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The Manning times. [volume] (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, June 21, 1905, Image 1

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The Story of the Battle of the
Sea of Japan.
The Japanese Commander, Carefully
Planned and Won a Great Victory
Over the Rusian Fleet, The
Tarpedo Attack was the
Cimax of the Battle.
A special cable dispatch to the New
York Times from Tokio says it is now
possible to write the story of the bat
tle of the Sea of Japan and of the
movements of the belligerent fleets
preparing for it. From first to last
Admiral Togo never wavered in his
conviction that the Baltic fleet must
choose the Tsushima passage, his ar
gument being that no commander
would attempt to take a large squad
ron through the northern straits in
the season of fogs and at great dis
tance from neutral ports and refuge
for damaged ships. There was also
danger from mines in Tsugaru strait
and Soya strait,. whereas no such ap
prebensions need be felt with regard
to Tsushima.
Rojestvensky apparently reasoned
exactly as Togo anticipated, though
many of his officers advecited the
northern passage. Scme strongly
urged the advisability of seizing a
base in Formosa and compelling the
Japanese to come thither to fight.
This question was earnestly discussed
on board the flagship in Kamranh
bay, where Nebogatoff arrived on May
5, receiving a tremendous welcome
from the sailors of the second squad
ron, who drew most favorable omens
of ultimate victory from the success
attending the safe voyage of the two
squadrons, and the junction at a
place thousands of miles from the
European base.
Rojestvensky, af ter hearing the ar
guments of his officers, announced
the intention of enterirg the Pacific,
thereby gaining the advantage of a
double objective, then or returning to
the China sea, via the north of For
mcsa, and steering direct for Tsushi
ma. The decision was welcomed with
acclamation, the officers embracing
and drinking to the success of the
Rojestvensky, having allowed nine
days for the thirt squadron to recu
perate, steamed out of Kamranh bay,
May 14, passed Ballintang unobserved
on the night of May 17, and coaled off
Niataus, where he stopped a Norwe
gian steamer consigned to a Japanese
firm, and informed the captain that
the squadron's destination was Tsus
hima, This was for the purpose of
deceiving Tcgo, who would naturally
infer that some other distination was
Intended. Rojestvensky meant to
strengthen this inference by delaying
his progresse so that his nonarrnval
within a reasonable time might sag
gest that the Russians had really
headed for the northern passages, but
this device did not deceive Togo, who
remained steadfast at Tsushima.
Meanwhile Rojestvensky had wholly
failed to obtain trustworthy informa
tinn of Togo's whereaboats. The se
cret which was so carefully guarded
remained unknown even to the Ja
panese public to the very end. On
May 25 six Russian transports and
auxiliary cruisers entered Yangtsze,
which greatly perplexed the public,
but was interpreted by Togo as a sure
Indication of Rojestvensky's pr<.sence
In the China sea.
At 5.30 a. m. May 27 Japanese
scouts lying north of Q lelpart island
reported by wireless telegraphy that
the Russians were drawing up toward
Tsushima, but the fog ccnceiled the
exact character cf the squadron,
whether it was the main fighting
force or only a few weak craft sacrifi
ced in order to attract the attention
of the ,Tapanese to the south while
Rojestvensky.- himself passed by the
northern avenues. This question re
mained uncertain until noon, when
the intense anxiet-y in Tokio was re
lieved by a telegram from Togo an
nouncing that the whole Russian fleet
was in sight.
Meanwniile Togo pursued his plan
unwaveringly, keeping his principal
squadrons carefully concealed in
places still secret. For the purpose
of promoting the belief among the
Russians that Tsushima straits were
weakly guarded and drawing them
through the eastern channel he sent
out a number of second class ships,
which, though slow, carried gurs suf
ficiently heavy te prevent the enemy
from closing in. The fog helped to
preserve these vessels, which never
theless Togo was not unwilling to
sacrifice on the altar of his main pur
Rojestvensky, until in the vicinity
of Tsushima, kept his auxiliary crums
ers In front, but immediatelv before
entering the channel recalled them,
after which the leac' was taken by
the battleships Imperator Alexander,
Navarin and Kniaz Souvaroff. The
wind now freshening, the sea already
rough began to run very high. The
fog began to lift.
Togo signaled that the fate of the
empire depended upon this ffort, andi
the men must do their utm !sr. The
Russians, still confident, held their
course at a uniform speed of 12 knots,
exchanging a desultory fire with the
decoy squadron, which withdrew to
the northeast.
At 1 p. m. Togo entered the arena
with his best fighting material, dis
tributed in two squadirons of six ves
sels each, his own squadron consiSt*
ing of four battleships and the cruisel
Nishid and Kasuga; Kamimura's
squadron, consisting of six armfored
cruisers. Tcgo was steaming at a
speed of 14 knots, Kanmimura at 10
At about 1.30 p. m. the fog thining
Rojestvensky sighted Togo's battle
ships in single column, line ahead,
rounding the north of Tstshima,
bearing down on his port bow. Shortlj
afterward he sighted Kamimura
ronnaine the south of the island anc
covering his stern on the same side,
while the decoy squadron, strongly
reinforced, threatened his starboard.
Tbe Russians immediately formed in
double column, line ahead. The east
column was led by the battleship
I mperator Alexander, the west line
was composed of cruisers, while the
auxiliaries were between the columns
in the rear.
The sea now was very rough, with P
strong southwest wind blowing, so
that the Japanese had not only the
benefit of the sun at their backs, but.
were also assisted by the heavy smoke
which poured down upon the Russians.
The heavy seas, too, were eminently
in favor of the Japanese gunners, who
habitually practice in stormy weather
with the refult that their aim was
not disturbed by the unsteadiness of
the gun platform. Further they were
able to take advantage of the expos
ure of the enemy's :vital parts occa
sioned by the rolling and tossing of
the ships.
The Russians opened fire at 12,000
metres. but it was wholly ineffective.
Tne Japanese reserving their fire until
the range was 7,500 metres, when they
tired six trial shots and scared three
. The battle now became general.
The Russians perpetually essayed to
force their way northward, but the
Japanese, steaming at a higher speed,
constantly headed them back, so that
the Russian .course described a loop,
the ships filing past the Japanese who
poured in a deadly fire from three di.
rections. Rojestvensky's gunners
maintained a much higher rate of fire,
but their projectiles nearly always
flew high or buried themselves in the
sea, euidently owiug to the gunnerbI
want of experience in gunlaying in
rough weather.
Before evening five Russian warships
had been sunk, including three battle
ships, which apparently lost their
stability, owing to the piercing of
their water tight compartments on
ane side only, and the action of the
fore and aft bulkheads. Meanwhile
the Russian formation had been bro
ken, but the ships were still confined
to the southeast corner of the Sea of
Thus far Togo's strategy had work
ed perfccrly, but the most important
part of his work remained, namely,
the loosing of 16 squadrons of torpedo
boats upon the Russians during the
night, when their were partially dis
abled and confused. Tnere were great
fears at rne time that this would be
impossible, as the sea was too rough
for torpedo boats. However, to wards
evening the wind and waves subsided,
the night became q'iet, and the star
light exceedingly well suited for the
work of the torpedo boats, whIch
rushed in from' three q iarters, re
serving their missiles until within 300
metres at the most, and making a
practice so deadly that it redeemed
all previous failures.
The Japanese deny any use of sub
marines, and the conditions under
which the battle was fought were ob
viously unsuited for them. Meanwhile
the Japanese sighting equadrons had
dropped off to the north, leaving the
field free for the torpedo craft. By
2 inight only nine Russians remain
ed with the formation under Neboga
toff. These struggled northward with
torpedo boats clinging to their flanks
and constantly stabbing, so that dawD
ound only five remaining, the battle
ships Orel and Nikolai, two coast de
fense ships and the cruiser Izumrud.
Having lost his bearings owing to
complicated manoeuveres, Admiral
Neogatoff decided to steer westward
ntil he picked up some feature of
Krea's coast that he could Identify.
Presently the Izumrud, which was
scoutng, reported that she made out
the Ulnvny islands (Liancourt rocks),
whereupon the Russians, recovering
heart, snaped their course for Vladi
vostok, but almost immediately they
observed two quradrons of Japanese
approachingat lull speed, ahead and
recognizing the flags of Togo and
The Izumrud steamed off at top
speed, but Nebogatoff's ships encum
bered with wounded, with amumumi
tion lacking, decided to haul down
their colors. Other still floating
fragments of the Russian fleet were
pursued and destroyed by the Japa
nese, who had been organized in view
of this contingency, into groups of
homogeneous ships.
The battle shows no novel feature.
The Russians fought with ".devoted
vaor, but were outclassed at every
point. Their shooting was incompar
ably inferior to tbat of the Japanese,
who scored an extraordinary number
of hits with their 12-inch guus. The
Japanese projectiles also were much
more effective than those of the Rus
sians. N thing was more notable
than the Japanese skill in using tor
pedoes, contrasting markedly with
previous ill success, and evidently re
sulting from the special course of
training recently pursued and from
the teachings of experience.
Shot Himself.
W. H. Verner, of Columbia, S. 0.,
committed suicide at Morganton, N.
C., at half past six o'clock Thursday
evening. A bullet hole in the head
caused instant death. He was found
in a lumber yard. From the meager
details that can be obtained he is
thought to have came to Morganton
on Southern railway train No. 11
Tnursday to enter the hospital there
for treatment for a nervous disease.
A letter was found in one of his pock
ets addressed to his father in Colum
bia. Young Verner was the winner
of a Cecil Rhodles American scholar
ship at Oxford university,_England.
Engineer Scalded.
Southern railway passenger train
No. 40, northbound, was wrecked one
mile north of King's Mountain Thurs
day night. Engineer Charles Cauble,
of Greenville, S. C., was badly scalded,
but will recover. The negro fireman,
Bob Witherspoon', of Greenville, can
not be found. No others are thought
to be seriously injured. The engine,
mail and baggage cars left the track.
Blacksbulrg DeDot Burned.
A dispatch from Blacksburg says
the enire freight plant of the South
ern railroad at that place was wiped
out by fire Tuesday morning at
o'clock and it was with difficulty that
the passenger station was saved. The
-origin of the fire is a complete mys
tery Thelos is stimtedat $,50
& Massachusetts Man 'rurns Bis Skin
Into Souvenir Purses.
Shed His Cuticle a Second Time
This Year for the Thirty
Second Time.
Having shed his skin from neck to
foot two weeks ago, Selig Goodman,
of No. 23 Washington street, Worces
ter, Mass., is undergoing a second
process of shedding his cuticle like a
black snake. Worcester physicians
who have studied the peculiar case
say it is the most remarkable they
have heard of. Goodman says they
are not more puzzled than physicians
in Philadelphia, Pittsburg and in
Europe, where he has made a change.
For thirty two years he has had a new
set of skin each year and in some
years two changes. This is one cf
the years when he will have two new
'Before the process of the first shed
ding was complete, Goodman noticed
another layer of skin, under the outer
cuticle, which began to harden a few
days after the old skin was removed.
He has given strips of bide to his az-,
quaintances. When they heard that
ne was to have another change of skin
he was besieged with requests for sou
venir patches.
"The second shedding which I am
undergoing he said Wednesday, "is
the first I have had that is not pain
ful. All I ask is relief from pain. I
have given up hope of being cured.
"Tue pain I suffer is what annoys
me. Oherwise I do not mind it. Af
ter getting a new skin I feel like a
sixteen-year-old boy. In the seven
weeks since the first shedding began
I have lost 25 pounds. I weighed 165
pounds and now tip the seale at 140.
I am beginning to feel strong agair.
The secona change is not weakening
half so much as the first one.
"I have peeled the skin from my
body, legs and arms. I am letting it
harden on my hands and feet. It is
the second process this year, and It is
the first that I have undergone that
is not painful. Before the skin be
gins to harden I suffer with a rash
which is torturous.
"I expect in two days time to fin
ish the second round. By Sunday I
will be all right, for at least one year."
Mr. Goodman showed two patches
of skin, each three by fcur inches,
taken fr,.o.i the palms of his hands at
the first shedding. The lines are
plainly visible. The skin is hard, and
by tanning they will make a covering
for a real hand-made handbag, he
"I have been offered $25 for these,"
e continued, "but do not care to
make capital out of it. I give them
to acquaintances. I will have these
two patches made into a souvenir
pocketbok. I have quit trying t.
learn the cause or a cure for it. Every
physician whom I have seen admits
that It puzzles him."
Goodman was born In Tilsit, Prus
sa, Germany, June 26, 1864. He was
reared across on the Russian border,
where his parents stilllive. His grand
father on his father's side and grand..
mothr's side are living, and each Is
nearly 100 years old. He has four
brothers, three of them in the UAted
States, and one sister. None of them
is affected the way he Is. His father
is a grain- merchant and well-to-do.
"I was eight years old when I first
shed my skin," he said. "I was taken
to Koenigsberg, where Dr. Kaburok,
a specialist of skin diseases, said he
ad never heard of a similar case. OI
all the different treatments I have un
dergone, none of them cured. Dr.
Bradford treated me fifteen years ago,
in Philadelphia, and I was In bed
twenty-six weeks. Last year Dr.
John Muffatt, of Philadelphia, was
my attending physician. He a,dvised
buttermilk and a light diet. Dr.
Nightingale indorsed this advice, and
adds salve. Usually It takes from six
to ten weeks for one shedding. This
year I will go through with two in
seven weeks.
"The skin on my feet is twice as
thick as that on my hand. I am sav
ing it for an acquaintance, who wants
the patches for a wallet."
Killed By a Fall.
John W. Arnold, a white well dig
ger, fell from his seat in a large bucket
which was being hauled up from the
bottom of a well, and was Instantly
killed Tuesday. Arnold and several
workmen were employed to deepen a
well of the D. E Converse company,
near the Glendale mills, Spartanburg
county, and he was lowered to the bot
tom to inspect the undertaking. As
he was being towed back to the top,
and about the time he had nearly ccm
pleted the trip, he suddenly lost his
perch and fell headforemost to the
bottom. His neck was broken by the
fall. Arnold had complained of being
unwell prior to begining the work.
The accident was in no monner due
to the workmen woo assisted him.
An Eleven-Year-Old Wif-3.
New York's sensational martial case
was brought into the courts again
Tuesday when the trial of Jacob Fine
lite was continued before Magistrate
Finn. Finelite is being prosecuted
by Lena Finelite, a child of eleven
years, who claims that she was mar
ried to the man in January and that
he has abandoned her, refusing longer
to contribute to her support. Fine
lite Is about thirty five and wealthy.
He has denied that he married the
child, but a certificate and witnesses
have been pro'duced which seem to
bear out the truth of the chIld's
Heart Disease Epidemic.
The fact that a hundred and twen
ty-five persons died last week In New
York city from organic heart disease,
when the death rate the correspand
ing week in 1904, was only fifty-six,
has given rise to the belief among
physicians that the New Yorkers are
living too rapid lives. The strain of
business and the cares attendant on
fierce competion in the financial cen
ter of the city and the worry attend
ant on the anxiety to gain wealth is
given as the explanation by the physi
cans of the condition which exists in
the world's metropolis toa..
Who Was Murdered by Order of
Gen. F. P. Blair.
A Lucid and Thrilling Account of One
of the Many Uncalled for Crimes
of the Great Incendiary While
Maranding in this State
During the War.
To the editor of The Sunday News:
I have read with interest the articles
of Mr. Ford and others in recent issues
of The Sunday News, in reference to
the shooting of James Miller by Sher
man's army, in March, 1865, in retail
ation for the killing of a Federal sol
dier by supposed bushwhackers. Mr.
Miller lived near Jefferson, in Chester
field County, S. C., and I knew his
brother, the late Major Jno. S. Miller,
and many of his neighbors and friends
among them some of those who parti
cipated with him in the casting of lots.
Some years ago a newspaper was placed
in my hands by a son-in law of James
Miller, in which was an account of the
shooting of Mr. Miller, purporting to
have been written by an officer con
nected with the affair and present at
his death. I have forgotten the name
of the cificer, and of the newspaper,
which I think was published, in Lau
caster or Chesterfield, S. C., and re
produced the article from a Western
paDer. This paper was in my port
folio, which was.mislaid, lost or stolen
about two years ago.
It stated that the dead body of a
Federal soldier, belonging to a West
ern cavalry regiment, I thick from
Michigan, was found where he had ev
idently been murdered by bushwhacg
ers, that the Federal zommander had
determined to resort to retaliation to
prevent such killings, and Gen Francis
P, Blair, .who commanded the 17th
army corps, issued orders for the cast
ing of lots for one man to be put to
death for the killing of the cavalry
man aforesaid.
My informants did not know all who
participated in the casting of lots, but
among them were Mr. B. R. Clanton,
now living in Chesterfield County, Mr.
Robert Griffith and others who knew
James Miller. I have talked with and
orresponded with others about the
cruel tragedy, and from them and the
account by the Federal cfficer before
mentioned my information was ob
Oze or more of the participants said
it came as a great surprise to all who
were made to cast lots, and one of
them declared that he never before or
after found it such a task to stretch
forth his right haad to draw a little
piece of paper out of a hat. James
Miller drew the fatal lot. He --as a
man between forty-five and fif ty years
of age and had been captured a day or
two before some distance west of Che
raw, whle on his way home on fur
lough from Florence, S. C., where he
had been engaged in guarding prison
ers. He protested that, while he sym
pathized with his State in her strug
gle, and had given of his means for
the support of the Cause, he was over
'age for active service, and had not fir
ed a gun in the war. But he was told
that the order was imperative. He beg
ged to be allowed to communicate with
nis wife and children, but this privi
lege was denied him. He then asked
to confer with such of his neighbors
and friends as were captives with him
self. To those he gave directions for
his wife, asking that she be told he
was not coming home, and advising
her about his farm and about the chil
dren, just as if he were going ciff on a
journey to be absent for a time.
He then made some requests of those
who were about to shoot him. He
asked, in the first place, that he he not
bound either hand or foot, saying he
was not golrg to run, that he was pre
pared, and not afraid to die. He then
asked that he be not blindfolded, say
ing he wished to look into the eyes of
those who were to shoot him. And
lastly, he begged that he be not shot
in tbe face, declaring that God had
given him his face, and that in all his
life he had never done anything of
which he was ashamed. His last wish
es were respected. He was marched
off a short distance, the firing squad
drawn up, the guns dischargEd as one
and James Miller lay dead, as much a
hero as if he had died at the cannon's
mouth at Gettysburg, in the charge
up Snodgrass Hill at Obickamauga, or
at the bloody angle at Spottsylvania.
"Dont shoot me in the face, for
God gave me that, and in all my life
1 have done nothing to be ashamed
What a sentiment, what a model!
At Five Forks' Methodist Church,
in Chesterfield County, on the road
from Lancaster to Chesterfield Court
Hoiise, and half way between the two,
is the little mound that marks the last
resting place of James Miller. I have
passed there a few times, but never
without dismounting and going softly
with uncovered head to the spot and
recalling the manner and cause of his
death. Chesterfleld County has pro
duced some of the great men of South
Carolina, but she never gave birth to a
purer patriot or more unostentatiously
brave man than James Miller.
But the Federal cavalryman. for
whose killing Mr. Miller was shot, was
not killed by a Confederate or b'ush
whacker at all. Mr. Gilliam Sowell, of
Kershaw County, owned a negro man
named Ephraim, and entrusted him to
hide his horses and mules from the en
emy while Sherman's army was pass
ing and he was found la Lynches
Creek Swamp by a soldier, who seized
them and made the negro go with him.
A fter they had gne s.ome distance the
sun came out, the first time in quite a
while, the trooper said he was very
tired and sleepy and suggested that he
would lie down and take a nap, if the
negro would keep watch for him, and
arouse him if anyone approached. He
was soon asleep, and Eraphaim, not
relishing that manner of appropriat
ing his master's property, proceeded to
repossess it by killing the trooper with
a lightwcod knot. He carried his mas
ter's horses and mules, as well as the
soldier's horse, back into the swamp,
and they were all rescued.
Mr. Sowell, Ephraim's owner, was
the father of Mr. Jatues M Sowell, the
well known supervisor of Kershaw
Sherman's march from Savannah to
Raleigh, and especially through South
Carolina, was a belt of absolute deso
lation, forty miles wide, where black
ened ruins and lone chimneys stood as
silent witnesses to show where p:ace
and plenty and happy homes had been.
The inherent grit and self-reliance of
the Southern character have reclaim
ed the desolate fields and largely made
them blossom as the rose. The chim
neys and blackened ruins may be for
gotten by those who are to come after
us, but the hercic death of James Mil
ler and of others who perished In the
spring of 1865, will be remembered. .
Camden, S. C., June, 1, 1905.
A York County Farmer Deserts His
Wife and Children.
Erwin Carnes, a farmer living on
the Jim Moss plantation near Tirzah,
left his home early last Tuesday
morning and nothing has been heard
from him since. Carnes has been
married three times, his last wife be
ing a widow living in Concord, N. C ,
when she married Carnes. Her mai
den name was Harris. She come of a
goed family and has relatives in the
county. Mrs. Carnes awoke just be
fore day Tuesday morning and miss
ing her husband, called him several
times and claims he answered her
from the piazza the last time she
called, and thinking he would return
in a few minutes, she gave the mat
ter no further concern at the time.
But if Carnes was on the porch when
his wife called for him, he made good
use of the few minutes while she was
waiting for him to come in, for he
was no where in sight when a search
was made for him a few minutes later.
He lef t a letter for his seventeen year
old son and one to his wife in which
he stated that he was forced to leave
on account of his son and his wife's
daughter giving him so much trouble,
sa'd neither one of them would work
and he could not control them. He
carried nothing with him except a
gun and a few clothes packed in a
valise. His wife is much wrought up
over the matter and has tried hard to
find some trace of Carnes, but all in
vain. Carres, it is said, left his first
wife twice but returned on both oc
casions and lived with her until her
death. He was married to his last
wife less than a year ago.-Rcck Hill
Herald. ______
A Small Crop.
A dispatch from Dallas, Texas,
says John T. Garner, business agent
and manager of the cotton depart
ment of the Farmers' Union, has is
sued a cotton report, showing reduc
tion of cotton as per sworn statements
from union and non-union farmers
through the southern cotton belts.
He says that about January 1, 150,000
cotton coupons were sent out to mem
bers of the union, on which coupons
the farmers were each to state what
their cotton acreage was last year,
and to write a pledge that it- would
not exceed a given number of blank
acres this year. He adds: "I have
had every coupon tabulated and the
full report shows a reduction In cottoa
acreage of 30 1-3 per cent. The late.
cold, wet weather has caused a still:
greater reduction In acreage; then thel
web, or as some call it, the "careless
worm," is stripping the foliage o-ff
of thousands ci scores all over Texas,
most of which will have to he planted
over even at this late date. At the
present outlook this years crop will
not exceed 8,000,000 bales."
Saved Guard's Life.
Frank Davis, a negro convict on the
Fairfield chaingang, has been reward
ed for saving a guard's life, by being
released. Davis was sent up in 1902
foi housebreaking and larceny and his
sentence was live years. The other
day one of the negro convicts on the
same gang with Davis planned to es
cape. While the guard's back was
turned the negro rushed at him with
a pickax and only the quickness of
Davis prevented a tragedy. The other
negro fought desperately, but Davis
finally overpowered him and the sup
ervisor of Fairfield at once took steps
to have Davis set free. Governor
Heyward signed a commutation of
sentence to the present time and the
order for freedom was sent on at
once. __________
Georgia At~ The Head.
Members of the class of 1905 of the
Uited States Military academy re
ceived their diplomas from the hands
of Col. Albert L. Mllls, superintendent
of the academy Tuesday morning. The
head of the graduating class this year
is Dewitt C. Jones, of Georgia. The
four next highest In the order of their
class standing are Ernest Graves, of
North uarolina; Francis P. Wieby, of
Masschuetts; Clarence B. Riley, of
Indiana, and Alvin B. Barber, of
Oregon. Prominent among the other
members of the class is Calvin M.
Titus. who as a volunteer soldier was
the first to the wall at Pekin, China,
during the Boxer troubles.
Midshipman Drowned.
A dispatch from Annapolis says a
wireless message was received at the
naval academy Tuesday night from
Commander C. J. Badger, command
ing the U. S. S. Newark, conveying
news of the death by drowningr of
Midshipman L. I. Vertrees of the sec
ond class. Th~e Newark Is one of the
vessels now engaged in the army and
navy joint exercises and was at anchor
ff Hackett Point when ycung Ver
trees was In swimming with some
comanions. Young Vertrees was 19
years of age and a son of W. J. Ver
tes, of Bushnell, Illinois.
Gather Again to Talk of the Days
That Are Not.
Send Greelings to Their Old Enemies.
The Convention City Crowded to
Overflowing With Visitors and
Old Veterans. All the Old
Officers Re-elected.
For the second time in five years
the United Confederate Veterans and
auxiliary organ'zitions gathered in
L-ulsville for their annual reunion,
their reception Wednesday under a
blazing sun ard with miles of bril
liant bunting flying in the breeze be
ing in strong contrast to the weather
conditions of five years ago, when the
record breaking rains prevailed during
the entire period of the reur-n and
even caused a p:stponemert of the
pr.rade on the last day. The decora
tions this year are on a lavish scale
and it is remarked that the American
flag predominates.
The reunion was officially opene&
shortly after the noon hcur, wher,
Gen. Bennett H. Young, commander
of the Kentucky division, called the
perspiring mass of humanity in the
horseshow building to order and in
troduced the chaplain general, J.
William Jones of Richmond, Va. Dr.
Jones in his invocation prayer that
the blessing of Almighty God may
rest upon the president of these
United States, and "that he may en
abled to be the president of this wholr
country and every section." A few
monents later Gov. J. C. W. Beck
ham, in speaking Kentucky's welcome
to the'old men in gray.
A rousing reception was given the
commander-in-chief, Gen. Stephen D.
Lee, when he arose to respond for the
veterans to the addresses of welcome.
The general was in splendid voice de
spite the long wait in the heated build
Ing and his speeCh was interrupted
many times by cheering. Cheers were
given the few remainin great figures
of the Confederacy as they made their
appearance. They venerable Simon
Boliva Buckner, who is approaching
his 80 years, was heartily greeted and
delivered a speech which would have
done credit to a man half his years.
Lieut. W. L, Cabel, commander of
the T:ans Mississippi division, was
helped to the platform by many will
ing hands and his appearance was the
signal for a prolonged outbrust of
The reception accorded Gen. Joe
Wheeler was second to none of the
day. The famous cavalry offider was
heered from the time his grey-topped
ead was discerned in the great throng
until he ascended the rostrum and
motioned for silence. He thanked
the veterans for the heartiness of
their reception and assured them that
their greeting went deep into his
Efforts to arrive at the exact num
ber of veterans aud visitors in Louis
ville Wednesday night were necessari
.y futile. Railroad men who have had
experience in the haudling of crowds
at other reunions assert that the num
erous special trains arranged for the
Louisviile meeting were more crowded
than at any other reunion in the past
five years. A conservative estimate
would, however, seem to set the figure
at near the 25,000 mark.
The convention Thursday re-elected
the old otlcers as follows:
Commander-in chief, Lieut. Gen.
Stephen D. Lee, Mississippi.
Commander trans-Mississippi de
partment, Gen. L. W. 'Jabell, Texas.
Commander Army of Tennessee de
partment, Lieut. Gen. Clement A.
Evans, Georgia..
Commander Army of Northern Vir
ginia department, C. Irvin Walker,
South Carolina.
New Orleans bad little difficulty in
seuring the convention for 1906.
Fraternal greetings were read from
the State encamptwent of G. A. R. of
Indiana in session at Madison.
Tbe following was introduced and
"Whereas, the bill before congress
for the care of the graves of Confed
erte soldiers buried near hospitals
and prisons in the north has so far
failed of passage by that body;
"Be it resolved, That this associa
tion of United Confederate Veterans
in convention assembled, urges the
passage of this bill, as a matter of
right and duty, not only on the part
Iof the senators and representatives in
congress from southern States but also
on tue part of those from all other
States of the United States, in that
the government is charged with the
sepulchre of those who died prisoners
in its hands, according to the usages
of civilization, of which the United
States forms a large competent part."
Friday 's feature of the reunion was
the parade of the old soldiers which
began about noon. The line of march
covered three miles. Huge floats,
gaily decorated, were prepared for the
veterans who were unable to walk.
The precautions, lookting to the safety
of the soldiers and their care in case
of Illness, had been taken by the med
Ical department of the reunion corn
mittee, many ambulances and physi
cians and nurses being scattered along
the lice of march.
After the transaction of much rou
tine business on Friday the con
vention ad journed sine die at half-past
six o'clock.
Killed By A Rattler.
The Charleston Post says a negro
man by the name of Rtbert Courtriet
was received into the city hospital
Thursday, suffering from a rattle
snake bit". He died Thursday after
noon at 2:45 o'clock. The rattlesnake,
said to have been four feet long, bit
the man at Midland park, some miles
from the city and the negro was bleed
Iing profusely when he reached the
& Northern Nan's Eyes Was Opened
at Chapel Hill
Congressman Boutenl, Takes Oppor
tunity to Say Nice Things About
the South and Her People.
Congressman H. S. Boutell, of Illi
nois, who recently delivered the com
mencement address at Chavel Hill, N.
C., before the State University there,
saw many things during his visit
which gave him a better insight into
conditions in the South than he had
previously enjoyed. The institution,
at which President Polk, Senator Ban
ton and many other prominent South
ern statesmen graduated, was founded
in 1776, and maintains a high stand
ird of merit in all its departments. Yet
it has not lost the flavor of the old
times, said he, speaking of its at
mosphere as a center of plain living
and high thinking. This, coming from
a Harvard graduate. is praise worth
nothing, as was his opinion that it
would be a good plan if some Northern
coung men would go there to study.
One of the striking revelations.disclos
ed to him was that a leading member
of the graduating class, whom he judg
.d from his courtly bearing and fine
presence to belong to the old aristocracy
of the South, proved to have come
from a one room cabin in the North
Carolina mountains, who had arrived
at Chapel Hill without a dollar and
earned his way through college. These
xcurstons into the South by Northern
statesmen should be made oftener. It
would be well to send them there when
young for a more thorough comprehen
sion of the country and people, but
there are few, however advanced in
;ge, who would not profit by a better
Mr. Boutell's visit, agreeable as It
was to him In its revelations touching
the standard of educational institu
tionsin the South, the courtesiesshown
him and his recommendation in regard
to sending Northern youth to Chapel
Hill cannot but bear good fruit in pro
moting a more national spirit. His
veiws are directly in the line of those
which have been iecently expressed by
the Courier- Journal upon the subject
and in keeping with the Spirit of late
addresses by Presidents Hadly, of
Yale, and Eliot, of Harvard. Espe-ial
ly enlightening to the North is the
incident related by him of the young
graduateof humbleantecendents whom
he mistook for one of aristocratic birth.
It will serve well to correct an impres
sion too prevalent in the North that
wealth and high birth are essential
for success in the South, and that the
poor man is practically barred from
hope of rising in life. There never was
a more groundless idea, as the history
of men who have attained eminence
in that section abundantly proves.
Andrew Jackson was the son of poor
Scotch-Irish emigrants and he was
born in the Waxhaw settlement, near
the dividing line between North and
South Carolina, his father dying in
his infancy. He was a red-haired,
freckle-faced, barefooted boy who carv
ed his way to fame over all his more
aristocratic associates. Henry Clay was
known as the Millboy of the Slashes,
a locality near Hanover Courthouse
Va., where he was born. Yet no two
men were of more distinctly Southern
and American type. The list could be
extended indefinitely to prove that in
the South personal merit and capacity
are quite as distinctively the qualities
which win success as in the North.
The result of Mr. Boutell's visit
cannot but prove beneficial in tending
to desectionalize education and pro
mote a better understanding among
the educated class in the North of con
ditions as they exist in the South, not
only in regard to education, but in all
other material facts There is no part
of the Union in which education Is
commanding more attention, not only
as to the white, but also the black
race, as to which, with limited excep
tions, there is equal interest with equal
support from the public treasury.
What Is especially needed now is just
such enlightening of the Northern
mind as has resulted from the visit of
Mr. Boutell to Chapel Hill. That one
of such otherwise wide information
and long prominence in public life
should not sooner have become inform
ed upon the-subject, is the key to much
of the lingering sectional feelinsr
which exists bet ween the North and
the South.--Louisville Courier ,Tourn
Classed as a Frand.
The postal officials have issued an
order debarring from the use of the
malls Dr. Winfleld & Co., of Rich
mond, Va., who advertised a com
pound which would turn the skin of
the blackest of negrces to a lily white.
The story is related that several years
ago Dr. Winfield met a celebrated
French scientist, who gave him his
dIscovery, "marwin," with which he
guaranteed to change red, blue, black,
green or yellow to a beautiful pinkish
white. Department chemists say
"mri"is composed of biclorid of
mercury, benzoln, glycerine and dis
tilled water. "While the compound
has a temporary bleaching effect, it is
not permanently beneficial, but it is
ultimately injurious," says the de
partment fraud order.
Auto Accident.
William Butler Woodbridge, of Bos
ton, Mass., second vice president of
the Columbian National Life IL sur
ance Company, was kIlled in an auto
mobile accident in Saugus Taursday
night and S. Herbert Wolf, of New
York, an actuary, was seriously injur
e.AC.Childs and W. E. Taylor,
Boston business men, were slightly
hurt. The accdent was caused by the
party mistaking the road in the
darkness and running into a barbzd
wire fence.
Stanaard Oil Caught.
A dispatch from Columbia says that
the Standand Oil Company has been
tryirg to dodge the license tax by
making a part of its returns under
the name of the Standard Oil Co.
of Kentucky, which has a few plants
in the state. The comptroller gener
ald has raised the amount from $1'7,
000 to 8125,000 for this company. The
rest of the license tax of the Standard
was previously on a valuation of $200.
1000 mak~ng altogether 8325.000.
In the Crop Reports of the Agri
cultural Departments.
In Washington Are of a Most Sensation
al Character. Chief Wilkie, ef the
Secret Service Bureau, Said to
Have Made Some Start
ling Discoveries.
The Washington correspondent of
The News and Courier says some very
sensational discoveries are being made
as the investigation of the "leaks in
the crop reports" from the agricultur
al department progresses. A Govern
ment official, who is taking an active
part in the investigation, in conversa
tkn with The News and Courier cor
respondent to-day, said in substance:
"Chief Wilkie, of the secret service
bureau, who has the investigation in
hand, has made some startling diseov
eries, which may involve not only As
sistant Statistician Holmes, but also
Chief Statistician Hyde, who is now
in Europe, and one of the female
clerks in the agricultural deprrtment
who handle the data upon which the
cotton crop reports are based.
"While some of the evidence Is cir
cumstantial, enough has already been
disclosed to show that advance infor
mation on the cotton crop report. and
also other reports which affect specul
ation. has reached a few stock brokers
through the medium of 'a woman'
The woman In the case is said to be
one of the three persons to handle the
figures for the last time before the of
ficial report is promulgated. This wo
man, -who, it is said, receives $50 a
month salary, has recently bought a
oomfortable residence in this city and
furnished It in fine style. On the same
authority it Is said that Assistant
Statistician Holmes has invested large
ly in suburban real estate, from his
meagre salary, Mr. Holmes is now
nder suspension, because of the in.
vestigation and the reflections upon
The progress of the investigation is
being kept a profund secret, pending
the absence of Cheif Statistician Hyde,
who sailed for Europe a few days be
fore the charges of leakage in the de
partment were filed. Secretary Wil
son, who is sincere in his endeavors to
probe the matter to the bottom, has
requested Mr. Hyde to abandon his.
European trip and return to Washing
ton at once. Thus far Mr. Hyde has
made no reply to the summonds, and
some of those who are interested in
the investigation declare that he has
no intention of returning to face an
Members of Congress who have been
specially favored by the department
of agriculture in the way of allowances
for their respective districts are en
eavorIng to smcther the investiga
ion, claiming that it will be injurious
to agricultural interest generally to
have the experimental appropriations
and disbursements by the department
too closely scrunticized.
A Premier Stabbed. i
At Athens Theodore P. Delyannis,
the popular premier ofi Greece was
stabbed and mortally wounded by a
professional gambler named Ghera
karis, at the main entrance of the
chamber of deputies at 5 p. m. Tues
day. The premier died within three
hours. The assassin who was imme
diately arrested, said he committed
the deed in revenge for the stringent
measures taken by Premier Delyannis
against the' gambling houses, all of
which recently closed. The premier
arrived at the entrance of the cham
ber in a carriage. Gherakarls approach
ed, saluted the premier and opened
the carriage door. The premier was
In the act of thanking Gherakaris for
his courtesy when the gambler plung
ed a long dagger into M. Delyannis
abdomen, inflicting a frightful wound.
The murdered was immediately over
powered by the attendants.
Work of an Assassin.
What is believed to be the sequelto a
feud of long standing resulted at Val
dosta, Ga., Wednesday night in the
assassination of the 17-year-old son
and the 16 year-old daughter of W.
L. Carter, formerly a Baptist minis
ter. The young people were attracted
by the barking of a dog in the yard
surroundmng their home and went out
to investigate, followed by a younger
child. They were fired upon by some
one from behind the smokehouse. The
young lady fell dead, the young man
crawled back to the house, where he
Sied, and the younger child was
wounded. Carter fired upon some one
prowling in his yard early Wednes
day. He says the intruder was a ne
gro. He believes the assasssins are
negroes, but says others may have
been instigators of the crime.
Returns Ris Pension.
Commissio 1er of Pensions Warner
Thursday received a contribution of
$1,924 to the conscience fund of the
treasury. It camce from a pensioner
and is the tota; of pension money
drawn by him sinc~e the civil war, be
ginning at the rate of $2 and rising to
$6 per month. The idlentity of the
pensioner is -withheld at the latt-er's
request. The name will be dropped
from the roll. The reason for refund
ing the money and declining to accept
more is that the pensioner has not
earned and does not deasrve a pension.
Three Men Drowned.
Through what is believed to have
been the accidental capsizing of a
boat from which they had been fish
ng three man, Alexander Chisholm
and Newt and Dennis Bunch, broth
ers were drowned in the Potomac
near Analston Island opposite Wash
ington Wednesday. The first intima
tion of the drowning was when a boy
found a floating dshing rod with a
line attached and on pulling- it-drew
to the surface Chirholm's body..

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