being new. She made 19 knots on her trial trip. The Caronia is the newest and larg est of the Canard fleet operated be tween New York and Liverpool. Con structed in aceordance with the re quirements of the British admiralty, the Caronia is prepared for 'service, in both times of peace and war, and can be converted isto an auxiliary cruiser with all armament required for a vessel of that class. Provisions have been made for speedy installa tion of twelve rapid-fire guns of large caliber, and in her hold ample provi sion is made for the storage, care and handling of all necessary ammuni tion. As a passenger liner there are ac commodations in the Caronia's first cabin for 300 passengers, provision is made for 350 more in the secznd cab in, and the steerage has room for 2, 000. With a crew of 450 men, there fcle, the steamer can carry 3,100 per; sons under normal conditions. She has accommodations for an immense quantity of freight and fuel beneath her deck. Nearly 14,000 tons of dead weight cargo alone can be stored away in her hcld. An important feature of the Caronia's construction is the system of water-tight doors In the ship's bulkheads, which can be closed simultaneously from the bridge, op erating a simple mechanism. The doors will close automatically also if water enters the compartuaents. It is claimed that this arrangement ren ders the steamer unsinkable under any circumstances. The Caronia was launched at Clyde bank, July 13, 1904. She is'675 feet long, with a gross tonnage of 21,000, and a dplacement of 30,000 tons. The engines are of the quadruple ex pansion type, capable of developing 20,000 horse-power. She is expected to maintain an average speed of 19 knots per hour. The Csronia Is the first of a quartet of great ships to be put into service in the near future by this line, each of waich indicates a notableotep in advance of any steam ships now in service, in construction, equipment, and furnishings. The pubie has becajme so accustom ed to great and startling things that the mere statement that the Caronla is 675 feet long d ies not carry with it the full impreesion of its greatness, except by comparison. This enorm ous leagth becomes apparent, how ever, when one realizas that if sne were set down on the east side of the capitol at Washington- she would ab solutely bide it from view, except thirty-eight feet at either end, and not even tbe roof line, except the d~me, would be visible over her upper decks. Sou~e cocception of the size of the Caronia's two smakestacks may be had from the statement that they reach to a height of 150 feet above the keel. POREIGN TEALDE GEOWS. Decline in Farm Products Exported Offset By Increase in Cotton. The department of agriculture has issued a report on foreign trade in farm and forest products In 1904, complied by the division of foreign markets. It shows that the balance of trade in farm products in each year from 1890 to 1904 was in favor of ex ports. There was a distinct gain in 1898, when the export balance in creased to 8555,000,000, a gain of $257,000,000 over the preceding years, beginne g with 1898, the annual ex prt ba'ance for farm products ex ceeded $410,000,000. Djmestic exports of farm agricul tural produrits for the year 1904 were $19,000,000 less than in the preceding year 1904 and $6,000.,000 less than the annual average for 1899 to 1903. The total value for 1904 was $859,160,264. The exports of forest products in 1904 aggregated $69 600,430, and were an increase of $11,000,000 more than 1903 and $36,000,000 more than the annual average for 1894 to 1898. For the period of 1890 to 1904 the total value of domestic exports of farm products aggregated 511,000,O00,000. Total imports of farm products in 1904 were $462,434,851, an increase of $5,000,000 more than 1903 and of $54, 000,000 more than the annual aver age for 1899 tc 1903, and of forest products $79,619,296. The value of imports of forest products exceeded the previous year by $8,000,000 and the annual average for 1899 to 1903 by $19,000,000. The value of the cot tn exports increased $55,000,000 from 1903 to 1904, although the quan tity exported In 1904 was 479,000,000 pounds less than in 1903. No Decoration F~or say. In the senate Thursday Mr. Cullom reorted a bill from the committ- e on foreign relations authorizing Secre tary Hay of the state department to accept the decoration of the grand cross of the national order of the Le gion of Honor tendered his resigtnation through the state department by the government of the French republic. Mr. Spooner objected, and no response was made to the question. Th's ended the matter. Columbia Is preparing to entertain in a suitable manner the menibers of the conference for educatIon whicht meets in that city in Api .The con ference will be compo ift leading ucostn of the whole country. ONE WILL HANG And One Will Go to the Peniten tiary for Life. SAIS THIS VERDICT. A Darliugton Jury of White Men Con. victs Two Lawless White Men for Murdering an Inoffensive Ne gro on the Public High. way February 6th. A dispatch from Darlington to The State says a verdict uoprecedented in South Carolina was rendered there Friday when one waite man was con victed of murder and another of mur der with recommendation to mercy both for killing a negro. The sentence under the law for.. murder Is death and for murder with recommendation to mercy is life. im prisonment. The judge hasno discre. tion in either case, and only a rever sal of the court's ruling by the su preme court or the mercy of the gov ernor can alter the sentences. The court records of South Carolina can doubtless be searched in vain for a case wherein a white man has been hanged for the murder of a negro. -The two men are Bob Small con victed of murder and Bob Nol, con victed with recmmendation to mer cy. They killed Frank Scott,- negro,-. on the the public highway four miles from Darlnigton on February.6t N not six weeks ago. Small and Noll were from North Carolina and worked at Harper's saw mill, nine miles from Darlington. They came to town on Monday, Feb. 6th, eaca bringing a shot gun. After staying in town several hours, and,-it Is said, drinking heavily, they began their homeward march. All along the roa- they are said to have been boisterous and abusive to paswaby shooting at - travelers' -horses and mules. - Finally they met this negro on a load Ut cotton seed for his em ployer, W. P. DaBaose, with wioin le had been working 12 years, which7 is a testimonial to his good ara Bob Small hailed the negro and ter a few words shot flim. Hiscom panion, Noll, drew his gun to shoot him again, when B. F. Howle, county treasurer, traveling this road, came up in his buggy. Knowing the n -- gro, he protested against the act and Noll turned his gun on Hdwle and fired, hitting himin the face with one shot and the horse receiving the bal ance of the load in his head and neck. They coatinued their onward march to their shanties at the saw mill. Mr. Howle cared for the negro and drove back to town for the sheriff, who, with his deputies, pursued the men and with several neighb-)rs captured them at 1 o'clcck Monday night mn their shanties at the muli, tied them and brought them to jail. Tne negro was a peaceable, reliable workman. It was developed that these characters had became a dread to the people in.-tbe commnnity of the saw mill and had been coming to Dar llngton for several sucsessive sale days to drink and ca.rouse on their return home. The trial of this case took up the whole of the session Friday. -The-de fendants were represented by Senator George W. Brown as attorney. The jury remained out one hour and 30 minutes and rendered a-verdict of guilty as to Smal1 and guilty with recommendation to mercy as to Noll. The case of tneStiate vs. Dick Moore and Wililam Simms for the killing of Jim Young, all colored, in 1903, was disposed of Tuesday night. Simms was acquitted. Moore was found guilty of manslaughter with recommendtlon to mercy. John Noll was sentenced to Impris onment for life in the State peniten tiary,. and the date ot execution of Bob Small was fixed by the court for the 5th of May: Blown Up. An explosion of illuminating gas in the cellar of the Mormon meeting house at Granger,fourteen miles south west of Salt Lake City, caused the death of one young woman and seri ously injured twenty-six other per sons, mostly young women and child ren. The meeting house was wreck ed. While the Granger Mutual Im provement Association was in session thae lights went out. A boy went into r~he cellar with a lamup to see what was wrong and the explosion followed. Miss Nellie Macky, the caurch organ ist,,who was standing directly over the gas tank, received the full force of the explosion and was instantly killed. A panic ensued among the audience li their efforts to eascape from the wreck ed buiiding, many who had noc been injured by the force of the explosion were trampled upon. Wants Ehem to Scatter. Rev. Dr. Dean Richmond Babbitt of Brooklyn, president of the commis sion on the race problem, In an ad dress at Washington Thursday night advocated the voluntary exodus from the South ot negroes. He urged that through industrial combinations, co operative societies and State Immi grant boards created for the purpose they should seek settlements in the Northern, Middle and special West ern Sta~tes, s> that the proolemn of the negro race saould not be any longer a Southern one. If the negro were dis tributed among the Northern and Western States, his political righ, he said, not only would be protected but through a balance of power be tween the parties he would obtain political and industrial recognition and there would be a lessening of race prejudice, now impossible for him in the congested Souta. An Ola woman. "Aunt" Charity, a colored woman reputed to be 110 years old, died in Union county on Sunday of last week. She haci belonged to the Worthy family for generaitions, and her age I8 petty well authentiated.