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VOL. XIX. MANNING, S. C, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 21. 1905. NO. 39.
HOW IT WAS DONE. The Story of the Battle of the Sea of Japan. HOW AMilRAL TOGO, The Japanese Commander, Carefully Planned and Won a Great Victory Over the Rusian Fleet, The Tarpedo Attack was the Cimax of the Battle. A special cable dispatch to the New York Times from Tokio says it is now possible to write the story of the bat tle of the Sea of Japan and of the movements of the belligerent fleets preparing for it. From first to last Admiral Togo never wavered in his conviction that the Baltic fleet must choose the Tsushima passage, his ar gument being that no commander would attempt to take a large squad ron through the northern straits in the season of fogs and at great dis tance from neutral ports and refuge for damaged ships. There was also danger from mines in Tsugaru strait and Soya strait,. whereas no such ap prebensions need be felt with regard to Tsushima. Rojestvensky apparently reasoned exactly as Togo anticipated, though many of his officers advecited the northern passage. Scme strongly urged the advisability of seizing a base in Formosa and compelling the Japanese to come thither to fight. This question was earnestly discussed on board the flagship in Kamranh bay, where Nebogatoff arrived on May 5, receiving a tremendous welcome from the sailors of the second squad ron, who drew most favorable omens of ultimate victory from the success attending the safe voyage of the two squadrons, and the junction at a place thousands of miles from the European base. Rojestvensky, af ter hearing the ar guments of his officers, announced the intention of enterirg the Pacific, thereby gaining the advantage of a double objective, then or returning to the China sea, via the north of For mcsa, and steering direct for Tsushi ma. The decision was welcomed with acclamation, the officers embracing and drinking to the success of the plan. Rojestvensky, having allowed nine days for the thirt squadron to recu perate, steamed out of Kamranh bay, May 14, passed Ballintang unobserved on the night of May 17, and coaled off Niataus, where he stopped a Norwe gian steamer consigned to a Japanese firm, and informed the captain that the squadron's destination was Tsus hima, This was for the purpose of deceiving Tcgo, who would naturally infer that some other distination was Intended. Rojestvensky meant to strengthen this inference by delaying his progresse so that his nonarrnval within a reasonable time might sag gest that the Russians had really headed for the northern passages, but this device did not deceive Togo, who remained steadfast at Tsushima. Meanwhile Rojestvensky had wholly failed to obtain trustworthy informa tinn of Togo's whereaboats. The se cret which was so carefully guarded remained unknown even to the Ja panese public to the very end. On May 25 six Russian transports and auxiliary cruisers entered Yangtsze, which greatly perplexed the public, but was interpreted by Togo as a sure Indication of Rojestvensky's pr<.sence In the China sea. R'USSIAN FLEET SIGHTED. At 5.30 a. m. May 27 Japanese scouts lying north of Q lelpart island reported by wireless telegraphy that the Russians were drawing up toward Tsushima, but the fog ccnceiled the exact character cf the squadron, whether it was the main fighting force or only a few weak craft sacrifi ced in order to attract the attention of the ,Tapanese to the south while Rojestvensky.- himself passed by the northern avenues. This question re mained uncertain until noon, when the intense anxiet-y in Tokio was re lieved by a telegram from Togo an nouncing that the whole Russian fleet was in sight. Meanwniile Togo pursued his plan unwaveringly, keeping his principal squadrons carefully concealed in places still secret. For the purpose of promoting the belief among the Russians that Tsushima straits were weakly guarded and drawing them through the eastern channel he sent out a number of second class ships, which, though slow, carried gurs suf ficiently heavy te prevent the enemy from closing in. The fog helped to preserve these vessels, which never theless Togo was not unwilling to sacrifice on the altar of his main pur pose. Rojestvensky, until in the vicinity of Tsushima, kept his auxiliary crums ers In front, but immediatelv before entering the channel recalled them, after which the leac' was taken by the battleships Imperator Alexander, Navarin and Kniaz Souvaroff. The wind now freshening, the sea already rough began to run very high. The fog began to lift. Togo signaled that the fate of the empire depended upon this ffort, andi the men must do their utm !sr. The Russians, still confident, held their course at a uniform speed of 12 knots, exchanging a desultory fire with the decoy squadron, which withdrew to the northeast. At 1 p. m. Togo entered the arena with his best fighting material, dis tributed in two squadirons of six ves sels each, his own squadron consiSt* ing of four battleships and the cruisel Nishid and Kasuga; Kamimura's squadron, consisting of six armfored cruisers. Tcgo was steaming at a speed of 14 knots, Kanmimura at 10 knots. At about 1.30 p. m. the fog thining Rojestvensky sighted Togo's battle ships in single column, line ahead, rounding the north of Tstshima, bearing down on his port bow. Shortlj afterward he sighted Kamimura ronnaine the south of the island anc covering his stern on the same side, while the decoy squadron, strongly reinforced, threatened his starboard. Tbe Russians immediately formed in double column, line ahead. The east column was led by the battleship I mperator Alexander, the west line was composed of cruisers, while the auxiliaries were between the columns in the rear. The sea now was very rough, with P strong southwest wind blowing, so that the Japanese had not only the benefit of the sun at their backs, but. were also assisted by the heavy smoke which poured down upon the Russians. The heavy seas, too, were eminently in favor of the Japanese gunners, who habitually practice in stormy weather with the refult that their aim was not disturbed by the unsteadiness of the gun platform. Further they were able to take advantage of the expos ure of the enemy's :vital parts occa sioned by the rolling and tossing of the ships. The Russians opened fire at 12,000 metres. but it was wholly ineffective. Tne Japanese reserving their fire until the range was 7,500 metres, when they tired six trial shots and scared three hits. . The battle now became general. The Russians perpetually essayed to force their way northward, but the Japanese, steaming at a higher speed, constantly headed them back, so that the Russian .course described a loop, the ships filing past the Japanese who poured in a deadly fire from three di. rections. Rojestvensky's gunners maintained a much higher rate of fire, but their projectiles nearly always flew high or buried themselves in the sea, euidently owiug to the gunnerbI want of experience in gunlaying in rough weather. Before evening five Russian warships had been sunk, including three battle ships, which apparently lost their stability, owing to the piercing of their water tight compartments on ane side only, and the action of the fore and aft bulkheads. Meanwhile the Russian formation had been bro ken, but the ships were still confined to the southeast corner of the Sea of Japan. Thus far Togo's strategy had work ed perfccrly, but the most important part of his work remained, namely, the loosing of 16 squadrons of torpedo boats upon the Russians during the night, when their were partially dis abled and confused. Tnere were great fears at rne time that this would be impossible, as the sea was too rough for torpedo boats. However, to wards evening the wind and waves subsided, the night became q'iet, and the star light exceedingly well suited for the work of the torpedo boats, whIch rushed in from' three q iarters, re serving their missiles until within 300 metres at the most, and making a practice so deadly that it redeemed all previous failures. The Japanese deny any use of sub marines, and the conditions under which the battle was fought were ob viously unsuited for them. Meanwhile the Japanese sighting equadrons had dropped off to the north, leaving the field free for the torpedo craft. By 2 inight only nine Russians remain ed with the formation under Neboga toff. These struggled northward with torpedo boats clinging to their flanks and constantly stabbing, so that dawD ound only five remaining, the battle ships Orel and Nikolai, two coast de fense ships and the cruiser Izumrud. Having lost his bearings owing to complicated manoeuveres, Admiral Neogatoff decided to steer westward ntil he picked up some feature of Krea's coast that he could Identify. Presently the Izumrud, which was scoutng, reported that she made out the Ulnvny islands (Liancourt rocks), whereupon the Russians, recovering heart, snaped their course for Vladi vostok, but almost immediately they observed two quradrons of Japanese approachingat lull speed, ahead and recognizing the flags of Togo and Dewa. The Izumrud steamed off at top speed, but Nebogatoff's ships encum bered with wounded, with amumumi tion lacking, decided to haul down their colors. Other still floating fragments of the Russian fleet were pursued and destroyed by the Japa nese, who had been organized in view of this contingency, into groups of homogeneous ships. The battle shows no novel feature. The Russians fought with ".devoted vaor, but were outclassed at every point. Their shooting was incompar ably inferior to tbat of the Japanese, who scored an extraordinary number of hits with their 12-inch guus. The Japanese projectiles also were much more effective than those of the Rus sians. N thing was more notable than the Japanese skill in using tor pedoes, contrasting markedly with previous ill success, and evidently re sulting from the special course of training recently pursued and from the teachings of experience. Shot Himself. W. H. Verner, of Columbia, S. 0., committed suicide at Morganton, N. C., at half past six o'clock Thursday evening. A bullet hole in the head caused instant death. He was found in a lumber yard. From the meager details that can be obtained he is thought to have came to Morganton on Southern railway train No. 11 Tnursday to enter the hospital there for treatment for a nervous disease. A letter was found in one of his pock ets addressed to his father in Colum bia. Young Verner was the winner of a Cecil Rhodles American scholar ship at Oxford university,_England. Engineer Scalded. Southern railway passenger train No. 40, northbound, was wrecked one mile north of King's Mountain Thurs day night. Engineer Charles Cauble, of Greenville, S. C., was badly scalded, but will recover. The negro fireman, Bob Witherspoon', of Greenville, can not be found. No others are thought to be seriously injured. The engine, mail and baggage cars left the track. Blacksbulrg DeDot Burned. A dispatch from Blacksburg says the enire freight plant of the South ern railroad at that place was wiped out by fire Tuesday morning at o'clock and it was with difficulty that the passenger station was saved. The -origin of the fire is a complete mys tery Thelos is stimtedat $,50 A PIC UIJAR CASE & Massachusetts Man 'rurns Bis Skin Into Souvenir Purses. Shed His Cuticle a Second Time This Year for the Thirty Second Time. Having shed his skin from neck to foot two weeks ago, Selig Goodman, of No. 23 Washington street, Worces ter, Mass., is undergoing a second process of shedding his cuticle like a black snake. Worcester physicians who have studied the peculiar case say it is the most remarkable they have heard of. Goodman says they are not more puzzled than physicians in Philadelphia, Pittsburg and in Europe, where he has made a change. For thirty two years he has had a new set of skin each year and in some years two changes. This is one cf the years when he will have two new sets. 'Before the process of the first shed ding was complete, Goodman noticed another layer of skin, under the outer cuticle, which began to harden a few days after the old skin was removed. He has given strips of bide to his az-, quaintances. When they heard that ne was to have another change of skin he was besieged with requests for sou venir patches. "The second shedding which I am undergoing he said Wednesday, "is the first I have had that is not pain ful. All I ask is relief from pain. I have given up hope of being cured. "Tue pain I suffer is what annoys me. Oherwise I do not mind it. Af ter getting a new skin I feel like a sixteen-year-old boy. In the seven weeks since the first shedding began I have lost 25 pounds. I weighed 165 pounds and now tip the seale at 140. I am beginning to feel strong agair. The secona change is not weakening half so much as the first one. "I have peeled the skin from my body, legs and arms. I am letting it harden on my hands and feet. It is the second process this year, and It is the first that I have undergone that is not painful. Before the skin be gins to harden I suffer with a rash which is torturous. "I expect in two days time to fin ish the second round. By Sunday I will be all right, for at least one year." Mr. Goodman showed two patches of skin, each three by fcur inches, taken fr,.o.i the palms of his hands at the first shedding. The lines are plainly visible. The skin is hard, and by tanning they will make a covering for a real hand-made handbag, he says. "I have been offered $25 for these," e continued, "but do not care to make capital out of it. I give them to acquaintances. I will have these two patches made into a souvenir pocketbok. I have quit trying t. learn the cause or a cure for it. Every physician whom I have seen admits that It puzzles him." Goodman was born In Tilsit, Prus sa, Germany, June 26, 1864. He was reared across on the Russian border, where his parents stilllive. His grand father on his father's side and grand.. mothr's side are living, and each Is nearly 100 years old. He has four brothers, three of them in the UAted States, and one sister. None of them is affected the way he Is. His father is a grain- merchant and well-to-do. "I was eight years old when I first shed my skin," he said. "I was taken to Koenigsberg, where Dr. Kaburok, a specialist of skin diseases, said he ad never heard of a similar case. OI all the different treatments I have un dergone, none of them cured. Dr. Bradford treated me fifteen years ago, in Philadelphia, and I was In bed twenty-six weeks. Last year Dr. John Muffatt, of Philadelphia, was my attending physician. He a,dvised buttermilk and a light diet. Dr. Nightingale indorsed this advice, and adds salve. Usually It takes from six to ten weeks for one shedding. This year I will go through with two in seven weeks. "The skin on my feet is twice as thick as that on my hand. I am sav ing it for an acquaintance, who wants the patches for a wallet." Killed By a Fall. John W. Arnold, a white well dig ger, fell from his seat in a large bucket which was being hauled up from the bottom of a well, and was Instantly killed Tuesday. Arnold and several workmen were employed to deepen a well of the D. E Converse company, near the Glendale mills, Spartanburg county, and he was lowered to the bot tom to inspect the undertaking. As he was being towed back to the top, and about the time he had nearly ccm pleted the trip, he suddenly lost his perch and fell headforemost to the bottom. His neck was broken by the fall. Arnold had complained of being unwell prior to begining the work. The accident was in no monner due to the workmen woo assisted him. An Eleven-Year-Old Wif-3. New York's sensational martial case was brought into the courts again Tuesday when the trial of Jacob Fine lite was continued before Magistrate Finn. Finelite is being prosecuted by Lena Finelite, a child of eleven years, who claims that she was mar ried to the man in January and that he has abandoned her, refusing longer to contribute to her support. Fine lite Is about thirty five and wealthy. He has denied that he married the child, but a certificate and witnesses have been pro'duced which seem to bear out the truth of the chIld's claims. Heart Disease Epidemic. The fact that a hundred and twen ty-five persons died last week In New York city from organic heart disease, when the death rate the correspand ing week in 1904, was only fifty-six, has given rise to the belief among physicians that the New Yorkers are living too rapid lives. The strain of business and the cares attendant on fierce competion in the financial cen ter of the city and the worry attend ant on the anxiety to gain wealth is given as the explanation by the physi cans of the condition which exists in the world's metropolis toa.. A NOBLE HERO Who Was Murdered by Order of Gen. F. P. Blair. OF SERMANS ARMY. A Lucid and Thrilling Account of One of the Many Uncalled for Crimes of the Great Incendiary While Maranding in this State During the War. To the editor of The Sunday News: I have read with interest the articles of Mr. Ford and others in recent issues of The Sunday News, in reference to the shooting of James Miller by Sher man's army, in March, 1865, in retail ation for the killing of a Federal sol dier by supposed bushwhackers. Mr. Miller lived near Jefferson, in Chester field County, S. C., and I knew his brother, the late Major Jno. S. Miller, and many of his neighbors and friends among them some of those who parti cipated with him in the casting of lots. Some years ago a newspaper was placed in my hands by a son-in law of James Miller, in which was an account of the shooting of Mr. Miller, purporting to have been written by an officer con nected with the affair and present at his death. I have forgotten the name of the cificer, and of the newspaper, which I think was published, in Lau caster or Chesterfield, S. C., and re produced the article from a Western paDer. This paper was in my port folio, which was.mislaid, lost or stolen about two years ago. EXCUSE FOR MILLER'S MURDER. It stated that the dead body of a Federal soldier, belonging to a West ern cavalry regiment, I thick from Michigan, was found where he had ev idently been murdered by bushwhacg ers, that the Federal zommander had determined to resort to retaliation to prevent such killings, and Gen Francis P, Blair, .who commanded the 17th army corps, issued orders for the cast ing of lots for one man to be put to death for the killing of the cavalry man aforesaid. My informants did not know all who participated in the casting of lots, but among them were Mr. B. R. Clanton, now living in Chesterfield County, Mr. Robert Griffith and others who knew James Miller. I have talked with and orresponded with others about the cruel tragedy, and from them and the account by the Federal cfficer before mentioned my information was ob tained. DRAWING LOTS TO DIE. Oze or more of the participants said it came as a great surprise to all who were made to cast lots, and one of them declared that he never before or after found it such a task to stretch forth his right haad to draw a little piece of paper out of a hat. James Miller drew the fatal lot. He --as a man between forty-five and fif ty years of age and had been captured a day or two before some distance west of Che raw, whle on his way home on fur lough from Florence, S. C., where he had been engaged in guarding prison ers. He protested that, while he sym pathized with his State in her strug gle, and had given of his means for the support of the Cause, he was over 'age for active service, and had not fir ed a gun in the war. But he was told that the order was imperative. He beg ged to be allowed to communicate with nis wife and children, but this privi lege was denied him. He then asked to confer with such of his neighbors and friends as were captives with him self. To those he gave directions for his wife, asking that she be told he was not coming home, and advising her about his farm and about the chil dren, just as if he were going ciff on a journey to be absent for a time. MILLER'S LAST REQUEsTS. He then made some requests of those who were about to shoot him. He asked, in the first place, that he he not bound either hand or foot, saying he was not golrg to run, that he was pre pared, and not afraid to die. He then asked that he be not blindfolded, say ing he wished to look into the eyes of those who were to shoot him. And lastly, he begged that he be not shot in tbe face, declaring that God had given him his face, and that in all his life he had never done anything of which he was ashamed. His last wish es were respected. He was marched off a short distance, the firing squad drawn up, the guns dischargEd as one and James Miller lay dead, as much a hero as if he had died at the cannon's mouth at Gettysburg, in the charge up Snodgrass Hill at Obickamauga, or at the bloody angle at Spottsylvania. "Dont shoot me in the face, for God gave me that, and in all my life 1 have done nothing to be ashamed of." What a sentiment, what a model! MILLER S HUMIBLE GRAVE. At Five Forks' Methodist Church, in Chesterfield County, on the road from Lancaster to Chesterfield Court Hoiise, and half way between the two, is the little mound that marks the last resting place of James Miller. I have passed there a few times, but never without dismounting and going softly with uncovered head to the spot and recalling the manner and cause of his death. Chesterfleld County has pro duced some of the great men of South Carolina, but she never gave birth to a purer patriot or more unostentatiously brave man than James Miller. HO0W A NEGRO SERVED HIs MASTER. But the Federal cavalryman. for whose killing Mr. Miller was shot, was not killed by a Confederate or b'ush whacker at all. Mr. Gilliam Sowell, of Kershaw County, owned a negro man named Ephraim, and entrusted him to hide his horses and mules from the en emy while Sherman's army was pass ing and he was found la Lynches Creek Swamp by a soldier, who seized them and made the negro go with him. A fter they had gne s.ome distance the sun came out, the first time in quite a while, the trooper said he was very tired and sleepy and suggested that he would lie down and take a nap, if the negro would keep watch for him, and arouse him if anyone approached. He was soon asleep, and Eraphaim, not relishing that manner of appropriat ing his master's property, proceeded to repossess it by killing the trooper with a lightwcod knot. He carried his mas ter's horses and mules, as well as the soldier's horse, back into the swamp, and they were all rescued. Mr. Sowell, Ephraim's owner, was the father of Mr. Jatues M Sowell, the well known supervisor of Kershaw County. PATH OF THE AMERICAN ATTILA. Sherman's march from Savannah to Raleigh, and especially through South Carolina, was a belt of absolute deso lation, forty miles wide, where black ened ruins and lone chimneys stood as silent witnesses to show where p:ace and plenty and happy homes had been. The inherent grit and self-reliance of the Southern character have reclaim ed the desolate fields and largely made them blossom as the rose. The chim neys and blackened ruins may be for gotten by those who are to come after us, but the hercic death of James Mil ler and of others who perished In the spring of 1865, will be remembered. . Wm. D TRANTHAM. Camden, S. C., June, 1, 1905. DISAPPEARS FROX HOME. A York County Farmer Deserts His Wife and Children. Erwin Carnes, a farmer living on the Jim Moss plantation near Tirzah, left his home early last Tuesday morning and nothing has been heard from him since. Carnes has been married three times, his last wife be ing a widow living in Concord, N. C , when she married Carnes. Her mai den name was Harris. She come of a goed family and has relatives in the county. Mrs. Carnes awoke just be fore day Tuesday morning and miss ing her husband, called him several times and claims he answered her from the piazza the last time she called, and thinking he would return in a few minutes, she gave the mat ter no further concern at the time. But if Carnes was on the porch when his wife called for him, he made good use of the few minutes while she was waiting for him to come in, for he was no where in sight when a search was made for him a few minutes later. He lef t a letter for his seventeen year old son and one to his wife in which he stated that he was forced to leave on account of his son and his wife's daughter giving him so much trouble, sa'd neither one of them would work and he could not control them. He carried nothing with him except a gun and a few clothes packed in a valise. His wife is much wrought up over the matter and has tried hard to find some trace of Carnes, but all in vain. Carres, it is said, left his first wife twice but returned on both oc casions and lived with her until her death. He was married to his last wife less than a year ago.-Rcck Hill Herald. ______ A Small Crop. A dispatch from Dallas, Texas, says John T. Garner, business agent and manager of the cotton depart ment of the Farmers' Union, has is sued a cotton report, showing reduc tion of cotton as per sworn statements from union and non-union farmers through the southern cotton belts. He says that about January 1, 150,000 cotton coupons were sent out to mem bers of the union, on which coupons the farmers were each to state what their cotton acreage was last year, and to write a pledge that it- would not exceed a given number of blank acres this year. He adds: "I have had every coupon tabulated and the full report shows a reduction In cottoa acreage of 30 1-3 per cent. The late. cold, wet weather has caused a still: greater reduction In acreage; then thel web, or as some call it, the "careless worm," is stripping the foliage o-ff of thousands ci scores all over Texas, most of which will have to he planted over even at this late date. At the present outlook this years crop will not exceed 8,000,000 bales." Saved Guard's Life. Frank Davis, a negro convict on the Fairfield chaingang, has been reward ed for saving a guard's life, by being released. Davis was sent up in 1902 foi housebreaking and larceny and his sentence was live years. The other day one of the negro convicts on the same gang with Davis planned to es cape. While the guard's back was turned the negro rushed at him with a pickax and only the quickness of Davis prevented a tragedy. The other negro fought desperately, but Davis finally overpowered him and the sup ervisor of Fairfield at once took steps to have Davis set free. Governor Heyward signed a commutation of sentence to the present time and the order for freedom was sent on at once. __________ Georgia At~ The Head. Members of the class of 1905 of the Uited States Military academy re ceived their diplomas from the hands of Col. Albert L. Mllls, superintendent of the academy Tuesday morning. The head of the graduating class this year is Dewitt C. Jones, of Georgia. The four next highest In the order of their class standing are Ernest Graves, of North uarolina; Francis P. Wieby, of Masschuetts; Clarence B. Riley, of Indiana, and Alvin B. Barber, of Oregon. Prominent among the other members of the class is Calvin M. Titus. who as a volunteer soldier was the first to the wall at Pekin, China, during the Boxer troubles. Midshipman Drowned. A dispatch from Annapolis says a wireless message was received at the naval academy Tuesday night from Commander C. J. Badger, command ing the U. S. S. Newark, conveying news of the death by drowningr of Midshipman L. I. Vertrees of the sec ond class. Th~e Newark Is one of the vessels now engaged in the army and navy joint exercises and was at anchor ff Hackett Point when ycung Ver trees was In swimming with some comanions. Young Vertrees was 19 years of age and a son of W. J. Ver tes, of Bushnell, Illinois. CRAY HEROES Gather Again to Talk of the Days That Are Not. THE BOYS IN BILJE Send Greelings to Their Old Enemies. The Convention City Crowded to Overflowing With Visitors and Old Veterans. All the Old Officers Re-elected. For the second time in five years the United Confederate Veterans and auxiliary organ'zitions gathered in L-ulsville for their annual reunion, their reception Wednesday under a blazing sun ard with miles of bril liant bunting flying in the breeze be ing in strong contrast to the weather conditions of five years ago, when the record breaking rains prevailed during the entire period of the reur-n and even caused a p:stponemert of the pr.rade on the last day. The decora tions this year are on a lavish scale and it is remarked that the American flag predominates. The reunion was officially opene& shortly after the noon hcur, wher, Gen. Bennett H. Young, commander of the Kentucky division, called the perspiring mass of humanity in the horseshow building to order and in troduced the chaplain general, J. William Jones of Richmond, Va. Dr. Jones in his invocation prayer that the blessing of Almighty God may rest upon the president of these United States, and "that he may en abled to be the president of this wholr country and every section." A few monents later Gov. J. C. W. Beck ham, in speaking Kentucky's welcome to the'old men in gray. A rousing reception was given the commander-in-chief, Gen. Stephen D. Lee, when he arose to respond for the veterans to the addresses of welcome. The general was in splendid voice de spite the long wait in the heated build Ing and his speeCh was interrupted many times by cheering. Cheers were given the few remainin great figures of the Confederacy as they made their appearance. They venerable Simon Boliva Buckner, who is approaching his 80 years, was heartily greeted and delivered a speech which would have done credit to a man half his years. Lieut. W. L, Cabel, commander of the T:ans Mississippi division, was helped to the platform by many will ing hands and his appearance was the signal for a prolonged outbrust of handelapping. The reception accorded Gen. Joe Wheeler was second to none of the day. The famous cavalry offider was heered from the time his grey-topped ead was discerned in the great throng until he ascended the rostrum and motioned for silence. He thanked the veterans for the heartiness of their reception and assured them that their greeting went deep into his eart. Efforts to arrive at the exact num ber of veterans aud visitors in Louis ville Wednesday night were necessari .y futile. Railroad men who have had experience in the haudling of crowds at other reunions assert that the num erous special trains arranged for the Louisviile meeting were more crowded than at any other reunion in the past five years. A conservative estimate would, however, seem to set the figure at near the 25,000 mark. The convention Thursday re-elected the old otlcers as follows: Commander-in chief, Lieut. Gen. Stephen D. Lee, Mississippi. Commander trans-Mississippi de partment, Gen. L. W. 'Jabell, Texas. Commander Army of Tennessee de partment, Lieut. Gen. Clement A. Evans, Georgia.. Commander Army of Northern Vir ginia department, C. Irvin Walker, South Carolina. New Orleans bad little difficulty in seuring the convention for 1906. Fraternal greetings were read from the State encamptwent of G. A. R. of Indiana in session at Madison. Tbe following was introduced and adopted: "Whereas, the bill before congress for the care of the graves of Confed erte soldiers buried near hospitals and prisons in the north has so far failed of passage by that body; "Be it resolved, That this associa tion of United Confederate Veterans in convention assembled, urges the passage of this bill, as a matter of right and duty, not only on the part Iof the senators and representatives in congress from southern States but also on tue part of those from all other States of the United States, in that the government is charged with the sepulchre of those who died prisoners in its hands, according to the usages of civilization, of which the United States forms a large competent part." Friday 's feature of the reunion was the parade of the old soldiers which began about noon. The line of march covered three miles. Huge floats, gaily decorated, were prepared for the veterans who were unable to walk. The precautions, lookting to the safety of the soldiers and their care in case of Illness, had been taken by the med Ical department of the reunion corn mittee, many ambulances and physi cians and nurses being scattered along the lice of march. After the transaction of much rou tine business on Friday the con vention ad journed sine die at half-past six o'clock. Killed By A Rattler. The Charleston Post says a negro man by the name of Rtbert Courtriet was received into the city hospital Thursday, suffering from a rattle snake bit". He died Thursday after noon at 2:45 o'clock. The rattlesnake, said to have been four feet long, bit the man at Midland park, some miles from the city and the negro was bleed Iing profusely when he reached the GREATLY PLEASED. & Northern Nan's Eyes Was Opened at Chapel Hill Congressman Boutenl, Takes Oppor tunity to Say Nice Things About the South and Her People. Congressman H. S. Boutell, of Illi nois, who recently delivered the com mencement address at Chavel Hill, N. C., before the State University there, saw many things during his visit which gave him a better insight into conditions in the South than he had previously enjoyed. The institution, at which President Polk, Senator Ban ton and many other prominent South ern statesmen graduated, was founded in 1776, and maintains a high stand ird of merit in all its departments. Yet it has not lost the flavor of the old times, said he, speaking of its at mosphere as a center of plain living and high thinking. This, coming from a Harvard graduate. is praise worth nothing, as was his opinion that it would be a good plan if some Northern coung men would go there to study. One of the striking revelations.disclos ed to him was that a leading member of the graduating class, whom he judg .d from his courtly bearing and fine presence to belong to the old aristocracy of the South, proved to have come from a one room cabin in the North Carolina mountains, who had arrived at Chapel Hill without a dollar and earned his way through college. These xcurstons into the South by Northern statesmen should be made oftener. It would be well to send them there when young for a more thorough comprehen sion of the country and people, but there are few, however advanced in ;ge, who would not profit by a better acquaintance. Mr. Boutell's visit, agreeable as It was to him In its revelations touching the standard of educational institu tionsin the South, the courtesiesshown him and his recommendation in regard to sending Northern youth to Chapel Hill cannot but bear good fruit in pro moting a more national spirit. His veiws are directly in the line of those which have been iecently expressed by the Courier- Journal upon the subject and in keeping with the Spirit of late addresses by Presidents Hadly, of Yale, and Eliot, of Harvard. Espe-ial ly enlightening to the North is the incident related by him of the young graduateof humbleantecendents whom he mistook for one of aristocratic birth. It will serve well to correct an impres sion too prevalent in the North that wealth and high birth are essential for success in the South, and that the poor man is practically barred from hope of rising in life. There never was a more groundless idea, as the history of men who have attained eminence in that section abundantly proves. Andrew Jackson was the son of poor Scotch-Irish emigrants and he was born in the Waxhaw settlement, near the dividing line between North and South Carolina, his father dying in his infancy. He was a red-haired, freckle-faced, barefooted boy who carv ed his way to fame over all his more aristocratic associates. Henry Clay was known as the Millboy of the Slashes, a locality near Hanover Courthouse Va., where he was born. Yet no two men were of more distinctly Southern and American type. The list could be extended indefinitely to prove that in the South personal merit and capacity are quite as distinctively the qualities which win success as in the North. The result of Mr. Boutell's visit cannot but prove beneficial in tending to desectionalize education and pro mote a better understanding among the educated class in the North of con ditions as they exist in the South, not only in regard to education, but in all other material facts There is no part of the Union in which education Is commanding more attention, not only as to the white, but also the black race, as to which, with limited excep tions, there is equal interest with equal support from the public treasury. What Is especially needed now is just such enlightening of the Northern mind as has resulted from the visit of Mr. Boutell to Chapel Hill. That one of such otherwise wide information and long prominence in public life should not sooner have become inform ed upon the-subject, is the key to much of the lingering sectional feelinsr which exists bet ween the North and the South.--Louisville Courier ,Tourn al. Classed as a Frand. The postal officials have issued an order debarring from the use of the malls Dr. Winfleld & Co., of Rich mond, Va., who advertised a com pound which would turn the skin of the blackest of negrces to a lily white. The story is related that several years ago Dr. Winfield met a celebrated French scientist, who gave him his dIscovery, "marwin," with which he guaranteed to change red, blue, black, green or yellow to a beautiful pinkish white. Department chemists say "mri"is composed of biclorid of mercury, benzoln, glycerine and dis tilled water. "While the compound has a temporary bleaching effect, it is not permanently beneficial, but it is ultimately injurious," says the de partment fraud order. Auto Accident. William Butler Woodbridge, of Bos ton, Mass., second vice president of the Columbian National Life IL sur ance Company, was kIlled in an auto mobile accident in Saugus Taursday night and S. Herbert Wolf, of New York, an actuary, was seriously injur e.AC.Childs and W. E. Taylor, Boston business men, were slightly hurt. The accdent was caused by the party mistaking the road in the darkness and running into a barbzd wire fence. Stanaard Oil Caught. A dispatch from Columbia says that the Standand Oil Company has been tryirg to dodge the license tax by making a part of its returns under the name of the Standard Oil Co. of Kentucky, which has a few plants in the state. The comptroller gener ald has raised the amount from $1'7, 000 to 8125,000 for this company. The rest of the license tax of the Standard was previously on a valuation of $200. 1000 mak~ng altogether 8325.000. THERE IS FRAUD In the Crop Reports of the Agri cultural Departments. THE RUMORS AFLOAT In Washington Are of a Most Sensation al Character. Chief Wilkie, ef the Secret Service Bureau, Said to Have Made Some Start ling Discoveries. The Washington correspondent of The News and Courier says some very sensational discoveries are being made as the investigation of the "leaks in the crop reports" from the agricultur al department progresses. A Govern ment official, who is taking an active part in the investigation, in conversa tkn with The News and Courier cor respondent to-day, said in substance: "Chief Wilkie, of the secret service bureau, who has the investigation in hand, has made some startling diseov eries, which may involve not only As sistant Statistician Holmes, but also Chief Statistician Hyde, who is now in Europe, and one of the female clerks in the agricultural deprrtment who handle the data upon which the cotton crop reports are based. "While some of the evidence Is cir cumstantial, enough has already been disclosed to show that advance infor mation on the cotton crop report. and also other reports which affect specul ation. has reached a few stock brokers through the medium of 'a woman' The woman In the case is said to be one of the three persons to handle the figures for the last time before the of ficial report is promulgated. This wo man, -who, it is said, receives $50 a month salary, has recently bought a oomfortable residence in this city and furnished It in fine style. On the same authority it Is said that Assistant Statistician Holmes has invested large ly in suburban real estate, from his meagre salary, Mr. Holmes is now nder suspension, because of the in. vestigation and the reflections upon him. The progress of the investigation is being kept a profund secret, pending the absence of Cheif Statistician Hyde, who sailed for Europe a few days be fore the charges of leakage in the de partment were filed. Secretary Wil son, who is sincere in his endeavors to probe the matter to the bottom, has requested Mr. Hyde to abandon his. European trip and return to Washing ton at once. Thus far Mr. Hyde has made no reply to the summonds, and some of those who are interested in the investigation declare that he has no intention of returning to face an Envestigation. Members of Congress who have been specially favored by the department of agriculture in the way of allowances for their respective districts are en eavorIng to smcther the investiga ion, claiming that it will be injurious to agricultural interest generally to have the experimental appropriations and disbursements by the department too closely scrunticized. A Premier Stabbed. i At Athens Theodore P. Delyannis, the popular premier ofi Greece was stabbed and mortally wounded by a professional gambler named Ghera karis, at the main entrance of the chamber of deputies at 5 p. m. Tues day. The premier died within three hours. The assassin who was imme diately arrested, said he committed the deed in revenge for the stringent measures taken by Premier Delyannis against the' gambling houses, all of which recently closed. The premier arrived at the entrance of the cham ber in a carriage. Gherakarls approach ed, saluted the premier and opened the carriage door. The premier was In the act of thanking Gherakaris for his courtesy when the gambler plung ed a long dagger into M. Delyannis abdomen, inflicting a frightful wound. The murdered was immediately over powered by the attendants. Work of an Assassin. What is believed to be the sequelto a feud of long standing resulted at Val dosta, Ga., Wednesday night in the assassination of the 17-year-old son and the 16 year-old daughter of W. L. Carter, formerly a Baptist minis ter. The young people were attracted by the barking of a dog in the yard surroundmng their home and went out to investigate, followed by a younger child. They were fired upon by some one from behind the smokehouse. The young lady fell dead, the young man crawled back to the house, where he Sied, and the younger child was wounded. Carter fired upon some one prowling in his yard early Wednes day. He says the intruder was a ne gro. He believes the assasssins are negroes, but says others may have been instigators of the crime. Returns Ris Pension. Commissio 1er of Pensions Warner Thursday received a contribution of $1,924 to the conscience fund of the treasury. It camce from a pensioner and is the tota; of pension money drawn by him sinc~e the civil war, be ginning at the rate of $2 and rising to $6 per month. The idlentity of the pensioner is -withheld at the latt-er's request. The name will be dropped from the roll. The reason for refund ing the money and declining to accept more is that the pensioner has not earned and does not deasrve a pension. Three Men Drowned. Through what is believed to have been the accidental capsizing of a boat from which they had been fish ng three man, Alexander Chisholm and Newt and Dennis Bunch, broth ers were drowned in the Potomac near Analston Island opposite Wash ington Wednesday. The first intima tion of the drowning was when a boy found a floating dshing rod with a line attached and on pulling- it-drew to the surface Chirholm's body..