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The Manning times. [volume] (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, August 23, 1905, Image 6

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Senatcr Tillman Points Out the
Weak Points of the
As it is Now Operated and Suggest a
Plan of Making It an Institution
Without Graft, if the (irand
Juries Will Make Officials
Do Their Duty.
Mr. James A. Hoyt, Jr., says in
The State that SenatLr Tillman wert
to Anderson with the expectation of
making a speech in which he should
outline his views on the dispensary
and give his remedies for the canker
now eating cut the life of.that insti
tution. He had gone to the unusual
trcuble of writing out his speech,
showing that he desir d it published,
and published in full, in order that
his views might have the widest pub
licity. The conditions were.such that
he was prevented from delivering his
spet ch in full, though it must be said,
in justice to Senator Tillman, that
had he been ur-generous he could have
made his -peecn and had plenty (f
tima to do 2t in, but be was very
careful not to intrude upon the rights
of the other invited speakers, and
gave way to them. particularly to Mr.
Smith. the president of the Cutton
Growers' a..sociat-ion. Senator Till
man, had he had the opport'inity,
might not have stuck close to his
manuscript, as he is not accustomed
to speaking that way, and the little
of it which he did read was interpo
lated with side remarks as they' would
pop into his head. But his prepared
speech is of interest and is given in
full as follows:
I think the facts will warrant me
in claimirg that I know as much or
more abcut the dispensary and about
the liquor traffic in general than any
other one man in the State. The law
was enacted in December, 1892, and
went into effect 1st of July following.
During this interval I examined most
thoroughly into the whole question
and gave the administration of the
proposed system the most earnest
thcught. Everbody predicted failure
and I was most anxious that the ex
periment shculd succeed. For a year
and a halt I administered the law
almost alone, and I therefore had the
fullest opportunity, both bj observa.
tion and experience, to find out its
good and bad points, and above all,
fts weakness.
The original draft and much that is
still in the law was the work of the
prohibition committee, and only such
changes were made rin the bill as it
passed the House as was evidently ne
cessary for the changed purpose to
which the law was to be devoted. At
the next sesson of the Legislature my
efforts were devoted ,entirely to
strengtheninlg the statute so as to
prevent and punish the illicit sale of
liquor. I gave no thought to safe
guarding the State against fraud in
its adinuistration except in the rules
and regulations, because I did not
not then believe, and I do not now
believe, that the State of South Caro
lina could elect three men to the
highest responsible c ifices of Gover
nor, Comptroller General and Attor
ney General who would fall so low as
to become thieves. During the 12
years that the system has been on
trial the law has been changed time
and time again. But my opinion and
advice have bad no weight. Tne first
bad blunder was taking the law out of
the hands of mren elected by the peo.
ple and putting it into the hands of a
board elected by the Legislature. The
next mistake was taking the appoint
ment of the county boar d out of the
hands of the State board, and giving
it to the delegation in the Legislature
from each county. The State board
is no longer directly responsible to the
people, and there is no way to get at
it unless the Governor shculd exercise
his implied power of removal. The
cunty board is no longer responsible
to the State board, because it does
not depend upon that Dcard for ap
pointment and is not responsible to
that board, excEpt in a way, but looks
to the Legislative delegation. Temp
tations that the Governor and other
high State officials would have been
expected to withstand have, I fear
proven too strong for the boards
elected by the Legislature. The ad
ministraticn by the State board fias
been lax and altogether cernsurable.
-It has allowed some of the most valu
able restrictive features of the law to
fall into disuse--filling out request
blanks sellunit to minors, drunkards,
etc. There has been no executive
head with power to see that the law
was administered in good faith, and
the county boards have too often al
lowed improper influences, nepotism
and other selfish motives to govern in
electing dispensers. Orne of the most
far reaching and destructive actions
of the State beard was the change in
the manner of buying liquor from
that which was instituted in the be
ginning, to wit, the puronase of whis
key to be sold under the brand and
name and in the package of the seller.
The original scheme, which has the
soundest reasons In good business
judgment for its inauguration, pro
vided that no liquor, except bought
in barrels ar.d bottled at the dispen
sary and labelled X, XX, XXX,
XXXX, according to age and quality.
All of the bottles sold through thre
dispernsary were of full measure and
all the whiskey of full proof, as desig
nated on the label, and all were sealed
tightly with the best sealing wax.
The prices were put on a card and
hung in the window, so that there
could be no zheating of the purchaser,
by the dispencers. Case goods were
sometimes bought but only upon
special orders of individuals. They
were not kept in stock. Let us see
what demoralization has been wrcught
by the departure from this policy.
The first years of the dispensary's e-x
istence the local dispensers were not|
approachable by any man in thej
whiskey trade, because no one knewj
where the liquor came from, and there:|
was no charnce to bribe or corrupt a I
local dispenser to push any special
brand. No cases were shipped di
rectly to the dispensers In the packa
ges from the distillery, so there was
no chance to put in extra bottles as
bribes. Everything went from the
State dispensary. All cases were of
uniform size, one for quarts, one for
pints and one for half pints, and they
held a given number of bottles. Thre
i-quor was sealed hermitically. There
was no chance to change labels or
alter bottles. The request boks
prtvented that. and the Governor
was in the closest touch with every
cog and wheel in the machinery. I
had a detective who watched the con
stables anad wh. reported to me alone
whether or not they were in collusion
with blind tigers. I had another
detective who watched the dispensers
to see whether they were complying
strictly with the law and regulations.
Whi.key drummers banging around
the botels in Columbia to get a chance
to sell whiskey were unknown and the
agents of whiskey concerns travelling
over the State and getting in close
touch with the lc.cl dispensers for
the purbose of corrupting them were
also unknown, and the condition of
Lffsdrs disclosed by the Spartanburg
investigation was simply an impossi
What are some of the temptations
which seem to have been too great for
the State board of directors to resist?
Purchasing whiskey as it has been
done left opportunity for collusion;
this man or ttat on tbe board receiv
ing money as cjmpensation for pur
chasing from a given concern. The
State commissioner subjected to the
temptation of sending out the case
goods of this or that firm in prefer
ence to those ordered by the dispens
ers. Tde opportunity for graft, the
pot phrase now in vogue, was im
mense. The original scheme adopted,
as I say hastily, depended for the in
tegrity of its administration upon the
high character and honor of the
State's hignest dficials. But when
we recollect that, as it is now admin
istered and has been for six or eight
years, through the breakage charges,
leakage charges, watering the liquior
in the local dispensaries because of
bottles not properly sealed, changing
labels, buying places as dispenser, the
opportunity for stealing at the dis
pensary in not sending out all the
liquor bought, but shipping it off, it
is a wonder we have not had a worse
carnival of corruption than seems to
I do not doubt after the exposure
in Spartanburg others will cqual if not
eclipse it elsewhere. I coula go more
into detail and discuss this phase of
the subject more at length, but I
prefer to point out the remedies which
have suggested themselves to my
mind and which in the future I feel
sure will be adopted and be the means
of reforming the dispensary sistem
and making it well nigh impessible
for any one any where to steal any of
the public money or be corrupted by
the temptations which have been sr,
plentiful heretofore.
We will take the State dispensary
first. I believe the administration of
this law should be in the hands of men
elected by the people, the same as the
other laws are. I believe and always
have thought that a board ex cfficio,
composed of the Governor, Attorney
General and Comptroller General, to
be the best that can be devised. Now
to prevent even these high officers
from being subjected to temptation
or laying themselves open to charges
or corruption, such as my enemies
have not hesitated to bring against
me, I suggest tbe following plan. Let
advertisement be made, as now re
quaired by law for bids to be submitted
to furnish the State of South Carolina
for a year with such whiskey, brandy,
rum, wine and beer as it may reqaire.
Let the Act go Into detatis and speci
tically describe the kind and qaality
needed. Whiskey and beer .are the
two main things, and these two are
staple articles and can be dcseribed
with such definiteness and particular
ity that there will be slight need even
of an analysis by the chemist. Let
these bids be submitted in triplicate
sealed with wax. One sent to the
State Treasurer, accompanied by a
~check for $10,000 as evidence of good
faith, one sent to the Chief Justice of
the Supreme Court and one sent to
the Speaker of the House of Repre
sentatives. Have these opened during
the session of the Legislature In the
presence of the dispensary committee
of the two houses, and award the
contract to the lowest bidder. Then
let the State board enter into it with
such lowest bidder, requiring the con
tractor to deposit for tne fu filment of
his obligation 3100,000 in South C ir
lina State bonds, or such amount as
may be thought necessary, which
shall be subject to forfeit if he does
not comply strictly with all the terms
and conditions of his agreement.
The contract being thus made for
the purchase of whiskey of a given
kind and quality at a given price, the
State commissioner who will have
charge of the business part of the dis
pensary can order cut from the dis
tillery at such time and in such quan
tities as may be necessary the ligaors
needed to supply the demand of the
local dispensers. Have the bottles and
other supplies that may be needed
purchased in a similar manner to the
whiskey, all of these bein~g paid for by
cash checks on the treasurer. Let the
State commissioner take out a recti
fier's license and have the liquor bot
tled after dumping and mixing when
desired, and this musti be under the
immediate supervision and Inspection
of a United States revenue officer,
whose books will be a check as to the
quantity that will thus enter into the
consumption. Let the dispenser's books
and the internal revenue collector's
books be inspected quarterly by such
person as the State board may appoint
for that purpose, to see that the qual
ity of the goods contracted for and the
goods delivered correspond, and that
all the goods purchased have been sent
out from the State dispensary or other
wise accounted for. The Legislature,
through its committee, can examine
into and report at each session upon
the whole management.
Let the name and brand of the
liqoor be blown into the glass so there
can be no change of labels. Havelno
case goods kept in stock and confine
the purchase of these to special orders
from private individuals. Do away
with beer disoensaries as now run,
and let the regalar dispensers keep
beer on ice to be used oy the bottle
only, and not drunk on the premises.
A bove all see that the request books
are always used before a purchase is
So much for the central depot.
Now for the local dispensaries. I
elieve more satisfaction will result
and a better adm'inistration of the
law be had, if the supervision and
control of the local dispensaries be
placed in the hands of the county su
pervisors elected by the people, the
mayor of the town in which the dis
pensary is located, elected also by the
people, and one person to be appoint
ed by the State board, who shall re-.
3eive reasonable ecompensation for his
tme and labor. They have the local
dispensers elected by the people of the
sounty. Where there is more than
anc they can be elected on a joint
icket. Let the Governor have the
power to remove for cause and let him
Any one familiar with the or rdi
tions as they now exist can readily i
understand why such amendrcents to
the law as are here ou lined will make
it almost impossible for any one con
nectcd witq the dispen-a-y from the
top to the bottom to steal any of the
public money.
We will have better I qu-r, and if
the grand juries do their outy we will
have no more Sparsanburv scandals.
It must not be ftrgotteL that no law
was ever devised that can enforce it
He said a detective ought to keep
after the diepnners to see that re
q-est b-oks are used, and the law is
tbetter eforced. His was not afraid
ab,,ut going back to the Senate. He
simply wanted to stand en his record.
but if any better man cin be found.,
elect him. He was not mixing poli
tics in this affair, but others were do
Ing so.
Courts D cIde that Indevidual Mei -
chants Can Reduce Prices.
"A decision has been handed down
in the United States Chcuit Court
by Judge Ray, in the action cf
Charles Sclribner & Sons and the
Bobts-Merrill Cimpany against R. H.
Macy & Co. for an inii c ion to re
strain Macy's from selling ccpyright
books at less than the retail prices
fixsd by the Publishers' Association
which will have a far reaching effect
on all trade combinations," says The
New York World.
"Stephen H. O:in and er:Attorney
General W. B. H. Miller appeared
for the complainants, and ex Secre
tary of the United States Treasury
J hn G. Carlisle, and Ed-rond B.
Wise for Macy's.
Judge R-y gives a sweeping dccsion
in favor of R. H. Macy & C.., dis
mis:;ng the complaint and severely
criticising the combination of publish
ers and bocksellers, which he holds to
be in violation of the Sherman Anti
Trust Law.
Eiitorialy the New York Journal
"The firm of R. H. Macy & Co.
renderTd a really great service to
the pub'ic at large and to the busi
ness interests of the communitY in
their fight against the Book
"The Book Trust alleged its right
to forbid retaile:.s to sell books below
a certain price fixed by the trust.
"Macy & Co., acting in behalf of
tbe rurchasing public, maintained in
the c urts at considerable expense,
their right to sell merchandise bought
by them for wnatever price they
pleased. -
"The case was heard before Judge
Ray in the United States Circuit
Court, Isidor Straus and Nathan
Straus partners. appearirg under the
firm of R. H. Macy & Co., in behalf
of the public and the rights
of the individual business
"The thanks of the public are due
to R. H. Macy & Co. for the fight
they made against this particular
form of trust opptcssion. And still
greater thanks are due to Judge Ray
for this excellent opinion, in which
he sustains the action of Messrs.
Straus appearing in behalf of the pub
lic interest.
"It Is to be hoped that the get-rich
quick gentlemen who proposed to get
such money from the public by mak
ing themselves lords and masters of
puchaser, retailer and all others
take to heart the lesson that is
taught them in che opinion quoted
By a Larg~e M1ass ol Stone Falling
Ujpon Them.
A mass of limestone weighing
thousands of tons slid from a side of
the quarry of mill A of the Lehigh
Portland Cement company at Orm
rod, Pa., at noon Wednesday just five
minutes before time to qiuit work.
Twenty-seven men were at worg in
the quarry, which is 1,000 feet long,
150 feet across and 100 feet deep. The
heav.y rains of the past two days had
softened the earth and caused the slide
of rock.
Where the fallen mass slipped away
a smooth, nearly perpendicular wall
was left, rising sheer 100 feet above
the bottom of the quarry, while the
entire quarry floor was covered .with
brken, jagged rock. Oa1ly nine of
the men got away safely, four of whom
escaped by running up on a mas of
rock at the opposite side of the quar
ry. The rentaining 18 were . huidled
in a spacs ten feet square, and 12 of
them were killed and six injured. T wo
of the latter may die. All of the
men are Slavonians who lived in shan
ties close to the quarry.
T wo men who saw the side of the
quarry quiver shouted a warning to
the men. The men misinterpreted
the called and failed to moved out of
zne of danger until it was too late.
With a thundercus roar the mountain
of rog fell, pinning the men fast.
Te r scuers found six men huddled
in one place, four sta.nding and two
lying down. Three were -ilive and
one died before he could be gotten out.
Five physicians were summoned who
gave the jujured first aid on the scene
and then had them hurried In wagons
to the Allentown hospital. The dead
were laid on boards and carried to the
stock house. Eight bodies were re
covered before dark, at which time
two more were exposed to view and
two others buried deep in -the pit.
The latter's bodies may not be reached
until Thursday.
Most of the men killed or Injured
are single. Others had families In the
old country. A number of women
from the foreign colony ran to the
quarry when the news of the accident
reached them and their moaning and
anguish were pitiable.
Fell to Their Death.
Five people were killed in the Alps
mountains on Thursday by falling.
T wo tolirists from Meran, while hunt
ig for edelweiss, were killed. Wbile
climbing the Hoefats group a Bavar
lan lawyer fell and was killezl. Four
students from Dresden ascenolng che
Heiergoel, fell downu a precipice.
One was killed and the others were
probably fatally injured. Another
youth of sixteen was killed on Mount
Mythenstock. He fell nine hundred
feet and his body was reduced to pulp.
W ants to Debate.
Mr. C. P. Sims, an attorney of
Sprtanburg, has challenged Senator
Tillman to a joint debate on the dis
pensary. Mr. Sims has recently
been prominently before the public
as attorney for certain of the Spar
tanburg dispensary ciii als during
the recent investigation. It Is said
that he will oppose Senator Tillman
for the SRatorship.
(Continued from firt page.)
"About forms of law, let fools contest,
That, law which is best administered is
And cur not ag m-aing on the dis
pensary question aud the liquor ques
tion comes from the fundamental dif
ference of opinion as to how it is bt st
to police the lquor tratfic. The Pro
hibitionists declare it is sinful to
drink in moderation, wine or whiskey,
while a large majority of us cannot
see any foundation in morals or re
ligion for any such contention. Every
Sbody reccgnizes the evil of drunken
ness, and how to minimize or to pre
vent it is the whole question. You
say prohibit the sale. I say sell by
bonded cffloers, under stringent regu
lations, in the daytime only, and have
the law enforced. The profit which
is an Incident and not a purpose in
this sale, to go where it is most need
ed; that is, into the school fund of
the State. It would make no dIfr
ence if it went into the fund of the
general treasury, and the school fund
incrEa-ed f rum cti'er sourcas. But
that is a subterfuge. No one drinks
any more or patrcnizes the dispensary
because the profits go to the school
fund. I cannot see any harm or sin
in obtaining revenue from a traffic
that is irrepressib:e. The United
States Supreme Court protects each
citizen in the right to import for his
own use, and no law of the State can
prevent it. The poorer and more ig
norant classes, who cannot thus cb
tain liquor, have been. and alwa-s
will be supplied thrmugh scma- local
agency, no matter what the law
against selling liquor may be.
You quote Governor Hoch, of Kan
sas, but v!u do no discuss or explain
the official statistics in regard to
drink:ng and the payment of the
United States internal revenue lionse
by retail dealers in that State. There
are no saloons in South Carolina for
the young to see any more than there
are in Kansas. God forbid they
sbculd ever return. Some of your co
laborers in this fight against the dis
pensary system, your allies and coun
,ellors, are the editors of papers which
have always fcught the dispensary
and are now scheming to get high
licenses after prohibition has failed,
as it will fail. There Is not a civilized
Government in Christendom as far as
I know that does not derive a revenue
from the sale of liquor and prohibition
was an unknown thing until about
sixty years ago. The United States
Government received last year from
this source upwards of S170,000,000.
I think there are only three States at
this time that cling to prohibition.
Iowa and Vermont had It some years
ago, but they have abandoned it for
local option, with the right to vote in
saloons if wanted, and that is what is
hoped for here by your chief sponsors
of the press.
One word more and 1 am through.
Let us see about ycur historical paral
lel about the great leader who was
commanded to go down against the
Amalekites. The Hebriws of old,
true to their instincts of thrift slew
the abominable tribe, but saved the
best of the sheep and oxen, as Saul
claimed for sacrifice, and you go on
to state as an historical fact that "the
Government of a State was command
ed by the moral sense of the people
expresseci at the ballot box to go down
and dstroy the liquor traffc. And
when called to account It makes the
pitiful plea that while It has not de.
stroyed the traffi It has managed it
so as to get money for the taxpayers.'
Your parallel is not a parallel at all.
The people of South Carolina have
never instructed its Government to
prohibit the sale of liquor. In the
separate box provided by the Demo.
cratic executive committee in the
Democratic primary of 1892, the vote
stood, as I recollect, 35,000 for prohi
bition, 25,000 against it, while 32,0C0
did not vote on It at all. (1 quote
from memory.) That election was a
side show and you have no right tc
magnify its significance.
This is a government of majorities
and no majority of the people has ever
gven any such order, while when the
question has been passed on since di
rectly and positively a half dozen
times, the people said that the dis
pensary law was a better and more
sane solution. Isn't it about time to
stop alluding to that election. The
dispensary system does not rest for its
support upon the money that it brings
in. It rests on the claim of its de
fenders backed by experience of our
people and statistics, as affording
more protection against the vice of
drunkenness than any other system,
prohibition or license either.
If It has done this in spite of mal
administration and mismanagement,
what would it not do If such men as
Dr. Cromer and his friends would give
to the enforcement of the law their
great moral support.?
We do not ask endorsement, but in
a Government where a majority rules
we have had a right to expect co-ope
ration and assistance, and we have
not had it yet. "Render unto Gaesar
the things that are Caesar's," was the
command of the Master Himself.
When the stanute has been practically
annulled by the board or directors,
when the restrictive features have
been allowed to drop into issue, have
the Prohibitionists lent their assist
ance by standing up boldly for the
law? Had they done so we would not
be now where we are.
You have been kind enough, my
dear sir, to remind me of Jefferson's
epitaph. You declare the pecple do
not need advice, but they need an op
portunity to vote. Allow me to re
mind you that one of Jefferson's max
ims which was the very embodiment
of civil liberty and true Democracy
was "teach the people and trust the
You want the people to vote now
while they are angered and bewilder
ed. I want them to vote "sanely"
after they have heard the facts and
argments, and I want all or them to
vote who have an interest In this
matter. Under the Brice Act this is
not allowed.
You mentioned Winthrop and Clem
son as among the things by which I
wud be remembered. You left off
some others that I presume to add,
not from a sense of egotism, but simp
ly to keep the record straight.
(L.) The emancipation in 1890 of
the people from dry rot, caused by
only one party and the demonstra
tion that we could have the most free
nd open discussion of political ques
tions without danger, followed by the
inuguration of the State Democratic
primary system.
(2 ) The Constitutional Convention
d its work, largely the result of my
ntiring and earnest efforts, and my
work in that convention in behalf of
ommon scools, and the diafran
chisement for the time being of the
negro majority le:zally.
(3.) Lst, the inauguration of the
sale of Pqlor by bended cilicers under
the dispensary system. I will not say
that your visfon is clouded by fanati
cism, but if it be true that he who
makes two blades of grass to grow
where only one grew before is a public
benefactor, then is it not equally true
that he who conceived a scheme by
which drunktnness was reduced, tem
perance encouraged and decency arid
good order increased, and withal
made the demon whiskey contribute
to the education of the ignorant
masses, need be ashamed of his work?
Trenton, S C., Aug. 14, 19v5
Train Sped Past Signsle After the
E ngineer Was Killed.
William F. Stsnt, of Harrison, N.
J., the fireman of the fast Flying
Virginian, the Chesapeake and Ohio
railroad through express to St. Louis,
which left Jersey City at 5:52 o'clcck
last evening, saved the lives of his
passengers by taking charge of the
locomotive after the engineer, Dan
Mahoney, had been killed in the cab.
When Stoot grasped the throttle and
slackened the speed the train had al
ready passed at least two danger
The train made Trenton on sched.
ule time last night, but pulled out
of that city with a smcklng journal.
Mahoney was afraid of that journal
and kept a watch on it as he sped
alor.g. To do so he had to lean out
of tue cab while he kept ont hand on
the throttle. Oace he bent too far
forward out of his cab window to get
a glimpse cf the defective journal and
his head was struck by a signal post.
Death was probably instantaneous.
Tne locomoative gathered steam
and picked up speed. It was of the
big hogback type, and it is, therefore
impossible for the lireman to see the
engineer. To Fireman Stoot the
train seemed to have attained the
velocity of a cannon ball. He had
hardly a momenL's lull in his work of
shoveling on coal. As he stopped to
mop the perspiration from his brow,
a lucky glance through the other side
of the cab revealed a red light.
"Dan" he yelled, but there was no
answer. Another instant a second
red light was passed. It was plain
that something was wrong and that
he and the passengers behind him, as
things then stood, were riding to al
most certain death. "For God's sake,
why don't ycu glow her up?" he again
called to the engineer. "We have
passed two red bugs. Check her,
Dan, for God's sake." In the lan
guage of railroad men "red bug"
means a danger signal.
Every moment the engine bounded
faster until the telegraph poles seem
ed to Stoot like lead pencils. After
his second warning cry he did not
wait for an answer, but began to
clamber over into the engineer's side
to investigate. He found Mahoney
dead. His lifeless hand was still on
the throttle and his head, wet with
blood, rested on the edge of the win
do'. Stoot slowed down the engine.
Then he took the train on to West
Philadelphia, after putting another
man at his own end of the boiler.
Nlot a passengar nor the conductor
knew of the peril of the train. Ma
honey - lived in Brooklyn, and the
body was sent there. He was 40
years old. About a year ago his
wife was killed in a trolley accident
in Newark.
Bright ayingrs of Will M. Manpin in
the Commoner.
It is very easy to make excuses for
those we love.
The older a man is the farther he
could jump when a boy.
It does not take much courage to
be a hero in the limelight.
Today's happiness depends upon
the scarcity of yesterday's regrets.
Did you ever have as grood a time
on your vacation as you anticipated.
It Is better to be known as a good
man than to be known as a good fellow.
Some men think they are popular
merely because people impose on them.
Perhaps they call them "captains
of finance" because some of them are
so rank.
In the ra'ee for wealth the men who
are distanced often reap the greatest
Soime churches that talk about
revivals would better talk about re
The pccketbook nerve of some men
is much more sensitive than their
domestic nerve.
We have never head of a business
man going to a pool hall in search of an
offce boy.
This would be a dreary world indeed
if there were no rainbows to chase oc
Salvation is to be had for the asking,
but it costs work and money and sac
rifice to retain It.
Death Valley.
A. dispatch from Bullfrog, Nev.,
says Tim Ryan, who is supposed to
have been from Los Angeles, has been
found dead near the salt wells In
Death Valley. Ryan makes the
thirty-fifth known victim to die in
that locality this summer. R;an had
been In De.ath Valley for five years
and it Is supposed that he drank
from salt springs which are charged
with ars'enic. Prospectors arriving
here report finding in the desest many
skeletons known to he those men who
died this summer.
Runting aer Son.
The Columbia Record says a letter
has been received at the governor's
ofce from Mrs. Julia Bloden, of
Charleston in which she states that.
her boy, Willie, about twelve years of
age, left her home about five months
ago and has not been seen since. She
fears that he was killed near Colum
bia in a wreck and begs that an in
vesigaton be made. The only way
In which this can be done is through
the press and the letter is accordingly1
made public.
Charges Against Collector.
Commisioner Greene, of the civil
service commission, today said that
an agent of the commission will be ~
sent to Newport News, Va., to Inves
tigate the charges filed by Congress- i
man Maynard and W. E. Barret ~
againt Capt. Stewart, collector of the t
port there. Stewart is accused of a
playing politics by promnting Repub- a
icans in his offie and reducing Dem- ~
south Caro'ina Industrial and Com
mercial A ssociation Org .niz d.
By the Boards or Trade of South Car
olina in Colamnbia on
Last Wednesday.
The South Carolina I idustrial and
ommercial association was organizd
in Columbia on Thu-sday, the mciz
bership beirg composed of progressive
young men representing the boards of
trade and such business orga'z stions
in the cities of the State. The follow
ing account of the meeting we clip
from the Columbia State :
Tne call for this meEting was issued
by Mr. John Wood of R ck Hill, sec
retary of the Cjmmerclal club of that
city. Mr. Wood was brought to South
Carolina about two years ago by the
business men of R ck Hill who want
ed a live, energetic and intelligent
man to have charge of their commer
cial club and advertiiing bureau. Mr.
Wood has proved to be the very man
the people of R ck Hill warated, and
ever since the creation of the State
bureau of immigra.tion, commerce and
agriculture he has given Col. Wa'son
very cordial support.
The formation of a State assozia
tion of boErls of trade was proposed
by Mr. Wood scme time ago and re
ceived the hearty endorsement of the
bureau of imm!gratlon. In response to
the call the meeting was organized
Thursday with delegates from a szore
of organizations, the followirg being
Anderson Chamber of Commerce
A. S. Farmer, L. A. Ratcliff e, W. E.
Sebyt, C. F. J.jnes.
Anderson Real Estate and Inves
ment Company-J. C Cummings.
Bennettsville Board of Trade--R L
Charleston Commercial Club-L. M.
Pinckney. J. H. C. Wulbern.
Chester, the Commercial and Mann
facturees' Club-R. B. Cald well.
Conway Board of Trade-D. A. Spi
Columbia Chamber of Commerce
E. B. Clarke, T. H. Gibbes, A. E
Gor.zales, J J. Saibels, Hal D:ck, L.
B Dczier, J. D. Nunnamaker, C. M.
State Bureau of Immigration-E.
J. Watson.
Georgetown Board of Trade
Holmes B. Springs.
Greenville Board of Trade-A. G.
Gown, P. T. Havne.
Marion Business Ltague-L. M. Gas
que, H. Stackhouse.
Orangeburg Business Men's League
-Wm. L Glaze.
Rock Hill Commercial Club-John
Wood, J. Edgar Poag.
Sumter Chamber of Commerce-J.
M. Knight.
Yorkville Commercial Club-I. H.
Norris, J. P. White, W. R. Carroll.
Southern Railway-T. B. Thacks
Seaboard Air Line R.lroad-Henry
- Clyde Steamship Company-A. E.
Ral estate-J. T. Harris, Spartan
Real Estate-N. W. Brooker, Co
The purposes of the organizstion
were outlined In the follo sing manner
in the constitution which was adopt
"'The object of this body shall be
to exploit the rescurces and advan
tages of South Carolina, to'th local
and State, upon the broadest, mnost
approved and mcst eff.ctive lines; the
upuilding of Its industrisl and com
mercial interests; the in:uction of new
pople to aid us in the vast work of
development a waiting our activity for
acrmplishment, and the giving of
our. closest attention to those things
tending to the advaressent of South
Caroina to that posIiion among her
sister States which is hers by reason
of her climate, her soil and her geo
graphical location."
The meeting was ca.lled to order yes
terday by Commissioner Watson. AD
address of welcome to the city was de
livered by Mayor T. H. Gibbs and an
address expressing the Interest of the
Chamber of Commerce of Columnb,
was delivered by the first vice presi
dent, Mr. J. J. Seibels, in the absene
of the president, Mr. W. A. Clark.
A temporary organization was made
by the selection of Mr. E. B. Clark as
chairman and Mr. R. L. Freeman as
secretary. Mr. John Wood was then
nvted to state the objects of the
meeting, which he did In a very earn
est manner. T be roll of the convention
having been perfected, Mr. Wood was
elected permanent chairman and Mr.
E. B. Clark secretary.
Commissioner Watson and Mr. T.
B. Tnackston, assistant industrial
agent of the Southern railway, were
called upon to address the convention.
Mr. Wood t'ien read the prepared
"declaration of principles," which was
adopted unanimously.
Tne committee or by-laws consisting
of Mr. Wood, Mr. Clark, Mr. Pinck
nty, Mr. Gasque and Mr. C-aid well,
was auohor:ze d to report at the after
noon ses-sion.
In the afternoon the convention
was addressed by Mr. J. Elgar Poag,
Mr. T. B. Tbackston, Mr. I. H. Nor
ris and Mr. Higgings.
Mr. Thackston announced that the
Southern railway, in conjar etionl with
its connections In the west, will of
fer homeseekers' rates on the 1Th of
October, good for 15 days, at 80 per
ent. of one fare for the round trip.
The people in South Carolina who
ave relatives or friends in the north
west and want to get them to locate
tn South Carolina may advise their
friends of these rates.
The committee on nominations
made its report and this being adopted
he following were elected officers of
he association for next year:
President, W. D). Morgan of George
Vice preslden'ts, P. T. Hayne of
reenvlle; W. L. Glaza of Orange
urg; J. M. Knight of Sumter.
Secretary and treasurer, John
Wood, of Rock J.Ell.
Executive boardi: Fred G. Brown of
Lnderson; W. B. Moore of Yorkville;
5. M. Gasque of Marion, L. M. Pinck
iy of Charleston; John J. Seibels of
On motion of Mr. W. L Glaze it
as decided to racede from business
intil the afternoon of October 23rd,
vonday of fair week, and according
o the by-laws the annual meeting
vill be held in OC.luznbla every fair
eek. It was decided to urge all or
anizations in the State to send rep
esentatives to the meeting fair week.
Resolutions of thanks to the Chain
er of Commerce of Columbia and to
01i. B J. Watson were adopted and
be session ended. The members then
oarded the car In front of the State
ouse and after a ride through the
usiness and manufacturing and resi
ene pnrts of the city were taken to I
Ridgewood club where a llght lunch
was servpd.
The fxscutiva comit'ee met ani
the secretary was author z'd to get
out such feserip'ive matter as might
be dee -ned advisable to bq distributed
by the railroads through ut the north
west. The executive comm'ttee is
also talking of gettir g cut a magazine. 2
Too High to 'it Inglish Spinners
and They Kick,
Eight Cents Per Pound Thev Regard
as a Fair Price for Our Ctittof
and Don't Want to Pay MIere.
R -presenting not only Great Brit
ain, but all Europe, the International
Federa'ion of Master Cotton Spinners
and Manufacturers Associations have
declared war against high prices for
American cotton. That Is the mean
ing of the agreement resc.ed at the
emergency meeting of the association,
held r.cently, at which it was decided
to "strongly urge every catton spinner
in Europe and America to refrain from
buying American cotton during the
next three m:nths,. except for immed
late wants." It is recognized in Lin.
don as the most imp.>rtant step ever
taken by the representatives of the
great cotton industry to prevent any
artificial irdation of the price of the
raw mtterialsuch as caused widespread
suffring and lss when the great Sull)
corner was established. While the
statement which was given out for
j.ublication at the conclusiron of the
meeting was cabled to America, an in
terview with W. C. Macara, president
of the association, who prsided at the
gathering, throws an iILminating
UgLt on the objects aimed at and the
means by wnicu iu is sougut to attain
"I am particularly anxious," said
Mr. Macara, "that it should be under
stood In America that this is in no
sense a movement hostile to the Amer
c.m cotton growing industry. The de.
cision we have reached has been forc
ed upon us by the necessity of taking
some step to counteract the pernicious
effect on the trade brought about by
the recent enormous ennancement of
the price of the raw material due to
the action of speculative rings. We
are united and we are in deadly earn
est. Although the meeting was sum
moned by telegraph it was attended by
representatives of the association from
all over Europe. The Master Cotton
Spinners' Association in England, of
which I am the president, alone btands
for thirty-two million spindles. We
deliberated on the matter for over six
hours before we formulated our agree
'We hold that there is nothing more
Important for this great, world-wide
cotton industry than to rid it of the
curse of gambling in Its raw material.
Every penny per pounid that is added
to the cost of the raw material by this
process represents an advance of many
millions of pounds sterling in the cost
of the world's supply. Last year the
cotton crop was raised by this means
I speak of average prices-from four
pence a pcund, which would have been
a fair price, to seven-pence a pound.
In American money that means a rise
in price from eight cents to fourteen
cents a pound. I have calculated that
it resulted in taking out of the indus
try 100,000,000 pounds, roughly
speaking $500,000,000.
"In the main the gamblers alone
have profited by it, and manufactur
ers, operatives and consumers have
suffered by it. The repetition of this
sort of thing will demoralize the
whole industry, infitet incalculable
loss and s.ufiering and- involve thous
ands In ruin. Now, that we perceive
he same speculative gangs at work
again, and have already succeded in
greatly Increasing the price of. raw
material we are determined to exer
cise every means In Our power to put
a stop to their methods. We confi
dently anticipate that public senti
ment in America will support us.
American cotton manufacturers have
the same interest in getting the raw
material at a fair price that we
have. And so have the consumers.
Of course the question is a mors vital
one in E:ogland than to any other con
tinental nation engaged In the Indus
try because It Is a vastly bigger one
"While American cotton, roughly
speaking, represents three qVarters of
the world's supply, an irtifical en
hancement of its price 1s followed by
a similar increase in the price of the
material from other sources. The
price at which American cotton is
held controls the market price for the
rest of the world. It Is for that rea
son that we have decided not to pu
chase American cotton for the next
three months.
"But will the manufactures
be able to get along without pur.
chasing American cotton for the next 1
three montbs?" I asked.
"That matter was thoroughly gone
into at our meeting," replied Mr.
Macara. "We are, in excallent shape 1
to make the fight. Last year's crov
was exceptionally good and it has
been estimated that there will be at
least 2,000,000 bales ava.ilable surplas3
to the new crop. Reports made by
members as to the conditions prevail
ing in the countries represented show
ed that the Edropean cottou Industri
es have on hand ample supplies to c
cover their engagements for the next ,
three or fo.ur months. With possbly
a few exc-: pdons, cotton spinners do i
not need to enter the cotton markets 1
before the new cotton crop arrives at
the end of October. What we pro- c
pose to do, therefore, is simply to
keep out of it and let the cotton t
speculators deal as best they can d
with the situation they have created. r
If s ;me of them come to grief wea
shall shed no tears. It Isn't going c
to be our funeral this time.
"Msleading figores as to the extent
of the new crop have been circulated I
in the interests of the speculators.
When accurate figures come in we
shall consider the situation and take
whatever steps may be necessary to c
meet it, should the supply prove less 3,
than the demand. We are deter.
:ined that speculators shall not con- si
trol the market. As for the Ameri
can cotton growers we have none but y
the best feeling for them. We wish a
them to get a fair price for their raw A
material and are willing to pay it fi
Even if the most sanguine expecta a
tions of those engaged In the move
ent for supplying British spindles E
with cotton grown within the British
empire are realized, It must be long
years before we are independent of
the American supply." E
Two negroes were killed by Inhaling tl
~arbnc acid gas while cleaning out to
n old well at Wadesboro, N. C., on si
At the Turn of the Road.
'bere the r.wugh ro-drurnis,:ndthe valley sweet
Smiles bright w:,h its ba'lm and bloom,
fe'll for;,et he hornthathavepiercedthefeet
And tho nights with -htr grief and gloom.
Td the sky %vil smile.and the sttra will be:im,
And we'll lay us down in the light to draam,
;e shall lay us down in the bloom and light
With a prayer and a ttear fur re t.
j iired childr n who creep t night
To the peace of a mother's breast,
Lmd for all the grief of the stormy past
Restshall bo swe-ter at last -at last!
;weeter because of the weary way
And the lonesome night and lo g,
Vhile the darkness drifts to the perfect day
With its splendor of light-a- d song
rhe light that shall bless and kiss us and love us
And sprinkle the roses of heavea a-ove us!
Pienty of R ain, Much of It Was Badly
Needed Too.
In his weather and crcp report See
jon Director Bauer says that the
mean temperature for the week end
ing Monday, Aug. 14th, was slightly
,bove normal, over the eastern half
ind slightly belOw over the western.
The extremes were a maximum of 103
iegrees at Blackville on the 8th, and
& minimum of 64 degrees at Green
ville on the 9:h. Tnere wasless than
the usual amount of sunshine. High
winds, damaging to corn and cotton, -
prevailed during the middle of the
week in the western countiCs. Bit
scm lands were floed along the up
per portions of the Salada, Broad,
Wateree and Great Pee Dee rivers and
their tributaries, and considerable
corn destroyed.
- The long drought was broken ovar
the entire state. The rainfall was
hevkst in the central counties where
it amounted, in places, to over six
inches, and was less in Beaufort and
Getrgetown counties, where it was
guzeraiy less rozamn half an inch.
There was rain nus,:ly every day and
tae gz,uaa is now thorcaghly satur
ated. The rain was needed and in
places :was very beneficial, 'but In
others it caused deterioration in crops,
especially cotton, and interferred with
farm work, especially haying and
pulling fodder. Nearly allcrops have
been laid by, and further cultivation
is now impracticable.
With very few ex:ptions, the re
ports on cotton Indicate rapid deteri
oration due -to excessive shedding,
rust and the plants turning yellow.
These conditions prevail over practi
cally the entire state, bat are most
marked on sandy lands. In many
places growth has stoppad, while in a
few plants are making new growth.
Bolls are opening rapidly in the scuthl
central couaties and considerable has
been picked. The excessive heat of
the 5th, 60, -7th and 8th was very
damaging on cotton.
There is a general imbrovement in
the condition of Lhe late corn due to
the ample moisture which came op
portunely. Tobacco curing is nearly
finished. Peas, sweet potatoes and
all varieties of cane are doing well.
The frcqaent rains interferred with
preparations for fall truck ceops. Rice
made fine pr.gress. Pastures im
proved rapidly and again afford fine
grazing. Turnips were sown exten
sively. Late fruits, especially apples
and.peacnes, are rotting badly.
it So R.,ad This Sad Story and It
Mlay Cure You.
When you begin to think you have
a. hard time In lif
When you lmsgine your sorrows
are greater than other people's
When you are grou.,hy beause your
plans do not pan out
Just then is a good time to comn-.
pare your condition with that of some
who have a harder time than y'n,
more sorrows than you, less prosperity
than you.
Should you happen to be in the sort
of mood described read a touching
passage in the life history of a poor
Milwaukee woman. Esad It anyway
-ithis from "the short and sImple
annuals of the poor"
Mrs. Mary Wiadig, widow, lost her
only child, a little girL. She had no
money to give the czilld a decent se
pulcher. She went to the poor ccm
missioner. ' And this is the sequel:
Mrs Weidig staggered up the path
in the cemetery which led to the plot
of ground where her haaband was
rure d, bearing the little coffin which
held the body of her little one. She
took a spade she had put there the
cay before and began to dig. Poor
woman she was digging the grave of
her only child-the last sweet tie that
held her to earth.
And as she worked she sobbed and
3rled. She called on the dead maa
ander the ground to help her bear
aer sorrow till she culd come to him.
A man wno passed through the
smetery heard the crying and went
o stop where the frail woman bent
,o her awful task.
'She explained why she was digging
he grave herself. She had no money
;o- pay the sexton. "They would
lave buried her for me for nothing If
[had let them put her grave over
here in the potter's field. But she
vas such a little child, so little, and
omnetimes when I was obliged to leave
ter alone she was afraid of the dark..
:wanted her to lie by her father's
ide so she would not be afraid. I
old the poor commissioner how I
elt and he gave me this coffin. The
roman who lives next door Is coming
ut next Sunday to plant some
And the agonized mother talked one
alf wild with her srief and scarcely
nlowng what she said, calling ten
erly the name now of husband, now
f child.
The man had a heart. He hurried
a the sexton and gaye him money to
Ig the child's grave and money to
ud the little mound and plant some
imple flawers. And the woman
tied, but this time the tears were
eet instead of bitter.
This story Is not from the pages of
Neither Is it a fancy sketch. .
It is printed In a reliable newspa
er which gives full particuars con
3rning the woman's home and his
There are thou~ands of stories as
Ld as hers!
Compare your disappointments and
'cuoles and sorrows and heart aches
th those of this miserable one.
re you not ashamed of your fault
ading and bitterness an;i hatred of
You have not passed through -
ades.-Atlanta Journal.
Only Six Escaped.
A telegram from Batavia, Dutch
mst Indies, repo-rtes an ugly out
eak of Achinesie rebels who attacked
te Dutch post at Rambong, killing
ro officers and twenty-two men. Only
rmen of the post succedded In es
ing and these were wonded.

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